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THE

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

PART VIII

HUNT

^

PA

EGYPT EXPLORATION FUND

GRAECO-ROMAN BRANCH

THE

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

PART VIII

EDITED WITH TRANSLATIONS AND NOTES

BY

ARTHUR S. HUNT, D.Litt.

HON. PH.D. KOENIGSBERG ; HON. LITT.D. DUBLIN ; HON. lUR.D. GRAZ

LECTURER IN PAPYROLOGY IN THE UNI\'ERSITY OF OXFORD, AND FELLOW OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ROYAL BAVARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

WITH SEVEN PLATES

196535

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LONDON

SOLD AT

The Offices of the EGYPT EXPLORATION FUND, 37 Great Russell St., W.C.

AND 527 Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass., U.S.A.

KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & CO., Dryden House, Gerrard St., W. BERNARD QUARITCH, 11 Grafton St., New Bond St., W.

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191

All rights reserved

OXFORD

HORACE HART, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY

PREFACE

The delay, for which I must beg the indulgence of subscribers, in

the publication of this volume,

is chiefly due to the

lengthy pre-

liminaries which were necessary for the production of two of the new classical texts, the Meliambi of Cercidas (1O82) and the fragments of

an anonymous Satyric drama (1083). Those papyri, with 1091-2, are

derived from the second of the large literary finds

made in 1906

(cf. the Archaeological Report for that year, p. 12), which was at once

more extensive, more scattered, and in worse condition than the first.

Before any text from it could be dealt with, some thirty thousand

pieces of various sizes had to be flattened and examined, a task which

Possibly some further small

occupied several weeks of last year.

fragments may yet be identified ; but the great bulk of the find, at

any rate, has now been prepared for sorting and copying ; and that serious additions will be made is a contingency not sufficiently probable

to justify a further postponement.

In editing the new classical fragments (1082-7) I have once more

enjoyed the great advantage of the assistance of Professor U. von

Wilamowitz-Mollendorff, to whom I am deeply indebted, especially with regard to 1082 and 1086. Professor U. Wilcken was again kind

enough to look through the proof-sheets of the non-literary section

and to contribute a number of valuable comments. Occasional

suggestions received from other friends are recorded in connexion with the texts concerned. To all my helpers, including the Proof-reader of

the University Press, I here return hearty thanks. Another instalment of Oxyrhynchus papyri is designed for the

next volume, which I hope to issue early in 191 2.

Queen's College, Oxford,

May, 1911.

ARTHUR S. HUNT.

CONTENTS

Preface List of Plates

Table of Papyri

Note on the Method of Publication and List of Abbreviations

TEXTS

.

I. Theological Fragments (1073-1081)

IL New Classical Texts (1082-1089)

.

in. Extant Classical Authors (1090-1099)

PAGE

.

viii

ix

xiii

I

20

121

IV. Documents of the Roman and Byzantine Periods :

[a) Official (1100-1108)

{) Declarations to Officials (1109-1116)

(/) Petitions (1117-1121)

(d) Contracts (1122-1134)

(e) Taxation (1135-1138)

(/) Orders (1139-1142)

{g) Accounts (1143-1147)

() Oracular Questions, Amulets, &c. (1148-1152)

{{) Private Correspondence (1153-1165)

New Literary Texts:

(a) 1082 (Cercidas)

II.

{)

Emperors

Other Texts

INDICES

.

.

III. Consuls, Eras, Indictions

IV. Months and Days

V. Personal Names

164

180

200

214

238

242

249

254

271

275

283

285

286

287

VIU

VI. Geographical

VII. Religion

CONTENTS

.

.

.

VIII. Official and Military Titles IX. Weights, Measures, Coins

X.

Taxes

XI. General Index of Greek and Latin Words XII. Index of Passages Discussed

LIST OF PLATES

I. 1074 recto, 1075, 1077, 1080 recto

II.

III.

IV.

1082 Frs. 3, 4

1083 Fr. i, 1084

1087

V. 1090, 1092 Col. ix, 1100 .

VI. 1073 verso, 1097 recto, 1098 verso

VII.

1114

y at the end.

PAGE

294

297

298

298

313

TABLE OF PAPYRI

 

A.D.

PAGE

1073.

Old Latin Version of Genesis v-vi

 

4th cent.

.

.

.

i

1074.

Exodus xxxi, xxxii

 

3rd cent.

4

1075.

Exodus xl .

