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Switchgear and Substations

3.2 Medium-Voltage Switchgear


Category LSC 1 LSC 2 LSC 2 LSC 2A
Supplies
Public power systems Emergency power In-plant power generation Redundancy Place of installation Utilities room Transport Accessibility Buildings Installation

System parameters

Rated voltage Short-circuit current Normal current Load ow Protection functions Selectivity Measuring

Neutral earthing Cable/overhead line Overvoltage protection Power quality Redundancy Tripping times Metering

When an accessible compartment in a panel is opened, other panels must be shut down, i.e. at least one more only the connection compartment is accessible, while busbar and other panels remain energized any accessible compartment except the busbar can be open while busbar and other panels remain energized the connection (cable) compartment can remain energized while any other accessible compartment can be open except busbar and connections and busbar and other panels remain energized

System protection and measuring

LSC 2B

Service location

Ambient conditions

Room climate Temperature

Altitude Air humidity Switching rate Availability Personal protection Work instructions Maintenance Laws Company regulations

Table 3.2-8: Loss of service continuity categories

Sector-specic application

Switching duties Busbar transfer Operation Working Inspection Standards Association guidelines

Sector-specic operating procedures

Type of accessibility to a compartment Interlock-controlled

Access features Opening for normal operation and maintenance, e.g., fuse replacement

Type of construction Access is controlled by the construction of the switchgear, i.e., integrated interlocks prevent impermissible opening. Access control via a suitable procedure (work instruction of the operator) combined with a locking device (lock). Access only with tool for opening; special access procedure (instruction of the operator).

Regulations

Fig. 3.2-4: Inuencing factors and stresses on the switchgear Procedure-based


Assigned conguration criteria for switchgear Main and earthing circuits Switching devices Current transformers Rated peak withstand current Ip Rated short-time withstand current Ik Rated short-circuit making current Ima Rated short-circuit breaking current Isc Rated peak withstand current Ik-dyn Rated short-time thermal current Ith

Opening for normal operation or maintenance, e.g., fuse replacement Opening not for normal operation and maintenance, e.g., cable testing

Tool-based

Not accessible

Table 3.2-7: Conguration criteria for short-circuit current

Large cable cross sections or several parallel cables must be connected for high normal currents; the panel connection must be designed accordingly. Assigned conguration criteria for switchgear Rated current of busbar(s) and feeders Number of cables per phase in the panel (parallel cables) Current transformer ratings

Opening not possible not intended for operator; opening can destroy the compartment. This applies generally to the gas-lled compartments of gas-insulated switchgear. Because the switchgear is maintenance-free and climate-independent, access is neither required nor possible.

Table 3.2-9: Accessibility of compartments

The notation IAC A FLR, and contains the abbreviations for the following values: IAC A Internal Arc Classication Distance between the indicators 300 mm, i.e., installation in rooms with access for authorized personnel; closed electrical service location. Access from the front (F), from the sides (L = Lateral) and from the rear (R). Test current = Rated short-circuit breaking current (in kA) Arc duration (in s)

FLR I t

Table 3.2-10: Internal arc classication according to IEC 62271-200

Siemens Energy Sector Power Engineering Guide Edition 7.0

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