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For the Recruitment of Assistant Accounts Officer, Asst., Manager (IR), Managers Gr.II (P&I), Assistant Quality Control Officers, Junior Engineers, Marketing Superintendents, Processing Supervisors, UD Accountants. Plant Mechanics, Refrigeration Operators, Electrician Gr.II, Boiler Operator Gr.II.
(Separate Applications should be submitted for each post)


Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Index Notification Prospectus for the recruitment Procedure of selection Syllabus Form for Community, Nativity & Date of Birth Certificate of Residence & List of District Codes School study certificate Annexure I Annexure II

Page No. 1 3 4 6 27 29 28 30 35

THE ANDHRA PRADESH DAIRY DEVELOPMENT COOP FEDERATION LIMITED. Lalapet:: Hyderabad:: 500017 Notification No. 538/Per.I/B1/2012, 2013. RECRUITMENT Applications are invited from eligible candidates in the prescribed Application Form for recruitment to the post of
I. Assistant Accounts Officers 2 posts (Scale of pay Rs. 15280 40510) Head Office SC (W)-1, BC-A (W)-1 Qualification: B. Com with CA (Inter) / ICWA (Intermediate) II. Assistant Manager (IR) 1 Post in Head Office (Scale of pay Rs. 15280 40510) SC (W) -1 Post, Qualifications: Graduate with Degree in Law or MBA (HR). III. Managers Gr.II (P&I) 6 Posts (Scale of pay Rs. 15280 40510). Multi Zone - I 1 post (Zones I to IV): OC 1. Multi Zone - II 5 posts (Zones V & VI): BC (B) 1 (Non-Local), ST 1 (NonLocal), SC -1, BC (A) 1, HH-1 (Hearing Handicapped). Qualifications: B.VSc IV. Assistant Quality Control Officer - 1 Post (Scale of pay Rs. 15280 40510). Multi Zone II (Zones V & VI): 1 Post: SC (W) 1 Qualifications: M. Tech (Dairying) / M.Sc (Dairying) / MVSc (Dairying) / MSc (Food Technology). V. Junior Engineer (Mechanical / Electrical / Electronics) : - 1 posts (scale of pay Rs. 15280 40510) Head Office 1 post, OC 1, Qualifications: Degree in Mechanical / Electrical / Electronics Engineering VI. Marketing Superintendents - 1 post (Scale of pay Rs. 12910 36700) Zone VI BC-A (W) 1 Qualifications: MBA Specialization in Marketing from a recognized university. VII. Processing Supervisors (7 posts) (Scale of pay Rs. 10900 - 31550). Zone IV 1 Post: SC 1 Zone V - 2 Posts: BC E (W) 1 , BC (A) 1, Zone VI 4 Posts: SC (W) 1, BC (E) 1, BC (A) (W) 1, BC A 1. Qualifications: Minimum qualifications IDD or B. Sc (DT) / B. Tech (DT) / B. Tech (Dairying), (4 years duration).



VIII. UD Accountants: 4 Posts (Scale of pay Rs. 10900 31550). ZoneVI -1 Post: BCC1. ZoneV - 1 Post: BCA (W)1, ZoneIV -1 Post: SC (W)1, ZoneII - 1 Post: SC (W)1. Qualifications: M. Com with minimum 60% - OC, BC 55%, for SC ST - 50% with knowledge of Computers: M.S. Office. IX. Plant Mechanics 8 posts (Scale of pay Rs. 9460 27700). Zone VI 5 posts: BC - D (W) 1(Non-Local), BC E (W) 1, BC A 1, OC 1, SC (W) 1. Zone V 1 post: ST (W) 1. Zone IV 1 post: OC (W) 1. Zone II 1 post: BC-A (W) 1. Qualifications: Diploma in Electrical or Mechanical Engineering. X. Refrigeration Operator / Mechanics 2 posts (Scale of pay Rs. 9200 27000). Zone VI 2 posts: OC (W) 1, SC (W) 1. Qualifications: Basic Qualification: SSC with ITI (Refrigeration & Air Conditioning) XI. Boiler Operator Gr.II (District Posts) - 2 posts (Scale of pay Rs. 8440 24950). Mahabubnagar 1 post: OC (W) 1, Nizamabad 1 post: OC (W) 1. Qualifications: SSC with ITI passed with 2nd class Boiler Certificate issued by the competent authority. XII. Electrician Gr.II (District Posts) 9 posts (Scale of pay Rs.8440 24950). MPF, Hyderabad 3 posts, OC 1, SC 1, ST (W) 1. Mahabubnagar 1 post: OC (W) 1, Nizamabad 1 post: OC (W) 1. Warangal 1 post: OC (W) 1, Khammam 1 post: OC (W) 1. Ananthapur - 2 posts: OC (W) I. SC (W) I. Qualifications: Basic Qualification: SSC with ITI Electrical or Electronics. Age: 34 years as on 31-12-2012 / 5 years relaxation in case of SC / STs for all posts.

Applications available at all APDDCF General Manager / Deputy Director Offices (Annexure II) from 21-01-2013. Details regarding scheme of examination fees, syllabus etc., are available on our website www.apddcf.gov.in. For clarification, Personnel Officer can be contacted at Head Office Phone No. 040 27019097. Application should be submitted separately for each post. Last date for receipt of filled applications in Managing Directors Office, APDDCF Ltd., Vijaya Bhavan, Lalapet, Hyderabad is 11-02-2013 by 5:00 P.M




Assistant Accounts Officer, Assistant Manager (IR), Managers Gr.II (P&I), Assistant Quality Control Officers, Junior Engineers, Marketing Superintendents, Processing Supervisors, UD Accountants. Plant Mechanics, Refrigeration Operators, Electrician Gr.II, Boiler Operator Gr.II. 1. Application should be submitted separately for each post. 2. The applications received in the prescribed form only shall be considered and APDDCF Ltd., will not be responsible for postal loss or transit delays (in cases where candidate send application directly to APDDCF Ltd., by speed post). 3. If applications are not in prescribed proforma or incomplete in any respect like without photograph of the candidate on the application or without supporting documents or received after prescribed closing date for any reason what so ever such applications will be summarily rejected. 4. Applications are available with the following APDDCF Offices on payment of Rs. 100/-.


Managing Director Office, APDCF Ltd., Vijaya Bhavan, Lalapet, Hyderabad. b. Deputy Directors Office, APDDCF Ltd., Kadapa, Ananthapur, Madanapalli c. Deputy Directors Office, APDDCF Ltd., Khammam, Warangal, Mahabubnagar, Eluru, Rajahmundry, Vijayawada. d. General Manager Office, APDDCF Ltd., Nizamabad. 5. The candidate should not furnish any particulars that are false or fabricate information or suppress any material information while filling up the application form. Detection of such irregularity renders the candidature liable for rejection. The decision of the Board of APDDCF Ltd., is final. 6. All the certificates issued by the competent authority should compulsorily be kept with the candidates to be produced as and when required. 7. Incomplete application and applications received without supporting documents will not be considered. NOTE ON IMPORTANT LEGAL PROVISIONS GOVERNINGTHE RECRUITMENT PROCESS


The recruitment will be made to the vacancies notified only and processed as per the APDDCF Ltd., Service Rules & Regulations and norms fixed by the Management of APDDCF Ltd., 2. Caste / Community certificate issued by the competent authority i.e. MRO / Thahsildar / RDO / Sub-Collector will only be accepted. BCs / SCs / STs belonging to other States are not entitled for reservation. 3. Zonal / Local: In terms of para 8 of the G.O.AP Public Employment ( Organization of Local Cadres and Regulations of Direct Recruitment) Order 1975 (G.O.Ms.No. 674, GA (SPF A) Department, dated 0703-2002, and other orders / Instructions issued by the Government in this regard 70% of posts are to be filled by local cadre candidates and remaining 30% of posts are open for which local and non-local are to be considered on the basis of combined merit list (see Definition of Local candidate). 4. The reservation to Women will apply as per General Rules and Special Rules. 5. The Management of APDDCF is empowered to conduct examination / interview for appointment to the posts notified herein and recruit the candidates as per norms fixed. 6. The persons already in Government Service / Autonomous bodies / Government aided institutions etc., whether in permanent or temporary capacity or as work charged employees are however required to inform in writing, to their Head Office / Department that they have applied for his recruitment.



The candidates belongs and claiming to be Backward Classes Group E may apply indicating their community as BC E However, providing reservation to BC E group will be subject to the adjudications of the litigation pending before the Honble Court. 8. Government has issued orders in the G.O.Ms.No. 3 Backward Classes Welfare (C- 2) Department, dated 04-04-2006, laying down the criteria to determine Creamy Layer among backward classes in order to exclude from the provisions of reservations. Government of Andhra Pradesh has adopted all the criteria to determine the Creamy Layer among Backward Classes as fixed by the Government of India. The Government have fixed the annual income limit at Rs. 4.00 lakhs, in view of the Government said orders candidates claiming as belongs to Backward Classes have to produce a certificate from the competent authority regarding their exclusion from the Creamy Layer at an appropriate time. 9. Each applications must be accompanied by Demand Draft worth of Rs. 500 for OCs, Rs. 200 for OBCs, Rs.100/- for SC/ST drawn in favour of Managing Director, APDDCF Ltd., Lalapet, Hyderabad, PC (Physically Challenged) are exempted from fees.



i. Local Candidate means a candidate for direct recruitment to any post relation to that local area where he / she has studied in educational institution (s) for not less than four consecutive academic years prior to and including the year in which he /she appeared for SSC or its equivalent examination. If however, he / she has not studied in any educational institute during the above four years period, it is enough if he /she has resided in that which is claimed as his / her area during the above said period. ii. In case the candidate does not fall within the scope of the (i) above it will be considered if he / she has studied for a period of not less than seven years prior to and inclusive of the year in which he / she has studied for the maximum period out of the said period of seven years AND where the period of his / her study in two or more local areas are equal such local area where he / she has studied last (in such local area) will be taken for determining the local candidature. Similarly, if he / she has not studied during the above said period in any Educational Institution (s) the place of residence during the above period will be taken into consideration and local candidature determined with reference to the maximum period of residence or in the case of equal period where he / she has resided last. iii. If the claim for local candidature is based on study, the candidate is required to produced a certificate from the Educational Institution (s) where he /she was studied during the said 4/7 years period. If, however, it is based on residence, a certificate should be obtained from an officer of the Revenue Department not below the rank of a Mandal Revenue Officer in independent charge of a Mandal. iv. If, However, a candidate has resided in more than one Mandal during the relevant four / seven years period but within the same District or Zone as the case may be separate certificates from the Mandal Revenue Officers exercising jurisdiction have to be obtained in respect of different areas.

