WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 12, 2012

Social Networking Popular Across Globe
Arab Publics Most Likely to Express Political Views Online

Andrew Kohut, President, Pew Research Center Pew Global Attitudes Project: Richard Wike, Associate Director Juliana Menasce Horowitz, Senior Researcher Katie Simmons, Research Associate Jacob Poushter, Research Analyst Cathy Barker, Research Assistant Pew Research Center: James Bell, Director of International Survey Research, Pew Research Center Bruce Stokes, Director of Pew Global Economic Attitudes, Pew Research Center Elizabeth Mueller Gross, Vice President, Pew Research Center For Media Inquiries Contact: Richard Wike Vidya Krishnamurthy 202.419.4372 http://pewglobal.org

Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.pewglobal.org

Social Networking Popular Across Globe
Arab Publics Most Likely to Express Political Views Online
Social networking has spread around the world with remarkable speed. In countries such as Britain, the United States, Russia, the Czech Republic and Spain, about half of all adults now use Facebook and similar websites. These sites are also popular in many lower-income nations, where, once people have access to the internet, they tend to use it for social networking. Meanwhile, cell phones have become nearly ubiquitous throughout much of the world, and people are using them in a variety of ways, including texting and taking pictures. Smart phones are also increasingly common – roughly half in Britain, the U.S., and Japan have one. Globally, most smart phone users say they visit social networking sites on their phone, while many get job, consumer, and political information. Technologies like these are especially popular among the young and well educated. In almost every country polled, people under age 30 and those with a college education are more likely to engage in social networking and to use a smart phone.

Do You Use Social Networking Sites?
Yes Britain U.S. Russia Czech Rep. Spain Poland Brazil France Italy Turkey Lebanon Tunisia Germany Mexico China Japan Egypt Greece Jordan India 6 1 Pakistan 3 3
*Respondents who do not use the internet. Based on total sample. “Don’t know/Refused” not shown.

No 52 50 50 49 49 9 30 30 33 29

No internet* 15 21 42 22 21 42 51

40 40 39 38 35 34 8

17 9 36 24

25 38 56 51 57

15

34 7 34 33 4 31 30 30 7 29 29 6 19 18 36 46

20 63 50 34 63 51 65 89 94

PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q77 & Q79. These are among the key findings from a 21nation survey conducted by the Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project from March 17-April 20. The survey also finds that global

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publics are sharing their views online about a variety of topics, especially popular culture. Across 20 of the nations polled (Pakistan is excluded from this calculation due to the small number of social networking users), a median of 67% of social networkers say they use these sites to share opinions about music and movies. Significant numbers also post their views on community issues, sports and politics. Fewer give their opinions about religion.

Social Networking: Sharing Views on Music and Movies Most Popular
Do you ever use social networking sites to share your views about…?
Music and movies Community issues Sports Politics Religion 14 34 46 43 67

Expressing opinions about politics, community issues and religion is particularly common in Based on those who use social networking sites. Median % across 20 countries. Pakistan not included in the Arab world. For instance, in Egypt and calculation of median due to sample size. Tunisia, two nations at the heart of the Arab PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q80a-e. Spring, more than six-in-ten social networkers share their views about politics online. In contrast, Arab Publics Share Views about Politics, across 20 of the nations Community, Religion Online surveyed, a median of only Do you ever use social networking sites to share your views about…** 34% post their political % Saying they use opinions. social networking Community Similarly, in Egypt, Tunisia, Lebanon and Jordan, more than seven-in-ten share views on community issues, compared with a crossnational median of just 46%.
sites* % 34 34 30 29 34 Politics % 68 67 63 60 34 issues % 81 82 74 80 46 Religion % 8 63 63 62 14 Lebanon Tunisia Egypt Jordan 21-nation median

*Based on total sample. **Based on those who use social networking sites. Pakistan not included in calculation of median due to sample size.

There is considerable interest PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q79 & Q80b-d. in social networking in lowand middle-income nations. Once people in these countries are online, they generally become involved in social networks at high rates. For instance, the vast majority of internet users in Mexico, Brazil, Tunisia, Jordan, Egypt, Turkey, Russia and India are using social networking sites.

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Conversely, publics in some more economically developed nations seem less enthusiastic about interacting with others online – especially Japan and Germany, the only two countries where less than half of all internet users participate in social networks. And those Japanese and Germans who do go online for social networking use it less often than others around the world to express thoughts on culture, community, sports, politics and religion.

