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Structural Design Software

Daniel Tian Li, Ph.D.


Structural Engineer (California, S.E. 4922)
Chartered Structural Engineer (United Kingdom, MIStructE 020283787)

Daniel T. Li, Engineering International Inc.


www.Engineering-International.com
128 E. Santa Clara St. Arcadia, CA 91006, USA

Neat clear Quick-Link.xlsm

Just input green values, don't have to know Excel

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Quick Open Link


TwoWaySlab.xls
VoidedBiaxialSlabs.xls
AnchorageToConcrete.xls
AnchorageToPedestal.xls
CircularColumn.xls
ConcreteColumn.xls
SuperCompositeColumn.xls
SpecialShearWall-CBC.xls
OrdinaryShearWall.xls
ConcretePool.xls
Corbel.xls
CouplingBeam.xls
DeepBeam.xls
DevelopmentSpliceConcrete.xls
EquipmentMounting.xls
ExistingShearWall.xls
Friction.xls
PipeConcreteColumn.xls
PT-ConcreteFloor.xls
Punching.xls
Slab.xls
VoidedSectionCapacity.xls
DiaphragmShear.xls
SMRF-ACI.xls
SpecialShearWall-IBC.xls
SuspendedAnchorage.xls
TiltupPanel.xls
WallPier.xls
BeamPenetration.xls
ColumnSupportingDiscontinuous.xls
PlateShellElement.xls
TransferDiaphragm-Concrete.xls
Silo-Chimney-Tower.xls
ConcreteBeam.xls
PerforatedShearWall.xls
ShearWallOpening.xls
WoodColumn.xls
GreenCompositeWall.xls
WoodBeam.xls
CantileverBeam.xls
Diaphragm-Ledger-CMUWall.xls
DoubleJoist.xls
DragForces.xls
EquipmentAnchorage.xls
LagScrewsConnection.xls
Subdiaphragm.xls
ToeNail.xls
TopPlateConnection.xls
Truss-Wood.xls
WoodBoltConnection.xls
WoodDiaphragm.xls
WoodJoist.xls
WoodShearWall.xls
WoodTables.xls
TransferDiaphragm-Wood.xls
Wind-ASCE7-10.xls
Seismic-2012IBC.xls
Wind-ASCE7-05.xls
PipeRiser.xls
RigidDiaphragm.xls
FlexibleDiaphragm.xls
TwoStoryMomentFrame.xls
X-BracedFrame.xls
OpenStructureWind.xls
RoofScreenWind.xls
AxialRoofDeck.xls
DeformationCompatibility.xls
DiscontinuousShearWall.xls
FlexibleDiaphragmOpening.xls
Handrail.xls
InteriorWallLateralForce.xls
LateralFrameFormulas.xls
LiveLoad.xls
Seismic-SingleFamilyDwellings.xls
ShadeStructureWind.xls
ShearWallForces.xls
ShearWall-NewOpening.xls
ShearWallRigidity.xls
Sign.xls
SignWind.xls
Snow.xls

www.Engineering-International.com
Two-Way Slab Design Based on ACI 318-11 using Finite Element Method
Voided Two-Way Slab Design Based on ACI 318-11
Base Plate and Group Anchors Design Based on ACI 318-11 & AISC 360-10
Anchorage to Pedestal Design Based on ACI 318-11 & AISC 360-10
Circular Column Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Column Design Based on ACI 318-11
Super Composite Column Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11
Special Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11 & 2010 CBC Chapter A
Ordinary Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Pool Design Based on ACI 318-11
Corbel Design Based on IBC 09 / ACI 318-11
Coupling Beam Design Based on ACI 318-11
Deep Beam Design Based on ACI 318-11
Development & Splice of Reinforcement Based on ACI 318-11
Design for Equipment Anchorage Based on 2012 IBC & 2010 CBC Chapter A
Verify Existing Concrete Shear Wall Based on ASCE 41-06 / 2010 CBC & 2012 IBC
Shear Friction Reinforcing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Pipe Concrete Column Design Based on ACI 318-11
Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floor Based on ACI 318-11
Slab Punching Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Slab Perpendicular Flexure & Shear Capacity Based on ACI 318-11
Voided Section Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Diaphragm in-plane Shear Design Based on ACI 318-11
Seismic Design for Special Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-11
Special Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11 & 2012 IBC
Suspended Anchorage to Concrete Based on 2012 IBC & 2010 CBC
Tilt-up Panel Design based on ACI 318-11
Wall Pier Design Based on 2010 CBC & 2012 IBC
Design for Concrete Beam with Penetration Based on ACI 318-11
Column Supporting Discontinuous System Based on ACI 318-11
Plate/Shell Element Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Diaphragm Design for a Discontinuity of Type 4 out-of-plane offset irregularity
Concrete Silo / Chimney / Tower Design Based on ASCE 7-10, ACI 318-11 & ACI 313-97
Concrete Beam Design, for New or Existing, Based on ACI 318-11
Perforated Shear Wall Design Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10 / NDS 05
Wood Shear Wall with an Opening Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10 / NDS 05
Wood Post, Wall Stud, or King Stud Design Based on NDS 2005
Composite Strong Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08, AISI S100-2007 & ER-4943P
Wood Beam Design Base on NDS 2005
Wood Beam Design Base on NDS 2005
Connection Design for Wall & Diaphragm Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10
Double Joist Design for Equipment Based on NDS 05, ICC PFC-4354 & PFC-5803
Drag / Collector Force Diagram Generator
Equipment Anchorage to Wood Roof Based on NDS 05 / IBC 09 / CBC 10
Lag Screw Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Subdiaphragm Design Based on ASCE 7-05
Toe-Nail Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Top Plate Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Truss Design Based on NDS 2005
Bolt Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Diaphragm Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Joist Design Based on NDS 05 / NDS 01, ICC PFC-4354 & PFC-5803
Shear Wall Design Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10 / NDS 05
Tables for Wood Post Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Diaphragm Design for a Discontinuity of Type 4 out-of-plane offset irregularity
Wind Analysis Based on ASCE 7-10
Seismic Analysis Based on ASCE 7-10
Wind Analysis Based on ASCE 7-05, Including Roof Solar Panel Loads
MCE Level Seismic Design for Metal Pipe/Riser Based on ASCE 7-10 & AISI S100
Rotation Analysis of Rigid Diaphragm Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Flexible Diaphragm Analysis
Two Story Moment Frame Analysis using Finite Element Method
X-Braced Frame Analysis using Finite Element Method
Wind Analysis for Open Structure (Solar Panels) Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Wind Load, on Roof Screen / Roof Equipment, Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Axial Capacity of 1 1/2" Type "B" Roof Deck Based on ICBO ER-2078P
Column Deformation Compatibility Design using Finite Element Method
Discontinuous Shear Wall Analysis Using Finite Element Method
Flexible Diaphragm with an Opening Analysis
Handrail Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11
Interior Wall Lateral Forces Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Lateral Frame Formulas
Live Load Reduction Based on ASCE 7-10, 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Seismic Analysis for Family Dwellings Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Wind Analysis for Shade Open Structure Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Shear Wall Analysis for Shear Wall with Opening Using Finite Element Method
Relative Rigidity Determination for Shear Wall with New Opening
Rigidity for Shear Wall & Shear Wall with Opening Using Finite Element Method
Sign Design Based on AISC 360-10, ACI 318-11, and IBC 1807.3
Wind Analysis for Freestanding Wall & Sign Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Snow Load Analysis Based on ASCE 7-10, 05, & UBC

Group
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Concrete
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Wood
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral

Last Updated
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WallLateralForce-CBC.xls
WallLateralForce-IBC.xls
Seismic-IBC2009.xls
WindGirtDeflection.xls
StorageRacks.xls
Wind-Alternate.xls
CeilingSeismic.xls
Wind-IR16-7.xls
UnitConversion.xls
Aluminum-I-WF-Capacity.xls
Aluminum-C-CS-Capacity.xls
Aluminum-RT-Capacity.xls
Aluminum-PIPE-Capacity.xls
StructuralGlass.xls
FreeStandingWall.xls
EccentricFooting.xls
Flagpole.xls
MasonryRetainingWall.xls
ConcreteRetainingWall.xls
Masonry-Concrete-RetainingWall.xls
ConcretePier.xls
ConcretePile.xls
PileCaps.xls
PileCapBalancedLoads.xls
ConventionalSlabOnGrade.xls
PT-SlabOnGround.xls
BasementConcreteWall.xls
BasementMasonryWall.xls
BasementColumn.xls
MRF-GradeBeam.xls
BraceGradeBeam.xls
GradeBeam.xls
CircularFooting.xls
CombinedFooting.xls
BoundarySpringGenerator.xls
DeepFooting.xls
FootingAtPiping.xls
IrregularFootingSoilPressure.xls
PAD.xls
PlainConcreteFooting.xls
RestrainedRetainingWall.xls
RetainingWall-DSA-OSHPD.xls
TankFooting.xls
TemporaryFootingforRectangularTank.xls
UnderGroundWell.xls
StudBearingWallFooting.xls
WallFooting.xls
FixedMomentCondition.xls
FloodWay.xls
LateralEarthPressure.xls
Shoring.xls
CompositeElementDurability.xls
MasonryShearWall-CBC.xls
MasonryShearWall-IBC.xls
AnchorageToMasonry.xls
FlushWallPilaster-CBC.xls
FlushWallPilaster-IBC.xls
BearingWallOpening.xls
BendingPostAtTopWall.xls
DevelopmentSpliceMasonry.xls
Elevator-DSA-OSHPD.xls
GirderAtWall.xls
HorizontalBendingWall.xls
MasonryBeam.xls
MasonryBearingWall-CBC.xls
MasonryBearingWall-IBC.xls
MasonryColumn-CBC.xls
MasonryColumn-IBC.xls
BeamToWall.xls
CollectorToWall.xls
Bridge-ConcreteGirder.xls
Bridge-ConcreteColumn.xls
Bridge-BoxSection.xls
ConcreteTunnel.xls
DoubleTee.xls
BoxCulvert.xls
SteelRoadPlate.xls
FlangeTaperedGirder.xls
BeamConnection.xls
AngleCapacity.xls
HSS-WF-Capacity.xls
MetalStuds.xls

Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2010 CBC


Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2012 IBC
Seismic Analysis Based on 2009 IBC / 2010 CBC
Wind Girt Deflection Analysis of Wood, Metal Stud, and/or Steel Tube
Lateral Loads of Storage Racks, with Hilti & Red Head Anchorage, Based on ASCE 7-10
Wind Analysis for Alternate All-Heights Method, Based on ASCE 7-10
Suspended Ceiling Seismic Loads Based on ASCE 7-10
Wind Analysis for Enclosed Building, Based on DSA IR 16-7 (SEAOC)
Unit Conversions between U.S. Customary System & Metric System
Aluminum I or WF Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)
Aluminum C or CS Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)
Aluminum RT Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)
Aluminum PIPE Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)
Glass Wall/Window/Stair Design, Based on ASTM E1300, using Finite Element Method
Free Standing Masonry & Conctere Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11 & ACI 318-11
Eccentric Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Flagpole Footing Design Based on Chapter 18 of IBC & CBC
Masonry Retaining / Fence Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11 & ACI 318-11
Concrete Retaining Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11
Retaining Wall Design, for Masonry Top & Concrete Bottom, Based on TMS 402-11 & ACI 318-11
Concrete Pier (Isolated Deep Foundation) Design Based on ACI 318-11
Drilled Cast-in-place Pile Design Based on ACI 318-11
Pile Cap Design for 4, 3, 2-Piles Pattern Based on ACI 318-11
Determination of Pile Cap Balanced Loads and Reactions
Design of Conventional Slabs on Expansive & Compressible Soil Grade Based on ACI 360
Design of PT Slabs on Expansive & Compressible Soil Based on PTI 3rd Edition
Basement Concrete Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11
Basement Masonry Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11
Basement Column Supporting Lateral Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-11
Grade Beam Design for Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-10
Grade Beam Design for Brace Frame Based on ACI 318-11
Two Pads with Grade Beam Design Based on ACI 318-11 & AISC 360-10
Circular Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Combined Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Mat Boundary Spring Generator
Deep Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Design of Footing at Piping Based on ACI 318-11
Soil Pressure Determination for Irregular Footing
Pad Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Plain Concrete Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Restrained Retaining Masonry & Concrete Wall Design Based on TMS 402 & ACI 318
Retaining Wall Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Tank Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Temporary Tank Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Under Ground Well Design Based on ACI 350-06 & ACI 318-11
Footing Design for Stud Bearing Wall Based on 2012 IBC / ACI 318-11
Footing Design of Shear Wall Based on ACI 318-11
Fixed Moment Condition Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Floodway Design Based on ACI 350-06 & ACI 318-11
Lateral Earth Pressure of Rigid Wall Based on AASHTO 17th & 2012 IBC
Sheet Pile Wall Design Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC / ACI 318-11
Composite Element Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11
Masonry Shear Wall Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A (both ASD and SD)
Masonry Shear Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC (both ASD and SD)
Fastener Anchorage Design in Masonry Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Masonry Flush Wall Pilaster Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Masonry Flush Wall Pilaster Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Design of Masonry Bearing Wall with Opening Based on TMS 402-11
Design for Bending Post at Top of Wall, Based on TMS 402-11
Development & Splice of Reinforcement in Masonry Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC & 2010 CBC
Elevator Masonry Wall Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A & 2012 IBC
Design for Girder at Masonry Wall Based on TMS 402-11
Masonry Wall Design at Horizontal Bending Based on TMS 402-11
Masonry Beam Design Based on TMS 402-11
Allowable & Strength Design of Masonry Bearing Wall Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Allowable & Strength Design of Masonry Bearing Wall Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Masonry Column Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Masonry Column Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Beam to Wall Anchorage Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Collector to Wall Connection Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Prestressed Concrete Girder Design for Bridge Structure Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Bridge Column Design Based on AASHTO 17th & ACI 318-11
Bridge Design for Prestressed Concrete Box Section Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Concrete Tunnel Design Based on AASHTO-17th & ACI 318-11
Prestressed Double Tee Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Concrete Box Culvert Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Steel Road Plate Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & AISC 360-10 using Finite Element Method
Flange Tapered Plate Girder Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Beam Connection Design Based on AISC 360-2010 (AISC 360-10)
Angle Steel Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Tube, Pipe, or WF Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Metal Member Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10 (2012 IBC) & ICBO ER-4943P

Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Lateral
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Foundation
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry
Bridge
Bridge
Bridge
Bridge
Bridge
Bridge
Bridge
Bridge
Steel
Steel
Steel
Steel

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SMRF-CBC.xls
SCBF-Parallel.xls
SCBF-Perpendicular.xls
ColumnAboveBeam.xls
BeamGravity.xls
BeamWithTorsion.xls
HSS-Torsion.xls
BoltsConnection.xls
BraceConnection.xls
BRBF.xls
BSEP-SMF.xls
BoltedMomentConnection.xls
ChannelCapacity.xls
CompositeCollectorBeam.xls
CompositeFloorBeam.xls
CompositeFloorBeamWithCantilever.xls
CompositeFloorGirder.xls
DragConnection.xls
DragForcesforBraceFrame.xls
EBF-CBC.xls
EBF-IBC.xls
EnhancedCompositeBeam.xls
EnhancedSteelBeam.xls
ExteriorMetalStudWall.xls
FloorDeck.xls
GussetGeometry.xls
MetalShearWall.xls
MetalShearWallOpening.xls
Metal-Z-Purlins.xls
OCBF-CBC.xls
OCBF-IBC.xls
CantileverFrame.xls
OMRF-CBC.xls
OMRF-IBC.xls
PlateGirder.xls
RectangularSection.xls
RoofDeck.xls
BasePlate.xls
SMRF-IBC.xls
SPSW.xls
SteelColumn.xls
SteelStair.xls
TripleW-Shapes.xls
PortalFrame.xls
WebTaperedFrame.xls
WebTaperedGirder.xls
WeldConnection.xls
WF-Opening.xls
MomentAcrossGirder.xls
BeamSplice.xls
FilledCompositeColumn.xls
CellularBeam.xls
DoubleAngleCapacity.xls
T-ShapeCapacity.xls
CantileverColumn.xls
Truss-Metal.xls

Seismic Design for Special Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2010 CBC
Seismic Design for Special Concentrically Braced Frames Based on CBC/IBC & AISC 341-10
Bracing Connection Design, with Perpendicular Gusset, Based on CBC/IBC & AISC 341-10
Connection Design for Column above Beam, Based on AISC Manual & AISC 360-10
Steel Gravity Beam Design Based on AISC Manual 13th Edition (AISC 360-10)
WF Simply Supported Beam Design with Torsional Loading Based on AISC 360-10
HSS (Tube, Pipe) Member Design with Torsional Loading Based on AISC 360-10
Bolts Connection Design Based on AISC Manual 13th Edition
Typical Bracing Connection Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Buckling-Restrained Braced Frames Based on AISC 360-10 & AISC 341-10
Bolted Seismic Moment Connection Based on AISC 341-10, 358-10, 360-10 & FEMA-350
Bolted Non-Seismic Moment Connection Based on AISC 341-10, 358-10, 360-10 & FEMA-350
Channel Steel Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Composite Collector Beam with Seismic Loads Based on 2010 CBC / 2012 IBC
Composite Beam Design Based on AISC Manual 9th
Composite Beam Design Based on AISC 360-10 / 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Composite Girder Design Based on AISC 360-10 / 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Drag Connection Based on AISC 360-10 & AISC 341-10
Drag / Collector Forces for Brace Frame
Seismic Design for Eccentrically Braced Frames Based on 2010 CBC & AISC 341-10
Seismic Design for Eccentrically Braced Frames Based on 2012 IBC & AISC 341-10
Enhanced Composite Beam Design Based on AISC 360-10 / 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Enhanced Steel Beam Design Based on AISC 14th (AISC 360-10)
Exterior Metal Stud Wall Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10 & ER-4943P
Depressed Floor Deck Capacity (Non-Composite)
Gusset Plate Dimensions Generator
Metal Shear Wall Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10, ER-5762 & ER-4943P
Metal Shear Wall with an Opening Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10, ER-5762 & ER-4943P
Metal Z-Purlins Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10
Ordinary Concentrically Braced Frames Based on 2010 CBC & AISC 341-10
Ordinary Concentrically Braced Frames Based on 2012 IBC & AISC 341-10
Web-Tapered Cantilever Frame Design Based on AISC-ASD 9th, Appendix F
Intermediate/Ordinary Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2010 CBC
Intermediate/Ordinary Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2012 IBC
Plate Girder Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Rectangular Section Member Design Based on AISC 360-10
Design of 1 1/2" Type "B" Roof Deck Based on ICBO ER-2078P
Base Plate Design Based on AISC Manual 13th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Special Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2012 IBC, AISC 341-10 & AISC 358-10
Seismic Design for Special Plate Shear Wall Based on AISC 341-10 & AISC 360-10
Steel Column Design Based on AISC Manual 13th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Steel Stair Design Based on AISC 360-10
Simply Supported Member of Triple W-Shapes Design Based on AISC 360-10
Portal Frame Analysis using Finite Element Method
Web Tapered Frame Based on AISC-ASD 9th Appendix F and/or AISC Design Guide 25
Web Tapered Girder Design Based on AISC-ASD 9th Appendix F and/or AISC Design Guide 25
Weld Connection Design Based on AISC 360-10
Check Capacity of WF Beam at Opening Based on AISC 360-10
Design for Fully Restrained Moment Connection across Girder Based on AISC 360-10
Beam Bolted Splice Design Based on AISC Manual 13th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Filled Composite Column Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11
Cellular Beam Design Based on AISC 360-10
Double Angle Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
T-Shape Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Cantilever Column & Footing Design Based on AISC 360-10, ACI 318-11, and IBC 1807.3
Light Gage Truss Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10 & ER-4943P

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STRUCTURAL DESIGN SOFTWARE


Foundation

Lateral

Concrete

Steel

Aluminum & Glass

Masonry

Bridge

Wood

Technical Support

This web site provides structural design software which created using Microsoft Windows Excel 2010. Each spreadsheet contains formulas, reference code sections, and graphic drawings. The
analysis results can be copied and pasted to AutoCAD. The Example is intended for re-use and is loaded with floating comments as well as ActiveX pull-down menus for variable choices. All
intermediate calculations are intended for submittal with the calculations to explain the results of the input. It is free to download, by click software name, for limited version (demo only). For
professional version (xls filename extension), a Package of all 220 listed software, the normal price is $1760 ($8 per software ).
(What's New?)

(User's Book)

(Unit Conversions)

Steel Design Group


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Beam Connection
Angle Capacity
HSS-WF Capacity
Metal Studs
SMRF - CBC
SCBF-Parallel
SCBF-Perpendicular
Column Above Beam
Beam Gravity
WF Beam with Torsion
HSS (Tube, Pipe) Torsion
Bolts Connection
Brace Connection
BRBF
BSEP - SMF
Bolted Moment Connection
Channel Capacity
Composite Collector Beam
Composite Floor Beam
Composite Floor Beam with Cantilever
Composite Floor Girder
Drag Connection
Drag Forces for Brace Frame
EBF - CBC
EBF - IBC
Enhanced Composite Beam
Enhanced Steel Beam
Exterior Metal Stud Wall
Floor Deck
Gusset Geometry
Metal Shear Wall
Metal Shear Wall Opening
Metal Z Purlins
OCBF - CBC
OCBF - IBC
Web-Tapered Cantilever Frame
OMRF - CBC
OMRF - IBC
Plate Girder
Rectangular Section
Roof Deck
Base Plate
SMRF - IBC
SPSW
Steel Column
Steel Stair
Triple W Shapes
Portal Frame
Web Tapered Frame
Web Tapered Girder
Weld Connection
WF Opening
Moment across Girder
Beam Bolted Splice
Filled Composite Column
Cellular Beam
Double Angle Capacity
T-Shape Capacity
Cantilever Column
Metal Truss

Beam Connection Design Based on AISC 360-10


Angle Steel Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Tube, Pipe, or WF Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Metal Member Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10 (2012 IBC) & ICBO ER-4943P
Seismic Design for Special Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2010 CBC
Seismic Design for Special Concentrically Braced Frames Based on CBC/IBC & AISC 341-10
Bracing Connection Design, with Perpendicular Gusset, Based on CBC/IBC & AISC 341-10
Connection Design for Column above Beam, Based on AISC Manual & AISC 360-10
Steel Gravity Beam Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
WF Simply Supported Beam Design with Torsional Loading Based on AISC 360-10
HSS (Tube, Pipe) Member Design with Torsional Loading Based on AISC 360-10
Bolts Connection Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition
Typical Bracing Connection Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Buckling-Restrained Braced Frames Based on AISC 360-10 & AISC 341-10
Bolted Seismic Moment Connection Based on AISC 341-10, 358-10, 360-10 & FEMA-350
Bolted Non-Seismic Moment Connection Based on AISC 341-10, 358-10, 360-10 & FEMA-350
Channel Steel Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Composite Collector Beam with Seismic Loads Based on 2010 CBC / 2012 IBC
Composite Beam Design Based on AISC Manual 9th
Composite Beam Design Based on AISC 360-10 / 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Composite Girder Design Based on AISC 360-10 / 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Drag Connection Based on AISC 360-10 & AISC 341-10
Drag / Collector Forces for Brace Frame
Seismic Design for Eccentrically Braced Frames Based on 2010 CBC & AISC 341-10
Seismic Design for Eccentrically Braced Frames Based on 2012 IBC & AISC 341-10
Enhanced Composite Beam Design Based on AISC 360-10 / 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Enhanced Steel Beam Design Based on AISC 14th (AISC 360-10)
Exterior Metal Stud Wall Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10 & ER-4943P
Depressed Floor Deck Capacity (Non-Composite)
Gusset Plate Dimensions Generator
Metal Shear Wall Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10, ER-5762 & ER-4943P
Metal Shear Wall with an Opening Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10, ER-5762 & ER-4943P
Metal Z-Purlins Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10
Ordinary Concentrically Braced Frames Based on 2010 CBC & AISC 341-10
Ordinary Concentrically Braced Frames Based on 2012 IBC & AISC 341-10
Web-Tapered Cantilever Frame Design Based on AISC-ASD 9th, Appendix F
Intermediate/Ordinary Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2010 CBC
Intermediate/Ordinary Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2012 IBC
Plate Girder Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Rectangular Section Member Design Based on AISC 360-10
Design of 1 1/2" Type "B" Roof Deck Based on ICBO ER-2078P
Base Plate Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Special Moment Resisting Frames Based on 2012 IBC, AISC 341-10 & 358-10
Seismic Design for Special Plate Shear Wall Based on AISC 341-10 & AISC 360-10
Steel Column Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Steel Stair Design Based on AISC 360-10
Simply Supported Member of Triple W-Shapes Design Based on AISC 360-10
Portal Frame Analysis using Finite Element Method
Web Tapered Frame Design Based on AISC-ASD 9th Appendix F and/or AISC Design Guide 25
Web Tapered Girder Design Based on AISC-ASD 9th Appendix F and/or AISC Design Guide 25
Weld Connection Design Based on AISC 360-10
Check Capacity of WF Beam at Opening Based on AISC 360-10
Design for Fully Restrained Moment Connection across Girder Based on AISC 360-10
Beam Bolted Splice Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
Filled Composite Column Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11
Cellular Beam Design Based on AISC 360-10
Double Angle Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
T-Shape Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-10
Cantilever Column & Footing Design Based on AISC 360-10, ACI 318-11, and IBC 1807.3
Light Gage Truss Design Based on AISI S100-07/SI-10 & ER-4943P

Lateral Analysis Group


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Wind - ASCE7-10
Seismic - 2012 IBC
Wind - ASCE7-05
Metal Pipe/Riser
Rigid Diaphragm
Flexible Diaphragm
Two Story Moment Frame
X - Braced Frame
Open Structure Wind
Roof Screen/Equipment Wind
Axial Roof Deck
Deformation Compatibility
Discontinuous Shear Wall
Flexible Diaphragm Opening
Hand Rail
Interior Wall Lateral Force

Wind Analysis Based on ASCE 7-10


Seismic Analysis Based on ASCE 7-10
Wind Analysis Based on ASCE 7-05, Including Roof Solar Panel Loads
MCE Level Seismic Design for Metal Pipe/Riser Based on ASCE 7-10 & AISI S100
Rotation Analysis of Rigid Diaphragm Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Flexible Diaphragm Analysis
Two Story Moment Frame Analysis using Finite Element Method
X-Braced Frame Analysis using Finite Element Method
Wind Analysis for Open Structure (Solar Panels) Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Wind Load, on Roof Screen / Roof Equipment, Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Axial Capacity of 1 1/2" Type "B" Roof Deck Based on ICBO ER-2078P
Column Deformation Compatibility Design using Finite Element Method
Discontinuous Shear Wall Analysis Using Finite Element Method
Flexible Diaphragm with an Opening Analysis
Handrail Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11
Interior Wall Lateral Forces Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC

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Lateral Frame Formulas


Live Load
Seismic - Single Family Dwellings
Shade Structure Wind
Shear Wall Forces
Shear Wall - New Opening
Shear Wall Rigidity
Sign
Sign Wind
Snow
Wall Lateral Force - CBC
Wall Lateral Force - IBC
Seismic - 2009 IBC
Wind Girt Deflection
Storage Racks
Wind Alternate Method
Ceiling Seismic Loads
Wind - IR16-7
Tornado and Hurricane

Lateral Frame Formulas


Live Load Reduction Based on ASCE 7-10, 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Seismic Analysis for Family Dwellings Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC
Wind Analysis for Shade Open Structure Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Shear Wall Analysis for Shear Wall with Opening Using Finite Element Method
Relative Rigidity Determination for Shear Wall with New Opening
Rigidity for Shear Wall & Shear Wall with Opening Using Finite Element Method
Sign Design Based on AISC 360-10, ACI 318-11, and IBC 1807.3
Wind Analysis for Freestanding Wall & Sign Based on ASCE 7-10 & 05
Snow Load Analysis Based on ASCE 7-10, 05, & UBC
Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2010 CBC
Lateral Force for One-Story Wall Based on 2012 IBC
Seismic Analysis Based on 2009 IBC / 2010 CBC
Wind Girt Deflection Analysis of Wood, Metal Stud, and/or Steel Tube
Lateral Loads of Storage Racks, with Hilti & Red Head Anchorage, Based on ASCE 7-10
Wind Analysis for Alternate All-Heights Method, Based on ASCE 7-10
Suspended Ceiling Seismic Loads Based on ASCE 7-10
Wind Analysis for Enclosed Building, Based on DSA IR 16-7 (SEAOC)
Wind Analysis for Tornado and Hurricane Based on 2012 IBC Section 423 & FEMA 361/320

Foundation Design Group


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Free Standing Wall


Eccentric Footing
Flagpole
Masonry Retaining Wall
Concrete Retaining Wall
Masonry-Concrete Retaining Wall
Concrete Pier
Concrete Pile
Pile Caps
Pile Cap Balanced Loads
Conventional Slab on Grade
PT-Slab on Ground
Basement Concrete Wall
Basement Masonry Wall
Basement Column
MRF-Grade Beam
Brace Grade Beam
Grade Beam
Circular Footing
Combined Footing
Boundary Spring Generator
Deep Footing
Footing at Piping
Irregular Footing Soil Pressure
PAD Footing
Plain Concrete Footing
Restrained Retaining Wall
Retaining Wall for DSA /OSHPD
Tank Footing
Temporary Footing for Rectangular Tank
Under Ground Well
Stud Bearing Wall Footing
Wall Footing
Fixed Moment Condition
Flood Way
Lateral Earth Pressure
Shoring
Composite Element Durability

Free Standing Masonry & Conctere Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11 & ACI 318-11
Eccentric Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Flagpole Footing Design Based on 2012 IBC Chapter 18
Masonry Retaining / Fence Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11 & ACI 318-11
Concrete Retaining Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11
Retaining Wall Design, for Masonry Top & Concrete Bottom, Based on TMS 402-11 & ACI 318-11
Concrete Pier (Isolated Deep Foundation) Design Based on ACI 318-11
Drilled Cast-in-place Pile Design Based on ACI 318-11
Pile Cap Design for 4, 3, 2-Piles Pattern Based on ACI 318-11
Determination of Pile Cap Balanced Loads and Reactions
Design of Conventional Slabs on Expansive & Compressible Soil Grade Based on ACI 360
Design of PT Slabs on Expansive & Compressible Soil Based on PTI 3rd Edition
Basement Concrete Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11
Basement Masonry Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11
Basement Column Supporting Lateral Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-11
Grade Beam Design for Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-11
Grade Beam Design for Brace Frame Based on ACI 318-11
Two Pads with Grade Beam Design Based on ACI 318-11 & AISC 360-10
Circular Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Combined Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Mat Boundary Spring Generator
Deep Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Design of Footing at Piping Based on ACI 318-11
Soil Pressure Determination for Irregular Footing
Pad Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Plain Concrete Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Restrained Retaining Masonry & Concrete Wall Design Based on TMS 402 & ACI 318
Retaining Wall Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Tank Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Temporary Tank Footing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Under Ground Well Design Based on ACI 350-06 & ACI 318-11
Footing Design for Stud Bearing Wall Based on 2012 IBC / ACI 318-11
Footing Design of Shear Wall Based on ACI 318-11
Fixed Moment Condition Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Floodway Design Based on ACI 350-06 & ACI 318-11
Lateral Earth Pressure of Rigid Wall Based on AASHTO 17th & 2012 IBC
Sheet Pile Wall Design Based on 2012 IBC / 2010 CBC / ACI 318-11
Composite Element Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11

Masonry Design Group


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Masonry Shear Wall - CBC


Masonry Shear Wall - IBC
Anchorage to Masonry
Flush Wall Pilaster - CBC
Flush Wall Pilaster - IBC
Bearing Wall Opening
Bending Post at Top Wall
Development Splice Masonry
Elevator for DSA / OSHPD
Girder at Wall
Horizontal Bending Wall
Masonry Beam
Masonry Bearing Wall - CBC
Masonry Bearing Wall - IBC
Masonry Column - CBC
Masonry Column - IBC
Beam to Wall
Collector to Wall

Masonry Shear Wall Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A (both ASD and SD)
Masonry Shear Wall Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC (both ASD and SD)
Fastener Anchorage Design in Masonry Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Masonry Flush Wall Pilaster Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Masonry Flush Wall Pilaster Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Design of Masonry Bearing Wall with Opening Based on TMS 402-11
Design for Bending Post at Top of Wall, Based on TMS 402-11
Development & Splice of Reinforcement in Masonry Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC & 2010 CBC
Elevator Masonry Wall Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A & 2012 IBC
Design for Girder at Masonry Wall Based on TMS 402-11
Masonry Wall Design at Horizontal Bending Based on TMS 402-11
Masonry Beam Design Based on TMS 402-11
Allowable & Strength Design of Masonry Bearing Wall Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Allowable & Strength Design of Masonry Bearing Wall Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Masonry Column Design Based on 2010 CBC Chapter A
Masonry Column Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Beam to Wall Anchorage Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC
Collector to Wall Connection Design Based on TMS 402-11 / 2012 IBC

Bridge Design Group


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Bridge Concrete Girder


Bridge Concrete Column
Bridge Box Section
Concrete Tunnel
Double Tee
Concrete Box Culvert
Steel Road Plate
Flange Tapered Girder

Prestressed Concrete Girder Design for Bridge Structure Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Bridge Column Design Based on AASHTO 17th & ACI 318-11
Bridge Design for Prestressed Concrete Box Section Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Concrete Tunnel Design Based on AASHTO-17th & ACI 318-11
Prestressed Double Tee Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Concrete Box Culvert Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
Steel Road Plate Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & AISC 360-10 using Finite Element Method
Flange Tapered Plate Girder Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)

Concrete Design Group


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Two Way Slab


Voided Biaxial Slab
Anchorage to Concrete
Anchorage to Pedestal

Two-Way Slab Design Based on ACI 318-11 using Finite Element Method
Voided Two-Way Slab Design Based on ACI 318-11
Base Plate and Group Anchors Design Based on ACI 318-11 & AISC 360-10
Anchorage to Pedestal Design Based on ACI 318-11 & AISC 360-10

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Circular Column
Concrete Column
Super Composite Column
Special Shear Wall - CBC
Ordinary Shear Wall
Concrete Pool
Corbel
Coupling Beam
Deep Beam
Concrete Development & Splice
Equipment Mounting
Existing Shear Wall
Friction
Pipe Concrete Column
PT-Concrete Floor
Punching
Concrete Slab
Voided Section Capacity
Concrete Diaphragm
SMRF - ACI
Special Shear Wall - IBC
Suspended Anchorage
Tiltup Panel
Wall Pier
Beam Penetration
Column Supporting Discontinuous
Plate Shell Element
Transfer Diaphragm - Concrete
Silo/Chimney/Tower Design
Concrete Beam

Circular Column Design Based on ACI 318-11


Concrete Column Design Based on ACI 318-11
Super Composite Column Design Based on AISC 360-10 & ACI 318-11
Special Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11 & 2010 CBC Chapter A
Ordinary Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Pool Design Based on ACI 318-11
Corbel Design Based on 2012 IBC / ACI 318-11
Coupling Beam Design Based on ACI 318-11
Deep Beam Design Based on ACI 318-11
Development & Splice of Reinforcement Based on ACI 318-11
Design for Equipment Anchorage Based on 2012 IBC & 2010 CBC Chapter A
Verify Existing Concrete Shear Wall Based on ASCE 41-06 / 2010 CBC / 2012 IBC
Shear Friction Reinforcing Design Based on ACI 318-11
Pipe Concrete Column Design Based on ACI 318-11
Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floor Based on ACI 318-11
Slab Punching Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Slab Perpendicular Flexure & Shear Capacity Based on ACI 318-11
Voided Section Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Diaphragm in-plane Shear Design Based on ACI 318-11
Seismic Design for Special Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-11
Special Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-11 & 2012 IBC
Suspended Anchorage to Concrete Based on 2012 IBC & 2010 CBC
Tilt-up Panel Design based on ACI 318-11
Wall Pier Design Based on 2010 CBC & 2012 IBC
Design for Concrete Beam with Penetration Based on ACI 318-11
Column Supporting Discontinuous System Based on ACI 318-11
Plate/Shell Element Design Based on ACI 318-11
Concrete Diaphragm Design for a Discontinuity of Type 4 out-of-plane offset irregularity
Concrete Silo / Chimney / Tower Design Based on ASCE 7-10, ACI 318-11 & ACI 313-97
Concrete Beam Design, for New or Existing, Based on ACI 318-11

Wood Design Group


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Perforated Shear Wall


Shear Wall Opening
Wood Column
Green Composite Wall
Wood Beam
Cantilever Beam
Diaphragm-Ledger-CMU Wall
Double Joist
Drag Forces
Equipment Anchorage
Lag Screws Connection
Subdiaphragm
Toe Nail
Top Plate Connection
Wood Truss
Wood Bolt Connection
Wood Diaphragm
Wood Joist
Wood Shear Wall
Wood Design Tables
Transfer Diaphragm - Wood

Perforated Shear Wall Design Based on 2009 IBC / 2010 CBC / NDS 05
Wood Shear Wall with an Opening Based on 2009 IBC / 2010 CBC / NDS 05
Wood Post, Wall Stud, or King Stud Design Based on NDS 2005
Composite Strong Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08, AISI S100-2007 & ER-4943P
Wood Beam Design Base on NDS 2005
Wood Beam Design Base on NDS 2005
Connection Design for Wall & Diaphragm Based on 2009 IBC / 2010 CBC
Double Joist Design for Equipment Based on NDS 05, ICC PFC-4354 & PFC-5803
Drag / Collector Force Diagram Generator
Equipment Anchorage to Wood Roof Based on NDS 05 / 2009 IBC / 2010 CBC
Lag Screw Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Subdiaphragm Design Based on ASCE 7-05
Toe-Nail Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Top Plate Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Truss Design Based on NDS 2005
Bolt Connection Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Diaphragm Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Joist Design Based on NDS 05 / NDS 01, ICC PFC-4354 & PFC-5803
Shear Wall Design Based on 2009 IBC / 2010 CBC / NDS 05
Tables for Wood Post Design Based on NDS 2005
Wood Diaphragm Design for a Discontinuity of Type 4 out-of-plane offset irregularity

Aluminum & Glass Design


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Aluminum I or WF Member
Aluminum C or CS Member
Aluminum RT Member
Aluminum PIPE Member
Structural Glass

Aluminum I or WF Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)


Aluminum C or CS Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)
Aluminum RT Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)
Aluminum PIPE Member Capacity Based on Aluminum Design Manual 2010 (ADM-I)
Glass Wall/Window/Stair Design, Based on ASTM E1300, using Finite Element Method

Technical Support
Purchaser will receive, by USB flash drive, the purchased XLS version software within 4 days (network version can be downloaded on the purchased day). For package purchaser, please email us
your left top logo with your order. Any our software bugs can be fixed promptly, and the updated software will be emailed back to reporter.
License:

Single Package License for single user with one computer (laptop ok). ($1760)
Two Package License for two users with five computers (two laptops ok). ($2686)
Three Package License (Network Version) for one company without laptop number limits (all software can be downloaded).($5960)

Upgrade for Package Purchaser:

$159 per request. (including new software)

Custom Software & Analysis


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PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Pad Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA

DESIGN SUMMARY

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

in

FOOTING WIDTH

3.00

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

in

FOOTING LENGTH

4.00

ft

BASE PLATE WIDTH

b1

16

in

FOOTING THICKNESS

12

in

BASE PLATE DEPTH

b2

16

in

LONGITUDINAL REINF.

15

in o.c.

FOOTING CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

2.5

ksi

TRANSVERSE REINF.

14

in o.c.

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

AXIAL DEAD LOAD

PDL

25

AXIAL LIVE LOAD

PLL

4.5

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


PLAT
SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD

=
=

1
-6

Seismic,SD
k, SD

SURCHARGE

qs

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.11

kcf

FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Df

ft

12

in

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

Qa

2.5

ksf

FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING LENGTH
BOTTOM REINFORCING

B
L

=
=
#

3
4
5

=
=
=

37
29
17

FOOTING THICKNESS

ft

ft
ft

THE PAD DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 SEC.9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P =
30
kips
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P =
25
kips
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P =
18
kips

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E
0.9 DL + 1.0 E

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


CASE 1
P
+ q S + (0.15 w S )T =
q MAX =
2.50 ksf,

CASE 2
2.14 ksf,

BL

q MAX

<

kQa,

Pu
Pu
Pu

CASE 3
1.56 ksf
[Satisfactory]

where k = 1 for gravity loads, 4/3 for lateral loads.

DESIGN FOR FLEXURE (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
0.85 f c 1 1
'

Mu
0.383bd 2 f 'c

MAX =

fy

fy

u
u +t

MIN = MIN 0.0018

LONGITUDINAL
8.69
36
3.10
11.35

d
b
q u,max
Mu

min
As
ReqD
Max. Spacing
USE
max
Check prod < max

0.85 1 f c'

TRANSVERSE
8.38
48
3.10
7.00

0.001
0.001
0.39
#
5
18
in o.c.
3
#
5
0.013
[Satisfactory]

T
4
,
d
3

0.000
0.001
0.25

#
5
18
in o.c.
4
#
5
0.013
[Satisfactory]

__
@ 15 in o.c.

Page 12 of 533
524

@ 14 in o.c.

kips
kips
kips

(cont'd)

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.9.3.2.3, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

V n = 2 bd f 'c
Vu

Vn
Check Vu < Vn

LONGITUDINAL
7.80

TRANSVERSE
4.52

0.75
23.5
[Satisfactory]

0.75
30.2
[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

V n = ( 2 + y )
where

f c' A p

97.42

kips

=
=

0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )


ratio of long side to short side of concentrated load

b0

c1 + c2 + b1 + b2 + 4d

Ap

b0 d

MIN(2 , 4 / c , 40 d / b0)

V u = P u, max 1

1 b1 + c1
+d
BL
2

649.4

b2 + c2 + d
2

76.1

1.00

in

in2

2.0

29.40 kips

<

__
Page 13 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

Daniel
Tian Li

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Pad Footing Design Based on ACI 318-95 / CBC 2001


INPUT DATA

DESIGN SUMMARY

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

in

FOOTING WIDTH

3.00

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

in

FOOTING LENGTH

4.00

ft

BASE PLATE WIDTH

b1

16

in

FOOTING THICKNESS

12

in

BASE PLATE DEPTH

b2

16

in

LONGITUDINAL REINF.

15

in o.c.

FOOTING CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

2.5

ksi

TRANSVERSE REINF.

14

in o.c.

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

AXIAL DEAD LOAD

PDL

25

AXIAL LIVE LOAD

PLL

4.5

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


PLAT
SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD

=
=

1
-6

Seismic,SD
k, SD

SURCHARGE

qs

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.11

kcf

FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Df

ft

12

in

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

Qa

2.5

ksf

FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING LENGTH
BOTTOM REINFORCING

B
L

=
=
#

3
4
5

=
=
=

43
29
17

FOOTING THICKNESS

ft

ft
ft

THE PAD DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS (CBC SEC.1612.3.2, 1612.2.1 & ACI 318-95 SEC.9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P =
30
kips
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P =
25
kips
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P =
18
kips

1.4 DL + 1.7 LL
1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E
0.9 DL + 1.0 E

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-95 SEC.15.2.2)


CASE 1
P
+ q S + (0.15 w S )T =
q MAX =
2.50 ksf,

CASE 2
2.14 ksf,

BL

q MAX

<

kQa,

Pu
Pu
Pu

CASE 3
1.56 ksf
[Satisfactory]

where k = 1 for gravity loads, 4/3 for lateral loads.


DESIGN FOR FLEXURE (ACI 318-95 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
0.85 f c 1 1
'

Mu
0.383bd 2 f 'c

MAX = 0.75

fy

MIN = MIN 0.0018

LONGITUDINAL
8.69
36
3.55
13.02

d
b
q u,max
Mu

min
As
ReqD
Max. Spacing
USE
max
Check prod < max

'
0.85 1 f c
87
87 + f y
f y

TRANSVERSE
8.38
48
3.55
8.02

0.001
0.001
0.45
#
5
18
in o.c.
3
#
5
0.013
[Satisfactory]

T
4
,
d
3

0.001
0.001
0.29

#
5
18
in o.c.
4
#
5
0.013
[Satisfactory]

__
@ 15 in o.c.

Page 14 of 533
524

@ 14 in o.c.

kips
kips
kips

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR (ACI 318-95 SEC.9.3.2.3, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.3)

V n = 2 bd f 'c
Vu

Vn
Check Vu < Vn

LONGITUDINAL
8.94

TRANSVERSE
5.18

0.85
26.6
[Satisfactory]

0.85
34.2
[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-95 SEC.15.5.2, 11.12.1.2, 11.12.6, & 13.5.3.2)

V n = ( 2 + y )
where

f c' A p

110.41 kips

=
=

0.85 (ACI 318-95, Section 9.3.2.3 )


ratio of long side to short side of concentrated load

b0

c1 + c2 + b1 + b2 + 4d

Ap

b0 d

MIN(2 , 4 / c , 40 d / b0)

V u = P u, max 1

1 b1 + c1
+d
BL
2

649.4

b2 + c2 + d
2

76.1

1.00

in

in2

2.0

33.71 kips

<

__
Page 15 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Eccentric Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA

DESIGN SUMMARY

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

in

FOOTING WIDTH

16.00

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

in

FOOTING LENGTH

7.00

ft

BASE PLATE WIDTH

b1

16

in

FOOTING THICKNESS

12

in

BASE PLATE DEPTH

b2

16

in

LONGITUDINAL REINF., TOP

FOOTING CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

2.5

ksi

LONGITUDINAL REINF., BOT.

23 # 5 @ 8 in o.c.

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

TRANSVERSE REINF., BOT.

6 # 5 @ 15 in o.c.

AXIAL DEAD LOAD

PDL

50

AXIAL LIVE LOAD

PLL

4.5

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


PLAT
WIND AXIAL LOAD

=
=

0
1

Wind,ASD
k, ASD

WIND MOMENT LOAD

MLAT

15

ft-k, ASD

WIND SHEAR LOAD

VLAT

2.5

k, ASD

SURCHARGE

qs

0.1

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.11

kcf

FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Df

ft

12

in

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

Qa

ksf

FOOTING WIDTH

B1

10

ft

B2

ft

L1

ft

L2

ft

FOOTING THICKNESS

FOOTING LENGTH
REINFORCING SIZE

ft

1#5

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS AT TOP OF FOOTING (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 SEC.9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P
=
55
kips
M
=
136 ft-kips
e
=
2.5 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 2:
DL + LL + 1.3 W
P
=
56
kips
M
=
162 ft-kips
V
=
3
kips
e
=
2.9 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 3:
DL + LL + 0.65 W
P
=
55
kips
M
=
147 ft-kips
V
=
1
kips
e
=
2.7 ft, fr cl ftg

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

1.2 DL + LL + 1.6 W

0.9 DL+ 1.6 W

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)

>
F = 1.6 / 0.9 =
9.2
MLAT + VLAT T - PLATL2 =

17

(0.15 kcf) T B L =

16.80

k, footing weight

Psoil =

ws (Df - T) B L =

12.32

k, soil weight

MR =

PDLL2 + 0.5 (Pftg + Psoil) L =

MR / MO =
Where MO =
Pftg =

1.78

[Satisfactory]
k-ft

152

k-ft

FOR REVERSED LATERAL LOADS,


MR / MO =
Where MO =
MR =

28.7

>

F = 1.6 / 0.9

MLAT + VLAT Df - PLATL1 =

14

1.5 (VLat, ASD) =

3.75
=

0.4

kips

k-ft

__

PDLL1 + 0.5 (Pftg + Psoil) L =

CHECK SLIDING (IBC 09 1807.2.3)

Where `

[Satisfactory]

402

<

W =

k-ft

26.72

Page 16 of 533
524

kips

[Satisfactory]

Pu
Mu
eu
Pu
Mu
Vu
eu
Pu
Mu
Vu
eu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

67
168
2.5
66
189
4
2.9
47
141
4
3.0

kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg

(cont'd)

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


Service Loads
P
e
qs B L

CASE 1
54.5
2.5

CASE 2
55.8
3.0

CASE 3
55.2
2.7

k
ft (from center of footing)

11.2

11.2

11.2

k, (surcharge load)

(0.15-ws)T B L
P
eL

4.5
70.2
1.9

> L/6

4.5
71.5
2.3

> L/6

4.5
70.8
2.1

> L/6

k, (footing increased)
k
ft

eB

1.6

< B/6

1.6

< B/6

1.6

< B/6

qL

30.0

40.2

33.4

k / ft

qmax

3.0

4.0

3.3

ksf

qallow

3.0

4.0

4.0

ksf

Where

6
1+ eL
L
L
, for e L
6
L
2 ( P )
L
, for e L >
3(0.5L e L)
6

( P )
qL =

q MAX

6e
q L 1+ B
B
,
=
B
2q L
,
3(0.5B e B )

ft

B
6
B
for e B >
6

for e B

[Satisfactory]

DESIGN FLEXURE & CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


(ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

( Pu )

6eu
L

L
, for eu
6
L
, for eu >
3B(0.5L eu)
6

qu,MAX =

BL
2 ( Pu )

0.85 f c 1 1
'

1+

MAX =

Mu
0.383b d 2 f c'

0.85 1 f 'c
fy

MIN = MIN 0.0018

fy

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
CASE 1

u
u +t

T
4

,
d
3

CASE 2

CASE 3

Pu

67.2

66.1

46.6

eu

2.5

2.9

3.1

ft

qs B L

17.9

11.2

0.0

k, (factored surcharge load)


k, (factored footing & backfill loads)

[0.15T + ws(Df - T)]BL


Pu
eu

34.9

34.9

26.2

120.1

112.2

72.8

1.4

qu, max

> L/6

1.7

2.381

> L/6

2.0

2.630

k
> L/6

ft

2.002

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 1


0.25 L1 0.50 L1 0.75 L1
ColL
0
Section

ColR

ksf

0.25 L2 0.50 L2 0.75 L2

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)

1.50

3.00

4.50

5.56

6.44

6.25

6.50

6.75

7.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

-29.4

-16.8

-33.6

-50.4

-67.2
67.2

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

67.2

67.2

67.2

67.2

Pu,surch (klf)

2.56

2.56

2.56

2.56

2.56

2.56

2.56

2.56

2.56

2.56

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-2.9

-11.5

-25.9

-39.6

-53.0

-50.0

-54.1

-58.3

-62.7
17.9

Vu,surch (k)

3.8

7.7

11.5

14.2

16.5

16.0

16.6

17.3

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-5.6

-22.5

-50.5

-77.2

-103.4

-97.5

-105.5

-113.7

-122.3
34.9

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

7.5

15.0

22.5

27.8

32.1

31.2

32.4

33.7

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

0.51

1.02

1.53

1.89

2.19

2.13

2.21

2.30

2.38

Mu,soil (ft-k)

189.5

288.9

316.3

302.3

275.2

282.0

272.8

262.9

252.2

Vu,soil (k)

-48.2

-84.1

-107.8

-117.2

-120.3

-120.0

-120.3

-120.4

-120.1

Mu (ft-k)

181.1

254.9

239.8

185.5

89.3

117.7

79.7

40.5

Vu (kips)

-36.9

-61.5

-73.8

-75.2

-4.5

-5.6

-4.0

-2.2

__
Page 17 of 533
524

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 2
0.25 L1 0.50 L1 0.75 L1
ColL
0
Section

ColR

0.25 L2 0.50 L2 0.75 L2

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)

1.50

3.00

4.50

5.56

6.44

6.25

6.50

6.75

7.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

-0.9

11.5

-5.1

-21.6

-38.1
66.1

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

66.1

66.1

66.1

66.1

Pu,surch (klf)

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-1.8

-7.2

-16.2

-24.8

-33.2

-31.3

-33.8

-36.5

-39.2

Vu,surch (k)

2.4

4.8

7.2

8.9

10.3

10.0

10.4

10.8

11.2

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

4.99

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-5.6

-22.5

-50.5

-77.2

-103.4

-97.5

-105.5

-113.7

-122.3

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

7.5

15.0

22.5

27.8

32.1

31.2

32.4

33.7

34.9

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

0.00

1.13

1.69

2.09

2.42

2.35

2.44

2.54

2.63

Mu,soil (ft-k)

0.0

261.9

276.8

255.6

224.3

231.8

221.7

210.9

199.6

Vu,soil (k)

0.0

-84.2

-106.0

-113.2

-114.1

-114.3

-114.0

-113.3

-112.2

Mu (ft-k)

-7.4

232.2

210.0

153.6

86.8

114.6

77.4

39.2

Vu (kips)

9.9

-64.4

-76.3

-76.6

-5.6

-7.0

-5.0

-2.7

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 3


0.25 L1 0.50 L1 0.75 L1
ColL
0
Section

ColR

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)

1.50

3.00

4.50

Mu,col (ft-k)

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

5.56

0.25 L2 0.50 L2 0.75 L2

6.44

6.25

7.6

16.4

0.0

46.6

46.6

6.50

6.75

7.00

4.7

-7.0

-18.6

46.6

46.6

46.6

Pu,surch (klf)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Mu,surch (ft-k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Vu,surch (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

3.74

3.74

3.74

3.74

3.74

3.74

3.74

3.74

3.74

3.74

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-4.2

-16.8

-37.9

-57.9

-77.6

-73.1

-79.1

-85.3

-91.7

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

5.6

11.2

16.8

20.8

24.1

23.4

24.3

25.3

26.2

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

0.00

0.86

1.29

1.59

1.84

1.79

1.86

1.93

2.00

Mu,soil (ft-k)

0.0

167.1

170.4

151.9

128.1

133.7

126.2

118.4

110.3

Vu,soil (k)

0.0

-58.7

-72.5

-76.2

-75.2

-75.7

-75.0

-74.1

-72.8

Mu (ft-k)

-4.2

150.3

132.5

94.0

58.2

76.9

51.8

26.2

Vu (kips)

5.6

-47.4

-55.7

-55.3

-4.5

-5.7

-4.1

-2.2

DESIGN FLEXURE
Location
Top Longitudinal
Bottom Longitudinal
Bottom Transverse

Mu,max
-7.4 ft-k
254.9 ft-k
1
ft-k / ft

d (in)
9.69
8.69
8.38

min
reqD
max
smax
0.0001 0.0001 0.0129 no limit
0.0025 0.0041 0.0129
18
0.0004 0.0003 0.0129
18

use
1#5
23 # 5 @ 8 in o.c.
6 # 5 @ 15 in o.c.

provD
0.0002
0.0043
0.0026
[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


Direction

Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max

Longitudinal
Transverse

76.6
4.3

k
k / ft

125
8

check Vu < Vc

k
k / ft

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

v u ( psi ) =
3
d b1

J =

R=

P u R 0.5 v M u b1
+
J
AP
1+

d
b1

2
+3

where

v = 1

b2
b1

v c( psi ) = ( 2 + y )

1
1+

2
3

y = MIN 2,

b1
b2

b0 =

A f = BL

P u b1b2
Af
Case
1
2
3

A P = 2 ( b1 + b 2 ) d

Pu
67.2
66.1
46.6

Mu
168.0
189.3
140.5

b1
18.9
18.9
18.9

0.75

b0
0.5
0.5
0.5

v
0.4
0.4
0.4

c
1.0
1.0
1.0

y
2.0
2.0
2.0

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

Page 18 of 533
524

, 40

d
b0

AP
, b1 = ( 0.5c1 + 0.5b1 + d ) , b 2 = ( 0.5c 2 + 0.5b 2 + d )
d

__

b2
18.9
18.9
18.9

'
fc

Af
112.0
112.0
112.0

Ap
4.4
4.4
4.4

R
1.5
1.5
1.0

J
1.9
1.9
1.9

vu (psi)
105.3
103.7
73.2

vc
150.0
150.0
150.0
[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Footing Design for Stud Bearing Wall Based on IBC 09 / ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
FOOTING SIZE

A
B
C
D
E

=
=
=
=
=

18
6
16
8
3

in
in
in
in
in

FOOTING CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

2.5

ksi

AXIAL DEAD LOAD (per linear foot)

PDL

1.5

k / ft

AXIAL LIVE LOAD (per linear foot)

PLL

0.6

k / ft

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


PLAT
LATERAL LOAD (per linear foot)

=
=

1
0.8

Seismic,SD
k / ft, SD

(holdown force converted to load per linear foot)


SURCHARGE

qs

0.1

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.11

kcf

ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE

Qa

ksf

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 SEC.9.2.1)
CASE 1:
CASE 2:
CASE 3:

DL + LL
DL + LL + E / 1.4
0.9 DL + E / 1.4

P
P
P

=
=
=

2.10
2.67
1.92

k / ft
k / ft
k / ft

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E
0.9 DL + 1.0 E

Pu
Pu
Pu

=
=
=

2.76
3.20
2.15

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


Service Loads
P
e
qs C
(0.15-ws) Area

CASE 1
2.10
1.0
0.13
0.07

CASE 2
2.67
1.0
0.13
0.07

CASE 3
1.92
1.0
0.13
0.07

2.3
1.0
2.36
3.00

2.9
1.0
2.95
3.00

2.1
1.0
2.17
3.00

P
e
qmax
Qa
Where

( P )

1+

[Satisfactory]

6e
C

C
, for e
6
C
2 ( P )
C
, for e >
3(0.5C e)
6

q max =

DESIGN FOR FLEXURE (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.1)

M n = MIN 5
where

'
'
f c S , 0.85 f cS

=
=
=
=

0.90

ft-kips / ft

1.0 (ACI 318-08, Section 8.6.1 )


0.6 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )
elastic section modulus of section
3
72 in / ft

__
Page 19 of 533
524

k / ft
in (from center of footing)
k / ft, (surcharge load)
k / ft, (footing increased)
k / ft
in
ksf
ksf

k / ft
k / ft
k / ft

(cont'd)
FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE
Factored Loads
CASE 1
Pu
2.8
1.0
eu
qs C
0.21
[0.15AC - (0.15-Ws) (C-D) (A-B) ]

Pu
eu
E
qu, max
qu, VL
qu, ML
qu, MR
qu, VR
qu, min
M u, L
M u, R
V u, L
V u, R
M u, max =

0.15

ft-k / ft

CASE 2
3.2
1.0
0.21

CASE 3
2.2
1.0
0.21

0.33
3.30
0.9

0.33
3.74
0.9

0.25
2.61
0.9

3.0
3.27
3.27
2.98
2.18
1.68
1.68
0.09
0.13
0.00
0.00

3.0
3.73
3.73
3.38
2.46
1.88
1.88
0.10
0.15
0.00
0.00

3.0
2.58
2.58
2.35
1.72
1.33
1.33
0.07
0.10
0.00
0.00

<

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.4)

V n =

where
V u, max =

'

f cB

2.88

k / ft

0.6

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )

0.00

k / ft

<

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 20 of 533
524

k / ft
in (from center of footing)
k / ft, (factored surcharge load)
k / ft, (factored footing & backfill loads)

k / ft
in
in
ksf
ksf
ksf
ksf
ksf
ksf
ft-k / ft
ft-k / ft
k / ft
k / ft

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Footing Design of Shear Wall Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
WALL LENGTH

Lw =

16.5

ft

WALL HEIGHT

h =

11

ft

WALL THICKNESS

t =

in

FOOTING LENGTH

L =

25

ft

L1 =

4.25

ft

B =

ft

T=

24

in

D =

ft

FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING THICKNESS
FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

qa =

ksf

DEAD LOAD AT TOP WALL

ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE

Pr,DL =

110

kips

LIVE LOAD AT TOP WALL

Pr,LL =

110

kips

a =

8.25

ft

Pw =

15.6

kips

F =

62.5

kips

M =

812.4

ft-kips

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy =

60

ksi

TOP LOAD LOCATION


WALL SELF WEIGHT
LATERAL LOAD TYPE (0=wind,1=seismic)

SEISMIC LOADS AT TOP (E/1.4 , ASD)

seismic
THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

TOP BARS, LONGITUDINAL

BOTTOM BARS, LONGITUDINAL

12

BOTTOM BARS, TRANSVERSE

in o.c.