1. The selection of candidates for appointment to the posts will be made in two successive stages viz.

I. Written examination (Objective type) in English 90 Marks

The written test consist of Concerned Subject 45 Marks, Logical Reasoning 15 Marks Quantitative Aptitude 15 Marks General English 15 Marks II. Oral test in the shape of interview 10 Marks

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(*) NOTE: There is no written test for the post of Boiler Operator Gr.II.



The Final Selection of these posts will be based on the written and oral marks put together in order of merit. 3. Only those candidates who qualify in written examination by being ranked high will be called for oral interview in 1:3 ratio. The minimum marks are 40% for OC; 35% for BCs & 30% for SC / ST / PC. The minimum qualifying marks are relaxable in case of BC / SC / ST / PC on the discretion of Board of APDDCF Ltd., 4. Absence in any above test will automatically render his candidature as disqualified. 5. The candidates have to produce Original documents and other particulars for verification as and when required and called for. If the particulars furnished in the application do not tally with the original documents produced by the candidate, the candidates will be rejected. 6. The appointment of selection candidates will be subject to their being found medically fit in the appropriate medical classification. 7. The selected candidates will have to execute a bond of Rs. 100/- on nonjudicial stamped paper stating that he has to serve the organization for a period of minimum one year failing which the total emoluments drawn during the year will be remitted back to the Federation if he left the organization within period of one year 8. The decision of the Management of APDDCF Ltd., in all aspects and all respects pertaining to the application and its acceptance or rejection as the case may be, conduct of examination and at all consequent stages culminating in the selection or otherwise of any candidate shall be final in all respects and binding on all concerned. The Management of APDDCF Ltd., also reserves its rights to alter and modify regarding time and conditions laid down in the notification for conducting the various stages up to selection, duly intimating details thereof to all concerned, as warranted by any unforeseen circumstances arising during the course of this process, or as deemed necessary by the APDDCF Ltd., at any stage.

COPIES TO BE ATTACHED ALONG WITH APPLICATION FORM 1. 2. SSC Certificate Community / Nativity Certificates. School Study Certificate, continues study for 4 years (4th to 10th class). Educational Qualifications of all provisional Certificates with marks list.




Objectives: a. b. c. d. To lay a theoretical foundation for the preparation and presentation of financial statements, To gain working knowledge of the professional standards, principles and procedures of accounting and their application to different practical situations, To gain the ability to solve simple problems and cases relating to company accounts including special type of corporate entities, partnership accounts and To familiarize students with the fundamentals of computerized system of accounting, contests Level of Knowledge: Working knowledge

Contents 1. Conceptual Framework for Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements. 2. Accounting Standards. An overview; standards setting process Working knowledge of all applicable Accounting Standards 3. Company Accounts a. Preparation of financial statements Profit and Loss Account, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Statement b. Profit (Loss) prior to incorporation c. Alteration of share capital, Conversion of fully paid shares into stock and stock into shares, Accounting for bonus issue, Accounting for employee stock option plan, Buy back of securities, Equity shares with differential rights, Underwriting of shares and debentures, Redemption of debentures d. Accounting for business acquisition, Amalgamation and reconstruction (excluding problems of amalgamation on inter-company holding) e. Accounting involved in liquidation of companies, Statement of Affairs (including deficiency/ surplus accounts) and liquidators statement of account of the winding up. 4. Accounts from Incomplete Records 5. Accounting for Special Transactions (a) Hire Purchase and installment sale transactions (b) Investment accounts (c) Departmental and branch accounts including foreign branches 6. Insurance claims for loss of stock and loss of profit. 7. Accounting in Computerized Environment (ii) An overview of computerized accounting system- Salient features and significance, Concept of grouping of accounts, Codification of accounts, Maintaining the hierarchy of ledger, Accounting packages and consideration for their selection, Generating Accounting Reports for absorbing overheads to products or services (iii) Administration overheads --- Method of allocation to cost centres or products (iv) Selling and distribution overheads --- Analysis and absorption of the expenses in products / customers, impact of marketing strategies, cost effectiveness of various methods of sales promotion. 3. Cost Book-Keeping Cost Ledgers Non-integrated accounts, Integrated accounts, Reconciliation of cost and financial accounts.

4. Costing Systems (a) Job Costing. Job cost cards and database, Collecting direct costs of each job, Attributing overhead costs to jobs, Applications of job costing. (b) Batch Costing (c) Contract Costing. Progress payments, Retention money, Escalation clause, Contract accounts, Accounting for material, Accounting for plant used in a contract, Contract profit and Balance sheet entries. (d) Process Costing Double entry book keeping, Process loss, Abnormal gains and losses, Equivalent units Interprocess profit, Joint products and by products. (e) Operating Costing System 5. Introduction to Marginal Costing Marginal costing compared with absorption costing, Contribution, Breakeven analysis and profit volume graph. 6. Introduction to Standard Costing Various types of standards, Setting of standards, Basic concepts of material and Labour standards and variance analysis. 7. Budgets and Budgetary Control. The budget manual, preparation and monitoring procedures, budget variances, flexible budget, preparation of functional budget for operating and nonoperating functions, cash budget, master budget, principal budget factors. Financial Management Objectives: (a) To develop ability to analyse and interpret various tools of financial analysis and planning, (b) To gain knowledge of management and financing of working capital, (c) To understand concepts relating to financing and investments decisions, and (d) To be able to solve simple cases. 1.Scope and Objectives of Financial Management. (a) Meaning, Importance and Objectives (b) Conflicts in profit versus value maximization principle (c) Role of Chief Financial Officer 2. Time Value of Money Compounding and Discounting techniques --- Concepts of Annuity and Perpetuity. 1. COST ACCOUNTING Objectives: a. To understand the basic concepts and processes used to determine product costs. b. To be able to interpret cost accounting statements. c. To be able to analyse and evaluate information for cost ascertainment, planning control and decision making, and d. To be able to solve simple cases. Contests: 2. INTRODUCTION TO COST ACCOUNTING. a. Objectives and scope of Cost Accounting b. Cost centres and Cost Units c. Cost Classification for stock valuation, Profit measurement, Decision making and control d. Coding Systems e. Elements of Cost f. Cost behavior pattern, Separating the component of semivariable costs


g. Installation of a Costing system h. Relationship of Cost Accounting, Financial Management Accounting and Financial Management.


2. COST ASCERTAINMENT 4. Material Cost
I. Procurement procedures Store procedures and documentation in respect of receipts and issue of stock, Stock verification. II. Inventory control Techniques of fixing of minimum, maximum and recorder levels, Economics Order Quantity, ABC classification, Stocktaking and perpetual inventory. III. Inventory accounting. IV. Consumption Identification with products of cost centres, Basis for consumption entries in financial accounts, monitoring consumption.

(b) Employee cost

I. Attendance and payroll procedures, Overview of statutory requirements, Overtime idle time and Incentives. II. Labour turnover III. Utilization of labour, Direct and indirect labour, Charging of labour cost, identifying labour hours with work orders or batches or capital jobs. IV.Efficiency rating procedures V. Remuneration systems and incentive schemes.

a. Direct Expenses sub-contracting Control on material movements, Identification with the main product or service. b. Overheads.
I. Functional analysis Factory, Administration, Selling, Distribution, Research and Development Behavioral analysis Fixed, Variable, Semi variables and step cost II. Factory Overheads Primary distribution and secondary distribution, Criteria for choosing suitable basis for allotment, Capacity cost adjustments, Fixed absorption rates


a. b. c.

Ration Analysis for performance evaluation and financial health Application of Ratio Analysis in decision making Analysis of Cash Flow Statement.

a. Cost of Capital Weighted average cost of capital and Marginal cost of capital b. Capital structures decisions Capital structures patterns, Designing optimum capital structure, Constraints, various capital structure theories. c. Business Risk and Financial Risk Operating and financial leverage, Trading on Equity.

a. b. c.

Different sources of finance Project financing - Intermediate and long term financing. Negotiating term loans with banks and financial institutions and appraisal thereof d. Introduction to lease financing. e. Venture capital finance.


a. Purpose, Objective, Process b. Understanding different types of projects. c. Techniques of decision making: Non discounted and Discounted Cash flow Approaches Payback Period Method, Accounting Rate of Return, Net Present Value, Internal Rate of Return, Modified Internal Rate of Return, Discounted Payback Period and Profitability Index. d. Ranking of competing projects, Ranking of projects with unequal lives.


a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Working capital policies Funds flow analysis Inventory Management Receivables Management Payables Management Management of cash and marketable securities Financing of working capital.




Animal Biotechnology

a. Definitions, basic concepts and scope of animal biotechnology. b. Biotechnological application in animal improvements. c. Nutritional biotechnology including bioconversion of lignocelluloses.


a. Drugs acting on autonomic nervous system. b. Autacoids. c. Drugs acting on somatic nervous system.

Veterinary Neuropharmacology


General Veterinary Parasitology and Helminthology

a. Classification of helminths. b. Trematodes. c. Cestodes. d. Nematodes.


a. Kalazar, animal trypanosomosis(surra), trypanosomosis trypanosoma in cattle and man. b. Bovine trichomonosis. c. Recent development in protozoan vaccines for field use.

Veterinary protozoology





Milk and Meat Hygiene, Food safety and public health

a. Milk hygiene in relation to public health. Microbial flora of milk and milk products. Sources of milk contamination during collection and transport of milk and processing of dairy products. Control of milk and milk product contamination. Hygienic handling / management of dairy equipment. Quality control of milk and milk products. b. Food safety.


a. Factors influencing occurrence of livestock diseases and production. b. New, emerging, re-emerging and occupational zoonoses.

Veterinary epidemiology and zoonoses


Principles of animal nutrition and feed technology

a. Importance of nutrients in animal production and health. b. Nutritional terms and their definitions. c. Importance of minerals and vitamins in health and production. d. Common feeds and fodders.


a. Classification of breeds. b. Economic characters of livestock c. Breeding methods for the improvement of Dairy cattle and Buffalos

Livestock and poultry Breeding


Livestock production management I ( General Principles and Ruminants)

a. Introductory animal husbandry. Common animal husbandry terms. b. General principles affecting the design and construction of building for housing for various livestock species.


a. Importance of grasslands and fodders in livestock production. b. Harvesting and post harvest techniques for fodder preservation. c. Storage of feeds and fodders. d. Feed and Fodder Management for individual animals.

