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Cargo Operation/Stevedoring Services Dock labour remains a critical element in modern port operations, and as such, the provisions of modern stevedoring service constitute major investment opportunities in the Nigerian port industry. As part of on-going reforms of the port, dock labour services have been liberalized; opportunities therefore abound for private participation in the provision of modern stevedoring services

e provision of essential services such as towage, pilotage. Hydrography, navigational aids, nautical services, salvage oper

Warehousing There are quite large numbers of big industrial concerns with demands for

warehouse facilities in the country. As a developing economy, there is high volume of imported industrial inputs and export of semi processed industrial raw materials that both require protected storage facilities to support production lines. This condition makes warehousing services very attractive for investment. Investing in warehouse facilities, especially bonded warehouses have great market potentials as patronage would be high. The Port Authority rely on bonded warehouses in the port cities to tackle perennial cargo congestion via regular direct transfers to bonded warehouses Haulage Trucking service is very crucial to port operations, especially for short hauls. However the collapse of the rail system in Nigeria left trucking as the principal mode of evacuation cargo from the ports. In Nigeria, it is most unlikely that the rail system would pose any market threat to road haulage in the immediate future. Another untapped mode is inland water haulage with the use of barges and LASH. Investment in the provision of rail service, trucking and water

haulage remain a high attraction in Nigeria. The Federal Government has commenced a rail rehabilitation project that includes the reactivation of port rail service. Private sector participation is the centre-point of these initiatives. There are fiscal incentives for interested investors in the rail sector. The country's major river covering about twenty-seven out of the thirty-six States of the Federation, the Niger River, is currently being dredged to ensure all year navigation. Packaging As a developing economy, bulk importation of household items is very high. Most of them require packaging arid re-packaging into economic sizes. Fiscal policies are now in place aimed at increasing value creation in the local economy through restriction on the importation of packaged drinks and beverages into the country to strengthen the local packaging industry

Logistics There is a growing demand for integrated logistics service to support increasing industrial production and services, especially in oil and gas, telecommunication, power, manufacturing and financial sectors. Demand for supply chain management has deepened with expanding industrial production and growth capacity utilization resulting from improved infrastructure, transport cost and merchandising. Outsourcing of logistics and transport services to specialist service providers have been on the increase among major multinationals operating in Nigeria. Air and marine logistics support are in high demand in the oil and gas sector Increased direct foreign investment has brought in new industries with modern production economics based on the just-in-time principle. These industries depend largely on the minute efficiency of the global logistic chain to sustain production line. There are currently few integrated logistic service providers in the country; investment in this sector portends good returns.

Short Sea Services The Nigerian market accounts for over 60 percent of total inbound and outbound seaborne traffic into West and Central Africa. There are incentive based measures, principally structures to provide adequate and effective support to shipping operators registered to trade in Nigeria.

Liner/Container Shipping Nigeria as the largest trading post south of the Sahara attracts high volume of import trade from major trading regions of the world. The trades include high value finished containerized goods for the local economy and the regional market. In the aftermath of the increase in foreign investments, these trades are expected to gain more momentum. In the same vein, export trade in agricultural, industrial raw materials and semi-finished goods are expected to experience rapid growth as a result of current fiscal incentives on export trade activities Tanker Shipping The tanker trade is particularly attractive because of potential cash flow security emanating from medium or long term charter-party contacts. As a major gas producing country, investors in the tanker trade are assured of vessels full employment on sustainable basis, especially for the affreightments of natural cargoes. Reduced voyages are possible through flexibility of vessel to switch over trade when need be, especially to clean wet cargos such as
' vegetable oil, petroleum products etc with significant traffic level for domestic market. There is also substantial traffic for tanker shipping for outbound (crude oil), coastal (locally refined petroleum products) and inbound (imported petroleum products) The gas trade looks very active in the near future as the national target on zero flaring closes in. On-goin LNG/LPG projects are expected to add more trains while additional new plants like the AGIP

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e. Besides high import trade of fish and associated sea foods, dairy products, fruits, vegetables and frozen foods are signi

Brass LNG and the West Africa Gas Project are coming on stream to complement the efforts of existing ones such as the Bonny LNG and Escravos Gas Project. These projects when fully operational would create robust trade for gas carriers. There is indeed a strong prospect for gas trade in Nigeria.

