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NATIONAL STATISTICAL

OFFICE OF MONGOLIA

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS


AND POVERTY MAP-2011
REGION, AIMAG, SOUM AND DISTRICT LEVEL RESULTS

Harold Coulombe
Gereltuya Altankhuyag

2012

DDC
362. 5
G-38

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS


AND POVERTY MAP-2011
REGION, AIMAG, SOUM AND DISTRICT LEVEL RESULTS

National Statistical Office of Mongolia


Poverty and MDGs Monitoring and
Assessment System Support Pilot Project, UNDP
Ministry of Economic Development of Mongolia
Suite 124, United Nations Street 5/1, Chingeltei District
Ulaanbaatar-15015, Mongolia
Tel: (976-51)-261-571

ISBN 978-99962-1-818-7

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD................................................................................................................................4
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................................5
INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................6
I. POVERTY MAPPING METHODOLOGY.......................................................................................7
Monetary Poverty........................................................................................................................7
Non-monetary Poverty................................................................................................................7
II. RESULTS..................................................................................................................................8
Monetary Poverty Indicators........................................................................................................8
Non-Monetary Indicators..........................................................................................................12
Relationship between the Different Poverty Indicators...............................................................15
III. CONCLUDING REMARKS......................................................................................................16
REFERENCES.............................................................................................................................17
APPENDIX 1: Monetary Poverty Methodology...........................................................................18
APPENDIX 2: Databases and Mongolia Administrative Layers.....................................................20
APPENDIX 3: Monetary Poverty Methodology in Practice...........................................................22
APPENDIX 4: Survey-Based Regression Models..........................................................................26
APPENDIX 5: Administrative Unit Labels....................................................................................29
APPENDIX 6: Monetary and Non-Monetary Maps at Different Administrative Levels..................34
APPENDIX 7: Correlation Matrix between the different Poverty Indicators.................................92
APPENDIX 8: Monetary Poverty Indices, by region, aimag, soum and district.............................93
APPENDIX 9: Individual-Level Non-Monetary Indicators, by region, aimag,
soum and district ...............................................................................................110
APPENDIX 10: Household-Level Non-Monetary Indicators, by region, aimag,
soum and district ...............................................................................................124

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

FOREWORD
The National Statistical Office has been annually estimating poverty indicators
nationally and regionally based on Household Socio-Economic Survey according to the
needs to estimate and update accurate data using internationally accepted methodology on
Mongolian population livelihood level and poverty.
Use of only national and regional data is not adequate for correctly identifying target
groups of national programs. Therefore, the National Statistical Office has been working
with UNDP on the need to estimate the poverty indicators at aimag, soum and district
levels by mapping the poverty and estimating the indicators of the Millennium Development
Goals and the first poverty mapping estimation was done based on Population and Housing
Census of 2000 and data of livelihood level surveys of 2002 and 2003 as an experiment
in 2009 and relevant report was made. This time poverty indicators have been estimated
using Mongolian Population and Housing Census of 2010 and data of Household SocioEconomic Survey of 2011 and the second report presenting the data at the lowest possible
administrative level is presented to our esteemed readers.
Our country has large differences in poverty at the capital city level, aimag center, soum
center and in rural area and, therefore, the poverty mapping reveals important data on
population livelihood at the primary administrative unit. I am confident that this report will
serve as a valuable handbook for projects and programs to alleviate poverty and for policy
and decision makers in evaluation of progress of Millennium Development Goals indicators,
developing and realizing projects and programs to accelerate the implementation of the
Millennium Development Goals.
I would like to express gratitude to Harold Coulomb, international consultant and
A.Gereltuya, national consultant who analyzed the data and wrote the report on results
using internationally accepted methodology. Also thanks go to Ms.Sezin Sinanoglu, UNDP
Resident Representative, Saurabh Sinha, UNDP Senior Economist, J.Doljinsuren, Team
Leader, and P.Tsetsgee, Programme Officer, UNDP Poverty and MDGs Team, D.Oyunbadam,
National Project Manager, and B.Tuvshinbileg, Administration and Finance Officer, Poverty
and MDGs Monitoring and Assessment System Support Pilot Project, UNDP, and senior
expert S.Bolormaa and expert D.Davaajargal of Population and Social Statistics Division,
and senior experts Z.Nansalmaa and S.Lkhagvasuren of Data Processing and Technology
Department of the National Statistical Office for their generous support.

CHAIRMAN OF THE MONGOLIAN NATIONAL STATISTICAL OFFICE

S.MENDSAIKHAN

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

ABSTRACT
This report documents the construction and presents the main results of a poverty map
of Mongolia based on the 2010 Population and Housing Census and the 2011 Houshold
Socio-economic Survey. Monetary and non-monetary poverty indicators are presented at
four different administrative levels: region, aimag, soum and district. The non-monetary
poverty indicators closely related to the Millennium Development Goals were easily calculated directly from the Census databases. However, monetary poverty indicators are
more challenging to compute as no income or expenditure information is collected by the
Census. Based on a statistical methodology combining survey and census datasets, poverty
headcount and other monetary poverty indicators have been estimated at local levels. Two
main findings stand out from the analysis of the results. First, the results show that for most
indicators there is a relatively high level of heterogeneity across aimag, soum and district.
Having variation in level of poverty (monetary or not) raise the possibility of having more
efficient geographical targeting. And second, we found that the correlation between the
different indicators is quite low in most cases. In such circumstances, policy makers would
need to have indicators specific to different projects or programmes. A one size-fit-all indicator would not yield efficient outcome for any interventions.

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

INTRODUCTION
This report documents the construction and shows some results of a monetary poverty map based on
data from the 2011 Mongolia Household Socio-economic Survey (HSES) and the 2010 Housing & Population Census. Based on a methodology developed by Elbers, Lanjouw and Lanjouw (2003), we calculate
monetary poverty indicators at low levels of aggregation, using the detailed information found in the
survey and the exhaustive coverage of the population found in the Census. Results for the five regions,
22 aimags, 329 soums and the capitals 9 districts (Ulaanbaatar neighbourhoods) are presented and
briefly analysed in this report.
In the past decades, poverty profiles1 have been developed into useful tools to characterize, assess and
monitor poverty. Based on information collected in household surveys, including detailed information
on expenditures and incomes, those profiles present the characteristics of the population according to
their level of - monetary and non-monetary - standard of living, help assessing the poverty reducing
effect of some policies and compare poverty level between regions, groups or over time. While these
household survey-based studies have greatly improved our knowledge of welfare level of households
in general and of the poorer ones in particular, the approach has a number of limitations. In particular,
policy makers and planners need finely disaggregated information in order to implement their antipoverty schemes. Typically, they need information for small geographic units such as city neighbourhoods, towns or even villages. Telling a Mongolian policy maker that the neediest people are in the
rural areas would not be too impressive as that information is well known and not useful since it would
be too vague; telling them in which aimag or even which soums the poorest households are concentrated would be more useful and convincing! Using region-level information often hides the existence
of poverty pockets in otherwise relatively well-off region, which would lead to poorly targeted schemes
if soum-level information is not used. Inefficient targeting could also be the result of relatively well-off
areas in other wise poor regions. Having better information at local level would necessarily minimize
leaks and therefore permit more cost-effective and efficient anti-poverty schemes. Poverty indicators are
needed at a local level as spatial inequalities can be important within a given region.
The methodology used in this report to compute monetary poverty indicators uses information on
household expenditure, is fully consistent with poverty profile figures, and permits the computation of
standard errors of those poverty indicators. Since these types of poverty maps are fully compatible with
poverty profile results, they should be seen as a natural extension to poverty profiles, a way to operationalize poverty profile results.
Apart from the monetary poverty indicators, the report also presents a series of non-monetary indicators
many of them being Millennium Development Goal indicators. From the Census database it is possible
to compute 28 non-monetary indicators at the same administrative levels as the monetary indicators
(region, aimag, soum and district).
The report is structured as follows: we first present the methodology used to compute the monetary
and non-monetary poverty indicators in less technical language follows by section 2 that present the
main results from the monetary and non-monetary indicators. The last section (section 3) presents some
concluding remarks with a focus on policy implications of the different findings. The more technical
presentation of the methodology and how that methodology has been applied in practice are found in
Appendices 1 to 4. The results are presented in two different ways, maps (Appendix 6) and tables (Appendices 8 to 10). Appendix 7 presents the correlation matrix between the different indicators.
1

See NSO (2012) for the latest published poverty profile in Mongolia.

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

I. POVERTY MAPPING METHODOLOGY


The different indicators presented in this report are using two different methodologies, one for the
monetary poverty indicators and a second one for the non-monetary indicators.

MONETARY POVERTY
The basic idea behind the methodology is rather straightforward. First, a regression model of per capita
expenditure is estimated using HSES survey data, limiting the set of explanatory variables to those, which
are common to both that survey and the latest Census. Next, the coefficients from that model are applied to variables defined similarly in the Census data set to predict the expenditure level of every household in the Census. And finally, these predicted household expenditures are used to construct a series of
welfare indicators (e.g. poverty level, depth, severity, inequality2) for different geographical subgroups.
Although it is conceptually simple, its proper implementation requires complex computations. These
complexities mainly arise from the need to take into account spatial autocorrelation (expenditure from
households within the same local area are correlated) and heteroskedasticity in the development of the
predictive model. Taking into account these econometric issues ensures unbiased predictions. A further
issue making computation non-trivial is our willingness to compute standard errors for each welfare
statistics. These standard errors are important because they tell us how low we can disaggregate the
poverty indicators. As we disaggregate our results at lower and lower levels, the number of households
on which the econometric models are based decrease as well and therefore yield less and less precise
estimates. At a certain point, the estimated poverty indicators would become too imprecise to be used
with confidence. Computations of standard errors help us to decide where to stop the disaggregation
process. The methodology used to estimate monetary poverty is further discussed in more technical
terms in Appendix 1 while the datasets used are described in detail in Appendix 2. Appendices 3 and
4 show intermediate output in producing those monetary poverty indicators and argue that our results
are reliable.

NON-MONETARY POVERTY
Contrary to the monetary poverty indicators which are very complex and time-consuming to compute,
the non-monetary indicators are very straightforward to calculate and do not involve any estimation
procedure. In most cases we simply take the proportion of individuals having, say electricity, at home.

Although a series of measures of inequality have been computed at local level, the results are not presented in
this report. Inequality at local level is rather difficult to analyse and its interpretation can be misleading. However,
those inequality measurements would be available to researchers if requested.
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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

II. RESULTS
This section presents the main results for both the monetary and non-monetary indicators.

MONETARY POVERTY INDICATORS


Based on the methodology described in the previous section and in Appendices 1 to 4, we obtained a
series of poverty estimates for each region, aimag, soum and district of Mongolia. Those results can be
found in Appendix 8. In those tables we present the three most common poverty indices found in the
literature as well as in the latest Mongolia Poverty Profile: poverty headcount, poverty gap index and
poverty severity index3. Along with those poverty estimates for each aimag, soum and district, we also
present the population and the number of poor people. Maps 1a to 1c presents the poverty headcount
estimates while the poverty gap index maps are found in Appendix 6 (Maps 2a to 2c). In order to better identify the different administrative units, the names of the different regions, aimags and soums are
found in a series of maps in Appendix 5.
The use of maps rather than tables makes it possible to establish a geographical pattern which is otherwise difficult to see from the latter. It is also an efficient way to present the different figures. Examining
Map 1a to 1c which shows the poverty headcount by, respectively, region, aimag, soum and district it
is salient how disaggregating poverty figures permits to recognize a finer poverty pattern. These maps
clearly show how different parts of the five regions are far from homogeneous. For example, the median region in terms of poverty (West) has both the highest and the lowest level of poverty (Uvs and
Govi-Altai respectively), and indeed the second poorest soum (Erdene). In such environments, the usefulness of those poverty maps becomes palpable. Poverty gap indices are presented in Maps 2 show a
similar spatial pattern as the poverty headcount.
Figure 1a is a more formal way to examine these within-region variations in poverty rate. For each of the
five regions, the vertical bar presents the range of poverty headcount along with a bullet point showing
the regional poverty headcount rate. When we examine the first panel analyzing aimag-level figures,
we find that within region spread of poverty rates is rather large in three regions (West, Central and
Highlands) but very small in the other two (UB and East). Figure 1b present the same figures but at soum
levels. We find that by moving from aimag to soum the gain in information is rather large, particularly in
UB and East regions. The large spread, particularly at soum level, lead us to conclude that poverty map
provide policy-makers with useful information for targeting the poorest aimags and soums.

Those three poverty indices are part of the FGT class of indices as developed by Foster et al. (1984). The poverty severity index is sometimes called poverty gap square index
3

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 1: POVERTY HEADCOUNT (P0)


A) Region

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

FIGURE 1: LOCAL-LEVEL POVERTY HEADCOUNT INTERVALS, BY REGION


A) Aimag

Sources: Authors calculation based on 2011 HSESand 2010 Census


Note: For each region the black dot () gives the regional poverty headcount while the vertical line (l) shows the
range of poverty estimates at aimag level.

B) Soum

Sources: Authors calculation based on 2011 HSES and 2010 Census


Note: For each region the black dot () gives the regional poverty headcount while the vertical line (l)
shows the range of poverty estimates at soum level.

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

NON-MONETARY INDICATORS
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are currently monitored by a series of indicators. Many of
them have already been computed at national level in the case of Mongolia. Having national level MDG
indicators is useful for monitoring trends but policy-makers would prefer disaggregated figures at local
levels. MDG indicators at these administrative levels would permit better geographical targeting and
therefore likely to reduce poverty further for a given budget. However many indicators are only meant
to be computed at national level (e.g. proportion of women in parliament). The first two indicators
(poverty headcount and poverty gap ratio) have already been presented above. This section presents the
results of 28 non-monetary indicators computed from 2010 Census at region, aimag, soum and district
levels. Although we could not, in most cases, compute MDG indicators following official definition, our
non-monetary indicators are all inspired by MDGs. Since poverty is a multi-dimensional issue, the 28
indicators should be seen as complementary to the monetary poverty map indicators.
Table 1 (on page 14) defines each of these indicators and presents the national level figure of the 28
computed indicators as well as the figures by gender when appropriate. The region, aimag, soum and
district level figures can be found in Appendices 9 and 10. These figures are presented in a series of
maps (Maps 3 to 30) in Appendix 6. In each case, five panels show the figures by region, aimag, soum
and district (total and city centre only). The index numbers, as shown in the first column of Table 1 are
reproduced in the Map titles to ease reading of the maps. For each of those indicators a scatter plot
linking the non-monetary indicators with poverty headcount is also presented in Appendix 6 (Figures 4
to 31).
Except for a few cases (e.g. literacy rates which is nearly universal), the maps clearly show large spatial
disparities between the different geographical units. Such spatial heterogeneity means that geographical targeting could yield significant efficiency gain if any of these indicators are used for targeting.
Maps 3 presents labour force participation rates for the 15 to 59 age group at all four administrative
levels (region, aimag, soum and district) although we would concentrate our discussion on soum-level
figures, the most disaggregated level. A close examination reveals a very large spread in labour force
participation rates, from only 50% to a much larger 90%. Overall, the lower rates are found in the
easternmost and westernmost soums as well as in many northern areas, while soums located in the
centre of the country and in the south have much larger rates. The employment rate indicator ([4], Map
4) shows a similar geographical pattern.
Nationwide, the percentage of workers being self-employed stands at almost 45% (Table 1) but this figure hides huge differences across soums. Map 5c (Appendix 6) shows that soum-level figures go from
next to nil in urban areas (particularly in UB) to almost 100% in more rural soums. This is particularly
the case in Highland soums.
Unemployment rate among 25-59 age individuals (indicator [7]) is rather large at 13.4% but the unemployment rate for the younger population (indicator [6]) is more than double at a staggering 27.1%.
Maps 6 and 7 shows that unemployment rates for both groups have a similar geographical pattern
where unemployment rates are higher in soums in southern part of Khovd aimag, northern soums of
Dornod aimag as well as in a series of soums located between UB and the northern international border
of the country.
Demographic dependency rate is defined as the proportion of individuals likely to be economically inac-

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

tive, i.e. population below 18 or older than 64 years old. A higher dependency rate would make the
household more likely to be poor since less household members would be breadwinner. Maps 8 show
that the three westernmost aimags (Bayan-Ulgii, Khovd, Uvs) have the largest dependency rates while
UB and its surrounding soums have the lowest.
Because the way the questions on education were worded in the Census questionnaire, it is not possible
to compute net or gross school enrolment rates using the standard definition. However, we were able
to compute four different school enrolment indicators based on four age groups (6-9, 10-14, 15-19 and
20-29, in respectively Maps 9 to 12). Overall, school enrolment rates for the two youngest groups are
close to 100% meaning that almost all children aged between 6 and 14 go to school. Among the 15-19
year old, almost 80% go to school while around 16% of individuals in the 20-29 go to school. Although
schooling for the youngest group is nearly universal nationwide, the westernmost aimag (Bayan-Ulgii)
has a noticeably lower enrolment rate at only 80% while the remaining of the country rate stands at almost 100%. For the next age group (10-14) no discernible geographical pattern can be found although
some soums have lower enrolment rates. However, a different picture emerges for the older groups.
For the children aged between 15 and 19, the soum-level enrolment rates go from only 30% to 100%
with the easternmost aimag (Dornod) having the lowest rate. And finally it is without surprise that we
found that UB has by far the higher school enrolment rate for the older group since most higher education institutions are located in the capital.
Even if literacy is almost universal in Mongolia, a cluster of soums in the East Region has significantly
lower rates, both for male and female (Maps 13 and 14).
For the same four age groups as before, we computed the girl-to-boy ratio among individuals attending school as a measure of gender inequality (Indicators and Maps 15 to 18). Contrary to some other
countries in Asia, girls are much more likely to attend school, particularly for the older age groups (see
figures in Table 1 below). Although the ratios can vary a lot across aimags and soums, no discernible
geographical pattern could be found. We came to the same conclusion for the other gender inequality
indicator, namely the proportion of women in wage employment in non-agricultural sector (indicator
[19]; Maps 19).
Even if the Census question on disability is interpreted with caution as it is self-reported and therefore
subject to assessment bias, disability rate seems to be higher in East region (Maps 20).
Living in ger settlement is associated to ancestral way of life but also with limited modern comfort and
pollution from cooking facilities. Maps 21 shows that in most aimags and soums most people are living in ger although there is location in Bayan-Ulgii aimag, along the northern border and in the capital
where gers are not as popular.
From the Census questionnaire, we could manage the computation of a series of infrastructure indicators (sanitation, electricity, piped water etc.) that show a rather similar geographical pattern. From Maps
22 to 28, we found that a few soums located south-east of the capital have high access to modern
facilities but that elsewhere access to those facilities are limited.
And finally, two communication indicators were computed, access to mobile phones (Maps 29) and
access to internet (Maps 30). At 93% nationwide, access to mobile phones is quite high countrywide
except in Buyan-Ulgii aimag in general and in Bulgan soum in particular where mobile phone access is
much lower. Internet access is much higher in UB than elsewhere in the country.
Examining the figures (Figures 4 to 31) linking the different non-monetary indicators with their poverty

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

headcount at soum level, it is striking that in most cases the correlation is very small or even zero. However, the expected sign of the correlation is correct. For example, soums where a higher proportion of
people are living in ger or are self-employed are more likely to have a higher level of poverty. On the
other hand, internet, electricity, school attendance tend to be higher in richer soums.
Table 1: List of indicators computed at local levels
National average
No

Indicator

Male

Female

Total

Labor force participation rate for the 15-59 age group (in %)

67.1

56.0

61.4

Employment rate for the 15-59 age group (in %)

55.6

47.8

51.6

Self-employment rate for the 15-59 age group (in %)

48.7

40.7

44.9

Youth unemployment rate for the 15-24 age group (in %)

26.8

27.5

27.1

14.8

11.9

13.4

n/a

n/a

38.3

Unemployment rate for the 25-59 age group (in %)


Proportion of individuals aged less than 18 or more than 64 years old (in
%)
School attendance among the 6 to 9 age group (in %)

97.0

97.6

97.3

10

School attendance among the 10 to 14 age group (in %)

96.0

97.7

96.8

11

School attendance among the 15 to 19 age group (in %)

75.3

83.6

79.3

12

School attendance among the 20 to 29 age group (in %)


Proportion of male individuals aged 15-24 being literate (in %)

17.3
n/a

15.8

13

14.3
n/a

n/a

98.7

97.9

14

Proportion of female individuals aged 15-24 being literate (in %)

n/a

15

Girl-to-boy ratio at school among the schooled 6 to 9 age group

n/a

n/a

0.97

16

Girl-to-boy ratio at school among the schooled 10 to 14 age group

n/a

n/a

0.99

17

Girl-to-boy ratio at school among the schooled 15 to 19 age group

n/a

n/a

1.08

18

Girl-to-boy ratio at school among the schooled 20 to 29 age group

n/a

n/a

1.31

19

Female in wage employment in non-agricultural Sector (in %)

n/a

n/a

51.7

20

Proportion of disabled people (in %)


Proportion population living on ger (in %)

3.7
n/a

4.1

21

4.6
n/a

44.9

22

Proportion of population using indoor sanitation facility (in %)

n/a

n/a

22.5

23

Proportion of population using pipe water supply system (in %)

n/a

n/a

36.3

24

Percentage of population having access to electricity (in %)

n/a

n/a

97.2

25

Proportion of population using proper heating system (in %)

n/a

n/a

26.7

26

Proportion of population disposing the household solid waste (in %)

n/a

n/a

81.3

27

Proportion of population having complete infrastructure (in %)

n/a

n/a

23.8

28

Proportion of population using clean (electricity or gas) cooking fuel (in %)

n/a

n/a

32.6

Proportion of population having at least one mobile phone at home (in %)


Proportion of population having access to internet at home (in %)

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

93.8
47.5

29
30

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census


Note: n/a means non applicable

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT POVERTY INDICATORS


It has become customary to suggest that monetary poverty maps, which provide detailed information
on monetary poverty at low levels of geographic disaggregation, can be used to target a wide range of
programs. However, it is not clear whether an education or health program should also be targeted on
the basis of monetary poverty based indicators, as opposed to a map of education or infrastructure deprivation, however how that is defined. This is why a substantial part of this study consists of providing
different maps based on the 28 non-monetary indicators computed from the 2010 Census.
In the previous sub-section, we saw that poverty headcount tends to be weakly associated with the
non-monetary indicators. In this sub-section we generalise that examination of correlations between the
different poverty indicators. A correlation table between all 30 poverty indicators previously analysed at
soum level can be found in Appendix 7. All the analysis is done at soum level but it can be shown that
the same analysis performed at aimag reveals the same conclusions. A close examination tells us that
correlations are rather low in almost all cases although some pairs of indicators are rather highly correlated. For example, school attendance [12] is highly correlated with indoor sanitation [22] (positively)
and with self-employment rate [5] (negatively).
Overall, the lack of correlation between the monetary poverty headcount and the other indicators (employment, education or infrastructure) clearly calls for using more than one indicator to target properly
the needy population. For example, we can imagine that an investment in public infrastructure could
use both infrastructure and poverty indicators if the objective is to both reduce poverty and increase
access to public services.

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

III. CONCLUDING REMARKS


This report has documented the construction of a series of region, aimag, soum and district level monetary poverty maps for Mongolia, based on the most recent population and housing census conducted
in 2010 and the 2011 HSES. Those results are consistent with the ones from the latest Poverty Profile
and therefore can be viewed as an extension of the poverty profile, a way to operationalize its results.
The monetary poverty maps were complemented by a series of non-monetary indicators focusing on
employment, education and infrastructure. All the different indicators were computed for each of the
5 regions, 22 aimags, 329 soums, and the capitals 9 districts.
However interesting are those results, they would acquire their full potential if they are used. How?
Amongst others, those results can be used to design budget allocation rules to be applied by the different administrative levels toward their subdivisions. For example, lets suppose the Central Government
has a large budget to be distributed amongst the different soums in order to maximise its effect on
poverty alleviation. How should that budget be distributed? Based on the monetary poverty indicators,
different rules can be adopted. The best allocation rules would dependant on the already existing
institutions and complementary information available. Based on the results from a previous poverty
mapping report, such rules were presented and calculated in Coulombe (2009).
Using the non-monetary indicators in order to raise the standard of living of the population can be
somehow easier, although it would necessarily be done with different objectives. For example, if policymakers want to improve access to electricity, it is straightforward to target soums such as Uench in
Khovd aimag as that soum has the lowest access to electricity in Mongolia.
Those maps could become an important tool in support of the decentralization process currently undertaken in Mongolia. For example, we can imagine that the Government would distribute a budget
to aimags (or soums) according to their level of monetary poverty, and then the local authority would
use that budget to prioritize investment (in health, education, infrastructure etc.) according to their own
local preferences, using non-monetary indicators as guidelines.
Another possible application of the poverty map results is to look at the effect of the massive investment
in mining that Mongolia has experienced. Combined with the results from the previous poverty maps
which were based on Census 2000, it would be possible to construct a panel of aimags and soums.
Then we could look at the impact of the different mining investment on education, employment and
infrastructure over the period 2000-2010 through the examination of the different poverty indicators
over time. Such panel could also be used to analyse the effect of dzud on standard of living.
Other uses of the poverty map would include the evaluation of locally targeted anti-poverty schemes,
impact analysis etc. And finally, researchers could use it in a multitude of ways such as the study of relationship between poverty distribution and different socio-economic outcomes.

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

REFERENCES
Coulombe, H.And Q. Wodon, 2007, Combining Census and Household Survey Data for Better Targeting: The West and Central Africa Poverty Mapping Initiative, Findings Africa Region No. 280, The World
Bank, Washington, D.C.
Coulombe, Harold, 2009, Millennium Development Goals and Geographical Targeting in Mongolia,
Ulan Bator: UNDP
Elbers, Chris, Jean Olson Lanjouw, and Peter Lanjouw, 2003, Micro-Level Estimation of Poverty and
Inequality Econometrica, 71(1), 355-364
Foster, J.E., J. Greer and E. Thorbecke, 1984, A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures, Econometrica
52: 761-766
National Statistical Office (NSO) 2012, Household Socio-Economic Survey 2011, Ulaanbaatar
Mistiaen, Johan, Berk Ozler, Tiaray Razafimanantena and Jean Razafindravonona, 2002, Putting Welfare
on the Map in Madagascar, Africa Region Working Paper Series, Number 34, The World Bank. Washington, D.C.
Zhao, Qinghua, 2005, User Manual for PovMap, Development research Group, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

17

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

APPENDIX 1: MONETARY POVERTY METHODOLOGY


The basic idea behind the methodology developed by Elbers, Lanjouw and Lanjouw (2003) is unchallenging. At first, a regression model of log of per capita expenditure is estimated using survey data,
employing a set of explanatory variables which are common to both a survey and a census. Next, parameters from the regression are used to predict expenditure for every household in the census. And
third, a series of welfare indicators are constructed for different geographical subgroups.
The term welfare indicator embrace a whole set of indicators based on household expenditures.
This note put emphasis on poverty headcount (P0) but the usual poverty and inequality indicators can
be computed (Atkinson inequality measures, generalised Entropy class inequalities index, FGT poverty
measures and Gini).
Although the idea is rather simple its proper implementation require complex computation if one want
to take into account spatial autocorrelation and heteroskedasticity in the regression model. Furthermore, proper calculation of the different welfare indicators and its standard errors increase tremendously its complexities.
The discussion below is divided into three parts, one for each stage necessary in the construction of a
poverty map. This discussion borrows from the original theoretical papers of Elbers, Lanjouw and Lanjouw as well as from Mistiaen et al. (2002).

First stage
In the first instance, we need to determine a set of explanatory variables from both databases that are
meeting some criteria of comparability. In order to be able to reproduce a poverty map consistent with
the associated poverty profile, it is important to restrict ourselves to variables that are fully comparable
between the census and the survey used. We start by checking the wording of the different questions
as well as the proposed answer options. From the set of selected questions we then build a series of
variables which would be tested for comparability. Although we might want to test the comparability
of the whole distributions of each variable, in practice we restrain ourselves to test only the equality of
their means. In order to maximise the predictability power of the second-stage models all analysis would
be performed at the strata level, including the comparability of the different variables from which the
definitive models would be determined.
The list of all potential variables and their equality of means test results are available on request.
Second stage
We first model per capita household expenditure using the survey database. In order to maximise accuracy we estimate the model separately for the urban areas and rural areas.
Let us specify a household level expenditure (
planatory variables, and
is the residual:

) model for household h in location c, Xch is a set of ex-

(1)

18

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

The locations represent clusters as defined in the first stage of typical household sampling design. It
usually also represents census enumeration areas, although it does not have to be. The explanatory
variables need to be present in both the survey and the census, and need to be defined similarly. It also
needs to have the same moments in order to properly measure the different welfare indicators. The set
of potential variables had been defined in the first stage.
If we linearise the previous equation, we model the households logarithmic per capita expenditure as

( 2 )

The vector of disturbances u is distributed


. The model (2) is estimated by Generalised Least
Square (GLS). To estimate this model we need first to estimate the error variance-covariance matrix in
order to take into account possible spatial autocorrelation (expenditure from households within a same
cluster are surely correlated) and heteroskedasticity. To do so we first specify the error terms as
( 3 )
where c is the location effect and

is the individual component of the error term.

