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Estatsticas

Statistics

outubro de 2008
october 2008

miniSTrio DaS rElaES EXTEriorES

Ministro de Estado Secretrio-Geral

Embaixador Celso Amorim Embaixador Samuel Pinheiro Guimares

funDao alEXanDrE DE GuSmo

Presidente

Embaixador Jeronimo Moscardo

A Fundao Alexandre de Gusmo, instituda em 1971, uma fundao pblica vinculada ao Ministrio das Relaes Exteriores e tem a finalidade de levar sociedade civil informaes sobre a realidade internacional e sobre aspectos da pauta diplomtica brasileira. Sua misso promover a sensibilizao da opinio pblica nacional para os temas de relaes internacionais e para a poltica externa brasileira. Ministrio das Relaes Exteriores Esplanada dos Ministrios, Bloco H Anexo II, Trreo, Sala 1 70170-900 Braslia, DF Telefones: (61) 3411-6033 / 3411-6034 / 3411-6847 Fax: (61) 3411-9125 Site: www.funag.gov.br

Estatsticas
Statistics

outubro de 2008
october 2008

Braslia, 2008

Direitos de publicao reservados Fundao Alexandre de Gusmo Ministrio das Relaes Exteriores Esplanada dos Ministrios, Bloco H Anexo II, Trreo 70170-900 Braslia DF Telefones: (61) 3411 6033/6034/6847/6028 Fax: (61) 3411-9125 Site: www.funag.gov.br E-mail: publicacoes@funag.gov.br Compilao Secretaria-Geral do Ministrio das Relaes Exteriores, com a colaborao da Oficial de Chancelaria Tania Maria Melo de Assis Fonseca

EquipE TCniCa Eliane Miranda Paiva Maria Marta Cezar Lopes Cintia Rejane Souza Arajo Gonalves projETo GrfiCo E DiaGramao: Paulo Pedersolli e Cludia Capella

Impresso no Brasil 2008 Estatsticas statistics / Compilao, Ministrio das Relaes Exteriores; com a colaborao da Oficial de Chancelaria Tania Maria Melo de Assis Fonseca. Braslia : Fundao Alexandre de Gusmo, 2008. 144 p. ISBN 978-85-7631-123-2 1. Estatstica. I. Ttulo: statistics. CDU 311

Sumrio / Summary

Territrio / Surface area .................................................................................. 9 Litoral / Coast ............................................................................................... 10 Nmero de Pases Limtrofes / Number of neighboring countries .............11 Fronteiras Terrestres / Land frontiers .......................................................... 12 reas Florestais / Forest areas ...................................................................... 13 Uso da Terra / Land use ............................................................................... 14 Reservas Renovveis de gua Doce / Renewable freshwater supply........... 15 Reservas Comprovadas de Petrleo / Proved reserves of petroleum ........... 16 Reservas Comprovadas de Gs Natural / Proved reserves of natural gas ...... 17 Reservas Comprovadas de Carvo / Proved reserves of coal ...................... 18 Reservas Comprovadas de Urnio / Proved reserves of uranium ................ 19 Desmatamento / Deforestation .................................................................... 20 Emisses de Dixido de Carbono / CO2 emissions .................................... 21 Emisses per capita de Dixido de Carbono / CO2 per capita emissions .. 22 Consumo de Clorofluorcarbonos (CFC) / Consumption of CFC ................ 23 Projetos Registrados no Mecanismo de Desenvolvimento Limpo (Quioto) / Projects registered in the Clean Development Mechanism (Kioto) .......... 24 Populao Total / Total Population .............................................................. 25 Crescimento Demogrfico / Demographic growth ...................................... 26 Densidade Demogrfica / Demographic density ......................................... 27 Populao abaixo de 15 anos / Population under 15..................................... 28 Populao acima de 65 anos / Population over 65 ........................................ 29 Populao Urbana / Urban population ........................................................ 30 Populao vivendo na Maior Aglomerao Urbana Nacional / Population living in the largest urban agglomeration ............................... 31 Fertilidade / Fertility ..................................................................................... 32 Migrao Lquida / Liquid migration .......................................................... 33 Estoque Migratrio / Migrant stock............................................................. 34 Participao da Agricultura no PIB / Participation of agriculture in the GDP ... 35 Produo de Cereais / Production of cereals ............................................... 36 Produo de Acar / Sugar production ...................................................... 37 Produo de Soja / Soybean production ....................................................... 38 Produo Agrcola de Caf / Agricultural production of coffee .................. 39 Produo de Algodo / Cotton production .................................................. 40 Produo de Fertilizantes / Production of fertilizers ................................... 41

Produo de Carne / Meat production ......................................................... 42 Rebanho Bovino / Cattle ............................................................................... 43 Rebanho Ovino / Ovine livestock ................................................................. 44 Rebanho Suno / Pig livestock ...................................................................... 45 Rebanho Caprino / Caprine livestock ........................................................... 46 Produo Pesqueira / Fish production ......................................................... 47 Participao da Indstria no PIB / Participation of industry in the GDP ..... 48 Produo de Ao Bruto / Crude steel production ....................................... 49 Produo de Cimento / Cement production ............................................... 50 Produo de Alumnio / Aluminium production ........................................ 51 Produo de Papel / Paper production ........................................................ 52 Refino de Petrleo / Oil refinery capacities .................................................. 53 Produo de Veculos Automotores / Production of motor vehicles ........... 54 Frota de Veculos Automotores / Fleet of motor vehicles ............................ 55 Frota per capita de Veculos Automotores / Per capita fleet of motor vehicles ....................................................................................................... 56 Produo de Energia Eltrica / Production of electricity............................ 57 Produo de Hidreletricidade / Production of hydroelectricity .................. 58 Consumo per capita Energia Eltrica / Per capita consumption of electric power.............................................................................................. 59 Consumo de Energia Nuclear / Consumption of nuclear energy ............... 60 Fontes de Eletricidade: Participao da Hidreletricidade / Sources of electricity: share of hydroelectricity ........................................................... 61 Fontes de Eletricidade: Participao do Gs / Sources of electricity: share of gas ................................................................................................ 62 Fontes de Eletricidade: Participao da Energia Nuclear / Sources of electricity: share of nuclear energy ............................................................ 63 Fontes de Eletricidade: Participao do Carvo / Sources of electricity: share of coal ............................................................................................... 64 Malha Rodoviria / Roads network .............................................................. 65 Malha Ferroviria / Railways network .......................................................... 66 Transporte Areo / Air Transport ................................................................ 67 Frota Mercante / Merchant fleet ................................................................... 68 Turismo Internacional / International tourism ............................................ 69 Telefonia Fixa / Fixed telephone mainlines ................................................. 70 Telefonia Celular / Mobile telephony ........................................................... 71 Usurios de Internet / Internet users ........................................................... 72 Despesas em Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (R&D) / Expenditures in R&D............................................................................................................ 73

Registro de Patentes / Patent filings............................................................. 74 Patentes Pedidos de Registro sob o PCT / Patents filings under PCT ..... 75 Intercmbio comercial / Foreign trade......................................................... 76 Exportaes / Exports .................................................................................. 77 Exportaes de Bens Primrios: Participao nas Exportaes Totais/ Exports of primary goods: share in total exports ...................................... 78 Exportaes de Bens Manufaturados: Participao nas Exportaes Totais / Exports of manufactured goods: share in total exports ............................ 79 Exportaes de Bens Agrcolas / Agricultural exports ................................ 80 Importaes / Imports .................................................................................. 81 Saldo Comercial / Trade surplus .................................................................. 82 Reservas Internacionais / International reserves ......................................... 83 Investimentos Externos Diretos / Foreign Direct Investments ................... 84 Ajuda Oficial ao Desenvolvimento Recebida / Official Development Assistance Inflows ...................................................................................... 85 Utilizao de Crditos do FMI / Use of IMF credits................................... 86 Remessas de Emigrantes / Migrant workers remittances........................... 87 Dvida Externa / Foreign debt ...................................................................... 88 Inflao / Inflation ........................................................................................ 89 Taxa Bsica de Juros / Interest rate .............................................................. 90 Depsitos Bancrios em Conta Corrente / Bank deposit accounts ............. 91 Agncias Bancrias / Bank branches ........................................................... 92 Micro, Pequenas e Mdias Empresas / Micro, small and medium-size entreprises .................................................................................................. 93 Crescimento do PIB / GDP growth .............................................................. 94 Produto Interno Bruto (a preos correntes) / Gross Domestic Product (in current prices) ....................................................................................... 95 Produto Interno Bruto (por paridade de poder de compra) / Gross Domestic Product (in purchasing-power parity) ........................................................ 96 Produto Interno Bruto per capita (a preos correntes) / Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (in current prices) ........................................................ 97 Gastos Militares / Military expenditures ...................................................... 98 Gastos Militares: Participao no PIB / Military expenditures: share in the GDP .................................................................................................. 99 Contingente das Foras Armadas / Contingent of the Armed Forces .......100 Participao dos 10% mais Pobres na Renda Nacional / Share of 10% poorest in the national income .................................................................. 101 Participao dos 10% mais Ricos na Renda Nacional / Share of 10% richest in the national income ...................................................................102

Participao dos 20% mais Pobres na Renda Nacional / Share of 20% poorest in the national income ..................................................................103 Participao dos 20% mais Ricos na Renda Nacional / Share of 20% poorest in the national income ..................................................................104 Coeficiente de Gini / Gini index ..................................................................105 ndice de Desenvolvimento Humano / Human Development Index.........106 Expectativa de Vida / Life expectancy ........................................................107 Mortalidade Infantil I / Child mortality I ....................................................108 Mortalidade Infantil II / Child mortality II .................................................109 Populao Alfabetizada / Adult literacy ......................................................110 Gastos Pblicos com Educao / Education public expenditures ............ 111 Razo Alunos/Professores / Ratio pupil-teacher ........................................112 Produo de Livros / Book production ......................................................113 Gastos Pblicos com Sade / Health public expenditures .........................114 Gastos Privados com Sade / Health private expenditures ........................115 Gastos Per Capita com Sade / Health per capita expenditures ...............116 Incidncia de HIV / HIV incidence ............................................................117 Incidncia de Tuberculose / Tuberculosis incidence .................................118 Disponibilidade de Mdicos / Availabity of physicians ..............................119 Acesso Sustentvel a gua Melhorada / Population with access to improved water source...............................................................................120 Acesso Sustentvel a Saneamento Melhorado / Population with acess to improved sanitation ................................................................................... 121 Populao Desnutrida / Undernourished population .................................122 Populao vivendo com menos de US$ 1 por dia / Population living with less than US$ 1 per day ......................................................................123 Populao vivendo com menos de US$ 2 por dia / Population living with less than US$ 2 per day......................................................................124 ndice Remissivo ..........................................................................................125 Index of Indicators .......................................................................................135

TerriTrio / Surface area

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Rssia / Russia Canad / Canada China / China Estados Unidos / United States Brasil / Brazil Austrlia / Australia ndia / India Argentina / Argentina Cazaquisto / Kazakhstan Sudo / Sudan

17.098 9.985 9.635 9.632 8.515 7.741 3.287 2.780 2.725 2.506

Superfcie territorial em milhares de km / Surface area in thousands of km Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname

8.515 2.791 1.285 1.139 1.099 912 757 407 284 215 176 163

Superfcie territorial em milhares de km / Surface area in thousands of km Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008
9

LiToraL / coaST

Extenso em km / Extension in km Fonte/Source: QUID 2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Canad / Canada Indonsia / Indonesia Dinamarca / Denmark Rssia / Russia Filipinas / Philippines Japo / Japan Noruega / Norway Austrlia / Australia Estados Unidos / United States Nova Zelndia / New Zealand

202.080 54.716 51.401 37.653 36.289 29.751 25.925 25.760 19.924 15.134

Extenso em km / Extension in km Fonte/Source: QUID 2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

7.491 6.435 4.989 3.208 2.816 2.414 2.237 660 459 386

10

Number of NeighbouriNg couNTrieS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 China / China Rssia / Russia Brasil / Brazil * Alemanha / Germany Congo, Rep. Dem. / Dem. Rep. Congo Sudo / Sudan ustria / Austria Zmbia / Zambia Hungria / Hungary Mali / Mali 14 14 10 9 9 8 8 8 7 7

Nmero de PaSeS LimTrofeS /

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil * Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Chile / Chile Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname * Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay

10 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 3 3 2 2

*Inclui a Frana (Departamento da Guiana / Guyana) / Includes France (Department of Guyana)

11

froNTeiraS TerreSTreS / LaNd froNTierS

Extenso em Km / Extension in Km Fonte/Source: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatstica (IBGE); QUID 2007 / Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics; QUID 2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Rssia / Russia Brasil / Brazil ndia / India Estados Unidos / United States Cazaquisto / Kazakhstan Congo, Rep. Dem. / Dem. Rep. Congo Argentina / Argentina Canad / Canada Monglia / Mongolia

22.117 20.017 15.719 14.107 12.034 12.012 10.757 9.665 8.893 8.220

Extenso em Km / Extension in Km Fonte/Source: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatstica (IBGE); QUID 2007 / Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics; QUID 2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Equador / Ecuador Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay

15.719 9.665 6.743 6.171 6.004 5.536 4.993 3.920 2.462 2.010 1.707 1.564

12

reaS fLoreSTaiS / foreST area

Em % da superfcie terrestre, em 2005 / % of land area, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Gabo / Gabon Finlndia / Finland Guin-Bissau / Guinea-Bissau Laos / Laos Japo / Japan Sucia / Sweden Repblica do Congo / Republic of the Congo Papua Nova Guin / Papua New Guinea Malsia / Malaysia Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea

84,5 73,9 73,7 69,9 68,2 67,1 65,8 65,0 63,6 63,5

Em % da superfcie terrestre, em 2005 / % of land area, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

56,5 54,7 54,2 54,1 53,7 46,5 39,2 21,5 12,1 8,6 nd nd

13

uSo da Terra / LaNd uSe


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Moldvia / Moldova Bangladesh / Bangladesh Ruanda / Rwanda Ucrnia / Ukraine ndia / India Hungria / Hungary Dinamarca / Denmark Burundi / Burundi Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic Polnia / Poland 65,3 64,6 59,7 57,6 57,1 53,6 52,9 52,0 42,5 40,8