ANALYSIS
CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
F = MR / MO =
Where

1.25

Pf =

36.25

>

1.4 x 0.75 / 0.9

for seismic

[Satisfactory]

kips (footing self weight)

MO = F (h + D) + M =

1625

ft-kips (overturning moment)

MR = (Pr,DL) (L1 + a) + Pf (0.5 L) + Pw (L1 + 0.5Lw) =

2023

ft-kips (resisting moment without live load)

CHECK SOIL CAPACITY (ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN)


Ps =

25

kips (soil weight in footing size)

P = (Pr,DL + Pr,LL) + Pw + (Pf - Ps) =

246.85

kips (total vertical net load)

MR = (Pr,DL + Pr, LL) (L1 + a) + Pf (0.5 L) + Pw (L1 + 0.5Lw) =


e = 0.5 L - (MR - MO) / P =

5.32

3398

ft-kips (resisting moment with live load)

ft (eccentricity from middle of footing)

6e
L
L
, for e
6
BL
L
2P
, for e >
3B(0.5L e )
6
P 1+

q MAX =

4.58

ksf

<

4 / 3 qa
[Satisfactory]

Where

e=

5.32

ft, > (L / 6)

CHECK FOOTING CAPACITY (STRENGTH DESIGN)


Mu,R =

1.2 [Pr,DL (L1 + a) + Pf (0.5 L) + Pw (L1 + 0.5Lw)] + 0.5 Pr, LL(L1 + a) =

Mu,o =

1.4 [F(h + D) + M] =

Pu =

1.2 (Pr,DL + Pf + Pw ) + 0.5 Pr, LL =

eu = 0.5L - (Mu,R - Mu,O) / Pu =

q u ,MAX =

2275

9.13

3115

ft-kips
249

kips

ft

__

6e u
Pu 1 +
L
L
, for e u
6
BL
2Pu
L
, for e u >
3B(0.5L e u)
6

9.85

Page 21 of 533
524

ksf

ft-kips

(cont'd)
BENDING MOMENT & SHEAR AT EACH FOOTING SECTION
Section

1/10 L

2/10 L

3/10 L

4/10 L

5/10 L

6/10 L

7/10 L

8/10 L

9/10 L

Xu (ft)

2.50

5.00

7.50

10.00

12.50

15.00

17.50

20.00

22.50

25.00

Pu,w (klf)

0.0

0.0

58.0

42.9

27.7

12.5

-2.7

-17.9

-33.1

0.0

0.0

Mu,w (ft-k)

-17

-296

-842

-1562

-2359

-3139

-3808

-4332

-4846
-206

Vu,w (kips)

-45

-171

-260

-310

-322

-296

-232

-206

Pu,f (ksf)

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

Mu,f (ft-k)

-5

-22

-49

-87

-136

-196

-266

-348

-440

-544

Vu,f (kips)

-4

-9

-13

-17

-22

-26

-30

-35

-39

-44

qu (ksf)

-9.9

-7.4

-5.0

-2.5

-0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Mu,q (ft-k)

141

514

1043

1652

2275

2898

3521

4144

4767

5390

Vu,q (kips)

108

185

233

249

249

249

249

249

249

249

Mu (ft-k)

136

475

699

722

577

343

115

-12

-5

Vu (kips)

104

132

48

-28

-82

-99

-77

-18

1000
500
0

-500

200
100
0
-100
-200

d (in)

reqD

provD

Vu,max

Top Longitudinal

-12

ft-k

20.50

0.0001

0.0026

132

kips

132

Bottom Longitudinal

722

ft-k

20.44

0.0068

0.0073

132

kips

132

kips

Bottom Transverse

ft-k / ft

19.50

0.0018

0.0019

kips / ft

25

kips / ft

Mu,max

Location

0.85 f 'c 1 1
Where

MAX =

f
0.85 1 f c'
fy

Mu
'
0.383b d 2 f c

min

Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

0.0018

u +t

0.0206

__
Page 22 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

kips

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Grade Beam Design for Brace Frame Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
AXIAL DEAD LOAD

COL#1
15
kips

PDL

AXIAL LIVE LOAD


PLL
LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)
SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD, SD
PLAT

=
=

-80

kips

SEISMIC SHEAR LOAD, SD

14.9

kips

VLAT

5.1

COL#2
35
kips

kips
1

4.3
kips
Seismic, SD
80
kips
18.8

STEEL COLUMN WIDTH

c1

10.1

STEEL COLUMN DEPTH

c2

8.02

in

BASE PLATE WIDTH

b1

18

in

BASE PLATE DEPTH

b2

18

in

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc '

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE

Qa

ksf

L1

ft

DISTANCE BETWEEN COLUMNS

S1

20

ft

16

ft

20

ft

S3
DISTANCE TO RIGHT EDGE

L2

ft

FOOTING WIDTH

7.5

ft

FTG EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Df

ft

24

in

SURCHARGE

qs

0.1

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.11

kcf

#
#

8
5

=
=
=

66.00
7.50
24

FOOTING THICKNESS

LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING BAR SIZE


TRANSVERSE REINFORCING BAR SIZE

kips

2.3

kips

-75
15.9

COL#4
18
kips

<== Input 0 , if no column. Typical

2.3

kips

<== Non concurrent roof live load & lateral

kips

75

kips

<== Negative value for uplift

kips

17.1

kips

in

DISTANCE TO LEFT EDGE

S2

COL#3
39
kips

BAND WIDTH

be =

LONG. REINF AT TOP


LONG. REINF AT BOTTOM
TRANS. REINF. AT BAND WIDTH

5 # 8 @ 20 in o.c., cont.
13 # 8 @ 7 in o.c., cont.
7 # 5 @ 14 in o.c., bottom

7.5

ft, for each col.

DESIGN SUMMARY
FOOTING LENGTH
FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING THICKNESS

L
B
T

ft
ft
in

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS AT TOP OF GRADE BEAM (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318 SEC.9.2.1)
SERVICE LOADS
CASE 1 : DL + LL

P=

COL # 1
20
k

COL # 2
39
k

COL # 3
41
k

COL #4
20
k
( e=

CASE 2 : DL + LL + E / 1.4

CASE 3 : 0.9 DL + E / 1.4

FACTORED LOADS
CASE 1 : 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

P=

-37

96

-12

74

V=

11

13

11

12

P=

-44

89

-18

70

V=

11

13

11

12

Pu =

26

49

50

25

( e=

121.0
18.48
47.6

k
ft, fr CL of GB )
k

( e=

96.3
24.08
47.6

k
ft, fr CL of GB )
k

150.8
-0.08

k
ft, fr CL of GB )

( eu =

142.4
22.08
66.7

k
ft, fr CL of GB )
k

( eu =

96.3
33.28
66.7

k
ft, fr CL of GB )
k

( eu =
CASE 2 : 1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E

CASE 3 : 0.9 DL + 1.0 E

Pu =

-57

126

-26

99

Vu =

15

19

16

17

Pu =

-67

112

-40

91

Vu =

15

19

16

17

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
>
MR / MO =
3.13
F = 0.75 / 0.9 =
0.83
[Satisfactory]
Where MO =
(VLAT 1 + VLAT 2 + VLAT 3 + VLAT 4) T - PLAT 1(L - L1) - PLAT 2(S2 + S3 + L2) - PLAT 3(S3 + L2) - PLAT 4 L2 =
Pftg =
(0.15 kcf) T B L =
148.50
k, footing weight
Psoil =
w s (Df - T) B L =
54.45
k, soil weight
MR =
PDL 1(L - L1) + PDL 2(S2 + S3 + L2) + PDL 3(S3 + L2) + PDL 4 L2 + 0.5 (Pftg + Psoil) L =
10112

__
Page 23 of 533
524

3233

k-ft

TOTAL
121.0 k
0.18
ft, fr CL of GB )

k-ft

(cont'd)

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318 SEC.15.2.2)


Service Loads
P
e
qs B L
(0.15-w s)T B L

CASE 1
121.0
0.2
49.5
39.6

P
e
qmax
qallow

210.1
0.1
0.4
2.0

( P )

Where

q MAX =

1+

CASE 2
121.0
19.3
49.5
39.6
210.1
11.1
0.9
2.7

< L/6

6e
L

BL
2 ( P )

3 B(0.5 L e )

CASE 3
96.3
25.1
0.0
35.6
131.9
18.3
0.8
2.7

> L/6

k
ft, (at base, including V T / P)
k, (surcharge load)
k, (footing increased)
k
ft
ksf
ksf

> L/6

[Satisfactory]

,
,

for
for

L
6
L
e>
6
e

DESIGN FLEXURE & CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


(ACI 318 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

( Pu )
qu, MAX =

1+

6eu
L

BL
2 ( Pu )

3B(0.5L eu)

L
, for eu
6
L
, for eu >
6

0.85 f c 1
'

T 4
MIN = MIN 0.0018 ,
d 3

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
CASE 1

0.85 1 f c
u
f y
u +t
'

MAX =

Mu
'
0.383bd 2 f c

f y

CASE 2

CASE 3

Pu

150.8

142.4

96.3

eu

-0.1

23.0

34.7

ft, (at base, including Vu T / Pu)

qs B L

79.2

49.5

0.0

[0.15 T + w s (Df - T)] B L

243.5

243.5

182.7

Pu
eu
qu, max

473.5
0.0
0.954

435.4
< L/6

7.5

279.0
< L/6

12.0

1.482

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 1


Section
0
mid L1
C 1 left C 1 right mid S1
C 2 left
Xu (ft)
0
2.50
5.00
5.00
15.00
25.00
0
0
0
0
-262
-523
Mu,col (ft-k)
Vu,col (k)
0
0.0
0.0
26.2
26.2
26.2
Pu,surch (klf)
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
0
-4
-15
-15
-135
-375
Mu,surch (ft-k)
Vu,surch (k)
0
3.0
6.0
6.0
18.0
30.0
3.69
3.69
3.69
3.69
3.69
3.69
Pu,ftg & fill (klf)
0
-12
-46
-46
-415
-1153
Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)
0
9.2
18.5
18.5
55.4
92.3
Vu,ftg & fill (k)
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
qu,soil (ksf)
0
22
90
90
809
2246
Mu,soil (ft-k)
0
-18.0
-35.9
-35.9
-107.8
-179.6
Vu,soil (k)
Mu (ft-k)
0
7
29
29
-3
195
Vu (kips)
0
-5.8
-11.5
14.7
-8.3
-31.2

k, (factored surcharge load)


k, (factored footing & backfill loads)
k
> L/6

ft

1.179

C 2 right
25.00
-523
75.0
1.20
-375
30.0
3.69
-1153
92.3
0.96
2246
-179.6
195
17.7

mid S2
33.00
-1,124
75.0
1.20
-653
39.6
3.69
-2009
121.8
0.96
3913
-237.0
126
-0.6

C 3 left
41.00
-1,724
75.0
1.20
-1009
49.2
3.69
-3101
151.3
0.96
6038
-294.4
205
-18.9

ksf

C 3 right
41.00
-1,724
125.5
1.20
-1009
49.2
3.69
-3101
151.3
0.96
6038
-294.4
205
31.6

mid S3
51.00
-2,979
125.5
1.20
-1561
61.2
3.69
-4799
188.2
0.96
9341
-366.1
3
8.8

C 4 left
61.00
-4,234
125.5
1.20
-2233
73.2
3.69
-6865
225.1
0.95
13360
-437.7
28
-13.9

C 4 right
61.00
-4,234
150.8
1.20
-2233
73.2
3.69
-6865
225.1
0.95
13360
-437.7
28
11

mid L2
63.50
-4,611
150.8
1.20
-2419
76.2
3.69
-7440
234.3
0.95
14477
-455.6
7
5.7

250
200
150
100
50

0
-50

40
20
0
-20
-40

__
Page 24 of 533
524

L
66.00
-4,988
150.8
1.20
-2614
79.2
3.69
-8037
243.5
0.95
15639
-473.5
0
0.0

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 2
0
mid L1
C 1 left C 1 right mid S1
C 2 left
Section
0
2.50
5.00
5.00
15.00
25.00
Xu (ft)
Mu,col (ft-k)
0
0
0
30
599
1,168
Vu,col (k)
0
0.0
0.0
-56.9
-56.9
-56.9
Pu,surch (klf)
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
Mu,surch (ft-k)
0
-2
-9
-9
-84
-234
0
1.9
3.8
3.8
11.3
18.8
Vu,surch (k)
3.69
3.69
3.69
3.69
3.69
3.69
Pu,ftg & fill (klf)
0
-12
-46
-46
-415
-1153
Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)
0
9.2
18.5
18.5
55.4
92.3
Vu,ftg & fill (k)
0.28
0.32
0.37
0.37
0.55
0.73
qu,soil (ksf)
0
7
29
29
311
1007
Mu,soil (ft-k)
0
-5.6
-12.1
-12.1
-46.6
-94.8
Vu,soil (k)
Mu (ft-k)
0
-7
-27
3
411
787
Vu (kips)
0
5.5
10.1
-46.8
-36.9
-40.7

C 2 right
25.00
1,205
69.4
0.75
-234
18.8
3.69
-1153
92.3
0.73
1007
-94.8
825
85.6

mid S2
33.00
650
69.4
0.75
-408
24.8
3.69
-2009
121.8
0.88
1953
-143.2
186
72.7

C 3 left
41.00
95
69.4
0.75
-630
30.8
3.69
-3101
151.3
1.03
3322
-200.4
-315
51.1

C 3 right
41.00
127
43.5
0.75
-630
30.8
3.69
-3101
151.3
1.03
3322
-200.4
-283
25.2

mid S3
51.00
-308
43.5
0.75
-975
38.3
3.69
-4799
188.2
1.21
5733
-284.1
-349
-14.2

C 4 left
61.00
-743
43.5
0.75
-1395
45.8
3.69
-6865
225.1
1.39
9050
-381.6
46
-67.2

C 4 right
61.00
-709
142.4
0.75
-1395
45.8
3.69
-6865
225.1
1.39
9050
-381.6
81
31.7

mid L2
63.50
-1,065
142.4
0.75
-1512
47.6
3.69
-7440
234.3
1.44
10037
-408.1
20
16.3

L
66.00
-1,421
142.4
0.75
-1634
49.5
3.69
-8037
243.5
1.48
11091
-435.4
0
0.0

1000
500
0

-500

100
50
0

-50
-100

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 3


0
mid L1
C 1 left C 1 right mid S1
C 2 left
Section
0
2.50
5.00
5.00
15.00
25.00
Xu (ft)
0
0
0
30
695
1,360
Mu,col (ft-k)
0
0.0
0.0
-66.5
-66.5
-66.5
Vu,col (k)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Pu,surch (klf)
0
0
0
0
0
0
Mu,surch (ft-k)
0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Vu,surch (k)
2.77
2.77
2.77
2.77
2.77
2.77
Pu,ftg & fill (klf)
0
-9
-35
-35
-311
-865
Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)
0
6.9
13.8
13.8
41.5
69.2
Vu,ftg & fill (k)
0.00
0.00
0.04
0.04
0.23
0.41
qu,soil (ksf)
0
0
0
0
41
252
Mu,soil (ft-k)
0
0.0
-0.3
-0.3
-10.3
-34.2
Vu,soil (k)
Mu (ft-k)
0
-9
-34
-5
425
747
Vu (kips)
0
6.9
13.5
-53.0
-35.3
-31.5

C 2 right
25.00
1,397
45.0
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-865
69.2
0.41
252
-34.2
785
80.0

mid S2
33.00
1,037
45.0
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-1507
91.3
0.56
637
-63.5
168
72.8

C 3 left
41.00
677
45.0
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-2326
113.5
0.71
1292
-101.7
-357
56.8

C 3 right
41.00
709
5.1
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-2326
113.5
0.71
1292
-101.7
-325
16.9

mid S3
51.00
658
5.1
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-3599
141.1
0.90
2599
-162.1
-342
-15.9

C 4 left
61.00
607
5.1
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-5149
168.8
1.09
4581
-236.5
39
-62.6

C 4 right
61.00
641
96.3
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-5149
168.8
1.09
4581
-236.5
73
28.6

1000
800
600
400
200
0
-200
-400
-600

mid L2
63.50
401
96.3
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-5580
175.7
1.13
5198
-257.3
19
14.7

L
66.00
160
96.3
0.00
0
0.0
2.77
-6028
182.7
1.18
5868
-279.0
0
0.0

100
50
0

-50
-100

DESIGN FLEXURE
Location

Mu,max

Top Longitudinal
Bottom Longitudinal

-357
825

Bottom Transverse, be

d (in)

min

reqD

max

smax(in)

use

provD

ft-k
ft-k

21.50
20.50

0.0020
0.0021

0.0019
0.0052

0.0155
0.0155

no limit
18

5 # 8 @ 20 in o.c., cont.
13 # 8 @ 7 in o.c., cont.

0.0020
0.0056

ft-k / ft

19.69

0.0011

0.0001

0.0155

18

7 # 5 @ 14 in o.c.

0.0012

__
Page 25 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR
Direction

Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max

Longitudinal
Transverse

86
1

k
k / ft

152
19

check Vu < Vc

k
k / ft

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

v u ( psi ) =
J =
R=

3
d b1
6

P u R 0.5 v M ub1
+
J
AP
1+

b1

+3

A P = 2 ( b1 + b 2 ) d
1
v = 1
2
b1
1+
3 b2
A f = Bb e

b2
b1

P ub1b2
Af
Column
Col. 1

Col. 2

Col. 3

Col. 4

Case
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

Pu
26.2
0.0
0.0
48.9
126.3
111.5
50.5
0.0
0.0
25.3
98.9
91.2

Mu
0.0
14.9
14.9
0.0
18.8
18.8
0.0
15.9
15.9
0.0
17.1
17.1

b1
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7
33.7

b2
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7
32.7

v
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

c
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

vc( psi ) = ( 2 + y )
y = MIN 2,
b0 =

y
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0

, 40

f 'c
d
b0

AP
, b1 = ( c1 + d ) , b 2 = ( c 2 + d )
d

Af
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3

Ap
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2
18.2

R
3.6
0.0
0.0
6.7
17.2
15.2
6.9
0.0
0.0
3.4
13.5
12.4

J
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8
25.8

vu (psi)
8.6
2.3
2.3
16.1
44.6
39.7
16.7
2.4
2.4
8.3
35.3
32.7

vc
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 26 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Grade Beam Design for Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA

COL#1

COL#2

COL#3

COL#4

PDL =

15

kips

PLL =
AXIAL LIVE LOAD
LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)
PLAT =
SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD, SD

5.1
10

kips
1
kips

12

kips

SEISMIC BENDING LOAD, SD

MLAT =

295

ft-kips

501.5

ft-kips

531

ft-kips

324.5

ft-kips

SEISMIC SHEAR LOAD, SD

kips

18.8

kips

15.9

kips

17.1

kips

AXIAL DEAD LOAD

35

kips

39

kips

18

kips

<== Input 0 , if no column. Typical

4.3
kips
Seismic, SD
15
kips

2.3

kips

2.3

kips

<== Non concurrent roof live load & lateral

kips

<== Negative value for uplift

25

VLAT =

14.9

COLUMN WIDTH

c1 =

36

in

36

in

36

in

36

in

COLUMN DEPTH

c2 =

24

in

24

in

24

in

24

in

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

fy

60

ksi

Qa

ksf

DISTANCE TO LEFT EDGE

L1

ft

DISTANCE BETWEEN COLUMNS

S1

20

ft

S2

16

ft

S3

20

ft
ft

REBAR YIELD STRESS


ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE

DISTANCE TO RIGHT EDGE

L2

FOOTING WIDTH

ft

Df

ft

FTG EMBEDMENT DEPTH


FOOTING THICKNESS

24

in

SURCHARGE

qs

0.1

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

kcf

0.11

LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING BAR SIZE

TRANSVERSE REINFORCING BAR SIZE

DESIGN SUMMARY

BAND WIDTH

be =

LONG. REINF AT TOP


LONG. REINF AT BOTTOM

6 # 8 @ 8 in o.c., cont.
6 # 8 @ 8 in o.c., cont.
4 # 5 @ 14 in o.c., bottom

FOOTING LENGTH

60.00

ft

TRANS. REINF. AT BAND WIDTH

FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING THICKNESS

B
T

=
=

4.00
24

ft
in

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

4.0

ft, for each col.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS AT TOP OF GRADE BEAM (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318 SEC.9.2.1)
SERVICE LOADS

COL # 1

CASE 1 : DL + LL

P=

20

COL # 2
k

39

COL # 3
k

41

COL #4
k

20

TOTAL
k
( e=

CASE 2 : DL + LL + E / 1.4

50

50

38

165.3

ft-k

358

ft-k

379

232

ft-k

1180.0 ft-k

V=

11

13

11

12

21

42

44

34

140.6

ft-k

358

ft-k

379

232

ft-k

1180.0 ft-k

V=

11

13

11

12

Pu =

26

49

50

25

11.15

ft, fr CL of GB )

47.6

150.8

-0.08

ft, fr CL of GB )
k

Pu =

33

61

61

49

204.4

Mu =

295

ft-k

502

ft-k

531

325

ft-k

1652.0 ft-k

Vu =

15

19

16

17

Pu =

10.24

ft, fr CL of GB )

66.7

k
k

24

47

47

41

158.3

295

ft-k

502

ft-k

531

325

ft-k

1652.0 ft-k

15

19

16

17

455

k-ft

__

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =
>
15.04
F = 0.75 / 0.9 =
0.83
[Satisfactory]
MLAT + ( VLAT ) Df - PLAT 1(L - L1) - PLAT 2(S2 + S3 + L2) - PLAT 3(S3 + L2) - PLAT 4 L2 =
Where MO =
Psoil =
MR =

211

Vu =

(0.15 kcf) T B L =
ws (Df - T) B L =

ft, fr CL of GB )

47.6

P=

Mu =

Pftg =

8.98

M=

( eu =

CASE 3 : 0.9 DL + 1.0 E

27
211

( eu =
CASE 2 : 1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E

ft, fr CL of GB )

P=

( e=

FACTORED LOADS
CASE 1 : 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

0.18

M=

( e=

CASE 3 : 0.9 DL + E / 1.4

121.0

72.00

( eu =

k, footing weight

52.80
k, soil weight
PDL 1(L - L1) + PDL 2(S2 + S3 + L2) + PDL 3(S3 + L2) + PDL 4 L2 + 0.5 (Pftg + Psoil) L =

Page 27 of 533
524

6838

k-ft

13.60

ft, fr CL of GB )

66.7

(cont'd)
CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318 SEC.15.2.2)
Service Loads

CASE 1

CASE 2

CASE 3

121.0

165.3

140.6

e
qs B L

0.2
24.0

9.6
24.0

11.8
0.0

ft, (at base, including V T / P)


k, (surcharge load)

(0.15-ws)T B L

19.2

19.2

17.3

164.2

208.5

157.9

e
qmax

0.1
0.7

qallow

2.0

( P )

Where

q MAX =

1+

< L/6

7.6
1.5

< L/6

10.5
1.4

2.7

6e
L

k, (footing increased)
k
> L/6

ft
ksf

2.7

ksf

[Satisfactory]

BL
2 ( P )
,
3 B(0.5 L e )

for
for

L
6
L
e>
6
e

DESIGN FLEXURE & CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


(ACI 318 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

( Pu )
qu,MAX =

1+

6eu
L

BL
2 ( Pu )

3B(0.5L eu)

0.85 1 f c
'

L
, for eu
6

MAX =

L
, for eu >
6

f y

u
u +t

Mu
'
0.85 f c 1 1
'
0.383bd 2 f c
=
f y

T 4
MIN = MIN 0.0018 ,
d 3

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
CASE 1

CASE 2

CASE 3

Pu

150.8

204.4

158.3

eu

-0.1

10.9

14.4

ft, (at base, including Vu T / Pu)

qs B L

38.4

24.0

0.0

[0.15 T + ws (Df - T)] B L

149.8

149.8

112.3

Pu

339.0

eu

0.0

qu, max

378.2
< L/6

5.9

1.407

270.6
< L/6

8.4

2.503

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 1


mid L1 C 1 left C 1 right mid S1 C 2 left
Section
0
Xu (ft)
0
1.00
2.00
2.00
12.00
22.00

k, (factored surcharge load)


k, (factored footing & backfill loads)
k
< L/6

ft

2.080

ksf

C 2 right
22.00

mid S2
30.00

C 3 left
38.00

C 3 right
38.00

mid S3
48.00

C 4 left
58.00

C 4 right
58.00

mid L2
59.00

L
60.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

-262

-523

-523

-1,124

-1,724

-1,724

-2,979

-4,234

-4,234

-4,385

-4,536

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

26.2

26.2

26.2

75.0

75.0

75.0

125.5

125.5

125.5

150.8

150.8

150.8

Pu,surch (klf)

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

0.64

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-1

-1

-46

-155

-155

-288

-462

-462

-737

-1076

-1076

-1114

-1152

Vu,surch (k)

0.6

1.3

1.3

7.7

14.1

14.1

19.2

24.3

24.3

30.7

37.1

37.1

37.8

38.4

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

2.496

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-1

-5

-5

-180

-604

-604

-1123

-1802

-1802

-2875

-4198

-4198

-4344

-4493

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

2.5

5.0

5.0

30.0

54.9

54.9

74.9

94.8

94.8

119.8

144.8

144.8

147.3

149.8

qu,soil (ksf)

1.42

1.42

1.42

1.42

1.42

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

Mu,soil (ft-k)

11

11

408

1371

1371

2548

4087

4087

6519

9514

9514

9844

10181

Vu,soil (k)

-5.7

-11.3

-11.3

-68.0

-124.6

-124.6

-169.8

-214.9

-214.9

-271.4

-327.7

-327.7

-333.3

-339.0

M u (ft-k)
Vu (kips)

-79

89

89

13

99

99

-73

-2.5

-5.1

21.1

-4.2

-29.4

19.5

-0.7

-20.7

29.7

4.7

-20.3

2.5

0.0

150
100
50
0
-50
-100

40
20
0
-20
-40

__
Page 28 of 533
524

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 2
mid L1 C 1 left C 1 right mid S1 C 2 left
0
Section
0
1.00
2.00
2.00
12.00
22.00
Xu (ft)

C 2 right
22.00

mid S2
30.00

C 3 left
38.00

C 3 right
38.00

mid S3

C 4 left
58.00

C 4 right
58.00

mid L2

48.00

59.00

L
60.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

325

-6

-337

202

-553

-1,309

-746

-2,301

-3,856

-3,497

-3,701

-3,906

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

33.1

33.1

33.1

94.4

94.4

94.4

155.5

155.5

155.5

204.4

204.4

204.4

Pu,surch (klf)

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-1

-1

-29

-97

-97

-180

-289

-289

-461

-673

-673

-696

-720

Vu,surch (k)

0.4

0.8

0.8

4.8

8.8

8.8

12.0

15.2

15.2

19.2

23.2

23.2

23.6

24.0

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

2.496

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-1

-5

-5

-180

-604

-604

-1123

-1802

-1802

-2875

-4198

-4198

-4344

-4493

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

2.5

5.0

5.0

30.0

54.9

54.9

74.9

94.8

94.8

119.8

144.8

144.8

147.3

149.8

qu,soil (ksf)

0.65

0.68

0.71

0.71

1.02

1.33

1.33

1.58

1.82

1.82

2.13

2.44

2.44

2.47

2.50

Mu,soil (ft-k)

222

847

847

1723

3003

3003

5266

8382

8382

8745

9119

Vu,soil (k)

-2.7

-5.4

-5.4

-40.0

-87.0

-87.0

-133.4

-187.8

-187.8

-266.9

-358.4

-358.4

-368.2

-378.2

M u (ft-k)
Vu (kips)

324

-191

348

-133

-397

166

-371

-345

14

0.2

0.4

33.5

27.8

9.9

71.2

47.9

16.6

77.7

27.6

-34.9

14.0

7.1

0.0

400
200
0
-200

-400
-600

100
50

0
-50

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 3


mid L1 C 1 left C 1 right mid S1 C 2 left
0
Section
Xu (ft)
0
1.00
2.00
2.00
12.00
22.00

C 2 right
22.00

mid S2
30.00

C 3 left
38.00

C 3 right
38.00

mid S3
48.00

C 4 left
58.00

C 4 right
58.00

mid L2
59.00

L
60.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

325

90

-145

394

-166

-726

-163

-1,334

-2,505

-2,147

-2,305

-2,463

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

23.5

23.5

23.5

70.0

70.0

70.0

117.1

117.1

117.1

158.3

158.3

158.3

Pu,surch (klf)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Mu,surch (ft-k)

Vu,surch (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

1.87

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-1

-4

-4

-135

-453

-453

-842

-1352

-1352

-2157

-3149

-3149

-3258

-3370
112.3

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

1.9

3.7

3.7

22.5

41.2

41.2

56.2

71.1

71.1

89.9

108.6

108.6

110.4

qu,soil (ksf)

0.18

0.21

0.24

0.24

0.56

0.87

0.87

1.13

1.38

1.38

1.70

2.02

2.02

2.05

2.08

Mu,soil (ft-k)

87

395

395

887

1667

1667

3148

5308

5308

5566

5833

Vu,soil (k)

-0.8

-1.7

-1.7

-17.6

-46.1

-46.1

-78.2

-118.3

-118.3

-179.9

-254.2

-254.2

-262.4

-270.6

M u (ft-k)
Vu (kips)

-1

-2

323

42

-203

336

-122

-410

152

-343

-346

13

1.1

2.1

25.6

28.4

18.5

65.0

48.0

22.8

69.9

27.0

-28.6

12.6

6.4

0.0

400
300
200
100
0
-100
-200
-300
-400
-500

80
60
40
20

0
-20
-40

DESIGN FLEXURE
Location

__

d (in)

min

reqD

max

smax(in)

use

provD

Top Longitudinal

-410

ft-k

21.50

0.0020

0.0043

0.0155

no limit

6 # 8 @ 8 in o.c., cont.

0.0046

Bottom Longitudinal

348

ft-k

20.50

0.0021

0.0040

0.0155

18

6 # 8 @ 8 in o.c., cont.

0.0048

ft-k / ft

19.69

0.0005

8.1E-05

0.0155

18

4 # 5 @ 14 in o.c.

0.0013

Bottom Transverse, be

Mu,max

Page 29 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR
Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max

Direction

check Vu < Vc

Longitudinal

78

81

[Satisfactory]

Transverse

k / ft

19

k / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

P u R 0.5 v M ub1
+
J
AP
2
3
d b1
d
b
1+
+3 2
J=
6
b1
b1

A P = 2 ( b1 + b 2 ) d

v u ( psi) =

R=

v = 1

Col. 1

Col. 2

Col. 3

Col. 4

1+

2
3

y = MIN 2,

b1
b2

A f = Bb e

P ub1b2
Af
Column

vc( psi ) = ( 2 + y )

b0 =

, 40

'
fc
d
b0

AP
, b1 = ( c1 + d ) , b 2 = ( c2 + d )
d

Case

Pu

Mu

b1

b2

Af

Ap

vu (psi)

vc

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

26.2
33.1
23.5
48.9
61.3
46.5
50.5
61.1
47.1
25.3
48.9
41.2

0.0
309.9
309.9
0.0
520.3
520.3
0.0
546.9
546.9
0.0
341.6
341.6

55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7
55.7

43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7
43.7

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0

16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0

27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2
27.2

27.6
35.0
24.8
51.6
64.7
49.1
53.3
64.5
49.7
26.7
51.6
43.5

95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1
95.1

-0.4
22.1
22.2
-0.7
37.0
37.2
-0.7
38.9
39.1
-0.4
24.2
24.3

164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3
164.3

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 30 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Combined Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA

c1
c2

COLUMN WIDTH

COL#1

COL#2

18

18

in

18
13

18
26

in
k
k

COLUMN DEPTH
AXIAL DEAD LOAD

PDL

=
=

AXIAL LIVE LOAD

PLL

6.25

12.5

1
-300

Seismic SD
300
k

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD, SD

PLAT

=
=

SEISMIC SHEAR LOAD, SD

VLAT

12.5

13.75

SEISMIC MOMENT, SD

MLAT

4.578

4.578

k-ft

fc'

ksi

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fy

60

ksi

Qa

ksf

DISTANCE TO LEFT EDGE

L1

36

ft

DISTANCE BETWEEN COLUMNS

30

ft

DISTANCE TO RIGHT EDGE

S
L2

36

ft

FOOTING WIDTH

7.5

ft

Df

ft

48

in

SURCHARGE

qs

0.1

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.11

kcf

LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING BAR SIZE

10

TRANSVERSE REINFORCING BAR SIZE

REBAR YIELD STRESS


ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE

FTG EMBEDMENT DEPTH


FOOTING THICKNESS

BAND WIDTH

be =

LONG. REINF AT TOP

10 # 10 @ 9 in o.c., cont.

7.5

ft

LONG. REINF AT BOTTOM

13 # 10 @ 7 in o.c., cont.

TRANS. REINF. AT BAND WIDTH

8 # 5 @ 12 in o.c., bottom

DESIGN SUMMARY
FOOTING LENGTH

FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING THICKNESS

B
T

=
=

102.00 ft
7.50
48

ft
in

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS AT TOP OF FOOTING (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318 SEC.9.2.1)
SERVICE LOADS

COL # 1

CASE 1 : DL + LL

19

COL # 2
k

39

TOTAL
k

58
(e

CASE 2 : DL + LL + E / 1.4

5.00

-195

253

58

12.2

ft-k

13.1

ft-k

10

19

-203

238

35

12.2

ft-k

13.1

ft-k

10

Pu

26

51

25.3
(e

CASE 3 : 0.9 DL + E / 1.4

ft, fr CL ftg )
k
ft-k

116.76 ft, fr CL ftg )

25.3
(e

k
k
ft-k

188.87 ft, fr CL ftg )


19

FACTORED LOADS
CASE 1 : 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

( eu
CASE 2 : 1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E

66

-278

344

17.1

ft-k

18.3

ft-k

Vu

13

14

26

Pu

-288

323

35

Mu

17.1

ft-k

18.3

ft-k

Vu

13

14

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =
>
3.24
F = 0.75 / 0.9 =
0.83
[Satisfactory]

Psoil =
MR =

k
ft, fr CL ftg )

Pu

( eu

Where MO =
Pftg =

77
5.00

Mu

( eu
CASE 3 : 0.9 DL + 1.0 E

__

MLAT 1 + MLAT 2 + (VLAT 1 + VLAT 2) T - PLAT 1(L - L1) - PLAT 2L2 =


(0.15 kcf) T B L =
459.00 k, footing weight
ws (Df - T) B L =
84.15
k, soil weight
PDL 1(L - L1) + PDL 2L2 + 0.5 (Pftg + Psoil) L =

29495

9114

k-ft

Page 31 of 533
524

k-ft

35.4 ft-k
142.84 ft, fr CL ftg )

35.4 ft-k
262.42 ft, fr CL ftg )
26

(cont'd)
CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318 SEC.15.2.2)
Service Loads

CASE 1

CASE 2

57.8

57.8

35.1

e
qs B L

5.0
76.5

118.1
76.5

191.0
0.0

ft, (at base, including V T / P)


k, (surcharge load)

(0.15-ws)T B L

122.4

122.4

110.2

256.7

256.7

145.3

e
qmax

1.1
0.4

qallow

2.0

( P )

Where

q MAX =

1+

< L/6

CASE 3

26.6
0.9

> L/6

46.2
2.7

2.7

6e
L

k, (footing increased)
k
> L/6

ft
ksf

2.7

ksf

[Satisfactory]

L
6
L
e>
6
e

for

BL
2 ( P )
,
3 B(0.5 L e )

for

DESIGN FLEXURE & CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


(ACI 318 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

( Pu )
qu,MAX =

1+

6eu
L

BL
2 ( Pu )

3B(0.5L eu)

, for eu

0.85 1 f c
'

L
6

MAX =

L
, for eu >
6

fy

0.85 f c 1 1
'

T 4
MIN = MIN 0.0018 ,
d 3

u
u +t

Mu
0.383bd 2 f 'c

fy

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
Pu

CASE 1
76.8

CASE 2
65.6

CASE 3
35.1

eu

5.0

144.4

265.4

qs B L

122.4

76.5

0.0

[0.15 T + ws (Df - T)] B L

651.8

651.8

488.8

851.0

793.8

523.9

Pu
eu

0.5

qu, max

< L/6

11.9

1.142

< L/6

17.8

1.766

k
ft, (at base, including Vu T / Pu)
k, (factored surcharge load)
k, (factored footing & backfill loads)
k
> L/6

ft

1.402

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 1


L1 left
L1 right
0.5 L1
Section
0.2 S
0.4 S
0
Xu (ft)
0
18.00
36.00
36.00
42.00
48.00

ksf

0.6 S
54.00

0.8 S
60.00

L2 left
66.00

L2 right
66.00

0.5 L2
84.00

L
102.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

-154

-307

-461

-614

-768

-768

-2,150

-3,533

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

25.6

25.6

25.6

25.6

25.6

25.6

76.8

76.8

76.8

Pu,surch (klf)

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-194

-778

-778

-1058

-1382

-1750

-2160

-2614

-2614

-4234

-6242
122.4

1.20

Vu,surch (k)

21.6

43.2

43.2

50.4

57.6

64.8

72.0

79.2

79.2

100.8

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-1035

-4141

-4141

-5636

-7361

-9317

-11502

-13917

-13917

-22544

-33241

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

115.0

230.0

230.0

268.4

306.7

345.1

383.4

421.7

421.7

536.8

651.8

qu,soil (ksf)

1.08

1.09

1.10

1.10

1.11

1.11

1.11

1.12

1.12

1.12

1.13

1.14

Mu,soil (ft-k)

1320

5296

5296

7217

9436

11955

14775

17897

17897

29082

43016

Vu,soil (k)

-146.9

-295.2

-295.2

-344.9

-394.8

-444.9

-495.1

-545.5

-545.5

-697.5

-851.0

M u (ft-k)
Vu (kips)

90

378

378

369

385

428

499

598

598

154

-10.3

-21.9

3.7

-0.6

-4.9

-9.4

-14.1

-18.9

32.3

16.8

700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0

40
20
0
-20
-40

__
Page 32 of 533
524

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 2
0.5 L1
L1 left
L1 right
0
0.2 S
0.4 S
Section
0
18.00
36.00
36.00
42.00
48.00
Xu (ft)

0.6 S
54.00

0.8 S
60.00

L2 left
66.00

L2 right
66.00

0.5 L2
84.00

L
102.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

67

1,736

3,405

5,074

6,743

8,412

8,451

7,305

6,125

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

-278.2

-278.2

-278.2

-278.2

-278.2

-278.2

65.6

65.6

65.6

Pu,surch (klf)

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

0.75

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-122

-486

-486

-662

-864

-1094

-1350

-1634

-1634

-2646

-3902

31.5

36.0

40.5

45.0

49.5

49.5

63.0

76.5

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

0.75

Vu,surch (k)

13.5

27.0

27.0

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

6.39

6.39

6.39

6.39

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-1035

-4141

-4141

-5636

-7361

-9317

-11502

-13917

-13917

-22544

-33241

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

115.0

230.0

230.0

268.4

306.7

345.1

383.4

421.7

421.7

536.8

651.8

qu,soil (ksf)

0.31

0.57

0.82

0.82

0.91

0.99

1.08

1.17

1.25

1.25

1.51

1.77

Mu,soil (ft-k)

480

2337

2337

3370

4649

6196

8035

10188

10188

18770

31017

Vu,soil (k)

-59.1

-153.0

-153.0

-192.0

-234.8

-281.5

-332.1

-386.5

-386.5

-572.8

-793.8

M u (ft-k)
Vu (kips)

-676

-2289

-2222

-1191

-172

859

1925

3049

3088

885

69.4

104.1

-174.1

-170.2

-170.2

-174.1

-181.8

-193.4

150.3

92.5

6.39

4000
3000
2000
1000
0
-1000

-2000
-3000

200
100
0
-100

-200
-300

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 3


0.5 L1
L1 left
L1 right
0
Section
0.2 S
0.4 S
Xu (ft)
0
18.00
36.00
36.00
42.00
48.00

0.6 S
54.00

0.8 S
60.00

L2 left

L2 right

0.5 L2

66.00

66.00

84.00

L
102.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

67

1797

3527

5256

6986

8716

8,755

8,158

7,526

Vu,col (k)

0.0

0.0

-288.3

-288.3

-288.3

-288.3

-288.3

-288.3

35.1

35.1

35.1

Pu,surch (klf)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Mu,surch (ft-k)

Vu,surch (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

4.79

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

-776

-3106

-3106

-4227

-5521

-6987

-8627

-10438

-10438

-16908

-24931

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

86.3

172.5

172.5

201.3

230.0

258.8

287.6

316.3

316.3

402.6

488.8

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

0.22

0.47

0.47

0.56

0.64

0.73

0.81

0.90

0.90

1.15

1.40

Mu,soil (ft-k)

68

670

670

1097

1674

2424

3371

4536

4536

9575

17405

Vu,soil (k)

-12.9

-59.8

-59.8

-83.0

-110.0

-140.8

-175.4

-213.8

-213.8

-351.8

-523.9

M u (ft-k)
Vu (kips)

-709

-2435

-2368

-1333

-321

693

1730

2814

2853

824

73.3

112.8

-175.5

-170.0

-168.2

-170.3

-176.1

-185.8

137.6

85.9

0.00

4.79

4000
3000
2000
1000
0

-1000
-2000
-3000

200
100
0
-100
-200
-300

DESIGN FLEXURE
Location

Mu,max

Top Longitudinal

-2435

Bottom Longitudinal

3088

Bottom Transverse, be

ft-k
ft-k

__

ft-k / ft

d (in)

min

reqD

max

smax(in)

use

provD

45.37

0.0019

0.0030

0.0155

no limit

10 # 10 @ 9 in o.c., cont.

0.0031

44.37

0.0019

0.0041

0.0155

18

13 # 10 @ 7 in o.c., cont.

0.0041

43.42

0.0006

6.9E-06

0.0155

18

8 # 5 @ 12 in o.c.

0.0006

Page 33 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR
Vc = 2 b d (fc')

Vu,max

Direction
Longitudinal

193

Transverse

check Vu < Vc

0.5

328

[Satisfactory]

k / ft

43

k / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

P u R 0.5 v M ub1
+
J
AP
2
3
d b1
d
b
1+
+3 2
J=
6
b1
b1

A P = 2 ( b1 + b 2 ) d

v u ( psi) =

R=

v = 1

Col. 1

Col. 2

1+

2
3

y = MIN 2,

b1
b2

A f = Bb e

P ub1b2
Af
Column

vc( psi ) = ( 2 + y )

b0 =

, 40

'
fc
d
b0

AP
, b1 = ( c1 + d ) , b 2 = ( c2 + d )
d

Case

Pu

Mu

b1

b2

Af

Ap

vu (psi)

vc

25.6

0.0

61.4

61.4

0.4

1.0

2.0

56.3

74.1

11.9

363.8

1.3

164.3

0.0

0.0

61.4

61.4

0.4

1.0

2.0

56.3

74.1

0.0

363.8

0.0

164.3

0.0

0.0

61.4

61.4

0.4

1.0

2.0

56.3

74.1

0.0

363.8

0.0

164.3

51.2

0.0

61.4

61.4

0.4

1.0

2.0

56.3

74.1

23.8

363.8

2.6

164.3

343.7

18.3

61.4

61.4

0.4

1.0

2.0

56.3

74.1

160.1

363.8

17.6

164.3

323.4

18.3

61.4

61.4

0.4

1.0

2.0

56.3

74.1

150.6

363.8

16.6

164.3

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 34 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Seismic Design for Combined Footing, Based on ACI 318-08


DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

f c' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING THICKNESS
DISTANCE BETWEEN COLUMNS

fy
W
D
L

60
90
48
30

ksi
in
in
ft

=
=
=
=

COMBINED FOOTING LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING


TOP
12
#
10
( d = 43.74 in )
( 1 Layer)
BOTTOM
13
#
10
( d = 43.74 in )
( 1 Layer)

COMBINED FOOTING HOOPS (ACI 21.5.3)


LOCATION
AT END
LENGTH
96
in

AT SPLICE
70
in
MAX{0.075fydb/[(fc')0.5(c+Ktr)/db], 12}
7 Legs # 5
@ 4 in o.c.

( 2h )
7 Legs # 5
@ 10 in o.c.

BAR
SPACING

MIN(d/4, 8db, 24dt, 12)

MIN(d/4, 4)

THE SEISMIC DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK GB SECTION REQUIREMENTS (ACI 21.5.1)
Ln=L - c1 =

28.50

W /D=
W =

1.88
90

>

ft

>

0.3

>
<

in

4d=

14.58

[Satisfactory]
10
in
c1+1.5D =
90

ft

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]
in
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SEISMIC FLEXURAL REQUIREMENTS


(ACI 21.5.2.1)

(ACI 21.5.2.2)

top =

0.004

bot =

0.004

>

Mn,top
where

>
<
>

min=MIN[3(fc')0.5/fy, 200/fy ]= 0.003


max =
0.025
[Satisfactory]
min =
0.003
[Satisfactory]

<

max =

(1/2)Mn,bot

0.025

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

Mn,bot = bot bd2fy (1 - 0.588bot fy/fc') =

3433

ft-kips

Mn,top = top bd fy (1 - 0.588top fy/fc') =

3181

ft-kips

CHECK GB SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 21.5.4)


Ve = (Mpr, top + Mpr,bot) / Ln =
where

286.5

kips

<

8(fc')0.5bd =

<

[2(fc')0.5bd + Avfyd/s ] =

Mpr,top = top bd fy (1.25 - 0.919top fy/fc') =

3929

ft-kips

Mpr,bot = bot bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919bot fy/fc') =


=
0.75
(ACI 9.3.2.3)
in2
Av =
2.17

4235

ft-kips

__
Page 35 of 533
524

1293.7

kips

[Satisfactory]

750.5

kips

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Two Pads with Grade Beam Design Based on ACI 318-08 & AISC 360-05
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

REBAR YIELD STRESS


SQUARE PAD SIZE

fy =
B =
T =

ksi

GRADE BEAM SIZE


Steel
Outside Concrete Width
Outside Concrete Depth
COLUMN DISTANCE

60
8
16
W18X65
W =
36
D =
36
L =
22

in
in
ft

GRADE BEAM EXTENSION

Le =

ft

FRAME AXIAL LOADS, ASD


GRAVITY AXIAL LOADS, ASD
SEISMIC LOADS, ASD
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
PAD REINFORCING

ksi
ft
in

PD,1 =

25

kips

PD,2 =

25

kips

PL,1 =

15

kips

PL,2 =

15

kips

(Live Load)

PE,1 =

-30

kips

PE,2 =

30

kips

(Seismic Load)

VE,1 =

50

kips

VE,2 =

30

kips

(Seismic Load)

ME,1 =

50

ft-kips

ME,2 =

50

ft-kips

(Seismic Load)

@ 12 o.c., Each Way, Bottom.