In practice we first estimate equation (2) by simple OLS and use the residuals as estimate of the overall
disturbances, given by
We then decomposed those residuals between uncorrelated household and
location components:

(4)

The location term ( ) is estimated as cluster means of the overall residuals and therefore the household
component ( ) is simply deducted. The heteroskedasticity in the latest error component is modelled by
the regressing its squared ( ) on a long list of all independent variables of model (2), their squared and
interactions as well as the imputed welfare. A logistic model is used4.
Both error computations are used to produce two matrices which are them sum to , the estimated
variance-covariance matrix of the original model (2). That latest matrix permits to estimate the final set
of coefficients of the main model (2).
Third stage
To complete the map we associate the estimated parameters from the second stage with the
corresponding characteristics of each household found in the census to predict the log of per capita
expenditure and the simulated disturbances.
Since the very complex disturbance structure has made the computation of the variance of the imputed
welfare index intractable, bootstrapping techniques have been used to get a measure of the dispersion
of that imputed welfare index. From the previous stage, a series of coefficients and disturbance terms
have been drawn from their corresponding distributions. We then, for each household found in the
census, simulate a value of welfare index ( ) based on the predicted values and the disturbance terms:

(5)
4

See Mistiaen et al.(2002) for further details on how the theoretical model is estimated in practice.

19

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

That process is repeated 100 times, each time redrawing the full set of coefficients and disturbances
terms. The means of the simulated welfare index become our point estimate and the standard deviation
of our welfare index is the standard errors of these simulated estimates.

APPENDIX 2: DATABASES AND MONGOLIA ADMINISTRATIVE LAYERS


The construction of such monetary poverty maps is very demanding in terms of data. The uttermost
requirement is a household survey having an expenditure module and a population and housing census.
If not already done, a monetary-based poverty profile would have to be constructed from the survey.
The household-level welfare index and the poverty line from such poverty profile would be used in the
construction of the poverty maps. Apart from household-level information, community level characteristics are also useful in the construction of a poverty map as differences in geography, history, ethnicity,
access to markets, public services and infrastructure, and other aspects of public policy can all lead to
important differences in the standard of living, defined in monetary terms or not. In the case of Mongolia, some of that information is available.
The non-monetary indicators are computed directly from the Census database, without any complex
statistical procedures.
Census
The latest Population and Housing Census was conducted in 2010. The questionnaire is relatively detailed but does not contain any information on neither household incomes nor household expenditures.
At the individual level, it covers demography, education and economic activities. At the household level,
dwelling characteristics are covered. The Census database turns out 2,647,685 individuals grouped into
713,780 households. The Census field work grouped households into10,959 enumeration areas (EAs)
of 65 households each on average.
HSES Survey
The Mongolia Household Socio-Economic Survey is a national survey having collected expenditure data
at household level. Having been administrated in 2011, it is also the most appropriate in terms of timing.
It also collected information similar to the one found in the Census questionnaire.
The welfare index to be used in our regression models (per capita expenditure) is the same as the one
used in the latest poverty profile based on the HSES database (NSO, 2012). Using the same householdlevel welfare index and the associated poverty lines would ensure full consistency between the poverty
profile and the new poverty map. It will also permit to test whether the predicted poverty indicators
match those found in the poverty profile at strata level, the lowest statistically robust level achievable in
HSES.
Administrative Layers
The administrative structure of Mongolia is rather straightforward. The top tier is composed of 22
aimags regrouped into five administrative regions while 329 soums and the Capitals nine districts make
the next administrative level. The lowest administrative levels are composed of bags (outside the capital
UB) in UB. Table 2 presents some descriptive statistics on the size of those different administrative levels.

20

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

The different aimag vary a lot in terms of population, from Govisumber with only 12,576 people to the
capital of the country having close to 1,115,000 individuals in 2010. As discussed previously we need
a minimal number of households per administrative unit in order to compute statistically robust monetary poverty indicators and even the smallest aimag meet the requested threshold without problems.
However, many soums are very small in terms of household number and therefore lead to poverty figures that are not as precise as we would like. We circumvent that issue by aggregating smaller soums
together during the estimation process. In order to assemble similar soums we made sure that aggregated soums were sharing a common border. Once the estimated poverty figures computed, those
aggregated soums were split back. The main benefit of that procedure was to ensure the computation
of robust poverty figures at soum level.
Table 2: Descriptive Statistics on the Mongolian Administrative Structure
Administrative
Unit
Region
Aimag/ UB
Soum/district

# of

Number of Households

Number of Individuals

Units

Median

Minimum

Maximum

Median

Minimum

Maximum

121,975

52,171

302,118

413,026

179,587

1,114,507

22

19,045

3,841

302,118

72,465

12,576

1,114,507

338

736

226

73,352

2,537

687

265,518

Source: Authors calculation based on the Census 2010


Note: For our analysis, we consider Ulaanbaatars nine districts as soums, and the Capital City as an Aimag. From
an administrative point of view, Ulaanbaatar is at the same level as aimags, and both soums and the capitals districts are sub-aimag administrative level.

21

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

APPENDIX 3: MONETARY POVERTY METHODOLOGY IN PRACTICE


In Appendix 1, we described in details the methodology behind the computation of the monetary poverty from a theoretical point while the second appendix presents the datasets needed. The current appendix shows how the theoretical methodology is applied in practice.
In order to maximise accuracy of the poverty estimates we have estimated econometric models for each
of the five regions of Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar, East, Central, Highlands and West. A household level
expenditure model has been developed for each of these regions using explanatory variables which are
common to both the HSES and the Census. The procedure can be split into three separate stages:
Stage 1: Aligning the data
The first task was to make sure the variables deemed common to both the census and the survey
were really measuring the same characteristics. In the first instance, we compared the questions and
modalities in both questionnaires to isolate potential variables. We then compared the means of these
(dichotomized) variables and tested whether they were equal using a 95% confidence interval. Restricting ourselves to these variables should ensure the predicted welfare figures would be consistent with
the survey-based poverty profile5. As noted above, that comparison exercise was done at regional level.
The two-stage sample design of the survey was taken into account in the computation of the standard
errors.
Stage 2: Survey-based regressions
Appendix4 presents the region-specific regression (Ordinary Least Squares) results based on the HSES
2011 survey. The ultimate choice of the independent variables was based on a backward stepwise selection model. A check of the results confirmed that all the coefficients have the expected sign. As said
earlier, those models are not for discussions. They are exclusively prediction models, not determinants
of poverty models that can be analyzed in terms of causal relationships. In the models used for the
poverty map we were only concerned with the predictive power of the regressors without regards, for
example, to endogenous variables. We also ran a series of regressions using the base model residuals
as dependant variables. Those results not shown here would be used in the last stage in order to
correct for heteroskedasticity6.
The R2s of the different regional regressions stand between 0.34 and 0.52. Although they might appear to be on the low side, they are relatively large for survey-based cross-section regressions and can
be very favourably compared with results from poverty maps constructed in Asia or in Africa. While
those coefficients look credible, it is important to note that those models were purely predictive in the
statistical sense and should not be viewed as determinant of welfare or poverty. For those regressions
the R2s were limited mainly by five important factors. Firstly, in many areas households are rather homogeneous in terms of observable characteristics even if consumption varies significantly. That necessarily
yields lower R2. Secondly, a large number of potential correlates are simply not observable using surveys
with closed-questionnaires. Thirdly, some good predictors had been discarded at first stage since their
We also deleted or redefined dichotomic variables being less that 0.03 or larger than 0.97 to avoid serious multicollinearity problems in our econometric models.
6
As described in the methodology section and Appendix 1, two statistical problems are likely to violate Ordinary
Least Squares assumptions. Spatial autocorrelation (expenditure from households within a same cluster are surely
correlated, i.e. there are location effects) are minimized by incorporating in the regressions Enumeration Areas
means of some key variables. The heteroskedasticity (error terms are not constant across observations) is corrected
by modelizing the error terms. Correcting for these two problems yields unbiased estimates. See Elbers et al.
(2002, 2003) and Mistiaen et al. (2002) for more details.
5

22

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

distributions (mean and standard error) did not appear to be identical. Fourth, many good correlates
could not be used as they were nowhere to be found in the Census questionnaire. In particular, the
absence of questions on durable goods ownership is to be noted. And finally, many indicators do not
take into account the quality of the correlates. Not taking into account the wide variation in quality of
the different observable correlates makes many of the potential correlates useless in term of predictive
power.

Table 3: Poverty Rates based on HSES (actual) and Census 2010 (predicted), by region
Poverty Headcount (P0)

Ulaanbaatar

East

Central

Highlands

West

Poverty Gap Index


(P1)
HSES
Census (Pre(Actual)
dicted)
5.9
6.7

Poverty Severity Index


(P2)
HSES
Census (Pre(Actual)
dicted)
2.1
2.8

HSES
(Actual)
23.5

Census (Predicted)
23.4

(1.4)

(0.7)

(0.5)

(0.3)

(0.2)

(0.1)

34.3

34.0

9.3

10.1

3.5

4.3

(2.3)

(1.7)

(0.8)

(0.7)

(0.4)

(0.4)

27.2

26.3

7.1

7.8

2.6

3.3

(2.0)

(1.3)

(0.7)

(0.5)

(0.3)

(0.3)

38.9

38.5

9.9

10.9

3.5

4.4

(1.7)

(1.1)

(0.7)

(0.4)

(0.3)

(0.2)

30.2

30.2

7.9

7.9

2.9

3.0

(2.0)

(1.4)

(0.7)

(0.5)

(0.3)

(0.3)

Sources: Authors calculation based on HSES2011 and Census 2010


Note: Robust standard errors are in parentheses.

Stage 3: Welfare indicators7


Based on the results from the previous stage, we applied the estimated parameters8 to the
Census data to compute a series of poverty indicators: the headcount ratio (P0), the poverty
gap index (P1) and the poverty severity index (P2). Table 3 presents estimated poverty figures
for each region and compares them with actual figures from the latest survey-based poverty
profiles. For each region and poverty indicators, the equality of HSES-based and Census-based
indicators cannot be rejected (using a 95% confidence interval)9. The census-based headcount
ratio is minute in all cases. Although census-based poverty figures can only be compared with
the ones provided by the HSES survey at regional level, equality of these poverty figures provide
an excellent reliability test of the methodology used here.
The computation of the welfare indicator has been greatly eased thanks to PovMap, a software especially written to implement the methodology used here. We used the February 2005 version developed by Qinghua Zhao
(2005).
8
Apart from regression models explaining household welfare level, we also estimated a model for the heteroskedasticity in the household component of the error. We also estimated the parametric distributions of both error
terms for the simulations. See the methodological Appendix for further details.
9
It is worth noting that the standard errors of the mean of the Census-based figures are systematically lower than
the ones calculated from HSES.
7

23

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

After having established the reliability of the different predictive models, we estimated poverty
figures for the four disaggregated levels described in Table 2: region, aimag, soum and khoroo.
Before presenting the actual results we need to determine whether these results are precise
enough to be useful. As discussed in the methodological section, the precision of the poverty
estimates decline as the number of households in the different administrative units gets smaller.
While we expect the aimag-level poverty estimates to be precise enough it is legitimate to be
more interrogative about soum-level estimates.
How low can we go?
In order to make an objective judgement on the precision of these estimates we computed
coefficients of variation for both nationwide lower levels under study (aimag and soum) and
then compared them with an arbitrary but commonly-used benchmark. Figure 2 presents
the headcount incidence coefficients of variation of the aimag- and soum-level estimates and
compared them to a 0.2 benchmark. The lower curve (represented by xs) in Figure 2 clearly
shows that our aimag-level headcount poverty estimates does rather well while the precision of
soum-level estimates fair well in most cases except for a few soums for which the coefficient of
variation is above the 0.2 benchmark. The question that comes to mind is whether or not these
soums with higher coefficients of variation pose a problem. Figure 3 plots these coefficients
of variation against poverty headcount for each soum. It shows that amongst the soum with
higher coefficients of variation most have a poverty headcount level below the national level
(29.8%). Since one of the main applications of the poverty map would be to target the poorest
aimags and soums areas we believe that level of precision of the relevant geographical areas is
acceptable and suitable for targeting purposes. Actually they are amongst the least poor soums
and therefore much less likely to be targeted by a poverty alleviation scheme. It is clear that our
poverty estimates at disaggregated levels would be good guides to policy-makers.

24

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Coefficient of variation (CV)


.1
.2

.3

FIGURE 2: POVERTY HEADCOUNT ACCURACY, BY DISAGGREGATION ADMINISTRATIVE LEVEL

.2

.6
.4
Proportion of households (sorted by CV)
Benchmark (0.2)

Aimag

.8

Soum

Sources: Authors calculation based on HSES2011 and Census 2010

Poverty Headcount
20
40

60

FIGURE 3: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND COEFFICIENTS OF VARIATION, BY SOUM

.1

.2
Coefficient of variation

.3

.4

National Poverty Headcount (28.8%)


Coefficient of variation benchmark (0.2)
Soum

Sources: Authors calculation based on HSES2011 and Census 2010

25

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

APPENDIX 4: SURVEY-BASED REGRESSION MODELS


STRATA 1: ULAANBAATAR REGION
======================== OLS Result ===========================
Number of observation

3574
R-square

0.520
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Variable

Coefficient Std Error
t-ratio
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Intercept

12.2096 0.0288
423.80
Number of children aged 0-6

-0.2096 0.0105
-19.85
Number of boys aged 7-14

-0.1749 0.0147
-11.83
Number of girls aged 7-14

-0.1662 0.0151
-10.98
Number of males aged 15-59

-0.1260 0.0083
-15.01
Number of females aged 15-59

-0.0820 0.0086
-9.51
Proportion of people at work

0.3451 0.0282
12.23
Head went to primary school (0/1)
-0.2783 0.0425
-6.54
Head went to secondary school (0/1)
-0.1106 0.0189
-5.84
Head went to TVET school (0/1)

-0.0539 0.0255
-2.11
Spouse went to tertiary school (0/1)
0.0767 0.0192
3.98
Dwelling size (in square meter)

0.0035 0.0002
14.24
Dwelling has central heating (0/1)
0.3523 0.0360
9.76
Dwelling has inside toilet (0/1)
0.0860 0.0354
2.42
Cattle per capita (at soum level)
-1.9059 0.2145
-8.88
Goat per capita (at soum level)

0.3216 0.0484
6.64
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------STRATA 2: EAST REGION
========================== OLS Result =========================
Number of observation

1021
R-square

0.343
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Variable


Coefficient Std Error
t-ratio
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Intercept

11.7488
0.1016
115.53
Number of children aged 0-6
-0.2297 0.0270
-8.50
Number of boys aged 7-14

-0.2263 0.0273
-8.27
Number of girls aged 7-14

-0.1136 0.0275
-4.11
Number of elderly aged 60+
0.1577 0.0388
4.05
Proportion of people at work
0.2933 0.0594
4.93
Head went to secondary school (0/1)
0.1869 0.0357
5.22
Head went to TVET school (0/1)
0.2280 0.0557
4.09
Head went to tertiary school (0/1)
0.4277 0.0599
7.13
Head is divorced (0/1)

-0.1562 0.0700
-2.23
Head is employed (0/1)

-0.1732 0.0566
-3.05
Head works in tertiary sector (0/1)
0.1369 0.0578
2.36
Head has no spouse (0/1)

-0.2173 0.0951
-2.28
Age of spouse (in year)

-0.0089 0.0019
-4.50
Spouse went to tertiary school (0/1)
0.1557
0.0498
3.12
Dwelling size (in square meter)

0.0102
0.0013
7.64

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MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Dwelling has no toilet (0/1)




0.1500
0.0435
3.44
Household resides in Sukhbaatar aimag(0/1)
-0.0811
0.0323
-2.51
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STRATA 3: CENTRAL REGION


=========================== OLS Result ========================
Number of observation

2179
R-square

0.342
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Variable
Coefficient
Std Error
t-ratio
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Intercept


12.3430 0.0617
202.10
Log (household size)


-0.4392 0.0221
-19.87
Number of boys aged 7-14
-0.0556 0.0217
-2.55
Head did not go school (0/1)
-0.1934 0.0558
-3.46
Head went to tertiary school (0/1)

0.0940 0.0332
2.82
Spouse went to primary school (0/1)

-0.0967 0.0483
-1.99
Spouse went to tertiary school (0/1)

0.2355 0.0328
7.17
Dwelling is a ger (0/1)

-0.1494 0.0283
-5.26
Dwelling size (in square meter)

0.0051 0.0005
8.83
Dwelling has central heating (0/1)

0.1231 0.0304
4.04
Dwelling is a private property (0/1)
-0.1622 0.0483
-3.35
Household resides in Dornogovi aimag (0/1)
0.2746 0.0315
8.71
Household resides in Umnugovi aimag (0/1)
0.4922 0.0330
14.91
Goat per capita (at soum level)

0.0048 0.0010
4.79
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STRATA 4: HIGHLANDS REGION


========================= OLS Result ==========================
Number of observation
2564
R-square
0.433
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Variable

Coefficient
Std Error
t-ratio
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Intercept

11.5438 0.0550
209.83
Log (household size)

-0.4895 0.0224
-21.84
Number of boys aged 7-14

-0.0455 0.0160
-2.82
Number of girls aged 7-14

-0.0360 0.0161
-2.23
Number of elderly aged 60+

-0.0435 0.0234
-1.86
Proportion of people at work

0.2175 0.0318
6.84
Head went to tertiary school (0/1)

0.1747 0.0274
6.37
Head has no spouse (0/1)

0.2752 0.0477
5.76
Age of spouse (in year)

0.0077
0.0009
8.18
Spouse went to secondary school (0/1)
-0.0957 0.0205
-4.66
Spouse is self-employed (0/1)

0.2221 0.0381
5.82
Spouse works in primary sector (0/1)

-0.2078 0.0397
-5.22
Dwelling size (in square meter)

0.0046
0.0004
10.67

27

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Dwelling has inside toilet (0/1)



0.3653
0.0335
10.89
Household has a phone (0/1)

0.2442
0.0243
10.04
Household resides in Bulgan aimag (0/1)
0.1928
0.0241
7.96
Household resides in Bayankhongor aimag (0/1) 0.1647
0.0217
7.58
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STRATA 5: WEST REGION


========================== OLS Result =========================
Number of observation

1841
R-square

0.359
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Variable
Coefficient
Std Error
t-ratio
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Intercept

11.8364
0.0447
264.49
Number of children aged 0-6
-0.2061
0.0140
-14.68
Number of boys aged 7-14

-0.1510 0.0191
-7.86
Number of girls aged 7-14

-0.1437
0.0194
-7.40
Number of elderly aged 60+

0.0765
0.0253
3.01
Proportion of kids at school

-0.1871
0.0661
-2.83
Head works in primary sector (0/1)

0.1994
0.0250
7.96
Head has no spouse (0/1)

0.1551
0.0277
5.59
Spouse is employed (0/1)

0.1844
0.0309
5.96
Dwelling is a ger (0/1)

-0.0782
0.0303
-2.57
Dwelling size (in square meter)

0.0011
0.0004
2.49
Dwelling has inside toilet (0/1)

0.3591
0.0512
7.00
Household resides in Govi-Altai aimag (0/1)
-0.1275
0.0304
-4.18
Household resides in Bayan-Ulgii aimag (0/1)
0.2467
0.0321
7.67
Household resides in Uvs aimag (0/1)
0.4181
0.0287
14.56
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

28

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

APPENDIX 5: ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT LABELS


A) Region

B) Aimag

29

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) West Region Soums

Note: The numbers on this map refer to soum codes as found in Appendices 8, 9 or 10.

30

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

D) Highlands Region Soums

Note: The numbers on this map refer to soum codes as found in Appendices 8, 9 or 10.

31

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

E) Central Region Soums

Note: The numbers on this map refer to soum codes as found in Appendices 8, 9 or 10.

32

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

F) East Region Soums

Note: The numbers on this map refer to soum codes as found in Appendices 8, 10 or 11.

G) UB Districts

Note: The numbers on this map refer to district (soum) codes as found in Appendices 8, 9 or 10.

33

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

APPENDIX 6: MONETARY AND NON-MONETARY MAPS AT DIFFERENT


ADMINISTRATIVE LEVELS

MAP 2: POVERTY GAP INDEX (P1)


A) Region

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

34

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

35

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 3: LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATE FOR THE


15-59 AGE GROUP [3] (IN %)
A) Region

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

36

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

50.0

60.0

70.0

80.0

90.0

FIGURE 4: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND LABOR FORCE


PARTICIPATION RATE [3], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Labour Force Participation Rate (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

37

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 4: EMPLOYMENT RATE FOR THE 15-59 AGE GROUP [4] (IN %)
A) Region

48.8
51.0
51.9
54.3
55.7

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

40-45
45-50
50-55
55-60
60-65

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

38

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

30-35
35-40
40-45
45-50
50-55
55-60
60-65
65-70
70-75
75-80
80-85

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

30.0

40.0

50.0

60.0

70.0

80.0

FIGURE 5: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND EMPLOYMENT


RATE [4], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Employment-to-population ratio (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

39

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 5: SELF-EMPLOYMENT RATE FOR THE 15-59


AGE GROUP [5] (IN %)
A) Region

27.8
47.8
54.1
63.7-64.5

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

40

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

100.0

FIGURE 6: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND SELF-EMPLOYMENT


RATE [5], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

30.0
40.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

50.0

Percentage of Own-account workers in total employment (in %) - Total


Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

41

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 6: YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE, 15-24 AGE GROUP [6] (IN %)


A) Region

22.7
29.4
30.4
31.0
32.8

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

42

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

FIGURE 7: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT


RATE [6], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

30.0
40.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Unemployment rate, aged 15-24 (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

43

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 7: UNEMPLOYMENT RATE, 25-59 AGE GROUP [7] (IN %)


A) Region

11.8
14.2
14.4
15.4-15.5

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

5-10
10-15
15-20

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

44

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-5
5-10
10-15
15-20
20-25
25-30
30-35

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

10.0

20.0

30.0

40.0

FIGURE 8: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND UNEMPLOYMENT RATE [7], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Unemployment rate, aged 25-59 (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

45

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 8: DEMOGRAPHIC DEPENDENCY RATE [8] (IN %)


A) Region

33.8
39.7-40.4
41.3
45.9

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

30-35
35-40
40-45
45-50

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

46

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

30-35
35-40
40-45
45-50
50-55

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

30.0

35.0

40.0

45.0

50.0

55.0

FIGURE 9: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND DEMOGRAPHIC


DEPENDENCY RATE [8], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

50.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Demographic Dependency ratio (in %)

Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

47

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 9: SCHOOL ATTENDANCE, 6-9 AGE GROUP [9] (IN %)


A) Region

94.3
97.0
97.8
98.0-98.2

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

88-90
94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

48

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

78-80
80-82
82-84
84-86
86-88
88-90
90-92
92-94
94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

80.0

85.0

90.0

95.0

100.0

FIGURE 10: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND SCHOOL ATTENDANCE,


6-9 AGE GROUP [9], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

30.0
40.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

School attendance, aged 6-9 (in %) -Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

49

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 10: SCHOOL ATTENDANCE, 10-14 AGE GROUP [10] (IN %)


A) Region

95.3
95.6
96.5
97.3
97.7

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

50

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

84-86
86-88
88-90
90-92
92-94
94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

85.0

90.0

95.0

100.0

FIGURE 11: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND SCHOOL ATTENDANCE,


10-14 AGE GROUP [10], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

School attendance, aged 10-14 (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

51

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 11: SCHOOL ATTENDANCE, 15-19 AGE GROUP [11] (IN %)


A) Region

69.8
71.9
76.9
79.3
85.2

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

60-70
70-80
80-90

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

52

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

40.0

60.0

80.0

100.0

FIGURE 12: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND SCHOOL ATTENDANCE,


15-19 AGE GROUP [11], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

School attendance, aged 15-19 (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

53

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 12: SCHOOL ATTENDANCE, 20-29 AGE GROUP [12] (IN %)


A) Region

6.1-7.6
10.2
25.9

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

0-5
5-10
10-15
20-25
25-30

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

54

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-5
5-10
10-15
15-20
20-25
25-30
30-35

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

10.0

20.0

30.0

FIGURE 13: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND SCHOOL ATTENDANCE,


20-29 AGE GROUP [12], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

School attendance, aged 20-29 (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

55

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 13: MALE YOUTH LITERACY RATE, 15-24 AGE GROUP [13] (IN %)
A) Region

94.9
96.4
96.8
97.8
99.4

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

90-92
94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

56

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

80-82
84-86
86-88
88-90
90-92
92-94
94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

80.0

85.0

90.0

95.0

100.0

FIGURE 14: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND LITERACY RATE, 15-24 AGE GROUP [13],
BY SOUM, (%)

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Literacy rate, aged 15-24 (in %) - Male

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

57

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 14: FEMALE YOUTH LITERACY, 15-24 AGE GROUP [14] (IN %)
A) Region

96.9
97.6
97.8
98.7
99.7

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

58

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

86-88
88-90
90-92
92-94
94-96
96-98
98-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

85.0

90.0

95.0

100.0

FIGURE 15: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND FEMALE YOUTH LITERACY RATE,


15-24 AGE GROUP [14], BY SOUM, (%)

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Literacy rate, aged 15-24 (in %) - Female

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

59

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 15: GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL, 6-9 AGE GROUP [15]

A) Region

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.93
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.90-1.00
1.00-1.10

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

60

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0.50-0.60
0.60-0.70
0.70-0.80
0.80-0.90
0.90-1.00
1.00-1.10
1.10-1.20
1.20-1.30
1.30-1.40
1.40-2.00

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

FIGURE 16: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL,


6-9 AGE GROUP [15], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

30.0
40.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Ratio of girls to boys in school, aged 6-9

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

61

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 16: GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL, 10-14 AGE GROUP [16]


A) Region

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.98
0.99
0.99
1.00
1.01

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.90-1.00
1.00-1.10

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

62

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.50-0.60
0.60-0.70
0.70-0.80
0.80-0.90
0.90-1.00
1.00-1.10
1.10-1.20
1.20-1.30
1.30-1.40
1.40-2.00

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.60

0.80

1.00

1.20

1.40

1.60

FIGURE 17: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL,


10-14 AGE GROUP [16], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Ratio of girls to boys in school, aged 10-14

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

63

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 17: GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL, 15-19 AGE GROUP [17]


A) Region

Ratio Girls/Boys
1.02
1.05
1.09-1.10

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.80-0.90
0.90-1.00
1.00-1.10
1.10-1.20

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

64

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.50-0.60
0.60-0.70
0.70-0.80
0.80-0.90
0.90-1.00
1.00-1.10
1.10-1.20
1.20-1.30
1.30-1.40
1.40-3.00

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50

3.00

FIGURE 18: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL,


15-19 AGE GROUP [17], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Ratio of girls to boys in school, aged 15-19

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

65

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 18: GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL, 20-29 AGE GROUP [18]


A) Region

Ratio Girls/Boys
1.25-1.27
1.31
1.41
1.56

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

Ratio Girls/Boys
1.00-1.10
1.10-1.20
1.20-1.30
1.30-1.40
1.40-7.00

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

66

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

Ratio Girls/Boys
0.00-0.50
0.50-0.60
0.60-0.70
0.70-0.80
0.80-0.90
0.90-1.00
1.00-1.10
1.10-1.20
1.20-1.30
1.30-1.40
1.40-7.00

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.00

2.00

4.00

6.00

FIGURE 19: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND GIRL-TO-BOY RATIO AT SCHOOL,


20-29 AGE GROUP [18], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Ratio of girls to boys in school, aged 20-29

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

67

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 19: FEMALE IN WAGE EMPLOYMENT IN NON-AGRICULTURAL SECTOR [19] (IN %)


A) Region

50.1
50.6
52.8
53.6-53.8

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

45-50
50-55
55-60

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

68

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

35-40
40-45
45-50
50-55
55-60
60-65
65-70

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

30.0

40.0

50.0

60.0

70.0

FIGURE 20: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND FEMALE IN WAGE EMPLOYMENT IN NON-AGRICULTURAL


SECTOR [19], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

50.0

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector (in %)


Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

69

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 20: PROPORTION OF DISABLED PEOPLE [20] (IN %)


A) Region

3.2
4.5
4.6-4.8
6.2

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

2-4
4-6
6-8

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

70

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

2-4
4-6
6-8
8-10

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

FIGURE 21: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND DISABILITY RATE [20], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Proportion of disabled people (in %) - Total

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

71

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 21: PROPORTION OF POPULATION LIVING IN GER [21] (IN %)