Social Networking In 19 of 21 countries, about three-in-ten or more of those polled use sites such as Facebook, including about half in Britain (52%), the U.S. (50%), Russia (50%), Spain (49%), and the Czech Republic (49%). Only in India (6%) and Pakistan (4%) is the percentage of adults who use social networking sites in single digits.1 In every country polled, use of social networking sites varies by age. In 17 of 21 countries, there is a gap of 50 points or more in usage of social networking sites between those younger than 30 and those 50 or older. This gap is particularly pronounced in Italy, Poland, Britain and Greece, where at least 70 percentage points separate those in the younger group from those in the older group.

Young Much More Likely to Use Social Networking
% That use social networking (based on total)
18-29 30-49 % % U.S. Italy Poland Britain Greece Spain France Czech Rep. Germany Russia Lebanon Turkey Tunisia Egypt Jordan Pakistan 80 91 82 94 74 91 81 87 69 84 66 69 64 50 35 4 59 52 53 66 35 58 47 57 42 59 28 31 25 22 35 2 50+ % 28 13 8 22 4 24 17 25 16 20 4 7 7 18 6 0 Oldestyoungest gap -52 -78 -74 -72 -70 -67 -64 -62 -53 -64 -62 -62 -57 -32 -29 -4

71 41 10 -61 Japan Similarly, use of social networking sites varies 61 26 8 -53 China by education level, with double-digit India 12 3 1 -11 differences between those with a college degree 63 29 7 -56 Mexico and those without a college degree in 15 of 18 62 43 12 -50 Brazil countries (this finding excludes Mexico, Brazil PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q79. and Pakistan, where fewer than 100 respondents have a college degree). The widest gap is found in Egypt, where 81% of those with a college degree use social networking sites, compared with just 18% of those with less education.
1 Respondents in each country were given examples of popular social networking sites in their country; see the appendix at the end of the topline section of this report for details.

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Among those who participate in social networks, sharing views about music and movies is a popular activity; majorities in 17 countries say they have done this. In China (86%), India (85%), Mexico (84%), Greece (83%), Turkey (78%), Tunisia (77%) and Italy (75%), at least three-quarters have shared their views about music and movies. Sports, on the other hand, is a less common topic, with half or more of users of social networking sites in only seven countries – India, Jordan, Tunisia, Turkey, Egypt, Brazil and China – saying they have shared their opinions about sports. Social Networking Usage
% Saying they use social networking sites* % U.S. Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Rep. Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia Pakistan China India Japan Brazil Mexico MEDIAN 50 52 39 34 49 38 29 40 49 50 35 30 29 34 34 3 31 6 30 40 33 34

Do you ever use social networking sites to share your views about…**
Music and movies % 63 49 59 50 62 75 83 55 61 67 78 67 68 48 77 -86 85 59 74 84 67 Community issues % 47 36 14 42 48 64 51 40 45 34 63 74 80 81 82 -50 41 32 38 40 46 Sports % 49 35 40 29 48 44 41 35 37 38 61 53 68 22 64 -50 82 33 51 42 43 Politics % 37 30 18 27 34 36 34 19 27 31 57 63 60 68 67 -35 45 22 31 21 34 Religion % 32 8 8 7 13 16 13 9 9 15 53 63 62 8 63 -10 40 1 43 15 14

*Based on total sample. **Based on those who use social networking sites. Pakistan not shown due to sample size. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q79 & Q80a-e.

In Arab countries such as Tunisia, Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, social networking sites are also a popular forum for expressing views on politics and community issues. More than seven-inten users of social networking sites in these countries have posted about community issues on these sites, and at least six-in-ten have shared their views about politics. Italy and Turkey are

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the only other countries surveyed where majorities of those who use social networking sites have expressed opinions about community issues (64% and 63%, respectively); most in Turkey also have shared their views on politics on these sites (57%). Users of social networking in Tunisia (63%), Egypt (63%) and Jordan (62%) are also more likely than those in other countries to say they have posted on religion. In fact, in no other nation surveyed has a majority of users of these sites shared views about religion. In 14 countries, only about a third or less have posted on this topic.

