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Hey guys, today Im going to cover the first part of my entire Core 1 Summary for PDHPE.

Starting off were going to be talking about epidemiology and move onto the deeper measurements of health and what they mean to us. So firstly, you may ask yourself, what is epidemiology? Well, its basically the study of deaths and diseases in a population group. It allows us to describe disease patterns and also to identify the cause of diseases. So lets go through some things in more detail. Epidemiology actually measures 4 main aspects. Life expectancy (the age till which populations/groups live till), morbidity (the incidence and prevalence of disease per population or group), mortality (Death rates for given group and/or given disease), infant mortality (Deaths in the first year of life per 1000 live births). Okay, some terms you may have not understood in what I just said are: Prevalence the number of EXISTING cases (P.E.N.) and Incidences the number of NEW cases (I.N.N.) Now here is a table summing all this information up Measure Life Expectancy Definition Estimate of the number of years of life and individual has remaining at any given point in time. Deaths in the first year of life per 1000 live births. It is a major indicator of health status Example Reason for Trend 2002-2004 life Life expectancy has - Invention of expectancy at birth been consistently new sports = males 78 increasing in Australia medicine females 83 (AIHW for both males and technology 2006) Australia in females - Access to a top 5 nations of wider range the world of medical equipment 103 per 1000 in Infant mortality has 1901, 5.8 per 1000 been decreasing - Wider in 1996 greatly as seen from availability Aboriginals 2/3 103/1000 in 1901 to of med times higher 5.8/1000 in 1996. The throughout 20/1000 rates of infant nation mortality continue - Ads and decreasing. campaigns 19% or 13152 of Mortality rates are - Increase in males died from steadily decreasing funding heart disease in however certain areas 2004 which attention has not been paid to for long times are increasing. In 2004-05, 18% Prevalence and (approximately 3.5 incidence. The million) of cardiovascular disease Australians burden increases reported having a markedly with age long-term cardiovascular condition. Trend

Infant Mortality

Mortality Rates

Death rates for given group and/or given disease

Morbidity Rates

Incidence and prevalence (how many/how often) of disease. Incidence is defined as the rate of occurrence of new cases.

Epidemiology allows us to: - Compare the health of population groups in Australia - Identify emerging health issues in Australia - Monitor trends in health communities - Design public health programs - Monitor success of these programs Who uses these measures? - Health Professionals - Policy makers - Educators - Government - Private sector Do they measure everything about health status? If not what dont they measure? Social well being Quality of life Emotional Health How social/cultural/economic factors influence health