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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC. TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL


SINGLE COCKPIT AND DUAL COCKPIT

Model S2R T34


Serial Numbers T34 273 & Up

Manual Number: T34-2 Issued January 26, 2005


Note: All serial numbers with the DC suffix indicate the dual cockpit configuration. Manufacturers Serial Number:_____________________________________________ Registration Number:____________________________________________________ Thrush Aircraft Inc. P. O. Box 3149 300 Old Pretoria Road Albany, GA 31706 Telephone: 229-883-1440 Fax: 229-436-4856

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL LOG OF PAGES Date Page .. 1/26/05 .. 1/26/05 .. 1/26/05 34 .. 1/26/05 35 .. 1/26/05 36 .. 1/26/05 37 .. 1/26/05 38 SECTION I 39 GENERAL INFORMATION 40 .. 1/26/05 41 .. 1/26/05 42 .. 1/26/05 43 .. 1/26/05 44 .. 1/26/05 45 .. 1/26/05 46 .. 1/26/05 47 .. 1/26/05 48 .. 1/26/05 49 .. 1/26/05 50 .. 1/26/05 51 SECTION II 52 SERVICING 53 .. 1/26/05 .. 1/26/05 .. 1/26/05 1 .. 1/26/05 2 .. 1/26/05 .. 1/26/05 .. 1/26/05 .. 1/26/05 1 .. 1/26/05 2 .. 1/26/05 3 .. 1/26/05 4 .. 1/26/05 5 .. 1/26/05 6 .. 1/26/05 7 .. 1/26/05 8 .. 1/26/05 9 .. 1/26/05 10 .. 1/26/05 11 .. 1/26/05 12 .. 1/26/05 13 .. 1/26/05 14 .. 1/26/05 15 .. 1/26/05 16 .. 1/26/05 17 .. 1/26/05 18 .. 1/26/05 19 .. 1/26/05 20 .. 1/26/05 21 .. 1/26/05 22 .. 1/26/05 23 .. 1/26/05 24 .. 1/26/05 25 .. 1/26/05

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SECTION IV POWER PLANT & PROPELLER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION V FUEL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . .

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL LOG OF PAGES Date Page SECTION VII (CONTD) FLIGHT CONTROLS 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. SECTION VIII INSTRUMENTS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. SECTION IX DISPERSAL SYSTEMS .. ... 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 SECTION IX (CONTD) DISPERSAL SYSTEMS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. SECTION X ELECTRICAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05 1/26/05

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LOG OF PAGES Page SECTION X (CONTD) ELECTRICAL . . . .. ... . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION XI AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS . . Date

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

LOG OF REVISIONS
Rev. No. New FAA Acceptance Date FEB 22 2005 Section Pages Description of Revisions FAA Accepted

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INTRODUCTION This publication provides information for the Thrush Aircraft, Inc. Model S2R-T34 Turbo Thrush Aircraft. Installations or equipment will vary from model to model due to the wide range of optional equipment. The information contained within this manual is based on data available at the time of publication and will be kept current by changes or service publications. This manual contains information on aircraft systems and operating procedures required for safe and effective maintenance. It shall not be used as a substitute for sound judgment. In this manual: *** WARNING *** -- Indicates a strong possibility of severe personal injury or loss of life if instructions are not followed. ** CAUTION ** -- Indicates a possibility of personal injury or equipment damage if instructions are not followed. * NOTE * -- Gives helpful information. CAUTION: Detailed descriptions of standard workshop procedures, safety principles and service operations are NOT included in this manual. Please note that this manual DOES contain warnings and cautions against some specific service methods which could cause PERSONAL INJURY or could damage an aircraft or MAKE IT UNSAFE. Please understand that these warnings cannot cover all conceivable ways in which service, whether or not recommended by Thrush Aircraft Inc., might be done or of the possible hazardous consequences of each conceivable way, nor could Thrush Aircraft Inc. investigate all such ways. Anyone using service procedures or tools, whether or not recommended by Thrush Aircraft Inc. must satisfy himself thoroughly that either personal safety nor aircraft safety will be jeopardized. All information contained in this manual is based on the latest product information available at the time of printing. We reserve the right to make changes at any time without notice.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 1
GENERAL INFORMATION TABLE OF CONTENTS
GENERAL INFORMATION ..............................................................................................................................2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION............................................................................................................................... 2 PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS............................................................................................................................... 2 GENERAL ..................................................................................................................................................... 2 WING............................................................................................................................................................. 3 HORIZONTAL STABILIZER AND ELEVATORS .......................................................................................... 3 VERTICAL STABILIZER AND RUDDER ...................................................................................................... 3 AREAS .......................................................................................................................................................... 4 SUPPLIER FURNISHED COMPONENT MANUALS.................................................................................... 4 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES .............................................................................................................................. 4 FUSELAGE ................................................................................................................................................... 4 WING............................................................................................................................................................. 5 EMPENNAGE ............................................................................................................................................... 5 COCKPIT....................................................................................................................................................... 5 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS ..................................................................................................................................... 6 HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS ............................................................................................................................... 6 POWER PLANT & PROPELLER .................................................................................................................. 6 FUEL SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................................. 6 LANDING GEAR, WHEELS & BRAKES....................................................................................................... 8 FLIGHT CONTROLS..................................................................................................................................... 8 INSTRUMENTS ............................................................................................................................................ 8 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................ 8 AIRCRAFT WEIGHT & BALANCE................................................................................................................ 9 FIGURE 1-1................................................................................................................................................. 10 FIGURE 1-2................................................................................................................................................. 11

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL GENERAL INFORMATION SECTION ONE

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Thrush Aircraft Inc Turbo Thrush is designed especially for agricultural flying. It is a monoplane featuring a full cantilever low wing and all metal construction. The design and construction of the airframe components assure all structural integrity, flight safety, and minimum maintenance requirements. The Turbo Thrush is designed for the highest crash load factors in the industry. Safety and reliability of operation and maximum pilot crash protection are proven and effective features of the design. The high strength overturn structure is a proven design. The fuselage and overturn structure, constructed throughout of chrome-moly steel tubing, is immensely strong in the cockpit area.

CONTACT INFORMATION
For further information related to this manual, please contact our Product Support Manager at (229) 883-1440.

PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS
GENERAL
Wing Span Extended Tip Overall Length Height To Top Of Canopy Main Gear Tread Main Gear To Tail Wheel 47.5 feet 32.71 feet 11.42 feet 9.00 feet 19.17 feet

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

WING
Type Airfoil Section Dihedral Full Cantilever Naca 4412 3.50 Degrees

C. G. Range (See Airplane Flight Manual for pertinent data) -Fwd Limit -Aft Limit 26.5 Inches Aft Of Datum 30.0 Inches Aft Of Datum (Datum Is The Leading Edge Of The Wing.) Aileron Travel -Up -Down Flap Travel Down 21 Degrees 1 Degree 17 Degrees 1 Degree 15 Degrees 1 Degree

HORIZONTAL STABILIZER AND ELEVATORS


Span Elevator Travel -Up -Down Trim Tab Travel -Up -Down 8 Degrees 1 Degree 22 Degrees 1 Degree 27 Degrees 1 Degree 17 Degrees 1 Degree 204 Inches (17')

VERTICAL STABILIZER AND RUDDER


Rudder Travel INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 24 Degrees 1 Degree INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

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AREAS
Wing Aileron (Each) Flaps (Each) Stabilizer Elevators Elevator Tabs (Each) Fin Rudder 336.43 Square Feet 23.40 Square Feet 15.30 Square Feet 39.30 Square Feet 20.40 Square Feet 1.30 Square Feet 9.00 Square Feet 11.40 Square Feet

SUPPLIER FURNISHED COMPONENT MANUALS MANUAL


PT6A-34AG Maintenance Manual Vol. I & II Parts Manual Propeller Owners Manual

PART #
3021242 3021244 139

AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES
FUSELAGE
The fuselage comprises a welded tubular steel frame, fiberglass hopper, and detachable skins. An overturn structure forms an integral part of the fuselage frame. The frame structure, fittings,

bushings, brackets, and so forth are fabricated from 4130 chrome-moly seamless steel tubing. As a corrosion preventative, hot linseed oil is pumped throughout the entire welded structure. On an average, 12 gallons are pumped into the frame and 11 to 11 1/2 gallons drain out, leaving a residual coating on all members. The exterior of the frame is sandblasted, etched, and primed, which is followed by two coats of polyurethane paint that is resistant to chemical reaction. The fuselage is covered with heat treated Alclad panels attached with camloc fasteners. Side skins can be removed using only a screwdriver, thus exposing the fuselage frame for thorough cleaning and inspection. All skins are supported clear of the fuselage tubing to prevent accumulation of corrosive chemicals. The seams and lap joints of the skin panel support structure are sealed with a special compound to eliminate chemical action between the mating surfaces. Each skin panel is etched, primed, and painted before assembly to insure complete coverage. All lower fuselage skins around the hopper opening and aft to the tail post are made of stainless steel. The skin fasteners in the high corrosion areas are also stainless steel.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

WING
The wing is a constant chord of 90 inches, all metal, and full cantilever design. The massive main spar is a tension field beam structure constructed from Alclad webs and high strength heat-treated steel caps. All wing skins, ribs, and leading edges are constructed from Alclad heat-treated

material. The leading edge structure is made especially strong to minimize denting and is riveted with universal rivets for strength. The fuel tanks, which are located in the inboard section of the wing, are an integral part of the structure. Close pitch riveting of the seams, substantial

reinforcement, and flexible sealants minimize chances of rupture in crash conditions. Drain holes are provided in adjacent bays to prevent accumulation of fuel in the event of a leak. The ailerons and flaps are all metal construction and are hinged on ball bearings. The flaps are electrically operated by push rods and are completely sealed against chemical entry. Flap hinges are stainless steel.

EMPENNAGE
The horizontal stabilizer, elevator, rudder and vertical fin are an all-metal structure. All skins, ribs and leading edges are constructed from alclad material. The movable surfaces are hinged on sealed bearings that can be easily replaced. The rudder and the elevator have aerodynamic balances that are protected by overhangs on the fixed surfaces.

COCKPIT
For some models, there are two choices of the enclosed cockpit canopies for the Turbo Thrush (1) the SINGLE cockpit canopy or (2) the DUAL cockpit canopy. The overturn structure is exceptionally strong and welded to "hard points" in the fuselage frame. The forward bracing supports the

windshield support channels and is welded to a lateral tube that is curved to provide more head clearance. The fiberglass canopy shell has extra thickness on the top portion and is well attached to the extra large steel tube structure so that it will serve as a skid in case of overturn. The large canopy doors permit easy entrance to one or both cockpits. The doors should not be removed for flight, as the aircraft performance will be lowered. The cockpit seat belts are anchored to the seat structure, and the shoulder harnesses are secured to a steel channel at the bottom of the seat structure. The seats adjust vertically. The rudder pedals adjust fore and aft. The windshield is a three-piece construction. The center section is tempered safety plate glass for better resistance to scratching and is enclosed in a stainless steel frame. The windshield side panels are Plexiglas and are curved to provide streamlining.

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AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS
The hydraulic system consists of two master cylinders and hydraulic brake lines connecting the master cylinders to the wheel brake cylinders. Applying toe pressure on the rudder pedals actuates the master cylinders, which are located just aft of the pilots rudder pedals. A small reservoir is incorporated within each master cylinder to supply the system with brake fluid.

POWER PLANT & PROPELLER


(Refer to manuals listed in Chart on Page 1-4 in this Section.) The Turbo Thrush is powered by the PT6, a lightweight free turbine engine incorporating a reverse flow combustion path, is designed for aircraft propulsion use. It utilizes two counter rotating turbine sections. One drives the compressor, and the other drives the propeller through a reduction

gearbox. The latter turbine is "free" or independent of the compressor turbine. More recent and higher-powered models incorporate a two-stage free turbine. The PT6 has been produced in several models and has been adapted to a multitude of uses. The propeller has three blades mounted on a hollow hub in the front end of which is a servo-piston that moves forward under servo-oil pressure or rearward under feather returns spring pressure. There are three links from the servo-piston. One goes to each blade root, and these links transmit forward motion of the servo-piston to the blade roots and pivot the blades in the decrease pitch direction. When servo-piston pressure is relieved, the servo-piston moves rearward under feather return spring pressure and pivots the blades in the increase pitch direction. This action is assisted by centrifugal force of the counterweight on each blade root.

FUEL SYSTEM
A 230-gallon fuel supply is available for the Turbo Thrush. In each wing, fuel is contained inside integral wing tanks (wet wing fuel tanks) just outboard of the center section subwings. The left wing and right wing fuel tanks are interconnected through a 5 U.S. gallon header tank that is located in the fuselage. The fuel supply lines, to the engine, are routed from the header tanks outlet finger screen through a fuel shutoff (on/off) valve to an electric driven fuel boost pump. The electric driven fuel boost pump discharge is then routed through a 25-micron main fuel filter to an engine driven fuel boost pump. The electric driven fuel boost pump serves two purposes, first as a backup system to provide continuous fuel pressure to the engines high pressure fuel pump in case the engine driven fuel boost pump fails and secondly to provide boosted fuel pressure to the engines

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL high pressure fuel pumps during engine starting. The aircrafts fuel system is equipped with two fuel filters, a inch mesh finger strainer is installed in the outlet fitting from the header tank and a 25-micron, airframe supplied, main fuel filter located on the forward L/H side of the firewall. Fuel from the aircraft fuel system enters the engines high pressure fuel pump which has two fuel filters, an 74-micron inlet filter and a 10-micron discharge filter (refer to the engines appropriated maintenance manual for pertinent maintenance details for the engine supplied filters and fuel system). The fuel tank vent system is designed to keep the fuel spillage to a minimum. The fuel tanks are vented through tubing connected at both the inboard and outboard ends of the individual fuel tanks to the centrally located vent system in the fuselage. Ram air enters a vent scoop, on the fuselage, under the left wing and pressurizes the vent system to maintain positive pressure on the fuel tanks. The vent system is provided with two quick drains, located on the fuselage under each wing, to drain any fuel that might happened to have got in the tanks outboard vent lines. At engine shutdown, fuel from the start control unit or the flow divider/dump valve, located at the 6 oclock position on the engines fuel nozzle manifold, is directed to a residue fuel reservoir EPA tank mounted inboard on the L/H aft shin skin. This reservoir hold approximately 3 engine shutdowns worth of fuel before the fuel will exit the reservoirs vent system. (NOTE: This reservoir should be emptied after each engine shutdown.) (NOTE: It is common and normal after an engine compressor Water Wash or Performance Recovery Wash to have water or soap appears in the reservoirs drained waste fuel.) The fuel quantity gauge is located on the lower left instrument panel. The fuel quantity indicating system consists of two transmitters, one indicator gauge, and a L/H or R/H tank fuel quantity selector switch. A

transmitter, installed in each wing tank transmits an electrical signal to the single fuel quantity indicator. The instrument reads both the left and right fuel tanks singularly as chosen by the electrical control switch, adjacent to the fuel quantity indicator gauge on the instrument panel. The two fuel tanks are serviced through filler ports located on the top of both wings. The filler ports incorporate security chains to prevent the lost of the fuel caps. Service the aircraft from refueling facilities that utilize proper ground handling equipment and filter systems to remove impurities and water accumulations from the bulk fuel. If filtering facilities are not available, filter the fuel through a quality high-grade chamois. Fuel tanks should be serviced after the last flight of each day to reduce condensation and allow any entrapped water accumulations to settle to the fuel system drains, to be removed, prior to the next flight.

Prior to the first flight of the day the header tank and fuel filter should be drained to check for the presence of water or sediment in the fuel system. If there is a possibility, at any time, that any tank may contain water, the header tank and fuel filter should be drained as necessary to ensure no water exists in the fuel system. For fuel system servicing information, refer to Section Two.

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LANDING GEAR, WHEELS & BRAKES


The main landing gear is made using a formed chrome-moly spring steel unit. The left Main gear and the right main gear are symmetrical. The main wheels are 11 X 10. The spring steel construction and design of the main gear allow for absorption of landing weight and common stresses associated with such, thus eliminating the need for shock struts. The brake system has individual toe brakes and individual park brakes. The use of a special N-513 compound cup in each master cylinder permits the use of MIL-H-5606, a heavy-duty aviation hydraulic fluid. The brakes are dual caliper disc types. The tail gear is a spring steel type and uses a 500 x 5 tailwheel.

FLIGHT CONTROLS
The flight controls are of conventional design employing extensive use of ball bearings for low friction and smoothness of operation. The aileron and elevator controls are push rod systems and the rudder control is through cables. The elevator trim control is actuated by a lever that moves the tab to the desired position through push rods. The wing flaps are operated electrically and

controlled by a switch located on the left side of the cockpit. The rudder controls are interconnected by springs to the aileron system so that a wing may be lifted with the rudder alone.

INSTRUMENTS
The standard instruments are located on three separate panels: An upper panel, a left panel, and a right panel. The left panel contains a clock, oil temperature, hour meter, fuel pressure, oil pressure, air filter Delta P, and fuel quantity gauges. The right panel contains a voltmeter, ammeter, and circuit breakers. The upper panel contains all engine-warning lights, torque pressure, ITT indicator, and Gas Generator percent RPM, Propeller RPM and standard flight instrument package.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The standard 24 volts and 105 amps electrical system consists of the starting system, the navigation lights, the wiper/washer system, and the strobe lights. The landing lights, the working lights, and the air conditioner system are optional. The landing and working lights may be installed in the field, since the wiring for them is included in the standard wire bundle. The electrical system obtains power from two 24-volt batteries and one starter/generator. An external power receptacle is standard equipment and may be used for connecting a 24-volt ground power unit to the aircraft for engine starting or maintenance. The ground start system utilizes the master relay so that starting is accomplished by engaging the starter switch.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

AIRCRAFT WEIGHT & BALANCE


Refer to S2R-T34 Flight Manual for aircraft weight and balance information.

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Figure 1-1
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Figure 1-2
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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 2
SERVICING & INSPECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION TWO ........................................................................................................................................... ....1 SERVICING .................................................................................................................................................. 3 GROUND HANDLING .................................................................................................................................. 3 TOWING.................................................................................................................................................... 3 TAXIING .................................................................................................................................................... 3 PARKING .................................................................................................................................................. 3 MOORING ................................................................................................................................................. 3 JACKING ................................................................................................................................................... 4 LEVELING ................................................................................................................................................. 4 COLD WEATHER OPERATION................................................................................................................... 4 COLD WEATHER MAINTENANCE HINTS .............................................................................................. 5 GROUND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES ...................................................................................................5 ENGINE FIRES ......................................................................................................................................... 5 ELECTRICAL FIRES................................................................................................................................. 6 GROUND OPERATION OF ENGINE........................................................................................................... 6 BEFORE STARTING ENGINE.................................................................................................................. 6 STARTING ENGINE ................................................................................................................................. 7 ENGINE OPERATIONAL CHECK ............................................................................................................ 8 SYSTEM AND COMPONENT SERVICING .................................................................................................8 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM.............................................................................................................................. 9 ENGINE OIL SYSTEM .............................................................................................................................. 9 FUEL SYSTEM ....................................................................................................................................... 13 DEFUELING ............................................................................................................................................ 15 INDUCTION SYSTEM............................................................................................................................. 16 POWER PLANT INTERNAL CLEANING................................................................................................ 16 LANDING GEAR, WHEELS & BRAKES .................................................................................................... 17 TIRES ...................................................................................................................................................... 17 BRAKE BLEEDING ................................................................................................................................. 17 INSPECTION........................................................................................................................................... 17 INSPECTION CHECK LIST .................................................................................................................... 17 INSPECTION CHART.............................................................................................................................. 19 ENGINE EXTERNALS................................................................................................................................ 21 ENGINE OIL SYSTEM................................................................................................................................ 23 ENGINE FUEL SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................ 24 IGNITION SYSTEM .................................................................................................................................... 25 PNEUMATIC SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................... 25 AIRFRAME FUEL SYSTEM ....................................................................................................................... 26 MAIN LANDING GEAR ............................................................................................................................... 26 TAIL GEAR.................................................................................................................................................. 27 FUSELAGE SKINS ..................................................................................................................................... 29 HOPPER ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 WINGS ........................................................................................................................................................ 29 FUSELAGE FRAME ................................................................................................................................... 31 CONTROL SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................................ 31 METAL EMPENNAGE ................................................................................................................................ 32 AILERONS AND FLAPS............................................................................................................................. 33 COCKPIT .................................................................................................................................................... 34 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM............................................................................................................................... 35 AIRFRAME MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................................... 36

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL CORROSION CONTROL........................................................................................................................ 36 WINDSHIELD .......................................................................................................................................... 37 HOPPER REPAIR................................................................................................................................... 37 FUEL TANK REPAIR .............................................................................................................................. 37 BATTERY MAINTENANCE..................................................................................................................... 37 LUBRICATION ........................................................................................................................................ 38

Effective: 1/26/05

2-2

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

SECTION TWO

SERVICING & INSPECTION


Standard procedure for ground handling, servicing, inspection, airframe maintenance, lubrication, and storage are included in this Section. Adherence to these procedures on a scheduled basis can save many hours of maintenance and aircraft down time. When a system component requires service or maintenance other than that outlined in this Section, refer to the applicable Section of this manual for complete information.

GROUND HANDLING
TOWING Movement of the aircraft on the ground may be accomplished as follows: A. B. Pull and guide the aircraft by means of a tow bar with the tail wheel unlocked. Attach a rope harness to the main gear when there is a need to tow the aircraft forward through snow or over soft and/or muddy ground.

TAXIING Before attempting to taxi the aircraft, maintenance personnel should be checked out by qualified personnel. When it is determined that the propeller area is clear, apply the power to start the taxi roll and perform the following: A. B. C. D. Push the stick full forward to unlock the tail wheel. Taxi a few feet and check the brake operation. While taxiing, make slight turns to determine that the tail wheel steering is operative. Avoid taxiing over ground of loose stones, gravel, or other loose material that may cause foreign object damage to the propeller or to other aircraft in the area. E. You may taxi with the power lever in the Beta region to govern ground speed. Observe all engines operating limits. PARKING Head the aircraft into the wind and set the parking brake. Do not set the parking brake during cold wet weather because the accumulated moisture may freeze in the brakes. Do not set the parking brake if the brakes are overheated. Install the internal control lock. Place the chocks under each main wheel.

Effective: 1/26/05

2- 3

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL MOORING Park aircraft as previously outlined. In winds up to 20 knots, secure the aircraft at the wing tie down rings. For winds above 20 knots, tie the tail and main gear as well as the wings. Install external control surface locks. Be sure to tie the propeller down to prevent it from wind milling with zero oil pressure. The aircraft should be placed in a hangar when wind velocity is predicted to exceed 50 knots. When mooring aircraft, use 3/4-inch manila or nylon rope. A clove hitch or other anti-slip knot should be employed. If a manila rope is used for tie down, allow enough slack to compensate for contraction of the rope fiber without damaging the aircraft.

JACKING Jack points are provided on each main spar and located at wing stations 120 & 193.38. When using the jack points to lift the aircraft, all hopper loads should be removed. (Fig. 2-1) provided on the tail wheel trunnion attach fitting on the lower left longeron. A jack point is also

LEVELING The aircraft may be leveled by raising the tail to an approximate level flight position and by supporting the tail on a stable jack or platform. Adjust the height of the tail wheel until the left-hand lower longeron located under the cockpit is level.

COLD WEATHER OPERATION


Aircraft operation in cold weather creates a need for additional maintenance practices and operating procedures that are not required in moderate temperatures. Whenever possible, shelter the aircraft in a heated hangar to prevent frost, ice, or snow accumulation that requires added maintenance time to remove. These weather elements, if allowed to accumulate only a fraction of an inch in thickness on the critical airfoils and control surfaces, seriously degrade aircraft lift and flight control effectiveness. The possibility of aircraft system failures is increased when the aircraft is parked where wind driven snow or freezing rain can be forced into various openings of the aircraft. If the aircraft is to be moored outside in extreme cold, the battery should be kept fully charged to prevent freezing. Make certain that all vents, air inlets, and so forth are covered.

Locating the aircraft inside a heated hanger is the most effective method of preheating the aircraft. The use of an external power unit is recommended to conserve the battery.

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Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL COLD WEATHER MAINTENANCE HINTS The information that follows is intended only for the purpose of supplementing the existing information in this manual when operating the aircraft in cold weather. Keeping the aircraft in top maintenance condition during cold weather cannot be over stressed.

The battery should be maintained at full charge during cold weather to prevent freezing. After adding water to the battery in freezing temperatures, charge the battery to mix the water and electrolyte. A frozen battery may explode when subjected to a high charge rate. Corrosive damage to the area adjacent to an exploded battery will result if the electrolyte solution is not removed immediately. Instructions for removing spilled electrolyte are provided in this Section. The battery should be

removed and stored in a warm place if the aircraft is to remain idle for an extended period of time.

In the fuel system, condensation is more likely to occur in cold weather due to a more rapid and positive division of moisture content from other fuel properties. If at all possible, use fueling facilities that filter moisture from the fuel. If fueling facilities with filters are not available, filter the fuel through a good quality chamois. Fill the tanks with correct grade of fuel as soon as possible after landing to reduce the possibility of condensation and ice formation in the tanks. Fuel extracted from fuel header tank drain before starting deserves a closer examination when the aircraft is being operated in cold weather.

Cold weather operation demands procedures that are in addition to normal Post Flight Maintenance Procedures. Fill the fuel tanks immediately after flight. If shelter is not available, tie the aircraft down and install covers on all vents, openings, and so forth as required.

GROUND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES


Emergency procedures must be accomplished as rapidly as possible, should an emergency arise. It is suggested that steps pertaining to each emergency be committed to memory in order to accelerate the procedure and minimize any possible damage.

ENGINE FIRES The following Dry Motoring Run procedure is used to clear an engine at any time when deemed necessary to remove internally trapped fuel and vapor or when there is evidence of a fire within the engine. Air that passes through the engine serves to purge fuel, vapor, or fire from the combustion sections, the gas generator turbine, the power turbine, and the exhaust system.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL A. B. C. D. E. Fuel Condition Lever - Cut Off Ignition Switch - Off Master Switch - On Fuel Shutoff Valve - On Fuel Auxiliary Pump Switch - On This will provide lubrication for the engine-driven fuel pump. F. Engine Starter Switch On

*** WARNING ***

If the fire persists as indicated by the sustained interturbine temperature, close the fuel system shutoff valve at this point and continue motoring. G. Maintain the starter operation for the desired duration. The maximum starter duration is 3 minutes. H. I. J. K. L. Engine Starter Switch - Off Fuel Auxiliary Pump Switch - Off Fuel Shutoff Valve - Off Master Switch - Off Allow a 5-minute cooling period for the starter before going any further with the starting operation. ELECTRICAL FIRES Circuit breakers will automatically trip and stop the current flow to a shorted circuit. However, as a safety precaution in the event of an electrical fire, turn the battery switches to off. extinguisher approved for electrical fires to extinguish the flame. Use a fire

GROUND OPERATION OF ENGINE


BEFORE STARTING ENGINE Visually check the aircraft for general condition. Verify that all camlocs on the skin panels are fastened. Remove all accumulations of frost, ice, or snow in cold weather from the wing, the tail, and the control surfaces. Check that the control surfaces contain no internal accumulations of ice.

Remove the inlet and exhaust covers, if fitted. If night flight is planned, check the operation of all lights and have a flashlight available.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL After a complete visual inspection has been accomplished, the following checklist may be used for the external prestart check. The aircraft should be headed into the wind and should have the wheel chocks in place.

A. B.

A fire extinguisher must be readily available in the event of an engine fire. Check the engine oil level. Assure that the oil system has been serviced with the correct grade of oil.

C. D. E. F. G.

Verify that the internal control lock has been removed and that the controls operate freely. Set the parking brake. Check the fuel quantity in both tanks. Set the trim tabs for takeoff. Clear the area of all personnel. STARTING ENGINE

Use the following procedure to start the PT6A engine. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. Battery and Generator Switches - On Power Lever - Idle Propeller Lever - Feather Fuel Condition Lever - Cut Off Fuel Shutoff Valve On Fuel Auxiliary Pump Switch - On Fuel Inlet Pressure Indicator - Check 5 PSI Minimum Engine Starter Switch - On The minimum speed to obtain a satisfactory light is 12% Ng. I. After approximately 5 seconds of motoring at the stabilized gas generator speed, turn the Ignition Switch On and move the Condition Lever to the Ground (low) Idle position. J. Observe that the engine accelerates normally to idle RPM and the maximum allowable inter-turbine temperature-starting limit is not exceeded. ** CAUTION **

Whenever the gas generator fails to light up within 10 seconds after moving the fuel condition lever to the ground (low) idle position: fuel condition lever idle cutoff, ignition switch - off, starter off. Allow a 30second fuel draining period that is followed by a 15-second dry motoring run before attempting another start. If for any reason a starting attempt is discontinued, allow the engine to come to a complete stop and then accomplish a Dry Motoring Run as described on page 2-5 under Engine Fires. That procedure is also referred to as Dry Motoring run.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL When the engine attains idle rpm: K. L. M. N. O. Engine Starter Switch and Ignition Switch - Off Oil Pressure - Check 60 PSIG Minimum Fuel Auxiliary Pump - Off Fuel Pressure from Engine Driven Pump - Check 5 PSI Minimum Generator Charging Check

ENGINE OPERATIONAL CHECK ** CAUTION **

Fill hopper and hold the elevator control firmly full up during all high power ground operations to keep aircraft from nosing over. Refer to Section Four for specific operational checks and/or Pratt & Whitney Maintenance Manual. Before proceeding with a ground run up, be sure that the propeller system is purged by feathering the propeller once or twice with the power control lever in idle position. The following procedure should be used to check the propeller overspeed governor.

A. B. C.

Place the propeller lever in full increase RPM position (forward). Turn prop test switch on. Increase RPM with the power lever until governing occurs. This should occur at 202520 RPM. (In no case should any engine limitations be exceeded.)

D. E.

Reduce power back to idle. Turn prop test switch off. *NOTE* If RPM is not governed at 2025 20 RPM with the prop test switch on, consult Section IV of this manual for adjustment of the overspeed-governor.

SYSTEM AND COMPONENT SERVICING


Servicing procedures contained in this Section are confined to those maintenance actions that occur with routine frequency and require a reasonably short period of time to accomplish. Servicing

practices and maintenance to aircraft systems and components that require less frequent attention are contained in the appropriate Section of this manual.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL HYDRAULIC SYSTEM The hydraulic system consists of two master brake cylinders and the necessary hydraulic lines connecting the master cylinders to the wheel brake cylinders. Applying toe pressure on the rudder pedals actuates the master cylinders, which are located just aft of the pilots rudder pedals. Refer to Section Six for brake servicing procedures. ENGINE OIL SYSTEM The oils that are specified for the lubrication system are detailed in the Pratt and Whitney Canada Service Bulletin 1001. All oils listed in the bulletin are approved for flight operation. It is recommended for all turbo aircraft that the oil should be changed every 400 hours. The oil system contains 13 U.S. quarts.

In cases where oils that are approved are not available, an operator must obtain prior approval or recommendations for use of substitution oil from the Service Department, Pratt and Whitney Canada Corp, 1000 Marie-Victorin, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada J4K 1A1.

A.

OIL LEVEL CHECK To avoid overfilling of oil tank, and high oil consumption, an oil level check is recommended within 30 minutes after shutdown. Ideal interval is 15 to 20 minutes. If more than 30 minutes has passed, and the dipstick indicates that oil is needed, start the engine and run at ground idle (low idle) for five minutes, and recheck oil level. 1. Unlock the filler cap and dipstick from the filler neck at the eleven o'clock position on the accessory gearbox and remove the filler cap.

** CAUTION **

Do not mix different brands, viscositys, or types of oil since their chemical structures may make them incompatible. If different types of oil become mixed, drain and flush the system. Refill with new oil. 2. Check the oil tank contents against the markings on the dipstick. Service as required.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL * NOTE * The graduations on the dipstick indicate the oil level in U.S. quarts below maximum capacity of the oil tank. The normal cold oil level is the Maximum Cold mark on the dipstick. The normal hot level is

Maximum Hot mark on the dipstick. A dipstick reading of 3 will indicate that the system requires 2 U.S. quarts to replenish to normal level if the oil is cold. If the oil is hot, it will take 3 U.S. quarts to replenish.

3.

If the engine is nose high or nose low, compensation must be made to avoid over or under servicing.

B.

If the oil level is too low to register on the dipstick due to possible excessive consumption or if low or fluctuating pressures have been recorded, refer to Troubleshooting - Lubrication Problems in the Pratt and Whitney Maintenance Manual for the action to be taken. After that has been accomplished, proceed as follows to check the oil level.

1.

Fill the oil tank to the appropriate normal level. Record the quantity of oil added to the system.

2. 3. 4. 5.

Install the filler cap and dipstick. Ensure that the cap is locked securely. Run the engine idle for approximately 5 minutes. Check the oil level. Check the oil filter per applicable Pratt & Whitney Maintenance Manual.

C.

On engines which have remained stationary for a period of 12 hours or more, proceed as follows to check the oil level.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Start the engine and run at idle speed for a minimum of 2 minutes. Feather the propeller. Shut down the engine. Check the oil level.

D.

Recommendations for oil change intervals are based on the performance of specific brands of oil, specific types of oil, specific engine models, and specific operating criteria. General oil change intervals may be extended periodically and will be reflected by revisions to the Pratt and Whitney Engine Service Bulletin 1001. Permission for extension of oil drain intervals may be granted to operators through monitoring programs, which are conducted by most

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL major oil companies that have been approved by Pratt and Whitney Canada. Service Bulletin 1001 will be revised periodically to include newly approved oils. Refer to Figure 2-8 for the locations called out in the following procedure.

1. 2.

Place suitable containers or drip pan under the engine. Remove lockwire from the main oil tanks drain plug #6 from boss on compressor inlet case. Remove drain plug. Discard the preformed packing. Or drain oil at drain port on left shin skin (on aircraft equipped with quick drain).

3.

Remove the rear case drain plug #2 from the six o'clock position on the rear face of the accessory gearbox housing. Discard the preformed packing.

4.

Remove the chip detector #3 from the six o'clock position on the reduction gearbox front case. Discard the preformed packing.

5.

Examine the drained oil for the presence of foreign matter.

E.

Refill the oil tank by accomplishing the following procedures.

1.

Install the chip detector #3 with new preformed packing on the reduction gearbox. Torque chip detector body #3 45 to 55 lb. in. and lockwire.

2.

Install rear case drain plug #2 with new preformed packing in the accessory gearbox housing. Tighten and torque to 215 to 240 lb. in. and lockwire.

3.

Install the drain plug #6 with the new preformed packing in the bottom of the air inlet case. Or simply install a cap on the drain port on the left shin skin (on aircraft equipped with quick drain) and lockwire.

4.

Fill the oil tank with the specified oil to the level of maximum graduation on the dipstick.

F. Install the filler cap and dipstick assembly in the oil tank. Ensure that the cap is locked securely. 1. Start the engine and run at idle for approximately 2 minutes to circulate the oil through the system. 2. 3. 4. Feather the propeller. Shut down the engine. Check the oil level in the tank. Replenish, as required, to the normal level on the dipstick. 5. Install the filler cap and dipstick assembly in the oil tank. Ensure that the cap is locked securely.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

G.

If an engine is to be operated with an oil brand or type that differs from that on which it previously operated or if the oil system has been contaminated by other than metallic matter, the oil system should be flushed by following the steps below.

1. 2.

Place suitable containers or drip pan under the engine. Remove the oil drain plug or chip detector from the reduction gearbox and the plugs from the inlet case and the accessory gearbox housing.