Cell Phones Nearly Universal in Much of World Broad majorities around the world own a cell phone. Three-quarters or more in 18 of the 21 countries surveyed say they have a mobile phone, while at least half say the same in Mexico (63%), India (56%) and Pakistan (52%). In addition to making phone calls, most respondents say they regularly use their cell phone to send text messages. At least two-thirds of cellphone owners in 17 countries say they frequently text, including 93% in Mexico and 90% in Lebanon. Turks (60%), Germans (58%), Indians (42%) and Pakistanis (36%) are less likely to send text messages. Taking pictures or videos with cell phones is somewhat

Cell Phone Usage
On your cell phone, do you regularly…*
% Saying they own a cell phone Make calls % % U.S. Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Rep. Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia Pakistan China India Japan Brazil Mexico MEDIAN 86 92 86 89 95 91 89 82 99 88 85 76 94 82 91 52 93 56 87 84 63 87 95 96 96 84 98 99 99 97 97 98 98 99 96 98 99 99 99 100 99 99 91 98 Send text messages % 72 86 79 58 74 74 71 83 85 78 60 75 68 90 69 36 75 42 83 72 93 74 Take pictures/ Use the video internet % % 67 61 61 34 67 52 55 54 50 55 39 56 47 31 31 13 49 28 79 62 70 54 51 52 35 29 36 23 12 31 25 33 26 14 22 24 20 4 36 9 51 22 27 26

*Based on those who own a cell phone. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q78 & Q81a-d.

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less popular. The Japanese (79%), Mexicans (70%), Americans (67%) and Spanish (67%) are the most likely to regularly use their phones to take a picture or video, while roughly six-in-ten or fewer say the same in the other 17 countries surveyed. Pakistanis (13%) are the least likely to use their mobile phones for such a purpose. Few cell phone users access the internet on their phones. In 18 of the countries surveyed, fewer than four-in-ten say they regularly use their mobile phone to access the internet. The British (52%), Japanese (51%) and Americans (51%) are most likely to do so.

Smart Phone Users Engaged on Social Networks Among smart phone users – defined here as those who own a cell phone and regularly use it to access the internet – social networking is very popular. In 12 countries, at least sixin-ten smart phone users access social networks with their phones. The practice is particularly common in Egypt (79%), Mexico (74%) and Greece (72%). The Japanese (45%) and Chinese (31%), on the other hand, are the least likely to use their phones for connecting with social networks. Smart Phone Users
On your cell phone, do you regularly…
Access social networking sites % U.S. Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Rep. Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Brazil Mexico MEDIAN 60 68 56 49 64 67 72 53 47 64 67 79 54 69 63 31 58 45 64 74 64 Get info related to job % 54 47 49 47 66 48 45 44 60 40 48 18 17 37 39 29 60 48 44 43 46 Get consumer info % 64 62 53 47 51 41 45 50 53 40 45 26 40 28 30 27 40 50 35 29 43 Get political news % 57 45 46 44 58 37 35 43 41 24 45 65 25 40 39 48 42 64 32 31 43

Based on those who own a cell phone and regularly use the internet on their phone. Pakistan not shown due to sample size. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q81e-h.

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Respondents in the U.S., Japan and Europe are most likely to use their smart phones to get information about consumer products, their job or politics. At least four-in-ten in these countries say they use their phone regularly to get information about prices and availability of products or about issues related to their job. And more than a third say the same about accessing political news and information. Overall, smart phone users in the countries surveyed in the Middle East, Asia and Latin America are less likely to use their phones to gather information, although there are a few exceptions. A majority of smart phone users in India (60%), for example, rely on their mobile phones for information about their job. Egyptians (65%) are particularly likely to search for political news on their cell phones. And the Chinese (48%) are more likely to use their mobile phones to access information about politics than any of the other smart phone activities asked about. The young are considerably more engaged with their cell phones than their elders. There are double-digit age gaps in most countries for all cell phone activities except making calls. For example, in 19 of the 21 countries surveyed, 1829 year olds are at least 10 percentage points more likely than those age 50 or older to use their cell phone to access the internet. The biggest differences occur in China (+63 points), Japan (+62), Russia (+62) and Britain (+61). The way people use their cell phones also varies considerably by education. For example, in 14 countries, respondents with a college education are at least 10 percentage points more likely than those without a college degree to access the internet on their mobile phones. The education gap is particularly large in China (+47), Turkey (+36), Egypt (+32) and Lebanon (+31). Smart Phones More Common Among Young People
On your cell phone, do you regularly use the internet?
18-29 30-49 % % U.S. Britain France Spain Italy Poland Germany Greece Czech Rep. Russia Turkey Tunisia Lebanon Egypt Pakistan Jordan China Japan India Mexico Brazil 76 86 65 66 54 54 56 37 43 68 49 38 37 19 7 18 70 87 18 46 40 59 62 40 43 32 35 34 11 33 32 19 12 21 13 1 28 28 66 4 18 17 50+ % 30 25 14 16 6 9 15 1 9 6 3 5 10 8 0 18 7 25 2 8 6 Oldestyoungest gap -46 -61 -51 -50 -48 -45 -41 -36 -34 -62 -46 -33 -27 -11 -7 0 -63 -62 -16 -38 -34

Based on those who own a cell phone. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q81c.

