Você está na página 1de 104

EWCE

fitlSTON

NY PUBLIC LIBRARY

THE BRANCH LIBRARIES

3 3333 08119 3225

J 398.0illiston

.,.

Japanese fairy tnlcs C pO secona series


1
<

-k->

-'

7^

JAPANESE FAIRY TALES


SECOND SERIES

The

Kokoro no onajikarazaru wa omote no gotoshi. dissimilarity of men's hearts is like that


Japanese Proverb.

of their faces.

Hi to no furi wo mite, waga furi wo naose. Mend your own manners by observing
manners
of others.

the

Japanese Proverb.

Japanese mother teaching

lier

child to write.

Copyright. IQII

BY TBRESA PEIRCE WILLISTON


Edition of 1930

C-

.
*
'

c
c

*.*' ' *
.

Made

in

U. S. A.

F-30

A FOREWORD

A
little

STORY

from the Land


it

of

Far Away!

What

mystery,

what charm

holds for

childhood!

With quick-

ened breath, with parted lips and shining eyes, the voyager sets foot on the wonderful shore of Story

Land.
Pulsating with interest, he greets the hero of that land, follows his adventures, and shares his struggles learns the universal language of sympathy by sharing in the hopes and fears, the toil and the laughter of that other one, his brother now through the magic bonds of the story. I have endeavored in this book, both through the illus;

trations and the "atmosphere" of the stories themselves, to bring the wee brothers from overseas as vividly as
I hope the folk of America. possible before the little read these tales will see the beauty and charm children who of this life through the glamour of romance and the haze of

which generations of story-loving Japanese have enwrapped it. In collecting; ith'ese stories, I ib'nVjgrtatly indebted to Mr. under Katayama of Tokyb, 4nd in plaiirir^ Vhe art work am to Miris" Bertha Philpott of the Art Institute obligations
tradition with
1
,

of

Chicago for

many

lielpttxl

suggestions.
series of

Mr. Sanchi

Japanese Fairy has furnished' the "illu'stradons for this volume with Tales, the exception of the frontispiece and the cover design,
illnst.-,u,\l
p'r'st

Ogawa, who

the

which are by Mr. Kyohei Inukai.

THE AUTHOR.

Kagen

hito-tabi izureba, shi-me

mo

oubekarazu.

once out, even a team of four horses cannot overtake it.


indiscreet
is

When an

word

Japanese Proverb.

THE TABLE OF CONTENTS


PAGR

A A

Foreword
List of the Full-page Illustrations

7
1 1

THE FIRST RABBITS


LORD BAG OF RICE
PEACH DARLING

13 16 22

THE OLD MAN WITH

WART

31

THE EIGHTY-ONE BROTHERS THE BAMBOO-CUTTER'S DAUGHTERThe Bamboo


Princess

37

46
5

The Great Stone Bowl The Branch The


Fire
of the Jewel Tree

52

Robe

58 64 69

The

Shell in the Swallows' Nest

The Dragon Jewel

The Smoke

of Fuji

Yama

....

75

A A

Guide

to

Pronunciation

...

82

Reading List
to

84
87

Suggestions

Teachers

Ryoyaku kuchi ni nigaku; chugen mimi ni sakau. Good medicine is bitter to the mouth faithful
;

advice offends the ears.

Japanese Proverb.

10

A LIST OF THE FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS


The Japanese mother teaching the children
to write

Frontispiece
PAGB

"Our snowballs

all fell

through the sky floor"

12

The

dog, the pheasant, the monkey, and Peach Darling con-

quer Akandoji

28

"The

old

man began
I

to dance"
for

34
for

"My

friend,

thank you

what you did

my

pet hare"

44

The prince

tells

the story of his search for the branch of the

jewel tree

54

"The white company passed slowly to the top of Fuji

Yama"

70

II

''Our snowballs all fell through the sky floor"

THE FIRST RABBITS


children in the sky were all crying. "Boo-hoo," said one. "Boo-hoo," " said another. Boo-hoo, said the rest. "Children, children, what is the matter?" asked the fairy mother of the sky. "We've nothing to play," replied one. "There's nothing to do," said another. "We can't play for there's nothing to do," said the

'HE

'

'

rest.

"Why
the fairy

don't

you twinkle the stars?" asked mother of the sky.

are out," sobbed another. "We can't twinkle the stars when the sun is shining and the star lights are out," sobbed the rest. " Why don't you beat the thunder drums?" asked the fairy mother of the sky.

"The star lights are all put out," sobbed one. "The sun is shining and the star lights

"The thunder drums

are

all

broken,"

ve beaten all the thunder sighed one. out of them," sighed another. can't beat the thunder drums for the thunder is all
;

"We

"We

beaten out of them," sighed the rest. " Why don't you shake the snow out of the snow sieves?" asked the fairy mother of the
sky.

"It won't shake through the sieve," said one. "We've made the snow into balls," said another. " We can't shake the snow through the sieve when its all made into balls," said the rest. " Why don't you roll the snowballs?" asked the fairy mother of the sky.
"

Oh,

we

will !" cried one.

"

Yes,

we

will,'

cried another.
rest.

"Of course we

will," said the

they ran to the snowball field. " Let's toss "Let's throw them," said one. them," said another. "Let's catch them,"

Away

said the rest.

Up and down,
and
flew
forth,
!

this

way and

that way, back

how

the white balls danced and

"Oh, look!
sky
floor,"

They're falling through the cried one. "They're all falling

14

through the twinkle holes of the stars," said " another. They're falling, through the holes down on to the earth," said the rest. Away the snowballs jumped and bobbed. The star children all began to cry again. Just then the fairy mother of the sky came with a torch to light the star lamps. Crying she said. "What's the matter now?" again?" "Our snowballs all fell through the sky floor," said one. "They all fell through the
'

'

twinkle holes of the

said another. "They've fallen through the holes down on to the earth," said the rest.
stars,"

"You naughty, naughty snowballs," said the fairy mother of the sky. So she threw her torch after them, but it only scorched their
and turned them black. Down on the earth they are hopping still, white balls
tails

with their
little

black

tails,

and

you

chil-

dren call them the


cabbits.

A
lake
head.

LORD BAG OF RICE SOLDIER in Japan


was once about
to

cross a bridge near a

when he saw a huge

snake coiled on the bridge so that no one could pass. Now, do you think that this soldier turned and ran away, as many others had that day? No, indeed! He knew that a bridge was not

the place for a snake, so he walked up and stamped on its

As he stepped on him, the snake was gone. Only a dwarf stood before him, who at once began bowing his head to the ground with respect. "Now, at last I have found some one who is not a coward !' cried the dwarf. "Here I have been waiting

16

to help

days to find a man who was brave enough me, but none dared cross the bridge. Everyone turned and ran at the sight of me. But you are strong-hearted. Will you do me a great kindness and save many lives?" The soldier answered: I am a soldier of the Emperor, and I am here to save life and right wrong. Tell me
for
'
'

your trouble and I will see what can be done to help it."
a terrible centhe dwarf, tipede," "and he lives in the woods on the mountain.
is

"There

said

Every day he comes down to


the

shore to

drink. He dips his thousand

poisonous feet into the beautiful water, turning it all foul and dirty. It kills all the fishes in the lake, too. I am the king of the
lake,

and

am

trying to rind

some way

to

save
"
I

my

fishes."

do not know that I can help you," said the soldier, "but I will gladly go with you

and

try."
to his

The dwarf took him


bottom of the
all

home

in the

lake.