Em % da superfcie terrestre total ocupada com culturas permanentes, culturas temporrias e pastos permanentes, em 2005 / % of total land area occupied with permanent
pastures, arable land and land under permanent crops, in 2001-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

Em % da superfcie terrestre total ocupada com culturas permanentes, culturas temporrias e pastos permanentes, em 2005 / % of total land area occupied with Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008
permanent pastures, arable land and land under permanent crops, in 2001-2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Chile / Chile Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

10,8 10,8 9,3 9,0 7,9 3,9 3,4 3,3 3,1 3,0 nd nd

14

reServaS reNovveiS de gua doce /


reNewabLe freShwaTer SuPPLy

between parenthesis

Em Km/ ano, ano de referncia entre parntesis / Fonte/Source: The Worlds Water - Pacific Institute

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Brasil / Brazil (2000) Rssia / Russia (1997) Canad / Canada (1985) Estados Unidos / United States (1985) Indonsia / Indonesia (1999) China / China (1999) Colmbia / Colombia (2000) Peru / Peru (2000) ndia / India(1999) Congo, RD / Congo, DR (2001)

8.233,0 4.498,0 3.300,0 3.069,0 2.838,0 2.829,6 2.132,0 1.913,0 1.907,8 1.283,0
In Km/year, year of reference

between parenthesis Fonte/Source: The Worlds Water - Pacific Institute

Em Km/ ano, ano de referncia entre parntesis /

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil (2000) Colmbia / Colombia (2000) Peru / Peru (2000) Venezuela / Venezuela (2000) Chile / Chile (2000) Argentina / Argentina (2000) Bolvia / Bolivia (2000) Equador / Ecuador (2000) Paraguai / Paraguay (2000) Guiana / Guyana (2000) Uruguai / Uruguay (2000) Suriname / Suriname (2003)

8.233,0 2.132,0 1.913,0 1.233,2 922,0 814,0 622,5 432,0 336,0 241,0 139,0 122,0
In Km/year, year of reference

15

reServaS comProvadaS de PeTrLeo / Proved reServeS of oiL

Em bilhes de barris, ao final de 2007 / In thousand million barrels, at end of Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of World Energy 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Arbia Saudita / Saudi Arabia Ir / Iran Iraque / Iraq Kuaite / Kwait Emirados rabes Unidos / United Arab Emirates Venezuela / Venezuela Rssia / Russia Lbia/ Libya Cazaquisto / Kazakhstan Nigria / Nigeria

264,2 138,4 115,0 101,5 97,8 87,0 79,4 41,5 39,8 36,2
2007

Em bilhes de barris, ao final de 2007 / In thousand million barrels, at end of Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of World Energy 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6

Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru

87,0 12,6 4,3 2,6 1,5 1,1


2007

16

reServaS comProvadaS de gS NaTuraL /


Proved reServeS of NaTuraL gaS

Em trilhes de metros cbicos, ao final de 2007 / Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of


2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Rssia / Russia Ir / Iran Catar / Qatar Arbia Saudita / Saudi Arabia Emirados rabes Unidos / United Arab Emirates Estados Unidos / United States Nigria / Nigeria Venezuela / Venezuela Arglia / Algeria Iraque / Iraq
World Energy 2008

44,65 27,80 25,60 7,17 6,09 5,98 5,30 5,15 4,52 3,17

In trillion cubic meters, at end of

2007

Em trilhes de metros cbicos, ao final de 2007 / Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of

1 2 3 4 5 6

Venezuela / Venezuela Bolvia / Bolivia Argentina / Argentina Brasil / Brazil Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia

5,15 0,74 0,44 0,36 0,36 0,13


In trillion cubic meters, at end of

World Energy 2008

17

reServaS comProvadaS de carvo / Proved reServeS of coaL

Em milhes de toneladas, ao final de 2007 / In millions of Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of World Energy 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Rssia / Russia China / China Austrlia / Australia ndia / India frica do Sul / South Africa Ucrnia / Ukraine Cazaquisto / Kazakhstan Polnia / Poland Brasil / Brazil

242.721 157.010 114.500 76.600 56.498 48.000 33.873 31.300 7.502 7.068
tons, at end of 2007

Em trilhes de metros cbicos, ao final de 2007 / Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of


2007

1 Brasil / Brazil 2 Colmbia / Colombia 3 Venezuela / Venezuela

7.068 6.959 479


In trillion cubic meters, at end of

World Energy 2008

18

reServaS comProvadaS de urNio / Proved reServeS of uraNium

Em t U, em 2005 / In t U, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Agncia Internacional de Energia Atmica AIEA /


Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Austrlia / Australia Cazaquisto / Kazakhstan Canad / Canada frica do Sul / South Africa Brasil / Brazil Nambia / Namibia Rssia / Russia Estados Unidos / United States Nger / Niger Uzbequisto / Uzbekistan

1.143.000 816.000 444.000 342.000 341.000 282.000 279.000 225.000 172.000 116.000
International

Em t U, em 2005 / In t U, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Agncia Internacional de Energia Atmica AIEA /


Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA

1 Brasil / Brazil 2 Argentina / Argentina

341.000 15.640
International

19

deSmaTameNTo / deforeSTaTioN

Em % das reas florestais, 2000-2005 / % of forest land, 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Burundi / Burundi Togo / Togo Mauritnia / Mauritania Nigria / Nigeria Afeganisto / Afghanistan Honduras / Honduras Benin / Benin Uganda / Uganda Paquisto / Pakistan Filipinas / Philippines

5,2 4,5 3,4 3,3 3,1 3,1 2,5 2,2 2,1 2,1

Em % das reas florestais, 2000-2005 / % of forest land, 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Bolvia / Bolivia Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

1,7 0,9 0,6 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,1 0,1 -0,4 -1,3 ---

20

emiSSeS de dixido de carboNo* / carboN dioxide emiSSioNS

Em % do total mundial, em 2004 / % of world total, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States China / China Rssia / Russia ndia / India Japo / Japan Alemanha / Germany Canad / Canada Reino Unido / United Kingdom Itlia / Italy Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea

20.9 17.3 5.3 4.6 4.3 2.8 2.2 2.0 1.6 1.6

Em % do total mundial, em 2004 / % of world total, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008
* Refere-se a emisses derivadas do consumo de combustveis fsseis no estado slido, lquido e gasoso, bem como de gs em tocha e da produo de cimento/ Refers to carbon dioxide emissions stemming from consumption of solid, liquid and gaseous fossil fuels as well as gas flaring and the production of cement.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay

1.1 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 ------

21

emiSSeS Per caPiTa de dixido de carboNo* /


carboN dioxide Per caPiTa emiSSioNS

Em tCO2, em 2004 / In tCO2,em 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Catar / Qatar Kuaite / Kuwait Emirados rabes Unidos / United Arab Emirates Luxemburgo / Luxembourg Trinidad e Tobago / Trinidad and Tobago Brunei Darussalam / Brunei Darussalam Estados Unidos / United States Canad / Canada Noruega / Norway Austrlia / Australia

79.3 37.1 34.1 25.0 24.9 24.0 20.6 20.0 19.1 16.2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Venezuela / Venezuela Suriname / Suriname Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana Brasil / Brazil Uruguai / Uruguay Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay

6.6 5.2 3.9 3.7 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.7

Em tCO2, em 2004 / In tCO2, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008
*Refere-se a emisses derivadas do consumo de combustveis fsseis no estado slido, lquido e gasoso, bem como de gs em tocha e da produo de cimento/ Refers to carbon dioxide emissions stemming from consumption of solid, liquid and gaseous fossil fuels as well as gas flaring and the production of cement.

22

coNSumo de cLorofLuorcarboNoS (cfc) / cfc coNSumPTioN

Em toneladas mtricas de potencial de destruio do oznio (Ozone-depleting Potential ODP), em 2005 / In t3 of ODP (Ozone-depleting Potential ODP), in 2005 Fonte/Source: ONU / United Nations, Statistical Yearbook 50th Edition

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Indonsia / Indonesia Ir / Iran ndia / India Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Mxico / Mexico Estados Unidos / United States Tailndia / Thailand

13.123,8 2.730,0 2.385,3 2.221,0 1.957,8 1.841,8 1.675,5 1.604,0 1.496,6 1.259,9

Em toneladas mtricas de potencial de destruio do oznio (Ozone-depleting Potential ODP), em 2005 / In t3 of ODP (Ozone-depleting Potential ODP), in 2005 Fonte/Source: ONU / United Nations, Statistical Yearbook 50th Edition
23

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Paraguai / Paraguay Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

1.841,8 1.675,5 967,2 556,9 250,7 221,5 132,5 127,7 97,6 26,7 23,5 7,5

ProjeToS regiSTradoS No mecaNiSmo de deSeNvoLvimeNTo LimPo (QuioTo) / regiSTered ProjecTS iN The cLeaN deveLoPmeNT mechaNiSm
KyoTo

Em nmero de projetos, dados referentes ao primeiro semestre de 2008 /


number of projects, data refer to the 1st semester of 2008 Fonte/Source: ONU, Conveno-Quadro das Clima / UN, UNFCCC

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

ndia / India China / China Brasil / Brazil Mxico / Mexico Malsia / Malaysia Chile / Chile Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Filipinas / Philippines Argentina / Argentina Honduras / Honduras

346 221 138 105 28 22 18 18 14 14


In

Naes Unidas para Mudana do

Em nmero de projetos, dados referentes ao primeiro semestre de 2008 /


number of projects, data refer to the 1st semester of 2008 Fonte/Source: ONU, Conveno-Quadro das Clima / UN, UNFCCC

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana

138 22 14 12 10 10 3 2 1
In

Naes Unidas para Mudana do

24

PoPuLao ToTaL / ToTaL PoPuLaTioN

Em milhes de habitantes, em 2005 / In millions of people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China ndia / India Estados Unidos / United States Indonsia / Indonesia Brasil / Brazil Paquisto / Pakistan Bangladesh / Bangladesh Rssia / Russia Nigria / Nigeria Japo / Japan

1.313,0 1.134,4 299,8 226,1 186,8 158,1 153,3 144,0 141,4 127,9

Em milhes de habitantes, em 2005 / In millions of people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

186,8 44,9 38,7 27,3 26,7 16,3 13,1 9,2 5,9 3,3 0,7 0,5

25

creScimeNTo demogrfico / demograPhic growTh

Em %, taxa anual mdia referente ao perodo 1975-2005 /


for the period 1975-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Emirados rabes Unidos / United Arab Emirates Catar / Qatar Djibuti / Djibouti Arbia Saudita / Saudi Arabia Palestina / Palestine Imen / Yemen Jordnia / Jordan Gmbia / Gmbia Cte dIvoire / Cte dIvoire Om / Oman

6,8 5,1 4,3 3,9 3,7 3,6 3,5 3,5 3,5 3,4
In %, average annual rate

Humano 2007/2008 /

Em %, taxa mdia anual referente ao perodo 1975-2005 /


for the period 1975-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 26

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Paraguai / Paraguay Venezuela / Venezuela Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana

2,5 2,5 2,2 2,1 2,0 1,9 1,8 1,5 1,3 0,7 0,5 nd
In %, average annual rate

Humano 2007/2008 /

deNSidade demogrfica / demograPhic deNSiTy

Nmero de habitantes por km2, em 2006 / Number of inhabitants per sq. Km, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Cingapura / Singapore Bangladesh / Bangladesh Baharain / Baharain Maurcio / Mauritius Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Pases Baixos / Netherlands Lbano / Lebanon Ruanda / Rwanda ndia / India Japo / Japan

6.508 1.198 1.041 617 490 482 396 384 373 350

Nmero de habitantes por km2, em 2006 / Number of inhabitants per sq. Km, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

48 41 31 22 22 22 19 15 14 9 4 3

27

PoPuLao abaixo doS 15 aNoS / PoPuLaTioN uNder 15

Em % da populao total, em 2005 / % of total population, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Uganda / Uganda Nger / Nigeria Mali / Mali Guin Bissau / Guinea Bissau Congo, Rep. Dem. / Dem. Rep. Congo Malau / Malawi Angola / Angola Chade / Chad Burquina Faso / Burkina Faso Imen / Yemen

49,4 48,0 47,7 47,4 47,2 47,1 46,4 46,2 46,2 45,9

Em % da populao total, em 2005 / % of total population, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Guiana / Guyana Colmbia / Colombia Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay

38,1 35,8 32,6 31,8 31,3 31,1 30,3 29,8 27,8 26,4 24,9 23,8

28

PoPuLao acima doS 65 aNoS / PoPuLaTioN over 65

Em % da populao total, dados referentes a 2005 / % of total population, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japo / Japan Itlia / Italy Alemanha / Germany Grcia / Greece Blgica / Belgium Crocia / Croatia Bulgria / Bulgaria Portugal / Portugal Espanha / Spain Estnia / Estonia Letnia / Latvia

19,7 19,7 18,8 18,3 17,3 17,2 17,2 16,9 16,8 16,6 16,6

Em % da populao total, dados referentes a 2005 / % of total population, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia

13,5 10,2 8,1 6,3 6,1 5,9 5,7 5,6 5,1 5,0 4,8 4,5

29

PoPuLao urbaNa / urbaN PoPuLaTioN

Em % da populao total, em 2005 / % of total population, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Cingapura / Singapore Kuaite / Kuwait Blgica / Belgium Barm / Bahrain Catar / Qatar Malta / Malta Venezuela / Venezuela Islndia / Iceland Uruguai / Uruguay Israel / Israel

100,0 98,3 97,2 96,5 95,4 95,3 93,4 92,8 92,0 91,6

Em % da populao total, em 2005 / % of total population, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Venezuela / Venezuela Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Brasil / Brazil Suriname / Suriname Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana

93,4 92,0 90,1 87,6 84,2 73,9 72,7 72,6 64,2 62,8 58,5 28,2

30

PoPuLao viveNdo Na maior agLomerao urbaNa NacioNaL /


PoPuLaTioN LiviNg iN The LargeST NaTioNaL urbaN aggLomeraTioN
Cingapura / Singapore Kuaite / Kwait Monglia / Mongolia Haiti / Haiti Armnia / Armenia Paraguai / Paraguay Repblica do Congo / Republic of the Congo Togo / Togo Paquisto / Pakistan Lbano / Lebanon

Em % da populao urbana, dados referentes a 2005 / % of urban population, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

