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Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
Bernd Schr oder
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t)
Original
DE & IVP
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t)
Original
DE & IVP
E
L
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t)
Original
DE & IVP
Algebraic equation for
the Laplace transform
E
L
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t) Transform domain (s)
Original
DE & IVP
Algebraic equation for
the Laplace transform
E
L
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t) Transform domain (s)
Original
DE & IVP
Algebraic equation for
the Laplace transform
E
L
Algebraic solution,
partial fractions
c
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t) Transform domain (s)
Original
DE & IVP
Algebraic equation for
the Laplace transform
Laplace transform
of the solution
E
L
Algebraic solution,
partial fractions
c
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t) Transform domain (s)
Original
DE & IVP
Algebraic equation for
the Laplace transform
Laplace transform
of the solution
E
'
L
L
1
Algebraic solution,
partial fractions
c
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Everything Remains As It Was
No matter what functions arise, the idea for solving differential
equations with Laplace transforms stays the same.
Time Domain (t) Transform domain (s)
Original
DE & IVP
Algebraic equation for
the Laplace transform
Laplace transform
of the solution
Solution
E
'
L
L
1
Algebraic solution,
partial fractions
c
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
4. The function f (t)U (t a) f (t)U (t b) is equal to f on
[a, b) and equal to zero outside [a, b).
5. L
_
f (t a)U (t a)
_
(s) = e
as
F(s).
6. Keep the exponential separate when working in the
transform domain.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
4. The function f (t)U (t a) f (t)U (t b) is equal to f on
[a, b) and equal to zero outside [a, b).
5. L
_
f (t a)U (t a)
_
(s) = e
as
F(s).
6. Keep the exponential separate when working in the
transform domain.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
4. The function f (t)U (t a) f (t)U (t b) is equal to f on
[a, b) and equal to zero outside [a, b).
5. L
_
f (t a)U (t a)
_
(s) = e
as
F(s).
6. Keep the exponential separate when working in the
transform domain.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
The Unit Step Function
1. U (t) =
_
1; for t 0,
0; for t < 0,
2. The unit step function can be shifted and then used to
model the switching on and off of another function.
3. The function U (t a) U (t b) is equal to 1 on [a, b)
and equal to zero outside [a, b).
4. The function f (t)U (t a) f (t)U (t b) is equal to f on
[a, b) and equal to zero outside [a, b).
5. L
_
f (t a)U (t a)
_
(s) = e
as
F(s).
6. Keep the exponential separate when working in the
transform domain.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
An Application Problem
(Dimensions ctitious.)
In an RC circuit with resistance R = 1 and capacitance
C =
1
3
F initially, the charge of the capacitor is 2C. At time
t = 2 seconds, a sine shaped external voltage is activated. At
time t = 5 seconds, the external voltage is turned off. Find the
charge of the capacitor as a function of time.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
An Application Problem
(Dimensions ctitious.)
In an RC circuit with resistance R = 1 and capacitance
C =
1
3
F initially, the charge of the capacitor is 2C. At time
t = 2 seconds, a sine shaped external voltage is activated. At
time t = 5 seconds, the external voltage is turned off. Find the
charge of the capacitor as a function of time.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
An Application Problem
(Dimensions ctitious.)
In an RC circuit with resistance R = 1 and capacitance
C =
1
3
F initially, the charge of the capacitor is 2C. At time
t = 2 seconds, a sine shaped external voltage is activated. At
time t = 5 seconds, the external voltage is turned off.
Find the
charge of the capacitor as a function of time.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
An Application Problem
(Dimensions ctitious.)
In an RC circuit with resistance R = 1 and capacitance
C =
1
3
F initially, the charge of the capacitor is 2C. At time
t = 2 seconds, a sine shaped external voltage is activated. At
time t = 5 seconds, the external voltage is turned off. Find the
charge of the capacitor as a function of time.
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
d
d

E
RI
'
E(t) = Rq

+
1
C
q
q
C

f
f
f

f
f
f
f
f
f
f
f
f
E(t)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Underlying Equations

Ry

+
1
C
y = E(t), y

+3y = E(t)

y(0) = 2

E(t) is sin(t), activated at t = 2 and deactivated at t = 5.

E(t) = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)


Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Underlying Equations

Ry

+
1
C
y = E(t),
y

+3y = E(t)

y(0) = 2

E(t) is sin(t), activated at t = 2 and deactivated at t = 5.

E(t) = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)


Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Underlying Equations

Ry

+
1
C
y = E(t), y

+3y = E(t)

y(0) = 2

E(t) is sin(t), activated at t = 2 and deactivated at t = 5.

E(t) = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)


Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Underlying Equations

Ry

+
1
C
y = E(t), y

+3y = E(t)

y(0) = 2

E(t) is sin(t), activated at t = 2 and deactivated at t = 5.

E(t) = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)


Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Underlying Equations

Ry

+
1
C
y = E(t), y

+3y = E(t)

y(0) = 2

E(t) is sin(t), activated at t = 2 and deactivated at t = 5.

E(t) = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)


Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Underlying Equations

Ry

+
1
C
y = E(t), y

+3y = E(t)

y(0) = 2

E(t) is sin(t), activated at t = 2 and deactivated at t = 5.