A) Region

29.2
46.0
53.8
60.7
64.7

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

72

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

100.0

FIGURE 22: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND LIVING IN GER [21], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Proportion of population living on ger (in %)

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

73

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 22: PROPORTION OF POPULATION USING INDOOR


SANITATION FACILITY [22] (IN %)
A) Region

3.8
8.6
13.7
19.8
36.9

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

74

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
70-80

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

FIGURE 23: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND USING INDOOR SANITATION


FACILITY [22], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

50.0

Proportion of population using indoor sanitation facility (in %)


Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

75

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 23: PROPORTION OF POPULATION USING PIPE WATER


SUPPLY SYSTEM [23] (IN %)
A) Region

5.2-9.0
30.2-30.8
59.1

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

0-10
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

76

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

100.0

FIGURE 24: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND USING PIPE WATER


SUPPLY SYSTEM [23], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

50.0

Proportion of population using pipe water supply system (in %)


Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

77

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 24: PROPORTION OF POPULATION HAVING


ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY [24] (IN %)
A) Region

94.8-95.1
96.3
96.7
99.0

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

90-95
95-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

78

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

70-75
75-80
80-85
85-90
90-95
95-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

75.0

80.0

85.0

90.0

95.0

100.0

FIGURE 25: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY [24], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Proportion of population having electricity (in %)

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

79

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 25: PROPORTION OF POPULATION USING PROPER


HEATING SYSTEM [25] (IN %)
A) Region

6.8-10.3
17.2
23.2
43.2

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

0-10
10-20
20-30
40-50
50-60

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

80

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
70-80

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

FIGURE 26: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND USING PROPER HEATING SYSTEM [25], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Proportion of population using proper heating system (in %)

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

81

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 26: PROPORTION OF POPULATION DISPOSING THE HOUSEHOLD


SOLID WASTE [26] (IN %)
A) Region

64.0-66.8
71.8
76.0
96.6

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

82

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

100.0

FIGURE 27: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND DISPOSING


THE HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTE [26], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

50.0

Proportion of population disposing the household solid waste (in %)


Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

83

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 27: PROPORTION OF POPULATION HAVING COMPLETE


INFRASTRUCTURE [27] (IN %)
A) Region

4.2
8.6
15.2
20.8
39.2

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

84

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
70-80

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

FIGURE 28: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND HAVING COMPLETE


INFRASTRUCTURE [27], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

50.0

Proportion of population having complete infrastructure (in %)


Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

85

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 28: PROPORTION OF POPULATION USING CLEAN (ELECTRICITY/GAS)


COOKING FUEL [28] (IN %)
A) Region

7.2
11.4
21.2
29.3
53.1

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

86

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
80-90

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

FIGURE 29: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND CLEAN COOKING


FUEL [28], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Proportion of population using clean cooking fuel (in %)

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

87

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 29: PROPORTION OF POPULATION HAVING AT LEAST ONE MOBILE


PHONE AT HOME [29] (IN %)
A) Region

84.6
88.3
89.7
95.6
99.0

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

60-70
80-90
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

88

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

20-30
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90
90-100

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

100.0

FIGURE 30: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND ACCESS TO MOBILE


PHONE [29], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

50.0

Proportion of population accessing to mobile phone athome(in %)


Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

89

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MAP 30: PROPORTION OF POPULATION HAVING ACCESS TO


INTERNET AT HOME [30] (IN %)
A) Region

20.3
26.3-27.5
38.6
72.0

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

B) Aimag

10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
70-80

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

90

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

C) Soum

0-10
10-20
20-30
30-40
40-50
50-60
60-70
70-80
80-90

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

FIGURE 31: POVERTY HEADCOUNT AND ACCESS TO INTERNET [30], BY SOUM

10.0

20.0

40.0
30.0
Poverty Headcount (in %)

Proportion of population acccessing internet(in %)

50.0
Fitted values

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census

91

0.07 -0.01 0.09 0.08 0.45 -0.08 -0.04 1.00

0.11 0.17 0.09 0.03 -0.26 0.06 0.09 -0.46 1.00

[8]

[9]

[10]

[11]

[12]

[13]

[14]

[15]

92

[16]

[17]

[18]

[19]

1.00

[20]

1.00

[21]

[22]

[23]

[24]

[25]

-0.52 0.60 0.60 0.33 0.63 1.00

[26]

[27]

[28]

0.03

0.33 0.33 0.32 0.36 0.36 0.34 0.41 1.00

[29]

[30]

Source: Authors calculation based on the Mongolia 2010 Census


Note: The indexed columns and rows correspond to the indicator numbers in Table 4

[30] -0.33 -0.27 -0.40 -0.39 -0.76 0.27 0.27 -0.51 0.25 0.40 0.48 0.78 0.39 0.43 -0.02 0.02 -0.14 0.11 -0.34 -0.14 -0.41 0.72 0.71 0.37 0.75 0.66 0.74 0.78 0.49 1.00

[29] -0.18 -0.12 -0.03 -0.08 -0.49 0.16 0.16 -0.40 0.57 0.45 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.35 0.00 -0.04 -0.12 0.06 -0.13 -0.13

[28] -0.35 -0.28 -0.33 -0.31 -0.77 0.16 0.20 -0.44 0.22 0.30 0.38 0.69 0.33 0.34 0.04 0.02 -0.08 0.05 -0.39 -0.10 -0.43 0.92 0.86 0.31 0.94 0.62 0.93 1.00

[27] -0.26 -0.21 -0.40 -0.37 -0.73 0.20 0.24 -0.41 0.18 0.26 0.41 0.70 0.33 0.33 0.01 0.01 -0.10 0.03 -0.38 -0.07 -0.48 1.00 0.89 0.31 0.99 0.61 1.00

[26] -0.18 -0.13 -0.61 -0.67 -0.82 0.49 0.57 -0.36 0.28 0.38 0.50 0.61 0.37 0.36 -0.02 -0.02 -0.13 -0.01 -0.29 0.00

[25] -0.27 -0.22 -0.42 -0.39 -0.76 0.21 0.24 -0.41 0.18 0.28 0.43 0.72 0.34 0.35 0.01 0.01 -0.11 0.03 -0.40 -0.08 -0.50 0.99 0.87 0.33 1.00

[24] -0.21 -0.22 -0.20 -0.20 -0.37 0.15 0.17 -0.05 0.06 0.28 0.51 0.35 0.33 0.33 -0.05 0.08 -0.18 0.09 -0.20 -0.19 -0.25 0.31 0.29 1.00

[23] -0.27 -0.22 -0.39 -0.40 -0.70 0.24 0.29 -0.39 0.19 0.25 0.39 0.62 0.30 0.30 -0.01 0.03 -0.13 0.03 -0.31 -0.04 -0.42 0.86 1.00

[22] -0.25 -0.21 -0.39 -0.36 -0.72 0.19 0.23 -0.40 0.17 0.25 0.40 0.69 0.32 0.32 0.01 0.01 -0.10 0.03 -0.38 -0.07 -0.47 1.00

[21] 0.31 0.28 0.62 0.61 0.61 -0.45 -0.36 0.23 0.25 -0.22 -0.35 -0.50 -0.35 -0.37 0.02 -0.05 0.16 -0.01 0.41 -0.11

[20] 0.09 0.11 -0.14 -0.12 0.02 0.06 0.01 -0.10 0.07 -0.03 -0.19 -0.18 -0.18 -0.19 0.03 -0.04 -0.03 0.01 0.07

[19] 0.32 0.30 0.24 0.22 0.53 -0.12 -0.13 0.18 0.08 -0.10 -0.20 -0.29 -0.19 -0.19 -0.02 0.03 0.01 -0.12 1.00

[18] -0.01 0.01 0.05 0.04 -0.08 -0.01 -0.02 -0.06 0.02 0.09 0.04 0.00 0.01 0.07 0.06 0.08 -0.07 1.00

[17] 0.03 0.04 0.13 0.13 0.14 -0.16 -0.07 0.12 -0.08 -0.25 -0.29 -0.10 -0.35 -0.14 -0.10 0.05 1.00

[16] -0.04 -0.04 -0.02 -0.01 0.02 -0.01 0.00 0.04 -0.06 -0.05 -0.01 0.01 -0.08 0.01 -0.04 1.00

[15] 0.00 -0.01 0.07 0.09 0.01 -0.09 -0.08 -0.01 -0.02 -0.02 -0.05 -0.05 0.06 -0.07 1.00

[14] -0.33 -0.33 -0.25 -0.28 -0.46 0.31 0.23 -0.16 0.09 0.50 0.50 0.39 0.68 1.00

[13] -0.28 -0.29 -0.27 -0.30 -0.44 0.31 0.25 -0.11 0.08 0.48 0.52 0.39 1.00

[12] -0.21 -0.17 -0.53 -0.48 -0.69 0.28 0.27 -0.40 0.10 0.25 0.55 1.00

[11] -0.14 -0.17 -0.48 -0.47 -0.53 0.37 0.34 0.03 0.08 0.48 1.00

[10] -0.26 -0.22 -0.15 -0.18 -0.44 0.23 0.20 -0.25 0.44 1.00

-0.04 -0.02 -0.49 -0.78 -0.51 0.81 1.00

[9]

[7]

[8]

0.35 0.29 0.58 0.62 1.00

[7]

-0.08 -0.07 -0.54 -0.77 -0.48 1.00

0.05 0.04 0.92 1.00

[4]

[6]

[6]

0.04 0.03 1.00

[3]

[5]

[5]

0.98 1.00

[4]

1.00

[3]

[2]

[2]

[1]

[1]

APPENDIX 7: CORRELATION MATRIX BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT POVERTY INDICATORS

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

APPENDIX 8: MONETARY POVERTY INDICES, BY REGION, AIMAG,


SOUM AND DISTRICT

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

1000 Ulaanbaatar

1,114,902

23.4
(0.7)

6.7
(0.3)

2.8
(0.1)

261,005

1100 Ulaanbaatar

1,114,902

23.4
(0.7)

6.7
(0.3)

2.8
(0.1)

261,005

21,854

19.9
(2.7)

5.6
(0.9)

2.3
(0.4)

4,345

3,275

23.9
(4.6)

6.7
(1.7)

2.8
(0.9)

783

1101

Baganuur

1104

Bagakhagai

1107

Bayangol

172,876

11.4
(0.6)

3.0
(0.2)

1.2
(0.1)

19,778

1110

Bayanzurkh

265,605

22.4
(0.9)

6.2
(0.3)

2.6
(0.2)

59,525

1113

Nalaikh

29,659

46.8
(4.0)

15.7
(1.9)

7.2
(1.0)

13,866

1116

Songinokhairkhan

253,055

31.0
(1.1)

9.2
(0.4)

4.0
(0.2)

78,411

1119

Sukhbaatar

119,574

19.5
(0.9)

5.4
(0.3)

2.2
(0.1)

23,348

1122

Khan-Uul

105,436

24.3
(1.1)

7.0
(0.4)

3.0
(0.2)

25,649

1125

Chingeltei

143,568

24.6
(1.2)

7.0
(0.4)

2.9
(0.2)

35,310

179,618

34.0
(1.7)

10.1
(0.7)

4.3
(0.4)

61,144

2100 Dornod

66,194

32.6
(2.1)

9.7
(0.8)

4.1
(0.4)

21,601

2101

Kherlen

37,375

31.0
(2.3)

9.1
(0.9)

3.8
(0.4)

11,581

2104

Bayandun

2,647

34.2
(4.8)

10.0
(2.0)

4.2
(1.0)

905

2107

Bayantumen

1,839

32.4
(3.9)

9.4
(1.6)

3.9
(0.8)

596

2110

Bayan-Uul

3,743

34.8
(4.0)

10.4
(1.7)

4.4
(0.9)

1,303

2113

Bulgan

1,698

32.4
(3.9)

9.4
(1.6)

3.9
(0.8)

550

2116

Gurvanzagal

995

34.3
(4.8)

10.2
(1.9)

4.4
(1.0)

341

2119

Dashbalbar

2,866

31.7
(4.1)

9.2
(1.7)

3.9
(0.9)

910

2122

Matad

2,262

38.4

12.0

5.3

868

2000 East

93

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

(4.3)

(1.9)

(1.0)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

2125

Sergelen

1,528

37.4
(4.0)

11.6
(1.6)

5.1
(0.8)

571

2128

Khalkh gol

2,936

36.2
(5.2)

11.0
(2.1)

4.8
(1.1)

1,062

2131

Kholonbuir

1,433

32.4
(3.9)

9.4
(1.6)

3.9
(0.8)

464

2134

Tsagaan-Ovoo

3,032

37.4
(4.0)

11.6
(1.6)

5.1
(0.8)

1,134

2137

Choibalsan

2,389

34.3
(4.8)

10.2
(1.9)

4.4
(1.0)

819

2140

Chuluunkhoroot

1,451

34.3
(4.8)

10.2
(1.9)

4.4
(1.0)

497

2200 Sukhbaatar

49,950

36.4
(3.0)

10.9
(1.2)

4.6
(0.6)

18,187

2201

Baruun-Urt

15,686

32.6
(3.5)

9.5
(1.4)

4.0
(0.7)

5,110

2204

Asgat

1,644

38.4
(4.3)

11.7
(1.8)

5.1
(0.9)

632

2207

Bayandelger

4,230

36.6
(4.1)

10.8
(1.7)

4.5
(0.9)

1,547

2210

Dariganga

2,634

38.4
(4.3)

11.7
(1.8)

5.1
(0.9)

1,012

2213

Monkhkhaan

3,619

39.4
(4.0)

12.0
(1.7)

5.2
(0.9)

1,425

2216

Naran

1,428

36.6
(4.1)

10.8
(1.7)

4.5
(0.9)

522

2219

Ongon

3,273

36.6
(4.1)

10.8
(1.7)

4.5
(0.9)

1,197

2222

Sukhbaatar

2,789

38.4
(4.3)

11.7
(1.8)

5.1
(0.9)

1,072

2225

Tuvshinshiree

2,752

39.4
(4.0)

12.0
(1.7)

5.2
(0.9)

1,083

2228

Tumentsogt

1,989

39.4
(4.0)

12.0
(1.7)

5.2
(0.9)

783

2231

Uulbayan

2,392

39.4
(4.0)

12.0
(1.7)

5.2
(0.9)

942

2234

Khalzan

1,344

36.6
(4.1)

10.8
(1.7)

4.5
(0.9)

492

2237

Erdenetsagaan

6,170

38.4
(4.3)

11.7
(1.8)

5.1
(0.9)

2,371

2300 Khentii

63,474

33.6
(2.2)

10.1
(0.9)

4.3
(0.5)

21,354

2301

18,247

32.7

9.8

4.2

5,973

Kherlen

94

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

(2.7)

(1.1)

(0.6)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

2304

Batnorov

4,985

35.0
(3.5)

10.5
(1.4)

4.5
(0.7)

1,744

2307

Batshireet

2,042

34.8
(3.3)

10.4
(1.2)

4.4
(0.6)

710

2310

Bayan-Adarga

2,158

41.6
(4.4)

13.2
(1.9)

5.8
(1.0)

898

2313

Bayanmonkh

1,296

30.9
(2.9)

9.0
(1.1)

3.8
(0.6)

400

2316

Bayan-Ovoo

1,548

35.0
(3.5)

10.5
(1.4)

4.5
(0.7)

542

2319

Bayankhutag

1,623

35.0
(3.5)

10.5
(1.4)

4.5
(0.7)

568

2322

Binder

3,399

34.8
(3.3)

10.4
(1.2)

4.4
(0.6)

1,182

2325

Galshir

1,747

35.0
(3.5)

10.5
(1.4)

4.5
(0.7)

611

2328

Dadal

2,565

30.9
(2.9)

9.0
(1.1)

3.8
(0.6)

792

2331

Darkhan

9,590

30.9
(2.9)

9.0
(1.1)

3.8
(0.6)

2,962

2334

Delgerkhaan

1,980

30.9
(2.9)

9.0
(1.1)

3.8
(0.6)

611

2337

Jargaltkhaan

1,792

30.9
(2.9)

9.0
(1.1)

3.8
(0.6)

553

2340

Moron

1,291

35.0
(3.5)

10.5
(1.4)

4.5
(0.7)

452

2343

Norovlin

2,211

41.6
(4.4)

13.2
(1.9)

5.8
(1.0)

921

2346

Omnodelger

5,098

34.8
(3.3)

10.4
(1.2)

4.4
(0.6)

1,773

2349

Tsenkhermandal

1,902

34.8
(3.3)

10.4
(1.2)

4.4
(0.6)

661

413,181

26.3
(1.3)

7.8
(0.5)

3.3
(0.3)

108,553

4100 Tuv

80,664

32.2
(2.0)

9.7
(0.8)

4.2
(0.4)

25,990

4101

Zuunmod

12,826

29.5
(3.2)

8.9
(1.2)

3.9
(0.6)

3,781

4104

Altanbulag

2,321

29.8
(5.1)

8.7
(1.9)

3.7
(1.0)

691

4107

Argalant

1,318

29.8
(5.1)

8.7
(1.9)

3.7
(1.0)

393

4000 Central

95

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

4110

Arkhust

1,165

32.6
(6.4)

9.7
(2.5)

4.2
(1.3)

379

4113

Batsumber

6,723

33.2
(3.4)

10.2
(1.4)

4.5
(0.8)

2,235

4116

Bayan

1,857

32.6
(6.4)

9.7
(2.5)

4.2
(1.3)

605

4119

Bayandelger

1,427

32.6
(5.2)

9.9
(2.2)

4.3
(1.2)

466

4122

Bayanjargalan

1,273

32.6
(6.4)

9.7
(2.5)

4.2
(1.3)

414

4125

Bayan-Onjuul

1,465

29.7
(5.7)

8.6
(2.1)

3.7
(1.1)

434

4128

Bayankhangai

1,212

31.8
(6.6)

9.6
(2.7)

4.2
(1.4)

386

4131

Bayantsagaan

1,334

32.3
(7.4)

9.5
(2.8)

4.0
(1.5)

431

4134

Bayantsogt

1,679

32.6
(5.7)

9.8
(2.3)

4.2
(1.2)

548

4137

Bayanchandmani

3,482

32.5
(4.0)

9.8
(1.7)

4.3
(0.9)

1,131

4140

Bornuur

4,287

32.5
(4.0)

9.8
(1.7)

4.3
(0.9)

1,392

4143

Buren

2,729

36.4
(5.2)

11.2
(2.3)

5.0
(1.2)

993

4146

Delgerkhaan

1,326

38.3
(8.2)

12.2
(3.9)

5.5
(2.2)

508

4149

Jargalant

5,450

32.8
(4.5)

10.0
(1.9)

4.4
(1.0)

1,790

4152

Zaamar

6,087

32.4
(3.8)

9.7
(1.6)

4.2
(0.8)

1,971

4155

Lun

2,336

30.7
(6.3)

9.0
(2.4)

3.9
(1.2)

717

4158

Mongonmorit

2,099

32.6
(5.2)

9.9
(2.2)

4.3
(1.2)

685

4161

Ondorshireet

1,639

30.7
(6.3)

9.0
(2.4)

3.9
(1.2)

503

4164

Sumber

1,704

32.8
(4.5)

10.0
(1.9)

4.4
(1.0)

560

4167

Sergelen

2,577

35.3
(5.4)

10.8
(2.2)

4.7
(1.2)

910

4170

Ugtaaltsaidam

2,269

31.8
(6.6)

9.6
(2.7)

4.2
(1.4)

722

4173

Tseel

2,495

32.3

9.6

4.2

805

96

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

(6.0)

(2.4)

(1.2)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

4176

Erdene

3,582

32.6
(4.2)

9.9
(1.8)

4.4
(1.0)

1,168

4179

Erdenesant

4,002

34.3
(5.3)

10.4
(2.2)

4.5
(1.2)

1,371

12,569

28.7
(3.4)

8.8
(1.4)

3.8
(0.7)

3,602

9,341

29.5
(3.6)

9.1
(1.4)

4.0
(0.8)

2,755

684

26.2
(5.2)

7.9
(2.1)

3.4
(1.1)

179

2,544

26.2
(5.2)

7.9
(2.1)

3.4
(1.1)

668

4300 Selenge

93,016

29.4
(1.7)

8.7
(0.7)

3.8
(0.3)

27,331

4301

Sukhbaatar

19,142

26.5
(2.8)

7.8
(1.0)

3.3
(0.5)

5,075

4304

Altanbulag

4,253

28.6
(4.8)

8.3
(1.8)

3.5
(0.9)

1,217

4307

Baruunburen

2,623

33.1
(5.5)

10.0
(2.2)

4.4
(1.2)

869

4310

Bayangol

4,916

29.1
(4.5)

8.6
(1.8)

3.7
(0.9)

1,429

4313

Eroo

5,810

32.1
(4.0)

9.6
(1.5)

4.1
(0.8)

1,866

4316

Javkhlant

1,763

30.0
(5.0)

8.9
(1.9)

3.8
(0.9)

529

4319

Zuunburen

2,311

32.2
(5.9)

9.7
(2.4)

4.2
(1.3)

745

4322

Mandal

24,360

29.8
(2.4)

8.9
(0.9)

3.8
(0.5)

7,259

4325

Orkhon

2,025

30.5
(6.0)

9.1
(2.4)

3.9
(1.2)

617

4328

Orkhontuul

3,533

30.6
(4.2)

9.0
(1.7)

3.9
(0.9)

1,081

4331

Saikhan

7,838

27.9
(3.6)

8.2
(1.4)

3.5
(0.8)

2,185

4334

Sant

1,802

33.2
(5.7)

10.1
(2.2)

4.4
(1.2)

598

4337

Tushig

1,488

31.0
(4.2)

9.4
(1.8)

4.1
(1.0)

462

4340

Khuder

1,986

28.6
(4.8)

8.3
(1.8)

3.5
(0.9)

568

4200 Govisumber
4201

Sumber

4204

Bayantal

4207

Shiveegovi

97

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

4343

Khushaat

1,748

32.2
(5.9)

9.7
(2.4)

4.2
(1.3)

564

4346

Tsagaannuur

3,874

31.0
(4.2)

9.4
(1.8)

4.1
(1.0)

1,202

4349

Shaamar

3,544

30.0
(5.0)

8.9
(1.9)

3.8
(0.9)

1,064

4400 Dornogovi

55,106

16.9
(2.3)

4.6
(0.8)

1.9
(0.4)

9,314

4401

Sainshand

19,144

15.9
(2.7)

4.3
(0.9)

1.8
(0.4)

3,048

4404

Airag

3,688

17.9
(4.1)

4.8
(1.3)

2.0
(0.6)

658

4407

Altanshiree

1,160

17.0
(4.7)

4.6
(1.7)

1.9
(0.8)

198

4410

Dalanjargalan

2,346

17.9
(4.1)

4.8
(1.3)

2.0
(0.6)

419

4413

Delgerekh

1,673

17.0
(4.7)

4.6
(1.7)

1.9
(0.8)

285

4416

Zamiin-Uud

12,954

16.5
(3.1)

4.5
(1.0)

1.8
(0.5)

2,134

4419

Ikh khet

1,972

16.3
(4.5)

4.3
(1.5)

1.7
(0.7)

321

4422

Mandakh

1,388

19.2
(5.3)

5.2
(1.8)

2.1
(0.9)

266

4425

Orgon

1,644

17.0
(4.7)

4.6
(1.7)

1.9
(0.8)

280

4428

Saikhandulaan

1,125

19.2
(5.3)

5.2
(1.8)

2.1
(0.9)

216

4431

Ulaanbadrakh

1,405

19.4
(4.6)

5.3
(1.7)

2.2
(0.8)

272

4434

Khatanbulag

2,932

19.4
(4.6)

5.3
(1.7)

2.2
(0.8)

568

4437

Khovsgol

1,510

19.4
(4.6)

5.3
(1.7)

2.2
(0.8)

292

4440

Erdene

2,165

16.5
(3.1)

4.5
(1.0)

1.8
(0.5)

357

4500 Darkhan

85,531

26.8
(1.8)

7.9
(0.7)

3.4
(0.4)

22,919

4501

Darkhan

70,241

26.0
(1.9)

7.6
(0.7)

3.3
(0.4)

18,241

4504

Orkhon

2,875

33.7
(4.4)

10.3
(1.9)

4.6
(1.0)

968

4507

Khongor

4,802

30.5

9.1

3.9

1,467

98

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

(4.1)

(1.8)

(0.9)

7,613

29.5
(4.0)

8.8
(1.6)

3.8
(0.8)

2,243

4600 Umnugovi

48,976

11.8
(2.1)

3.0
(0.6)

1.2
(0.3)

5,762

4601

Dalanzadgad

18,187

11.9
(2.5)

3.0
(0.7)

1.2
(0.3)

2,158

4604

Bayandalai

1,908

10.1
(2.6)

2.5
(0.8)

1.0
(0.3)

192

4607

Bayan-Ovoo

1,433

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

184

4610

Bulgan

2,002

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

258

4613

Gurvantes

4,011

10.1
(2.6)

2.5
(0.8)

1.0
(0.3)

404

4616

Mandal-Ovoo

1,512

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

195

4619

Manlai

1,995

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

257

4622

Noyon

989

10.1
(2.6)

2.5
(0.8)

1.0
(0.3)

100

4625

Nomgon

2,616

10.1
(2.6)

2.5
(0.8)

1.0
(0.3)

264

4628

Servei

1,840

10.1
(2.6)

2.5
(0.8)

1.0
(0.3)

185

4631

Khanbogd

3,533

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

455

4634

Khankhongor

1,573

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

203

4637

Khurmen

1,512

10.1
(2.6)

2.5
(0.8)

1.0
(0.3)

152

4640

Tsogt-Ovoo

1,457

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

188

4643

Tsogttsetsii

4,408

12.9
(3.3)

3.3
(1.0)

1.3
(0.5)

567

4800 Dundgovi

37,319

36.5
(2.5)

11.4
(1.1)

5.1
(0.6)

13,629

4801

Saintsagaan

13,169

35.7
(3.3)

11.3
(1.4)

5.0
(0.8)

4,705

4804

Adaatsag

2,275

38.5
(6.6)

12.0
(2.8)

5.3
(1.5)

876

4807

Bayanjargalan

1,061

32.8
(8.2)

10.0
(3.2)

4.4
(1.7)

348

Census
code

4510

Administrative
Units

Shariin gol

Population

99

Number of
Poor
Individuals

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

4810

Govi-Ugtaal

1,263

30.5
(6.9)

9.0
(2.9)

3.9
(1.5)

385

4813

Gurvansaikhan

1,618

33.6
(7.6)

10.2
(3.1)

4.4
(1.6)

544

4816

Delgerkhangai

1,860

38.8
(8.2)

12.1
(3.5)

5.4
(1.9)

721

4819

Delgertsogt

1,119

37.4
(7.2)

11.8
(3.1)

5.3
(1.7)

418

4822

Deren

1,447

37.4
(7.2)

11.8
(3.1)

5.3
(1.7)

541

4825

Luus

1,338

37.6
(7.7)

11.7
(3.4)

5.2
(1.8)

503

4828

Olziit

1,693

34.2
(7.4)

10.4
(3.0)

4.5
(1.6)

578

4831

Ondorshil

1,373

32.8
(8.2)

10.0
(3.2)

4.4
(1.7)

451

4834

Saikhan-Ovoo

1,870

43.5
(7.3)

14.2
(3.6)

6.5
(2.1)

813

4837

Khuld

1,586

37.6
(7.7)

11.7
(3.4)

5.2
(1.8)

596

4840

Tsagaandelger

640

30.5
(6.9)

9.0
(2.9)

3.9
(1.5)

195

4843

Erdenedalai

5,007

39.1
(4.2)

12.4
(1.9)

5.5
(1.0)

1,955

503,164

38.5
(1.1)

10.9
(0.4)

4.4
(0.2)

193,501

6100 Orkhon

85,083

31.7
(1.4)

8.7
(0.5)

3.5
(0.3)

26,971

6101

Bayan-Ondor

82,322

31.6
(1.4)

8.7
(0.5)

3.5
(0.3)

25,973

6104

Jargalant

2,761

36.1
(5.0)

10.0
(1.9)

4.0
(0.9)

998

6200 Uvurkhangai

98,239

45.1
(1.5)

13.3
(0.6)

5.5
(0.3)

44,306

6201

Arvaikheer

26,263

41.1
(2.1)

12.0
(0.9)

4.9
(0.5)

10,786

6204

Baruunbayan-Ulaan

2,395

50.1
(4.5)

15.5
(2.0)

6.6
(1.1)

1,199

6207

Bat-Olzii

6,336

47.2
(3.7)

14.0
(1.6)

5.8
(0.8)

2,993

6210

Bayangol

3,071

46.7
(3.9)

13.8
(1.7)

5.7
(0.9)

1,436

6213

Bayan-Ondor

3,075

44.7

12.9

5.3

1,374

6000 Highlands

100

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

(3.2)

(1.4)

(0.7)

Number of
Poor
Individuals

6216

Bogd

4,876

52.9
(3.2)