3rd cent.

5

1076.

New Recension of Tobit ii

 

6th cent.

6

1077.

Amulet : St. Matthew iv

6th cent.

.

.

.10

1078.

Epistle to the Hebrews ix

4th cent.

.

.

.11

1079.

Revelation i

Late 3rd or 4th cent.

.

13

1080.

Revelation iii, iv

4th cent.

.

.

14

1081.

Gnostic Gospel .

 

Early 4th cent.

.

16

1082.

Cercidas, Meliambi

 

2nd cent.

.

.

.20

1083.

Satyric Drama .

 

2nd cent.

60

1084. Hellanicus, Atlantis i

 

Early 2nd cent.

.

.

71

1085. Pancrates, Hadrian and AntinoUs

 

2nd cent.

73

1086.

Scholia on Iliad ii

 

ist cent. B.C.

.

.

77

1087.

Scholia on Iliad vii

Late ist cent. b. c.

.

100

1088.

Medical Receipts

 

Early ist cent.

.

.110

1089.

An Alexandrian Chronicle .

 

.115

 

3rd cent.

.

.

.

1090.

Hesiod, Opera

.

 

.121

1091.

Bacchylides, Dithyrambs

 

Late ist cent. 2nd cent.

.

.123

 

.

1092.

Herodotus ii

.

.

.

Late 2nd cent.

.

.127

1093.

Demosthenes, Contra Boeotum

 

2nd cent.

.

.

-135

1094.

Demosthenes, Be Falsa Legatione

5th cent.

.

.

.145

1095.

[Isocrates,] Ad Demonicum .

 

4th cent.

.

.

-147

1096.

Isocrates, Panegyricus and Be Pace

 

4th cent.

.

.

.151

1097.

Cicero, Be Imp. Cn. Pompei and In Verrem

.

i

5th cent.

.

.

-153

1098.

Vergil, Aeneid ii

4th or 5th cent.

.

-158

1099.

Greek Paraphrase of Vergil, Aeneid

 

5th cent.

.

.

.160

1100.

Edict of a Praefect

 

206

164

1101.

Edict of a Praefect .

367-70

.

.

166

1102.

Report of Legal Proceedings

 

About 146 .

 

.

.

169

1103.

Proceedings of the Senate .

360

172

TABLE OF PAPYRI

1104. Application for Payment

1105. Notice to the Agoranomus

lioe.

Letter to Paulus .

1107. Letter of Eudaemon .

1108. List of Officials

.

1109. Selection of Boys

1110. Census-return

1111.

Census-returns .

{)

1112.

Purchase of Acacia-trees

1113.

Return of Unirrigated Land

1114.

Declaration of Inheritance

1115.

Reply to a Strategus .

1116.

Nomination to an Office

1117.

Petition to a Praefect .

1118.

Petition to an Archidicastes

1119.

Petition to a Strategus, &c.

1120.

Petition

1121.

Petition to a Beneficiarius

1122.

Engagement of Services

1123.

Devolution of Domain-land

1124.

Lease of Land

.

1125.

Lease of Land and Loan

1126.

Lease of Land

.

1127.

Lease of a Pigeon-house

1128.

Lease of a Dining-room

1129.

Lease of Dining-rooms

1130.

Loan of Money .

 

1131.

Promissory Note

1132.

Repayment of a Loan .

1133.

Receipt

1134.

Official Receipt for Rents

1135.

Receipt for Anabolicum

1136.

Receipt for Anabolicum.

1137.

Receipt for Dues on Land

1138.

Receipt for Money-taxes

1139.

Order from a Logistes

1140.

Order for Vegetable-seed

1141.

Order for Wine .

1142. Order for Purchases

1143. Temple-account

.

A. D.

306

81-96 .

6th cent.

5th or 6th cent Late 6th or 7ih cent

1 60-1

.

188

203

188

203

237

284

363

About 178

Late ist or early 2nd

254

Early 3rd cent.

295

407

.

.

158-9 .

26

2nd cent.

5 th cent.

183

173

.

PAGE

173

176

177

179

179

180

182

184

187

189

192

196

198.

200

cent. 202

203

210

211

214

215

217

218

220

221

223

449

224

484

.

225

5th cent.

 

228

About 162

229

396 .

 

231

421

233

3rd cent.

 

235

420

236

562-3

236

5th or 6th cent

237

4th cent.

 

238

293

239

3rd cent.

240

Late 3rd cent.

