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A Great Workforce A Great Workplace

Legal Requirements on Lifting Operation


Er. Theresa Liew
Occupational Safety and Health Division 23 Sep 2010

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2010 Government of Singapore

Presentation Overview 1. Tower Cranes Accidents

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2. Reminders on Legislation Compliance

3. Key WSH Act Subsidiary Legislation on Lifting Operation at Worksites 4. Some Proposed Changes to Legislation
OSHD Building Safer Workplaces

2010 Government of Singapore

Recent Events

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2010 Government of Singapore

Recent Events

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2010 Government of Singapore

National Crane Safety Taskforce


Chairman Mr Tan Wee Seng (CEO, Bovis Lend Lease Pte Ltd)

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NCSTF Secretariat (IS&D)

Member Mr Mohd Ismadi (MOM)

Member Mr Chan Yew Kwong (MOM)

Member Mr Yeo Kim Hock (SCAL)

Member Mr Frankie Tan (SCA)

Member Mr Albert Chan (Liebherr-Spore pte ltd)

Member Mr Neo Choon Keong (BCA)

Member Mr Wilfred Tan (Tiong Woon Crane & Transport)

Member Mr Chiang Soon Hock (ASMI)

Member Mr John Stewart (Manitowoc Cranes)

Main Taskforce

Enhance Capability & Competency

Enhance Awareness

Enhance Legislation & Standards


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CRANE TOPPLES, KILLED WORKER ON 17 MAR 2010 5 workers were in the process of dismantling a tower crane from a height of 16 stories During preparatory works for jacking down, the crane jib section with its slewing unit toppled to the ground One erector fell together with the crane jib section & died at the scene. 3 others were injured.

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2010 Government of Singapore

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SCENE OF THE ACCIDENT

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SCENE OF THE ACCIDENT

2010 Government of Singapore

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SCENE OF THE ACCIDENT

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COLLAPSE OF JACKNG CAGES WORK PLATFORM ON 13 APR 2010


5 workers were installing a trolley platform to the jacking cage of tower crane to prepare for jacking up of crane. Trolley platform was being hoisted into position when it hit the adjacent work platform with a worker on it. Work platform became dislodged and fell 55m to the ground with the worker.
The worker fortunately landed on a waste plastic bin which cushioned his fall. He survived the accident and is undergoing treatment for his injuries.
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Investigation Findings SCENE OF THE ACCIDENT

Trolley platform at another worksite for illustration

Dislodged work platform was not interconnected to the other two remaining platforms in accordance with manufacturers instructions.
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Legislation Compliance on Cranes Erection, Alteration & Dismantling Work


Only Approved Crane Contractors are allowed to perform any erection, jumping/jacking & dismantling of Cranes Adequate Risk Assessment must be carried out prior to the commencement of work Risks & SWP must be communicated to all involved Must be carried out in accordance with manufacturers instructions as provided in the manufacturers manuals Must be carried out only by competent erectors under the direct supervision of a competent supervisor. Other works and vicinity at affected areas must be no-entry zone Components used for erection of tower crane must be original/approved by manufacturers Reduce risk by having designated jacking cage for tower crane
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Recent Incidents
Salient Results & Findings
Connections for Mast Sections

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In accordance to the Notification for Use of Tower Cranes, all bolts/pins or connecting fasteners used must be in accordance to manufacturers design and readily identifiable.
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Recap of Past Directives


From Past Incidents
Foundation Anchors

Expendable Foundation Anchors of Tower Crane must not be re-cycled as in accordance to manufacturers instruction.
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Other Key WSH Subsidiary Legislation on Lifting Operation

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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007 - PTW


Type of Work that requires PTWS (High-risk 3D Construction Work - HRCW)
Regulation 10

Demolition work; Excavation and trenching work in a tunnel or hole exceeding 1.5m in depth;

Lifting operations involving tower, mobile or crawler crane;


Piling work; Tunneling work; Work on a Scaffold where a person could fall > 2m; and Work involving entry into a confined space.