Qa =
8

2.5
#

(Dead Load)

ksf

THE GRADE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK OVERTURNING AT CENTER BOTTOM OF PAD 2 (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MO =

ME,1 + ME,2 + (VE,1+VE,2)(D+T) - PE,1L

MR =

(PD,1 + conc B T) L + 0.5conc & steel(L + 2Le) L D W =

1106.7 ft-kips
1322.7

>

0.75 x 1.4 MO / (0.9) =

1291 ft-kips
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY

M O P D,2 + P L,2 + ( Conc& Steel SOIL ) B T + WD ( 0.5L + L e )


+
=
2
2
BL
B
2

Q MAX =
where

conc =

0.15 kcf

soil =

0.11 kcf

1.57 ksf, (net pressure)

<

4/3 Qa

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PAD FLEXURAL REINFORCING

0.85 f c' 1 1

f
where

d=

Mu
0.383Bd 2 f c'

0.0020

12.25

<
provd =

0.0030

in

Qu,max = 1.5 Qmax =

2.36

ksf, factor 1.5 for SD

Mu = 0.125 (B-W) B Qu,max =

129

max =

0.0206

(ACI 10.2.7.3 & 10.3.5)

min =

0.0018

(ACI 7.12.2.1)

ft-kips

[Satisfactory]
(cont'd)

CHECK PAD ONE WAY SHEAR CAPACITY


Vn

<

Vu
where

Vu = 0.5 (B - W) B Qu,max - d B Qu,max =


Vn = 2 d B (fc')0.5 =
=
0.75

CHECK STEEL GB FLEXURAL CAPACITY


A
19.1

[Satisfactory]

Zx
133

Fy
50

(AISC 365-05 F1)


M allowable = Z x F y / b =

27.9

kips

__
111.6

kips

1.67

331.8

ft-kips

Page 36 of 533
524

(cont'd)

>

Max ( M top , M bot )

[Satisfactory]

(AISC 360-05 F1)

2
M top = M GB , wt + ( P D ,1 + P L ,1 + P E ,1 + Wt PAD ,1 Q MIN B ) L 0.5V E ,1D M E ,1 Q MIN (V E ,1 + V E ,2 ) / ( Q MAX + Q MIN ) ( 0.5D + T ) =

329

ft-kips

2
M bot = M GB , wt ( P D,2 + P L ,2 + P E ,2 + Wt PAD ,1 Q MAX B ) L 0.5V E ,2D M E ,2 Q MAX (V E ,1 + V E ,2 ) / ( Q MAX + Q MIN ) ( 0.5D + T ) =

168

ft-kips

M O P D ,2 + P L ,2 + Conc & Steel B T + WD ( 0.5L + Le )


+
=
2
2
BL
B
2

where

Q MAX =
QMIN =

0.36

ksf, (full ASD pressure)

__
Page 37 of 533
524

1.97

ksf, (full ASD pressure)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Two Pads with Grade Beam Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


SQUARE PAD SIZE

COLUMN DISTANCE

fy
B
T
W
D
L

60
8
16
36
36
22

ksi
ft
in
in
in
ft

GRADE BEAM EXTENSION

Le =

ft

GRADE BEAM SIZE

=
=
=
=
=
=

GRAVITY AXIAL LOADS, ASD


SEISMIC LOADS, ASD

PD,1 =

25

kips

PD,2 =

25

kips

(Dead Load)

PL,1 =

15

kips

PL,2 =

15

kips

(Live Load)

PE,1 =

-30

kips

PE,2 =

30

kips

(Seismic Load)

VE,1 =

50

kips

VE,2 =

30

kips

(Seismic Load)

ME,1 =

50

ft-kips

ME,2 =

50

ft-kips

(Seismic Load)

@ 12 o.c., Each Way, Bottom.

Qa =
8

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE


PAD REINFORCING

2.5
#

ksf

GRADE BEAM LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING


TOP
7
#
7
( d = 31.94 in )
( 1 Layer)
BOTTOM
7
#
7
( d = 31.94 in )
( 1 Layer)
GRADE BEAM HOOPS (ACI 21.5.3)
LOCATION
AT END
LENGTH
72
in
BAR

SPACING

AT SPLICE
48
in

( 2h )
MAX{0.075fydb/[(fc')0.5(c+Ktr)/db], 12}
Legs # 5
4 Legs # 5
(Legs to alternate long bars supported, ACI 7.10.5.3)
@ 7 in o.c.
@ 4 in o.c.

MIN(d/4, 8db, 24dt, 12)

MIN(d/4, 4)

THE GRADE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK OVERTURNING AT CENTER BOTTOM OF PAD 2 (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MO =
MR =

ME,1 + ME,2 + (VE,1+VE,2)(D+T) - PE,1L

(PD,1 + conc B T) L + 0.5conc(L + 2Le) L D W =

1106.7 ft-kips
1306.8

>

0.75 x 1.4 MO / (0.9) =

1291 ft-kips
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY

M O + P D ,2 + P L ,2 + ( CONC SOIL ) B T + WD ( 0.5 L + L e ) =


2
2
BL
B
2

Q MAX =
where

conc =

0.15 kcf

soil =

0.11 kcf

1.55

ksf, (net pressure)

CHECK PAD FLEXURAL REINFORCING

0.85 f c' 1 1

f
where

d=

Mu
0.383Bd 2 f c'

__
0.0020

<

provd =

12.25

Qu,max = 1.5 Qmax =

in
2.33

Mu = 0.125 (B-W)2 B Qu,max =

0.0030

ksf, factor 1.5 for SD

max =

0.0155

(ACI 10.2.7.3 & 10.3.5)

min =

0.0018

(ACI 7.12.2.1)

128

ft-kips

[Satisfactory]

Page 38 of 533
524

<

4/3 Qa

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK PAD ONE WAY SHEAR CAPACITY
Vn

<

Vu
where

[Satisfactory]

Vu = 0.5 (B - W) B Qu,max - d B Qu,max =


Vn = 2 d B (fc')0.5 =
=
0.75

96.6

27.6

kips

kips

CHECK GB SECTION REQUIREMENTS (ACI 21.5.1)


Pu = 1.5(VE,1 - VE,2) =
Ln=L - B =

14.00

W /D=

1.00

W =

36

30

<

0.1Agfc' =

4d=

10.65

kips

>

ft

>

0.3

388.8
ft

kips

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

>
<

B+1.5D =

top =

0.004

>

min=MIN[3(fc')0.5/fy, 200/fy ]=

<

max =

0.025

[Satisfactory]

bot =

0.004

>

min =

0.003

[Satisfactory]

<

max =

0.025

[Satisfactory]

Mn,top

>

(1/2)Mn,bot

in

10

in

[Satisfactory]
150

in

[Satisfactory]

CHECK GB FLEXURAL REQUIREMENTS

(ACI 21.3.5.1)

(ACI 21.5.2.2)

where

0.003

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

Mn,bot = bot bd2fy (1 - 0.588bot fy/fc') =

642

ft-kips

>

Mu,bot / [Satisfactory]

Mn,top = top bd fy (1 - 0.588top fy/fc') =


=
0.9

642

ft-kips

>

Mu,top / [Satisfactory]

2
M u ,top = 1.5 M GB, wt + ( P D,1 + P L,1 + P E ,1 + Wt PAD ,1 Q MIN B ) L 0.5V E ,1D M E ,1 Q MIN (V E ,1 + V E ,2 ) / ( Q MAX + Q MIN ) ( 0.5D + T ) =
2
M u ,bot = 1.5 M GB, wt ( P D,2 + P L,2 + P E ,2 + Wt PAD,1 Q MAX B ) L 0.5V E ,2D M E ,2 Q MAX (V E ,1 + V E ,2 ) / ( Q MAX + Q MIN ) ( 0.5D + T ) =

M O P D ,2 + P L ,2 + CONC B T + WD ( 0.5L + L e )
+
=
2
2
BL
B

453

ft-kips

217

ft-kips

where

Q MAX =
QMIN =

0.38

1.95

ksf, (full ASD pressure)

377.8

kips

[Satisfactory]

349.0

kips

ksf, (full ASD pressure)

Factor 1.5 is for SD


CHECK GB SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 21.5.4)
Ve = (Mpr, top + Mpr,bot) / Ln =

where

113.3

kips

<

8(fc')0.5bd =

<

[2(fc') bd + Avfyd/s ] =
0.5

Mpr,top = top bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919top fy/fc') =

793

ft-kips

Mpr,bot = bot bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919bot fy/fc') =


=
0.75
(ACI 9.3.2.3)

793

ft-kips

Av =

1.24

in2

__
Page 39 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Retaining Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE Pa=ka b
BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT
b
SATURATED SPECIFIC WEIGHT
sat
WATER TABLE DEPTH
h
PASSIVE PRESSURE
Pp
SURCHARGE WEIGHT
ws
WALL TOP LIVE LOAD
WL
FRICTION COEFFICIENT

Qa
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
tt
THICKNESS OF TOP STEM
tb
THICKNESS OF KEY & STEM
LT
TOE WIDTH
LH
HEEL WIDTH
HT
HEIGHT OF TOP STEM
HB
HEIGHT OF BOT. STEM
hf
FOOTING THICKNESS
hk
KEY DEPTH
hp
SOIL OVER TOE

=
4
ksi
=
60
ksi
=
30
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
=
110
pcf
=
118
pcf
=
24.5 ft
=
300
psf / ft
=
220
psf
=
4000 lbs / ft
=
0.4
=
4
ksf
=
18
in
=
18
in
=
3
ft
=
8
ft
=
10
ft
=
10
ft
=
18
in
=
36
in
=
0
in
TOP STEM VERT. REINF. (As,1)
#
9
@
6
in o.c.
As,1 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
0
at soil face
TOP STEM HORIZ. REINF. (ACI 14.1.2)
#
6
@ 9 in o.c., at soil face
#
9
@
6
in o.c.
BOT. STEM VERT. REINF. (As,2)
0
at soil face
As,2 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
BOT. STEM HORIZ. REINF. (ACI 14.1.2)
#
6
@ 9 in o.c., at soil face
#
7
@
7
in o.c.
TOP REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)
#
7
@
12
in
[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]
BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,4)

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa h2 + h Pa H + 0.5 [Pa (sat - w) / b +w] H2

=
Where
h = 21.5 ft ,
Hs = ws Pa (HT + HB + hf) / b
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf + hk)2
Ws = ws (LH + tb - tt)
Wb = Wb1 + Wb2
Where Wb1 = 17.6 kips ,
Wf = hf (LH + tb + LT) c
Wk = hk tb c
Ww,t = tt HT c
Ww,b = tb HB c
WL =
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
Hs = 1.6 Hs
Ws = 1.6 Ws
Wb = 1.2 Wb
Wf = 1.2 Wf
Wk = 1.2 Wk
Ww,t = 1.2 Ww,t
Ww,b = 1.2 Ww,b
WL = 1.6 WL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

6.93
0
1.29
3.04
1.76
17.60
= 0.00
2.81
0.68
2.25
2.25
4.00

H=

=
=
=
=
Wb2

=
=
=
=
=

11.09 kips
2.06 kips
2.82 kips

kips
ft
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

OVERTURNING MOMENT

21.12 kips
3.38
0.81
2.70
2.70
6.40

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

Hb
Hs

Hy

H y

6.93
1.29
8.22

11.09
2.06
13.16

7.17
10.75

49.69
13.87
63.56

79.51
22.19
101.70

(cont'd)
RESISTING MOMENT
W

Wx

Ws
Wb
Wf
Wk
Ww,t
Ww,b

2.82
1.76
8.50
14.96
17.60
21.12
8.50
149.60
2.81
3.38
6.25
17.58
0.68
0.81
3.75
2.53
2.25
2.70
3.75
8.44
2.25
3.75
8.44
2.70
27.35
201.54
33.52
CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)

L = LT + t b + L H

( W + W L )
q MAX =

12.50

1+

6e
L

W x
23.94
179.52
21.09
3.04
10.13
10.13
247.84

MHP =

0.17

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY (1806.1)

SF =

Wx + MHP
=
Hy

L Wx Hy MHP
e=
2
W

ft

, for e

BL
2 ( W + W L )
L
, for e >
3B(0.5 L e)
6

L
6 =

3.96

ft-kips/ft

ksf

<

3.174
>
1.5
[Satisfactory]

1.21

ft

[Satisfactory]

Qa

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,1 & AS,2, FOR STEM (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
h=
20
ft ,
A = ws Pa / b =
B = h Pa =

H' =
0
60
plf
600 plf

C = [Pa (sat - w) / b + w] H' =0


At base of top stem
Mu =
12.80
Vu =
3.36
Pu =
2.70

ft

plf

ft-kips
kips
kips

At base of bottom stem


Mu =
83.20 ft-kips
Vu =
11.52 kips
Pu =
5.40 kips
At top stem

M n = AS f

AS f y P u
1.7bf c'

where

0.85 1 f c
'

MAX =

f y

d
b

As

u
u +t

MIN = 0.0018

t
d

=
=
=
=
=
=

At base of bottom stem

125.99 ft-kips ,
>
Mu
[Satisfactory]
15.44 in ,
12
in ,
0.9
(ACI 318 Fig R9.3.2)
2
in ,
2
0.011
0.021
>
0.002
<

126.28

15.44
12
0.9
2
0.011

ft-kips
>
Mu
[Satisfactory]
in
in
(ACI 318 Fig R9.3.2)
in2

0.021

[Satisfactory]

>

[Satisfactory]
0.002

[Satisfactory]

<

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR STEM (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

V n = 2 bd

'
c

At top stem
17.57 kips ,
>

Vu
[Satisfactory]

where = 0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

At base of bottom stem


17.57 kips
>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK HEEL FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

0.85 1 f c
'

MAX =

f y

u
u +t

MIN =

0.021

( q u ,3 + 2q u, heel ) b L 2H ,
LH
LH
w s + wb +
wf
2
6
L

M u ,3 =

q u ,3b S 2
LH
LH
,
ws + wb +
wf
L
2
6

0.85 f 'c 1 1

f
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

M u ,3
0.383b d 2 f 'c

for eu >

0.005

qu, toe
qu, heel
qu, 3

=
=
=

for eu

0.0018 h f
2
d

0.001

L
6

= 58.12 ft-kips

L
6

=
=
=

15.56 in
1.99 ft
n/a
in2 / ft

0.86

<

A S, 3

6.24
0.15
4.04

ksf
ksf
ksf

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TOE FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,4, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

M u ,4

(q

u ,4

0.85 1 f c'
f y

+ 2q u ,toe ) b LT2
6

u
u +t

0.021

MIN = MIN

4
0.0018 h f
,
d
3
2

LT w f
2L

24.67

ft-kips
where

0.85 f 'c 1 1

=
( A S, 4 ) required

f
=

M u ,4
0.383b d 2 f 'c

0.002

0.38

in2 / ft

<

A S, 4

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY (IBC 09 1807.2.3)


1.5 (Hb + Hs ) =

12.3 kips

Hp + W =
<
[Satisfactory]

13.98

kips

d
qu, 4

=
=

14.56 in
4.78 ksf

0.001

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Retaining Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR YIELD STRESS
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE
PASSIVE PRESSURE

fc'
fy
Pa
Pp
b
ws

Qa
tt
tb
LT
LH
HT
HB
hf
hk
hp

=
4
ksi
=
60
ksi
=
30
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
=
300
psf / ft
BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT
=
110
pcf
=
220
psf
SURCHARGE WEIGHT
FRICTION COEFFICIENT
=
0.4
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
=
4
ksf
=
18
in
THICKNESS OF TOP STEM
THICKNESS OF KEY & STEM
=
18
in
=
3
ft
TOE WIDTH
HEEL WIDTH
=
8
ft
HEIGHT OF TOP STEM
=
10
ft
=
10
ft
HEIGHT OF BOT. STEM
=
18
in
FOOTING THICKNESS
=
36
in
KEY DEPTH
SOIL OVER TOE
=
0
in
#
9
@
6
in o.c., at soil face
TOP STEM VERT. REINF. (As,1)
0
at soil face
As,1 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
TOP STEM HORIZ. REINF. (ACI 14.1.2)
#
6
@ 9 in o.c., at soil face
#
9
@
6
in o.c., at soil face
BOT. STEM VERT. REINF. (As,2)
As,2 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
0
at soil face
BOT. STEM HORIZ. REINF. (ACI 14.1.2)
#
6
@ 9 in o.c., at soil face
#
7
@
6
in
TOP REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)
BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,4)
#
7
@
12
in
[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa (HT + HB + hf)2
Hs = ws Pa (HT + HB + hf) / b
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf + hk)2
Ws = ws (LH + tb - tt)
Wb = [HT (LH + tb - tt) + HB LH] b
Wf = hf (LH + tb + LT) c
Wk = hk tb c
Ww,t = tt HT c
Ww,b = tb HB c
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
Hs = 1.6 Hs
Ws = 1.6 Ws
Wb = 1.2 Wb
Wf = 1.2 Wf
Wk = 1.2 Wk
Ww,t = 1.2 Ww,t
Ww,b = 1.2 Ww,b

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

6.93
1.29
3.04
1.76
17.60
2.81
0.68
2.25
2.25

11.09 kips
2.06 kips
2.82 kips

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

OVERTURNING MOMENT

21.12 kips
3.38
0.81
2.70
2.70

Hb
Hs

kips
kips
kips
kips

Hy

H y

6.93
1.29
8.22

11.09
2.06
13.16

7.17
10.75

49.69
13.87
63.56

79.51
22.19
101.70

RESISTING MOMENT
Ws
Wb
Wf
Wk
Ww,t
Ww,b

1.76
17.60
2.81
0.68
2.25
2.25
27.35

2.82
21.12
3.38
0.81
2.70
2.70
33.52

Wx

W x

8.50
8.50
6.25
3.75
3.75
3.75

14.96
149.60
17.58
2.53
8.44
8.44
201.54

23.94
179.52
21.09
3.04
10.13
10.13
247.84

__
Page 43 of 533
524

MHP =

0.17

ft-kips/ft

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY (1806.1)

SF =

Wx + MHP
=
Hy

3.174
> 1.5
[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)

L = LT + t b + L H

W 1 +

q MAX

12.50

6e
L

L Wx Hy MHP
e=
2
W

ft

L
=
6
BL
L
2W
, for e >
3B (0.5 L e)
6
, for e

3.46

ksf

<

Qa

1.21

ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,1 & AS,2, FOR STEM (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
3

P a y + Pa y w s
6
2 b

Mu =

Pu = W w

M n = AS f

AS f y P u
1.7bf 'c
where

MAX =

At top stem
12.80 ft-kips ,

0.85 1 f c'
f y

MIN = 0.0018

d
b

As

u
u +t

=
=
=
=
=
=

t
d

2.70

At base of bottom stem


83.20 ft-kips

kips ,

5.40

125.99 ft-kips ,
>
Mu
[Satisfactory]
15.44 in ,
12
in ,
0.9
(ACI 318 Fig R9.3.2)
in2 ,
2

126.28

15.44
12
0.9
2
0.011

0.011
0.021
>
0.002
<

kips

ft-kips
>
Mu
[Satisfactory]
in
in
(ACI 318 Fig R9.3.2)
in2

0.021

[Satisfactory]

>

[Satisfactory]
0.002

[Satisfactory]

<

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR STEM (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)
2

y
w y
V = Pa + sP a
2
b

V n = 2 bd

'
c

At top stem
3.36 kips ,

17.57

At base of bottom stem


11.52 kips

kips ,

17.57

Vu

>

kips
>

[Satisfactory]

Vu

[Satisfactory]

where = 0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )


CHECK HEEL FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

M u ,3 =

'
0.85 1 f c
u
f y
u +t

MIN =

0.021

( q u ,3 + 2q u, heel ) b L 2H ,
LH
LH
w s + wb +
wf
2
6
L

for eu

__

q u ,3b S 2
LH
LH
,
ws + wb +
wf
2
6
L

L
for eu >
6

Page 44 of 533
524

0.0018 h f
2
d
L
6

= 63.30 ft-kips

0.001

(cont'd)

0.85 f

'
c

1 1

f
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

M u ,3
0.383b d 2 f

'
c

0.005

qu, toe
qu, heel
qu, 3

=
=
=

=
=
=

15.56 in
1.89 ft
n/a
2

in / ft

0.94

<

A S, 3

5.11
0.25
3.36

ksf
ksf
ksf

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TOE FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,4, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

M u ,4

(q

u ,4

0.85 1 f c'
f y

+ 2q u ,toe ) b LT2
6

u +t

0.021

MIN = MIN

4
0.0018 h f
,
d
3
2

LT w f
2L

20.04

ft-kips
where

0.85 f 'c 1 1

=
( A S, 4 ) required

f
=

M u ,4
0.383b d 2 f 'c

0.002

in2 / ft

0.31

<

A S, 4

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY (IBC 09 1807.2.3)


1.5 (Hb + Hs ) =

12.3 kips

Hp + W =
<
[Satisfactory]

13.98

kips

__
Page 45 of 533
524

d
qu, 4

=
=

14.56 in
3.94 ksf

0.001

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PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Retaining / Fence Wall Design Based on TMS 402-08 & ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
1
Yes
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
=
1.5
ksi
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
4.5
ksi
CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
60
ksi
=
30
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE
Pa
=
400
psf / ft
PASSIVE PRESSURE
Pp
BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT
b
=
110
pcf
=
100
psf
SURCHARGE WEIGHT
ws
WALL TOP LIVE LOAD
WL
=
5000 lbs / ft
=
20
psf
SERVICE LATERAL FORCE
wLat
FRICTION COEFFICIENT

=
0.3
Qa
=
3
ksf
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
tt
THICKNESS OF TOP STEM
=
8
in
tb
=
12
in
THICKNESS OF KEY & STEM
LT
TOE WIDTH
=
3
ft
LH
=
6
ft
HEEL WIDTH
HF
=
4
ft
HEIGHT OF FENCE STEM
HT
HEIGHT OF TOP STEM
=
4
ft
HB
=
4
ft
HEIGHT OF BOT. STEM
hf
FOOTING THICKNESS
=
12
in
hk
=
12
in
[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]
KEY DEPTH
hp
SOIL OVER TOE
=
12
in
#
7
@
16
in o.c.
TOP STEM REINF. (As,1)
0
at soil face
As,1 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
#
7
@
16
in o.c.
BOT. STEM REINF. (As,2)
0
at soil face
As,2 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
GROUTED CORES (0=fully, 1=at vertical rebars only)
0
solid
#
6
@
18
in o.c.
TOP REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)
BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,4)
#
5
@
14
in o.c.

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa (HT + HB + hf)2
Hs = ws Pa (HT + HB + hf) / b
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf + hk)2
HLat = wLat (HF + HT + HB - hp)
Ws = ws (LH + tb - tt)
Wb = [HT (LH + tb - tt) + HB LH] b
Wf = hf (LH + tb + LT) c
W k = hk t b c
Ww,t = tt (HT +HF) m
Ww,b = tb HB m
WL =
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
Hs = 1.6 Hs
HLat = 1.6 HLat
Ws = 1.6 Ws
Wb = 1.2 Wb
Wf = 1.2 Wf
Wk = 1.2 Wk
Ww,t = 1.2 Ww,t
Ww,b = 1.2 Ww,b
WL = 1.6 WL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.94
0.39
0.35
1.01

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

kips
kips
kips
kips

1.22
0.25
1.80
0.22
0.63
5.43
1.50
0.15
0.59
0.44
5.00

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

OVERTURNING MOMENT

6.51 kips
1.80
0.18
0.70
0.53
8.00

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

Hb
Hs
HLat

Hy

H y

1.22
0.25
0.22
1.68

1.94
0.39
0.35
2.69

3.00
4.50
7.50

3.65
1.10
1.65
6.40

5.83
1.77
2.64
10.24

(cont'd)
RESISTING MOMENT
Ws
Wb
Wf
Wk
Ww,t
Ww,b

Wx

W x

MHP =

0.63
5.43
1.50
0.15
0.59
0.44
8.74

1.01
6.51
1.80
0.18
0.70
0.53
10.74

6.83
6.91
5.00
3.50
3.33
3.50

4.33
37.52
7.50
0.53
1.95
1.54
53.37

6.92
45.03
9.00
0.63
2.35
1.85
65.77

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY

0.53

ft-kips/ft

SF =

Wx + M HP
=
y
( H b + H s y + H Lat y )

SF =

Wx + M HP
=
( H by + H sy )

11.35

8.423

>

>
1.5
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318 15.2.2)

L = LT + t b + L H

( W + W L )
q MAX =

10.00

1+

6e
L

L Wx Hy MHP
e=
2
W

ft

, for e

BL
2 ( W + W L )
L
, for e >
3B(0.5L e)
6

L
6 =

1.11

ksf

<

Qa

-0.32

ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (TMS 402 2.3.3)


3

y
y ws
M = Pa + Pa
+ M Lat
6
2 b

P =W w

M allowable = MIN
where

0.59

te
d
bw
Fb
Fs
As

M allowable

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

At top stem
7.63 in ,
5.44 in ,
12 in ,
0.495 ksi ,
24 ksi ,
2
0.45 in ,

1.03

, AsF s d

kips

kd
kd
t
+P e
3
2 3

At base of bottom stem


<== Based on effective section area.
11.63 in
<== Based on TMS 402-08, 1.13.3.5
9.44 in
12
0.495
24
0.45
0.004
1350

0.007
,
1350 ksi ,
29000 ksi ,
21.48
0.42

=
>

At base of bottom stem


4.86
ft-kips

kips ,

kd
1
t
P d e
b wkd F b d
2
3
2

Em
Es
n
k
and

At top stem
1.18 ft-kips ,

29000

in
ksi
ksi
in2
ksi
ksi

21.48
0.34

2.54 ft-kips ,

6.28

M
[Satisfactory]

>

ft-kips
M
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (TMS 402 2.3.5)


2

y
w y
V = P a + s P a + V Lat
2
b
V allow able = d bwMIN

'
m

, 50

At top stem
0.51 kips ,

2.53
>

kips ,
V
[Satisfactory]

At base of bottom stem


1.40
kips

4.39

kips
>

V
[Satisfactory]

1.1

(cont'd)
CHECK HEEL FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

0.85 1 f c
'

MAX =

M u ,3 =

f y

u
u +t

MIN =

0.023

( q u ,3 + 2q u, heel ) b L 2H ,
LH
LH
w s + wb +
wf
2
6
L
q u ,3b S 2
LH
LH
,
ws + wb +
wf
2
6
L

0.85 f

'
c

M u ,3
0.383b d 2 f

1 1

f
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

for eu >

for eu

0.0018 h f
2
d

L
6

L
6

0.001

0.90 ft-kips

'
c

0.000

qu, toe
qu, heel
qu, 3

=
=
=

=
=
=

9.63 in
0.61 ft
n/a
in2 / ft

0.13

<

A S, 3

2.56
1.18
1.78

ksf
ksf
ksf

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TOE FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,4, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

M u ,4

(q

u ,4

0.85 1 f c'
fy

u +t

+ 2q u ,toe ) b LT2
6

MIN = MIN

0.023

LT w f
2L

9.85

ft-kips
where

0.85 f c 1 1
'

=
( A S, 4 ) required

f
=

4
0.0018 h f
,
3
2
d

M u ,4
'
0.383b d 2 f c

d
qu, 4

=
=

8.69 in
1.98 ksf

0.002

0.26

in2 / ft

<

A S, 4

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY (IBC 09 1807.2.3)


1.1 (Hb + Hs + HLat) =

1.85 kips

<

Hp + W =

4.42

kips

[Satisfactory]

1.5 (Hb + Hs) =

2.19 kips

<

Hp + W =

4.42

kips

[Satisfactory]

0.001

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Retaining Wall Design, for Masonry Top & Concrete Bottom, Based on TMS 402-08 & ACI 318-08

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
1
Yes
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
=
1.5
ksi
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
4.5
ksi
CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
60
ksi
=
30
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE
Pa
=
400
psf / ft
PASSIVE PRESSURE
Pp
BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT
b
=
110
pcf
=
100
psf
SURCHARGE WEIGHT
ws
WALL TOP LIVE LOAD
WL
=
4000 lbs / ft
=
20
psf
SERVICE LATERAL FORCE
wLat
FRICTION COEFFICIENT

=
0.3
Qa
=
3
ksf
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
tt
THICKNESS OF TOP STEM
=
8
in
tb
=
10
in
THICKNESS OF KEY & STEM
LT
TOE WIDTH
=
3
ft
LH
=
6
ft
HEEL WIDTH
HF
=
4
ft
HEIGHT OF FENCE STEM
HT
HEIGHT OF TOP STEM
=
4
ft
HB
=
6
ft
HEIGHT OF BOT. STEM
hf
FOOTING THICKNESS
=
12
in
hk
=
12
in
[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]
KEY DEPTH
hp
SOIL OVER TOE
=
12
in
#
7
@
16
in o.c.
TOP STEM REINF. (As,1)
0
at soil face
As,1 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
MASONRY GROUTED CORES (0=fully, 1=at vertical rebars only)

solid

#
7
@
BOT. STEM REINF. (As,2)
As,2 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
TOP REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)
#
6
@
#
5
@
BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,4)

16
0
18
14

in o.c.
at soil face
in o.c.
in o.c.

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa (HT + HB + hf)2
Hs = ws Pa (HT + HB + hf) / b
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf + hk)2
HLat = wLat (HF + HT + HB - hp)
Ws = ws (LH + tb - tt)
Wb = [HT (LH + tb - tt) + HB LH] b
Wf = hf (LH + tb + LT) c
W k = hk t b c
Ww,t = tt (HT +HF) m
Ww,b = tb HB c
WL =
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
Hs = 1.6 Hs
HLat = 1.6 HLat
Ws = 1.6 Ws
Wb = 1.2 Wb
Wf = 1.2 Wf
Wk = 1.2 Wk
Ww,t = 1.2 Ww,t
Ww,b = 1.2 Ww,b
WL = 1.6 WL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.90
0.48
0.42
0.99

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

kips
kips
kips
kips

1.82
0.30
1.80
0.26
0.62
6.67
1.48
0.13
0.59
0.00
4.00

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

OVERTURNING MOMENT

8.01 kips
1.77
0.15
0.70
0.00
6.40

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

Hb
Hs
HLat

Hy

H y

1.82
0.30
0.26
2.38

2.90
0.48
0.42
3.80

3.67
5.50
8.50

6.66
1.65
2.21
10.52

10.65
2.64
3.54
16.82

(cont'd)
RESISTING MOMENT
Ws
Wb
Wf
Wk
Ww,t
Ww,b

Wx

W x

MHP =

0.62
6.67
1.48
0.13
0.59
0.00
9.48

0.99
8.01
1.77
0.15
0.70
0.00
11.62

6.75
6.80
4.92
3.42
3.33
3.42

4.16
45.38
7.25
0.43
1.95
0.00
59.17

6.66
54.45
8.70
0.51
2.35
0.00
72.67

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY

SF =

SF =

0.53

ft-kips/ft

Wx + M HP

( H b y + H s y + H Lat y )
Wx + M HP

( H by + H sy )

= 5.678

7.189

>

1.1

>
1.5
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318 15.2.2)

L = LT + t b + L H

( W + W L )
q MAX

9.83

1+

L Wx Hy MHP
e=
2
W

ft

1.24

ksf

<

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY FOR MASONRY TOP STEM (TMS 402-08 2.3.3)
3

-0.16

ft

6e
L

L
, for e
BL
6 =
2 ( W + W L )
L
, for e >
3B (0.5L e)
6

[Satisfactory]

Qa

y
y ws
M = Pa + Pa
+ M Lat
6
2 b

1.18

1
kd
t
P d e
b wkd F b d
2
3
2

M allowable = MIN
where

=
=
=
=
=
=

te
d
bw
Fb
Fs
As

7.63
5.44
12
0.495
24
0.45

P =W w

ft-kips ,

0.59 kips

kd
t kd
+P e
3
2 3

, As F s d

<== Based on effective section area.


<== Based on TMS 402-08, 1.13.3.5

in ,
in ,
in ,
ksi ,
ksi ,
in2 ,

=
=
=
=

Em
Es
n

0.007
1350
29000

2.54

>
M
[Satisfactory]

ksi
ksi

21.48

0.42

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY FOR CONCRETE BOTTOM STEM (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

Mu =

P a y + P a y ws +
M Lat
6
2 b

M n = AS f

where

d
b

=
=
=

0.85 1 f c
'

MAX =

AS f y P u
'
1.7bf c

f y

MIN = 0.0018

13.30 ft-kips

14.73 ft-kips

7.56
12
0.9

u
=
u +t

t
=
d

0.002

0.023

<

Pu = W w

>

in ,
As
in ,

(ACI 318 Fig R9.3.2)


>

Mu

=
=

0.70 kips

[Satisfactory]

0.45
0.005

in2

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR MASONRY TOP STEM (TMS 402-08 2.3.5)
2

y
w y
V = P a + s P a + V Lat
2
b
V allow able = d bwMIN

'
m

, 50

0.51

kips ,

2.53

kips

>

ft-kips

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR CONCRETE BOTTOM STEM (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)
2

P a y + ws P a y +
V Lat
2
b

Vu =

V n = 2 bd

'
c

3.25

kips ,

9.13

kips

Vu

>

[Satisfactory]

where = 0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )


CHECK HEEL FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

0.85 1 f c
'

MAX =

M u ,3 =

f y

u
u +t

MIN =

0.023

( q u ,3 + 2q u, heel ) b L 2H ,
LH +
LH
ws
wb +
wf
2
6
L
2

q u ,3b S
LH
LH
,
ws + wb +
wf
2
6
L

0.85 f

'
c

1 1

f
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

M u ,3
0.383b d 2 f

for eu

0.0018 h f
2
d

L
6

0.001

6.04 ft-kips

L
for eu >
6

'
c

0.001

qu, toe
qu, heel
qu, 3

=
=
=

=
=
=

9.63 in
0.63 ft
n/a
in2 / ft

0.14

<

A S, 3

2.54
1.12
1.78

ksf
ksf
ksf

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TOE FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,4, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

M u ,4

(q
=

u ,4

0.85 1 f c'
fy

u +t

+ 2q u ,toe ) b LT2
6

MIN = MIN

0.023

LT w f
2L

9.73

ft-kips
where

0.85 f

'
c

=
( A S, 4 ) required

M u ,4
1 1
'
0.383b d 2 f c
f
=

4
0.0018 h f
,
3
2
d

d
qu, 4

=
=

8.69 in
1.95 ksf

0.002

0.25

in2 / ft

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY (IBC 09 1807.2.3)


1.1 (Hb + Hs + HLat) =
2.61 kips
1.5 (Hb + Hs) =
3.17 kips

<

A S, 4

[Satisfactory]

<
<

Hp + W =
Hp + W =

4.64
4.64

kips
kips

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

0.001

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Restrained Retaining Masonry Wall Design Based on TMS 402-08 & ACI 318-08

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE
Pa
=
=
PASSIVE PRESSURE
Pp
BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT
b
=
=
SURCHARGE WEIGHT
ws
SERVICE LATERAL FORCE
wLat
=
SERVICE GRAVITY LOAD
P
=
ECCENTRICITY
e
=
FRICTION COEFFICIENT

=
Qa
=
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
THICKNESS OF STEM
t
=
LT
TOE WIDTH
=
LH
=
HEEL WIDTH
HF
=
HEIGHT OF FENCE STEM
HEIGHT OF STEM
H
=
HR
=
RESTRAINED HEIGHT
hf
FOOTING THICKNESS
=
RESTRAINED BOTTOM ? (1=Yes, 0=No)
hk
KEY DEPTH
=
hp
=
SOIL OVER TOE

1
Yes
1
CMU
1.5
ksi
2.5
ksi
60
ksi
45
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
350
psf / ft
110
pcf
100
psf
30.1 psf
0.386 kips / ft
6
in
0.35
2.25 ksf
8
in
0.917 ft
0.917 ft
5
ft
6.83 ft
9
ft
12
in
1
Yes
0
<=No ReqD
[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]
6
in
STEM REINF. (As,1)
#
8
@
8
in o.c.
As,1 LOCATION (0=at inside face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
0
at inside face
#
4
@
24
in
BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,2)
#
4
@
18
in
TOP REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
2
Hb = 0.5 Pa H

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Hs = ws Pa H / b
2
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf + hk)
HLat = wLat (HF + H - hp)
Ws = ws LH

1.05
0.28
0.39
0.34
0.09
0.69
0.38
0.00
0.87

Wb = H LH b
Wf = hf (LH + t + LT) c
Wk = hk t c
Ww = t ( HF + H ) m
RT = 0.5HLat(HF/HR + hp/HR +H/HR) + Pe/HR
+ 0.5HsH/HR + HbH/3HR
=
0.63
RB = HLat + Hs + Hb - RT
=
1.04
VB = Ww + P
=
1.25
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
= 1.68 kips
Hs = 1.6 Hs
= 0.45 kips
HLat = 1.6 HLat
= 0.55 kips
Ws = 1.6 Ws
= 0.15 kips
Wb = 1.2 Wb
= 0.83 kips
Wf = 1.2 Wf
= 0.45 kips
Wk = 1.2 Wk
Ww = 1.2 Ww
P = 1.6 P

=
=
=

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

RT = 1.6 RT
RB = 1.6 RB

1.00
1.67

kips
kips

OVERTURNING MOMENT

0.00 kips
RB

1.04 kips
0.62 kips

=
=

Hy

H y

1.04
1.04

1.67
1.67

1.00

1.04
1.04

1.67
1.67

RESISTING MOMENT
W x

Ws
Wb
Wf

0.09
0.69
0.38

0.15
0.83
0.45

2.04
2.04
1.25

0.19
1.41
0.47

0.30
1.69
0.56

Wk

0.00

0.00

1.25

0.00

0.00

P
Ww

0.39
0.87
2.41

0.62
1.04
3.08

1.25
1.25

0.48
1.08
3.63

0.77
1.30
4.62

Wx

__
Page 55 of 533
524

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY

SF =

Wx
=
Hy

3.48
[Satisfactory]

>

1.5

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-02 SEC.15.2.2)

L = LT + t b + L H

2.50

W 1 +

e=

ft

0.18

ft

6e
L

L
, for e
6
BL
L
2 W
, for e >
3B (0.5 L e)
6

q MAX =

L Wx Hy

2
W

1.37 ksf
Qa
[Satisfactory]

<

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (TMS 402 2.3.3)


-1

S = Pa { ( PaH + wLat + Hs / H) + [( PaH + wLat + Hs / H) -2Pa(RB +wLat hp)]


P = VB - Ww S / (H + HF)

3.54 ft

0.99 kips, @ Mmax section

0.5

MMax = S RB - 0.5 HS S / H - Pa S / 3 - Pa (H-S) S /2 - 0.5 wLat (S - hp) =

1
kd
t
P d e
b wkd F b d
M allowable = MIN
2
3
2

, As F s

1.71

ft-kips

kd
t kd
+P e
d
3
2 3

=
>

where

=
=
=
=
=
=

te
bw
Fb
Fs
As
d

7.63
12
0.495
24
1.185
5.38

in
in
ksi
ksi
2
in

=
Em
=
Es
=
n
=
k
=
in, (TMS 402-08, 1.13.3.5)

0.018
1350
29000

3.21

M
[Satisfactory]

ksi
ksi

21.48
0.58

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (TMS 402 2.3.5)

V = Max. Horiz. Shear


V allow able = d bwMIN

'
m

, 50

At restrained stem
0.54 kips ,

1.97
>

At bottom of stem
1.04
kips

kips ,

2.50

kips

V
[Satisfactory]

>

V
[Satisfactory]

CHECK HEEL FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u
u +t

MIN =

0.013

0.0018 h f
2
d

( q u ,3 + 2q u, heel ) b L H , for L
L H + + LH
ws
wb
wf
eu
2
6
6
L
2

M u ,3 =

q u ,3b S 2
L
L H + + LH
, for eu >
ws
wb
wf
2
6
6
L

0.85 f c' 1 1

f
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

M u ,3
'
0.383b d 2 f c

0.000

qu, toe
qu, heel
qu, 3

=
=
=

=
=
=

10.25 in
0.29 ft
n/a

2.09
0.37
0.94

ksf
ksf
ksf

__

0.13

in / ft

<

A S, 3

[Satisfactory]

Page 56 of 533
524

0.29 ft-kips

ft-kips

0.001

CHECK TOE FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,2, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

M u ,2 =

(q

u ,4

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u
u +t

+ 2q u ,toe ) b LT2
6

MIN = MIN

0.013

( A S, 2 ) required

LT w f
2L

0.71

ft-kips
where

0.85 f c' 1 1

4
0.0018 h f
,
d
3
2

M u ,2
'
0.383b d 2 f c

d
qu, 2

=
=

8.75 in
1.43 ksf

0.000

0.02

in / ft

<

A S, 2

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY

1.5 RB =

1.57

kips

< Hp + W =
[Satisfactory]

N/A

(Restrained)

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.
2. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering Reference Manual", Professional Publications, Inc, 2001.
3. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering License Review Problems and Solutions", Oxford University Press, 2003.

__
Page 57 of 533
524

0.000

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Restrained Retaining Concrete Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR YIELD STRESS
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE
PASSIVE PRESSURE
SURCHARGE WEIGHT

fc'
fy
Pa
Pp
b
ws

SERVICE LATERAL FORCE


SERVICE GRAVITY LOAD

wLat
P

ECCENTRICITY
FRICTION COEFFICIENT
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
THICKNESS OF STEM

Qa

BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT

TOE WIDTH
HEEL WIDTH
HEIGHT OF FENCE STEM

t
LT
LH
HF

=
=
=
=
=

2.5
60
45
350
110

ksi
ksi
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
psf / ft
pcf

=
=
=

100
30.1
0.386

psf
psf
kips / ft

=
=
=
=
=
=

6
0.35
2.25
8
0.917
0.917

in
ksf
in
ft
ft

5
ft
10
ft
9
ft
RESTRAINED HEIGHT
12
in
FOOTING THICKNESS
RESTRAINED BOTTOM ? (1=Yes, 0=No)
1
Yes
hk
KEY DEPTH
=
0
<=No ReqD
hp
SOIL OVER TOE
=
6
in
#
6
@
12
STEM REINF. (As,1)
As,1 LOCATION (0=at inside face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)
0
#
4
@
24
BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,2)
TOP REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)
#
4
@
18
HEIGHT OF STEM

=
=
=
=

H
HR
hf

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]


in o.c.
at inside face
in
in

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa H2
Hs = ws Pa H / b
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf + hk)2
HLat = wLat (HF + H - hp)
Ws = ws LH

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.25
0.41
0.39
0.44
0.09
1.01
0.38
0.00
1.50

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

=
=
=

1.46
1.64
1.89

kips
kips
kips

Wb = H LH b
Wf = hf (LH + t + LT) c
Wk = hk t c
Ww = t ( HF + H ) c
RT = 0.5HLat(HF/HR + hp/HR +H/HR) + Pe/HR
+ 0.5HsH/HR + HbH/3HR
RB = HLat + Hs + Hb - RT
VB = Ww + P
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
Hs = 1.6 Hs
HLat = 1.6 HLat
Ws = 1.6 Ws
Wb = 1.2 Wb
Wf = 1.2 Wf
Wk = 1.2 Wk
Ww = 1.2 Ww
P = 1.6 P

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

3.60
0.65
0.70
0.15
1.21
0.45

kips
kips
kips
kips
kips
kips

RT = 1.6 RT
RB = 1.6 RB

=
=

2.33
2.62

kips
kips

OVERTURNING MOMENT

0.00 kips
RB

1.80 kips
0.62 kips

Hy

H y

1.64
1.64

2.62
2.62

1.00

1.64
1.64

2.62
2.62

RESISTING MOMENT
W

Wx

W x

0.15
1.21

Wf

0.09
1.01
0.38

0.45

2.04
2.04
1.25

0.19
2.06
0.47

0.30
2.47
0.56

Wk

0.00

0.00

1.25

0.00

0.00

P
Ww

0.39
1.50
3.36

0.62
1.80
4.22

1.25
1.25

0.48
1.88
5.07

0.77
2.25
6.36

Ws
Wb

__
Page 58 of 533
524

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY

SF =

Wx
=
Hy

3.10
[Satisfactory]

>

1.5

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318 15.2.2)

L = LT + t b + L H

W 1 +

q MAX =

2.50

L Wx Hy

2
W

e=

ft

0.23

6e
L

L
, for e
6
BL
L
2 W
, for e >
3B (0.5 L e)
6

=
<

2.08 ksf
Qa
[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY FOR CONCRETE STEM


(ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
-1
2
0.5
S = Pa { ( PaH + wLat + Hs / H) + [( PaH + wLat + Hs / H) -2Pa(RB +wLat hp)] }

P = VB - Ww S / (H + HF)

3.79 ft

1.51 kips, @ Mmax section

2
3
2
2
MMax = S RB - 0.5 HS S / H - Pa S / 3 - Pa (H-S) S /2 - 0.5 wLat (S - hp) =

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u
u +t

Mu
0.85 f c 1 1
0.383bd 2 f c'

2.93

MIN = MIN

0.013

fy

( A S, 1 ) required

0.18

in / ft

=
=
=

8.00
5.63
12

Mu

1.5 MMax =

As, 1

0.44

0.003

<

A S, 1

4
t
, 0.0018
3
d

t
d
b

'

ft-kips

0.003

in
in
in
4.39 ft-kips
2

in / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

V = Max. Horiz. Shear

V n = 2 bd

'

fc

At restrained section
1.28 kips ,

5.06
>

At bottom of wall
1.64
kips

kips ,

5.06

kips

V u = 1.5 V

>

[Satisfactory]

V u = 1.5 V

[Satisfactory]

CHECK HEEL FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u +t

MIN =

0.013

0.0018 h f
2
d

( q u ,3 + 2q u, heel ) b L H , for L
LH
w s + wb + LH w f
eu
2
6
6
L
2

M u ,3 =

= 0.46 ft-kips

q u ,3b S 2
L
L H + + LH

, for eu >
ws
wb
wf
L
2
6
6

0.85 f 'c 1 1

f
where

( A S, 3 ) required

d
eu
S

M u ,3
0.383b d 2 f 'c

=
=
=

0.000

__
10.25 in

qu, toe

0.37 ft
n/a

qu, heel
qu, 3

0.13

in2 / ft

<

=
=
=

A S, 3

Page 59 of 533
524

3.17

ksf

0.21
1.28

ksf
ksf

[Satisfactory]

0.001

ft

CHECK TOE FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,2, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

M u ,2 =

(q

u ,4

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u +t

+ 2q u ,toe ) b LT2
6

0.013

MIN = MIN

LT w f
2L

1.10

ft-kips
where

0.85 f

'
c

=
( A S, 2 ) required

M u ,2
1 1
0.383b d 2 f 'c
f

0.000

0.04

in / ft

<

A S, 2

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY

1.5 RB =

2.46

kips

4
0.0018 h f
,
d
3
2

< Hp + W =
[Satisfactory]

N/A

(Restrained)

__
Page 60 of 533
524

d
qu, 2

=
=

8.75 in
2.08 ksf

0.000

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
Flagpole Footing Design Based on Chapter 18 of IBC & CBC

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


IS FOOTING RESTRAINED @ GRADE LEVEL ? (1=YES,0=NO)
LATERAL FORCE @ TOP OF POLE
P=
HEIGHT OF POLE ABOVE GRADE
h=
DIAMETER OF POLE FOOTING
b=
LATERAL SOIL BEARING CAPACITY
S=
ISOLATED POLE FACTOR (IBC 09 1806.3.4)
F=
===> d =
FIRST TRIAL DEPTH

0
100
62.11
6
0.2
2
8

no
k
ft
ft
ksf / ft

ft

Use 6 ft dia x 30.55 ft deep footing unrestrained @ ground level

ANALYSIS
LATERAL BEARING @ BOTTOM :
LATERAL BEARING @ d/3 :

S 3 = FS Min ( d , 12 ' )
S 1 = FS Min
A=

REQUIRD DEPTH :

d=

d
, 12 '
3

2.34 P
bS 1

A
4.36h
1+ 1+
2
A

, FOR NONCONSTRAINED

4.25 Ph
bS 3

LATERAL FORCE @ TOP OF POLE


HEIGHT OF POLE ABOVE GRADE
DIAMETER OF POLE FOOTING
LATERAL SOIL BEARING CAPACITY
1ST TRIAL

, FOR CONSTRAINED

P =>
h =>
b =>
FS =>
TRY d1 =>

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1/3 d

S1

=>

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1.0 d

S3

CONSTANT 2.34P/(bS1)
REQD FOOTING DEPTH
2ND TRIAL :

NONCONSTRAINED
100.00
k
62.1
ft
6.00
ft
0.40
ksf / ft

CONSTRAINED
100.00
k
62.1
ft
6.00
ft
0.40
ksf / ft

8.00

ft

8.00

ft

1.07

ksf

1.07

ksf

=>

3.20

ksf

3.20

ksf

A =>
RQRD d =>

36.56
71.29

ft

37.08

ft

TRY d2=>

39.64

ft

22.54

ft

4.80

ksf

3.01

ksf

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1/3 d

S1

=>

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1.0 d

S3

=>

4.80

ksf

4.80

ksf

A =>
RQRD d =>

8.13
27.87

ft

30.27

ft

TRY d3=>

33.75

ft

26.41

ft

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1/3 d

S1

=>

4.50

ksf

3.52

ksf

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1.0 d

S3

=>

4.80

ksf

4.80

ksf

A =>
RQRD d =>

8.67
28.94

ft

30.27

ft

TRY d4=>

CONSTANT 2.34P/(bS1)
REQD FOOTING DEPTH
3RD TRIAL :

CONSTANT 2.34P/(bS1)
REQD FOOTING DEPTH

31.35

ft

28.34

ft

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1/3 d

S1

=>

4.18

ksf

3.78

ksf

LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1.0 d

S3

=>

4.80

ksf

4.80

ksf

ft

30.27

ft

4TH TRIAL :

CONSTANT 2.34P/(bS1)
REQD FOOTING DEPTH
5TH TRIAL :
LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1/3 d
LAT SOIL BEARING @ 1.0 d
CONSTANT 2.34P/(bS1)
REQD FOOTING DEPTH

__
A =>
RQRD d =>

9.33
30.23

TRY d5=>

30.79

ft

29.31

ft

S1

=>

4.11

ksf

3.91

ksf

S3

=>

4.80

ksf

4.80

ksf

A =>
RQRD d =>

9.50
30.55

ft

30.27

ft

Page 61 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Deep Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
PEDESTAL DIAMETER
SQUARE FOOTING LENGTH

c
L

FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

=
=

60
18

in
ft

Df

10.5

ft

FOOTING THICKNESS
WATER TABLE

T
h

=
=

22
8

in
ft

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

AXIAL DEAD LOAD

PDL

73.1

AXIAL LIVE LOAD

PLL

50

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


PLAT
SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD

=
=

SEISMIC MOMENT LOAD

MLAT

120

ft-k, SD

SEISMIC SHEAR LOAD

VLAT

11

k, SD

SURCHARGE

qs

0.1

ksf

BACKFILL SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.1

kcf

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

Qa

ksf

#
#
4

10
10
spiral @

FOOTING REINFORCING SIZE


PEDESTAL VERT. REINF. SIZE
PEDESTAL SHEAR. REINF.

22
#

1
Seismic,SD
-79.175 k, SD, uplift

vertical
3

in o.c.

DESIGN SUMMARY
TOP FOOTING REINF., E. WAY =>
BOT. FOOTING REINF., E. WAY =>

2 # 10
13 # 10 @ 17 in o.c.