240

About I

 

242

TABLE OF PAPYRI

1144.

Temple-account

 

1145.

Account of a Sitologus

1146.

Account of Payments .

1147.

Account of Arrears

1148.

Question to the Oracle

1149.

Question to the Oracle

1150.

Christian Prayer

 

1151.

Christian Amulet

1152.

Christian Amulet

1153.

Letter of Apollonius

1154.

Letter of Theon .

 

1155.

Letter of Theonas

1156.

Letter of Anubion

1157.

Letter of Pathermouthi

1158.

Letter of Lucius .

 

1159.

Letter to a Wife

.

1160.

Letter of Trophimus

1161.

Christian Letter .

 

1162.

Letter

of Leon

.

1163.

Letter of Heraclammon

1164.

Letter of Theodosius

1165.

Letter of Victor .

 

A.D.

XI

NOTE ON THE METHOD OF PUBLICATION AND

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

The general method followed

in this volume is the same as that in

Parts I-VII. Of the new literary texts, 1082-3 and 1086-7 are printed in a dual form, a literal transcript being accompanied by a reconstruction in modern

style; 1088-9

are given in modern form only.

In the others, and in the

fragments of extant authors, the originals are reproduced except for division

of words, capital initials in proper names, expansion of abbreviations, and

supplements of lacunae. Additions or corrections by the same hand as the

body of the text are in small thin type, those by a different hand in thick

type. Non-literary documents are given in modern form with accentua-

tion and punctuation. Abbreviations and symbols are resolved ; additions

and corrections are usually incorporated in the text and their occurrence is recorded in the critical apparatus, where also faults of orthography, &c., are

Iota adscript has

corrected if they seemed likely to give rise to any difficulty.

been printed when so written, otherwise iota subscript is employed. Square

brackets [ ] indicate a lacuna, round brackets ( ) the resolution

of a symbol or

abbreviation, angular brackets < ) a mistaken omission in the original, braces

{ } a superfluous letter or letters, double square brackets [[ ]] a deletion in the

original. Dots placed within brackets represent the approximate number of

letters lost or deleted ; dots outside brackets indicate mutilated or otherwise

illegible letters. Letters with dots underneath them are to be considered

doubtful.

Heavy Arabic numerals refer to the texts of the Oxyrhynchus papyri

in this volume and in Parts I-VII, ordinary numerals to lines, small Roman

numerals to columns.

The abbreviations used in referring to papyrological publications are

practically those adopted in the Archiv fiir Papyvusforschung, viz. :

P. Amh. = The Amherst Papyri (Greek), Vols.

A. S. Hunt.

I-II, by B. P. Grenfell

and

Archiv = Archiv fiir Papyrusforschung.

B. G. U. = Aeg. Urkunden aus den K. Museen zu Beriin, Griechische Urkunden.

P. Brit. Mus. = Greek Papyri in the Bridsh Museum, Vols. I-II, by F. G. Kenyon

Vol. Ill, by F. G. Kenyon and H. I. Bell ; Vol. IV by H. I. Bell.

XIV

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

C. P. Herm. = Corpus Papyrorum Hermopolitanorum, Vol. I, by C. Wessely.

C. P. R. = Corpus Papyrorum Raineri, Vol. I, by C. Wessely.

P. Cairo Cat. = Catalogue des Antiquites egyptiennes du Musee du Caire, Papyrus grecs d'epoque byzantine, by J. Maspero.

P. Fay. = Fayiim Towns and their Papyri, by B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and

D. G. Hogarth.

P.

Flor. = Papiri Fiorentini, Vol. I, by G. Vitelli ; Vol. II, by D. Comparetti.

P.

Gen. = Les Papyrus de Geneve, Vol. I, by J, Nicole,

P.

Giessen = Griechische Papyri zu Giessen, Part i, by E. Komemann and

O.

Eger ; Part 2, by P. M. Meyer.

P.

Grenf. = Greek Papyri, Series I, by B. P. Grenfell, and Series II, by B. P.

Grenfell and A. S. Hunt.

P.

Hamburg = Griechische Urkunden der Hamburger Stadtbibliothek, Part i,

by P. M. Meyer.

P. Hibeh = The Hibeh Papyri, Part I, by B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt.

P.

Klein. Form. = Griech. Papyrusurkunden kleineren Formats, Stud. Pal. iii and

viii, by C. Wessely.

P.