Any person who carries out any of the said work without a PTW issued shall be guilty of an offence
Fine $20,000 (max)
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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007


3D

Part III

Implementing Permit-to-work System for select highrisk construction work (HRCW)

A proven and systematic method of

Identifying work risks


Ensuring work is allowed to commence only after the hazardous work environment and condition have been adequately assesses and certified safe. In line with the RA framework as it validates the implementation of control measures
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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007 - PTW


Implementing PTWS
Regulation 11

The PTW shall provide that:

Step 2 - Evaluation

Persons are informed of the hazards associated with the HRCW and precautions to be taken Necessary safety precautions taken and enforced when the

Step 3 - Issue

Step 4 - Posting Monitoring


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Implementing PTWS

HRCW must be carried out with due regard to safety and health of persons performing the work

Step 1 - Application

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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007 - PTW


Implementing PTWS
Duty of Occupier to:

Regulation 11

Appoint a Project manager Appoint a Safety Assessor (who shall be either a WSHO for the worksite or a competent person); Take so far as is reasonably practicable measures to ensure PTWS is implemented in accordance with regulations
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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007 - PTW


Regulation 13

Step 1 Application of PTW

Made by Supervisor of person carrying out HRCW

Made in such form and manner as required by Project Manager


State measures to be taken to ensure safety and health or persons carrying out HRCW Addressed to Project Manager and submitted to Safety Assessor for Evaluation and Endorsement
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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007 - PTW


Regulation 14

Step 2 Evaluation of PTW


On receipt of PTW, the Safety Assessor shall:

Assess or evaluate whether all reasonably practicable measures have been taken to ensure safety and health of persons who will be carrying out HRCW

Inspect site where HRCW is to be carried out with Supervisor If Safety Assessor is satisfied that HRCW can be carried out
safely, he shall endorse PTW and forward to Project Manager for approval

Duty of Safety Assessor to exercise due diligence when performing his functions in relation to evaluation and endorsement of PTW
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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007 - PTW


Step 3 Issuance of PTW
Regulation 15

On receipt of endorsed PTW, the Project Manager may issue PTW if he is satisfied that:

Proper evaluation of the risks and hazards involved based on available information No incompatible work carried out at the same time and in same vicinity

All reasonably practicable measures will or have been taken All persons involved are informed of the associated hazards Duty of Project Manager to exercise due diligence when
performing his function in relation to issuance of PTW

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WSH (Construction) Regulations 2007 - PTW


Regulation 16

Step 4 Posting of PTW


After issuance of PTW, Duty of Supervisor to:

Clearly post a copy of PTW issued including,


where practicable, a sketch of the area where the HRCW is permitted

Ensure that copy of PTW not removed until


date of expiry / revocation of PTW or on completion of HRCW
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WSH (GP) Regulations: Requirement on LM


AE test and examination

LM to be tested and examined by AE at least once a year (or


as determined by Commissioner)

Certificate of test and examination by AE to kept available for


inspection
[GP]

Brake

Crane provided with readily accessible and efficient brake (or


other safety device for that purpose)
[GP]
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Factories (OOC) Regulations: Appointment of Personnel by Occupier

LIFTING SUPERVISOR
has successfully completed a training course approved by the Commissioner; and
has, in the opinion of the occupier, such relevant experience in lifting operations for at least one year.