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS AT TOP OF FOOTING (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 SEC.9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P
=
123 kips
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P
=
67
kips
M
=
154 ft-kips
V
=
8
kips
e
=
2.3 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P
=
9
kips
M
=
154 ft-kips
V
=
8
kips
e
=
16.7 ft, fr cl ftg

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E

0.9 DL + 1.0 E

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =
Where MO =

4.20042

>

1 / 0.9

[Satisfactory]

MLAT + VLAT Df - 0.5 PLATL =

948

Pftg =

(0.15 kcf) [T L2 + ( c2/ 4)(Df - T)] =

wsat =

ws + 0.018 kcf =

wwater =

k-ft
114.63 k, footing weight

0.118 kcf, saturated soil weight

0.0625 kcf, water specifc weight

Psoil =

[ws MIN(h, Df -T)+ (wsat - wwater) MAX(Df - T - h, 0)] (L2 - c2/ 4) =

MR =

0.5 (PDL + Pftg + Psoil) L =

3982

254.75 k, soil wt

k-ft

CHECK UPLIFT CAPACITY


FGravity / FUplift =
Where FUplift =
Pftg =
Psoil =

7.51183

>

- PLAT = 79.2

1.0
k

[Satisfactory]

__

114.63

k, footing weight

407.02

k, soil weight with 30o pyramid

FGravity = PDL+ Pftg+ Psoil =

594.75 k

Page 62 of 533
524

Pu
Pu
Mu
Vu
eu
Pu
Mu
Vu
eu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

168
59
215
11
3.7
-13
215
11
-16.1

kips
kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg

(cont'd)

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


Service Loads
P
e

CASE 1
123.1
0.0

CASE 2
66.5
2.5

qs L2

32.4

32.4

0.0

k, (surcharge load)

Pftg
P

38.2
193.7

38.2
137.2

34.4
43.6

k, (footing increased)
k

M
e

0.0
0.0

250.7
1.8 < L/6

250.7
5.7 > L/6

qmax

0.6

0.7

0.5

ksf

qallow

4.0

5.3

5.3

ksf

Where

( P )
q max =

< L/6

1+

CASE 3
9.2
18.2

k
ft, (from center of footing)

k-ft, (VLat included)


ft

6e
L

L
, for e
6
L2
2 ( P )
L
, for e >
3L (0.5L e )
6

[Satisfactory]

DESIGN FOOTING FLEXURE & CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


(ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

( Pu )
q u ,max =

1+

6eu
L

L2
2 ( Pu )

L
, for eu
6

MAX =

0.85 1 f 'c
fy

L
, for eu >
3 L (0.5L eu )
6

0.85 f c 1 1
'

Mu
0.383bd 2 f 'c

MIN = MIN 0.0018

f y

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
CASE 1
Pu

167.7

eu

u
u +t

T
4

,
d
3

CASE 2

CASE 3

58.5

-13.4

0.0

4.0

-17.6

51.8

32.4

0.0

443.3

443.3

332.4

Pu

662.8

534.2

319.1

Mu

0.0

eu

0.0

qs L2
Pu,ftg & fill

qu, max

351.0
< L/6

0.7

2.046

k
ft, (at base, including Vu T / Pu)
k, (factored surcharge load)
k, (factored footing & backfill loads)
k

351.0
< L/6

1.1

2.010

k-ft, (VLat included)


< L/6

ft

1.346

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 1


ColL
0
0.09 L 0.18 L 0.27 L
Section
Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)

1.63

3.25

4.88

6.50

Mu,pedestal (ft-k)

ksf

ColR

0.73 L

0.82 L

0.91 L

11.50

13.13

14.75

16.38

18.00

-419.3 -691.85 -964.39 -1236.9 -1509.5

Vu,pedestal (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

167.7

167.7

167.7

167.7

Pu,surch (klf)

2.88

2.88

2.88

2.88

2.88

2.88

2.88

2.88

2.88

2.88

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-3.8

-15.2

-34.2

-60.8

-190.4

-248.1

-313.3

-386.1

-466.6

Vu,surch (k)

4.7

9.4

14.0

18.7

33.1

37.8

42.5

47.2

51.8

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

24.63

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

-32.513 -130.05 -292.62 -520.21 -1628.3

__

24.63
-2121

167.7

-2678.8 -3301.5 -3989.3

40.0

80.0

120.0

160.1

283.2

323.2

363.2

403.2

443.3

2.05

2.05

2.05

2.05

2.05

2.05

2.05

2.05

2.05

qu,soil (ksf)

2.05

Mu,soil (ft-k)

48.618 194.47 437.56 777.89 2434.9 3171.7 4005.7 4936.9 5965.3

-59.837 -119.67 -179.51 -239.35 -423.46 -483.3 -543.14 -602.98 -662.81

Vu,soil (k)

Mu (ft-k)

12.3

49.2

110.7

196.8

196.8

110.7

49.2

12.3

Vu (kips)

-15.1

-30.3

-45.4

-60.6

60.6

45.4

30.3

15.1

Page 63 of 533
524

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 2
ColL
0
0.09 L 0.18 L 0.27 L
Section

ColR

0.73 L

0.82 L

0.91 L

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)

1.63

3.25

4.88

6.50

11.50

13.13

14.75

16.38

18

Mu,pedestal (ft-k)

204.64

109.5

14.366 -80.769 -175.91

Vu,pedestal (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

58.5

58.5

58.5

58.5

Pu,surch (klf)

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.80

Mu,surch (ft-k)

-2.4

-9.5

-21.4

-38.0

-119.0

-155.0

-195.8

-241.3

-291.6

Vu,surch (k)

2.9

5.9

8.8

11.7

20.7

23.6

26.6

29.5

32.4

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

24.63

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

24.63

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

40.0

24.63

-32.513 -130.05 -292.62 -520.21 -1628.3


80.0

120.0

160.1

qu,soil (ksf)

1.29

1.35

1.42

1.48

1.55

Mu,soil (ft-k)

31.1

126.5

289.4

522.7

-2121

58.5

-2678.8 -3301.5 -3989.3

283.2

323.2

363.2

403.2

443.3

1.75

1.81

1.88

1.94

2.01

1715.7 2268.5 2907.6 3636.0 4456.8

Vu,soil (k)

-38.617 -79.142 -121.57 -165.91 -314.3 -366.42 -420.44 -476.36 -534.2

Mu (ft-k)

-3.7712 -13.019 -24.644 -35.547 172.96 101.94 47.373

Vu (kips)

4.3

6.7

7.2

5.9

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR AT LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS FOR CASE 3


ColL
Section
0
0.09 L 0.18 L 0.27 L

12.36

0
0

48.1

39.0

27.9

14.9

ColR

0.73 L

0.82 L

0.91 L

11.50

13.13

14.75

16.38

18.00

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)

Mu,pedestal (ft-k)

Vu,pedestal (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

-13.4

-13.4

-13.4

-13.4

-13.4

1.63

3.25

4.88

6.50

384.46 406.21 427.96 449.71 471.47

Pu,surch (klf)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Mu,surch (ft-k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Vu,surch (k)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

18.47

18.47

18.47

18.47

18.47

18.47

18.47

18.47

Pu,ftg & fill (klf)

18.47

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

-24.385 -97.539 -219.46 -390.16 -1221.3 -1590.8 -2009.1 -2476.1


30.0

60.0

90.0

120.0

212.4

0.69

0.75

0.82

0.88

1.09

242.4
1.15

18.47
-2992

272.4

302.4

332.4

1.22

1.28

1.35

qu,soil (ksf)

0.62

Mu,soil (ft-k)

15.337 63.416 147.33 270.19 925.34

-19.195 -40.297 -63.306 -88.222 -176.85 -209.54 -244.14 -280.64 -319.06

1239

1607.4 2033.5 2520.5

Vu,soil (k)

Mu (ft-k)

-9.0

-34.1

-72.1

-120.0

88.5

54.5

26.3

7.1

Vu (kips)

10.8

19.7

26.7

31.8

22.2

19.5

14.9

8.4

DESIGN FLEXURE
Location
Top Longitudinal
Bottom Longitudinal

Mu,max
-120.0 ft-k
196.8 ft-k

d (in)
19.37
18.37

min
reqD
max
smax
0.0004 0.0003 0.0155 no limit
0.0008 0.0006 0.0155
18

use
2 # 10
13 # 10 @ 17 in o.c.

provD
0.0006
0.0042
[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


Direction

Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max

Longitudinal

60.6

326

check Vu < Vc

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FOOTING PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

v u ( psi ) =

0.5 v M u [ d + c ]
Pu R
+
J
AP

J = 0.5 ( d + c ) d
R=

P u ( d + c )
4A f

A P = b 0d

v c ( psi ) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c

A f = L2

y = MIN 2,

v = 0.4

d +c 2 d 3
+
2
3

, 40

b0

b0 = ( c + d )

__

Case

Pu

Mu

b0

Af

Ap

vu (psi)

vc

1
2
3

198.4
89.2
9.6

0.0
330.8
330.8

246.2
246.2
246.2

0.4
0.4
0.4

1.0
1.0
1.0

2.0
2.0
2.0

324.0
324.0
324.0

31.4
31.4
31.4

20.5
9.2
1.0

171.3
171.3
171.3

39.3
35.2
19.4

164.3
164.3
164.3

0.75

where

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

Page 64 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK PEDESTAL REINF. LIMITATIONS
max
=
0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)
min
=
0.01 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)
smax
smin

=
=

3
1

provd

0.011
[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08, Section 7.10.4.3)


(ACI 318-08, Section 7.10.4.3)

sprovd

__
Page 65 of 533
524

in
[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Soil Pressure Determination for Irregular Footing


INPUT DATA & ANALYSIS RESULTS
FOOTING EDGE POINT & REACTION PRESSURE

COLUMN LOCATION & BASE LOAD

EDGE

COL.

Mx

My

POINT
1
2
3
4

(ft)
0
0
38
38

(ft)
0
21.5
21.5
0

(psf)
47
215
196
28

NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

(ft)
9.33
13
25
28.67
17.6
21.2
9.33
13
25
28.67

(ft)
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
10.5
10.5
19.73
19.73
19.73
19.73

(kips)
10.6
20
20
10.6
7
7
20
20
10.6
20

(ft-k)

(ft-k)

WALL LOCATION & UNIFORM LOAD


WALL
START
END
NO.
X (ft)
Y (ft)
X (ft)
Y (ft)

w
(k/ft)

NET PRESSURE OF FOOTING SELF WEIGHT

THE MAXIMUM SOIL PRESSURE

215

psf

0.3

k/ft2

@ POINT

ANALYSIS
Footing Area
A=
-817.0

ft2

Qmax
Centroid of Footing (COF)
Xc =

19.0

ft

Yc =

10.8

ft

Center of Gravity (COG)


Xg =

19.5

ft

Yg =

8.3

ft

P =

-99.3

kips

COF
Moment of Inertia

COG

Ixc =

31472

ft4

Iyc =

98312

ft4

Moment of Inertia for Principle Axes


4
Iu =
31472 ft

(0,0)

Notes:

1.
2.
3.
4.

__

Iv =

98312

0.00

ft4
deg

Assume that the footing is rigid without any deformation.


The footing self pressure should be net pressure, (0.15 kcf - 0.11 kcf) (Thk.), to check allowable soil capacity.
Use two end columns, uplift & download, to input the shear wall bending load.
To design concrete, may use 1.5 time section forces of ADS level.

Page 66 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Mat Boundary Spring Generator


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
L
=
55
ft
B
=
31
ft
ft2
GRID TRIBUTARY AREA
A
=
1
3
K1
= 100 lb / in
MODULUS OF SUBGRADE
(Obtained from the soil report for 1' x 1' sf plate load test,
in the absence of a soil report obtain from table below )
FOUNDATION LENGTH
FOUNDATION WIDTH

4.8
2.4
1.2

INSIDE SPRING VALUE


EDGE SPRING VALUE
CORNER SPRING VALUE

kips / inch, at each joint


kips / inch, at each joint
kips / inch, at each joint

ANALYSIS

k s=

k11

( for B = L )

k12

( for B < L )

k11=k1

B+1
2B

k12 = k1

B+1
2B

33.5

lb / in3

0.5L
+1
B
1.5

26.6

lb / in3

46

k / ft3

33.5

lb / in3

58

k / ft3

TYPICAL VALUES OF MODULUS OF SUBGRADE REACTIONS, K1 (lb / in3 )


TYPE OF MATERIAL

5 to 8%

Silts and clays (liquid limit >50)


(OH, CH, MH )

175

150

125

100

75

50

25

Silts and clays (liquid limit <50)


(OL, CL, ML )

200

175

150

125

100

75

50

300

250

225

200

150

Gravelly sands
(SW & SP )

Over 300

300

250

Silty and clayey gravels


(GM & GC )

Over 300

Over 300

300

Gravel and sand

Over 300

Over 300

Silty and clay sands


(SM & SH )

9 to 12%

MOISTURE CONTENT
13 to 16%

1 to 4%

__
Page 67 of 533
524

17 to 20%

21 to 24%

25 to 28%

> 28%

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Plain Concrete Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA

DESIGN SUMMARY

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

in

FOOTING WIDTH

3.00

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

in

FOOTING LENGTH

3.00

ft

BASE PLATE WIDTH

b1

in

FOOTING THICKNESS

in

BASE PLATE DEPTH

=
=
=

10
13
8

k
k
k

b2

in

FOOTING CONCRETE STRENGTH


REBAR YIELD STRESS
AXIAL DEAD LOAD

fc'
fy
PDL

=
=
=

2.5
60
2

ksi
ksi
k

AXIAL LIVE LOAD

PLL

4.5

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


PLAT
SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD

=
=

1
6.5

Seismic,SD
k, SD

SURCHARGE
SOIL WEIGHT
FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH
FOOTING THICKNESS
ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE
FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING LENGTH

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0
0.11
0.50
8
1
3
3

ksf
kcf
ft
in
ksf
ft
ft

qs
ws
Df
T
Qa
B
L

ft

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 SEC.9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P =
7
k
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P =
11
k
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P =
7
k

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E
0.9 DL + 1.0 E

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


CASE 1
CASE 2
P
q MAX =
=
0.75
ksf,
1.26 ksf,

CASE 3
0.74 ksf

BL

q MAX

<

Pu
Pu
Pu

kQa,

[Satisfactory]

where k = 1 for gravity loads, 4/3 for lateral loads.

DESIGN FOR FLEXURE (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.1)

M n = MIN 5

where

Mu =

'
'
f c S , 0.85 f cS

=
=

( 0.5L 0.25b10.25c1)

4.80

ft-kips

0.6 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )


elastic section modulus of section
2

P u ,max

2L

3.73

<

ft-kips

384

in3

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.4)

4
3

V n =

'

f c BT

where

11.52 kips

0.6

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )

P u ,max
V u = ( 0.5L 0.25b1 0.25c1 T )
L

2.79

<

kips

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.4)

V n = MIN

4
8
+
, 2.66
3 3 c

where

V u = P u ,ma x 1

=
=

f c ( c1 + c2 + b1 + b2 + 4T ) T
'

__
=

31.28

kips

0.6 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )


ratio of long side to short side of concentrated load

1 b1 + c 1
+T
BL
2

b2+ c2 +T
2

11.85

Page 68 of 533
524

ft-kips

1.43

<

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of Conventional Slabs on Expansive Soil Grade Based on ACI 360


1. DESIGN METHODS
1.1 DIVIDE AN IRREGULAR FOUNDATION PLAN INTO OVERLAPPING RECTANGLES AND USING
THIS SPREADSHEET DESIGN EACH RECTANGULAR SECTION SEPARATELY.
1.2 THE POST-TENSION INSTITUTE (PTI) METHOD IS ACCEPTABLE FOR THE DESIGN OF
NONPRESTRESSED SLAB ON GRADE (IBC 09 1808.6.2). THE DESIGNER MAY SELECT EITHER
NONPRESTRESSED REINFORCEMENT USING THIS SPREADSHEET, OR POST-TENSIONED
REINFORCEMENT IF REQUIRED (ACI 360, 9).

2. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


2.1 SOILS PROPERTIES
ALLOWABLE SOIL-BEARING PRESSURE

qallow

EDGE MOISTURE VARIATION DISTANCE

em

DIFFERENTIAL SOIL MOVEMENT

ym

=
=
=
=
=

2000

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#
@

psf

ft, for center lift

4.5

ft, for edge lift

2.68

in, for center lift

0.3

in, for edge lift

164

ft

125

ft

2.2 STRUCTURAL DATA AND MATERIALS PROPERTIES


SLAB LENGTH

SLAB WIDTH

SLAB THICKNESS

PERIMETER LOADING

MAX BEARING LOADING ON THE SLAB

Pb

ADDED DEAD LOAD

DL

LIVE LOAD

LL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, L DIRECTION

SL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, B DIRECTION

SB

STIFFENING BEAM DEPTH

STIFFENING BEAM WIDTH

CONCRETE STRENGTH

f'c

REINFORCEMENT IN THE BOTTOM OF STIFFENING BEAM

SLAB REINFORCEMENT

in

270

plf

270

plf

50

psf

125

psf

30

ft

30

ft

24

in

20

in

ksi

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

6
18

in o.c., with

1.5

in clear from top of slab, each way.

3. ASSUME A TRIAL SECTION


3.1 ASSUME BEAM DEPTH AND SPACING
ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION, FOR CENTER LIFT, AT L DIRECTION
allow = 12 MIN(L, 6) / C =

Where

=
=

ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION, FOR CENTER LIFT, AT B DIRECTION

1.60

in

allow = 12 MIN(B, 6) / C =

ft

Where

360

ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION, FOR EDGE LIFT, AT L DIRECTION


allow = 12 MIN(L, 6) / C =

Where

=
=

1.60

in

ft

360

ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION, FOR EDGE LIFT, AT B DIRECTION

0.80

in

allow = 12 MIN(B, 6) / C =

ft

Where

720

BEAM DEPTH, FOR CENTER LIFT, AT L DIRECTION

=
=

0.80

in

ft

720

BEAM DEPTH, FOR CENTER LIFT, AT B DIRECTION

h = [(ym L)0.205 SB1.059 P0.523 em1.296 / 380 allow ]0.824 =

13.56

h = [(ym B)0.205 SL1.059 P0.523 em1.296 / 380 allow ]0.824 =

in

BEAM DEPTH, FOR EDGE LIFT, AT L DIRECTION

12.95

in

7.58

in

BEAM DEPTH, FOR EDGE LIFT, AT B DIRECTION

h = [L0.35 SB0.88 em0.74 ym0.76 / 15.9 allow P0.01]1.176 =


GOVERNING h =

=
=

13.56

8.47

h = [B0.35 SL0.88 em0.74 ym0.76 / 15.9 allow P0.01]1.176 =

in

<

in

ACTUAL h =

24.00

in

22

in2

[Satisfactory]

3.2 DETERMINE SECTION PROPERTIES


L DIRECTION
As

B DIRECTION
=

Es / Ec =

17

in2

9.29

yb

18.75

beams

As

in

Es / Ec =
3

CGS

21.75

in

St

64268

in

9935

in2

Sb

17995

in3

337410

in4

9.29

yb

19.00

beams
in

CGS

22.25

in

St

80834

in3

12703

in2

Sb

21276

in3

404232

in4

4. CALCULATE MAXIMUM APPLIED SERVICE MOMENTS


4.1 CENTER LIFT MOMENT AT L DIRECTION
ML = A0 (B em1.238 + C) =
Where

4.96

CENTER LIFT MOMENT AT B DIRECTION


ft-kips / ft

MB = (58 + em) ML / 60, for L /B > 1.1

A0 = (L0.013 SB0.306 h0.688 P0.534 ym0.193) / 727 =


B = 1, for em < 5
B = MIN[(ym - 1) / 3, 1], for em > 5
C = 0, for em < 5

__
=

C = MAX{[8 - (P - 613) / 255] (4 - ym) / 3], 0}, for em > 5


4.2 EDGE LIFT MOMENT AT L DIRECTION
ML = SB0.10 (h em)0.78 ym0.66 / (7.2 L0.0065 P0.04) =

MB = ML, for L /B < 1.1

0.891

5.12

ft-kips / ft

3.25

ft-kips / ft

1.00

0.00

EDGE LIFT MOMENT AT B DIRECTION

2.63

ft-kips / ft

MB = h0.35 (19 + em) ML / 57.75, for L /B > 1.1

MB = ML, for L /B < 1.1

Page 69 of 533
524

5. CHECK FLEXURAL CONCRETE STRESSES


5.1 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE STRESSES
FLEXURAL TENSILE STRESS

ft,allow = - 6 (fc')0.5 =

-0.329

ksi

FLEXURAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS

fc,allow = - 0.45 fc' =

1.350

ksi

5.2 TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = - ML / St =

-0.116

>
<

Then

TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

ksi

f = - MB / St =

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

5.3 BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = ML / Sb =

0.413

f = MB / Sb =

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

-0.219

Then

0.061

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

Where

Ec = (0.5) 57000 (fc')


Es =

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

ksi

>
<

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

= (Ec I / Es)1/4 / 12 =
1561009

psi

13.208

ft

Ec = (0.5) 57000 (fc')0.5 =

Where

psi, soil

Es =

6.2 ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION AT L DIRECTION

1561009

1000

psi

psi, soil

ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION AT B DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT

FOR CENTER LIFT

allow = 12 MIN(L, 6) / C =
Where

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION


ft

1000

0.079

Then

6.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION


0.5

ft,allow

BOTTOM STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

[Satisfactory]

12.624

[Satisfactory]

ksi

>
<

f = MB / St =

>
ft,allow
<
fc,allow
6. CHECK DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTIONS
= (Ec I / Es)1/4 / 12 =

-0.301

Then

ksi

Then

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

ksi

>
<

f = - MB / Sb =

ft,allow

5.5 BOTTOM STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = ML / St =

ft,allow

TOP STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

ksi

>
<

0.474

Then

5.4 TOP STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = - ML / Sb =

ksi

>
<

BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

ksi

>
<

Then

-0.125

Then

2.64

in

360

allow = 12 MIN(B, 6) / C =

2.52

360

allow = 12 MIN(B, 6) / C =

1.26

720

Where

FOR EDGE LIFT

in

FOR EDGE LIFT

allow = 12 MIN(L, 6) / C =
Where

1.32

in

720

Where

6.3 EXPECTED DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION WITHOUT PRESTRESSING

in

EXPECTED DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION WITHOUT PRESTRESSING

FOR CENTER LIFT, AT L DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT, AT B DIRECTION

0 = (ym L)0.205 SB1.059 P0.523 em1.296 / (380 h1.214) =

0.80

<

0 = (ym B)0.205 SL1.059 P0.523 em1.296 / (380 h1.214) =

in
allow

0.76

<

[Satisfactory]

in
allow

[Satisfactory]

FOR EDGE LIFT, AT L DIRECTION

FOR EDGE LIFT, AT B DIRECTION

0 = L0.35 ym0.76 SB0.88 em0.74 / (15.9 h0.85 P0.01) =

0.58

<

0 = B0.35 ym0.76 SL0.88 em0.74 / (15.9 h0.85 P0.01) =

in
allow

0.53

<

[Satisfactory]

in
allow

[Satisfactory]

7. CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY


7.1 APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT L DIRECTION

APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT B DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT


VL = L

0.09

0.71

SB

0.43

FOR CENTER LIFT


0.44

0.16

ym

0.93

em

/ 1940 =

1.786

VB = B0.19 SL0.45 h0.20 P0.54 ym0.04 em0.97 / 1350 =

kips/ft

FOR EDGE LIFT


VL = L

0.07

0.4

0.03

1.327

kips/ft

1.063

kips/ft

FOR EDGE LIFT


0.67

ym

0.16

em

0.015

/ (3.0 SB

) =

1.084

0.07

kips/ft

VB = B

7.2 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT L DIRECTION


vc = 2 (fc')0.5 =

0.110

0.4

0.03

0.67

ym

0.16

em

0.015

/ (3.0 SL

) =

ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT B DIRECTION


vc = 2 (fc')0.5 =

ksi

7.3 SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT L DIRECTION

0.110

ksi

SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT B DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT

FOR CENTER LIFT

v = V B / (n h b) =

0.078

<

ksi

vc

v = V L / (n h b) =

0.065

ksi

[Satisfactory]

<

vc

[Satisfactory]

FOR EDGE LIFT

FOR EDGE LIFT

v = V B / (n h b) =

0.047

<

ksi

vc

v = V L / (n h b) =

0.052

ksi

[Satisfactory]

<

vc

[Satisfactory]

8. CHECK SOIL BEARING


8.1 APPLIED LOADING
(b)(Total Length) = 3028.333333 ft2
psf
1893

SLAB WEIGHT

150 L B t

1281250

lbs

BEAM BEARING AREA

ADDED DL

DL L B

1025000

lbs

SOIL PRESSURE

LIVE LOAD

LL L B

2562500

lbs

<

BEAM WEIGHT

150 (h-t) b (Total Length)

708146

lbs

[Satisfactory]

PERIMETER LOAD

P (2L + 2B)

156060

lbs

q = Total Load / THE AREA =

qallow

9. CHECK SLAB STRESS DUE TO LOAD-BEARING PARTITIONS


9.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION
Mmax = Pb / 4 =
Where

2.03

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION

= MIN[(Ec t3 / 3 ks)0.25, SB] =

ks =

lb / in3

9.2 TENSILE STRESS AT L DIRECTION


f = - Mmax / 2 t2 =

Technical References:

30

ft

Where

__

2.03

ft-kips / ft

= MIN[(Ec t3 / 3 ks)0.25, SL] =

ks =

lb / in3

TENSILE STRESS AT B DIRECTION

-0.041

>

Mmax = Pb / 4 =

ft-kips / ft

ft,allow

ksi

f = - Mmax / 2 t2 =

[Satisfactory]

1. "Design of Slabs on Grade, ACI Committee 360R-06", American Concrete Institute, 2006.

2. "Design and Construction of Post-Tensioned Slab-on-Ground, Second Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2004.
3. "1997 Uniform Building Code, Volume 2", International Conference of Building Officials, 1997.

Page 70 of 533
524

-0.041

>

ft,allow

ksi
[Satisfactory]

30

ft

PROJECT :

PAGE :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of Conventional Slabs on Compressible Soil Grade Based on ACI 360


1. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
1.1 SOILS PROPERTIES
qallow

ALLOWABLE SOIL-BEARING PRESSURE

EXPECTED SETTLEMENT BY GEOTECHNICAL ENR

=
=

2000

psf

0.75

in

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

164

ft

=
=
=
=
#
@

1.2 STRUCTURAL DATA AND MATERIALS PROPERTIES


SLAB LENGTH

SLAB WIDTH

SLAB THICKNESS

PERIMETER LOADING

MAX BEARING LOADING ON THE SLAB

Pb

ADDED DEAD LOAD

DL

LIVE LOAD

LL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, L DIRECTION

SL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, B DIRECTION

SB

STIFFENING BEAM DEPTH

STIFFENING BEAM WIDTH

b
f'c

CONCRETE STRENGTH
REINFORCEMENT IN THE BOTTOM OF STIFFENING BEAM

SLAB REINFORCEMENT

125

ft

in

270

plf

270

plf

50

psf

125

psf

30

ft

30

ft

24

in

20

in

ksi

6
18

in o.c., with

1.5

in clear from top of slab, each way.


THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

2. DETERMINE SECTION PROPERTIES


L DIRECTION
n

B DIRECTION
=

As

338782

in4

yb

18.80

in

As

22

St

65100

in3

Es / Ec =

18024

in3

in

17

E s / Ec =

18.58

CGS

21.75

in

10090

in2

Sb

in2

18.58

CGS

22.25

in

12906

in2

406345

in4

yb

19.05

in

St

82096

in3

Sb

21330

in3

3. CALCULATE MAXIMUM APPLIED SERVICE MOMENTS


L DIRECTION

B DIRECTION

McsL = ( / nsL)0.5 MnsL =

0.83

1.35

MnsL = h

Where

0.36

SB

ft-kips / ft

0.12

/ 80 L

0.10

0.96

nsL = L1.28 SB0.80 / 133 h0.28 P0.62 =

McsS = McsL (970-h) / 880 =

0.90

nsL = L1.28 SB0.80 / 133 h0.28 P0.62 =

0.70

ft-kips / ft

ft-kips / ft

1.00

4. CHECK FLEXURAL CONCRETE STRESSES


4.1 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE STRESSES
FLEXURAL TENSILE STRESS

f t,allow = - 6 (f c')0.5 =

-0.329

ksi

FLEXURAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS

f c,allow = - 0.45 f c' =

1.350

ksi

4.2 TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = M L / St =

0.019

Then

TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION


f = MB / St =

ksi

>

f t,allow

[Satisfactory]

<

f c,allow

[Satisfactory]

Then

4.3 BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = - M L / Sb =

-0.069

Then

0.021

f = - MB / Sb =

f t,allow

[Satisfactory]

<

f c,allow

[Satisfactory]

f t,allow

[Satisfactory]

<

f c,allow

[Satisfactory]

BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

ksi

>

ksi

>

Then

-0.083

ksi

>

f t,allow

[Satisfactory]

<

f c,allow

[Satisfactory]

5. CHECK DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTIONS


5.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION
= (Ec I nsL / Es )1/4 / 12 =

13.571

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION

Ec = (0.5) 57000 (f c')0.5 =

Where

Es =

1000

I =

338782

= (Ec I nsB / Es )1/4 / 12 =

ft
1561009

psi

Where

psi, soil

Es =

in4

I =

5.2 ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION AT L DIRECTION


allow = 12 MIN(L, 6) / C =
Where

0.51

0.25

<

1000
406345

allow = 12 MIN(B, 6) / C =

0.49

1920

Where

5.3 DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION WITHOUT PRESTRESSING


0{1.78 - 0.103 h -1.65E-03 P + 3.95E-07 P P)

6.1 APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT L DIRECTION


VcsL = ( / nsL)

0.30

Where

VnsL = h0.90 (PSB)0.30 / 550 L0.10 =

VnsL =

0.260

kips/ft

6.2 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT L DIRECTION


v c = 2 (f c')0.5 =

0.110

6.3 SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT L DIRECTION


v = V B / (n h b) =

0.010

ksi

psi

in4

in

cs = en0{1.78 - 0.103 h -1.65E-03 P + 3.95E-07 P P) =

0.25

allow

<

in
allow

[Satisfactory]

__

APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT B DIRECTION


VcsS = VcsL (116-h) / 94 =

0.284

0.255

kips/ft

kips/ft

ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT B DIRECTION


v c = 2 (f c')0.5 =

ksi

1561009
psi, soil

DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION WITHOUT PRESTRESSING


in

[Satisfactory]

6. CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY

ft

ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION AT B DIRECTION

in

1920

cs = en

13.020

Ec = (0.5) 57000 (f c')0.5 =

0.110

ksi

SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT B DIRECTION

<

vc

v = V L / (n h b) =

[Satisfactory]

Page 71 of 533
524

0.015

ksi

<
[Satisfactory]

vc

(cont'd)
7. CHECK SOIL BEARING
7.1 APPLIED LOADING
SLAB WEIGHT

150 L B t

1281250

lbs

BEAM BEARING AREA

ADDED DL

DL L B

1025000

lbs

SOIL PRESSURE

(b)(Total Length) =

2982

q = Total Load / THE AREA =

1923

LIVE LOAD

LL L B

2562500

lbs

<

BEAM WEIGHT

150 (h-t) b (Total Length)

708146

lbs

[Satisfactory]

PERIMETER LOAD

P (2L + 2B)

156060

lbs

ft2
psf
qallow

8. CHECK SLAB STRESS DUE TO LOAD-BEARING PARTITIONS


8.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION
Mmax = Pb / 4 =
Where

2.03

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION

= MIN[(Ec h3 / 3 ks)0.25, SB] =

ks =

ft

Where

2.03

ft-kips / ft

= MIN[(Ec h3 / 3 ks)0.25, SB] =

ks =

lb / in3

TENSILE STRESS AT B DIRECTION


-0.041

>

30.000

lb / in3

8.2 TENSILE STRESS AT L DIRECTION


f = - Mmax / 2 t2 =

Mmax = Pb / 4 =

ft-kips / ft

f t,allow

f = - Mmax / 2 t2 =

ksi

-0.041

>

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 72 of 533
524

f t,allow

ksi
[Satisfactory]

30.000

ft

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of PT Slabs on Expansive Soil Ground Based on Standards of PTI 3rd Edition
1. DESIGN METHODS
1.1

MAKE SURE THAT THE FOUNDATION PLAN SATISFIES THE SHAPE FACTOR REQUIREMENT:
SF = (ENTIRE FOUNDATION PERIMETER) / (ENTIRE FOUNDATION AREA)
24 , (Sec. 4.5.1)

1.2

DIVIDE AN IRREGULAR FOUNDATION PLAN INTO OVERLAPPING RECTANGLES AND USING


THIS SPREADSHEET DESIGN EACH RECTANGULAR SECTION SEPARATELY.

1.3

ONCE THE RIBBED FOUNDATION HAS BEEN DESIGNED TO SATISFY MOMENT, SHEAR, AND
DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION REQUIREMENTS, IT MAY BE CONVERTED TO AN EQUIVALENT
UNIFORM THICKNESS FOUNDATION.

2. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


2.1 SOILS PROPERTIES (FROM SOIL REPORT / GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION)
ALLOWABLE SOIL-BEARING PRESSURE

qallow

EDGE MOISTURE VARIATION DISTANCE

em

DIFFERENTIAL SOIL MOVEMENT

ym

SLAB-SUBGRADE FRICTION COEFFICIENT

=
=
=
=
=
=

2000

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

42

psf

ft, for center lift

5.2

ft, for edge lift

0.07

in, for center lift

0.46

in, for edge lift

0.75

2.2 STRUCTURAL DATA AND MATERIALS PROPERTIES


SLAB LENGTH

SLAB WIDTH

SLAB THICKNESS

PERIMETER LOADING

MAX BEARING LOADING ON THE SLAB

Pb

ADDED DEAD LOAD

DL

LIVE LOAD

LL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, L DIRECTION

SL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, B DIRECTION

SB

STIFFENING BEAM DEPTH

STIFFENING BEAM WIDTH

CONCRETE STRENGTH

f'c

ft

24

ft

in

695

plf

2700

plf

15

psf

40

psf

12

ft

12

ft

14.5

in

12

in

ksi

SLAB PRESTRESSING TENDONS, L DIRECTION

tendons w/

0.153

in2 at each tendon.

SLAB PRESTRESSING TENDONS, B DIRECTION

tendons w/

0.153

in2 at each tendon.

TENDON IN THE BOTTOM OF EACH BEAM

tendons w/

0.153

174

EFFECTIVE PRESTRESS AFTER ALL LOSSES EXCEPT SG

fe

CONVERT UNIFORM THICKNESS (Sec. 6.12) ?

in2 (only for edge lift governing required)


ksi

No
THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.
SUGGESTED RATIO OF EXPECTED ELONGATION IS 0.00777

3. DETERMINE SECTION PROPERTIES


L DIRECTION
n
A

B DIRECTION
=

1530

yb
in

2
4

19969

in

CGS

9.03

in

St

=
=

10.71
5267

in
in

3
3

Sb

1865

in

-1.68

in

2646

in2

33706

in

CGS

9.20

in

yb

10.77

in

St

9046

in3

Sb

3129

in3

-1.58

in

4. CALCULATE MAXIMUM APPLIED SERVICE MOMENTS (Sec. 6.8)


4.1 CENTER LIFT MOMENT AT L DIRECTION
For em =

ML = A0 (B em1.238 + C) =
Where

CENTER LIFT MOMENT AT B DIRECTION

ft

For em =
2.05

ft-kips / ft

A0 = (L0.013 SB0.306 h0.688 P0.534 ym0.193) / 727 =


B = 1, for em < 5
B = MIN[(ym - 1) / 3, 1], for em > 5

ft (Sec. 4.3.2)

ML = A0 (B em1.238 + C) =
Where

2.81

=
=

C
USE

ML =

2.29

ft-kips / ft

2.95

ft-kips / ft

2.49

ft-kips / ft

10.06
For em =

ft-kips / ft

ft (Sec. 4.3.2)

MB = (58 + em) ML / 60, for L /B > 1.1

A0 = (L0.013 SB0.306 h0.688 P0.534 ym0.193) / 727 =


B

-0.31

C = 0, for em < 5

ft

MB = ML, for L /B < 1.1

0.383

C = MAX{[8 - (P - 613) / 255] (4 - ym) / 3], 0}, for em > 5


For em =

MB = (58 + em) ML / 60, for L /B > 1.1

0.383

MB = ML, for L /B < 1.1

1.00
0.00

2.81

ft-kips / ft

USE

4.2 EDGE LIFT MOMENT AT L DIRECTION

MB =

2.95

ft-kips / ft

EDGE LIFT MOMENT AT B DIRECTION

ML = SB0.10 (h em)0.78 ym0.66 / (7.2 L0.0065 P0.04) =

2.33

ft-kips / ft

MB = h0.35 (19 + em) ML / 57.75, for L /B > 1.1


MB = ML, for L /B < 1.1

5. CHECK FLEXURAL CONCRETE STRESSES (Sec. 6.5)


5.1 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE STRESSES
FLEXURAL TENSILE STRESS

ft,allow = - 6 (fc')0.5 =

-0.329

ksi

FLEXURAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS

fc,allow = - 0.45 fc' =

1.350

ksi

(cont'd)
5.2 TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION
f= Pr / A - ML / St + Pr e / St =
Where

-0.092

ksi

f = Pr / A - MB / St + Pr e / St =

Pr = Pe - SG =

182.71

Pe = fe Aps =

212.98

>
<

kips

Where

Pe = fe Aps =
30.27

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

>
<

Then

0.718

>
<

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

>
<

>
<

Then

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

kips

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

0.778

ksi

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

-0.100

ksi

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

f = Pr / A + MB / St + Pr e / St =

fc,allow

30.27

BOTTOM STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

ksi

ft,allow

kips

TOP STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

5.5 BOTTOM STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION

Then

342.44

ft,allow

f = Pr / A - MB / Sb - Pr e / Sb =

fc,allow

0.189

>
<

Then

ksi

ft,allow

f= Pr / A + ML / St + Pr e / St =

kips / ft

BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

5.4 TOP STRESS, FOR EDGE LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION

Then

372.71

f = Pr / A + MB / Sb - Pr e / Sb =

fc,allow

-0.077

>
<

Then

ksi

ft,allow

f = Pr / A - ML / Sb - Pr e / Sb =

ksi

SG = W slab / 2000 =

kips

5.3 BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = Pr / A + ML / Sb - Pr e / Sb =

-0.095

Pr = Pe - SG =

kips

SG = Wslab / 2000 =

Then

TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

>
<

Then

0.209

ksi

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

6. CHECK MINIMUM FOUNDATION STIFFNESS (Sec. 6.10)


6.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION
= (Ecr I / Es)1/4 / 12 =

6.323
1.5

Where

Ecr = (0.5) 33 w

(fc')

0.5

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION


= (Ecr I / Es)1/4 / 12 =

ft
=

1660280

Es =

1000

psi

w =

150

pcf

psi

Es =

6.2 CHECK MINIMUM FOUNDATION STIFFNESS AT L DIRECTION

1660280

1000

psi

psi

FOR CENTER LIFT

12000 ML B C zL / Ecr =

in

6660

360

zL = min(L , 6) =

<

IL

[Satisfactory]

37.94

IL =

19969

ft
in4

11060

in4

12000 MB L C zB / Ecr =

7741

360

Where

zB = min(B , 6) =

in4

<

IB

[Satisfactory]

24.00

IB =

FOR EDGE LIFT

33706

ft
in4

13082

in4

FOR EDGE LIFT

12000 ML B C zL / Ecr =
Where

ft

CHECK MINIMUM FOUNDATION STIFFNESS AT B DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT


Where

7.208

Ecr = (0.5) 33 w1.5 (fc')0.5 =

Where

720

<

IL

12000 MB L C zB / Ecr =

[Satisfactory]

Where

<

720

IB

[Satisfactory]

7. CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (Sec. 6.11)


7.1 APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT L DIRECTION

APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT B DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT


VL = L

0.09

0.71

SB

0.45

FOR CENTER LIFT


0.44

0.16

ym

0.93

em

/ 1940 =

1.260

VB = B0.19 SL0.45 h0.20 P0.54 ym0.04 em0.97 / 1350 =

kips/ft

FOR EDGE LIFT


VL = L

0.07

0.4

0.03

1.836

kips/ft

1.101

kips/ft

>

50 psi

FOR EDGE LIFT


0.67

ym

0.16

em

0.015

/ (3.0 SB

) =

1.145

0.07

kips/ft

VB = B

7.2 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT L DIRECTION


vc = 2.4 (fc')0.5 + 0.2 fp =

0.155

ksi

Where

0.119

ksi

fp =

0.4

0.03

0.67

ym

0.16

em

0.015

/ (3.0 SL

) =

ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT B DIRECTION

>

50 psi

vc = 2.4 (fc')0.5 + 0.2 fp =

0.157

ksi

Where

0.129

ksi

fp =

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

7.3 SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT L DIRECTION

SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT B DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT

FOR CENTER LIFT

v = V B / (n h b) =

0.058

<

ksi

vc

v = V L / (n h b) =

0.089

<

ksi

[Satisfactory]

vc

[Satisfactory]

FOR EDGE LIFT

FOR EDGE LIFT

v = V B / (n h b) =

0.053

<

ksi

vc

v = V L / (n h b) =

0.053

<

ksi

[Satisfactory]

vc

[Satisfactory]

8. CHECK SOIL BEARING (Sec. 4.5)


8.1 APPLIED LOADING
SLAB WEIGHT

150 L B t

50400

lbs

RIB BEARING AREA (Sec. 4.5.2.3)

ADDED DL

DL L B

15120

lbs

SOIL PRESSURE

LIVE LOAD

LL L B

40320

lbs

<

BEAM WEIGHT

150 (h-t) b (Total Length)

30319

lbs

[Satisfactory]

PERIMETER LOAD

P (2L + 2B)

91740

lbs

q = Total Load / THE AREA =

811.44
281

ft2
psf
qallow

9. CHECK SLAB STRESS DUE TO LOAD-BEARING PARTITIONS (Sec. 6.14)


9.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION
Mmax = Pb / 4 =
Where

8.10

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION

= MIN[(Ec t3 / 3 ks)0.25, SB] =

ks =

lb / in3

9.2 TENSILE STRESS AT L DIRECTION


f = Pr / A - Mmax / 2 t2 =

12

ft

Where

8.10

ft-kips / ft

= MIN[(Ec t3 / 3 ks)0.25, SL] =

ks =

lb / in3

TENSILE STRESS AT B DIRECTION


-0.134

>

Mmax = Pb / 4 =

ft-kips / ft

ft,allow

ksi
[Satisfactory]

f = Pr / A - Mmax / 2 t2 =

>

-0.124
ft,allow

ksi
[Satisfactory]

12

ft

(cont'd)

10. CHECK CRACKED SECTION CAPACITY (Sec. 4.5.7 & 6.12)

[Satisfactory]

10.1 CHECK CRACKED SECTION CAPACITY AT L DIRECTION

CHECK CRACKED SECTION CAPACITY AT B DIRECTION

FOR CENTER LIFT

FOR CENTER LIFT

Mcr = F (h - 2" - 0.5a) =

130.6

ft-kips

Where

133.11

kips

F=
a = F / 0.85 fc' b =

1.45

in

60.7

ft-kips, total

Mcr = F (h - 3" - 0.5a) =

76.2

ft-kips

Where

79.87

kips

0.9 ML =

>

0.9 ML

[Satisfactory]

a = F / 0.85 fc' b =
0.9 ML =

233.9

ft-kips

239.60

kips

0.9 MB =

0.11

in

50.4

ft-kips, total

0.9 ML

Where

[Satisfactory]

127.0

ft-kips

Where

133.11

kips

N/A

(Does not apply for beam tendons)

7.77E-03
Eps =

in
ft-kips, total

Mcr = F (h - 3" - 0.5a) =

12. SUGGEST RATIO OF EXPECTED ELONGATION


r = fe / 0.8 Eps =

1.57
111.6

>

0.9 MB

[Satisfactory]

FOR EDGE LIFT

>

11. CONVERT UNIFORM THICKNESS (Sec. 6.12)


H= MAX[ ( I / L)1/3, ( I / B)1/3 ] =

F=
a = F / 0.85 fc' b =

FOR EDGE LIFT


F=

Mcr = F (h - 2" - 0.5a) =


Where

28000

ksi

Technical References:
1. "Design of Post-Tensioned Slab-on-Ground, Third Edition", Post-Tensioning Institute, 2004.
2. "Addendum No.1 to The 3RD Edition of Design of Post-Tensioned Slab-on-Ground", Post-Tensioning Institute, May 2007.
3. "Addendum No.2 to The 3RD Edition of Design of Post-Tensioned Slab-on-Ground", Post-Tensioning Institute, May 2008.

F=
a = F / 0.85 fc' b =
0.9 MB =

0.10

in

94.3

ft-kips, total

>
[Satisfactory]

0.9 MB

PROJECT :

PAGE :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of PT Slabs on Compressible Soil Ground Based on Standards of PTI 2nd Edition
1. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
1.1 SOILS PROPERTIES
qallow

ALLOWABLE SOIL-BEARING PRESSURE

EXPECTED SETTLEMENT BY GEOTECHNICAL ENR


SLAB-SUBGRADE FRICTION COEFFICIENT

=
=
=

1500

psf

0.75

in

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

40

0.75

1.2 STRUCTURAL DATA AND MATERIALS PROPERTIES


SLAB LENGTH

SLAB WIDTH

SLAB THICKNESS

PERIMETER LOADING

MAX BEARING LOADING ON THE SLAB

Pb

ADDED DEAD LOAD

DL

LIVE LOAD

LL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, L DIRECTION

SL

AVERAGE STIFFENING BEAM SPACING, B DIRECTION

SB

STIFFENING BEAM DEPTH

STIFFENING BEAM WIDTH

b
f'c

CONCRETE STRENGTH

ft

38

ft

in

840

plf

2700

plf

15

psf

40

psf

13.333

ft

12.667

ft

24

in

10

in

ksi

SLAB PRESTRESSING TENDONS, L DIRECTION

tendons w/

0.153

in2 at each tendon.

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

SLAB PRESTRESSING TENDONS, B DIRECTION

tendons w/

0.153

in2 at each tendon.

SUGGESTED RATIO OF EXPECTED ELONGATION IS 0.00777

TENDON IN THE BOTTOM OF EACH BEAM


EFFECTIVE PRESTRESS AFTER ALL LOSSES EXCEPT SG

tendons w/

in

174

ksi

fe

CONVERTED UNIFORM THICKNESS IS 14.22 inch

2. DETERMINE SECTION PROPERTIES


L DIRECTION

B DIRECTION
yb

18.34

in

yb

18.47

in

in2

St

19294

in3

2720

in2

St

19992

in3

109177

in4

Sb

5952

in3

110544

in4

Sb

5985

in3

22.00

in

3.66

in

CGS

22.00

in

3.53

in

McsS = McsL (970-h) / 880 =

3.44

ft-kips / ft

nsL = L1.28 SB0.80 / 133 h0.28 P0.62 =

0.04

2624

CGS

3. CALCULATE MAXIMUM APPLIED SERVICE MOMENTS


L DIRECTION

B DIRECTION

McsL = ( / nsL)0.5 MnsL =


Where

3.20

ft-kips / ft

MnsL = h1.35 SB0.36 / 80 L0.12 P0.10 =

0.75

nsL = L1.28 SB0.80 / 133 h0.28 P0.62 =

0.04

ft-kips / ft

4. CHECK FLEXURAL CONCRETE STRESSES


4.1 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE STRESSES
FLEXURAL TENSILE STRESS

ft,allow = - 6 (fc')0.5 =

-0.329

ksi

FLEXURAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS

fc,allow = - 0.45 fc' =

1.350

ksi

4.2 TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION


f = Pr / A + ML / St + Pr e / St =

0.168

Pr = Pe - SG =

Where

Pe = fe Aps =

>
<

f = Pr / A + MB / St + Pr e / St =
161.14

213

kips

Pe = fe Aps =
51.83

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

f = Pr / A - ML / Sb - Pr e / Sb =

Then

>
<

-0.283

Then

>
<

f = Pr / A - MB / Sb - Pr e / Sb =

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

213

kips

161.14

51.83

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

kips

kips

BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

ksi

ft,allow

ksi

SG = W slab / 2000 =

kips

4.3 BOTTOM STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT L DIRECTION

0.170

Pr = Pe - SG =

Where

kips

SG = W slab / 2000 =

Then

TOP STRESS, FOR CENTER LIFT MOMENT, AT B DIRECTION

ksi

Then

>
<

-0.312

ksi

ft,allow

[Satisfactory]

fc,allow

[Satisfactory]

5. CHECK DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTIONS


5.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION
= (Ec I nsL / Es )1/4 / 12 =
Where

4.666
1.5

Ecr = (0.5) 33 w
Es =

0.5

(fc')

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION


= (Ec I nsB / Es )1/4 / 12 =

ft
=

1000

1660280

I =

I =

109177

in4

150

pcf

1920

cs = en0{1.78 - 0.103 h -1.65E-03 P + 3.95E-07 P P) =

0.12

<
[Satisfactory]

ft

1000

psi

110544

in4

1660280

psi

0.12

in

ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION AT B DIRECTION


allow = 12 MIN(B, 6) / C =
0.17
in

__
Where

5.3 DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION WITHOUT PRESTRESSING

4.652

Ecr = (0.5) 33 w1.5 (fc')0.5 =


Es =

w =

Where

psi

5.2 ALLOWABLE DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION AT L DIRECTION


allow = 12 MIN(L, 6) / C =
0.17
in
Where

psi

1920

DIFFERENTIAL DEFLECTION WITHOUT PRESTRESSING


cs = en0{1.78 - 0.103 h -1.65E-03 P + 3.95E-07 P P) =

in

allow

Page 76 of 533
524

<
[Satisfactory]

allow

6. CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY


6.1 APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT L DIRECTION
VcsL = ( / nsL)0.30 VnsL =
Where

0.850

APPLIED SERVICE LOAD SHEAR AT B DIRECTION

kips/ft

VcsS = VcsL (116-h) / 94 =

VnsL = h0.90 (PSB)0.30 / 550 L0.10 =

0.355

6.2 ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT L DIRECTION


v c = 2.4 (fc')0.5 + 0.2 fp =
fp =

Where

0.144

ksi

0.061

ksi

0.832

ALLOWABLE CONCRETE SHEAR STRESS, AT B DIRECTION

>

50 psi

v c = 2.4 (fc')0.5 + 0.2 fp =

0.143

ksi

fp =

0.059

ksi

Where

[Satisfactory]

0.034

>

50 psi

[Satisfactory]

6.3 SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT L DIRECTION


v = V B / (n h b) =

kips/ft

kips/ft

SHEAR STRESS OF RIBBED FOUNDATION, AT B DIRECTION

<

ksi

vc

v = V L / (n h b) =

0.035

ksi

[Satisfactory]

<

vc

[Satisfactory]

7. CHECK SOIL BEARING


7.1 APPLIED LOADING
SLAB WEIGHT

150 L B t

76000

lbs

BEAM BEARING AREA

ADDED DL

DL L B

22800

lbs

SOIL PRESSURE

(b)(Total Length) =

249

q = Total Load / THE AREA =

1418

LIVE LOAD

LL L B

60800

lbs

<

BEAM WEIGHT

150 (h-t) b (Total Length)

62222

lbs

[Satisfactory]

PERIMETER LOAD

P (2L + 2B)

131040

lbs

ft2
psf
qallow

8. CHECK SLAB STRESS DUE TO LOAD-BEARING PARTITIONS


8.1 RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT L DIRECTION
Mmax = Pb / 4 =
Where

8.55

RELATIVE STIFFNESS LENGTH AT B DIRECTION

= MIN[(Ec h3 / 3 ks)0.25, SB] =

ks =

Mmax = Pb / 4 =

ft-kips / ft

lb / in

12.667

ft

Where

ft,allow

>

[Satisfactory]

14.22

in

10. SUGGEST RATIO OF EXPECTED ELONGATION


r = fe / 0.8 Eps =
Where

7.77E-03
Eps =

f = Pr / A - Mmax / 2 t2 =

ksi

9. CONVERT UNIFORM THICKNESS


H= MAX[ ( I / L)1/3, ( I / B)1/3 ] =

ft-kips / ft
lb / in3

TENSILE STRESS AT B DIRECTION


-0.206

>

9.00

= MIN[(Ec h3 / 3 ks)0.25, SB] =

ks =

8.2 TENSILE STRESS AT L DIRECTION


f = Pr / A - Mmax / 2 t2 =

28000

ksi

Technical References:
1. "Design of Post-Tensioned Slab-on-Ground, Second Edition", Post-Tensioning Institute, 1996.
2. "1997 Uniform Building Code, Volume 2, Chapter 18", International Conference of Building Officials, 1997.

__
Page 77 of 533
524

-0.206
ft,allow

ksi
[Satisfactory]

13.333

ft

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Pier (Isolated Deep Foundation) Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

VERT. REBAR YIELD STRESS


PIER DIAMETER
PIER LENGTH

fy
D
L

=
=
=

60
24
10

ksi
in
ft

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

100

FACTORED MOMENT LOAD

Mu

200

ft-k

Vu =
FACTORED SHEAR LOAD
20 k
PIER VERT. REINF.
8
#
7
SEISMIC DESIGN (ACI 21.12.4) ?
Yes
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties)
1
Ties
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT
#
4 @
6
in o.c.
(spacing 3.0 in o.c. at top end of 10.0 ft.)
(IBC 09 1810.3.9 & ACI 21.12.4)

THE PIER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK PIER LIMITATIONS
fc' =
D=

>

ksi

24

[Satisfactory]
>
in
[Satisfactory]

2.5

ksi

(IBC 09 Table 1808.8.1)


MAX( L / 12 , 24 in)
(IBC 09 1810.2.2)

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

o =

Pmax =F [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

=
=

Ag =

'
C

2 0.85 f

, E c = 57

Ec
0.85 f

'
C

0.85 f

'
C

sEs ,
f y ,

c c
o
o

2
452 in .