It

was a beautiful house,

His servants, the pearl. crabs and sunfishes, brought them rice, fruit, and tea, served on tiny green leaves. The tea looked like water and the rice looked like seafoam, but they tasted all right, so what
matter?
Just as they were in the middle of their heard a mighty roaring and rumbling. It sounded as though a mountain were being torn up. "There he is!" he cried. "That is the noise of his thousand feet as they crunch on the stones of the mountain side. must or he will get to the water and poison hurry
feast they

made of coral and

We

it

again." They hurried to the edge of the lake and saw the centipede already very near. He

looked like an army marching with colored lanterns, for each


one of his thousand
legs

glowed with
beautiful

many
gold.

shades of crimson

and green and

The
drew

soldier

bow
fly

his great and let


'

an arrow
at

the

monster's
head. He never missed his aim, and the arrow struck the ugly head of the centipede, but bounced away. A second arrow flew, but that, too, bounced away. He had but one arrow left and the monster was almost at the water's edge. Suddenly he remembered that when he was a boy his grandfather had told him that if you wet the head of an arrow in your mouth it
will kill
It

last

any monster. took just a second to wet the head of his precious arrow and send it whizzing at

the centipede. It struck him on the forehead and he fell over dead. Suddenly the soldier found himself back in
his
of

own

house, which
read,

a castle.

was now changed into Before him were rive gifts, on each

which he

"With

the loving thanks

of the Dwarf." The first of these gifts was a huge bronze bell, on the outside of which was told in pictures the story of the centipede. The second

was a sword which would always give its owner the victory. The third was a suit of armor so strong that no swords or arrows
could go through it. The last tw o were the
r

most wonderful of all. One was a roll of silk of any color he wished, and

20

the more he used of the silk the more the roll grew. The other was a bag of rice which

never grew less, although he used all he wished for his friends and himself. This last gift seemed so wonderful to the people that they called him Lord Bag of Rice from that day.

21

PEACH DARLING
^HERE
once lived

an old

man and

an old

woman
:

who had no child of their own. They felt very sad about this, for they said Who will care for us
when we
are too old to care for ourselves?"

Since they had no


children of their own to love, they loved all
tried

other children and to make them

happy. Even the cats and dogs, the birds and squirrels, knew

they had friends in the old man and

woman.

cherry trees ever bore such beautiful blossoms as the ones by their cottage door, and all the bees of the village came to hum with delight at the long and graceful catkins on their willow tree. One day the old man said: "To-day I must go to the mountains to cut grass. Oh, if I only had a stout young boy w ho could take this long journey for me But then I must not complain, for we have each other." So
T
!

No

off

he went, happy and contented, in


the old

spite of

it all.

Then

woman
I,

said to herself: "If


long,
too, will

my
I

good husband must take such a

hard journey to-day,

be at work.
to the river

will take all these clothes

down

river bank, washing merrily, while the birds sang above her. jolly our little friends are to-day!

and wash them." Soon she was on the

"How

'

thought the old woman. "They twitter and sing as though they were trying to tell me a
secret."

Just then something came splashing and tumbling down the river and caught among her clean clothes. The old woman took a stick and pulled it out. It was a huge peach.

"I will take this home for my husband's supper; he will be so tired, and this will taste
very good," she said. Oh how the birds sang then That evening when the old man came home from the mountains his wife said: " Just see, here is a peach for your supper, which came I fancy the floating down the river to me.
! !

birds

must have sent

it,

for they

laughed and

sang so when it came." The old man said: " Bring me a knife, that I may cut it in two, for you shall have half
of
it."

When
it

they opened the peach, there within

lay a tiny baby boy, as round and fat and smiling as could be. Because of his first cradle they called him "Peach Darling," and loved him as a child sent from the gods.

As he grew tall and strong, they found that he was indeed wonderful. No one equaled him in strength, and none in wisdom. Every
child in the village loved him, and all the birds and animals were his friends. He took good care that his old father and mother should not have to work hard as they " once did. what better thing For, he said, can I do than take care of you?"
'

'

'

'

When

he became a young

man

he heard

of the terrible monster, Akandoji. Years before, this monster had stolen a great deal of

gold and silver from the villagers. It was said that he was so terrible that no one dared go against him, to try to recover the riches. Peach Darling said: "I will go and fight But this monster. Who will go with me?" no one dared go, so he decided to go alone. His father and mother were proud of their brave son, but their hearts ached to think

His mother said to his of his going alone. father: "If you will grind me some fine millet seed, I will

for

make our son some dumplings, they may give him more strength to fight
So the old man ground the miland the old woman made the dump-

Akandoji."
let seed,

lings.

Peach Darling put them into his pouch and As he was going along a dog came up and sniffed hungrily at the dumplings. Peach Darling thought, "This poor dog is hungry, and I can do with one less dumpling. I am strong and shall not mind hunger." So he gave a dumpling
started off on his journey.
to the dog.

as the dog had eaten it he and said: "Since you gave me spoke of your food, I will go with you, for I cannot leave you alone." So on they went together. Very soon they saw a monkey lying by the road, gasping as if in pain. Peach Darling stopped to see what was the matter and heard him saying: "Oh, if I only had a bite of something, I

As soon

should not

die.

Peach Darling took another dumpling from his pouch and


gave it to the monkey.

After eating
life I will

it

the

monkey was
r

so

much

"Since you have saved with 3 ou, for I may be able go my to help you sometime." So the three walked
better that he said:
off together.

As they were going, a pheasant hovered near them. Fearing that something might be wrong with her or her young ones, Peach Darling stopped and asked her what troubled In bird language she said: "Oh, sir, her. my young ones are starving. I do not know
what
to

do

!"

Peach Darling. "Take them this dumpling, and if ever again you are I will not let you hungry, come to me.

"Do?"

said

starve." By this time they were down to the seashore, so they climbed into a boat and started off for

the island of Akandoji. Just as they were starting there was a flutter of wings and the pheasant alighted in the boat

with them.

27

The

dog-,

the pheasant, the monkey,

and Peach Darling conquer Akandoji

said, "if you face dangers, I will go, too, for are going to perhaps I may be able to help you." After a long row they reached the monster's island, and climbed the steep hill to the gate Here they found the monkey of the castle. of great use, since he always has four hands and four feet as well as a long, strong rope

"Dear Peach Darling," she

fastened to his body.

When
castle,

they reached the great gate of the they all four began to make the great-

shouted, the dog barked, the pheasant screamed, and the monkey chattered, while they all beat on the
est noise possible.

The man

door with stones. The people within thought that a great army was upon them, so they threw open
their gates

and

fled.

Peach Darling searched until he found Akandoji himself, who was just about to throw a great stone at him. He dodged the stone and picked the monster up in his arms,
while the

When

with ropes. he found himself beaten, Akandoji

monkey

tied

him

fast

agreed to return

all his

stolen riches.

So

his

men

carried down great bags of gold and loaded the boat of Peach Darling. Then up went the sail, and as the wind
sea, the island of Akansmall and disappeared. doji grew All the village was glad when they returned, but none were so glad as the old man and woman. The people were now very proud of Peach Darling, and called him a great man, but he said: "Give all the honor to my three companions, for they did it all."

swept them over the

Peach Darling lived many years, and was always kind and wise. Many people of the
village

came

to

him

for help.

Once the people brought him a wonderful peach fashioned out of gold.