Fodder production and Grassland Management

XI. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. XII. a. b. XIII. a. b. XIV. a. XV. a. b. c. d. XVI. a. b. c.

- 10 Milk and milk products Technology Milk industry in India. Layout of milk processing plant and its management. Composition and nutritive value of milk and factors affecting composition of milk. Physico-chemical, properties of milk. Microbiological deterioration of milk and milk products. Collection, Chilling, Standardisation pasteurization, homogenization, bactofugation. Preparation of butter, paneer.chana, ghee, khoa, lassi, dadhi,ice-cream, cheddar cheese and dairy byproducts. Good manufacturing practices. Implementation HACCP. Toxic/pesticides residues in milk and milk products. Legal and BIS standards of milk and milk products. Veterinary obstetrics Dystocia. Postpartum diseases and complications Veterinary Clinical Medicine II ( Metabolic and Deficiency diseases) Aetiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of metabolic disorders. Diagnosis and management of diseases caused by deficiency of mineral and vitamins in domestic animals. Veterinary preventive Medicine-II (Viral & Parasitic Diseases) Clinical manifestation, diagnosis, prevention and control of infectious diseases in bovines. Livestock Economics, Marketing and Business Management Livestock produce and products. Economics of animal disease and disease losses. Agreement on trade and tariff-GATT) for marketing/trade of live animals and products. Resource management. Livestock Entrepreneurship Avenues of entrepreneurship / employment in private and public sectors. Essential criteria for development of entrepreneurship in livestock sector. Approach to preparation of entrepreneurial project on livestock.

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Nature, Scope, Changing Role of Personnel Manager. Manpower Planning: Factors Affecting Manpower Planning. Organizational structure. Process of Manpower Planning. Recruitment and Selection: Process and Methods. Induction, Placement of Appraisal,

Performance Appraisal: Scope and Objectives, Methods Development of an Effective Appraisal System. Grievance Handling; Nature: Causes, and Procedures.

The Trade Unions Act, 1926. The Trade Unions (Amendments) Act, 2001.

The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 Disciplinary action, Domestic enquiries, Procedures, Suspension, Payment of substance allowances, Termination, Dismiss from service. The Industrial Disputes, Act, 1947. The Payment of Wages Act, 1947. The Payment of Wages Rules, 1937. The The Minimum Wages Act, 1948. The Minimum Wages (Central) Rules, 1950. The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965. The Payment of Bonus Rules, 1975. The Factories Act, 1948. The Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970. The Contract Labour The Shops and Establishments Act. The Maternity Benefits Act, 1961. The Workmens Compensation Act, 1923. The Workmens Compensation The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948. The Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. The Payment of Wages (Amendment) Act, 2005.

Regulation Rules.

(Amendments) Act, 2000.

Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act (Amendments) Act, 1996. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Payment of Gratuity Rules. The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act,

1959. The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Rules, 1959. The Apprenticeship Act, 1961.


1. Dairy Processing: - Use of Bio productive factors for preservation of raw milk,
present status of preservation of Raw milk by chemical preservatives, UHT processed milk products and their properties and prospects, current trends in cleaning & sanitization of Dairy equipments.

2. New Product Development: - New product development criteria, Role of

sensory analysis, Recent developments in food ingredients / additives / Flavourings / colourings / emulsifiers / stabilizers / sweeteners.

3. Advances in Protein Technology: - Denaturisation of proteins, Effect of

denaturisation on physico chemical, and biological properties of protein in food systems.

4. Dairy Plant Management :- Qualities and role of Dairy Managers, decision

making, planning & implementation, motivation and coordination, production planning and inventory control, Organisation & communication (MIS), concept of qualities circles, New concept in quality assurance (H.A.C.C.P & I.S.O certification).

DAIRY MICROBIOLOGY (ICAR SYLLABUS) 1. Starter Culture: - Starter types, propagation and preservation of culture,
commercial starter cultures, Role of starter culture in preparation of fermented milk, like, yoghurt, Dahi etc.

2. Microbial Spoilage: - Influence of processing on microbial flora of milk, Role of

thermophilic & Thermoduric micro organisms in milk spoilages Significance of spore farmers, other types of microbiological spoilages and defects.

3. Micorbial Pathogenesis and Toxins: - Rapid detection techniques for food born
pathogens and their toxins.

4. Microbiology of Dairy fodder and waste Utilization :- Microbial inoculation of

fodder crops, silage fermentation, liquid waste management for resource recovery and pollution control.

DAIRY CHEMISTRY (ICAR SYLLABUS) 1. Chemistry of Milk Lipids: - Classification, grass composition with physical
properties; Fatty acids profile, composition, properties and Factors effecting lipids.

2. Chemistry of Milk Proteins: -

Nomenclature of milk proteins, major milk proteins, estimation of proteins & lipids.

3. Chemistry of Milk Products: - Heat stability of concentrated milk as effected

by different process variables, physico chemical properties of dried milk as effected by different process treatments, stability of milk powder.

4. Chemical quality Assurance: - Concept of quality assurance, Quality

management system I.S.O:9000, TQM, GMP, HACCP, BIS, MMPO, APEDA, CAC, AOAC, WTO, preparation pf standard reagents, detection of adulterants in milk and milk products etc.

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1. THERMODYNAMICS: Basic concepts, Open and closed systems. Heat and

work, Zeroth, First and second law, application to flow and non-flow processes. Entropy: Availability, Irreversibility, T-S relations, Clapery on and real gas Equations. Properties of ideal gases and vapours. Air standard cycles. Two stage air compressor, CI and SI engineers, Valve travel diagram, Pre ignition, Detonation and Diesel knock, Fuel injection, Carburetion, Super charging, Turbo prop and Rocket engineers. Cooling, Emission and Control. Measurement of calorific value of fuels. Conventional and Nuclear fuels.

2. HEAT TRANSFER: Modes of heat transfer. One dimensional steady and

unsteady conduction. Composite slab and equivalent resistance. Heat dissipation from extended surfaces. Heat exchangers, Over all heat transfer coefficient, Empirical correlations for heat transfer in laminar and turbulent flow, Heat transfer in free and forced convection. Thermal boundary layer over a flat plate. Fundamentals of diffusive and convective mass transfer. Black body and fundamental concepts of radiation. Shape factor, Network analysis. cycles and systems, Refrigerants, Condensers, Expansion devices, Psychrometry, Charts and application to air conditioning, Sensible heating and cooling. Effective temperature, Comfort indices, Load calculations. Solar refrigeration, Duct design.


4. STEAM GENERATORS AND TURBINES: Fire tube and water tube boilers.
Binary vapour system. Flow of steam through nozzles and Diffusers. Dryness fraction, Condensation. Various types of turbines, Compounding, Velocity triangles, Partial admission, Reheat, Regeneration, Efficiency and Governance. Gas Turbines, Role of Mach number.

5. MACHINE DESIGN : Theories of failure, Design of Cotter joint, Keys, Splines,

Welded joints, Threaded fasteners, Bolt of uniform strength, Screw jack. Design of Bearing, Couplings, Clutches, BELT DRIVES and Spur gear system. Hydrodynamic and Antifriction bearings. Design of shafts for combined loads. Helical and Leaf Springs. Thin and Thick walled pressure vessels.

6. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING: Production planning and Control : Forecasting,

Moving Averages, Exponential Smoothing, Operations, Scheduling, Assembly line balancing. Product Development, Break-even analysis, Capacity Planning, PERT and CPM. CONTROL OPERATIONS: Inventory Control, ABC analysis, EOQ model, Material requirement planning. Job Design, Job standards, Work Measurement, Quality Management, Quality Analysis and Control. Operations Research: Linear Programming Graphical and simplex methods. Transport and Value Engineer: Value analysis for Cost value.

7. ELEMENTS OF COMPUTATION: Computer Organization, Flow charting,

Features of common computer languages FORTRAN, d Base III, Lotus 1-2-3, C and Elementary Programming.


1. ELECTRIC CIRCUITS: Active and passive network elements dependent and

independent sources response of passive elements to arbitrary excitations energy stored in inductance and capacitance Kirchoffs loss formation of mesh and nodel intergo differential equations their solutions by classical and Laplace transformation methods Transient and steady state response of RL, RC elements to impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal inputs single phase AC circuits methods of solutions poly phase circuits analysis of balanced and unbalanced circuits measurements of three phase power. 2. ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTS : Absolute and secondary instruments types - Principle of operation of different type of instrument extension of instrument ranges measurement of voltage, current , power and energy localization of cable faults Murray loop and Varley loop tests Cathode ray Oscilloscope. 3. ILLUMINATION: Solid angle, luminous flux, luminous flux, luminous intensity Illumination and candle power laws of Illumination flood lighting, street lighting electric lamps. 4. DC GENERATORS AND MOTORS : Types of DC generators EMP equation constructional details characteristics of shunt, series and compound generators Armature reaction types of DC motors Torque developed in a DC motor speed controls of DC motors and starters. 5. TRANSFORMERS : Constructional details Principle of operation - Vector diagrams on no load and load regulation and efficiency equivalent circuits and tests for the determination of parameters of equivalent circuits types of three phase transformers and their applications Scoot connection of transformers. 6. 3-PHASE ALTERNATORS : Principle of operation and constructional details types of Alternators synchronous impedance voltage regulation short circuit ration and its importance phasor diagrams of round rotor and salient pole machines synchronization behavior of an alternator connected to infinite bus effect of varying excitation current and mechanical torque power angle curves control of active and reactive powers. 7. 3-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION Cage and Slip ring motors torque slip characteristics methods of speed control. 8. 3-PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS : Principle of operation torque developed and methods of starting V and Inverted V curves effects of variations of excitation synchronous condensers. 9. SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS : Types of single phase motors Types of Single phase induction motors characteristics and methods of starting shaded pole induction motor. 10. TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION : Line Constants Inductance and capacitance calculations Representation of over head lines Short, Medium and Long lines ABCD constants Mechanical Design Seg, Tension Calculations, Turned Power Lines. 11. OVER HEAD LINE INSULATORS: Type of Insulators Potential distributions over a string of suspension insulators string efficiency Methods of improving string efficiency.\ 12. UNDERGROUND CABLES : Insulation of cables Grading of cables capacitance Measurement in cables - Testing of cables Power frequency withstand tests. 13. FAULT CALCULATIONS: Balanced Fault Calculations on systems Symmetrical components Types of faults Analysis of unbalanced faults. 14. GENERATING STATIONS: Location and types, types of hydroelectric power stations, layout of a hydro-power plant, types of turbines used pumped storage installations Layout of thermal electric Power stations, types of turbines used, condensers, cooling towers, boiler feed pump: energy flow diagram of steam power plant. Nuclear power generation: nuclear fission types of nuclear power reactors principle of a fast breeder reactor. 15. PROTECTION: Characteristic of Relays - Over current, directional and distance protection of lines. Protection of Alternators against stator faults, rotor faults . loss of excitation, unbalanced loading, overloading, failure of prime mover. Over speeding and voltage, protection transformers against winding faults, overloads and external short circuits. 16. CIRCUIT BREAKERS : Air-blast, oil, minimum oil, vacuum sulphur hexafluoride circuit breakers Relative merits and demerits.

