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GSM/EDGE BSS, Rel.

RG20(BSS), Operating Documentation, Issue 04

Feature description

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change


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BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

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DN0479088 Issue 4-1

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

Table of contents
This document has 18 pages. Summary of changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1 2 3 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 5 6 Overview of Network-Assisted Cell Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Requirements for Network-Assisted Cell Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Technical description of Network-Assisted Cell Change . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Network control modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MS autonomous cell re-selection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Network-controlled cell re-selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sending target cell system information to MS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedures in target cell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 12 12 12 13 14 14

Effect of Network-Assisted Cell Change on interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 User interface of Network-Assisted Cell Change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

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BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

List of figures
Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Autonomous cell re-selection with NACC support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Network-controlled cell re-selection with NACC support . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 PACKET SI STATUS procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

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List of tables
Table 1 Table 2 Software requirements for Network-Assisted Cell Change . . . . . . . . . . 10 Hardware requirements for Network-Assisted Cell Change . . . . . . . . . 10

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Summary of changes

Summary of changes
Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all changes made to previous issues. Changes made between issues 4-1 and 4-0 Information on InSite BTS has been removed. Changes made between issues 4-0 and 3-0 The BSS number has been added to the title of the document. In chapter Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change, the information on how NACC and CCN mode activation is informed for the MSS has been added. Changes made between issues 3-0 and 2-0 Removed references to PBCCH, PCCCH and PACKET PSI STATUS. Updated (E)GPRS references to GPRS/EDGE. Removed references to PrimeSite & 2nd Gen. BTSs. Added information on PACKET SERVING CELL SI message to chapters Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change and Effect of Network-Assisted Cell Change on interfaces. Changes made between issues 2-0 and 1-0 Added information on PBCCH/PCCCH not being supported by PCU2 to chapter Technical description of Network-Assisted Cell Change.

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Overview of Network-Assisted Cell Change

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

1 Overview of Network-Assisted Cell Change


Description Network-Assisted Cell Change (NACC) improves the performance of network-controlled cell re-selection operation and autonomous cell re-selection. When a mobile station (MS) performs an autonomous cell re-selection, or is commanded to perform a cell change, it has to stop the data transmission in the serving cell. The serving cell is the cell containing the serving BTS. After that the MS has to acquire certain system information from the target cell. The target cell is the neighbour cell that has been determined by the MS or the network during the cell change. After that the MS has to restart the data transmission in the new cell. This leads to a certain delay because the MS has to synchronise with the system information broadcast cycle, and collect a consistent set of system information (SI) messages of the target cell. NACC reduces this service outage time for an MS that is in packet transfer mode by giving the network the means to assist MSS before and during the cell change: the network assists MSS by sending neighbour cell system information on a packet associated control channel (PACCH) to the MS in packet transfer mode while it is still camping on the serving cell. by the introduction of PACKET SI STATUS procedure: Neighbour cell system information messages that the network sends to the MS contain a set of SI messages needed in performing a packet access in the new cell. When all the required messages are sent to the MS, and the PCU supports the PACKET SI STATUS procedure in the new cell, the MS is able to perform packet access and use PACKET SI STATUS procedures for the acquisition of SI messages.

NACC functions with and without Network-Controlled Cell Re-selection (NCCR). NACC is a licence key controlled software. The type of the licence is ON/OFF. Benefits of Network-Assisted Cell Change Network-Assisted Cell Change minimises the service outage in cell re-selection by sending target cell system information data sets from the serving cell to the MS before cell re-selection is started. Compliance Network-Assisted Cell Change complies with the following standards: 3GPP TS 24.008 3GPP TS 44.018 3GPP TS 44.060

Related topics Descriptions GRPS/EDGE System Feature Description Network-Controlled Cell Re-selection Activating and Testing BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change 27 GPRS Cell Re-selection Report

Instructions Reference

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Overview of Network-Assisted Cell Change

95 GPRS Cell Re-selection Measurement

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Requirements for Network-Assisted Cell Change

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

2 Requirements for Network-Assisted Cell Change


Software requirements
Network element BSC Flexi EDGE BTS UltraSite EDGE BTSs MetroSite EDGE BTSs Talk-family BTSs MSC/HLR SGSN NetAct Software release required S11.5 or later No requirements No requirements No requirements No requirements Not applicable Not applicable OSS4 or later

Table 1

Software requirements for Network-Assisted Cell Change

Hardware requirements
Network element BSC BTS TCSM SGSN Hardware requirements No requirements No requirements Not applicable Not applicable

Table 2

Hardware requirements for Network-Assisted Cell Change

Frequency band support The BSC supports NACC on the following frequency bands: GSM GSM GSM GSM 800 900 1800 1900

End-user equipment 3GPP Release 4 compliant MS which supports GERAN Feature Package 1 is required.

