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# Average Velocity

(8-11 are Challenge Questions) 1. Heather and Matthew walk eastward with a speed of .98 m/s. If it takes them 34 min to walk to the store, how far have they walked? 2. If Joe rides south on his bicycle in a straight line for 15 min with an average speed of 12.5 km/h, how far has he ridden? 3. It takes you 9.5 min to walk with an average velocity of 1.2 m/s to the north from the bus stop to the museum entrance. What is your displacement? 4. Simpson drives his car with an average velocity of 48 km/h to the east. How long will it take him to drive 144 km/h on a straight highway? 5. Look at question #4. How much time would Simpson save by increasing his average velocity to 56 km/h to the east? 6. A bus travels 280 km south along a straight path with an average velocity of 88 km/h to the south. The bus stops for 24 min, then it travels 210 km south with an average velocity of 75 km/h to the south. a. How long does the total trip last? b. What is the average velocity for the total trip? 7. An athlete swims from the north end to the south end of a 50 m pool in 20 s and makes the return trip to the starting position in 22 s. a. What is the average velocity for the first half of the swim? b. What is the average velocity for the second half of the swim? c. What is the average velocity for the roundtrip? 8. A car travels in a straight line with an average velocity of 80 km/h for the first 2.5 h and then with an average velocity of 40 km/h for 1.5 h. (a) What is the total displacement for the 4 h trip? (b) What is the average velocity for the total trip? 9. Kelly and Jon board a supersonic jet and follow a busy air route across the Atlantic Ocean that is about 5500 km. (a) How long does it take for a supersonic jet flying at 2.4 times the speed of sound (340 m/sec) to make the trip? (b) How long does it take a subsonic jet flying at 0.9 times the speed of sound to make the same trip? (c) Allowing 2 h at end end for ground travel, checkin, security and baggage handling, what is the average speed door to door when traveling on the supersonic jet? (d) What is your average speed on the subsonic jet?

10. The nearest star, Proxima Centauri, is 4.1 x 10 15 km away. From the vicinity of this star, Gregor places an order at Tonys Pizza in Hoboken, New Jersey, communicating via light signal. Tonys fastest delivery craft travels at 10 -4 c (c is the speed of light and is equal to 3 x 10^8 m/sec). (a) How long does it take for Gregors order to reach Tonys pizza? (b) How long does Gregor wait between sending the signal and receiving the pizza? (c) If Tonys has a 1000-years-or-its-yours-free delivery policy, does Gregor have to pay for the pizza? 11 Cupid fires an arrow that strikes St. Valentine, producing the usual sounds of harp music and bird chirping as Valentine swoons into a fog of love. If Cupid hears these telltale sounds exactly one second after firing the arrow and the average speed of the arrow is 40 m/sec, what was the distance separating them? Take 340 m/sec for the speed of sound.