17. ECONOMIC ASPECTS: Generation costs and their classification, load curve, load
utilization and plant capacity factor. Load sharing between base load and peak-load stations. Load forecasting. Economical distribution of load between unit within an plant and between plants. Modeling of fuel costs for thermal generation. Optimal operation of an all thermal generating system and of a hydro-thermal system. Consideration of transmission losses. 18. UTILIZATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY: Industrial drives Motors for various drives Motors for various drives Estimating and Rating Testing of D.C. and A.C. motors Neutral Earthing.

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ELECTRONICS FUNDAMENTALS: Coulombs law Ohms law Fardays laws of electromagnetic induction, Kirchoffs laws, Amperes law Resistance, Capacitance and inductance. ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS: Graph, tree and links Loop currents, node voltages two port net works, Z, Y and Hybrid parameters, Alternating currents, RMS value, form factor, R.L.C. in AC circuits power, and power factor, netweork theorms Harmonic analysis. ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS: Logic circuits - Universal gates Booleans functions and their realisation Product of sums and sums of product forms Combinational circuits Sequential circuits, SR & JK flip flops, Series and parallel Counters Registers. Networks Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs -- incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Nortons maximum power transfer, Wye-Delta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations time domain analysis simple RLC circuits, Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks. Electronic Devices Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers. p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-I-n and avalanche photo diode, LASERs. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implanation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process. Signals and Systems Definitions and properties of Laplace transform, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier seris, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform, z-transform. Sampling theorems. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties -- casuality, stability, impulse response, convoilution, poles and zeros frequency response, group delay, phase delay. Signal transmission through LTI systems. Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Controls Systems Basic control system components -- block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems -- transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation, elements of Proporational-IntegralDerivative(PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems.

Electromagnetics Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl -- Gauss and Stokes theorems, Maxwells quations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media -- reflection and refraction -- phase and group velocity -- skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance -impedance transformation -- Smith chart -- impedance matching -- pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides -- boundary conditions -- cut-off frequencies -- dispersion relations. Antennas: Dipole antennas -- antenna arrays -radiation pattern -- reciprocity theorem, antenna gain.

- 16 TRANSDUCERS AND SIGNAL CONDITIONERS: Introduction to Instrumentation and Measurement system. General concepts and terminology, measurement systems, Transducers classification, general inputoutput configuration, methods of correction, performance characteristics static characteristics of measurement systems, accuracy, precision, sensitivity, other characteristics : Linearity, resolution, systematic errors, random errors, dynamic characteristics of measurement systems: zero order, and second-order measurement systems and response to step, ramp and impulse inputs, Loading effects under dynamic conditions. Resistive, Inductive, Capacitive, Self-Generating Transducers, Thermal and Radiation Transducers, Photo sensors. Signal conditioners for different Transducers. Digital Sensors. INSTRUMENTATION COMPONENTS: Mechanical Components, Pneumatic Components, Electrical & Electromechanical Components, Electronic components, Optoelectronic components. ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTS: Introduction to measurements, Physical measurements, Forms and methods of measurements. Measurements errors. Statistical analysis of measurement data. Probability of errors. Limiting errors. Standards, Definitions of standard units, Types of standards, Standards for various parameters. Reliability, Testing and calibration, Types of calibration, Calibration of different Equipments. AC and DC Voltage and Current measurements. Bridges and measurements using brides. HF Bridges. Electrical instruments, Electronic Instruments, Oscilloscopes, Signal Generators and Analyzers, Frequency and Time Measurement. Spectrum Analyzers. INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION: Metrology, Velocity and Acceleration Measurement, Force and Troque Measurement, Pressure Measurement, Flow Measurement, Density Measurement, Radiation Measurement, Other Measurements. PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION: Process Dynamics, process variables, Load variables, Dynamics of simple pressure, flow level and temperature process, interacting and non-interacting systems, continuous and batch process, self-regulation, Servo and Regular operation, problems. Control Actions and controllers, Optimum Controller Settings, Final Control Elements, Multi loop Control System. ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION: pH and Conductivity & Dissolved component analyzers, Gas Analyses, Chromatography, Spectrophotometers, Principle of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and applications. VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION: Historical perspective, advantages, block diagram and architecture of a virtual instrument, data-flow techniques, graphical programming in data flow, comparison with conventional programming. Development of Virtual instrument using GUI, Realtime systems, Embedded controller, OPC, HMI/SCADA software, Active X programming. Virtual Instrumentation (VI) programming Techniques Data Acquisition Basics, VI Chassis Requirements, Bus interfaces, Networking Basics for Office & Industrial Applications, VISA and IVI, VI toolsets, Distributed I/O Modules, Simulation of Systems Using VI.

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Marketing Management: Strategic Marketing Process, Marketing Environment, Marketing Information Systems. Consumer Buyer Behavior, Business Buyer Behavior, Segmentation, Targeting and Positioning. Product Management: Decisions, Development and Lifecycle Strategies, Services and Branding Strategy. Distribution Management: Personal Communication Channels, New Personal Communication Channels, Customer Relationship Management. Financial Management: Financial Planning, Time Value of Money, Cost of Capital, Capital Structure. Capital Budgeting, Risk Analysis in Capital Budgeting. Cash Management, Inventary, Receivables Management. Managerial Economics: Demand Analysis, Demand Forecasting, Production Analysis, Market Analysis, Business Cycles. Management Process and Organization Behavior: Management Process Organizational Behavior, Learning, Personality Emotions, Perception, Motivation Group Behavior, Stress Management, Organisation Development. Business Communication: Types and Channels of Communication Statistics for Management: Statistical Survey, Classification, Tabulation and Presentation of Data, Probabilities, Sampling Distributions, Estimations Business Forecasting, Time Series Analysis, Decision Support Systems. International Marketing: International Marketing Barriers, Political, Legal Environment, Cultural Environment, Product Strategies, Distribution Channels, Promotion Strategies, Pricing. E Marketing: Strategic E Marketing, E Marketing Plan, Online Consumer Behavior, E Marketing Segmentation & Targeting Four Ps in E Marketing, E Consumer, Relationship Management. Retail Marketing: Retail Market Strategy, Store Management Merchandise Management, Merchandise Pricing, Retail Control. Sales Distribution and Supply Chain Management: Personal Selling and Sales Management Organisation Sales Department, Sales Force Management, Logistics of Distribution, Channel Management Planning and Designing Supply Chain Coordination in Supply Chain. Adverting and Sales Promotion: Setting Advertising Objectives and Strategies, Advertising Budgets, Media Planning, Sales Promotion. Legal Aspect of Business: Law of Contract, Discharges of Contract, Contract of Indemnity and Guarantee, Negotiable Instruments Act, Companies Act, Consumer Protection Act, 1986, Shops and Establishments Act. Management Information System: MIS Concepts, Strategic MIS Business Processing Methodology, MIS Planning and Development, MIS Organisation Structure Trends in MIS, Decision Marking in MIS, Inter Organizational System Internet Information Technology and Systems Security and Ethical issues.

2. 3. 4.

5. 6.

7. 8.



11. 12.

13. 14.


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Market Milk Collection and transportation of milk, Reception, processing, standardization of market milk. Homogenization, Bactofugation. UHT Milk, CIP Cleaning Khova, Paneer, Doodhpeda Casein, whey processing, butter milk processing, membrane technology. Composition of milk fat, cream, butter, margarine, Ghee and butter oil, technical control in butter industry Physicochemical properties of condensed milk, manufacture, management of condensed and dried milk industry. Current status of packaging industry in India, packaging of milk and milk products, Disposal of wasted packaging material, new packaging materials like bio degradable films, Characteristics of paper, glass, metal, plastics foils and laminate. Definition, importance of sensory evaluation, fundamental rules for scoring and grading of milk and milk products, sampling procedure, grading of milk, cream and milk products. Hygiene and effluents disposal, procedures for maintenance of various machinery and equipment, significance of log books and their maintenance, significance of hygiene in milk plant, properties of cleaning compounds, pollution and control dairy wastes, waste disposal, water inputs and treatment softening of water. Isomerism, stereo isomerism, enzymes carbohydrates, fatty acids and lipids, vitamins, density and specific gravity of milk and products, viscosity, preservatives neutralizes, adulterants in milk and their detection, physicochemical changes during manufacture of ghee flavour compounds. Importance of chemical quality control in dairy industry calibration of glassware, legislation on production, transportation, processing and marketing of milk, quality assurance in milk and milk products.

Traditional Dairy Production By products technology Fat rich dairy products

Condensed and dried milk

Packaging of dairy products

Sensory evaluation of dairy products

Dairy plant maintenance

Chemistry and Physical chemistry of milk

Quality assurance

- 19 Microbiology Of Milk Products Bacteriological Analysis of milk cream, Butter, Condensed and evaporated milks dried milks ice cream and indigenes products, quality of diary water supplies, prediction of shelf life behavior, quality assurance in UHT, application of HACCP in dairy industry. Programming concepts, computer language, Data base concepts, programming, cost analysis of milk and milk products, application in dairy industry. Marketing in enterprises, marketing functions, marketing management, process, marketing information, buyer behavior channels of distribution, pricing strategies, demand and sales, forecasting, product related strategies, marketing risks, advertising management, international trade. Concepts, principles, HR Policy, HR Recruitment, selection, transfers and promotions, motivation, leadership, decision making and control, conflict management. Definition obligation, different methods of costing material costs and overhead costs, cost sheets process costing. Goals of financials management, systems of accounting, financial analysis and planning, working capital management, cash management, inventory management banking transaction. Pasteurizes, Homogenizers, Sterilizers, filling operations, mixing and agitation, equipment incorporated in packing of milk and milk products, basic refrigeration cycles and concepts, Refrigeration controls, Drying equipment principles of automatic controls estimation of services requirements including peak load consideration. Alternative current fundamentals, transformers, induction motors, measuring instruments, electric power economics. Stream generation: coal fired boilers and oil fired boilers.

