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Colony Roanoke

Est. 1585

Region Southern

Founder Sir Walter Raleigh John Smith William Bradford

Religion

Virginia Plymouth

1607 1620

Southern NE

Anglican Puritan

New York Massachusetts Bay

1626 1630

Middle NE

Peter Minuit John Winthrop

None Puritan

AMERICAN COLONIES Government Purpose Establish English colony in New World Royal Trade and profits Corporate Religious freedom for Separatists Proprietary, Trade and then royal profits Corporate Religious freedom for Puritans Corporate, then royal Escape for those constricted by religious and economic rules Religious freedom for Catholics Religious and economic freedom Religious freedom Trade and profits Trade and profits Trade and profits Trade and profits Religious freedom for Quakers; trade and profits Debtor colony

Economics

Note Colonists disappeared without a trace

Tobacco Mixed farming Mixed farming, furs Mixed farming, fishing, shipbuilding Mixed Farming

Founded as joint-stock company. House of Burgesses (1619). Only 60 of 1st 900 colonists survived. Mayflower Compact. Led by William Bradford

Set up as Dutch colony, taken over by English in 1664 Led by John Winthrop. 18,000 settlers by 1642

New Hampshire

1630

NE

John Mason

Puritan

Puritan harshness led these settlers north and inland.

Maryland

1634

Middle

George Calvert

Connecticut

1636

NE

Thomas Hooker

None (Anglican after 1692) Puritan

Proprietary

Tobacco

Founded by George Calvert. Slow growing (only 600 by 1650. Maryland Toleration Act (1649

Corporate

Mixed farming Mixed farming

Leaders of Massachusetts asked Hooker and followers to leave. Williams set up most tolerant colony Established by Sweden; taken by Dutch, then English.

Rhode Island Delaware North Carolina New Jersey South Carolina Pennsylvania

1636 1638 1653 1660 1670 1682

NE Middle Southern Middle Southern Middle

Roger Williams Peter Minuit Group of proprietors Lord Berkeley Group of proprietors William Penn

None None Anglican None Anglican None

Corporate Proprietary Proprietary Proprietary Proprietary Proprietary

Rice Mixed farming Rice Wheat, mixed farming Rice

Joint business venture Established by Sweden; taken by English in 1664 Rice major crop. Originally Quaker, this colony became home to many European immigrants

Georgia

1733

Southern

James Oglethorpe

Anglican

Royal

Buffer for Spanish colonies Originally outlawed slavery and restricted size of land grants to 500 acres