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Function Other Notes KIDNEYS metanephroi; ducts are metanephric ducts/ureters.

Are large oval organs situated against dorsal wall of peritoneal cavity (retroperitoneal). Right kidney is more anterior compared to the left. Characteristic bean shape, convex laterally and concave on medial face. Cortex Peripheral part of kidney substance Contains the renal corpuscles & convoluted and looped portions of the kidney tubules Medulla Central part of kidney substance; marked Excretion of wastes The collecting tubules + pelvis + ureter by lines (collecting tubules) which arise by outgrowth from the mesonephric converge to the renal papilla duct Renal Papilla Projection of the substance of the kidney In here is situated the microscopic into the renal pelvis openings of the collecting tubules Renal pyramid Collecting tubules + renal papilla 1 in the cat but 12 in humans Renal pelvis Occupies the renal sinus. Is the expanded Funnel for the urine Renal sinus also contains arteries and beginning of the ureter. veins Ureter White tube from the hilus, turns Passage of wastes In females, the ureters pass dorsal to the posteriorly towards the urinary bladder horns of the uterus In males, they pass dorsal to a white cord (male duct/ductus deferens) which loops over the ureter and disappears dorsal to the bladder Hilus Concavity of the kidney Where the ureter passes out URINARY BLADDER Pear shaped sac at posterior end of peritoneal cavity. Ventral to the rectum in the male, ventral to both rectum & uterus in the female. Covered by a peritoneum continuous with that of the abdominal wall via the median & lateral ligaments Apex/Vertex Free anterior end of the bladder Contains urine Fundus Posterior portion of the bladder Continues posteriorly as the urethra Urethra Narrowed stalk, aka neck of the bladder Passage of urine Rectovesical Pouch Pouch between bladder & rectum (male) Vesicouterine Pouch Pouch between bladder & uterus (female) FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE TRACT Consists of a pair of ovaries and their ducts Ovaries Small oval bodies at the sides of the Each bears little clear vesicles (Graafian peritoneal cavity at the anterior end of follicles) containing an egg/ovum. In the coils of the uterus pregnant females, the ovary also bears little hard lumps, the corpora lutea (represents follicles from which the eggs of the pregnancy were discharged) Mesovarium Mesentery extending forward to the Suspends the ovaries kidney, continuous posteriorly with the



Oviducts/Mullerian ducts

Uterine/Fallopian tube

Mesosalpinx Horns of uterus

ligament of the uterus Uppermost portion of the oviduct; slender, convoluted tube passing lateral to the ovary and curves over its anterior end Mesentery of the fallopian tube Posterior to fallopian tube; thick walled tube where the uterine tube is found to suddenly widen

Accommodates the microlecithal egg

Supports fallopian tube Place of development of the embryo


Strong fold of peritoneum supporting the horns

Supports the horns of the uterus

Body of uterus Cervix Vagina

Urogenital canal/urogenital sinus Anal glands


Testis Vaginal sac Tunica vaginalis

Head, body, & tail of the epididymis

Single tube formed by the union of the 2 horns of the uterus in the median line Lower end of the uterus, projects into the Controls the movement of young into the vagina by a fold vagina during the birthing process Tube situated in the median line between Point of entry of the male organ the bladder and rectum. Exits through the ring formed by the pelvic girdle & vertebral column. Common tube formed by the union of the Passage of body fluids and the gonads urethra and the vagina Either side of the rectum close to the Secretes strongly odoriferous secretions, anus presumably of sexual nature MALE REPRODUCTIVE TRACT Where the 2 testes are lodged; divided Contains the testes into 2 compartments by an internal partition Oval, white body inside the scrotum Produces sperm Cavity in which the testis lies; part of the Contains the testis peritoneal cavity Lines the vaginal sac; deflected along the Covering layer of the testis middorsal line of the testis, so a mesorchium is formed between the testis and the wall of the vaginal sac Coiled masses at the anterior end, dorsal Head: receives the invisible efferent surface, and posterior end of the testis ductules from the testis Body: passageway of sperm towards the vas deferens

Size depends on whether the animal is pregnant or not. If yes, the horns are greatly enlarged and exhibit a series of swellings, each of which contains an embryo. Mesovarium + mesosalpinx + mesometrium = broad ligament of the uterus in mammals Continues posteriorly as the vagina; the cats uterus is bipartite

Opening of the body of the uterus into the vagina is the external uterine orifice

Head corresponds to the epididymis of lower forms and is derived from the mesonephros

Vas deferens Spermatic cord

Inguinal canal External inguinal rings Internal inguinal rings Prostate gland

Within the spermatic cord White cord found beneath the tissue anterior to the testis; passes forward and enters the peritoneal cavity through the inguinal canal Canal in the peritoneal cavity 2 ends of the inguinal canal

Tail: where the gubernaculum is attached Passageway of sperm Passageway of sperm, seminal fluids, and blood; contains the ductus/vas deferens, blood vessels and nerves Passage of the spermatic cord to the peritoneal cavity External passage of the spermatic cord to the peritoneal cavity Internal passage of the spermatic cord to the peritoneal cavity Contributes to the seminal fluid

Urogenital canal/sinus Cowpers gland/bulbourethral glands

A slight enlargement surrounding the junction of the deferent ducts and urethra Common tube formed by the union of the deferent ducts and urethra Small swellings in the urogenital canal shortly posterior to the prostate gland

Secretes contributions to the seminal fluid, lubricates the urethra