Ast =

600

400

200

>
4.80

100

-400

Mn (ft-k)

150

for 0 < c < o

Pu

200

250

[Satisfactory]

in2.
Pn (kips)
743
743
639
527
432
288

Mn (ft-kips)
0
108
161
198
215
222

282
96

224
234

AT FLEXURE ONLY

174

AT TENSION ONLY

-259

AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005

0
50

for s > y

AT COMPRESSION ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002

743.26 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.2)

0.8 , ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.1 or 10.3.6.2


0.65 (ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)

-200

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

for c o
for s y

800

Pn (k)

(cont'd)
a = Cb 1 =

10

in (at balanced strain condition, ACI 10.3.2)

0.75 + ( t - 0.002 ) (50), for Spiral

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


where

Cb = d c / ( c + s) =
d

in

20.1 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

Mn = 0.9 n =

174

Mn =

ft-kips @ Pu =

234

12

0.656

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.002069

1 =

0.85

ft-kips @ Pn = 0, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 9.3.2) ,&


100

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

min

0.005 (IBC 09, 1810.3.9.4.2)

provd

0.003

( ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.2.7.3 )

t,max = 0.004, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.5)

>

kips

c =

Mu

[Satisfactory]

0.011
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY

Vn = (Vs + Vc) =

86

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>

where

=
A0 =

smax
smin
s =

Vu
[Satisfactory]
0.75 (ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)
2
316 in .

Av =

0.5

Vc =

2 (fc') A0 =

Vs =

MIN (d fy Av / s , 8 (fc')0.5A0) =

10.5 (IBC 09 1810.3.9.4.2)

34.6

0.40

in2.

fy =

ksi

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.2.1, 11.2.1.3)


80.3

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.4.7.2 & 11.4.7.9)


sprovd

0.12 fc' / fyt = 0.006

60

in
[Satisfactory]

<

s,provd =

0.008 [Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 21.12.4.4 & 21.6.4.1)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Drilled Cast-in-place Pile Design Based on ACI 318-08


DESIGN CRITERIA
1.

ASSUME FIX HEAD CONDITION IF Ldh & Lhk COMPLY WITH THE TENSION DEVELOPMENT. OTHERWISE PINNED AT TOP.

2.

FROM PILE CAP BALANCED LOADS & REACTIONS, DETERMINE MAX SECTION FORCES OF SINGLE PILE, Pu, Mu, & Vu.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

VERT. REBAR YIELD STRESS


PILE DIAMETER
PILE LENGTH

fy
D
L

=
=
=

60
24
35

ksi
in
ft

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

100

FACTORED MOMENT LOAD

Mu

200

ft-k

Vu =
FACTORED SHEAR LOAD
20 k
PILE VERT. REINF.
8
#
7
SEISMIC DESIGN (ACI 21.12.4) ?
Yes
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties)
1
Ties
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT
#
4 @
6
in o.c.
(spacing 3.0 in o.c. at top end of 10.0 ft.)
(IBC 09 1810.3.9 & ACI 21.12.4)
( L dh =

in

L hk =

&

14

in )

THE PILE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK PILE LIMITATIONS
fc' =

ksi

D=

24

in

>
>

ksi

[Satisfactory]

(IBC 09 Table 1808.8.1)

MAX( L / 30 , 12 in) [Satisfactory]

(IBC 09 1810.3.5.2)

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

o =

Pmax =F [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

F
=

=
Ag =

'
C

2 0.85 f

Ec

, E c = 57

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

0.85 f

'
C

c c
o
o

0.85 f

'
C

for c o

for 0 < c < o

s E s , for s y
f y ,

for s > y

941.1 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.2)

0.8 , ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.1 or 10.3.6.2


0.65 (ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)
2
Ast =
452 in .

4.80

in2.

>

Pu

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
1200

Pn (kips)
941
941
789
651
536
367

Mn (ft-kips)
0
132
208
250
267
270

360
153

272
279

AT FLEXURE ONLY

183

AT TENSION ONLY

-259

1000

AT COMPRESSION ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002

800
600

Pn (k)

400
200

AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005

0
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

-200
-400

Mn (ft-k)
a = Cb 1 =

10

in (at balanced strain condition, ACI 10.3.2)

0.75 + ( t - 0.002 ) (50), for Spiral

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties

Cb = d c / ( c + s) =

where

in

20.1 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

Mn = 0.9 n =

183

Mn =

ft-kips @ Pu =

246

12

0.656

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.002069

1 =

0.85

c =

0.003

( ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.2.7.3 )

ft-kips @ Pn = 0, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 9.3.2) ,& et,max = 0.004, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.5)
100

>

kips

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

min

0.005 (IBC 09 1810.3.9.4.2)

provd

Mu

[Satisfactory]

0.011
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY

Vn = (Vs + Vc) =

90

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>

where

smax
smin
s =

Vu
[Satisfactory]
0.75 (ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)

A0 =

2
316 in .

Vc =

2 (fc')0.5A0 =

Vs =

MIN (d fy Av / s , 8 (fc')0.5A0) =

10.5 (IBC 09 1810.3.9.4.2)

Av =
40.0

0.40

in2.

fy =

80.3

sprovd

s,provd =

where

requird 0.02 ed b f y
, 8d b , 6 in =
provided f 'c

14
db

required / provided
e

=
=
=

in
[Satisfactory]

<

0.008 [Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 21.12.4.4 & 21.6.4.1)

DETERMINE FIX HEAD CONDITION

L hk

ksi

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.4.7.2 & 11.4.7.9)

0.12 fc' / fyt = 0.008

L dh = MAX

60

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.2.1, 11.2.1.3)

=
11 db
9
in
(ACI 318-08 12.5.2)

in, (ACI 318-08, Fig. R12.5)


0.88 in
=

0.8

( A s,reqd / A s,provd , ACI 318, 12.2.5)

1.0 (1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)


1.0 (normal weight)
0.7 (#11 or smaller, cover > 2.5" & side >2.0",
ACI 318-08 12.5.3)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Pile Cap Design for 3-Piles Pattern Based on ACI 318-08


DESIGN CRITERIA
1.

FROM PILE DESIGN & SOIL REPORT, DETERMINE SINGLE PILE MAX LOADS OR CAPACITY AT CAP BOTTOM FACE, Pn, Mn, & Vn.

2.

THE MAXIMUM COLUMN CAPACITY AT COLUMN BASE, Pn,col, Mn,col, Vn,col, MAY BE BASED ON PILE CAP BALANCED LOADS.

3.

PILE CAPS SHALL BE INTERCONNECTED BY TIES WITH Min(0.25, SDS/10) TIMES AXIAL VERT COLUMN LOADING. (IBC 09 1810.3.13)

USER CAN CHANGE THE YELLOW CELLS TO MODIFY THEM FOR DIFFERENT CASES.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


PILE DIAMETER
COLUMN SIZE (SHORT SIDE)

fy
D
C

=
=
=

60
20
24

ksi
in
in

SINGLE PILE MAX LOADS OR CAPACITY

Pn

130

(at the section of cap bottom face)

Mn

400

ft-k

PILE CLEAR DIST. (24" min, 2D reqd)


EDGE DISTANCE (9" min)

Vn =
Clear =
Edge =

35
40
12

k
in
in

EFFECTIVE DEPTH
CAP BOTTOM REINFORCING

The Column Can Support Max Loads:

53

in

16

in o.c., each way

Pu,col

Pn,col =

390

Mu,col

Mn,col =

710.0

Vu,col

Vn,col =

105

kips
ft-kips
kips

THE PILE CAP DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY AT COLUMN FACE (ACI 318-08, 10.2, 10.3, 10.5, 7.12.2)
Pile Spacing =
Cap Edge Length =
L1-1 =
77.0
L2-2 =
104.7
Mu, 1-1 =
113.4
Mu, 2-2 =
123.7
provD =
0.0012
0.85 f c 1 1
'

MAX =

60
in
136.2
in
in, length of section 1-1
in, length of section 2-2
ft-kips / ft, (to middle of cap elevation)
ft-kips / ft, (to middle of cap elevation)

M u, max
'
0.383bd 2 f c

fy

0.85 1 f 'c
fy

u
=
u + t

MIN = MIN 0.0018

T
4
,
=
d
3

0.0008

< provD

[Satisfactory]

0.0206

> provD

[Satisfactory]

0.0011

< provD

[Satisfactory]

CHECK ONE WAY SHEAR CAPACITY AT THE FACE OF COLUMN & PILE
L3-3 =
62.4
Vu, 2-2 = 2 (Pn) / L2-2 =

(ACI 318-08, Chapter 11, Except 11.1.3.1)


in, length of section 3-3
kips / ft
0.0
(No shear at "d" offset.)
0.0

kips / ft

60.3

kips / ft

Vu, 3-3 = (Pn) / L3-3 =


Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5 =
where

(No shear at "d" offset.)

> Vu, max

[Satisfactory]

0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

CHECK COLUMN PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6 & 13.5.3.2)
v c( psi) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c = 190 ksi
where

0.5 v M u ,col b1

__
>

vu ( psi ) =

P u,col
AP

v = 1

c =

1.00

b1 =

(C + d) =

b2 =

(C + d) =

b0 =

2b1 + 2b2 =

Ap =

b0 d

77

in

77

in

308

16324

in

in2

J=

Page 82 of 533
524

d b13
6

2
1+
3

1+

b1
b2

d
b1

+3

31

ksi

y = MIN 2,

0.4

b2
b1

[Satisfactory]

870

ft4

, 40

d
b0

2.0

(cont'd)

CHECK SINGLE PILE PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6 & 13.5.3.2)

v c ( psi) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c =
where

95

vu ( psi ) =

>

ksi

P u,col
AP

0.5 v M u ,col b1

=
b1 =

134.1 deg
( / 360) (D / 4 + d) =

26 in

b2 =

( / 360) (D / 4 + d) =

26 in

b0 =

( / 360) (D + d) =

85 in, conservative value

b0 d

in

Ap =
J=

d b13

v = 1

y=

1+

=
d
b1

1
2
1+
3

+3

=
b1
b2

4529
b2
b1

59

ft

0.4

, conservative value as one way shear

__
Page 83 of 533
524

49

ksi

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Pile Cap Design for 4-Piles Pattern Based on ACI 318-08


DESIGN CRITERIA
1.

FROM PILE DESIGN & SOIL REPORT, DETERMINE SINGLE PILE MAX LOADS OR CAPACITY AT CAP BOTTOM FACE, Pn, Mn, & Vn.

2.

THE MAXIMUM COLUMN CAPACITY AT COLUMN BASE, Pn,col, Mn,col, Vn,col, MAY BE BASED ON PILE CAP BALANCED LOADS.

3.

PILE CAPS SHALL BE INTERCONNECTED BY TIES WITH Min(0.25, SDS/10) TIMES AXIAL VERT COLUMN LOADING. (IBC 09 1810.3.13)

USER CAN CHANGE THE YELLOW CELLS TO MODIFY THEM FOR DIFFERENT CASES.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


PILE DIAMETER
COLUMN SIZE (SHORT SIDE)

fy
D
C

=
=
=

60
20
24

ksi
in
in

SINGLE PILE MAX LOADS OR CAPACITY

Pn

130

(at the section of cap bottom face)

Mn

400

ft-k

PILE CLEAR DIST. (24" min, 2D reqd)


EDGE DISTANCE (9" min)

Vn =
Clear =
Edge =

35
40
12

k
in
in

EFFECTIVE DEPTH
CAP BOTTOM REINFORCING

The Column Can Support Max Loads:

53

in

12

in o.c., each way

Pu,col

Pn,col =

520

Mu,col

Mn,col =

946.7

Vu,col

Vn,col =

140

kips
ft-kips
kips

THE PILE CAP DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY AT COLUMN FACE (ACI 318-08, 10.2, 10.3, 10.5, 7.12.2)
Pile Spacing =
Cap Edge Length =
L1-1 =
113.1
L2-2 =
104.0
Mu, 1-1 =
80.3
Mu, 2-2 =
156.2
provD =
0.0016
0.85 f c 1 1
'

MAX =

60
in
104.0
in
in, length of section 1-1
in, length of section 2-2
ft-kips / ft, (to middle of cap elevation)
ft-kips / ft, (to middle of cap elevation)

M u, max
'
0.383bd 2 f c

fy

0.85 1 f 'c
fy

u
=
u + t

MIN = MIN 0.0018

T
4
,
=
d
3

0.0010

< provD

[Satisfactory]

0.0206

> provD

[Satisfactory]

0.0014

< provD

[Satisfactory]

CHECK ONE WAY SHEAR CAPACITY AT THE FACE OF COLUMN & PILE
L3-3 =
82.2
Vu, 2-2 = 2 (Pn) / L2-2 =

(ACI 318-08, Chapter 11, Except 11.1.3.1)


in, length of section 3-3
kips / ft
0.0
(No shear at "d" offset.)
0.0

kips / ft

60.3

kips / ft

Vu, 3-3 = (Pn) / L3-3 =


Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5 =
where

(No shear at "d" offset.)

> Vu, max

[Satisfactory]

0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

CHECK COLUMN PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6 & 13.5.3.2)
v c( psi) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c = 190 ksi
where

0.5 v M u ,col b1

__
>

vu ( psi ) =

P u,col
AP

v = 1

c =

1.00

b1 =

(C + d) =

b2 =

(C + d) =

b0 =

2b1 + 2b2 =

Ap =

b0 d

77

in

77

in

308

16324

in

in2

J=

Page 84 of 533
524

d b13
6

2
1+
3

1+

b1
b2

d
b1

+3

42

ksi

y = MIN 2,

0.4

b2
b1

[Satisfactory]

870

ft4

, 40

d
b0

2.0

(cont'd)

CHECK SINGLE PILE PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6 & 13.5.3.2)

v c ( psi) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c =
where

95

vu ( psi ) =

>

ksi

=
b1 =

164.1 deg
( / 360) (D / 4 + d) =

b2 =

( / 360) (D / 4 + d) =

31 in

b0 =

( / 360) (D + d) =

105

b0 d

in

Ap =
d b13
J=
6

v = 1

y=

1+

=
d
b1

1
2
1+
3

+3

=
b1
b2

5542

b2
b1

P u,col
AP

0.5 v M u ,col b1
J

31 in
in, conservative value

90

ft

0.4

, conservative value as one way shear

__
Page 85 of 533
524

40

ksi

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Pile Cap Design for 2-Piles Pattern Based on ACI 318-08


DESIGN CRITERIA
1.

FROM PILE DESIGN & SOIL REPORT, DETERMINE SINGLE PILE MAX LOADS OR CAPACITY AT CAP BOTTOM FACE, Pn, Mn, & Vn.

2.

THE MAXIMUM COLUMN CAPACITY AT COLUMN BASE, Pn,col, Mn,col, Vn,col, MAY BE BASED ON PILE CAP BALANCED LOADS.

3.

PILE CAPS SHALL BE INTERCONNECTED BY TIES WITH Min(0.25, SDS/10) TIMES AXIAL VERT COLUMN LOADING. (IBC 09 1810.3.13)

USER CAN CHANGE THE YELLOW CELLS TO MODIFY THEM FOR DIFFERENT CASES.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


PILE DIAMETER
COLUMN SIZE (SHORT SIDE)

fy
D
C

=
=
=

60
20
24

ksi
in
in

SINGLE PILE MAX LOADS OR CAPACITY

Pn

130

(at the section of cap bottom face)

Mn

400

ft-k

PILE CLEAR DIST. (24" min, 2D reqd)


EDGE DISTANCE (9" min)

Vn =
Clear =
Edge =

35
40
12

k
in
in

EFFECTIVE DEPTH
CAP BOTTOM REINFORCING

The Column Can Support Max Loads:

53

in

12

in o.c., each way

Pu,col

Pn,col =

260

Mu,col

Mn,col =

473.3

Vu,col

Vn,col =

70

kips
ft-kips
kips

THE PILE CAP DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY AT COLUMN FACE (ACI 318-08, 10.2, 10.3, 10.5, 7.12.2)
Pile Spacing =
Cap Edge Length =
L1-1 =
44.0
Mu, 1-1 =
104.4
provD =
0.0016
0.85 f c 1 1
'

MAX =

60
in
104.0
in
in, length of section 1-1
ft-kips / ft, (to middle of cap elevation)

M u, max
'
0.383bd 2 f c

fy

0.85 1 f 'c
fy

u
=
u + t

MIN = MIN 0.0018

T
4
,
=
d
3

0.0007

< provD

[Satisfactory]

0.0206

> provD

[Satisfactory]

0.0009

< provD

[Satisfactory]

CHECK ONE WAY SHEAR CAPACITY AT THE FACE OF COLUMN & PILE
L2-2 =
44.0
Vu, 1-1 = (Pn) / L1-1 =

(ACI 318-08, Chapter 11, Except 11.1.3.1)


in, length of section 2-2
kips / ft
0.0
(No shear at "d" offset.)
0.0

kips / ft

60.3

kips / ft

Vu, 2-2 = (Pn) / L2-2 =


Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5 =
where

(No shear at "d" offset.)

> Vu, max

[Satisfactory]

0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

CHECK COLUMN PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6 & 13.5.3.2)
v c( psi) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c = 190 ksi
where

>

vu ( psi ) =

P u,col
AP

0.5 v M u ,col b1
J

31

__
v = 1

c =

1.00

b1 =

(C + d) =

b2 =

[(C + min(Edge , d)] =

b0 =

2b1 + 2b2 =

Ap =

b0 d

77

226

11978

in

36

in

in

in2

2
1+
3

J=

Page 86 of 533
524

d b13
6

1+

b1
b2

d
b1

+3

ksi

0.4937

b2
b1

[Satisfactory]
y = MIN 2,

559

ft4

, 40

d
b0

2.0

(cont'd)

CHECK SINGLE PILE PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6 & 13.5.3.2)

v c ( psi) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c =
where

95

vu ( psi ) =

>

ksi

P u,col
AP

0.5 v M u ,col b1

=
b1 =

94.3 deg
( / 360) (D / 4 + d) =

18 in

b2 =

( / 360) (D / 4 + d) =

18 in

b0 =

( / 360) (D + d) =

60 in, conservative value

b0 d

in

Ap =
J=

d b13

v = 1

y=

1+

=
d
b1

1
2
1+
3

+3

=
b1
b2

3185
b2
b1

31

ft

0.4

, conservative value as one way shear

__
Page 87 of 533
524

67

ksi

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Determination of Pile Cap Balanced Loads and Reactions


DESIGN CRITERIA
1.

2.

PILE TOP SHEAR, RV, & MOMENT, RM, RELATIONSHIP


MUST BE FROM SOIL REPORT (RV vs RM) DIAGRAM.
THEY ARE NON-LINEAR SET AND EQUAL AT ALL TOP
OF PILES FOR RIGID PILE CAP. USING LINEAR
SPRINGS TO MODEL THEM IS INADEQUATE.
PILE CAPS SHALL BE INTERCONNECTED BY TIES
WITH Min(SDS/10, 0.25) TIMES AXIAL VERT
COLUMN LOADING. (IBC 09 1810.3.13). TO CONSIDER
CONCRETE TENSION CREAKED, THE TIE BEAM
SHOULD NOT BE LATERAL REACTION MEMBER.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


NUMBER OF HORIZONTAL PILE ROWS
NUMBER OF VERTICAL PILE ROWS
PILES STAGGERED ?
PILE DIAMETER
D=
PILE CLEAR DISTANCE
Clear =
EDGE DISTANCE
Edge =
PILE CAP HEIGHT
H=
PASSIVE SOIL PRESSURE
PP =

5
11
Yes
24
48
12
72
300

in
in
in
in
pcf

Center of Cap

PILE LOCATION TO CENTER OF PILE CAP


AND VERTICAL REACTIONS
X (in)
Y (in)
R (kips)
Pile
1
-312
72
-684.1
2
-312
0
-684.1
3
-312
-72
-684.1
4
-249
36
-585.3
5
-249
-36
-585.3
6
-187
72
-486.4
7
-187
0
-486.4
INPUT POINT LOADS ON TOP OF CAP
X (in)
Y (in)
P (k)
Vx (k)
Vy (k)
My (ft-k) Mx (ft-k)
8
-187
-72
-486.4
LOAD
9
-125
36
-387.5
1
-144
0
-8507.55
700
10
-125
-36
-387.5
2
144
0
3192.483
700
11
-62
72
-288.7
3
12
-62
0
-288.7
4
13
-62
-72
-288.7
5
14
0
36
-189.8
6
15
0
-36
-189.8
7
16
62
72
-91.0
8
17
62
0
-91.0
9
18
62
-72
-91.0
10
19
125
36
7.9
20
125
-36
7.9
PILE CAP SIZE
TOTAL LOADS ON PILE CENTER OF CAP BOTTOM FACE
21
187
72
106.8
X=
672
in
P
-5315.1 kips
22

187

106.8

Y=

192

in

Vx =

H=

72

in

My =

23

187

-72

106.8

24

249

36

205.6

25

249

-36

205.6

26

312

72

304.5

27
28

312
312

0
-72

304.5
304.5

RM =

170

kips

148973.1 ft-kips

__
RV = (Vx2 + Vy2)0.5 / No. =

46.9

kips

ft-kips, (from Soil Report per Rv above)

DETERMINE MAXIMUM PILE VERTICAL REACTIONS


2
Ix =
75168 piles-in
A=
28
piles
Rmax =

Group Center

1313.6

304.5 kips

Rmin =

Vy =

0.0

kips

Mx =

0.0

ft-kips

RM,x =

170.0

ft-kips

RM,y =

0.0

ft-kips

Iy =

-684.1 kips, (Tension)

(The Bold Italic Red values are for pile and pile cap design.)

Page 88 of 533
524

1127520 piles-in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of Footing at Piping Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
COLUMN WIDTH

c1

in

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

in

BASE PLATE WIDTH

b1

16

in

BASE PLATE DEPTH

b2

16

in

FOOTING CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

2.5

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

AXIAL DEAD LOAD

PDL

40

AXIAL LIVE LOAD

PLL

25

LATERAL LOAD (0=WIND, 1=SEISMIC)


PLAT
SEISMIC AXIAL LOAD

=
=

1
20

Seismic,SD
k, SD

SEISMIC MOMENT LOAD

MLAT

96

ft-k, SD

SEISMIC SHEAR LOAD

VLAT

k, SD

SURCHARGE

qs

0.1

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

ws

0.11

kcf

FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Df

ft

FOOTING MIDDLE THICKNESS


SOIL COVER THICKNESS

T
D

=
=

18
12

in
in

Qa

ksf

=
#

7
5

ft

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE


SQUARE FOOTING LENGTH
REINFORCING SIZE

MIDDLE BOTTOM EACH WAY :

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

9 # 5 @ 9 in o.c.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS (IBC SEC.1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 SEC.9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P
=
65
M
=
0
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P
=
79
M
=
69
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P
=
50
M
=
69

kips
ft-kips
kips
ft-kips
kips
ft-kips

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =
6.4
>
F = 0.75 / 0.9
[Satisfactory]
Where MO =

MLAT + VLAT Df - 0.5 PLAT L =

32

k-ft

Pconc = (0.15 kcf) L2 [T + 2 (Df - D - T) /3] = 13.48


Psoil =

ws D L2 =

MR =

0.5 PDLL + 0.5 (Pconc + Psoil) L =

5.39

k, footing wt

k, soil weight
206

k-ft

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


Service Loads
P
qs L2
P conc - soil
P
M
qmin

CASE 1
65.0

CASE 2
79.3

CASE 3
50.3

4.9

4.9

0.0

k, (surcharge load)

3.6
73.5
0.0

3.6
87.8
68.6

3.2
53.5
68.6

k, (footing increased)
k
ft - k

1.441 > 0

0.393 > 0

ksf, net pressure

2.272

1.223

ksf, net pressure

3.102

2.054

ksf, net pressure

3.933

2.884

ksf, net pressure

4.0

4.0

ksf

2.250 > 0

q3

2.250

q2

2.250

qmax

2.250

qallow

3.0

__
Page 89 of 533
524

(cont'd)
Where

q max = 0.5
q min = 0.5

3 P
2

L
3 P
L

162 M

2
1
q 2 = q max + q min
3
3
1
2
q 3 = q max + q min
3
3

13 L
162 M
13L

[Satisfactory]

DESIGN FLEXURE & CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

Service Loads
V
M

MAX =

CASE 1
36.7
69.7

0.85 1 f 'c
fy

CASE 2
57.5
111.6

u
u +t

CASE 3
40.3
79.1

0.85 f c 1 1
'

k, flexure shear
ft - k, flexure moment

Mu
0.383b d 2 f c'

MIN = MIN 0.0018

fy

T
4

,
d
3

DESIGN FLEXURE
Location
Mu,max = 1.5 M
Middle Bottom Each Way 167.3 ft-k

d (in)
14.69

min
reqD
max
0.0022 0.0021 0.0129

smax
18

use
9 # 5 @ 9 in o.c.

provD
0.0023
[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


Vu,max = 1.5 V

Direction
Pipe Direction

86.2

Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

93

check Vu < Vc

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

P u R 0.5 v M ub1
+
J
AP
2
3
d b1
d
b2
1+
+3
6
b1
b1

A P = 2 ( b1 + b 2 ) d
1
v = 1
2 b1
1+
3 b2
2 2
Af = L
3

vu ( psi ) =
J =
R=0

Case
1
2
3
where

Pu
97.5
118.9
75.4

Mu
0.0
102.9
102.9

Pu
Mu

=
=
=

b1
25.2
25.2
25.2

b2
25.2
25.2
25.2

b0
100.8
100.8
100.8

v
0.4
0.4
0.4

c
1.0
1.0
1.0

v c( psi ) = ( 2 + y )
y = MIN 2,
b0 =

y
2.0
2.0
2.0

, 40

d
b0

AP
, b1 = ( 0.5c1 + 0.5b1 + d ) , b 2 = ( 0.5c 2 + 0.5b 2 + d )
d

Af
32.7
32.7
32.7

0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )


1.5 Pcol
1.5 Mcol

__
Page 90 of 533
524

'
fc

Ap
10.3
10.3
10.3

R
0.0
0.0
0.0

J
8.2
8.2
8.2

vu (psi)
65.9
117.0
87.6

vc
150.0
150.0
150.0
[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Circular Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
COLUMN DIAMETER

dcol =

12

in

COLUMN DEAD LOAD

PDL =

40

kips

COLUMN LIVE LOAD

PLL =

38

kips

Wind,ASD

WIND AXIAL LOAD

PLAT =

k, ASD

WIND MOMENT LOAD

MLAT =

39.5

ft-k, ASD

WIND SHEAR LOAD

VLAT =

0.15

k, ASD

SOIL WEIGHT

ws =

0.11

kcf

FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Df =

ft

LATERAL LOAD (0=Wind, 1=Seismic)

FOOTING THICKNESS

T=

18

in

Qa =

2.5

ksf

FOOTING DIAMETER

D=

7.5

ft

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy =

60

ksi

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

FOOTING TOP REBAR

48

in o.c., each way

FOOTING BOTTOM REBAR

18

in o.c., each way

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =

9.4

Where MO =

>

F = 1.6 / 0.9 =

1.78

[Satisfactory]

MLAT + VLAT T - PLAT(0.5 D) =

21

Pftg =

(0.15 kcf) T D2/ 4 =

9.94

k, footing weight

Psoil =

ws (Df - T) D2/ 4 =

2.43

k, soil weight

MR =

k-ft

(PDL+ Pftg + Psoil) (0.5 D) =

196

COMBINED LOADS AT TOP FOOTING (IBC 1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P =
78.0 kips

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

Pu

108.8 kips

CASE 2:

DL + LL + 1.3 W

1.2 DL + LL + 1.6 W

CASE 3:

DL + LL + 0.65 W

kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg

Pu
Mu
Vu
eu
Pu
Mu
Vu
eu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

94.0
63
0.2
0.7
44.0
63
0.2
1.4

CASE 1
78.0
0.0

CASE 2
84.5
0.6

CASE 3
81.3
0.3

Pftg - Psoil
P
e

7.5
85.5
0.0

7.5
92.0
0.6

6.8
88.0
0.3

qmin
x

1.94

0.83
@ 0.00 ft, from edge

1.37
@ 0.00 ft, from edge

ksf

qmax

1.94

3.33

2.62

ksf

qallowable

2.50

3.33

3.33

ksf

P
M
V
e
P
M
V
e

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

84.5
51
0.2
0.6
81.3
26
0.1
0.3

0.9 DL+ 1.6 W

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


Service Loads
P
e

[Satisfactory]

__

CHECK FLEXURE & SHEAR OF FOOTING


(ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

MIN = MIN 0.0018

0.85 f c' 1 1

T
4

,
d
3

Mu
0.383b d 2 f 'c

fy

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u
u +t

Page 91 of 533
524

k
ft (from center of footing)
k, (footing increasing)
k, (net loads)
ft

k-ft

kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
kips
ft, fr cl ftg

(cont'd)
FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE
Factored Loads
CASE 1
Pu

108.8

eu
[0.15T + ws(Df - T)] A
Pu

CASE 2

CASE 3

94.0

44.0

0.0

0.7

1.4

14.8

14.8

11.1

123.6

108.8

55.1

k
ft
k, (factored footing & backfill)
k

eu

0.0

0.6

1.2

ft

qu, min
x

2.80

0.93
@ 0.00 ft, from edge

0.00
@ 0.75 ft, from edge

ksf

2.80

4.00

2.81

ksf

qu, max

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 1


0
1/10 D
Section

2/10 D

3/10 D

4/10 D

Center

6/10 D

7/10 D

8/10 D

9/10 D

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)
TA ( ft2 )

0
0.00
0.00

0.75
4.50
2.30

1.50
6.00
3.99

2.25
6.87
4.86

3.00
7.35
5.36

3.75
7.50
11.17

4.50
7.35
5.36

5.25
6.87
4.86

6.00
6.00
3.99

6.75
4.50
2.30

7.50
0.00
0.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

81.6

163.2

244.8

326.4

408
108.8

Vu,col (k)

54.4

108.8

108.8

108.8

108.8

qu,ftg & fill (ksf)

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

0.00

0.00

0.58

2.16

4.97

9.13

16.11

24.43

33.98

44.53

55.67

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

0.00

0.39

1.44

2.93

4.65

7.42

10.20

11.91

13.40

14.46

14.84

qu,soil (ksf)

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

-2.80

Mu,soil (ft-k)

-4.8262 -18.029 -41.427 -76.066 -134.16 -203.5 -283.03 -370.93 -463.67

Vu,soil (k)

-3.2175 -12.02 -24.401 -38.691 -61.822 -84.953 -99.243 -111.62 -120.43 -123.64

Mu (ft-k)

-2.1234 -4.2468 -15.865 -36.454 -66.934 -36.454 -15.865 -4.2468 -2.1234

Vu (kips)

-2.8312 -10.577 -21.471 -34.046

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 2


Section
0
1/10 D

34.046 21.471 10.577 2.8312

2/10 D

3/10 D

4/10 D

Center

6/10 D

7/10 D

8/10 D

9/10 D

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)
TA ( ft2 )

0
0.00
0.00

0.75
4.50
2.30

1.50
6.00
3.99

2.25
6.87
4.86

3.00
7.35
5.36

3.75
7.50
11.17

4.50
7.35
5.36

5.25
6.87
4.86

6.00
6.00
3.99

6.75
4.50
2.30

7.50
0.00
0.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

-31.84

6.82

77.32

Vu,col (k)

47

94.0

94.0

94.0

94.0

qu,ftg & fill (ksf)

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

0.34

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

0.00

0.00

0.58

2.16

4.97

9.13

16.11

24.43

33.98

44.53

55.67

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

0.00

0.39

1.44

2.93

4.65

7.42

10.20

11.91

13.40

14.46

14.84

qu,soil (ksf)

0.93

1.24

1.54

1.85

2.16

2.46

2.77

3.08

3.39

3.69

4.00

Mu,soil (ft-k)

0
-1.42

147.82 218.32 288.82


94.0

-2.0199 -8.4177 -21.204 -42.205 -82.787 -133.92 -195.69 -267.07 -344.49

Vu,soil (k)

Mu (ft-k)

-0.7203 -1.4405 -6.2532 -16.231 -64.913 -59.861 -32.173 -13.894 -6.9468

Vu (kips)

-1.0337 -4.4745 -10.557 -19.107

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 3


Section
0
1/10 D

-5.9175 -13.486 -23.752 -43.292 -64.476 -79.37

-93.6

-104.6 -108.84

11.13

39.723 26.544 13.801 3.8584

2/10 D

3/10 D

4/10 D

Center

6/10 D

7/10 D

8/10 D

9/10 D

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)
TA ( ft2 )

0
0.00
0.00

0.75
4.50
2.30

1.50
6.00
3.99

2.25
6.87
4.86

3.00
7.35
5.36

3.75
7.50
11.17

4.50
7.35
5.36

5.25
6.87
4.86

6.00
6.00
3.99

6.75
4.50
2.30

7.50
0.00
0.00

Mu,col (ft-k)

-31.84

-30.68

2.32

35.32

68.32

101.32

Vu,col (k)

22

44.0

44.0

44.0

44.0

44.0

qu,ftg & fill (ksf)

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.25

Mu,ftg & fill (ft-k)

0.00

0.00

0.43

1.62

3.73

6.85

12.08

18.32

25.48

33.40

41.75

Vu,ftg & fill (k)

0.00

0.29

1.08

2.20

3.48

5.57

7.65

8.94

10.05

10.84

11.13

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

0.12

0.55

0.98

1.41

1.84

2.28

2.71

3.14

3.57

2.81

Mu,soil (ft-k)

__

-0.1226 -1.2188 -4.4261 -10.982 -26.656 -47.721 -74.601 -107.02 -143.07

Vu,soil (k)

Mu (ft-k)

-0.0937 -0.932 -3.2909 -7.4659 -16.999 -28.094 -36.663 -45.346 -52.357 -55.133
0.156

0.312

-0.696 -35.973 -45.256 -27.078 -13.797 -6.8985

Vu (kips)

0.196

0.1502 -1.0938 -3.9821 10.567 23.555 16.273 8.7048 2.4859

0.4045

Page 92 of 533
524

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR SUMMARY
Section
0
Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)
Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

Uniform Loads

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


1

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


2

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


Vu, (k / ft)

1/10 D

2/10 D

3/10 D

4/10 D

Center

6/10 D

7/10 D

8/10 D

9/10 D

0.75
4.50

1.50
6.00

2.25
6.87

3.00
7.35

3.75
7.50

4.50
7.35

5.25
6.87

6.00
6.00

6.75
4.50

7.50
0.00

-0.4719 -0.7078 -2.308 -4.9607 -8.9245 -4.9607 -2.308 -0.7078 -0.4719

-0.6292 -1.7628 -3.1236 -4.6331

4.6331 3.1236 1.7628 0.6292

-0.1601 -0.2401 -0.9097 -2.2087 -8.6551 -8.146 -4.6804 -2.3156 -1.5437

-0.2297 -0.7458 -1.5358 -2.6001

1.484

5.4056 3.8616 2.3002 0.8574

0.0347

0.052

0.0589 -0.0947 -4.7964 -6.1586 -3.9393 -2.2995 -1.533

0.0435

0.025

-0.1591 -0.5419

1.409

3.2054 2.3673 1.4508 0.5524

smax

provD

CHECK FLEXURE
Location

Mu,max

Top Slab
Bottom Slab

0.1
-8.9

d (in)
ft-k / ft
ft-k / ft

15.75
14.63

min

reqD

max

0.0000 0.0000 0.0155 no limit 0.0003


0.0010 0.0008 0.0155
18
0.0017

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max
5.4

k / ft

14

check Vu < Vc

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6, & 13.5.3.2)

v u ( psi ) =
3
d b1

J =

R=

P u R 0.5 v M u b1
+
J
AP
1+

d
b1

2
+3

A P = 2 ( b1 + b 2 ) d
1
v = 1
2 b1
1+
3 b2
2
D
Af =
4

b2
b1

P u b1b2
Af

vc( psi ) = ( 2 + y ) f 'c


y = MIN 2,

, 40

d
b0

b0
b 0 = ( d col + d ) , b1 = b 2 =
4

Case

Pu

Mu

b1

b2

b0

Af

Ap

vu (psi)

1
2
3

108.8
94.0
44.0

0.0
63.7
63.7

21.4
21.4
21.4

21.4
21.4
21.4

7.1
7.1
7.1

0.4
0.4
0.4

1.0
1.0
1.0

2.0
2.0
2.0

44.2
44.2
44.2

9.0
9.0
9.0

7.8
6.7
3.2

5.4
5.4
5.4

77.9
67.5
31.7

0.75

where

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

__
Page 93 of 533
524

vc
164.3
164.3
164.3
[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Tank Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
TANK HEIGHT

H = 24.17 ft

TANK DIAMETER

d = 38.67 ft

TANK THICKNESS

t=

in

WT OF TANK & MAX CONTENTS

W = 1920.1 kips

SOIL WEIGHT

ws =

0.11

FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Df =

ft

T=

18

in

Qa =

ksf

FOOTING THICKNESS
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

kcf

FOOTING DIAMETER

D = 40.67 ft

TOTAL ANCHORAGE POINTS

n=

26

( @ 56" o.c. along perimeter.)

ANCHOR BOLT DIAMETER

3/4

in

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy =

60

ksi

FOOTING REBAR

2
@

#
18

6
in o.c. each way, at top & bot.

DESIGN SUMMARY
FOOTING 40.67 ft DIA x 18 in THK. w/ #6 @ 18" o.c. EACH WAY, AT TOP & BOT.

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
DETERMINE LATERAL LOADS

T = 7.65 10 6

L
D

wD
t

Where L =
24.17
w =W/L=
D =
38.67
V = (S DS I E W / 1.4) 0.30
Where S DS =
IE =
Factor =

IE =
Factor =

=
ft
79439
ft

0.013 sec, (SEAOC IBC 06 Manual I, page 188)

<
0.06 sec
(rigid nonbuilding structure, ASCE 7-05, 15.4.2)

plf

0.12 W =

221.35 kips, ASD (for IBC, Seismic)

0.538 (ASCE 7-05, 11.4.4)


1.00
0.30

V = (C a I E W / 1.4) 0.7
Where C a =

1/ 2

(IBC 09 Tab 1604.5 & ASCE 7-05 Tab 11.5-1)


(ASCE 7-05, 15.4.2)
=

0.14 W =

268.81 kips, ASD (for CBC 2001 / UBC 97, Seismic)

0.28

(CBC 2001 / UBC 97 1634.3)

1.00
0.7

(CBC 2001 / UBC 97 Table 16-K)


(CBC 2001 / UBC 97 1634.3)

V = (2 / 3) P A =
0.01 W =
15.58 kips, ASD (for Wind)
Where A =
934.65 ft2, (projected area)
P =
25
psf, (wind pressure)
Circular Factor =
2/3
CONSIDERING SLOSHING EFFECTS, USE 295.69 kips.

COMBINED LOADS AT TOP FOOTING (IBC 1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P
=
1920 kips
M
=
0
ft-kips
e
=
0.0 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P
=
1920 kips
M
=
3647 ft-kips
e
=
1.9 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P
=
393 kips
M
=
829 ft-kips
e
=
2.1 ft, fr cl ftg

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E

__

0.9 DL + 1.0 E

Pu
Mu
eu
Pu
Mu
eu
Pu
Mu
eu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2897
0
0.0
2007
5106
2.5
393
1161
3.0

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR AT WIND LOAD WITHOUT CONTENTS (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =

55.6

>

1.1667

Where MO =

Vwind (2 / 3) (H + T) =

Pftg =

(0.15 kcf) T D2 / 4 =

[Satisfactory]

267

k-ft ,

292.29 k, footing weight.

Page 94 of 533
524

MR =

(PDL + Pftg) 0.5 D =

F = 1.5, for wind

14822

k-ft

kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg

(cont'd)

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


Service Loads
P
e

CASE 1
1920.1
0.0

CASE 2
1920.1
2.1

CASE 3
392.9
2.9

Pftg - Psoil
P
e

149.4
2069.4
0.0

149.4
2069.4
1.9

134.5
527.4
2.1

qmin
x

1.6

1.0
@ 0.00 ft from edge

0.2
@ 0.00 ft from edge

ksf

qmax

1.59

2.22

0.58

ksf

qallowable

2.00

2.67

2.67

ksf

k
ft (from center of footing)
k, (footing increasing)
k, (net loads)
ft

[Satisfactory]
CHECK ENTIRE FLEXURE & SHEAR OF FOOTING
(ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

MIN = MIN 0.0018


0.85 f c 1 1
'

T
4

,
d
3

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u
u +t

Mu
0.383b d 2 f c'

fy

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
CASE 1
Pu
eu
(0.15 T) A
Pu

CASE 2

CASE 3

2897.4

2007.4

392.9

0.0
350.8

2.7
350.8

4.0
263.1

ft
k, (factored footingloads)

3248.2

2358.1

656.0

eu

0.0

2.3

2.4

ft

qu, min
x

2.50

0.94
@ 0.00 ft from edge

0.25
@ 0.00 ft from edge

ksf

2.50

2.69

0.75

ksf

qu, max

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 1


0
L Edge
Section

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

1.00
12.60

5.83
28.51

10.67
35.78

15.50
39.50

20.34
40.67

25.17
39.50

30.00
35.78

34.84
28.51

39.67
12.60

40.67
0.00

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

2.47

2.47

2.47

2.47

2.47

2.47

2.47

2.47

2.47

0.00

Mu,tank (ft-k)

298

2,076

5,793

11,676 19,798 30,087 42,314 56,022 58,920

Vu,tank (k)

62

368

769

1,680

2,129

2,530

2,836

2,897

2,897

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

58

297

763

1,481

2,459

3,688

5,145

6,784

7,133

Vu,ftg (k)

12

49

96

202

254

301

339

349

351

qu,soil (ksf)

-2.50

-2.50

-2.50

-2.50

-2.50

-2.50

Mu,soil (ft-k)

Vu,soil (k)

-16

-109

-457

-894

-1,872

-2,355

-2,791

-3,139

-3,232

-3,248

Mu (ft-k)

-14

-185

-376

-513

-561

-513

-376

-185

-14

Vu (kips)

-14

-35

-40

-28

10

28

40

35

14

__
-2.50

-2.50

-2.50

-2.50

-2.50

-15.907 -541.36 -2749.3 -7068.6 -13719 -22770 -34151 -47644 -62820 -66052

Page 95 of 533
524

(cont'd)

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 2


Section
0
L Edge

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

1.00
12.60

5.83
28.51

10.67
35.78

15.50
39.50

20.34
40.67

25.17
39.50

30.00
35.78

34.84
28.51

39.67
12.60

40.67
0.00

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

0.69

1.05

1.30

1.56

1.81

2.07

2.32

2.58

2.73

0.00

Mu,tank (ft-k)

16000

23918

33295

35300

Vu,tank (k)

16

139

340

929

1,284

1,641

1,943

2,007

2,007

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

58

297

763

1,481

2,459

3,688

5,145

6,784

7,133

78.504 751.09 2390.2 5321.1 9803.9

Vu,ftg (k)

12

49

96

202

254

301

339

349

351

qu,soil (ksf)

-0.94

-0.98

-1.19

-1.40

-1.61

-1.82

-2.02

-2.23

-2.44

-2.65

-2.69

Mu,soil (ft-k)

-6.0025 -212.05 -1222.9 -3420.5 -7123.3 -12577 -19926 -29168 -40061 -42432

Vu,soil (k)

-6

-43

-209

-455

-1,128

-1,520

-1,912

-2,253

-2,352

-2,358

Mu (ft-k)

-4

-75

-175

-267

-321

-314

-238

-105

-19

Vu (kips)

-4

-15

-20

-18

18

30

29

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 3


0
L Edge
Section

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

1.00
12.60

5.83
28.51

10.67
35.78

15.50
39.50

20.34
40.67

25.17
39.50

30.00
35.78

34.84
28.51

39.67
12.60

40.67
0.00

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

0.04

0.15

0.22

0.29

0.36

0.44

0.51

0.58

0.63

0.00

Mu,tank (ft-k)

Vu,tank (k)

18

51

162

236

312

379

393

393

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

44

223

572

1,111

1,844

2,766

3,859

5,088

5,349

Vu,ftg (k)

37

72

152

191

226

254

262

263

qu,soil (ksf)

-0.25

-0.27

-0.33

-0.39

-0.45

-0.50

-0.56

-0.62

-0.68

-0.74

-0.75

Mu,soil (ft-k)

-1.63

-57.69 -334.65 -939.25 -1961.3 -3470.3 -5508.1 -8075.3 -11104 -11765

Vu,soil (k)

-2

-12

-57

-125

-312

-422

-531

-627

-654

-656

Mu (ft-k)

-9

-21

-32

-36

-28

-7

24

51

Vu (kips)

-2

-3

-2

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR SUMMARY


Section
0
Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)
Tangent (ft)
Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)
Uniform Loads

4.8533 90.535 334.56 814.32 1598.2 2735.2 4240.6 6067.5 6415.2

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


2

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


3

Vu, (k / ft)

L Edge

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

0
0.00

1.00
12.60

5.83
28.51

10.67
35.78

15.50
39.50

20.34
40.67

25.17
39.50

30.00
35.78

34.84
28.51

39.67
12.60

40.67
0.00

0.0

-1.1

-6.5

-10.5

-13.0

-13.8

-13.0

-10.5

-6.5

-1.1

0.0

0.0

-1.1

-1.2

-1.1

-0.7

0.2

0.7

1.1

1.2

1.1

0.0

0.0

-0.3

-2.6

-4.9

-6.8

-7.9

-8.0

-6.6

-3.7

-1.5

0.0

0.0

-0.3

-0.5

-0.6

-0.5

0.1

0.5

0.8

1.0

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

-0.3

-0.6

-0.8

-0.9

-0.7

-0.2

0.8

4.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.0

0.0

min

reqD

max

smax

provD

CHECK FLEXURE
Location

Mu,max

Top Slab
Bottom Slab

4.0
-13.8

d (in)
ft-k / ft
ft-k / ft

15.63
14.63

0.0004 0.0003 0.0155 no limit 0.0016


0.0016 0.0012 0.0155
18
0.0017

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max
1.2

k / ft

14

check Vu < Vc
[Satisfactory]

__

Technical References:
1. "Seismic Design Manual (UBC 97) - Volume 1, Code Application Examples", Structural Engineers
Association of California, 1999.
2. "2006 IBC Structural/Seismic Design Manual - Volume 1, Code Application Examples", Structural Engineers
Association of California, 2007.

Page 96 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Basement Concrete Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR YIELD STRESS
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE
BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT

SURCHARGE WEIGHT
WALL LATERAL FORCE, ASD
SERVICE GRAVITY LOAD
ECCENTRICITY
SEISMIC GROUND SHAKING
HEIGHT ABOVE GROUND
HEIGHT UNDER GROUND
THICKNESS OF WALL
WALL VERT. REINF. (As)

fc '
fy
Pa
b
ws
wLat
P
e
PE
H1
H2
t

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#

3
60
45
110
100
25
20
6
48
1.4
12.5
10
5

As LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

WALL HORIZ. REINF.

ksi
ksi
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
pcf
psf
psf
kips / ft
in
psf / ft (for H > 12 ft, CBC 07 1806A.1)

ft
ft
in
@

18

in o.c.

at each face
@

18

in o.c.

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
Case A: Fixed Bottom & Pinned Top, with Lateral Soil Pressure Increasing Uniformly to Bottom
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa H22
Hs = ws Pa H2 / b
HLat = wLat (H1 + H2)
HE = 0.5 PE (H2)2
Ww = t ( H1 + H2 ) c
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
Hs = 1.6 Hs
HLat = 1.6 HLat

=
=
=
=
=

3.52
0.51
0.35
3.75
1.74

kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft

=
=
=
=
=
=

5.63 kips / ft
0.82 kips / ft
0.56 kips / ft
HE = 1.6 HE
6.00 kips / ft
Ww = 1.2 Ww
2.09 kips / ft
P = 1.6 P
32.00 kips / ft
DETERMINE FACTORED SECTION FORCES

__
Page 97 of 533
524

RT =
RB =
PB =
MB =
S =
PM =
MM =

5.89
7.11
34.09
16.53
7.00
33.04
8.32

kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
ft-kips / ft
ft, at max moment
kips / ft
ft-kips / ft

(cont'd)

Case B: Pinned both Bottom & Top, with Lateral Soil Pressure Trapezium Distributed

L =
Hb =
Hb =
RT =
RB =
S =
PM =
MM =

0.6
1.13
1.80
6.20
2.97
6.13
33.16
13.82

H2
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
ft, at max moment
kips / ft
ft-kips / ft

CHECK MINIMUN HORIZ. REINF.


ProvD = 0.00344
0.002
>
MIN =
(ACI 318-08 14.3.3)
[Satisfactory]
CHECK VERT. FLEXURE CAPACITY
< MAX = 0.04 (tension face only, ACI 318-05 10.3.5 or 10.9.1)
ProvD = 0.00224
> MIN = 0.00075 (tension face only, ACI 318-05 10.5.1, 10.5.3 or 14.3.2)
[Satisfactory]

200.0
180.0
160.0
140.0
120.0
Pn (k)

Pn

Mn

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT MIDDLE
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED

171.5
171.5
115.5
59.5
58.1

0.0
8.0
19.3
22.5
22.6

AT t = 0.005

42.7

25.4

80.0

AT FLEXURE ONLY

0.0

7.0

60.0

(Note: For middle reforcing the max M n is at c

100.0

equal to 0.5 t / 1 , not at balanced condition.)


Case A
Case B

40.0
20.0
0.0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

at bottom

at middle

Pu

34.09

33.04

33.16

Mu

16.53

8.32

13.82

Mn (ft-k)

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

V u = Max. Horiz. Shear

7.11

kips, at bottom

V n = 2 bd

7.58

kips

'

fc

__
Page 98 of 533
524

>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Basement Masonry Wall Design Based on TMS 402-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE
Pa
=
BACKFILL SPECIFIC WEIGHT
b
=
=
SURCHARGE WEIGHT
ws
WALL LATERAL FORCE, ASD wLat
=
SERVICE GRAVITY LOAD
P
=
ECCENTRICITY
e
=
SEISMIC GROUND SHAKING
PE
=
=
HEIGHT ABOVE GROUND
H1
HEIGHT UNDER GROUND
H2
=
THICKNESS OF WALL
t
=
WALL VERT. REINF. (As)
#

1
1
1.5
60
40
110
100
25
20
6
20
1.4
12.5
12
8

As LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

WALL HORIZ. REINF.

Yes
CMU
ksi
ksi
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
pcf
psf
psf
kips / ft
in
psf / ft (for H > 12 ft, CBC 07 1806A.1)

ft
ft
in
@

in o.c.

32

in o.c.

at each face
@

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
Case A: Fixed Bottom & Pinned Top, with Lateral Soil Pressure Increasing Uniformly to Bottom
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa H22
Hs = ws Pa H2 / b
HLat = wLat (H1 + H2)

=
=
=
=
=

3.13
0.45
0.35
1.56
1.81

HE = 0.5 PE (H2)2
Ww = t ( H1 + H2 ) m
ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN LOADS
Hb = 1.0 Hb
= 3.13 kips / ft
Hs = 1.0 Hs
= 0.45 kips / ft
HLat = 1.0 HLat
= 0.35 kips / ft
HE = 1.0 HE
= 1.56 kips / ft
Ww = 1.0 Ww
= 1.81 kips / ft
P = 1.0 P
= 20.00 kips / ft
DETERMINE FACTORED SECTION FORCES

kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft

__
Page 99 of 533
524

RT =
RB =
PB =
MB =
S =
PM =
MM =

2.59
2.90
21.81
5.29
7.25
20.86
0.47

kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
ft-kips / ft
ft, at max moment
kips / ft
ft-kips / ft

(cont'd)

Case B: Pinned both Bottom & Top, with Lateral Soil Pressure Trapezium Distributed

L =
Hb =
Hb =
RT =
RB =
S =
PM =
MM =

0.6
1.00
1.00
2.48
0.88
3.82
21.31
3.78

H2
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
ft, at max moment
kips / ft
ft-kips / ft

CHECK MINIMUN HORIZ. REINF.


ProvD = 0.00104
>
MIN =
0.0007
(TMS 402-08 1.13.6.3)
[Satisfactory]
CHECK VERT. FLEXURE CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.3.3)
> SUM =
> MIN =
[Satisfactory]

ProvD = 0.01039

M m = MIN

0.0010 (horizontal and vertical at least 0.002, TMS 402-08 1.13.6.3)


0.0007 (TMS 402-08 1.13.6.3)

kd
1
t
P d e
b wkd F b d
2
3
2

, AsF s d

kd
kd
t
+P e
3
2 3

, allowable moment

where

Case B

Case A

Loads

As =

1.185

in2

d=

9.380

in

at bottom

at middle

21.81

20.86

21.31

bw =

12

in

5.29

0.47

3.78

te =

11.63

in

Mm

5.30

5.58

5.44

Em =

1350

ksi

Fb =

0.66

ksi

Es = 29000 ksi
n = 21.5

= 0.01053
SF = 1.33
k = 0.4834
Fs =

32

[Satisfactory]
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.3.5)

fv=
<

( Max.