100 73 60 59 57 54 54 53 53 51

Em % da populao urbana, dados referentes a 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

54 42 40 36 36 29 26 24 12 12 nd nd
% of urban population, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

31

ferTiLidade / ferTiLiTy

Nascimentos por mulher, estimativas para o perodo 2000-2005 /


estimates for 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Nger / Niger Guin-Bissau / Guinea-Bissau Timor-Leste / Timor-Leste Angola / Angola Burundi / Burundi Mali / Mali Uganda / Uganda Congo, Rep. Dem. / Dem. Rep. Congo Chade / Chad Serra Leoa / Sierra Leone

7,4 7,1 7,0 6,8 6,8 6,7 6,7 6,7 6,5 6,5
Births per woman,

Humano 2007/2008 /

Nascimentos por mulher, estimativas para o perodo 2000-2005 /


estimates for 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 32

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Suriname / Suriname Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Guiana / Guyana Brasil / Brazil Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile

4,0 3,5 2,8 2,7 2,7 2,6 2,5 2,4 2,4 2,3 2,2 2,0
Births per woman,

Humano 2007/2008 /

migrao LQuida / NeT migraTioN

Em milhares de pessoas, dados referentes ao perodo 2000-2005 / In thousands of people, data refer to the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Espanha / Spain Itlia / Italy Afeganisto / Afghanistan Canad / Canada Alemanha / Germany Reino Unido / United Kingdom Rssia / Russia Frana / France Austrlia / Australia

6.493 2.846 1.125 1.112 1.041 1.000 948 917 722 593

Em milhares de pessoas, dados referentes ao perodo 2000-2005 / In thousands of people, data refer to the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Paraguai / Paraguay Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

40 30 -45 -100 -100 -104 -120 -229 -400 -510 ---

33

eSToQue migraTrio / migraNT STocK

Em milhares de pessoas, em 2005 / In thousands of people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Rssia / Russia Alemanha / Germany Ucrnia / Ukraine Frana / France Arbia Saudita / Saudi Arabia Canad / Canada ndia / India Reino Unido / United Kingdom Espanha / Spain

38.355 12.080 10.144 6.833 6.471 6.361 6.106 5.700 5.408 4.790

Em milhares de pessoas, em 2005 / In thousands of people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Paraguai / Paraguay Colmbia / Colombia Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Peru / Peru Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

1.500 1.010 641 231 168 123 116 114 84 42 ---

34

ParTiciPao da agricuLTura No Pib /


ParTiciPaTioN of agricuLTure iN The gdP

Em % do PIB, em 2006 / % of GDP, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Liberia /Liberia Guin Bissau / Guinea Bissau Rep. Centro-Africana / Central African Rep. Etipia / Ethiopia Congo, Rep. Dem. / Dem. Rep. Congo Serra Leoa / Sierra Leone Tanznia / Tanzania Laos / Laos Papua Nova Guin /Papua New Guinea Ruanda / Rwanda

66 62 56 47 46 46 45 42 42 41

Em % do PIB, em 2006 / % of GDP, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Suriname / Suriname Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brasil Chile / Chile

31 21 14 12 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4

35

Produo de cereaiS / ProducTioN of cereaLS

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Estados Unidos / United States ndia / ndia Rssia / Russia Frana / Frana Indonsia / Indonesia Brasil / Brazil Alemanha / Germany Bangladesh / Bangladesh Argentina / Argentina

413.166 389.066 232.360 76.231 70.534 65.314 63.812 51.097 41.044 34.212
tons, in 2004

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Uruguai / Uruguay Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

63.812 34.212 4.409 3.956 3.714 3.389 2.523 2.128 1.979 1.341 506 195
tons, in 2004

36

Produo de acar / Sugar ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Brasil / Brazil ndia / India China / China Estados Unidos / United States Tailndia / Thailand Mxico / Mexico Austrlia / Australia Frana / France * Alemanha / Germany * Cuba / Cuba

28.248 14.432 10.912 7.647 7.462 5.672 5.530 5.094 4.380 2.600
tons, in 2004

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Bolvia /Bolivia Chile / Chile Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai /Uruguay Suriname / Suriname

28.248 2.740 1.857 813 694 490 464 401 320 115 7 5
tons, in 2004

* Dados referentes a 2002 / Data refer to 2002.

37

Produo de Soja / SoybeaN ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of tons, in 2004 Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina China / China ndia / India Paraguai / Paraguay Canad / Canada Bolvia / Bolivia Indonsia / Indonesia Rssia / Russia

85.013 49.793 31.500 17.600 7.500 3.584 3.048 1.670 723 555

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Suriname / Suriname Chile / Chile Guiana / Guyana

49.793 31.500 3.584 1.670 377 107 68 3 3 -nd nd


tons, in 2004

38

agricuLTuraL ProducTioN of coffee


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Brasil / Brazil Vietn / Vietnam Colmbia / Colombia Indonsia / Indonesia Etipia / Ethiopia ndia / India Mxico / Mexico Guatemala / Guatemala Honduras / Honduras Peru / Peru 33.740 17.500 12.400 7.000 5.733 4.850 4.500 4.000 3.833 3.190

Produo agrcoLa de caf /

Em milhares de sacas, em 2007 / In thousnads of bags, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Organizao Internacional do Caf/ International Coffee Organisation

Em milhares de sacas, em 2007 / In thousands of bags, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Organizao Internacional do Caf / International Coffee Organisation

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay

33.740 12.400 3.190 950 870 135 35

39

Produo de aLgodo * / coTToN ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas mtricas, estimativas para 2008-2009 /In


metric tons, estimativas para 2008-2009 Fonte/Source: International Cotton Advosory Committee (ICAC)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China ndia / India Estados Unidos / United States Paquisto / Pakistan Brasil / Brazil Usbequisto / Uzbeskistan Turquia / Turkey Austrlia / Australia Turcomenisto / Turkmenistan Sria / Syria

7.907 5.645 3.172 1.921 1.388 1.147 602 341 293 251
thousands of

Em milhares de toneladas mtricas, estimativas para 2008-2009 /In


metric tons, estimativas para 2008-2009 Fonte/Source: International Cotton Advosory Committee (ICAC)
* No inclui estoque inicial / Not included beginning stocks.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname Uruguay / Uruguay

1.388 188 39 68 39 5 5 1 nd nd nd nd
thousands of

40

Produo de ferTiLizaNTeS / ProducTioN of ferTiLizerS

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2002 / In thousands of tons, in 2002 Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Estados Unidos / United States ndia / India Rssia / Russia Belarus / Belarus Alemanha / Germany Indonsia / Indonesia Brasil / Brazil Ucrnia / Ukraine Paquisto / Pakistan

31.987 18.106 14.460 12.910 4.495 4.478 3.084 2.609 2.358 2.280

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guiana Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname

2.609 576 524 524 22 12 3 nd nd nd nd nd


tons, in 2002

41

Produo de carNe / ProducTioN of meaT

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Estados Unidos / United States Brasil / Brazil Alemanha / Germany Frana / France ndia / India Espanha / Spain Mxico / Mexico Rssia / Russia Argentina / Argentina

74.306 38.891 19.919 6.798 6.255 6.032 5.531 5.040 4.981 4.715
tons, in 2004

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Uruguai / Uruguay Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguai Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

19.919 4.715 1.587 1.170 1.126 958 602 591 446 414 27 9
tons, in 2004

42

rebaNho boviNo / caTTLe

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

ndia / India Brasil / Brazil China / China Estados Unidos / United States Argentina / Argentina Sudo / Sudan Etipia / Ethiopia Mxico / Mexico Austrlia / Australia Rssia / Russia

221.900 176.000 106.175 96.700 50.669 38.325 35.500 30.600 30.500 27.107
heds, in 2002

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Chile / Chile Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

176.000 50.669 27.000 14.500 11.667 9.900 6.576 5.578 4.950 3.566 136 100
heads, in 2002

43

rebaNho oviNo / oviNe LiveSTocK

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Austrlia / Australia ndia / India Ir / Iran Sudo / Sudan Nova Zelndia / New Zealand frica do Sul / South Africa Turquia / Turkey Paquisto / Pakistan Nigria / Nigeria

136.972 113.000 58.800 53.900 47.043 43.142 29.090 26.976 24.398 22.000
heads, in 2002

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Peru / Peru Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

15.000 14.300 14.000 11.250 8.902 4.100 2.381 2.260 820 407 130 8
heads, in 2002

44

rebaNho SuNo / Pig LiveSTocK

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Estados Unidos / United States Brasil / Brazil Alemanha / Germany Espanha / Spain Vietn / Vietnam Polnia / Poland ndia / India Mxico / Mexico Rssia / Russia

464.695 59.074 30.000 25.958 23.858 23.170 18.707 18.000 17.000 16.048
heads, in 2002

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Chile / Chile Paraguai / Paraguay Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

30.000 5.655 4.250 2.851 2.806 2.800 2.750 2.750 2.150 344 24 20
heads, in 2002

45

rebaNho caPriNo / caPriNe LiveSTocK

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China ndia / India Sudo / Sudan Bangladesh / Bangladesh Somlia / Somalia Tanznia / Tanzania Brasil / Brazil Etipia / Ethiopia Qunia / Kenya Mali / Mali

161.492 124.000 40.000 34.400 12.700 11.650 9.800 9.622 9.000 8.850
heads, in 2002

Em milhares de cabeas, em 2002 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Colmbia / Colombia Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname

9.800 4.000 3.550 2.010 1.501 1.120 900 278 125 79 15 7


heads, in 2002

46

Produo PeSQueira* / fiSh ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Peru / Peru ndia / India Indonsia / Indonesia Chile / Chile Estados Unidos / United States Japo / Japan Tailndia / Thailand Noruega / Norway Vietn / Vietnam

48.908 9.634 6.089 5.856 5.611 5.566 5.177 4.019 3.159 3.078
tons, in 2004

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Peru / Peru Chile / Chile Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia

9.634 5.611 1.017 954 865 513 212 123 58 33 24 7


tons, in 2004

* Inclui pesca de captura e a aqicultura / Includes capture fisheries and aquaculture production.

47

ParTiciPao da iNdSTria No Pib /


ParTiciPaTioN of iNduSTry iN The gdP

Em % do PIB, em 2006 / % of GDP, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Guin Equatorial / Equatorial Guinea Brunei Darussalam / Brunei Darussalam Repblica do Congo / Republic of the Congo Angola / Angola Azerbaijo / Azerbaijan Arbia Saudita / Saudi Arabia Trinidad e Tobago / Trinidad and Tobago Gabo / Gabon Chade / Chad Botsuana / Botswana

94 73 73 70 70 65 62 61 55 53

Em % do PIB, em 2006 / % of GDP, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Suriname / Suriname Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Brasil / Brazil Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana

52 48 38 36 36 36 35 34 32 31 19 nd

48

Produo de ao bruTo / crude STeeL ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2007 / In thousands of metrics tons, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Instituto Brasileiro de Siderurgia - IBS, Anurio Estatstico 2008 /
Brazilian Institute of Siderurgy - IBS, Statistical Yearbook 2008.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Japo / Japan Estados Unidos / United States Rssia / Russia ndia / India Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Alemanha / Germany Ucrnia / Ukraine Brasil / Brazil Itlia / Italy

489,2 120,2 98,2 72,2 53,1 51,4 48,6 42,8 33,8 31,5

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2007 / In thousands of metrics tons, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Instituto Brasileiro de Siderurgia - IBS, Anurio Estatstico 2008 /
Brazilian Institute of Siderurgy - IBS, Statistical Yearbook 2008.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay

33,80 5,40 5,00 1,70 1,30 0,90 0,09 0,08 0,06

49

Produo de cimeNTo / cemeNT ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2003 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China ndia / India Estados Unidos / United States Japo / Japan Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Itlia / Italy Rssia / Russia Turquia / Turkey Indonsia / Indonesia Brasil / Brazil
metric tons, in 2003

862.081 117.035 92.843 68.766 60.725 43.908 40.998 35.215 35.000 34.010

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2003 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana

34.010 7.000 6.800 4.202 3.900 3.550 1.000 505 446 65 3 -metric tons, in 2003

50

Produo de aLumNio* / aLumiNium ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2000 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Rssia / Russia China / China Canad / Canada Austrlia / Australia Brasil / Brazil Alemanha / Germany Japo / Japan Itlia / Italy Frana / France

7.118 3.245 2.989 2.521 1.742 1.487 1.272 1.255 758 701
metrics tons, in 2000

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2000 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Suriname / Suriname

1.487 593 284 10


metric tons, in 2000

* Inclui produo primria e secundria (recuperada) / Includes primary and secondary production

51

Produo de PaPeL / PaPer ProducTioN

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States China / China Japo / Japan Canad / Canada Alemanha / Germany Finlndia / Finland Sucia / Sweden Frana / France Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Itlia / Italy
metric tons, in 2004

83.612 37.929 30.457 20.578 20.392 14.036 11.589 10.249 10.148 9.667

Em milhares de toneladas, em 2004 / In thousands of Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 50th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Peru / Peru Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

8.221 1.507 1.098 899 576 101 96 91 13 ---metric tons, in 2004

52

refiNo de PeTrLeo / oiL refiNery caPaciTieS

Em milhares de barris/dia, em 2007/ In thousands of barrels/day, in 2007 Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of World Energy 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States China / China Rssia / Russia Japo / Japan ndia / India Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Alemanha / Germany Itlia / Italy Arbia Saudita / Saudi Arabia Frana / France

17.588 7.511 5.583 4.598 2.983 2.668 2.390 2.329 2.100 1.959

Em milhares de barris/dia, em 2007 / In thousands of barrels/day, in 2007 Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of World Energy 2008

1 Brasil / Brazil 2 Venezuela / Venezuela 3 Argentina / Argentina

1.928 1.311 624

53

Produo de vecuLoS auTomoToreS * /


ProducTioN of moTor vehicLeS

Em unidades totais, em 2007 / Total number of vehicles, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Organizao Internacional dos Construtores de Automveis /
International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Japo / Japan Estados Unidos/ United States China / China Alemanha / Germany Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Frana / France Brasil / Brazil Espanha / Spain Canad / Canada ndia / India

11.596.327 10.780.729 8.882.456 6.213.460 4.086.308 3.015.854 2.970.818 2.889.703 2.578.238 2.306.768

Em unidades totais, em 2007 / Total number of vehicles, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Organizao Internacional dos Construtores de Automveis /
International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers

