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# Name ________________________________________________________ pd _____

## Study Guide for Ch.9 Waves and Light

Vocabulary you need to know! Fill in the blanks 1 Electromagnetic A disturbance that involves the transfer of electric and magnetic waves energy. 2 Electromagnetic The energy that electromagnetic waves transfer through matter or radiation space. 3 Reflection Occurs when parallel rays of light hit a smooth surface. 4 5 6 7 8 9 Image Optical axis Wave length Frequency Focal point Index of refraction A copy of the object formed by reflected or refracted rays of light. An imaginary line that divides a mirror in half, much like the equator that divides Earth into northern and southern halves. The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of another wave. The number of waves that pass a given point in a certain amount of time. Forms when light rays actually meet. A measure of how much a light ray bends when it enters that medium. A lens that is thinner in the middle than at the ends. The complete range of electromagnetic waves placed in order by increasing frequency. Electromagnetic waves with the longest wavelengths and the shortest frequencies. Occurs when parallel rays of light hit an uneven surface. A flat sheet of glass that has a smooth, silver colored coating on one side. The point at which rays parallel to the optical axis reflect and meet. Electromagnetic waves with shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than radio waves. Electromagnetic waves that have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than microwaves. A mirror with a surface that curves outward. An image of a distant object caused by refraction of light. A lens that is thicker in the center than at the edges.
Electromagnetic waves that you can see. Electromagnetic waves with wavelengths shorter than visible light but longer than x-rays. An image that forms where light seems to come from. A mirror with a surface that curves inward like the inside of a bowl. Electromagnetic waves with wavelengths shorter than ultraviolet rays. Electromagnetic waves with the shortest wavelengths and the highest frequencies. A straight line that represents light waves. A curved piece of glass or other transparent material that refracts light.

10 Concave lens 11 Electromagnetic spectrum 12 Radio Waves 13 Diffuse reflection 14 Plane Mirror 15 Focal point 16 Microwaves 17 Infrared rays 18 Convex Mirror 19 Mirage 20 Convex lens 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Visual light Ultraviolet rays Virtual Image Concave Mirror X- rays Gamma rays ray lens

Name ________________________________________________________ pd _____ 1. Electromagnetic waves are disturbances between electric and magnetic energy. 2. Electromagnetic waves do not require a medium to transfer energy. 3. Waves travel at the speed of light. 4. The suns energy arrives on Earth as electromagnetic radiation. 5. A plane mirror produces a reverse right left and virtual image. 6. A convex mirror curves outward and a concave mirror curves inward. 7. Concave mirrors produce virtual and real images. 8. The bending of light waves as they enter a new medium is called Index of refraction. 9. A mirage is an image of a distant object caused by refraction. 10. A curved piece of glass that is used to refract light is called a (n) lens.
Identify each part of the wave below by writing the name of each part that is numbered.

## 1. Crest 2. Wave high 3. Baseline 4. Trough 5. Wavelength 6. Trough

1. 2.

3. 5. 4.
Use the diagram below to answer the following questions:

6.

1. Which of the waves above has the longest wavelength? Radio waves 2. Which of the waves above has the shortest wavelength? Gamma waves 3. Which of the waves has the greatest energy? Gamma waves 4. Which of the waves would be most harmful to humans? Gamma waves 5. Which part of the spectrum above can humans see? Visible light 6. Which of the waves above has the lowest frequency? Radio waves 7. Which of the waves above has the highest frequency? Gama Waves

## Name ________________________________________________________ pd _____

Use the diagram to answer the following questions. Name letter C and E. C=optical axis E= focal point What type of mirror is shown? Concave Mirror What kind of image is formed? Real Image What would happen to the image if the object was placed between E and D? A virtual image.

Answer the following questions with complete sentences. 1. Explain what happens to light as it passes through air, water, and glass. As light passes through air, water and glass it is refracted.

2. Explain the difference between regular and diffuse reflection. In regular reflection light is reflected off a smooth surface and the image is clear. In diffuse reflection light is reflected off an uneven surface and the image is not clear.

3. How are all electromagnetic waves alike and different from each other? All electromagnetic waves carry energy and move in straight paths, one wave carries electric energy and the other carries magnetic energy crating the electromagnetic waves, they can travel in space and do not need a medium to travel. All electromagnetic waves are arranged based on frequency in the electromagnetic spectrum. Starting with the lowest frequency, least energy and largest wavelength. These are radio waves. The last wave has the highest frequency, highest energy, and shortest wave length, and is called gamma rays. These waves are very harmful to humans.