They

said:

"We

all

love you for bringing back our riches


to us, but

we

love you far, far more for

your wisdom and kindness


to us."

THE OLD

MAN WITH A WART

wart that

It was such a huge looked like a peach growing there. It hurt every time he ate his rice or drank his tea, but he never

was once an old man who had a wart on the side of


his face.
it

complained.

One day he was up

in the

mountains, cutting wood,

when
arose.

a dreadful storm

The

pine trees,

that usually murmured a soft and whispering song, now shrieked and groaned as the

./ft

hollow tree )(J^ ff; and climbed Here he in. while was dry and w .< rx ? the rain poured down as though the very sky were falling. He had never been in such a storm before,
s/l
:

/ iZ^j
,,

wind
/

tore through

them.

He found

^*

and as he listened
the fresh

damp

to the wind, and breathed odor of the rain, he was glad

he was there. The great pines, hundreds of years old, were bent and twisted about like
grass.
-

-.,

The old man had thought he was the only one in the woods, but he soon heard voices
coming nearer and nearer. "They must enjoy the storm," he thought, for they were singing and shouting most happily. They did not sound quite like men, but more like the rushing of the wind and the hurried swaying of the trees.
of people

a fire which leaped up in little of flame, for all the world like sharp tongues Each flash lighted up the forest, lightning. and then he saw that his jolly companions were the Storm Spirits. They sat in a circle

They kindled

around the
It

fire

and began
it
!

their song.

If

you

could but hear


tree-tops

sounded like the wind whipping the

back and forth, or the breezes bow* It the long grasses in lines before it. ing
>,

was like great waves, trampling and tumbling upon the shore, or the pounding of
tiny raindrops, hammering upon the dry
leaves.

"Tlu old man began

to (fa nee"

seemed as though all the trees were swaying and bending in time with the wind
It

because they loved it. The old man could not sit still. He sprang into the midst of the group and began to
dance. The air was sweet. The grass gave a faint fresh odor. He seemed to be dancing like the trees and flowers. Like a willow by the river he bent and swayed and bowed. The song grew softer and sweeter until the trees were still and the sun peeped through the clouds. At last the old man sat down to
rest.

Then the Storm Spirits said Oh, good man, come to us again and dance for us. As a pledge that you will come we will take this
' '

peach that grows on the side of your face. Is it not the most precious thing you possess?" So they took his wart and let him go. When he reached home his wife cried, 'Oh, husband, what have you done with your wart?" Then he told her all about it, and they were very glad. These old people had a neighbor who had a wart on the left side of his face. This wart was red and shin}7 like an apple. He heard how the Storm Spirits had taken the other
'

35

man's wart, so he, too, went to the mountain and crept into the hollow tree. There he
waited until the storm came.

The rain lashed the leaves raged like whips, and the lightning tore yellow gashes in the black clouds. This old man shivered and shook with fear. At last the Storm Spirits saw him and dragged him forth to dance for them, but he was so frightened that he could only shake
it
!

How

and tremble.

Then

they were angry and said

"
:

Well,

if

dance better than this we don't you want you any more." So they put the other wart on the right side of his face and started
can't

him

off.
!

Poor man He was sorry he came, for now he had a wart on each side of his face and was wet to the skin as well.

THE EIGHTY-ONE BROTHERS

Eighty of them were bold, proud men, and hated the )^oungest brother, the eight3T -first.

N^EAR eighty-one sons. had

Tajima, on the north coast of Japan, lived a mighty prince who

to everyone.
is

This youngest brother was kind and good His elder brothers said "That
:

not the

way

for a prince to act.

You

treat

people as though you were the commonest wood-cutter, and not a cousin of the Emperor
himself."
in spite of all they said the youngest prince was just as kind to the people as ever, so his brothers hated him the more. Now there was a beautiful princess in Inaba

But

whom

everyone wished to see. The eighty "Let us go and see this won brothers said
:

37

derful princess." So they started off, two by two. What a procession they made!

youngest brother, the to carry their bundles and eighty-first, along wait on them, but he had to walk behind.

They took

their

Over the hills and through the valleys they went until they came to Cape Keta. Here they found a poor little hare without a scrap of fur on his body. Every bit had been pulled off, and he lay there with nothing to protect him from the hot sun. "Oh, good friends," cried
the poor hare to the eighty I am nearly dying. brothers,
' '

Can you
to

tell

me what

to

do

make my fur grow again ?" The proud, cruel brothers only laughed at the poor hare, and answered You wish hair to grow? Well, you just go down your
'
'

and bathe in the salt water of the ocean, and then go and lie on a high rock where the sun can shine on you, and the wind can blow on you." Then they went on, laughing.
Oh, the salt water stung his poor skin Oh, the sun and wind burned and cracked it
do.
!

The hare

did as they told

him

how how
!

and crying with pain. Suddenly he heard some one calling "What is the matter? Do you want help?" "Oh, I am dying!" answered the hare. Then he heard some one climbing up the rocks, and in a moment more the eigl^-first brother stood by him. The poor 3 oung prince had so many bun"What is dles that he could hardly walk. with you ? Why are 3 ou groaning the matter so?" he asked the hare. "It is a long story," said the hare, "and when I am through perhaps 3 ou will think I deserve what I now suffer, but I will tell you all. "I was on the island of Mj\ Oki, and I wished to get over to this county, but I had no boat At last I thought of a I went down to the seashore and waited until I saw a crocolay there groaning
:

He

^^

i*7fH

dile raise c^^^? its head above the f

4J
^

water.

,\

"Then

39

Croco - croco - crocodile, come here, 1 called, wish to talk with you.' He came up close,
'

and
' '

'

I said,
'

How many

crocodiles are there

in the sea
'

There are more crocodiles in the sea than there are buttons on my back,' said the
crocodile.

But there are not so many of you as 'There are more there are of us,' I said. hares on the land than there are hairs on my
4
'

'

back.' " Let's count,' said the crocodile. " 'You crocodiles 'All right,' I answered.
'

lie

here in a row from this land to Cape Keta


I

run across on your heads and count you as I go. Then we will count the

and

will

hares and see which are the most. "So the crocodiles all came and lay in a row, and the farthest one just touched Cape Keta. I sprang on their backs and ran as fast as I could to Cape Keta, counting as I ran. " How foolish I was Just as I reached the
'
'

'

last crocodile I said,

you think

care

You silly things Do how many there are of you ?


' ! ;

You have made me a good bridge that is all I wished. Thank you for it. Good-by.'

The
that,
'
'

last crocodile

caught

me when

said

'

We

and pulled every hair


should like to

off

my

body.

see.' At that the whole row of crocodiles opened their great mouths and laughed." "Well, it served you right for being so tricky, but go on with your story," said the

hares there are,' count these hairs and

know how many he said, 'so we will just

eighty -first prince.


I

"Yes, I know it served me right for what had done, and I shall never do that

again," said the poor hare, after all my fur was

gone,

was

lying here crying when


eighty princes

came
for

along.

"They laughed
told

at

me

me to bathe in the salt water of the ocean and then lie in the sun and wind. I
did
so,

my baldness, and
"

and see how

suffer

eighty-first prince felt very sorry for the poor hare, so he carried him to a spring of clear water.

The

"Bathe in this," he said, "and that will wash ofT all the salt. I will bruise some leaves, and the juice from them will make your fur grow again." When this was done the hare felt as well as
his fur began growing again. the prince picked up his bundles and started on to catch up with his brothers.
ever,

and

Then

at last the poor tired boy reached he found his brothers already there, and very cross indeed.

