Você está na página 1de 1

Second and third conditionals

- If I liked running, I would run the London marathon - If your daughter decided to be a climber, what what would you do? - I would go to university abroad if I were you. - If she had got up earlier, she wouldnt have been later for work. - I wouldnt have passed the exam, if I hadnt studied - If hadnt become a mountaineer, what would you have done?

1) Look at the sentences in the grammar box and read the rules. Which sentences are second conditionals? Which are third conditionals? a) We use second conditionals to describe a hypothetical situation in the present or future. b) We use third conditionals to describe a hypothetical situation in the past.
2) Complete the rules of form. Second conditional Condition/consequence If + / would + verb Third Conditional Condition/consequence If + / would + have + Past participle of the verb
of Siula Grande in Peru. On the way down, Joe broke his leg very badly. However, they had ropes and Simon lowered Joe down the mountain. Unfortunately, the weather condition got worse and Simon lowered Joe over a crevasse accidentally. The rope pulled Simon towards the crevasse. Simon cut the rope and saved his life. Joe fell into the crevasse and Simon continued down. Incredibly, Joe survived the fall and managed to get back to the camp. Later other climbers criticised Simon because he hadnt checked Joe was alive. Ex. 1) If they hadnt had ropes, Simon wouldnt have lowered Joe down the mountain. 1) 2) 3) 4) If the weather conditions hadnt got worse .. Simon wouldnt have saved his life .. Joe wouldnt have managed to get back to the camp. If Simon had checked if Joe was alive ..

3) Match the sentences beginnings (1-6) with the endings (a-f).


a) b) c) d) e) f) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) If shed climbed the mountain, If she climbed the mountain, I wouldnt have met Tim again, I wouldnt see Tim again, What would they have said What would they say If we didnt invite them? If I hadnt gone to the party. She would have been the first woman to do it. If we hadnt invited them She would be the first woman to do it. If I didnt like him.

4) Complete the second conditional sentences with the correct form of the verbs.
Ex. 1. If Simon didnt play football, he wouldnt be so fit and healthy. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) What _______ (he/do), if he _______ (lose) his job? If I _______ (be/you), I _______ (stop) smoking. If you really _______ (like) Kim, you _______ (ask) Her out. _______ (she/tell) you about her problems if you _______ (ask) her? if we _______ (have) more time, we _______ (go) travelling.

5) Read the text. Then complete the sentences below in the third conditional. Use the words in italics to help you.
In 1985, Joe Simpson and Simon Yates climbed to top