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EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPlSCHE NORM
EN 1910
January 2000
lCS 79.080
English version
Wood and parquet flooring and wood panelling and cladding -
Determination of dimensional stability
Planchers et parquets en bois et lambris et bardages en
bois - Dtermination de la stabilit dimensionnelle
Parkett und andere Holzfubden und Wand- und
Deckenbekleidungen aus Holz - Bestimmung der
Dimensionsstabilitt
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 November 1999.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC lnternal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
lceland, lreland, ltaly, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
(8523($1 &200,77(( )25 67$1'$5',=$7,21
&20, 7e (8523e(1 '( 1250$/, 6$7, 21
(8523b, 6&+(6 .20, 7(( )h5 125081*
CentraI Secretariat: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 BrusseIs
2000 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved
worldwide for CEN national Members.
Ref. No. EN 1910:2000 E
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Page 2
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
Contents
Page
Foreword 3
1. Scope 4
2. Normative references 4
3. Terms and definitions 4
4. PrincipIe 4
5. Test equipment 4
5.1 Conditioning room or enclosure 4
5.2 Stabilizing room or enclosure 5
5.3 Trays 5
5.4 Measuring equipment 5
5.5 Scales 5
5.6 Oven 5
6. Test specimens 6
6.1 Dimensions and shape 6
6.2 Sampling 6
6.3 Conditioning 6
7. Measurements 6
7.1 Mass 6
7.2 Dimensions of the test specimen 6
7.3 Warp 6
7.4 Moisture content 6
8. Procedure 6
8.1 nitial measurements 6
8.2 Exposure to the humid climate 7
8.3 Measurements after stabilization in the humid climate 7
8.4 Exposure to the dry climate 7
8.5 Measurements after stabilization in the dry climate 7
8.6 Oven drying (for solid timber elements) 7
9. Expression of the resuIts of a test specimen 7
9.1 Moisture content (solid timber element only) 7
9.2 Dimensional changes 8
9.3 Warp 8
10. Expression of the resuIts of the ten test specimens 9
10.1 Dimensional changes 9
10.2 Warp 9
11. Test report 9
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Page 3
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
Foreword
This European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 175 "Round and
sawn timber", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2000, and conflicting national standards shall
be withdrawn at the latest by July 2000.
According to the CEN/CENELEC nternal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, celand, reland, taly, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
This document is one of a series of standards specifying requirements and test methods for wood
and parquet flooring.
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Page 4
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
1. Scope
This European Standard specifies a method of test to determine the dimensional changes and warp
of the elements of wood and parquet flooring and wood panelling and cladding.
2. Normative references
This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other
publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the
publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of
any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by
amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies
(including amendments).
prEN 13183-1:1998 Round and sawn timber - Method of measurement of moisture content
Part 1: Method for determining moisture content of a piece of sawn timber
(Oven-dry method)
prEN 13183-2:1998 Round and sawn timber - Method of measurement of moisture content
Part 2: Method for estimating moisture content of a piece of sawn timber
(Electrical method)
prEN 13756:1999 Wood floor covering - Terminology
prEN 13647:1999 Wood and parquet flooring and wood panelling and cladding - Determination of
geometrical characteristics
3. Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this European Standard the general terms and definitions for wood and parquet
flooring in prEN 13756:1999 apply.
4. PrincipIe
Measure the dimensional changes of the test specimen after initial conditioning in a standard
atmosphere and again after conditioning in a specified climate. Express the results as a percentage
of variation of the relevant dimension measured in the initial standard climatic conditions.
Record the warp and relate to the basis of measurement.
5. Test equipment

5.1 Conditioning room or encIosure
The conditioning room or enclosure shall be equipped with monitoring thermometers and
hygrometers. t shall be suitable to condition the test specimen either in:
climate A, defined by a relative humidity of (65 5) % and a temperature of (20 2) C; or
- climate B, defined by a relative humidity of (50 5) % and a temperature of (23 2) C.
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Page 5
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
5.2 StabiIizing room or encIosure
The stabilizing room or enclosure shall be equipped with monitoring thermometers and
hygrometers. t shall be capable of maintaining the conditions specified in table 1:
TabIe 1 - Conditions maintained by a stabiIizing room or encIosure
Condition No. 1 Condition No. 2
Temperature
a)
20 C 23 C
ReIative humidity
b)
Dry climate: 30 % 30 %
Humid climate:
H1:
or
H2:
75 %
85 %
75 %
85 %
a)
The permitted deviation for temperature is 2 C.
b)
The permitted deviation for relative humidity is 5 %.
t shall be possible to change from one climate to another within 24 h.
5.3 Trays
The trays shall provide non-continuous support to the test specimen in the conditioning and
stabilizing rooms.
The clearance between supports shall be sufficient not to hinder the ventilation between the test
specimens.
5.4 Measuring equipment
The length shall be measured with a vernier caliper of 300 mm useful length, or another apparatus
giving the same accuracy. All other dimensions shall be measured as defined in prEN 13647:1999.
5.5 ScaIes
Scales shall be accurate to 0,1 % of the masses to be measured.