** CAUTION **

Limit the engine rotation to a minimum time which is required to accomplish the complete draining. limitations. Also observe the starter operating

3.

With the drains open, place the starting control lever to cutoff and the ignition switch to off. Motor the engine with the starter only to allow the scavenge pumps to clear all lubricating oil.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Reinstall all drain plugs and the chip detector. Refill the engine oil tank with new type oil. Start the engine and run at idle speed for a minimum of two minutes. Feather the propeller. Shut down the engine. Repeat Steps 1. through 3. Remove the main oil filter. Clean or replace the filter and reinstall. Remove the reduction gearbox oil strainer and clean. Reinstall the strainer. Reinstall all engine drain plugs and the chip detector. Tighten, torque, and lockwire.

13. 14. 15.

Repeat Steps 5. through 8. Check the oil levels and replenish, as necessary. Install the filler cap and dipstick assembly in the filler tube. Ensure that the cap is correctly installed and locked.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ** CAUTION ** Different formulations of the various oil brands may have varying detergent actions. After an oil brand change, the above may cause the release of carbon particles into the oil system which would result in the clogging of the scavenge screen. After a change of oil brand, the main oil filter should be inspected for carbon particles at 10-hour intervals. There should be 5

inspections for a total of 50 hours, and the filter should be checked at the routine oil filter checks there after up to 500 hours. If an excess of the normal amount of carbon is noted, the following steps should be accomplished. A. Remove the drain plug from the six o'clock position on the accessory gearbox. B. Using a mirror and light, inspect the scavenge screen through the drain hole. C. D. E. If there is evidence of carbon, try to dislodge it with a stiff paintbrush. Flush out any removed carbon. If the carbon cannot be removed by the above method, the accessory gearbox should be removed and the screen cleaned. Refer to the Section Accessory Gearbox in the Pratt and Whitney Maintenance Manual for the removal procedure.

FUEL SYSTEM A. Refuel the aircraft with fueling facilities that contain filters for removing the moisture content from the fuel. If the fueling facilities with filters are not available, filter the fuel through a good grade chamois. The fuel tanks should be serviced after the last flight of the day to allow maximum time for the moisture to reach the header tank. Service the aircraft with Jet A, Jet B, JP-4, and JP-5. If jet fuel is not available, aviation gasoline MIL-G-5572 (all grades) may be used for a maximum of 150 hours between overhauls. For the Restricted Category, service the aircraft with Jet A, Jet B, JP-4, JP-5, and automotive diesel number 1D or 2D in accordance with P&WACL Service Bulletin Number 1344 or 14504. If the jet fuel or diesel fuel is not available, aviation gasoline MIL-G-5572 (all grades) may be used for a maximum of 150 hours between overhauls. Automotive diesel fuel is approved only for flights when the free air temperature is above +20 degrees Fahrenheit use grade #1D or +40 degrees Fahrenheit use grade #2D.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL *** WARNING ***

Ground the aircraft and the fuel servicing equipment to the aircraft. Smoking in or around the aircraft during refueling operations is prohibited. available. Fire protection equipment must be immediately

1.

Turn all the switches off.

2.

Remove the fuel filler cap. Fill the tank until the fuel level rises to the filler neck. Install the fuel filler cap and service the opposite fuel tank.

* NOTE * As the wing tanks are interconnected through the header tank, the fuel can flow from one tank to another. Topping off both wing tanks may be required more than one time to assure that both wing tanks are full.

3.

After fueling is complete, check for security of both fill port caps. Wash any spilled fuel from the wing surface with clean water.

B.

Three fuel drain points are provided to allow fuel draining in order to extract the moisture and

sediment entrapped in the system. The drains are located at the bottom of each wing tank (Fig. 2-2), the header tank (Fig. 2-3), and firewall fuel filter (Fig. 2-4). All fuel drains should be drained prior to the first flight of the day. Drain a small quantity of fuel into a transparent container to permit

inspection for the presence of moisture or sediment. The fuel should be drained until all evidence of moisture or sediment disappears. Also provided are two fuel vent drains located on each side of fuselage under the wings (Fig. 2-5). The last drain port is provided to drain the residue fuel reservoir. At engine shutdown, fuel from the flow divider/dump valve, located at the 6 oclock position on the engines fuel nozzle manifold, is directed to a residue fuel reservoir EPA tank located on the L/H cowl shin skin. This reservoir holds approximately 3 engine shutdowns worth of fuel before the fuel will exit the reservoirs vent system.

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Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL * NOTE * This reservoir should be emptied after each engine shutdown.

* NOTE * It is common and normal after an engine compressor Water Wash or Performance Recovery Wash to have water or soap appear in the reservoirs drained waste fuel. Visually check that all drain valves are closed after draining.

C.

The airframe is equipped with two fuel filters, a inch mesh finger strainer is installed in the outlet fitting from the header tank and an airframe supplied, gascolator type, 25-micron main fuel filter located on the forward L/H side of the firewall. Inspect the inch mesh finger strainer annually or if the fuel system is suspected or has been contaminated with foreign debris: i.e. Main fuel filter red bypass indicator was popped, main fuel filter has contamination, foreign debris noted in drained fuel sample container, known fuel contamination etc. The 25-micron main fuel filter element should be inspected, cleaned or replaced, and reinstalled every 100 hours, when the red fuel bypass indicator button has popped, or any time fuel system contamination is suspected. Refer to chapter 5 for main fuel filter servicing procedures.

*** WARNING *** If the red fuel bypass indicator button has popped out, determine and remove the cause of the fuel obstruction before further flight. Remove, inspect, clean or replace, reinstall the filter 25-micron element. You may then reset the red bypass button by pressing it in with finger pressure.

DEFUELING During the defueling operation, jet fuel fumes are present; therefore, extreme caution must be exercised to prevent fire hazards.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL *** WARNING *** Smoking on or around the aircraft is not permitted during the defueling procedure. immediately available. Fire protection equipment must be

A. B.

Ground aircraft and all defueling equipment or containers to the aircraft. Place vented container of adequate capacity under the three drain points. containers are properly grounded to the aircraft. Verify that the

C. D. E.

Open the drain valves and allow all fuel to drain. Close the drain valves and move the fuel containers to a safe distance from the aircraft. Verify that all the drain valves are closed.

INDUCTION SYSTEM The prime difference between the agricultural and a normal installation is the air cleaning system incorporated in the engine air intake system. The air filter is located below the engine air inlet plenum between the center and rear fire seals and is a washable reusable barrier type filter.

POWER PLANT INTERNAL CLEANING Refer to Pratt & Whitney Canada Maintenance Manual for the -34 engine for proper internal cleaning.

** CAUTION ** Chemicals should not be allowed to remain in an engine any longer than overnight, and a water wash should not be performed any sooner than 45 minutes after shutdown. It may be more

convenient and practical to wash the engine before working the next morning. This is acceptable if extremely corrosive chemicals are not being used.

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Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

LANDING GEAR, WHEELS & BRAKES


Check all gear assemblies for general cleanliness, security of mounting, and hydraulic leaks at prescribed inspection intervals. Lubricate all lubrication points on main and tail gear assemblies at prescribed intervals. TIRES Tires should be inspected for proper inflation, breaks, cuts, and foreign objects in tread, flat spots and exposed cord. Replace tire if there is any question of its reliability. Proper inflation is necessary for maximum tire life. Maintain 29x11-10pr main wheel pressure at a minimum of 40 psi to a maximum of 62 psi, depending on the load and runway conditions. 5.00-5 10pr Type III tail wheel tire pressure should be 88 psi maximum. The wheels and tires are balanced assemblies. If tires are suspected of being out of balance, they may be balanced on automotive type balancing equipment. If aircraft is out of service, rotate tires every seven days to prevent flat spots from developing.

BRAKE BLEEDING Brake bleeding should be performed when air is suspected of being entrapped in brake lines. See Section Six for brake bleeding procedures. INSPECTION Only the items to be inspected are listed and details as to how to check or what to check for are generally excluded. Those checks can be found in specified Section of this manual. INSPECTION CHECK LIST A. Movable parts are to be checked for lubrication, servicing, security of attachment, binding, excessive wear, Safety, proper operation, proper adjustment, correct travel, cracked fittings, security of hinges, defective bearings, cleanliness, corrosion, deformation, sealing, and tension.

B.

Fluid lines and hoses are to be checked for leaks, cracks, dents, kinks, chafing, proper radius, security, corrosion, deterioration, obstructions, and foreign matter.

C.

Metal parts are to be checked for security of attachment, cracks, and metal distortion, broken spot welds, corrosion, condition of paint, and any other apparent damage.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL D. Wiring is to be checked for security, chafing, burning, defective insulation, and loose or broken terminals, heat deterioration, and corroded terminals.

E.

Bolts in critical areas are to be checked for correct torque, or when visual inspection indicates the need for a torque check. See (Fig 2-7) Torque Chart.

F.

Filters, screens, and fluids are to be checked for cleanliness, contamination and/or replacement at specified intervals.

This Manual contains information on aircraft systems and operating procedures required for safe and effective maintenance. It shall not be used as a substitute for sound judgment. Clean the aircraft prior to performing any inspections on the airframe or engine. Before removal of detachable skins, fairings, and cowlings wash all exterior surfaces of the aircraft with plain water and any commercial soap or detergent. Soap and detergent are organic chemicals and it is important that all traces be removed by flushing with plain water. *NOTE* Certain effectively chemicals by cannot be removed Special

detergent

solutions.

cleaning agents are available for that purpose. It is suggested that the chemical suppliers be contacted for cleaning agents that are suitable for those special needs.

Inspection intervals are greatly influenced by particular operational priorities, operating conditions, environment, and routine inspection results.

Due to the anticipated operating environment, servicing and overhaul interval should be in accordance with Pratt & Whitneys recommendations for the PT6A-41AG engine for the PT6A-41, PT6A-41AG, and PT6A-42.

Due to the anticipated operating environment, servicing and overhaul interval should be in accordance with Pratt & Whitneys recommendations for the PT6A-34AG for the PT6A-34 engine.

Perform the tasks shown in the following Inspection Chart at the prescribed intervals.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL INSPECTION CHART

Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

PROPELLER
(Refer to Hartzell Manual #139 Propeller Owners Manual and Logbook.)

1.

Remove the spinner and check for cracks.

2.

Check the back plate for cracks and corrosion.

3.

Check for grease and oil leaks.

4.

Check the pitch rods and lock nuts.

5.

Check the condition of the reverse return springs.

6.

Check the hub bolts and balance screws of the blades for safety.

7.

Inspect the blades for nicks and cracks. Refer to the Hartzell Manual #139.

8.

Inspect the hub parts for cracks and corrosion.

9.

Lubricate the propeller with Aeroshell 6 grease only. Remove the rear Zerk fitting from each blade clamp. Using a hand operated grease gun, grease each forward fitting slowly. Lubrication is complete when grease emerges in a steady flow with no air pockets or moisture, and has the color and texture of the new grease. Reinstalled the rear Zerk fittings.

Effective: 1/26/05

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400 HRS

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

10. Check counterweight bolts for safety.

11. Check ring rod-end jam nuts.

13. Re-install spinner. Rotate prop and check alignment of low pitch stop collar. (.010 max. run out)

14. Check carbon block side clearance. New Block: .001-.002 clearance Used Block: .010-max allowed

15. Check beta control valve clevis slot end for alignment with face of cap nut.

16. Check fuel governor reset arm for hitting stop.

17. Check prop governor control levers for hitting stop in low and high pitch.

18. Check reversing cable housing jam nuts and pins for safety and condition of housing.

19. Inspect overspeed governor.

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Effective: 1/26/05

400 HRS

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

ENGINE EXTERNALS Daily 50 HRS 100 HRS REFER TO THE ENGINES APPROPRIATE PRATT & WHITNEY MAINTENANCE MANUAL FOR PERTINENT DETAILS ON ENGINE INSPECTION Check the tubing, wiring, control linkages, and hose assemblies for security of all the accessible connections, clamps, and brackets. 400 HRS

1.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

2.

Check tubing and hose assemblies for evidence of wear, chafing, cracks, and corrosion.

3.

Check the tubing, wiring, control linkages, and hose assemblies for evidence of fuel and oil leakage.

4.

Lubricate interconnecting rod ball ends, where applicable.

5.

Check the air inlet screen area for cleanliness.

6.

Check the gas generator case for cracks, distortion, and corrosion.

7.

Check the fireseals for cracks and security of brackets and seals.

8.

Check the exhaust duct for cracks and distortion.

9.

Check the propeller shaft seal for oil leaks.

10.

Check security and condition of engine mounts.

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Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

11.

Check the security of the accessories.

12.

Check the security of accessory linkages.

13.

Check the security of pneumatic lines.

14.

Check for evidence of oil and fuel leaks in accessory areas.

16.

Check security and mounting of starter/generator. Check brushes for wear. If starter/generator is equipped with a dry spline drive, remove the starter/generator and check the engines drive gear splines for wear using special P&W tool. If splines check OK, lubricate starter/generator drive shaft splines with Dow Corning M-77 Molycoat and reinstall starter/generator. *NOTE* As of 1998 all new AG engines will be delivered with a wet spline type starter generator gear shaft that requires no maintenance. You can identify an engines wet spline (female) gear shaft as follows: From the engine side (female) the splines are recessed approximately inch. Looking into the center of the gear shaft you can see right through to the AGB diaphragm wall. There will be a 0 ring installed on the starter/generators drive shaft (male splines). INTENTIONAL LEFT BLANK

17.

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400 HRS

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

ENGINE OIL SYSTEM

** CAUTION ** Do not mix different brands or types of oil when changing oil or when replenishing the oil between oil changes.

1.

Check the oil level. Oil change recommended every 400 hours.

* NOTE *
To avoid overfilling of oil tank, and high oil consumption, an oil level check is recommended within 30 minutes after engine shutdown. Ideal interval is 15 to 20 minutes. If more than 30 minutes has passed, and the dipstick indicates that oil is needed, start the engine and run at ground-idle (low idle) for five minutes, and recheck oil level.

2.

Check condition and security of oil filler cap.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Remove, inspect, clean, and reinstall oil filter in accordance with instructions obtained in the engines appropriate Pratt & Whitney maintenance manual. NOTE: Do not clean ultrasonically. Elements must be discarded after 1000 hours or after heavy contamination. Check the chip detector for continuity using a suitable ohmmeter. An open circuit condition must exist which indicates no ferrous contamination at pole tips.

3.

4.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

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Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS X X X X X

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

ENGINE FUEL SYSTEM

1.

Check the fuel for presence of water.

2.

Check the fuel pump for security and fuel leakage.

3.

Inspect, clean and reinstall high pressure fuel pump 74-micron inlet fuel filter. * NOTE * On new aircraft, check the filter after each flight until there is no evidence of contamination. Check the filter after the first flight or ground run when any upstream component is replaced.

4.

At the fuel pump outlet, check the 10-micron filter for foreign matter and/or distortion. Install new filter every 100 hours or as service conditions indicate. Check the drain valve for security and leakage. X

5.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

*NOTE* When a problem is found, refer to the appropriate section in the Pratt and Whitney Maintenance Manual.

6.

Check the fuel control unit for security, linkages, and pneumatic tubes. Check the fuel control unit bearing for wash-out which is indicated by blue dye - grease and fuel mixed at the FCU vent. Check the fuel manifold and nozzle assemblies with a functional test. For improved hot section durability. It is recommended that the fuel nozzle assemblies are inspected and functional tested in accordance with time limits set forth in the engines appropriate maintenance manual. IGNITION SYSTEM

7.

8.

1. 2. 3.

Check the ignition exciter for security and condition. Check the ignition cable for chafing, wear, and security. Check the spark igniters for cleanliness and erosion. Perform an operation test. PNEUMATIC SYSTEM Clean the air compressor delivery filters (P3) every 100 hours. The maximum interval is 1000 hours for the disposable type. For the metallic cleanable type, return to an approved overhaul shop for ultrasonic cleaning every 1000 hours. After the cleaning, the element may be reused.

X X X

1.

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400 HRS X

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Daily 50 HRS 100 HRS 400 HRS X Inspect 800 hours and annually. Replaced 1600 hours or biannually.

AIRFRAME FUEL SYSTEM 1. Remove, inspect, clean, and re-install the airframe main 25-micron fuel strainer. Drain wing tanks, header tank; vent system (2 ea.), gascolator bowl, and residue fuel reservoir EPA tank. Check for any debris, sediment, or water and take corrective action if any is found. Turn the electric fuel pump on and check the fuel lines for leaks. Inspect the fuel lines and supports for security and signs of chafing. Check the fuel shutoff valve for leaks in the open and close position. Check the fuel tank gauges for proper operation. Rock the wings to slosh the fuel to see that the pointers are free. *NOTE* When a problem is found, refer to section 5. MAIN LANDING GEAR Remove, clean, and inspect main landing gear bolts, P/N AN10-33 or NAS6610D42, every 800 hours or annually, whichever occurs first, for cracks, wear, damage, corrosion, and general condition. Replace as necessary or, if no defects are noted at time of inspection reinstall. Replace main landing gear attach bolts every 1600 hours or every other annual, which ever occurs first. *NOTE* Prior to installing main landing gear bolts, apply a generously amount of MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease to main landing gear knurled bushings as well as to the bolts. Torque hardware I/A/W Torque Chart (Figure 2-7) and install cotter pins. Grease shock struts and shock strut attach to tripod zerk fittings with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease. Inspect rubber shock biscuits for distortion, splits, or deterioration. If replacement of biscuits is required, see chapter 6 for pertinent data. *NOTE* The upper shock strut attach bolt is a close tolerance, heat treated NAS bolt. Do Not replace with an AN bolt. X X

2.

3. 4. 5.

X X X

6.

1.

2.

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Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

3. 4.

Check the tires and tubes, wheels, and brake discs and lining for general condition. Check the spindle for straightness and tightness. Check, inspect, lubricate with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease, and reassemble all wheel bearings. (See chapter 6 for pertinent data.)

X X

5.

6.

Check the master cylinders, parking brake valves, brake lines, brake calipers, all brake fittings, and brake bleeders for leakage, general condition, and security. Check brake fluid level in each master cylinder and top off with fresh MIL-H-5606 aviation hydraulic fluid as required. Check the operation and holding ability of the pedal and parking brakes. Bleed hydraulic systems if required. TAIL GEAR

7.

8.

1.

Remove, clean, and inspect leaf spring forward attach bolt P/N NAS6207-38D every 100 hours. Upon reassembly lubricate bolt and leaf spring hole with Snap-on General Purpose Antiseize or equivalent or MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease. Torque to specifications I/A/W Torque chart (figure 2-7). Replace MS24665-300 cotter pin each inspection.

2.

Inspect all bolts holes for elongation. As a general rule, replace components with holes that are out-of-round by 0.005 or more. Replacement of the leaf spring forward attach P/N NAS6207-38D bolt (Inspect every 100 hours) with a larger diameter is not approved. The leaf spring may not be drilled out for a larger bolt.

3.

Inspect main spring leaf for corrosion and cracks. Check aircraft maintenance records to be sure spring leaf P/N 5079-1 has not exceeded its five thousand (5,000) flight hour life limit. Replace leaf spring as needed.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Daily 50 HRS 100 HRS 400 HRS

4.

Inspect P/N95207-1 Acetal (Delrin) lower support block spacer for wear and cracks. Inspect upper and lower leaf spring support blocks, and attachment hardware for wear, corrosion, and cracks. Ensure that the leaf spring support blocks grips the leaf spring tightly to prevent leaf spring movement fwd. and aft. Ensure flexible sealant around contact edges of support blocks, lower support block spacer and leaf spring is intact to prevent collection of potential corrosive material in this area. Lubricate 2 ea. Trunnion Zerk (grease) fittings with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22). Check locking cable for security and free movement, grease cable and wheel with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease, and assure wheel bearing is completely greased. Check for any loose play in tail wheel. Inspect the tire, wheel body and bearings, spindle, and the fork for general condition. Check the housing for cracks and corrosion. Check the taper bearings and spindle-shaft for corrosion and wear. Inspect the lock pin and plate for wear at the ends for correct operation. Check the lock pin cable and spring for corrosion and correct operation. *NOTE* After the components have been installed, seal the contact edges where the spring, P/N 5079-1 (replace every 5,000 hours) upper support block P/N 94131-9, lower support block P/N 94131-11 and spacer P/N 95207-1 come together with a high quality flexible silicone sealant or fuel tank sealant CS3204 BS (AMS-S-8802 formerly MIL-S-8802) to help block the collection of potential corrosive contaminants in this area.

5.

6.

7. 8.

X X

9. 10.

X X

11.

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FUSELAGE SKINS

1.

Inspect all panels and cowlings for cracks, chaffing, and security of fasteners.

2.

Check the camloc receptacles for corrosion, wear, and locking action. HOPPER

1.

Inspect the hopper baffles for security and condition.

2.

Check the hopper lid for condition of seal and security of latches.

3.

Inspect the hopper for evidence of leaks and for general condition.

4.

Check the gate for evidence of leaks and for proper operation.

5.

Check the hopper vent tube for corrosion and security.

6.

Check the gaskets on both the return and outlet lines.

7.

Check the hopper gate handle and the push rod for cracks around the welds. Check the condition of the push rod boot.

8.

Check emergency shut-off valve for leaks and proper operation

WINGS

1.

Inspect the aileron brackets for cracks and security.

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Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

2.

Check the boots at the aileron push rod entrance to the wing root for condition and security. Check for deposits of chemicals around and behind the wing center section and all attachment fittings. Check closely for corrosion. Keep clean. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK WINGS

3.

4.

Inspect the wing skins for cracks, loose rivets, general condition of the paint, and corrosion. Inspect the front and rear spar flanges, ribs, and other structures for cracks and corrosion.

5.

6.

Check the spray booms attach points for security.

7.

Check the pitot line in the right wing for security and for air leaks. Drain the low spots. Inspect the wing/fuselage attach angles for signs of cracks and corrosion. Annually inspect the lower spar splice blocks (P/N 22508T001 upper half and P/N 22508T002 lower half) as follows: Visually inspect splice blocks with a 10X magnifying glass or dye penetrant. Inspect for external cracks around the inch and 5/16 inch hole locations. If no cracks are detected this portion of the wing inspection is complete. If cracks are found remove the splice blocks before next flight and inspect the lower spar cap for cracks in accordance with Thrush Aircraft Inc. Service Bulletin SB-AG-39. If cracks are found in spar cap contact Thrush Aircraft Inc for possible repair or replacement. If no cracks are found in spar cap, replace the cracked splice blocks with new units. Refer to Section VIII Wing Removal for splice block removal and installation.

8.

9.

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Annually

400 HRS

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

FUSELAGE FRAME

1.

Inspect the fuselage tubing for signs of corrosion or cracks, particularly around welds and in the hopper area.

2.

Check for elongated holes in the engine mount fittings and bellcranks. Inspect all spring gear attachment fittings, main gear support beam, and beam end plates for security, cracks, and corrosion.

3.

4.

Check the condition of the paint and refinish, if necessary.

CONTROL SYSTEMS

1.

Check all turnbuckles for corrosion and for proper lock wiring.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

2.

Inspect all cables and end fittings for wear. Check for correct tension.

3.

Check all push rods for loose bearings, endplay, straightness and paint condition. Check idlers and bellcranks for binding or for slack. Inspect the rudder pedals and the support brackets for general condition.

4.

5.

6.

Inspect the attachment of the control stick to the main torque tube for slack and bearing wear.

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Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

7.

Check control stick to main torque tube bolt for proper torque (65 to 70 in. lbs.)

8.

Check the aileron control stops for tightness and for condition of fittings. Inspect all push-pull tubes rod-end jam nuts for security. Inspect all witness/inspection holes with a piece of .032 safety wire to insure that all rod-ends are screwed far enough onto the push-pull tubes. Inspect the push rods for clearance to the structure.

9.

10.

11.

Inspect the trim systems for correct operation and for general condition.

12.

Remove control stick from main the torque tube bolt, inspect and replace bolt as required.

X 500 Hours

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

METAL EMPENNAGE Check the travel of the movable surfaces. Elevator up---------------27 degrees 1 degree Elevator down-----------17 degrees 1 degree Rudder--------------------24 degrees 1 degree Tab up----------------------8 degrees 1degree Tab down------------------22 degrees 1 degree Check for warped contours of the fixed surfaces due to improperly tightened brace struts.

1.

2.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Daily

50 HRS

100 HRS

3.

Inspect horizontal stabilizer V struts, fittings, and hardware for security, cracks and corrosion.

4.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

5.

Inspect all hinges for wear. Replace sealed bearings, if needed. Check security of all bolts. Check the external skins for general condition. Check the drain holes for obstruction.

6. 7. 8.

X X X

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

AILERONS AND FLAPS

Check the control movements. 1. Aileron up Aileron down Flap down 2. 21 degrees 1 degree 17 degrees 1 degree 15 degrees 1 degree X X

Check the security of the counterweights, which are installed in the leading edges of the ailerons.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Daily 50 HRS 100 HRS 400 HRS X

3.

Inspect all the skins and ribs for cracks, loose rivets, general condition, and corrosion.

4.

Inspect the flap push rods, mounting brackets, torque tube, and bearing housings. Inspect the flap actuator motor and worm drive for general condition and freedom of travel. Grease Zerk fitting with (MILG-81322 (Aeroshell 22) on bottom of unit. Aileron servo tabs a. Check security of hinges

5.

6. b. c. Check for looseness of rod ends and bolts. Check for freedom of travel. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

COCKPIT

1.

Check the condition of the instrument markings and the placards.

2.

Check the instrument lines for leaks, security, and chafing.

3.

Check the hopper for leaks and security of mechanism.

4.

Check the security and condition of the seat belts, shoulder harness, and inertia reels.

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5.

Check the seat for security and proper adjustment operation. Check the seat fabric for general condition.

6.

Check the windshield and windows for cracks, crazing or scratches, and missing screws.

7.

Check the doors for security of hinges and for correct operation of door locks.

8.

Check operation of flight & engine controls to ensure proper operation and installation.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

1.

Check the battery charge and water level.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

2.

Check battery relays, spike diodes, regulator, fuses, and switches for security.

3.

Check all wiring for chafing and clamping.

4.

Check all terminals for security and corrosion

5.

Check the batterys vent hoses for security and deterioration.

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AIRFRAME MAINTENANCE
CORROSION CONTROL The lower part of the aircraft is painted with ultra gloss polyurethane. The forward upper glare shield part is painted with flat black polyurethane. The fuselage frame is painted with a primer, and then painted with a gray ultrathane.

All repairs involving refinishing should be painted to the original specifications. procedures should be carried out step by step.

The following

A.

Sand part to bare metal using 180 paper or finer. Avoid removal of cladding with the Alclad parts, whenever possible.

B. C. D.

Thoroughly clean area with isopropyl alcohol, a solvent, or thinner. Allow time to dry. Apply one thin spray coat of Epoxy primer with Epoxy hardener. Allow time to dry. Mix the required quantity of Polyurethane (use the directions on the can) with the prescribed amount of activator. Spray a smooth and even coat directly onto the primed surfaces. Apply at least two coats and allow time for drying between the coats.

A regular and thorough cleaning of both the interior and exterior of the aircraft is a major part of corrosion control. All areas of the aircraft are accessible for cleaning by removal of the panels. The cleaning procedure that follows is recommended for general purposes. * NOTE * Certain chemicals cannot be removed effectively by detergent solutions. Special cleaning agents are available for that purpose. It is suggested that the chemical suppliers be contacted for cleaning agents that are suitable for those special needs. A. Wash all exterior surfaces of the aircraft with plain water and any commercial soap or detergent. Soap and detergent are organic chemicals, and it is important that all traces be removed by flushing with plain water.

B.

Detach all removable panels from the aircraft. Wash down the rear fuselage aft of the wing trailing edge. Tube joints, skin bends, and so forth should receive particular attention. Remove excess moisture after flushing.

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Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL C. The forward fuselage and engine section should not be cleaned with water unless close attention is made to avoid removal of lubricants and to avoid possible rusting of components and hardware. A general purpose, non-corrosive cleaning agent is preferred in those areas. D. Particular attention should be given to the wing center splice fittings and the attachments of the oil cooler, hopper and engine mount. E. Hopper cleaning should be accomplished at the end of each working day. A good commercial detergent should be used and followed by a thorough flush with water. Leave the hopper door and gate open for thorough drying. WINDSHIELD An anti-static type of plastic cleaner, such as Mirror Glaze or equivalent, is recommended for best cleaning. The side windshields are plastic and should not be cleaned with gasoline, alcohol, acetone, and lacquer thinner, or window cleaning spray. Those fluids will soften the plastic and cause crazing. Avoid rubbing the plastic surface with a dry cloth, as that can cause scratches and build up an electrical charge (static) which will attract dust particles. If scratches are visible after removing the dust accumulation, finish the plastic with a quality grade of commercial wax. Apply the wax in a thin, even coat and carefully buff out with a soft cloth. Do not buff or polish in one area for more than a brief period of time. The heat generated by rubbing the surface may soften the plastic and may produce visual distortion.

The middle section of the windshield is safety plate glass for better resistance to scratching. It is enclosed in an aluminum frame.

HOPPER REPAIR Hopper repair may be accomplished in accordance with the instructions contained in Section IX.

FUEL TANK REPAIR Fuel tank repair may be accomplished in accordance with the instructions contained in Section V. BATTERY MAINTENANCE The 24-volt batteries are installed in the engine compartment between the engine and firewall. Access is gained to the batteries by removal of a cowling. Battery servicing involves adding distilled water to maintain electrolyte level of 3/16 inch over the separators, checking the cable connections, and neutralizing or cleaning any spilled electrolyte or any corrosion. Use bicarbonate of soda and clean water to neutralize corrosion. Follow with a thorough flushing of clean water and wipe dry.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Clean the cable and terminal connections with a wire brush and coat with petroleum jelly to minimize corrosion.

** CAUTION **

Do not allow the bicarbonate of soda to enter the battery filler openings, as it will neutralize the electrolyte, which could permanently damage the batteries.

A hydrometer test of the batterys solution should be made each 50 hours of operation, or more often in hot weather. If the specific gravity tests 1.240, the battery should be removed and recharged. The solution levels should be examined and, when necessary, add distilled water to maintain the level of 3/16 inch over the separators. If distilled water is added, do it just prior to recharging so that the added water mixes with the solution. When the recharging is completed, the specific gravity should be between 1.275 and 1.300.

The battery should be checked for grounding to the case. A voltmeter can be used to check between the positive cell and the case. A ground fault exists if there is a reading on the voltmeter. A dated service record shall be attached or stamped on the terminal side of the battery to indicate that the battery has been capacity tested. Refer to Section Ten for recharging procedures.

LUBRICATION For the lubrication requirements, refer to Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart (8 sheets). Before adding grease to fittings, wipe the fittings clean. Lubricate the fittings and wipe off the excess lubricant. Lubricate the hinges with a squirt can or a brush moistened with oil. Wipe off the excess oil to prevent accumulation of dirt and grit.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-1

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-2

2 - 40

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-3
Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC - MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-4

2 - 42

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

** WARNING ** The drawings of Figure 2-6, sheets 1 thru 8, are for lubrication reference only. They do not show proper assembly details and may not be used as assembly reference. Refer to the appropriate parts manual for details concerning parts assembly.

APPLICATION SYMBOL

SPECIFICATIONS AND TYPE OF LUBRICATION

MIL-G-81322 (AEROSHELL 22) AIRCRAFT GREASE

HAND PACK
MIL-G-81322 (AEROSHELL 22) AIRCRAFT GREASE

LUBRICATION GUN
MIL-L-22851 (AEROSHELL OIL W 15W50) OR

OIL CAN

EQUIVALENT LUBRICATING OIL

* NOTE* Use only Aeroshell 6 in propeller.

Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 1 of 8

2 - 44

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 2 of 8

Effective: 1/26/05

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Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 3 of 8

2 - 46

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 4 of 8

Effective: 1/26/05

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Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 5 of 8

2 - 48

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 6 of 8

Effective: 1/26/05

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Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 7 of 8

2 - 50

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Figure 2-6 Lubrication Chart Sheet 8 of 8


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FINE THREAD SERIES BOLTS Steel Tension AN 3 thru AN 20 AN 42 thru AN 49 AN 73 thru AN 81 AN 173 thru AN 186 AN 20033 thru MS 20046 MS 20073 MS20074 AN509 NK9 MS 24604 AN 525 N K525 MS27039 BOLTS Steel Tension MS 20004 thru MS 20024 NAS 144 thru NAS 158 NAS 333 thru NAS 340 NAS 583 thru NAS 590 NAS 624 thru NAS 644 NAS 1103 thru NAS 1120 NAS 1202 thru NAS 1210 NAS 1303 thru NAS 1320 NAS 6203 thru NAS 6220 NAS 6603 thru NAS 6620 NAS 172 NAS 174 NAS 517 Steel Shear NAS 454 NUTS Steel Tension Steel Shear AN 310 AN 320 AN 315 AN 364 AN 363 NAS 1022 AN 365 MS 17826 MS 17825 MS 20364 MS 20365 MS 21083N MS 21045 MS 21245 NAS 1021 NAS 679 NAS 1291 MS 21042 MS 21044N MS 21046 Torque Limits Torque Limits in-lbs in-lbs Min. Max. Min. Max. ----------------25 30 15 20 80 100 50 60 120 145 70 90 200 250 120 150 520 630 300 400 770 950 450 550 1,100 1,300 650 800 1,250 1,550 750 950 2,650 3,200 1,600 1,900 3,550 4,350 2,100 2,600 4,500 5,500 2,700 3,300 6,000 7,300 3,600 4,400 11,000 13,400 6,600 8,000

Nut-bolt size 8-36 10-32 -28 5/16 - 24 3/8 24 7/16-20 - 20 9/16 18 5/8 18 - 16 7/8 14 1 14 1 1/8 -12 1 - 12

Steel Tension AN 310 AN 315 AN 363 AN 365 NAS 1021 MS 17825 MS 21045 MS 20365 MS 20500 NAS 679 MS 21042 MS 21044N MS 21046 Torque Limits in-lbs Min. Max. 12 15 20 25 50 70 100 140 160 190 450 500 480 690 800 1,000 1,100 1,300 2,300 2,500 2,500 3,000 3,700 4,500 5,000 7,000 9,000 11,000

NUTS Steel Shear AN 320 AN 364 NAS 1022 MS 17826 MS 20364 MS 21083N MS 21245

Torque Limits in-lbs Min. Max. 7 9 12 15 30 40 60 85 95 110 270 300 290 410 480 600 660 780 1,300 1,500 1,500 1,800 2,200 3,300 3,000 4,200 5,400 6,600

Nut-bolt size 8-36 10-32 -28 5/16 - 24 3/8 24 7/16-20 - 20 9/16 18 5/8 18 - 16 7/8 14 1 14 1 1/8 -12 1 - 12

Figure 2-7 Torque Chart

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 2-8 Effective: 1/26/05

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Section 3
HYDRAULICS TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION THREE............................................................................................................................................. 1 HYDRAULICS................................................................................................................................................... 1 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ..................................................................................................................................... 2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION............................................................................................................................... 2

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HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
SECTION THREE GENERAL DESCRIPTION The S2R-T34 aircraft has two individual hydraulic systems using MIL-H-5606 fluid. The main landing gear utilizes a master brake cylinder for the operation of the landing gear brakes and parking brakes. The master brake cylinder is connected to the disc type brake calipers by brake lines that are supported by and clamped to the airframe structure forward of the master brake cylinder. The hydraulic brake lines are of rigid steel tubing, except for the flexible hoses on the landing gear assembly. The master brake cylinder is installed aft of the rudder-brake pedals and is actuated by toe pressure on the pedals. As toe pressure is applied to the pedals, the push rod, piston and spring are pressed into the master brake cylinder. This compresses hydraulic fluid in the lines and applies pressure to the appropriate brake. Operate individual parking brakes as follows: ON Depress rudder pedal, pull parking valve lever, take pressure off of rudder pedal. OFF Depress rudder pedal, valve will deactivate and lever will pop in.