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About the Pew Global Attitudes Project
The Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project conducts public opinion surveys around the world on a broad array of subjects ranging from people’s assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. The project is directed by Andrew Kohut, president of the Pew Research Center, a nonpartisan “fact tank” in Washington, DC, that provides information on the issues, attitudes, and trends shaping America and the world. The Pew Global Attitudes Project is principally funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Since its inception in 2001, the Pew Global Attitudes Project has released numerous major reports, analyses, and other releases, on topics including attitudes toward the U.S. and American foreign policy, globalization, terrorism, and democracy. Pew Global Attitudes Project team members include Richard Wike (Associate Director), Juliana Menasce Horowitz, Katie Simmons, Jacob Poushter, and Cathy Barker. Other contributors to the project include Pew Research Center staff members James Bell (Director, International Survey Research), Bruce Stokes (Director, Pew Global Economic Attitudes), and Elizabeth Mueller Gross (Vice President), as well as Bruce Drake, Neha Sahgal, Carroll Doherty, and Michael Dimock. Additional members of the team include Mary McIntosh, president of Princeton Survey Research Associates International, and Mike Mokrzycki. The Pew Global Attitudes Project team regularly consults with survey and policy experts, regional and academic experts, journalists, and policymakers whose expertise provides tremendous guidance in shaping the surveys.

Pew Global Attitudes Project Public Opinion Surveys
Survey Summer 2002 November 2002 March 2003 May 2003 Spring 2004 Spring 2005 Spring 2006 Spring 2007 Spring 2008 Spring 2009 Fall 2009 Spring 2010 Spring 2011 Spring 2012 Sample 44 Nations 6 Nations 9 Nations 21 Publics* 9 Nations 17 Nations 15 Nations 47 Publics* 24 Nations 25 Publics* 14 Nations 22 Nations 23 Publics* 21 Nations Interviews 38,263 6,056 5,520 15,948 7,765 17,766 16,710 45,239 24,717 26,397 14,760 24,790 29,100 26,210

* Includes the Palestinian territories.

The Pew Global Attitudes Project’s co-chairs are on leave through 2012. The project is co-chaired by former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, currently principal, the Albright Stonebridge Group, and by former Senator John C. Danforth, currently partner, Bryan Cave LLP. All of the project’s reports and commentaries are available at www.pewglobal.org. The data are also made available on our website within two years of publication. Findings from the project are also analyzed in America Against the World: How We Are Different and Why We Are Disliked by Andrew Kohut and Bruce Stokes, published by Times Books. A paperback edition of the book was released in May 2007. For further information, please contact: Richard Wike Associate Director, Pew Global Attitudes Project 202.419.4400 / rwike@pewresearch.org

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Survey Methods
About the 2012 Pew Global Attitudes Survey Results for the survey are based on telephone and face-to-face interviews conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Survey results are based on national samples except in China. For further details on sample designs, see below. The descriptions below show the margin of sampling error based on all interviews conducted in that country. For results based on the full sample in a given country, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling and other random effects is plus or minus the margin of error. In addition to sampling error, one should bear in mind that question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of opinion polls. Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Brazil Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Brazil’s five regions and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Portuguese March 20 – April 19, 2012 800 ±5.1 percentage points Adult population Britain Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of all telephone households (roughly 98% of all British households) Telephone adults 18 plus English March 19 – April 15, 2012 1,018 ±3.3 percentage points Telephone households (including cell phone-only households) (roughly 98% of all British households)

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Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages:

Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Note: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

China Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by China’s three regional-economic zones (which include all provinces except Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong and Macao) with disproportional sampling of the urban population. Twelve cities, 12 towns and 12 villages were sampled covering central, east, and west China. The cities sampled were Beijing, Shanghai, Qingdao, Nanjing, Haikou, Qinhuangdao, Wuhan, Shangqui, Xiangtan, Neijiang, Guilin, Chongqing. The towns covered were Zhangjiagang, Suzhou, Jiangsu; Dashiqiao, Yingkou, Liaoning; Jimo, Qingdao, Shandong; Gaoan Yichun, Jiangxi; Dali, DaliState, Yunnan; Shaowu, Nanping, Fujian; Xintai, Taian, Shandong; Gaobeidian, Baoding, Hebei; Ji’an, Tonghua, Jilin; Zaoyang, Xiangyang, Hubei; Guiping, Guigang, Guangxi; Yicheng, Xiangyang, Hubei. Two or three villages near each of these towns were sampled. Face-to-face adults 18 plus Chinese (Mandarin, Hubei, Shandong, Chongqing, Hebei, Liaoning, Guangxi, Shanghai, Jilin, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Henan, Yunnan, Jiangsu, Hunan, and Hainan dialects) March 18 – April 15, 2012 3,177 ±4.3 percentage points Disproportionately urban (the sample is 55% urban, China’s population is 50% urban). The sample represents roughly 64% of the adult population. Data cited are from the Horizon Consultancy Group. Czech Republic Random Digit Dial (RDD) sample representative of all adults who own a cell phone (roughly 91% of adults age 18 and older) Telephone adults 18 plus Czech March 17 – April 2, 2012 1,000 ±3.4 percentage points Adults who own a cell phone (roughly 91% of adults age 18 and older)