E(t) = sin(t)U (t 2)
sin(t)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Underlying Equations

Ry

+
1
C
y = E(t), y

+3y = E(t)

y(0) = 2

E(t) is sin(t), activated at t = 2 and deactivated at t = 5.

E(t) = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)


Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin(t 2 +2)U (t 2) sin(t 5 +5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin(t 2 +2)U (t 2) sin(t 5 +5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin(t 2 +2)U (t 2) sin(t 5 +5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin(t 2 +2)U (t 2) sin(t 5 +5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin
_
(t 2) +2
_
U (t 2) sin(t 5 +5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin
_
(t 2) +2
_
U (t 2) sin
_
(t 5) +5
_
U (t 5)
= sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin
_
(t 2) +2
_
U (t 2) sin
_
(t 5) +5
_
U (t 5)
= sin(t 2)U (t 2)
+sin(t 5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
Adjusting the right side.
sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5)
= sin
_
(t 2) +2
_
U (t 2) sin
_
(t 5) +5
_
U (t 5)
= sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5)
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2
+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y
= e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y

+3y = sin(t 2)U (t 2) +sin(t 5)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2
sY 2+3Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y 2 = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
(s +3)Y = e
2s
1
s
2
+1
+e
5s
1
s
2
+1
+2
Y = e
2s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+e
5s
1
(s
2
+1)(s+3)
+
2
s+3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 :
1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C
, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 :
1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 :
1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2
, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Partial Fraction Decomposition.
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
As +B
s
2
+1
+
C
s +3
1 = (As +B)(s +3) +C
_
s
2
+1
_
s =3 : 1 = 10C, C =
1
10
s = 0 : 1 = 3B+
1
10
, B =
3
10
s = 1 : 1 =
_
A+
3
10
_
4+
1
10
2, A =
1
10
1
(s
2
+1)(s +3)
=
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Inverting the Laplace transform.
Y = e
2s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+e
5s
_
1
10
s +3
s
2
+1
+
1
10
1
s +3
_
+
2
s +3
=
1
10
e
2s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+
1
10
e
5s
_

s
s
2
+1
+3
1
s
2
+1
+
1
s +3
_
+2
1
s +3
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
=
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3(t2)
_
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) 3sin(t) +e
3(t5)
_
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Solve the Initial Value Problem
y

+3y = sin(t)U (t 2) sin(t)U (t 5),


y(0) = 2.
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt2
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3t
_
tt5
+2e
3t
=
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3(t2)
_
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) 3sin(t) +e
3(t5)
_
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3(t2)
_
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) 3sin(t) +e
3(t5)
_
+2e
3t
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3(t2)
_
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) 3sin(t) +e
3(t5)
_
+2e
3t

Initial value: By inspection.

The function y = e
3t
solves the differential equation
y

+3y = 0.

So all exponential terms in the solution are o.k., provided


that the rest, which is
1
10
_
U (t 2) U (t 5)
__
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
produces a sine function that only exists on [2, 5).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3(t2)
_
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) 3sin(t) +e
3(t5)
_
+2e
3t

Initial value: By inspection.

The function y = e
3t
solves the differential equation
y

+3y = 0.

So all exponential terms in the solution are o.k., provided


that the rest, which is
1
10
_
U (t 2) U (t 5)
__
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
produces a sine function that only exists on [2, 5).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3(t2)
_
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) 3sin(t) +e
3(t5)
_
+2e
3t

Initial value: By inspection.

The function y = e
3t
solves the differential equation
y

+3y = 0.

So all exponential terms in the solution are o.k., provided


that the rest, which is
1
10
_
U (t 2) U (t 5)
__
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
produces a sine function that only exists on [2, 5).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
y =
1
10
U (t 2)
_
cos(t) +3sin(t) +e
3(t2)
_
+
1
10
U (t 5)
_
cos(t) 3sin(t) +e
3(t5)
_
+2e
3t

Initial value: By inspection.

The function y = e
3t
solves the differential equation
y

+3y = 0.

So all exponential terms in the solution are o.k., provided


that the rest, which is
1
10
_
U (t 2) U (t 5)
__
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
produces a sine function that only exists on [2, 5).
Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_

+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
_
sin(t) +3cos(t)
_
+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
(33)cos(t) +
1
10
(1+9)sin(t)
= sin(t)

Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_

+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
_
sin(t) +3cos(t)
_
+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
(33)cos(t) +
1
10
(1+9)sin(t)
= sin(t)

Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_

+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
_
sin(t) +3cos(t)
_
+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
(33)cos(t) +
1
10
(1+9)sin(t)
= sin(t)

Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_

+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
_
sin(t) +3cos(t)
_
+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
(33)cos(t) +
1
10
(1+9)sin(t)
= sin(t)

Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_

+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
_
sin(t) +3cos(t)
_
+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
(33)cos(t) +
1
10
(1+9)sin(t)
= sin(t)

Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions
logo1
Transforms and New Formulas A Model The Initial Value Problem Double Check
Checking the Solution.
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_

+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
_
sin(t) +3cos(t)
_
+3
1
10
_
cos(t) +3sin(t)
_
=
1
10
(33)cos(t) +
1
10
(1+9)sin(t)
= sin(t)

Bernd Schr oder Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science
Laplace Transforms of Step Functions