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Standards ASME PTC 18-2002, Hydraulic Turbinesand Pump Turbines

This Code defines procedures for fieldperformance and acceptance testing ofhydraulic turbines and pump-turbines operatingwith water in either the turbine or pump mode.
ASME PTC 29-2005, Speed GoverningSystems for Hydraulic TurbineGenerators Units

The objective of this Code is to provide uniformtest methods and procedures to determine theperformance and operational characteristics ofa hydraulic turbine speed governor. This Codemay be used to conduct factory acceptancetesting or to evaluate the current characteristicsof an installed speed governor. Not all of thepossible results that can be determined byapplication of this Code need be part of everytest. Prior to testing, the parties to the test shallagree whether the Code shall be used in wholeor in part to satisfy individual test objectives.
IEEE 125-1996, Recommended Practice forPreparation of Equipment Specificationsfor Speed-Governing of HydraulicTurbines Intended to Drive ElectricGenerators

Applies to mechanical-hydraulic orelectric-hydraulic type governors for all type ofhydraulic turbines.
IEEE 810-1994 (R2001), Standard forHydraulic Turbine and GeneratorIntegrally Forged Shaft Couplings andShaft Tolerances

Applies to the dimensions of integrally forgedshaft couplings and to the shaft runouttolerances. Shafts and couplings included inthis standard are used for both horizontal andvertical connections between generators andturbines in hydroelectric installations.
IEEE C50.12-2005, Standard forSalient-Pole 50 and 60 Hz SynchronousGenerators and Generator/Motors forHydraulic Turbine Applications Rated 5MVA and Above

Contains requirements for all types of 50 and60 Hz salient-pole synchronous generators andgenerator/motors rated 5000 kVA and above tobe used for hydraulic turbine or hydraulicpump/turbine applications.
International Standards IEC 60041 Ed. 3.0 b:1991 Field acceptance tests to determine the hydraulic performance of hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Specifies methods for any size and type of impulse orreaction turbine, storage pump or pump turbine. Determineswhether the contract guarantees have been fulfilled and dealswith the rules governing these tests as well as the methods ofcomputing the results and the content and style of the finalreport. Replaces IEC 60198 (1966) and IEC 60607 (1978). IEC 60193 Ed. 2.0 b:1999 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Model acceptance tests IEC 60308 Ed. 2.0 b:2005 Hydraulic turbines Testing of control systems Deals with the definition and the characteristics of control systems. It is not limited to the actual controller tasks but also includes other tasks which may be assigned to a controlsystem, such as sequence control tasks, safety and provisionfor the actuating energy. The following systems are included,speed, power, opening, water level and flow control for allturbine types; electronic,