16.5
(1.6)

7.1
(0.9)

2,582

6219

Burd

2,376

44.7
(3.2)

12.9
(1.4)

5.3
(0.7)

1,062

6222

Guchin-Us

1,729

50.1
(4.5)

15.5
(2.0)

6.6
(1.1)

866

6225

Eson zuil

2,378

45.8
(4.6)

13.5
(1.9)

5.5
(1.0)

1,090

6228

Zuunbayan-Ulaan

3,221

44.4
(3.9)

12.9
(1.6)

5.3
(0.8)

1,429

6231

Nariinteel

3,354

48.0
(3.1)

14.3
(1.3)

6.0
(0.6)

1,610

6234

Olziit

1,896

45.8
(4.6)

13.5
(1.9)

5.5
(1.0)

869

6237

Sant

2,990

46.7
(3.9)

13.8
(1.7)

5.7
(0.9)

1,398

6240

Taragt

3,076

46.4
(4.1)

13.6
(1.7)

5.6
(0.9)

1,426

6243

Togrog

2,171

46.7
(3.9)

13.8
(1.7)

5.7
(0.9)

1,015

6246

Uyanga

9,709

Khairkhandulaan

2,854

6252

Kharkhorin

6255

Khujirt

14.3
(1.3)
14.3
(1.3)
12.3
(1.1)
13.2
(1.3)
6.8
(1.0)
5.6
(0.9)
6.9
(1.4)
7.0
(1.4)
7.6
(1.5)
6.9
(1.4)
7.0
(1.4)
7.0
(1.4)

6.0
(0.6)
6.0
(0.6)
5.0
(0.5)
5.4
(0.7)
2.6
(0.4)
2.1
(0.4)
2.6
(0.6)
2.6
(0.6)
2.9
(0.7)
2.6
(0.6)
2.6
(0.6)
2.6
(0.6)

4,661

6249

48.0
(3.1)
48.0
(3.1)
42.4
(2.8)
45.1
(3.2)
26.9
(3.0)
22.3
(2.8)
27.4
(4.3)
27.9
(4.3)
29.6
(4.3)
27.4
(4.3)
27.9
(4.3)
27.9
(4.3)

10,696
5,773

6300 Bulgan

51,616

6301

Bulgan

10,879

6304

Bayan-Agt

2,791

6307

Bayannuur

1,467

6310

Bugat

1,672

6313

Buregkhangai

2,382

6316

Gurvan bulag

2,716

6319

Dashinchilen

2,290

101

1,370
4,533
2,605
13,882
2,430
766
410
495
653
759
640

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

6322

Mogod

2,416

6325

Orkhon

2,532

6328

Rashaant

2,790

6331

Saikhan

3,186

6334

Selenge

2,772

6337

Teshig

3,121

6340

Khangal

3,944

6343

Khishig-ondor

2,513

6346

Khutag-Ondor

4,145

6400 Bayankhongor

74,187

6401

Bayankhongor

29,106

6404

Baatsagaan

2,624

6407

Bayanbulag

1,449

6410

Bayangovi

2,416

6413

Bayanlig

3,106

6416

Bayan-Ovoo

1,697

6419

Bayan-Ondor

2,238

6422

Bayantsagaan

2,920

6425

Bogd

2,633

6428

Bombogor

2,642

6431

Buutsagaan

2,998

6434

Galuut

3,116

6437

Gurvanbulag

1,899

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

27.4
(4.3)
27.4
(4.3)
27.5
(4.8)
27.4
(4.3)
28.2
(4.1)
29.6
(4.3)
28.2
(4.1)

6.9
(1.4)
6.9
(1.4)
6.9
(1.6)
6.9
(1.4)
7.2
(1.3)
7.6
(1.5)
7.2
(1.3)

2.6
(0.6)
2.6
(0.6)
2.6
(0.7)
2.6
(0.6)
2.7
(0.6)
2.9
(0.7)
2.7
(0.6)

27.4
(4.3)
29.6
(4.3)
32.9
(2.4)
30.3
(2.7)
34.1
(4.1)
33.1
(6.5)
34.8
(5.2)
37.7
(4.4)
31.9
(5.2)
36.5
(4.7)
32.7
(3.9)
34.4
(4.7)
34.8
(4.6)
32.0
(4.2)
34.2
(4.7)
35.4
(6.2)

6.9
(1.4)
7.6
(1.5)
8.7
(0.9)
8.0
(0.9)
8.9
(1.4)
8.7
(2.3)
9.2
(1.8)
10.5
(1.6)
8.4
(1.8)
9.9
(1.8)
8.6
(1.4)
9.0
(1.6)
9.2
(1.7)
8.3
(1.4)
9.1
(1.7)
9.3
(2.2)

2.6
(0.6)
2.9
(0.7)
3.4
(0.4)
3.1
(0.4)
3.4
(0.7)
3.3
(1.1)
3.6
(0.9)
4.2
(0.8)
3.2
(0.9)
3.9
(0.8)
3.3
(0.6)
3.5
(0.7)
3.5
(0.8)
3.1
(0.7)
3.5
(0.8)
3.6
(1.0)

102

Number of
Poor
Individuals

663
694
766
874
781
924
1,111
689
1,228
24,371
8,822
895
480
841
1,170
542
817
955
905
920
960
1,066
671

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

6440

Jargalant

2,711

6443

Jinst

1,684

6446

Zag

1,647

6449

Olziit

2,816

6452

Khureemaral

1,335

6455

Shinejinst

1,871

6458

Erdenetsogt

3,279

6500 Arkhangai

81,552

6501

Erdenebulgan

19,044

6504

Battsengel

3,211

6507

Bulgan

2,119

6510

Jargalant

4,029

6513

Ikh tamir

4,879

6516

Ogiinuur

2,555

6519

Olziit

2,789

6522

Ondor-Ulaan

4,974

6525

Tariat

4,181

6528

Tovshruulekh

2,483

6531

Khairkhan

3,301

6534

Khangai

2,785

6537

Khashaat

2,778

6540

Khotont

3,828

6543

Tsakhir

2,009

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

30.7
(4.4)
35.4
(5.3)
35.1
(5.8)
33.0
(4.4)
31.9
(6.1)
36.5
(4.7)
39.0
(5.1)
43.5
(1.5)
37.9
(2.3)
42.0
(3.9)
43.8
(3.9)
45.9
(3.7)
46.3
(3.4)
42.9
(3.5)
42.6
(4.0)
46.9
(2.9)
41.9
(3.0)
45.7
(3.8)
45.4
(3.2)
41.3
(4.0)
43.5
(4.1)
46.0
(4.0)
42.3
(4.8)

7.9
(1.4)
9.5
(1.9)
9.4
(2.0)
8.8
(1.6)
8.5
(2.2)
9.9
(1.8)
10.8
(2.0)
12.7
(0.7)
10.8
(0.9)
12.0
(1.6)
12.8
(1.6)
13.4
(1.6)
13.9
(1.5)
12.4
(1.6)
12.2
(1.6)
14.0
(1.3)
12.0
(1.2)
13.2
(1.5)
13.6
(1.4)
11.8
(1.6)
12.6
(1.7)
13.6
(1.7)
12.0
(2.0)

3.0
(0.6)
3.7
(0.9)
3.7
(0.9)
3.4
(0.7)
3.3
(1.0)
3.9
(0.8)
4.3
(1.0)
5.2
(0.3)
4.4
(0.5)
4.8
(0.8)
5.3
(0.8)
5.5
(0.8)
5.8
(0.8)
5.1
(0.8)
4.9
(0.8)
5.8
(0.7)
4.8
(0.6)
5.4
(0.8)
5.7
(0.8)
4.8
(0.8)
5.1
(0.9)
5.7
(0.9)
4.9
(1.0)

103

Number of
Poor
Individuals

832
597
579
929
426
683
1,280
35,483
7,226
1,348
927
1,851
2,259
1,096
1,189
2,331
1,751
1,135
1,500
1,150
1,209
1,760
850

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

6546

Tsenkher

4,641

6549

Tsetserleg

3,395

6552

Chuluut

3,448

6555

Erdenemandal

5,103

6700 Huvsgul

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

49.0
(3.1)
48.1
(4.2)
50.5
(3.5)
44.0
(3.1)
43.1
(1.4)
38.3
(1.7)
43.7
(3.5)
47.3
(4.0)
48.7
(4.6)
44.0
(3.7)
46.1
(4.0)
46.3
(3.8)
43.5
(4.0)
44.2
(4.7)
47.1
(3.3)
43.5
(3.8)
44.8
(3.7)
46.6
(4.2)
46.5
(4.3)
49.9
(3.8)
46.6
(5.3)
49.0
(4.9)
43.5
(3.4)

14.9
(1.4)
14.2
(1.7)
15.6
(1.7)
12.8
(1.3)
12.5
(0.6)
10.8
(0.7)
12.6
(1.5)
14.1
(1.7)
14.6
(1.9)
12.6
(1.6)
13.5
(1.6)
13.6
(1.6)
12.4
(1.6)
12.9
(1.9)
14.0
(1.5)
12.7
(1.6)
13.0
(1.5)
13.8
(1.8)
13.7
(1.8)
15.3
(1.8)
13.9
(2.4)
15.0
(2.3)
12.5
(1.4)

6.3
(0.8)
5.9
(0.9)
6.6
(0.9)
5.2
(0.7)
5.1
(0.3)
4.4
(0.3)
5.1
(0.8)
5.8
(0.9)
6.1
(1.0)
5.1
(0.8)
5.6
(0.8)
5.6
(0.8)
5.0
(0.8)
5.3
(0.9)
5.8
(0.8)
5.2
(0.8)
5.4
(0.8)
5.7
(0.9)
5.7
(0.9)
6.5
(1.0)
5.8
(1.2)
6.3
(1.3)
5.1
(0.7)

112,487

6701

Moron

35,051

6704

Alag-Erdene

5,092

6707

Arbulag

3,179

6710

Bayanzurkh

3,311

6713

Burentogtokh

3,447

6716

Galt

4,482

6719

Jargalant

4,404

6722

Ikh-Uul

3,691

6725

Rashaant

3,305

6728

Renchinlkhumbe

4,504

6731

Tarialan

5,053

6734

Tosontsengel

3,580

6737

Tomorbulag

3,648

6740

Tunel

3,392

6743

Ulaan-

6746

Khankh

2,365

6749

Tsagaannuur

1,484

6752

Tsagaan-Uul

4,692

Uul

3,851

104

Number of
Poor
Individuals

2,276
1,632
1,743
2,248
48,493
13,411
2,227
1,503
1,612
1,515
2,066
2,040
1,604
1,461
2,122
2,198
1,605
1,701
1,576
1,922
1,101
727
2,042

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

6755

Tsagaan-Uur

2,266

6758

Tsetserleg

3,961

6761

Chandmani-Ondor

2,770

6764

Shine-Ider

2,580

6767

Erdenebulgan

2,379

8000 West

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

43.5
(4.3)
41.1
(3.9)
49.8
(4.1)
39.3
(4.0)
44.1
(4.9)

12.8
(1.8)
11.4
(1.4)
15.1
(1.7)
10.8
(1.5)
12.8
(2.1)

5.3
(1.0)
4.5
(0.7)
6.4
(0.9)
4.3
(0.7)
5.2
(1.1)

30.2
(1.4)
35.6
(2.6)

7.9
(0.5)
9.5
(0.9)

3.0
(0.3)
3.6
(0.4)

103,433

31.7
(3.1)
31.2
(5.1)
35.7
(5.2)
37.5
(5.3)
37.5
(5.3)
39.5
(6.0)
35.7
(5.0)
35.6
(5.0)
41.7
(4.4)

8.4
(1.1)
7.5
(1.6)
9.2
(1.8)
9.9
(1.9)
9.9
(1.9)
10.6
(2.2)
9.4
(1.8)
9.2
(1.8)
11.6
(1.8)

3.2
(0.5)
2.7
(0.7)
3.5
(0.9)
3.7
(0.8)
3.7
(0.8)
4.1
(1.0)
3.6
(0.8)
3.4
(0.8)
4.6
(0.9)

5,228

35.1
(5.6)
39.4
(4.8)
35.9
(6.3)
35.6
(5.0)
36.1
(4.2)
35.9
(6.3)
35.7
(5.0)

9.0
(2.0)
10.6
(1.9)
9.3
(2.2)
9.2
(1.8)
9.8
(1.5)
9.3
(2.2)
9.4
(1.8)

3.3
(0.9)
4.1
(0.9)
3.5
(1.0)
3.4
(0.8)
3.8
(0.7)
3.5
(1.0)
3.6
(0.8)

553

342,850

8100 Zavkhan

62,949

8101

Uliastai

16,509

8104

Aldarkhaan

8107

Asgat

8110

Bayantes

2,260

8113

Bayankhairkhan

1,609

8116

Dorvoljin

1,701

8119

Zavkhanmandal

8122

Ider

2,162

8125

Ikh-Uul

4,974

8128

Nomrog

1,577

8131

Otgon

2,249

8134

Santmargats

1,535

8137

Songino

1,385

8140

Tosontsengel

7,786

8143

Tudevtei

1,649

8146

Telmen

2,257

2,013
781

891

105

Number of
Poor
Individuals

986
1,628
1,380
1,015
1,050

22,429

628
279
848
604
672
318
769
2,073

885
551
493
2,814
592
806

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

8149

Tes

2,661

8152

Urgamal

1,083

8155

Tsagaankhairkhan

8158

Tsagaanchuluut

1,145

8161

Tsetsen-Uul

1,514

8164

Shiluustei

1,685

8167

Erdenekhairkhan

8170

Yaruu

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

35.7
(5.2)
36.1
(4.2)
38.7
(6.1)
38.7
(6.1)
39.4
(4.8)
38.7
(6.1)
35.6
(6.6)

9.2
(1.8)
9.8
(1.5)
10.4
(2.3)
10.4
(2.3)
10.6
(1.9)
10.4
(2.3)
9.1
(2.4)

3.5
(0.9)
3.8
(0.7)
4.0
(1.1)
4.0
(1.1)
4.1
(0.9)
4.0
(1.1)
3.4
(1.1)

950

35.6
(6.6)
44.0
(4.0)
38.5
(4.7)
45.7
(6.5)
48.8
(5.4)
43.7
(6.8)
48.2
(6.4)
45.0
(6.2)
46.3
(6.3)
48.8
(5.4)
42.8
(6.3)
45.0
(6.2)
45.8
(7.0)
44.6
(5.8)
48.8
(5.4)
44.7
(5.9)

9.1
(2.4)
12.6
(1.6)
11.0
(1.9)
13.1
(2.4)
14.2
(2.2)
12.2
(2.7)
14.3
(2.7)
12.8
(2.5)
13.4
(2.5)
14.2
(2.2)
12.0
(2.5)
12.8
(2.5)
13.1
(2.8)
12.3
(2.5)
14.2
(2.2)
12.6
(2.3)

3.4
(1.1)
5.1
(0.8)
4.5
(0.9)
5.3
(1.2)
5.7
(1.1)
4.8
(1.3)
5.9
(1.4)
5.2
(1.2)
5.5
(1.2)
5.7
(1.1)
4.7
(1.2)
5.2
(1.2)
5.2
(1.4)
4.8
(1.2)
5.7
(1.1)
5.0
(1.1)

553

973

999
1,551

8200 Govi-Altai

50,647

8201

Esonbulag

15,324

8204

Altai

1,881

8207

Bayan-Uul

2,549

8210

Biger

2,010

8213

Bugat

2,049

8216

Darvi

1,590

8219

Delger

2,799

8222

Jargalan

1,785

8225

Taishir

1,372

8228

Tonkhil

2,077

8231

Togrog

1,752

8234

Khaliun

2,385

8237

Khokhmorit

1,964

8240

Tsogt

3,389

106

Number of
Poor
Individuals

391
376
443
596
652
356

22,305
5,899
859
1,243
878
987
715
1,297
870
587
935
802
1,063
958
1,514

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

8243

Tseel

1,839

8246

Chandmani

1,986

8249

Sharga

1,819

8252

Erdene

2,077

8300 Bayan-Ulgii

84,365

8301

Olgii

28,903

8304

Altai

3,534

8307

Altantsogts

2,333

8310

Bayannuur

4,204

8313

Bugat

3,131

8316

Bulgan

4,768

8319

Buyant

2,182

8322

Deluun

6,053

8325

Nogoonnuur

6,662

8328

Sagsai

3,963

8331

Tolbo

3,446

8334

Ulaankhus

7,303

8337

Tsengel

7,883

8400 Khovd

73,498

8401

Jargaland

27,147

8404

Altai

2,766

8407

Bulgan

8,197

8410

Buyant

2,624

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

47.9
(6.9)
48.6
(6.5)
43.1
(7.5)
51.4
(7.1)
19.7
(2.2)
17.8
(2.2)
18.4
(3.7)
18.4
(4.1)
22.0
(3.8)
19.9
(4.2)
19.6
(3.2)
19.5
(4.6)
21.1
(3.5)
20.3
(3.2)
20.0
(3.9)
21.2
(5.2)
20.7
(3.1)
22.9
(3.3)
40.1
(2.7)
36.2
(3.1)
47.3
(4.8)
42.3
(3.3)
35.5
(5.8)

14.1
(2.8)
14.1
(2.8)
12.0
(2.9)
15.3
(2.9)
4.3
(0.6)
3.9
(0.6)
3.9
(1.0)
3.8
(1.1)
4.9
(1.1)
4.2
(1.2)
4.1
(0.9)
4.4
(1.2)
4.5
(1.0)
4.5
(0.9)
4.2
(1.1)
4.6
(1.4)
4.5
(0.9)
5.2
(1.0)
11.3
(1.0)
10.2
(1.2)
14.4
(2.2)
12.2
(1.3)
9.1
(2.0)

5.8
(1.4)
5.7
(1.4)
4.8
(1.4)
6.3
(1.4)
1.4
(0.2)
1.3
(0.2)
1.3
(0.4)
1.2
(0.4)
1.6
(0.4)
1.4
(0.5)
1.3
(0.4)
1.5
(0.5)
1.5
(0.4)
1.5
(0.3)
1.4
(0.4)
1.5
(0.5)
1.5
(0.3)
1.8
(0.4)
4.5
(0.5)
4.1
(0.6)
6.1
(1.2)
4.9
(0.7)
3.4
(0.9)

107

Number of
Poor
Individuals

881
964
784
1,068
16,604
5,146
651
429
926
624
934
425
1,274
1,353
794
731
1,514
1,802
29,449
9,838
1,307
3,464
931

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

8413

Darvi

2,328

8416

Dorgon

2,229

8419

Duut

1,254

8422

Zereg

2,692

8425

Mankhan

3,432

8428

Monkhkhairkhan

1,929

8431

Most

2,907

8434

Myangad

2,591

8437

Uench

3,973

8440

Khovd

2,689

8443

Tsetseg

2,348

8446

Chandmani

2,434

8449

Erdeneburen

1,958

8500 Uvs

71,391

8501

Ulaangom

26,532

8504

Baruunturuun

2,389

8507

Bokhmoron

1,946

8510

Davst

1,539

8513

Zavkhan

1,537

8516

Zuungovi

2,323

8519

Zuunkhangai

2,194

8522

Malchin

2,312

8525

Naranbulag

3,376

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

41.9
(5.8)
47.2
(5.4)
37.2
(7.2)
39.5
(5.0)
44.7
(5.4)
39.5
(6.7)
43.7
(4.9)

11.7
(2.2)
14.2
(2.4)
9.6
(2.5)
10.6
(1.9)
12.6
(2.2)
10.5
(2.5)
12.1
(1.9)

4.6
(1.1)
5.9
(1.2)
3.6
(1.2)
4.1
(0.9)
4.9
(1.1)
4.0
(1.1)
4.7
(0.9)

41.2
(6.3)
45.9
(5.0)
44.0
(5.7)
38.9
(5.0)
44.1
(5.7)
37.1
(5.6)
17.7
(2.2)
16.6
(2.4)
14.9
(3.1)
18.6
(5.2)
18.1
(4.8)
18.3
(4.3)
14.9
(3.1)
15.4
(3.9)
18.2
(4.2)
21.0
(3.1)

11.2
(2.2)
13.5
(2.1)
12.6
(2.2)
10.5
(1.9)
12.4
(2.2)
9.4
(2.0)
4.1
(0.6)
3.9
(0.7)
3.2
(0.8)
4.3
(1.5)
4.1
(1.3)
4.2
(1.3)
3.2
(0.8)
3.4
(1.1)
4.1
(1.3)
4.9
(1.0)

4.3
(1.0)
5.6
(1.1)
5.0
(1.1)
4.1
(0.9)
4.9
(1.1)
3.4
(0.9)
1.5
(0.2)
1.4
(0.3)
1.1
(0.3)
1.5
(0.6)
1.4
(0.5)
1.5
(0.5)
1.1
(0.3)
1.2
(0.4)
1.4
(0.5)
1.7
(0.5)

108

Number of
Poor
Individuals

975
1,053
466
1,064
1,534
761
1,270
1,067
1,824
1,183
914
1,073
726
12,649
4,395
357
362
279
281
347
337
420
708

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Census
code

Administrative
Units

Population

8528

Olgii

2,079

8531

Omnogovi

3,882

8534

Ondorkhangai

2,927

8537

Sagil

2,156

8540

Tarialan

3,402

8543

Turgen

1,460

8546

Tes

5,018

8549

Khovd

2,121

8552

Khyargas

2,287

8555

Tsagaankhairkhan

1,911

Poverty
Headcount
(P0)

Poverty Gap
Index
(P1)

Poverty
Severity
Index
(P2)

18.3
(4.3)
21.1
(4.3)
15.4
(3.9)
16.7
(4.1)
27.6
(4.6)
16.7
(4.1)
17.1
(3.5)

4.2
(1.3)
5.1
(1.3)
3.4
(1.1)
3.6
(1.1)
7.2
(1.5)
3.6
(1.1)
3.6
(1.0)

1.5
(0.5)
1.8
(0.6)
1.2
(0.4)
1.2
(0.4)
2.7
(0.7)
1.2
(0.4)
1.2
(0.4)

380

17.6
(4.4)
18.2
(4.5)
17.0
(4.7)

4.0
(1.2)
4.1
(1.3)
3.8
(1.3)

1.4
(0.5)
1.4
(0.5)
1.3
(0.5)

374

Number of
Poor
Individuals

Source: Authors calculations based on the HSES 2011 and Census 2010
Note 1: Robust standard errors are in parentheses.
Note 2: The regions are shown in bold and are highlighted in yellow, while the aimags are in bold.
The associated soums are listed below their respective aimag.

109

817
450
361
938
244
856

416
325

110

Bayangol

Bayanzurkh

Nalaikh

Songinokhairkhan

Sukhbaatar

Khan-Uul

Chingeltei

1107

1110

1113

1116

1119

1122

1125

Kherlen

Bayandun

Bayantumen

Bayan-Uul

Bulgan

Gurvanzagal

Dashbalbar

Matad

Sergelen

Khalkh gol

2101

2104

2107

2110

2113

2116

2119

2122

2125

2128

Dornod

Bagakhagai

1104

2100

Baganuur

1101

East

Ulaanbaatar

1100

2000

Ulaanbaatar

Administrative
units

1000

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

65.5

68.0

69.8

66.6

73.3

65.4

58.6

59.9

69.7

51.3

57.0

62.8

56.0

56.2

57.0

57.0

52.1

56.2

57.0

58.4

60.1

56.5

56.5

Employment Rate [4]

51.9

60.4

54.6

56.0

63.3

60.3

42.8

50.0

56.1

37.7

43.8

51.0

47.9

49.6

49.3

47.1

43.2

48.8

52.0

42.5

48.1

48.8

48.8

Self-employment Rate [5]


40.7

71.1

58.6

66.3

66.0

71.3

58.3

69.1

70.2

20.8

42.0

54.1

30.4

23.5

27.8

27.8

29.3

28.8

27.4

9.0

22.1

27.8

27.8

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
37.4

20.8

37.5

27.7

13.6

14.6

47.8

37.4

34.5

44.5

40.1

32.8

22.5

20.6

22.4

26.6

27.2

21.3

16.7

35.6

37.8

22.7

22.7

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


32.3

35.5

37.8

16.3 37.6

9.1

16.4 38.6

12.9 41.2

13.6 37.1

6.0

21.8 41.7

11.3 35.7

15.6 40.8

22.5 39.9

18.9 39.7

15.5 40.4

12.6 33.6

10.1 35.1

11.7 33.2

14.9 34.5

14.3 38.3

11.2 32.9

7.4

25.5 37.9

16.9 40.8

11.8 33.8

11.8 33.8

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
97.0

97.7

95.5

98.7

98.4

97.1

99.0

96.4

98.5

98.3

98.2

98.2

97.9

98.5

98.2

97.8

97.5

97.5

98.8

99.6

99.1

98.0

98.0

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


98.3

93.0

84.4

97.1

100.0

96.2

98.7

92.5

98.8

98.2

97.2

96.5

97.6

97.9

97.8

97.4

97.3

97.4

98.5

95.8

98.3

97.7

97.7

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


60.2

57.1

36.5

71.2

62.7

50.9

70.4

59.7

65.4

81.3

73.6

69.8

83.3

87.1

87.3

81.8

77.8

85.2

90.9

78.8

79.4

85.2

85.2

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


4.1

0.7

2.7

3.4

1.4

1.8

4.7

5.4

2.2

12.6

8.5

6.1

25.2

25.1

27.8

22.4

16.0

27.3

31.7

19.5

11.7

25.9

25.9

Male Literacy Rate [13]


96.6

91.7

81.8

97.8

98.1

94.3

98.8

94.9

95.5

97.9

96.3

94.9

99.4

99.5

99.6

99.3

98.8

99.4

99.7

98.6

98.2

99.4

99.4

Female Literacy Rate [14]


99.6

91.9

88.2

100.0

97.4

95.2

98.8

96.3

100.0

98.8

98.2

96.9

99.7

99.7

99.8

99.6

99.2

99.7

99.8

98.7

99.1

99.7

99.7

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.98

0.93

0.99

0.88

1.07

0.92

0.84

0.84

0.94

0.91

0.91

0.93

0.96

0.97

0.92

0.99

0.96

0.97

0.96

1.03

0.92

0.96

0.96

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.82

0.93

0.80

0.83

1.05

0.90

0.99

0.75

1.31

1.06

1.01

0.98

1.01

0.98

0.98

0.97

1.02

0.98

1.00

0.98

0.96

0.99

0.99

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


0.96

1.25

2.80

1.06

0.96

0.75

0.88

1.18

1.32

1.09

1.08

1.05

1.09

1.08

1.09

1.10

1.16

1.10

1.09

1.07

1.14

1.10

1.10

2.00

0.00

1.17

1.13

2.00

0.50

0.65

1.57

4.00

1.88

1.74

1.56

1.27

1.26

1.21

1.27

1.28

1.21

1.26

1.10

1.48

1.25

1.25

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]

APPENDIX 9: INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL NON-MONETARY INDICATORS, BY REGION, AIMAG, SOUM AND DISTRICT

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
47.1

55.2

44.0

53.0

62.7

55.0

58.5

55.0

54.0

54.1

53.7

52.8

50.8

50.4

51.4

49.0

42.5

50.8

53.1

46.1

47.6

50.6

50.6

Disability Rate [20]


3.9

6.5

5.0

5.0

4.0

9.4

5.5

7.8

6.5

6.0

6.0

6.2

3.4

3.5

2.8

3.3

4.8

3.1

2.8

4.3

5.3

3.2

3.2

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Choibalsan

Chuluunkhoroot

2137

2140

111

Bayandelger

Dariganga

Monkhkhaan

Naran

Ongon

Sukhbaatar

Tuvshinshiree

Tumentsogt

Uulbayan

Khalzan

Erdenetsagaan

2207

2210

2213

2216

2219

2222

2225

2228

2231

2234

2237

Kherlen

Batnorov

Batshireet

Bayan-Adarga

Bayanmonkh

Bayan-Ovoo

Bayankhutag

Binder

Galshir

2301

2304

2307

2310

2313

2316

2319

2322

2325

Khentii

Asgat

2204

2300

Baruun-Urt

2201

Sukhbaatar

Tsagaan-Ovoo

2134

2200

Kholonbuir

Administrative
units

2131

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

73.8

61.5

79.5

74.3

73.1

62.2

69.0

64.6

56.1

64.5

70.9

85.1

72.8

67.1

77.2

78.2

72.4

66.8

63.8

74.2

75.0

72.0

60.1

68.5

62.3

55.0

66.1

61.8

Employment Rate [4]

62.7

53.2

73.3

60.4

63.5

53.2

56.4

52.4

43.6

52.7

60.5

78.7

71.2

45.3

69.1

69.6

64.9

60.4

55.6

65.7

72.2

65.8

45.8

58.5

50.3

46.7

46.2

49.4

Self-employment Rate [5]