When

Iiiaba

The
them
as

beautiful princess did not care to see and they scolded the eighty-first prince

though it had been his fault. They were just about to return home when a messenger came from the princess. "Ah!" cried the first prince, "she wishes to see me she is sending for me, I know." "Oh, no!" shouted the second prince. "It
;

is I

whom
me."

she wants.

know

she

is

sending

for

The

third prince fairly screamed:


!

"You
the one

handsomer than any Of course she wants me." The messenger waited until they were still at last, and then said: "Her Majesty, the
I

silly things she wants? one of you.

Don't

ou know

am

am

far

Princess of Inaba, wishes the burden-bearer for the eighty princes to come." The eighty-first prince laid down his bur-

dens and followed the messenger.

He
where
fur

led him to the palace and into a room sat the most beautiful woman he had

ever seen.

Beside her stood a hare whose

was

just beginning to grow.

43

--~-^
'*

*>"""

*<*'''"

"

"My friend, I thank you for what you did for my

pet /tare'

The princess said to him "My friend, I sent for you to thank you for what you did for my pet hare. He has just come to tell me about it. How does it happen that one so kind as you is only a servant?" Then the eighty-first prince told her: "I am not a servant, O most beautiful Princess My eighty brothers were coming to see you and made me walk behind and carry the burdens, but I'm just as much a prince as
: !

they."
"

my

can I repay you for all you did for poor hare? Ask anything you wish and I
it

How

will give live here

to you."

thing I wish most of all is to with you," said the prince. So they were the prince and princess of that land, and the hare was their companion. As for the eighty brothers, they found they

"The one

might as well go home first as last, and this time they had to carry their own burdens.

45

THE BAMBOO-CUTTER'S DA UGHTER


THE BAMBOO PRINCESS
old

bamboowas going through

AJ home

cutter

the shades of evening.

Far away among the


stalks of the feather)7 bam boo he saw a soft light.

He went nearer
stalks.

to see

what it was, and found it came from within one of the

He opened
stalk carefully,

the

bamboo

tiny baby girl. a few inches tall, but as beautiful as a fairy. Indeed

and found a She was only

he wondered

if

she

not really a fairy.

He

and

carried her home told his wife

how he had
found
her.

They were
very glad, for no >i~ they had ^7 child, so they loved her as their own. In a few years she had grown to be a young woman. She was as sweet and kind as she was beautiful. A soft light
s

alwa}

seemed

to follow her.

When

the time

came

to

name her they

The Bamboo Princess, because she was found among the bamboo, and because she was more beautiful than any princess. People heard of how beautiful she was, and many peeped through the hedge at the edge of the garden in hopes of seeing her. All who saw her thought she was so lovely that they came back for another glimpse. Among those who came often to the hedge were five princes. Each one thought The Bamboo Princess the most beautiful woman he had ever seen, and each wished her for
called her
his wife.

So each of the

five

wrote to the father of

the princess asking to marry her. It so happened that all five letters were brought to the old man at the same time. The old man did not

know which one

to

choose, nor what to do.

He was
afraid,
too, that
if

he chose

''one of the

princes,
1 the other four would

be angry.
But the prin-

cess had a plan. "Have them all come


here," she said,

"then we can choose better." On a certain day the five princes came to the house of the bamboo-cutter. They were very glad to have another chance to see her, and each one thought he would be the one she would marry.

4.8

princess did not wish to marry any of them. She wanted to stay with her dear father and mother. She wished to take care So she gave of them as long as they lived.

The

each one something to do which was impossible.

The first she asked to go to India and find the great stone bowl of Buddha. The second one was to bring her a branch from the jeweled trees that grew on the floating mountain of Horai. The third prince asked what he might do to show his love. The princess said that he might bring her a robe made from the skins of the fire rats. She asked the fourth to bring a jewel from the neck of the sea dragon, and the fifth prince offered to bring her the shell which the swallows keep hidden in
their nests.

princes hurried away, each anxious to be the first to return, and so marry the
beautiful

The

Bamboo

Princess.

49

THE GREAT STONE BOWL

PEOPLEgod Buddha. great


it

is

say that far away in India there a stone bowl that belonged to the

They also say that

gleams and sparkles as though set with the most beautiful gems. It is hidden deep in the darkness of a great temple. Few have ever seen it, but those who have can never talk enough about its
beauty. The prince who promised to go to India in search of the bowl was a very lazy man. At first he really meant to go, but the more he thought about it the lazier he felt. He asked the sailors how long it took to go to India and return. They said it took three

years.

At that he made up

his

mind he never

go. The idea of spending three years looking for a bowl, an old one, too!

would

So he went away
for three years.

went into a little old stone bowl sitting in front of the shrine. He took this bowl and wrapped it in a cloth
of richest silk. To this he tied a letter telling of his long hard journey to find the bowl for her. Then he sent it to the princess.

to another city and stayed At the end of that time he temple. There he found an

the princess read the letter she was sorry that he had suffered so much to bring her the bowl. Then she opened the silk wrappings and saw the bowl of common stone. She now saw that he had tried to deceive

When

her,

and was very angry.

When

he came

sh<

would not even see him but sent the bowl and letter back to him.

The

prince felt

very sad, but he knew that he

deserved
house.

you you work

so he went home to his own kept the bowl to remind him that get nothing good in this world unless
it,

He

for

it.

T
He

THE BRANCH OF THE JEWEL TREE prince who was going for

the

branch of the jewel tree was very cunning and very rich.

did not believe that there was a floatmountain called Horai. He did not ing believe there were trees of gold with jewels
for leaves.

search of

However, he said that he was going it. He said good-by to all

in

his

friends and went down to the seashore. There he dismissed all but four of his servants, for he said he wished to go quietly. It was three years before anybody saw or

Then he suddenly heard of him again. appeared before the princess, bearing a wonderful branch of gold with blossoms and
leaves of
all

colored jewels.

She asked the prince to tell of his journey. He made a low bow and began his story. "I sailed away from here," he said, "not knowing where to go. I let the wind and the waves carry me where they wished. "We passed man}^ beautiful cities and We saw the great sea strange countries. dragons lying on the water, sleeping as the waves rocked them up and down. We saw the sea serpents playing in the bottom of the We saw strange birds, with bodies ocean.
like animals.

"Sometimes we sailed on with a gentle wind, and sometimes we floated with no breeze to move us for days and weeks. 'At times fierce storms arose. The waves Wild winds whipped rose mountain high. away our sails. We were driven and hurled
'

to

unknown

lands.

53

at

7V/<?

Prince

tells

the story of his search for

tlie

brancli of /he jewel tree

"Again we saw great rocks on which the waves lashed themselves in showers of white
foam.

"For days and weeks we had no food to and no water to drink. The great green waves lapping around us made us long for
eat

the more, but the salt sea water.


all

water

we
I

could not drink

"At
its

last,

just
I

when

thought we would
lifting

surely die,

dark head out of the morning sea. We hastened to it. It was the floating mountain

saw a great mountain

of Horai. sailed around it several times before At last I saw I could find a place to land.