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Technical description of Network-Assisted Cell Change

3 Technical description of Network-Assisted Cell Change


Restrictions Network-Assisted Cell Change (NACC) supports intra-BSC cell changes. NACC complies with 3GPP Rel. 4 and is therefore not supported during BSC external cell changes. Interworking Network-Controlled Cell Re-selection (NCCR) NCCR offers a network-controlled cell re-selection for GPRS/EDGE capable mobiles. Cell changes are determined according to different criteria. After the PCU has determined a new cell for the MS, the PCU sends data concerning the target cell to the MS to shorten the packet data transfer outage. For more information, see Network-Controlled Cell Re-selection.

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Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

4 Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change


4.1 Applicability
Network assistance during MS cell re-selection is given only when the MS is in the packet transfer mode. In the packet transfer mode, the transmission and switching functions are achieved by packet-oriented techniques, so as to dynamically share network transmission and switching resources between a multiplicity of connections. The NACC procedures are applicable to intra-BSC cell re-selection procedures (see 3GPP TS 44.060).

4.2

Network control modes


The network control mode defines how the cell re-selection is performed. The network control modes are: NC0 NC1 NC2 The MS makes an autonomous cell re-selection. Not supported. The MS sends neighbour cell measurements to the network and the network commands the MS to perform cell re-selection.

For more information, see EEM command in Base Station Controller Parameter Handling in BSC.

4.3

MS autonomous cell re-selection


MS in NC0 mode enters the CCN mode and sends the PACKET CELL CHANGE NOTIFICATION message to the network if the serving cell supports the CCN mode and the CCN mode is supported towards the selected neighbour cell. The BSC informs MSS about the CCN mode activity of the serving cell with the CCN ACTIVE parameter included in the SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 13 message and about the CCN mode support towards neighbour cells with the CCN SUPPORTED parameter included in the SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 2QUATER message. When NACC is enabled in BSC, CCN mode is supported only towards all GPRS-enabled neighbour cells served in the same BSC. The figure below shows the cell change procedure in the NC0 mode with NACC support.

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Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change

MS

BSC

1. PACKET CELL CHANGE NOTIFICATION

2. PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA 3. PACKET CELL CHANGE CONTINUE

Figure 1 1.

Autonomous cell re-selection with NACC support The MS has determined a cell re-selection procedure, and the criteria to enter the CCN mode are fulfilled. The CCN mode is a state that the MS in NC0 mode may enter when the MS has the cell change criteria fulfilled, and when it has determined the target cell for the cell re-selection. When the MS is in the CCN mode, it delays the cell re-selection until it has received the required system information messages of the target cell. The MS sends a PACKET CELL CHANGE NOTIFICATION message containing the information of the determined target cell. The message is sent on the packet associated control channel (PACCH). If the MS does not get a response from the network on time, or if the response is invalid, the MS may resend the PACKET CELL CHANGE NOTIFICATION message once. If the second time is unsuccessful, the MS continues the cell re-selection without NACC support from the BSC.

2.

The BSC encodes the system information (SI) messages into a PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA container message and sends the message to the MS. If not all the information fits into one instance of the PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA message, the BSC sends repeatedly as many instances of the message as needed. The BSC sends a PACKET CELL CHANGE CONTINUE message to the MS to inform the MS that all SI messages have been sent.

3.

If the BSC does not find SI messages in its system information message store, the BSC cannot send the PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA message to the MS. The BSC will send the PACKET CELL CHANGE CONTINUE message instead.

4.4

Network-controlled cell re-selection


The figure below shows the cell change procedure in the NC2 mode with NACC support.

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Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

MS

BSC

1. NCCR has determined the target cell for the MS

2. PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA 3. PACKET CELL CHANGE ORDER

Figure 2 1 2

Network-controlled cell re-selection with NACC support NCCR determines the target cell for the MS. For more information, see Network-Controlled Cell Re-selection. The BSC encodes the SI messages into a PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA container message and sends the message to the MS. If not all the information fits into one instance of the PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA message, the BSC sends repeatedly as many instances of the message as needed. The BSC encodes a PACKET CELL CHANGE ORDER message and sends it to the MS. In this message, the BSC commands the MS to perform the cell change. For more information, see Network-Controlled Cell Re-selection.