70.7

68.9

80.1

74.5

71.5

64.9

69.6

70.4

30.9

53.6

70.2

78.6

83.4

62.7

84.5

82.2

71.4

72.3

81.3

79.1

82.0

81.0

34.4

66.7

48.8

60.7

66.5

61.3

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
27.2

28.7

21.1

29.3

23.7

24.3

33.8

31.8

41.0

33.1

22.4

17.7

5.3

43.9

14.2

14.3

21.4

24.4

23.8

23.8

6.4

12.8

43.0

24.8

40.2

35.2

55.1

33.9

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


39.9

41.3

38.1

41.0

40.4

40.7

36.7

38.4

39.1

38.8

12.4 41.8

11.1 42.2

4.7

16.6 43.4

10.5 40.9

12.3 44.8

15.4 39.1

16.0 42.6

18.6 42.7

15.2 41.9

12.0 41.2

5.4

1.5

30.0 41.6

9.4

9.9

8.4

6.3

10.0 42.4

8.8

3.2

7.5

19.4 37.3

12.1 39.5

15.0 40.5

10.3 40.6

22.1 42.1

16.4 36.9

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
97.1

98.1

98.2

98.7

98.2

97.9

98.0

98.8

98.9

98.5

96.7

98.8

95.1

98.2

98.4

98.1

98.0

99.0

97.2

97.3

97.4

96.4

98.8

97.8

98.3

98.9

99.1

97.4

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


96.9

97.4

91.7

97.6

94.9

97.9

98.1

96.8

97.9

97.3

91.2

95.6

93.0

97.4

94.7

93.9

95.3

97.2

93.1

96.9

93.7

94.7

96.2

94.7

96.0

96.0

98.2

95.5

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


55.0

73.4

50.0

66.4

52.6

63.1

55.3

64.1

79.7

71.2

42.3

54.1

60.3

71.4

49.6

45.5

64.6

62.9

61.6

56.5

52.7

51.0

80.4

62.8

67.3

58.4

66.9

57.9

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


3.1

3.7

2.9

1.2

5.3

2.5

5.7

3.6

6.7

5.2

2.1

1.4

2.0

1.9

1.3

1.9

1.3

1.2

2.5

0.7

2.3

1.0

8.4

3.9

0.4

3.7

4.9

2.7

Male Literacy Rate [13]


95.6

92.4

93.1

95.5

96.6

93.8

98.5

96.0

96.6

95.7

85.7

95.2

86.4

91.7

87.5

86.6

95.0

92.1

92.3

92.3

91.9

90.8

96.4

91.9

94.4

87.9

96.0

93.1

Female Literacy Rate [14]


97.3

95.9

91.1

96.3

97.1

95.9

94.8

97.0

98.0

97.4

90.0

95.6

93.5

93.2

91.4

93.8

97.2

98.1

93.7

94.9

87.5

94.3

97.9

94.5

99.0

94.9

98.7

98.4

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.89

0.73

1.16

0.81

0.79

0.85

1.22

0.99

0.92

0.96

0.90

1.00

0.70

1.22

0.97

0.95

0.93

0.75

1.01

0.92

1.05

1.35

0.89

0.94

0.89

0.80

0.89

0.80

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.72

0.97

0.73

0.90

0.87

1.01

0.88

0.97

1.09

0.94

1.01

0.90

0.97

0.73

0.96

0.90

0.93

0.92

0.94

1.20

1.12

1.00

1.09

1.00

0.89

1.07

0.98

1.08

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.20

0.82

0.61

0.97

1.41

1.20

1.13

1.08

1.04

1.00

1.44

1.21

0.95

0.73

0.83

1.95

0.92

1.00

1.07

1.18

0.98

0.92

1.06

1.07

0.95

1.20

0.80

1.13

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


0.80

1.71

1.00

0.50

1.00

2.00

0.89

1.90

1.15

1.28

1.50

0.00

0.80

2.00

2.50

1.50

6.00

2.00

1.29

2.00

1.13

0.50

1.60

1.53

0.00

1.50

1.00

3.00

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
48.8

60.3

53.6

64.8

59.1

55.5

50.3

60.4

56.4

53.4

48.5

60.3

58.0

57.8

56.8

51.8

51.6

57.5

60.0

54.7

54.4

56.7

46.6

50.2

50.4

46.7

60.1

64.1

Disability Rate [20]


7.0

6.1

6.6

7.5

7.9

7.2

6.5

6.8

6.2

6.4

7.2

4.5

3.8

5.4

6.6

5.7

5.1

8.2

5.7

4.2

6.6

5.2

6.5

6.1

5.2

6.2

7.3

7.7

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Moron

Norovlin

Omnodelger

Tsenkhermandal

2340

2343

2346

2349

112

Zuunmod

Altanbulag

Argalant

Arkhust

Batsumber

Bayan

Bayandelger

Bayanjargalan

Bayan-Onjuul

Bayankhangai

Bayantsagaan

Bayantsogt

Bayanchandmani

Bornuur

Buren

Delgerkhaan

Jargalant

Zaamar

4101

4104

4107

4110

4113

4116

4119

4122

4125

4128

4131

4134

4137

4140

4143

4146

4149

4152

Tuv

Jargaltkhaan

2337

4100

Delgerkhaan

2334

Central

Darkhan

2331

4000

Dadal

Administrative
units

2328

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

66.7

57.6

80.5

78.9

59.2

53.2

74.9

77.7

77.4

86.4

79.3

75.8

71.3

55.2

55.5

78.5

76.6

56.8

66.3

65.5

75.8

66.0

66.7

73.7

69.9

69.4

66.3

67.6

Employment Rate [4]

42.3

46.1

67.2

69.4

49.2

45.2

71.2

73.5

70.0

83.2

72.1

68.0

60.6

45.0

47.9

72.5

70.7

46.7

56.3

54.3

63.8

55.9

50.8

62.9

61.3

55.7

53.2

55.7

Self-employment Rate [5]


50.9

62.7

77.5

82.0

61.1

39.0

68.0

76.2

70.5

84.3

60.4

62.2

40.9

54.9

32.4

59.9

69.9

20.9

59.2

47.8

69.4

67.5

73.8

71.0

68.1

65.4

26.6

60.4

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
54.2

33.1

27.6

26.1

34.2

27.1

12.9

11.7

24.6

5.6

12.3

17.6

27.7

35.4

23.2

20.7

17.4

36.4

28.2

30.4

31.0

27.4

49.1

25.4

24.0

32.2

32.3

33.1

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


39.6

38.9

39.9

37.7

42.3

39.6

40.4

36.1

43.6

32.8 38.0

17.4 41.1

13.8 45.0

8.5

13.5 41.0

13.2 40.5

3.5

4.6

7.4

3.4

8.4

9.0

13.0 40.3

14.9 40.8

11.2 40.4

5.5

6.1

15.0 38.4

12.6 39.9

14.4 39.7

13.1 38.2

12.7 42.9

15.7 41.2

12.2 41.4

10.2 42.0

17.6 41.8

17.2 40.5

15.3 43.1

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
97.8

93.6

98.1

97.1

99.4

97.2

98.1

96.7

97.6

93.6

98.9

97.4

97.0

98.1

100.0

92.5

96.7

97.8

97.0

97.8

97.3

98.9

98.7

100.0

98.7

98.8

98.3

98.3

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


98.6

94.9

94.0

97.4

97.2

95.9

98.3

99.2

93.1

96.1

96.1

96.6

96.2

97.4

96.7

96.6

95.5

98.9

96.8

97.3

96.5

96.3

96.7

98.6

96.6

96.4

98.2

97.6

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


70.6

73.0

64.0

67.9

75.2

80.5

64.0

77.1

74.1

68.5

61.3

63.7

76.3

71.1

84.3

74.4

73.6

90.2

74.8

76.9

62.9

63.7

54.6

70.0

58.8

68.1

82.0

69.0

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


5.3

7.0

2.1

4.6

10.3

12.7

2.4

3.1

4.8

3.5

5.0

5.0

8.0

10.9

20.1

6.3

5.4

21.6

9.5

10.2

6.4

3.5

2.2

1.9

2.7

1.5

8.6

5.7

Male Literacy Rate [13]


98.2

97.4

91.7

96.1

97.6

97.2

97.9

98.0

98.7

93.7

96.5

94.8

95.9

97.4

97.7

96.4

96.3

98.9

97.2

97.8

97.3

90.8

94.5

98.3

92.9

95.2

97.7

98.3

Female Literacy Rate [14]


98.6

99.2

94.2

96.8

99.0

99.2

99.0

100.0

97.3

97.3

98.8

94.4

96.9

99.1

99.0

100.0

97.5

99.5

98.6

98.7

96.8

96.3

96.7

99.0

95.7

97.6

99.5

96.7

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
1.07

0.90

1.04

0.98

0.96

0.88

1.02

1.87

0.80

0.54

1.16

1.53

1.19

0.99

0.89

0.85

0.86

0.99

0.96

0.97

0.99

0.96

0.72

0.83

0.90

1.25

1.08

1.21

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.82

0.98

1.04

1.23

1.03

0.91

0.88

0.90

1.09

1.04

1.18

0.93

1.28

1.02

0.95

0.84

0.94

0.91

0.97

1.00

0.70

0.98

1.06

0.69

0.99

0.93

0.85

0.81

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.12

0.88

1.37

1.12

0.99

0.74

0.86

0.64

1.07

1.03

0.97

1.32

1.50

1.37

0.94

1.32

1.06

0.96

1.03

1.02

0.93

1.16

0.77

1.08

1.08

1.08

0.90

0.97

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


1.35

1.46

4.00

1.44

2.00

0.82

2.00

1.00

1.25

4.50

1.40

1.00

1.73

1.10

2.25

1.86

1.19

1.33

1.27

1.33

0.87

2.33

3.00

1.00

1.50

1.48

1.30

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
45.9

62.7

63.9

55.9

54.8

52.0

54.2

52.3

60.8

54.3

47.4

48.7

49.4

51.4

44.7

51.1

46.2

51.1

51.8

50.1

58.3

62.9

61.1

63.3

56.5

53.3

43.5

52.0

Disability Rate [20]


2.6

4.9

4.9

4.1

4.5

4.4

6.7

3.3

4.9

3.3

4.9

4.5

4.6

5.2

4.7

3.8

3.1

4.6

4.5

4.6

5.8

5.3

5.1

5.1

7.1

4.1

7.2

7.5

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Erdenesant

4179

113

Sukhbaatar

Altanbulag

Baruunburen

Bayangol

Eroo

Javkhlant

Zuunburen

Mandal

Orkhon

Orkhontuul

Saikhan

Sant

Tushig

Khuder

4304

4307

4310

4313

4316

4319

4322

4325

4328

4331

4334

4337

4340

Selenge

4301

4300

Shiveegovi

Erdene

4176

4207

Tseel

4173

Bayantal

Ugtaaltsaidam

4170

4204

Sergelen

4167

Sumber

Sumber

4164

4201

Ondorshireet

4161

Govisumber

Mongonmorit

4158

4200

Lun

Administrative
units

4155

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

60.2

58.7

63.8

67.6

61.4

66.1

56.8

66.1

72.0

59.8

64.8

69.8

63.2

60.1

61.8

68.2

72.2

68.2

68.4

73.5

71.6

69.4

65.5

66.8

69.2

85.4

71.5

77.2

Employment Rate [4]

44.5

47.6

51.5

53.9

50.1

60.0

44.6

55.3

65.2

43.7

46.9

59.2

51.4

48.3

49.4

60.7

59.5

55.0

56.4

63.4

62.9

62.5

54.6

60.3

55.6

80.3

66.8

72.4

Self-employment Rate [5]


48.9

42.2

65.4

24.0

63.9

65.9

36.9

62.8

71.1

39.6

51.7

74.8

59.1

28.6

42.9

14.5

29.7

29.4

26.1

83.3

68.8

71.4

70.2

62.0

59.2

85.0

66.2

71.0

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
45.8

26.4

39.2

40.8

36.8

23.4

40.7

28.0

27.2

41.0

49.0

23.7

33.1

40.6

38.0

16.5

26.4

32.4

28.7

21.7

24.2

17.7

42.2

18.0

48.3

10.5

15.2

10.8

Unemployment Rate [7]


39.7

37.2

40.0

Dependency Rate [8]


38.4

40.3

39.0

39.8

40.3

41.4

22.4 39.6

16.6 38.0

15.3 41.0

17.0 39.5

14.8 41.3

6.8

17.5 38.6

14.0 40.4

6.8

23.2 38.9

23.3 39.3

13.6 44.1

15.5 39.1

15.7 36.8

16.6 39.1

9.7

15.7 39.8

16.8 41.4

15.3 40.9

12.0 42.1

9.6

8.4

12.6 40.6

8.2

14.3 39.5

5.0

4.9

5.4

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
98.8

97.7

95.6

99.3

94.5

97.4

98.0

99.3

96.8

96.1

98.3

95.1

96.6

97.8

97.6

97.4

95.3

98.6

98.2

97.5

95.9

98.8

96.7

94.3

96.9

95.8

99.4

94.6

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


98.5

97.9

94.9

97.8

94.7

96.4

97.4

97.7

97.0

98.6

97.5

96.7

97.6

97.6

97.3

98.1

100.0

98.0

98.1

96.8

95.5

97.2

98.0

92.4

96.4

94.8

97.3

95.5

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


71.4

64.5

76.7

83.1

63.8

74.7

78.4

65.7

75.8

71.2

73.5

64.9

70.3

80.8

75.7

77.8

78.0

81.7

80.9

68.4

66.5

74.9

72.7

70.7

79.3

50.5

54.3

68.4

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


4.8

4.4

6.2

11.0

5.9

2.8

12.5

3.8

5.7

4.4

7.4

3.4

5.0

8.4

8.4

6.8

3.3

10.3

9.1

3.9

7.6

9.6

6.5

6.5

14.4

1.8

4.9

2.2

Male Literacy Rate [13]


97.9

96.6

97.1

97.5

96.2

97.5

98.4

96.2

96.5

98.2

98.9

94.4

98.6

98.8

97.9

99.1

98.0

97.5

97.8

96.6

95.1

96.2

96.4

96.1

97.6

96.3

96.2

98.3

Female Literacy Rate [14]


97.9

97.4

98.4

98.9

98.4

97.9

99.0

98.8

98.2

98.5

99.7

96.9

99.3

99.4

98.8

99.4

97.9

99.3

99.3

98.0

98.5

99.5

97.5

97.8

99.3

100.0

98.4

98.6

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.93

1.32

0.59

1.02

0.88

0.85

0.97

1.26

1.44

0.97

0.76

1.14

0.86

0.94

0.96

1.14

0.64

1.03

1.03

1.07

1.06

0.63

0.83

0.71

0.78

1.05

0.90

0.95

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.95

0.88

0.92

1.04

0.91

1.17

0.98

1.08

0.93

1.06

0.99

0.94

1.07

1.09

1.01

0.89

0.83

0.92

0.91

1.05

0.91

1.06

1.22

0.88

0.73

0.90

1.00

1.01

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.13

0.97

1.07

1.13

0.94

0.95

1.03

1.25

0.92

1.24

0.87

0.85

0.87

1.07

1.03

0.72

1.29

0.91

0.89

1.13

0.99

1.13

1.33

0.83

1.05

1.18

1.17

0.77

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


1.50

1.17

1.00

1.15

1.00

1.25

1.13

0.56

0.70

1.00

0.97

1.33

0.80

1.07

1.09

2.60

3.00

0.85

1.04

1.08

2.14

1.20

0.69

2.00

0.92

1.50

0.89

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
56.0

53.0

58.9

49.5

51.7

52.9

48.2

51.9

63.2

46.4

52.4

67.7

53.7

49.7

50.0

35.2

40.9

49.9

45.7

56.0

50.6

58.0

58.1

40.1

60.5

60.0

52.3

52.9

Disability Rate [20]


3.9

6.9

7.0

3.8

4.6

5.5

4.1

7.5

8.6

4.7

2.8

5.8

5.3

5.8

5.0

3.5

5.1

4.0

4.0

3.8

5.3

3.9

4.3

4.3

3.2

4.9

9.4

5.9

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

114

Saikhandulaan

Ulaanbadrakh

Khatanbulag

Khovsgol

Erdene

Darkhan

4428

4431

4434

4437

4440

4500

Dalanzadgad

Bayandalai

Bayan-Ovoo

Bulgan

4604

4607

4610

Umnugovi

4601

4600

Shariin gol

Orgon

4425

4510

Mandakh

4422

Khongor

Ikh khet

4419

4507

Zamiin-Uud

4416

Orkhon

Delgerekh

4413

4504

Dalanjargalan

4410

Darkhan

Altanshiree

4407

4501

Airag

Dornogovi

4400

4404

Shaamar

4349

Sainshand

Tsagaannuur

4346

4401

Khushaat

Administrative
units

4343

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

69.8

80.6

77.1

64.2

73.3

62.9

63.9

66.6

58.4

59.3

77.1

79.2

80.9

85.9

80.9

73.7

79.4

64.7

68.5

79.3

70.6

81.1

66.5

61.5

68.8

61.6

69.8

77.8

Employment Rate [4]

62.0

71.1

66.6

48.9

60.6

50.7

54.0

58.3

48.3

49.1

70.5

67.5

76.4

82.7

75.0

64.0

71.9

54.0

59.5

71.5

59.4

69.5

53.4

47.3

58.0

50.2

59.6

61.1

Self-employment Rate [5]


71.8

64.2

78.8

26.2

51.2

35.4

48.1

71.9

33.9

36.3

40.6

76.8

67.0

73.6

76.4

44.6

73.8

53.5

38.5

79.3

44.0

69.9

52.0

21.4

43.9

40.2

53.7

71.0

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
20.5

31.5

22.1

37.1

27.4

39.5

27.7

26.2

31.4

31.7

19.8

31.7

10.4

13.9

11.1

21.6

17.3

23.4

22.9

17.6

27.5

23.9

36.0

38.5

26.7

37.8

21.5

46.0

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


42.7

40.9

41.9

39.9

41.6

40.8

8.9

6.1

43.3

41.4

12.1 43.0

20.7 41.4

14.8 41.8

15.9 40.2

13.0 41.4

10.0 39.9

14.9 37.0

14.7 37.6

6.2

10.1 40.7

4.3

1.9

6.0

11.3 38.6

7.5

15.4 40.2

11.0 36.5

7.9

13.6 41.6

12.2 39.7

15.9 40.7

20.1 39.1

13.3 39.2

14.7 38.3

12.8 42.5

16.6 42.3

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
98.9

98.2

98.8

98.5

98.3

98.3

96.6

97.7

98.1

98.0

97.8

94.7

98.4

98.0

100.0

96.4

98.1

98.0

97.8

100.0

97.3

97.8

99.2

98.5

98.1

99.2

98.0

95.7

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


96.5

97.8

98.7

97.3

97.1

97.9

97.6

96.6

98.0

97.9

97.7

96.9

97.7

97.2

96.0

96.3

98.2

96.1

97.7

96.2

96.3

96.8

96.1

97.1

97.1

97.9

96.8

95.1

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


62.7

51.9

71.0

78.5

67.1

76.1

78.8

75.1

87.7

86.0

67.3

54.0

50.5

55.6

49.4

64.4

67.1

66.7

71.0

55.0

68.0

54.3

67.2

83.3

72.3

80.3

64.5

60.3

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


2.9

4.7

5.0

5.6

4.0

6.2

9.9

9.9

23.4

21.0

7.0

1.9

2.1

1.8

1.9

4.5

4.1

2.1

4.4

1.4

4.4

3.3

4.8

11.4

6.4

12.0

3.1

1.0

Male Literacy Rate [13]


95.8

98.5

98.0

98.8

97.7

98.3

97.9

96.4

99.3

99.1

96.1

97.6

95.4

99.1

96.2

97.5

90.0

96.0

98.9

91.2

96.2

92.2

97.3

98.7

97.6

97.5

96.8

96.0

Female Literacy Rate [14]


97.9

98.3

98.4

98.8

98.3

99.0

98.4

99.6

99.5

99.5

98.5

97.5

97.3

95.9

98.9

100.0

95.7

96.7

98.9

99.2

96.9

97.5

99.0

98.7

98.5

98.7

97.3

96.9

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
1.04

1.10

0.83

0.91

0.97

1.05

0.87

0.91

0.96

0.96

1.19

0.97

1.02

1.17

0.67

1.13

1.12

1.06

0.95

1.10

1.24

0.82

1.10

1.04

1.03

1.02

1.13

0.70

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.86

1.11

1.09

1.05

0.98

0.90

1.07

1.19

1.02

1.01

1.32

0.81

1.01

1.06

0.97

1.00

1.04

1.18

1.07

1.06

1.01

1.18

0.96

1.08

1.06

0.98

0.94

0.94

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.62

1.55

0.78

0.91

1.02

1.20

1.02

1.06

0.97

0.99

1.00

1.04

1.33

0.72

1.10

1.60

0.96

1.17

0.98

1.35

0.89

1.11

1.05

1.16

1.10

0.95

0.87

1.11

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


0.43

2.25

1.50

1.44

1.27

1.28

1.66

1.72

1.28

1.29

1.50

0.50

2.00

3.00

2.50

1.20

1.33

1.22

3.00

1.57

0.40

1.36

1.42

1.40

1.39

0.82

0.50

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
55.4

46.3

64.4

50.9

50.5

44.6

42.9

51.2

49.2

48.5

45.7

56.4

47.1

54.9

60.2

42.8

56.4

53.7

47.9

63.2

45.2

61.8

49.8

48.7

48.8

46.0

56.7

62.3

Disability Rate [20]


5.5

4.7

5.6

4.3

4.2

8.9

4.3

4.8

3.7

4.3

4.5

4.7

4.5

5.1

6.0

4.9

6.0

9.4

2.7

3.5

4.3

3.8

6.4

4.8

4.5

6.9

5.8

4.0

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

115

Manlai

Noyon

Nomgon

Servei

Khanbogd

Khankhongor

Khurmen

Tsogt-Ovoo

Tsogttsetsii

4619

4622

4625

4628

4631

4634

4637

4640

4643

Bayanjargalan

Govi-Ugtaal

Gurvansaikhan

Delgerkhangai

Delgertsogt

Deren

Luus

Olziit

Ondorshil

Saikhan-Ovoo

Khuld

Tsagaandelger

Erdenedalai

4807

4810

4813

4816

4819

4822

4825

4828

4831

4834

4837

4840

4843

Highlands

Adaatsag

4804

6000

Saintsagaan

4801

Dundgovi

Mandal-Ovoo

4616

4800

Gurvantes

Administrative
units

4613

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

67.0

75.7

78.2

81.7

79.9

75.6

77.5

80.8

78.3

79.3

65.5

78.7

81.5

79.1

80.1

63.7

72.5

77.6

76.3

84.5

78.7

79.2

83.5

80.7

87.8

78.1

82.6

77.0

Employment Rate [4]

55.7

65.0

67.6

70.0

56.9

66.2

67.4

74.9

68.7

72.8

61.0

68.2

70.8

70.4

74.3

49.7

61.0

62.0

67.2

77.4

69.5

67.0

73.3

73.8

75.8

67.9

70.5

63.3

Self-employment Rate [5]


64.5

80.5

65.9

74.9

73.7

73.3

79.0

77.0

75.8

76.3

72.6

78.7

70.2

63.2

80.5

40.4

65.5

26.6

70.7

71.7

76.1

44.2

80.2

77.6

70.6

68.9

74.8

61.0

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
29.4

23.7

23.0

27.6

34.7

20.5

21.5

14.9

17.0

13.8

6.9

24.3

26.8

12.2

13.4

39.8

26.7

27.9

20.3

17.4

24.0

23.0

15.1

18.5

20.4

24.1

27.7

22.6

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


42.5
43.3

44.7

42.9

43.3

45.6

42.3

44.2

43.4

14.2 41.3

12.1 45.3

11.4 38.8

11.6 45.2

27.3 44.5

10.5 42.2

11.1 41.8

5.9

11.6 44.9

7.1

6.8

11.4 44.3

11.0 41.5

10.7 41.3

6.0

18.7 42.9

13.7 43.5

17.7 39.2

9.8

6.1

9.3

12.6 40.2

11.5 42.9

5.6

12.0 38.8

9.8

11.3 44.2

16.5 42.6

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
97.0

97.3

100.0

95.3

98.8

96.7

97.9

99.1

97.5

97.5

98.6

97.8

100.0

98.8

98.2

98.5

98.1

97.3

99.2

99.2

97.5

96.8

98.2

98.2

97.4

99.4

99.3

98.8

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


95.3

94.9

100.0

98.4

95.3

97.4

97.0

98.3

97.7

94.6

96.7

100.0

97.4

96.3

95.5

97.6

96.9

96.8

98.3

98.2

95.1

96.9

98.0

96.7

96.0

97.0

95.2

97.2

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


71.9

69.0

71.1

70.6

60.6

63.8

73.8

81.6

67.0

59.6

79.2

72.8

62.9

65.6

65.7

85.9

76.5

57.8

59.8

60.7

75.6

49.5

51.7

50.8

50.0

51.8

65.0

69.3

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


7.0

3.7

5.7

2.8

3.1

3.6

3.9

3.5

2.7

3.6

2.3

2.9

1.5

4.1

1.6

8.0

4.8

2.6

3.1

4.5

3.0

2.0

4.5

2.8

3.1

2.2

2.7

3.2

Male Literacy Rate [13]


96.4

94.8

95.7

95.6

93.9

95.7

95.0

97.8

90.7

86.1

95.3

96.2

95.2

97.4

88.7

97.6

95.5

97.0

96.5

97.7

97.6

97.8

95.8

96.0

96.2

95.8

99.2

96.9

Female Literacy Rate [14]


97.6

95.9

96.1

96.8

94.4

97.2

98.4

93.1

98.8

92.3

93.8

98.0

95.0

100.0

91.6

98.3

96.8

98.2

99.2

100.0

97.6

98.2

98.3

96.8

97.1

98.3

95.3

98.1

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.99

1.14

0.86

1.14

0.80

0.93

0.77

1.00

0.83

0.56

1.15

1.30

1.33

0.82

0.91

0.91

0.96

0.93

1.14

1.03

0.97

1.19

0.87

0.99

0.97

0.82

1.01

1.10

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


1.01

0.94

1.52

0.95

0.84

0.90

0.96

0.57

0.88

0.97

1.08

0.86

0.86

0.69

0.95

1.10

0.96

0.83

0.96

0.91

0.76

0.91

0.93

1.06

1.50

1.09

0.85

0.90

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.10

1.03

1.45

0.85

0.91

1.48

1.14

1.14

1.95

1.62

1.16

1.14

0.50

2.23

1.22

1.00

1.07

0.85

1.65

1.06

0.75

1.43

2.05

0.94

1.00

1.87

0.91

1.08

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


1.31

1.31

1.00

1.33

2.33

1.00

0.83

1.67

2.00

0.75

6.00

0.75

0.50

1.00

1.00

1.63

1.46

1.14

1.00

1.40

3.00

3.00

0.75

0.75

2.00

0.33

0.75

0.86

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
53.6

58.3

56.4

57.1

52.7

69.0

53.4

59.1

61.2

61.2

55.8

59.6

59.4

51.5

56.0

56.6

57.1

41.9

67.5

49.0

57.3

51.5

53.7

51.4

60.3

54.3

59.5

47.6

Disability Rate [20]


4.8

5.9

4.5

4.4

2.8

2.8

5.1

5.4

5.0

7.8

5.3

5.6

7.0

5.0

4.1

4.7

4.9

3.4

5.0

3.8

4.9

2.8

3.4

3.9

3.3

5.2

4.9

3.9

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

116

Uvurkhangai

Arvaikheer

Baruunbayan-Ulaan

Bat-Olzii

Bayangol

Bayan-Ondor

Bogd

Burd

Guchin-Us

Eson zuil

Zuunbayan-Ulaan

Nariinteel

Olziit

Sant

Taragt

Togrog

Uyanga

Khairkhandulaan

Kharkhorin

Khujirt

6200

6201

6204

6207

6210

6213

6216

6219

6222

6225

6228

6231

6234

6237

6240

6243

6246

6249

6252

6255

Bulgan

Bayan-Agt

Bayannuur

Bugat

6301

6304

6307

6310

Bulgan

Jargalant

6300

Bayan-Ondor

6104

Orkhon

Administrative
units

6101

6100

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

69.8

80.5

77.4

62.3

71.4

70.9

63.9

80.1

68.6

76.3

68.0

70.3

83.8

71.7

74.3

60.7

80.5

79.9

78.4

81.7

77.1

58.9

78.9

58.9

67.7

68.2

60.5

60.7

Employment Rate [4]

62.9

66.9

68.2

47.7

60.0

52.4

48.3

72.3

51.4

59.8

61.2

59.3

79.7

64.0

64.6

52.1

72.7

75.6

71.7

74.1

69.5

48.1

70.4

40.3

54.2

57.9

50.8

51.0

Self-employment Rate [5]