1 2 3 4 5 6

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile

2.970.818 544.647 172.418 73.667 26.338 10.804

* Inclui veculos de passeio e comerciais / Includes cars and commercial vehicles

54

froTa de vecuLoS auTomoToreS * / fLeeT of moTor vehicLeS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Estados Unidos / United States Japo / Japan Alemanha / Germany Itlia / Italy Frana / France Reino Unido / United Kingdom China / China Rssia / Russia Espanha / Spain Brasil / Brazil 241.194 75.686 49.223 38.942 36.298 34.594 31.597 31.212 25.158 23.023

Em milhares de unidades, em 2005 / In thousands, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Associao Nacional de Fabricantes de Veculos Automotores e Empresas Associadas (ANFAVEA) / National Association of Motor Vehicles
Manufacturers and Associated Industries (ANFAVEA)

Em milhares de unidades, em 2005 / In thousands, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Associao Nacional de Fabricantes de Veculos Automotores e Empresas Associadas (ANFAVEA) / National Association of Motor Vehicles
Manufacturers and Associated Industries (ANFAVEA)
* Inclui veculos de passeio e comerciais / Includes cars and commercial vehicles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana /Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia

23.023 7.005 2.561 2.455 2.401 1.481 1.127 598 532 109 37 34

55

froTa Per caPiTa de vecuLoS auTomoToreS /


Per caPiTa fLeeT of moTor vehicLeS

Habitantes por veculo, em 2005 / Persons per vehicle, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Associao Nacional de Fabricantes de Veculos Automotores e Empresas Associadas (ANFAVEA) / National Association of Motor Vehicles
Manufacturers and Associated Industries (ANFAVEA)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Itlia / Italy Austrlia / Australia Espanha / Spain Japo / Japan Alemanha / Germany Frana / France Canad / Canada Reino Unido / United Kingdom ustria / Austria

1.2 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8

Habitantes por veculo, em 2005 / Person per vehicle, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Associao Nacional de Fabricantes de Veculos Automotores e Empresas Associadas (ANFAVEA) / National Association of Motor Vehicles
Manufacturers and Associated Industries (ANFAVEA) 56

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Suriname / Suriname Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Guiana / Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia

4.0 5.7 5.7 6.7 8.0 10.5 12.0 12.2 17.0 19.1 21.0 262.9

Produo de eLeTricidade / ProducTioN of eLecTriciTy

Em bilhes de kilowatt/hora, em 2005 / In billions of kilowatt hours, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States China / China Japo / Japan Rssia / Russia ndia / India Alemanha / Germany Frana / France Brasil / Brazil Reino Unido / United Kingdom Espanha / Spain

4.268,4 2.497,4 1.094,2 951,2 699,0 613,2 570,6 403,0 397,6 290,6

Em bilhes de kilowatt/hora, em 2005 / In billions of kilowatt hours, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Paraguai / Paraguay Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Equador Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

403,0 105,8 101,5 51,6 51,2 49,9 25,2 13,4 7,7 5,2 nd nd

57

coNSumo Per caPiTa de eNergia eLTrica /


Per caPiTa coNSumPTioN of eLecTric Power

Em kwh, em 2005 / In kwh, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Noruega / Norway Canad / Canada Finlndia / Finland Sucia / Sweden Kuaite / Kwait Emirados rabes Unidos / United Arab Emirates Estados Unidos / United States Austrlia / Australia Nova Zelndia / New Zealand Blgica / Belgium

25.137 17.285 16.120 15.440 15.345 13.708 13.648 11.481 9.656 8.510

Em kwh, em 2005 / In kwh, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Brasil / Brazil Uruguai / Uruguay Colmbia / Colombia Paraguai / Paraguay Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

3.074 2.848 2.418 2.008 2.007 890 849 848 714 479 nd nd

58

coNSumo de hidreLeTricidade / coNSumPTioN of hydroeLecTriciTy

Em milhes de toneladas de leo equivalente, em 2007 /


equivalent, in 2007 Fonte/Source: BP

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Brasil / Brazil Canad / Canada Estados Unidos / United States Rssia / Russia Noruega / Norway ndia / India Venezuela / Venezuela Japo / Japan Sucia / Sweden
Global, Statistical Review of

109,3 84,1 83,3 56,8 40,5 30,6 27,7 19,0 18,9 15,0
In million tonnes oil

World Energy 2008

Em milhes de toneladas de leo equivalente, em 2007 /


equivalent, in 2007 Fonte/Source: BP

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Paraguai/ Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay

84,1 19,0 10,1 8,5 5,4 4,4 2,2 nd nd nd nd nd


In million tonnes oil

Global, Statistical Review of

World Energy 2008

59

coNSumo de eNergia NucLear / coNSumPTioN of NucLear eNergy

Em milhes de toneladas de leo equivalente, em 2007 /


equivalent, in 2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Frana / France Japo / Japan Rssia / Russia Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Alemanha / Germany Canad / Canada Ucrnia / Ukraine Sucia / Sweden China / China

192,1 99,7 63,1 36,2 32,3 31,8 21,1 20,9 15,3 14,2
In million tonnes oil

Fonte/Source: BP Global, Statistical Review of

World Energy 2008

Em milhes de toneladas de leo equivalente, em 2007 /


equivalent, in 2007 Fonte/Source: BP

1 Brasil / Brazil 2 Argentina / Argentina

2,8 1,6
In million tonnes oil

Global, Statistical Review of

World Energy 2008

60

foNTeS de eLeTricidade: ParTiciPao da hidreLeTricidade /


SourceS of eLecTriciTy: Share of hydroLecTriciTy

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Paraguai / Paraguay Moambique / Mozambique Nepal / Nepal Repblica do Congo / Republic of the Congo Congo, Rep. Dem. / Dem. Rep. Congo Zmbia / Zambia Etipia / Ethiopia Noruega / Norway Albnia / Albania Tajiquisto / Tadjikistan

100,0 99,8 99,8 99,7 99,7 99,4 99,3 98,9 98,7 97,7

% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Brasil / Brazil Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile Bolvia / Bolivia Argentina / Argentina Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

100,0 87,0 83,7 78,3 77,2 73,9 51,4 48,1 47,8 32,4 nd nd
% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008


61

foNTeS de eLeTricidade: ParTiciPao do gS /


SourceS of eLecTriciTy: Share of gaS

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Turcomenisto / Turkmenistan Trinidad e Tobago / Trinidad and Tobago Moldova / Moldova Emirados rabes Unidos / United Arab Emirates Arglia / Algeria Belarus / Belarus Tunsia / Tunisia Bangladesh / Bangladesh Om / Oman Cingapura / Singapore

100,0 99,5 98,1 97,9 96,2 91,4 90,4 87,6 82,0 74,4

% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Brasil / Brazil Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

52,3 32,3 29,9 15,6 13,3 9,7 7,7 4,7 0 0 nd nd


% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

62

foNTeS de eLeTricidade: ParTiciPao da eNergia NucLear /


SourceS of eLecTriciTy: Share of NucLear eNergy

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Frana / France Litunia / Lithuania Eslovquia / Slovakia Blgica / Belgium Ucrnia / Ukraine Sucia / Sweden Armnia / Armenia Bulgria / Bulgary Sua / Switzerland Eslovnia / Slovenia

79,1 71,7 56,5 55,5 47,7 45,7 43,0 42,4 40,4 38,9
% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 Argentina / Argentina 2 Brasil / Brazil

6,5 2,4
% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

63

foNTeS de eLeTricidade: ParTiciPao do carvo /


SourceS of eLecTriciTy: Share of coaL

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Botsuana / Botswana frica do Sul / South Africa Polnia / Poland Estnia / Estonia Austrlia / Australia China / China Macednia / Macedonia Israel / Israel Cazaquisto / Kazakhstan Srvia / Serbia

99,4 94,1 93,4 91,2 80,1 79,0 78,3 71,1 70,3 69,9
% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

Em % do total da eletricidade gerada, em 2005 /


2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

16,7 8,2 3,2 2,5 2,1 0 0 0 0 0 nd nd


% of total generated electricity, in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008


64

maLha rodoviria / roadS NeTworK

Extenso total em km, dados referem-se ao ltimo ano disponvel no perodo 2000-2005 / Total network in km, data refer to the latest year available in the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States ndia / India China / China Brasil / Brazil Canad / Canada Japo / Japan Frana / France Austrlia / Australia Espanha / Spain Rssia / Russia

6.544.257 3.383.344 1.930.544 1.751.868 1.408.900 1.177.278 950.985 812.972 666.292 537.289

Extenso total em km, dados referem-se ao ltimo ano disponvel no perodo 2000-2005 / Total network in km, data refer to the latest year available in the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008
65

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

1.751.868 231.374 164.257 96.155 79.604 78.829 77.732 62.479 43.197 29.500 nd nd

maLha ferroviria / raiLwayS NeTworK

Extenso total em km, dados referem-se ao ltimo ano disponvel no perodo 2000-2006 / Total network in km, data are for the latest year available in the period 2000-2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008; CEPAL, Anurio Estadstico 2004, Statistical Yearbook 2004

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Rssia / Russia Canad / Canada ndia / India China / China Argentina / Argentina Alemanha / Germany Brasil / Brazil Frana / France Ucrnia / Ukraine

153.787 85.245 67.346 63.465 62.200 35.753 34.218 30.403 29.286 22.001

Extenso total em km, dados referem-se ao ltimo ano disponvel no perodo 2000-2006 / Total network in km, data are for the latest year available in the period 2000-2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008; CEPAL, Anurio Estadstico 2004, Statistical Yearbook 2004
66

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Argentina/ Argentina Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Venezuela / Venezuela Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

35.753 30.403 4.923 3.185 2.993 2.122 966 441 336 nd nd nd

TraNSPorTe areo / air TraNSPorT

Milhares de passageiros transportados em 2006 /


2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States China / China Japo / Japan Alemanha / Germany Reino Unido / United Kingdom Frana / France Irlanda / Ireland Austrlia / Australia Canad / Canada Brasil / Brazil ndia / India

725.531 158.013 102.845 99.647 97.545 59.538 50.738 46.952 46.727 40.945 40.289
Thousands of passengers carried in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

Milhares de passageiros transportados em 2006 /


2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

40.945 10.616 6.612 6.017 5.226 4.218 2.110 1.443 569 433 nd nd
Thousands of passengers carried in

Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008


67

froTa mercaNTe / merchaNT fLeeT

Em milhares de dwt, em 2004 / In thousands of dwt, in 2004 Fonte/Source: UNCTAD, Handbook of Statistics 2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Panam / Panama Libria / Liberia Grcia / Greece Bahamas / Bahamas Estados Unidos / United States Cingapura / Singapore Malta / Malta Chipre / Cyprus China / China * Noruega / Norway

195.286 83.592 54.642 48.037 47.728 40.935 36.101 34.180 29.793 24.243

Em milhares de dwt, em 2004 / In thousands of dwt, in 2004 Fonte/Source: UNCTAD, Handbook of Statistics 2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

4.021 1.542 1.143 491 484 349 148 100 50 47 33 6

*No inclui Hong Kong (frota mercante: 43.958 milhares de dwt) / Not included Hong Kong (merchant fleet: 43.958 dwt).

68

TuriSmo iNTerNacioNaL / iNTerNaTioNaL TouriSm

Ingresso em milhares de turistas, em 2006 / Thousands of tourists inbound, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Frana / France Espanha / Spain Estados Unidos / United States China / China Itlia / Italy Reino Unido / United Kingdom Alemanha / Germany Rssia / Russia Mxico / Mexico ustria / Austria

79.083 58.451 50.978 49.913 41.058 30.654 23.569 22.486 21.353 20.261

Ingresso em milhares de turistas, em 2006 / Thousands of tourists inbound, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

5.019 4.156 2.027 1.749 1.635 1.053 841 748 515 388 nd nd

69

TeLefoNia fixa / fixed TeLePhoNe maiNLiNeS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sucia / Sweden * Sua / Switzerland Alemanha / Germany Islndia / Iceland Dinamarca / Denmark Estados Unidos / United States * Frana / France Grcia / Greece Canad / Canada Austrlia / Australia 717 689 667 653 619 606 586 568 566 564
lines per 1000 people,

Em nmero de linhas por 1000 habitantes, em 2005 / Number of


in 2005

Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /


UNDP, Human Development Report 2007/2008

Em nmero de linhas por 1000 habitantes, em 2005 / Number of lines per 1000
people, in 2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay Brasil / Brazil * Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Suriname / Suriname Colmbia / Colombia Guiana / Guyana Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay

290 230 227 211 180 168 147 136 129 80 70 54

Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /


UNDP, Human Development Report 2007/2008
* Dados referentes a 2004 / Data refer to 2004.

70

TeLefoNia ceLuLar / mobiLe TeLePhoNy

Em nmero de assinantes/linhas por 1000 habitantes, em 2005 /


subscribers per 1000 people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Luxemburgo / Luxembourg Litunia / Lithuania Itlia / Italy Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic Israel / Israel Reino Unido / United Kingdom Portugal / Portugal Estnia / Estonia Noruega / Norway Islndia / Iceland

1.576 1.275 1.232 1.151 1.120 1.088 1.085 1.074 1.028 1.024
Number of lines/

Humano 2007/2008 /

Em nmero de assinantes/linhas por 1000 habitantes, em 2005 /


subscribers per 1000 people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 71

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Suriname / Suriname Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brazil Guiana / Guyana Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Peru / Peru

649 570 518 479 472 470 462 375 333 320 264 200
Number of lines/

Humano 2007/2008 /

uSurioS de iNTerNeT * / iNTerNeT uSerS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Islndia / Iceland Sucia / Sweden Pases Baixos / Netherlands Noruega / Norway Austrlia / Australia Luxemburgo / Luxembourg Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Nova Zelndia / New Zealand Japo / Japan Estados Unidos / United States ** 869 764 739 735 698 690 684 672 668 630
Number of users per 1000 people,

Nmero de usurios por 1000 habitantes, em 2005 /


in 2005

Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /


UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

Nmero de usurios por 1000 habitantes, em 2005 /


in 2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Guiana / Guyana Brasil / Brazil Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Suriname / Suriname Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay

213 195 193 177 172 164 125 104 71 52 47 34


Number of users per 1000 people,

Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /


UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008
* Pessoas com acesso rede mundial / People with access to the worldwide network. ** Dados referentes a 2004 / Data refer to 2004.