"We

a small cove and anchored there. When I went on shore there stood a most beautiful She set down the girl with a basket of food. basket and immediately disappeared. "I was nearly starving, but I did not touch the food until I had broken off a branch from one of the jeweled golden trees, to bring home to you. Then I returned to my ship. "The men were thankful for the food, so we feasted all day. In the morning, when the sun rose, the mountain had gone. A brisk wind was blowing, and in a few
'

'

55

days we were
again.
I

home
straight

came

from the ship to bring you this." Tears stood in the eyes of the princess to think of how he had suffered to bring her
that jewel branch. Just then three
prince.

asking for the "Could you pay us now?" they


prince started to drive

men came

asked.

The

them

away, but the princess told them to stay. "What is it you wish?" she asked them. For three years we have been working
' '

to

make
it is

this beautiful golden branch.

Now

that

finished

we want our

pay."

'

Where
-,
i

years ?

v\ have you been \\


\
y\>

these three

"In a

little

house down

by

the

seashore." " Has the prince

been with you?" "Yes."


prince was anand ashamed. He gry

The

knew that

the princess

would never believe in him again, so he went


far

away

into another

country to live. The princess gave the jewel branch to the workmen to pay them for their years of work, so they went away happy, and praising the princess for her
kindness.

57

THE FIRE ROBE


A HE third prince was to bring the robe made of the fur of the fire rats. He was rich and very much loved. He had friends in all parts of the world. He had one very dear friend who lived in China. To him the prince sent a messenger with a great bag full of gold, asking him to find the robe made of the skins of fire rats.

When
very
said.
Still I
I

sad.

the friend read the letter he was "How can I ever do this?" he "Who ever heard of such a thing! would do anything for Prince Abe, so

will try."

sent messengers all over China seeking for the wonderful robe, but they all

He

came back
find
it.

sadly, saying that they could not

He

sent to every temple, inquiring of the

priests if they

knew anything

of this robe,

and where it could be found, but the reply was always the same. No one had ever heard where it was, although everyone had heard that there was such a mantle. He sent for all the merchants who went from place to place buying and selling. None of them knew of it. At last he said to himself, "This robe that
Prince

Abe asks

for

is

not to be found.

There cannot be such a thing. To-morrow I will return his bag of gold to him, and tell him that I have searched my best but cannot find what he wishes." The next morning just as he was about to send the messenger back to Japan he heard a great noise in the street and looked out. A great troupe of beggars was passing by. "I will ask them if they have heard of this So all the beggars fire robe," he thought. were brought in. They were surprised at being taken into the house of this great lord, and shown into the very room where he was.

59

He
if

told

in their

of this

them what he wanted, and asked wanderings they had ever heard fire robe, and knew where it might be
all

found.
stared at him in wonder. Some nearly laughed in his face. The idea of it That he, one of the greatest lords in the

They

country, should ask them, for a fire robe.

common

beggars,

that they had heard of it, but it was only a story, for there was really no such thing. Finally all had gone but one old man. He limped slowly up to the lord and knelt before
after another told

One

him

him.

"My lord,"

he

said,

"when

was a

child

remember hearing my grandfather tell about this fire robe. It was kept in a temple upon
the top of a certain mountain, hundreds of miles from here." The lord was delighted at this, but wondered why his messengers had not found this temple. He sent for the one who had visited the temples in that part of the country. This man declared that there was no tem-

"There was in my said the beggar, "for he grandfather's time,"


ple

on that mountain.

60

had been there and had seen the beautiful


fire

robe with his own eyes." lord sent messengers to search out this mountain and find the temple at its top. The old beggar went with them. When they reached there they found no temple, only a heap of stones. They searched around a long time, and finally found a large iron box buried under the stones. They opened this box and found within it, wrapped in many folds of rich silk, a strange,

The

beautiful fur robe. joyfully to the lord,

They carried it home who was very glad to

receive it, you may be sure. He sent it as quickly as possible to the Prince Abe, who was no less joyful to receive it than his friend had been. He took it out of the iron box, unfolded the rich silk

wrappings, and looked with delight on the beautiful

"Ah, how beautiful the Bamboo Princess will look in this!" bethought. Then he remembered that every time this
silvery fur.

61

wonderful robe was put into the fire, it came out more silver)?' bright than before. "It cannot be too beautiful for the lovely Bamboo Princess, so I will put it in once more, that it may be more beautiful for her than it has ever been for anyone else." So he ordered a fire brought and laid the dazzling silver robe over the burning coals. Like a flash the red flames leaped up, and before he could snatch it from the fire there was nothing left but silvery smoke drifting off on the wind, and silvery ashes dimming
the red of the coals.

Poor Prince Abe

He was

heartbroken.

He

could not blame his faithful friend, for

he had done his best. He was glad he had not taken it to the princess before he knew it was the right one, for then she might think he too wished to deceive her.

He

could only write to her telling her all, and then go away
forever.

sad

The princess was very when she knew what

had happened, for she saw that this man was


true.

She sent him a note asking him to come to her, but he had already gone away, so she never saw nor heard of him again.

THE SHELL

IN

THE SWALLOWS' NEST

proud and lordly man. When he returned from the visit to the princess he called his head servant to him. "Do you know anything about the shell the swallows keep hidden in their nests?" he
asked.

prince who was to find the shell hid in the swallows' nest was a very

The man
lows' nests?

stared.

"The
I

shell in the swal-

Which

nests?"

"I don't know. me. I want that

want you

to find out for

shell."

"Perhaps the gardener would know more about it. May I ask him?" So he called
the gardener.

64

'

Do you know where

the

shell is

which the swallows


asked

keep hidden in their nest the gardener. " No, I have not had it. Did it? I'll ask the water carrier " seen it. So he called the wa

you want
if

he has

ter carrier,

The water
ing about

carrier said

he

kn ew noth-

it,

but called

This

man called another,


^

jf another man. jff and so on, until


w.

all

the servants

been

called.

NO one had
ever seen the
shell.

At

last

they
chil-

asked the
dren.

One little

boy thought that he had seen one


once.

He
roof

had been
up
in the

of the

kitchen looking

for

swallows' eggs, and thought he saw a shell in one of the nests. Perhaps that was the

shell the prince wished. The prince was de-

lighted and ordered


his men to go and search the swallow nests in the roof of the kitchen. They

went and looked,


the nests, for

but said they could not reach they were in the very
"

^J^" roof. find a way to reach them," roared the prince. "Search every nest and do not come back until you have." The men spent three days trying to climb At last they found that with up, but failed. a rope and a basket a man could be drawn up so that he could look into the nests. They

top of the

"But you must

searched and searched, but found no shell. At last the prince grew impatient and went down to the kitchen himself to see what they

were doing. " Have you found the

shell yet?"

he asked.

66

"No, there

is

no

shell

there,"

the

men

answered. Then the prince was furious and insisted on being pulled up himself to see. The men tried to persuade him not to do it, but he sprang into the basket and commanded them
to pull

him up

at once.

The men dared not refuse, so they pulled him up. When he reached the nests the
swallows began to peck at him, for they did not care to have all their eggs broken and
their nests torn to pieces. They flew at him so furiously that they nearly pecked his eyes out.

The men "Help, help!" he screamed. to lower the basket. Just then he began
remembered the shell and thrust his hand into a nest. There S^r-^l was something B seized it, but lost hard there. He / / came tumbling his balance and / f coming down. Instead C/f^35&
(

down

in the basket he

came down thump on

the hot stove.