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Section 4
POWERPLANT AND PROPELLER TABLE OF CONTENTS
POWERPLANT AND PROPELLER ............................................................................................. 2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION ...........................................................................................................2 AIR CLEANING SYSTEM.............................................................................................................2 POWER PLANT ............................................................................................................................2 DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION...........................................................................................2 ENGINE BUILDUP ....................................................................................................................4 ENGINE REMOVAL ..................................................................................................................6 ENGINE INSTALLATION............................................................................................................10 PROPELLER...............................................................................................................................13 DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION.........................................................................................13 PROPELLER AND BETA FEEDBACK MECHANISM ............................................................13 CONSTANT SPEED UNIT (CSU) ...........................................................................................14 PROPELLER OVERSPEED GOVERNOR .............................................................................18 ENGINE POWER AND PROPELLER CONTROLS (FCU).....................................................18 PROPELLER SPEED SELECT AND FEATHERING CONTROL...........................................20 PROPELLER SETTINGS........................................................................................................20 PROPELLER MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................21 PROPELLER REMOVAL ........................................................................................................21 PROPELLER INSTALLATION ................................................................................................22 CONSTANT SPEED UNIT (CSU) REMOVAL .........................................................................24 CONSTANT SPEED UNIT (CSU) INSTALLATION ................................................................24 PROPELLER CSU HIGH RPM ADJUSTMENT......................................................................25 PROPELLER OVERSPEED GOVERNOR REMOVAL ..........................................................26 PROPELLER OVERSPEED GOVERNOR INSTALLATION ..................................................26 ENGINE CONTROLS .................................................................................................................26 RIGGING INSTRUCTIONS.....................................................................................................26 AIRFRAME CONTROL LINKAGES ........................................................................................26 PROPELLER REVERSING INTERCONNECT LINKAGE ......................................................26 FRONT LINKAGE ...................................................................................................................27 REAR LINKAGE......................................................................................................................27 CONDITION LEVER LINKAGE...............................................................................................28 PROPELLER RIGGING ..........................................................................................................29 ENGINE RIGGING CHECKS AND ADJUSTMENTS..............................................................30 LOW (GROUND) IDLE ADJUSTMENTS ................................................................................31 HIGH (FLIGHT) IDLE ADJUSTMENTS ..................................................................................31 PROPELLER GOVERNOR CHECK .......................................................................................32 MAX PROPELLER SPEED CHECK .......................................................................................32 OVERSPEED GOVERNOR CHECK (PROP TEST) ..............................................................32 REVERSE MAX POWER CHECK ..........................................................................................34 MAXIMUM GAS GENERATOR SPEED CHECK....................................................................34 ENGINE PERFORMANCE CHECK........................................................................................35 COCKPIT ENGINE CONTROL QUADRANT..........................................................................36 ENGINE LIMITS ......................................................................................................................37 ENGINE DATA PERTINENT TO THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC INSTALLATION .......................37

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POWERPLANT AND PROPELLER


SECTION ONE

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The S2R-T34 Turbo Thrush agricultural airplane utilizes the following Powerplants: STANDARD: OPTIONAL: Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34AG Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-36 (Dry Configuration Only) Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-41AG Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-41 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-42

AIR CLEANING SYSTEM


The prime difference between the agricultural application and a normal installation is the air cleaning system incorporated in the engine air intake system. Air is inducted into the engine by a screened opening in the lower cowling or by an optional pitot inlet built into the lower nose bowl. The air filter panel is a K & N cleanable barrier filter. It provides high efficiency, maximum reliability, long service life and low overall cost. The barrier filter unit is made of a cotton mesh with a light coat of K & N special red oil to assist in collecting dust. The filter can be removed, cleaned and reserviced I/A/W cleaning instructions from K & N P/N 99-5000 (aerosol) or P/N 99-5050 Recharger filter care service kit, obtained locally.

POWER PLANT
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION The PT6A-34AG (See Figure 4-0) series power plant is a lightweight free turbine engine. Each engine utilizes two independent turbine sections: one driving the compressor in the gas generator section and the second driving the propeller shaft through a reduction gearbox. The engine is selfsufficient, since its gas generator driven oil system provides lubrication for all areas of the engine, pressure for the torquemeter and power for propeller pitch control.

Inlet air enters the engine through an annular plenum chamber, formed by the compressor inlet case where it is directed forward to the compressor. The PT6A-34AG compressor consists of three axial stages combined with a single centrifugal stage, assembled as an integral unit.

The engine is equipped with a wash ring at the compressor air inlet screen. A line running from this wash ring to a port on the outside of the cowling gives the capability to cleanse the compressor section without engine cowling removal.

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A row of stator vanes, located between each stage of compression, diffuses the air, raises its static pressure and directs it to the next stage of compression. The compressed air passes through diffuser tubes, which turn the air through ninety degrees in direction and convert velocity to static pressure. The diffused air then passes through straightening vanes to the annulus surrounding the combustion chamber liner assembly. The combustion chamber liner is an annular, heat resistant alloy; domed at the front end where it is supported inside the gas generator case by the 14 fuel manifold adapter sheaths and both igniters. The rear end of the combustion chamber is open and is supported by the large and small exit ducts. The liner assembly has perforations of various sizes that allow entry of compressor delivery air. The flow of air changes direction 180 degrees as it enters and mixes with fuel. The fuel/air mixture is ignited and the resultant expanding gases are directed to the turbines. The location of the liner eliminates the need for a long shaft between the compressor and the compressor turbine, thus reducing the overall length and weight of the engine.

Fuel is injected into the combustion chamber liner through 14 simplex nozzles supplied by a dual manifold consisting of primary and secondary transfer tubes and adapters. Two spark igniters that protrude into the liner ignite the fuel/air mixture. The resultant gases expand from the liner, reverse direction in the exit duct zone, and pass through the compressor turbine inlet guide vanes to the single-stage compressor turbine. The guide vanes ensure that the expanding gases impinge on the turbine blades at the most optimum angle, with minimum loss of energy.

The still expanding hot gases from the gas generator are still directed forward to the power turbine inlet guide vane which directs, at the most optimum angle, the gas flow onto the power turbine which drives the propeller shaft via a two-stage reduction gear box.

The compressor and power turbines are located in the approximate center of the engine with their respective shafts extending in opposite directions. This feature provides for simplified installation and inspection procedures. The exhaust gas from the power turbine is collected and ducted in the bifurcated exhaust duct assembly and directed to atmosphere via twin opposed exhaust stubs.

Interturbine temperature (T5) is monitored by an integral bus bar, probe and harness assembly installed between the compressor and power turbines with the probes projecting into the gas path. A terminal block mounted on the gas generator case provides a connection point to cockpit instrumentation.

All engine-driven accessories, with the exception of the propeller governor, overspeed governor and NP tachometer-generator, are mounted on the accessory gearbox at the rear of the engine.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL These components are driven by the compressor by means of a coupling shaft, which extends the drive through a tube at the center of the oil tank. The rear location of accessories provides for a clean engine and simplifies maintenance procedures. The engine oil supply is contained in an integral oil tank, which forms the rear section of the compressor inlet case. The tank has a total capacity of 2.3 US gallons and is provided with a dipstick.

An engine-driven fuel pump further pressurizes fuel supplied to the engine from an external source and the fuel control unit (FCU) controls its flow to the fuel manifold.

The power turbine drives a propeller through a two-stage planetary reduction gearbox located at the front of the engine. The gearbox embodies an integral torquemeter device, which is instrumented to provide an accurate indication of engine power. A chip detector is installed at the bottom of the gearbox.

The propeller reversing installation is comprised of a single-acting hydraulic propeller that is controlled by a propeller governor which combines the functions of a normal constant speed unit (CSU), a reversing valve and a power turbine (Nf) governor. A mechanical linkage between the propeller governor Beta control valve and the air bleed link enables the FCU and the propeller governor to modify engine power to maintain power turbine speed at a speed slightly less than the selected rpm when operating in the Beta control range.

ENGINE BUILDUP Engine build-up consists of the removal of accessories and equipment from the old engine and installing them on the new engine. Consult the Engine Maintenance Manual for removal and replacement procedures. After all accessories and equipment have been installed on the new engine, proceed as follows:

** CAUTION **

Consult the Engine Maintenance Manual before removing the new engine from the shipping container.

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** CAUTION **

If the old engine is being removed because of oil contamination or of the possibility of oil contamination, scrap the following items: (a) oil cooler and (b) all oil carrying lines and hoses. If the old engine has oil contamination, the following items must be sent to an appropriate maintenance facility for disassembly and flushing to remove all contaminants or they must be replaced: (a) overspeed-governor, (b) propeller, (c) fuel/oil heat exchanger (d) propeller governor (C.S.U.). (NOTE: The fuel/oil heat exchanger and propeller governor normally comes with the new engine.) Failure to comply with the above will prove to be false economy, as the new engine will be contaminated by old impurities.

* NOTE *

Tag or identify all hoses, bolts, nuts, and electrical connector plugs and note harness clamp locations for installation on the new engine. Cap all open hoses and engine ports to prevent contamination.

A.

Remove the engine control brackets and supports from the old engine and install on the new engine. Consult the Engine Maintenance Manual for the proper torque values.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL B. Remove the engine mounts from the old engine and install on the new engine, using the same bolts, washers, and gaskets. Torque the bolts to 250-325 inch pounds and secure with safety wire. (Ref. Figure 4-4) * NOTE *

If the engine mounts are removed for replacement, they must be all the same part numbers. Torque the engine mount to engine mount truss bolts to 480-600 inch-pounds.

C.

Remove the exhaust stacks from the old engine and install on the corresponding (left or right) exhaust ports of the new engine. Torque the bolts to 50-70 inch-pounds.

ENGINE REMOVAL

A.

Preliminary steps:

** CAUTION **

To prevent damage to internal mechanisms, engines expected to be idle for more than seven days, due to maintenance or other reasons, should be preserved in accordance with the engine manufacturer's recommendations as outlined in the Engine Maintenance Manual.

1.

Turn fuel shut off handle to close fuel shut off valve.

2.

Make sure all electrical power to the aircraft is disconnected.

3.

Provide suitable containers under the engine to catch fuel and oil spillage.

B.

Remove engine cowlings.

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C.

Disconnect battery.

D.

Remove propeller.

E.

Remove exhaust ducts.

F.

Remove cannular inlet cover (3 places) from compressor inlet.

G.

Securely cover the engine compressor inlet screen to prevent entry of foreign material.

H.

Disconnect the following tube and hose assemblies at the locations noted:

* NOTE * Tag and identify all tube and hose assemblies to facilitate and ensure correct installation of the engine. Cap and plug all openings to prevent contamination. 1. Oil cooler hoses.

2.

Gas generator case front drain valve hose.

3.

Torque system lines at forward fire seal.

4.

Gas generator case rear drain valve line.

5.

Delta P-Lines.

6.

Fuel inlet, outlet hoses, and vent line (three places) at the engine driven fuel boost pump.

7. 8.

Oil cooler hoses (2) at the engine. Compressor wash ring tube assembly at the union forward of aft fireseal.

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9.

Fuel inlet manifold adaptors dump tube at front fireseal.

10.

Fuel inlet hose at the oil-to-fuel heater.

11.

Fuel purge hose at the start control unit or rear of F.C.U. on engines not equipped with a start control.

12.

Oil pressure line at engine.

13.

Disconnect the engine overboard breather hose.

14.

High-pressure fuel pump drain.

15.

Fuel pressure line from rear of oil to fuel heater.

16.

Torque indicating systems hoses at aft fireseal.

17.

P2.5 overboard bleed ducting from engine belly-band and aft fireseal.

I.

Disconnect the electrical leads and connector plugs at the locations noted. Remove electrical harness clamps, as necessary, to allow engine removal.

* NOTE *

Tag or identify all electrical leads and connector plugs. Note harness clamp locations to facilitate and ensure correct installation. contamination. 1. ITT harness at the T5 terminal block. Cap all plugs and receptacles to prevent

2.

Overspeed governor prop test solenoid.

3.

Prop beta micro switch.

4.

Np tachometer generator.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

5.

Tq pressure transmitter (NOTE: This not installed on aircraft with direct reading Tq gauge.).

* NOTE * After wiring harness has been removed from above items, remove the grommet at basket assembly aft. Close out and carefully pull the harness aft and clear of basket. Secure harness to prevent damage until ready to re-install.

6.

Ng tach generator.

7.

Oil temperature sending unit.

8.

Ignition leads at exciter box.

9.

Starter/generator terminal block.

10.

Fuel flow transducer (If equipped).

11.

Engine ground cable from rear of engine driven boost pump.

12.

P3 heat terminal.

J.

Disconnect the engine controls. * NOTE *

Tag and retain all attaching control cable parts for engine installation. Note clamp locations to facilitate control cable installation.

1.

Disconnect the propeller rod end at the propeller governor control lever and remove the cable from the forward fireseal.

2.

Remove the prop cable from the forward fireseal.

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3.

Disconnect the condition lever control push-pull tube rod end at the lever on the start control unit or on top of F.C.U. on engines not equipped with start control units.

4. K. L. M. N.

Disconnect the power control cable rod end at the power-input lever.

Remove engine mount cuffs at aft fireseal (8 locations). Remove forward and rear fireseals. Remove forward engine mount basket assembly. Remove the engine unit from the aircraft as follows: 1. Attach the engine sling to the engine hoisting lugs. Position a suitable hoist directly over the engine and attach to the engine sling. 2. 3. Raise the hoist sufficiently to take the weight of the engine. Remove the cotter pins and attaching hardware, which attaches the engine vibration, mounts to the mounting, trusses. 4. Remove the bolts and washers attaching the mounts to the engine mount truss.

O.

Hoist the engine unit clear of the fuselage nose section and install in a suitable stand. Remove the engine sling.

** CAUTION **

Before hoisting the engine unit clear of the fuselage nose section, check that all wiring, cables, and tube and hose assemblies are disconnected and free from snagging.

ENGINE INSTALLATION
A. Install the engine unit in the aircraft as follows: 1. Attach the engine sling to the engine hoisting lugs. Position a hoist directly over the engine and attach to the engine sling. 2. 3. Remove the engine from the stand and carefully position in the engine mount. Align the boltholes of the engine vibration mounts with those of the engine mounts. Install the attaching hardware. Torque the bolts to 480-600 inch-pounds and install cotter pins. (Refer to Figure 4-4.) 4. 5. 6. 7. Install forward engine mount basket assembly. Install forward and rear fireseals. Install engine mount cuffs at aft fireseal (8 locations). Seal all mating joints to assure proper sealing of cannular inlet and filter area with RTV sealant.

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B.

Connect the following tube and hose assemblies at the locations noted: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Oil cooler augmentation lines and hoses. Gas generator case front drain valve hose. Torque system lines at forward fireseal. Gas generator case rear drain valve line. Fuel inlet, outlet hoses, and vent line (three places) at the engine driven fuel boost pump. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Oil cooler hoses (2) at the engine. Compressor wash ring tube assembly at the union forward of aft fireseal. Fuel inlet manifold adaptor dump tube at front fireseal. Fuel inlet hose at the oil-to-fuel heater. Fuel purge hose at the start control unit or rear of F.C.U. on engines not equipped with a start control. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Oil pressure line at engine. Engine overboard breather hose at engine. High-pressure fuel pump drain. Fuel pressure line from rear of oil to fuel heater. Torque indicating systems hoses at aft fireseal. P2.5 overboard bleed ducting to belly-band and aft fireseal.

C.

Connect the electrical leads and connector plugs at the locations noted: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Engine ground cable to rear of engine-driven boost pump. Fuel flow transducer (if equipped). Starter/generator terminal block. Ignition leads at exciter box. Oil temperature-sending unit. Ng tach generator. * NOTE *

Route forward electrical harness through forward close out. Install grommet in slot provided. Secure harness to basket structure as previously noted. Connect harness to items as follows.

7.

Tq pressure transmitter (if equipped).

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8. 9. 10.

Np tach generator. Prop beta micro switch. Overspeed governor prop test solenoid (Be sure to install the two ground wires on the mounting stud.)

11.

ITT harness at the T5 terminal block. * NOTE * Clean terminal ends and torque the ITT harness connections in accordance with the Engine

Maintenance Manual.

12.

P3 heat terminal.

D.

Connect the engine controls. 1. Attach the propeller control cable housing to the forward fireseal and connect the propeller control cable rod end to the propeller governor control lever. 2. Connect the fuel condition control cable rod end at the FCU condition lever or start controls control lever on engines equipped with a start control unit. 3. Connect the power control cable rod end at the FCU power input lever.

E. F. G.

Install the propeller. Rig the engine controls. If necessary, refer to the Engine Maintenance Manual for depreservation of the engine oil and fuel systems.

H. I. J. K.

Service the engine oil system. Remove the cover from the compressor inlet screen. Install the engine cowling. Perform the engine ground test and checks. (Refer to procedures outlined later in this section and Pratt & Whitney Maintenance Manual.)

** CAUTION **

Prior to engine run-up, ensure the engine air inlet plenums are free of foreign objects.

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PROPELLER
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION This section describes the function of the following: - Propeller and Beta Feedback Mechanism - Constant Speed Unit (CSU) - Propeller Overspeed Governor - Engine Power and Propeller Controls (FCU) - Propeller Speed Select and Feathering Control - Propeller Settings

*NOTE* The Fuel Control Unit (FCU) is not included as it is covered in the Engine Maintenance Manual

PROPELLER AND BETA FEEDBACK MECHANISM The propeller has three blades mounted on a hollow hub in the front end of which is a servo-piston that moves forward under servo-oil pressure or rearward under feather returns spring pressure. (Ref. Fig. 4-5) There are three links from the servo-piston. One goes to each blade root, and these links transmit forward motion of the servo-piston to the blade roots and pivot the blades in the decrease pitch direction. When servo-piston pressure is relieved, the servo-piston moves rearward under feather return spring pressure and pivots the blades in the increase pitch direction. This action is assisted by centrifugal force of the counterweight on each blade root.

Servo-oil is supplied from the constant speed unit (CSU). It flows through oil passages in the engine reduction gear case through a transfer tube between the reduction gear case and propeller oil transfer housing; then via the propeller oil transfer housing, the engine shaft, the hollow hub, and the internal oil ports in the servo-piston. Refer to Figure 4-5.

The beta feedback mechanism has three low pitch stop rods (Fig. 4-7, #32) that are screwed into the propeller feedback ring (Fig. 4-3, #4). These three rods slide fore and aft in small bushings mounted in a flange integral with the hollow hub.

Near the forward end of each low stop rod is a beta nut (Fig. 4-7, #27). Ahead of these is the ring rod end (Fig. 4-7, #33) which steadies the low stop rods. As the servo-piston moves forward, it picks up on the beta nuts at a certain preset blade pitch. From that instant the propeller feedback

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ring (Fig. 4-7, #4) moves forward with the servo-piston. As it moves, the reverse return springs (Fig. 4-7, #34) are compressed. During the return motion, when the servo-piston moves rearward, the reverse return springs maintain contact between the beta nuts (Fig. 4-7, #27) and the servo-piston by pushing aft on small plates attached to each low stop rod.

This forward and reverse movement of the propeller feedback ring is used to monitor blade pitch change during beta and reverse. The motion is transmitted to the beta control valve in the CSU via the carbon block (Fig. 4-7, #2) and the propeller reversing lever (Fig. 4-7, #3).

As the propeller reversing lever pivots back and forth, it opens or closes the beta control valve (Fig. 4-7, #18) which is attached to the middle of the propeller reversing lever. The beta feedback mechanism has two uses. A. B. It enables the aircraft pilot to select blade angle directly during beta and reverse. It allows provision of a hydraulic low pitch stop during flight.

CONSTANT SPEED UNIT (CSU) For clarity and ease of understanding, the CSU is described in five different sections: A. B. C. D. E. Servo-oil Supply Constant Speed Section Power Turbine Governing Section Beta Control Valve Section Feathering

A. Servo-oil Supply

The servo-oil which is used to vary the propeller blade angle is supplied by the CSU. Refer to Figure 4-6. An oil pump in the base of the CSU boosts the engine oil pressure to approximately 385-PSI. The oil is then routed past a pressure relief valve (Fig. 4-6, #7) through the beta control valve port (Fig. 4-6. #11) to a chamber formed by the hollow drive shaft (Fig. 4-6, #15) and the lower part of the pilot valve plunger (Fig. 4-6, #16). Here it is ready for delivery to the propeller servo-piston. Excess oil pressure and flow is bypassed via the relief valve back to the pump inlet.

During normal constant speed operation the beta control valve port (Fig. 4-6, #11) is always open. The beta control valve (Fig. 4-6, #10) plays no part on the propeller blade angle control.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL B. Constant Speed Section The constant speed section maintains constant propeller speed during takeoff, climb, and cruise by controlling the flow of servo-oil to and from the propeller servo-piston. A hollow drive shaft (Fig. 4-6, #15) is driven by a bevel gear on the engine propeller shaft. On top of the drive shaft there are two rotating flyweights (Fig. 4-6, #8) that pivot outward. This action provides an upward force proportional to propeller RPM. The feet of the flyweights tend to lift the pilot valve plunger (Fig. 4-6, #16) and the force of the speeder spring (Fig. 4-6, #6) tends to push the pilot valve plunger down. The interaction of these two forces controls the propeller speed. The lower end of the pilot valve plunger (Fig. 4-6, #16) covers the ports in the hollow shaft (Fig. 4-6, #15) in the CSU body. This mechanism directs the servo-oil to the propeller. When the upward force of the flyweights equals the downward force of the speeder spring, the ports are covered and no servo-oil flows to or from the propeller. The propeller blades remain at constant pitch. This is termed "on speed" condition.

The propeller RPM at on speed condition may be selected by the operator. He may vary the downward force on the speed spring (Fig. 4-6, #6) by actuating the speed select lever (Fig. 4-2, #3) which is connected to the propeller control lever on the throttle quadrant.

If the operator selects a low speeder spring force, it follows that only a low flyweight force is needed to lift the pilot valve plunger into the "on speed" condition. This is achieved at low flyweight and low propeller RPM. The converse occurs if the operator selects high speeder spring force.

The CSU maintains selected propeller RPM automatically and compensates for "overspeed" and "underspeed". When the propeller RPM is higher than the selected speed, the "overspeed"

condition occurs. The "underspeed" condition results when the propeller RPM is lower than the selected speed. These conditions are described in detail below.

1.

If the propeller RPM drops below the selected speed, the flyweight force decreases and the force of the speeder spring pushes the pilot valve plunger down. This process provides oil to the propeller servo-piston. The servo-piston moves

forward, which fines out the blades. The propeller RPM will then increase. As the propeller RPM reaches the selected speed, the flyweight force lifts the pilot valve back to the "on speed" condition.

2.

If the propeller RPM rises above the selected speed, the flyweight force increases and overcomes the force of the speeder spring to lift the pilot valve. The oil is dumped from the propeller, which causes the blades to coarsen pitch. The

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propeller RPM will then decrease. As the propeller RPM reaches the selected speed, the speeder spring force pushes the pilot valve back to the "on speed" condition.

C. Power Turbine Governing Section

The Nf governor or fuel-topping governor of the power turbine governing section of the CSU has two functions in the propeller speed control.

1.

The first function is during the constant speed operation of takeoff, climb, and cruise when it acts as a safety in the "overspeed" condition only. If a malfunction occurs which allows the propeller RPM to exceed selected RPM by 6%, the Nf governor bleeds Py air from the fuel control unit (FCU) to limit power.

2.

The second function is during reverse propeller control when it will start to bleed Py air from the fuel control unit (FCU) to keep the propeller and therefore the Nf power turbine from overspeeding. This will limit propeller RPM 4% - 6% (88 132 RPM) below the propeller RPM selected on the speeder spring which is 2200 RPM, because the propeller control lever is still in full forward position. This will in turn limit max reverse propeller RPM to 2068 2112 RPM. During beta operations the propeller control lever on the throttle quadrant is at the max RPM (full forward position). The speeder spring (Fig. 4-6, #6) is exerting its maximum downward force so that it will always exceed the upward force of the flyweights in order to keep the pilot valve plunger down at all times during the beta and reverse. The oil passage to the propeller will then be wide open, and the oil flow is now controlled only by the beta control valve which is upstream of the pilot valve plunger.

3.

The components used in the Nf governor include the air bleed lever (Fig. 4-6, #2), the orifice lever (Fig. 4-6, #22), and the fuel governor reset arm (Fig. 4-6, #19).

4.

If a malfunction causes propeller "overspeed" that cannot be controlled by the CSU constant speed section during the constant speed operation of takeoff, climb, and cruise; then the top of the pilot valve plunger (Fig. 4-6, #16) lifts the air bleed lever (Fig. 4-6, #2) The air bleed lever tilts and allows the orifice lever (Fig. 4-6, #22) to bleed Py air from the FCU. The governing action begins when the propeller RPM is approximately 6% [(132 RPM Np) or 2332 RPM maximum propeller speed] above that selected on the speeder spring. In this phase of the operation the fuel

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL governor reset arm (Fig. 4-6, #19) is against the maximum stop.

5.

During beta and reverse the pilot valve plunger (Fig. 4-6, #16) is always in a lowered position. Therefore, in order that the air bleed lever (Fig. 4-6, #2) can contact the pilot valve plunger, the fulcrum point (Fig. 4-6, #1) of the air bleed lever is lowered by lowering the rest post (Fig. 4-6, #20). This action is performed by the NF governor reset arm (Fig. 4-6, #19). As the aircraft operator commands the beta operation, the fuel governor reset arm (Fig. 4-6, #19 and Fig. 4-7, #28) moves off the maximum stop (Fig. 4-6, #18) by the fuel governor interconnection rod (Fig. 47, #14). This action continually lowers the reset post (Fig. 4-6, #20) to lower the RPM from its normal overspeed protection duty of being set at 106% Np to a setting of 96% Np. This will keep the propeller from never exceeding 96% Np (2112RPM) as the aircraft operator chooses beta and reverse operations by bleeding Py pressure (pneumatic governor servo pressure). This causes a

decrease in Py pressure at the computing section of the FCU (fuel control unit), causing the fuel metering valve to move in a closing direction, thus reducing fuel flow and consequently Ng and Nf speeds.

D. Beta Control Valve Section

The beta control valve (Fig. 4-6, #10) performs two functions in the propeller control.

1.

The first function during takeoff, climb, and cruise is to act as a hydraulic low pitch stop by limiting the finest blade angle possible in flight to the low blade angle. As power is reduced, the constant speed section maintains selected propeller speed by fining the propeller blade angle until the servo-piston picks up the beta nuts. The beta feedback mechanism starts to close the beta control valve by moving it forward. As the blades fine out further, the valve closes completely at the low blade angle. Because the beta control valve is upstream of the pilot valve plunger, the constant speed section can no longer select finer blade angles because its supply is cut off.

Except for a malfunction, the hydraulic low pitch stop is normally achieved in descent only. It is available only as a safety during takeoff, climb, and cruise. Normally in those configurations the blades are much coarser than the angle at which the servo-piston picks up the beta nuts.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL 2. The second function of the beta control valve is to enable direct control of the propeller blade angle in beta and reverse. After the hydraulic low pitch stop is reached, finer blade angles through flat pitch to reverse can be selected by the aircraft operator after landing. If the beta control valve is opened again by

rearward movement, the servo-oil flows to the propeller and moves the blades to a finer angle. This can be continued to the maximum reverse blade angle. The beta feedback mechanism will limit the blade angle reached in beta or reverse to that desired by the aircraft operator. It does this by reclosing the beta control valve. E. Feathering

Feathering is accomplished by raising the override rod (Fig. 4-6, #5). This pulls the pilot valve plunger up to dump the servo-oil from the propeller. The blades feather automatically under the action of the counter-weights and feather springs. Refer to Figure 4-5.

PROPELLER OVERSPEED GOVERNOR

The propeller overspeed governor (Fig 4-5) is installed in parallel with the propeller governor and mounted at the approximate 10 o'clock position on the front case of the reduction gearbox. The governor is incorporated to control any propeller overspeed condition by immediately bypassing pressure oil from the propeller servo to the reduction gearbox sump. The governor consists of conventional type flyweights mounted on a hollow-splined shaft and driven by the accessory drive gearshaft. The hollow shaft embodies ports, which are normally closed by a pilot valve installed in the shaft centerbore and held in position by the governor speeder spring. The spring tension acts in opposition to the centrifugal force of the rotating flyweights.

When a propeller overspeed condition occurs, the increased centrifugal force sensed by the governor flyweights overcomes the speeder spring tension and lifts the pilot valve to bypass propeller servo oil back to the reduction gearbox sump via the governor hollow drive shaft. This allows the combined forces of the blade counterweights and the return springs to move the propeller blades toward a coarse pitch position, thereby absorbing engine power and reducing propeller rpm. A solenoid-operated valve is incorporated to facilitate functional testing of the

overspeed governor. When operated, the valve resets the governor below its normal overspeeds setting. (See overspeed governor check later in this section.) ENGINE POWER AND PROPELLER CONTROLS (FCU) (REF FIG. 4-18) The cockpit power lever is connected to the engine power lever (Fig. 4-7, #5). This operates the cam follower pin as shown in Figure 4-7.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Connected to the beta control cam (Fig. 4-7, #23) is the push-pull control cable which runs forward on the engine to connect to the top end of the propeller reversing lever (Fig.4-7, #3), via the fuel governor interconnection rod (Fig. 4-7, #14), and connects to the fuel governor reset arm. Refer to the right-hand detail Figure 4-7. The FCU is operated by the FCU actuating lever (Fig. 4-7, #8), the FCU control rod (Fig. 4-7, #7), and the FCU arm (Fig. 4-7, #9).

In all forward configurations, which include low idle, takeoff, climb, and cruise, the power lever control performs only one function - the function of scheduling fuel. When the cockpit power lever is advanced, the cam follower pin (Fig. 4-7, #6) moves forward and pushes the FCU arm (Fig. 4-7, #8) forward to schedule more fuel.

The extension of the cam follower pin rides in the track of the beta control cam (Fig. 4-7, #23). In all forward configurations the path taken by the cam follower pin exactly matches the cam track. Therefore, the beta control cam does not move; the push-pull control cable is inoperative; the top end of the propeller reversing lever does not move; and the fuel governor reset arm remains on the maximum stop on the CSU.

In beta after touchdown the power lever has two functions. It schedules the blade angle directly, and it resets the Nf governor down. After the blades have passed zero pitch, the power lever begins its third function in reverse. That function is to schedule the fuel flow as well.

After touchdown the aircraft operator presses the override button which is located on the power lever and moves it rearward. The cam follower pin loses contact with the FCU actuating lever, and the FCU will stay at flight idle (68% Ng), because the condition control rod (Fig. 4-7, #13) will prevent any further lowering of gas generator speed. As the cam follower pin moves rearward, it picks up the cam track of the beta control cam and starts to move it rearward. This action pulls the push-pull control cable as well. This action also pulls the propeller reversing lever and the fuel governor-interconnecting rod.

The FCU remains at flight idle while the blades fine out until the cam follower pin picks up on the dead band adjustment screw (Fig. 4-7, #37). This moves the FCU reversing lever, which starts to schedule more fuel in reverse. From this instant the cockpit power lever is performing three

functions. The functions are scheduling the blade angle directly, scheduling the fuel flow, and setting the Nf governor down. The action continues up to maximum reverse blade angle.

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PROPELLER SPEED SELECT AND FEATHERING CONTROL The cockpit propeller lever has two functions:

A. B.

The first function is to select the propeller RPM in takeoff, climb, and cruise configurations. The second function is to feather the propeller when it is required.

The cockpit propeller lever is connected to the speed select lever on the CSU.

The first function is performed by varying the speeder spring pressure (Fig. 4-6, #6) by rotating the propeller speed select lever (Fig. 4-6, #3) toward the propeller speed max stop (Fig. 4-7, #36). The second function is performed by rotating the propeller speed select lever (Fig. 4-6, #3) toward the feathering stop. This action will cause the override rod (Fig. 4-6, #5) to pull the pilot valve plunger (Fig. 4-6, #16) upward, therefore allowing servo oil to be dumped from the propeller servo piston. This action will cause the propeller blades to travel to the feather position, by the feather-return spring pressure acting on the propeller servo piston.

PROPELLER SETTINGS (HARTZELL HC-B3TN-3C (or D)/T10282N or T10282N+4) A. B. C. D. E. Maximum RPM . . . 2,200 RPM Cruise Power . . . Approximately +35 @ 30 in. station Full Feathered Angle . . . 87.0 1.0 @ 30 in. station Mechanical Reverse Pitch Stop . . . -8.0 0.5 @ 30 in. station Angle at which servo piston just touches the three low pitch stop rod beta nuts (which move the propeller beta feedback ring) is 18.0 0.1 when blades are held toward decrease position at the 30 inch station. The hydro-mechanical low pitch stop occurs at a blade angle of approximately 11 when the propeller dome has traveled sufficiently to fully close the beta valve and shut off the oil flow to the propeller. The specific low-pitch blade-angle determined through aircraft flight and ground test, during which the controllability of the aircraft is checked, is approximately 11 for the Hartzell HCB3TN-3D/T10282N+4 propeller installed on the Turbo Thrush. The way to set the specific low-pitch blade-angle is to adjust the hydraulic low pitch stop. This is accomplished by proper adjustment of the three beta nuts, by using the 2000 RPM Np Torque Setting Chart (Figure 4-8).

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

PROPELLER MAINTENANCE
PROPELLER REMOVAL A. B. Remove the forward cowl from the engine. Remove the spinner dome by removing the attaching screws from around the rear circumference. C. Disconnect the front fork-end from the propeller-reversing lever. Disconnect the pivot bolt securing the reversing lever to the propeller governor actuating lever and lift the reversing lever free of the collar prior to pulling the low pitch stop collar fully forward.

** CAUTION **

The procedures in the step above must be accomplished to avoid damaging the propeller governor. D. Install the feedback ring-puller and pull the low pitch stop collar fully forward.

** CAUTION **

Make sure that the tool is not cocked to avoid damaging the propeller. Take the precautions necessary to avoid bending or otherwise damaging the three spring-loaded rods and the beta feedback ring. * NOTE *

Mark propeller hub flange and the engine shaft flange so that the propeller can be reinstalled in its original position. This will prevent disturbing the propeller/engine combination dynamic balancing if the same propeller is to be reinstalled.

E.

Remove the safety wire from the propeller mounting bolts. Using a 5/8" box head wrench, remove the eight bolts securing the propeller in place and remove the propeller from the airplane.

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PROPELLER INSTALLATION A. B. Place the new O-ring seal over the engine shaft. Pull the beta ring fully forward with the puller.

** CAUTION **

Make sure the tool is not cocked to avoid damaging the propeller. Take the precautions necessary to avoid bending or otherwise damaging the spring-loaded rods and the beta feedback ring (brass ring). C. Install the propeller on the engine by inserting the two dowel pins on the propeller flange in the appropriate holes on the propeller shaft flange.

* NOTE *

The propeller will fit on the engine in two positions, 180 from each other. Either position is permissible to use. If the same propeller is being reinstalled, install in the original position as previously marked. This will prevent disturbing the propeller/engine combination dynamic balancing.

D.