72

deSPeSaS em PeSQuiSa e deSeNvoLvimeNTo /


exPeNdiTureS iN reSearch aNd deveLoPmeNT

Em % do PIB, dados referentes ao ano disponvel mais recente no perodo 2000-2005 / % of GDP, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Israel / Israel Sucia / Sweden Finlndia / Finland Japo / Japan Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Sua / Switzerland Estados Unidos / United States Alemanha / Germany Dinamarca / Denmark Cingapura / Singapore

4.95 3.86 3.52 3.18 2.99 2.94 2.68 2.51 2.45 2.36

Em % do PIB, dados referentes ao ano disponvel mais recente no perodo 2000-2005 / % of GDP, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

0.91 0.68 0.44 0.28 0.26 0.25 0.17 0.15 0.08 0.06 nd nd

73

regiSTro de PaTeNTeS / PaTeNTS fiLiNgS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Estados Unidos / United States (52.0%)* Japo / Japan (84.9%)* China / China (58.1%)* Rep. da Coria / Rep. of Korea (75.5%)* Alemanha / Germany (79.2%)* Canad / Canada (13.1%)* Rssia / Russia (74.0%)* Austrlia / Australia (10.9%)* Reino Unido / United Kingdom (67.9%)* ndia / India (18.4%)* 425.966 408.674 210.501 166.189 60.585 42.038 37.691 26.003 25.745 24.505

Em nmero de solicitaes encaminhadas ao escritrio nacional de patentes, em 2006 / In number of filings addresses to national patent offices, in 2006 Fonte/Source: OMPI, Relatrio Mundial de Patentes 2008 / OMPI, World Patent
Office 2008

Em nmero de solicitaes encaminhadas ao escritrio nacional, em 2006 /


number of filings addressed to national patent offices, in 2006 Fonte/Source: OMPI, Relatrio Mundial de Patentes Office 2008

1 2 3 4. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil (15.8%)* Chile / Chile (9.1%)* Peru / Peru (3.1%)* Argentina /Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela

24.074 3.215 1.271 nd nd nd nd nd nd nd nd nd


In

2008 /

OMPI, World Patent

* Entre parntesis participao das solicitaes apresentadas por nacionais / Between parenthesis share of resident filings.

74

PaTeNTeS PedidoS de regiSTro Sob o PcT /


PaTeNTS fiLiNgS uNder PcT
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Estados Unidos / United States Japo / Japan Alemanha / Germany Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Frana / France Reino Unido / United Kingdom China / China Pases Baixos / Netherlands Sua / Switzerland Sucia / Sweden 53.147 27.732 17.889 7.066 6.525 5.610 5.456 4.165 3.728 3.646

Em nmero de solicitaes apresentadas ao abrigo do Tratado de Cooperao de Patentes da OMPI, em 2006 / In number of filings under the WIPO-administered PCT, in 2006 Fonte/Source: OMPI, Relatrio Mundial de Patentes 2008 / OMPI, World Patent
Report 2008

Em nmero de solicitaes apresentadas ao abrigo do Tratado de Cooperao de Patentes da OMPI, em 2006 / In number of filings under the WIPO-administered PCT,
in 2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname

394 45 31 17 5 4 2 2 1 ----

Fonte/Source: Report 2008

OMPI, Relatrio Mundial de Patentes 2008 /


75

OMPI, World Patent

iNTercmbio comerciaL / foreigN Trade

Em US$ milhes, dados referentes a 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE, com base em dados do FMI / Ministry
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States China / China Alemanha / Germany Japo / Japan Frana / France Reino Unido / United Kingdom Pases Baixos / Netherlands Itlia / Italy Canad / Canada Blgica / Belgium

3.179.980 2.185.516 2.386.700 1.336.124 1.169.050 1.066.802 1.044.206 996.827 834.590 844.513
of Foreign Relations

Em US$ milhes, dados referentes a 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE, com base em dados do FMI / Ministry
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

310.348 126.081 111.294 102.938 64.638 48.659 29.180 12.707 8.850 7.155 2.707 1.853
of Foreign Relations

76

exPorTaeS / exPorTS

Em US$ milhes, em 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Alemanha / Germany China / China Estados Unidos / United States Japo / Japan Frana / France Pases Baixos / Netherlands Itlia / Italy Reino Unido / United Kingdom Canad / Canada Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea

1.327.220 1.218.170 1.162.600 714.254 553.257 551.777 492.000 432.709 418.170 360.973
Ministry of Foreign Relations

Em US$ milhes, em 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

174.462 84.612 67.498 57.614 29.843 27.520 14.167 4.936 3.948 2.752 1.471 820
Ministry of Foreign Relations

77

exPorTaeS de beNS PrimrioS ParTiciPao NaS exPorTaeS ToTaiS / exPorTS of Primary goodS
Share iN ToTaL exPorTS

Em % das exportaes totais, em 2005 / % of total exports, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007-2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Sudo / Sudan Nigria / Nigeria Arglia / Argelia Imen / Yemen Papua Nova Guin / Papua New Guinea Burundi / Burundi Barm / Bahrain Gabo / Gabon Kuaite / Kuwait Seichelles / Seychelles

99 98 98 96 94 94 93 93 93 93

Em % das exportaes totais, em 2005 / % of total exports, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007-2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Guiana / Guyana Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Suriname / Suriname

91 91 89 87 84 83 78 68 68 64 46 20

78

exPorTaeS de beNS maNufaTuradoS ParTiciPao NaS exPorTaeS ToTaiS / exPorTS of maNufacTured goodS
Share iN ToTaL exPorTS

Em % das exportaes totais, em 2005 / % of total exports, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007-2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Camboja / Cambodia So Cristvo e Nevis / Saint Kitts and Nevis Malta / Malta Sua / Switzerland Japo / Japan China / China Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Cabo Verde / Cape Verde Bangladesh / Bangladesh Filipinas / Philippines

97 96 95 93 92 92 91 90 90 89

Em % das exportaes totais, em 2005 / % of total exports, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007-2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Guiana / Guyana Peru / Peru Chile / Chile Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador

80 54 36 32 31 20 17 14 13 11 9 9

79

exPorTaeS agrcoLaS / agricuLTuraL exPorTS

Em milhes de US$, em 2004 / In US$ millions, in 2004 Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Pases Baixos / Netherlands Frana / France Alemanha / Germany Brasil / Brazil Blgica / Belgium Itlia / Italy Espanha / Spain Reino Unido / United Kingdom Austrlia / Australia

63.893 47.818 46.642 39.240 27.215 26.304 24.424 24.294 21.185 20.871

1 Brasil / Brazil 2 Argentina / Argentina 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

27.215 15.839 4.268 3.390 1.958 1.624 1.350 1.137 616 210 190 18

Em milhes de US$, em 2004 / In US$ millions, in 2004 Fonte/Source: FAO, Statistical Yearbook 2005-2006

80

imPorTaeS / imPorTS

Em US$ milhes, em 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Alemanha / Germany China / China Reino Unido / United Kingdom Japo / Japan Frana / France Itlia / Italy Pases Baixos / Netherlands Canad / Canada Hong Kong / Hong Kong

2.017.380 1.059.480 967.346 634.093 621.870 615.793 504.827 492.429 416.420 368.223
Ministry of Foreign Relations

Em US$ milhes, em 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

135.886 45.324 43.797 41.469 34.794 21.139 15.013 7.771 6.099 3.207 1.236 1.033
Ministry of Foreign Relations

81

SaLdo comerciaL / Trade SurPLuS

Em US$ milhes, em 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Alemanha / Germany China / China Arbia Saudita / Saudi Arabia Rssia / Russia Japo / Japan Pases Baixos / Netherlands Noruega / Norway Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brazil Irlanda / Irlanda

267.740 250.824 110.494 105.959 92.384 59.348 59.071 43.144 38.576 38.348
Ministry of Foreign Relations

Em US$ milhes, em 2007 / In US$ millions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Colmbia / Colombia

43.144 38.576 23.701 12.290 6.381 741 235 - 213 - 846 - 2.835 - 3.347 - 4.941
Ministry of Foreign Relations

82

reServaS iNTerNacioNaiS / iNTerNaTioNaL reServeS

Em US$ bilhes, em 2007 / In US$ billions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Japo / Japan Rssia / Russia ndia / India Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Brasil / Brazil Cingapura / Singapore Hong Kong / Hong Kong Arglia / Algeria Malsia / Malasia

1.530,3 952,8 464,4 267,0 262,2 179,4 163,0 152,6 110,3 101,0
Ministry of Foreign Relations

Em US$ bilhes, em 2007 / In US$ billions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /
(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Chile / Chile Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

179,4 44,7 26,9 24,2 20,8 16,8 4,5 4,1 2,8 2,5 0,4 0,3
Ministry of Foreign Relations

83

iNveSTimeNToS exTerNoS direToS / foreigN direcT iNveSTmeNT

Em milhes de US$, em 2006 / In US$ millions, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Reino Unido / United Kingdom Frana / France Blgica / Belgium China / China Canad / Canada Alemanha / Germany Itlia / Italy Luxemburgo / Luxemburg Rssia / Russia

175.412 139.543 81.076 71.997 69.469 69.041 42.870 39.076 29.309 28.732

Em US$ millions, em 2006 / In US$ millions, in 2006 Fonte/Source: UNCTAD, Manual de Estatsticas 2008 /
Statistics 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Venezuela / Venezuela

18.782 7.952 6.295 4.809 3.467 2.087 1.374 323 240 130 102 - 543
UNCTAD, Handbook of

84

ajuda oficiaL ao deSeNvoLvimeNTo recebida /


officiaL deveLoPmeNT aSSiSTaNce iNfLowS

Em US$ milhes, em 2005 / In US$ millions, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio do Desenvolvimento Humano 2007-2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007-2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Nigria / Nigeria Indonsia / Indonesia Etipia / Ethiopia Vietn / Vietnam Congo, Rep. Dem. / Congo, Dem. Rep. Sudo / Sudan China / China ndia / India Paquisto / Pakistan Tanznia / Tanzania

6.437,3 2.523,5 1.937,3 1.904,9 1.827,6 1.828,6 1.756,9 1.724,1 1.666,5 1.505,1

Em US$ milhes, em 2005 / In US$ millions, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio do Desenvolvimento Humano 2007-2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007-2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Guiana / Guyana Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Venezuela / Venezuela Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguai

582,9 511,1 397,8 209,5 191,9 151,7 136,8 99,7 51,1 48,7 44,0 14,6

85

uTiLizao de crdiToS do fmi / uSe of imf crediTS

Em US$ milhes, em 2006 / In US$ millions, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/ World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Turquia / Turkey Paquisto / Pakistan Rep. Dem. do Congo / Dem. Rep. of Congo Ucrnia / Ukraine Sudo / Sudan Bangladesh / Bangladesh Repblica Dominicana / Dominican Republic Libria / Liberia Srvia / Serbia Sri Lanka / Sri Lanka

10.762 1.462 833 830 518 476 459 336 244 244

Em US$ milhes, em 2005 / In US$ millions, in 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/ World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Argentina / Argentina Brasil / Brazil Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela

23 20 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

86

remeSSa de emigraNTeS / migraNT worKerS remiTTaNceS

Em US$ milhes, em 2006 / In US$ millions, in 2006 Fonte/Source: UNCTAD, Manual de Estatsticas 2008 /
Statistics 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

ndia / India Mxico / Mexico Filipinas / Philippines China / China Indonsia / Indonesia Marrocos / Morocco Bangladesh / Bangladesh Egito / Egypt Lbano / Lebanon Paquisto / Pakistan

25.426 25.052 15.239 11.150 5.722 5.454 5.428 5.330 5.202 5.121
UNCTAD, Handbook of

Em US$ milhes, em 2006 / In US$ millions, in 2006 Fonte/Source: UNCTAD, Manual de Estatsticas 2008 /
Statistics 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Chile / Chile Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela

3.928 3.287 2.922 1.837 603 541 432 218 nd nd nd nd


UNCTAD, Handbook of

87

dvida exTerNa / exTerNaL debT

Em milhes de US$, em 2006 / In US$ millions, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Rssia / Russia Turquia / Turkey Brasil / Brazil Mxico / Mexico ndia / India Indonsia / Indonesia Polnia / Poland Argentina / Argentina Hungria / Hungary

322.845 251.067 207.854 194.150 160.700 153.075 130.956 125.831 122.190 107.677

Em milhes de US$, em 2006 / In US$ millions, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

194.150 122.190 47.977 44.635 39.698 28.174 16.536 9.804 5.292 3.426 1.2 nd

88

iNfLao / iNfLaTioN

Variao percentual anual, estimativas referentes a 2007 /


estimates for 2007 Fonte/Source: FMI

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Zimbbue / Zimbabwe Myanmar / Myanmar Eritria / Eritrea Guin / Guinea Venezuela / Venezuela Azerbaijo / Azerbaijan So Tom / Sao Tome and Principe Lbia / Lybia Sri Lanka / Sri Lanka Moldvia / Moldova

2.879,5 37.5 22.7 34.1 21.6 21.1 18.6 16.2 14.0 11.4
Annual percent change,

/ IMF, World Economic Outlook Database

Variao percentual anual, estimativas referentes a 2007 /


estimates for 2007 Fonte/Source: FMI

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile Peru / Peru

21.6 10.3 10.2 6.5 6.0 4.6 4.5 4.2 3.5 2.8 2.5 1.0
Annual percent change,

/ IMF, World Economic Outlook Database


89

Taxa bSica de juroS / iNTereST raTe

Em 2007 / In 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /


(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Sri Lanka / Sri Lanka Turquia / Turkey ndia / India Moambique / Mozambique Islndia / Iceland Moldvia / Moldova Brasil / Brazil Madagascar / Madgascar Srvia / Serbia Paquisto / Paquisto

30.88 17.24 15.29 15.15 13.96 12.19 11.98 11.00 10.31 9.30
Ministry of Foreign Relations

Em 2007 / In 2007 Fonte/Source: MRE/DIC, com base em dados do FMI /


(Brazil), based on IMF data

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Chile / Chile Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