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electrical and fluid power devices;safety devices as well as start-up and shutdown devices. IEC 60545 Ed. 1.0 b:1976 Guide for commissioning, operation and maintenance of hydraulic turbines Establishes suitable procedures for commissioning, operatingand maintaining hydraulic turbines and associated equipment.Applies to impulse and reaction turbines of all types, andespecially to large turbines directly coupled to electricgenerators. Also applies to pump-turbines when operating asturbines, and water conduits, gates, valves, drainage pumps,cooling-water equipment, generators, etc., where they cannotbe separated from the turbine and its equipment. IEC 60609-1 Ed. 1.0 b:2004 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Cavitation pitting evaluation Part 1: Evaluation in reaction turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Provides a basis for the formulation of guarantees applied tocavitation pitting for reaction hydraulic turbines, storage pumpsand pump-turbines. It addresses the measurement andevaluation of the amount of cavitation pitting on certainspecified machine components for given conditions, which aredefined in the contract by output, specific hydraulic energy (E),speed, material, operation, etc. The cavitation-pittingevaluation is based on the loss of material during a given timeand under accurately defined operating conditions. All wettedsurfaces are considered IEC 60609-2 Ed. 1.0 b:1997 Cavitation pitting evaluation in hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pumpturbines Part 2: Evaluation in Pelton turbines This standard serves as a basis for the formulation ofguarantees on cavitation pitting on Pelton turbine runners. Italso provides a basis for the measurement and evaluation ofthe amount of cavitation pitting on Pelton turbine runners of agiven turbine, which is defined in the contract by power,specific hydraulic energy of machine (head), rotational speed,material, operation etc. Guarantees which restrict the extent ofcaviation pitting and drop erosion on Pelton turbies at the endof an operating period specified in the contract are necessarywhen the pitting is expected in all or in some operatingranges. IEC 61362 Ed. 1.0 b:1998 Guide to specification of hydraulic turbine control systems IEC 62237 Ed. 1.0 b:2003 Live working Insulating hoses with fittings for use with hydraulic tools and equipment Is applicable to mobile insulating hoses with fittings used withhydraulic tools and equipment for live working at nominalvoltages exceeding 1 kV r.m.s. at power frequency. Insulatinghoses with fittings are used to provide a connection betweenthe hydraulic tool and the pump which are at differentpotentials. They are not considered as a fixed component of alive working device (e.g. aerial device). They can be connectedand disconnected under negligible pressure. They can bedirectly handled by the user. IEC/TR 61366-1 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering Documents Part 1: General and annexes IEC/TR 61366-2 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering Documents Part 2: Guidelines for technical specifications for Francis turbines IEC/TR 61366-3 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering documents Part 3: Guidelines for technical specifications for Pelton turbines

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IEC/TR 61366-4 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering Documents Part 4: Guidelines for technical specifications for Kaplan and propeller turbines IEC/TR 61366-5 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering Documents Part 5: Guidelines for technical specifications for tubular turbines IEC/TR 61366-5 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering Documents Part 5: Guidelines for technical specifications for tubular turbines IEC/TR 61366-6 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering Documents Part 6: Guidelines for technical specifications for pump-turbines IEC/TR 61366-7 Ed. 1.0 en:1998 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines Tendering Documents Part 7: Guidelines for technical specifications for storage pumps US federal programmes and mandates for turbines U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory Coal and Power Systems: Turbines http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/coalpower/turbines/index.html This site explores the Turbine Program of the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). It provides information about NETLs Turbine Program and its goals, current projects and solicitations, and performance targets of on-going projects. U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory Turbine Program: Enabling Near-Zero Emission Coal-Based Power Generation (June 2005) http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/coalpower/turbines/refshelf/brochures/Brochure% 209-19-05.pdf This document delineates todays U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Turbine Program being implemented by the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The Turbine Program leverages the knowledge gained in making unprecedented advances in natural gas-fueled turbine technology under the highly successful, predecessor Advanced Turbine Systems (ATS) Program. This knowledge will be applied to support DOE efforts to develop and deploy near-zero emission (including carbon dioxide) coalbased energy plants capable of producing both electricity and hydrogen. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, How Gas Turbine Power Plants Work http://fossil.energy.gov/programs/powersystems/turbines/turbines_howitworks.htmlA simple cycle gas turbine can achieve energy conversion efficiencies ranging between 20 and 35 percent. With the higher temperatures achieved in the Energy Departments turbine program, future hydrogen and syngas fired gas turbine combined cycle plants are likely to achieve efficiencies of 60 percent or more. When waste heat is captured from these systems for heating or industrial purposes, the overall energy cycle efficiency could approach 80 percent. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, The Turbines of Tomorrow http://fossil.energy.gov/programs/powersystems/turbines/index.html The Energy Departments Fossil Energy Program is developing key technologies that will enable advanced turbines to operate cleanly and efficiently when fueled with coal derived synthesis gas and hydrogen fuels. Developing this turbine technology is critical to the creation of near-zero emission power generation technologies. This will assist with the deployment of FutureGen plants that couple production of hydrogen and electricity from coal with sequestration of the carbon dioxide that is produced. Monitoring Requirements for Combustion Turbines (US Environmental Protection Agency)

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http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-MEETINGS/2001/August/Day24/m21444.htm

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