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Jessica Raybe Chemistry Final E.C. Per.

2 12/20/11

1. A piece of metal with a mass of 117g is placed in a 100mL graduated cylinder. The water level rises from 15mL to 28mL. What is the density of the metal? a. 7.0g/mL b. 11.0g/mL c. 3.0g/mL d. 9.0g/mL 2. What is the volume of a sample that has a mass of 16g and a density of 4g/mL? a. 8mL b. 4mL c. 2mL d. 5mL Complete the Graph Prefix Giga Symbol M k Deci Milli Micro n p 1/1000000000000 1/10 1/100 Factor Scientific Notation

10 10 10 10

3. Express the following quantities in scientific notation a. 0.00000529kg ___________________________________ b. 0.0032kg __________________________________ c. 4300000m _______________________________ d. 664000000000m _________________________________ e. 706000m ___________________________________ f. 0.00000572kg ________________________________ 4. Solve the following addition and subtraction problems. Express your answers in scientific notation. a. 510m + 310m ________________________________ b. 910m - 410m ____________________________

5. Solve the following multiplication and division problems. Express your answers in scientific notation. a. (410cm) / (210cm) __________________________________ b. (310cm) (310cm) _________________________________ c. (210cm) (310cm) _____________________________________ d. (910cm) / (310cm) ______________________________________ 6. Convert 350s to ms a. 0.035ms b. 0.35ms c. 350000ms d. 35000ms 7. Convert 5400dm to m a. 0.54m b. 540m c. 54000m d. 54m 8. Convert 27kg to mg a. 0.27mg b. 270mg c. 27000mg d. 0.027mg 9. The density of silver is 20.9g/mL. What is golds density in decigrams per liter? a. 20900dg/L b. 209000dg/L c. 2090dg/L d. 0.209dg/L True or false 10. ______ Accuracy refers to how close a series of measurements are to one another. Precision refers to how close a measured value is to an accepted value. 11. ______ The formula for percent error is Accepted value 100 Error 12. ______ Non-zero numbers are always significant. 13. ______All final zeros to the right of the decimal place are not significant. 14. ______ Counting numbers and defined constants have an infinite number of significant figures 15. ______ When rounding, if the digit to the immediate right of the last significant figure is less than five, do not change the last significant figure. 16. ______ If the digit to the immediate right of the last significant figure is equal to five and is following by a non-zero digit, do not round up. 17. ______ The slope of a graph is

18. Which one of the these is not a substance? a. Water b. All of the above c. Table Salt d. Seawater 19. Which one of the following are extensive properties? a. Mass b. Length c. Volume d. All of the above 20. What is the difference between the states of matter? a. Solids have their own definite shape and volume, liquids flow and have constant volume and take the shape of its container, gas flows to conform to the shap of its container and fills the entire volume of its container. b. The particles of matter in a solid are very tightly packed, the particles in a liquid are rigidly help in place, the particles of gases are very far apart. c. Gases are not easily compressed, a liquids volume is constant, and the tight packing of particles in a solid makes it incompressible. d. A solid cannot be pressed into a smaller volume, liquid particles are not able to move past each other, and in gases there is a significant amount of space between particles. 21. Which of the following is a physical change? a. Bend b. All of the above c. Grind d. Crush 22. A student carefully placed 17.4g of sodium in a reactor supplied with an excess quantity of chlorine gas. When the reaction was complete, the student obtained 42.7g of sodium chloride. How many grams of chlorine gas reacted? a. 22.3g b. 15.6g c. 25.3 d. 21.7 23. Explain the difference between a heterogeneous mixture and a homogeneous mixture.

24. Which of the following is an example of a solution system? a. Gas-liquid b. Gas-gas c. Solid-solid d. All of the above Complete Concept Map

25. A 76.0g sample of an unknown compound contains 12.2g of hydrogen. What is the percent by mass of hydrogen in the compound? a. 15.9% b. 16.1% c. 18.7% d. 22.6% True or False 26. _____ Democritus states that matter is composed of empty space through which atoms move. 27. _____ Both Democritus and Dalton state that atoms cannot be created, divided into smaller particles, or destroyed. 28. _____ Dalton says that in chemical reactions, atoms are not separated, combined, or rearranged. 29. _____ Aristotle wrote on many subjects, including politics, ethics, nature, physics, and astronomy.

30. Which of the following does not describe the nucleus? a. Centrally located within the atom b. Occupies a large space

c. Contains all of an atoms positive charge d. Virtually all of the atoms mass 31. Describe the difference between a proton and a neutron.