After assuring that complete and true surface contact between the flanges has been established, apply (MIL-PRF-83483, Hartzell P/N A-3338-1 or latest upgrade) antiseize compound to mounting bolt threads and washer surfaces (and remainder of bolt if desired). For the HC-B3TN-3D propeller install eight (8) P/N B-3339 bolts and eight (8) A-2048-2 washers through engine flange into the propeller flange.

*** WARNING ***

Chamfer of washer must face bolt head at installation.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL E. Using (Hartzell P/N AST-2877) special torquing adapter and a standard torque wrench, torque all eight bolts according to instructions as outlined in the latest edition of Hartzell Propeller, Inc. Owner's Manual & Log Book No. 139. F. Safety all mounting bolts in an airworthy manner with .032-inch minimum diameter stainless steel wire. G. Remove the feedback ring puller and connect the propeller reversing lever to the propeller control linkage. ** CAUTION **

With the carbon block assembly held against one side of the beta feed back ring, check the side clearance (Refer to Figure 4-9). Clearances can be established by

dressing the block(s) side(s) as required.

H. I. J.

Check the propeller reversing linkage on the front end of the engine for proper rigging. Reinstall the spinner dome and engine cowling. Perform the necessary engine run-up checks. * NOTE *

Thrush Aircraft Inc. recommends that the propeller be dynamically balanced to the engine whenever a new propeller or an overhauled propeller is installed, or any time there is a question of the propellers balance. Following the instruction of the propeller balancing equipment (Chadwick Helmuth Vibrex or equivalent equipment), set the amplitude of vibration given in IPS (inches per second) on the balancer's meter to a level of .2 or less at 1,500 rpm Np by adding weights to the light blade(s) or spinner bulkhead in accordance with Hartzell Propeller Owners manual P/N 139 chapter 6.

* NOTE *

Do not add more than four (4) balance weights (P/N A-1305) in any one stack. A maximum total of eight (8) weights are

allowed on any one clamp half.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL CONSTANT SPEED UNIT (CSU) REMOVAL A. B. C. Remove the forward engine cowling. Remove bolt that secures the propeller control cable to the governor's speed select lever. Remove the cotter pin, castellated nut, and washer and bolt securing the Nf governorinterconnecting rod to the Nf governor reset arm. D. Remove the cotter pin, castellated nut, washer, bolt and spacer securing the front clevis end to the propeller-reversing lever. E. Remove the cotter pin, washer, clevis pin and bushing securing the propeller-reversing lever to the beta valve. Remove reversing arm. F. Disconnect coupling nut of pneumatic (Py) front tube from straight nipple on propeller governor. G. Remove the four nuts and washers anchoring the governor to the mounting pad on the reduction gearbox case. H. I. Remove governor and governor mounting pad gasket. If CSU is to be replaced by a new or overhauled unit, remove the straight nipple from Py port on governor. Remove "O" ring and retain nipple for reuse on the replacement unit.

CONSTANT SPEED UNIT (CSU) INSTALLATION A. Install a new gasket over the four studs on the governor-mounting pad.

** CAUTION **

Make sure the gasket is placed on the mounting pad with the raised side of the screen up so that it will fit into the recess on the base of the governor. B. If a new or overhauled propeller governor is to be fitted, install straight nipple as follows:

1. 2.

Lubricate new "O" ring with clean engine oil and install on nipple. Install nipple in Py port on propeller governor. Tighten and torque nipple to 65 to 70 lb. in.

C.

Lightly coat the splined shaft of the governor with clean engine oil.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ** CAUTION **

Ensure drive splines are completely engaged by checking that flange of governor rests squarely on gasket with no gap. Rotate propeller to assist engagement, if necessary.

D.

Position the governor on the mounting pad and secure it in place with the four attaching washers and nuts. Torque the nuts to 125 to 135 inch-pounds.

E.

Secure the propeller-reversing lever to the beta valve with the attaching bushing, clevis pin, washer and cotter pin.

F.

Secure the front clevis end to the propeller reversing lever with the attaching spacer, bolt, washers, castellated nut and cotter pin.

G.

Secure the Nf governor-interconnecting rod to the Nf governor reset arm with the attaching bolt, washer, castellated nut and cotter pin.

H.

Secure the governor speed select lever to the propeller speed control cable with the attaching bolt, washer and nut.

I.

Ensure the governor's stop plate contacts both the high RPM stop screw and the feathering stop screw, when the propeller control lever in the cockpit is operated. Ensure that there is sufficient cushion at both positions on quadrant. If linkage will not allow proper travel, adjust the control linkage at either rod end or move speed select lever on the governor to obtain necessary travel.

J.

Connect coupling nut of the pneumatic (Py) front tube to propeller governor. Tighten nut; torque to 90 to 100 lb. in., and lock wire.

K. L.

Check engines front linkage rigging. Accomplish propeller governor operational checks in accordance with the appropriate Pratt & Whitney Maintenance Manual.

M.

Install the forward engines cowling.

PROPELLER CSU HIGH RPM ADJUSTMENT (REF TO FIG. 4-14) If a high RPM adjustment is required, turn the high RPM stop screw on the governor head clockwise to decrease or counter clockwise to increase RPM as required to obtain 2,200 RPM propeller speed (NP). After adjustment, ensure there is sufficient cushion at both the feathered and high RPM positions at the propeller lever on the throttle quadrant. Lockwire the high RPM stop screw after adjustment.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL PROPELLER OVERSPEED GOVERNOR REMOVAL A. B. Remove the forward engines cowling. Remove the safety-wire and disconnect the electrical plug from the governor solenoid valve. C. Remove the four self-locking nuts and plain washers securing the governor and remove the governor from the left side of the reduction gear housing.

PROPELLER OVERSPEED GOVERNOR INSTALLATION A. B. C. Install a new gasket on the mounting pad. Apply clean engine oil to the governor splined drive. Position the governor on the mounting pad and install the four plain washers and selflocking nuts. Apply a torque of 125 to 135 inch-pounds to the mounting nuts. (Make sure you have the two ground wires under one of the nuts.) D. E. F. Connect the electrical plug to the governor solenoid valve. Reinstall the forward cowling. Perform overspeed governor check (prop test) and adjust as necessary.

ENGINE CONTROLS
RIGGING INSTRUCTIONS The following instructions will produce nominal settings of the engines operating parameters. If an engine is installed, fuel control, propeller or propeller governor replaced or any time the adjustment of these units is disturbed, the engine controls rigging should be checked.

AIRFRAME CONTROL LINKAGES Proper engine/airframe control system rigging is a prerequisite in order to achieve satisfactory engine operation. The airframe control system will provide the required throws, travel limits, and etc. necessary for the engine controls operation.

PROPELLER REVERSING INTERCONNECT LINKAGE Details for assembly and disassembly of engine push-pull cable are contained in the Engine Maintenance Manual.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL FRONT LINKAGE (Figure 4-10) ** CAUTION ** Never attempt to move the power lever into reverse with engine shutdown without first removing the pin at the rear clevis. (Refer to Figure 4-11, item #7)

A.

Disconnect rear clevis (7) from the beta control cam (6).

Refer to Figure 4-11.

Disconnect fuel governor interconnection rod (3) from the push-pull cable terminal (1). Refer to Figure 4-10. B. Pull hard forward on propeller reversing lever (2) so that push-pull control terminal (1) is against stop inside adjustable stop (16). C. Check that rear of clevis slot end (14) is flush with front face of cap nut. Adjust lot-pitch stop adjuster (17) if required. To achieve this: Turn (17) in if clevis slot end is forward of cap nut. Turn (17) out if clevis slot end is aft of cap nut. D. Disconnect push-pull control terminal (1) and check that its travel is within limits of 1.00 to 1.250 inches; then reconnect. E. Pull hard forward on propeller reversing lever (2); hold fuel governor reset arm (5) on max. stop (4); adjust fuel governor interconnection rod (3) until retaining bolt exactly aligns with the lower hole of the fuel governor reset arm (5); shorten one rod end on (3) one half turn and connect. F. Push cockpit power lever into high power range; pull hard forward on propeller reversing lever (2); adjust rear clevis (7) (See Fig. 4-11) to exactly align hole thru (7) with the second hole from the top in the beta control cam (6); lengthen push-pull control turn on (7); install retaining pin, washer and cotter. Operate power lever from idle to max; check for free movement. REAR LINKAGE (Figure 4-11) A. Disconnect rear clevis (7). With forward pressure on beta control cam (6), move cam follower lever (16) rearwards as far as possible without beta control cam (6) moving. This should result in the cam follower pin (9) being at the track point (17) of the beta control cam (6). B. With the interconnect rod (10, Fig. 4-11) and the start control rod (12) disconnected from F.C.U. arm (11), rotate F.C.U. arm (11) softly clockwise until pick-up point is felt (inside F.C.U.). Check that F.C.U. arm (11) is 16 degrees (Fig. 4-12) below horizontal.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL *NOTE* (Ref. Detail D) to reset the FCU arm position, loosen the FCU arm extension and adjust the serrated spacer. There are 24 serrations on the inner face of the spacer, i.e. each serration equals 15.0 degree increments. On the outer face of the spacer there are 25 serrations, i.e. each serration equals 14.4 degree increments. Therefore, difference equals 0.6 degree. After adjustment, tighten the FCU arm extension to a torque of 25 to 35 lb. in., and lockwire.

C.

Hold the F.C.U. arm (11) at the pick-up point, with the cam follower pin (9) in the track point of the reversing cam (idle position) (Detail B). Adjust the length of the interconnect rod (10) until the holes in the rod ends align with the second from the top hole of the FCU actuating lever (8) and the inner hold of the FCU arm (11).

D.

Lengthen the interconnect rod (10) an additional one and a half turns to ensure that the FCU arm (11) is approximately 2 degrees under the pick-up point. *NOTE* These 2 degrees of dead band travel will ensure that the fuel control unit is at the idle position while allowing minor idle adjustment without appreciably affecting the pick-up point.

E.

With the input lever (18) at the idle position (track point) and the cockpit power lever at idle (against the beta and reverse lockout), adjust and connect the cockpit power lever control cable to the input lever (18) in the inboard hole. Verify that when the cockpit power lever is at the full power position that the max. Ng speed adjuster (19) contacts the max. stop on the F.C.U. (20) and that there is sufficient cushion (1/8 1/4) between cam follower pin (9) and of track on beta control cam (6).

F.

With the input lever (18) at the idle position (track point), adjust the dead band screw (Detail B, Fig. 4-11) until a 5/32 gap is achieved.

G.

Operate cockpit power lever from idle to max. and check that there is no binding, that the F.C.U. max. stop contacts when cockpit power lever is at the max. and that F.C.U. arm (11) is clear of pick-up point when cockpit power lever returns to idle.

H.

When rigging is completed, ensure all cotter pins and safety wires are correctly installed.

CONDITION LEVER LINKAGE (Figure 4-13) (FOR ENGINES EQUIPPED WITH START CONTROL UNITS)

A.

Place the condition control lever in ground idle position on the cockpit control quadrant.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL B. Position start control lever (4) so that rigging hole (3) is located between the 45 and 72 rigging slots (5). C. Adjust rod ends on push-pull cable or push-pull cable housing as necessary, and connect to start control lever. D. Operate the condition control lever on the cockpit control quadrant throughout its full range to ensure freedom of movement and check the following: 1. When in the idle cutoff position, the start control lever (4) is contacting the cutoff and dump stop (1). 2. When in the ground idle position, the rigging hole (3) in the start control lever (4) is anywhere between the 45 and 72 rigging slots (5). 3. When in the flight idle position, the start control lever (4) is contacting the flight idle max. stop (2).

CONDITION LEVER LINKAGE (Figure 4-2 and 4-3) (FOR ENGINES NOT EQUIPPED WITH START CONTROL UNITS)

A.

Place condition lever on engine control quadrant (Fig. 4-19) in the LOW IDLE (ground idle) position.

B.

On the FCU check that the cutoff valve is now open and the top of the Cut-off and High-idle input lever (on very top of the FCU) is parallel with the top of the FCU (this lever will be approximately midway between cutoff and High idle positions.

C.

Adjust rod end on push-pull cable or push-pull cable housing to line up rod end with inboard (2nd from top) hole in the Cut-off and High-idle input lever on the FCU. Install attaching hardware and ensure that rod end stays in witness by checking with a 0.020 piece of safety wire.

D.

Operate condition lever on engine control quadrant and throughout its full range to ensure freedom of movement and check the following: 1. When in the idle CUT-OFF position, the Cut-off and High-idle input lever is contacting the cut-off stop on top of the FCU and there is still cushion at the engine control quadrant. 2. When in the LOW IDLE the flat top of the Cut-off and High-idle lever is parallel with top of the FCU. 3. When in the HIGH IDLE position, the Cut-off and High-idle input lever is contacting the flight idle max. stop on FCU and there is still cushion at the engine control quadrant.

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PROPELLER LEVER LINKAGE (Figure 4-14) A. B. Place propeller control lever in the full increase position on the cockpit control quadrant. Turn propeller speed select lever (1) clockwise until the levers stop plate contacts propeller speed max. stop (2). C. Adjust rod end on propeller control cable and connect to propeller speed select lever (1).

* NOTE * It may be necessary to rotate the propeller speed select lever (1) around the serrations provided on the C.S.U. to obtain the necessary travel and/or clearance. D. Operate the propeller control lever on the cockpit control quadrant throughout its full range to ensure freedom of movement and check the following: 1. When in the full increase position, that the propeller speed select lever (1) is contacting the propeller speed max. stop (2). 2. When in the feathering position, that the propeller speed select lever is contacting the propeller feathering stop (3). Upon completion of rigging and prior to engine running, a functional check of the systems operation should be carried out. This check should include the operation of all controls throughout their entire operation range and checking for freedom of all movement, freedom from binding, security and safety. Ensure that there is sufficient cushion (1/8 min.) at the forward and rearward position of each control lever on the cockpit control quadrant. Control lever movement must be halted by stops engaging at the engine control units and not by control levers contacting stops at cockpit control quadrant. ** CAUTION ** Never attempt to move the power lever into reverse with engine shutdown without first removing the pin at the rear clevis. (Fig 411, #7)

ENGINE RIGGING CHECKS AND ADJUSTMENTS


This section details various engine and propeller functional checks, which are performed after engine control rigging and engine run up.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

** CAUTION ** Before verification of any engine indicator reading, allow engine, engine sensors, and engine gauges to warm to normal operating temperatures. After proper warm up, allow a five minute

stabilization period at each check point. Also, lightly tap gauges with fingertips to avoid erroneous instrument readings. Ensure that none of the engine operating limits is exceeded at any time.

LOW (GROUND) IDLE ADJUSTMENTS (Ref. Fig. 4-3) A. B. Run engine to bring oil temperature within normal operating ranges (38 C minimum). Set condition lever to LOW (Gnd.) IDLE and power control lever in IDLE. Check Ng tachometer for a reading of 52.5% +1%, -0% Ng. If it is not, proceed as follows:

1.

If Ng is less than 52.5%, remove safety wire; hold idle speed adjustment screw (Fig. 4-15, #1) and loosen jam nut. Turn adjustment in a clockwise direction, as required, to achieve 52.5%, +1%, -0% Ng. Tighten jam nut and safety. *NOTE*

Fine Adjustment: 1/16 turn of adjustment screw will vary Ng approximately 2% Ng.

2.

If Ng is more than 53.5%, adjust idle speed adjustment screw (Fig. 4-15, #1) in a counter clockwise direction, as required, to achieve 52.5%, +1%, -0% Ng.

3.

If there is no response to adjustment in (1) and (2) preceding, ensure that engine rear linkage rigging is correct and that the F.C.U. speed setting shaft and F.C.U. arm (Fig. 4-15, #5) is approximately 2 degrees under the pick-up point (inside F.C.U.). After verification of proper engine rear linkage rigging and there is still no response to adjustments, the fuel control unit must be replaced.

HIGH (FLIGHT) IDLE ADJUSTMENTS (FIGURE 4-11) (FOR ENGINES EQUIPPED WITH START CONTROL UNITS) A. With engine running, set condition lever to HIGH (Flt) idle position and power control lever in idle. Check Ng tachometer for a reading of 68% Ng +0%, -0%. If it is not, proceed as follows:

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1.

If Ng is less than 68% Ng, adjust upper, lower and/or both rod ends to lengthen the telescopic condition control rod (Fig. 4-11, #12) as required to achieve 68% Ng.

2.

If Ng is more than 68% Ng, adjust upper, lower and/or both rod ends to shorten the telescopic condition control rod (Fig. 4-11, #12) as required to achieve 68% Ng.

3.

If you run out of adjustment on the telescopic condition control rod, adjust the flight idle max stop (Fig. 4-13, #2) on the start control unit as required to achieve 68% Ng. This is a super sensitive adjustment that requires very little movement to obtain a large result. Fine adjustment should be made by adjusting the rod ends on the telescopic condition control rod (Fig. 4-11, #12) as outlined in steps (1) and (2).

HIGH (FLIGHT) IDLE ADJUSTMENTS (FIGURE 4-3) (FOR ENGINES NOT EQUIPPED WITH START CONTROL UNITS) A. With engine running and stabilized (5 minutes), set condition lever to HIGH (Flight) IDLE position and power control lever in idle, check Ng tachometer for a reading of 68% +0%, 0%. If it is not, proceed as follows: 1. 2. Turn HIGH IDLE adjustment screw CW to increase %rpm. Turn HIGH IDLE adjustment stop screw CCW to decrease %rpm.

MAX PROPELLER SPEED CHECK A. Set propeller control lever to obtain 100% Np. Check Np tachometer for a reading of 2200 rpm If it is not, proceed as follows. B. Adjust max. Np adjustment screw (Fig. 4-14, #2) on C.S.U. to obtain 2,200 +/-0 RPM Np. Turning the adjustment screw clockwise will decrease propeller RPM. adjustment screw counter clockwise will increase propeller RPM. Turning the

OVERSPEED GOVERNOR CHECK (PROP TEST) The overspeed unit, mounted on the left side of the reduction gear housing, is preset at the factory to govern at 104 percent Np speed (approximately 2288 rpm) and should not normally require re-adjusting. This setting can be reduced to 2025 +20 rpm for testing purposes by means of a testing solenoid. Perform the overspeed governor check as follows:

A. B. C.

Place the propeller lever in full increase rpm position (forward). Increase propeller RPM with the power lever until propeller RPM is 2100 RPM. Turn prop test switch ON.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

* NOTE * This switch is spring loaded to the off position. Forward pressure must be held for the switch to remain on.

D. E. F.

The propeller RPM should drop to 2025 +20 RPM or 92% Np. Turn prop test switch OFF. RPM should increase back to 2100. Reduce power back to idle.

If RPM is not governed at 2025 +20 RPM with prop test switch on, adjust the overspeed governor as follows: A. Turn adjustment screw on overspeed governor clockwise two complete turns. assures that the overspeed governor is not affecting primary (CSU) governor). B. Start engine and check max propeller rpm. Adjust primary (CSU) governor accordingly to achieve 100% Np (2200 rpm). C. Turn the overspeed governor adjustment screw counter clockwise two turns that had previously been added. D. Turn the adjustment screw counter clockwise an additional one turn for preliminary setting. (This

** CAUTION ** In no case should any engine limitations be exceeded.

E. F.

Start engine. Place prop lever in full forward position.

* NOTE * Prop test switch must be off during this procedure.

G. H.

Advance power lever until overspeed governor governs. Adjust overspeed governor until 2120 rpm is achieved. (Turning screw clockwise will

increase rpm. Turning screw counter clockwise will decrease rpm.) I. J. Shut down engine. Turn overspeed governor adjustment screw clockwise one full turn. (This increases the overspeed governing rpm from the established 2120 rpm to 2288 rpm or 104% Np). Note: One full turn of overspeed governor adjustment screw equals 168 rpm. K. Perform overspeed governor check to confirm proper operation of overspeed governor.

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* NOTE * Overspeed units that fail to govern at the prescribed settings should be replaced and returned to a qualified repair station for service.

REVERSE MAX POWER CHECK A. B. C. D. Fuel Condition Lever Flight idle Propeller Control Lever Full INCREASE Power Lever - Pull slowly from IDLE to Full REVERSE Torque should be 35 PSI minimum. If not, check engine rigging.

MAXIMUM GAS GENERATOR SPEED CHECK (FIGURE 4-15)

Although fuel control units are calibrated for maximum governing during bench check (overhaul), the maximum gas generator speed setting should be checked after engine installation or component replacement. The part power trim stop (Fig. 4-15, #4) is a movable spacer placed between the maximum Ng stop and the power lever anvil, and represents 1,700 rpm Ng speed decrement. This enables setting of max. gas generator speed over a wide range of ambient conditions without exceeding engine limitations. After adjustments have been completed, the part power trim stop is returned to the stowed position on the FCU. To adjust, proceed as follows:

** CAUTION ** During adjustments and normal operation, ensure that engine operating limits are not exceeded.

** CAUTION ** Fill hopper and hold the elevator control firmly full up during all high power ground operations to keep aircraft from nosing over.

A. B. C.

Position part power trim stop (4) so as to limit power control lever travel. Carry out satisfactory start. Advance power control level to part power trim stop. Allow engine to stabilize for minimum of two minutes.

D.

Check that maximum gas generator speed (Ng) is 97.1% and adjust max. governing speed adjustment screw (3) as required.

E.

Shut down engine.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

F. G.

Stow trim stop (4) and safety wire attachment screw. Safety wire maximum speed stops screw (3) and locknut.

ENGINE PERFORMANCE CHECK The installed engine performance check curves enable the engine performance to be check on the ground over a wide range of ambient conditions without over torquing or over temperaturing the engine. With acquisition of a new aircraft or following installation of a new or an overhauled engine, Thrush Aircraft Inc and Pratt and Whitney of Canada recommend that the operator institute and maintain an engine condition monitoring program. The procedure compares the manufacturers predicted parameters with the actual readings during a high power ground check. The data is further compared with previously recorded data and can reflect a very accurate trend in the engine performance. All forms of engine deterioration are accompanied by an increase in interturbine temperature and fuel flow at a given power. Compressor deterioration is, in most cases, due to dirt deposits and causes an increase in gas generator speed at a given power setting. This form of deterioration can be remedied by field cleaning, i.e. daily washes and power recovery washes. (Refer to applicable Pratt & Whitney Maintenance Manual for detailed compressor cleaning procedures.) The following procedure is for the PT6A-34AG installed in the Turbo Thrush. A. B. Obtain the ambient air temperature in degrees Celsius (C). Obtain field barometric pressure in inches of mercury (HG.). In order to get field

barometric pressure, set hands of altimeter to zero (0) feet. Read inches of mercury in the altimeter setting window. This is field barometric pressure in inches of mercury. C. From the appropriate ground run performance check curve (PT6A-34AG Figure 4-7); record the following for the prevailing ambient conditions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Torque Pressure (PSI) Fuel Flow (pounds/hour) Gas Generator Speed (%) ITT (C.) Propeller Speed (2200 RPM)

* NOTE * This check should be accomplished without bleed air or power extraction for operation of aircraft ancillaries. The aircraft should be faced into the wind.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL D. E. F. Perform the pre-start check. Accomplish a satisfactory engine start. Set the propeller control lever output speed to provide 100% Np (2200 RPM) and set the power control lever to target torque setting previously determined in Step C. Allow sufficient warm-up time for stabilization of the engine parameters and instrumentation. G. Observe and record: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Target Torque is set to chart value. Propeller speed is set to 2200 RPM. Fuel flow if the aircraft is equipped with gauge. Gas generator speed (%). ITT (C) Ensure that the parameters observed during the check are within the following limits. a. +15 lb/hr fuel flow. If fuel flow is more than 75 lb/hr below chart value, check instrumentation. b. c. Maximum gas generator speed is not exceeded. Maximum interturbine temperature line is not exceeded. If temperature is more than 75C below target temperature, check instrumentation. * NOTE * The limits that are shown on the check chart cover the normal engine deterioration, but deviations should not necessarily be a cause for engine rejection until all possible troubleshooting has been completed.

The observed values of fuel flow, gas generator speed, and interturbine temperature should show margins from the acceptance values previously recorded from the performance check curves. The magnitude of the margins will depend on the condition of the engine. When the performance standards is such that the gas generator speed and/or interturbine margins are zero and are unaltered by compressor washing, the engine is described as fully performance deteriorated. It will just meet the specification of minimum performance conditions.

COCKPIT ENGINE CONTROL QUADRANT The cockpit engine control quadrant is located on the left hand cockpit side wall. The engine controls (Ref. Fig. 4-19) consist of the following (a) power control lever (throttle), (b) fuel control lever (mixture), and (c) propeller control lever (propeller lever). relationship of cockpit engine control levers to engine control units. The cockpit control quadrant requires almost no maintenance, other than occasional light oil lubrication. Refer to Figure 4-20 for an exploded view of cockpit engine control quadrant. Refer to Figure 4-21 to see

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ENGINE LIMITS Refer to chart (Figure 4-23) for the Pratt & Whitney PT6A-34AG equipped model Thrush for engine limitations. Refer to the appropriate section of the Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34AG

Maintenance Manual P/N 3021242 for correct procedure, should any engine limitation ever be exceeded.

ENGINE DATA PERTINENT TO THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC INSTALLATION Low (Ground) Idle High (Flight) Idle Fuel Boost Pump Pressure Oil Pressure Part Power Trim Max. Reverse Prop Test (O/S Governor) Max. Propeller RPM Hydraulic Low Pitch Stop 52.5% +1%, -0% Ng 68% Ng 20 1 psig 85-105 psig (PT6A-34AG) 97.1% Ng 35 psi Torque Pressure (minimum) 2025 20 RPM NP 2200 RPM NP Check in accordance with 2000 RPM NP Torque Setting Chart (Fig 4-8)

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Figure 4-1 PT6A-34AG - ENGINE ASSEMBLY

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 4-2

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Figure 4-3

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Figure 4-4

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Figure 4-5 Propeller Control System


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Figure 4-6 Constant Speed Unit

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Figure 4 7 Propeller Reversing Mechanism

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 4-8 2000 RPM NP Torque Setting Chart


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And Beta Nut Adjustment

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 4-9 Carbon Block Assembly Replacement Guidelines

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Front Linkage Figure 4-10

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Rear Linkage Figure 4-11


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Figure 4-12 Engine Power Lever Setting Template

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Figure 4-13 Starting Flow Control


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Figure 4-14 Constant Speed Unit (C.S.U.) Adjustment

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Figure 4-15 Fuel Control Unit (F.C.U.) Adjustments

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Figure 4-16

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Figure 4-17 Installed Engine Performance Checking Curve Lower Cowl Air Cleaner Panels
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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 4-18 Cockpit Power Lever (Throttle) To Propeller Blade Angle Relation
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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 4-19 Cockpit Engine Control Quadrant

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Figure 4-20 Cockpit Engine Control Quadrant Exploded View


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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 4-21 Cockpit Engine Control Levers to Engine Control Units Relation
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Figure 4-22

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ENGINE LIMITS PT6A-34AG, -34, -36 (PT6A-34AG shown)


POWER SETTING Takeoff & Max continuous Max Climb Max Cruise Idle Starting Acceleration Max. Reverse 750 68.4** SHP 750 700 700 TORQUE (PSI) 64.5*** 58.7**** 60.2*** 54.7**** 60.2*** 54.7**** ITT (C) 790 765 740 685 1090* 850* 102.6* 2420 (%) Ng 101.6 101.6 Np (RPM) 2200 2200 2200 OIL PRESSURE (PSIG) 85 TO 105 85 to 105 85 to 105 40 Min. OIL TEMP. (C) 10 TO 99 0 to 99 0 to 99 -40 to 99 -40 Min. 0 to 99

64.5*** 790 101.6 2100 85 to 105 0 to 99 61.4**** GENERAL NOTE: The operating parameters in this Table are individual limits for each engine parameter and do not apply simultaneously. See appropriate engine maintenance manual for more detailed pertinent data. *These values are time limited to two (2) seconds. **These values are time limited to twenty (20) seconds. ***Torque limit for Max Np = 2000 RPM ****Torque limit for Np = 2200 RPM

ENGINE LIMITS PT6A-41AG, -41, -42 (PT6A-41AG shown)


POWER SETTING Takeoff & Max continuous Max Climb Max Cruise Idle Starting Acceleration 68.4* 1000* 850 102.6 2205 SHP 750 700 700 *** TORQUE (PSI) 64.5 60.2 60.2 ITT (C) 750 725 725 (%) Ng 101.5 101.5 Np (RPM) 2000 2000 2000 OIL PRESSURE (PSIG) 105 to 135 105 to 135 105 to 135 60 Min. OIL TEMP. (C) 0 to 99 0 to 99 0 to 99 -40 to 99 -40 Min. 99 to 104**

Max. Reverse 750 64.5 750 101.5 2000 0 to 99 105 to 135 GENERAL NOTE: The operating parameters in this Table are individual limits for each engine parameters and do not apply simultaneously. See appropriate engine maintenance manual for more detailed pertinent data. *These values are time limited to five (5) seconds. **Time limited to ten (10) minutes at any operating condition. ***Torque limit shown for Np = 1600-2000 RPM For PT6A-42 790C. For PT6A-42 765C. For PT6A-42 100 to 135

STARTER Maximum starter engagement duration is 30 Seconds followed by a 60 Seconds cool down
period. Total of 3 cycles to be followed by 30 minutes starter cool down.

Figure 4-23

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Section 5
FUEL SYSTEM TABLE OF CONTENTS

FUEL SYSTEM GENERAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 2 MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS................................................................................................................. 3 SUB-SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS......................................................................................................... 3 FUEL QUANTITY INDICATING SYSTEM ................................................................................................3 FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR ................................................................................................................. 4 TRANSMITTER ......................................................................................................................................... 4 REMOVAL.................................................................................................................................................. 4 INSTALLATION.......................................................................................................................................... 4 CALIBRATION ........................................................................................................................................... 5 AUXILIARY ELECTRIC FUEL PUMP ....................................................................................................... 6 AUXILIARY ELECTRIC FUEL PUMP REMOVAL ..................................................................................... 6 AUXILIARY ELECTRIC FUEL PUMP INSTALLATION ............................................................................. 6 ENGINE-DRIVEN FUEL PUMP ................................................................................................................ 7 FUEL FILTER ............................................................................................................................................ 7 OPTIONAL: FUEL FLOW......................................................................................................................... 8 FUEL LINE MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................... 9 SEALING COMPOUNDS.............................................................................................................................. 9 LEAK SEALING....................................................................................................................................... 10 RESEALING AFTER COMPLETE SKIN REMOVAL .............................................................................. 11 TROUBLESHOOTING................................................................................................................................ 11 FUEL SYSTEM TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART.................................................................................... 12 ACTIVATING HOPPER (FERRY) FUEL SYSTEM .................................................................................... 16 Operating instructions for the P/N 60167 ferry fuel system ........................................................................ 17

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

FUEL SYSTEM
SECTION FIVE

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
A 230 U.S. gallon fuel supply is available for the Turbo Thrush. In each wing, fuel is contained inside integral wing tanks (wet wing fuel tanks) just outboard of the fuselage. The left wing and right wing fuel tanks are interconnected through a 5 U.S. gallon header tank that is located in the fuselage. The fuel supply lines, to the engine, are routed from the header tanks outlet finger screen through a fuel shutoff (on/off) valve to an electric driven fuel boost pump. The electric driven fuel boost pump discharge is then routed through a 25-micron main fuel filter to an engine driven fuel boost pump. The electric driven fuel boost pump serves two purposes, first as a backup system to provide continuous fuel pressure to the engines high pressure fuel pump in case the engine driven fuel boost pump fails and secondly to provide boosted fuel pressure to the engines high pressure fuel pump during engine starting. The aircrafts fuel system is equipped with two fuel filters, a inch mesh finger strainer is installed in the outlet fitting from the header tank and a 25-micron, airframe supplied, main fuel filter located on the forward L/H side of the firewall. Fuel from the aircraft fuel system enters the engines high pressure fuel pump which has two fuel filters, an 74micron inlet filter and a 10-micron discharge filter (Refer to the engines appropriate maintenance manual for pertinent maintenance details for the engine supplied filters and fuel systems). The fuel tank vent system is designed to keep the fuel spillage to a minimum. The fuel tanks are vented through tubing connected at both the inboard and outboard ends of the individual fuel tanks to the centrally located vent system in the fuselage. Ram air enters a vent scoop, on the fuselage, under the left wing and pressurizes the vent system to maintain positive pressure on the fuel tanks. The vent system is provided with two quick drain, located on the fuselage under each wing to drain any fuel that might happened to have got in the tanks outboard vent lines. At engine shutdown, fuel from the flow divider/dump valve, located at the 6 oclock position on the engines fuel nozzle manifold or start control unit on older engines equipped with a start control unit, is directed to a residue fuel reservoir EPA tank mounted inboard on the L/H aft shin skin. This reservoir holds approximately 3 engine shutdowns worth of fuel before the fuel will exit the reservoirs vent system. (NOTE: This reservoir should be emptied after each shutdown.) (NOTE: It is common and normal after an engine compressor Water Wash or Performance Recovery Wash to have water or soap appear in the reservoirs drained waste fuel.) The fuel quantity gauge is located on the lower left instrument panel. The fuel quantity indicated system consists of two transmitters, one indicator gauge, and a L/H or R/H tank fuel quantity selector switch. A transmitter, installed in each wing tank transmits an electrical signal to the single fuel quantity indicator. The instrument reads both the left and right fuel tanks singularly as chosen by the electrical control switch, adjacent to the fuel

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL quantity indicator gauge on the instrument panel. The two fuel tanks are serviced through filler ports located on the top of both wings. The filler ports incorporate security chains to prevent the lost of the fuel caps. Service the aircraft from refueling facilities that utilize proper ground handling equipment and filter systems to remove impurities and water accumulations from the bulk fuel. If filtering facilities are not available, filter the fuel through a quality high-grade chamois. Fuel tanks should be serviced after the last flight of each day to reduce condensation and allow any entrapped water accumulations to settle to the fuel system drains, to be removed, prior to the next flight.

MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS
The establishment of safe maintenance procedures is necessary to ensure safety of personnel and prevent damage to the aircraft when performing fuel system maintenance. precautions that should be enforced are enumerated as follows: The principle

A. B.

Perform fuel system maintenance in an approved work area. Ground aircraft and maintenance stands to a common ground; ground- attaching surfaces must not be painted.

C. D.

Remove external power sources and disconnect batteries. Suspend all maintenance except fuel system maintenance, unless area is declared safe from explosive vapors.

E. F. G. H. I. J.

Assure that fire-extinguishing equipment is readily available. Use air-driven power tools only. Use explosive-proof electric lights or flashlights. Wear cotton clothing to avoid possible static electricity discharge. Service, defuel, and refuel aircraft as outlined in Section II. Do not remove components from the fuel system until replacement components or covers are available for exposed openings.

K.

Always replace O-rings, seals, etc. when re-installing fuel system components.

SUB-SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS


FUEL QUANTITY INDICATING SYSTEM

The fuel quantity indicating system consists of a fuel quantity indicator, located in the left instrument panel and electrically connected to a fuel quantity transmitter installed in each fuel tank. The fuel quantity indicating circuit is provided with variable resistors within the transmitters. These resistors vary the current flow through the indicating circuit. As the current flow varies, the needle on the fuel quantity indicator will indicate the level of fuel sensed by the fuel quantity transmitter.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR

One fuel quantity indicator is installed in front of the pilot in the left instrument panel.