76.9

76.5

80.4

26.4

65.2

72.3

50.2

85.6

83.0

77.4

85.8

78.1

86.8

80.1

87.7

78.3

76.4

85.0

90.4

86.6

83.8

81.3

84.7

37.0

70.4

62.6

25.8

27.1

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
22.4

35.1

20.1

43.4

30.5

37.6

41.4

19.4

34.8

35.5

25.6

21.8

9.9

15.2

25.1

30.6

19.9

5.5

18.6

16.0

18.0

26.6

13.7

50.5

31.6

32.2

33.0

33.0

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


45.9

44.9

46.5

44.1

44.0

43.0

42.3

39.2

41.6

41.7

41.1

7.6

39.5

13.1 40.9

9.8

20.2 39.0

13.5 40.3

23.8 43.8

21.3 42.3

7.6

21.6 41.0

18.9 43.4

6.5

14.4 47.0

4.1

9.7

9.5

10.7 45.5

7.7

5.4

5.4

7.7

8.1

15.6 42.3

10.1 46.9

27.7 42.6

17.2 43.0

12.0 40.5

13.0 37.1

12.9 37.2

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
96.4

97.1

97.9

98.1

97.4

95.9

97.9

97.1

94.7

96.1

95.3

98.5

93.5

97.1

91.4

95.0

100.0

95.7

94.7

95.1

98.0

95.5

93.2

97.5

96.3

98.5

98.6

98.6

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


94.9

96.3

96.3

97.9

97.0

95.0

96.7

93.2

91.1

94.0

89.0

94.0

92.0

92.5

86.1

96.6

98.3

97.4

89.9

96.8

94.4

94.9

92.6

96.3

94.3

94.9

98.2

98.1

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


69.1

59.3

62.6

84.6

75.1

66.6

79.0

60.4

48.4

71.8

62.6

74.1

68.6

65.9

55.2

65.0

66.2

73.1

55.4

69.8

62.4

52.3

58.6

84.3

70.0

73.5

84.3

84.0

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


3.2

0.5

2.1

9.9

4.3

2.0

6.8

3.0

2.7

3.9

2.8

2.1

2.4

2.6

3.1

4.3

2.0

3.0

2.4

2.1

1.7

1.7

1.0

9.5

4.7

7.5

14.8

14.6

Male Literacy Rate [13]


95.7

99.2

93.9

98.7

97.5

93.9

97.0

94.1

93.7

97.4

93.3

96.8

94.6

93.4

89.4

94.2

96.9

98.9

92.1

97.3

96.3

97.5

92.0

98.0

95.8

98.6

99.1

99.1

Female Literacy Rate [14]


97.8

100.0

98.1

99.5

98.6

96.5

98.7

96.2

93.9

96.1

97.3

97.3

96.3

95.3

92.6

95.4

99.1

98.7

94.5

98.2

96.3

95.9

97.6

98.7

97.0

99.5

99.5

99.5

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.51

1.30

1.09

0.95

0.91

0.97

0.86

1.00

0.89

1.15

0.95

1.02

1.53

0.94

0.96

1.16

0.87

1.09

1.08

0.94

0.98

1.07

0.86

1.01

0.99

0.79

0.99

0.98

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.85

0.90

0.82

1.05

0.98

1.06

1.01

0.96

1.02

0.98

1.10

0.92

0.97

1.08

0.97

0.92

1.14

0.80

1.01

0.98

0.99

0.93

1.21

0.97

0.99

0.74

1.01

1.00

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.23

0.64

1.58

0.90

1.01

1.07

0.99

1.44

1.32

0.67

1.00

0.99

1.09

1.29

1.28

1.29

1.21

0.91

1.32

0.99

1.07

1.21

1.30

1.12

1.12

0.87

1.00

0.99

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


0.33

0.43

1.05

1.12

1.83

1.06

1.14

1.22

1.00

1.80

2.00

1.33

2.75

0.58

1.14

1.50

0.57

0.82

1.20

1.67

0.43

3.00

1.80

1.42

1.42

1.20

1.20

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
57.3

61.7

58.2

55.2

54.6

60.0

52.7

57.1

47.3

60.3

54.9

51.6

54.2

52.5

58.5

62.3

63.5

59.1

62.2

60.4

58.4

64.5

63.1

55.0

55.6

48.9

47.3

47.4

Disability Rate [20]


3.6

3.7

7.0

4.4

4.4

4.5

6.0

5.5

4.1

4.0

5.8

4.3

3.8

3.8

5.1

4.4

4.1

2.7

3.7

5.2

4.7

5.4

3.4

4.6

4.7

4.4

4.1

4.1

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

117

Dashinchilen

Mogod

Orkhon

Rashaant

Saikhan

Selenge

Teshig

Khangal

Khishig-ondor

Khutag-Ondor

6319

6322

6325

6328

6331

6334

6337

6340

6343

6346

Bayankhongor

Baatsagaan

Bayanbulag

Bayangovi

Bayanlig

Bayan-Ovoo

Bayan-Ondor

Bayantsagaan

Bogd

Bombogor

Buutsagaan

Galuut

Gurvanbulag

Jargalant

Jinst

6401

6404

6407

6410

6413

6416

6419

6422

6425

6428

6431

6434

6437

6440

6443

Bayankhongor

Gurvan bulag

6316

6400

Buregkhangai

Administrative
units

6313

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

87.3

68.0

77.3

75.3

78.3

76.6

82.0

79.3

79.5

76.9

75.5

78.6

76.8

80.7

57.8

70.2

73.7

71.3

66.2

76.2

59.8

79.9

73.3

75.3

81.5

75.6

78.1

75.4

Employment Rate [4]

82.1

64.3

69.0

67.7

65.8

74.0

76.5

72.2

74.3

70.6

64.5

68.7

62.3

71.9

42.3

59.7

64.3

57.5

46.1

63.8

44.6

76.3

62.1

72.3

73.5

63.8

70.0

67.6

Self-employment Rate [5]


83.0

85.5

79.1

84.5

83.9

86.7

86.0

85.3

80.7

84.7

80.6

80.0

72.0

87.8

47.3

73.5

67.8

73.9

55.2

61.5

54.3

84.2

71.5

82.5

84.3

72.0

81.5

74.3

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
8.2

13.3

19.2

14.7

36.1

6.4

13.5

18.0

16.2

13.9

31.3

24.8

32.8

18.3

45.6

26.2

26.9

38.7

50.0

31.8

50.7

11.8

24.4

13.8

21.0

23.3

24.1

23.0

Unemployment Rate [7]


42.6

39.9

Dependency Rate [8]


37.2

42.9

42.2

40.2

43.4

44.9

44.9

46.0

40.4

43.9

43.6

5.2

3.6

8.4

8.7

43.9

37.4

41.7

41.3

10.9 41.9

2.5

5.1

6.3

4.2

6.8

9.9

9.4

15.6 44.2

8.5

22.2 41.6

11.9 42.4

10.4 39.7

17.3 41.5

26.5 38.1

13.2 40.0

21.4 40.4

3.4

13.5 43.8

2.5

8.6

14.6 41.0

7.9

7.9

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
98.0

94.8

98.1

95.4

95.9

96.7

99.1

98.4

90.4

97.0

98.6

95.8

99.3

94.1

97.7

96.9

97.6

98.9

97.0

99.2

96.3

96.2

96.5

98.1

96.1

96.9

97.4

96.0

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


97.2

96.7

93.8

94.9

92.4

93.8

95.1

97.6

86.8

94.7

96.6

93.5

97.3

88.8

97.3

95.1

97.3

97.8

94.3

95.8

97.9

97.9

98.0

97.0

96.8

97.5

97.8

95.4

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


46.1

62.4

58.5

51.9

60.8

48.3

65.1

64.8

54.0

56.2

54.2

57.0

61.1

44.1

79.2

66.4

68.9

82.8

73.8

67.7

76.3

70.7

75.3

73.0

79.6

84.9

76.4

58.6

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


1.9

3.8

3.2

2.4

1.9

3.2

2.5

3.6

3.3

3.1

3.2

2.0

1.7

2.8

8.2

4.8

2.9

4.6

4.7

1.7

3.7

1.9

3.9

4.1

3.3

0.9

2.6

2.4

Male Literacy Rate [13]


96.8

97.2

96.6

91.8

97.0

95.1

92.9

97.7

96.8

93.8

97.6

94.0

94.1

93.3

97.5

96.3

96.0

98.7

98.1

97.4

97.9

96.0

96.9

96.6

97.8

98.1

99.5

96.7

Female Literacy Rate [14]


94.0

95.3

96.4

94.5

98.6

97.0

97.7

97.2

96.4

93.9

96.9

96.4

98.8

97.4

98.3

97.3

97.5

97.8

98.6

98.6

98.5

97.5

98.6

98.0

98.4

98.0

100.0

97.2

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.88

1.21

1.30

1.15

1.15

1.02

1.04

1.03

1.10

1.28

0.97

0.97

1.10

0.92

1.04

1.05

0.85

1.14

0.98

0.79

0.79

0.72

1.09

0.78

0.83

1.16

0.72

1.20

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.91

0.75

0.95

0.87

0.90

0.92

1.23

0.90

0.80

0.96

0.98

0.94

0.74

1.13

1.11

0.99

0.94

0.99

1.28

0.99

0.72

1.18

1.02

1.11

0.96

0.93

0.94

0.86

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.03

1.11

1.24

1.16

0.97

1.30

1.55

1.08

0.93

1.20

0.81

1.28

1.00

1.04

1.19

1.15

0.89

1.09

0.98

0.91

1.21

1.21

0.98

0.78

1.02

1.29

1.01

1.11

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


2.00

0.38

0.71

1.17

0.67

1.13

0.57

0.80

1.60

1.50

2.00

1.25

3.00

0.75

1.20

1.13

1.71

1.33

0.72

3.50

1.33

1.25

2.40

1.00

1.25

2.00

1.00

2.00

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
56.0

60.8

54.1

56.7

62.1

62.6

61.3

63.3

60.7

58.9

61.2

59.3

53.1

61.3

58.1

58.3

57.6

63.6

46.4

45.9

57.7

54.0

57.9

53.0

58.5

56.0

60.2

45.5

Disability Rate [20]


5.7

4.3

6.6

4.6

3.7

4.6

4.4

5.4

4.6

3.0

4.1

5.0

4.1

6.4

5.4

4.9

5.1

4.8

3.3

5.9

5.3

4.1

2.9

4.0

3.1

4.9

2.5

5.5

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Khureemaral

Shinejinst

Erdenetsogt

6452

6455

6458

118

Bulgan

Jargalant

Ikh tamir

Ogiinuur

Olziit

Ondor-Ulaan

Tariat

Tovshruulekh

Khairkhan

Khangai

Khashaat

Khotont

Tsakhir

Tsenkher

Tsetserleg

Chuluut

Erdenemandal

6507

6510

6513

6516

6519

6522

6525

6528

6531

6534

6537

6540

6543

6546

6549

6552

6555

Moron

Alag-Erdene

6701

6704

Huvsgul

Battsengel

6504

6700

Erdenebulgan

6501

Arkhangai

Olziit

6449

6500

Zag

Administrative
units

6446

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

67.5

56.5

64.9

70.0

78.0

79.8

70.7

68.8

71.1

80.3

80.8

76.7

66.7

77.7

79.4

66.5

79.9

73.6

78.9

67.8

77.3

57.6

70.7

83.3

75.4

86.0

84.4

73.2

Employment Rate [4]

52.0

40.5

52.9

61.0

69.2

70.3

62.3

60.7

64.0

74.6

74.5

68.5

46.8

69.8

74.0

57.5

73.3

67.6

68.6

62.0

72.1

39.7

60.2

80.1

65.6

80.7

80.7

67.4

Self-employment Rate [5]


73.3

41.9

71.4

85.4

86.6

88.6

87.5

78.2

83.6

86.7

87.8

83.7

70.8

84.8

89.3

79.1

81.5

84.0

89.2

81.5

86.8

33.8

76.9

89.8

77.6

79.7

88.3

80.5

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
38.7

49.2

29.9

30.6

17.8

23.7

21.1

25.9

15.9

22.4

14.1

20.6

52.8

20.6

12.5

32.7

17.4

15.3

20.1

20.7

19.9

49.1

26.1

7.3

27.7

10.5

11.0

14.0

Unemployment Rate [7]


43.9

43.9

40.7

43.7

43.9

Dependency Rate [8]


42.4

43.0

42.0

43.6

40.9

43.1

43.1

42.2

45.4

44.3

43.6

42.8

44.4

44.6

40.8

42.8

18.9 40.8

23.9 40.0

15.7 41.7

9.4

9.4

9.0

9.7

8.9

9.0

4.4

6.3

8.9

25.5 42.8

7.5

5.5

9.0

5.9

6.8

11.1 43.4

6.2

4.0

27.9 40.3

12.4 42.5

2.7

8.7

5.0

2.8

6.7

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
98.4

98.0

96.8

95.6

95.4

97.4

94.9

97.2

95.4

96.4

95.9

96.2

97.2

97.0

96.9

97.0

97.8

97.7

95.1

97.3

97.5

98.1

96.8

92.5

98.2

97.1

97.2

97.7

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


96.4

96.7

94.2

94.3

90.9

92.6

94.8

94.0

95.3

97.1

92.4

94.5

96.4

94.8

92.7

95.3

96.4

93.5

91.1

96.5

96.6

97.5

94.9

92.0

95.8

96.8

91.2

93.7

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


64.7

79.8

67.7

72.8

55.3

56.9

57.2

60.4

77.1

71.0

51.8

63.5

78.4

66.4

57.7

59.2

58.9

69.9

45.9

81.2

64.0

88.2

70.2

48.9

49.0

61.1

59.0

60.9

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


2.8

8.7

4.9

3.6

1.4

1.5

3.1

1.6

4.8

3.7

2.4

4.0

7.5

2.3

2.2

2.8

2.2

2.8

2.6

2.3

3.3

20.7

7.4

1.9

2.0

1.8

2.0

3.1

Male Literacy Rate [13]


95.5

97.7

95.7

94.2

92.6

95.2

92.7

90.6

93.5

97.1

93.2

96.3

95.9

92.1

90.3

94.2

89.4

94.6

96.2

98.4

96.0

98.1

94.9

94.0

98.7

96.2

94.9

97.4

Female Literacy Rate [14]


96.5

98.2

96.7

97.6

95.0

96.5

95.6

96.1

97.1

97.8

92.4

98.0

98.3

95.4

93.6

96.2

94.2

96.1

97.5

98.7

98.1

98.7

97.0

95.7

97.3

96.6

97.3

95.6

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
1.01

1.04

1.01

0.95

1.11

1.00

0.99

0.91

0.86

1.26

1.06

0.84

0.97

1.04

0.96

0.93

1.04

1.13

1.03

0.87

0.97

0.95

0.99

1.00

0.95

0.92

1.14

1.10

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


1.03

1.09

1.05

1.19

0.92

0.92

0.98

1.29

0.99

0.84

0.93

1.02

0.89

0.95

0.91

0.90

1.38

1.00

1.16

1.08

0.81

0.98

0.99

1.09

0.87

0.76

0.94

0.85

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.04

1.15

1.13

1.32

1.17

1.21

1.23

1.89

0.97

1.28

0.97

1.32

1.17

1.40

1.44

1.36

0.95

1.24

1.11

1.06

1.12

1.15

1.20

1.24

0.95

0.83

1.13

1.39

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


2.13

1.55

1.32

1.23

3.00

1.00

1.00

0.20

2.13

0.60

1.00

1.11

1.00

1.13

0.70

1.00

3.50

1.50

0.46

1.67

1.14

2.17

1.75

1.40

0.75

0.33

2.33

0.60

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
54.2

56.1

57.2

63.7

63.8

61.6

57.3

56.3

62.9

63.0

59.1

53.9

61.7

59.9

55.6

65.0

63.8

55.4

60.2

58.7

58.2

57.0

58.6

46.3

60.2

52.9

57.9

61.4

Disability Rate [20]


8.5

5.3

5.8

3.7

5.0

4.3

4.3

4.5

5.0

3.9

4.8

3.8

5.4

5.6

3.3

5.1

5.7

4.2

4.3

4.2

4.5

4.6

4.5

4.1

5.6

4.1

4.3

3.8

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

119

Tsagaannuur

Tsagaan-Uul

Tsagaan-Uur

Tsetserleg

Chandmani-Ondor

Shine-Ider

Erdenebulgan

6749

6752

6755

6758

6761

6764

6767

Bayankhairkhan

Khankh

6746

8113

Ulaan-Uul

6743

Bayantes

Tunel

6740

8110

Tomorbulag

6737

Asgat

Tosontsengel

6734

8107

Tarialan

6731

Aldarkhaan

Renchinlkhumbe

6728

Uliastai

Rashaant

6725

8104

Ikh-Uul

6722

8101

Jargalant

6719

Zavkhan

Galt

6716

8100

Burentogtokh

6713

West

Bayanzurkh

6710

8000

Arbulag

Administrative
units

6707

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

74.4

62.6

70.1

73.5

55.0

64.9

63.1

67.3

70.4

72.2

75.7

62.6

70.1

56.8

74.3

65.5

69.9

72.1

72.8

55.0

75.6

68.6

76.1

59.8

63.4

70.8

74.0

75.5

Employment Rate [4]

73.8

50.0

54.9

66.4

40.9

52.0

51.9

56.5

63.4

54.4

63.3

55.4

60.4

45.8

55.5

53.8

55.7

64.9

62.4

49.9

71.3

63.1

64.8

48.0

53.4

65.7

65.9

64.9

Self-employment Rate [5]


79.2

67.1

60.7

85.6

25.7

61.5

63.7

75.8

81.0

78.9

79.8

70.8

83.9

61.4

74.2

83.0

85.5

86.9

83.5

68.5

88.9

78.3

85.3

82.3

82.4

83.9

84.6

85.9

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
3.0

27.3

17.8

27.8

43.1

32.2

31.0

33.1

17.6

47.5

21.9

30.0

21.8

32.7

34.4

22.2

27.3

20.5

19.6

21.9

7.9

12.7

29.2

24.5

21.9

16.3

16.3

21.1

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


40.5

44.4

40.9

42.6

45.1

43.2

40.9

39.3

38.5

0.2

45.7

18.4 45.4

22.3 45.3

7.1

23.4 41.9

17.9 43.6

15.4 45.9

13.0 40.6

8.4

18.2 40.3

15.0 41.7

7.1

12.0 43.9

16.1 43.2

22.9 40.7

16.5 45.9

18.3 41.7

7.2

13.1 43.1

7.1

5.0

7.1

12.3 42.0

18.2 45.1

13.9 43.7

5.0

9.1

12.0 41.6

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
96.7

97.6

97.2

97.7

98.5

97.6

94.3

97.0

97.8

97.1

95.2

98.3

96.1

97.5

96.0

92.1

97.5

96.1

97.5

99.2

88.4

97.4

98.6

96.0

96.5

98.7

96.0

96.3

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


88.0

95.7

93.3

97.4

98.2

96.7

95.6

96.9

94.5

93.3

91.7

96.0

95.4

92.7

93.0

86.9

93.7

92.6

95.1

97.5

86.9

97.7

98.3

91.6

92.8

93.1

85.8

91.6

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


60.0

74.8

81.4

68.3

93.8

81.7

79.3

76.9

65.9

57.1

63.0

59.4

69.5

55.2

61.0

54.5

62.0

60.9

65.2

71.9

48.6

72.0

71.9

55.3

57.5

64.1

55.0

58.2

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


4.8

3.4

7.1

0.3

14.6

6.3

7.6

4.4

3.5

3.2

1.8

3.2

3.6

4.8

2.8

1.4

3.2

3.1

2.7

2.0

3.7

4.2

2.4

4.4

2.6

4.4

3.8

5.4

Male Literacy Rate [13]


84.4

97.1

97.9

93.2

98.0

96.3

96.8

93.5

89.5

94.7

94.2

97.2

96.4

95.9

93.6

96.1

95.8

95.3

96.1

96.6

89.9

94.6

97.1

94.5

96.1

96.4

94.4

94.2

Female Literacy Rate [14]


91.6

95.2

96.6

98.9

99.3

97.4

97.8

94.7

91.9

96.9

94.2

98.1

97.1

97.8

96.5

95.7

96.5

95.5

97.2

97.2

93.7

96.0

98.4

94.5

97.2

96.0

94.1

95.8

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.84

0.96

0.75

0.84

1.03

0.95

0.98

0.93

1.17

0.94

0.80

1.35

0.94

1.11

1.15

1.03

0.97

1.11

0.88

0.98

0.93

1.05

0.93

1.14

1.05

0.98

0.80

1.14

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


1.02

0.93

0.63

0.85

0.99

0.95

0.99

1.01

1.20

0.89

1.05

0.87

1.00

1.05

1.03

1.20

1.10

1.04

1.24

0.92

1.01

1.03

0.86

1.05

1.08

1.02

1.08

1.14

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.74

1.08

1.53

0.91

0.92

1.03

1.10

0.65

1.36

1.33

1.31

0.76

1.30

1.21

1.33

1.34

1.06

1.43

0.96

0.96

1.21

1.12

0.92

1.42

1.05

1.13

1.08

1.11

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


0.75

0.71

0.33

1.33

1.22

1.41

0.80

1.14

1.14

2.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.40

1.25

1.86

0.90

1.29

1.50

1.14

0.91

1.17

0.94

0.82

1.70

0.53

0.76

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
54.7

57.9

57.6

54.2

56.7

55.8

53.8

53.5

57.9

61.9

54.3

55.9

56.7

59.4

55.2

59.4

63.9

59.9

57.5

56.4

61.2

62.4

65.7

59.6

66.9

55.3

58.2

56.0

Disability Rate [20]


4.7

4.3

4.7

4.0

4.1

4.6

4.5

7.4

6.4

8.4

5.8

5.4

5.3

8.3

5.8

6.8

5.7

5.7

4.4

5.8

5.9

6.5

4.2

5.8

5.6

5.1

5.3

4.4

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

120

Shiluustei

Erdenekhairkhan

Yaruu

Govi-Altai

8164

8167

8170

8200

Jargalan

Tsetsen-Uul

8161

8222

Tsagaanchuluut

8158

Delger

Tsagaankhairkhan

8155

8219

Urgamal

8152

Darvi

Tes

8149

Bugat

Telmen

8146

8216

Tudevtei

8143

8213

Tosontsengel

8140

Biger

Songino

8137

8210

Santmargats

8134

Bayan-Uul

Otgon

8131

8207

Nomrog

8128

Altai

Ikh-Uul

8125

8204

Ider

8122

Esonbulag

Zavkhanmandal

8201

Dorvoljin

8119

Administrative
units

8116

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

77.1

65.3

78.5

59.4

75.8

69.0

77.0

58.0

67.9

70.7

77.1

69.6

70.5

66.7

73.5

82.4

63.7

66.3

68.7

58.8

74.8

70.9

82.5

66.9

71.5

66.8

80.3

64.2

Employment Rate [4]

73.2

59.3

72.3

57.1

70.5

64.7

70.8

47.7

60.9

64.6

60.0

55.3

63.3

55.1

60.9

75.2

44.6

58.3

64.8

40.6

62.6

56.3

71.3

58.7

55.3

56.9

69.3

51.7

Self-employment Rate [5]


82.3

69.6

74.5

72.2

78.7

82.2

48.4

40.4

66.7

79.6

70.4

70.6

73.7

68.1

70.7

76.8

52.9

77.3

72.7

52.2

62.8

70.1

82.4

70.5

83.0

77.1

61.4

72.0

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
9.6

9.0

15.6

5.3

14.1

14.1

18.1

35.3

19.5

15.5

50.0

33.7

12.5

32.8

32.3

18.8

42.4

22.8

8.9

48.0

27.8

32.9

19.3

26.0

35.8

26.2

49.0

33.3

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


40.6

44.3

44.6

42.7

43.8

4.2

9.2

6.6

3.5

5.5

5.0

6.4

42.6

43.8

46.0

45.4

42.5

46.4

45.3

15.1 40.0

8.7

7.3

18.9 40.8

18.2 46.6

10.0 47.3

15.2 41.0

14.7 40.6

7.4

28.1 44.7

10.1 44.9

5.3

28.3 43.1

15.1 43.8

19.0 45.7

12.1 45.0

10.5 46.0

19.6 46.7

12.8 45.4

9.2

16.8 41.2

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
96.6

98.1

98.2

97.0

98.2

98.7

97.4

98.8

97.9

93.4

98.1

97.1

98.3

98.6

97.5

97.9

94.8

96.5

99.0

98.0

98.1

97.8

97.2

100.0

96.6

97.1

98.7

97.7

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


97.7

97.5

99.1

94.1

95.2

97.1

96.7

98.0

96.8

93.7

96.6

98.5

98.0

98.6

97.2

97.4

96.7

96.8

95.5

96.0

97.4

96.9

95.7

97.9

96.0

97.8

97.1

97.4

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


72.1

77.8

75.2

68.9

68.7

75.3

80.7

88.8

77.4

62.4

87.7

78.9

88.0

72.3

68.7

69.1

85.8

69.4

83.1

77.1

91.8

83.3

57.0

86.1

70.7

78.3

87.9

77.6

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


4.0

3.3

1.4

1.2

4.3

2.0

1.3

13.4

6.1

2.0

5.8

3.4

3.8

1.8

4.1

1.5

1.3

5.4

3.4

4.3

3.3

4.1

1.0

2.5

2.8

3.0

5.6

4.8

Male Literacy Rate [13]


91.9

97.6

94.8

97.4

98.7

92.1

100.0

98.6

97.0

90.7

98.7

96.4

97.6

100.0

97.4

98.2

97.9

96.5

97.3

96.3

94.5

100.0

91.3

92.9

94.7

97.1

100.0

97.9

Female Literacy Rate [14]


96.6

97.8

97.3

94.9

95.2

98.2

97.3

99.4

97.9

93.9

97.6

98.0

96.6

98.2

97.8

96.6

98.9

97.9

97.1

96.6

100.0

97.7

92.6

97.1

94.3

98.3

98.4

100.0

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.82

1.13

1.38

0.96

1.11

0.93

0.87

0.97

0.97

1.02

1.04

1.10

1.07

0.64

0.77

0.73

0.98

0.88

0.82

0.98

1.08

1.39

0.57

0.98

1.03

0.82

1.05

0.83

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


1.09

1.03

1.04

0.94

1.26

0.98

0.86

0.99

0.99

0.77

0.93

0.95

1.03

0.99

1.34

1.16

1.12

0.81

1.00

0.97

0.99

0.66

0.94

0.98

0.90

0.91

1.02

1.03

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.45

1.17

1.20

0.79

0.91

1.26

1.00

1.08

1.09

1.27

0.54

1.20

1.11

1.43

0.64

1.38

1.16

1.31

1.00

1.19

1.05

0.94

1.32

1.02

1.10

0.84

1.22

1.00

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


4.50

1.33

2.00

1.00

1.14

0.75

1.00

2.28

1.89

0.00

1.25

3.00

0.75

0.50

0.67

1.00

0.67

3.50

0.75

1.72

0.20

1.25

0.33

0.25

1.30

1.25

6.00

0.56

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
50.3

55.3

54.4

52.9

59.4

56.7

45.9

56.3

55.0

53.7

52.3

60.3

57.3

62.8

56.9

64.2

49.6

54.9

59.0

53.5

49.2

58.5

58.8

60.1

54.5

54.4

52.3

53.0

Disability Rate [20]


5.0

4.9

4.9

5.6

4.2

5.4

3.6

4.9

4.9

4.3

4.1

3.6

3.6

4.4

5.4

4.4

7.0

5.5

5.2

5.3

5.6

4.0

3.8

4.2

4.3

5.4

5.4

4.3

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

121

Togrog

Khaliun

Khokhmorit

Tsogt

Tseel

Chandmani

Sharga

Erdene

Bayan-Ulgii

Olgii

Altai

Altantsogts

Bayannuur

Bugat

Bulgan

Buyant

Deluun

Nogoonnuur

Sagsai

Tolbo

Ulaankhus

Tsengel

8231

8234

8237

8240

8243

8246

8249

8252

8300

8301

8304

8307

8310

8313

8316

8319

8322

8325

8328

8331

8334

8337

Jargaland

Altai

Bulgan

8401

8404

8407

Khovd

Tonkhil

8400

Taishir

8228

Administrative
units

8225

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

56.9

64.4

53.1

61.4

60.3

62.3

55.9

56.9

62.5

67.3

65.4

57.9

69.6

53.8

58.8

62.3

54.6

58.8

77.2

70.2

70.6

75.6

74.7

76.1

80.2

75.0

70.6

60.0

Employment Rate [4]

43.8

42.1

39.0

49.2

49.0

55.3

48.7

47.0

53.1

58.6

58.8

52.4

59.5

45.1

44.4

51.2

33.3

45.3

72.2

65.4

56.4

69.8

67.6

71.8

76.4

71.8

66.1

55.6

Self-employment Rate [5]