His men lifted him off as soon as possible, but he was badly burned and bruised. In his hand he held a shell, it is true, but it was a

and the egg was spattered all over his hand and face. He decided that this was all he wished of the shell from the swallows' nest. By the time his burns and bruises were healed he had forgotten all about the princess, and he never climbed up to peep into the swallows' nests again.
bit of eggshell,

68

THE DRAGON JEWEL

LOFTY
one who was
to

was the
to

go PRINCEthe dragon jewel. bring


a great boaster and a great coward. Of course he intended to get the dragon jewel, but you may be sure he did not propose to take the trouble himself. He called together a

He was

great crowd of his ser-

vants

and soldiers and them what he wanted. told He gave them plenty of

needs and told them to be gone and not to show themselves again until they brought him the dragon jewel. The men took the money quickly enough and went away, but not to lind the dragon What did they care about it? jewel. They did not believe that there was such a thing, and if there was, they were very sure the old dragon was very welcome to keep it. They did not care to try taking it away from him. Meanwhile Prince Lofty was having a palace built for the princess. He did not doubt for one moment that he would win her, so he would have a house ready

money

for their

to receive her.

There had
never been so beautiful a

palace in
that part of the

country before.
carved,
stones.

lacquered, or inlaid with gold and precious The walls were hung with silks

All the

wood was

painted by the finest artists. Then he waited for his men to bring the He waited a jewel, but they did not come. whole year. Then he was angry and decided
that he would go himself. He called together a few of his servants who were left and told them to fit up a boat.

The servants were frightened when they knew what he was going to seek. They
begged him not dragon would destroy them.
to

do

it,

for fear that the

"Cowards
cried

"
!

Prince

Lofty.
ards,

"Cow-

watch me. Learn how to be brave from me. Do you think I


will be afraid of

any dragon?"

started, and all went well for two three days. "Don't you see that the dragon is afraid of me?" boasted the prince. That evening a fierce storm came up. The boat rocked and dipped. The great waves broke in foam over the side of the boat and they were all wet through. The rain poured down in torrents. The lightning flashed and the thunder growled and roared. Brave Prince Lofty was sure the boat would upset. If they did not drown he knew that the lightning would kill them. He huddled in the bottom of the boat seasick and frightened. He begged the pilot and the other men to save him. "What did you ever bring me to this place for?" he

So they

or

cried.
all

"Did you wish

to kill

me?

Is this

you care

Get

me

for the life of )^our great prince ? out of this at once or I shall shoot

every one of you with my great bow." The men could hardly keep from laughing, for it was only on his account they had set sail at all. As for shooting them, they knew he could not lift an arrow, much less pull the bow.
" answered My prince, it must be the dragon who sends this storm. He has

The

pilot

heard you say that you will kill him and You had take the jewel from his neck. better promise him that you will not hurt him, and then perhaps he will let us live."

Prince Lofty was willing to promise anything to have the storm stop, so he vowed that he would never touch the dragon, not even the least hair on the tip of his tail.

73

After a while the storm died down, the lightning ceased, and the waves were still. Prince Lofty was too sick, however, to know what happened until at last they came to a land. They lifted him out of the boat and laid him under a tree.

When

at last

he

felt

him he wept

aloud,

and

firm ground under vowed that now he

had something

solid

to rest

on he would

never leave it. He was on an island far from Japan, but he would not return on a boat, not for a hundred princesses. So he stayed there the rest
of his
life.

beautiful palace which he built for the princess had no one to live in it but the bats and owls, and sometimes a stray mouse or two.

The

74

THE SMOKE OF

FUJI

YAMA

YEARS
Now

passed by and the princess took good care of her old father and mother. They were very old now. they saw why she had asked the five

princes to do impossible things. She really wanted to stay with her parents, and yet she knew that if she refused to marry the princes they might be angry with her and harm her
father.

Each day she grew more beautiful and more kind and gentle. When she was twenty years old, which is
quite old for a Japanese maiden, her mother
died.

Then she seemed to grow very sad. Whenever the full moon whitened the

75

earth with its soft light she would go away by herself and weep. One evening late in summer she was sitting on a balcony looking up at the moon, and sobbing as though her heart would break. Her old father came to her and said, " My daughter, tell me your trouble. I know that
tried to keep it from me lest I should grieve, too, but it will kill me to see you so sad if I cannot help you." Then the princess said, "I weep, dear father, because I know that I must soon leave you. My home is really in the moon. I was sent here to care for you, but now the time comes when I must go. I do not wish to leave you, but I must. When the next full moon comes they will send for me." Her father was sad indeed to hear this, but answered: "Do you think that I will let anyone come and take you away ? I shall go to the Emperor himself and ask his aid." "It will be of no use. No one can keep me when the time comes," she answered sadly. However, her father went to the Emperor and told him the whole story. The great Emperor was touched by the love of the maiden who had chosen to stay with her

you have

He promised to parents and care for them. send a whole army to guard the house when the time came.

The old bamboo-cutter went home very cheerful,


but the princess was sadder than ever. The old moon faded away. A few nights showed only the blue of the heavens and the gold of the stars. Then a tiny silver thread

showed just after sunset. Each night it widened and brightened. Each day the princess grew sadder and sadder.

77

The Emperor remembered his promise, and sent a great army who camped about the house. Hundreds of men were placed on the roof of the house. Surely no one could enter through such a guard. The first night of the full moon came. The princess waited on her balcony for the moon to rise.
Slowly over the tops of the trees on the mountain rose the great silver ball. Every sound was hushed. The princess went to her father. He lay as if asleep. When she came near he opened " I see now why you must go," he his eyes.
going, too. Thank you, my daughter, for all the happiness you have brought to us." Then he closed his eyes and she saw that he was dead. line The moon rose higher and higher. of light like a fairy bridge reached from
said.
It is

"

because

am

heaven

to earth.
it,

Drifting dov n wind, came c

like
:ss

smoke before the

shining armc breath of wir

troops of soldiers in here was no sound, no

on they came.
the
:>ne.

The

soldie

though turne

Emperor stood as The princess went

The white company passed slowly to the top of Fuji

Yama

'

forward to meet the leader of these heavenly


visitors.
'I am ready," she said. There was no other sound. Silently he handed her a tiny

It was cup. As silently she drank from it. the water of forgetfulness. All her life on earth faded from her. Once more she was a

moon maiden and would live forever. The leader gently laid a mantle of gleaming snow-white feathers over her shoulders. Her old garments slipped to the earth and
disappeared.

Rising like the morning mists that lie along the lake the white company passed slowly to the top of Fuji
ima, the sacred

mountain

a L P an

on, up through L On, whiteness

of the moonlight, the long line passed, until once more they reached the silver gates of

the

moon

city,

where

all

is

happiness and

peace.

a soft white wreath of smoke curls up from the sacred crown of Fuji Yama, like a floating bridge to that fair city far off in the sky.

Men

say that even

now

81

A GUIDE TO PRONUNCIA TION


GENERAL RULES FOR PRONOUNCING JAPANESE WORDS AND NAMES

The division of a word into syllables is after a vowel instead of after a consonant, as in English. It consists Accent is very slight, as in French.
more in the length laid upon it.
Consonants are
of the syllable than in the stress
all

very much softer than their This is especially true with j, English equivalents. which is pronounced more as though one started to give the sound of z but ended with yn.
a has the sound of a in father
c
i

"
"

"
'

"
"

"
"

eein meet
i

in

it

" "

" "

" "

"
"

o in stone
11

in full

Both e and o are very much shorter than the Engand o, having about the duration of e and 6. although they have the quality of e and 6.
lish e

82

Abe

(ah' bay) Akandoji (ah kan doj')

(ke' tah)

Buddha (bu'dah) Daimios (di' myos)


dango (dah' ngo)
Fuji

Yama
(foo' je

kimono (kl mo' no) Lofty (15' fty) mocJii (mo' che) norobi (no ro' bi) (9/^2 (o' key)
^/^/ (sah' ke),

yah mah)

gozen (go' zen)

Japanese wine
Shippeitaro (shpay tah' ro)

Hachiman (hah che' mahn)

^'

(high)

Susano

(su' sa'n o)

Hina Matsuri (he' nah mah' tsu rey)


Horai
(ho' ri)
(ee'

Tajima (tah' je mah) Tokyo (to' kyo), last three


letters all

one syllable

nah bah)

A READING LIST
ARNOLD, Edwin.
"Japonica."