This

instrument is a single reading indicator that serves either the left of right fuel tank by operation of an electric fuel tank-selector switch on the left instrument panel. A transmitter installed in each fuel tank sends input signals to the indicator that gives the proper level of fuel in each tank. The instrument face is marked in increments from empty to full. Refer to Section VIII for additional information. TRANSMITTER The fuel quantity transmitters are installed in the inboard aft corner of the wing fuel tanks. Access to the transmitter is gained by removing the inboard cover plate. As the fuel level increases, the float arm is repositioned. This produces a minimum resistance through the transmitter, permitting

maximum current flow through the fuel quantity indicator and maximum pointer deflection. As the fuel level is lowered, resistance in the transmitter is increased, producing a decreased current flow through the fuel quantity indicator and consequently a smaller pointer deflection on the fuel quantity indicator.

Removal

Removal of the fuel quantity transmitter can be accomplished through the inboard cover plate on the upper surface of the wing.

A. B. C. D.

Defuel aircraft as outlined in Section II. Remove inboard cover plate. Disconnect electrical leads at the transmitter. Remove attaching screws, washers and bushings, and carefully remove transmitter assembly.

Installation

The transmitter can be installed by reversing the removal procedures. Do not damage float or bend float arm when placing the transmitter into the tank or incorrect readings will result.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Calibration

The fuel quantity transmitter and indicator have been calibrated at the factory and should not require recalibration. However, if for some reason the system requires recalibration, the electrical system should be carefully checked prior to recalibration. indicating system is calibrated as follows: When necessary, the fuel quantity

A. B. C. D. E. F.

Defuel aircraft as outlined in Section II. Connect an APU (auxiliary power unit) to the external power connector. Turn APU on and adjust to 27.5 volts. Turn battery switch ON. Readjust APU to 27.5 volts, if necessary. Place fuel quantity switch to L.H. MAIN tank. With the transmitter float resting on the bottom of the fuel tank, set indicator needle to the empty mark by adjusting the screw on front of indicator.

G.

Raise float to touch top of fuel tank and set indicator needle to the full mark by adjusting trimmer screw on back of indicator.

H. I. J. K. L. M.

Place fuel quantity switch to R.H. MAIN tank. Repeat steps F and G for right fuel tank. Turn battery switch OFF. Turn APU OFF. Level aircraft as outlined in Section II. Disconnect right fuel tank fuel lines to header tank at wing outlet ports. Cap fuel tank fittings and disconnected fuel lines.

N. O. P. Q. R.

Fill header tank and lines with fuel. Add one (1) U.S. gallon of fuel to each wing tank. Turn APU ON. Turn Battery switch ON. Check fuel quantity indicator for correct reading of each tank. Indicator should read empty (O) at one gallon.

S. T.

Complete the calibration (see Table below on this page). After completion of the preceding steps, the calibration should be correct. If not, check transmitter float arm for correct down (empty) position and correct by bending float support arm as needed. Recalibrate system and check for correct reading.

U.

If the system is still out of calibration, remove and replace the transmitter and/or the indicator.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL V. W. X. Turn off and disconnect APU. Turn battery OFF. Restore the fuel system to its original configuration.

CAPACITY (U.S. GALLONS)

EMPTY

1/2 FULL 40 (-3, +5)

82 82 (-0, +8) ABOVE 82 UNGAUGEABLE

1 Gallon

Gallons Per Tank

AUXILIARY ELECTRIC FUEL PUMP

The auxiliary fuel pump is installed on the underside, left side of aircraft cockpit aft of the fuel header tank. A two-position switch labeled AUX FUEL PUMP on the switch panel electrically controls this pump. The pump is a positive displacement vane type with a balanced-type relief valve, and provides a fuel pressure of 20 psi. This pump provides positive fuel pressure for engine starting and may be used for continuous engine operation in the event of engine-driven fuel pump failure. Maintenance and disassembly of this pump is not authorized. Therefore, the servicing is limited to the removal and replacement of the pump.

AUXILIARY ELECTRIC FUEL PUMP REMOVAL

A. B. C. D. E.

Close fuel shutoff valve. Remove drain plug and drain pump. Disconnect electrical connector from motor. Remove hose from pump and cap hose. Remove attaching hardware and remove pump assembly from support bracket.

AUXILIARY ELECTRIC FUEL PUMP INSTALLATION

A. B. C. D. E.

Install pump to support brackets and tighten hardware. Connect hose to pump Open fuel shutoff valve. Connect electrical connector to pump motor. Operate fuel pump and check for fuel leaks at lines and fittings.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

ENGINE-DRIVEN FUEL PUMP

The engine-driven fuel pump installed on the lower right rear portion of the engine is provided with a relief valve that will allow fuel to pass through from the airframe pump to the engine in the event of pump failure.

FUEL FILTER

The fuel strainer in the filter should be removed, inspected and cleaned every 100 hours of operation or sooner if improper fuel circulation is suspected. (See Figure 5-1 and 5-2 fuel filter.)

AIRBORNE 1J18 FUEL FILTER SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS

** CAUTION **

The following procedures must be followed in the order of steps given to avoid damage to the components and to assure proper functioning of the unit.

Refer to illustration (Fig 5-2) for identification of parts during disassembly and re-assembly.

A.

Turn airframe fuel shutoff valve to OFF position. Cut, remove and discard safety wire (not shown) securing filter bowl assembly.

B. C. D.

Using 13/16 wrench unscrew hex nut, (Item 1) bowl retainer. (Right hand threads.) Pull filter bowl (Item 2) straight off filter housing stud. Using one thin open end wrench, hold filter retaining nut (Item 3) while loosening jam nut (Item 4) with second wrench. ** CAUTION **

DO NOT twist or bend stud. Stud is not a removable item. DO NOT pry on filter element.

E. F.

Remove retaining and jam nuts (Items 3 and 4). Filter element (Item 5) will now drop off stud.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL G. Seal central tube opening of filter element with suitable size rubber plug, to keep inside of filter element from getting contaminated during the cleaning process. Gently clean filter element by rinsing in new/unused solvent (Safty-kleen SK-105, Varsol, MIL-PRK-680 Type II, Odorless mineral spirits or equivalent) and blowing debris off surfaces using a lowpressure (up to 30 PSI Max) clean compressed air source.

* * CAUTION * * DO NOT scrape, pry or poke mesh surfaces with sharp objects. DO NOT attempt to separate segments of filter elements.

H.

Replace filter element (Item 5) on stud and secure with retaining nut (Item 3) tightened moderately.

I.

While holding retaining nut with thin open-end wrench tighten jam nut (Item 4) with second wrench.

** CAUTION **

DO NOT ALLOW STUD TO TWIST. J. Replace filter bowl 0 ring. Apply a light coating of Vaseline to new filter bowl 0 ring seal, and then locate new seal in groove on inside lip of filter housing. K. L. Push filter bowl (Item 2) into housing taking care not to cock sideways. Replace fuel bowl retaining nut 0 ring. Apply light coating of Vaseline to 0 ring on filter bowl retainer nut (Item 1) and install on stud with 50 to 60 inch pounds torque. M. N. Secure Filter bowl retainer nut with .032 stainless steel lockwire. Turn airframe fuel shutoff valve to ON position. Turn electric fuel boost pump on and observe 20 PSI on fuel pressure gauge. Observe fuel filter assembly for leaks prior to closing filter access panel. OPTIONAL: FUEL FLOW Some aircraft are equipped with a fuel flow unit. The Shadin Company Inc. Miniflo Digital fuel management system incorporates an indicator and transducer. The transducer is installed in the fuel line between the engines FCU and the fuel flow divider/dump valve. (See Shadin Company Inc. Miniflow maintenance manual for troubleshooting and repairing data for the fuel flow system.)

Effective: 1/26/05

5 -8

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL FUEL LINE MAINTENANCE

CS 3204 A2 may be used as a thread lubricant or to seal minor connection leaks throughout the fuel system. Apply sparingly to male fittings only. Always insure that a sealing compound or residue from a previously used compound, or any other foreign matter does not enter the fuel system. ** CAUTION **

Protect all drain openings and fuel outlet screens when applying sealant. Any repair that breaks the fuel tank seal will necessitate resealing of that area of the tank. Repair parts that need sealing must be installed and riveted during the sealing operation.

SEALING COMPOUNDS
CS 3204 A2 or B2 meets AMS-S-8802 (formerly Mil-S-8802) standards. It is a fuel resistant sealant use on integral wet wing fuel tanks as well as other areas subject to contact with aircraft fuels, lubricants, oils, agriculture chemicals, water and/or weathering. Thrush Aircraft Inc uses two

grades; CS 3204 A2 which is thin, brush able, and self leveling liquid and CS 3204 B2 which is a thixotropic paste that will not flow or sag on overhead or vertical surfaces. Thrush Aircraft Inc recommends the use of Semkit, which are easy-to-use pre-measured 6 oz. Plastic tubes with a 4.5 oz. Fill of product. When mixing materials packaged in bulk or when only a small quantity is required, stir 10 parts by weight of the part B component into 100 parts by weight of the part A component. Mix and stir both components until a uniform gray color is achieved. There should be no white or black streaks in the properly blended material. Blend the components slowly, as violent stirring will entrap air in the cured sealant. Do not thin CS 3204 with solvents. Thoroughly clean all surfaces to which CS 3204 is to be applied immediately prior to sealant application. Cleaning shall be accomplished with clean lint-free paper or cloth towels or small paintbrushes soaked with Acetone or Methyl Ethyl Ketone and wiped clean. Always clean an area longer and wider than the width of the finally applied sealant to insure maximum bonding. CS 3204 is also used to make and seal all exposed stressed skin joints and overlap fillets, fiberglass to aluminum overlap fillets and seal cockpit windows to prevent water and agriculture chemical entry into these vital structures. CS 3204 is used to seal all bolts in hold-down and carry-through duty in the chemical hopper. CS 3204 can be painted when cured. Alternate sealers for CS 3204 class A & B are PR-1422 class A & B and PR-1750 class A & B. For fast set up times (20 minutes application life and cure time) Quick Set CS-3204 B1/4 or PR-1435 may be used as a alternate sealer anywhere on the aircraft. CS 3600 (Mil-S-4383C) is used by Thrush Aircraft Inc as a topcoat for all the above listed polysulfide

5 -9

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL sealers inside of the Thrushs integral fuel tanks. It is one part (no mixing), has the consistency of thin syrup and can be painted on top of all previously sealed internal fuel tank seams. If CS 3600 is used, it must be allowed to air dry for 4 days minimum before being exposed to fuel. Semkit premeasured cartridges can best be utilized by use of either a Semco model 250 pneumatic or model 850 hand operated application gun. Thrush Aircraft Inc factory uses the following nozzles:

Semco model Nos. 252 (2.5, 1/16 orifice), 410 (4, 1/32 orifice), or 440 (4, 1/8 orifice). The plastic nozzle tip can be cut with a razor knife to enlarge or modify the tips orifice size and shape to control the size and shape of the material bead. ***WARNING*** Refer to and adhere to all measures and precautions obtained from the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) prior to using or removing CS 3204 and any other chemicals, adhesives, materials, oils, fuels, sealers, cleaners, or solvents listed in this manual. LEAK SEALING

Determine the approximate location of the leak by visual inspection through the cover plates in the lower surface of the wing. After leak area is determined, drain all fuel from affected tank. See Section II for defueling procedures.

A.

Remove the cover plates on upper surface of wing to repair the tank leak. Sealing can be accomplished through these openings. **CAUTION** Assure that the leak is not being caused by structural cracks, loose seams or any source other than a pinhole from around a properly installed fastener.

B.

Clean the general area of the leak with clean paper towels. Apply an even coating of CS 3204 A2 with a stiff clean brush. Catalyst is furnished and should be carefully mixed according to instructions on the container.

C. D.

Allow the sealer to dry overnight. After drying, the sealer should be checked for air bubbles or thin spots. Additional sealer should be applied where necessary.

E.

Reinstall the cover plates on wing upper surface.

Effective: 1/26/05

5 - 10

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL RESEALING AFTER COMPLETE SKIN REMOVAL To reseal the fuel tanks after removing or repairing the wing skin, proceed as follows:

A.

Prior to installing the wing tank skin, all surfaces that will receive sealant shall be cleaned and etched.

B.

Apply CS 3204 B2 mixed compound to all areas of contact between the skin and rib structure.

C. D.

Rivet the wing tank skin in place and allow the sealer to dry until tacky to the touch. After adequate drying, the sealer should be checked for air bubbles or thin spots. Apply additional CS 3204 A2 sealer as necessary.

E. F.

Reseal cover plates and fuel quantity transmitter mounting with CS 3204 B2. Vacuum tank area thoroughly to remove all particles of dried sealant, dirt or other foreign matter.

G. H.

Allow the sealant to cure for 16 hours or more. Pressure check fuel tank from 38 to 44 inches of water-manometer, for 3 (+1) minutes. **CAUTION** Do not attempt to apply pressure to the tank without first sealing off all lines and vents, and without an adequate regulator to control pressure. Do not pressurize the tank in excess of 1.589 psi (44.0 inches of water-manometer) or damage may occur.

I.

To prevent water and chemical entry into wing and empennage skin joints and edges, make fillets by applying a small bead of CS 3204 B2 to all skin edges, joints, and overlaps. The fillets can be painted after sealer has dried.

TROUBLESHOOTING
The trouble-shooting figure in this section discusses symptoms, which can be diagnosed and interprets the results in terms of probable causes and the appropriate corrective remedy to be taken. Review all probable causes given and check other listings of troubles with similar symptoms. Items are presented in sequence, but not necessarily in order of probability.

5 -11

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL FUEL SYSTEM TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Check fuel quantity. Fuel tanks empty.

Service

with proper grade and amount of fuel.

Fuel quantity indicator circuit breaker open or defective.

Check visually. check

If not open, Reset.

continuity.

Replace if defective. Disconnect wire from

No fuel quantity indication.

transmitter at indicator not registering and attach it to an indicator that is registering. If Defective fuel quantity indicator does not register, transmitter is defective. If the new indicator registers, the existing indicator is defective. Replace defective transmitter or indicator.

indicator or transmitter.

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Loose connections or open circuit.

Check connections and wiring. Tighten connections; repair or replace wiring.

Left and right fuel quantity indicator switch defective. No fuel quantity indication. continued.

Check continuity and replace if defective.

Check power to gauge. If no No power to gauge. power, check for defective circuit breaker.

Power, ground and transmitter checks good.

Circuit board on rear of gauge defective. (Replace board) or entire gauge. Check ohms to transmitter. Check for broken wire.

Fuel indicated full at all times.

Open ground between gauge and transmitter.

Transmitter should read 0 ohms when fuel tank is empty and 33 ohms when fuel tank is full.

No fuel flow to engine-driven fuel pump.

Check fuel quantity. Service Fuel tanks empty. with proper grade and amount of fuel.

5 -13

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Fuel line disconnected or broken.

Inspect fuel lines. Connect or repair fuel lines. Disconnect fuel lines from tank

Header tank outlet fuel strainers plugged.

outlets. No fuel indicates plugged strainers. Remove and clean strainers and flush out tanks.

No fuel flow to engine-driven fuel pump. continued. Fuel filter element plugged. Inspect filter element. Clean or replace filter element.

Starting at fuel pump inlet, disconnect fuel lines Fuel line plugged. successively until plugged line is located. Clean out or replace fuel line. Use the preceding isolation Partial fuel flow from the preceding causes. Fuel starvation after starting. Malfunction of engine-driven fuel pump. Check pump outlet during starting. Replace fuel pump. See Section IV. procedures, checking for sufficient rate of flow. Using the preceding remedies.

Effective: 1/26/05

5 -14

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Fuel starvation after starting. continued.

Fuel vents plugged.

Pressure check each vent line. Clean or replace vent line.

Defective electric auxiliary fuel pump switch.

Check continuity of switch. Replace defective switch.

Open or defective circuit breaker.

Check visually. If not open, check continuity. Reset. Replace if defective.

No fuel flow when auxiliary pump is turned on.

Loose connections or open circuit.

Check connections and wiring. Tighten connections; repair or replace wiring. Disconnect outlet line. With proper fuel supply to pump,

Defective auxiliary fuel pump.

fuel under pressure should flow from outlet. Replace defective pump. Check pump outlet during

Defective engine-driven fuel pump by-pass valve.

starting. See Section IV and replace fuel pump if by-pass valve is defective or installed backwards.

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

5 -15

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Check voltage and ground Fuel flow indicator inoperable. wire. If voltage is present and No voltage to indicator. ground is good, replace indicator, maintaining the same K factor. To check transducer, remove four screws holding wire housing to flow vane housing. Indicator comes on but will not show fuel flow. Bad wires to transducer or defective transducer. With battery power on, pass screwdriver back and forth over wire housing pickups. You should get a reading on indicator. If no reading, replace units.

*NOTE*

Any time you have to replace either the fuel flow indicator or the transducer, you must be sure to have unit calibrated to same K factor as set by manufacturer. This will cause bad indications if mismatched K factors are installed together.

ACTIVATING HOPPER (FERRY) FUEL SYSTEM


A. Remove spray pump and spray pump discharge line to spray valve. Tie-rap any wires or cables to upper portion of pump mount. B. C. Open hopper gatebox dump gate. Assure hopper has been cleaned thoroughly and there is no presence of water or chemicals. D. Assure side loading plumbing has been cleaned and there is no presence of water or chemicals. E. Install the 2" camloc female cap on the spray valve return inlet fitting located inside the hopper gatebox left hand side and lockwire.

Effective: 1/26/05

5 -16

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

F. G.

Install cap on hopper outlet fitting and lockwire. Hook up fuel line from cap to fuel selector valve. Make sure that the fuel line is secured to aircraft structure and will not foul any moveable controls.

H.

Service hopper with approved fuel. ** CAUTION ** Operation instructions must be followed to operate aircraft using ferry fuels.

Operating instructions for the P/N 60167 ferry fuel system

A.

Securely attach these instructions in the cockpit on the hopper, directly in front of the pilot's face at the time of installation of the ferry fuel system.

B.

In the United States, an aircraft with this ferry fuel system installed and connected to the normal fuel system must be operated on a special flight authorization (ferry permit) regardless of whether the ferry fuel system is actually used on any particular flight.

C.

Due to vapor lock considerations, use of aviation gasoline as an alternate fuel is prohibited in either the wing tanks or the hopper.

D.

Do not use hopper fuel for takeoff, landing, or flight at low altitude.

Use hopper fuel only for level cruising flight above 3000 feet above ground level. Always operate the electric fuel pump and the ignition switch while changing the fuel selector in flight. Always switch fuel at or below cruise power settings.

E.

Except in emergency, do not dump hopper fuel in flight or on the ground with the engine running.

F.

Drain the hopper sump and all other normal fuel system sumps prior to flight.

5 -17

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Important Note: with the ferry fuel selector in hopper position, drain all trapped air from the hopper fuel line by operating the fuel filter drain located on L/H shin skin forward of firewall (see Fig. 5-1). Unless this procedure is followed after each refueling, the engine may flameout when hopper fuel is selected in flight.

G.

Never use the hopper as a fuel tank unless it is completely clean and dry.

H.

Remove these instructions from the cockpit only after removal of the ferry fuel system from the aircraft.

Effective: 1/26/05

5 -18

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 5-1

5 -19

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 5-2

Effective: 1/26/05

5 -20

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 6 LANDING GEAR, WHEELS & BRAKES


TABLE OF CONTENTS
LANDING GEAR, WHEELS AND BRAKES .................................................................................................... 2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................................................. 2 REMOVAL .................................................................................................................................................... 2 CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF MAIN GEAR ......................................................................... 2 CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF SHOCK STRUTS................................................................. 2 TAIL LANDING GEAR ..................................................................................................................................... 3 SPRING STEEL............................................................................................................................................ 3 REMOVAL .................................................................................................................................................... 3 CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF TAIL GEAR .......................................................................... 3 DISASSEMBLY OF SPINDLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY................................................................................ 4 CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF TAIL GEAR SPINDLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY. .................. 4 INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................................ 5 TAIL GEAR RIGGING................................................................................................................................... 5 TAIL WHEEL REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBLY .............................................................................................. 6 TO REMOVE AND DISASSEMBLE TAIL WHEEL/TIRE, PROCEED AS FOLLOWS:................................ 6 INSPECTION OF TAIL WHEEL ASSEMBLY............................................................................................... 6 TAIL WHEEL REASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION (5.005 10PR) ......................................................... 7 WHEELS AND BRAKES.................................................................................................................................. 8 GENERAL DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................................................. 8 MAIN WHEEL REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBLY............................................................................................. 8 DIVIDED TYPE WHEEL (CLEVELAND) ...................................................................................................... 8 INSPECTION OF MAIN WHEEL ASSEMBLY ............................................................................................. 9 REASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................ 10 SERVICING ................................................................................................................................................... 11 MEASURING BRAKE LINING WEAR ........................................................................................................ 11 REMOVAL OF LININGS FROM CALIPERS .............................................................................................. 11 REPLACEMENT OF ORGANIC LININGS.................................................................................................. 12 REASSEMBLY OF ORGANIC LININGS TO CALIPER.............................................................................. 12 BRAKE LINING CONDITIONING PROCEDURES .................................................................................... 12 T34 THRUSH NONASBESTOS ORGANIC LININGS................................................................................ 13 BRAKE REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBLY .................................................................................................. 13 BRAKE REASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION........................................................................................... 15 REMOVAL OF BRAKE MASTER CYLINDERS ......................................................................................... 15 DISASSEMBLY AND REPAIR ................................................................................................................... 15 INSTALLATION .......................................................................................................................................... 16 BRAKE BLEEDING..................................................................................................................................... 16 TROUBLESHOOTING CHART...................................................................................................................... 18

Effective: 1/26/05

6-1

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

LANDING GEAR, WHEELS AND BRAKES


SECTION SIX

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Each main landing gear installation consists of a landing gear assembly, shock strut assembly and a wheel and brake assembly. The landing gear assembly is bolted to the fuselage frame at two locations and to the shock strut assembly at one location. The shock strut assembly is in turn bolted to the fuselage frame. Lubrication fitting are provided for the pivot points and for the shock strut assembly. Lubrication should be applied sparingly and all parts wiped clean to prevent collection of dirt (refer to lubrication Chart, Section 2). All landing gear hinge points should be carefully inspected for wear and damage during each landing gear check. Trouble shoot the landing gear by using the charts at the back this section, and always places the aircraft on jacks prior to performing maintenance procedures on the landing gear system. REMOVAL A. B. C. D. E. F. Jack aircraft as outlined in Section 2. Remove fuselage skins as required. Disconnect flexible hydraulic brake line at top of landing gear assembly. Remove bottom bolt from shock strut assembly. Remove the bolts attaching landing gear assembly to fuselage. Remove top bolt on shock strut assembly.

CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF MAIN GEAR A. B. C. D. Clean all parts with a suitable type cleaning solvent. Inspect all bolts, bearings and bushings for excess wear, corrosion and damage. Check all welds for cracks. Repair of the landing gear is limited to reconditioning of parts, such as replacing components, bearings and bushings, smoothing out minor nicks and scratches and repainting areas where paint has chipped or peeled CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF SHOCK STRUTS A. Remove top and bottom attaching bolts, and remove complete shock strut assembly from aircraft. B. Support strut under fork end and slide a 1-1/2 inch ID sleeve over slotted end. Apply light pressure to sleeve, sufficient to relieve pre-load from biscuits. C. D. E. Remove bolt holding biscuit retainer and disassemble unit. Clean all parts with a suitable type cleaning solvent. Inspect rubber shock biscuits for distortion, splits or deterioration. Replace as required.

Effective: 1/26/05

6-2

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL F. G. H. I. Inspect welds for cracks. Inspect bolt holes for elongation. Inspect all areas for evidence of corrosion. Repair of shock struts is limited to replacement of parts, smoothing out minor nicks and scratches and repainting areas where paint has chipped or peeled. *NOTE* Upper shock strut attach bolt is close tolerance, heat treated NAS bolt. Do not replace with AN type bolt.

TAIL LANDING GEAR


SPRING STEEL The tail gear consists of a 1-inch thick alloy spring steel, tail gear sub-assembly fork assembly and wheel assembly. The tail wheel is a locking type and is actuated from the elevator bell crank by a cable.

Centering springs align the tail wheel, and a pin engages and locks the wheel in the trailing position. Pushing the control stick fully forward disengages the locking pin and the wheel is free to caster for taxiing. REMOVAL (REFER TO FIG. 6-1 AND 6-1a) A. B. C. D. Remove fuselage skins as required. Using a suitable Jack. Jack and secure tail of aircraft, using jackpoint. Remove outer dust cover (hubcap). Remove cotter pin and axle castellated nut, and spacer P/N CA84106-05-2, and then remove the tire/wheel assembly. E. F. Disconnect flex control lock cable at pivot arm and cable hold down clamp. Disconnect centering springs from tail wheel centering arm assembly by removing attach bolt. * NOTE * Do not alter lock cable or elevator travel stops. Alteration of tail gear lock cable or elevator travel stops will require re-rigging of tail wheel locking system. G. If disassembly of tail wheel/tire assembly is necessary, follow steps highlighted on page 6-5 and 6-6. H. Remove main leaf spring assembly by removing NAS6207-38D bolt (inspect every 100 hours) holding spring to trunnion assembly. Remove two-(2) each NAS6606-54 bolts that holds the lower spring support block to upper support block. Note how many 90056-26 washers were located on each side between support blocks. I. Remove trunnion assembly from fuselage by removing trunnion attach shaft.

CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF TAIL GEAR A. Clean all parts with a suitable type cleaning solvent.

6-3

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL B. Remove, clean, and inspect leaf spring forward attach P/N NAS6207-38D bolt every 100 hours. Upon reassembly lubricate bolt and leaf spring hole with Snap-on General Purpose Antiseize or equivalent or MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease. Torque to specifications I/A/W Torque chart (figure 2-7). Replace MS24665-300 cotter pin each inspection. C. Inspect all bolts holes for elongation. As a general rule, replace components with holes that are out of round by 0.005 or more. Replacement of the leaf spring forward attach P/N NAS6207-38D bolt (inspect every 100 hours) with a larger diameter is not approved. The leaf spring may not be drilled out for a larger bolt. D. Inspect main spring leaf for corrosion and cracks. Check aircraft maintenance records to be sure spring leaf P/N 5079-1 has not exceeded its five thousand (5,000) flight hour life limit. Replace leaf spring as needed. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. Inspect spindle housing assembly welds for cracks. Inspect spindle housing assembly for cracks and corrosion. Inspect lock pin and upper and lower lock plates for wear, corrosion, cracks, and proper operation. Inspect centering springs for corrosion, wear at ends, and for correct operation. Inspect lock pin flexible cable and spring for corrosion and correct operation. Inspect P/N95207-1 Acetal (Delrin) lower support block spacer for wear and cracks. Inspect upper and lower leaf spring support blocks, and attachment hardware for wear, corrosion, and cracks. Ensure that the leaf spring support blocks grips the leaf spring tightly to prevent leaf spring movement fwd. and aft. Ensure flexible sealant around contact edges of support blocks, lower support block spacer and leaf spring is intact to prevent collection of potential corrosive material in this area. Lubricate 2 ea. Trunnion Zerk (grease) fittings with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) L. Repair of the tail landing gear is limited to replacement of component parts, bearings, bushings, smoothing out minor nicks and scratches, repainting chipped or peeled areas. DISASSEMBLY OF SPINDLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY (REFER TO FIG. 6-1) A. B. If desired, remove bolts, nuts and washers that bolt tail wheel fork to spindle. Remove bolts, nuts, and washers that bolt centering arm to top of spindle and remove centering arm. Note orientation for proper reassembly. C. D. E. Remove red plastic cap plug (dustcover). Remove cotter pin, castellated nut, tongue washer, grease cup washer, and cone bearing. Remove spindle assembly and thrust washer from spindle housing. Do not remove upper bearing cup or bottom bronze bushing unless replacement is indicated by inspection. CLEANING, INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF TAIL GEAR SPINDLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY. A. B. Clean all parts with a suitable type cleaning solvent. Inspect all bolts, bearings and bushings for excessive wear, corrosion and damage.

Effective: 1/26/05

6-4

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL C. D. E. F. Inspect spindle assembly for cracks, excessive wear, corrosion and damage. Inspect spindle housing for cracks, excessive wear, corrosion and damage. Inspect lock pin lower plate and lock pin top plate assembly for cracks, corrosion and damage. Repair of tail gear sub-assembly is limited to reconditioning of parts such as replacing bearings and bushings, smoothing out minor nicks and scratches, repainting chipped or peeled areas and replacement of component parts. INSTALLATION (REFER TO FIG. 6-1 & 1a) The tail gear may be installed by reversing the removal procedures. Ensure that trunnion is straight down (6 Oclock position) and that leaf spring support blocks grips the leaf spring tightly to prevent movement fwd. or aft. (Add or subtract P/N 90056-26 washers/spacers (.063) between upper and lower support blocks to achieve a tight grip of leaf spring after bolts are properly torqued.) All bolts shanks and bolt holes are to be coated with Snap-on General Purpose Antiseize lubricant or equivalent before installation. Lubricate all bearings, bushings, and Zerk (grease) fittings with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease. Torque all hardware in accordance with TORQUE CHART (figure 2-7) with the exception of the top spindle castellated nut and wheel/tire axle castellated nut, which should be torqued as follows: A. For spindle castellated nut: While manually rotating spindle, torque spindle castellated nut to 20 inch-pounds, continue rotating spindle and back off to zero inch-pounds. While manually rotating spindle, torque nut to 10 inch pounds. If not in locking position, advance nut to next position, not to exceed 30, and install cotter pin. Bend ends of cotter pin around spindle castellated nut. Note: Spindle must rotate freely without perceptible play. B. For tail wheel axle castellated nut: While manually rotating wheel/tire, torque axle castellated nut to 80 inch-pounds, continue rotating wheel and back off to zero inch-pounds. While manually rotating wheel/tire, torque to 30 to 40-inch pounds. Rotate axle castellated nut (clockwise or counterclockwise) to nearest slot and cotter pin hole, and insert cotter pin. Bend ends of cotter pin around axle nut. Note: Wheel/tire must rotate freely without perceptible play. C. After the components have been installed, seal the contact edges where the spring P/N 5079-1 (replace every 5,000 hours), upper support block P/N 94131-9, lower support block P/N 94131-11 and spacer P/N 95207-1 come together with a high quality flexible silicone sealant or fuel tank sealant CS3204 B2 (AMS-S-8802 formerly MIL-S-8802) to help block the collection of potential corrosive contaminants in this area. D. E. Carefully lower aircraft to ground and remove Jack. Recheck tire inflation pressure (5.00-5 10pr Type III is 88psi) and install dust cover (hubcap).

TAIL GEAR RIGGING Rigging will be required if lock cable or elevator travel stops have been altered in any way. Rig as follows: A. B. Place elevator in a 17 (1) degrees down position. Connect lock cable to pivot arm.

6-5

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL C. Assure lock pin is flush with bottom of lock pin cylinder when making final adjustment to lock cable turn barrel. D. Adjust top plate as required to assure straightforward travel of aircraft tail wheel when tail gear is locked.

TAIL WHEEL REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBLY


TO REMOVE AND DISASSEMBLE TAIL WHEEL/TIRE, PROCEED AS FOLLOWS: (REFER TO FIG. 6-1) A. B. Using a suitable Jack. Jack and secure tail of aircraft, using provided jackpoint. Remover dustcover (hubcap) and deflate tire by depressing the schrader valve stem plunger until air can no longer be heard escaping from the tire. C. D. Remove schrader valve core. Remove cotter pin and axle castellated nut. Rock wheel/tire slightly, then remove wheel/tire assembly from axle, and be sure to capture the spacer P/N CA 84106-05-2 located under nut. E. From each side of wheel; carefully remove snap ring, felt grease seal retainer, felt grease seal, grease seal ring and cone bearing. Store the cone bearings. Label the bearings for reinstallation into position from which it was removed. F. With the tire completely deflated, removing the wheel through-bolts will separate the wheel halves. Pull the wheel halves from the tire by removing the wheel half opposite the valve stem first. Mark wheel halves to note relationship to each other for reassembly.

INSPECTION OF TAIL WHEEL ASSEMBLY A. B. Visually check all parts for cracks, corrosion, distortion, defects and excessive wear. Inspect felt grease seals. Replace if surface is hard or contaminated, or shows evidence of excessive wear. Lightly saturate grease seal felts with SAE 10wt. Oil (3-in-ONE oil) (do not soak). C. D. Inspect tire for cuts, anomalies, internal damage and deterioration. Inspect inner tube for cuts, wrinkles, anomalies and deterioration. Note: Do not use a used inner tube with a new tire. Tubes grow in service, taking a permanent set of about 25% larger than original size. This makes a used tube too large to use in a new tire, which could cause a wrinkle and lead to tube failure. E. Inspect wheel bearing grease for contamination and solidification at each periodic inspection. Repack bearings with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) or equivalent grease. Note: Do not exceed 500 wheel miles or on annual inspection whichever comes first between repacking intervals. F. Clean and inspect bearing cups and cones. Note: Do not spin dry bearings or handle bearing components with bare hands. The bearing cup should not be removed except when replacement is necessary due to scratches, nicks, pitting, spalling, corrosion, brinelling, or evidence of overheating. Note: If bearing cup is replaced, its companion bearing cone must also be replaced.

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6-6

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL 1. Bearing cup removal: Heat wheel half in an oven not exceeding 212F for 15 minutes. Remove wheel half from heat source and immediately remove bearing cup by carefully tapping out evenly from the inside with a fiber drift. 2. Bearing cup installation: Place wheel half in oven not exceeding 212F for 15 minutes. Chill new bearing cup in an atmosphere of -25F to -65F for no less than 4 hours. Chilling can also be accomplished by placing the bearing cup in dry ice for a minimum of 15 minutes. Dry cup thoroughly and installed chilled bearing cup into bore of heated wheel half using a thin coat of zinc chromate primer as a protectant/lubricate. Tap gently into place with fiber drift making sure bearing cup is evenly seated against shoulder of wheel half. Avoid cocking bearing cup during installation. If bearing cup will not seat properly in wheel half, repeat above said procedures or replace wheel half assembly. G. Replace any wheel casting that is distorted, corroded, or has visible cracks.

TAIL WHEEL REASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION (5.005 10pr) To assemble and reinstall tail wheel, refer to Figure 6-1 and proceed as follows: A. Wipe tire and tube (serviceable or new) with denatured alcohol, followed by soap and water, then dry thoroughly. B. Inflate the inner tube just enough to round it out, dust tube lightly with tube talc.

* NOTE * Tires and tubes are balanced as individual units and marked at time of manufacture. The tire balance mark is a red dot. The tube balance mark is a yellow stripe on the base of the tube. Always assemble tire and tube with marks aligned. C. Place tube in tire and align balance marks. If tube has no balance mark, place valve stem adjacent to tire balance red dot. D. E. Install tire and tube on the wheel half containing the valve stem hole and then the opposite. Install the wheel through-bolts with bolt heads opposite valve stem side, tighten nuts evenly and torque to 90 inch-pounds. *** WARNING *** Uneven or improper torque may cause a bolt or wheel failure. Inflate tire until tire beads are sealed, remove schrader valve core, and allow tube to completely deflate. Install the valve-core and inflate 5.00-5 10pr tire to 88 psi. Assure schrader valve does not leak before replacing valve cap.