11.98 8.72 8.67 8.66 5.36 4.99 4.27 4.10 3.93 nd nd nd


Ministry of Foreign Relations

90

dePSiToS baNcrioS em coNTaS correNTeS /


baNK dePoSiT accouNTS

Nmero de contas correntes por 1.000 habitantes, dados referentes ao ano disponvel mais recente no perodo 2001-2004 / Number of current deposits per 1.000 people, data refer to
the most recent year available in the period 2001-2004 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/ World Bank, World Development Indicators 2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

ustria / Austria Blgica / Belgium Dinamarca / Denmark Grcia / Greece Ir / Iran Espanha / Spain Sua / Switzerland Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic Rssia / Russia Frana / France

3.120 3.080 2.706 2.418 2.249 2.076 1.986 1.923 1.892 1.801

Nmero de contas correntes por 1.000 habitantes, dados referentes ao ano disponvel mais recente no perodo 2001-2004 / Number of current deposits per 1.000 people, data refer to Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/World Bank, World Development Indicators 2006
91 the most recent year available in the period 2001-2004

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay

1.045 631 612 487 420 369 316 302 41 nd nd nd

agNciaS baNcriaS / baNK braNcheS

Nmero de agncias por 100.000 habitantes, dados referentes ao ano disponvel mais recente no perodo 2001-2004 / Number of agencies per 100.000 people, data refer to the most
recent year available in the period 2001-2004 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/World Bank, World Development Indicators 2006

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Espanha / Spain ustria / Austria Blgica / Belgium Itlia / Italy Portugal / Portugal Alemanha / Germany Canad / Canada Frana / France Sua / Switzerland Dinamarca / Denmark

95.9 53.9 53.2 52.1 51.6 49.4 45.6 43.2 38.0 37.6

Nmero de agncias por 100.000 habitantes, dados referentes ao ano disponvel mais recente no perodo 2001-2004 / Number of agencies per 100.000 people, data refer to the most
recent year available in the period 2001-2004 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/World Bank, World Development Indicators 2006 92

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Bolvia/ Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname

14.6 10.0 9.4 9.3 8.7 6.4 4.4 4.2 1.5 nd nd nd

micro, PeQueNaS e mdiaS emPreSaS /


micro, SmaLL, aNd medium-Size eNTerPriSeS

Nmero de empresas, dados referentes ao ano mais recente do perodo 2000-2005 /


Number of enterprises, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Indonsia / Indonesia China / China Rssia / Russia Estados Unidos / United States Japo / Japan Brasil / Brazil Itlia / Italy Reino Unido / United Kingdom Espanha / Spain Alemanha / Germany

41.362.315 8.000.000 6.891.300 5.868.737 5.712.191 4.903.268 4.486.000 4.415.260 3.168.735 3.162.111

Nmero de empresas, dados referentes ao ano mais recente do perodo 2000-2005 / Number of enterprises, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 2000-2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial/World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008
93

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

4.903.268 1.043.440 700.000 664.000 658.837 548.000 125.000 11.314 nd nd nd nd

creScimeNTo do Pib / gdP growTh

Crescimento anual em %, em 2007 / annual growth in %, in 2007 Fonte/Source: UNCTAD, Manual de Estatsticas 2008 /
Statistics 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Azerbaijo / Azerbaijan Angola / Angola Buto / Bhutan Afeganisto / Afghanistan Georgia / Georgia Catar / Qatar Sudo / Sudan China / China Panam / Panama Guin Equatorial / Equatorial Guinea

25,0 17,8 17,6 13,9 12,7 12,5 11,6 11,4 11,2 11,1
UNCTAD, Handbook of

Crescimento anual em %, em 2007 / annual growth in %, in 2007 Fonte/Source: UNCTAD, Manual de Estatsticas 2008 /
Statistics 2008 94

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Peru / Peru Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Brasil / Brazil Guiana / Guyana Chile / Chile Suriname / Suriname Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador

9,0 8,7 8,4 7,5 7,4 6,0 5,4 5,4 5,1 5,0 4,2 2,7
UNCTAD, Handbook of

ProduTo iNTerNo bruTo (a PreoS correNTeS) /


groSS domeSTic ProducT (iN curreNT PriceS)

Em milhes de US$, estimativas referentes a 2007 /


2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Japo / Japan China / China Alemanha / Germany Reino Unido / United Kingdom Frana / France Itlia / Italy Espanha / Spain Canad / Canada Brasil / Brazil

13.770.309 4.302.091 3.051.243 3.080.553 2.660.658 2.401.443 1.993.724 1.359.110 1.266.404 1.177.706
In US$ billions, estimates for

Fonte/Source: FMI / IMF, World Economic Outlook Database

1 Brasil / Brazil 2 Argentina / Argentina 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Venezuela / Venezuela Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

1.177.706 247.096 219.372 149.647 149.375 100.596 42.292 20.725 11.910 9.206 2.234 0.934
In US$ billions, estimates for

Em milhes de US$, estimativas referentes a 2007 /


2007

Fonte/Source: FMI / IMF, World Economic Outlook Database


95

ProduTo iNTerNo bruTo (Por Paridade de Poder de comPra) /


groSS domeSTic ProducT (iN PurchaSiNg-Power PariTy)

Em milhes de US$, estimativas referentes a 2007 /


2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States China / China ndia / India Japo / Japan Alemanha / Germany Reino Unido / United Kingdom Frana / France Rssia / Russia Itlia / Italy Brasil / Brazil

13.675.646 11.206.808 4.555.318 4.346.008 2.645.102 2.224.646 2.019.578 1.877.205 1.851.965 1.804.593
In US$ billions, estimates for

Fonte/Source: FMI / IMF, World Economic Outlook Database

Em milhes de US$, estimativas referentes a 2007 / In US$ billions, estimates for 2007 Fonte/Source: FMI / IMF, World Economic Outlook Database
96

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

1.804.593 671.508 401.612 228.871 204.358 198.851 68.104 39.615 33.125 29.651 3.911 3.452

ProduTo iNTerNo bruTo Per caPiTa (a PreoS correNTeS) /


Per caPiTa groSS domeSTic ProducT (iN curreNT PriceS)

Em US$, estimativas referentes a 2007 / In US$, estimates for 2007 Fonte/Source: FMI / IMF, World Economic Outlook Database

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Luxemburgo / Luxemburg Noruega / Norway Catar / Qatar Islndia / Iceland Irlanda / Ireland Dinamarca / Denmark Estados Unidos / United States Reino Unido / United Kingdom Finlndia / Finland ustria / Austria

98.300 74.847 65.114 58.185 58.168 55.603 45.400 43.735 42.877 42.126

Em US$, estimativas referentes a 2007 / In US, estimates for 2007 Fonte/Source: FMI / IMF, World Economic Outlook Database

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Brasil / Brazil Suriname / Suriname Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia

9.025 7.977 6.476 6.278 6.220 4.254 3.583 3.080 3.143 1.526 1.226 1.211

97

gaSToS miLiTareS / miLiTary exPeNdiTureS

Em bilhes de dlares US$, em 2007 / In US$ billions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Yearbook 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Reino Unido / United Kingdom China / China Frana / France Japo / Japan Alemanha / Germany Rssia / Russia Itlia / Italy ndia / India Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea

547,0 59,7 58,3 53,6 43,6 36,9 35,4 33,1 24,2 22,6
(SIPRI), SIPRI Military

Em bilhes de dlares US$, em 2007 / In US$ billions, in 2007 Fonte/Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Yearbook 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Chile / Chile Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Uruguai / Uruguay Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

15,33 5,32 4,82 2,00 1,75 1,19 1,13 0,24 0,14 0.06 nd nd
(SIPRI), SIPRI Military

98

gaSToS miLiTareS ParTiciPao No Pib /


miLiTary exPeNdiTureS Share iN The gdP

Em % do PIB, em 2005 / % of GDP, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Eritria / Eritrea Israel / Israel Imen / Yemen Burundi / Burundi Ir / Iran Jordnia / Jordan Sria / Syria Kuaite / Kuwait Cingapura / Singapore Lbano / Lebanon *

24,1 9,7 7,0 6,2 5,8 5,3 5,1 4,8 4,7 4,5

Em % do PIB, em 2005 / % of GDP, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Brasil / Brazil Bolvia / Bolivia Peru / Peru Uruguai / Uruguay Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

3,8 3,7 2,6 1,6 1,6 1,4 1,3 1,2 1,0 0,7 nd nd

* Idem Marrocos / Idem Morrocco.

99

coNTiNgeNTe daS foraS armadaS /


coNTiNgeNT of The armed forceS

Total de efetivos, em 2006 / Total number of militaries, in 2006 Fonte/Source: International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), Military Balance 2007

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

China / China Estados Unidos / United States ndia / ndia Coria, RDP / Korea, DPR Rssia / Russia Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea Paquisto / Pakistan Ir / Iran Turquia / Turkey Egito / Egypt

2.225.000 1.506.000 1.316.000 1.106.000 1.027.000 687.000 619.000 545.000 515.000 469.000

Total de efetivos, dados referentes a 2006 / Total number of troops, in 2006 Fonte/Source: International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), Military Balance 2007
424.398, segundo os dados do Ministrio do Planejamento e Gesto (Boletim Estatstico de Pessoal, jan 2007) Dados referentes a 2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana

287.870 208.600 82.300 80.000 75.698 71.655 56.500 46.100 25.100 10.100 1.840 1.100

100

ParTiciPao doS 10% maiS PobreS Na reNda NacioNaL /


Share of 10% PooreST iN The NaTioNaL iNcome

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Japo / Japan (1993) Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic (1996) Vietn / Vietnam (2004) Paquisto / Pakistan (2002) Finlndia / Finland (2000) Hungria / Hungary (2002) Noruega / Norway (2000) Bsnia e Herzegvina / Bosnia and Herzegovina (2001) Ucrnia / Ukraine (2003) Etipia / Ethiopia (1999-2000)

4,8 4,3 4,2 4,0 4,0 4,0 3,9 3,9 3,9 3,9

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay (2003) Chile / Chile (2003) Peru / Peru (2003) Argentina / Argentina (2004) Equador / Ecuador (1998) Brasil / Brazil (2004) Colmbia / Colombia (2003) Paraguai / Paraguay (2003) Venezuela / Venezuela (2003) Bolvia / Bolivia (2002) Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

1,9 1,4 1,3 0,9 0,9 0,9 0,7 0,7 0,7 0,3 nd nd

101

ParTiciPao doS 10% maiS ricoS Na reNda NacioNaL /


Share of 10% richeST iN The NaTioNaL iNcome

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Nambia / Namibia (1993) Botsuana / Botswana (1993) Lesoto / Lesotho (1995) Haiti / Haiti (2001) Rep. Centro-fricana / Central African Rep. (1993) Bolvia / Bolivia (2002) Colmbia / Colombia (2003) Paraguai / Paraguay (2003) Chile / Chile (2003) Brasil / Brazil (2004)

64,5 51,0 48,3 47,7 47,7 47,2 46,9 46,1 45,0 44,8

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia (2002) Colmbia / Colombia (2003) Paraguai / Paraguay (2003) Chile / Chile (2003) Brasil / Brazil (2004) Equador / Ecuador (1998) Peru / Peru (2003) Argentina / Argentina (2004) Venezuela / Venezuela (2003) Uruguai / Uruguay(2003) Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

47,2 46,9 46,1 45,0 44,8 41,6 40,9 38,2 35,2 34,0 nd nd

102

ParTiciPao doS 20% maiS PobreS Na reNda NacioNaL /


Share of 20% PooreST iN The NaTioNaL iNcome

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japo / Japan (1993) Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic (1996) Noruega / Norway (2000) Finlndia / Finland (2000) Hungria / Hungary (2002) Bsnia e Herzegvina / Bosnia and Herzegovina (2001) Paquisto / Pakistan (2002) Ucrnia / Ukraine (2003) Eslovnia / Slovenia (1998) Sucia / Sweden (2000) Etipia / Ethiopia (1999-2000)

10,6 10,3 9,6 9,6 9,5 9,5 9,3 9,2 9,1 9,1 9,1

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay (2003) Chile / Chile (2003) Peru / Peru (2003) Venezuela / Venezuela (2003) Equador / Ecuador (1998) Argentina / Argentina (2004) Brasil / Brazil (2004) Colmbia / Colombia (2003) Paraguai / Paraguay (2003) Bolvia / Bolivia (2002) Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

5,0 3,8 3,7 3,3 3,3 3,1 2,8 2,5 2,4 1,5 nd nd

103

ParTiciPao doS 20% maiS ricoS Na reNda NacioNaL /


Share of 20% richeST iN The NaTioNaL iNcome

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Nambia / Namibia (1993) Lesoto / Lesotho (1995) Botsuana / Botswana (1993) Rep. Centro-fricana / Central African Rep. (1993) Haiti / Haiti (2001) Serra Leoa / Sierra Leone (1989) Bolvia / Bolivia (2002) Colmbia / Colombia (2003) frica do Sul / South Africa (2000) Paraguai / Paraguay (2003)

78,7 66,2 65,1 65,0 63,4 63,4 63,0 62,7 62,2 61,9

Em %, ano de referncia entre parnteses / In %, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia (2002) Colmbia / Colombia (2003) Paraguai / Paraguay (2003) Brasil / Brazil (2004) Chile / Chile (2003) Equador / Ecuador (1998) Peru / Peru (2003) Argentina / Argentina (2004) Venezuela / Venezuela (2003) Uruguai / Uruguay (2003) Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

63,0 62,7 61,9 61,1 60,0 58,0 56,7 55,4 52,1 50,5 nd nd

104

coeficieNTe de giNi / giNi iNdex

Ano de referncia entre parnteses / Year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Dinamarca / Denmark (1997) Japo / Japan (1993) Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic (1996) Noruega / Norway (2000) Finlndia / Finland (2000) Ucrnia / Ukraine (2005) Crocia / Croatia (2005) ustria /Austria (2000) Bulgria / Bulgaria (2003) Srvia / Serbia (2003)

24.7 24.9 25.4 25.8 26.9 28.2 29.0 29.1 29.2 30.0

Ano de referncia entre parnteses / Year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay (2003) Venezuela / Venezuela (2003) Argentina / Argentina (2004) Peru /Peru (2003) Equador / Ecuador (1998) Chile / Chile (2003) Colmbia / Colombia (2004) Brasil / Brazil (2004) Paraguai / Paraguay (2003) Bolvia / Bolivia (2002) Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

44.9 48.2 51.3 52.0 53.6 54.9 56.2 56.6 58.4 60.1 nd nd

105

Ndice de deSeNvoLvimeNTo humaNo - idh /


humaN deveLoPmeNT iNdex hdi

Ano de referncia: 2005 / Year of reference: 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Islndia / Iceland Noruega / Norway Austrlia / Australia Canad / Canada Irlanda / Ireland Sucia / Sweden Sua / Switzerland Japo / Japan Pases Baixos / Netherlands Frana / France

0,968 0,968 0,962 0,961 0,959 0,956 0,955 0,953 0,953 0,952

Ano de referncia: 2005 / Year of reference: 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Brasil / Brazil Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Suriname / Suriname Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia

0,869 0,867 0,852 0,800 0,792 0,791 0,774 0,773 0,772 0,755 0,750 0,695

106

exPecTaTiva de vida / Life exPecTaNcy

Em anos de vida, dados referentes a 2006 / In years, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Japo / Japan Sua / Switzerland Austrlia / Australia Espanha / Spain Frana / France Islndia / Iceland Itlia / Italy Sucia / Sweden ustria / Austria Canad / Canada *

82 82 81 81 81 81 81 81 80 80

Em anos de vida, dados referentes a 2005 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Paraguai / Paraguay Peru / Peru Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia

78 76 75 75 74 73 72 72 71 70 66 65

* Idem para Israel, Cingapura, Nova Zelndia, Noruega e Pases Baixos / Idem for Israel, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Singapore.