"Seas

and

Lands."

New

York:

Charles Scribner s Sons.

New

York:

Charles Scribner s Sons.

BACON,

Alice

M.

"Japanese

Girls

Boston:

Houghton, Mifflin
Interior."

&

and Women."

Co.

"A Japanese

Boston:

&

Hought on, Mifflin

Co.

BALLARD, Susan.
Chicago,

New York:
G. P.
S.

"Fairy

Tales from Far Japan." Fleming H. Rev ell & Company.


in Japan."

BISHOP, Isabella Bird.

New
York:

York:

"Unbeaten Tracks Putnam s Sons.


of

BRAMHALL, Mae

"Wee Ones

Harper

& Brothers.
"Japan."

Japan."
York:

New
Fords,

BRINKLEY, Captain F.

New

Howard
CHAMBERLAIN,
York:

&

Hulbcrt.

Basil Hall. "Things Japanese." Charles Scribner s Sons.

New

FINCK, Henry T.
York:

"Lotus

Time

in

Japan."

New New

Charles Scribner s Sons.

FRASER,

York:

Mrs. Hugh. "Letters from Japan." The Macmillan Company.

84

GEORGE, Marian M.
Chicago:

"Little

Journey to Japan."

A. Flanagan Company.

GRIFFIS,

Wm.
Art."

E. "Japan in History, Folk-lore, and Co. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin

&

HARTSHORNE, Anna
Philadelphia:

C.

"Japan and
T. Coates.

Her
Little,

People."

H.

HEARN, Lafcadio,

"Kotto."

Boston:

Brown

&

Co.

"Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan."

Brown

& Co.

Boston: Little,

"A Japanese

"Tn Ghostly Japan."

&

Boston: Little, Brown & Co. Miscellany." Boston: Little, Brown

Co.

"Out of the East." Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. "Shadowings." Boston: Little, Brown & Co. "Youma." New York: Harper & Brothers. HUMBERT, Aime. "Japan and Japanese." New York:
D. Appleton

"Kokoro."

Boston: Houghton, Mifflin

& Co.

&

Co.

LA FARGE, John.

"An

New
New

York:

Artist's Letters from Japan." The Century Company.

LITTLE, Frances.
York:

"The Lady

of the Decoration." The Century Company.

LITTLE, Frances. "Little Sister Snow." The Century Company.

New

York:

LOWELL,

Percival.

ton, Mifflin

&

"Occult Japan."
Co.

Boston: Hough-

"Noto."

Boston:

Houghton, Mifflin

&

Co.

MENPES, Mortimer.

New

York:

"Japan; A Record in The Alacmillan Company.

Color."

MORSE, E.

S.

& Brothers.

"Japanese Homes."
"Japan."

NewYork: Harper
York:
Charles Scrib-

MURRAY, David.
ners Sons.

New

RAND, Edward A. All Aboard Series. "All Aboard for Sunrise Lands."
hue Brothers.

Chicago: Dona-

SCIDMORE, Eliza R.

New
SHIGEMI,
S.

York:

"Jinrikisha Days in The Century Company.

Japan."

"A Japanese

Boy."

New

York: Henry

Holt &> Co.

"Japanese Fairy Tales."

Tokyo.

STARR, Frederick. "Japanese Proverbs and Pictures." Tokyo: H. Hattori.

STODDARD, John Lawson.


the World."
ing Co.

New

Lectures: "Glimpses of York: E. S. Werner Publish-

TAYLOR, Bayard.

"Japan in G. P. Putnam's Sons.


Jr.

Our Day."

New

York:

TAYLOR, Charles M., and Japan."

Philadelphia:

"Vacation Days in Hawaii G. W. Jacobs & Co.

VAN BERGEN,

R. "Story of Japan." American Book Company.

New

York:

SUGGESTIONS TO TEACHERS
HOME
are

LIFE OF THE JAPANESE


telling the intimate,
life

two excellent books


details of

charming THERE be

Japanese home

that

wish
all

might

in every school library,

and read by

teachers.

They Japanese Boy, by and A Japanese Interior by Alice M. Bacon. The first, written by a native of Japan, tells

are

Shiukichi Shigemi

of his early childhood, his school, the good times, the family life, all the holidays, as they seemed to him, with the sentiments

and traditions of a Japanese. The second book, A Japanese Interior, is of special interest as the work of Miss Bacon, who taught for many
years in the Peeresses School, close by the door of the Imperial Palace itself, in Tokyo. This school is especially
is

dear to the heart of the beautiful and gracious Empress, and only for daughters of the nobility, descendants of the

ancient and powerful Daimios of Japan.

DRAMATIZATION

Every story read by a child should be as real to him as bread and butter, and the healthy instinct of a normal child should be to make the story, as well as the bread and His first impulse is to live butter, a part of himself at once. the story he hears, and this impulse calls for the work in

dramatization, which has assumed so important a place in the program of the primary grades.
his habits of speech

In dramatizing, the child's vocabulary is increased and improved. He gains in self-possession and the ability to express himself easily and well he forgets himself in his expression of a thought. Pupils should plan
;

the action and "stage settings" before they begin, and have clearly in mind all the "points," or the principal events in order, so that they may carry the story through, without
All phrasing peculiar to a story should be interruption. retained as far as possible.

The retelling of a story is also helpful. Compared with dramatization, however, it is of secondary importance. If the program is crowded, with little time for dramatization, let the children play, during the rest period, the story they have read earlier in the day.

LANGUAGE
Later the children are ready to retell the story on paper. Give them new words as they are needed and use the same

words for the spelling lesson

It is easier for of the day. the children to learn the correct use of capitals, periods, and paragraphs when beginning to write than to learn to

88

use

them

after they

have formed the habit

of careless

writing. Encourage the children to seek for the best way of expressing a thought. Reading the written story to the other children for their suggestions and criticisms may

be made helpful.

ART WORK

The art work should always be founded on the general work of the room. Stories offer a great fund of material, and expressing his idea of a story in some form adds to the child's interest as well as to his understanding of what
he reads. These stories are particularly rich in action, and therefore well adapted for a great variety of art work. First in importance comes the making of models, either
with clay, cardboard, or wood, of the things about which they read. j Color appeals to children, and for that reason they should be allowed to use colors. However, painting alone soon leads to careless, indefinite work hence it should be combined with drawing and paper cutting, both of which
help to emphasize form.

Too
grades.

little is

This

is

usually done with designing in the primary one of the earliest forms of art invented

c_

So/

by man
children

in the childhood of the race.