F. G.

Repack bearing cones with MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22) grease or equivalent. On each side of wheel; apply a thin coating of grease on bearing cups, installed freshly repacked bearing cones, install flat grease seal ring, install felt grease seal retainer with felt seal installed

6-7

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Note: Lightly saturate grease seal felts with SAE 10wt. Oil (3-in-ONE oil) (do not soak), and carefully install snap ring. Install the two- (2) P/N95435-11 spacers, one on each side of wheel assembly. H. I. J. K. Install dust cover with center hole on opposite valve stem side of wheel. Inspect tail wheel axle for anomalies, then apply a light coating of grease. Install tail wheel/tire assembly onto tail wheel axle with valve stem side facing outboard. Install tail wheel axle castellated nut: While manually rotating wheel/tire, torque axle castellated nut to 80 inch- pounds, continue rotating wheel and back off to zero inch-pounds. While manually rotating wheel/tire, torque to 30 to 40-inch pounds. Rotate axle castellated nut (clockwise or counterclockwise) to nearest slot and cotter pin hole, and insert cotter pin. Bend ends of cotter pin around axle nut. Note: Wheel/tire must rotate freely without perceptible play. L. M. Carefully lower aircraft to ground and remove Jack. Recheck tire inflation pressure (5.00-5 10pr is 88psi) and install dust cover (hubcap).

WHEELS AND BRAKES GENERAL DESCRIPTION


The divided type wheels (including tail wheel) are machined castings, consisting of two sections called wheel halves. The wheel halves, which are secured together by bolts and nuts, are interchangeable, and the complete wheel assemblies are interchangeable according to wheel size. The wheels operate on tapered roller bearings that rotate in hardened steel races pressed into each wheel half. A brake disc assembly is bolted to the wheel and turns with the wheel. Applying pressure to the rudder-brake pedals individually controls the hydraulic brakes attached to the main landing gear. Movement of a rudder-brake pedal operates the corresponding master brake cylinder, attached to the aft side of the rudder pedals, and applies pressure to the appropriate brake. The brakes are self-adjusting, easily checked for wear, and can be quickly overhauled by field activities.

MAIN WHEEL REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBLY


DIVIDED TYPE WHEEL (CLEVELAND)

To remove and disassemble a main landing gear wheel, proceed as follows:

A.

Jack aircraft as outlined in Section Two.

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6-8

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL B. C. D. Remove valve-core and deflate tire completely. Remove bolts and washers from back plates of brake assembly and remove back plates. Remove hubcap snap ring, hubcap, cotter pin, nut, washer, bearing and wheel assembly from landing gear. E. F. Break tire bead from wheel by using a mallet (do not use tire irons). Remove bolts, washers and nuts and separate wheel halves. Guard valve stem to avoid damage while removing tire and tube. G. Remove brake disc from brake side of wheel. instrument. F. Remove bearing retainer snap ring, grease seal ring, and grease seal, spacer and bearing cone from inboard side of wheel. If disk sticks, pry out disc using non-metallic

* NOTE *

Wheel halves can be replaced individually. Wheel sets no longer have to be replaced as match pairs.

INSPECTION OF MAIN WHEEL ASSEMBLY (CLEVELAND, DIVIDED TYPE)

A.

Clean all parts in cleaning solvent and dry thoroughly. A soft bristle brush may be used to remove hardened grease, dust or dirt. *** WARNING ***

Cleaning solutions are toxic and volatile.

Use in a well-

ventilated area. Avoid contact with skin or clothing. Do not inhale vapors.

B.

Inspect bearing cones for nicks, scratches, water staining, spalling, heat discoloration, roller wear, cage damage, cracks or discoloration.

C.

Inspect wheel-bearing grease for contamination and solidification (see Inspection Intervals Chart in Section II). When repacking wheel bearings, use MIL-G-81322 (Aeroshell 22).

D.

Inspect wheel halves for cracks, corrosion and other damage. A cracked or badly corroded casting should be replaced. Small nicks scratches or pits can be blended out using fine 400-grit sandpaper.

6-9

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL E. Inspect snap rings and grease seals for distortion or wear. Replace parts, if damage or deformed. Saturate grease seal felts with SAE 10 oil (do not soak). F. Inspect bearing cups for looseness, scratches, pitting, corrosion, or evidence of overheating. The bearing cups are pressed into the wheel halves and should not be removed unless replacement is necessary due to the above conditions. If replacement is necessary, proceed as follows:

1.

Insert wheel half into boiling water for one (1) hour or place it in an oven at 250 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes.

2.

Remove wheel half from source of heat and invert wheel half. If bearing cup does not drop out, tap the bearing cup evenly from the axle bore with a fiber drift pin or suitable arbors press.

3.

When replacing a bearing cup, repeat step 1, and chill bearing cup in dry ice for a minimum of 15 minutes.

4. 5. 6.

Remove wheels half from source of heat and bearing cup from the dry ice. Dry the chilled bearing cup and coat its contacting surfaces with zinc chromate primer. Install the chilled bearing cup into the bearing bore of the heated wheel half. Tap bearing cup gently and evenly into place, using a fiber drift pin or suitable arbor press.

G.

Inspect wheel brake disc assembly for cracks, excessive wear or scoring, rust and corrosion. Remove corrosion and blend out small nicks using fine (400 grit) sandpaper. Replace brake disc if worn below wear limit of .395 inch (see Fig. 6-2). Coning of disc in excess of 0.015 inch is cause for replacement of disc (see Fig. 6-3).

H.

Inspect self-locking nuts for self-locking feature. Replace nuts if they can be turned onto the bolt past the self-locking section by the finger.

REASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION (CLEVELAND DIVIDED TYPE)

Tires and tubes are balanced as individual units and marked at the time of manufacture. The tire balance mark is a red dot. The tube balance mark is a yellow stripe on the base of the tube. The following procedure is suggested as a guide for mounting the tires in balance and installing the wheels.

A.

Reassemble cone bearings, grease seals, felts and snap ring into the proper wheel halves. Lubricate bearings. See Inspection of Main Wheel Assembly.

B. C. D.

Inflate tube sufficiently to round it out. Dust tube with a small amount of tube talc. Insert tube into tire so that balance mark (yellow or white band) is radically aligned with the tire balance mark (red dot).

E.

Place outer wheel half into tire and pull tube valve stem through valve hole.

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6-10

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL F. Turn tire and wheel half over and place inner wheel half into the tire and align the bolt holes with the outer wheel half. G. H. I. Place brakes discs into the inner wheel half and align bolt holes. Install bolts through the inner wheel half and washers and nuts on the outer wheel half. Tighten nuts evenly and torque to 150 inch-pounds. *** WARNING *** Uneven or improper torque may cause Bolt or wheel failure.

J. K.

Inflate tube until beads seat on wheel flanges. Remove valves core and allow tube to deflate. Install valves core and inflate tires from 40 to 60 psi. Check to assure valve stem does not leak before installing valve cap.

L.

Lubricate washer and axle nut (see Section II Servicing). Install wheel assembly on axle and secure with washer and axle nut.

M.

While manually rotating wheel, torque axle nut to 80 inch-pounds, continue rotating wheel and back off to zero inch-pounds. While manually rotating wheel, torque to 40-inch pounds. If nut is not to locking position, advance to next position, not to exceed 30 degrees, and install cotter pin.

N. O.

Install hubcap and hubcap retaining ring. Install brakes back plate assembly and torque bolts to 60 inch-pounds. These bolts are selflocking and should be inspected for the self-locking feature. Replace bolts if the self-locking feature is damaged or destroyed.

P.

Wheels may be repainted if the parts have been repaired and thoroughly cleaned. Paint exposed areas with one coat of zinc primer and one coat of aluminum lacquer. * NOTE * Do not paint working surfaces of the bearing cups.

SERVICING
MEASURING BRAKE LINING WEAR (See latest edition of Cleveland Manual number AWBCMM0001-5 for pertinent details.) The minimum wear thickness for replacement of metallic linings is 0.100 inch (refer to Fig. 6-2).

REMOVAL OF LININGS FROM CALIPERS A. A. B. Remove backing plate attaching bolts and washers, and remove back plates and insulator shim. Carefully slide brake caliper out of torque plate bushing. Slide pressure plate assembly (lining carrier) off anchor bolts.

6-11

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

REPLACEMENT OF ORGANIC LININGS A. Old organic linings may be removed by using a small drift pin or carefully drilling out the rivets with a 1/8-inch diameter drill. Use care to prevent elongating the rivet holes. Deburr the surface adjacent to the lining to allow lining to set flush. B. C. Clean pressure plate and back plate surfaces of dirt, grease, etc. before installing new linings. Inspect pressure plate and back plate for excessive corrosion, visible damage, or excessive warping. Straighten pressure plate too less than 0.010 inch (0.254mm) flatness. D. Align new factory authorized replacement lining segments on pressure plate/back plates and install P/N 105-0200 rivets, using Clevelands rivet set, P/N 199-1, or appropriate riveting tool. E. F. Check to be sure lining is tight and movement free with no distortion of parts. With tubular rivets, splits may result from the clinching operation. Refer to rivet sketch (figure 6-4) for acceptance criteria. REASSEMBLY OF ORGANIC LININGS TO CALIPER A. Carefully wipe dirt, grease, etc. from cylinder, pressure plate, and portions of piston extending beyond cylinder face, and push piston back into cylinder. B. Slide pressure plate with new lining over anchor bolts and install brake caliper into torque plate. For equipment that is operated in an amphibious environment, or in extremely wet climates, lubricate the anchor bolt with Lubriplate. For equipment used in a non-amphibious environment, or in extremely wet climates, lubricate the anchor bolt with a dry film lubricant (silicon spray). DO NOT USE GREASE OR OIL. These materials will attract dirt enhance the wear of the anchor pins. C. D. E. Install back plate attachment bolts and washers in brake caliper. Install insulator shims (typically used with metallic lining) and spacers as applicable. Slide back plates between brake disc and wheel/tire and install back plate attachment bolts and washers into back plates. F. Torque brake assembly back plate tie bolts to 60 inch/pounds. Two different types of back plate tie bolts are used. The patch lock bolt (nylon material embedded in threaded end) will required replacement 6 to 8 installations or whenever the bolts can be run in past the locking feature by use of fingers only. Bolts with drilled heads require safety wire after torquing.

BRAKE LINING CONDITIONING PROCEDURES When new linings have been installed, it is important to condition them properly to obtain the service life designated into them.

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6-12

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL T34 THRUSH NONASBESTOS ORGANIC LININGS A. Taxi aircraft for 1500 feet with engine at 1700 rpm applying brake pedal force as needed to develop a 5-10 mph taxi speed. B. C. Allow the brakes to cool for 10 15 minutes. Apply brakes and check for restraint at high static throttle. complete. D. If brakes cannot hold aircraft during static run-up, allow brakes to completely cool and repeat steps A through C. If brakes hold, conditioning is

*** WARNING ***

Due to the efficiency of these brakes, extremely hard braking on aircraft with tail wheels could result in lifting the tail from the ground, creating a nose over condition.

*** WARNING ***

Use extreme caution to prevent aircraft from nosing over when running engine at high static throttle (power lever) settings, hopper and fuel system should be full to help keep aircraft from nosing over.

This conditioning procedure will wear off high spots and generate sufficient heat to create a thin layer of glazed material at the lining friction surface. Normal brake usage should generate enough heat to

maintain the glaze throughout the life of the lining. Properly conditioned linings will provide many hours of maintenance free service. A visual inspection of the brake disc will indicate the lining condition. A smooth surface, one without grooves, indicates the linings are properly glazed. If the disc is rough (grooved), the linings must be reglazed. The conditioning procedure should be performed whenever the rough disc condition is observed. Light use, such as in taxiing, will cause the glaze to be worn rapidly.

BRAKE REMOVAL AND DISASSEMBLY (CLEVELAND DISC TYPE) A. B. C. D. Release parking brake. Jack aircraft as outlined in Section II. Disconnect and cap brake hydraulic supply line at brake housing. Remove back plate assemblies from calipers.

6-13

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL E. F. G. Remove caliper assemblies. Remove pressure plate assembly. Clean all metal surfaces with denatured alcohol and dry thoroughly. All 0 rings are to be replace. Remove pistons by injecting air into the caliper ports (15 to 20 psi) maximum pressure.

*** WARNING *** Use caution when blowing pistons out the caliper cylinders with air, as pistons could fly out at high velocity. It is

suggested that the caliper be turned over so that pistons face table working surface. Use a rag to cushion piston contact with table surface to prevent piston damage. Make sure to wear all applicable personal protective safety equipment. * NOTE * The brake caliper pistons on the T34 Turbo Thrush are equipped with a friction spring (drag ring) on the piston tail. It is recommended that this ring NOT be removed unless it is damaged or corroded.

H.

Inspect brake cylinders for cracks, nicks, corrosion and damaged threads. Inspect inlet and outlet hydraulic ports for foreign contaminates. Examine cylinder walls for scoring or excessive wear. Blend and polish light scratches in piston cavities with fine emery cloth, 600 grit. Castings that are cracked or have damaged threads should be replaced.

I.

Inspect anchor bolts for cracks, corrosion, permanent set and excessive wear. Replace bolts that are bent, cracked or severely corroded.

J.

Inspect pistons for cracks, nicks, burrs, or excessive wear. Remove burrs and blend out nicks, using fine emery cloth 600 grit, and clean thoroughly.

K.

Inspect pressure plate assembly for cracks, damaged pins and excessive warped contours. Replace pressure plate if cracked or severely deformed. Replace cracked or deformed pins.

L.

Inspect brake cylinder bolts for cracks, damaged threads, and self-locking feature. Replace bolts that are cracked, bent or have damaged threads.

M.

Inspect brake linings for cracks, edge chipping, and surface deterioration. replaced when worn to a thickness of 0.100 inch.

Linings should be

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6-14

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL *NOTE*

Clean outside of pistons before inserting pistons into brake caliper housing assembly. N. Inspect torque plate for cracks, nicks, burrs, rust, excessive wear and brinelling in bolt holes. Replace torque plate if cracked or severely deformed. O. P. Clean repaired surfaces and areas of the brake assembly from which paint has been removed. Paint exposed areas with one coat of zinc primer and one coat of aluminum lacquer.

** CAUTION **

Do not paint pistons or piston bores in the brake housing. Keep paint off of brake linings.

Q.

Check the wheel brake disc. See procedures under Inspection of Main Wheel Assembly.

BRAKE REASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION (CLEVELAND DISC TYPE)

A. B.

Install friction spring on piston assembly (if removed). Lubricate large O-ring with MIL-H-5606 hydraulic fluid and install in groove in brake housing bore area.

C. D. E. F.

Install piston assembly in brake housing. Install pressure plate assembly on anchor bolts. Install brake assembly to torque plate. Install back plate assemblies with bolts and washers. Torque bolts to 60 inch-pounds.

REMOVAL OF BRAKE MASTER CYLINDERS A. B. C. Disconnect and cap hydraulic lines. Remove master cylinder retaining bolts. Remove master cylinder.

DISASSEMBLY AND REPAIR Repair is limited to replacement of parts, cleaning and adjustment. Use clean hydraulic fluid MIL-H-5606 as a lubricant during re-assembly of the cylinders (see Fig. 6-5).

6-15

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

INSTALLATION To install the brake master cylinders, reverse the removal procedures and fill and bleed brakes as outlined in this section.

BRAKE BLEEDING To bleed the brakes proceed as follows:

A.

Place parking brake control in OFF position. * NOTE *

Keep master cylinder reservoir full of the proper type fluid throughout bleeding operation.

B.

Prepare a piece of 5/32 clear plastic (preferred) or rubber (any color) tubing at least 12 inches long. Remove bleeder screw dust cap. Install one end of hose onto bleeder screw.

C.

Place free end of hose in a clean glass receptacle containing enough hydraulic fluid to cover end of hose. End of bleeder hose must be submerged at all times to properly check for air bubbles and prevent entry of air into hydraulic system.

D.

Apply brake pressure and open bleeder screw approximately 1/3 to turn, close bleeder screw before releasing brake pressure to avoid reentry of air into brake system. Repeat this procedure until system is free of air.

E. F.

Tighten bleeder screw, remove rubber hose and replace dust cap. Repeat bleeding procedure for opposite brake.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLESHOOTING CHART

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY Jack tail, remove wheel and inspect bearings. Replace with new lubricated bearing if necessary. Jack tail and remove tire for balance check. Rebalance.

Worn or loose wheel bearings. Tail wheel shimmy. Tire imbalance.

Incorrect tire pressure. Excessive/uneven tire wear. Tail gear sub-assembly bearings worn or loose.

Pressure check tire. Inflate to recommended pressure. Jack tail; remove tail gear subassembly. Repair or replace as required.

Lock cable out of adjustment or broken. Tail wheel fails to lock or unlock. Lock pin or lock pin spring broken or damaged.

Adjust or replace as required.

Repair or replace as required.

Tire imbalance. Main landing gear shimmy. Worn or loose wheel bearings.

Jack aircraft and remove tire for balance check. Rebalance. Jack aircraft and check wheels for end play. Replace with new lubricated bearings if necessary. Check parking brake valve. Release parking brake valve.

Dragging brakes.

Parking brake valve holding.

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY Have someone apply and then release brakes. Wheel should rotate freely as soon as brake is released. If wheel fails to rotate freely, loosen brake line at brake housing to relieve any pressure trapped in line. If wheel now turns freely, the brake line is restricted. Drain all brake lines and clear the inside of brake line. If cleaning the lines fails to give satisfactory results, the parking brake valve may be faulty and should be repaired. Visually check disc. Replace brake disc and lining if required.

Restriction in hydraulic lines or restriction in parking brake valve.

Dragging brakes. (Cont.) Worn, scored or warped brake disc (see Fig. 6-2 and 6-3).

Damage or accumulated dirt restricting free movement of wheel brake parts.

Check parts for freedom of movement. Clean and repair or replace parts as necessary. Check entire hydraulic system for leaks. If hydraulic reservoir, parking brake valve, or wheel brake assemblies are leaking, they must be repaired or replaced.

Leak in system.

Air in system.

Bleed system.

Brakes are spongy or fail to operate.

Lack of fluid in brakes.

Check hydraulic reservoir fluid level. Fill and bleed if necessary.

Brake assemblies defective.

Repair or replace as required.

6-19

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 6-1
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6-20

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 6-1a

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 6-2

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6-22

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 6-3

6-23

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Rivet Acceptance Criteria

1 The split shall not occur inside the crest of the clenched surface. 2 No more than two splits shall occur in a 90 area. 3 A total of no more than three splits shall be allowed. Figure 6-4

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 6-5

6-25

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 7
FLIGHT CONTROLS TABLE OF CONTENTS
FLIGHT CONTROLS ....................................................................................................................................... 2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION........................................................................................................................... 2 MAINTENANCE OF FLIGHT CONTROLS .................................................................................................. 2 FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS.................................................................................................................... 3 CONTROL STICK..................................................................................................................................... 3 REMOVAL OF BEARINGS FROM CONTROL STICK, FORK AND TORQUE TUBE ............................. 3 BEARING INSTALLATION IN THE CONTROL STICK FORK AND ON THE TORQUE TUBE ............... 3 AILERONS................................................................................................................................................ 4 AILERON REMOVAL ................................................................................................................................ 4 AILERON INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................................ 4 AILERON RIGGING .................................................................................................................................. 4 AILERON TRIM TABS............................................................................................................................... 5 WING FLAPS............................................................................................................................................ 5 FLAP JACKSCREW REMOVAL ............................................................................................................... 5 FLAP REMOVAL ....................................................................................................................................... 6 FLAP INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................... 6 FLAP RIGGING ......................................................................................................................................... 6 RUDDER................................................................................................................................................... 7 RUDDER REMOVAL................................................................................................................................. 7 RUDDER INSTALLATION......................................................................................................................... 7 RUDDER PEDAL REMOVAL.................................................................................................................... 7 CONTROL CABLES REMOVAL ............................................................................................................... 7 CONTROL CABLES INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................... 8 RUDDER RIGGING................................................................................................................................... 8 RUDDER TRIM TAB ................................................................................................................................. 8 BALANCE CABLE RIGGING .................................................................................................................... 8 ELEVATORS ............................................................................................................................................ 9 ELEVATOR BALANCE SPRING............................................................................................................... 9 ELEVATOR REMOVAL............................................................................................................................. 9 ELEVATOR INSTALLATION..................................................................................................................... 9 ELEVATOR RIGGING............................................................................................................................. 10 ELEVATOR TRIM TABS ......................................................................................................................... 10 ELEVATOR TRIM TAB REMOVAL ......................................................................................................... 10 ELEVATOR TRIM TAB RIGGING ........................................................................................................... 11 EMPENNAGE ......................................................................................................................................... 11 EMPENNAGE REMOVAL ....................................................................................................................... 11 EMPENNAGE INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................... 12 WING REMOVAL .................................................................................................................................... 13 WING INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................ 14 TROUBLESHOOTING CHART.................................................................................................................. 19 AILERON SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................ 19 FLAP SYSTEM ....................................................................................................................................... 20 RUDDER SYSTEM................................................................................................................................. 21 ELEVATOR CONTROL SYSTEM ........................................................................................................... 23 ELEVATOR TRIM CONTROL SYSTEM ................................................................................................ 24

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

FLIGHT CONTROLS
SECTION SEVEN

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The aircraft is equipped with flight control surfaces consisting of ailerons, elevators, rudder, wing flaps, elevator tabs, rudder trim tabs and aileron trim tabs. The ailerons and flaps are an all-metal construction. The empennage is of an all-metal construction consisting of horizontal stabilizer, vertical stabilizer, rudder and elevators. Control of the ailerons, elevators and rudder are provided through a control stick and rudder pedals. A switch located on the back of the throttle quadrant controls the electrically actuated flaps. A lever located on the left side of the cockpit manually controls the elevator trim tabs. Fixed, ground adjustable trim tabs are located on the rudder and both ailerons. The control stick and rudder-brake pedals are

mechanically interconnected to the push tubes, push rods, bellcranks, cables and torque tube which actuate the primary flight controls. Control cable pulley brackets are provided with guards to prevent the cable from jumping the pulley groove. The all-metal, electrically actuated wing flaps provide additional lift for shorter takeoff distances and slower landing speeds. Wing flaps may be positioned at any setting between up and down by intermittent operation of the flap switch.

MAINTENANCE OF FLIGHT CONTROLS


Special care must be exercised when performing control system maintenance. Emphasis shall be given to security of attachments, correct alignment of rod ends, use of correct hardware, and proper safetying of materials. Control cables must be free of kinks and pulleys must be aligned with the cables. Position cable pulleys and route cables to avoid contact with the aircraft structure. Inspect work areas for mislaid tools or parts with could foul the controls, and perform a functional check of the controls prior to replacement of access covers. It is recommended that a test flight be accomplished before the aircraft is released for routine operation when a control system component has been replaced or aircraft rigging has been altered. Re-rigging the control systems will seldom be necessary if correct maintenance technique is employed when system components are removed and replaced. Do not disturb position of rod end fittings when control system components are removed, unless absolutely necessary. When deemed necessary, record the amount of change required. This to return the fittings to original their original position when the maintenance or repair action is complete. When control system components are being removed, carefully note location and position of attaching parts and hardware and return to original location or position when installing new components and parts. Rigging instructions are provided in succeeding paragraphs for the empennage and each flight control system. Read these instructions carefully before starting the rigging operation. Select and accomplish only those rigging steps applicable to the job

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

requirement. The following procedures should be followed when rigging control cables.

Rigging should be accomplished in a hangar. When necessary to rig aircraft in the open, it should be accomplished during coolest part of the day with tail of the aircraft pointing toward sun. If aircraft is moved into a hangar for rigging, allow 90 minutes for control cables to adjust to hangar temperature. The ailerons, elevators, and rudder are all balanced control surfaces and their static balance must be checked in accordance with the limits show in table 7-19 after repaint or repair. *** WARNING *** Failure to stay within control surfaces static balance limits could lead to control surface flutter, which could lead to loss of aircraft, life and/or property.

FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS


CONTROL STICK The control stick, which is supported by bushings and bearings, is attached to the torque tube located on top of the cockpit floor. A series of push tubes, push rods and bellcranks from solid connections between the control stick and the ailerons. The control stick activates the elevators through push tubes, bellcrank, idler and elevator horns. The control stick forks and torque tube may be removed for replacement of bearings and bushings. REMOVAL OF BEARINGS FROM CONTROL STICK, FORK AND TORQUE TUBE Remove the control stick dust cover base assembly and the side skins under the cockpit. Use the following procedures to replace the bearings. A. B. C. D. E. Disconnect the aileron push rods and elevator push tube. Remove the attaching hardware securing the control stick fork to the torque tube. Withdraw controls stick and fork from aircraft. Remove the bolts securing the torque tube to the pillow blocks. (See Figure 7-1) Remove the torque-tube from aircraft.

INSTALLATION OF BEARINGS IN THE CONTROL STICK FORK AND ON THE TORQUE TUBE A. B. C. D. E. F. G. Install bearings on the torque tube and in the control stick forks as required. Install torque-tube in the pillow blocks. Tighten pillow block hardware per torque values in Section II. Install control sticks fork on torque tube and tighten hardware per torque values in Section II. Check freedom of movement on control stick and torque tube. Lubricate bearings per Section II of this manual. Connect the elevator push-tube and aileron push-rods and check for proper operation of control system.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL H. Replace control stick dust cover base assembly and aircraft side skins.

AILERONS

An all-metal aileron is installed outboard of each wing flap. Each aileron operates on bearing hinges and is attached to the aft wing spar at three points. Two balance weight is installed in the outboard leading edge of each aileron to prevent flutter. The aileron control is driven by a single push rod from the control stick torque tube to a vertical bellcrank at the right side of the fuselage. A short push rod connects the bellcrank to a vertical idler in the left side of the fuselage. In each wing, the inboard push tubes connect between the bellcrank and idler in the fuselage to the aft side of a bellcrank near the inboard end of the aileron. From the forward side of this bellcrank, the outboard push tube connects to the forward arm of the drive bellcrank located at the aileron mid span. The short arm of the drive bellcrank is connected to a push rod that drives the aileron. The ailerons are also connected to the rudder controls by spring-loaded cables that enable the ailerons to be activated in conjunction with the rudder. This provides a safety factor. In case the aileron system becomes inoperative, the rudder system will lift the aileron. (Fig. 7-2) AILERON REMOVAL A. B. C. Disconnect push rod at aileron. Do not change position of rod end on push rod. Remove aileron hinge bolts. Remove aileron from aircraft.

AILERON INSTALLATION Installation of the aileron is the reverse of the removal procedure. In the event push rod length has been altered, streamline trailing edge of opposite aileron with trailing edge of wing and flap and secure with a temporary lock. Adjust push rod length to align attaching bolt hole with hole in aileron hinge fitting, when aileron is in neutral position. Recheck aileron rigging. AILERON RIGGING

Assure the ailerons are attached and the system push tubes are assembled, except for the two lateral push rods in the fuselage. Ensure that flaps have been rigged. Rig the ailerons as follows: A. Clamp the ailerons at the trailing edge of the wing tip in the neutral position. Ailerons are in neutral when ailerons are 1/8" below flap trailing edge. B. Adjust the length of the push rod from aileron outboard wing bellcrank until inboard wing bellcrank is perpendicular to the rear spar, both sides. This can be checked through the inspection holes just forward of the rear spar.

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7-4

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL C. Attach the lower, lateral fuselage push rod between the left fuselage idler bellcrank and the right fuselage bellcrank, adjusting the length of the rod to fit those items. D. Install the upper, lateral fuselage push rod from right fuselage bellcrank to control stick torque-tube fitting. Adjust the length of this push rod to center the control stick. E. Clamp control stick in center position and free clamps on aileron. Set trailing edges of ailerons 0.125-inch below trailing edge of flap trailing edge by lengthening push rod from aileron to outboard wing bellcrank. F. Adjust and lock the aileron stops, accessible through the inspection holes forward of the aileron, for the required travel. Aileron up travel should be 21 (1) degrees and down travel should be 17 (1) degrees. G. H. Go back through system and lock all check nuts. To adjust the springs in the rudder-aileron interconnect system, clamp the rudder and ailerons in the neutral position and adjust the turnbuckles until the springs are the same length. AILERON SERVO TRIM TABS A variable position trim tab is attached to each aileron. A wing high attitude of either wing may be corrected by adjusting the applicable trim tab down. Adjusting the tab up will correct a low wing attitude. Begin with both tabs in neutral position (straight with trailing edge of aileron).

A.

Electric Aileron Trim Tabs. Thrush Aircraft Inc has made available an electric aileron trim tab normally installed on left aileron. Initially, the tab is rigged the same as servo-trim tabs, then the tab can be electrically adjusted to obtain level flight. Compensating for the wind and in normal turns, the tab will act as a servo-tab.

WING FLAPS Wing flaps installed on the S2R-T34 are of an all-metal construction and hinged on ball bearings. Each flap extends outboard from the fuselage to the aileron and is attached to the aft wing spar by four (4) stainless steel hinges. A switch located on the aft of the throttle quadrant electrically controls the flap operation. Movement of the flaps is by a torque tube located below the cockpit floor and rotated by an electric motordriven jackscrew. Push rods attached to the arms of the torque tube move the flaps to the desired position. The flaps have been completely sealed against chemical spray. FLAP JACKSCREW REMOVAL A. Remove left side fuselage cowling under cockpit door and hopper. B. Remove wing root fairings to gain access to the flap push road and jackscrew attach bolts. Disconnect each flap from the push rod and allow flap to swing and hang under wing. C. Disconnect the electrical connections, connecting the micro-switches and motor. Identify the wires and locations for installation reference.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL D. Remove one attach bolt at the motor end, loosen the other bolt slightly and remove the four bolts connecting the jackscrew to the flap torque tube. E. Install new flap jackscrew assembly into fuselage and connect with hardware which was removed or new hardware. NOTE: Rigging must be checked after installation of new jackscrew or pushrods. Refer to flap rigging. F. Reconnect the electrical wires and test flap motor for proper operation. G. Connect pushrods and after flaps are rigged properly ensure that all bolts are tight and wires are tied off. H. Reinstall fairings and cowling.

FLAP REMOVAL

A. B. C.

Disconnect flap push rod at flap. Do not change position of rod end on push rod. (See Figure 7-3) Remove flap hinge bolts. Remove flap from aircraft.

FLAP INSTALLATION

Installation of the flap is the reverse of the removal procedure. In the event push rod length has been altered, the flap will have to be completely re-rigged.

FLAP RIGGING A. B. C. With the master switch ON, fully retract the flaps (up flaps) with the flap switch. Disconnect the flap push pull rods at the torque tube arms. Hold a straight edge on the wing lower surface at wing station 49.0 (approximately 24 inches outboard of the fuselage side). In the properly rigged flap up position, the straight edge should contact the lower surface of the wing, front spar, the flap trailing edge and the lower surfaces. D. E. Adjust the flap push-pull rods to the proper length and connect them to the torque tube arms. Shorten the length of the maximum travel limit bolt located on the right side of the fuselage adjacent to the torque tube. F. G. With the flap switch, lower the flaps to the fully extended position. Using a propeller protractor or equivalent instrument to measure the flap angular travel, adjust the down micro-switch located on the vertical shaft adjacent to the jackscrew to achieve 15 (+/-1) degrees. Retract and extend the flaps after each adjustment to verify proper adjustment. H. With the flaps in the fully extended position, adjust the maximum travel stop bolt so that there is a 0.060 to 0.100 gap between the bolt head and the stop pad. I. Retract the flaps with flap switch and turn the master switch OFF.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL J. Tighten and torque all hardware to the specifications called out in Section II of this manual.

RUDDER

The metal-covered rudder is attached to the vertical stabilizer at three hinge points. The rudder control cable is connected directly from the rudder horn to the rudder pedal adjustment channels. The left and right rudder cables route from the adjustment channels aft around pulleys where they pass through the fuselage side skins and attach to adjustment straps on the rudder horn. A spring-loaded balance cable is routed between the pedal adjusting channels and forward around pivoted pulleys located on the hopper rear wall. The rudder controls are interconnected by springs to the aileron system so that a wing may be lifted with rudder alone. This feature provides a convenience during crosscountry flight and is an added safety feature in case the aileron system becomes inoperative. (Fig. 7-6)

RUDDER REMOVAL A. B. C. Disconnect rudder cables from rudder horn. Remove attaching hardware from rudder hinge points. Remove the rudder from the aircraft.

RUDDER INSTALLATION A. B. C. D. E. Place rudder on hinge points. Install the hardware in the hinge. Attach rudder cables to rudder horn. Check rudder operation to determine that no friction or binding is evident. Readjust control cables and rudder stops as required per rigging instructions.

RUDDER PEDAL REMOVAL Use Figure 7-7 as a guide when removing or installing rudder pedals.

CONTROL CABLES REMOVAL

A. B. C. D.

Disconnect the aft cables from forward side of shackles. Remove skins from side of fuselage. Disconnect cables at turnbuckles. Remove all cable guards from the rudder cable pulleys and disconnect the aft cables from rudder horn. The cables from the turnbuckles aft are free for removal.

E.

Disconnect cables from adjustment channel. The cables from the turnbuckles forward to the pedals are free for removal.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL F. G. Remove the balance cables. Remove rudder-aileron cable from aileron vertical bellcrank.

CONTROL CABLES INSTALLATION (Fig. 7-6)

A. B. C.

Install the cables in reverse order of the removal procedures. Check rigging per rigging instructions. Assure all cables, cable guards and turnbuckles are installed properly and safety wired. Replace all skins removed for access.

RUDDER RIGGING

A. B. C.

Position the rudder pedals at mid-adjustment position in the adjustment channel. Center and lock the rudder. Adjust the turnbuckles in each rudder cable, at fuselage station 175.12, to bring the rudder pedals approximately 11.00 inches from the back of the hopper. * NOTE * If the turnbuckles run out of adjustment, relocate adjustment strap on rudder horn to shorten cable.

D. E.

Safety-wire the turnbuckles with 0.041 stainless steel wire. Adjust and lock the rudder stop bolts, located at the base of the rudder post, to limit the travel of the rudder to 24 (1) degrees left and right of center. (Fig. 7-8)

RUDDER TRIM TAB (Fig. 7-10)

A fixed-position trim tab is attached to the lower edge of the rudder. An out-of-trim rudder can be trimmed by bending the metal trim tab. Use forming blocks when bending tab and do not bend more than 0.50 inch deflection in either direction. BALANCE CABLE RIGGING (Fig. 7-11)

The Thrush incorporates a rudder-aileron balance cable/spring system. The cables are attached to the rudder pedals and routed out of the cockpit and to the spring which is attached to the opposite aileron bellcrank. Adjustments are accomplished with the turnbuckles located on each cable. The forward pulley retaining bracket should be located on the tube 62.37 fuselage station at L/H 6 1/4 1 R/H 5 1 inches up

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7-8

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL The system is correctly adjusted when the rudder and ailerons simultaneously align in the neutral position. Ensure there is no contact between balance springs.

ELEVATORS

Each elevator is attached to the rear spar of the horizontal stabilizer at three hinge points. The control stick is connected to the elevators through the use of a bellcrank, idler, push tubes and elevator horn. The right and left elevators are attached to a common elevator horn. (Fig. 7-12)

ELEVATOR BALANCE SPRING

The elevator system has a balance spring attached to the forward elevator bellcrank with a cable on top and spring on the other end attached to bellcrank support bracket. The cable and spring are connected with a turnbuckle for final adjustments. With the flaps up and the elevator in neutral and the forward stand assembly is clamped on flap transfer tube at 48 from center on fwd side. Rig the cable to obtain a spring length of 39". The dual cockpit elevator balance spring is connected to the lower portion of the forward elevator bellcrank and to the left lower longeron fuselage station 193.43 inches with a turnbuckle for adjustment. With flaps up and elevator neutral, rig spring to 36 inches in length.