67.8

72.3

31.4

61.8

80.5

75.7

75.4

75.1

70.9

80.9

75.7

80.6

81.6

74.1

67.2

75.6

24.3

62.7

79.8

77.9

74.5

69.1

77.4

80.9

85.4

75.0

79.3

64.6

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
47.5

44.8

45.8

35.4

25.0

23.5

32.0

33.3

27.5

29.9

23.2

18.1

28.1

40.4

47.7

31.6

66.0

38.0

8.9

18.8

47.5

7.2

16.1

14.2

12.3

9.3

12.8

18.5

Unemployment Rate [7]


43.4

41.6

45.4

42.1

45.1

42.2

41.1

Dependency Rate [8]


46.3

42.1

51.1

47.0

48.7

50.8

51.2

18.9 48.0

32.2 47.1

23.2 43.7

16.8 46.3

16.7 50.1

7.9

8.4

12.9 50.5

11.5 48.1

9.7

7.7

7.1

11.0 50.8

10.7 51.2

19.6 48.4

14.6 46.8

34.5 45.3

19.5 48.2

6.0

4.7

14.5 44.3

7.7

7.9

4.2

3.4

3.4

5.0

5.6

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
96.2

97.9

98.1

96.7

81.3

78.3

85.8

84.4

89.4

82.2

81.4

87.6

83.8

91.5

89.8

83.2

96.2

88.1

98.6

98.1

99.0

98.0

95.7

97.4

95.1

96.6

98.8

97.9

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


96.8

95.7

97.1

96.1

89.6

91.4

95.4

91.3

94.1

93.1

92.6

94.7

94.3

97.3

95.7

97.4

97.1

94.6

96.9

99.5

97.4

92.7

95.1

97.6

92.5

95.7

95.3

98.5

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


77.7

65.0

90.8

81.1

64.5

69.9

75.5

68.8

64.2

73.8

76.1

66.2

77.6

74.3

76.6

70.6

89.2

76.9

64.1

73.0

74.3

52.7

60.4

73.9

68.9

73.8

67.3

79.3

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


4.5

1.3

22.7

11.1

4.5

2.9

4.3

5.4

1.9

4.0

4.6

2.5

14.7

2.8

6.3

4.0

15.9

8.3

3.0

4.5

4.6

1.4

2.5

1.3

3.7

2.3

0.9

6.8

Male Literacy Rate [13]


98.1

94.4

98.7

96.7

95.8

97.2

97.3

97.2

97.5

97.0

95.3

97.0

95.5

96.4

97.6

95.4

99.2

97.5

97.0

96.1

98.8

97.1

94.9

93.3

96.8

97.6

95.2

97.4

Female Literacy Rate [14]


97.1

97.3

99.4

97.8

96.3

96.7

98.0

98.1

99.1

98.5

95.9

94.8

97.7

99.0

97.8

97.3

99.3

98.1

97.3

93.4

99.3

94.9

97.8

96.3

95.5

99.2

97.8

100.0

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
1.08

0.97

1.03

0.98

1.04

1.27

0.94

0.96

0.91

1.09

1.11

1.01

0.78

1.01

0.97

0.87

0.96

0.99

0.77

1.13

0.91

1.08

0.93

0.89

1.03

1.15

0.86

1.16

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


1.02

1.12

1.01

1.00

1.01

1.01

0.92

1.01

0.93

1.06

1.12

1.02

0.95

0.98

0.96

1.25

1.01

1.01

0.93

1.13

1.00

0.96

1.01

0.97

0.96

0.80

1.00

0.83

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.02

1.10

1.16

1.13

1.35

1.10

1.22

1.23

0.90

1.00

0.94

1.09

1.09

1.12

1.16

1.27

1.01

1.07

1.63

0.92

0.84

1.46

1.04

1.07

1.00

1.31

1.15

0.85

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


0.89

0.50

1.61

1.40

1.61

2.50

1.10

1.40

1.56

1.40

2.75

0.73

1.63

0.50

0.75

1.00

1.56

1.49

1.00

1.80

1.67

1.50

0.78

0.67

0.20

0.50

3.00

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
55.6

59.5

53.3

53.9

57.3

48.8

50.0

48.2

46.8

48.8

54.1

50.7

50.8

57.0

47.9

52.5

50.9

50.9

55.4

56.7

56.7

48.3

56.6

57.9

52.9

53.8

59.3

53.6

Disability Rate [20]


3.2

3.5

3.8

3.8

3.6

3.6

8.2

4.1

3.1

4.9

6.2

9.3

2.6

5.2

5.1

5.2

4.1

4.6

4.9

5.4

4.7

4.8

6.2

5.5

5.0

3.7

3.7

4.4

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

122

Dorgon

Duut

Zereg

Mankhan

Monkhkhairkhan

Most

Myangad

Uench

Khovd

Tsetseg

Chandmani

Erdeneburen

8416

8419

8422

8425

8428

8431

8434

8437

8440

8443

8446

8449

Ulaangom

Baruunturuun

Bokhmoron

Davst

Zavkhan

Zuungovi

Zuunkhangai

Malchin

Naranbulag

Olgii

Omnogovi

Ondorkhangai

Sagil

8501

8504

8507

8510

8513

8516

8519

8522

8525

8528

8531

8534

8537

Uvs

Darvi

8413

8500

Buyant

Administrative
units

8410

Code

Census

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

76.2

68.0

58.5

67.0

69.9

76.1

66.1

79.2

76.3

74.9

68.7

56.4

57.1

64.9

74.3

62.4

79.2

53.8

55.4

74.5

67.4

72.9

75.1

76.4

74.2

68.2

72.3

71.8

Employment Rate [4]

64.3

58.3

48.5

56.3

65.6

64.0

58.5

75.4

69.4

64.9

61.3

49.6

46.6

55.4

67.2

48.9

67.7

45.4

44.7

66.3

55.2

64.9

67.6

66.3

68.7

59.8

58.3

65.6

Self-employment Rate [5]


76.4

79.8

77.5

76.2

84.4

80.1

76.9

76.2

77.6

69.2

76.6

49.9

44.2

66.1

78.7

71.8

70.7

76.9

62.2

82.0

80.4

78.3

83.2

82.2

75.5

68.9

74.6

83.2

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
25.6

23.2

32.9

26.4

11.1

21.9

12.5

8.8

17.6

23.8

19.2

45.5

34.6

26.0

29.5

53.1

21.3

28.8

37.2

25.0

33.8

21.0

19.1

24.7

12.5

22.8

34.6

24.1

Unemployment Rate [7]


43.3

Dependency Rate [8]


45.5

46.8

51.3

46.2

46.1

47.7

44.0

47.8

45.3

49.1

14.1 48.0

12.5 45.3

13.4 50.3

13.5 50.3

4.9

14.3 49.7

11.4 46.9

3.8

7.5

11.5 47.4

9.3

7.0

15.6 45.2

12.5 47.2

6.8

16.9 47.8

12.8 45.0

11.9 49.7

16.4 50.7

7.1

14.4 47.9

8.9

7.6

10.5 47.5

6.5

10.2 51.5

16.3 46.1

6.1

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
92.8

98.5

96.6

92.8

92.9

97.0

95.3

99.0

100.0

95.1

97.1

97.4

96.5

95.1

96.6

96.4

93.0

92.6

94.4

92.8

97.2

96.5

95.7

97.8

96.4

98.3

99.5

96.5

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


94.2

93.4

90.1

93.1

93.0

93.8

97.1

92.8

95.5

98.4

94.2

97.2

96.4

94.7

97.4

94.9

96.2

96.7

94.9

91.9

96.9

95.6

94.8

95.6

97.6

94.7

94.0

92.5

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


74.9

73.7

68.0

77.6

61.2

61.5

78.6

67.6

70.5

80.6

68.8

82.8

90.8

79.9

81.4

78.6

57.9

69.1

77.0

61.1

72.8

71.6

70.9

74.2

82.9

73.9

76.6

75.3

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


2.2

2.1

2.4

4.9

1.2

2.2

2.2

1.1

1.7

5.9

2.2

4.3

9.7

5.2

4.2

5.2

4.0

5.0

3.7

3.1

3.0

4.3

2.2

1.2

4.4

3.5

2.5

5.8

Male Literacy Rate [13]


96.6

95.1

95.5

94.5

95.0

97.9

96.2

93.3

94.1

97.3

96.0

96.9

97.2

96.2

98.7

96.2

92.1

97.1

95.1

93.3

96.5

97.5

92.8

92.7

95.3

95.0

94.9

93.6

Female Literacy Rate [14]


99.3

97.6

96.7

98.0

95.6

98.7

98.1

97.8

95.6

98.3

96.6

97.7

97.9

97.6

97.1

96.8

98.3

96.9

94.8

95.8

96.7

98.4

96.1

96.2

96.3

93.7

95.5

94.0

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
0.85

0.90

1.05

0.96

0.95

0.78

0.61

0.98

1.16

0.79

0.86

1.05

1.05

0.98

0.85

0.77

0.94

0.86

1.04

0.88

0.88

0.80

0.99

0.97

0.96

0.97

1.04

1.03

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


1.10

1.09

1.12

1.07

0.99

0.89

0.82

0.91

1.22

1.03

1.17

0.74

0.95

1.01

1.23

1.02

0.95

1.06

0.94

1.04

0.78

1.01

0.97

1.17

0.71

0.94

1.02

0.83

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


1.27

1.26

1.29

1.10

1.00

1.52

1.00

1.43

1.03

1.31

0.86

0.89

1.14

1.15

0.84

1.08

1.41

1.49

1.13

1.45

1.22

1.26

1.33

1.11

0.85

0.73

1.20

0.72

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


1.33

1.00

2.50

1.00

2.50

0.40

0.75

0.33

1.00

1.17

1.00

1.80

1.18

1.16

1.50

0.70

2.20

0.91

0.17

0.56

0.75

0.50

0.83

1.50

1.67

1.20

0.29

1.00

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
50.0

54.5

53.2

57.1

53.4

51.2

55.9

47.2

58.4

51.4

55.1

51.6

53.5

53.6

59.6

53.4

46.7

51.7

48.1

58.2

54.1

58.6

57.4

54.9

56.5

55.7

57.4

56.0

Disability Rate [20]


3.8

4.3

4.2

7.4

5.5

4.1

3.0

4.8

5.0

5.8

3.5

5.9

4.8

4.6

4.4

3.2

4.2

3.6

4.2

4.2

3.5

4.4

3.8

3.3

5.7

4.9

4.3

3.7

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Turgen

Tes

Khovd

Khyargas

Tsagaankhairkhan

8543

8546

8549

8552

8555

Labor Force Participation


Rate [3]

62.4

76.8

79.1

74.1

70.6

68.4

Employment Rate [4]

57.0

63.5

67.4

69.7

61.9

49.3

Self-employment Rate [5]


76.0

78.8

79.3

81.8

73.9

74.1

Youth Unemployment Rate


[6]
17.8

22.0

29.3

12.9

28.3

34.6

Dependency Rate [8]

Unemployment Rate [7]


49.6

44.5

7.0

47.5

16.5 50.2

12.1 46.9

4.4

8.5

25.9 53.5

School Attendance Rate, 6-9


Age Group [9]
95.2

94.3

93.5

87.9

95.9

91.7

School Attendance Rate, 1014 Age Group [10]


94.7

97.2

96.0

89.8

93.7

95.0

School Attendance Rate, 1519 Age Group [11]


65.7

82.4

73.3

65.9

66.7

69.4

School Attendance Rate, 2029 Age Group [12]


3.0

1.7

2.1

2.3

2.7

3.8

Male Literacy Rate [13]


93.9

97.1

95.1

95.0

98.5

94.3

Female Literacy Rate [14]


94.6

97.9

99.2

99.5

96.6

93.7

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 6-9


Age Group [15]
1.00

0.82

1.09

1.24

1.25

0.82

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1014 Age Group [16]


0.93

1.06

1.09

1.21

1.33

1.00

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 1519 Age Group [17]


0.91

0.96

1.20

1.76

1.05

1.04

Girl/Boy Ratio at School, 2029 Age Group [18]


1.67

1.50

1.00

1.13

0.50

0.80

Female in Wage Emp. Non


Agric. [19]
56.3

52.6

55.5

58.6

48.6

54.7

4.8

4.7

5.1

3.1

3.2

5.0

Disability Rate [20]

Source: Authors calculations based on Census 2010


Note: The regions are shown in bold and are highlighted in yellow, while the aimags are in bold. The associated soums are listed below their respective aimag.

Tarialan

Administrative
units

8540

Code

Census

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

123

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

Living on Ger [21]

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Water Pipe [23]

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

APPENDIX10: HOUSEHOLD-LEVEL NON-MONETARY INDICATORS,


BY REGION, AIMAG, SOUM AND DISTRICT

1000 Ulaanbaatar

29.2

36.9

59.1

99.0

43.2

96.6

39.2

53.1

99.0

72.0

1100 Ulaanbaatar

29.2

36.9

59.1

99.0

43.2

96.6

39.2

53.1

99.0

72.0

1101

Baganuur

32.5

45.7

61.3

99.1

48.2

95.4

46.6

50.0

98.4

59.3

1104

Bagakhagai

31.6

51.8

52.8

99.5

53.3

95.7

52.2

54.6

96.9

49.2

1107

Bayangol

12.2

73.1

78.0

99.7

77.2

97.0

74.2

82.9

99.5

85.1

1110

Bayanzurkh

32.7

34.6

38.2

98.6

41.8

96.3

35.3

50.5

99.0

72.6

1113

Nalaikh

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

Census
code

40.4

21.3

21.8

98.6

23.8

93.4

21.3

25.2

96.9

49.1

Songi1116 nokhairkhan

36.9

23.8

55.9

98.4

30.2

96.1

26.4

42.0

98.9

65.0

1119

Sukhbaatar

26.5

39.4

56.3

99.4

46.3

99.0

41.6

57.6

99.1

75.9

1122

Khan-Uul

25.9

40.0

79.2

99.5

45.4

96.3

43.8

55.1

98.9

71.1

1125

Chingeltei

30.9

17.6

75.7

99.3

26.3

96.6

24.1

42.7

99.0

71.7

2000 East

53.8

13.7

30.8

94.8

17.2

71.5

15.2

21.2

89.7

27.5

2100 Dornod

32.3

21.3

43.1

95.9

24.9

79.5

23.2

30.1

93.1

32.4

2101

Kherlen

17.3

37.6

76.2

99.2

42.9

94.2

41.0

51.2

96.2

45.4

2104

Bayandun

42.8

0.0

0.0

95.4

0.8

66.0

0.0

0.8

91.4

19.4

2107

Bayantumen

71.7

0.3

0.3

87.4

0.8

35.8

0.3

0.9

87.5

14.5

2110

Bayan-Uul

26.5

0.1

0.1

93.9

1.5

79.4

0.1

1.8

89.4

18.0

2113

Bulgan

71.7

0.0

0.0

91.8

0.6

53.7

0.0

4.5

88.9

11.2

2116

Gurvanzagal

53.9

0.0

0.0

95.5

0.6

75.5

0.0

1.7

90.3

19.1

2119

Dashbalbar

36.8

0.1

0.4

90.6

1.6

58.2

0.4

2.4

92.4

8.1

2122

Matad

79.9

0.1

0.1

87.0

0.6

37.6

0.1

1.8

79.7

10.6

2125

Sergelen

74.0

0.0

0.0

91.2

0.1

48.5

0.0

3.9

90.1

6.7

2128

Khalkh gol

41.4

0.3

0.1

92.9

3.4

74.2

0.1

8.0

84.7

16.2

2131

Kholonbuir

69.9

0.8

0.8

91.6

1.3

60.9

0.8

2.2

91.6

19.5

2134

Tsagaan-Ovoo

63.1

0.1

0.1

90.2

1.0

57.7

0.1

1.8

94.7

28.6

2137

Choibalsan

47.2

0.0

0.0

92.2

2.8

56.3

0.0

3.6

89.2

15.3

2140

Chuluunkhoroot

34.3

0.0

0.0

92.1

3.3

64.7

0.0

0.3

85.7

5.9

2200 Sukhbaatar

70.8

6.7

25.3

94.1

10.0

60.7

8.4

12.7

83.1

22.0

2201

Baruun-Urt

50.9

19.6

71.8

98.2

26.3

88.0

24.6

31.1

94.5

45.5

2204

Asgat

73.7

0.0

0.0

95.4

0.4

42.6

0.0

0.4

81.5

1.5

2207

Bayandelger

86.3

0.0

0.3

92.9

1.9

41.1

0.2

2.2

78.2

11.0

2210

Dariganga

77.8

0.0

0.2

95.7

1.4

44.0

0.0

3.6

78.1

8.5

2213

Monkhkhaan

85.7

0.0

0.5

95.3

2.4

51.3

0.1

3.1

81.3

16.0

2216

Naran

81.4

0.0

0.6

95.9

2.0

45.7

0.0

1.8

70.5

4.3

2219

Ongon

72.0

0.0

0.0

97.0

1.6

48.8

0.0

5.4

86.3

20.2

2222

Sukhbaatar

83.9

0.3

0.5

92.2

2.0

42.0

0.3

0.9

77.1

5.4

2225

Tuvshinshiree

90.9

0.0

0.3

88.6

0.5

39.6

0.0

6.0

78.4

15.0

124

Living on Ger [21]

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Water Pipe [23]

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

2228

Tumentsogt

63.4

13.4

65.1

92.1

15.5

70.9

15.2

13.1

88.7

19.0

2231

Uulbayan

82.9

0.0

0.0

90.5

0.6

43.0

0.0

2.6

77.7

9.7

2234

Khalzan

83.6

0.0

0.4

92.4

1.3

34.8

0.0

3.3

87.7

12.0

2237

Erdenetsagaan

75.2

0.0

0.0

86.7

2.5

58.9

0.0

6.8

66.5

8.2

2300 Khentii

62.7

11.4

22.4

94.3

14.8

71.7

12.3

18.4

91.3

26.7

2301

Kherlen

59.0

10.6

37.7

98.4

17.9

92.8

12.5

21.7

94.2

40.7

2304

Batnorov

62.0

27.9

30.8

94.1

28.6

63.7

27.8

28.7

92.3

8.7

2307

Batshireet

30.4

0.0

0.5

94.4

1.9

61.5

0.0

1.5

93.8

23.9

2310

Bayan-Adarga

66.4

0.0

0.4

87.7

1.3

84.3

0.2

1.3

85.0

7.8

2313

Bayanmonkh

89.2

0.0

0.0

81.4

1.5

43.0

0.0

5.1

90.4

6.3

2316

Bayan-Ovoo

87.9

0.0

0.0

92.6

2.8

49.5

0.0

2.3

89.2

18.2

2319

Bayankhutag

91.2

0.0

0.4

89.2

1.4

31.4

0.0

1.3

89.5

12.1

2322

Binder

52.6

0.1

2.8

92.0

2.6

57.4

0.4

1.0

87.6

24.1

2325

Galshir

88.6

0.0

0.0

89.5

0.2

38.5

0.0

4.4

84.5

18.8

2328

Dadal

26.4

0.0

0.1

91.6

1.8

62.2

0.0

2.0

86.2

5.0

2331

Darkhan

48.2

40.3

51.4

97.3

43.6

87.6

42.3

57.4

96.4

42.2

2334

Delgerkhaan

87.1

0.0

0.0

93.6

1.3

56.3

0.0

6.0

88.3

13.5

2337

Jargaltkhaan

83.1

0.1

0.1

91.8

2.3

50.7

0.1

8.5

89.9

29.2

2340

Moron

84.0

0.0

0.0

86.5

1.1

45.2

0.0

2.4

89.6

11.5

2343

Norovlin

69.7

0.0

25.3

90.7

1.6

57.3

1.1

1.4

77.1

12.9

2346

Omnodelger

77.0

0.2

3.0

92.6

1.6

56.6

0.5

1.9

89.3

19.5

2349

Tsenkhermandal

78.1

0.0

1.2

90.1

2.9

58.5

0.9

1.8

89.7

17.6

4000 Central

46.0

19.8

30.2

96.7

23.2

76.0

20.8

29.3

95.6

38.6

4100 Tuv

62.2

6.2

8.8

95.5

9.4

65.6

7.1

14.6

93.7

31.9

4101

Zuunmod

39.8

31.7

36.7

99.5

38.0

96.9

34.8

54.6

97.1

61.4

4104

Altanbulag

77.9

3.0

3.0

96.1

4.9

43.6

3.0

6.8

92.2

26.2

4107

Argalant

75.0

0.0

0.5

96.1

2.8

59.3

0.0

5.2

97.3

37.6

4110

Arkhust

56.7

13.1

13.4

94.2

14.4

73.0

13.1

26.2

92.7

48.2

4113

Batsumber

39.7

1.4

3.2

95.8

5.7

78.3

2.6

6.6

92.1

26.0

4116

Bayan

58.8

0.3

0.8

93.5

3.4

60.7

0.4

19.2

94.4

28.0

4119

Bayandelger

78.1

0.1

0.4

91.9

2.5

46.9

0.4

11.3

93.1

30.5

4122

Bayanjargalan

90.0

0.0

0.2

94.2

1.8

53.2

0.0

8.2

91.6

33.2

4125

Bayan-Onjuul

95.1

0.1

0.5

96.9

1.2

25.2

0.2

5.7

92.6

19.0

4128

Bayankhangai

72.9

0.0

0.0

95.7

4.0

45.0

0.0

6.5

91.8

30.5

4131

Bayantsagaan

87.5

0.0

0.0

92.2

0.8

40.8

0.0

5.3

90.6

27.9

4134

Bayantsogt

63.1

0.0

1.5

94.9

3.1

55.6

0.0

2.5

89.0

25.6

4137

Bayanchandmani

45.0

4.3

5.5

97.7

7.8

82.7

5.5

11.8

96.6

35.2

4140

Bornuur

55.9

0.1

0.7

97.1

1.7

51.7

0.4

2.5

95.6

29.8

4143

Buren

90.4

0.0

1.3

97.4

1.4

30.2

0.0

1.3

90.1

26.1

4146

Delgerkhaan

96.1

0.0

0.2

95.2

0.3

37.0

0.0

0.3

84.1

3.7

4149

Jargalant

49.7

0.0

0.2

95.5

1.7

77.6

0.1

2.1

96.6

30.2

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

Census
code

125

Living on Ger [21]

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Water Pipe [23]

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

4152

Zaamar

63.1

5.3

17.2

94.3

10.1

78.1

7.7

17.9

96.0

19.9

4155

Lun

80.2

0.3

0.6

95.5

3.5

46.1

0.5

5.7

96.5

30.1

4158

Mongonmorit

65.1

0.0

0.0

93.9

1.6

59.5

0.0

1.9

91.3

19.3

4161

Ondorshireet

93.1

0.1

0.1

92.7

1.6

32.2

0.0

2.6

89.2

12.1

4164

Sumber

55.9

0.0

0.4

95.3

2.2

78.5

0.2

2.5

96.4

37.9

4167

Sergelen

76.8

0.9

1.4

92.2

5.0

47.8

1.1

6.3

93.7

23.4

4170

Ugtaaltsaidam

51.7

0.0

0.1

95.7

3.5

59.5

0.0

9.7

88.1

22.2

4173

Tseel

61.7

0.0

7.6

94.9

3.0

44.0

0.3

6.9

95.6

27.6

4176

Erdene

79.9

1.6

1.7

89.7

3.4

68.4

1.6

4.9

87.8

27.2

4179

Erdenesant

89.2

1.6

6.9

93.0

2.8

49.0

1.6

4.0

91.9

19.3

4200 Govisumber

37.1

38.2

39.1

98.6

44.4

83.6

38.2

46.1

96.6

43.0

4201

Sumber

39.6

35.2

36.3

98.9

42.3

84.7

35.1

43.0

96.6

46.1

4204

Bayantal

40.4

14.5

14.8

98.7

27.3

62.3

14.5

31.9

92.7

26.2

4207

Shiveegovi

27.1

55.7

55.8

97.6

56.6

85.2

55.7

61.3

97.6

36.2

25.2

14.0

22.6

97.6

17.7

75.7

15.1

19.1

96.0

33.4

Census
code

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

4300 Selenge
4301

Sukhbaatar

4.1

25.5

45.5

99.7

31.7

80.1

28.0

34.6

98.1

57.7

4304

Altanbulag

16.2

4.6

7.3

97.3

8.7

72.6

5.6

10.1

95.2

21.6

4307

Baruunburen

69.3

0.1

0.5

95.9

0.3

48.8

0.2

0.8

93.1

7.6

4310

Bayangol

38.3

4.5

10.9

97.7

8.2

72.9

4.7

10.1

96.5

23.6

4313

Eroo

22.0

6.4

12.3

98.5

7.8

76.3

6.3

7.9

96.1

18.3

4316

Javkhlant

54.3

0.0

1.2

95.9

1.6

71.5

0.0

5.6

95.7

14.8

4319

Zuunburen

33.8

0.6

0.8

93.2

1.8

59.7

0.7

6.8

95.5

9.0

4322

Mandal

19.7

11.1

15.0

98.0

15.8

82.1

12.2

16.2

95.3

42.3

4325

Orkhon

50.3

0.3

0.3

92.2

3.8

61.6

0.3

5.6

95.9

12.9

4328

Orkhontuul

60.0

14.2

15.6

95.3

16.5

58.2

15.0

15.0

93.8

19.9

4331

Saikhan

25.7

52.6

67.4

96.5

54.1

87.7

53.3

54.9

98.2

39.1

4334

Sant

49.9

0.2

21.1

95.7

2.3

57.5

0.8

2.3

97.9

12.1

4337

Tushig

27.2

0.0

0.0

97.1

1.8

68.3

0.0

4.0

95.2

3.4

4340

Khuder

21.2

0.2

0.3

94.4

1.8

71.3

0.2

0.9

93.6

17.9

4343

Khushaat

66.9

0.2

0.2

97.5

0.6

63.8

0.2

0.5

95.7

20.8

4346

Tsagaannuur

48.0

0.1

16.6

97.1

1.5

75.3

0.9

2.6

93.2

2.8

4349

Shaamar

15.3

0.1

3.4

99.2

5.9

67.2

1.3

9.4

94.8

22.5

4400 Dornogovi

46.6

21.9

39.3

95.0

27.3

78.6

23.9

42.1

94.6

39.8

4401

Sainshand

31.2

37.1

68.0

98.0

41.6

93.1

39.2

58.2

97.6

55.7

4404

Airag

55.8

18.3

68.4

91.7

25.4

74.2

24.9

32.8

94.9

35.2

4407

Altanshiree

77.5

0.0

0.0

96.8

0.3

42.8

0.0

12.3

93.7

19.4

4410

Dalanjargalan

59.1

3.4

20.8

92.2

13.5

68.8

5.5

21.1

93.3

20.4

4413

Delgerekh

86.5

0.0

0.0

90.2

2.2

43.2

0.0

1.1

94.5

7.3

4416

Zamiin-Uud

35.5

24.2

31.0

99.7

34.8

98.3

27.0

57.2

98.9

51.7

4419

Ikh khet

59.9

32.4

57.5

90.6

33.2

69.8

32.9

34.5

91.4

19.6

4422

Mandakh

78.0

0.0

0.0

86.2

0.9

39.8

0.0

1.7

88.3

12.4

126

Living on Ger [21]

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Water Pipe [23]