RIGGER & SIGNALMAN


No person shall be appointed as a RIGGER/SIGNALMAN unless he has successfully completed a training course approved by the Commissioner
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Registration of Crane Operator

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Factories (OOC) Regulations: Registration of Crane Operator


No person shall operate a mobile crane or tower crane in a factory unless he is registered as a crane operator under these Regulations and is the holder of a valid certificate. No person shall employ or cause or permit any person who is not registered as a crane operator under these Regulations to operate a mobile crane or tower crane in a factory Note: a) To drive a mobile crane - must have the relevant driving license b) To operate a mobile crane must be registered crane operator c) Lorry loader operator not required to be registered if purpose is mainly to transport materials or goods. However, operator must still be trained and competent to operate lorry crane safety.
(Proposed mandatory training for such operators)
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Factories (OOC) Regulations: Duty of Lifting Supervisor


(a) co-ordinate all lifting activities; (b) ensure that only registered crane operators, appointed riggers and appointed signalmen participate in any lifting operation involving the use of a mobile crane or a tower crane; (c) ensure that the ground conditions are safe for any lifting operation to be performed by any mobile crane;

(d) unless he is present to supervise a lifting operation, ensure that there is a set of safe lifting procedures for any lifting operation by a mobile crane or a tower crane;
(e) brief all crane operators, riggers and signalmen on the safe lifting procedures referred to in sub-paragraph (d); and (f) if any unsatisfactory or unsafe conditions are reported to him by any crane operator or rigger, take such measures to rectify the unsatisfactory or unsafe condition or otherwise ensure that any lifting operation is carried out safely.
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(Proposed Change - Lifting Supervisor to supervise in accordance to Lifting Plan)

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Duty of Crane Operator


No lifting unless

LS is present or has approved the carrying out of such


operation

weight of the object is known (indicated in the Lifting


Plan/PTW);

he has received a clear signal from a signalman (when


required)

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List of Relevant Approved Codes by WSH Council for Lifting Operation


SS536 : CP for the safe use of mobile cranes CP 62 : CP for the safe use of tower cranes CP 63 : CP for the lifting of persons in work platforms suspended from cranes

2010 Government of Singapore

All Rights Reserved

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News Reports
A lorry crane was involved in a tree pruning operation. A 33-year-old foreign worker from the landscape management company, which owns the treepruning vehicle, was arrested for causing death by negligence.

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A Joint Ops codenamed Operation Woodpecker conducted on 28 July 10 by MOM, LTA, NParks and HDB Ops covered 15 worksites on public roads island-wide Ops aimed to reinforce safety guidelines for works on public roads and to allow the participating agencies to garner sense of the level of safety awareness and compliance to safety standards

Intervention 1 Launch of Joint Ops Woodpecker on 28 July

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Findings of Joint Ops Woodpecker on 28 July 2010


Workers carrying out tree-pruning activities in man-bucket were provided with necessary safety equipment (eg safety harness, safety gloves, glasses etc). All the lorry crane operators checked had undergone either a structured training course or OJT. Operators had also extended the outriggers of the lorry cranes to ensure stability. Contractors were generally aware of the need to demarcate the work zone through the placement of appropriate cones, barriers and warning signages, as stipulated in LTA's Code of Practices for Traffic Control at Work Zone. However there were sites inspected where the cones, barriers were found to have been placed too close to the work area. Some sites inspected did not conduct RA implement a PTW for lifting operations involving lorry cranes.
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Issuance of Technical Circular on SWP for Operating Lorry Cranes on Public Roads Circular intended to remind employers on common hazards involved in such works and preventive measures which included the following: Risks due to Traffic Movement Risks involved in Operation of Lorry Cranes Risks due to Working at Heights Risks due to Contact with Overhead Cables and Structures
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Compliance Assistance
Code of Practice Traffic Control and Road Safety by LTA WSH Guidelines for Landscape and horticulture Works by WSHC and CUGE Technical Advisories for Safe Operation of Lifting Equipment

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Some Proposed Changes to Legislation


Proposed mandatory training & competency certification for Lorry Crane Operators Lifting Supervisor to supervise lifting operation in accordance to Lifting Plan Effected through review of Factories OOC Regulations by Sep 2011 Development of Training Curriculum for Lorry Crane Operators is on way Development of ACOP for Lifting Operation under way
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Final thought

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Thank You
For more info:
Ministry of Manpower Singapore www.mom.gov.sg
Workplace Safety and Health Council www.wshc.gov.sg

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