ELEVATOR REMOVAL A. B. C. D. E. Disconnect aft push tube from elevator horns. Disconnect the trim tab push rod at elevator trim-tab. Remove hardware attaching both of the elevators horns together. Remove all hinge bolts from leading edge of elevator. Remove the elevator from aircraft.

ELEVATOR INSTALLATION

A. B. C. D. E.

Position elevator on aircraft. Attach the elevator to the horizontal stabilizer. Bolt the two elevator horns together. Connect aft push tube to elevator horns. Connect trim-tab push rod at elevator trim.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ELEVATOR RIGGING

The aft push tube will have to be disconnected from elevator horns for adjustment. A. Set the forward stop on the control stick so the stick is approximately seven inches from the hopper when in full forward position. B. Set the elevator to its full down travel of 17 (1) degrees and adjust the aft end of push tube at the elevator horn to match that position. Connect push tube to elevator horn. *NOTE *

Assure the inspection hole in the rod end is covered by the push tube threads. It may be necessary to let the control stick come back slightly to achieve coverage.

** CAUTION **

Rigging of the elevators will require that tail gear be checked for proper operation. See Section VI, Landing Gear.

C.

Set the elevator at the full UP travel of 27 (1) degrees and adjust the aft stop on the control stick to match this position.

D.

Tighten the lock nut against the rod end bearing at the elevator horn.

ELEVATOR TRIM TABS

Controllable trim tabs, located on the inboard trailing edge of each elevator, are operated by an elevator trim tab control lever located on the left side of the cockpit. Linkage between the elevator trim tab control lever and the elevators consists of push rods, bellcranks and fairleads. The push rod leading from the trim tab control lever to the trim tab assembly runs along the left side of the fuselage and is guided at intervals by four fairleads. The aft end of this push rod attaches to a bellcrank. This bellcrank has arms at each end permitting two short push rods to be routed back to bellcranks located on the inboard side of the horizontal stabilizer. A short push rod leads from these bellcranks to horns on the trim tabs. (Fig. 7-13)

ELEVATOR TRIM TAB REMOVAL

A. B.

Disconnect push rod from trim tab. Remove rivets attaching trim tab hinge to elevator and remove trim tab.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

ELEVATOR TRIM TAB RIGGING

A. B.

Place the trim tab control lever in cockpit in the neutral position. Adjust push rods to position both the aft fuselage and stabilizer bellcranks in a center (neutral) position.

C.

Place elevator in neutral position. assemblies.

Adjust the length of push rod, between the two bellcrank

D. E.

Tighten all bolts. Loosen bolts attaching trim control lever stop and adjust the stop to provide proper trim tab travel. The trim tab travel should be 8 (1) degrees up and 22 (1) degrees down. *NOTE *

When measuring trim tab travel, the elevator should be in the neutral position. F. Measure free-play of the tab at the trim tab horn attaching point. The total maximum free play should not exceed 0.125-inch.

EMPENNAGE

The vertical stabilizer, rudder, horizontal stabilizer and elevators are constructed of Alclad aluminum. All stabilizers are connected to the fuselage structure by bolts and supported by adjustable struts. Rudder and elevators are attached to the stabilizers by hinges containing sealed bearings. See Section VII, Flight Controls, for rigging instructions.

EMPENNAGE REMOVAL

A. B.

Remove rudder and elevators from stabilizer as outlined in this section of the manual. Remove horizontal struts, being sure to mark left and right. (The top of the struts can be identified by a small rectangular section of weld line at the V-end of the aft tube.) ** CAUTION **

The forked ends of the struts are torqued to align with horizontal attachments. Movement of the fork will require re-torquing as outlined in the installation instructions.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

EMPENNAGE INSTALLATION A. Install horizontal stabilizer with AN6-46A bolts on forward attaches with one each bushing (P/N 9040-018) (9/16 long) between horizontal stabilizer and forward fuselage attach fitting. Place one each bushing (P/N 9040-108) (1 long) between the aft stabilizer attach fitting and the fuselage fitting and install AN6-44A bolts. Torque bolts to 408 15 inch-pounds of torque. Check that the cord line of the horizontal stabilizer is -0.50 .25 (this means nose down) relative to the leveling longeron used for weight and balance (under the cockpit) (see figure 7-18). Use up to 3 ea. AN960616 washers under either the fwd or aft bushings to achieve the required incidence angle. B. Install left and right struts using the strut/plates and AN5-6A bolts on lower attach (strut to fuselage) and AN6-12A bolts on upper attach (strut to horizontal). Install rudder lock plate on left lower strut attach; tighten all bolts and nuts. When installing a new strut or new strut parts, accomplish as follows: With new strut(s) adjust fork ends as required to bring the strut as close as possible to lower fuselage attach without touching. The strut should be centered fore and aft with fork ends. The forks should be shimmed with a P/N 40024-3 spacer and P/N 21194 washers as required (different thicknesses are available) and at least one P/N 21194-C copper crush washer. Then torque to at least 100 inch-pounds and not more than 190 inch-pounds and align with attach points simultaneously. The lower strut/plates can now be trimmed to fit if needed and drilled with a .312 (5/16") drill bit and bolted into place using AN5-6A bolts. If only re-torque is required and torque cannot be achieved with old shims, the replacement of the copper crush washer only should be sufficient to regain correct torque and proper angle for alignment. C. Install left and right elevator using P/N 40065-1 spacer, AN4-12A bolt and AN4-11A bolts in center and outboard hinges. Connect elevator control arm and check travel 27 1 up and 171 down. D. E. Connect elevator trims tabs and check for proper travel. Vertical Stabilizer: Install forward attachment loosely with NAS6207-68 bolt. Using either no shims (normal) or if a gap exist, use one or more of the following P/N 21209T001 (.125) and/or P/N 21209T002 (.250) shim(s) at upper attach and P/N 21208T001 (.125) and/or P/N 21208T002 (.250) shim(s) at lower attach. Install hardware upper and lower and navigation light ground wire (lower attach); tighten all vertical fin hardware per torque table (fig. 2-7). Using a string pulled tight through upper rudder hinge and lower rudder hinge, check hinges for alignment fore, aft, left and right. It is permissible to add (1) P/N 40207T005 (.050) or 40207T007 (.063) between the center hinge bearing housing and vertical fin rear spar to achieve proper alignment.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL *NOTE * A TAPERED shim(s) P/N 90220T001 (.125 to .080) upper attach shim or P/N 90221T001 (.100 to .075) lower attach shim may be required on top and/or lower attach to property align hinges during the string alignment check. F. Install the wire deflector cable and allow sufficient turnbuckle travel to permit tensioning of the deflector cable. Attach and tension cable to 35 3 Lbs. G. Install the rudder using AN4-11A bolts, connect navigation light ground wire to rudder horn bolt, and connect navigation light power wire. Install rudder cables and check travel 24 left and right from center. WINGS WING REMOVAL (Figures 7-9, 7-10, 7-16 and 7-17) A. B. C. Park the aircraft in a closed door hangar and secure the aircraft for maintenance. Disconnect the batteries and external power sources. Gain access to the wing splice area by removing the wing root fairings and the necessary aircraft side and belly panels. Disconnect the electrical, fuel, spray and flight control systems at points appropriate for wing removal. Remove the spray pump and bracket. D. Support the weight of the wings at the jack points located approximately eight feet from the wing tips and under various wing ribs to prevent wing movement when the attach bolts are removed. E. F. Remove the bolts holding the rear spar to the fuselage, one place on each wing. Remove the inch bolts securing the left and right wing, inboard and outboard attach angles to the spar webs, 12 places on each wing. G. Back the locknuts off of the NAS bolts in the splice fittings far enough to conceal the end of the bolt threads. Spray the bolt shanks with WD-40 or an equivalent lubricant. H. Remove the eight each inch bolts securing the two each U-shaped Clevis (part number 2250611) to the tube nuts and remove the two clevises. Loosen the lower splice fitting tube nuts. As the nuts are loosened, the bolts will back out of the holes. Once the tube nuts are off of the lower bolts, loosen the upper tube nuts to back them out of the holes. If one of the bolts does not move, rethread the tube nut onto this bolt and place a spacer between the opposite end of the tube and the spar cap (or NAS bolt). Proceed, once again, to loosen the tube nut and back the bolt out of the hole. Remove tube nuts after obtaining sufficient clearance.

*NOTE * Adjusting the angle of the wings with the wing jacks may assist in wing bolt removal.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL I. Place an aluminum block on the smallest nut and with a 4X rivet gun, drive the nut flush to the splice fitting. Proceed in a similar manner with the remainder of the bolts working from the smallest to the largest. J. Remove all of the nuts and tube nuts from the NAS bolts. Place the aluminum block on the threaded end of the smallest bolt and with the 4X rivet gun, drive it flush with the splice fitting. Proceed in a similar manner with the remainder of the bolts working from the smallest to the largest. K. Using a suitable phenolic or soft metal drift, drift out the NAS bolts from the lower splice fittings (upper and lower) and lower spar cap with a 2X rivet gun working from smallest size bolt to largest size. L. Pry the upper splice fitting (lower half) off the NAS bolts by tapping phenolic, hard plastic or aluminum wedges between the upper splice fitting (lower half) and the upper spar cap. Remove the lower half of the upper splice fitting. M. Place the aluminum block on the threaded end of the smallest bolt in the upper splice fitting and with a 2X rivet gun, drive it flush with the spar cap. Proceed in a similar manner with the remainder of the bolts working from the smallest to the largest. *** WARNING *** Under no circumstances should the bolts be turned while the threads are in the spar cap. This could damage the hole surface finish which could result in a stress concentration. N. Pry the upper splice fitting (top half) off of the upper spar gap by tapping aluminum wedges between the two. Remove the top half of the upper splice fitting along with the NAS bolts O. Remove the bolts securing the center wing splice plate to the right wing. The splice plate will remain attached to the left wing. P. Slide the wings directly away from the fuselage lifting the wing roots sufficiently to clear the fuselage lower longerons. Q. Discard all used nuts, bolts and washers.

WING INSTALLATION (Figure 7-9, 7-10, 7-16 and 7-17) To install the wings, proceed as follows using all new nuts, tube nuts, bolts and washers: * NOTE * All bolt shanks and bolt holes are to be coated with Snap-On General Purpose Antiseize lubricant or equivalent before installation.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

A.

If the landing gear is not installed, support the fuselage at a convenient height using jacks at the landing gear attach points, left and right, and at the aft jack point.

B.

On the left wing, install the outboard wing attach angle on the main spar web with NAS1104-16 bolts, inch AN960 and MS20002C washers and MS21042 nuts. Torgue the MS21042 nuts per Table 7-3, six places.

** CAUTION ** On all NAS bolts described hereinafter, insure that at least two bolt threads are showing beyond the edge of the fiber locknut and that the nut has not bottomed out on the bolt threads. C. On the left wing, install the center splice plate if removed, to the spar web and install the 3/16 and bolts and c/s screws, AN960 and MS20002C washers and MS21042 nuts per Figure 7-9. Torque the MS21042 nuts per Table 7-3, 39 places. D. Elevate the left wing and place it in position. Butt the wing attach angle squarely against the fuselage vertical wing attach tube assembly. Locate the rear spar fitting into the fuselage attach fitting and install the 7/8 bolt, AN960 washers and MS21044N nut. Bring nut up snug but not to final torque. E. Support the wing at the wing jack point on the front spar, approximately 8 feet inboard of the wing tip. F. Rest the inboard end of the main spar on the lower longeron with a inch temporary spacer between. G. Install the left wing inboard attach angle on the main spar web with NAS inch bolts, AN960 and MS20002C washers and MS21042 locknuts. Torque the locknuts per Table 7-3, 6 places. H. Align the bolt holes in the wing attach angles with the holes in the fuselage vertical wing attach tube. Install one AN 5/16 bolt in the top hole and secure with an AN960 washer and AN365 locknut. Install locknut finger tight. I. On the right wing, install the outboard wing attach angle on the main spar web with NAS inch bolts, AN960, and MS2002C washers, and MS21042 locknuts. Torque the MS21042 nuts per Table 7-3, 6 places. J. Elevate the right wing and place in position with the 1/2 inch temporary spacers as was done with the left wing. Align the holes in the right wing spar web with the holes in the center splice plate.

Install the 3/16 and bolts and nine each countersunk screws with heads forward and secure with AN960 and MS20002C washers and MS21042 locknuts. Bring the nuts up snug and torque only those which will be inaccessible when the splice fittings are installed. K. Install the right wing inboard attach angle on the main spar web with NAS inch, AN960 and MS20002C washers and MS21042 locknuts. Torque the locknuts per Table 7-3, six places.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

** CAUTION ** Be sure to orient the MS20002C washers such that each countersink is mated with the radius in the underside of the NAS bolt heads.

L.

Lubricate the 12 NAS wing splice attach bolts and the holes in the upper splice fittings, (top and bottom halves) with Antisieze. Position the upper plate part number 20242-2 on top of the top splice fitting and insert the two large NAS bolts with MS20002C countersunk washers. Be sure to mate the countersunk portion of the washer with the head of the bolt. Insert the remaining 10 NAS bolts with their respective holes and position all 12 bolts flush with the bottom of the fitting.

** CAUTION ** Use extreme care to avoid damaging the spar cap and the surface finish of the holes through the spar cap. M. Apply Antiseize to the matching holes in the upper spar cap and place the top splice fitting into position. Move the wings as required and press the bolts through the holes in the upper spar cap. N. Place the upper splice fitting (bottom-half) into position and press it upward over the bolts. Install MS20002 (no countersink) washers (12 places) and bring the 22506-7 tube nuts (two places) and the MS21044N nuts (10 places) up snug but not to full torque. ** CAUTION ** Use extreme care to avoid damaging the spar cap and the surface finish of the holes through the spar cap. O. Correctly position the lower plate part number 22514-1 on bottom of lower splice fitting (bottom) and insert two large one inch NAS bolts with MS2002C countersunk washers with chamfer towards the bolts hexagonal head. Place (upper) lower splice fitting on top of lower spar cap. Push lower bottom splice fitting with large bolts until flush with lower wing spar and through upper splice fitting. Install and snug tube nuts but not full torque. Install the remaining NAS bolts in the lower splice fittings starting with the largest bolts working to the outboard. P. Align the holes in the wing attach angles (left and right wings) with the holes in the fuselage vertical wing attach tubes and install the remaining seven AN 5/16 inch bolts with AN960 washers and MS21044N nuts. Bring the locknuts up snug but not to full torque. Q. Torque all locknuts on the NAS inch bolts through the spar web and splice plates per Figure 73, 39 places. R. Torque the tube nuts and the MS21044N locknuts on the NAS bolts through the upper and lower splice fittings per table (Figure 7-3), four places and 24 places, respectively.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL S. The upper and lower tube nuts are joined together by u-shaped clevises (part number 22506-11). The tube nut connection will require the use of Thrush Aircraft Inc tool part number ESK681-1 or equivalent in drilling and locating the .25 diameter holes. After drilling deburr all holes, and install clevises with eight each. NAS1104-26 bolts, MS20002C4 chamfered washers, under the head, AN-960-416 washers, and MS21044N4 locknuts. Torque locknuts per table 7-3. T. U. Remove the temporary spacers from between the wing spars and the longerons, two places. Torque the locknuts on the AN5 bolts through the left and right wing attach angles and the fuselage vertical tubes per Table 2-7, eight places. V. Torque the locknuts on the AN7 bolts through the left and right wing rear spar attach fittings per Table 2-7, two places. W. X. Y. Release the wing jacks and check the wing dihedral for 3 degrees. Install the spray pump and bracket and torque all nuts and bolts. Complete the wing installation by making the necessary connections in the electrical, fuel, pitot, and flight control systems. Z. Reconnect the batteries.

MODIFIED WING INSTALLATION PROCEDURE FOR S2R AIRCRAFT WHICH HAVE TO HAVE THE WING ATTACH ANGLES REPLACED.

A.

With the wings supported, position the wing roots in the fuselage and place a inch temporary spacer between the lower longeron and the main spar cap of each wing. (This will properly set the wings angle of incidence.)

B.

Install the spar web splice plate and the upper and lower main spar cap splice fittings in accordance with the normal installation procedure. Torque all nuts to specification.

C. D.

Install the wing attach bolts at the left and right rear spars and torque to specification. On the 20243-3 wing attach angles (outboard only), draw heavy black line from top to bottom so as to bisect the area of the forward face when it is positioned on the aircraft. This line will be on the outside of each angle and will mate with the back side of the main spar web.

E.

Position these outboard angles so that they mate flush with the bushings through the vertical fuselage tube, flush with the spar web and contact the top of the lower spar cap. Now raise the angle so that there is approximately a 3/16 inch clearance between the angle and the spar cap. Clamp the angle to the vertical fuselage member.

F.

Sight through the bolt holes in the main spar web and position the wings so that black lines drawn in step D are visible and that they appear symmetrical between left and right wings. This centers the wings with respect to the fuselage. Repeat step E if the 3/16 inch clearance has changed.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL G. Transfer the location of each of the holes through the vertical fuselage member to the attach angle by sliding a 5/16 inch drill bit (preferably one that has a pilot tip), through each of the four holes in succession. Do not drill these holes because edge distance must be checked. H. Remove the angle and check to confirm that the mark for the bottom hole is at least 5/8 (2X hole diameter) inch away from the edge of the angle. If it is not, file the bottom edge of the angle which comes into contact with the lower spar cap in such a manner as to allow the angle to be lowered and yet provide clearance with the lower spar cap. Repeat the hole transfer procedure and recheck for edge distance. I. J. Drill the four 5/16 inch holes through the outboard wing attach angles. Place the inboard attach angles back to back against the outboard angles. Align and clamp the two angles and transfer drill the 5/16 inch holes through the inboard angles. K. Temporarily install the four wing attach angles to the fuselage down tubes and torque the 5/16 inch nuts and bolts to specification. L. Again sight through the inch bolt holes through the main spar web and confirm that the black lines appear symmetrical between the left and right wings. M. Transfer the location of the inch holes to the four wing attach angles, using the main spar web as an index. A few holes may be drilled and bolts installed to keep the spar web flush with the forward face of the angles for transfer accuracy. Use caution not to enlarge the holes through the spar web. N. Remove the four attach angles and drill and ream the inch holes at the marked locations with a drill press or milling machine (.250/.254). Debur all holes. O. Reinstall the wing attach angles and torque all nuts and bolts to the specification called out in Figure 2-7. P. Q. R. Remove the inch temporary spacers between the lower longeron and the lower spar cap. Release the wing supports and check the wing dihedral for 3 degrees. Complete the wing installation by making the necessary connections in the electrical, fuel, pitot, and flight control systems.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
AILERON SYSTEM

TROUBLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Check control stick Control stick bearings dry or worn. bearings for lubrication, excessive wear and cleanliness. Resistance to control stick movement. Torque tube bearings dry or worn. Check bearing for lubrication, excessive wear and cleanliness.

Bent aileron.

Repair or replace aileron.

Aileron push rods and tubes out of rig. Incorrect aileron travel. Aileron bellcrank stops incorrectly

Rig in accordance with aileron rigging procedures. Rig in accordance with aileron rigging procedures. Rig in accordance with aileron rigging procedures. Rig in accordance with aileron rigging procedures.

Incorrect rigging of push rods Correct aileron travel cannot be obtained by adjusting bellcrank stops. Incorrect rigging of bellcranks. and tubes.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL FLAP SYSTEM

TROUBLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Circuit breaker out.

Reset circuit breaker.

Defective flap switch.

Replace flap switch.

Defective flap motor. Flaps do not extend (down) or retract (up). Defective electrical circuit.

Replace flap motor.

Replace defective wires.

Stripped or broken jackscrew on flap motor.

Replace jackscrew assembly.

Defective microswitch.

Replace microswitch.

Flaps fail to retract (up) completely.

Incorrect rigging of push rods.

Rig in accordance with rigging procedures.

Flaps fail to extend (down) completely. Flaps not synchronized or fail to fit evenly when retracted (up).

Incorrect rigging of push rods.

Rig in accordance with rigging procedures.

Incorrect adjustment of push rods.

Adjust in accordance with rigging procedures.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Flaps not synchronized or fail to fit evenly when retracted. Continued.

Bent push rods.

Straighten or replace.

Bent flap.

Repair or replace flap.

Broken arm on torque tube or Flaps on one side fail to operate. Disconnected push rod. broken push rod.

Replace broken parts.

Connect push rod and recheck rigging procedures.

RUDDER SYSTEM

TROUBLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Cables loose.

Adjust in accordance with rigging procedures.

Lost motion between rudder pedals and rudder. Broken pulley. Replace pulley.

Bolts attaching rudder horn to rudder loose.

Tighten bolts.

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TROUBLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Adjust cables in Cables too tight. accordance with rigging procedures. Provide proper clearance Pulleys binding or rubbing. if pulleys are rubbing pulley brackets or cable guards. Rudder binding caused by bent rudder horn. Excessive resistance to rudder pedal movement. Rudder pedal needs lubrication. Lubricate as required. Replace rudder horn.

Cables not in place on pulleys.

Install cables correctly.

Bent rudder.

Repair or replace rudder.

Rudder pedals not neutral when rudder is streamlined.

Rudder cables incorrectly rigged.

Rig in accordance with rigging procedures.

Incorrect rudder travel.

Rudder horn stops incorrectly adjusted.

Adjust in accordance with rudder rigging procedures.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ELEVATOR CONTROL SYSTEM

TROUBLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Provide proper Pulley binding or rubbing. clearance if rubbing pulley bracket or guard. Lubricate bearings. Binding control stick bearings. Repair or replace elevator horns. Lubricate hinges as required to give free movement.

Resistance to control stick movement.

Elevator hinges need lubrication.

Elevator bellcrank, idler, and Incorrect elevator travel. push tubes incorrectly adjusted. Correct elevator travel cannot be obtained by adjusting bellcrank, idler and push tubes. Control stick stops incorrectly rigged.

Adjust in accordance with rigging procedures.

Adjust control stick stops in accordance with rigging procedures.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

ELEVATOR TRIM CONTROL SYSTEM

TROUBLE

CAUSE

REMEDY

Check push rods at Push rods binding. Trim control lever moves with excessive resistance. Trim tab hinge binding. fairings for free movement. Lubricate hinge. If necessary replace hinge. Incorrect trim tab travel. Incorrect adjustment of push rods. Adjust in accordance with rigging procedures.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-1

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Figure 7-2

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BOLT SIZE

7 NUT TORQUE

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

3/16 32 1/4 28 5/16 24 3/8 24 7/16 20 1/2 20 5/8 18 3/4 16 1 12

25 30 in. lbs. 80 100 in. lbs. 120 145 in. lbs. 200 250 in. lbs. 520 630 in. lbs. 770 950 in. lbs. 1,250 1,550 in. lbs. 2,650 3,200 in. lbs. 4,500 5,500 in. lbs.

Torque Table for NAS Fasteners Through Wing Center Splice Fittings, Splice Plates, and Wing Attach Angles Figure 7-3

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-4
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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7- 5

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Figure 7-6

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-7

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Figure 7-8

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-9

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-10

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-11

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Figure 7-12
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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-13

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7 - 38

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-15

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 7-16

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL \

Figure 7-17

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Figure 7-18
Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL FLIGHT CONTROL STATIC BALANCE LIMITS After repaint or repair of balanced control surfaces, they must be checked for proper balance using the limits found in the charts below. Stripping of paint and repainting may be necessary if control fails to be within limits. *** WARNING *** Failure to stay within control surfaces static balance limits could lead to control surface flutter, which could lead to loss of aircraft, life, and/or property. LOW SPEED RUDDER ASSY P/N 40226T100: INCH-POUNDS OF IMBALANCE FROM HINGE LINE, TRAILING EDGE HEAVY. INCH POUNDS CONDITION MANUFACTURING FIELD REPAIR MINIMUM 45 45 MAXIMUM 100 110

LOW SPEED ELEVATOR ASSY P/N 40058T505 L/H or T506 R/H: INCH-POUNDS OF IMBALANCE FROM HINGE LINE, TRAILING EDGE HEAVY. INCH POUNDS CONDITION MANUFACTURING FIELD REPAIR MINIMUM 40 40 MAXIMUM 53 57

LOW SPEED AILERON ASSY P/N 52081T061 L/H or R/H: INCH-POUNDS OF IMBALANCE FROM HINGE LINE, TRAILING EDGE HEAVY (AILERON INVERTED FLAT SIDE FACING UP). INCH POUNDS CONDITION FIELD REPAIR MINIMUM NO MINIMUM VALUE MAXIMUM 41.4

TABLE 7-19

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 8
INSTRUMENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS
INSTRUMENTS ............................................................................................................................................... 2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................... 2 INSTRUMENT SYSTEM MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................... 2 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS.......................................................................................................................... 3 PITOT-STATIC SYSTEM .......................................................................................................................... 3 MAINTENANCE........................................................................................................................................ 3 INSPECTION AND LEAKAGE TEST ........................................................................................................ 3 ALTIMETER............................................................................................................................................... 5 AIRSPEED INDICATOR............................................................................................................................ 5 MAGNETIC COMPASS............................................................................................................................. 5 MAGNETIC COMPASS COMPENSATION .............................................................................................. 5 BANK INDICATOR .................................................................................................................................... 6 POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTS ............................................................................................................. 6 MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTS ........................................................................................................ 6 FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR ................................................................................................................. 6 VOLTMETER............................................................................................................................................. 6 AMMETER................................................................................................................................................. 7 HOPPER QUANTITY ................................................................................................................................ 7 CALIBRATION OF REMOTE GAUGE ...................................................................................................... 7 TROUBLESHOOTING CHART ................................................................................................................ 9 AIRSPEED INDICATOR............................................................................................................................ 9 ALTIMETER............................................................................................................................................. 10 MAGNETIC COMPASS........................................................................................................................... 11 ENGINE OIL PRESSURE GAUGE ......................................................................................................... 12 ENGINE FUEL PRESSURE GAUGE...................................................................................................... 14 TACHOMETER........................................................................................................................................ 15 FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR ............................................................................................................... 15 ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE GAUGE.................................................................................................. 17 HOPPER QUANTITY SYSTEM .............................................................................................................. 18 INSTRUMENT MARKINGS..................................................................................................................... 19

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8-1

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

INSTRUMENTS
SECTION EIGHT

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The standard instruments are located on three panels in the cockpit. An upper panel, a left lower panel, and a right lower panel. The left lower panel contains a clock, oil temperature gauge, oil pressure gauge, fuel pressure gauge, air filter Delta P gauge, hour meter, airframe related electrical switches and fuel quantity gauge. The right lower panel contains the voltmeter, ammeter, and circuit breakers. The upper instrument panel contains the gas generator percent tachometer (Ng), propeller tachometer (Np), torque pressure gauge, ITT (T5) indicator, boom pressure gauge, air speed indicator, altimeter, fluid compass, engine warning lights, stall warning light and bank indicator. All instruments are lighted with a post light or internally lighted and controlled with rheostats located on the left lower panel.

Optional instruments and gauges are available upon request. A few of the optional instruments are hopper quantity, Shadin Miniflo fuel flow, Micronair chemical flow meter, Crophawk chemical flow meter, encoding alt., artificial horizon, electric turn and bank, vertical speed, and directional gyro.

INSTRUMENT SYSTEM MAINTENANCE


Unless otherwise specified, field maintenance of instrument systems is limited to removal and replacement of defective instruments and transmitters; authorized in-service adjustment of transmitters and instruments; and repair of instrument systems between the instrument and signal source (transducer). Reliability of the various instruments and related systems can be sustained by routine inspection of electrical wiring for chafing, and electrical connections for security. All fluid pressure, pitot pressure, and static line connections must be tight at all times and lines must be correctly routed and secured. Electrical wiring must be free from chafing, properly connected and secured. Instrument ports and lines disconnected during system maintenance must be capped or plugged immediately to prevent the entrance of foreign material and consequent instrument malfunction. Maintenance procedures pertaining to a specific instrument or system are contained in subsequent paragraphs. As a general rule, it is recommended that the instrument signal source and means of transmission to the instrument be rung out before changing an instrument. If a new instrument or a transducer is available, it may be expedient to utilize them in the system as required to determine if the malfunction is in the instrument, signal source or interconnecting line.

Effective: 1/26/05

8-2

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Flight instruments consist of the magnetic compass, airspeed indicator, altimeter, and bank indicator. The pitotstatic system provides pitot (impact) and static (atmospheric) air pressure to the airspeed indicator and static air pressure to the altimeter indicator.

PITOT-STATIC SYSTEM
The pitot head installed near the wing tip of the right wing lower surface provides pitot pressure. The pitot pressure line is connected to the airspeed indicator. A static pressure line is connected to the altimeter and to the airspeed indicator. The static pressure ports are located on both sides of the aft fuselage where they are connected through a yoke to a tube that runs forward along the left side of the fuselage to the instruments.

MAINTENANCE Flight instruments utilizing pitot-static pressure are highly sensitive to pressure variations. Therefore, all tubing and line connections must be absolutely airtight to prevent erratic indications. Moisture drains for the system are installed in the lines at two different locations; the most in-board end of tubing in wing and in the aft fuselage just aft of the static ports. Drain the pitot-static system periodically and whenever the system operates erratically. If after draining, and any of the pitot-static instruments are still inoperative or erratic, clear the pitot-static vent lines of any remaining restrictions with dry, low-pressure compressed air. Disconnecting the static line at the altimeter and applying two to four psi air pressure to the static line may purge the lines. Disconnecting the line from the airspeed indicator and applying two to four psi pressures to the line may purge the pitot pressure line. Cap instrument inlets before attempting to clear lines. ** CAUTION ** Be sure air pressure is directed towards the pitot head and not toward the instruments when purging the system. INSPECTION AND LEAKAGE TEST

The following procedure outlines inspection and testing of the static pressure system, assuming the altimeter has been tested and inspected in accordance with current Federal Aviation Administration Regulations.

A. B. C. D.

Ensure the static system is free from entrapped moisture and restrictions. Ensure no alterations or deformations to the static lines have occurred. Attach a source of suction to static pressure source opening. Slowly apply suction until altimeter indicates a 1000-foot increase in altitude.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

** CAUTION ** When applying or releasing suction, do not exceed the range of the vertical speed indicator or airspeed indicator.

E. Cut off the suction source to maintain a closed system for one minute. Leakage shall not exceed 100-foot of altitude loss as indicated on altimeter. F. If leakage rate is within tolerance, slowly release suction source.

* NOTE * If leakage rate exceeds the maximum allowable, first tighten all connections then repeat the leakage test. If leakage rate still exceeds the maximum allowable, use the following procedure.

G. Disconnect static pressure line from airspeed indicator to altimeter. Cap tee at altimeter so that the altimeter is the only instrument still connected to static pressure system. H. Repeat the leakage test to check whether the static pressure system or the removed instruments are the cause of leakage. If instruments are at fault, they must be repaired by an appropriately rated repair station or replaced. If the static pressure is at fault, use the following procedure to locate the system leakage. I. Attach a source of positive pressure to the static source opening.

** CAUTION ** Do not apply positive pressure with the airspeed indicator connected to the static pressure system.

J.

Slowly apply positive pressure until altimeter indicates a 1000-foot decrease in altitude and maintain this altimeter indication while checking for leaks. Coat line connections, static pressure fittings and static source external port opening with solution of mild soap and water, watching for bubbles to locate leaks.

K. L.

Tighten leaking connections. Repair or replace any parts found defective. Reconnect airspeed indicator to the static pressure system and repeat leakage test per steps C. through F.

Effective: 1/26/05

8-4

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ALTIMETER The altimeter is equipped with three concentrically arranged pointers with a range of 0 - 100,000 feet. The intermediate hand indicates altitude in hundreds of feet in 20-foot increments. The shortest hand indicates altitude in thousands of feet and the longest pointer in tens of thousands of feet. A moveable barometric scale, visible through a small window in the main dial, indicates the barometric pressure in inches of Hg and millibars. An adjusting knob provides a means of adjusting the three pointers and barometric scale simultaneously to correct for changes in atmospheric pressure and to establish the proper reference to sea level. Barometric pressure is sensed through the instrument static system.

AIRSPEED INDICATOR The airspeed indicator registers airspeed in miles-per-hour and/or knots. The indicator is operated by the

pressure differential between impact air pressure from the pitot tube and barometric pressure sensed through the static system.

MAGNETIC COMPASS The magnetic compass is a semi-floating cylinder encased in a liquid filled case with expansion provisions to compensate for temperature changes. The compass is mounted on the instrument panel, is internally lighted, and is equipped with compensating magnets that are adjustable from the front of the case. Covers on the face of the compass allow access to adjust the compensating magnets. The compass should be swung and compensated at regular intervals and at any time equipment installations are made that could cause compass deviation.

MAGNETIC COMPASS COMPENSATION Locate the aircraft in area suitable for the method of magnetic compass compensation to be used. Close doors and place flaps in a retracted position. Set the throttle at cruise position with engine operating. Place all electrical switches, alternator, radio and other equipment in a mode normally used in flight and proceed with the following:

A.

Set adjustment screws of compensating magnets to zero. Zero position is when the dot on the screw is lined up with the dot on the compass frame.

B.

Position aircraft in a magnetically north direction. Adjust north-south adjustment screw until compass reads exactly north.

C.

Position aircraft in a magnetically east direction. Adjust east-west adjustment screw until compass reads exactly east.

D.

Position aircraft in a magnetically south direction. Notice the resulting south error. Adjust north-south adjustment screw so that one-half of the error has been removed.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL E. Position aircraft in a magnetically west direction. Notice the resulting west error. Adjust east-west

adjustment screw so that one-half of the error has been removed. F. Position aircraft in successive magnetically 30-degree directions and record all errors on the deviation card furnished with the compass.

BANK INDICATOR The bank indicator, installed in the center of the upper instrument panels is a curved, fluid-filled tube containing a ball. The gravitational and centrifugal forces position the ball within the tube to indicate correct lateral altitude for the degree of banking.

POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTS This group consists of the oil temperature gauge, oil pressure and fuel pressure gauge, ITT indicator, torque indicator, propeller RPM indicator, percent gas generator speed indicator, and fuel quantity indicator. These instruments are operated by fluid pressure, variation in electrical resistance created by a float operated transmitter, variations in electrical resistance from a temperature probe, and by electrical variations from a tach-generator. See Figure 8-1 for instrument markings.

MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTS
FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR A fuel quantity indicator registers the amount of fuel in the system up to a maximum of 164 U.S. gallons. Fuel from 165 to 230 U.S. gallons is un-gaugeable. The indicator is basically a millivoltmeter that receives input signals from the fuel quantity transducers (liquid level senders). The face of the fuel quantity indicator is marked in increments from empty to full. The indicator is used in conjunction with two float-operated variable-resistance transducers, one installed in each tank. The full tank position of the transducer float produces a minimum resistance through the transducer, permitting maximum current flow through the fuel quantity indicator and maximum pointer deflection. As the fuel level of the tank is lowered, resistance in the transducer is increased, producing a decreased current flow through the fuel quantity indicator and a small pointer deflection. The fuel quantity indicating system is calibrated by adjusting the fuel quantity transducer float arms and the indicator as outlined in Section V.

VOLTMETER A voltmeter displays electrical system voltage when the master switch is on and allows the pilot to monitor bus bar voltage. Normal voltmeter readings must be within the green arc (24.0 to 30.5 volts). Insufficient voltage or overcharging is indicated by a lower red arc (minimum) 16.0 to 22.5 volts, and an upper red arc (maximum) 30.5

Effective: 1/26/05

8-6

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL to 36.0 volts respectively. Continuous operation over 30.5 volts is detrimental to the life of the battery and could cause loss of electrical power. A yellow arc from 22.5 to 24.0 volts indicates a caution range. AMMETER The ammeter displays current flow, in amperes, from the aircraft generator to the battery, or from the battery to the electrical system. With the engine operating, the ammeter should indicate the on charge side unless there is an aircraft generator malfunction, or if the electrical load demand exceeds the aircraft generator output, the ammeter will indicate the discharge side. Continuous operation on the discharge side will be detrimental to battery life and may cause loss of electrical power.

