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Power point@lecture Slides Are Prepared By Biology Lecturer, KMPk






Give an overview of the human lymphatic system Describe the transport of lipids from small intestine into the blood stream Describe the pathway by which water is transported from surrounding soil to the root vascular system

Human lymphatic organ

Human lymphatic system



circulatory system that is connected with blood circulation. Clears away infection and keeps body fluids in balance

Human lymphatic system

Made up of lymph vessels carry fluid called lymph throughout body lymph nodes as filters for foreign particles lymph contain white blood cell Bone marrow and thymus produce the cells in lymph

Human lymphatic system

Consist of Lymphatic capillaries Lymphatic vessels Lymph node Lymph Blood plasma Tissue fluid

Fluid return by the Lymphatic system

As blood enter the capillary network produce high pressure (arteries larger than capillaries) plasma move out (form capillaries) into interstitial fluid of tissues plasma contains (white blood cell, glucose, amino acid, salt, gases)

Fluid return by the Lymphatic system

Excess interstitial fluid enters lymph capillaries and become lymph lymph is convey into lymphatic system through lymph vessel Lymphatic vessel deliver lymph into 2 main channels

Lymphatic system main channels

1. Right lymphatic duct Drains lymph from the right side of body into right subclavian vein 1. Thoracic duct Drains lymph from the rest of body Into left subclavian vein

Lymph Flow
Lymphatic capillary

Lymphatic vessel Lymphatic node

Right Lymphatic duct Right Subclavian vein

Thoracic duct Left Subclavian vein

Transport of Lipids

To liver




Transport of Lipids
Lacteal lymphatic capillary Function absorb dietary lipids into the lymphatic system from ileum

Transport of Lipids
Lacteal absorb lipids (fats) from the ileum Transported to the thoracic duct (Largest lymphatic vessel in the body) Into liver fats converted to lipoproteins Transported to tissues throughout the body and stored in adipose cells as triglycerides Lipids (fats) combine with lymph

Water Transported in Plant

The movement of water into and across the root Water enters the plants through: Soil Epidermis Root cortex Xylem

Water Transported in Plant

3 pathways of water transported from surrounding soil to the root : Apoplast pathway Symplastic pathway Vacuolar pathway

Water Transported in Plant

Water Transported in Plant

Apoplast pathway A way of water & mineral
ions move along the cellular cell wall Without the involvement of any membranes. The cortex of the root does not oppose such movement of the water.

Water Transported in Plant

Symplast pathway A way of water & ions move
through the cytoplasm/ protoplasm Then passes from cell to cell through plasmodesmata.

Water Transported in Plant

Vacuolar pathway The symplast can also have
the subdivision of the vacuolar pathway A way of water & ions move from vacuole to vacuole through neighbouring cells crossing the cytoplasm & tonoplasts

Water Transported in Plant

Casparian strip effectively blocks the apoplast pathway at the

endodermis. Water enters the stele through the symplast pathway. Prevents leakage of water from xylem vessels and aids the development of root pressure (an upwards force pushing water up the stem).

Water enters into the root by osmosis the water potential increase the neighboring cell has a lower water potential Water moves by osmosis from root to neighbouring cell 24 Biology Unit, KMPk and to xylem

Water movement via cohesion-tension mechanism and root pressure. Mineral ion uptake in roots by active transport and diffusion. Pressure Flow Hypothesis in phloem