Computer applications in dairy industry

Marketing management and international trade

Human resource and entrepreneurship

Cost Accounting and control

Financial Management

Dairy Engineering

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Nature, Scope and Objectives of Accounting-Accounting as an Information System-Users of Accounting Information. Generally Accepted Principles of Accounting-The Accounting Equation-Accrual Concept-Other concepts and conventions, Distinction between capital and revenue expenditure. Accounting Standards and their application-Accounting standards relating to fixed assets, depreciation, inventory, recognition of revenue. Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors, Partnership Firms and Limited CompaniesStatutory Provisions -Reserves, Provisions and Funds. Financial Statements Meaning Objectives Types Uses Limitations Redrafting Financial Statements Single-step and Multi-step Financial statements Concepts of Working Capital - Determinants of Working Capital -Optimum level of current assets - Liquidity vs. Profitability - Risk Return Trade off . Estimating Working Capital needs. Objectives and importance of Cash Management. Receivables Management and Inventory Management. Analysis and Interpretation of Financial Statements Ratio analysis and interpretation. Ratios relation to short term liquidity, long term solvency and profitability-Importance of the rate of return on investment (ROI) in evaluating the overall performance of a business entity-Cash-flow Statement and Statement of Source and Application of Funds-Societal obligations of Accounting. Auditing - Nature, objectives and basic principles of auditing. Techniques of Auditing-physical verification, examination of documents and vouching, direct confirmation, analytical review. Planning an audit, audit programmes, working papers, audit process. Evaluation of internal controls. Test checking and sampling. Broad outlines of company audit. Audit of non-corporate enterprises. Internal and management audit. Distinctive features of different forms of business

Business Organization organization.

Cooperative and State ownership forms of organizations. Joint Stock Company-Concept, characteristics, types. Cost Accounting - Objectives - Importance - Limitations - Installation of Cost Accounting System - Cost Concepts _ Cost Classification - Cost Accounting Department and its relationship with other Departments. Books of Accounts - Nonintegrated and Integrated Accounting Cash Book B.R.S. - Ledger Accounts.


1. General Engineering: Importance of the trade in the industrial and commercial field simple marking measuring tools & their use aspects, drilling speed, feed & coolants specification, use and safety of Tapf & dies reamers type elements of screw threads, precision measuring, marking and checking tools type sheet metal tools welding soldering & brazing method of electric welding electrode-type electrician hand tools conductors & insulators electrical work, power & energy common electrical measuring instruments electrical circuit, series & parallel circuit resistances earthling and fuses insulated wire and cables material for wiring A.C. Motor, starters and transformer working principles, specification & use Run/start capacitors and PTCs Motor protection devices 2. Basic Electronics: Principles of Diodes, semi conductors, Amplifiers, Transistors, SCRs rectification zener diode as voltage regulator transistors parameters CB, CE, CC, configuration, amplification photo diodes photo transistors, multi-vibrator, CR & LR circuit, SCRs, UJTs, ICs Thermistors, RTDs, Electronic Thermostats, Principles of Remote Controls & Controllers use and function of contractors / starters, pressure controls, solenoids, timers both Electromechanical and solid state 3. Refrigeration & various refrigeration systems: Refrigeration typical refrigeration system, its components, working temperature pressure relationships refrigeration cycle sensible and latent heats, superheating & sub-cooling cu tubes theory of brazing working principles of hermetic & open type compressors of the reciprocal, rotary, scroll & rotary wobble plate compressors lubrication system capacity control of multicylinder compressors condensers metering devices liquid distributors suction line Accumulator Crankcase heaters oil separators, receivers, Heat exchangers system controls operating controls safety controls 4. Refrigerants & RAC equipment: Refrigerants elimination of refrigerant emissions through recovery/recycling leak testing cleanliness and hygiene in a refrigeration system Rotary 2 stage vacuum pumps whilst retrofitting CFC appliances with HC and HFC refrigerants 5. Domestic & Commercial Appliances: Construction of the refrigerator & components frost free refrigerator parts electrical system construction & functioning of WRAC evaporative cooling of condenser split ACs/Room unit & condensing unit principles of pipe sizing & study of service valves for charging at site problems in installation with evaporator use of right instruments & tools to trouble shoot Refrigerant systems in auto AC and air flow & direction control in evaporator performance blower and fans, motors etc., used for evaporators and condensers start & run capacitors, relays and PTCs Ice Candy plant & Ice cream storage 6. Cold storages and commercial refrigeration plants: Reciprocating compressor metric efficiency, volumetric efficiency commercial type reciprocating compressor lubrication compressor capacity control multistage compressor centrifugal compressor condenser evaporative condenser cooling tower water conditioning scale principles of working of a pump standard fittings, valves etc used in chilled water, condenser water & drain lines plates & tubes forced air DX evaporators types of defrost systems & condensate disposal water / Brine chillers suc-liquid Heat Exchangers Food preservation spoilage cold storage type construction pressure testing leak detection and evacuating the system system and testing efficiency cold storage plant operation 7. Small Air-conditioning plants: Central Air conditioning Duct systems indoor air quality types of filters central station AHUs and FCUs using chilled controls used in AC systems load calculation in AC buildings methods of leak detection evacuation, charging gas preventive maintenance large AC and Refrigeration plants preventive maintenance in large AC and Refrigeration plants

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(a)A Second Class Boiler attendant shall Clearly understand the following: The working and management of steam boilers and economizers; The use and purpose of the various valves, cocks, mountings and fittings The precautions to be taken and procedure to be observed before starting fire and when raising steam The use of a feed pump and injector The reading of pressure gauge The need for periodical cleaning and pure water supply and for prevention of scale or other deposits on heating surfaces The need for periodical inspection of boilers and the manner in which they should be prepared for thorough inspection, hydraulic test and steam test The precaution to be taken before entering or allowing any person to enter a boiler that is connected to another boiler under steam The use of the best means of firing for the prevention of smoke The danger of water logging in steam pipes and the precautions to be observed in draining The procedure to be followed in the event of shortage of water, bulging or fracture of furnaces or flat plates or bursting of tubes or of any accident to a boiler or steam pipe Precautions to be taken when starting an economizer into commission and also to put it out of commission while the boiler is on steam

(b)He shall be able to do the following: To stoke a boiler including cleaning and banking fires in a workman-like manner To show how avoidable smoke may be prevented To blow through and test the correctness of water level gauge glasses and test cocks To replace a gauge glass and show how a false water level might be shown To ease a safety valve and blow down cock or valve To adjust a high steam and low water safety valve and renew a fusible plug To pack pump or valve chest glands To grind and adjust cocks and valves To dismantle a feed pump or injector, reassemble and putting in to working order To operate the appliances provided for keeping the economizers clean.

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1. ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS: Basic electrical laws - Analysis of DC networks - Transient response of RLC Networks excited by impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal excitations - Transform methods - AC Networks - Frequency domain analysis Resonance - Coupled circuits - Two port networks - Three phase networks - Power in AC Networks - Power measurement in 3 phase networks. 2. DC MACHINES: Fundamentals of electro mechanical energy conversion - Constructional Features of D.C. Machines - EMF Equation - Types and characteristics of generators Applications - Torque in DC motor - Types of DC motors, applications - Testing of DC motors, efficiency, starting and speed control. 3. AC MACHINES: a) TRANSFORMERS: - Principle, construction, Classification of transformers E.M.F equation - Transformer on load & no load Leakage resistance and reactance O.C and S.C test Regulation Sumpner test Efficiency All day efficiency Auto transformer - Three phase transformers connections, star/delta connection Scott connection - instrument transformers CTS and PTS. b) INDUCTION MOTORS: - Production of rotating magnetic field - Torque, circle diagram, torque slip characteristics - Starting and maximum torque, speed control Principle of single phase induction motor, applications - Generation of EMF in 3 phase - Alternators, synchronous reactance - Armature reaction, regulation - Parallel operation, salient pole machines - Synchronous motors, torque production Methods of starting - V-Curves - Synchronous condenser - Stepper motor, servo motors. 4. ELECTRICAL MEASURING INSTRUMENTS: Absolute and Secondary instruments Electrical principles of operation deflection, controlling, damping torques Errors Moving iron Moving coil instruments Extension range of instruments Electrodynamics type instruments Meggar Voltmeters, ammeters, watt meters, energy meters induction type single phase watt hour meter galvanometer power factor meters potentiometer AC & DC Bridges CRO. 5. ANALOG & DIGITAL ELECTRONICS: Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET, SCR - Amplifiers basing, equivalent circuit and frequency response Oscillators - OP-Amps, applications, filters, timers - Logic gates - Analog to digital and digital to Analog converters - Boolean algebra - 8085 Microprocessor instruction set Memory storage devices. 6. POWER SYSTEMS: Generation Types of power generating stations Conventional & non conventional energy sources Peak load- base load stations Load factor Pumped storage system - Transmission Calculation of line parameters Concepts of short, medium, and long transmission lines ABCD Parameters Insulations Corona Per unit quantities Faults - Cables Circuit breakers Relays. 7. UTILISATION & TRACTION: Industrial drives Motors for various drives Speed control of motors Braking methods Tractive effort Mechanics of train movement Illumination Types of lighting Types of lamps Heating & Welding.