5.6 Oven
The oven shall be able to operate at (103 2) C to bring the test specimens to the dry state.
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Page 6
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
6. Test specimens
6.1 Dimensions and shape
The length of the test specimens shall be reduced to about 250 mm (depending on the usable range
of the vernier caliper). The shape and other dimensions shall be as at the time of delivery.
6.2 SampIing

Unless otherwise specified, ten test specimens selected at random shall be taken.

6.3 Conditioning
Prior to exposure in the specified climate (5.2), the test specimen shall be conditioned for two weeks
either in climate A or in climate B as defined in 5.1.
7. Measurements
7.1 Mass
n case of solid timber elements record the mass of each test specimen after initial conditioning (6.3)
and after conditioning in the specified climate (5.2).

7.2 Dimensions of the test specimen

Measure the dimensions as defined in prEN 13647:1999 and measure the reduced length (see 6.1)
and the width.
7.3 Warp
Measure the warp as defined in prEN 13647:1999.
The forces applied to the test specimen with the apparatus shall not modify the measurements
beyond the permitted deviations defined in this standard.
7.4 Moisture content
f required, the moisture content of an element is measured in its initial state and after the
conditioning in dry and humid climates with one of the following methods:
- by weighing dehydration in an oven, as specified in prEN 13183-1:1998. The moisture
content is calculated according to 9.1,
- with an electrical device, by measuring wood resistance, as specified in prEN 13183-2:1998.
8. Procedure
8.1 InitiaI measurements
Once the initial conditioning according to 6.3 is achieved, carry out the measurements defined in
clause 7.
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Page 7
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
8.2 Exposure to the humid cIimate
After the initial measurements expose the test specimen to the specified humid climate, as defined in
5.2, for 4 weeks.
Achieve the correct conditions within 24 h.
8.3 Measurements after stabiIization in the humid cIimate
Carry out the measurements defined in clause 7.
8.4 Exposure to the dry cIimate
Once the measurements in 8.3 are recorded, expose the test specimen in the specified dry climate
as defined in 5.2 for 4 weeks.
Achieve the correct conditions within 24 h.
8.5 Measurements after stabiIization in the dry cIimate
Carry out the measurements defined in clause 7.
The duration of each conditioning period can be reduced if variation of mass does not exceed 0,1 %
beween two successive measurements made in any 24 h interval.
8.6 Oven drying (for soIid timber eIements)
Once the test specimen has been through all the prescribed climates, proceed to its oven drying with
the oven specified in 5.6. Oven dry state is reached if mass variation is not more than 0,1 % between
two successive measurements made in any 24 h interval.
9. Expression of the resuIts of a test specimen

9.1 Moisture content (soIid timber eIement onIy)
Calculate using the following formula:
d
d s
100
m
m m -
= w
where:
w is the moisture content of the test specimen, after each stabilization process, in percent to
three significant figures;
m
d
is the mass of the test specimen after oven drying, in g;
m
s
is the mass of the test specimen after each stabilization, in g.
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Page 8
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
9.2 DimensionaI changes
n each direction, the cumulative relative change is calculated with the following formula:
where:
dcr is the cumulative relative dimensional change, in % to two significant figures;
D
i
is the dimension after initial stabilization, with an accuracy of 0,01 mm;
D
d
is the dimension after dry conditioning, with an accuracy of 0,01 mm;
D
h
is the same dimension after humid conditioning, with an accuracy of 0,01 mm.
h = 15 for climate H1, h = 18 for climate H2.
NOTE: The values for h are derived from tables giving the moisture content of solid timber in
relation to temperature and relative humidity.
9.3 Warp

9.3.1 Cup
Average the absolute warp for each climate and express with an accuracy of 0,05 mm.
For each climate, express the relative warp derived from the absolute averaged ones with an
accuracy of 0,01 %.
9.3.2 Spring
Average the absolute warp for each climate and express with an accuracy of 0,25 mm.
For each climate, express the relative warp derived from the absolute averaged ones with an
accuracy of 0,01 %.
9.3.3 Bow
2)
Average the absolute warp for each climate and express with an accuracy of 1 mm.
For each climate, express the relative warp derived from the absolute averaged ones with an
accuracy of 0,01 %.

2)
Bow should be measured only if required in the product standard.
D
D
-
D
)
h
(
= dcr
i
d h
18
100
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Page 9
EN 1910:2000
BS 07-2000
10. Expression of the resuIts of the ten test specimens

10.1 DimensionaI changes
For the cumulative relative change defined in 9.2, the mean and the coefficient of variation,
expressed to two significant figures, shall be calculated in each direction.

10.2 Warp
The average of the absolute and relative values of the test specimens shall be given to two significant
figures.
11. Test report
t shall contain the following information:
- the name and address of the laboratory;
- the name and address of the company ordering the test;
- the sampling procedure and the identification of the sample;
- the date of delivery;
- the date of period of the test(s);
- the type (the brand if any) and the full description of the elements (with their possible
characteristics at delivery time), face view and cross sections in a suitable scale;
- the reference to the implemented test method(s) and, if any, the deviations;
- the conditioning applied to the elements prior to testing;
- the climatic conditions within the laboratory during the test(s);
- a short description of the apparatus involved in the test(s);
- each individual result according to the test method(s);
- the mean value and the coefficient of variation of the sample as defined in this standard and,
if specified, the characteristic value of the property;
- if relevant, the classifications or the attributions regarding the conformity of the sample to the
corresponding standard.
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