107

morTaLidade iNfaNTiL i / chiLd morTaLiTy i


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Islndia / Iceland Noruega / Norway Sucia / Sweden Japo / Japan Finlndia / Finland Cingapura / Singapore Eslovnia / Slovenia Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic ustria / Austria Blgica / Belgium * 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4
In

Em nmero de mortes para cada 1000 natos-vivos, dados referetes a 2005 /


number of deaths per 1000 live births Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

Humano 2007/2008 /

Em nmero de mortes para cada 1000 natos-vivos, dados referetes a 2005 /


number of deaths per 1000 live births Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Guiana / Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia

8 14 15 17 18 20 22 23 30 31 47 52
In

Humano 2007/2008 /

* Idem para Frana, Espanha, Dinamarca, Pases Baixos, Luxemburgo, Itlia, Alemanha, Grcia, Chipre, Portugal e Sua / Idem for France, Cyprus, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Luxemburg, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland.

108

morTaLidade iNfaNTiL ii / chiLd morTaLiTy ii


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Islndia / Iceland Cingapura / Singapore Noruega / Norway Sucia / Sweden Japo / Japan Finlndia / Finland Itlia / Italy Eslovnia / Slovenia Repblica Tcheca / Czech Republic Alemanha / Germany * 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5

Em nmero de mortes para cada 1000 crianas menores de 5 anos de idade, dados referentes a 2005 / In number of deaths per 1000 under-five children Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

Em nmero de mortes para cada 1000 crianas menores de 5 anos de idade, dados referentes a 2005 / In number of deaths per 1000 under-five children Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008
* Idem para ustria, Blgica, Chipre, Frana, Espanha, Dinamarca, Grcia, Luxemburgo, Pases Baixos, Portugal, Repblica da Coria e Sua / Idem for Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Greece, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Portugal, Republic of Korea and Switzerland.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Brasil / Brazil Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia

10 15 18 21 21 23 25 27 33 39 63 65

109

PoPuLao aLfabeTizada / aduLT LiTeracy


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Islndia / Iceland Noruega / Norway Austrlia / Australia Canad / Canada Irlanda / Ireland Sucia / Sweden Sua / Switzerland Japo / Japan Pases Baixos / Netherlands Frana / France 99,0 99,0 99,0 99,0 99,0 99,0 99,0 99,0 99,0 99,0

Em % da populao acima dos 15 anos, estimativas nacionais realizadas no perodo 1995-2005 / % of population over 15 years old, national estimates carried out in the Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 period 1995-2005

OBS: Os pases esto ordenados por ndice de Desenvolvimento Humano 2005 / Countries are ordered according to IDH 2005

Em % da populao acima dos 15 anos, estimativas nacionais realizadas no perodo 1995-2005 / % of population over 15 years old, national estimates carried out in the Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 110 period 1995-2005

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Guiana / Guyana Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile Paraguai / Paraguay Venezuela / Venezuela Colmbia / Colombia Equador / Ecuador Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia

99,0 97,2 96,8 95,7 93,5 93,0 92,8 91,0 89,6 88,6 87,9 86,7

gaSToS PbLicoS com educao / educaTioN PubLic exPeNdiTureS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Lesoto / Lesotho Botsuana / Botswana Cuba / Cuba Vanuatu / Vanuatu Imen / Yemen So Cristvo e Nevis / Saint Kitts and Nevis Guiana / Guyana Dinamarca / Denmark So Vicente e Granadines / St Vincent and the Grenadines Islndia / Iceland 13,4 10,7 9,8 9,6 9,6 9,3 8,5 8,5 8,2 8,1
In %

Em % do PIB, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 2002-2005 /


of GDP, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 2002-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

2007/2008 /

Em % do PIB, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 2002-2005 /


of GDP, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 2002-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 111

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Guiana / Guyana Bolvia / Bolivia Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Paraguai / Paraguay Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Suriname / Suriname

8,5 6,4 4,8 4,4 4,3 3,8 3,5 2,6 2,4 1,0 nd nd
In %

2007/2008 /

razo aLuNoS-ProfeSSoreS * / PuPiL-Teacher raTio

Em nmero de alunos por nmero de professores, em 2006 / Number of pupils per peacher, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Cuba / Cuba Hungria / Hungary Itlia / Italy Kuaite / Kwait Sucia / Sweden Blgica / Belgium Grcia / Greece Noruega / Norway Portugal / Portugal Letnia / Latvia **

10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 12

Em nmero de alunos por nmero de professores, em 2006 / Number of pupils per peacher, in 2006 Fonte/Source: Banco Mundial / World Bank, World Development Indicators 2008
* Educao primria / Primary education. ** Tambm Polnia / Also Poland.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Brasil / Brazil Uruguai / Uruguay Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Paraguai / Paraguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

17 17 21 21 23 23 24 26 28 28 nd nd

112

Produo de LivroS / booK ProducTioN

Em nmero de ttulos classificados segundo a Classificao Decimal Universal, ano de referncia entre parntesis / In number of titles by the Universal Decimal
Classification, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Reino Unido / United Kingdom (1998) Alemanha / Germany (1998) Estados Unidos / United States (1996) Espanha / Spain (1999) Japo / Japan (1996) Frana / France (1999) Rssia / Russia (1996) Itlia / Italy (1998) Repblica da Coria / Republic of Korea (1996) Canad / Canada (1999)

110.965 78.042 68.175 59.174 56.221 39.083 36.237 32.365 30.487 22.941

Em nmero de ttulos classificados segundo a Classificao Decimal Universal, ano de referncia entre parntesis / In number of titles by the Universal Decimal
Classification, year of reference between parenthesis Fonte/Source: ONU, UN Statistical Yearbook 48th Ed. 113

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil (1998) Argentina / Argentina (1998) Colmbia / Colombia (1997) Venezuela / Venezuela(1997) Peru / Peru (1998) Chile / Chile (1999) Uruguai / Uruguay (1997) Equador / Ecuador (1999) Suriname / Suriname (1996) Guiana / Guyana (1997) Bolvia / Bolivia Paraguai / Paraguay

21.689 11.991 5.302 3.851 1.942 1.443 1.191 996 47 25 nd nd

gaSToS PbLicoS com Sade / heaLTh PubLic exPeNdiTureS

Em % do PIB, em 2004 / In % of GDP, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

So Tom e Prncipe / Sao Tome and Principe Malau / Malawi Timor-Leste / Timor-Leste Islndia / Iceland Alemanha / Germany Frana / France Noruega / Norway ustria / Austria Palestina / Palestine Sucia / Sweden

9,9 9,6 8,8 8,3 8,2 8,2 8,1 7,8 7,8 7,7

Em % do PIB, em 2004 / In % of GDP, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Colmbia / Colombia Brasil / Brazil Guiana / Guyana Argentina / Argentina Bolvia / Bolivia Suriname / Suriname Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile Paraguai / Paraguay Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru

6,7 4,8 4,4 4,3 4,1 3,6 3,6 2,9 2,6 2,2 2,0 1,9

114

gaSToS PrivadoS com Sade / heaLTh PrivaTe exPeNdiTureS

Em % do PIB, em 2004 / In % of GDP, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Lbano / Lebanon Argentina / Argentina Palestina / Palestine Jordnia / Jordan Paraguai / Paraguay frica do Sul / South Africa Uganda / Uganda Camboja / Cambodia Gmbia / Gambia

8,5 8,4 5,3 5,2 5,1 5,1 5,1 5,1 5,0 5,0

Em % do PIB, em 2004 / In % of GDP, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Argentina / Argentina Paraguai / Paraguay Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Colmbia / Colombia Guiana / Guyana

5,3 5,1 4,6 4,2 4,0 3,3 3,2 2,7 2,7 2,2 1,1 0,9

115

gaSToS Per caPiTa com Sade /


heaLTh Per caPiTa exPeNdiTureS

Em US$ ppp, em 2004 / In US$ ppp, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Estados Unidos / United States Luxemburgo / Luxembourg Noruega / Norway Sua / Switzerland ustria / Austria Islndia / Iceland Canad / Canada Alemanha / Germany Blgica / Belgium Austrlia / Australia

6.096 5.178 4.080 4.011 3.418 3.294 3.173 3.171 3.133 3.123

Em US$ ppp, em 2004 / In US$ ppp, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Brasil / Brazil Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile Colmbia / Colombia Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia

1.520 1.274 784 720 570 376 329 327 285 261 235 186

116

iNcidNcia de hiv / hiv iNcideNce

Em % da populao entre 15-49 anos, em 2005 /


old

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Suazilndia / Swaziland Botsuana / Botswana Lesoto / Lesotho Zimbbue / Zimbabwe Nambia / Namibia frica do Sul / South Africa Zmbia / Zambia Moambique / Mozambique Malau / Malawi Rep. Centro-Africana / Central African Rep.

33,4 24,1 23,2 20,1 19,6 18,8 17,0 16,1 14,1 10,7
Humano 2007/2008 /

% of population between 15-49 years

Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

Em % da populao entre 15-49 anos, em 2005 /


old

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Brasil / Brazil Uruguai / Uruguay Paraguai / Paraguay Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Bolvia / Bolivia

2,4 1,9 0,7 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,5 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,1
% of population between 15-49 years

Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /


UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 117

iNcidNcia de TubercuLoSe / TubercuLoSiS iNcideNce

Em nmero de casos para cada 100.000 pessoas, em 2005 /


100.000 people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Suazilndia / Swaziland Djibuti / Djibouti Qunia / Kenya Serra Leoa / Sierra Leone Togo / Togo Timor-Leste / Timor-Leste Camboja / Cambodia Ruanda / Rwanda Cte dIvoire / Cte dIvoire Zimbbue / Zimbabwe

1.211 1.161 936 905 753 713 703 673 659 631
In number of cases per

Humano 2007/2008 /

Em nmero de casos para cada 100.000 pessoas, em 2005 /


100.000 people, in 2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 118

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia Peru / Peru Equador / Ecuador Guiana / Guyana Paraguai / Paraguay Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Venezuela / Venezuela Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile

280 206 202 194 100 99 76 66 52 51 33 16


In number of cases per

Humano 2007/2008 /

diSPoNibiLidade de mdicoS / avaiLabiTy of PhySiciaNS


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Cuba / Cuba Santa Lcia / Saint Lucia Belarus / Belarus Blgica / Belgium Estnia / Estonia Grcia / Greece Rssia / Russia Itlia / Italy Turcomenisto / Turkmenistan Gergia / Georgia 591 517 455 449 448 438 425 420 418 409

Nmero de mdicos para cada 100.000 habitantes, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 1990-2004 / Number of physicians per 100.000 people, date refer to the Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 most recent year available in the period 1990-2004

Nmero de mdicos para cada 100.000 habitantes, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 1990-2004 / Number of physicians per 100.000 people, date refer to the Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 119 most recent year available in the period 1990-2004

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Bolvia / Bolivia Peru / Peru Brasil / Brazil Paraguai / Paraguay Chile / Chile Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

365 301 194 148 135 122 117 115 111 109 48 45

aceSSo SuSTeNTveL a foNTe de gua meLhorada /


PoPuLaTioN wiTh acceSS To imProved waTer Source

Em % da populao total, em 2004 / In % of total population, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Islndia / Iceland Noruega / Norway Austrlia / Australia Canad / Canada Sucia / Sweden Sua / Switzerland Japo / Japan Pases Baixos / Netherlands Frana / France Finlndia / Finland

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

OBS: Os pases esto ordenados por ndice de Desenvolvimento Humano 2005 / Countries are ordered according to Human Developement Index 2005

Em % da populao total, em 2004 / In % of total population, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 120

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Suriname / Suriname Brasil / Brazil Paraguai / Paraguay Bolvia / Bolivia Guiana / Guyana Peru / Peru Venezuela / Venezuela

100 96 95 94 93 92 90 86 85 83 83 83

aceSSo SuSTeNTveL a SaNeameNTo meLhorado /


PoPuLaTioN wiTh acceSS To imProved SaNiTaTioN

Em % da populao total, em 2004 / In % of total population, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Islndia / Iceland Noruega / Norway Austrlia / Australia Canad / Canada Sucia / Sweden Sua / Switzerland Japo / Japan Pases Baixos / Netherlands Frana / France Finlndia / Finland

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

OBS: Os pases esto ordenados por ndice de Desenvolvimento Humano 2005 / Countries are ordered according to Human Developement Index 2005

Em % da populao total, em 2004 / In % of total population, in 2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 121

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Uruguai / Uruguay Suriname / Suriname Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Equador / Ecuador Colmbia / Colombia Paraguai / Paraguay Brasil / Brazil Guiana / Guyana Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Bolvia / Bolivia

100 94 91 91 89 86 80 75 70 68 63 46

PoPuLao SubNuTrida / uNderNouriShed PoPuLaTioN

Em % da populao, dados referentes ao perodo 2002-2004 / In % of total Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008
population, data refer to the period 2002-2004