Complete the Graph Element N Sn Mg Atomic Number 7 Protons Electrons 50 12

32. An atom of an element contains 77 electrons. What element is it? a. Molybdenum b. Chromium c. Iron d. Iridium 33. Write the nuclear equation for Radium-226Radon-222 + Alpha Particle ___________________________________ Complete the Chart Radiation Type Alpha Beta Symbol He y Mass (amu) 1/1840 0 Charge

34. A longer wavelength creates ___________ frequency than a shorter wavelength. a. Lower b. Higher c. The same d. None of the above 35. What is the speed of an electromagnetic wave that has a frequency of 7.4 10Hz? a. 3.00 10m/s b. 4.10 10m/s c. 3.68 10m/s d. 2.34 10m/s

36. Planks constant has a value of a. 6.02 10 Js b. 4.637 10 Js c. 5.342 10 Js d. 6.626 10 Js 37. What is the energy of the following types of radiation? a. 6.34 10 s ____________________________ b. 9.34 10 Hz _____________________________ c. 2.36 10 s ____________________________ 38. Draw the 1s orbital and py orbital.

39. Find the complete electron configuration and electron configuration using noble-gas notation for the following elements. a. Sodium ______________________ ________________________ b. Silicon _______________________ _________________________ c. Sulfur ________________________ _________________________ 40. Metals are elements that are which of the following? a. Solid at room temperature b. Malleable and ductile c. Good conductors of heat and electricity d. All of the above 41. S-block Elements consists of groups. a. 2A and 4A b. 1A and 2A c. 3A and 4A d. 5A and 6A 42. Which is true about alkali metals? a. Extremely hard b. Bad conductors of heat and electricity c. Highly reactive d. None of the above

43. Which is true about Beryllium? a. Lightest member of group 2A b. None of the above c. Chemical properties differ from aluminum d. Never combines with aluminum 44. Which is true about Calcium? a. Not essential for humans b. Not found in nature c. Never combines with carbon d. Found in chalk, marble, and limestone 45. Nitrogen gas is. a. Colorless b. Odorless c. Relatively unreactive d. All of the above 46. Chlorine a. Reacts with nearly all of the elements b. Is a deadly gas c. Has many uses, including some that can save lives d. All of the above 47. All of the following are true except a. Most ionic compound are called salts b. Ionic bond is the electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particles together in an ionic compound c. Many ionic compounds are binary d. If ionic bonds occur between a metal and a halogen, oxide forms Write the correct formula for the ionic compound composed of the following pairs of ions. 48. Potassium and Chloride _____________________________ 49. Magnesium and Bromide ______________________________ 50. Barium and Nitride __________________________________ 51. Name the following ionic compounds a. ClO _______________________________ b. ClO _______________________________ c. ClO _______________________________ d. ClO _______________________________ 52. Explain the difference between endothermic and exothermic reactions.

Write Balanced Chemical Equations for each of the following 53. Hydrogen(g) + Chlorine (g) Hydrogen Chloride _________________________________ 54. Bromine (g) + Nitrogen (g) Bromine Nitride ___________________________________ 55. Cupric Chloride + Oxygen (g) Cupric Chlorate __________________________________ State what kind of reaction it is and balance the reaction 56. 57. 58. 59. _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ Al(s) + CaCl CH (l) + O KCl (s) + O Ni (s) + CuO (aq)

SHOW ALL WORK!!!! 60. Determine the number of atoms in 2.70 mol Zn

61. How many molecules are in 12.6 mol HO?

62. Determine the mass in grams of each of the following a. 3.24 mol Al

b. 47.2 mol Si

c. 2.766 mol Zn

63. Determine the number of moles in 25.3g Ag

64. How many atoms are in 53.4g Li

65. What is the mass in grams of 3.20 10 atoms He?

66. Determine the number of moles of chloride ions in 3.20 mol ZnCl.

67. Calculate the number of moles of hydrogen atoms in 12.1 mol water.

68. Calculate the percent composition of sodium sulfate

69. 14.7g of Nitrogen, 4.06g of Hydrogen, and 34.6g of Chlorine gases react to produce solid ammonium chloride. a. Balanced Equation

b. What is/are the limiting reactant(s)?

c. Which reactant(s) are in excess and by how many grams?

d. How many grams of ammonium chloride are produced if the percent yield is 37.7%?

70. If 0.500L of a 0.300M solution of magnesium chlorate is reacted with 0.200L of a 0.250M solution of ammonium bromide, aqueous ammonium chlorate and solid magnesium bromide are formed. Calculate the mass in grams of the magnesium bromide produced.

71. How many grams of iron are formed when 83.7g of carbon monoxide react with excess ferric oxide to produce iron and carbon dioxide?

72. How many moles of nitrogen gas are needed to react with 4.63 moles of lithium to produce lithium nitrate?