Horiz. Shear )
b wt e

F v = ( SF ) MIN

20.8

'
f m , 50 =

psi, at bottom

51.6

psi

__
Page 100 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

ksi

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Temporary Tank Footing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA

DESIGN SUMMARY

TANK SIZE
BASE PLATE EDGE SIZE

c1

40

ft

FOOTING WIDTH

22.00

c2

20

ft

FOOTING LENGTH

42.00

ft

b1

40.5

ft

FOOTING EDGE THICKNESS

10

in

ft

b2

20.5

FOOTING CONCRETE STRENGTH


REBAR YIELD STRESS
TOTAL DEAD LOAD

fc'
fy
PDL

=
=
=

2
60
23

ksi
ksi
kips

LIVE LOAD

PLL

1450

kips

SURCHARGE
SOIL WEIGHT
FOOTING EMBEDMENT DEPTH
FOOTING EDGE THICKNESS
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
FOOTING WIDTH
FOOTING LENGTH

qs
ws
Df
T
Qa
B
L

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.1
0.11
0.50
10
2
22
42

ksf
pcf
ft
in
ksf
ft
ft

ft

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS (ACI 318-08 SEC.9.2.1)
ASD:
DL + LL
P
SD:
1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
Pu

=
=

1582
2189

kips
kips

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


ASD
P
q MAX =
<
=
1.71
ksf,
Qa

[Satisfactory]

BL

DESIGN FOR FLEXURE (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.1)

M n = MIN 5

where

Mu =

'
'
f c S , 0.85 f cS

=
=

49.19

ft-kips

0.6 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )


elastic section modulus of section

( 0.5L 0.25b10.25c1)

P u ,max

2L

19.95

<

ft-kips

4400

in3

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.4)

4
3

V n =

'

f c BT

where

94.45 kips

0.6

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )

P u ,max
V u = ( 0.5L 0.25b1 0.25c1 T )
L

2.17

kips

<

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR (ACI 318-08 SEC.22.5.4)

V n = MIN

4
8
+
, 2.66
3 3 c

where

V u = P u ,ma x 1

=
=

f c ( c1 + c2 + b1 + b2 + 4T ) T
'

= 1064.92 kips

0.6 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.5 )


ratio of long side to short side of concentrated load

1 b1 + c 1
+T
BL
2

b2+ c2 +T
2

__
=

136.98 ft-kips

Page 101 of 533


524

1.99

<

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

UnderGround Well Design Based on ACI 350-06 & ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
WELL DEPTH

H=

WELL OUTSIDE DIAMETER

28.5

ft

dia = 8.3333 ft
t=

in

FOOTING DIAMETER

WELL CONCRETE THICKNESS

D=

16

ft

FOOTING THICKNESS

T=

18

in

WATER TABLE LOCATION

h=

ft

WT OF WELL & MAX CONTENTS

W well = 171.61 kips

WT OF TOP CAP

W cap = 18.869 kips


Qa =

ksf

SOIL WEIGHT

s =

0.11

kcf

LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE

Pa =

45

pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)

PASSIVE PRESSURE

Pp =

450

psf / ft

SEISMIC GROUND SHAKING

PE =

30

psf / ft

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

fy =

60

ksi

ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE

REBAR YIELD STRESS


FOOTING REBAR

Layers

16

in o.c. each way, at top & bot.


#

DOWEL LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

DOWEL / WELL VERTICAL REBARS

WELL HORIZONTAL REBARS

in o.c.

18

in o.c.

at each face
@

DESIGN SUMMARY

THE FOOTING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

FOOTING 16 ft DIA x 18 in THK. w/ # 6 @ 16" o.c. EACH WAY, AT TOP & BOT.
CONCRETE WELL 8 in THK. w/ # 5 @ 8 in o.c.DOWEL / VERT. BARS AT AT EACH FACE

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE LATERAL LOADS
F = (S DS I E W / 1.4)
Where S DS =

0.30

0.12 W, ASD (for IBC, Seismic)

0.538 (ASCE 7-05, 11.4.4)

IE =

1.00

(IBC 09 Tab 1604.5 & ASCE 7-05 Tab 11.5-1)

Factor =

0.30

, (ASCE 7-05, 15.4.2)

Fcap =

0.12 W cap =

Fwell =

0.12 W well = 19.78 kips, at mid of H

2.18

kips, at ground

Ha = 0.5 Pa H2 (2/3 d) =

101.53 kips, at 1/3 H

HE = 0.5 PE H2 (2/3 d) =

67.69 kips, at 2/3 H

14.923

Hp = MIN [ 0.5 Pp H (2/3 d) , (F + H)] =


2

V=
M=

0.00
778

191.18 kips, at 1/3 H


186.32
kips, total shear at top of footing
ft-kips, total moment at top of footing
755.25

COMBINED LOADS AT TOP FOOTING (IBC 1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P
=
190 kips
M
=
0
ft-kips
e
=
0.0 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P
=
190 kips
M
=
778 ft-kips
e
=
4.1 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P
=
13
kips
M
=
755 ft-kips
e
=
56.2 ft, fr cl ftg

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

Pu
Mu
eu
Pu
Mu
eu
Pu
Mu
eu

1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E

0.9 DL + 1.0 E

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR AT FOOTING EDGE BOTTOM (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =
Where MO =
W ftg =

2.4
M+VT =

>

1.5
778

(0.15 kcf) T D2 / 4 =

[Satisfactory]
MR =

k-ft ,
45.24

kips, footing weight.

(W) 0.5 D =

1886

k-ft

269
0
0.0
175
1090
6.2
13
1057
78.7

kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg

(cont'd)
CHECK UPLIFT CAPACITY UNDER MINIMUM CONTENTS & TOP OPENING
W Gravity / FUplift = 43.784
>
1.5
[Satisfactory]
Where FUplift = (d2 / 4) (H + T - h) water =
=

30

W soil =

2645

102.1

kips

4470

kips

, from soil report

kips, cone soil weight

W Gravity = W ftg + W soil + W concrete =

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)

Service Loads
P
e

CASE 1
190.5
0.0

CASE 2
190.5
4.1

CASE 3
13.4
56.2

Pftg - Psoil
P
e

12.1
202.5
0.0

12.1
202.5
3.8

10.9
24.3
31.1

qmin
x

1.0

0.0
@ 4.80 ft from edge

0.0
@ 8.00 ft from edge

ksf

qmax

1.01

3.47

3.85

ksf

qallowable

3.00

4.00

4.00

ksf

k
ft (from center of footing)
k, (footing increasing)
k, (net loads)
ft

[Satisfactory]
CHECK ENTIRE FLEXURE & SHEAR OF FOOTING
(ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

MIN = MIN 0.0018


0.85 f c 1 1
'

T
4

,
d
3

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u
u +t

Mu
0.383b d 2 f c'

fy

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
CASE 1
Pu
eu
(0.15 T) A
Pu

CASE 2

CASE 3

268.6

174.6

13.4

0.0
54.3

6.2
54.3

78.7
40.7

ft
k, (factored footingloads)

322.9

228.9

54.1

eu

0.0

4.8

19.5

ft

qu, min
x

1.61

0.00
@ 6.40 ft from edge

0.00
@ 8.00 ft from edge

ksf

1.61

4.93

5.32

ksf

qu, max

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 1


0
L Edge
Section

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

3.83
13.66

4.88
14.73

5.92
15.45

6.96
15.86

8.00
16.00

9.04
15.86

10.08
15.45

11.13
14.73

12.17
13.66

16.00
0.00

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

4.92

4.92

4.92

4.92

4.92

4.92

4.92

4.92

4.92

0.00

Mu,tank (ft-k)

21

67

149

269

429

627

860

1,119

2,149

Vu,tank (k)

20

45

78

153

190

224

249

269

269

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

24

38

56

79

105

135

169

208

250

434

Vu,ftg (k)

14

18

21

29

33

37

40

48

54

qu,soil (ksf)

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

-1.61

Mu,soil (ft-k)

-139.95 -226.35 -335.03 -467.1 -623.16 -803.44 -1007.7 -1235.4 -1485.3 -2583.1

Vu,soil (k)

-37

-83

-104

-127

-173

-196

-219

-240

-286

-323

Mu (ft-k)

-116

-168

-211

-240

-250

-240

-211

-168

-116

Vu (kips)

-30

-49

-42

-27

27

42

49

30

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 2
0
L Edge
Section

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

3.83
13.66

4.88
14.73

5.92
15.45

6.96
15.86

8.00
16.00

9.04
15.86

10.08
15.45

11.13
14.73

12.17
13.66

16.00
0.00

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

-16.90

25.12

30.14

35.17

40.19

45.22

50.25

55.27

23.31

0.00

Mu,tank (ft-k)

-1.587

-0.151

6.0352 18.418 38.115 65.779 101.36

143.6

307.08

Vu,tank (k)

-6

24

77

109

140

166

175

175

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

0.27

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

24

38

56

79

105

135

169

208

250

434

Vu,ftg (k)

14

18

21

29

33

37

40

48

54

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

-0.29

-0.82

-1.36

-1.89

-2.43

-2.96

-4.93

Mu,soil (ft-k)

-5.4543 -26.673 -73.698 -155.76 -280.68 -741.37

Vu,soil (k)

-20

-45

-79

-120

-229

-229

Mu (ft-k)

24

36

56

85

118

147

162

153

113

Vu (kips)

23

46

86

97

98

86

-6

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 3


Section
0
L Edge

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

3.83
13.66

4.88
14.73

5.92
15.45

6.96
15.86

8.00
16.00

9.04
15.86

10.08
15.45

11.13
14.73

12.17
13.66

16.00
0.00

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

-19.26

21.51

26.39

31.26

36.14

41.02

45.90

50.77

19.75

0.00

Mu,tank (ft-k)

Vu,tank (k)

-1

11

13

13

13

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.20

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

18

29

42

59

79

101

127

156

187

326

Vu,ftg (k)

10

13

16

22

25

28

30

36

41

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

-0.69

-1.38

-2.08

-2.77

-5.32

Mu,soil (ft-k)

0.3388 1.2438 2.7185 4.8192 7.5464 10.803

-4E-15 -4.0895 -16.144 -39.588 624.18

Vu,soil (k)

-4

-12

-23

-54

-54

18

28

42

59

80

104

128

147

159

Vu (kips)

10

13

18

28

29

27

21

-5

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)
Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)
1

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


2

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


3

Vu, (k / ft)

L Edge

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

0
0.00

3.83
13.66

4.88
14.73

5.92
15.45

6.96
15.86

8.00
16.00

9.04
15.86

10.08
15.45

11.13
14.73

12.17
13.66

16.00
0.00

0.0

-8.5

-11.4

-13.7

-15.1

-15.6

-15.1

-13.7

-11.4

-8.5

0.0

0.0

-2.2

-3.3

-2.7

-1.7

0.6

1.7

2.7

3.3

2.2

0.0

0.0

1.7

2.5

3.6

5.3

7.4

9.2

10.5

10.4

8.2

0.0

0.0

0.4

0.5

1.5

2.9

5.4

6.1

6.3

5.9

-0.4

0.0

0.0

1.3

1.9

2.7

3.7

5.0

6.6

8.3

10.0

11.6

0.0

0.0

0.3

0.7

0.9

1.1

1.7

1.8

1.7

1.4

-0.3

0.0

min

reqD

max

smax

provD

CHECK FLEXURE
Location

Mu,max

Top Slab
Bottom Slab

11.6
-15.6

d (in)
ft-k / ft
ft-k / ft

15.63
14.63

0.0012 0.0009 0.0206 no limit 0.0018


0.0018 0.0014 0.0206
18
0.0019

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max
6.3

k / ft

17

check Vu < Vc

[Satisfactory]

CHECK WELL CONCRETE FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY


o =

-949.9

Mu (ft-k)

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR SUMMARY


Section
0

Uniform Loads

-0.1566 -0.089

2 0.85 f

'
C

, E c = 57

Ec

f
2

0.85 f

'
C

c
c

o
o

0.85 f

'
C

for c o

sE s ,
f y ,

for s y
for s > y

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

for 0 < c < o

6000

Pn (kips)

5000
4000

Pn (k)

3000
2000

1000

(cont'd)
Mn (ft-kips)

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY

4939

AT MAXIMUM LOAD

4939

2748

AT 0 % TENSION

4184

5008

AT 25 % TENSION

3543

6674

AT 50 % TENSION

3151

7288

AT t = 0.002

2644

7682

AT BALANCED CONDITION

2449

7206

AT t = 0.005

2365

9175

1779

AT FLEXURE ONLY
0
0

2000

4000

6000

8000

10000

Pu

175

kips

Mu

1090

ft-kips, max at bottom

Mn (ft-k)

(from load combinations)

Pmax =0.85 [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

49

4938.6 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.1)

>

(ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)

2
2312.2 in .

Ag =
a = Cb 1

0.70

in2.

Ast =

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


Cb = d c / (c + s) =
d

[Satisfactory]

in (at balanced strain condition, ACI 10.3.2)

0.7 + ( t - 0.002 ) (200 / 3), for Spiral

where

7.75

Pu

in2.

58

0.656

in

97.563 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

Mn = 0.9 n =1779

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.002069

1 =

0.85

c =

0.003

( ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.2.7.3 )

ft-kips @ Pn = 0, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 9.3.2) ,& et,min = 0.004, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.5)

Mn =

2325

max

0.08

min

0.003 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.5.1 or 10.9.1)

ft-kips @ Pu =

175

>

kips
provd

(ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

Mu

[Satisfactory]

0.003
[Satisfactory]

CHECK WELL CONCRETE SHEAR CAPACITY

Vn = (Vc) =

183

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>
where

0.75

A0 =

1934

Vu = 1.4 V =
3.0455 kips, max at top
(ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)
in2.

Vc = 2 (fc')0.5A0 =

[Satisfactory]

244.6 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.2.1)

CHECK WELL LOCAL SHEAR STRESS ON A SQUARE FOOT

vn = (vc) =

40.73 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>

where =
A0

vu = 1.4 Pmax =
3.38 kips
(ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)
2
= 4 x (1'-0") x (0.5 T) =
192 in .

[Satisfactory]

0.75

4 (fc')0.5A0 =

vc =
Pmax =

2415

54.3

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.11)

psf, (the max perpendicular wall pressure)

CHECK DOWEL DEVELOPMENT

L dh = MAX

requird 0.02 ed b f y
, 8d b , 6 in =
provided f 'c

13 db =

in, (ACI 318-08 12.5.2)

[Satisfactory]
where Bar size
db

=
required / provided

60

ksi

ksi

1.0

1.0

fy

f'c
t
e
s

c
Ktr

5
0.625 in

=
=
=
=
(c + Ktr ) / db =

( A s,reqd / A s,provd , ACI 318-08, 12.2.5)

(1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

0.8 (0.8 for # 6 or smaller, 1.0 for other)


1.0
3.3 in, min(d' , 0.5s), (ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)
(Atr fyt / 1500 s n) =
0
(ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)
2.5
0.7

< 2.5 , (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)


(#11 or smaller, cover > 2.5" & side >2.0", ACI 318-08 12.5.3)

<

14.375 in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Basement Column Supporting Lateral Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

4.5

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


COLUMN CLEAR HEIGHT
COLUMN SIZE

fy =
h =
c1 =

60
14
24

ksi
ft
in
in

c2 =

24

AMPLIFICATION FACTOR (ASCE 7 Tab 12.2-1)

0 =

2.2

DESIGN LEVEL BASEMENT DISPLACEMENT

S =

LOADS, ASD (ft-kips, kips)


P
DL
225
LL
270
E / 1.4
-333.3
( - P for uplift)

RIGHT

Pground
157.5
90

131

0.1

LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING
SECTION
LEFT
5
(d =

TOP
#
21.37
( 1 Layer)
5
#
( d = 21.37
( 1 Layer)

in

BOTTOM
#
21.37
( 1 Layer)
5
#
( d = 21.37
( 1 Layer)

10
in )

5
(d =

10
in )

TRANSVERSE REINFORCEMENT FOR CONFINEMENT


4 Legs #
4
@

10
in )
10
in )

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

in, o.c., full height (ACI 318-08 4.4.5)

ANALYSIS
DESIGN CRITERIA
1. Since the column supported reaction from lateral resisting frame, ASCE 7-05 12.3.3.3 apply.
2. Since the column is not part of the lateral force resisting system, ACI 318-08 21.13 apply.
3. Since the transverse reinforcement required 12" at least into footing per ACI 318-08 21.6.4.6
a condition of pinned top & fixed bottom should be used.
DESIGN LOADS AT TOP OF COLUMN
U1 = (1.20.2SDS) D + f1 L +1.0 0 Eh
-527.9

kips

Mu =

0.3

Vu =

403.5

kips

f1 =

0.5

SDS =

1.246

U3 = 1.2 D + 1.6 L

U2 = (0.90.2SDS) D 1.0 0 Eh

, (ACI 318-05 21.13)

Pu =

ft-kips

Pu =

-777.6

kips

Vu =

403.5

kips

, (ACI 318-05 9.2.1)

Pu =

891.0

kips

Vu =

0.0

kips

Mu =

0.0

ft-kips

CHECK CAPACITY SUBJECTED TO BENDING AND AXIAL LOAD


LOADING

U1,top

U1,bot

U2,top

U2,bot

U3,top

U3,bot

Pu (kips)

-527.9

-517.8

-777.6

-770.1

891.0

902.8

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.0

0.0

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.148

1.150

Mu (ft-kips)

ns = Cm/[1-Pu/(0.75Pc)]
nsMu (ft-kips)
Mn (ft-kips) @ Pu
where

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.0

0.0

426.7

822.4

822.4

822.4

822.3

822.3

EI = 0.4EcIg / (1+d) = 0.25 EcIg


Pc = 2EI / (kLu)2

SUMMARY OF LOAD VERSUS MOMENT CAPACITIES (for ACI 318-08 10.2 & 10.3 only)
CAPACITY
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY
AT TENSION ONLY

Pn (kips)
1739
1739
1384
1148
941
605
585
258
0
-1097

Mn (ft-kips)
0
281
487
580
648
743
751
943
822
0

__
Page 106 of 533
524

Mu =

0.3

ft-kips

Pn (kips)

(cont'd)

2000

1500

1000

500

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

Mn (ft-kips)

-500

-1000

-1500

All load points to be within capacity diagram.

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE INDUCED MOMENT IN THE COLUMN

where

3 E c I c u
h2

+ P =

E c = 57000 (fc')

0.5

168.0906 ft-kips
3824

ksi, ACI 318-08 8.5.1

I g = c1 c2 / 12 =

27648

in4

Ic =

0.7

Ig =

19354

Cd =

5.0

in4 , ACI 318-08 9.5.2.3 & 10.11.1

xe =

0.1

I =

1.0

in

u = Cd xe / I =
= 0.5 u =

0.50
0.25

in, ACI 318-08 21.13.3

P = 0.9 PDL =

202.5

kips, ACI 318-08 21.13.3

CHECK REQUIREMENTS OF NOT PART OF THE LATERAL RESISTING SYSTEM


M u = 1.2 MDL + 1.0 MLL + M =

168.0906 ft-kips
Mn =

<
Pu, max =

822.3

kips

[Satisfactory]

902.8
kips
>
0.1Agfc' =
259.2 kips
[Satisfactory]
Per ACI 318-08 21.13.4.3, the column shall satisfy ACI 318-08 21.6.3, 21.6.4, 21.6.5, and 21.7.3.1.

CHECK SECTION REQUIREMENTS (ACI 318-08 21.6.1)


cmin =MIN(c1, c2) =

24

cmin / cmax =

>

in

>

1.00

12

0.4

in

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TRANSVERSE REINFORCING AT BOTTOM OF COLUMN (ACI 318-08 21.6.4)


in2
0.80
>
MAX[ 0.09shcfc' / fyh , 0.3shc(Ag/Ach-1)fc' / fyh ] =
Ash =
[Satisfactory]

where

0.71

s = MAX[MIN(c1/4, 6db, 4+(14-hx)/3, 6), 4] =


hc = c1 - 2Cover - dt =

20.5

Ach = (c1-3)(c2-3) =

in2

441.0

in2
5

in

CHECK FLEXURAL REINFORCING (ACI 318-08 21.6.1.1)

total = 0.040

>
<

min =
max =

0.010

[Satisfactory]

0.060

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 318-08 21.6.4.6)


Ve = MAX[ (Mpr, left, top + Mpr, right,bot) / h , Vu,max] =

where

top,left =
bot,left =

0.012
0.012

Mpr, left, top =

kips
206.4

[2(fc')0.5c2d + Avfyd / s] =

kips

[Satisfactory]

205.4

kips

min=MIN[3(fc')0.5/fy, 200/fy ]= 0.003


min =
0.003
[Satisfactory]

ft-kips

Mpr, right, bot = 1.25Mn,col,max =


Vu, max =

73.4

8(fc')0.5c2d =

<
<
>
>

1028

0.033

ft-kips

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

0.75

Av =

0.8

in2

ft-kips

__

DETERMINE SEISMIC TENSION DEVELOPMENT, Ld, INTO THE FOOTING PER ACI 318-08 21.6.4.6

L dh = MAX

db f
65

'
c

, 8d b , 6 in =

L d = MAX ( 3.5 L dh , 12 in ) =
where

db

14 db

48 db

61

17

in, (ACI 318-08 21.7.5.1)

in, (ACI 318-08 21.7.5.2)

1.27

in

1.0

, (1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 21.7.5.4 & 12.2.4)

Page 107 of 533


524

in

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,1, FOR STEM (TMS SEC.402 2.3.3)

M =

w Lat H
2

kd
1
t
P d e
b wkd F b d
2
3
2

M allowable = MIN
where

te
d
bw
Fb
Fs
As

M allowable

and

P =W w

1.47 ft-kips / ft

, AsF s d

0.78

kips / ft

kd
kd
t
+P e
3
2 3

<== Based on effective section area.

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

7.63
3.82
12
0.495
24
0.66
0.014

in ,
in ,
in
ksi
ksi
in2

1.59 ft-kips ,

<== Based on TMS 402-08, 1.13.3.5


Em
=
1350
Es
=
29000
n
=
21.48
k
=
0.54
>

ksi
ksi

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (TMS SEC.402 2.3.5)

V = H Lat

0.33 kips / ft

V allow able = d bwMIN

'
m

, 50

1.77

kips / ft

>

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'

fy

u +t

(L t)
M u ,3 =

(L t)
4

0.5 W s +

(L t)

0.5 W s +

(L t)

'

0.85 f c 1 1

f
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

2L
2L

MIN =

0.015

(q

u ,3

+ 2q u ,heel ) b L t
2
6

q u ,3b S 2
6

M u ,3
'
0.383b d 2 f c

, for e u >

, for e u

0.00045

qu, toe
qu, heel
qu, 3

=
=
=

0.001

L
6

L
6

0.0018 h f
2
d

2.534 ft-kips

=
=
=

10.19 in
1.49 ft
-1.29 ft
in2 / ft

0.13

<

A S, 3 =

4.90
n/a
-7.99

ksf
ksf
ksf

0.21

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,2, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
'

MAX =

M u ,2 =

0.85 1 f c

f y

u +t

(q

u ,4

+ 2q u ,toe ) b L t
2
6

'

0.85 f c 1 1

W f L t
2L

MIN = MIN

0.015

1.80

ft-kips

__

M u ,2
'
0.383b d 2 f c

4
0.0018 h f
,
d
3
2

0.00044

Page 108 of 533


524

where

d
qu, 4

=
=

8.69 in
-3.86 ksf

0.001

(cont'd)
( A S, 2 ) required

0.06

in2 / ft

<

A S, 2 =

0.21

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY (IBC 09 1807.2.3, CBC 07 1806A.1)


1.5 (HLat ) =

0.49 kips / ft
<
[Satisfactory]

Hp + W =

__
Page 109 of 533
524

1.27

kips / ft

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Fixed Moment Condition Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
COLUMN SHAPE (Tube, Pipe, or WF) & SIZE

W24X192

CONCRETE STRENGTH

< ==

fc' =

ksi

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu =

205

kips

FACTORED MOMENT

Mu =

750

ft-kips

FACTORED VERTICAL LOAD (negative for uplift)

Pu =

691

kips

D=

48

in

EMBEDMENT DEPTH

bf

25.5

56.3

13.0

W Shape

THE FIXED MOMENT DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


( Avf =

in , Required Area of Shear Studs or Welded Reinforcement)

16.0

( Edge of Concrete Footing / Grade Beam must be wider than "bf")

ANALYSIS
CHECK BASE FLEXURAL & SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 Sec 9 & Sec 10)
700
600
Vn (k)

500

400
300
200

100
0
0

500

1000

1500

2000

Mn (ft-k)

o =

2 f C'
Ec

A2 , 2
A1

0.85Min

1103

>

u =

Vn,max =

611.08

>

Vu =

ft-kips @ Vu =
750

0.85Min

A2
, 2 f C' 2 c c
o
o
A1

0.85Min

A2
, 2 f C' , for c o
A1

fC=

Mn =

, E c = 57 f C'
, for 0 < c < o

where

205

kips, when C =

33.0 in

205

[Satisfactory]

ft-kips

=
0.65
, (ACI 318-08 Sec 9.3.2.4)
Bearing factor = 2, (ACI 318-08 Sec 22.5.5)
b = effective bearing width = 95% bf =

CHECK VERTICAL CAPACITY


Pn = End Bering + Friction =
where

1295.4

>

kips

End Bering = 0.65 (2) 0.85 fc' A =

186.6

56

fy =

60

kips

[Satisfactory]

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec 11.7.5)

2
in , end bearing area

Ac = 0.5 (2d + 2bf ) D =


Avf = Pu,Friction / ( fy ) =
0.75
where =
=
0.70

691

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec 22.5.5)

__

Friction = 0.75 MAX( 0.2fc' Ac , 800 Ac ) = 1108.8


A=

Pu =

1848

2
in , (0.5 for concrete cracked)

2
in , Required Area of Shear Studs or Welded Reinforcement
16.0
, (ACI 318-08 Sec 9.3.2.3)
, (ACI 318-08 Sec 11.7.4.3)

ksi, use 30% fy for DSA / OSHPD seismic shear studs (CBC 07 2204A.1.2).

Page 110 of 533


524

kips

ft-kips
[Satisfactory]

12.35

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Floodway Design Based on ACI 350-06 & ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE

Pa

45

pcf

CONCRETE STRENGTH

(equivalent fluid pressure)


BACKFILL WEIGHT

110

pcf

SURCHARGE WEIGHT

ws

50

psf

SEISMIC GROUND SHAKING


PE
=
20
psf /ft, ASD
(soil pressure, if no report 35SDS suggested. )
CHANNEL DEPTH
H
=
6
ft
tw

THICKNESS OF WALL
THICKNESS OF SLAB
#

SLAB TRANS REBARS

in

ts

in

10

in o.c. at mid

WALL VERTICAL REBARS


#
5
@
WALL BAR LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

8
1

LAP LENGTH

Ls

36

in

SLAB THICKER DISTANCE

ft

in o.c.
at middle
[THE CHANNEL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
DESIGN CRITERIA
1.
THE CRITERICAL DESIGN, FOR REBAR AT MIDDLE OR EQUAL OF EACH FACE, IS CHANNEL WALL AT INWARD
SOIL PRESSURE BEFORE RESTRAINED AT TOP AND CHANNEL FILLED.
2.
SINCE THE WALL AXIAL LOAD SMALL AND SECTIONS UNDER TENSION-CONTROLLED (ACI 318-08, 10.3.4), ONLY
CHECK WALL FLEXURAL CAPACITIES ARE ADEQUATE.
SINCE THE SLAB AT FLEXURAL & AXIAL LOADS, THE COMBINED CAPACITY OF FLEXURAL & AXIAL MUST BE CHECKED.
3.
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa (H + ts)2

=
=
=

Hs = ws Pa (H + ts) / b
2
HE = 0.5 PE (H + ts)

0.95

kips / ft

0.13

kips / ft

0.42

kips / ft

FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb

=
=
=

Hs = 1.6 Hs
HE = 1.6 HE

1.52 kips / ft
0.21 kips / ft
0.68 kips / ft

CHECK WALL FLEXURE CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
Mu = (0.5 Hs + 0.33 Hb + 0.67 HE) H =

6.38

Pu =

1.19

kips / ft, (concrete wall self weight)

d =

4.00

in,

M n = AS f
ProvD =

0.010

b =

AS f y P u
1.7bf c'
<
>

MAX =
MIN =

12
=

7.46

0.015
0.004

in,

ft-kips / ft, (entire lateral loads used conservatively)

As =

0.465

ft-kips / ft

>

in / ft

Mu

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

__

CHECK WALL SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)
Vu = Hs + Hb + HE =

V n = 2 bd

'
c

2.41

kips / ft, (entire lateral loads used conservatively)

3.94

kips / ft

Page 111 of 533


524

>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK SLAB COMBINED CAPACITY OF FLEXURE & AXIAL (ACI 318-08, 10)
ProvD =

< MAX = 0.08 (for compression, ACI 318-08, 10.9.1)


> MIN = 0.00333 (for flexural, ACI 318-08, 10.5.1)
[Satisfactory]
0.01033

120.0
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT MIDDLE
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED

100.0
80.0
Pn (k)

60.0

Pn

Mn

106.6
106.6
60.9
15.3
14.4

0.0
3.9
7.2
5.5
5.4

AT t = 0.005

5.3

5.3

AT FLEXURE ONLY

0.0

4.4

(Note: For middle reforming the max M n is at c

40.0

equal to 0.5 t / 1 , not at balanced condition.)


20.0
0.0
0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

Pu =

2.41

kips / ft

Mu =

1.25

ft-kips / ft

Mn (ft-k)

[Satisfactory]

CHECK REBAR DEVELOPMENT

L d = MAX

requird 0.075 t e sd b f
provided
f c' c + K tr

, 12 in =

26 db

db

where

16

in, (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

<

Ls

Bar size
#
5 , (governing size)
= 0.625 in
db
1
( As,reqd / As,provd, ACI 318-08, 12.2.5)
required / provided =
t

1.0 (1.3 for bottom cover more than 12", ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

1.0 (1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

0.8 (0.8 for # 6 or smaller, 1.0 for other)

=
=

1.0 (0.7 for light weight)


3.3 in, min(d' , 0.5s), (ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

Ktr

(c + Ktr ) / db

(Atr fyt / 1500 s n) =

(ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

2.5 < 2.5 , (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

__
Page 112 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Free Standing Masonry Wall Design Based on TMS 402-08 & ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )

Yes

TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )

CMU

MASONRY STRENGTH

fm '

1.5

ksi

CONCRETE STRENGTH

f c'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

PASSIVE SOIL PRESSURE

350

pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

Pp
Qa

FRICTION COEFFICIENT

0.35

SOIL SPECIFIC WEIGHT

Js
hp

110

pcf

12

in
psf

SOIL OVER
WALL LATERAL FORCE, ASD

ksf

wLat

36.4

HEIGHT OF STEM

ft

THICKNESS OF WALL

in

WALL VERT. REINF. (As,1)

As,1 LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)


FOOTING WIDTH

L
hf

at middle

in o.c.

3.5

ft

12

in

BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,2)

18

in o.c.

TOP. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)

18

in o.c.

=
=
=
=
=

0.33

kips / ft

0.70

kips / ft

0.78

kips / ft

0.53

kips / ft

0.31

kips / ft

FOOTING THICKNESS

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
HLat = wLat H
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf )2
W w = t H Jm
W f = hf L Jc
W s = hp (L - t) Js
FACTORED LOADS
JHLat = 1.6 HLat
JHp = 0.0 Hp
JW w = 1.2 W w
JW f = 1.2 W f
JW s = 1.2 W s

=
=
=
=
=

0.52 kips / ft
0.00 kips / ft
0.94 kips / ft
0.63 kips / ft
0.37 kips / ft

OVERTURNING MOMENT
H

JH

Hy

JH y

HLat

0.33

0.52

5.5

1.80

2.88

0.33

0.52

1.80

2.88

RESISTING MOMENT
W

JW

Wx

JW x

Ws

0.31

0.37

1.75

0.55

0.65

Wf

0.53

0.63

1.75

0.92

1.10

Ww

0.78

0.94

1.75

1.37

1.64

1.62

1.94

2.83

3.40

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY

6Wx
6Hy

SF

1.57

>

1.5

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)

q MAX

L 6Wx  6Hy

2
6W

6e

6W 1  L

BL

26 W
,

3
B
(0.5
L  e)

1.11

ft

>

L/4

__

L
6
L
for e !
6
for e d

1.70

ksf

Page 113 of 533


524

<

Qa

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,1, FOR STEM (TMS SEC.402 2.3.3)

w Lat H
2

1.47 ft-kips / ft

Ww

0.78

kips / ft

1
kd
kd

t e kd
te
MIN b wkd F b d 
 P d  , AsF s d 
 P 

2
3
2
3

2 3

M allowable
where

and

te

7.63 in ,

<== Based on effective section area.

3.82 in ,

<== Based on TMS 402-08, 1.13.3.5

bw

Em

1350

ksi

Fb

0.495 ksi

Es

29000

ksi

21.48

0.54

12

in

Fs

As

24 ksi
2
0.66 in

0.014

M allowable

1.59 ft-kips ,

>

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (TMS SEC.402 2.3.5)

H Lat

0.33 kips / ft

d bwMIN

V allowable

'
f m , 50

1.77

kips / ft

>

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

U MAX

fy

Hu
Hu Ht

L  t
L t J

W
0.5J W s 
2L
4

L t
L  t
4 0.5J W s  2 L J W

M u ,3

0.85E 1 f c'

q u ,3  2q u ,heel b L t 2
L


, for e u d
6
6
2

q u ,3b S 2
L
, for e u !
f 
6
6

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

=
=
=

0.00045

10.19 in

qu, toe

1.49 ft

qu, heel

-1.29 ft

qu, 3

=
=
=

0.13

0.0018 h f
2
d

0.001

M u ,3
0.85 f c' 1  1 

2 '

0.383b d f c

fy
where

U MIN

0.015

in2 / ft

<

A S, 3 =

4.90

ksf

n/a

ksf

-7.99

ksf

0.21

in2 / ft

2.534 ft-kips

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,2, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

U MAX

M u ,2

0.85E 1 f c'
f y

u ,4

Hu
Hu Ht

U MIN

0.015

 2q u ,toe b L t 2 J W f L t 2

6
2L 2
2

1.80

0.0018 h f
4
MIN U ,
2
d
3

ft-kips

__

M u ,2
0.85 f 'c 1  1 

2 '

0.383bd f c

fy

0.00044

Page 114 of 533


524

where

d
qu, 4

=
=

8.69 in
-3.86 ksf

0.001

(cont'd)
( A S, 2 ) required

0.06

in2 / ft

<

A S, 2 =

0.21

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY (IBC 09 1807.2.3, CBC 07 1806A.1)


1.5 (HLat ) =

0.49 kips / ft

<

Hp + P6W =

1.27

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 115 of 533
524

kips / ft

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Free Standing Concrete Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc'
=
=
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
PASSIVE SOIL PRESSURE
Pp
Qa
=
ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE
FRICTION COEFFICIENT

=
=
SOIL SPECIFIC WEIGHT
s
hp
=
SOIL OVER
=
WALL LATERAL FORCE, ASD wLat
HEIGHT OF STEM
H
=
THICKNESS OF WALL
t
=
#
WALL VERT. REINF. (As,1)
As,1 LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)
FOOTING WIDTH
L
=
hf
=
FOOTING THICKNESS
#
BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,2)
#
TOP. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)

3
60
350
2
0.35
110
12
42
21
12
6
2
9
18
6
6

ksi
ksi
pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)
ksf
pcf
in
psf
ft
in
@
12
at each face
ft
in
@
18
@
18

in o.c.

in o.c.
in o.c.

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
HLat = wLat H
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf )2

=
=
=
=
=

Ww = t H c
W f = hf L c
Ws = hp (L - t) s
FACTORED LOADS
HLat = 1.6 HLat
Hp = 0.0 Hp
Ww = 1.2 Ww
Wf = 1.2 Wf
Ws = 1.2 Ws

=
=
=
=
=

1.41
0.00
3.78
2.43
1.06

0.88
1.09
3.15
2.03

kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft

0.88

kips / ft

kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft
kips / ft

OVERTURNING MOMENT
H

Hy

H y

0.88
0.88
RESISTING MOMENT

1.41
1.41

12

10.58
10.58

16.93
16.93

Wx

W x

Ws
Wf
Ww

0.88
2.03
3.15
6.06

1.06
2.43
3.78
7.27

4.5
4.5
4.5

3.96
9.11
14.18
27.25

4.75
10.94
17.01
32.70

H
HLat

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY

SF =

Wx
=
Hy

2.574
> 1.5
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)

e=

L Wx Hy

2
W
W 1 +

q MAX =

6e
L

1.75

ft

<

L/4

__

L
, for e
BL
6
L
2W
, for e >
3B (0.5 L e)
6

1.47

ksf

Page 116 of 533


524

<

Qa

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,1, FOR STEM (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
ProvD = 0.00381
< MAX = 0.04 (tension face only, ACI 318-08 10.3.5 or 10.9.1)
> MIN = 0.00075 (tension face only, ACI 318-08 10.5.1, 10.5.3 or 14.3.2)
[Satisfactory]
250.0

200.0

150.0
Pn (k)
100.0

Pn

Mn

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT MIDDLE
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED

217.2
217.2
139.0
60.8
58.6

0.0
7.5
28.3
37.8
38.1

AT t = 0.005

33.8

44.6

AT FLEXURE ONLY

0.0

18.2

(Note: For middle reforcing the max M n is at c


equal to 0.5 t / 1 , not at balanced condition.)

50.0

0.0
0.0

10.0

20.0

30.0

40.0

50.0

at bottom

at middle

Pu

3.78

1.89

Mu

14.82

3.70

Mn (ft-k)

[Satisfactory]

CHECK STEM SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

V u = Max. Horiz. Shear

1.41

kips / ft, at bottom

V n = 2 bd f c'

9.49

kips / ft

>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

0.85 1 f c
'

MAX

f y

(L t)
4

M u ,3 =

(L t)
4

u +t

0.5 W s +

(L t)

0.5 W s +

(L t)

0.85 f c 1 1
'

f
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

2L
2L

M u ,3
'
0.383b d 2 f c

MIN =

0.015

(q

u ,3

+ 2q u ,heel ) b L t
2
6

q u ,3b S 2
6

, for e u >

0.00023

qu, toe
qu, heel
qu, 3

=
=
=

, for e u

0.0018 h f
2
d

0.001

L
6

L
6

3.02 ft-kips

=
=
=

15.63 in
2.33 ft
1.51 ft
0.19

in2 / ft

<

A S, 3 =

2.23
n/a
0.52

ksf
ksf
ksf

0.29

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,2, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

0.85 1 f c
'

MAX =

f y

u
u +t

__
=

0.015

Page 117 of 533


524

MIN = MIN

4
0.0018 h f
,
3
2
d

0.001

(cont'd)

( q u ,4 + 2q u ,toe ) b L t
M u ,2 =
2
6

W f L t
2L

12.04

ft-kips
where

0.85 f c 1 1
'

=
( A S, 2 ) required

f
=

M u ,2
'
0.383b d 2 f c

d
qu, 4

0.00105

0.19

in2 / ft

<

A S, 2 =

0.29

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SLIDING CAPACITY (IBC 09 1807.2.3, CBC 07 1806A.1)


1.5 (HLat ) =

=
=

1.32 kips / ft
<
[Satisfactory]

Hp + W =

3.21

__
Page 118 of 533
524

kips / ft

14.63 in
0.861 ksf

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DATE :

Lateral Earth Pressure of Rigid Wall Based on AASHTO 17th & 2009 IBC
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SOIL SPECIFIC WEIGHT

110

pcf

SOIL INTERNAL FRICTION ANGLE


SLOPE OF BACKFILL
EXTERNAL FRICTION ANGLE
RACK ANGLE OF WALL FACE

=
=
=
=

30
15
17
90

deg
deg
deg
deg

41

psf / ft

The Active Earth Pressure:

Pa

39

pcf (horizontal equivalent fluid pressure)

The At-rest Earth Pressure:

P0

55

psf / ft

The Passive Earth Pressure:

Pp

330

psf / ft

Pa, h

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE
Pa = b Ka =

41

psf / ft

Pa, h = Pa sin( - ) =

39

pcf (horizontal equivalent fluid pressure)

where

sin 2 ( + )

Ka =

sin 2 sin ( ) 1+

sin ( + ) sin ( )
sin ( ) sin ( + )

0.372

(Coulomb, AASHTO Figure 5.5.2A)


The total active resultant, (0.5 H Pa), acts H/3 above the base.

DETERMINE AT-REST EARTH PRESSURE


P0 = b K0 =

55

where K0 = 1 - sin =

psf / ft
0.500 , (AASHTO 5.5.2-2)

The total horizontal resultant at rest, (0.5 H P0), acts H/3 above the base.

DETERMINE PASSIVE EARTH PRESSURE


Pp = b Kp =

330

where K p =

1 + sin
=
1 sin

psf / ft
3.000 , (Rankine, AASHTO Figure 5.5.2D)

deg

90

deg

The total horizontal resultant at rest, (0.5 H Pp), acts H/3 above the base.

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Sheet Pile Wall Design Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10 / ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
Hcant =

HEIGHT OF CANTILEVER

ws

SURCHARGE WEIGHT

12.5

ft

500

psf

ALLOWABLE LATERAL SOIL-BEARING PRESSURE IN EMBEDMENT


Pp

300

psf / ft

LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE

Pa

35

pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)

SEISMIC GROUND SHAKING

PE

420

psf / ft (for Hcant > 12 ft only)

SOIL SPECIFIC WEIGHT

110

pcf

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

VERT. REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

PILE DIAMETER
D
=
PILE SPACING
S
=
PILE VERT. REINF.
16 #
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties)
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT
#
5 @

42
3.85
11
1
6

ksi
in
ft, o.c.
Ties
in o.c.

THE SHORING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


( H embd =

24.80

ft. Min. Req'D)

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE PILE SECTION FORCES AT CANTILEVER BOTTOM
Hb = 0.5 S Pa (Hcant)2 =

10.53

Hs = ws S Pa (Hcant) / b =

7.66

kips, ASD

HE = 0.5 S PE (Hcant)2 =

126.33

kips, ASD

kips, ASD

P = S D ws + 0.25 c D2 Hcant =

24.78

kips, ASD

V = Hb + HE + Hs =

144.51

kips, ASD

M = (Hb /3 + 2HE /3 + Hs /2 ) Hcant =

897.2

ft-kips, ASD

Pu = 1.2 P =

29.73

kips, SD

Vu = 1.6 V =

231.22

kips, SD

Mu = 1.6 M =

1435.5

ft-kips, SD

CHECK PILE LIMITATIONS


fc' =
D=

4
42

ksi
in

>
>

4
ksi
MAX[( Hcant + Hembd) / 30 , 12 in]

[Satisfactory] (IBC 09 Table 1808.8.1)


[Satisfactory] (IBC 09 1810.3.5.2)

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

o =

Pmax =F [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

=
=

Ag =

'
C

, E c = 57

Ec
0.85 f

'
C

0.85 f

'
C

sEs ,
f y ,

c c
o
o

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

for 0 < c < o

for c o
for s y

for s > y

3184.1 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.2)

0.8 , ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.1 or 10.3.6.2


0.65 (ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)
2
1385 in .

2 0.85 f

Ast =

>
2
24.96 in .

Pu

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
3500
3000
2500

AT COMPRESSION ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002

2000
1500

Pn (k)

1000
500
0
-500 0

500

1000

1500

2000

Pn (kips)
3184
3184
2807
2333
1921
1300

Mn (ft-kips)
0
807
1169
1495
1679
1831

1272
483

1854
2127

AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005

2500

-1000

AT FLEXURE ONLY

1598

-1500

AT TENSION ONLY

-1348

-2000

Mn (ft-k)
a = Cb 1 =

19

in (at balanced strain condition, ACI 10.3.2)

0.75 + ( t - 0.002 ) (200 / 3), for Spiral

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


where

Cb = d c / ( c + s) =
d

22

0.656

in

37.7 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.002069

1 =

0.85

c =

0.003

( ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.2.7.3 )

Mn = 0.9 n =

1598 ft-kips @ Pn = 0, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 9.3.2) ,& et,max = 0.004, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.5)

Mn =

ft-kips @ Pu =

1631

30

>

kips

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

min

0.005 (IBC 09 1810.3.9.4.2)

provd

Mu

[Satisfactory]

0.018
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY

Vn = (Vs + Vc) =
where

281 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

> Vu
[Satisfactory]
0.75 (ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)

2
1115 in .

A0 =

smax
smin
s =

Av =

Vc =

2 (fc')0.5A0 =

Vs =

MIN (d fy Av / s , 8 (fc')0.5A0) =

12

0.62

in2.

fy =

sprovd

s,provd =

By trials, use pole depth, d = H embd =

0.008 [Satisfactory]

7.20

ksf

Lateral bearing @ d / 3, S 1 = 2 P p Min( d / 3 , 12' ) =


Require Depth is given by

4.96

ksf

for nonconstrained

P= V =

in

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 21.12.4.4 & 21.6.4.1)

24.80 ft

Lateral bearing @ bottom, S 3 = 2 P p Min( d , 12' ) =

Where

[Satisfactory]

<

0.12 fc' / fyt = 0.008

A
4.36h
1+ 1+
2
A

ksi

233.6 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.4.7.2 & 11.4.7.9)

(IBC 09 1810.3.9.4.2)

DETERMINE PILE EMBEDMENT LENGTH, H embd , (IBC 09 1807.3)

d =

60

141.0 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.2.1, 11.2.1.3)

144.51 kips

A = 2.34 P / (D S 1 ) =

19.48

h= M /V =

ft

6.21

24.80 ft

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Composite Element Design Based on AISC 360-05 & ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
f c'

CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR STEEL YIELD STRESS

ksi

fy, Bar =

60

ksi

VERTICAL REINFORCING
COVER TO VERTICAL REBAR

Cc

3.25

in

fy, WF =
50 ksi
W16X67

WF STEEL YIELD STRESS


WF SECTION
tf

bf

tw

0.665

10.2

0.395

16.3

19.7

ELEMENT DIAMETER

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

-500 k, tension

Mu,x

600

ft-k

Mu,y

200

ft-k

Vu,x

68

Vu,y

50

FACTORED MOMENT

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

30

in

THE SECTION DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
2000
1500

1000

Pn (k)

500
0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

-500
-1000
-1500

Mn (ft-k)

Capacity Drawings
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 75% MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 50% MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 25% MAXIMUM LOAD
AT FLEXURE ONLY
AT STEEL STRAIN 0.005
AT AXIAL LOAD -715 k
AT PURE TENSION

Pn (k)
1394
1394
1045
697
348
0
-202
-715
-1228

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.81
0.84
0.87
0.9
0.9
0.9

Mn (ft-k)
0
894
922
1017
1052
1084
1110
721
0

o =

2 0.85 f

'
C

Ec

0.85 f
=

0.85 f

'
C

, E c = 57

1394

'
C

, for c o
,
for s t

s E s
=
,
for
f
s >t

>
where

kips, (AISC 360-05 I2-2 & I2-3)

Pu

[Satisfactory]

0.75

(AISC 360-05 I2.1b & ACI 318-08 9.3.2.2)

Ac

707

in2

Ic

39642

in4

6.32

in2

Is

119

in4

As, Bar

'
C

2
2 c c ,
o o

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

Pmax = c Pn =

, E s = 29000ksi
for 0 < c < o

(cont'd)

Balanced :

C1

0.154

KL

30

Pe

2139

kips, (AISC 360-05 I2-5)

0.75

(AISC 360-05 I2.1b & ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

, (AISC 360-05 I2-7)

16.7

884

28093060

Po

4368

t, min =

in

26.3 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

Critical Points
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT STEEL STRAIN 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT STEEL STRAIN 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

Mn =

ksi-in4, (AISC 360-05 I2-6)

ft, effective length

Cb = d c / (c + s) =
d

E Ieff

-500 kips

30.0

>

Mu =

632

Mn (ft-k)
0
894
650
781
859
933
925
1110
1084
ft-kips
provd

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08 10.9)

min

0.01 (AISC 360-05 I2.1a & ACI 318-08 10.9)

0.003

in

Pn (k)
1394
1394
2174
1853
1577
984
1117
-202
0

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.9
0.8736

ft-kips @ Pu =

c =

0.0017

D =

kips, (AISC 360-05 I2-4)

[Satisfactory]
=

0.037
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AISC I2.1d & ACI 318-08 11.1 & 11.2)

Vnx = (Vcx)

>

Vux

(ACI 318-08 11.1.1)

v Vny = v (Vny)

>

Vuy

(AISC 360-05 G2.1)

where

=
v =

x
y

[Satisfactory]

0.75 (ACI 318-08 9.3.2.3)


1.00 (AISC 360-05 G2.1)
d

A0

26
10

656

Aw

Vc =

2 (fc')0.5A0

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw Cv

92.8
14

407.0

Vn
70
407

Note:
1.
The minimum Stud Shear Connectors (not shown on this spreadsheet) are 3/4" @ 12" O.C. in both directions of vertical and horizontal
around WF steel shape. (AISC 360-05 I2.1g)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Seismic Design for Special Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY

D =

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

DISTRIBUTED UNFACTORED LOADS

REBAR YIELD STRESS


BEAM LENGTH BET. COL. CENTERS
BEAM SIZE

fy
L
b
h
c1

60
25
24
36
36

ksi
ft
in
in
in

L =
0.6
kips / ft
SECTION MOMENTS & SHEARS AT FACE OF COL. (ft-kips, kips)
MA
VA
MB
VB
D
-130
45
-180
-45
L
-25
7
-25
-7

24

in

COLUMN SIZE

=
=
=
=
=

c2 =
SDS =
=

SEISMIC PARAMETER
REDUNDANCY FACTOR
LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING
SECTION
TOP
9
(d =
BOTTOM

A
#
33.31
( 1 Layer)
5
#
( d = 33.31
( 1 Layer)

QE

B
#
33.31
( 1 Layer)
5
#
( d = 33.31
( 1 Layer)

3
(d =

9
in )

61

-665

kips / ft

-61

0.44
1.15
MID SPAN
#
9
33.31 in )
( 1 Layer)
5
#
9
( d = 33.31 in )
( 1 Layer)

9
in )

665

4.1

9
(d =

9
in )
9
in )

HOOP & STIRRUP LOCATIONS (ACI 21.5.3)


AT END, S1
AT MID, S2
AT SPLICE, S3
LOCATION
LENGTH
72
in
120
in
48
in
(L-4h-c1)
( 2h )
1.3 MAX{0.075fy t b sdb/[(fc')0.5(c+Ktr)/db], 12}
TYPE
Hoops
Stirrups
Hoops
BAR
5 Legs # 5
3 Legs # 5
5 Legs # 5
(Legs to alternate long bars supported, ACI 7.10.5.3)
SPACING
@ 8 in o.c.
@ 16 in o.c.
@ 4 in o.c.
MIN(d/4, 8db, 24dt, 12)
( d/2 )
MIN(d/4, 4)

THE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS
U = (1.2+0.2SDS)D + QE + 1.0L
(ACI 9-5)
AT SECTION A, FACE OF COLUMN
Vu =

135.1

kips

Mu =

572.3

ft-kips

or

AT SECTION B, FACE OF COLUMN


-5.2

kips

Vu =

or
-957.2 ft-kips
AT MIDDLE OF THE SPAN

Mu =

Vu =

0.0

kips

or

0.0

Mu =

131.1

ft-kips

or

131.1

or

-33.6

kips

U = (0.9-0.2SDS)D + QE
(ACI 9-7)
AT SECTION A, FACE OF COLUMN
Vu =

106.7

kips

Mu =

659.2

ft-kips

Vu =

65.2

Mu =

-196.0

kips
ft-kips

kips

or

5.2

or

507.9

kips
ft-kips

kips
ft-kips

AT SECTION B, FACE OF COLUMN

or
-870.3 ft-kips
AT MIDDLE OF THE SPAN

Vu =

-106.7

kips

or

33.6

kips

Mu =

-910.9

ft-kips

or

618.6

ft-kips

Vu =

0.0

kips

or

0.0

kips

Mu =

75.6

ft-kips

or

75.6

ft-kips

__

U = 1.2D + 1.6L
(ACI 9-2)
AT SECTION A, FACE OF COLUMN

-135.1

-1021.6 ft-kips

AT MIDDLE OF THE SPAN


Vu =

0.0

Mu =

129.8

Page 119 of 533


524

AT SECTION B, FACE OF COLUMN

kips

Vu =

-65.2

kips

ft-kips

Mu =

-256.0

ft-kips

cont'd
CHECK SECTION REQUIREMENTS (ACI 21.5.1)
Pu < 0.1Agfc'
[Satisfactory]
Lu=L-c1 =

22.00

b/h=
b =

0.67
24

>

ft

>

0.3

>
<

in

4d=

11.10

[Satisfactory]
10
in
c2+1.5h =
78

ft

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]
in
[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURAL REQUIREMENTS


AT SECTION A, FACE OF COLUMN
(ACI 21.5.2.1)

(ACI 21.5.2.2)

top =

0.011

bot =

0.006

Mn,bot

>

>
<
>
<

min=MIN[3(fc')0.5/fy, 200/fy ]=
0.003
max =
0.025
[Satisfactory]
min =
0.003
[Satisfactory]
max =
0.025
[Satisfactory]

(1/2)Mn,top

[Satisfactory]

Mn,bot = bot bd fy (1 - 0.588bot fy/fc') =

772

ft-kips

Mn,top = top bd fy (1 - 0.588top fy/fc') =


=
0.9
AT SECTION B, FACE OF COLUMN

1301

ft-kips

where

2
2

(ACI 21.5.2.1)

top =
bot =

(ACI 21.5.2.2)

AT MIDDLE OF THE SPAN


(ACI 21.5.2.1) top =

bot =
(ACI 21.5.2.2)

0.006

>

Mn,bot
where

min =
max =
min =
max =

(1/2)Mn,top

0.003

[Satisfactory]

0.025

[Satisfactory]

0.003

[Satisfactory]

0.025

[Satisfactory]

Mn,bot = bot bd fy (1 - 0.588bot fy/fc') =

772

ft-kips

Mn,top = top bd2fy (1 - 0.588top fy/fc') =

1301

ft-kips

>
<
>
<

0.004
0.006

>
>

Mn,bot

min =
max =
min =
max =

0.003

[Satisfactory]

0.025

[Satisfactory]

0.003

[Satisfactory]

0.025

[Satisfactory]

(1/4)Mn,max

[Satisfactory]

(1/4)Mn,max

[Satisfactory]

Mn,top = top bd2fy (1 - 0.588top fy/fc') =

478

ft-kips

2
Mn,bot = bot bd fy (1 - 0.588bot fy/fc') =

772

ft-kips

Mn,max =

1301

>
>

Mu /

[Satisfactory]

Mu /

[Satisfactory]

>
>

Mu /

[Satisfactory]

Mu /

[Satisfactory]

>
>

Mu /

[Satisfactory]

Mu /

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

Mn,top
where

>
<
>
<

0.011

[Satisfactory]

ft-kips

CHECK SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 21.5.4)


FOR SEISMIC LOAD ACTING TO THE LEFT
Ve = (Mpr, A, top + Mpr, B,bot) / Ln + VgL =
Ve - dwu = 162.4
where

<

kips

Ve - (2h + d)wu =

178.7

127.1
0.5

Vc = 2(fc') bd =

[Vc + Avfyd/s1 ] =

<

kips
0.0

290.4

8(fc')0.5bd =
kips

[2(fc')0.5bd + Avfyd/s2 ] =

kips, (Per ACI 21.5.4.2, Vc = 0, if (Ve -VgL)

Mpr, A, top = top bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919top fy/fc') =

1564

ft-kips

Mpr, B ,bot = bot bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919bot fy/fc') =

945

ft-kips

Ln = L - c1 =

22.0

wu = (1.2+0.2SSD)D+1.0L =
VgL = wuLn / 2 =
=
0.75

5.9

kips

Ve - (2h - d)wu =

110.8

kips

0.93

178.7

<

Ve - dwu = 162.4

kips

[Satisfactory]

152.8

kips

[Satisfactory]

50% Ve AND Pu < Ag fc' / 20 )

kips / ft, (for CBC, only D + L, without factor)

64.7
kips
(ACI 9.3.2.3)
in2 @ end ,

Ve = (Mpr, A, bot + Mpr, B,top) / Ln + VgL =

262.7

[Satisfactory]

ft

1.55
Av =
FOR SEISMIC LOAD ACTING TO THE RIGHT

where

<

kips

in2 @ mid of beam

<

kips

[Vc + Avfyd/s1 ] =

<

290.4

8(fc')0.5bd =
kips

[2(fc')0.5bd + Avfyd/s2 ] =

Mpr, A ,bot = bot bd fy (1.25 - 0.919bot fy/fc') =

945

Mpr, B, top = top bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919top fy/fc') =

1564

ft-kips

__
Page 120 of 533
524

ft-kips

262.7

kips

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]
152.8

kips

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Seismic Design for Special Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc ' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy =

60

ksi

COLUMN CLEAR HEIGHT

Hn =

10.17

ft

COLUMN SIZE

c1 =

36

in

c2 =

36

in

SDS =
=

SEISMIC PARAMETER
REDUNDANCY FACTOR

0.44
1.15

SECTION MOMENTS & SHEARS AT END OF COL. (ft-kips, kips)


Mtop
Mbot
P
V
D
692
-4
-20
-2
L
87
-1
-1
-1
QE

900

93

LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING
SECTION
LEFT
6
(d =

TOP
#
8
33.38 in )
( 1 Layer)
6
#
8
( d = 33.38 in )
( 1 Layer)
20
#
8
( 8 # 8 at sides )

RIGHT

TOTAL
BARS

500

BOTTOM
#
8
33.38 in )
( 1 Layer)
6
#
8
( d = 33.38 in )
( 1 Layer)
20
#
8
( 8 # 8 at sides )

6
(d =

TRANSVERSE REINFORCEMENT FOR CONFINEMENT (ACI 21.6.4 & 21.6.3)


LOCATION
AT END, Lo
AT MID
LENGTH
36
in
4 in + 4 in

AT SPLICE, S
43
in

1.3Max{(0.075)fydb/[(fc')0.5(c+Ktr)/db],12}
MAX( c1, Hn/16, 18)
Hoops
Hoops
Hoops
4 Legs # 5
4 Legs # 5
4 Legs # 5
(Legs to alternate long bars supported, ACI 7.10.5.3)
@ 4 in o.c.
@ 6 in o.c.
@ 4 in o.c.