Leipzig = Griech. Urkunden der Papyrussammlung zu Leipzig, Vol. I, by

L.

Mitteis.

P.

Leyden = Papyri Graeci Musei Antiquarii Lugduni-Batavi, by C. Leemans,

P.

Oxy. = The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Parts I-VL by B. P. Grenfell and A. S.

Hunt ; Part VII, by A. S. Hunt.

P.

Par. = Les Papyrus grecs du Musee du Louvre. Notices et Extraits. t. xviii. 2,

by W. Brunet de Presle and E. Egger. P. Reinach = Papyrus grecs et demotiques, by Theodore Reinach.

P. Rylands = Catalogue of the Greek Papyri in the Rylands Library, Manchester, Vol. I, by A. S. Hunt.

P. Strassb. = Griech. Papyrus der K. Universitatsbibliothek zu Strassburg im

Elsass, Vol. I, Parts 1-2, by F. Preisigke.

P. Tebt. = The Tebtunis Papyri, Part I, by B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and

J. G. Smyly;

Goodspeed.

and Part 11, by B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and E. J.

Wilcken, Ost. = Griechische Ostraka, by U. Wilcken.

I. THEOLOGICAL FRAGMENTS.

1073. Old Latin Version of Genesis v-vi.

17x5-4 cm.

Fourth century. Plate VI (verso).

A small fragment from Egypt of the Bible in the Vulgate has recently-

made its appearance at Aberdeen (Winstedt, Class. Quarterly, J 907, p. 366), and Oxyrhynchus now contributes the following specimen of the Old Latin version,

a specimen which is not only more extensive but of much greater value, since

the Old Latin is imperfectly known and the present text is for about half its

contents the sole authority.

It is written on a portion of a vellum leaf from

a book in a well-formed uncial hand, which is probably not later than the fourth century. The ink is of a reddish-brown colour. As is common in early Latin MSS., the columns, of which there were no doubt two on each page, are narrow.

Rulings were lightly made with a hard point.

The text was divided up into

rather short paragraphs, of which the first lines were made to protrude slightly

into the left margin and are further rendered conspicuous by enlarged initial

points in the same

position are placed before and after numerals ; the first of the pair of points is,

however, omitted when the numeral stands at the beginning of the line, and the

second when at the end. It may be also noted that when representing a figure

d has the minuscule not the uncial form. Contractions and abbreviations were

letters.

A medial stop is occasionally employed, and

sparingly used,

m at the end of a line is sometimes denoted by an over-

written horizontal stroke with a dot beneath it ; since the regular purpose of

in the same

this dot was to distinguish m from «, it may be inferred that

position was also represented by the horizontal stroke, though no actual example is preserved, doininus deus appears as dm ds in 1. 31. Traube con- sidered the former of these contractions to be not older than the fifth century

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

{Nomina Sacra, p. 167), but pending fuller evidence the script is a better criterion

of the date of this codex than the occurrence of a particular compendium.

Textually the fragment is of considerable interest. As has been already

stated, several of the verses here preserved are not otherwise extant in the Old

Latin version, though since they tend to follow a definite formula they could to some extent be correctly reconstructed. Others among them were already

known from patristic citations, with which, however, the new witness does not

Minor divergences may easily be attributed to inexact

quotation ; but some of the peculiar readings of this manuscript point rather to

always coincide.

a different recension, of which a prominent characteristic may have been its

closeness

to the Greek ;

cf. 11. 38-30 and the note.

A variant noted by

Augustine makes its appearance in 1. 46.

a comment by the same Father (cf. note ad loc), looks very like an interpolated

gloss.

Sp\eciosae in 1. 48, in the light of

Recto.

genuit Se\th aniii -dec

et gemi[it filios etfili

as et fu[e\rtm[t omnes

dies Adae qiio\s vixit

5 annis •dcccc[xxx• et

mortims est [vixit ante

Seth annis •c^cv et ge

unit Enos- et [vixit

Seth• postqtca[m genuit

10 [A\enos annis [dcccvil et

gen uit filios [e t lias

et fuerunt o[mnes di

es Seth• an7i[i -dccccxii

et mortims [est

15 Et vixit Aeno[s annis -xc

et genuit Cqjnan et vi

xit Aenos pos\tquam

genuit Caind\fi annis

dccxv et ge\jtuit filios

20 et filias et ftiej^tint om

nes dies Aen[os annis

dccccv• et m[ortuus est

v. 4.