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Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Egypt Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by governorates (excluding Frontier governorates for security reasons – about 2% of the population) proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Arabic March 19 – April 10, 2012 1,000 ±4.2 percentage points Adult population (excluding Frontier governorates or about 2% of the population) France Random Digit Dial (RDD) sample representative of all telephone households (roughly 99% of all French households) with quotas for gender, age and occupation and proportional to region size and urban/rural population Telephone adults 18 plus French March 20 – March 31, 2012 1,004 ±3.5 percentage points Telephone households (including cell phone-only households) (roughly 99% of all French households) Germany Random Last Two Digit Dial (RL(2)D) probability sample representative all landline telephone households (roughly 91% of all German households) stratified by administrative districts proportional to population size and community size Telephone adults 18 plus German March 19 – April 2, 2012 1,000 ±4.0 percentage points Telephone households (excluding cell phone-only households [8%] and households without telephones [1%])

Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

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Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Greece Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by region and proportional to population size and urban/rural population excluding the islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas (roughly 6% of the population) Face-to-face adults 18 plus Greek March 20 – April 9, 2012 1,000 ±3.7 percentage points Adult population (excluding the islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas – roughly 6% of the population) India Multi-stage cluster sample in 13 of the 15 most populous states (Kerala and Assam were excluded), plus the Union Territory of Delhi (86% of the adult population); disproportional sampling of the urban population (sample 50% urban/population 28% urban) Face-to-face adults 18 plus Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Kannad, Telugu, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya March 19 – April 19, 2012 4,018 ±3.9 percentage points Disproportionately urban. The data was weighted to reflect the actual urban/rural distribution in India. Sample covers roughly 86% of the Indian population. Italy Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by four regions and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Italian March 19 – April 10, 2012 1,074 ±4.4 percentage points Adult population

Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

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Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Japan Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of all landline telephone households stratified by region and population size Telephone adults 18 plus Japanese March 20 – April 12, 2012 700 ±4.1 percentage points Telephone households (excluding cell phone-only households [roughly 9%] and households with no telephones [roughly 5%]) Jordan Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by region and Jordan’s 12 governorates and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Arabic March 19 – April 10, 2012 1,000 ±4.8 percentage points Adult population Lebanon Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Lebanon’s seven major regions (excluding a small area in Beirut controlled by a militia group and a few villages in the south Lebanon, which border Israel and are inaccessible to outsiders) and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Arabic March 19 – April 10, 2012 1,000 ±4.2 percentage points Adult population

Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

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Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design:

Mexico Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by region and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Spanish March 20 – April 2, 2012 1,200 ±3.8 percentage points Adult population Pakistan Multi-stage cluster sample of all four provinces stratified by province and the urban/rural population. (The Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Jammu and Kashmir were excluded for security reasons, as were areas of instability in Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [formerly the North-West Frontier Province] – roughly 18% of the population.) Face-to-face adults 18 plus Urdu, Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi, Hindko, Saraiki, Brahvi, Balochi March 28 – April 13, 2012 1,206 ±4.2 percentage points Sample is disproportionately urban, but data are weighted to reflect the actual urban/rural distribution in Pakistan. Sample covers roughly 82% of the adult population. Poland Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Poland’s 16 provinces and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Polish March 24 – April 16, 2012 1,001 ±3.7 percentage points Adult population

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

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Country: Sample design

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design:

Russia Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Russia’s eight regions (excluding a few remote areas in the northern and eastern parts of the country and Chechnya) and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Russian March 19 – April 4, 2012 1,000 ±3.6 percentage points Adult population Spain Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of telephone households (about 97% of Spanish households) stratified by region and proportional to population size Telephone adults 18 plus Spanish/Castilian March 20 – April 2, 2012 1,000 ±3.2 percentage points Telephone households (including cell phone-only households) (about 97% of Spanish households) Tunisia Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by governorate and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Tunisian Arabic March 22 – April 20, 2012 1,000 ±3.9 percentage points Adult population