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

4425

Orgon

49.3

25.2

25.2

95.1

26.8

66.2

25.1

34.1

87.7

31.4

4428

Saikhandulaan

76.8

0.0

0.3

87.4

1.1

36.9

0.0

11.8

92.2

14.3

4431

Ulaanbadrakh

79.6

0.0

0.0

89.3

0.4

28.8

0.0

10.9

92.0

3.2

4434

Khatanbulag

76.1

0.0

0.0

82.8

0.8

40.0

0.0

6.1

73.1

13.3

4437

Khovsgol

74.2

0.0

0.3

84.7

0.5

43.8

0.0

10.1

89.9

10.3

4440

Erdene

Census
code

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

41.5

1.7

1.7

94.3

4.7

70.4

1.7

41.2

92.5

29.4

4500 Darkhan

18.4

49.4

50.5

98.9

51.7

92.3

49.5

52.5

98.2

56.5

4501

Darkhan

17.6

54.3

55.9

99.3

57.1

95.0

55.0

57.9

98.5

63.0

4504

Orkhon

33.9

0.2

0.5

97.6

6.3

70.6

0.2

5.0

96.7

10.7

4507

Khongor

29.0

20.9

20.9

97.9

22.9

66.0

20.9

23.7

94.9

23.3

4510

Shariin gol

13.1

40.2

38.6

95.9

37.0

92.1

35.8

39.0

97.4

35.1

4600 Umnugovi

80.7

5.2

35.9

95.2

8.8

70.2

7.3

25.8

95.4

34.7

4601

Dalanzadgad

72.5

13.2

91.7

99.0

18.7

96.8

18.1

50.8

98.0

54.4

4604

Bayandalai

92.7

2.1

28.7

97.4

3.6

40.0

3.5

9.7

90.4

20.8

4607

Bayan-Ovoo

84.1

0.4

0.4

94.8

1.6

54.6

0.2

5.3

97.2

29.9

4610

Bulgan

85.7

0.1

0.7

96.8

2.8

50.5

0.1

22.4

92.7

27.5

4613

Gurvantes

78.6

0.3

1.4

92.7

3.4

59.7

0.8

15.0

94.0

22.3

4616

Mandal-Ovoo

88.6

0.3

1.1

94.4

2.6

44.9

0.5

9.8

91.1

16.6

4619

Manlai

85.8

0.0

0.7

90.0

1.3

47.3

0.5

2.0

95.2

20.2

4622

Noyon

84.3

0.0

0.0

97.8

1.5

42.7

0.0

2.1

90.2

3.3

4625

Nomgon

82.7

0.0

0.0

91.9

1.7

40.8

0.0

7.0

89.5

17.1

4628

Servei

96.3

0.0

0.0

92.7

1.0

45.5

0.0

1.6

90.1

31.1

4631

Khanbogd

85.3

0.5

1.8

95.5

3.6

68.0

1.0

14.5

97.3

29.2

4634

Khankhongor

85.0

0.1

0.3

93.8

1.2

28.7

0.1

7.5

94.8

22.6

4637

Khurmen

84.9

0.0

2.1

96.8

3.4

42.3

0.7

15.7

88.8

20.4

4640

Tsogt-Ovoo

85.4

0.0

0.5

91.2

2.7

50.3

0.0

26.9

95.5

13.7

4643

Tsogttsetsii

86.2

1.8

3.4

86.3

4.9

82.7

2.7

8.8

98.4

27.4

4800 Dundgovi

82.6

5.3

25.3

95.8

7.3

63.6

6.0

13.9

94.3

26.9

4801

Saintsagaan

71.0

14.8

71.5

98.0

17.6

86.0

16.7

25.8

96.5

42.7

4804

Adaatsag

88.6

0.0

0.0

96.0

2.3

44.2

0.0

5.1

92.7

15.8

4807

Bayanjargalan

79.2

1.4

1.4

93.3

5.0

52.2

1.4

17.4

93.6

16.4

4810

Govi-Ugtaal

85.4

0.0

0.3

97.5

0.9

51.6

0.3

5.6

95.6

12.7

4813

Gurvansaikhan

88.6

0.0

0.0

90.5

2.0

63.1

0.0

4.3

94.4

14.3

4816

Delgerkhangai

88.9

0.2

0.0

94.2

0.8

58.8

0.0

8.6

89.6

25.2

4819

Delgertsogt

88.5

0.0

0.0

98.1

1.8

43.1

0.0

16.8

90.8

14.7

4822

Deren

89.2

0.0

0.0

95.6

0.8

48.6

0.0

1.0

95.6

20.6

4825

Luus

92.4

0.0

0.0

94.5

0.1

61.0

0.0

7.8

95.8

20.3

4828

Olziit

88.5

0.0

0.0

83.6

3.9

42.1

0.0

9.5

92.6

18.2

4831

Ondorshil

87.2

0.0

0.0

95.7

0.7

53.5

0.0

16.7

91.1

17.4

4834

Saikhan-Ovoo

92.5

0.0

0.4

97.2

1.1

58.0

0.4

2.5

90.9

16.8

4837

Khuld

91.0

0.3

0.3

96.8

1.7

45.3

0.3

10.5

96.2

12.3

4840

Tsagaandelger

85.3

0.0

0.0

92.5

0.6

48.6

0.0

4.4

92.8

15.9

127

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

Erdenedalai

Water Pipe [23]

4843

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Census
code

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

Living on Ger [21]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

90.8

0.0

0.0

95.9

1.4

50.7

0.0

5.2

92.9

22.8

6000 Highlands

64.7

8.6

9.0

95.1

10.3

66.8

8.6

11.4

88.3

26.3

6100 Orkhon

25.0

39.6

40.2

99.3

42.3

94.4

40.0

41.5

98.6

56.1

6101

Bayan-Ondor

24.3

40.4

41.0

99.3

43.1

95.3

40.8

42.3

98.7

57.4

6104

Jargalant

48.2

17.1

17.1

97.1

17.8

67.5

17.1

18.1

96.8

17.7

6200 Uvurkhangai

82.5

2.1

2.7

94.9

4.0

62.8

2.2

5.8

89.5

22.4

6201

Arvaikheer

66.0

7.8

9.3

99.1

10.7

99.0

7.8

15.9

97.0

44.7

6204

BaruunbayanUlaan

96.8

0.0

0.0

91.6

0.8

37.4

0.0

5.9

89.9

4.9

6207

Bat-Olzii

85.4

0.2

0.2

90.8

1.1

64.3

0.2

1.2

82.7

9.9

6210

Bayangol

92.4

0.0

0.0

95.3

1.8

28.6

0.0

1.9

92.8

26.1

6213

Bayan-Ondor

95.8

0.0

0.0

93.6

0.7

27.7

0.0

1.5

88.4

23.9

6216

Bogd

96.4

0.0

0.0

88.2

1.0

23.5

0.0

0.4

78.0

1.4

6219

Burd

92.5

0.0

0.0

89.5

2.0

27.9

0.0

1.4

91.2

24.7

6222

Guchin-Us

95.5

0.0

0.0

94.5

0.5

46.2

0.0

2.0

94.6

16.8

6225

Eson zuil

84.7

0.0

0.0

94.9

0.9

58.9

0.0

1.0

88.1

11.9

6228

ZuunbayanUlaan

93.1

0.0

0.0

92.5

2.4

31.0

0.0

2.5

82.2

6.7

6231

Nariinteel

89.4

0.0

0.0

93.9

1.8

42.5

0.0

6.9

88.9

1.4

6234

Olziit

93.2

0.0

0.0

98.4

2.8

23.4

0.0

3.0

87.3

13.9

6237

Sant

91.2

0.0

0.0

93.0

1.8

48.0

0.0

1.8

88.3

18.5

6240

Taragt

97.2

0.0

0.0

95.9

0.5

27.9

0.0

1.7

90.1

8.7

6243

Togrog

90.4

0.4

0.4

94.8

3.5

46.9

0.4

8.7

87.2

8.8

6246

Uyanga

91.9

0.0

0.5

86.8

0.8

60.5

0.0

0.8

75.5

7.4

6249

Khairkhandulaan

93.9

0.0

0.0

97.2

1.7

36.6

0.0

2.7

87.5

2.9

6252

Kharkhorin

71.0

0.3

1.1

98.7

3.1

78.1

0.7

2.4

95.4

34.5

6255

Khujirt

86.2

0.1

0.2

97.6

0.8

60.8

0.1

0.7

88.9

12.2

6300 Bulgan

54.2

2.4

3.3

95.4

3.5

58.4

2.2

3.9

90.2

24.6

6301

Bulgan

20.5

9.3

13.0

99.0

12.7

93.7

9.8

11.0

95.7

45.2

6304

Bayan-Agt

82.9

0.0

0.0

91.2

0.8

40.1

0.0

1.4

78.6

20.1

6307

Bayannuur

83.0

0.0

0.0

94.8

0.6

50.6

0.0

1.5

96.0

8.6

6310

Bugat

73.2

0.4

0.5

88.9

1.1

49.0

0.5

1.2

88.9

11.8

6313

Buregkhangai

79.1

0.1

0.1

96.9

0.9

37.2

0.1

1.6

91.0

13.7

6316

Gurvan bulag

83.2

0.0

0.0

94.9

1.3

41.3

0.0

1.1

94.8

25.0

6319

Dashinchilen

78.2

0.0

0.0

93.7

1.6

51.8

0.0

2.8

92.0

22.4

6322

Mogod

83.0

0.2

0.2

95.8

0.8

30.1

0.2

0.6

91.1

3.2

6325

Orkhon

82.3

0.0

0.0

94.9

0.8

34.1

0.0

1.4

89.7

10.8

6328

Rashaant

76.2

0.4

0.4

95.9

0.9

60.9

0.4

9.0

92.0

24.0

6331

Saikhan

81.0

0.0

0.0

94.5

0.8

35.3

0.0

0.9

88.0

23.0

6334

Selenge

33.8

0.0

0.0

94.9

1.2

80.7

0.0

0.5

92.2

25.2

6337

Teshig

11.2

0.0

0.0

92.1

0.6

43.4

0.0

1.2

80.6

12.2

6340

Khangal

36.7

4.9

6.2

95.8

2.7

54.7

0.9

3.2

93.8

23.2

128

Living on Ger [21]

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Water Pipe [23]

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

6343

Khishig-ondor

60.8

0.1

0.1

95.6

0.6

61.7

0.1

1.2

90.3

32.5

6346

Khutag-Ondor

48.3

0.0

0.1

95.3

0.8

57.0

0.1

1.5

80.9

19.5

Census
code

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

6400 Bayankhongor

86.2

4.0

4.3

94.7

5.7

58.4

4.0

12.2

88.9

20.4

6401

Bayankhongor

75.0

10.1

10.8

98.9

12.3

96.2

10.2

24.6

95.8

39.3

6404

Baatsagaan

96.0

0.0

0.0

91.5

0.8

28.6

0.0

1.7

79.4

9.1

6407

Bayanbulag

98.6

0.0

0.0

99.4

0.3

64.7

0.0

0.7

87.6

4.1

6410

Bayangovi

93.3

0.0

0.0

84.4

3.0

37.2

0.0

8.4

90.6

5.8

6413

Bayanlig

95.7

0.0

0.1

85.9

1.4

47.2

0.1

4.9

88.2

11.7

6416

Bayan-Ovoo

96.1

0.0

0.0

91.9

0.0

24.5

0.0

0.2

84.1

13.1

6419

Bayan-Ondor

93.6

0.0

0.0

91.6

0.8

26.2

0.0

0.8

80.9

8.9

6422

Bayantsagaan

96.5

0.0

0.0

89.5

0.5

38.3

0.0

0.0

89.3

9.8

6425

Bogd

87.7

0.0

0.0

93.6

6.8

30.6

0.0

11.6

90.8

3.8

6428

Bombogor

92.3

0.0

0.0

94.7

0.7

23.8

0.0

7.5

91.0

6.8

6431

Buutsagaan

91.9

0.0

0.0

94.7

0.6

36.5

0.0

11.0

94.0

11.2

6434

Galuut

90.0

0.0

0.0

91.7

1.3

31.9

0.0

3.6

81.5

8.7

6437

Gurvanbulag

94.4

0.0

0.0

97.9

0.7

51.1

0.0

1.2

83.5

3.2

6440

Jargalant

90.2

0.0

0.0

87.2

1.2

41.4

0.0

4.2

77.5

5.3

6443

Jinst

95.3

0.0

0.0

96.6

1.2

24.2

0.0

5.6

91.4

12.2

6446

Zag

95.3

0.0

0.0

94.7

0.7

42.1

0.0

1.8

87.6

6.3

6449

Olziit

92.4

0.0

0.0

93.5

2.4

17.9

0.0

4.7

80.6

8.7

6452

Khureemaral

96.3

0.0

0.0

97.6

0.8

16.2

0.0

1.0

89.8

13.5

6455

Shinejinst

92.8

0.0

0.0

87.3

1.1

47.3

0.0

0.5

81.5

2.8

6458

Erdenetsogt

93.7

0.0

0.0

94.3

2.1

25.9

0.0

2.7

64.6

9.5

6500 Arkhangai

73.8

2.0

2.3

92.8

3.2

58.3

2.1

2.8

80.5

16.7

6501

Erdenebulgan

43.2

8.6

10.0

97.7

11.3

95.3

8.9

10.0

95.4

46.8

6504

Battsengel

87.2

0.0

0.0

93.2

0.4

28.7

0.0

0.8

83.2

27.7

6507

Bulgan

76.8

0.0

0.0

93.4

0.4

44.7

0.0

0.5

78.2

11.4

6510

Jargalant

63.7

0.0

0.0

96.2

0.7

47.1

0.0

0.7

65.5

2.6

6513

Ikh tamir

81.5

0.0

0.0

95.1

0.8

35.2

0.0

0.7

78.8

13.3

6516

Ogiinuur

87.7

0.0

0.0

89.7

1.6

32.7

0.0

1.1

89.7

19.5

6519

Olziit

79.8

0.0

0.0

89.1

0.7

45.0

0.0

0.9

88.5

2.4

6522

Ondor-Ulaan

85.7

0.0

0.0

92.0

0.6

60.7

0.0

0.8

64.6

3.1

6525

Tariat

81.1

0.0

0.0

89.6

1.0

79.4

0.0

1.6

75.5

12.9

6528

Tovshruulekh

73.6

0.1

0.1

94.8

1.0

58.4

0.1

0.5

84.8

3.9

6531

Khairkhan

85.8

0.0

0.0

87.1

0.7

40.3

0.0

0.8

70.2

5.2

6534

Khangai

83.5

0.0

0.0

85.0

0.8

73.8

0.0

0.4

69.0

4.5

6537

Khashaat

87.5

0.0

0.0

97.9

0.2

27.9

0.0

0.0

96.4

6.3

6540

Khotont

85.2

0.0

0.0

95.1

0.7

37.6

0.0

0.2

80.3

3.2

6543

Tsakhir

78.2

0.0

0.0

88.8

1.1

57.6

0.0

0.4

81.7

2.6

6546

Tsenkher

91.3

0.0

0.0

86.7

1.5

39.6

0.0

0.9

70.6

5.0

6549

Tsetserleg

87.7

0.0

0.0

87.0

0.0

31.4

0.0

0.4

66.5

1.9

6552

Chuluut

88.3

0.0

0.0

90.5

0.3

64.1

0.0

0.3

59.3

4.1

129

Living on Ger [21]

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Water Pipe [23]

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

85.0

0.0

0.0

90.8

1.0

42.6

0.0

0.3

82.7

8.2

6700 Huvsgul

63.5

1.3

1.6

94.0

2.7

64.9

1.3

2.5

84.0

18.9

6701

Moron

44.9

4.2

5.0

98.7

6.7

95.8

4.3

6.0

95.0

35.8

6704

Alag-Erdene

65.4

0.0

0.0

90.0

1.0

52.6

0.0

0.7

85.1

16.8

6707

Arbulag

87.7

0.0

0.0

92.0

0.4

70.6

0.0

1.5

79.8

5.7

6710

Bayanzurkh

68.8

0.0

0.0

92.0

0.3

77.7

0.0

0.5

70.9

2.2

6713

Burentogtokh

85.1

0.0

0.0

93.0

0.5

37.6

0.0

1.0

80.2

14.7

6716

Galt

85.5

0.0

0.0

89.0

0.3

42.8

0.0

0.4

69.6

11.3

6719

Jargalant

90.7

0.0

0.0

95.0

1.2

66.2

0.0

1.0

77.6

14.5

6722

Ikh-Uul

72.0

0.0

0.0

93.1

1.4

44.4

0.0

0.3

85.0

24.4

6725

Rashaant

78.0

0.0

0.0

91.9

0.7

47.0

0.0

0.5

80.2

4.6

6728

Renchinlkhumbe

62.3

0.0

0.0

87.2

0.3

49.4

0.0

0.2

81.4

1.5

6731

Tarialan

65.6

0.0

0.1

96.2

1.0

64.1

0.1

0.9

86.3

17.8

6734

Tosontsengel

78.8

0.0

0.0

95.9

1.2

41.8

0.0

0.8

82.6

25.1

6737

Tomorbulag

84.8

0.0

0.0

79.9

0.3

39.1

0.0

0.6

72.3

10.6

6740

Tunel

78.8

0.0

0.0

90.6

1.2

49.7

0.0

1.2

78.5

15.6

6743

Ulaan-Uul

72.3

0.1

0.1

90.1

0.8

51.0

0.1

0.9

74.0

1.7

6746

Khankh

25.4

0.0

0.0

90.5

0.7

50.1

0.0

0.5

88.8

10.2

6749

Tsagaannuur

42.7

0.0

0.0

83.8

3.2

57.3

0.0

3.2

85.2

6.5

6752

Tsagaan-Uul

82.9

0.0

0.0

95.0

0.9

46.1

0.0

0.5

84.0

3.4

6755

Tsagaan-Uur

14.5

0.0

0.0

95.7

2.7

58.7

0.0

3.7

83.2

6.0

6758

Tsetserleg

89.6

0.1

0.1

96.0

0.8

36.0

0.1

0.7

84.6

2.2

Chandmani6761 Ondor

47.5

0.0

0.0

91.3

0.9

45.6

0.0

0.3

55.9

3.4

6764

Shine-Ider

86.1

0.0

0.0

94.3

2.4

45.9

0.0

2.5

75.8

20.0

6767

Erdenebulgan

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

Census
code
6555

Erdenemandal

51.3

0.0

0.0

96.8

0.7

48.0

0.0

0.6

71.8

31.6

8000 West

60.7

3.8

5.2

96.3

6.8

64.0

4.2

7.2

84.6

20.3

8100 Zavkhan

75.1

2.9

3.3

96.3

4.7

71.4

3.0

4.6

88.4

21.3

8101

Uliastai

58.2

10.8

12.1

99.5

15.8

99.1

11.6

16.2

96.9

52.1

8104

Aldarkhaan

92.5

0.0

0.0

83.3

0.2

22.1

0.0

0.3

79.1

9.7

8107

Asgat

83.2

0.0

0.0

96.2

0.5

70.2

0.0

0.0

89.8

0.0

8110

Bayantes

78.8

0.0

0.0

82.7

1.0

61.9

0.0

0.0

73.3

1.4

8113

Bayankhairkhan

91.7

0.0

0.0

90.6

0.3

38.5

0.0

0.6

79.8

0.7

8116

Dorvoljin

95.2

0.0

0.0

97.5

1.0

39.0

0.0

0.8

83.2

13.4

8119

Zavkhanmandal

90.9

0.6

0.6

99.1

0.8

36.8

0.6

1.2

95.2

8.6

8122

Ider

86.8

0.0

0.0

96.4

0.2

58.0

0.0

0.0

79.8

8.5

8125

Ikh-Uul

85.5

0.0

0.0

92.0

1.3

85.0

0.0

0.7

74.9

16.9

8128

Nomrog

82.0

0.0

0.0

98.0

0.6

66.4

0.0

0.3

91.5

1.4

8131

Otgon

95.5

0.0

0.0

98.8

0.0

33.0

0.0

0.0

87.1

5.7

8134

Santmargats

84.4

0.0

0.0

99.0

1.0

71.4

0.0

0.7

83.0

5.0

8137

Songino

72.4

0.1

0.1

97.7

1.7

81.2

0.1

0.1

92.9

10.3

8140

Tosontsengel

61.3

0.0

0.9

95.9

1.3

83.5

0.0

0.8

89.8

22.0

130

Living on Ger [21]

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Water Pipe [23]

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

8143

Tudevtei

78.4

0.0

0.0

99.0

0.6

59.9

0.0

0.5

92.7

3.6

8146

Telmen

86.4

0.0

0.0

94.9

0.4

46.6

0.0

0.0

86.8

18.0

8149

Tes

71.0

0.0

0.0

96.0

0.2

52.8

0.0

1.4

92.9

7.7

8152

Urgamal

90.0

0.0

0.0

99.3

0.0

76.5

0.0

1.4

88.8

3.0

8155 Tsagaankhairkhan

82.9

0.0

0.0

97.4

1.3

47.3

0.0

0.0

94.1

12.9

8158

Tsagaanchuluut

84.6

0.0

0.0

98.2

0.8

65.6

0.0

0.0

91.8

4.3

8161

Tsetsen-Uul

78.9

0.0

0.0

99.2

0.5

63.5

0.0

1.0

70.9

4.3

8164

Shiluustei

89.7

0.0

0.0

97.5

0.9

60.1

0.0

0.8

86.9

9.2

8167

Erdenekhairkhan

87.4

0.1

0.1

99.4

0.8

45.5

0.1

0.1

93.0

3.1

8170

Yaruu

88.7

0.0

0.0

97.1

0.8

45.3

0.0

0.0

89.0

2.9

Census
code

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

8200 Govi-Altai

83.8

5.8

6.7

96.7

9.0

59.7

6.5

8.8

90.0

20.6

8201

Esonbulag

67.9

19.0

22.2

98.3

25.2

93.3

21.4

26.2

96.5

50.1

8204

Altai

71.4

0.0

0.0

98.5

2.9

68.5

0.0

1.4

96.1

4.7

8207

Bayan-Uul

95.3

0.0

0.0

96.5

0.9

41.1

0.0

0.0

87.5

4.0

8210

Biger

91.9

0.0

0.0

96.3

3.1

31.9

0.0

0.3

97.4

4.4

8213

Bugat

89.5

0.0

0.0

97.9

3.3

49.2

0.0

0.2

89.0

7.1

8216

Darvi

86.2

0.0

0.0

94.0

3.1

43.2

0.0

0.7

95.5

3.7

8219

Delger

86.7

0.1

0.1

97.2

1.2

61.3

0.1

0.3

95.1

7.9

8222

Jargalan

92.9

0.0

0.0

98.2

0.2

28.8

0.0

4.3

90.9

9.2

8225

Taishir

88.3

0.1

0.1

98.3

6.9

45.2

0.1

10.0

95.7

21.9

8228

Tonkhil

90.7

0.0

0.1

96.2

1.5

61.9

0.1

0.3

92.2

6.0

8231

Togrog

92.1

0.0

0.0

97.0

1.0

49.5

0.0

0.4

93.0

13.1

8234

Khaliun

94.4

0.0

0.0

92.6

1.0

32.6

0.0

0.3

90.6

6.8

8237

Khokhmorit

96.6

0.0

0.0

91.3

0.2

44.6

0.0

0.0

75.6

4.7

8240

Tsogt

93.2

0.0

0.0

97.0

2.4

36.0

0.0

1.7

57.3

10.4

8243

Tseel

89.7

0.0

0.0

99.3

0.4

58.1

0.0

0.1

96.9

5.7

8246

Chandmani

93.7

0.1

0.1

97.2

2.3

44.9

0.1

0.8

90.3

1.5

8249

Sharga

89.7

0.0

0.0

93.2

2.1

24.6

0.0

0.3

91.7

15.7

8252

Erdene

94.4

0.0

0.0

92.0

3.1

48.1

0.0

2.6

70.6

9.9

8300 Bayan-Ulgii

4.2

2.3

3.5

97.1

6.6

59.7

2.8

3.3

69.7

16.1

8301

Olgii

2.5

6.7

10.1

99.5

16.7

97.1

8.2

8.9

93.5

36.9

8304

Altai

16.6

0.0

0.5

89.7

0.7

63.4

0.1

0.4

54.9

1.9

8307

Altantsogts

11.7

0.0

0.0

97.0

1.9

43.2

0.0

0.3

72.4

10.3

8310

Bayannuur

5.6

0.0

0.0

95.1

1.4

37.2

0.0

0.6

65.0

3.3

8313

Bugat

7.6

0.1

0.4

98.3

0.7

36.7

0.1

0.1

60.5

10.6

8316

Bulgan

2.1

0.0

0.0

95.0

2.2

41.4

0.0

0.1

26.4

1.7

8319

Buyant

26.0

0.0

0.0

92.9

0.6

47.1

0.0

2.3

62.7

14.3

8322

Deluun

1.7

0.0

0.1

90.4

1.1

31.4

0.0

0.1

65.1

3.5

8325

Nogoonnuur

3.1

0.0

0.1

97.6

1.2

51.6

0.0

0.3

65.8

6.5

8328

Sagsai

0.8

0.0

0.0

98.9

1.3

44.2

0.0

0.1

53.9

3.6

8331

Tolbo

0.5

0.0

0.0

98.4

5.0

30.0

0.0

0.1

78.8

2.2

8334

Ulaankhus

1.6

0.0

0.0

98.5

0.3

24.1

0.0

0.5

51.6

8.2

131

Access to electricity [24]

Proper Heating
System [25]

Wasting Disposal
[26]

Complete Infrastructure [27]

Clean Cooking
Fuel [28]

Access to Mobile
Phone [29]

Access to Internet
[30]

Tsengel

Water Pipe [23]

8337

Indoor Sanitation
[22]

Census
code

Region/
Aimag/
Soum
District

Living on Ger [21]

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND POVERTY MAP-2011

4.0

0.0

0.0

96.2

0.7

44.0

0.0

0.3

50.2

3.6

8400 Khovd

73.2

5.6

8.8

94.3

8.5

66.2

5.9

13.4

89.1

23.6

8401

Jargaland

59.3

15.0

23.7

99.4

18.2

98.8

15.9

30.8

96.9

51.9

8404

Altai

99.1

0.0

0.0

94.3

0.0

63.1

0.0

0.0

68.7

2.0

8407

Bulgan

62.4

0.1

0.1

85.7

5.2

60.3

0.1

1.0

76.4

0.7

8410

Buyant

80.3

0.1

0.1

96.2

6.7

42.2

0.1

2.2

90.2

14.4

8413

Darvi

84.3

0.0

0.0

93.4

2.0

53.1

0.0

7.2

91.0

9.3

8416

Dorgon

94.2

0.0

0.4

94.3

0.9

62.0

0.4

15.0

85.3

14.9

8419

Duut

83.6

0.0

0.0

93.2

1.4

43.1

0.0

3.7

83.9

7.1

8422

Zereg

79.7

0.2

0.0

95.6

0.9

36.7

0.0

3.8

93.3

6.1

8425

Mankhan

86.6

0.0

0.0

95.9

6.3

35.4

0.0

4.6

92.1

6.4

8428

Monkhkhairkhan

89.9

0.0

0.0

94.6

0.7

45.1

0.0

3.2

75.7

3.7

8431

Most

89.8

0.2

0.2

93.4

2.3

29.6

0.2

2.2

86.8

2.1

8434

Myangad

91.0

0.0

0.0

95.4

0.2

38.1

0.0

4.1

89.0

20.8

8437

Uench

75.1

0.5

0.5

74.6

2.2

50.6

0.5

1.5

81.0

1.9

8440

Khovd

72.7

0.1

0.1

88.3

0.3

32.0

0.1

0.9

80.8

10.1

8443

Tsetseg

80.7

0.1

0.3

96.8

1.0

51.4

0.1

0.4

93.1

14.1

8446

Chandmani

91.0

0.0

0.0

95.9

5.1

46.2

0.0

5.5

91.5

7.4

8449

Erdeneburen

88.3

0.2

0.2

98.2

4.0

37.5

0.1

2.6

93.8

10.5

8500

Uvs

85.6

3.3

4.0

96.9

5.4

63.4

3.5

6.4

90.1

20.9

8501

Ulaangom

79.0

8.9

10.9

98.7

12.4

90.0

9.3

15.3

95.9

35.9

8504

Baruunturuun

75.3

0.0

0.0

98.3

7.3

74.6

0.0

6.2

85.3

21.7

8507

Bokhmoron

88.0

0.0

0.0

99.5

1.7

46.9

0.0

2.0

87.3

11.8

8510

Davst

90.8

0.2

0.2

97.9

1.1

46.5

0.0

2.3

90.8

13.8

8513

Zavkhan

96.6

0.0

0.0

97.4

1.4

52.5

0.0

2.1

90.8

4.7

8516

Zuungovi

96.3

0.0

0.0

97.2

0.7

39.0

0.0

1.5

86.5

2.5

8519

Zuunkhangai

82.4

0.0

0.0

97.1

0.0

58.3

0.0

0.3

75.5

9.4

8522

Malchin

85.0

0.0

0.0

94.0

0.6

43.3

0.0

0.6

85.5

12.2

8525

Naranbulag

96.4

0.0

0.0

94.1

0.5

43.0

0.0

0.8

82.5

18.8

8528

Olgii

94.2

0.0

0.0

93.7

0.3

51.1

0.0

1.8

82.1

11.6

8531

Omnogovi

91.9

0.0

0.0

94.5

0.7

48.8

0.0

0.2

90.2

13.9

8534

Ondorkhangai

80.8

0.0

0.0

99.7

0.7

62.5

0.0

0.4

85.4

8.1

8537

Sagil

88.9

0.0

0.0

98.5

0.8

34.6

0.0

0.4

91.7

7.7

8540

Tarialan

92.8

0.0

0.0

94.7

0.6

54.3

0.0

1.8

88.6

5.3

8543

Turgen

96.6

0.0

0.0

97.3

1.1

48.8

0.0

0.1

90.7

21.2

8546

Tes

97.4

0.0

0.0

89.5

1.0

20.4

0.0

0.2

85.5

10.6

8549

Khovd

92.1

0.0

0.0

97.0

0.7

56.4

0.0

0.8

87.7

22.9

8552

Khyargas

76.5

0.0

0.0

99.1

2.8

50.5

0.0

0.9

91.5

19.2

80.9

0.0

0.0

99.2

0.8

55.3

0.0

0.9

88.6

2.3

8555 Tsagaankhairkhan

Source: Authors calculations based on Census 2010


Note: The regions are shown in bold and are highlighted in yellow, while the aimags are in bold. The
associated soums are listed below their respective aimag.

132