5

Verso. Plate VI.

[men eiti^^ Noe dicens

[iste req7iies]cere faciet

[nos ab o]per[ib]us nostris

v. 29

[et tristi\tiis manum nos

30 [traru\m et a terra cui

6

7

8

9

[maled]ixit Dns Ds• et vi

[xit Ld^mech annis •dlxv

[et gen\tdt filios et filias

[et fuer]zmt omnes dies

30

31

35 [quos v]ixit Lamech

[anni •'\dccliii• et mor[tt(.

[us est]

[Etfuit N\oe annorum

vi. i

[quinge\ntorum et ge

40 [nuit N\oe tres filios'

10 [Sem Cha]m lapeih

[Et factu\m est postqua

\coeper\tmt homines

[midti fie]ri super terra

II

45 [et filiae] natae sunt eis

[vident]es autem filii

[Dl filias] homimim

a

1073. THEOLOGICAL FRAGMENTS

Et vixit Camc^n amiis

et gemnt M\aleleel

25 et vixit Cain\an

i3

13

50

{quia sp]eciosae stmt

[sninpse]r7mt sibi iixo \res ex o]mnibiis quas

I. This verse is preserved in Jerome, Quaest. Hebr. in Gen. 313, where septingenti anni

is written; cf. 11. 12-14, note.

3-6. Verse 5 is not extant elsewhere.

For Adae cf. e. g. Gen. ii. 16 pracepit Dominus

Deus Adae (from Augustine). Jerome in verse 4 has dies Adam, annis should be anni.

67 = Augustine, De Civ. Dei, xv. 1 5. Augustine has quinque et ducentos annos, but

the ablative is attested in verses 3 (Hilary) and 25 (Jerome) and is no doubt correct

cf. 1. 10.

8-1 1. Verse 7 as far as dcccvii is preserved only here; Augustine, I.e., gives et genuit

.filias.

12-14 = Augustine, /. c., where duodecim et nongenti anni is given ; cf. note on 1. i.

15-25. These five verses are not found elsewhere. 26 sqq. The verse is extant in Jerome, Quaest. Hebr. 314, and part of it in Ambrose, De

Noe et Area, i. 2 (227 d).

The former has iste requiescere nosfaciet, the latter hie faciet nos

requiescere.

is the Greek. 28-30. Jerome, I.e., has ab operibus nostris, Ambrose, /.

It is useless to attempt to decide whether iste or hie stood in our MS. ; ovtos

the Greek is

ipyav

\

c., omits nostris and continues

.

It

et a tristitia et a terra ;

is noteworthy that manu{u)m nos[traru\m, which is absent in Ambrose's version, appears in

our MS. as the equivalent of

, and

that the preceding word is not tristitia.

In 1. 28 either ab o'\per\ib\is or a ld\bor\ib\us

What replaced tristitia is, however, doubtful.

can be read, but the former seems preferable both in itself and on account of the patristic

If a ld\bor[ib'\us were substituted, operibus would be available for the next line (cf.

evidence.

the Vulgate ab operibus et laboribus manuum nostrarum, and "^us is a possible reading ; but

it is unconvincing, and ^tiis is really more suitable. tristi\liis would be a literal rendering

of

the lacuna.

letters and on the Avhole the reading suggested seems to be the least objectionable, though

; the difficulty is that [et tristi\tiis is a longer supplement than is expected in

Perhaps tristiis was written, by a lipography ; but i and / are both narrow

it is adopted with no great confidence.

the

At the end of 1. 29 os was written as a monogram,

being utilized as the lower curve of the s.

31-41. Verses 30 and 31 of chap,

and the first part of verse i in the next chapter

-^^

corresponding to ^

are found here only. In verse 31 there is nothing

6, and postquam genuit Noe must have dropped out. If the length of the lines were

Noe would just about have filled

the same in the archetype as in this copy, postquam

one line.

42 sqq. = Augustine, De Civ. Dei, xv. 23. 45. eis : so Tertullian, De Vel. Virg. 7, where also cum coepissent appears iox postquam

coeperunt and plures for viulti; Augustine, /. c., has illis. In 1. 44 multi suits the space much

better than//«rii.

conspicati

Tertullian, /. c. filii: so Jerome and Tertullian, //. cc. ; angeli Augustine, /. c., remarking LXX quidem

interpretes et angelos Dei dixerunt istos et filios Dei ; quod quidem non omnes codices habent,

nam qu<