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

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Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Turkey Multi-stage cluster sample in all 26 regions (based on geographical location and level of development [NUTS 2]) and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Turkish March 20 – April 11, 2012 1,001 ±5.2 percentage points Adult population United States Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of all telephone households stratified by county Telephone adults 18 plus English, Spanish March 20 – April 4, 2012 1,011 ±3.5 percentage points Telephone households (including cell phone-only households)

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Pew Global Attitudes Project 2012 Spring Survey Topline Results December 12, 2012 Release

Methodological notes:  Survey results are based on national samples except in China. For further details on sample designs, see Survey Methods section. Due to rounding, percentages may not total 100%. The topline “total” columns show 100%, because they are based on unrounded numbers. Since 2007, the Global Attitudes Project has used an automated process to generate toplines. As a result, numbers may differ slightly from those published prior to 2007. Spring, 2011 survey in Pakistan was fielded before the death of Osama bin Laden (April 10 – April 26), while the Late Spring, 2011 survey was conducted afterwards (May 8 – May 15). Trends from India prior to 2011 are not shown because those results were based on less-representative samples of the population. Since 2011, the samples have been more representative of the Indian population. Trends from Brazil prior to 2010 are not shown because those results were based on a less-representative sample of the population. Since 2010, the samples have been more representative of the Brazilian population. Trends from Egypt in 2002 are not shown because those results were based on a lessrepresentative sample of the population. Since 2006, the samples have been more representative of the Egyptian population. Not all questions included in the Spring 2012 survey are presented in this topline. Omitted questions have either been previously released or will be released in future reports.

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Q77 Do you use the internet, at least occasionally? Yes United States Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Britain Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 France Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Germany Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Spain Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Italy Greece Poland Spring, 2012 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Czech Republic Russia Spring, 2012 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Turkey Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Egypt Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Jordan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Lebanon Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 79 83 82 78 85 80 83 72 75 73 78 71 80 79 77 66 79 77 68 54 62 38 49 58 57 58 45 78 67 58 50 44 25 43 38 39 26 37 33 23 20 35 36 32 30 49 39 35 42 No 21 17 18 22 15 20 17 28 25 27 22 29 20 21 23 34 21 23 32 46 38 62 51 42 42 42 54 22 33 42 49 56 74 56 59 60 72 63 66 77 79 65 63 68 68 51 61 65 58 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 3 1 2 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

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Q77 Do you use the internet, at least occasionally? Yes Tunisia China Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 India Japan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Pakistan Spring, 2012 Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 41 50 56 46 38 34 7 7 66 59 64 5 5 4 6 6 49 43 37 37 38 31 No 57 50 44 53 62 66 89 93 34 41 36 94 93 94 94 90 51 57 63 63 61 68 DK/Refused 1 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 1 1 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

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Q78 Do you own a cell phone? Yes United States Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Britain Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 France Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Germany Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Spain Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Italy Spring, 2012 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 86 85 82 81 61 92 89 91 83 76 86 85 84 83 65 89 88 88 84 71 95 96 92 84 91 79 79 No 14 15 18 19 39 8 11 9 17 24 14 15 16 17 35 11 11 12 16 29 5 4 8 16 9 21 21 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

20

Q78 Do you own a cell phone? Yes Greece Poland Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Czech Republic Spring, 2012 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Russia Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Turkey Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Egypt Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Jordan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Lebanon Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Tunisia China Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 India Japan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Pakistan Spring, 2012 Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 89 82 78 77 73 40 99 98 74 88 86 82 65 8 85 84 77 73 49 76 71 65 60 94 95 94 57 35 82 79 79 84 62 91 93 93 90 67 50 56 53 87 86 82 52 48 47 38 34 No 11 18 21 23 26 58 1 2 26 12 14 18 35 91 15 16 22 26 50 24 29 35 40 6 5 5 43 65 18 21 21 16 38 9 7 7 10 33 50 44 47 13 14 18 48 52 52 61 65 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

21

Q78 Do you own a cell phone? Yes Pakistan Brazil Mexico Summer, 2002 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 5 84 73 63 57 51 44 37 No 94 16 27 37 42 48 56 63 DK/Refused 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

