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Comparatives and superlatives

http://www.saberingles.com.ar/curso/lesson12/04.html

Most adjectives with one syllable: add er/ -est

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

cheap (barat) fast (rpid) slow (lent) weak (feble) tall (alt) old young long short stupid high (elevat) low (baix) hard (dur) quiet (tranquil) clean strong cold small clever warm (clid) deep (profund) straight (recte)

cheaper faster slower weaker taller older younger longer shorter stupider higher lower harder quieter cleaner stronger colder smaller cleverer warmer deeper straighter

the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the the

cheapest fastest slowest weakest tallest oldest youngest longest shortest stupidest highest lowest hardest quietest cleanest strongest coldest smallest cleverest warmest deepest straightest

One syllable adjectives that end in e: add r/ -st


Adjective Comparative Superlative

large nice (bo) wise (savi) safe near

larger nicer wiser safer nearer

the the the the the

largest nicest wisest safest nearest

One syllable adjectives that end in consonant + vowel + consonant: double the final consonant + -er/ -est
Adjective Comparative Superlative

big fat hot (calors) wet (humit) thin sad

bigger fatter hotter wetter thinner sadder

the the the the the the

biggest fattest hottest wettest thinnest saddest

Adjectives with two syllables that end in y: change y to ier/ iest


Adjective Comparative

Superlative

angry (enfadat) busy (ocupat) healthy (saludable) heavy (pesat) ugly (lleig) happy noisy dirty funny pretty easy

angrier busier healthier heavier uglier happier/much happier noisier dirtier funnier prettier easier

the the the the the the

angriest busiest healthiest heaviest ugliest happiest

the noisiest the dirtiest the funniest the prettiest the easiest

busy noisy sunny spicy lazy early friendly

messy (brut)

busier noisier sunnier spicier lazier earlier friendlier/more friendly

the busiest the noisiest the sunniest the spiciest the laziest the earliest the friendliest or the most friendly the messiest

messier

Other adjectives with three syllables or more syllables/ adjectives ending in ful and -re add more / the most
Adjective Comparative Superlative

obscure playful useful (til) doubtful (dubts) attractive comfortable expensive fashionable (de moda) popular unusual peaceful (pacfic) pleasant (agradable) careful (acurat) exciting beautiful delicious stressful (estressant) dangerous boring

more obscure more playful more useful more doubtful more attractive more comfortable more expensive more fashionable

the most obscure the most playful the most useful the most doubtful the most attractive the most comfortable the most expensive the most fashionable

more more more more more more more more more

popular unusual peaceful pleasant careful exciting beautiful delicious stressful

the the the the the the the the the

most popular most unusual most peaceful most pleasant most careful most exiting most beautiful most delicious most stressful

more dangerous more boring more impatient

the most dangerous the most boring the most impatient

impatient famous modern difficult enjoyable relaxing difficult selfish competitive ambitious

more famous/A little most famous more modern more difficult more enjoyable more relaxing more difficult more selfish more competitive more ambitious

the most famous

the most modern the most difficult the most enjoyable the most relaxing the most difficult the most selfish the most competitive the most ambitious

Irregular forms
Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

bad far good much/many/a lot of little

worse further/farther better more less

the the the the

worst furthest/farthest best most

the least

FURTHER also means more. Dont hesitate (no dubtis) to ask me if you need further information. ELDER/YOUNGER and ELDEST/YOUNGEST are used for family

members.

My elder sister is married. My younger brother is single. He is the eldest of the three brothers.
HAD BETTER means you should do it and is followed by the

infinitive without to.

Youd better not do that or youll get in trouble (problemes). Id better leave now to get there in time.
http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/bbogage-54079-comparativegrammar-education-ppt-

powerpoint/http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/bbogage-57246Superlative-Grammar-Using-Superlativein-English-comparing-2-things-graEntertainment-ppt-powerpoint/ http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/irregular-adjectives.htm

Inferiority: less, the least


Hes less stressed than me. Hes the least stressed student in class. much less stressed, a little less stressed.

Negative Comparative: If we want compare something in a negative way, we use less, the least or not asas
Strawberry is less popular than vanilla ice cream. Pistachio is the least popular. Citroen is not as expensive as Mercedes. (= Citroen is less expensive than Mercedes). Its less than 20 miles away.

LESS THAN/FEWER THAN Less is the comparative of little and is usually used before uncountable nouns; fewer is the comparative of few and is used with plural nouns; but less can also be used with plural nouns that refer to distances and amounts (quantitat) of money.

In informal English less is frequently used of fewer, but this use not considered correct in formal English.

Less than 10 people showed up (manifestar-se). (=fewer than 10 people).

Equality: as + adjective + as:


He is as tall as me. Your idea is the same as mine.
http://idiomes.sonrullan.com/ENGLISH/grammar/THEORY/Adjectives.Adverbs/C omparativeSuperlative/comparativesEQUALITY.htm

http://quizlet.com/9202523/comparatives-of-equality-i-adjectives-flash-cards/

USE:
You use comparatives when you want to compare two people and

two things. In these sentences you use:

COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVE + THAN + NOUN/PRONON


The Superzoom is more expensive than the Snapshot This camera is bigger than that one. My brothers taller than me.