TYPE
BAR SIZE
SPACING

MIN{c1/4, 6db, MAX[MIN(4+(14-hx)/3, 6), 4]}

MIN( 6db, 6 )

Same as END Lo

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
DESIGN LOADS
U = (1.2+0.2SDS)D + QE + 1.0L
Pu =

980.6

U = (0.9-0.2SDS)D + QE

(ACI 9-5)

(ACI 9-7)

kips

Mu,top =

1028.8

ft-kips

Pu =

564.2

kips

Mu,top =

1031.8

ft-kips

Vu =
80.2
kips
U = 1.2D + 1.6L
(ACI 9-2)

Mu,bot =

571.4

ft-kips

Vu =

90.7

kips

Mu,bot =

573.4

ft-kips

Pu =

969.6

kips

Mu,top =

-6.4

ft-kips

Vu =

-25.6

kips

Mu,bot =

-4.0

ft-kips

CHECK SECTION REQUIREMENTS (ACI 21.6.1)


Pu =

564.2

cmin =MIN(c1, c2) =


cmin / cmax =

>

kips
36

in

>

1.00

0.1Agfc' =

388.8

>

12

0.4

kips

[Satisfactory]

in

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TRANSVERSE REINFORCING AT END OF COLUMN (ACI 21.6.4)


in2
Ash =
1.24
>
MAX[ 0.09shcfc' / fyh , 0.3shc(Ag/Ach-1)fc' / fyh ] =
[Satisfactory]

where

0.73

s = MAX[MIN(c1/4, 6db, 4+(14-hx)/3, 6), 4] =

__
hc = c1 - 2Cover - dt =

32.4

Ach = (c1-3)(c2-3) =

in2

1089.0

in

CHECK FLEXURAL REINFORCING (ACI 21.6.3.1)


AT TOP SECTION

total = 0.013

>

min =

Page 121 of 533


524

0.010

[Satisfactory]

in2
5

in

(cont'd)
AT BOTTOM SECTION

total = 0.013

>

min =

0.010

[Satisfactory]

AT SPLICE SECTION

total = 0.026

<

max =

0.060

( 0.030 should be used for lap splice existed.)

[Satisfactory]
CHECK CAPACITY SUBJECTED TO BENDING AND AXIAL LOAD
APPLIED LOADING (ACI 10.12.3)
LOADS
1
2

980.6

564.2

564.2

969.6

969.6

1028.8

571.4

1031.8

573.4

6.4

4.0

1.018

1.018

1.011

1.011

1.018

1.018

Pu (kips)

980.6

Mu (ft-kips)

ns = Cm/[1-Pu/(0.75Pc)]
nsMu (ft-kips)
Mn (ft-kips) @ Pu

1047.8

581.9

1042.6

579.4

6.5

4.1

1325.3

1566.8

1293.9

1564.8

1104.9

1103.0

EI = 0.4EcIg / (1+ d) = 0.25 EcIg

where

Pc = EI / (kLu)
2

SUMMARY OF LOAD VERSUS MOMENT CAPACITIES (ACI 10.2 & 10.3)


Pn (kips)
2191
2191
1959
1647
1392
1008
987
687
0

CAPACITY
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

Mn (ft-kips)
0
568
805
1028
1162
1307
1318
1651
1100

Pn (kips)
2500

2000

1500

1000

500

Mn (ft-kips)

0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

All load points to be within capacity diagram.

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 21.6.5)


Ve = MAX[ (Mpr, left, top + Mpr, right,bot) / Hn , Vu,max] =

where

top,left =
bot,right =

0.004
0.004

<
<
>
>

246.7

8(fc')0.5c2d =

kips
394.9

[2(fc')0.5c2d + Avfyd/smid ] =

kips

[Satisfactory]

409.1

kips

min=MIN[3(fc') /fy, 200/fy ]=


0.003
min =
0.003
[Satisfactory]
0.5

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

Mpr, left, top = MIN [1.25Mn,col,max , 0.5 (Mpr,top beam, left + Mpr,top beam, right) ] =

1254

ft-kips

Mpr, right, bot = MIN [1.25Mn,col,max , 0.5 (Mpr,bot beam, left + Mpr,bot beam, right) ] =
=
0.75
(ACI 9.3.2.3)
in2
Av =
1.24

1254

ft-kips

__
Page 122 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Seismic Design for Special Moment Resisting Frame Based on ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

CHECK STRONG COLUMN - WEAK BEAM (ACI 21.6.2.2)


Mc = Mn,top @ Pu, top + Mn,bot @ Pu, bot =

>
where

1.2Mg = 1.2(Mn,top + Mn,bot) =


Mn,top @ Pu, top =
Mn,bot @ Pu, bot =
Mn,top =

1300.5

Mn,bot =

771.5

4077.7

ft-kips

2486.5

ft-kips

2038.9

ft-kips

2038.9

ft-kips

Mn,top @ Pu, top


[Satisfactory]
Mn,top

Mn,bot

ft-kips, (slab bars included, ACI 318-08)


ft-kips

Note: For UBC 97, Mc & Mg shall be at the center of the joint with factors,
which means Mc > (0.9/0.7)1.2Mg.

Mn,bot @ Pu, bot

CHECK JOINT CAPACITY (ACI 21.7)


Ve = 1.25fy(As,top + As,bot) - (Mpr,top + Mpr,bot)/Hn =
where

As,top =

9.00

in2

As,bot =

5.00

in2

Mpr,top =

1563.6

Mpr,bot =

945.2

ft-kips

Hn =

10.17

ft

Vn = k Aj (fc')0.5 =
where

804.5

Aj = c1 MIN(b+c1 , c2) =
k=

20
0.85

803.3

kips
As,top

ft-kips
Mpr,top

>

kips

Ve

Mpr,bot

[Satisfactory]

in2

864

(20 for four faces, 15 for three faces, & 12 for others)
(ACI 9.3.4 c)

As,bot

THEJOINT DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


Technical References:
1. Alan Williams: "Seismic and Wind Forces, Structural Design Examples", International Code Council, 2003.
2. SEAOC: "2000 IBC Structural/Seismic Design Manual - Volume 3", International Code Council, 2003.
3. David A. Fanella: "Design of Concrete Buildings for Earthquake and Wind Forces", Portland Cement Association, 1998.

__
Page 123 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Special Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08 / IBC 09
INPUT DATA

DESIGN SUMMARY

CONCRETE STRENGTH (ACI 318 5.1.1)

f c'

ksi

SHEAR WALL LENGTH

28.83 ft

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

SHEAR WALL THICKNESS


BULB END WIDTH

t
B

=
=

16.00 in
34.00 in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

D + Web

173.71 in

FACTORED MOMENT LOAD

Mu

= 87822 ft-k

BULB REINFORCING

28

11

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu

LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL


THICKNESS OF WALL
DEPTH AT FLANGE
WIDTH AT FLANGE

L
t
D
B

= 28.83 ft
=
16 in
=
34 in
=
34 in

WALL HORIZ. REINF


WALL VERT. REINF
HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, DIR.
HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR.

2
2
5
22

#
#
#
#

7
7
5
5

TOTAL WALL HEIGHT TO TOP


REINF. BARS AT BULB
WALL DIST. HORIZ. REINF.
WALL DIST. VERT. REINF.
HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, DIR.
5
HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR.
22
WALL EFFECTIVELY CONTINUOUS ?

hw
28
2
2
legs of
legs of

8060 k

BULB END DEPTH

1404 k

@
@
@
@

12
12
6
6

THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

= 237.5 ft
#
11
#
7
@ 12
in. o.c.
#
7
@ 12
in. o.c.
#
5
#
5
Yes (ACI 21.9.6.2 apply)

D
t
B

ANALYSIS
20000

15000

10000

Pn (k)
5000

0
0
-5000

20000 40000 60000 80000 10000 12000 14000 16000


0
0
0
0

-10000

Mn (ft-k)
CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT RATIOS AND SPACING (ACI 318-08 21.9.2.1 & 14.3)

(t )min. =
( )min. =
(t )provd. =
( )provd. =
where

0.0025

[ for

Acv (f c')0.5 =

0.0025

[ for

Acv (f c')

0.0063

>
>

(t )min.
( )min.

0.0063
Acv =

2
5535 in

0.5

350.09

kips

<

Vu , and bar size # 7 horizontal]

350.09

kips

<

Vu , and bar size # 7 vertical]

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

(gross area of concrete section bounded by web thickness and length in the shear direction)

The proposed spacing is less than the maximum permissible value of 18 in and is satisfactory. Since wall

Vu

>

2 Acv (f c')

0.5

two curtains reinforcement required. (ACI 318-08 21.9.2.2)


CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 21.9.4.1 & 21.9.4.4)
Vn =MIN [ Acv (c (f c')0.5 + t f y), 8 Acv (f c')0.5 ] =
where

1665.56 kips

>

__

Vu

0.60 (conservatively, ACI 318-08 9.3.4 a)

c =

2.0

( for

>

[Satisfactory]

hw / L

8.24

>2)

(only for hw / L > 2.0, ACI 318-08 21.9.4.3)

Page 124 of 533


524

[Satisfactory]

in o.c.
in o.c.
in o.c.
in o.c.

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY


MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH (ACI 318-08 21.9.5.1 & Eq.10-2)

Pmax =0.8 [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

Ag =
Ast =

15375 kips.

>

Pu

[Satisfactory]

0.65 (ACI 318-08 9.3.2.2)


2
6759 in .
2
116.36 in .

DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY AT MAXIMUM AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH ARE FROM 0 TO 37085 ft-kips.
FOR THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION UNDER COMBINED FLEXURE AND AXIAL LOAD, THE MAXIMUM STRAIN IN THE CONCRETE
AND IN THE TENSION REINFORCEMENT MUST SIMULTANEOUSLY REACH THE VALUES SPECIFIED IN ACI 318-08 10.3.2
AS c = 0.003 AND t = f y / Es = 0.002069 . THE DEPTH TO THE NEUTRAL AXIS AND EQUIVALENT RECTANGULAR CONCRETE
STRESS BLOCK ARE GIVEN BY
Cb = d c / (c + s) =

195

= 0.65 + (t -0.002)(250/3) =

a = Cb 1 =

in

165

1 =

in

0.656 (ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

0.85

d = (L - 0.5D ) =

( ACI 318-08 10.2.7.3 )


329

in

DESIGN AXIAL AND MOMENT CAPACITIES AT THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION ARE 7332 kips AND 103102 ft-kips.
IN ACCORDANCE WITH ACI 318-08 9.3.2 THE DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY WITHOUT AXIAL LOAD IS
Mn = 0.9 n =

86262 kips.

TO KEEP TENSION SECTION WITH SHEAR CAPACITY PER ACI SEC. 11.9.6, THE PURE AXIAL TENSION CAPACITY IS
Pn = - 0.9 MIN(Ast Fy , 3.3 f c'0.5 4 L t ) = -4159 kips.
SUMMARY OF LOAD VERSUS MOMENT CAPACITIES ARE SHOWN IN THE TABLE BELOW, AND THEY ARE PLOTTED
ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM AT FRONT PAGE.

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION

=
=
=
=
=

Pn (kips)
15375
15375
13650
11613
9949

Mn (ft-kips)
0
37085
54654
73516
85897

AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION

=
=

7428
7332

101295
103102

AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY
AT TENSION ONLY

=
=
=

6172
0
-4159

137743
86262
0

DESIGN FORCES Pu & Mu ARE ALSO PLOTTED ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM. FROM THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM.
THE ALLOWABLE MOMENT AT AN AXIAL LOAD Pu IS GIVEN BY
Mn =

97675

>

kips.

Mu

[Satisfactory]

where = Min{0.9, Max[0.65 + (t - 0.002)(250/3) , 0.65]} = 0.650

(ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

CHECK BOUNDARY ZONE REQUIREMENTS


AN EXEMPTION FROM THE PROVISION OF BOUNDARY ZONE CONFINEMENT REINFORCEMENT IS GIVEN BY ACI318-05 21.9.6.2,
21.9.6.3, and 21.9.6.5(a) PROVIDED THAT
c < (L hw) / (600 u) for ACI 21.9.6.2 apply
where

c =

208

f c < 0.2 f c' for ACI 21.9.6.3 apply

or

[Unsatisfactory]

in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at Pu & Mn loads. )

u = 20.0 in. ( design displacement, assume 0.007hw as a conservative short cut, see ACI 318-08 21.9.6.2a. )
f c = (Pu / A) + (Mu y / I )
y =
A =
I =

173

2.978

ksi. ( the maximum extreme fiber compressive stress at Pu & Mu loads. )

in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at Pu & Mu loads. )

7696
94443188

in . ( area of transformed section. )


4
in . ( moment of inertia of transformed section. )

Or the longitudinal reinforcement ratio at the wall end =

0.038

>

400 / f y

__

[Unsatisfactory]

HENCE SPECIAL BOUNDARY ZONE DETAILING REQUIRED !


The boundary element length = MAX( c - 0.1L , 0.5 c , D + 12 ) =173.71 in. ( ACI 318-08 21.9.6.4 )
The maximum hoop spacing = MIN[ B/3 , 6db , 6 , 4+(14-hx)/3 ] =
The required hoop reinforcement
( ACI 318-08, Eq.21-4 )

in.o.c. ( ACI 318-08 21.6.4.2 & 21.9.6.5a )

Ash, B DIR = (0.09 s hc f c' ) / f yh =

2
0.273 in .

<

# 5 provided

[Satisfactory]

Ash, L DIR = (0.09 s hc f c' ) / f yh =

2
0.294 in .

<

# 5 provided

[Satisfactory]

Page 125 of 533


524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Ordinary Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH (ACI 318 5.1.1)

f c'

ksi

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

5000

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

FACTORED MOMENT LOAD

Mu

28026 ft-k

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu

1100

LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL


THICKNESS OF WALL

L
t

=
=

28
12

ft
in

WALL DIST. HORIZ. REINF.


WALL DIST. VERT. REINF.

2
2

#
#

7
7

@
@

VERT. REINF. BARS AT END

THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


18
18

in. o.c.
in. o.c.

ANALYSIS
10000

8000

6000

Pn (k)
4000

2000

0
0

10000

20000

30000

40000

50000

-2000

Mn (ft-k)
CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT RATIOS AND SPACING (ACI 318-08 14.3)

(t )provd. =
( )provd. =

0.0056
0.0056

(t )min. =
( )min. =

>
>

0.0025

[Satisfactory]

0.0015

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 11.2 & 21.9.4)


Vn =MIN [ Acv (2 (f c')0.5 + t f y), 8 Acv (f c')0.5 ] =
where

Acv =

1112.4 kips

>

Vu

0.60 (conservatively, ACI 318-08 9.3.4 a)


2
4032 in

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY


THE ALLOWABLE MOMENT AT AN AXIAL LOAD Pu IS GIVEN BY
Mn =

35406

kips.

>

Mu

[Satisfactory]

where = Min{0.9, Max[0.65 + (t - 0.002)(250/3) , 0.65]} = 0.650

(ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

__
Page 126 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

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<

5& & &


%

!"#$% &E&E&%

% &'&<&$*

A.2: ,

#&%'

5 &

N$68 L5;

- *5
0.*

823

A.2: ,

%
#&%=E 5 &

N$68 L5;

- *5
0.*

823

PROJECT :
PAGE :
CLIENT :
DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
REVIEW BY :
Verify Existing Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Capacity Based on ASCE 41-06 / CBC 10 / IBC 09
INPUT DATA

OUTPUT SUMMARY

CONCRETE STRENGTH (ACI 318 5.1.1)

fc'

ksi

SHEAR WALL LENGTH

28.83 ft

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

SHEAR WALL THICKNESS


BULB END WIDTH

t
B

=
=

16.00 in
34.00 in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

D + Web

169.80 in

FACTORED MOMENT LOAD

Mu

= 87822 ft-k

BULB REINFORCING

28

11

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu

1404 k

LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL


THICKNESS OF WALL
DEPTH AT FLANGE
WIDTH AT FLANGE

L
t
D
B

=
=
=
=

28.83
16
34
34

ft
in
in
in

WALL HORIZ. REINF


WALL VERT. REINF
HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, DIR.
HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR.

2
2
5
22

#
#
#
#

7
7
5
5

hw
28
2
2
legs of
legs of

=
#
#
#
#
#

237.5
11
7
7
5
5
Yes

ft

TOTAL WALL HEIGHT TO TOP


REINF. BARS AT BULB
WALL DIST. HORIZ. REINF.
WALL DIST. VERT. REINF.
HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, DIR.
5
HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR.
22
WALL EFFECTIVELY CONTINUOUS ?

MAX CONCRETE COMPRESSION STRAINS


MAX REINFORCEMENT TENSILE STRAINS

8060 k

@
@

BULB END DEPTH

@
@
@
@

12
12
6
6

THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

L
12
12

in. o.c.
in. o.c.

t
B

(ACI 21.9.6.2 apply)

0.002 (ASCE 6.3.3.1)


0.05 (ASCE 41-06 Sec. 6.3.3.1)

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE WHETHER THE WALL CAN RESIST SEISMIC LOADS (CBC 2010 1908A.1.38)
Pu =

8060

where

Ag =

<

0.35 Ag fc' =

9463 k

[Satisfactory]

6759 in2.

20000

15000

10000

Pn (k)
5000

0
0

20000

40000

60000

80000

100000 120000 140000

-5000

-10000

Mn (ft-k)
CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT RATIOS AND SPACING (ACI 318-08 21.9.2.1 & 14.3)

(t )min. =

0.0025

[ for

Acv (fc')0.5 =
0.5

(l )min. =

0.0025

[ for

Acv (fc')

(t )provd. =
(l )provd. =

0.0063

>
>

(t )min.
(l )min.

where

0.0063
Acv =

2
5535 in

350.09

kips

<

Vu , and bar size # 7 horizontal]

350.09

kips

<

Vu , and bar size # 7 vertical]

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

(gross area of concrete section bounded by web thickness and length in the shear direction)

The proposed spacing is less than the maximum permissible value of 18 in and is satisfactory. Since wall

Vu

>

2 Acv (fc')0.5 ,

two curtains reinforcement required. (ACI 318-08 21.9.2.2)


CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 21.9.4.1 & 21.9.4.4)
Vn =MIN [ Acv (c (fc')0.5 + t fy), 8 Acv (fc')0.5 ] =
1665.56 kips
where

=
0.60 (conservatively, ACI 318-08 9.3.4 a)

c =

2.0

( for

>

[Satisfactory]

hw / L

8.24

>

>2)

(only for hw / L > 2.0, ACI 318-08 21.9.4.3)

Vu

[Satisfactory]

in o.c.
in o.c.
in o.c.
in o.c.

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY
MAXIMUM DESIGN AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH (ACI 318-08 21.9.5.1 & Eq.10-2)

Pmax =0.8 [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

Ast =

15375 kips.

>

Pu

[Satisfactory]

0.65 (ACI 318-08 9.3.2.2)


2
116.4 in .

DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY AT MAXIMUM AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH ARE FROM 0 TO 32514 ft-kips.
FOR THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION UNDER COMBINED FLEXURE AND AXIAL LOAD, THE MAXIMUM STRAIN IN THE CONCRETE
AND IN THE TENSION REINFORCEMENT MUST SIMULTANEOUSLY REACH THE VALUES SPECIFIED IN ACI 318-08 10.3.2
AS c AND t INPUT . THE DEPTH TO THE NEUTRAL AXIS AND EQUIVALENT RECTANGULAR CONCRETE
STRESS BLOCK ARE GIVEN BY
Cb = d c / (c + s) =

162

= 0.65 + (t -0.002)(250/3) =

a = Cb 1 =

in

137

1 =

in

0.656 (ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

0.85

d = (L - 0.5D ) =

( ACI 318-08 10.2.7.3 )


329

in

DESIGN AXIAL AND MOMENT CAPACITIES AT THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION ARE 5807 kips AND 98948 ft-kips.
IN ACCORDANCE WITH ACI 318-08 9.3.2 THE DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY WITHOUT AXIAL LOAD IS
Mn = 0.9 n =

85864 kips.

TO KEEP TENSION SECTION WITH SHEAR CAPACITY PER ACI SEC. 11.10.6, THE PURE AXIAL TENSION CAPACITY IS
Pn = - 0.9 MIN(Ast Fy , Ast Es s, 3.3 fc'0.5 4 L t ) =

-4159 kips.

SUMMARY OF LOAD VERSUS MOMENT CAPACITIES ARE SHOWN IN THE TABLE BELOW, AND THEY ARE PLOTTED
ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM AT FRONT PAGE.
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION

=
=
=
=
=

Pn (kips)
15375
15375
13247
10605
8649

Mn (ft-kips)
0
32514
52220
74301
85560

AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION

=
=

5924
5807

97415
98948

AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY
AT TENSION ONLY

=
=
=

4121
0
-4159

123235
85864
0

DESIGN FORCES Pu & Mu ARE ALSO PLOTTED ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM. FROM THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM.
THE ALLOWABLE MOMENT AT AN AXIAL LOAD Pu IS GIVEN BY
Mn =

88382

>

kips.

Mu

[Satisfactory]

where = Min{0.9, Max[0.65 + (t - 0.002)(250/3) , 0.65]} =

0.650

(ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

CHECK BOUNDARY ZONE REQUIREMENTS


AN EXEMPTION FROM THE PROVISION OF BOUNDARY ZONE CONFINEMENT REINFORCEMENT IS GIVEN BY ACI318-05 21.9.6.2,
21.9.6.3, and 21.9.6.5(a) PROVIDED THAT
c < (L hw ) / (600 u) for ACI 21.9.6.2 apply
where

c =

204

fc < 0.2 fc' for ACI 21.96.3 apply

or

[Unsatisfactory]

in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at Pu & Mn loads. )

u = 20.0 in. ( design displacement, assume 0.007hw as a conservative short cut, see ACI 318-08 21.9.6.2a. )
fc = (Pu / A) + (Mu y / I )
y =

173

2.978

ksi. ( the maximum extreme fiber compressive stress at Pu & Mu loads. )

in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at Pu & Mu loads. )

A =

7696

I =

94443188

in2. ( area of transformed section. )


in4. ( moment of inertia of transformed section. )

Or the longitudinal reinforcement ratio at the wall end =

0.038

>

400 / fy

[Unsatisfactory]

HENCE SPECIAL BOUNDARY ZONE DETAILING REQUIRED !


The boundary element length = MAX( c - 0.1L , 0.5 c , D + 12 ) = 169.80 in. ( ACI 318-08 21.9.6.4 )
The maximum hoop spacing = MIN[ B/3 , 6db , 6 , 4+(14-hx)/3 ] =
The required hoop reinforcement
( ACI 318-08, Eq.21-4 )

in.o.c. ( ACI 318-08 21.6.4.2 & 21.9.6.5a )

Ash, B DIR = (0.09 s hc fc' ) / fyh =

2
0.273 in .

<

# 5 provided

[Satisfactory]

Ash, L DIR = (0.09 s hc fc' ) / fyh =

2
0.287 in .

<

# 5 provided

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Tilt-up Panel Design based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

bt

f 'c =

ksi

fy =

60

ksi

LATERAL SERVICE LOAD

REBAR STRENGTH

w1 =

27

psf, for wall

(ASD level, 0.7 E)

w2 =

86

psf, for parapet

seismic

LATERAL LOAD TYPE (0 or 1)


LEDGER DL

P1DL =

0.8

LEDGER LL

P1LL =

0.8

k/ft

in

e1 =

DIST. FROM FACE

diaphragm

P1

P2

e1

k/ft

PARAPET DL

P2DL =

0.18

k/ft

PARAPET LIVE LOAD

P2LL =

k/ft

ELEMENT WIDTH

be =

ft

design panel

wall load

be

TRIBUTARY WIDTH

bt =

ft

WALL THICKNESS

t =

in

WALL VERT. SPAN

h =

22

ft

PARAPET HEIGHT

hp =

ft

VERT. REINF.- MIDDLE

LAYER

12 in, o.c.

HORIZ. REINF. - MIDDLE

LAYER

12 in, o.c.

REVEAL THICKNESS

0.75

in

ANALYSIS
CHECK VERTICAL FACTORED LOAD LESS THAN 0.06fc'Ag (ACI 318-08 Sec. 14.8.2.6)

P u = (1.2 P1DL + 1.6 P1LL + 1.2 P 2 DL + 1.6 P 2 LL + 1.2wwt 0.5h ) bt

3.78

<

0.06fc'Ag =

20.88 k

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT LESS THAN 0.6b (ACI 318-08 Sec. 14.8.2.3 & R9.3.2.2)

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'

u +t

fy

0.85 1 f c'
fy

u
u + 0.005

actual =

>

0.018

0.014

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK Mcr LESS THAN Mn (ACI 318-08 Sec. 14.8.2.4)

= MAX 0.9

M cr =

7.5

0.25 P u
'
MIN 0.1 f c A g , P b

, 0.65

= 0.8736

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.2)

M n = Ase f y d

'

f cIg
=
yt

49.87

<

k-in

where

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.5.2.3)

a
2

d=

117.19

3.63

Ase = As + Pu t / (2 fy d) =

[SATISFACTORY]

k-in

in
0.72

in2

(ACI 318 R14.8.3)


CHECK WALL STRENGTH

b ec
I cr = n Ase( d c ) +
3
2

41

Mua =

in4

2
wb
1 th

+ P1u

e + 0.5t
2

43.4

k-in, ( =

1 / 0.7 for seismic)

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 14.8.3)

Mu =

M ua
5P u h 2
0.75
(
) 48E c I cr

55.5 k-in

M n

<

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 14.8.3, Eq14-6)

117.19

k-in

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK SERVICE LOAD OUT-OF-PLANE DEFLECTION (ACI 318-08 Sec. 14.8.4

M sa =

e + 0.5t
w1b t h +
( P1DL + 0.5P1LL )
8
2
2

5M cr h 2
=
cr =
48 E c I g

s =

0.26

n =

in

25.6 k-in
2

5M n h
=
48E c I cr

6.65

__

2
M sa 2 / 3M cr
( n 2 / 3 cr ) , for M sa 2 / 3M cr
cr +
3
M n 2 / 3M cr
M sa
cr , for M sa < 2 / 3M cr
M cr

CHECK PARAPET STRENGTH

Mu, parapet =

w2bth2p
2

in

k-in

<

0.14

M n = 0.9 As e f y d

Page 131 of 533


524

<

in

a
2

h
150

1.76 in

[SATISFACTORY]

117 k-in

[SATISFACTORY]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
Wall Pier Design Based on CBC 2007 / IBC 2009

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc' =
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy =
WALL PIER LENGTH
L =
WALL PIER HEIGHT
H =
WALL PIER THICKNESS
t =

ksi

60

ksi

ft

12

ft

10

in

VERTICAL EDGE BARS, As


2
#
9
TRANSVERSE REINFORCEMENT, Av
2
#
5

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu =

60

kips

FACTORED SHEAR FORCE

Vu =

35

kips, (in plane)

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


6

in, o.c. (at each face.)

ANALYSIS
CHECK WALL PIER DEFINITION (CBC 2007 1908.1.3 / IBC 2009 1908.1.4)
L/t=
6.00
within [2.5 , 6]
&
H/L=

2.40

>

2
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR STRENGTH (CBC 2007 1908.1.8 / IBC 2009 1908.1.4 / ACI 318-08 21.6.5.1)
Ve = (Mpr, left, top + Mpr, right,bot) / H + Vu =
149.8
kips

<
<

where

d=

left =
right =

58.06

8(fc')0.5bd =

152.6

kips

[Satisfactory]

[Vc + Avfyd/s ] =
216.0
in, (ACI 318 3.3.2, 7.6.1, & 7.7.1)

kips

[Satisfactory]

min=MIN[3(fc')0.5/fy, 200/fy ]=
0.003
min =
0.003
[Satisfactory]
689
ft-kips
Mpr, left, top = left bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919left fy/fc') =
Mpr, right ,bot = right bd2fy (1.25 - 0.919right fy/fc') =
689
ft-kips

=
Av =

>
>

0.003

0.003

0.6
0.62

Vc = 2(fc')0.5bd =

[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318 9.3.4)


in2
0.0

kips, (Per ACI 318-08 21.6.5.2, Vc = 0, if (Ve -Vu)

__
Page 132 of 533
524

50% Ve AND Pu < Ag fc' / 20 )

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Slab Capacity Based on ACI 318-08


4.5
60

f'c =
fy =

ksi
ksi

t
cC

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

REBAR
6 @ 24
6 @ 22
6 @ 20
6 @ 18
6 @ 16
6 @ 14
6 @ 12
6 @ 10
6 @ 8
6 @ 6
6 @ 4
6 @ 2

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@

24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2

5
60

f'c =
fy =

=
=

7.25
1

" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.

As, in /ft
0.220
0.240
0.264
0.293
0.330
0.377
0.440
0.528
0.660
0.880
1.320
2.640

d, in
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88

a, in
0.288
0.314
0.345
0.383
0.431
0.493
0.575
0.690
0.863
1.150
1.725
3.451

T, k/ft
13.20
14.40
15.84
17.60
19.80
22.63
26.40
31.68
39.60
52.80
79.20
158.40

Mn, ft-k/ft
5.67
6.18
6.77
7.50
8.40
9.55
11.06
13.14
16.17
20.99
29.77
49.30

" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.

0.155
0.169
0.186
0.207
0.233
0.266
0.310
0.372
0.465
0.620
0.930
1.860

5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94
5.94

0.203
0.221
0.243
0.270
0.304
0.347
0.405
0.486
0.608
0.810
1.216
2.431

9.30
10.15
11.16
12.40
13.95
15.94
18.60
22.32
27.90
37.20
55.80
111.60

4.07
4.43
4.87
5.40
6.05
6.89
8.00
9.53
11.79
15.44
22.30
39.52

ksi
ksi

t
cC

=
=

7.25
1.5

in
in

REBAR
5 @ 24
5 @ 22
5 @ 20
5 @ 18
5 @ 16
5 @ 14
5 @ 12
5 @ 10
5 @ 8
5 @ 6
5 @ 4
5 @ 2

" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.

As, in /ft
0.155
0.169
0.186
0.207
0.233
0.266
0.310
0.372
0.465
0.620
0.930
1.860

d, in
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44
5.44

a, in
0.182
0.199
0.219
0.243
0.274
0.313
0.365
0.438
0.547
0.729
1.094
2.188

T, k/ft
9.30
10.15
11.16
12.40
13.95
15.94
18.60
22.32
27.90
37.20
55.80
111.60

Mn, ft-k/ft
3.73
4.06
4.46
4.94
5.55
6.31
7.33
8.74
10.81
14.15
20.47
36.35

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.
" O.C.

0.100
0.109
0.120
0.133
0.150
0.171
0.200
0.240
0.300
0.400
0.600
1.200

5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50

0.118
0.128
0.141
0.157
0.176
0.202
0.235
0.282
0.353
0.471
0.706
1.412

6.00
6.55
7.20
8.00
9.00
10.29
12.00
14.40
18.00
24.00
36.00
72.00

2.45
2.67
2.93
3.25
3.65
4.17
4.84
5.79
7.19
9.48
13.90
25.89

24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2

7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17
7.17

in
in

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@

Vn, k/ft
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09
7.09

__
Page 133 of 533
524

Vn, k/ft
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
6.92
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Voided Section Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
f c' =
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy =

ksi

60

ksi

TOTAL SLAB THICKNESS


t =
18
in
TOP & BOTTOM SOLID THICKNESS
tsolid =
4
in
VOIDED HORIZONTAL DIAMETER
D =

20

VERTICAL WEB THICKNESS


w =
2.5

in, (input 10 for Sphere/Circle)

M n =

32.7

ft-kips / ft

Vn =

11.0

kips / ft

in

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


SECTION BARS

@
with

12
0.75

o.c.
in. bottom concrete cover

ANALYSIS
CHECK SECTION LIMITATIONS
tsolid =

in

>

0.75
(inside cover)

D =

20

in

>

10

in, voided height

[Satisfactory]

w =

2.5

in

>

2.5

in

[Satisfactory]

1.50
(2 rebar thick)

0.75
=
(top & bot cover)

3.00

in, solid min thk


[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE FLEXURE CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 7.12.2.1, 10.2, 10.5.1)


wc =

150

Ec = wc1.5 33 f'c0.5 =

pcf, (ACI 318-08 8.5.1)

o =

d =
As =
Mn =

16.88
0.44

in
in2 / ft

c =

32.7

ft-kips / ft, (by pure math method)

>

3834

'

2 0.85 f C
Ec

0.85 f
=

0.85 f

'
C

, E s = 29000ksi

2
2 c c ,
o o

, for c o
,
for s t

s E s
=
,
for
f
s >t

in
in2 / ft

0.9

,(ACI 318-08 Fig R9.3.2)

0.75

,(ACI 318-08 9.3.2.3)

Ac =

116

in2 / ft

DETERMINE ONE WAY SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)
Vn = 2Ac (fc')0.5 =

11.0

kips / ft

for 0 < c < o

'
C

0.39

Amin =

0.84

ksi, (ACI 318-08 8.5.1)

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Diaphragm in-plane Shear Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH (ACI 318, 5.1.1) fc'
LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE ? (ACI 318, 8.6)

4
Yes

ksi
(Lightweight Concrete)

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

THICKNESS OF DIAPHRAGM

3.5

in

DIAPHRAGM REINFORCING

Vu

10

kips/ft

THE DIAPHRAGM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

FACTORED IN-PLANE SHEAR LOAD

12

in. o.c.

(at Middle, Each Way)

ANALYSIS
CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT RATIOS (ACI 318, 21.11.7 & 7.12)

(t )provd. =

0.0048

>

(t )min. =

0.0018

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318, 21.11.9)


Vn =MIN [ Acv (2 (fc')0.5 + t fy), 8 Acv (fc')0.5 ] =
where

Acv =

0.75 (ACI 318, 9.3.2.3)


2
42 in

0.75 (ACI 318, 8.6.1)

12.0

kips/ft

__
Page 134 of 533
524

>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Base Plate and Group Anchors Design Based on ACI 318-08 & AISC 360-05
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

SPECIFIED STRENGTH OF ANCHOR

futa =

58

ksi

BASE PLATE YIELD STRESS

fy =

36

ksi

CRITICAL BASE PLATE CANTILEVER

m=

3.3

in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD AT WORK POINT

Pu =

150

kips

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD AT WORK POINT

Vu =

16

kips, ( 0 if shear lug used.)

FACTORED MOMENT AT WORK POINT

Mu =

260

ft-kips

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT DEPTH

hef =

22

in

ANCHOR DIAMETER

d=

ANCHOR HEAD TYPE

ANCHOR LOCATION TO WORK POINT


X (in)
Y (in)
Anchor

in

-8

Heavy Hex

-8

-8

-8

24

6
7
8

24
-8
24

-8
0
0

( 1=Square, 2=Heavy Square, 3=Hex, 4=Heavy Hex, 5=Hardened Washers )


BASE PLATE THICKNESS

t=

SEISMIC LOAD ? (ACI 318 D3.3)

== >

1.75

in

Yes

Work Point

BASE PLATE SIZE - 36 in x 20 in x 1.75 in (thk.)


X (in)
Y (in)
Corner
1
-9.75
-9.75
Edge =
1.75 in
2
-9.75
9.75
(AISC 360-05, Tab J3.4 & J3.5)
3
25.75
9.75
4
25.75
-9.75
-9.75
-9.75

THE BASE PLATE & GROUP ANCHORS DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY OF ANCHORED CONCRETE (ACI 318-08 Sec 9 & Sec 10)
3000

2500

H
I Pn (k)

2000
1500
1000
500
0
0

500
I Mn (ft-k)

1000

1500

(cont'd)
I Mn =

451
0u, c =

>

ft-kips @ Pu =
363

150

kips

ft-kips to center of base plate

Ho

[Satisfactory]
I Pmax =

2643

>

Pu =

kips
150

ft-kips

[Satisfactory]

fC
Nua,1 =

3.13

kips

(The 1/0.4 times max tension, ACI 318 D3.3.6)


fp =

4.42

fS

ksi, the max possible concrete compression stress.


(ACI 318-08, 10.17.1 & 9.3.2.4, or AISC Guide - 1)

2 f C'
Ec

0.85 Min A2 , 2 , E c 57 f C' , E s 29000ksi


A1


0.85Min A2 , 2 f C' 2 H c  H c , for 0  H c  H o

A1
o H o

A2

, 2 f C' , for H c t H o
0.85Min
A1

H s E s , for H s d H y

f y , for H s ! H y

DETERMINE EACH ANCHOR FORCES WITHOUT CONCTERE COMPRESSION CAPCAITY CONSIDERED


Anchor

X (in)

Y (in)

XCG

YCG

Nua, 2

Vua

1
2
3
4

-8
-8
8
8

8
-8
8
-8

256
256
0
0

64
64
64
64

1.25
1.25
-18.75
-18.75

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

XCG =
YCG =

24

256

64

-38.75

2.00

Pu,CG =

150.0

kips

24

-8

256

64

-38.75

2.00

Vu,CG =

16.0

kips

160.0

ft-kips

0.0

ft-kips

-8

256

1.25

2.00

Mu,CG, X =

24

256

-38.75

2.00

Mu,CG, Y =

1536

384

-150

16

8
0

in
in

CHECK GOVERNING ANCHOR TENSILE STRENGTH (ACI 318, D.5.1.2)

INs

I A se f

where :

uta

0.75

Ase

0.606

19.77
x

>

kips
0.75

Nua = Max( Nua,1 , Nua,2 ) =

0.5625 , (ACI 318-08 D.4.4 & D.3.3.3)

in2

CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH OF GOVERNING ANCHOR (ACI 318, D.5.2.1)

I N cb I A N \ ec , N\ ed , N\ c, N N b I A N2 \ ec, N1.0\ c , N 24 f 'c h1.5


ef
9h ef
A No
=

22.026 k

where :

\ ec,N
\ c,N
AN

=
=

=
=

0.75

>

Nua =

3.13

0.75

kips

[Satisfactory]

0.5625

1.0, for no eccentricity in the connection.


1.0, for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
1089

in2, (conservative value)

CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH OF ALL ANCHORS (ACI 318, D.5.2.1)

I N cbg I A N \ ec , N\ ed , N\ c , N N b I A N2 \ ec , N1.0\ c, N 24 f 'c h1.5


ef
9hef
A No
=

136.134 k

>

- Pu =

3.13

-150

kips


[Satisfactory]

kips

[Satisfactory]

where :

=
=
=

\ ec,N
AN

0.75

0.84

0.75

0.5625

(cont'd)

, (ACI 318-08 Fig. RD.5.2.4)

98

82

in

8036

CHECK PULLOUT STRENGTH OF GOVERNING ANCHOR (ACI 318, D.5.3.1)

I N pn I\ cp , N Ab8 f 'c
where :

0.75

Ab

1.501

\ cp,N

>

27.018 k

Nua =

3.13

kips

[Satisfactory]

x
0.75
=
0.5625
2
in , ( or determined from manufacture's catalogs.)

1.0, for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.

CHECK SIDE-FACE BLOWOUT STRENGTH (ACI 318, D.5.4.1)

>

cmin

0.4 hef

[Satisfactory]

Since this fastener is located far from a free edge of concrete (c > 0.4 hef ) this type of failure mode is not applicable.
DETERMINE DESIGN TENSILE STRENGTH OF GOVERNING ANCHOR

INn

min I N s , I N cb , I N pn

19.771

CHECK GOVERNING ANCHOR SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 318, D.6.1.2b & D.3.3.6)

IV s

I 0.6 Ase f ut
I

where :

10.28

0.65

k
0.75

>

Vua =

0.4875

5.00

kips

[Satisfactory]

(for built-up grout pads, first factor shall be multiplied by 0.8, ACI 318 D.6.1.3)
CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH OF GOVERNING ANCHOR FOR SHEAR LOAD (ACI 318, D.6.2.1b)

l 0.2
IV cb I AV \ ec , N\ cd ,V\ c ,VV b I1.0\ ec ,V1.0\ c ,V 7 d f 'c 1.5hef
d
AVo

71.555 k

where :

>

Vua =

5.00

0.75

kips

1.5

[Satisfactory]

\ ec,V

=
=

1.0, for no eccentricity in the connection.

\ c,V

1.0, for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.

0.75

0.5625

l term is load bearing length of the anchor for shear, not to exceed 8d.
CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH OF ALL ANCHORS FOR SHEAR LOAD : (ACI 318, D.6.2.1b)

l 0.2
AV
'
d f c 1.5h ef
IV cbg I AV \ ec , N\ cd ,V\ c ,VV b I
1.0
7
\
\
ec ,V
c ,V
2
d
AVo
4.5 1.5h ef

=
I

where :

77.826 k

0.75

>

Vu

0.75

1.5

[Satisfactory]
=

0.5625

CHECK PRYOUT STRENGTH FOR SHEAR LOAD ON GOVERNING ANCHOR (ACI 318, D.6.3.1)

IV cp I k cp A N \ ed , N\ c , N N b I k cp A N2 1.0\ c , N 24 f 'c h1.5


ef
9h ef
A No
=

44.052 k

where :

=
=

kcp

0.75
2.0

>

Vua =

5.00

0.75

kips

[Satisfactory]

0.5625

for hef > 2.5 in.

CHECK PRYOUT STRENGTH FOR SHEAR LOAD ON ALL ANCHOR (ACI 318, D.6.3.1)

IV cpg I k cp A N \ ed , N\ c , N N b I k cp A N2 1.0\ c , N 24 f 'c h1.5


ef

9h

A No

=
where :

ef

>

325.072 k

0.75

Vu

[Satisfactory]

0.75

0.5625

DETERMINE DESIGN SHEAR STRENGTH OF GOVERNING ANCHOR

IV n min IV s , IV cb , IV cp

10.281

REQUIRED EDGE DISTANCES AND SPACING TO PRECLUDE SPLITTING FAILURE :


Since headed cast-in-place anchors are not like to be highly torqued, the minimum cover requirements of ACI 318 Sec. 7.7 apply.
CoverProvd

>

CoverReqd

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK TENSION AND SHEAR INTERACTION OF GOVERNING ANCHORS : (ACI 318, D.7)
Since

Nua,2
<

INn and

V ua,2
<

IVn the full tension design strength is permitted.

The interaction equation may be used

N ua ,2 V ua ,2

IV n

INn

0.26

1.2

[Satisfactory]

Sum m ary of Dim ensional Properties of Anchors


Anchor
Diameter
( in )
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
1.250
1.375
1.500
1.750
2.000

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8
1 1/2
1 3/4
2

Gross
Area of
Anchor
( in2 )
0.049
0.110
0.196
0.307
0.442
0.601
0.785
0.994
1.227
1.485
1.767
2.405
3.142

Effective
Bearing Area of Heads, Nuts, and Washers
Area of
( Ab ) ( in2 )
Threaded
Anchor
Heavy
Heavy Hardened
Square
Hex
( in2 )
Square
Hex
Washers
0.032
0.142
0.201
0.117
0.167
0.258
0.078
0.280
0.362
0.164
0.299
0.408
0.142
0.464
0.569
0.291
0.467
0.690
0.226
0.693
0.822
0.454
0.671
1.046
0.334
0.824
1.121
0.654
0.911
1.252
0.462
1.121
1.465
0.891
1.188
1.804
0.606
1.465
1.855
1.163
1.501
2.356
0.763
1.854
2.291
1.472
1.851
2.982
0.969
2.288
2.773
1.817
2.237
3.682
1.160
2.769
3.300
2.199
2.659
4.455
1.410
3.295
3.873
2.617
3.118
5.301
1.900
4.144
6.541
2.500
5.316
7.903

CHECK BASE PLATE THICKNESS (AISC Guide - 1, Eq. 3.3.14a)

t reqD

1.5m

1.73

in
7

Fy
[Satisfactory]

1.75

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Group of Tension Fasteners Near an Edge with Eccentricity Based on ACI 318-08

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH
SPECIFIED STRENGTH OF FASTENER

fc '

ksi

futa

60

ksi

(The strength of most fastenings is likely to be controlled by the embedment strength rather
than the steel strength, so it is usually economical to use ASTM A307 Grade A fastener.)
Nua,1

FACTORED DESIGN LOAD


EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT DEPTH

11.7

hef

4.5

in

0.5

in

FASTENER DIAMETER
FASTENER HEAD TYPE

Heavy Square

( 1=Square, 2=Heavy Square, 3=Hex, 4=Heavy Hex, 5=Hardened Washers )


ECCENTRICITY

in

FASTENER CENTER-TO-CENTER SPACING

in

DIST. FR. THE OUTER FASTENERS TO EDGE

in

SEISMIC LOAD ? (ACI 318 D3.3)

No

ANALYSIS
TOTAL NUMBER OF FASTENERS

EFFECTIVE AREA OF FASTENER

Ase

0.142

in2

Ab

0.569

in2, ( or determined from manufacture's catalogs.)

BEARING AREA OF HEAD

[THE FASTENER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

CHECK HIGHTEST TENSILE STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.1.2)

I Ase f uta

I N s ,1stud

>

6.390 k

N ua ,max,1stud

[Satisfactory]

where :

0.75

0.75

N u s  2e
ns

4.875 k

, (ACI 318-08 D.4.4 & D.3.3.3)

CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.2.1)

I N cbg

AN
AN 1
I
\ ec , N\ ed , N\ c, N N b I
2
9h ef 1  2e
A No

3h ef

where :

>

11.773 k

0.75

0.3c
' 1.5
0.7 
\ c , N 24 f c h ef
1.5h ef

Nua

[Satisfactory]
1

0.75

\c,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
CHECK PULLOUT STRENGTH OF SINGLE STUD : (ACI 318, D.5.3.1)

I N pn I\ cp , N Ab8 f 'c

>

13.656 k

Nua =

4.875

k, (ACI 318, D.3.3.6)

[Satisfactory]
where :

0.75

0.75

\cp,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
EVALUATE SIDE-FACE BLOWOUT : (ACI 318, D.5.4.1)
c

>

0.4 hef

[Satisfactory]

Since this fastener is located far from a free edge of concrete (c > 0.4 hef ) this type of failure mode is not applicable.
REQUIRED EDGE DISTANCES AND SPACING TO PRECLUDE SPLITTING FAILURE :
Since a welded, headed fastener is not torqued, the minimum cover requirements of ACI 318 Sec. 7.7 apply.
CoverProvd

>

CoverReqd

[Satisfactory]

Summary of Dimensional Properties of Fasteners


Fastener
Diameter
( in )
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
1.250
1.375
1.500
1.750
2.000

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8
1 1/2
1 3/4
2

Gross
Area of
Fastener
( in2 )
0.049
0.110
0.196
0.307
0.442
0.601
0.785
0.994
1.227
1.485
1.767
2.405
3.142

Effective
Area of
Threaded
Fastener
( in2 )
0.032
0.078
0.142
0.226
0.334
0.462
0.606
0.763
0.969
1.160
1.410
1.900
2.500

Square
0.142
0.280
0.464
0.693
0.824
1.121
1.465
1.854
2.288
2.769
3.295
-

Bearing Area of Heads, Nuts, and Washers


( Ab ) ( in2 )
Heavy
Heavy
Hardened
Hex
Square
Hex
Washers
0.201
0.117
0.167
0.258
0.362
0.164
0.299
0.408
0.569
0.291
0.467
0.690
0.822
0.454
0.671
1.046
1.121
0.654
0.911
1.252
1.465
0.891
1.188
1.804
1.855
1.163
1.501
2.356
2.291
1.472
1.851
2.982
2.773
1.817
2.237
3.682
3.300
2.199
2.659
4.455
3.873
2.617
3.118
5.301
4.144
6.541
5.316
7.903

Technical Reference:
1. Ronald Cook, "Strength Design
of Anchorage to Concrete," PCA,
1999.

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Single Fastener in Tension and Shear Near an Edge Based on ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


fc'

ksi

futa

60

ksi

CONCRETE STRENGTH
SPECIFIED STRENGTH OF FASTENER

(The strength of most fastenings is likely to be controlled by the embedment strength rather
than the steel strength, so it is usually economical to use ASTM A307 Grade A fastener.)
FACTORED DESIGN TENSION LOAD

Nua,1

2.47

FACTORED DESIGN SHEAR LOAD

Vua,1

hef

in

0.5

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT DEPTH


FASTENER DIAMETER
FASTENER HEAD TYPE

in

Hex

( 1=Square, 2=Heavy Square, 3=Hex, 4=Heavy Hex, 5=Hardened Washers )


c

DIST. BETWEEN THE FASTENER AND EDGE

SEISMIC LOAD ? (ACI 318 D3.3)

[THE FASTENER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

in

Yes

ANALYSIS
EFFECTIVE AREA OF FASTENER
BEARING AREA OF HEAD

Ase

0.142

in2

Ab

0.291

in2, ( or determined from manufacture's catalogs.)

