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--v- 7 -- 2012

-- j---


Max Marks: 100

Time: 3 Hrs.

I. Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that

5 x 3 = 15
Our need for water is constantly increasing. There is an
automatic increase due to population growth, while the overall
improvement of living standards, the fight against hunger
through the irrigation of more land for food growing, and the creation and expansion of new industries, all foretell the need for
even greater water supplies throughout the world. Though it is
difficult to calculate the exact amount, it is safe to say that in 20
years time the demand for water will be roughly double. Faced
with such a situation it is obvious that we should search as widely as possible and with every available means for sources of
fresh water that seem to be the least costly. But where do these
sources exist? Only a sustained and coordinate programme of
scientific observation and research in hydrology will give us the
answer. This is the purpose of the International Hydrological
Decade, 1965-1975.
Underground water reserves are much larger than those on
the surface, but as they are unseen we tend to underestimate
them. It is vitally important that we make use of the underground
reserves, but never haphazardly. For example, where does the
water come from which we find in one or another of the underground water-bearing layers ("aquifers")? How does it move?
How is it renewed? And if this water is used, what effect will it
have on the discharge and future level of the water table? What
are the laws of hydrogeology? Despite the immense progress of
recent years, all these questions have still not been fully
1. Why is the requirement of water always growing?
2. Where do sources of fresh water exist?
3. What is meant by underground water? How do you think this
is created?
4. What are aquifers?
5. What is hydrology?
II. Make a precise of the following passage in about 140
words and give it a title.
15 x 1 = 15
The actual course of human evolution before the dawn of
history, is traced chiefly by the tools and ornaments left by man,
but also by actual human remains in the shape of bones.
Through these letters we know that in the early days of man's
existence the Taungs man-ape, the ape-man of Java, the
Heidelberg man. The piltdown man, the Neanderthal man-all of
which have now become extinct, leaving the none species now

From the evidence of tools, specially flat instruments, we can trace man's progress more in detail. First
came the crude objects known as eoliths-flints that
needed only a few rough chips to make them service able. Then
in the old stone age, the flints were polished too; but never polished. In the new stone age they were polished too; but we never
get a trace of metals.
Then began the age of metals, first with bronze and then
with iron; and with that we are at the beginning of the recorded
history. What is interesting is to find that progress becomes more
and more rapid as time goes on we may date the earliest know
flint implement at something like half a million years ago. Atleast
three quarters, probably nine-tenths of that time had passed
before man learned to polish his flints. The age bronze started
perhaps ten thousand years ago. Practically all history is crowded into five thousand years, while the last thousand alone have
been responsible for a whole host of fundamental inventions like
printing, gun powder, anaesthetics, mechanical transport, flying,
wireless and the control over the bacterial diseases from man's
first beginning until the present, the rate of progress has been
growing more and more rapid; and there are no signs that it is
slackening now.
Once the human type of mind originated, it brought with it the
speech and as a result, permanent tradition, first by means of
speech alone, then also by means of writing and later by printing
through tradition man comes to differ fundamentally, from all
other organisms; for tradition provides a man a new method of
inheritance, which stimulates the inheritance of the acquired
characters and makes possible the passing on to later generations of the results of learning and training. it is on tradition that
the social environment depends, and what we call human
progress has almost all been progress in our tradition.
(400 words)
III. Write a report on 'Drug abuse'.
Write a report on 'Biodiversity and its threats'.
15 x 1 = 15
IV. Translate the following passage into Telugu.
15 x 1 = 15
Price rise is a matter of great concern for all, particularly
common man. In recent years prices of essential commodities


Max Marks: 100

Time: 3 Hrs.

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have gone up so high that common man is finding it difficult to

have his both ends meet. It is said that India's population has
increased geometrically while the production of various goods
and services has increased mathematically. To say the production has failed to keep pace with the rate of population growth.
This has led to the rise in demand of goods and services resulting in sky-rocketting price hike. Prices have risen unprecedently
in recent times. Prices of commodities which are of our day-today need and which constitute the basic requirement seem to
stepping out of reach of the common man. The rise of prices of
hundred commodities measured at Wholesale Price Index as
compared to the prices of those commodities prevailing at the
corresponding week of the previous year is known as inflation.
The government is determined to keep the inflation between 3 to
5 percent, which means that the price rise to the minimum
acceptable level is considered to be a natural phenomenon in
any economy particularly a growing economy like India. It also
reflects government's concern for the common man. However,
price rise is an integral part of economic growth. This is evident
from the fact that the prices of commodities like cereals and
other eatables reveals that their prices have risen four-fold during the last couple of years while the earnings of the common
man have not increased in that ratio. Obviously, they are bound
to face problems.
V. Write a letter to your father requesting him to give permission
to go to New Delhi as an excursion, and also send some
money for expenses.
You are S. Venkateshwar. Write a letter to the Railway
General Manager asking him to reserve a compartment for a
marriage party.
15 x 1 = 15
VI. Write an essay on Reservation in Educational Institutions.
Write an essay on F.D.I. (Foreign Direct Investments)
Write an essay on corruption: Its causes and remedies.
25 x 1 = 25

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--v- 7 -- 2012

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