It will

be found that

who are not strong in general art work often have much ability in design. With the exception of "Lord Bag of Rice" and "Peach

Darling" the art work for the stories should be grouped about one theme the construction of a Japanese home. If a sand table is available have a forest, lake, and mountain The in the distance, as well as the house and garden. materials needed will be heavy construction paper and cardboard, and light-weight paper with water colors or
colored crayons for decorations.

Construct house with paper sides, low tables, screens, lanterns, shrine, vase for flowers, banners, and flags. Endeavor to have the designs for these show as much of the

Japanese

spirit as possible.

Page 13. some pet rabbits to school, and let the children sketch them from life; otherwise, from memory. Illustrate the story, using white chalk on gray paper or
If

The First Rabbits.

possible, bring

the blackboard.

Model the rabbits


if

in

clay,

possible.

Remember

that

watching the live rabbits, here you have the third

dimension, solid form, so aim to make it represent action. Dramatize, showing the sky children talking to the fairy mother, and the sky children and the fairy mother looking Show the rabbits at the snowballs falling down to earth.
living

on earth, and hopping and running about. Play a game of snowball, using balls of crumpled paper.
result in

If sides are chosen, this will

and

happy, relaxed children, ready to

prove a delightful rest exercise, take up

regular school

work with

zest.

Lord Bag

of Rice.

pa g c

16.

Paint a picture of the lake at the foot of the mountain; draw a picture of each of the five gifts. Dramatize the story, showing three acts: the soldier, the snake, and the dwarf; the soldier killing the centipede;
the soldier at

home with

his pifts.

Peach Darling.

Page

22.

Model the peach; draw the three


setting sail for the island.
Illustrate,

friends; paint the ship

the story.

showing the part taken by the animals in Pictures of the animals will help the children's

imagination.

The best mediums

to use are charcoal

and

first part of the story, showing how Peach Darling was found; dramatize the second part of the story, showing Peach Darling's adventures.

manila paper. Dramatize the

The Old

Man

with a Wart.
fair

Page

31.

Draw
storm.

the forest in
fires of

weather and the same forest in a


spirits.

Paint the

the storm

For a game, or rest exercise, imitate the Japanese dance storm spirits. If desired, this may be developed into an exercise in rhythm.
of the

The Eighty-One Brothers. Page 37Draw the boy carrying the bundles; draw the crocodile and the hare. Make a poster of the crocodile bridge from Oki to Cape Keta. Dramatize the scene between the eighty-first brother and the hare, and the one between the princess, the eightyfirst brother, and the hare. The Bamboo
Cutter's Daughter.

Page

46.

Paint the fairy in the bamboo stalk. Tell in pictures what each prince did. Draw the smoke of Fuji Yama, using gray paper and white crayon, or the blackboard. Dramatize each story, and show how each one of the five princes failed to accomplish the task given him.

COLLECTIONS

Encourage the children to make a collection of pictures of Japan and the Japanese, and of newspaper and magazine
articles

regarding these subjects.

Japanese lanterns, of

many

quaint and interesting designs, are easily obtained, as are also fans, hair ornaments, parasols, kites, and the A Japanese flag will fascinating water spreading figures.

add to the

children's interest in this far-away land, as will

the beautiful prints, odd images and idols, lacquered boxes,

specimens of pottery, and incense. It is surprising how many of these things can be collected, and what an addition it is to information and what a stimulus to enthusiasm.

The

greatest benefit, however,

is

in

encouraging the children

92

to go after the information they want instead of waiting for it to be brought to them ready made and predigested. If the schoolroom is to be decorated, very realistic Jap-

anese cherry blossoms may be made by using the bare branches of ordinary trees and shrubs on which the children

have pasted pink tissue paper. The best effect is gained from the use of three shades of pink. The paper is cut into one-inch, one-and-one-half inch, and two-inch circles. Taking one circle of each size, and arranging them so that the darkest and smallest circle is on top, cut halfway across, put a small quantity of paste in the center, then close around a branch, keeping the smallest circle with the paste on it next to the branch. Enough paste oozes out to fasten the larger circles also, and the paper is made more secure by
crushing the center of the circles close to the branch. The outer edges should be left frilled out like petals. These bunches, arranged along the twigs, give the appearance of
blossoms.
also

Lanterns, parasols, banners, and screens


for decorations.

may

be made and used

SPECIAL JAPANESE DAYS

The Feast
first,

of the

New

Year.

This

is

celebrated on the
is

second, and third of January.


kites.

All of the children

have new kimonos and new the mochi cakes, made of rice.
to a paste in a

special delicacy

The

rice is

steamed, beaten
into little cakes.
balls.

wooden bowl, then formed


tree,

Most

families

have a

almost covered with tiny

93

For three days the boys make merry flying kites, and the girls devote the time to a Japanese game similar to battledore and shuttlecock.

Hina Matsuri.

March

3 is the Little Feast of the Dolls.

For one day the boys are neglected while the girls receive Poor indeed is the family that cannot all of the attention. afford liina, or dolls to represent the Mikado and Empress, with some of their court. These dolls are not played with in the American manner, but are respectfully admired and enjoyed, then put away to be kept carefully from year to year and from generation to generation. Hachiman. May 5 is the Feast of Flags. Now the boy comes into his own. Huge paper fish (norobi) on bamboo The poles are flying before each house, one for each son. fish represented is always the carp, because he is supposed Each to be swift and sure in surmounting all difficulties.

boy receives a

set of effigies of heroes


r

and warriors, and

a toy set of all the implements of w ar. The Feast of Cherry Blossoms. This is celebrated in Families go to view the cherry groves, making April. it a holiday. They wander among the clouds of blossoming
trees,

and often hang upon a favorite


is

tree a

poem written

in its praise.

The Wistaria Viewing


Viewing comes
in

in June,

and the Chrysanthemum

November.
A DAY IN JAPAN

The

children will enjoy a

"Day

in

Japan."

find out all they can about Japanese schools, half an hour let them play they are in Japan.

Let them and then for


Let each
tell

what he saw on the way to


the stores, etc.

school, the houses, the people,

94

Japanese luncheon, with a lesson on cooking rice and making tea, has been tried with success. Let the children eat the rice with chopsticks they have made out of wood.

MANNERS AND CUSTOMS

Making

the

Bow.

All

is

done slowly, evenly, and

as

Feet together, down on knees, let body sit back on feet, then bend forward, placing hands on floor in front. (Hands are outspread, palms down, with rhythmically as possible.

thumb and

forefinger of one hand touching thumb and of other hand.) forefinger Slowly bend head forward hands. upon outspread Keep this position for only a brief
interval, raise head,
toes,

hands to

sides,

on knees,

sit

back on

up

to standing position.

Japanese Dances. If the children wish to represent the Japanese dances let them remember that the feet remain practically quiet, that the hands move together, not apart, and that the dance is not founded on musical rhythm but is an imitation of something in nature or an interpretation
of

some

feeling or experience.

Children could hardly follow the intricacies of a genuine Japanese dance, many of which require years to master, but some simple imitation, in the Japanese spirit, would
afford

excellent

stimulus to

the imagination,

and

fine

training in

poise

and

self-restraint, as well as the delight-

physical and mental expression always gives the child.

95

In "The Old

Man with

the trees during a storm.

a Wart" the children can represent In "The Smoke of Fuji Yama"

they can give more rein to their interpretative imagination. Let them represent the moonlight, the silence, the fairy
bridge from heaven to earth, the riling down of countless soldiers, the fading away of the earth-life, and the drifting upwards of the white company, like the smoke that rises

from the sacred Fuji Yama.

90

Interesses relacionados