22

Q79 ASK ALL INTERNET USERS: Do you ever use online social networking sites like (Facebook, INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES)? Yes United States Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Britain Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 France Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Germany Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spain Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Italy Greece Poland Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Czech Republic Russia Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Turkey Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Egypt Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Jordan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Lebanon Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Tunisia China Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 India Japan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Pakistan Spring, 2012 Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 63 60 57 61 54 51 52 48 46 42 44 41 62 55 48 61 59 70 68 74 62 85 86 76 81 76 68 82 85 79 83 80 74 69 53 52 83 62 56 50 84 72 46 43 37 52 48 50 No 37 40 43 39 46 49 48 52 54 58 56 59 38 45 52 38 39 30 32 26 38 15 13 22 18 22 31 18 13 20 17 20 25 31 47 47 17 35 41 48 14 19 54 57 62 48 50 40 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 3 1 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 3 2 1 10 0 0 0 0 2 10 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 789 814 823 806 774 585 795 726 582 851 830 615 780 775 500 773 486 611 430 448 813 606 502 450 503 420 424 371 331 225 351 361 322 489 462 442 413 1605 1887 1522 550 587 516 465 495 62 64 103

23

Q79 ASK ALL INTERNET USERS: Do you ever use online social networking sites like (Facebook, INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES)? Yes Pakistan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2010 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 45 81 76 89 59 59 No 50 19 24 11 36 40 DK/Refused 5 0 0 0 4 1 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 145 357 358 415 282 481

Q80a ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES: And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about ______ or not? a. sports Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 49 35 40 29 48 44 41 35 37 38 61 53 68 22 64 50 82 33 51 42 No 51 65 60 71 52 54 59 65 63 60 37 47 30 78 35 50 15 67 49 58 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 453 419 404 333 478 468 287 418 482 522 424 303 293 336 341 972 488 237 284 367

Pakistan not shown due to sample size

24

Q80b ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES: And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about ______ or not? b. religion Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 32 8 8 7 13 16 13 9 9 15 53 63 62 8 63 10 40 1 43 15 No 68 92 92 93 87 81 86 90 91 84 44 35 36 92 36 89 56 99 57 85 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 0 1 2 2 2 0 1 1 5 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 453 419 404 333 478 468 287 418 482 522 424 303 293 336 341 972 488 237 284 367

Pakistan not shown due to sample size
Q80c ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES: And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about ______ or not? c. politics Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 37 30 18 27 34 36 34 19 27 31 57 63 60 68 67 35 45 22 31 21 No 63 70 82 73 66 62 66 81 73 67 41 35 39 32 33 63 49 78 69 79 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 0 1 2 6 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 453 419 404 333 478 468 287 418 482 522 424 303 293 336 341 972 488 237 284 367

Pakistan not shown due to sample size

25

Q80d ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES: And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about ______ or not? d. community issues Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 47 36 14 42 48 64 51 40 45 34 63 74 80 81 82 50 41 32 38 40 No 53 64 86 58 51 34 49 60 54 64 35 26 18 19 18 48 54 68 62 60 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 2 2 0 2 0 1 2 5 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 453 419 404 333 478 468 287 418 482 522 424 303 293 336 341 972 488 237 284 367

Pakistan not shown due to sample size

Q80e ASK IF USES SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES: And do you ever use social networking sites like Facebook (INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about ______ or not? e. music and movies Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 63 49 59 50 62 75 83 55 61 67 78 67 68 48 77 86 85 59 74 84 No 37 51 41 50 38 24 17 45 39 32 20 31 32 52 23 13 14 41 26 16 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 453 419 404 333 478 468 287 418 482 522 424 303 293 336 341 972 488 237 284 367

Pakistan not shown due to sample size

26

Q81a ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? a. Make phone calls Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 95 96 96 87 96 95 84 82 98 98 99 99 97 99 97 98 99 98 97 99 98 96 94 98 100 99 99 99 100 98 99 98 99 97 97 99 91 89 No 5 4 4 12 4 5 16 18 2 2 1 1 3 1 3 1 1 2 3 1 2 4 5 2 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 9 9 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 898 906 880 882 852 912 892 953 956 1017 887 856 611 993 885 857 885 860 763 713 936 947 817 821 911 2953 3061 2721 2723 630 624 631 591 951 674 732 445

27

Q81b ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? b. Send text messages Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 72 67 86 79 79 77 58 56 74 70 74 71 83 85 85 78 75 60 64 75 72 68 63 90 87 69 75 80 42 49 83 81 36 44 46 72 93 82 No 28 33 14 21 20 23 42 44 26 30 26 29 17 15 15 22 25 40 36 25 28 32 37 10 13 31 24 20 48 49 17 19 63 56 53 28 7 15 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 10 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 898 906 880 882 852 912 892 953 956 1017 887 856 611 993 885 857 885 860 763 713 936 947 817 821 911 2953 3061 2721 2723 630 624 631 591 951 674 732 445