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Bulk Shipping
The bulk trade is equally promising as the country still depends heavily on imported grains, fertilizer, sugar, flour and cement for domestic market. This trend will continue. Importation of certain grains may perhaps remain permanent, as some agronomic factors do not lend to local production. The Ajaokuta Steel Complex under construction is expected to provide strong market for the steel and iron ore trade when it eventually comes on stream.

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Passenger/Cruise Service Coastwise passenger service remain relatively underdeveloped despite its potentials as a viable alternate to road traffic, especially for the coastal Niger Delta region depend largely on water transportation because of the topography, which are mainly water creeks. Various studies have shown high demand for this service, just as traffic generation remains evenly distributed throughout the year. Infra regional trade in West Africa is also growing rapidly and is expected to peak with full implementation of some regional and sub-regional economic integration protocols, aimed at enhancing growth and free trade. This development will generate substantial freight and passenger traffic.

The cruise trade has great potentials as the Nigerian economy continue to experience growth. The improving living standard has engendered growing demand for leisure among the growing middle income class. This development is expected to widen the market for cruise services and related tourism activities in the country. Nigerians are culturally leisure minded, this trait could be exploited maximally with appropriate service orientation in the tourism sector. The entire West African sub region is a potential market for the cruise industry. Shipbuilding and Ship Repairs The shipbuilding and ship repair industry are still at the infant stage in the country. Other than Nigerdock, Nigerian Naval Dockyard, Continental Shipyard and few other yards with limited capacities of less than 5000tons, the country depends largely on foreign yards for shipbuilding and ship repair inspite of the high vessel traffic calling at her ports. Investment in the provision of shipbuilding and ship repair infrastructure remains profitable given Nigeria's leading market share, in the entire West Africa sea borne trade. In additional to conventional ship building and ship repairs, shipyards with capabilities for building and repairing offshore modules and related facilities have strong market potentials as offshore oil and gas activities in the country continue to expand rapidly. The need to expand shipyard facilities to match with the expected growth in Nigeria's foreign trade and the oil and gas sector makes it a strategic investment option.
Intangible Services There is a profusion of freight forwarding service providers, and the fact that their numbers keep increasing is an indication of the need for their services. The services of Non Vessel Operating Common Carriers are indispensable irran industrialising economy with huge demand for shipping services in medium scale export and import cargo.

Competent marine engineers will always have opportunities on board vessels, and the same may go for marine surveyors and loss adjusters. Financial services are in high demand so also

is insurance for both cargo and hull. Expert legal services are essential to all maritime transactions, and are regularly sought. There is also demand for investment in maritime education and training, for skilled and expert manpower development.

Other services
Large scale fishing is just evolving; investment in modern fishing trawlers could be very rewarding. Marine Emergency Services are scarce, and present an opportunity for salvage and towage services. Dredging services are particularly inadequate for the country's need.

Investment Opportunities in the Nigerian Marine Cluster

Equipment manufacturer (safety gears, communication" gadgets, pollution control equipment, containers etc)
Bunkering services Ship/cargo surveying Ship management Ship brokerage Ship agency Warehousing/ bonded terminals/ tank farms Chandelling Classification Societies Training for shore and shipboard personnel Ship finance services

Marine insurance services Legal/admiralty services IT services



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A Publication of the PublitlRelations Nigerian rifliministrat io1 4;and Safety

4, Burma Road Apapa , P.M.B 12861, GIRO Marina, 234 fJ 271 3617,Fax: 01.2713617
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