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Eritria / Eritrea Congo, Rep. Dem. / Dem. Rep. Congo Burundi / Burundi Comores / Comoros Tajiquisto / Tadjikistan Serra Leoa / Sierra Leone Libria / Liberia Zimbbue / Zimbabwe Haiti / Haiti Etipia / Ethiopia

75 74 66 60 56 51 50 47 46 46

Humano 2007/2008 /

Em % da populao, dados referentes ao perodo 2002-2004 / In % of


data refer to the period 2002-2004 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 122

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Paraguai / Paraguay Colmbia / Colombia Peru / Peru Suriname / Suriname Guiana / Guyana Brasil / Brazil Equador / Ecuador Chile / Chile Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay

23 18 15 13 12 8 8 7 6 4 3 <2,5
total population,

Humano 2007/2008 /

PoPuLao viveNdo com meNoS de uS$ 1 Por dia /


PoPuLaTioN LiviNg wiTh LeSS ThaN uS$ 1 Per day

Em % da populao, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 1990-2005 / In % of total population, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 1990-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Nigria / Nigeria Rep. Centro-Africana / Central African Rep. Zmbia / Zambia Madagascar / Madagascar Nger / Niger Ruanda / Rwanda Gmbia / Gambia Tanznia / Tanzania Serra Leoa / Sierra Leone Zimbbue / Zimbabwe

70,8 66,6 63,8 61,0 60,6 60,3 59,3 57,8 57,0 56,1

Em % da populao, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 1990-2005 / In % of total population, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 1990-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 123

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia Venezuela / Venezuela Equador / Ecuador Paraguai / Paraguay Peru / Peru Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Chile / Chile Uruguai / Uruguay Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

23,2 18,5 17,7 13,6 10,5 7,5 7,0 6,6 <2 <2 nd nd

PoPuLao viveNdo com meNoS de uS$ 2 Por dia /


PoPuLaTioN LiviNg wiTh LeSS ThaN uS$ 2 Per day
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Nigria / Nigeria Tanznia / Tanzania Ruanda / Rwanda Burundi / Burundi Zmbia / Zambia Nger / Nigeria Madagascar / Madagascar Bangladesh / Bangladesh Rep. Centro-Africana / Central African Rep. Zimbbue / Zimbabwe 92,4 89,9 87,8 87,6 87,2 85,8 85,1 84,0 84,0 83,0

Em % da populao, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 1990-2005 / In % of total population, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 1990-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

Em % da populao, dados referentes ao ano mais recente no perodo 1990-2005 / In % of total population, data refer to the most recent year available in the period 1990-2005 Fonte/Source: PNUD, Relatrio de Desenvolvimento Humano 2007/2008 /
UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Bolvia / Bolivia Equador / Ecuador Venezuela / Venezuela Peru / Peru Paraguai / Paraguay Brasil / Brazil Colmbia / Colombia Argentina / Argentina Uruguai / Uruguay Chile / Chile Guiana / Guyana Suriname / Suriname

42,2 40,8 40,1 30,6 29,8 21,2 17,8 17,4 5,7 5,6 nd nd

124

Ndice remiSSivo

Ndice remiSSivo

A Ao Bruto, produo 49 Acar, produo 37 Ajuda Oficial ao Desenvolvimento Recebida 85 Agncias Bancrias 92 Agricultura Exportaes agrcolas 80 Participao no PIB 35 Uso da terra 14 Ver Acar, Algodo, Caf, Cereais, Fertilizantes, Soja gua Doce, reservas renovveis 15 Acesso fonte de gua melhorada 120 Algodo, produo 40 Alumnio, produo 51 Analfabetismo 110 reas Florestais 13 Aviao Civil Transporte areo de passageiros 67

B Bancos Agncias Bancrias 92 Depsitos Bancrios Correntes 91

C Carvo, reservas 18 Ver Energia eltrica Cereais, produo 36 Carne, produo 42 Cidades Populao vivendo na maior aglomerao urbana nacional 31 Populao urbana 30
127

Cincia e Tecnologia Ver Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (R&D), Patentes Cimento, produo 50 Clorofluorcarbonos (CFC), consumo 23 Coeficiente de Gini 105 Comrcio Internacional Ver Exportaes, Importaes, Saldo Comercial

D Defesa Gastos Militares 98, 99 Foras Armadas 100 Demografia Crescimento Demogrfico 26 Densidade Demogrfica 27 Expectativa de Vida 107 Fertilidade 32 Populao com mais de 65 anos 29 Populao com menos de 15 anos 28 Populao Total 25 Populao Urbana 30 Populao vivendo na maior aglomerao urbana nacional (%) 31 Ver Cidades, Migraes Depsitos Bancrios 91 Desenvolvimento Humano, ndice 106 Ver Educao, Pobreza, Saneamento, Sade Desmatamento 20 Ver Florestas Dixido de Carbono, emisses 21, 22 Distribuio da Renda Coeficiente de Gini 105 Participao dos 10% mais Pobres na Renda Nacional 101 Participao dos 20% mais Pobres na Renda Nacional 103 Participao dos 10% mais Ricos na Renda Nacional 102 Participao dos 20% mais Ricos na Renda nacional 104 Dvida Externa 88

E Educao Analfabetismo 110


128

Gastos Pblicos com Educao 111 Livros, produo 113 Razo Alunos/Professor 112 Empresas Nmero de Micro, Pequenas e Mdias Empresas 93 Energia Ver Energia Eltrica, Energia Nuclear, Hidreletricidade, Energia Eltrica, produo 57 Consumo per capita 59 Energia nuclear 60, 63 Fontes de eletricidade 61, 62, 63, 64 Hidreletricidade 59, 61 Energia Nuclear 60, 63 Expectativa de Vida 107 Exportaes Exportaes agrcolas 80 Exportaes de Bens 77 Exportaes de Bens Manufaturados (% das importaes totais) 79 Exportaes de Bens Primrios (% das exportaes totais) 78 F Ferrovias 66 Fertilidade 32 Fertilizantes, produo 41 Florestas reas Florestais 13 Desmatamento 20 FMI, utilizao de crditos 86 Foras Armadas 100 Fronteiras Fronteiras terrestres 12 Nmero de pases limtrofes 11 Frota Mercante 68

G Governo Ver Defesa, Educao, Sade Gs, reservas 17 Ver Energia eltrica Gini, coeficiente 105

129

H Hidreletricidade 58 Ver Energia eltrica HIV, incidncia 117

I Importaes 81 Ver Comrcio Internacional Indstria Participao no PIB 48 Ver Ao, Alumnio, Cimento, Papel, Refino de Petrleo, Veculos Automotores Internet 72 Investimentos Diretos Estrangeiros 84

J Juros 90

L Limites Nmero de Pases Limtrofes 11 Ver Fronteiras Terrestres Litoral 10 Livros, produo 113

M Macroeconomia Inflao 89 Juros 90 Produto Interno Bruto (preos correntes) 95 Produto Interno Bruto (paridade de poder de compra) 96 Produto Interno Bruto, crescimento anual 94 Produto Interno Bruto per capita 97 Malha Ferroviria 66 Malha Rodoviria 65 Mdicos, disponibilidade 119

130

Meio Ambiente Ver Clorofluorcarbonos, Dixido de Carbono, Florestas, Quioto (Protocolo) Migraes Migrao Lquida 33 Estoque Migratrio 34 Remessa de Emigrantes 87 Mortalidade Infantil 108, 109 Q Quioto (Protocolo) Mecanismo de Desenvolvimento Limpo, nmero de projetos 24 P Papel, produo 52 Pecuria Ver Carne, Rebanho Bovino, Rebanho Caprino, Rebanho Ovino, Rebanho Suno Patentes 74, 75 Pesca Produo Pesqueira 47 Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (R&D) Ver Patentes Petrleo, reservas 16 Refino 53 Piscicultura Ver Pesca Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) Crescimento anual 94 PIB (a preos correntes) 95 PIB (por paridade de poder de compra) 96 PIB per capita (a preos correntes) 97 Pobreza Populao vivendo com menos de US$ 1 por dia 123 Populao vivendo com menos de US$ 2 por dia 124 Ver Distribuio de Renda Poluio Ver Dixido de Carbono, Meio Ambiente Populao Populao Total 25 Populao Urbana 30 Ver Demografia

131

R Rebanho Bovino 43 Rebanho Caprino 46 Rebanho Ovino 44 Rebanho Suno 45 Renda Nacional Ver Distribuio da Renda, Produto Interno Bruto Recursos Naturais Ver gua, Carvo, Gs, Florestas, Petrleo, Urnio Reservas Internacionais 83 Rodovias 65

S Saldo Comercial 82 Saneamento, acesso 121 Sade Desnutrio 122 Gastos Privados com sade 115 Gastos Pblicos com sade 114 Gastos per capita com sade 116 HIV, incidncia 117 Tuberculose, incidncia 118 Mdicos, disponibilidade 119 Mortalidade Infantil 108, 109 Siderurgia Ao bruto, produo 49 Soja, produo 38

T Telefonia Telefonia Celular 71 Telefonia Fixa 70 Terra, uso da 14 Ver Agricultura Territrio, superfcie 9 Ver Litoral, Fronteiras Terrestres, Florestas, Recursos Naturais Transportes Ver Aviao Civil, Ferrovias, Frota Mercante, Rodovias Tuberculose 118
132

Turismo Internacional 69 U Urnio, reservas 19

iNdex of iNdicaTorS

iNdex of iNdicaTorS
A Agriculture Agricultural exports 80 Land use 14 Share of agriculture in the GDP 35 See Cereals, Coffee, Cotton, Fertilizers, Soybean, Sugar Aluminium, production 51 Assistance Official Development Assistance 85 Aviation Air transport of passengers 67 B Bank Bank branches 92 Deposit accounts 91 Books, production 113 C Carbon Dioxide, emissions 21, 22 Cattle raising 43 See Caprine livestock, Cattle livestock, Meat, Ovine livestock, Pig livestock Chlorofluorocarbons, consumption 23 Cement, production 50 Cereals, production 36 Cities Population living in the largest national urban agglomeration 31 Urban population 30 See Demography Communications Fixed telephony 70 Internet 72 Mobile telephony 71 Coal, reserves 18 Coast, extension 10 Coffee, production 39
137

Cotton, production 40 Crude steel, production 49

D Debt Foreign debt 88 Defense Armed Forces 100 Military expenditures 98, 99 Deforestation 20 Demography Demographic density 27 Demographic growth 26 Fertility 32 Life expectancy 107 Population below 15-28 Population over 65-29 Urban population 30 Total population 25 See Migrations Development assistance Official development assistance, inflows 85

E Education Illiteracy 110 Education public expenditures 111 Ratio pupil/teacher 112 See Books Electricity consumption 59 Hydroelectricity 58, 61 Nuclear energy 60, 63 Production 57 Sources of electricity 61, 62, 63, 64 Energy See Electricity, Hydroelectricity, Nuclear energy Enterprises Number of micro, small and medium-size enterprises 93 Environment
138

See Carbon Dioxide, Forests, Electricity (sources of) Exports Total exports 77 Agricultural exports 80 Share of manufactured goods in total exports 79 Share of primary goods in total exports 78 See Foreign trade

F Fertility 32 Fertilizers, production 41 Fish, production 47 Foreign Trade Exports 77, 78, 79, 80 Imports 81 Trade surplus 82 See Merchant fleet Foreign debt 88 Foreign direct investments 84 Forest Forest areas 13 Deforestation 20 Freshwater, renewable reserves 15 Frontiers Land frontiers 12 Number of neighboring countries 11 G Gas, reserves 17 See Electricity, sources of Gini index 105 Government Education public expenditures 111 Health public expenditures 114 Military expenditures 98, 99 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Gross Domestic Product (in current prices) 95 Gross Domestic Product (in purchasing-power parity) 96 Gross Domestic Product (per capita) 97 Gross Domestic Product, annual growth 94
139

H Health HIV, incidence 117 Life expectancy 107 Child mortality 108, 109 Physicians, availabity 119 Public expenditures 114 Private expenditures 115 Per capita expenditures 116 Tuberculosis, incidence 118 Undernutrition 122 HIV, incidence 117 Human Development, Index 106 Hydroelectricity, production 59 See Electricity, sources of

I IMF, use of credits 86 Imports 81 See Foreign trade Income distribution Gini index 105 Share of 10% poorest in the national income 101 Share of 20% poorest in the national income 103 Share of 10% richest in the national income 102 Share of 20% richest in the national income 104 Illiteracy 110 See Education Industry Participation in the GDP 48 See Cement, Motor Vehicules, Paper, Oil Refinery Capacity, Steel Interest rate 90 International reserves 83 Internet 72 Investments Foreign direct investments 84

K Kioto (Protocol)
140

Clean Development Mechanism, projects registered 24 L Land Land use 14 See Agriculture Life expectancy 107

M Macroeconomics Gross Domestic Product (in current prices) 95 Gross Domestic Product (in purchasing-power parity) 96 Gross Domestic Product (per capita) 97 Gross Domestic Product, annual growth 94 Inflation 89 Interest rates 90 Merchant fleet 68 Migrations Liquid migration 33 Migrants stock 34 Migrant workers remittances 87 Mortality Child mortality 108, 109

N Natural resources See Coal, Forests, Freshwater, Gas, Petroleum, Uranium O Official Development Assistance, inflows 85 P Paper, production 52 Patents 74, 75 Petroleum, reserves 16
141

Refinery capacities 53 Physicians, availabity 119 Population Total population 25 Urban population 30 Population linving in the largest nation urban agglomeration 31 See Demography Poverty Population living with less than US$ 1 per day 123 Population living with less than US$ 2 per day 124 See Income Distribution Product See Gross Domestic Product

R Railways, network 66 Refinery Oil refinery capacities 53 Reserves International reserves 83 Research and Development (R&D) See Patents Roads, network 65

S Sanitation, acess 121 Science and Technology See Research and Development (R&D), Patents Siderurgy Crude steel, production 49 Soybean, production 38 Steel Crude steel, production 49 Sugar, production 37 Surface area 9

142

T Telephony Fixed telephony 70 Mobile telephony 71 Territory 9 Forests 13 Tourism Inflow of international tourists 69 Trade See Foreig trade, Exports, Imports Transports Air transport 67 Railwyas, network 66 Roads, network 65

U Uranium, reserves 19 W Water Access to improved source 120 See Freshwater (renewable reserves) 15

143