You use object pronouns after comparative + than. Jana is healthier than me. (Jana est ms sana que jo) Im taller than her. (Jo sc ms alta que ella) Use comparative adverbs to compare actions.

He drives more slowly than me.

Adverb Regular quickly slowly

Comparative more quickly less slowly

Adverb Irregular hard well badly

Comparative harder better worse

carefully (cuidadosament) elegantly

more carefully more elegantly

You can also use (not) as + (adjective/adverb) + as. Im not as tall as my brother. He doesnt drive as fast as me.

After

than or as we can use an object pronoun me, him, her, etc or a subject pronoun (I, he, she) + auxiliary verb.
Shes taller than me. Shes taller than I am but NOT Shes taller I.

You use superlatives to talk about the difference between one

thing and the others in a group.

Its the best book (of all the books) Ive ever red. Mount Everest is the highest mountain (of all the mountains) in the world. Maria is the most intelligent student (of all the students) in the class.

We often use a superlative with the present perfect.

Russia is the coldest place weve ever been to. Its the most beautiful church Ive ever seen.

You normally use the before superlatives, but you can also use

possessive adjectives.

My best friend, their most famous song.

Adverbs Use adverbs to say how people do things. Adverbs usually go after the verb.
I speak English very well. I drive slowly. They speak very quietly. People dress very well:

Remember the difference between adjective and adverbs:


Im a careful driver. (Adjective) I drive carefully. (Adverb)

Not all words that end in ly are adverbs, e. g. frienly=adjective


Hes friendly person

Adjective
Slow Quick Bad Careful

Adverb
Slowly Quickly Badly Carefully + -ly

Healthy Easily Good Fast Hard

Healthily Easily Well Fast Hard

Consonant + y -ily

irregular

COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES (adverbs) One syllable -er/-est fast late long hard slowly smartly quickly early well badly faster (than) later longer harder more slowly more smartly more quickly earlier better worse the fastest the latest the longest The hardest the most slowly the most smartly the most quickly the earliest the best the worst

-ly adverbs more/most

Exception: Irregular

Some adverbs have the same form as adjectives: hard, fast,

high, low, deep, early, late, long, near, straight, right or wrong. (

Dur, rpid, alt, baix, al fons, d'hora, tard, llarg, prop, recte, correcte, incorrecte).

ADJECTIVE
This is a fast car. The biscuit are very hard.

ADVERB
George drives fast (adverb, not fastly). He tried hard in order to succeed (adverb, not hardly).

COMPARISON OF EQUALITY AND INFERIORITY ADJECTIVES AND SUPERLATIVE

As + adjective + as:
You are not as tall as your brother.

As + adverb + as:
She doesn't drive as quickly as Fernando Alonso.

As + much + noun uncountable + as:


They don't have as much money as the CEO.

As + many + noun countable + as:


A dog doesn't have as many teeth as a shark. Sovint, utilitzem 'as... as' per descriure alguna cosa i remarcar una qualitat o defecte. She is as blind as a bat - literalment 'tan cega como un ratpenat' que vol dir que hi veu malament.

Una errada s utilitzar 'as... as' y el adjectiu en mode comparatiu: 'as taller as' s incorrecte. Una altra possibilitat per fer una comparaci digualtat s utilitzar la partcula 'like', que significa 'semblant a': I slept like a log literalment 'vaig dormir como un tronc', vol dir profundament.

Comparison of inferiority

To form the comparative of inferiority have to put LESS followed by the adjective THAN and it does not matter the number of syllables. LESS THAN + adjective + UNLESS YOU + adjective +

The director is less smart than my boss. Los Angeles is less interesting than Paris.
Comparatives Regular Comparatives and Superlatives Regular Comparatives and Superlatives 2 Regular Comparatives and Superlatives 3 Regular Comparatives and Superlatives 4 Quiz: Comparatives and Superlatives Comparatives & Superlatives Game

http://a4esl.org/q/f/z/zz66fck.htm http://www.saberingles.com.ar/curso/lesson12/04.html http://blocs.xtec.cat/listen/category/superlative/ http://clic.xtec.cat/db/act_es.jsp?id=3512 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6DgCwhzcapM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLE5yPZa_Ow&feature=youtu.be http://notredamke.rkc.si/english/crosswords/taller.doc http://blocs.xtec.cat/anglesceipsplai/2010/05/28/comparative-facts-5th-grade/ http://sheppardsoftware.com/grammar/adjectives.htm http://eoimanresa.xtec.cat/eoimanresa/moodle/ANGLES/1/unit %208/grammar/COMPARISON%20IN%20ENGLISH.pdf http://studentsstufflanguageschool.blogspot.com.es/2011/01/comparison-ofequality-and-inferiority.html http://idiomes.sonrullan.com/ENGLISH/grammar/THEORY/Adjectives.Adverbs/C omparativeSuperlative/comparativesEQUALITY.htm http://blocs.xtec.cat/anoiaenglish/2012/02/24/lets-compare-2nd-eso/