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1. ENGINEERING MECHANICS: Statics & Dynamics, Equilibrium Newtons Law of Motion Friction, Applications Simple Machines Geometrical properties of Sections Moment of Inertia Theorems Radius of Gyration Basic link Mechanism Quadric Cycle Chain, Slider Crank Chain Straight line Mechanism. 2. ELECTRICAL MACHINES and ELECTRONICS: Basic Concepts & Electromagnetic Induction Ohms Law, Work, Power & Energy Faradays Law D.C Generators, D.C Motors A.C Fundamentals & A.C Circuits, Alternators, Transformers, Starters, Single Phase Induction Motors Storage Batteries Semi conductors Electrical measuring instruments, PMMC, PMMI Dynamometer & Wattmeter Energy meter & Safety Procedures. 3. THERMAL ENGINEERING: Fundamentals of thermodynamics Laws of perfect gases Thermodynamic processes in Gasses Fuels and Combustion Air Standard Cycles Properties of Steam Internal Combustion engines Air Compressors Gas Turbines & Jet Propulsion Elements of Automobile engineering Steam Boilers Steam Nozzles Steam Turbines 4. MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY: Lathe & Lathe Work Shaper, Slotter, Planner Broaching Machine Cutting Fluids, Coolants and Lubricants Welding Metrology Milling & Gear Making Grinding & Finishing Processes Modern Machining Process Plastic Processing Press Tools, Jigs & Fixtures Jig Boring. 5. STRENGTH of MATERIALS and MACHINE DESIGN: Simple Stresses and Strains Strain Energy Shear Force and Bending Movement Theory of Simple Bending & Deflection of Beams Torsion in Shafts & Springs Thin Cylinders - Introduction Bolts, Nuts & Screws Shafts, Keys & Couplings Belts, Chain drives & Gears Cams Fly Wheels & Governors. 6. ENGINEERING MATERIALS: Necessity of Refrigeration and air conditioning - Applications Safety and Precautions Causes of accidents Mass, Volume, Density, Specific Gravity Pressure Boyles law, Charles law Work, Power, Energy Heat, Temperature Methods of Heat transfer unit of Refrigeration. 7. HYDRAULICS & FLUID POWER SYSTEMS: Properties of Fluids Laminar & Turbulent Flows Venturimeter Pitot tube Flow of Liquids Flow through pipes Impact of Jets Water Turbines Classification & Governing Pumps, Classification & Centrifugal Pumps Oil Power Hydraulics Pneumatics Hydro Pneumatic Systems. 8. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & ESTIMATING and COSTING: Method study Work Measurement Inspection & S.Q.C Fundamentals of Estimation Elements of Costing Estimation of Weights Estimation of Machining times Estimation of Fabrication Costs Estimation of Forging & Foundry Costs. 9. CAD/CAM: Computer aided Design and Manufacturing CNC Machines and their components CIMS & Flexible Manufacturing Systems Robotics. 10. REFRIGERATION and AIR CONDITIONING: Fundamentals of Refrigeration and Air Refrigeration Vapor Compression and Vapor Absorption Refrigeration Systems Refrigerants, Refrigeration Equipment & Applications Fundamentals of A/C and A/C Equipment Psychrometry Applications of Air Conditioning.

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1. Electricity & Safety: Various safety measures involved in the IndustryElementary first Aid Trade Hand Tools Fundamental of electricity, electron theory-free electron, fundamental terms, definitions, units & effects of electric current soldering technique, resistors insulators and semi-conductors voltage grading wires & cables voltage grades, precaution in using various types of cables Ohms law Resistors Kirchoffs laws wheatstone bridge principle and its applications common electrical accessories. 2. Cells & Batteries: Chemical effect of electric current principle of electrolysis, Faradays law of electrolysis, basic principles of electro-plating and electro chemical equivalents lead acid cell methods of charging precautions dry cell care and maintenance of cells maintenance efficiency of cells sheet metal filing sawing drilling taps & dies, threading bending, soldering 3. Magnetism: Magnetism principle of electro-magnetism, Maxwells corkscrew rule, Flemings left & right hand rules. Magnetic field of current carrying conductors, loop & solenoid. Reluctance, BH curve hysteresis, eddy current. Principle of electromagnetic induction, Faradays law, Lenzs law electrostatics capacitors effect of variation of temperature on resistance working principles and circuits of common domestic equipments & appliances 4. D.C. Machines: D.C. Machines concept of electrical machines, principle of D.C. generator series, shunt and compound generators Armature reaction, interpoles and their uses DC Motors torque speed relations types of characteristics and practical application motors- special precaution to be taken in DC series motors Insulating materials electric wirings Wiring system Earthing 5. Electric Circuits: Alternating current comparison D.C. & A.C, advantages of AC instantaneous value, R.M.S. value average value, peak factor-form factor phase and phase difference, inductive & capacitative, impedance, power factor active and reactive power, single phase & three phase system etc series & parallel power consumption P.F. etc three phase star & delta connection line voltage & phase voltage, current & power in a 3 ph ckt, with balanced and unbalanced load 6. A.C. Machines: a) Transformers & Alternators: Transformers working principle - E.M.F equation, parallel operation of transformer, regulation, efficiency, cooling, protective devices, turn ratio, construction Transformer oil testing tap changing off load and on load bushings and termination testing of single phase and three phase Alternator prime mover, types, regulations, phase sequence automatic voltage regulator b). Synchronous & Induction Machines: Synchronous Motor working principle, effect of change of excitation applications induction motor D.O.L starter, star/delta starter, autotransformer starter single phase induction motor A.C. machine winding Universal motor converter-inverter Fuse Relays Industrial wiring U.G. cables Corona, lighting arrestor/lighting conductor, horn gap 7. Measuring Instruments: Electrical measuring instruments deflecting torque, controlling torque & damping torque, moving coil permanent magnet moving iron range extension multimeter wattmeter PF megger energy frequency tri vector max demand phase sequence indicator CRO 8. Basic Electronics: D.C. rectifier ckt principle of working of a transistor transistor amplifiers oscillator multivibrator Op-AMP U.J,T, F.E.T, S.C.R. Diac, Triac, power MOSFET, G.T.O & I.G.B.T. D.C/A.C power control DC/AC motor drives power supply stablizers Digital Electronics 9. Illumination: Explanation of light illumination factors, intensity of light types illumination & lamps types of lighting House-wiring Decorative lighting.

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1. Basic Electricity: Introduction of Electricity Matter, molecule, atom, Electrostatics, Coulombs law, electric field, potential, potential difference, charge, resistances ohms law classification of resistors with specifications & use color codes Kirchhoffs law and applications Wheatstone bridge. 2. Magnetism: Primary cells, secondary cells, battery construction- efficiency Amp Hour capacity types of charging Electro Magnetism - Magnetism, classification of magnets and their materials, properties of magnets, uses and preparation of artificial magnets explanation of Electro-magnetism, properties, advantages, application. 3. Electrical Circuits: AC comparison with DC induced E.M.F. Faradays law, Lenzs law Generation of A.C. Sinusoidal nature of A.C. R.M.S. value & instantaneous Inductance & Capacitance inductive reactance capacitive reactance classification of capacitors with specification- dielectric constant, series & parallel connection capacitor & inductor, behaviour with A.C. & D.C. time constant A.C. poly-phase circuits Series & parallel, current voltage distribution Resonance in RLC - Q factor poly-phase (3dia) systems star & delta connection advantages. 4. D.C. Machines: Construction and working principle of Generator & motor, E.M.F. equation of generator & motor different types of Generator & Motor, characteristics of D.C. Machines methods of speed control of D.C. motor- uses Applications. 5. A.C. Machines: Construction and working principle of 1 dia transformer types efficiency and voltage regulation Eddy current, Hysteresis, turns ratio, type of core used for LE, HE & VHE Transformer construction and working principle of 1 dia induction motor. 6. Communication Systems: Modulation and demodulation, transmitter, receiver, channel noise, band width A.M. , F.M. & P.M. Classification of sound waves Radio wave propagation Electromagnetic radiation, fading Radio receiver, tuning section, I.F. stage and detection audio stage, fault finding sensitivity and selectivity, Fidelity & signal to noise ratio. 7. Analog Electronics: Semiconductor diodes types - UJT, FET, MOSFET, SCR, OP-Amp & Timers Rectifiers & filters Transistor configurations - Amplifiers Multistage Amplifier, Power Amplifier Classes harmonic distortion - concept of feed back - gain stability Oscillators - Multivibrators Function Generator & oscilloscope regulated power supply SMPS, inverter, converter and UPS CRO & DVMs Multimeters taco generator & alarm circuits . 8. Digital Electronics & Microprocessors: Number systems Logic Gates KMaps - Decoder, Encoder, multiplexer, Demultiplexer Flip-Flops & Counters Triggering circuits D/A, A/D converter Memory types 8085 microprocessor interfacing - PPI 8255 - serial & parallel communication DMA Controller 8237- 8051 Microcontroller. 9. Digital, Satellite communication & Microwave: PCM Delta modulation exchanges, GSM, CDMA Computer Peripherals CPU, memory structure, CMOS setup, error detection - keyboard organization, management pre-directional Opto-mechanical, serial, bus mouse serial and parallel communications, RS232, RS485, RS422 - concepts of networking of computer, LAN, WAN, MAN etc Opto electronics thermocouple.

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Serial No. S.C S.T B.C Certificate No: Seal of the Issuing Office District Code: Mandal Code: Village Code:


(1) This is to certify that Sri/Smt./Kum._______________________________ Son / Daughter of Sri_______________________________ of Village / Town ________ ________________________ of the State of Andhra Pradesh belongs to______________ Community which is recognized as (*) S.C/S.T/B.C subgroup_____________________. The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 G.O. Ms.No.1793, Education, dated: 25.9.1970 as amended from time to time (BCs.) / S.Cs., S.Ts. list (modification) Order, 1956 S.Cs and S.Ts (Amendment) Act, 1976. (2) It is certified that Sri/Smt./Kum._________________________________ is a native of _______________________________ Village / Town ________Mandal ________________District of Andhra Pradesh. (3) It is certified that the place of birth of Sri / Smt. / Kum. _______________ __________________ is ________________________ Village / Town ________Mandal ________________District of Andhra Pradesh. (4) It is certified that the date of birth of Sri / Smt. / Kum. _______________ __________________ is _________________Day_______ Month______Year______(in words) ________________________as per the declaration given by his/her father/mother/guardian and as entered in the school records where he/she studied. Signature: Date: Name in Capital Letters: Designation: (seal) Explanatory Note:- While mentioning the community, the Competent Authority must mention the sub-caste (in case of Scheduled Castes) and subtribe or sub-group (in case of Scheduled Tribes) as listed out in the S.Cs and S.Ts (Amendment) Act, 1976.