HOPPER QUANTITY (OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT) The hopper quantity consists of three parts -- the level sensing element in hopper, FA-A control box normally located on left side of cockpit, and quantity gauge located in instrument panel. The gauge is adjustable between 0 gallons to 360 gallons and incorporates two lights, one amber light for low quantity, and one red right for hopper empty. The system can be calibrated as per the following instructions.

* NOTE *

A scale is provided to show the relationship of the remote gauge, % scale on analog control unit type FA-A, and number of inches the bottom of the floating ball is away from the top of the lower stop collar. The column labeled ground shows how many gallons are in the hopper with the aircraft in the ground attitude in relationship to the remote gauge reading.

CALIBRATION OF REMOTE GAUGE A. The remote hopper level gauge markings are an indication of hopper load in level flight.

B.

A screw type adjuster located on the face of the gauge at the six oclock position adjusts the remote gauge 0 mark. Adjustment of the screw CW or CCW will move pointer left or right.

C.

With floating ball against lower stop collar, adjust screw adjuster until pointer is aligned with 0 mark on gauge.

87

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL D. The 360-gallon mark is adjusted by turning a screw head located on a 20 K ohm potentiometer on a circuit board attached to rear of gauge. E. With floating ball against the top stop of the sending unit; adjust the potentiometer until pointer is aligned with 360 mark on gauge.

* NOTE * Unit must be on to adjust 360 side of gauge. * NOTE *

The small % scale on analog control unit Type FA-A will move in direct relationship with the remote gauge.

F.

Once steps 3 and 5 are completed, the unit is in calibration.

* NOTE * Hopper loads above 360 gallons are ungaugeable.

G.

Also provided are two hopper-level warning lights -- one amber and one red. They both have a push-totest feature and a dimming capability. The lights are adjusted to come on at any position (hopper level) that you may desire by potentiometers located under pop-off caps on the face of the analog control unit Type FA-A. The amber light is adjusted to come on by adjusting Pot 1 labeled set point 1, and the red light is adjusted to come on by adjusting Pot 2 labeled set point 2.

H.

The amber and red lights can be set at any position you may desire. Thrush Aircraft Inc recommends setting the amber light to come on at 25 gallons, or 8 3/8" from top of lower stop collar to bottom of floating ball, and the red light to come on at 6 1/2 gallons, or 2 1/2" from top of lower stop collar to bottom of floating ball.

Effective1/26/05

8-8

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
AIRSPEED INDICATOR

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Pitot pressure connection not properly connected to Hand fails to respond pressure line from pitot tube.

Test line and connection for leaks. Repair or replace damaged line, tighten connections. Check line for

Pitot or static lines clogged.

obstructions. Blow out lines. Test lines and connections for leaks.

Leak in pitot or static line.

Repair or replace damaged lines, tighten connections.

Incorrect indication or hand oscillates. Defective mechanism.

Substitute known-good instrument and check reading. Replace instrument. Substitute known-good Leaking diaphragm. instrument and check reading. Replace instrument. Check instrument Excessive vibration. mounting screws. Tighten mounting screws. Check clamps and lines Excessive tubing vibration. connections for security. Tighten clamps and connections.

Hand Vibrates.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ALTIMETER

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Check line for obstructions. Check Static line plugged. Instrument fails to operate. Defective mechanism. Substitute known-good altimeter and check reading. Replace instrument. static source. Blow out lines. Clean static source.

Hands not carefully set.

Reset hands with know.

Incorrect indication.

Leaking diaphragm

Substitute known-good altimeter and check reading. Replace instrument.

Pointers out of calibration.

Compare reading with known-good altimeter. Replace instrument. Check lines for obstructions or leaks.

Static pressure irregular. Hands oscillate. Leak in airspeed or vertical speed indicator installations.

Check static source. Blow out lines, tighten connections. Clean static source. Check other instruments and system plumbing for leaks and obstructions. Blow out lines, tighten connections.

Effective: 1/26/05

8 - 10

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL MAGNETIC COMPASS

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Compass not properly compensated

Swing compass and compensate.

Excessive card error

External magnetic interference

Locate and eliminate interference.

Insufficient liquid

Replace compass.

Excessive card oscillation

Excessive vibration of compass

Remove cause of vibration.

8 11

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Card element not level, sluggish

Compass excessively compensated

Back compensating screws off to remove all compensation, then recompensate compass.

Leaking float chamber due to broken cover glass or case, or Liquid leakage from case defective sealing gaskets, weak or detached card magnets, pivot friction, or broken jewel Replace compass.

ENGINE OIL PRESSURE GAUGE

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Worn or bent movement

Replace instrument.

Gauge has erratic operation Dirty or corroded movement Replace instrument.

Pointer bent and rubbing on dial, dial screw or glass

Replace instrument.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Check line for Pressure line clogged obstructions. Clean line. Check line for leaks Leak in pressure line and damage. Repair or replace damaged line. Check line for leaks Gauge does not register Pressure line broken and damage. Repair or replace damaged line.

Pointer loose on staff

Replace instrument.

Damaged gauge movement

Replace instrument.

Gauge pointer fails to return to zero

Check line for Foreign matter in line obstructions. Clean line.

Gauge does not register properly

Faulty mechanism

Replace instrument.

8 13

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL ENGINE FUEL PRESSURE GAUGE

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Gauge inoperative or erratic. Low pressure or flow registered.

Clear and clean line. Restricted, broken or leaking line Tighten fittings or replace, if necessary.

Start and run engine Vapor in fuel line until instrument registers normally. Fuel pressure or fuel flow registered is high, low or erratic Faulty relief valve in engineelectric driven pump(s) or defective pump(s) See fuel pump in Power Plant Section for replacement or relief valve adjustment instructions.

Effective: 1/26/05

8 - 14

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL TACHOMETER

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Test generator for Tachometer generator/tachometer defective Tachometer registers low, erratically, or no reading. Tachometer generator shaft sheared output. Overhaul or replace if necessary. Test instrument and replace, if necessary. Replace tachometer generator.

FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Check fuel quantity. Fuel tanks empty Service with proper grade and amount of fuel. Failure to indicate No power to indicator or transmitter. (Pointer stays below E). Check circuit breaker. Inspect for open circuit. Reset breaker, repair or replace defective wire.

8 15

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Check for partial Grounded wire. (Pointer stays above F). ground between transmitter and indicator. Repair or replace defective wire. Check voltage at Low voltage Failure to indicate. continued indicator. Correct voltage.

Substitute known-good Defective indicator indicator. Replace indicator.

Defective sending unit

Replace sending unit

Substitute known-good Defective indicator Sticky or sluggish indicator operation Check voltage at Low voltage indicator. Correct voltage. indicator. Replace indicator.

Registers either full or empty

Float arm stuck

Free float arm.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE GAUGE

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Defective indicator or transmitter

Replace instrument or transmitter.

Gauge has erratic operation Check for partial ground Grounded wire between transmitter and indicator. Repair or replace defective wire.

Check circuit breaker. No power to indicator or defective instrument or transmitter Inspect for open circuit. Reset breaker. Repair or replace instrument or transmitter.

Gauge does not register

8 17

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

HOPPER QUANTITY SYSTEM (OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT)

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMEDY

Disconnect wires and check Bad sensing element No indication on indicator Resistance check bad. Replace element (nonrepairable). Check power and ground connections. Observe No indication and resistance checked good Bad indicator meter on FA-A control unit. If meter works with movement of ball, indicator or wires to indicator are bad. Check wiring. Wiring OK, replace FA-A control. Pins 5, 8, 11 and 15 are power pins on FA-A unit. Pin 15 is attached to 1A C/B. Pins 8 No indication and resistance checked good and 11 are jumped to pin Bad FA-A control 15. Pin 5 goes to + on rear of tank quantity gauge. Grounds are located on pins 4 and 16. Pin 4 is connected to ground on rear of tank quantity gauge. Pin 16 is chassis ground. resistance. Refer to Fig. 82.

Effective: 1/26/05

8 - 18

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL INSTRUMENT MARKINGS

Limits
-40 -40 to10 10 to 99 99 40 40 to 85 85 to 105 105 60 60 to 105** 105 to 135 135 60 60 to 100*** 100 to 135 135 5 None 5 to 50 50 None None 400 to 790 790 None None 400 to 750 750 None None 0 to 58.7 58.7* None None 0 to 64.5 64.5

Features
Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial

Meaning
MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MIMIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM

OIL TEMP ( C)

OIL PRESSURE 36

(PSI) PT6A-34AG, -34, -

OIL PRESSURE (PSI) PT6A-41AG,-41

OIL PRESSURE (PSI) PT6A-42

FUEL PRESSURE (PSI)

ITT (C) PT6A-34AG, -34, -36, -42

ITT (C) PT6A-41AG, -41

TORQUE (PSI) PT6A-34AG, -34, -36

TORQUE (PSI) PT6A-41AG, -41, -42

Figure 1

8 19

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL None None 0 to 2200 2200 None None 0 to 2000 2000 None None 50 to 101.5 101.5 Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial Red Radial Yellow Arc Green Arc Red Radial MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM MINIMUM CAUTION NORMAL MAXIMUM

PROPELLER RPM (Np) PT6A-34AG, -34, -36

PROPELLER RPM (Np) PT6A-41AG, -41, -42

GAS GENERATOR SPEED (% Ng)

66 to 123 MPH CAS White Arc Flaps Operating Range 70 to 126 MPH CAS Green Arc Normal Operating Range AIRSPEED 129 to 159 MPH CAS Yellow Arc Caution Range 159 MPH CAS Red Radial Never Exceed * In addition to a red radial limit marker at 58.7 PSI, the torque meter is marked with a red diamond at 64.5 PSI. (58.7 PSI is the torque limit for 2200 RPM, the normal takeoff RPM. 64.5 PSI is the torque limit for 2000 RPM, an optional RPM setting for in-flight use.) ** The 60-105 oil pressure caution range is for idling and for emergency completion of a flight using 36 PSI torque or below. *** The 60-100 oil pressure caution range is for idling and for emergency completion of a flight using 36 PSI torque or below.

Figure 1a

Effective: 1/26/05

8 20

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

LEVEL SENSING UNIT BLUE BLACK BROWN APPROXIMATE RESISTANCE WITH FLOAT IN CENTER OF TUBE 1. BLACK BLUE 2. BLACK BROWN 3. BROWN BLUE 4. BLACK BLUE 3000 5000 OHMS WIRES COMING FROM TUBE

2000 3000

OHMS

2000

OHMS

SMALLER OR EQUAL TO BLACK/BROWN PLUS RESISTANCE BETWEEN BROWN/BLUE

Figure 8-2

8 - 21

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 9
DISPERSAL SYSTEMS TABLE OF CONTENTS
DISPERSAL SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................... 2 HOPPER ................................................................................................................................. 3 HOPPER CARE ...................................................................................................................... 3 HOPPER REPAIR................................................................................................................... 3 HOPPER GATE BOX REMOVAL ........................................................................................... 4 HOPPER GATE BOX INSTALLATION ................................................................................... 4 HOPPER ADAPTER BOX REMOVAL.................................................................................... 5 HOPPER ADAPTER BOX INSTALLATION............................................................................ 5 DISPERSAL EQUIPMENT...................................................................................................... 5 AGITATOR AND SPREADER................................................................................................. 6

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DISPERSAL SYSTEMS
SECTION NINE

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
A reinforced fiberglass hopper is the principal part of both the solid and spray units. The hopper top forms the cowling from the cockpit forward to the firewall. The hopper gate box is designed to be liquid as well as dust tight. Emergency jettison controls permit the entire liquid load to be dumped in approximately 6.5 seconds for the 510 gal. Hoppers.

The dispersal system has been designed to handle a wide range of dispersal equipment, and to allow for a quick, easy changeover from one type of equipment to another. All dispersal plumbing is externally mounted and equipped with quick-disconnects to allow for ease of maintenance and cleaning. The streamlined aluminum extrusion spray booms are located below the wing trailing edge and utilize the downwash from the wing to increase penetration. The booms are fitted with spraying system diaphragm type nozzles and normally will use 35 nozzles for low volume output and 70 nozzles for high volume output. In addition, the spray booms have large end plugs that can be removed to aid in flushing the system.

The spray pump is located under the fuselage between the main landing gear struts. A three-way suck-back spray valve located at the left, underside of the fuselage, controls the spray pressure and flow. The valve is actuated from the cockpit to obtain the desired operating pressures for various spray applications. Spray pressure is indicated by a gauge mounted on the upper instrument panel and is controlled by a vernier adjustment on the liquid spray-operating handle. The spray pump is a wind-driven fan type, and is controlled from the cockpit by means of a cable to adjust the fan blade pitch to increase or decrease pump pressure.

Effective: 1/26/05

9-2

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

HOPPER (Figure 9-2)


HOPPER CARE Regardless of the materials used in the construction or coating of the hopper, it should be thoroughly washed after each days work. Use cold, clean water and any domestic detergent. Inspect the interior of the hopper daily, for evidence of chemical attack, such as surface roughness or deterioration of the resin. Look for cracks that may have started in the areas of highest stress, such as attach points and stiffener center portions. Repairs may then be made at the beginning of the problem, rather than after it has progressed to a serious degree.

* NOTE *

After washing, it is very important that the door and gate be left open for good ventilation and complete drying. It is good practice to rinse the hopper with cold water after use with chemicals, even if the idle period ahead is going to be only a few hours.

HOPPER REPAIR (Figure 9-1) Hopper repair may be accomplished as follows:

A.

Fiberglass surfaces must be clean, dry and free of oil, wax or other foreign matter. If chemical erosion is evident, sand rough areas and wash with any good domestic detergent. Rinse with clean water. Sand all surfaces that are to receive a polyester coating. Use Ashland Specialty Chemical Companys 7241 T15 AROPOL polyester resin or equivalent for the hopper repair.

B.

If damage consists only of surface cracks, excessive abrasion or chemical erosion, sand all affected surfaces smooth. Extend the prepared surface six inches beyond the damaged area.

C.

If damage consists of cracks or holes extending completely through the wall, sand the surfaces on both sides deep enough to expose the first layer of cloth.

D.

Surface damage requires repairs only to the eroded or cracked side. Damage extending through the wall requires repairs to both the inner and outer surfaces of the hopper. The number of layers in either case should equal the original basic wall thickness. (Figure 9-1) Highly stressed areas, such as attach points, require an extra layer of cloth and mat on each side, in addition to the basic wall thickness.

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E.

Curing temperature is 70F minimum. Higher temperatures accelerate curing. A maximum of 150F for four hours is recommended followed by ten or more hours at 70F.

F.

Brush the resin generously over the entire area. Apply alternate layers of fiberglass cloth and mat. Each layer should overlap the preceding layer approximately one inch. After each layer is in place, use a squeegee and/or roller to remove excess resin and air voids.

HOPPER GATE BOX REMOVAL (Figure 9-4) Remove the aircraft skins to gain access to hopper gatebox bolts and nuts. Disconnect dump fork, spray tube, adapter box and vent, emergency shut off cable and spray pump. Remove the nuts and bolts and pry off adaptor box. ** CAUTION **

If bolts do not drive out easily, turn bolts to break glue, and then drive bolts out. Clean off all old gasket material by scraping, being cautious not to gouge mating surfaces. HOPPER GATE BOX INSTALLATION (Figure 9-4) Before installing gate box, be sure that all mating surfaces are clean and dry. For maximum strength, apply 3M Scotch-Weld DP-190 Translucent Epoxy adhesive evenly to both mating surfaces and both sides of gaskets thoroughly. Using alignment pins to hold gaskets in place and to help align gate box, install bolts using large area washer on hopper side and tighten nuts. * NOTE *

Excessive uncured adhesive can be cleaned up with keytone type solvents. (When using solvents, extinguish all ignition sources and follow the manufacturers precautions and directions for use for handling such materials.) Application of adhesive to substrates

should be made within 75 minutes after mixing. Working life is 80 minutes. Higher temperatures will reduce these times.

Allow 24 hours for sealer to cure before putting back into service. Reinstall tubes, controls and cables and pump. Fill hopper and check for leaks. Water should be allowed to stay in hopper for a minimum of two hours with no leaks.

Effective: 1/26/05

9-4

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL HOPPER ADAPTER BOX REMOVAL (Figure 9-4) Remove all bolts that attach adapter box to hopper throat. Pry the adapter box from the hopper to release the grip created by the sealer used during assembly. Clean off all old gasket material by scrapings being cautious not to gouge the fiberglass hopper lip or adapter box mating surface.

HOPPER ADAPTER BOX INSTALLATION (Figure 9-4) Reverse the removal procedure.

DISPERSAL EQUIPMENT
Because of the variety of solid dispersal equipment available and the wide variety of dusts, seeds, pellets and granular material that can be dispersed by the spreader, it is advised that the manufacturer's instructions for the various types of dusting equipment be carefully followed for best results. In conjunction with the manufacturer's instructions for maintenance of the spray dispersal system, it is recommended that a periodic interval be established for accomplishment of the following:

A.

Inspect the hopper baffles for security and condition.

B.

Inspect hopper lid for condition of seal and security of latches.

C.

Inspect the hopper for indications of leaks and general condition.

D.

Inspect hopper gate for evidence of leaks and proper operation.

E.

Inspect hopper vent tube for evidence of corrosion and security.

F.

Inspect emergency and 3-way valve handles and controls rods for cracks around welds. Check condition of control rod boot.

G.

Inspect liquid lines for leaks and hose deterioration.

H.

Inspect all line supports and clamps for security or corrosion.

I.

Drain and clean spray strainer.

J.

Inspect the pump, fan and brake assemblies for security and proper operation.

95

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL K. Refer to manufacturer's data for pump lubrication.

L.

Inspect emergency on/off control and valve for security and proper operation.

M.

Inspect 3-way pressure control valve for security and proper operation.

N.

Inspect both booms and the support for each boom for security and evidence of corrosion.

O.

Inspect all nozzle diaphragms for deterioration.

P.

Inspect all fan blades for cracks or nicks.

Q.

Inspect all nozzles for orifice erosion. Replace as necessary.

AGITATOR AND SPREADER (Figure 9-5) A. Inspect gearbox for proper oil level (refer to manufacturer's data).

B.

Inspect fan, gearbox, drive shaft, agitator and coupling for security and proper operation.

C.

Inspect agitator shaft seal at hopper for evidence of leaks.

D.

Inspect spreader unit for cracks, loose rivets, loose or missing vanes and security to airframe.

E.

Support spreader, connect rear support tubes. Raise front connection camloc fasteners to hopper sump and side latches. Spreader should be level, centered, and clear of door control arms.

Effective: 1/26/05

9-6

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 9-1

97

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

A A-A

Figure 9-2
Effective: 1/26/05

9 8

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 9-3

9 9

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 9-4

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 9-

9 11

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 9-6

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM TABLE OF CONTENTS
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM....................................................................................................................................2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 2 POWER DISTRIBUTION .......................................................................................................................... 2 BATTERY AND EXTERNAL POWER ...................................................................................................... 2 BATTERY SERVICING.............................................................................................................................. 2 SERVICING BATTERY INSTALLED IN AIRCRAFT .................................................................................4 GENERATOR SYSTEM............................................................................................................................. 4 DIAGRAMS ................................................................................................................................................ 4 BATTERY OPERATION............................................................................................................................ 4 BATTERY REMOVAL ................................................................................................................................ 4 BATTERY INSTALLATION........................................................................................................................ 5 VOLTAGE REGULATION ......................................................................................................................... 5 VOLTAGE REGULATOR REMOVAL ........................................................................................................ 5 VOLTAGE REGULATOR INSTALLATION ................................................................................................5 STARTER - GENERATOR MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................6 STARTER - GENERATOR REMOVAL...................................................................................................... 6 STARTER-GENERATOR INSTALLATION................................................................................................7 TROUBLESHOOTING CHART................................................................................................................. 8 BATTERY SYSTEM................................................................................................................................... 8 STARTER/GENERATOR - GENERATOR PHASE .................................................................................10 STARTER/GENERATOR - STARTER PHASE .......................................................................................12

Effective: 1/26/05

10 - 1

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SECTION TEN

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The aircraft 24-volt DC electrical system is designed to provide the utmost in reliability. Two 24-volt storage batteries provide electric current for engine starting and a reserve source of electrical power in the event of generator failure. A D.C. power receptacle provides a means for connecting external power to the aircraft electrical system. To conserve battery life, external power should always be used for starting engines when temperature is below 40F or when performing maintenance requiring electrical power. A generator installed on the engine supplies the primary source of electrical power to the main bus. A voltage regulator protects the electrical system, reverse current relay and circuit breakers. If generator output voltage is below bus voltage, the battery supplies the busloads. The D.C. ammeter, installed in the instrument panel, indicates the discharge or charge on the battery after the engine is started. All electrically operated motors, lighting systems and other electrical component circuits are protected by push button thermal circuit breakers. Switches and instruments required for operation of the aircraft electrical system are installed in the instrument panel and engine control switch panel.

POWER DISTRIBUTION
The 24-volt D.C. electrical system depends upon electrical power from three different sources: battery, external power and the generator. With the engine operating and the generator on the line, electric power from the generator is provided through a circuit breaker to the main bus.

BATTERY AND EXTERNAL POWER

Two 24-volt storage batteries provide power to the circuit breaker through relays. A two-position (BAT OFF-ON) switch located on the engine control switch panel controls the relays. Placing the battery switch in the ON position closes the relay to supply power to the circuit breaker bus from the battery or external power. Placing the battery switch in the OFF position de-energizes the battery relay and terminates the supply of power to the electrical system.

BATTERY SERVICING INITIAL SERVICING OF A DRY CHARGE GE50C BATTERY IS AS FOLLOWS:

Effective: 1/26/05

10 - 2

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL A. Remove seals (if present) from cells.

B.

Fill each cell with 1.285 specific gravity sulfuric acid to bottom of split ring. Use only glass, rubber or plastic materials for containing battery electrolyte fluid during servicing and wear protective clothing and rubber gloves when handling electrolyte to prevent personal injury. Use a solution of baking soda and water to neutralize any acid spilled on clothing, skin or any damageable surface.

C.

Sway the battery from side to side to release any trapped air. Re-adjust the electrolyte as necessary.

C.

Let battery sit unused for one hour.

E.

Check and re-adjust electrolyte level as necessary by adding more electrolytes to obtain proper level as stated in procedure B.

F.

Install vent plugs tightly into each cell.

G.

Clean and neutralize any spilled electrolyte on battery.

H.

Charge battery until all cells are gassing freely and the charge voltage and specific gravity of electrolyte are constant over three successive readings taken at one-hour intervals. (This procedure may take 18 - 24 hours with a constant current charger.) During the period of charging, the electrolyte temperatures shall be maintained between 60F and 110F (15.6C and 43.3C). Charge rate is 3 amps. Reduce rate by 1/2 when cells start gassing.

** CAUTION **

Gasses given off by a battery under charging conditions are flammable.

I.

When the battery is completely charged, the specific gravity should read between 1.285 and 1.295. At this point, if electrolyte level needs to be adjusted, remove or add electrolyte to proper level and recharge for one hour. * NOTE *

For more detailed instructions, see Gill Service Manual.

10 - 3

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL SERVICING BATTERY INSTALLED IN AIRCRAFT The 24-volt battery is installed aft of the engine on the engine mount lower longerons and is accessible through the removable cowling skins. Check the battery electrolyte level frequently, especially during hot weather. If a visual check shows low cell level, add distilled water to bring the cell(s) up to the proper lever. (See battery-servicing instructions)

1.285 - 1.295

CHARGED

1.275 - Less

RECHARGE

GENERATOR SYSTEM
The generator system consists of a generator; voltage regulator, reverse current relay and circuit breaker (See electrical diagrams). The generator is connected to the circuit breaker bus and will supply the current demands when output voltage exceeds battery voltage.

DIAGRAMS The Electrical Diagrams of the Model S2R-T34 aircraft is at the end of this section. BATTERY OPERATION

Battery operation is controlled by a battery switch, placarded BATT-ON-OFF, located on the switch panel in the cockpit. The battery is capable of assuming the complete electrical load for a limited time at 70 amps max.

The batteries are located on the battery plate assembly on the engine mount aft of the engine. They are installed with two-battery hold down rods through the battery cover. The battery case is vented overboard to dispose of any electrolyte or hydrogen gas fumes discharged during normal charging operation. Air enters the battery compartment from an air scoop located in the left cowl shin skin, circulates throughout the battery compartment, and exists through a vent in the battery and drains overboard through a vent located on the belly skins.

BATTERY REMOVAL A. Verify that the BATT-ON-OFF switch is off. Disconnect external power.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

B.

Remove R.H. aft cowl skin.

C.

Disconnect the quick disconnect from the battery and remove all safety wire.

D.

Disconnect vent tubes.

E.

Remove nuts from battery hold down rods and remove batteries from compartment.

BATTERY INSTALLATION Reverse battery removal procedure.

VOLTAGE REGULATION
The generator output voltage is regulated by the voltage regulator circuitry. By using an integrated circuit comparator amplifier with a regulated reference voltage, and difference between the reference voltage and the generator voltage is amplified and supplied to the comparator circuit, which controls the shunt field excitation of the generator. Prior to installation, the voltage regulator is adjusted under NO load condition to maintain 26.5+-.2 volts DC generator output voltage. After installation, the generator over voltage control should be adjusted to 27.5 VDC generator output voltage at the bus with normal systems turned on.

VOLTAGE REGULATOR REMOVAL Gain access to the voltage regulator by removing R.H. aft cowl skin. If removal is necessary, proceed as follows:

A.

Verify that the battery switch is OFF, that the external power is disconnected, and that the batteries are disconnected.

B.

Disconnect the retaining clips from the voltage regulator and remove voltage regulator from voltage regulator base.

VOLTAGE REGULATOR INSTALLATION A. Verify that the battery switch is OFF.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL B. Brighten up all electrical contacts, both on the voltage regulator and the 6 each fingers on the voltage regulator base, with Scotch-brite 07448 Ultra fine abrasive pad or equivalent. Place the voltage regulator into position and snap it to the regulator base with the retaining clips.

D.

Connect the battery.

E.

After installing, re-check voltage regulator for 27.5 VDC with engine running and normal systems operating. Adjust as necessary.

STARTER - GENERATOR MAINTENANCE

* NOTE *

Refer to the starter-generator maintenance manual for specific maintenance instructions.

STARTER - GENERATOR REMOVAL A. Verify that the battery switch is OFF and that external power is disconnected. Disconnect the batteries.

B.

Open the upper aft engine cowling to gain access to the starter-generator.

D.

Loosen the quick-disconnect clamps securing the starter-generator to the mounting adapter and remove the starter-generator.

** CAUTION ** It is mandatory that the starter-generator be fully supported from the time the retaining clamp is loosened until the unit is removed from the engine. The starter-

generator must never be allowed to support its own weight through the splined shaft engagement. If this precaution is not observed, damage to the shaft shear section or engine internal starter generator drive/breather impeller carbon seal will result.

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

STARTER-GENERATOR INSTALLATION A. Verify that the battery switch is OFF and that external power is disconnected. Disconnect batteries.

B.

On wet type spline engines (approx. 1998 and newer) install new 0 ring on startergenerator drive shaft. Lubricate wet-type splines with engine oil. On engines equipped with dry type splines, lubricate splines with Dow Corning M-77 molycoat.

C.

Position the starter-generator on the mounting adapter and secure it in place with the quickdisconnect clamp.

D.

Close the clamp hinge over the T-bolt. Check with a mirror to make certain the clamp groove fully captures both the flange on the quick-disconnect adapter and the flange on the starter-generator around its entire circumference.

E.

When the clamp is properly positioned and the hinge and T-bolt are closed, tighten the Tbolt nut to a torque of 70 inch pounds. Tap circumference of clamp lightly with

plastic/rudder mallet. Re-torque T-bolt nut to 70 inch pounds and repeat until you achieve 70 inch pound of torque without nut moving.

F.

Connect the electrical leads to the starter-generator as previously marked.

F.

Secure the upper aft engine cowling and connect the batteries. Run the engine at idle speed for at least two minutes. Shut down the engine and recheck the quick-disconnect clamp for proper torque.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
BATTERY SYSTEM

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMARKS

Battery fails to hold charge

Battery defective

Replace battery Check voltage regulator

Battery will not come up to full charge Battery consumes water rapidly

Charging rate to low

and adjust to 27.5 .2 VDC

Charging rate too high

Check voltage regulator adjust to 27.5 .2 Remove excess

Electrolyte level too high

electrolyte & adjust specific gravity

Electrolyte runs out drain tube Excessive charging rate

Check voltage regulator for correct voltage

Vent caps loose or broken

Tighten or replace caps

Standing too long

Remove battery and recharge Remove battery and recharge

Battery discharged

Equipment left on

Short circuit in wiring

Check wiring and correct

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMARKS

Charging rate too high

Adjust voltage regulator to 27.5

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

Battery discharged, defective or disconnected

Check battery, recharge or replace battery

Blown C/B in battery control circuit

Check C/B and reset if necessary Continuity. Check circuitry and repair as necessary Check relay for proper

No power indicated with battery switch on

Defective wiring in battery control circuit

Defective battery relay

operation and replace as necessary Check switch for proper

Battery switch defective

operation. Replace if necessary

Power on with battery switch in OFF position

Check switch and relay Shorted or sticking contacts for proper operation. Replace if necessary.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

STARTER/GENERATOR - GENERATOR PHASE

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMARKS

Loose connection

Check connections throughout system Test resistance of field.

Open or shorted field circuit in generator or defective armature

Check field circuit connections. Replace starter-generator if defective. Clean brushes and

Zero or low voltage indicated

Brushes not contacting commutator

holders with a clean, dry, lint-free cloth. Replace weak springs.

Brushes worn

Replace brushes

Dirty commutator

Clean commutator

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMARKS

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Zero or low voltage indicated. continued

Defective voltage regulator circuit

Adjust or replace regulator Check for short circuit and reset circuit breaker and / or replace buss limit fuse Check connections against wiring diagram

Generator circuit breaker tripped or 130 amp buss limit fuse blown

Improper connections

Defective generator control switches Continuity. No generator output

Check switch for proper operation and replace if necessary. With engine running, check for 27.5vdc at

Defective Reverse Current Relay

both GEN and BATT terminals. If 27.5vdc at GEN and 24vdc at BATT, reverse current relay is faulty. Check generator with

Defective generator

an ohmmeter and replace startergenerator if necessary Continuity. Check

Defective wiring Volt-ammeter does not indicate Defective meter

wiring and repair as necessary

Replace meter

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL STARTER/GENERATOR - STARTER PHASE

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMARKS

Circuit breaker tripped

Check for short circuit and reset circuit breaker Check battery. Service

Low battery

and recharge as necessary

Starter relay inoperative

Check relay for operation and replace if necessary Check relay for operation and replace if necessary Continuity. Check and repair starter as necessary

Battery relay inoperative Starter inoperative Loose connection or faulty ground in starter power circuit

Check brushes, springs and condition of Defective starter motor commutator continuity. Check starter windings for open or short circuit. Repair or replace

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

INTENTIONALLY

LEFT

BLANK

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

TROUBLE

PROBABLE CAUSE

REMARKS

Check battery. Service Low battery and recharge if necessary Check resistance of each connection. Maximum resistance at any connection is 0.001 ohm. High resistance starter circuit Inspect connections for evidence of heating. Starter produces low Ng Clean and tighten connections as necessary.

Check brushes, springs and commutator. Defective starter motor Replace brushes and springs and clean commutator as necessary.

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-1 Standard Equipment Flap System Wiring


Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-2 Standard Equipment Fuel Quantity

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-3 Standard Equipment Hour Meter

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-4 Standard Equipment Low Oil Light & Stall Warning

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK.

Figure 10-5

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-6 Standard Equipment Windshield Washer/Wiper

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-7 Standard Equipment Strobe Lights


Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-8a Standard Equipment Navigation & Instrument Lighting

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-8b Standard Equipment Navigation & Instrument Lighting

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-9 Engine / Pratt & Whitney Beta & Chip Detector

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-10 Engine / Pratt & Whitney Aux Fuel Pump, Igniters & Prop Test

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-11 Engine / Pratt & Whitney ITT

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-12 Engine / Pratt & Whitney Power Distribution

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-13 Quick Disconnect

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-14 Quick Disconnect QDA

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-15 Quick Disconnect QDB

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-16 Quick Disconnect QDC

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

10 - 31

Figure 10-17 Quick Disconnect QDD


Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-18 Quick Disconnect QDE

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-17 Quick Disconnect QDF

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-18 Quick Disconnect QDG

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-19 Quick Disconnect QDH

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-20 Quick Disconnect QDJ

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-21 Quick Disconnect QDL

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-22 Quick Disconnect QDN

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-23 Quick Disconnect QDP

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-25 Quick Disconnect QDR


Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-26a Quick Disconnect Wire Harness Routing

10 - 41

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-26b Quick Disconnect Wire Harness Routing

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-27 Optional Auto Flagger

10 - 43

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-28 Optional Boom Pressure, Turn & Bank, DG


Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-29 Optional Low Voltage Light, D.G. & Artificial Horizon

10 - 45

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-30 Optional Smoker & Map Light

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-31 Optional Zee Air Conditioner

10 - 47

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-32 Optional Hopper Rinse & Pitot Heat

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-33 Optional Micronair Flowmeter, Hopper Light & Agitator

10 - 49

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-34 Optional Avionics Buss


Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-35 Optional Electric Fan Brake & Crop Hawk

10 - 51

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-36 Optional Hopper Quantity & Fuel Flow

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-37 Optional Hi Capacity Windshield Washer

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Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-38 Optional Night Working Light Control

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-39a Optional Night Working Lights

10 - 55

Effective: 1/26/05

THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-39b Optional Night Working Lights

Effective: 1/26/05

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Figure 10-40 Standard Equipment Oil Cooler Augmentation

10 - 57

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

Section 11
AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS
AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS ................................................................................................................... 2 STRUCTURAL LIMITATIONS...................................................................................................................... 2 STRUCTURAL INSPECTION LIMITATIONS .............................................................................................. 2

11 - 1

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THRUSH AIRCRAFT INC MODEL S2R-T34 TURBO THRUSH AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS The life limited parts on the airframe are listed in the chart below and must be replaced at the flight hours shown. STRUCTURAL LIMITATIONS PART DESCRIPTION Spar Cap Assy, Left hand lower Spar Cap Assy, Right hand lower PART NUMBER 22507T001 22507T002 LIFE LIMIT 29,000 hours 29,000 hours

STRUCTURAL INSPECTION LIMITATIONS PART DESCRIPTION Spar Splice Block, lower (upper half) Spar Splice Block, lower (lower half) PART NUMBER 22508T001 22508T002 LIFE LIMIT Annual* Annual*

*NOTE* Visually inspect splice blocks with a 10X magnifying glass or dye penetrant. Inspect for external cracks around the 1/4 inch and 5/16 inch hole locations. If no cracks are detected, this portion of the wing inspection is complete. If cracks are found remove the splice blocks before next flight and inspect the lower spar cap for cracks in accordance with Thrush Aircraft, Inc. Service Bulletin SB-AG-39. If cracks are found in spar cap contact Thrush Aircraft, Inc. for possible repair or replacement. If no cracks are found in spar cap, replace the cracked splice blocks with new units. Refer to Section VII Wing Removal for splice block removal and installation.

Effective: 1/26/05

11 - 2