28

Q81c ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? c. Use the internet Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 51 43 52 38 35 28 29 18 36 21 23 12 31 30 25 33 27 26 22 14 15 22 23 24 19 20 36 37 9 10 51 47 4 6 5 22 27 18 No 48 57 48 62 65 72 71 82 64 79 77 88 69 70 75 66 72 74 77 86 85 78 77 76 81 80 61 62 78 87 49 53 95 93 93 78 71 66 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 14 3 0 0 1 1 1 0 2 16 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 898 906 880 882 852 912 892 953 956 1017 887 856 611 993 885 857 885 860 763 713 936 947 817 821 911 2953 3061 2721 2723 630 624 631 591 951 674 732 445

29

Q81d ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? d. Take pictures or video Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2012 Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2011 67 57 61 54 61 51 34 27 67 59 52 55 54 56 50 55 50 39 44 56 58 47 43 31 33 31 49 54 28 26 79 72 13 9 12 62 70 61 No 33 43 39 46 39 49 66 73 32 41 48 45 46 44 50 45 49 61 55 44 41 53 57 69 67 69 48 44 61 70 21 28 86 89 86 38 29 32 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 1 12 4 0 0 1 2 1 0 1 7 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 898 906 880 882 852 912 892 953 956 1017 887 856 611 993 885 857 885 860 763 713 936 947 817 821 911 2953 3061 2721 2723 630 624 631 591 951 674 732 445

30

Q81e ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? e. Get political news and information Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 33 25 18 15 22 10 12 17 12 9 13 19 10 22 9 20 10 39 4 11 13 No 67 75 82 85 77 90 88 83 88 89 86 80 88 78 90 76 77 61 95 89 86 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 1 4 13 0 1 0 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 906 882 912 953 1017 887 856 993 885 885 763 936 817 911 2953 2721 630 631 674 732

Q81f ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? f. Access a social networking site Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 32 37 21 15 25 17 10 18 13 22 19 27 25 29 13 12 7 24 1 17 25 No 68 62 79 85 75 83 89 81 87 76 81 73 73 71 86 84 77 76 97 83 73 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 0 1 4 16 0 2 0 3 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 906 882 912 953 1017 887 856 993 885 885 763 936 817 911 2953 2721 630 631 674 732

31

Q81g ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? g. Get consumer information such as prices or availability of products Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 37 35 23 15 21 10 16 18 23 20 14 6 17 19 12 11 7 28 2 11 10 No 62 65 77 85 79 90 84 82 76 78 85 91 81 81 87 84 77 72 96 89 87 DK/Refused 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 2 0 1 4 16 0 2 0 3 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 906 882 912 953 1017 887 856 993 885 885 763 936 817 911 2953 2721 630 631 674 732

Q81h ASK IF CELL PHONE OWNER: I am going to read you a list of things people do on cell phones. For each, please tell me if this is something you do regularly or not? h. Get information that is related to your job Yes United States Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Republic Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia China India Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 Spring, 2012 35 28 27 19 30 14 20 18 34 22 21 4 5 22 22 12 12 28 3 18 16 No 65 72 73 81 70 86 80 82 66 76 78 87 95 78 77 84 72 72 94 82 81 DK/Refused 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 9 0 0 1 4 16 0 2 0 3 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N= 882 906 882 912 953 1017 887 856 993 885 885 763 936 817 911 2953 2721 630 631 674 732

32

Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.pewglobal.org

Appendix
In Q79, respondents were asked, “Do you ever use online social networking sites like (Facebook, INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES)?” In Q80a-e, respondents were asked “And do you ever use social networking sites like (Facebook, INSERT COUNTRY SPECIFIC EXAMPLES) to share your views about (INSERT) or not? The following were used as examples in each country: Social Networking Examples
Country U.S. Britain France Germany Spain Italy Greece Poland Czech Rep Russia Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Tunisia Pakistan China India Japan Brazil Mexico Examples used in Q79 & Q80a-e Facebook and MySpace Facebook, Twitter, YouTube or Flick’r Facebook, Copain d'avant, Viadeo, etc. studiVZ, meinVZ, StayFriends, MySpace, Facebook, Lokalisten, Xing or wer-kennt-wen.de Facebook, Tuenti, Twitter or MySpace Facebook, Twitter Facebook, Twitter Facebook, Our Class Facebook, LinkedIn, Lide.cz or Spoluzaci.cz Facebook, Odnoklassniki, Vkontakte, Moikrug Facebook, Twitter, MySpace Facebook, MySpace, Twitter Facebook, MySpace, Twitter Facebook, MySpace, Twitter Facebook, Twitter Facebook, Orkut Facebook, kaixin.com, renren.com, MySpace, Weibo (microblogging) Facebook, Orkut, Hi5, Friendster, Twitter Mixi, Facebook, Twitter Facebook, Orkut Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, Hi5

18 33

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