- 28 -


NOTE: Should be obtained from the Head of Educational Institution(s). 1. Name of the Candidate 2. Fathers Name : 3. Date of Birth & Age : :


Name and Place of School


Duration of Study giving month and year


Signature of the Head of the Educational Institution(s) With Office Seal

- 29

(To be produced by such candidates who have not studied in any educational Institution during the whole or any part* of the relevant 4/7 years period but claim to be local candidates by virtue of residence for Post Codes for which there is reservation for Local candidates. It is hereby certified. (a) that Sri/Smt./ Kum _______________ _________S/o.W/o.D/o___________________ appeared for the first time for the Matricualtion (S.S.C) Examination in __________ (Month)___________(Year) (b) That he/she has not studied in any educational institution during the whole/or part of the 4/7 consecutive academic years ending with the academic year in which he/she first appeared for the aforesaid examination. that in the 4/7 immediately preceding the commencement of the aforesaid examination he/she resided in the following place/places namely; Sl.No. 1 2 3 4 5 OFFICE SEAL: Department STATION: Mandal DATE: Mandal. STRIKE OFF WHOLE/ PART AS THE CASE MAY BE. LIST OF DISTRICTS & DISTRICT CODES District Codes Name of the Districts No. Srikakulam 1 Vijayanagaram 2 Vishakapatnam 3 East Godavari 4 West Godavari 5 Krishna 6 Guntur 7 Prakasham 8 Nellore 9 Kurnool 10 Kadapa 11 Ananthapur 12 Chittoor 13 Hyderabad 14 Mahabubnagar 15 Medak 16 Ranga Reddy 17 Nalgonda 18 Nizamabad 19 Warangal 20 Village Mandal District Period

Officer of Revenue Not below the rank of Revenue Officer holding independent Charge of a

Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

21 22 23

Khammam Adilabad Karimnagar

21 22 23

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(Subsituted with effect from 27-07-1977 through G.O.Ms.NO. 838, G.A. (Services D) department, dated 15/12/1977)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Adi Andhra Adi Dravida Anamuk Aray Mala Arundhatiya Arwa Mala Bariki Bavuri Beda Jangam, Budga Jangam (In Districts of Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy, Mahaboobnagar, Adilabad, Nizamabad, Medak, Karimnagar, Warangal, Khammam and Nalgonda)* Bindla Byagara, Byagari* Chachati Chalavadi Chamar, Mochi, Muchi, Chamar-Ravidas, Chamar-Rohidas* Chambhar Chandala Dakkal, Dokkalwar Dandasi Dhor Dom, Dombara, Paidi, Pano Ellamalwar, Yellammalawandlu Ghasi, Haddi, Relli, Chachandi Godagali, Godagula(in the Districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram & Vishakapatnam) Godari Gosani Holeya Holeya Dasari Jaggali Jambuwulu Kolupulvandlu, Pambada, Pambanda, Pambala* Madasi Kuruva, Madari Kuruva Madiga Madiga Dasu, Mashteen Mahar Mala, Mala Ayawaru* Mala Dasari Mala Dasu Mala Hannai Mala Jangam Mala Masti Mala Sale, Netkani Mala Sanyasi Mang Mang Garodi Manne Mashti Matangi Mahter

49 50

Mitha Ayyalvar Mundala

31 51 52 53
54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

Paky, Moti, Thoti (Omitted)* Pamidi

PAnchama, Pariah Relli Samagara Samban Sapru Sindhollu, Chindollu Yatala (Srikakulam Dist. Only) Memo No. 8183/CV-1/2006-10 SW (CV-I) Dept., Dt: 31/03/2008 Valluvan *(Chittoor and Nellore Dist. Only) Memo No. 8183/CV-1/2006-10 SW (CV-I) Dept., Dt: 31/03/2008

* As per the Constitution (Scheduled Caste) orders (Second Amendment) Act 2002, Act No.
of 2002 1. Andh, Sadhu Andh * 2. Bagata 3. Bhil 4. Chanchu (Chenchwar omitted ) * 5. Gadabas, Boda Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Kallayi Gadaba, Parangi Gadaba, Kathera Gadaba, Kapu Gadaba * 6. Gond, Naikpod, Rajgond, Koitur * 7. Goudu (in the Agency tracts) 8. Hill Reddis 9. Jatupus 10. Kammara 11. Kattunayakan 12. Kolam, Kolawar * 13. Konda Dhoras, Kubi * 14. Konda Kapus 15. Konda Reddis 16. Kondha, Kodi, Kodhu, Desaya Kondas, Dongria Kondhs, Kuttiya Konds, Tikiria Khondhs, Yenity Khondhs, Kuvinga * 17. Kotia, Bentho Oriya, Bartika, Dulia, Holva, Sanrona, Sidhopaiko (Dhulia, Paiko, Putiyaomitted *) 18. Koya, Doli Koya, Gutta Koya, Kammara Koya, Musara Koya, Oddi Koya, Pattidi Koya, Rajah, Rasha Koya, Lingadhari Koya (Ordinary), Kottu Koya, Bhine Koya, Raj Koya (Goudomitted *) 19. Kulia 20. MAlis (excluding Adilabad, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahabubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad and Warangal District) 21. Manna Dhora 22. Mukha Dhora, Nooka Dhora 23. Nayaks (in the Agency tracts) 24. Pardhan 25. Porja, Parangi Perja 26. Reddi Dhoras 27. Rona, Rena 28. Savaras, Kapu Savaras, Maliya Savaras, Khutto Savaras 29. Sugalis, Lambadis, Banjara * 30. Thoti (in Adilabad, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahabubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad and Warangal Districts) 31. Valmiki (in the Scheduled Areas of Vishakapatnam, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, East Godavari and West Godavari Districts *) 32. Yenadis, Chella Yenadi, Kappala Yenadi, Manchi Yenadi, Reddi Yenadi * 33. Yerukulas, Koracha, Dabba Yerukula, Kunchapuri Yerukula, Uppu Yerukula * 34. Nakkala Kurivikaran 35. Dhulia, Paiko, Putiya (in the districts of Vishakapatnam, Vizianagaram *)


*As for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 2002, Act No. 10
of 2003

- 32 (Amended from time to time as on 31/08/2007) GROUP- A Aboriginal Tribes, Vimuktha Jathis, Nomadic and Semi Nomadic Tribes etc.,


Agnikulakshatriya, Palli, Vadabalija, Besta, jalari, Gangavar, Gangaputra, Goondla, Vanyakulakshatriya (Vannekapu, Vannereddi, Pallikapu, Pallireddy Neyyala and Pattapu). (Mudiraj / Mutrasi / Tenugollu. The G.O. Ms.No. 15 BCW(C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009 is suspended. Hence the inclusion of Mudiraj / Mutrasi / Tenugollu is suspended) vide Honble A.P. High Court orders in WP No. 2122/2009 dated: 29-04-2009. 2. Balasanthu, Bahurupi 3. Bandara 4. Budabukkala 5. Rajaka (Chakali Vannar) 6. Dasari (formerly engaged in bikshatana) (amended vide G.O.Rt.No. 32, BCW(M1) Department, dated 23/02/1995) 7. Dommara 8. Gangiredlavaru 9. Jangam (whose traditional occupation is begging) 10. Jogi 11. Katipapala 12. Korcha 13. Lambada or Banjara in Telangana Area (deleted and included in S.T. list vide G.O.Ms.No. 149, SW, dated 3/5/1978) 14. Medari or Mahendra 15. Mondivaru, Mondibanda, Banda 16. Nayee Brahmin (Mangali), Mangala and Bajantri (amended vide G.O.Ms.No. 1, BCW(M1) Department, dated 6/1/1996) 17. Nakkala 18. Vamsha Raj (amended vide G.O.Ms.No. 27, BCW(M1) Department, dated 23/06/95 deleting the Original name Pitchiguntla) 19. Pamula 20. Pardhi (Mirshikari) 21. Pambala 22. Peddammavandlu, Devaravandlu, Yellammavandlu, Mutyalammavandlu (Dammali, Dammala, Dammula, Damala Castes confined to Srikakulam dist. Vide G.O.Ms. No.: 9 BCW(C2) Dept., Dt. 9/04/2008) 23. Veeramushti (Nettikotala), Veera bhadreeya (Amended vide G.O. Ms. No. 62, BCW (M1) Dept., Dt. 10/12/1996) 24. Valmiki boya (Boya, Bedar, Kirataka, Nishadi, Yellapi, Pedda Boya) Talayari and Chunduvallu (G.O.Ms. No. 124, SW, Dt. 24.06.85) Yellapi and Yellapu are one and the same amended vide G.O. Ms. No. 61, BCW(M1) Dept., Dt. 05.12.1996) 25. Yerukalas in Telangana area (deleted and included in the list of S.Ts) 26. Gudala 27. Kanjara - Bhatta 28. Kalinga (Kinthala deleted vide G.O.Ms. No. 53, SW, Dt. 07.03.1980) 29. Kepmare or Reddika 30. Mondipatta 31. Nokkar 32. Pariki Muggula 33. Yata 34. Chopemari 35. Kaikadi 36. Joshinandiwalas 37. Odde (Oddilu, Vaddi, Vaddelu) 38. Mandula (Govt. Memo No. 40-VI/70-1, Edn., Dt. 10.02.1972) 39. Mehator (Muslim) (Govt. Memo No. 234-VI/72-2, Edn., Dt. 05.07.1972). 40. Kunapuli (Govt. Memo No. 1279/P1/74-10, E&SW, Dt. 03.08.1975) 41. Patra (included in G.O. Ms. No. 8, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt. 28.08.2006) 42. kurakula of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Visakhapatnam Districts only. Included vide in G.O.MS.No. 26 BC W (C2), Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 43. Pondara of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, and Visakhapatnam Districts only. Included vide G.O.MS.No. 28 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 44. Samanthula, Samantha, sountia, Sauntia of Srikakulam District only. Included vide G.O.MS.No. 29 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 45. pala-Ekari, Ekila, Vyakula, Ekiri, Nayanivaru, Palegaru, Tolagari, Kavali of Chittor, Cuddapah, Kurnool, Anantapur, Nellore, Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts only. Included Vide G.O. MS. No. 23 B.C. W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 46. Rajannala, Rajannalu of Karimnagar, Warangal, Nizamabad and Adilabad Districts only. (included in vide G.O.Ms. No. 44 B.C.W(C2) Dept., Dt.07/08/2008). 47. Bukka Ayyavars, Included vide G.O.Ms.No. 6 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. 48. Gotrala, Included vide G.O.Ms.No. 7 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. The area of operation shall be confined to Telangana Region only. 49. Kasikapadi / Kasikapudi, Included vide G.O.Ms.No. 8 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. The area of operation shall be confined to Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Nizamabad, Mahaboobnagar and Adilabad Districts of Telangana Region only.

- 33 50. Siddula, Included vide G.O.Ms.No. 9 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. The area of operation shall be confined to Telangana Region only. 51. Sikligar / Saikalgar, Included vide G.O.Ms.No. 10 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. 52. Poosala included vide G.O. Ms.No. 16 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009.