If the BSC does not find SI messages in its system information message store, the BSC cannot send the PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA message to the MS. The BSC sends PACKET CELL CHANGE ORDER message instead.

4.5

Sending target cell system information to MS


The BSC sends a set of SI messages to the MS, when assistance is needed during a cell re-selection (see the section MS autonomous cell re-selection and Network-Controlled Cell Re-selection.). The SI messages are included in the PACKET NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA message, which is sent on the packet associated control channel (PACCH). The BSC sends the following messages to the MS: SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 1 SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 3 SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 13

These SI messages contain information that the MS needs to execute an initial packet access in the target cell.

4.6

Procedures in target cell


The PACKET SI STATUS procedure in the BSC together with NACC makes it possible to shorten the packet data transfer outage also in the target cell. When the BSC and the

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Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change

MS support PACKET SI STATUS procedure, the MS is able to execute the packet access in the new cell faster. PACKET SI STATUS procedure The BSC informs MSS about the PACKET SI STATUS support with the SI STATUS INDICATION parameter. The parameter is included in the SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 13 message, which is sent on the broadcast control channel (BCCH). When the MS performs a packet access procedure on a cell, and when it has received an indication in the SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 13 message that the BSC supports the PACKET SI STATUS procedure, it may enter the packet transfer mode as soon as it has received the following messages: SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 13 SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 3 SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 1

When the BSC provides no PACKET SI STATUS support, the MS should also make at least one attempt to receive other system information messages. Executing this attempt would cause more outage for the packet access procedure. In the PACKET SI STATUS message, which the MS sends to the BSC, the MS informs the BSC about the system information message status of the MS. The BSC sends the missing system information messages to the MS based on the information in the PACKET SI STATUS message. A container type message, PACKET SERVING CELL DATA, is used for sending the required system information messages to the MS. The PACKET SERVING CELL DATA message can be repeated as many times as needed for sending all the system information messages to the MS.
MS BSC

1. PACKET SI STATUS

2. PACKET SERVING CELL DATA

Figure 3 1.

PACKET SI STATUS procedure The MS informs the BSC of its system information message status using the PACKET SI STATUS message. The message is sent on the PACCH. The MS informs the BSC about the system information messages that it has already received, has received partially, or has not received. The BSC constructs the PACKET SERVING CELL DATA message which contains the required system information messages. When all the system information messages do not fit into a single message, the BSC

2.

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Functionality of Network-Assisted Cell Change

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

constructs and sends the MS as many PACKET SERVING CELL DATA messages as needed. Instead of PACKET SERVING CELL DATA, the PCU2 can send a PACKET SERVING CELL SI message to the MS, if the MS supports the PACKET SERVING CELL SI. If the MS does not support the PACKET SERVING CELL SI, the PCU2 sends a PACKET SERVING CELL DATA message. The PCU1 can only send PACKET SERVING CELL DATA.

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Effect of Network-Assisted Cell Change on interfaces

5 Effect of Network-Assisted Cell Change on interfaces


Radio interface The following messages are related to Network-Assisted Cell Change (NACC): PACKET PACKET PACKET PACKET PACKET PACKET PACKET PACKET SYSTEM SYSTEM CELL CHANGE NOTIFICATION SI STATUS SERVING CELL DATA SERVING CELL SI NEIGHBOUR CELL DATA CELL CHANGE CONTINUE CELL CHANGE ORDER MEASUREMENT ORDER INFORMATION TYPE 13 INFORMATION TYPE 2QUATER

Abis interface No effect. A interface No effect. Gb interface No effect.

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User interface of Network-Assisted Cell Change

BSS115006: Network-Assisted Cell Change

6 User interface of Network-Assisted Cell Change


Parameters The following BSC radio network object parameter is used for handling NetworkAssisted Cell Change (NACC): NACC enabled (NACC) For more information, see BSS Radio Network Parameter Dictionary. MMLs Base Station Controller Parameter Handling in BSC (EE) The following MML commands are used for handling NACC: EEM, EEO Licence and Feature Handling (W7)

For more information on the command groups and MML commands, see MML commands. Measurements The following measurements are related to NACC: 27 GPRS Cell Re-selection Report 95 GPRS Cell Re-selection Measurement GPRS cell re-selection measurement records information about the source and target cell, about the number of cell re-selection attempts for various causes and about the number of failures for various reasons. For more information, see 27 GPRS Cell Re-selection Report and 95 GPRS Cell Reselection Measurement.

Alarms The following alarm is related to NACC: 3274 NACC FAILURE For a detailed description of the alarm, see Failure Printouts (2000 - 3999).

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