GROUP B (Vocational)
1. Achukatlavandlu in the Districts of Visakhapatnam and Guntur confined to Hindus only as amended vide G.O. Ms. No. 8, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt. 29.03.2000 2. Aryakshatriya, Chittari , Giniyar, Chitrakara, Nakshas (Muchi Telugu Speaking deleted vide G.O. Ms. No. 31, BCW (M1) Dept., 11.06.1996) 3. Devanga 4. Goud (Ediga) Gouda (Gamella) Kalalee, Goundla, Settibalija of Vishaphapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari and Krishna Districts and Srisayana (Segidi) (amended vide G.O. Ms. No. 16, BCW (A1) Dept., dt. 19.06.1997 5. Dudekula, Laddaf, Pinjari or Noorbash 6. Gandla, Telikula, Devatilakula (Amended vide G.O. Ms. No. 13, BCW(A1) Dept., dt. 20.05.1997) 7. Jandra 8. Kummara or Kulala, Salivahana (Salivahana added vide G.O. Ms. No. 28, BCW(M1) Dept., 24.06.1995) 9. Karikalabhakthulu, Kaikolan or Kaikala (Sengundam or Sengunther) 10. Karnabhakthulu 11. Kuruba or Kuruma 12. Nagavaddilu 13. Neelakanthi 14. Patkar (Khatri) 15. Perika (Perikabalija, Puragirikshatriya) 16. Nessi or Kurni 17. Padmasali (Sali, Salivan, Pattusali, Senapathulu, Thogata Sali) 18. Srisayana ((sagidi)- deleted and added to Sl.No. 4 of Group-B) 19. Swakulasali 20. Thogata, Thogati or Thogataveerakshtriya 21. Viswabrahmin, Viswakarma (Ausula or Kamsali, Kammari, Kanchari Vadla or Vadra or Vadrangi and Silpis) (Viswakarma added vide G.O. Ms. No. 59 BCW(M1) Dept., Dt. 06.12.1995) 22. Kunchiti, Vakkaliga, Vakkaligara, Kunchitiga of Anantapur Dist. Only vide G.O. Ms.No. 10 BCW(C-2) Dept., Dt. 9-042008 23. Lodh, Lodhi, Lodha of Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Khammam and Adilabad Districts only. Included in Vide G.O.MS.No. 22 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 24. Bondili (included in vide G.O.Ms. No. 42, B.C.W(C2) Dept., Dt.07/08/2008) 25. Are Marathi, Maratha(Non-Brahmins), Arakalies and Surabhi Natakalavallu. (included in vide G.O.Ms. No. 40, B.C.W(C2) Dept., Dt.07/08/2008) 26. Neeli (included in vide G.O.Ms. No. 43, B.C.W(C2) Dept., Dt.07/08/2008)

GROUP C Scheduled Castes converts to Christianity and their progeny (Substituted in G.O.Ms.No.159, G.A.(Ser.D) Dept., dt. 02/04/1981) GROUP D (Other Classes)
1. Agaru 2. Are-Katika, Katika, Are-Suryavamsi(Are-Suryavamsi added vide G.O. Ms. No. 39, B.C. W(C2) Dept., Dt. 7/08/08) 3. Atagara 4. Bhatraju 5. Chippolu (Mera) 6. Gavara 7. Godaba 8. Hatkar 9. Jakkala 10. Jingar 11. Kandra 12. Kosthi 13. Kachi 14. Surya Balija, (Kalavanthulu) Ganika (amended vide G.O.Ms. No. 20, BCW (P2) Dept., Dt. 19.07.1994)

15. Krishanabalija (Dasari, Bukka)

16. Koppulavelama 17. Mathura 18. Mali (Bare, Barai, Marar and Tamboli of all Districts of Telangana Region added as synonyms vide G.O. Ms. No. 3, BCW(C2) Dept., Dt. 09.01.2004 and G.O. Ms. No. 45, B.C.W(C2) Dept., Dt.07/08/2008) 19. Mudiraj / Mutrasi / Tenugollu 20. Munnurukapu (Telangana) 21. Nagavamsam (Nagavamsa) vide G.O.Ms.No. 53, BC Welfare Dept., dated:19/09/1996 22. . . . (deleted vide G.O.Ms. No. 43, B.C.W(C2) Dept., Dt.07/08/2008). 23. Polinativelmas of Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam districts 24. . . . deleted vide G.O. Ms.No. 16 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009 25. Passi

- 34 26. 27. 28. 29. Rangrez or Bhavasarakshtriya Sadhuchetty Satani (Chattadasrivaishnava) Tammali (confined to five districts of Nalgonda, Mahaboobnagar, Karimnagar, Nizamabad and Adilabad of Telangana Region only and not to other parts of A.P. as amended vide G.O. Ms. No. 20, BCW(A1) Dept., dt 21.07.1997) 30. Turupukapus or Gajula kapus { the words of Srikakulkam, Vizianagaram and Vishakapatnam Districts were deleted vide G.O.Ms. No. 62, Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 20/12/2008 and G.O. Ms.No. 19 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009} who are subject to Social customs or divorce and remarriage among their women (G.O. Ms. No. 65, E&SW, dt. 18.02.1994) 31. Uppara or Sagara 32. Vanjara (Vanjari) 33. Yadava (Golla) 34. Are, Arevallu and Arollu of Telangana District (Included vide G.O.Ms.No. 11, Backward Classes Welfare (C-2) Department, dt. 13/5/2003 and G.O.Ms. No. 41, B.C.W(C2) Dept., Dt.07/08/2008) 35. Sadara, Sadaru of Anantapur Dist. Only vide G.O.Ms.No. 11 BCW (C-2) Dept., Dt. 9-04-2008 36. Arava of Srikakulam District only. Included in vide G.O. MS. No. 24 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 37. Ayyaraka, of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Khammam and Warangal Districts only. Included in vide G.O. MS. No. 25 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 38. Nagaralu of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, Krishna, Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts only. Included in vide G.O. MS. No. 27 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 39. Aghamudian, Aghamudiar, Agamudivellalar and Agamudimudaliar including Thuluva Vellalas of Chittoor, Nellore, Kurnool, Anantapur, Hyderabad and Rangareddy Districts only. Included in vide G.O. MS. No. 20 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 40. Beri Vysya, Beri Chetty of Chittoor, Nellore and Krishna Districts only. Included in vide G.O. MS. No. 21 BC W (C2) Dept., Dt. 4/07/08 41. Atirasa included vide G.O. Ms.No. 5 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. The area of operation shall be confined to East Godavari and West Godavari Districts only. 42. Sondi / Sundi included vide G.O. Ms.No. 11 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. 43. Varala included vide G.O. Ms.No. 12 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. The area of operation shall be confined to Telangana region only. 44. Sistakaranam included vide G.O. Ms.No. 13 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. 45. Lakkamari Kapu included vide G.O. Ms.No. 14 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 19/02/2009. The area of operation shall be confined to Telangana region only. 46. Veerashaiva Lingayat/Lingabalija, included vide G.O. Ms.No. 22 Backward Classes Welfare (C2) Dept., dt. 28/02/2009.

(Socially and Educationally Backward Classes of Muslims)
1. Achchukattalavandlu, Singali, Singamvallu, Achchupanivallu, Achchukattuvaru, Achukatlavandlu.
2. Attar Saibuli, Attarollu 3. Dhobi Muslim/ Muslim Dhobi/ Dhobi Musalman, Turka Chakla or Turka Sakala,Turaka Chakali, Tulukka Vannan, Tskalas or Chakalas, Muslim Rajakas. 4. Faqir, Fhakir Budbudki, Ghanti, Fhakir, Ghanta Fhakirlu, Turaka Budbudki, Derves, Fakeer 5. Garadi Muslim, Garadi Saibulu, Pamulavallu, Kani-Kattuvallu, Garadollu, Garadiga. 6. Gosangi Muslim, Phakeer Sayebulu 7. Guddi Eluguvallu, Elugu Bantuvallu, Musalman Keelu Gurralavallu 8. Hajam, Nai, Nai Muslim, Navid 9. Labbi, Labbai, Labbon, Labba 10. Pakeerla, Borewale, Deraphakirlu, Bonthala 11. Kureshi/ Khureshi, Khasab, Marati Khasab, Muslim Katika, Khatik Muslim 12. Shaik/ Sheikh 13. Siddi, Yaba, Habshi, Jasi 14. Turaka Kasha, Kakkukotte Zinka Saibulu, chakkitakanevale, Terugadu Gontalavaru, Thirugatiganta, Rollaku Kakku Kottevaru, Pattar Phodulu, Chakketakare, Thuraka Kasha 15. Other Muslim groups excluding Syed, Saiyed, Sayyad, Mushaik; Mughal, Moghal; Pathans; Irani; Arab; Bohara, Bohra; Shia Imami Ismaili, Khoja; Cutchi-Memon; Jamayat; Navayat;

and all the synonyms and sub-groups of the excluded groups; and except those who have been already included in the State List of Backward Classes.
N.B.: 1. The above list is for information and subject to confirmation with reference to G.O.Ms. No.58, SW(J) Department, dated 12/05/1997 and time to time orders. 2. On account of any reason whatsoever in case of any doubt/ dispute arising in the matter of community status (SC/ST/BC/OC) of any candidate, subject to satisfaction with regard to relevant rules and regulations in force the decision of the Commission shall be final in all such cases.

The Deputy Director Warangal Milk Shed, APDDCF Ltd., Near Alankar Talkies Hanmakonda 506 011. Sarangapur WARANGAL DISTRICT The General Manager, APDDCF Limited, Nizamabad Milk Shed Nizamabad Dairy, NIZAMABAD 503 186.

- 35

The Deputy Director Mahabubnagar Milk Shed Ltd., APDDCF Ltd., MCC-Bandameedipally MAHABUBNAGAR 519 001.

The Deputy Director Medak Milk Shed, APDDCF M.C.C, Medak 502 110 MEDAK DISTRICT

The Deputy Director (DD) Khammam Milk Shed, Wyra Road, APDDCF, C/o Khammam Dairy Ltd C/o Khammam Dairy, KHAMMAM 507 0001.

The Deputy Director Krishnaveni Krishna District Milk Producers Coop. Union H No. 54-20/5, Road No.1 Kanakadurga Officers Colony, Vijayawada 520 008.

The Deputy Director Godavari Dist., Coop. Milk Producers Union Ltd., APDDCF Ltd., Rajahmundry Dairy RAJAHMUNDRY 533 101 GODAVARI DISTRICT

The Deputy Director APDDCF Limited, JanmaBhoomi Park Road, Narsimha Rao Pet, WEST GODAVARI ELURU 534 006.

The Deputy Director, Milk Chilling Centre A.P.Dairy, Madanapalli, CHITTOOR DISTRICT

The Deputy Director, A.P.Dairy Dev. Coop. Fedn. Ltd., Kadapa Milk Shed, 6/107, Ravindra Nagar, KADAPA

The General Manager, Ananthapur Dairy APDDCF Limited, ANANTHAPUR 515 001.