CHECK FASTENER TENSILE STRENGTH (ACI 318, D.3.3.6):

INs

I n Ase f uta
I

where :

4.793 k

0.75

0.75

Nua =

0.5625 , (ACI 318-08 D.4.4 & D.3.3.3)

4.793

[Satisfactory]

CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.1.2)

0.3c
'
24 f c h1.5
I N cb I A N \ ed , N\ c , N N b I A N2 0.7 
\
ef
9h ef 1.5hef c, N
A No
=
where :

>

10.827 k

0.75

Nua

[Satisfactory]

0.75

0.5625

\c,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
CHECK PULLOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.3.1)

I N pn I\ cp, N Ab8 f 'c


where :

>

5.238 k

0.75

0.75

Nua

[Satisfactory]

0.5625

\cp,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
CHECK SIDE-FACE BLOWOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.4.1)

I N sb I 160c Ab f 'c
where :

>

18.423 k

0.75

0.75

Nua

[Satisfactory]

0.5625

DETERMINE DESIGN TENSILE STRENGTH :

I N n min I N s , I N cb , I N pn , I N sb

4.793

CHECK FASTENER SHEAR STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.6.1.2b & D.3.3.6)

IV s I n0.6 Ase f ut
where :

2.492

0.65

k
0.75

Vua =

0.4875

2.492

[Satisfactory]

(for built-up grout pads, first factor shall be multiplied by 0.8, ACI 318 D6.1.3)
CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH FOR SHEAR LOAD : (ACI 318, D.6.2.1a)

IV cb
where :

l 0.2

A
A
V
V
I \ cd ,V\ c,VV b I \ cd ,V\ c,V 7 d f c' c1.5
d

AVo
AVo

0.75

0.75

3.923 k

>

0.5625

\c,V term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
AV / AVo and \cd,V terms are 1.0 for single shear fastener not influenced by more than one free edge.
l term is load bearing length of the anchor for shear, not to exceed 8d.

Vua

[Satisfactory]

(Cont'd)
CHECK PRYOUT STRENGTH FOR SHEAR LOAD : (ACI 318, D.6.3.1)

0.3c
' 1.5
IV cp I k cp A N \ ed , N\ c , N N b I k cp A N2 0.7 
\ c , N 24 f c h ef
9hef 1.5h ef
A No
=
where :

>

21.654 k

0.75

Vua

[Satisfactory]

0.75

0.5625

\c,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.

kcp

2.0

for hef > 2.5 in.

DETERMINE DESIGN SHEAR STRENGTH :

IV n min IV s , IV cb , IV cp

2.492

CHECK TENSION AND SHEAR INTERACTION : (ACI 318, D.7)


Since

Nua,1

>

INn and

Vua,1

>

IVn the full design strength is not permitted.

The interaction equation must be used

N ua ,1 V ua ,1

I N n IV n

0.92

<

1.2

[Satisfactory]

Summary of Dimensional Properties of Fasteners


Fastener
Diameter
( in )
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
1.250
1.375
1.500
1.750
2.000

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8
1 1/2
1 3/4
2

Effective
Gross
Area of
Bearing Area of Heads, Nuts, and Washers
( Ab ) ( in2 )
Area of Threaded
Fastener Fastener
Heavy
Heavy Hardened
Square
Hex
( in2 )
( in2 )
Square
Hex
Washers
0.049
0.032
0.142
0.201
0.117
0.167
0.258
0.110
0.078
0.280
0.362
0.164
0.299
0.408
0.196
0.142
0.464
0.569
0.291
0.467
0.690
0.307
0.226
0.693
0.822
0.454
0.671
1.046
0.442
0.334
0.824
1.121
0.654
0.911
1.252
0.601
0.462
1.121
1.465
0.891
1.188
1.804
0.785
0.606
1.465
1.855
1.163
1.501
2.356
0.994
0.763
1.854
2.291
1.472
1.851
2.982
1.227
0.969
2.288
2.773
1.817
2.237
3.682
1.485
1.160
2.769
3.300
2.199
2.659
4.455
1.767
1.410
3.295
3.873
2.617
3.118
5.301
2.405
1.900
4.144
6.541
3.142
2.500
5.316
7.903

Technical Reference:
1. Ronald Cook, "Strength Design
of Anchorage to Concrete," PCA,
1999.

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Group of Tension and Shear Fasteners Near Two Edges Based on ACI 318-08

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


fc'

ksi

futa

58

ksi

CONCRETE STRENGTH
SPECIFIED STRENGTH OF FASTENER

(The strength of most fastenings is likely to be controlled by the embedment strength rather
than the steel strength, so it is usually economical to use ASTM A307 Grade A fastener.)
FACTORED DESIGN TENSION LOAD

Nua,1

FACTORED DESIGN SHEAR LOAD

Vua,1
hef
d

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT DEPTH


FASTENER DIAMETER

10

20

in

in

Heavy Hex

FASTENER HEAD TYPE

( 1=Square, 2=Heavy Square, 3=Hex, 4=Heavy Hex, 5=Hardened Washers )


FASTENER CENTER-TO-CENTER SPACING

in

DIST. BETWEEN THE FASTENER AND EDGE

c1

14

in

DIST. BETWEEN THE FASTENER AND EDGE

c2

in

SEISMIC LOAD ? (ACI 318 D3.3)

Yes
[THE FASTENER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
NUMBER OF FASTENERS
EFFECTIVE AREA OF FASTENER
BEARING AREA OF HEAD

Ase

0.606

in2

Ab

1.501

in2, ( or determined from manufacture's catalogs.)

CHECK THE FASTENERS TENSILE STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.1.2 & D.3.3.6)

INs

I n Ase f uta
I

where :

39.542 k

0.75

0.75

>

Nua =

0.5625 , (ACI 318-08 D.4.4 & D.3.3.3)

25.000

[Satisfactory]

CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.2.1)

0.3
I N cbg I A N \ ec , N\ ed , N\ c , N N b I A N2 \ ec, N 0.7  c min \ c , N 24 f 'c h1.5
ef
9h ef 1.5h ef
A No
=
where :

>

33.919 k

0.75

Nua

[Satisfactory]

0.75

0.5625

\ec,N term is 1.0 for no eccentricity in the connection.


\c,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
CHECK PULLOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.3.1)

I N pn I n\ cp , N Ab8 f 'c
where :

>

54.036 k

0.75

0.75

Nua

[Satisfactory]

0.5625

\cp,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
CHECK SIDE-FACE BLOWOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.4.1)
cmin

>

0.4 hef

[Satisfactory]

Since this fastener is located far from a free edge of concrete (c > 0.4 hef ) this type of failure mode is not applicable.
DETERMINE DESIGN TENSILE STRENGTH :

I N n min I N s , I N cb , I N pn

33.919

CHECK Fasteners SHEAR STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.6.1.2b & D.3.3.6)

IV s I n0.6 Ase f ut
where :

=
0.65

>

20.562 k
x

0.75

Vua =

7.500

[Satisfactory]

0.4875
(for built-up grout pads, first factor shall be multiplied by 0.8, ACI 318 D6.1.3)

CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH FOR SHEAR LOAD : (ACI 318, D.6.2.1b)

(Cont'd)

l
1.5c1 1.5c1  s  c 2
c2

IV cbg I AV \ ec ,V\ cd ,V\ c ,V V b I


\ ec ,V 0.7  0.3
\ c ,V 7
2
4.5c1
1.5c1

AVo
d
=
I

where :

>

14.433 k

0.75

Vua

0.2

'
f c c11.5

[Satisfactory]

0.75

0.5625

\cp,N term is 1.0 for no eccentricity in the connection.


\c,V term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
l term is load bearing length of the anchor for shear, not to exceed 8d.
CHECK PRYOUT STRENGTH FOR SHEAR LOAD : (ACI 318, D.6.3.1)

0.3
IV cpg I k cp A N \ ed , N\ c , N N b I k cp A N2 0.7  c min \ c , N 24 f c' h1.5
ef
1.5h ef
9hef
A No
=
where :

>

67.838 k

0.75

Vua

[Satisfactory]

0.75

0.5625

\c,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.

kcp

2.0

for hef > 2.5 in.

DETERMINE DESIGN SHEAR STRENGTH :

IV n min IV s , IV cb , IV cp

14.433

REQUIRED EDGE DISTANCES AND SPACING TO PRECLUDE SPLITTING FAILURE :


Since headed cast-in-place fasteners are not like to be highly torqued, the minimum cover requirements of ACI 318 Sec. 7.7 apply.

>

CoverProvd

CoverReqd

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TENSION AND SHEAR INTERACTION : (ACI 318, D.7)


Since

Nua,1

>

INn and

Vua,1

>

IVn the full design strength is not permitted.

The interaction equation must be used

N ua ,1 V ua ,1

I N n IV n

0.50

<

1.2

[Satisfactory]

Summary of Dimensional Properties of Fasteners


Fastener
Diameter
( in )
0.250
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.000
1.125
1.250
1.375
1.500
1.750
2.000

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8
1 1/2
1 3/4
2

Effective
Gross
Area of
Bearing Area of Heads, Nuts, and Washers
( Ab ) ( in2 )
Area of Threaded
Fastener Fastener
Heavy
Heavy Hardened
Square
Hex
( in2 )
( in2 )
Square
Hex
Washers
0.049
0.032
0.142
0.201
0.117
0.167
0.258
0.110
0.078
0.280
0.362
0.164
0.299
0.408
0.196
0.142
0.464
0.569
0.291
0.467
0.690
0.307
0.226
0.693
0.822
0.454
0.671
1.046
0.442
0.334
0.824
1.121
0.654
0.911
1.252
0.601
0.462
1.121
1.465
0.891
1.188
1.804
0.785
0.606
1.465
1.855
1.163
1.501
2.356
0.994
0.763
1.854
2.291
1.472
1.851
2.982
1.227
0.969
2.288
2.773
1.817
2.237
3.682
1.485
1.160
2.769
3.300
2.199
2.659
4.455
1.767
1.410
3.295
3.873
2.617
3.118
5.301
2.405
1.900
4.144
6.541
3.142
2.500
5.316
7.903

Technical Reference:
1. Ronald Cook, "Strength Design
of Anchorage to Concrete," PCA,
1999.

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Single Tension Fastener Away from Edges Based on ACI 318-08

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


fc'

ksi

futa

60

ksi

CONCRETE STRENGTH
SPECIFIED STRENGTH OF FASTENER

(The strength of most fastenings is likely to be controlled by the embedment strength rather
than the steel strength, so it is usually economical to use ASTM A307 Grade A fastener.)
FACTORED DESIGN LOAD

Nua,1

hef

in

0.5

in

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT DEPTH


FASTENER DIAMETER
FASTENER HEAD TYPE

Heavy Square

( 1=Square, 2=Heavy Square, 3=Hex, 4=Heavy Hex, 5=Hardened Washers )


SEISMIC LOAD ? (ACI 318 D3.3)

[THE FASTENER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

Yes

ANALYSIS
EFFECTIVE AREA OF FASTENER
BEARING AREA OF HEAD

Ase

0.142

in

Ab

0.569

in

CHECK FASTENER TENSILE STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.1.2 & D.3.3.6)

INs
where :

I n Ase f uta
=

=
0.75

4.793 k
x

Nua =

0.5625 , (ACI 318-08 D.4.4 & D.3.3.3)

0.75

4.793 k

[Satisfactory]

CHECK CONCRETE BREAKOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.2.1)

I N cb I A N \ ed , N\ c , N N b I A N \ ed , N\ c , N 24 f c' h1.5
ef
A No
A No
where :

0.75

0.75

>

9.546 k

Nua

[Satisfactory]

0.5625

AN/Ano and \ed,N terms are 1.0 for single fasteners away form edges.
\c,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur (i.e., bottom of the slab)
CHECK PULLOUT STRENGTH : (ACI 318, D.5.3.1)

I N pn I\ cp , N Ab8 f c'
where :

=
0.75

>

10.242 k
x

0.75

Nua

[Satisfactory]

0.5625

\cp,N term is 1.0 for location where concrete cracking is likely to occur.
EVALUATE SIDE-FACE BLOWOUT :
Since this fastener is located far from a free edge of concrete (c > 0.4 hef ) this type of failure mode is not applicable.
REQUIRED EDGE DISTANCES AND SPACING TO PRECLUDE SPLITTING FAILURE :
Since this fastener is located far from a free edge of concrete (c>0.4hef ) this type of failure mode is not applicable.

Summary of Dimensional Properties of Fasteners


Effective
Fastener

Gross

Area of

Diameter

Area of

Threaded

( in )

Fastener Fastener
( in2 )
( in2 )

Bearing Area of Heads, Nuts, and Washers


( Ab ) ( in2 )
Square

Heavy
Square

Hex

Heavy

Hardened

Hex

Washers

0.250

1/4

0.049

0.032

0.142

0.201

0.117

0.167

0.258

0.375

3/8

0.110

0.078

0.280

0.362

0.164

0.299

0.408

0.500

1/2

0.196

0.142

0.464

0.569

0.291

0.467

0.690

0.625

5/8

0.307

0.226

0.693

0.822

0.454

0.671

1.046

of Anchorage to Concrete," PCA,

0.750

3/4

0.442

0.334

0.824

1.121

0.654

0.911

1.252

1999.

0.875

7/8

0.601

0.462

1.121

1.465

0.891

1.188

1.804

1.000

0.785

0.606

1.465

1.855

1.163

1.501

2.356

1.125

1 1/8

0.994

0.763

1.854

2.291

1.472

1.851

2.982

1.250

1 1/4

1.227

0.969

2.288

2.773

1.817

2.237

3.682

1.375

1 3/8

1.485

1.160

2.769

3.300

2.199

2.659

4.455

1.500

1 1/2

1.767

1.410

3.295

3.873

2.617

3.118

5.301

1.750
2.000

1 3/4
2

2.405
3.142

1.900
2.500

4.144
5.316

6.541
7.903

Technical Reference:
1. Ronald Cook, "Strength Design

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Beam Design, for New or Existing, Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
f 'c =

ksi

MAIN

fy =

60

ksi

STIRRUP

fy =

60

ksi

1000

ft-k

CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR STRENGTH

FACTORED BENDING MOMENT

Mu =

FACTORED SHEAR FORCE

Vu =

230

kips

FACTORED TORSIONAL MOMENT

Tu =

36.5

ft-k

SECTION DIMENSIONS

bw =

24

in

h=

48

in

hf =

in

b=

88

in, (ACI 318-08 8.12.2, 11.5.1.1, & 13.2.4)

COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT
TENSION REINFORCEMENT
SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

4
6
4

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

#
#
legs #

7
9
4

12

in o.c.

ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURAL CAPACITY
o =

fC=

'

2 0.85 f C

0.85 f

0.85 f c'
A s' f s'

, E c = 57 f C , E s = 29000ksi
'

Ec
'
C

c = 0.003

2 c c
o
o

Fc

, for 0 < c < o

Parabolic

0.85 f C , for c o
'

fS=

Asfy

s E s , for s t
f y , for s > t

Cover =

1.5

in, (ACI 318-08 7.7.1)

d=
d' =
=

45.44
2.44
0.90

in
in
, (ACI 318-08 R9.3.2)

c,max =

0.0004

s,max =

0.0050

, (ACI 318-08 10.3.4)

Mn =

1193.23

ft-k

prov'd =

>

Mu

230.0
where

kips

Av
s

= MAX
Re qD

3.99
346.99

dc =

1.38

in

'
c

168.93

kips

where

A = MIN

B = MIN

V ud
Mu

2
, for

V c
2

V u V c

173.55

, 100 =

'
c

, 1.0 =

V u V c
, for V c V u
df y
=

0.586

in2 / ft

<

Av
s

0.800

22

>
S=
[Satisfactory]

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

Pr ovD

Check spacing limits for shear reinforcement (ACI 11.4.5)

Vs=

V u V c

, (ACI 318 10.5)

kips

V C = (1.9 A + 2500 wB ) b wd =

V c

0.75 f 'c b w
50b w
,
fy
fy

, (ACI 318 R10.3.5)

[Satisfactory]

Check shear reinforcement (ACI, 11.4)

0 , for V u <

c=
Fc =

V C = 2b wd
633.5
0.75

0.0188

Determine concrete capacity (ACI, 11.2.1.1 or 11.2.2.1)

'
c

<
=

max =

<

>
min =
0.0039
[Satisfactory]
in, by pure math method

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY


Check section limitation (ACI, 11.4.7.9)

V u 10 b wd

0.0055

0.00

kips, (ACI 11.1.1)

d
'
, 24) for V s 4b wd f c
2
=
S max, shear
d
'
MIN (
, 12) for V s > 4b wd f c
4
MIN (

12

in

kips ,<== applicable

77.46

0.871

(cont'd)
CHECK TORSION CAPACITY
Check section limitation (ACI, 11.5.3.1)
2

Vu
b wd

T u Ph
+
1.7 A2
oh

0.215

<

where

V C + 8 f 'c
b wd
0.581

0.75

(ACI, 9.3.2.3)

Ph =

258

Aoh =

1,287

in, (perimeter of centerline of outermost closed


transverse torsional reinforcement.)
in2 (area enclosed by centerline of the outermost

[Satisfactory]

closed transverse torsional reinforcement.)

Check if torsional reinforcement required (ACI, 11.5.1)

Tu

be = MIN(h-hf , 4hf) =

where

Acp
P cp

'

fc

36.5
<
44.7
ft-k
Torsional reinforcement NOT reqD.

Pcp =

160

Acp =

1,216

32

in, (one side, ACI, 11.5.1.1)

in, (outside perimeter of the concrete cross


section.)
in2 (area enclosed by outside perimeter of
concrete cross section.)

Check the max factored torque causing cracking (ACI, 11.5.2.2)

T u 4

Acp
P cp

'
c

36.5
<
179.0
Reduction of the torsional moment can occur.
Determine the area of one leg of a closed stirrup (ACI, 11.5.3.6)

At =
Tu
s 2 A0 f

=
yv

Tu
1.7 A0 h f

0.00

in / ft

yv

Determine the corresponding area of longitudinal reinforcement (derived from ACI, 11.5.3.7 & 11.5.5.3)

A L = MAX

f
At
Ph
s
f

yv

yL

'
f
5 Acp f c
Ph
f yL
f

yv

MAX

yL

Determine minimum combined area of longitudinal reinforcement


2
in
0.00
<
actual

AL, top = As' +0.5AL =


AL, bot = As +0.5AL =

5.03

in

<

actual

At
25b w
,
s
f yv

0.00

in

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

Determine minimum diameter for longitudinal reinforcement (ACI, 11.5.6.2)


dbL = MAX(0.042 S, 3/8) =

0.50

in

<

0.88

in

[Satisfactory]

Determine minimum combined area of stirrups (ACI, 11.5.5.2 & 11.5.6.1)


in2 / ft
0.40
>
MAX [ 0.75(fc')0.5bw/fyv, 50bw/fyv] =

0.24

Smax, tor = MIN[(Ph/8, 12) =

[Satisfactory]

(Av+2At) / S =

SreqD = MIN(Smax,shear , Smax,tor) =

12

in
12

in

>

actual

[Satisfactory]

in2 / ft

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design for Concrete Beam with Penetration Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
f 'c

ksi

Mu =

305.9

Main Bar fy

60

ksi

Vu =

40

Stirrup fy

40

ksi

b=
h=

30
26

in, (ACI 8.10.2)


in

Top bars

bw =

20

in

Bot bars

hf =
x=
D=

5
10
10

in
in
in

Stirrup size
No. of legs

==>
=

3
2

DESIGN SUMMARY
Main bar top (Compressive Reinf.) :
Main bar bottom (Tensile Reinf.) :
FLEXURAL ANALYSIS
o =

ft-k

2 0.85 f

'
C

, E c = 57

Ec
0.85 f

'
C

0.85 f

'
C

sE s ,

in o.c.
d (optional) =

Use 2 # 5
Use 5 # 7 ( 1 layer )

c
c

o
o

for 0 < c < o

for c o
for s y

A's =

0.6

min =

0.0035

<

proD =

max =

0.0243

>

[Satisfactory]

23.7
2.2

in
in

Mn =

306.0

ft-kips

>

40.0
where

<
=

V C = 2b w ( d D )

145.2
0.75

for V u <

50b w
,
f y

=
Re qD

for

V u V c
,
(d D) f y
=

0.267

ft-kips

Determine concrete capacity (ACI 11.2.1.1 or 11.2.2.1)

'
c

'
fc=

38.71

[Satisfactory]

V C = (1.9 A + 2500 wB ) b w ( d D ) =

Check shear reinforcement (ACI 11.4)

0 ,

0.80
0.90

Mu =
305.9
[Satisfactory]

SHEAR ANALYSIS
Check section limitation (ACI 11.4.6.8)

in2

0.0063

1 =
=

d=
d' =

V u 10 b w ( d D )

The design is adequate.

Check flexural capacity (ACI 318, 10)


in2
3.0
As =

Av
s

in

Stirrups : Use # 3 @ 8 in. o.c. (2 legs)

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

for s > y

f y ,

V c

where

2
V c
V u V c
2

A = MIN

B = MIN

V ud
Mu

'
c

41.17

k ,<== applicable

77.00

, 1.0 =

0.258

, 100 =

for V c V u
in2 / ft

<

Av
s

= 0.330

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

Pr ovD

Check spacing limits for shear reinforcement (ACI 11.4.4)

Vs=

V u V C

__
12.17

d
, 24) for V s 4b w ( d D ) f c'
2
=
S max, shear =
d
MIN (
, 12) for V s > 4b w ( d D ) f c'
4
MIN (

Page 147 of 533


524

11

>
S=
[Satisfactory]

10
in
(penetration diameter control)

PROJECT :

PAGE :

CLIENT :

DESIGN BY :

JOB NO. :

DATE :

REVIEW BY :

Deep Beam Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
f c'

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

FACTORED TOP LOAD

Pu

CONCRETE STRENGTH

ksi

60

ksi

145

(Input total load for non-point load condition.)


TOP LOAD LOCATION
a
=
5
ft
DEEP BEAM WIDTH
b
=
12
in
OVERALL BEAM DEPTH
H
=
42
in
CLEAR SPAN

Ln

12

ft

SUPPORT WIDTH

Lb

in

VERTICAL REINF.

in o.c.

HORIZONTAL REINF.

in o.c.

Layer

10

THE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


TENSION REINFORCEMENT

ANALYSIS
CHECK SECTION LIMITATION (ACI 318-08 11.7.3)
V u = P u Max(a , L n -a) / L n =
Vu / =

where

84.5833 k

10 f c b wd =
<
39.4 in
0.75 , (ACI 318-08 9.3.2.3)
'

112.778 kips

d=

259 kips

[Satisfactory]

CHECK MINIMUM FLEXURAL REINFORCEMENT (ACI 318-08 10.5.1)


As =

3.81

in

>

3b wd
f

MIN

'

fc

200b wd
=
fy

1.29

kips

[Satisfactory]

CHECK ANGLE LIMITATION OF STRUT-AND TIE MODEL (ACI 318-08 A.2.5)


o
o
25
left =
>
[Satisfactory]
33.27

right =

25.51

>

25

[Satisfactory]

CHECK STRUT CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 A.2)


R left =
R right =

83.95 kips
61.05 kips

F us,left =

100.41 kips

F us,right =

67.65 kips

s =

1.00

, (ACI 318-08 A.3.2.1)

f ce = 0.85 s f c ' =
A cs,left =

52.67

2.55
in

ksi

0.75

, (ACI 318-08 9.3.2.6)

A cs,right =

41.35

in

F ns,left = f ce A cs,left =

100.73

kips

>

F us,left

[Satisfactory]

F ns,right = f ce A cs,right =

79.08

kips

>

F us,right

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TIE CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 A.4)


F ut,left =

153.01 kips

<

F nt = f y A s =

171.45

kips

[Satisfactory]

F ut,right =

141.74 kips

<

F nt = f y A s =

171.45

kips

[Satisfactory]

CHECK NODAL ZONES CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 A.5)

n =

0.80

f ce = 0.85 n f c ' =

__
A nz = b L b =

, (ACI 318-08 A.3.5.2)


2.04

F nn = f ce A nz =

ksi

F un,left = R left =

83.9 kips

<

F nn

[Satisfactory]

F un,right = R right =

61.1 kips

<

F nn

[Satisfactory]

Page 148 of 533


524

96

in2

146.88 kips

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Slab Punching Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
COLUMN WIDTH

c1

24

in

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

24

in

SLAB CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

SLAB THICKNESS

14

in

Td

10

in

DROP CAP / PANEL THICKNESS


BAR SIZE AT TOP SLAB
TRUSS BARS

10

each way

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu, col

400

kips

FACTORED BENDING LOAD

Mu, col

77.2

ft-kips

Pu, point

50

FACTORED POINT LOAD

kips

THE PUNCHING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK PUNCHING CAPACITY FOR COLUMN (ACI 318-08 SEC.11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, 11.11.6 & 13.5.3.2)

vc( psi ) = ( 2 + y ) f c' + Av f y sin / A p =


where

125

=
=

0.75 (ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )


ratio of long side to short side of concentrated load =

T + Tc - 2 (0.5 db) -

b1

(c1 + d) =

44.73

in

b2

(c2 + d) =

44.73

in

b0

2b1 + 2b2 = 2(c1 + d) + 2(c2 + d) =

v =1

1
2
1+
3

4
d
y = MIN 2,
, 40 =

b
0
c

Av

=
=

b0 d
3.52

" cover =

178.9

P u ,col

0.5 v M u ,col b1

AP

20.73

in

in

4
62.85 ft

0.0

, (if truss bars used, y must be zero per ACI 11.11.3.1)

3709

in

in , total 4 sides

45

fy

60

ksi

CHECK PUNCHING CAPACITY FOR POINT LOAD (ACI 318-08 SEC.11.11.1.2, & 11.11.6)

P n, po int = 4 f 'c A p =
where

0.75

>

68.6 kips

T - 2" cover - 2 (0.5 db) =

b0

d=

Ap

b0 d

P u, point =

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )


10.73

33.71 in
=

362

in

in

114

ksi

[Satisfactory]
1.00

0.4

b1
b2

d b3 d 2
b
J = 1 1 + + 3 2 =
6 b1
b1

Ap

v u ( psi ) =

>

ksi

50

kips

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Slab Punching Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA
COLUMN DIAMETER

22

in

SLAB CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

SLAB THICKNESS

16

in

Td

in

DROP CAP / PANEL THICKNESS

10

Pu, col

400

kips

Pu, point

80

kips

BAR SIZE AT TOP SLAB


TRUSS BARS

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

FACTORED POINT LOAD

each way

THE PUNCHING DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK PUNCHING CAPACITY FOR COLUMN (ACI 318-08 SEC.11.4.7.4, 11.11.1.2, & 11.11.6)

P n, col = (2 or 4) f c' A p + MIN Av f y sin , 3b 0d

'

fc =

432.0

>
where

0.75

T + Tc - 2 (0.5 db) -

b0

(D + d) =

Ap

b0 d

Av

5.28

45

fy

60

ksi

kips, (if truss bars used, factor 2 apply per ACI 11.11.3.1)

P u, col =

400

kips

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )

=
in

134.2

in

2783

in

" cover =

20.73

in

80

kips

CHECK PUNCHING CAPACITY FOR POINT LOAD (ACI 318-08 SEC.11.11.1.2, & 11.11.6)

P n, po int = 4 f 'c A p =
where

0.75

>

96.6 kips

T - 2" cover - 2 (0.5 db) =

b0

d=

Ap

b0 d

P u, point =

(ACI 318-08, Section 9.3.2.3 )


12.73

39.99 in
=

509

in

in

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Coupling Beam Design Based on ACI 318-08 / IBC 2009

INPUT DATA
f c'

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu

CONCRETE STRENGTH

ksi

60

ksi

239

WIDTH

16

in

OVERALL DEPTH

72

in

COUPLING BEAM DEPTH

16

in

CLEAR SPAN

ft

DIAGONAL BARS, Ad

DIAGONAL TIES, Ash

HORIZONTAL BARS, Avh


VERTICAL TIES, Av

16

legs #

( 2 layers @ 10 in o.c. )
6

in o.c.

ANALYSIS
CHECK DIAGONAL BARS REQUIREMENT (ACI 318-08, 21.9.7.2 & 21.9.7.3)
L/h=

Vu

<
<

1.00

4
2

V n = 4 bh

<

'
c

291

[Coupling Beam Permitted]

CHECK DIAGONAL BARS (ACI 318-08, 21.9.7.4)


Vu

V n = MIN (2 f y Ad sin , 10bh f 'c ) =

<

240 k

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TIES AROUND DIAGONAL BARS (ACI 318-08, 21.4.4)


'

A sh = MAX

'

0.3sh c f c A g
1
fy
A ch

0.09 sh c f c
=
fy

0.384

in2

<

A sh, provd

[Satisfactory]

CHECK VERTICAL TIES (ACI 318-08, 11.7.5)

Av = 0.0015bs =

0.144

in

Av , provd

<

[Satisfactory]

CHECK HORIZONTAL BARS (ACI 318-08, 11.7.4)

Avh = 0.0025bh =

0.383

in

<

Av , provd

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE LONGITUDINAL BARS (ACI 318-08, 10.5.1)

A s ,min = MAX

__

3bd f 'c
200bd
,
fy
f y

3.07

in

==> ( 4 #

longitudinal bars both top & bottom)

(Note: These bars are not recommended by SEAOC to be used, and are not shown in figure above.)

Page 151 of 533


524

Daniel
Tian Li

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Coupling Beam Design Based on CBC 2001 / UBC 1997

INPUT DATA
fc '

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu

WIDTH
OVERALL DEPTH
CLEAR SPAN
DIAGONAL BARS, Ad

CONCRETE STRENGTH

DIAGONAL TIES, Ash

ksi

60

ksi

254

16

in

72

in

ft

16

legs #

HORIZONTAL BARS, Avh


VERTICAL TIES, Av

( 2 layers @ 10 in o.c. )
6

in o.c.

ANALYSIS
CHECK DIAGONAL BARS REQUIREMENT (SEC.1921.6.10.2)
L/d=

1.02

<

where

d=

70.25

Vu

<

4
in

V n = 4 bd f 'c =

284

[Coupling Beam Permitted]

CHECK DIAGONAL BARS (SEC.1921.6.10.2)


Vu

<

V n = MIN (2 f y A d sin , 10bd f 'c ) =

255 k

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TIES AROUND DIAGONAL BARS (SEC. 1921.4.4)


'

A sh = MAX

0.3sh c f c A g
1
fy
Ach

'

0.09 sh c f c
=
fy

0.384

in2

<

A sh, provd

[Satisfactory]

CHECK VERTICAL TIES (SEC. 1911.8.9)

Av = 0.0015bs =

0.144

in2

Av , provd

<

[Satisfactory]

CHECK HORIZONTAL BARS (SEC. 1911.8.10)

Avh = 0.0025bh =

0.383

in2

<

Av , provd

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE LONGITUDINAL BARS (SEC. 1910.5.1)

__
'

3bd f c
200bd
,
A s ,min = MAX
fy
f y

3.07

in2

==> ( 4 #

longitudinal bars both top & bottom)

(Note: These bars are not recommended by SEAOC to be used, and are not shown in figure above.)

Page 152 of 533


524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Column Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

SECTION SIZE

Cx

40

in

Cy

36

in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

1700 k

Mu,x

1800 ft-k

Mu,y

100

ft-k

Vu,x

130

Vu,y =
COLUMN VERT. REINFORCEMENT
8
#
3
#
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties)
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT
4 legs,#
3 legs,#

150
8
8
1
4
4

k
at x dir.
at y dir.
Ties
@
12
@
12

FACTORED MAGNIFIED MOMENT

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


(Total 22 # 8)
in o.c., at x dir.
in o.c., at y dir.

ANALYSIS
5000
4500
4000

3500
3000

Pn (k)

2500
2000

1500
1000
500
0
0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

Mn (ft-k)
Pn (k)
4315
4315
3724
3149
2700
2062
2041

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

1104
0

Mn (ft-k)
0
1196
1744
2121
2305
2435
2461

o =

3463
2390

2 0.85 f

0.85 f

0.85 f

'
C

Ec
'
C

, E c = 57

'
C

2
2 c c ,
o o

, E s = 29000ksi
for 0 < c < o

'
C

, for c o

s E s , for s t
=
f
, for s > t

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

Pmax =F [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

4315 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.2)

0.65 (ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)

0.8

0.75 + ( t - 0.002 ) (50), for Spiral

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


where

Cb = d
d

Mn =

2826

>

Ag = 1440 in

c / (c + s)

0.656

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

min

0.01 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

Pu

17.38 in

[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.0021
40.0

in

Mu =

1803

ft-kips

provd

>

1700 kips

Ast =

D =

22.2 in

37.5 in, (ACI 7.7.1)


ft-kips @ Pu =

c =

0.003

Cover =

1.5

in, (ACI 318 7.7.1)

[Satisfactory]

0.012
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1, 11.2.1, & 11.4.6.2)

Vn = (Vs + Vc)

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>
where

Vu

[Satisfactory]

0.75 (ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)

x
y

d
37.5
33.5

smax

16

smin

A0
1240
1240

Av
0.80
0.60

fy =

Vc = 2 (fc')0.5A0
192.1
192.1

(ACI 318-08, Section 7.10.5.2)

60

ksi

Vs = MIN (d fy Av / s , 4Vc)
150.0
100.5
sprovd

12

in
[Satisfactory]

Vn
257
219

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Magnified Moment Calculation for Concrete Column Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTOR

1.6

COLUMN UNSUPPORTED LENGTH

Lu

12

ft

LARGER FACTORED MOMENT

M2

200

ft-k

SMALLER FACTORED END MOMENT

M1

100

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

COLUMN DIMENSIONS

h
b

=
=

20
20

in
in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

, (ACI 10.10.6.3 or 10.10.7.1)

ft-k, (positive if single curvature.)

Pu

400

SUMMATION FOR ALL VERTICAL LOADS IN THE STORY

Pu

1200

SUMMATION FOR ALL CRITICAL LOADS IN THE STORY

Pc

13600 k, (ACI Eq. 10-21)

THE MAGNIFIED MOMENT:

Mu

236.7

ft-k

, Sway

ANALYSIS
MAGNIFIED MOMENT - NONSWAY
r = 0.3 h =
6.0
k Lu / r =

>

38.4

in, ACI 10.11.2


34 - 12(M1 / M2) =

Ec = 57000 (fc')0.5 =

3605.0 ksi, ACI 8.5.1

Ig = b h3 / 12 =

13333

EI =

0.4 E c I g
1+ d

Pc =

0.4 E c I g
1 + 0.6

2EI =

( k Lu )2

= 0.25E c I g =

1E+07 k-in , ACI 10.10.6.1

2234.2 k, ACI Eq (10-14)

M2,min = MAX[ M2 , Pu (0.6+0.03 h) ] =

Cm
, 1.0 =
Pu
0.75P c

Mu, ns = ns M2, min =

< = = Slenderness effect must be considered. (ACI Eq 10-7)

in4

200

Cm = MAX[ 0.6 + 0.4 (M1 / M2, min) , 0.4 ] =

ns = MAX

28

210.2

1.05

ft-k, ACI 10.10.6.5


0.8

, ACI Eq(10-16)

, ACI Eq (10-12)

>

ft-k, ACI Eq (10-11)

1.05 M2 =

210.0

ft-k

[Unsatisfactory]

,(ACI 10.10.5.1)

The column is sway. See calculation as follows.


MAGNIFIED MOMENT - SWAY
k Lu / r =

s = MIN MAX

Ag = b h =

400
24.00

M2s = M2 =

200.0
5%

Mu, s = M2ns + s M2s =


Note:

22

1
, 1.0
Pu
1
0.75 P c

Lu / r =
M2ns =

>

38.4

< = = Slenderness effect must be considered. ACI Eq (10-6)

, 2.5 =

1.13

, ACI Eq (10-21)

in2

<

35 / [Pu / (fc' Ag)]0.5 =

70.00

[Satisfactory]

ft-k, as given
M2s =
236.7

10.0

ft-k, assumed conservatively

ft-k, ACI Eq (10-19)

For column subject to bending about both principal axis, the moment about each axis shall be magnified separately based
on the conditions corresponding to that axis.

__
Page 154 of 533
524

Daniel
Tian Li

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
Rectangular Concrete Column Design
INPUT DATA
f 'c

ksi

fy
x
y
Bar Size
No. of Asx

=
=
=
==>
=

60
48
32
11
8

ksi
in
in

No. of Asy
Total Bars

=
==>
=

DATE :

8 # 11

9
30 # 11
3.0%

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

9 # 11

Pu

1700

Mux

2900

ft-k

ex

20.5

in

Muy

1200

ft-k

ey

8.5

in

CHECK COLUMN CAPACITY BY THE BRESLER METHOD

Pn

Pu ( 0.80 )( 0.70 ) P o

1
P ox

1700.0

<

4407.9 ok

2428.6

1
1

P oy

<

M ny
M nx
+
1.0
M nox M noy

Po

3145.4 ok

1.199

>

1.0

NG

ANALYSIS

0.003

x DIRECTION

y DIRECTION

45.295
2.705
12.48
32

29.295
2.705
14.04
48

0.70

d
d'
As
b

=
=
=
=

in
in
2
in

Mn

4142.9 ft-k

1714.3 ft-k

0.85

Mno

5485.1 ft-k

3864.7 ft-k

Po

3820.9 k

5457.1 k

4.10078 in

3.70173 in

29612.2 psi

23425.7 psi

4034.01 ft-k

3052.89 ft-k

in

in
in
2
in
in

MOMENT STRENGTH (Pn=0)

c=

'
As f y As u E s +

'
c

'
s

1.7 1 f c' b

f s = E s u
'

( As f y A's u E s ) + 3.4 f b A E d

'

cd'
=
c

M n = 0.85 f c 1cb d
'

1c
2

+ As' f s ( d d ' ) =
'

AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH (Mn=0)


'
P o = 0.85 f c( A g A st ) + A st f y =

7871.28 k

7871.28 k

BALANCED CONDITION

ab =

u E s 1d
=
uE s + f y

'
f sb = u E s 1

22.7862 in

'
d uEs + f
d
uEs

60000 psi

__

'
'
'
P b = 0.85 f cb a b + As f sb A s f y =

'
M b = 0.85 f cb a b

h ab
h

+ A s' f 'sb
d ' As f
2 2
2

d
h =
2

Page 155 of 533


524

14.7372 in

60000 psi

2479.13 k

2405.11 k

5515.32 ft-k

3881.41 ft-k

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Circular Column Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

SECTION SIZE

20

in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

300

FACTORED MAGNIFIED MOMENT

Mu

160

ft-k

Vu =
FACTORED SHEAR LOAD
COLUMN VERT. REINFORCEMENT
8
#
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties)
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT
#
4 @

20
6
1
12

Ties
in o.c.

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS

o =

900

2 0.85 f

'
C

, E c = 57

Ec

800
700

600

Pn (k)

0.85 f

400

c
c

o
o

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

for 0 < c < o

, for c o
,
for s t
sE s
=
f y , for s > t
0.85 f

500

'
C

'
C

300
200

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION

100
0
0

50

100

150

200

250

Mn (ft-k)

AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

Pn (k)
796
796
673
558
460
323
318
73
0

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

Pmax =F [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

796.34 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.2)
Ag =

0.8

0.75 + ( t - 0.002 ) (50), for Spiral

Cb = d c / (c + s) =
d

Mn =

176

10.4

314
=

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


where

>

Pu

3.52

in2

0.65 (ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)


in2
0.656

300

kips

c =

t =

0.0021
20.0

in

>

Mu =

160

ft-kips

provd

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

min

0.01 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

D =

in

17.6 in, (ACI 7.7.1)


ft-kips @ Pu =

Ast =

0.003

Cover =

1.5

in, (ACI 318 7.7.1)

[Satisfactory]

0.011
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1, 11.2.1, & 11.4.6.2)

Vn = (Vs + Vc)

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>
where

Vu

[Satisfactory]
fy =

0.75 (ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)

d
17.6

smax

12

smin

A0
183

Av
0.40

Vc =

(ACI 318-08, Section 7.10.5.2)

2 (fc')0.5A0
25.8

60

ksi

Vs = MIN (d fy Av / s , 4Vc)
35.3
sprovd

12

in
[Satisfactory]

Vn
46

Mn (ft-k)
0
76
121
150
165
171
173
221
192

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Magnified Moment Calculation for Circular Column Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTOR

COLUMN UNSUPPORTED LENGTH

Lu

12

ft

LARGER FACTORED MOMENT

M2

200

ft-k

SMALLER FACTORED END MOMENT

M1

12

ft-k, (positive if single curvature.)

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

COLUMN DIAMETER

20

in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

400

SUMMATION FOR ALL VERTICAL LOADS IN THE STORY

Pu

1200

SUMMATION FOR ALL CRITICAL LOADS IN THE STORY

Pc

13600 k, (ACI Eq. 10-21)

THE MAGNIFIED MOMENT:

Mu

200.0

ft-k

, (ACI 10.10.6.3 or 10.10.7.1)

, Nonsway

ANALYSIS
MAGNIFIED MOMENT - NONSWAY
r = 0.25 D =
5.0
k Lu / r =

<

28.8

in, ACI 10.11.2


34 - 12(M1 / M2) = 33.28 < = = Slenderness effect may be ignored. (ACI Eq 10-7)

Ec = 57000 (fc')0.5 =

3605.0 ksi, ACI 8.5.1

Ig = D4 / 64 =

7854

EI =

0.4 E c I g
1+ d

Pc =

0.4 E c I g
1 + 0.6

2EI =
2

in4

= 0.25E c I g =

7E+06 k-in , ACI 10.10.6.1

3369.1 k, ACI Eq (10-14)

( k Lu )

M2,min = MAX[ M2 , Pu (0.6+0.03 D) ] =

200

Cm = MAX[ 0.6 + 0.4 (M1 / M2, min) , 0.4 ] =

ns = MAX

Cm
, 1.0 =
Pu
0.75P c

Mu, ns = ns M2, min =

200.0

1.00

ft-k, ACI 10.10.6.5


0.624

, ACI Eq(10-16)

, ACI Eq (10-12)

<

ft-k, ACI Eq (10-11)

1.05 M2 =

210.0

ft-k

[Satisfactory]

,(ACI 10.10.5.1)

The column is nonsway. Ignore following calculations.


MAGNIFIED MOMENT - SWAY
k Lu / r =

s = MIN MAX

314

Lu / r =

28.80

M2s = M2 =

200.0

22

1
, 1.0
Pu
0.75 P c

Ag = D2 / 4 =

M2ns =

< = = Not apply

>

28.8

5%

Mu, s = M2ns + s M2s =

<

< = = Slenderness effect must be considered. ACI Eq (10-6)

, 2.5 =

1.13

, ACI Eq (10-21)

in2
35 / [Pu / (fc' Ag)]0.5 =

62.04

[Satisfactory]

ft-k, as given
M2s =
236.7

10.0

ft-k, assumed conservatively

ft-k, ACI Eq (10-19)

__
Page 157 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Design of Column Supporting Discontinuous System Based on ASCE 7-05 & ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


COLUMN CLEAR HEIGHT
COLUMN SIZE

fy =
h =
c1 =

60
16
24

ksi
ft
in

c2 =

24

in

SEISMIC COEFFICIENT (Tab 12.2-1)

Cd =

AMPLIFICATION FACTOR (Tab 12.2-1)

0 =

2.5

DESIGN STORY DRIFT


COLUMN LOADS, ASD (ft-kips, kips)
Mtop
P
DL
40
0
LL
20
0
E/1.4
100
80

xe =

0.1

LONGITUDINAL REINFORCING
SECTION
LEFT
4
(d =
RIGHT

TOP
#
21.50
( 1 Layer)
4
#
( d = 21.50
( 1 Layer)

V
0
0
20

in

Mbot
0
0
80

BOTTOM
#
21.50
( 1 Layer)
4
#
( d = 21.50
( 1 Layer)

8
in )

4
(d =

8
in )

8
in )
8
in )

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


TRANSVERSE REINFORCEMENT FOR CONFINEMENT
3 Legs #
4
@

in, o.c., full height (ACI 318-08 21.4.4.5)

ANALYSIS
DESIGN CRITERIA
1. since the column supported reaction from discontinued stiff member, ASCE 7-05 12.3.3.3 apply.
2. since the column is not part of the lateral force resisting system, ACI 318-08 21.13 apply.
3. since the column Ld required into top & 12" at least into footing per ACI 318-08 21.6.4.6, a fixed-fixed condition should be used.
DESIGN LOADS
U1 = 1.2 D + f1 L +1.0 0 Eh

U2 = (0.90.2SDS) D 1.0 0 Eh

, (ACI 318-08 21.13)

Pu =

417.6

kips

Mu,top =

280.0

ft-kips

Pu =

395.6

kips

Mu,top =

280.0

ft-kips

Vu =

70.0

kips

Mu,bot =

280.0

ft-kips

Vu =

70.0

kips

Mu,bot =

280.0

ft-kips

f1 =

0.5

U3 = 1.2 D + 1.6 L

SDS =

1.2

, (ACI 318-08 9.2.1)

Pu =

80.0

kips

Mu,top =

0.0

ft-kips

Vu =

0.0

kips

Mu,bot =

0.0

ft-kips

CHECK CAPACITY SUBJECTED TO BENDING AND AXIAL LOAD


LOADING

U1,top

U1,bot

U2,top

U2,bot

U3,top

U3,bot

Pu (kips)

417.6

417.6

395.6

395.6

80.0

80.0

Mu (ft-kips)

280.0

280.0

280.0

280.0

0.0

0.0

ns = Cm/[1-Pu/(0.75Pc)]
nsMu (ft-kips)
Mn (ft-kips) @ Pu

1.107

1.107

1.100

1.100

1.019

1.019

309.9

309.9

308.1

308.1

0.0

0.0

430.1

501.4

502.5

502.5

404.7

404.7

where

EI = 0.4EcIg / (1+d) = 0.25 EcIg


Pc = 2EI / (kLu)2

SUMMARY OF LOAD VERSUS MOMENT CAPACITIES (for ACI 318-08 10.2 & 10.3 only)
CAPACITY
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

Pn (kips)
1047
1047
893
745
622
431
420
256
0

Mn (ft-kips)
0
175
272
336
376
425
428
537
405

Pn (kips)

(cont'd)

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

Mn (ft-kips)

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

All load points to be within capacity diagram.

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE INDUCED MOMENT IN THE COLUMN

M col

6 E c I c u

where

h2

+ P =

273.6766 ft-kips, at top & bottom of column

E c = 57000 (fc')0.5 =

3122

ksi, ACI 318-08 8.5.1

I g = c1 c23 / 12 =

27648

in4

Ic =

Ig =

19354

0.7

in4 , ACI 318-08 9.5.2.3 & 10.11.1

u = Cd xe / I =

0.33

P = 0.9 PDL =

36

kips, ACI 318-08 21.13.3

= 0.5 u =

0.17

in, ACI 318-08 21.13.3

I =

1.5

, ASCE 7-05 (12.8-15)

CHECK REQUIREMENTS OF NOT PART OF THE LATERAL RESISTING SYSTEM


M u = 1.2 MDL + 1.0 MLL + Mcol =

273.6766 ft-kips
Mn =

<
Pu, max =

404.7

kips

[Satisfactory]

417.6
kips
>
0.1Agfc' =
172.8 kips
[Satisfactory]
Per ACI 318-08 21.13.4.3, the column shall satisfy ACI 318-08 21.6.3, 21.6.4, 21.6.5, and 21.7.3.1.

CHECK SECTION REQUIREMENTS (ACI 318-08 21.6.1)


cmin =MIN(c1, c2) =

24

cmin / cmax =

>

in

>

1.00

12

0.4

in

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TRANSVERSE REINFORCING AT END OF COLUMN (ACI 318-08 21.6.4)


2
in
Ash =
0.60
>
MAX[ 0.09shcfc' / fyh , 0.3shc(Ag/Ach-1)fc' / fyh ] =
[Satisfactory]

where

0.47

s = MAX[MIN(c1/4, 6db, 4+(14-hx)/3, 6), 4] =


hc = c1 - 2Cover - dt =
Ach = (c1-3)(c2-3) =

20.5
441.0

in
5

in

in

CHECK FLEXURAL REINFORCING (ACI 318-08 21.6.1.1)

total = 0.018

>
<

min =
max =

0.010

[Satisfactory]

0.060

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 318-08 21.6.4.6)


Ve = MAX[ (Mpr, left, top + Mpr, right,bot) / h , Vu,max] =

where

top,left =
bot,left =

0.006
0.006

120.8

kips

8(fc')0.5c2d =

<
<
>
>

169.6

[2(fc')0.5c2d + Avfyd / s] =

kips
158.5

min=MIN[3(fc')0.5/fy, 200/fy ]=
0.003
min =
0.003
[Satisfactory]

Mpr, left, top = 1.25Mn,col,max =

966

ft-kips

Mpr, right, bot = 1.25Mn,col,max =

966

ft-kips

Av =

[Satisfactory]
kips

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

0.75
0.6

, ACI 318-08 9.3.2.3


in2

DETERMINE SEISMIC TENSION DEVELOPMENT, Ld, INTO THE TOP PER ACI 318-08 21.6.4.6

L dh = MAX

db f
65

'
c

, 8d b , 6 in =

L d = MAX ( 3.5 L dh , 12 in ) =
where

59 db

db

1.0

17 db

59

17

in, (ACI 318-08 21.7.5.1)

in, (ACI 318-08 21.7.5.2)

in
, (1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 21.7.5.4 & 12.2.4)

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Corbel Design Based on IBC 09 / ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu

80

FACTORED TENSILE LOAD

N uc

40

WIDTH

15

in

EFFECTIVE DEPTH

20

in

OVERALL DEPTH

22

in

SHEAR SPAN

in

EDGE DEPTH

hc

12

in

PRIMARY REINFORCEMENT

CLOSED STIRRUPS

( spacing 4 in o.c. )

ANALYSIS
CHECK DIMENSIONAL REQUIREMENTS (ACI Sec. 11.8.1 & 11.8.2)
a/d =
Nuc / Vu =

0.50

hc =

12.00

<
<
>

0.20

[SATISFACTORY]

[SATISFACTORY]

0.5 d

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK SECTION (ACI Sec. 11.8.3.2.1)

MIN (0.2I f 'cbd , 0.8I bd )

<

Vu

where

I =

= 180 k

[SATISFACTORY]

0.75

CHECK REINFORCEMENT
An

N
0.2V u
MAX uc ,

I f y
I f y

0.889

in2

A vf

Vu

IP f

(ACI Sec. 11.8.3.4)


where

Af

I =

in2

(ACI Sec. 11.7.4.3)


P =
1.4

0.75

'
Mu
0.85bd f c 1  1 
'

0.383
bd 2 f c

fy

1.270

2
= 0.373 in

M u V ua  N uc h  d

400

in-k

(ACI Sec. 10.2)

A sc

2 Avf
0.04 f 'c
MAX A f  An ,
 An ,
bd =

3
fy

1.735

in2

(ACI Sec. 11.8.3.5 & 11.8.5)

Ah

A sc  An
2

0.423

(ACI Sec. 11.8.4)

in2

<

Ah , provd

[SATISFACTORY]

0.660

in2

<

A s , provd

1.800

[SATISFACTORY]

in2

Daniel
Tian Li

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Corbel Design Based on CBC 01 / ACI 318-95


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR YIELD STRESS
FACTORED SHEAR LOAD
FACTORED TENSILE LOAD
WIDTH
EFFECTIVE DEPTH
OVERALL DEPTH
SHEAR SPAN
PRIMARY REINFORCEMENT
CLOSED STIRRUPS

fc'
fy
Vu
Nuc
b
d
h
a
3
3

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#
#

5
60
100
40
15
20
22
4
7
3

ksi
ksi
k
k
in
in
in
in

( spacing 4 in o.c. )

ANALYSIS
CHECK DIMENSIONAL REQUIREMENTS (ACI Sec. 11.9.1 & 11.9.2)
<
a/d =
0.20
1
[SATISFACTORY]
Nuc / Vu =
<
1
[SATISFACTORY]
0.40
hc = 12.00
>
0.5 d [SATISFACTORY]
CHECK SECTION (ACI Sec. 11.9.3.2)
Vu

MIN (0.2 f cbd , 0.8 bd )


'

<

= 204 k

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK REINFORCEMENT

An = MAX

N uc 0.2V u
,
fy
fy

0.784

in

Avf =

Vu

uf

'

Af =

in

(ACI Sec. 11.9.3.4)

0.85bd f c 1 1

1.401

(ACI Sec. 11.7.4)

Mu
'
0.383b d 2 f c
= 0.449 in

M u = V ua + N uc ( h d )

480

in-k

(ACI Sec. 10.2)

A s = MAX A f + A n ,

2 Avf
0.04 f c'
bd
+ An ,
3
fy

1.718

in

(ACI Sec. 11.9.3.5 & 11.9.5)

Ah =

A s An
2

0.467

(ACI Sec. 11.9.4)

in

<

A h , provd =

[SATISFACTORY]

0.660

in

__
Page 161 of 533
524

<

A s , provd =

1.800

[SATISFACTORY]

in2

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Development of Reinforcement Based on ACI 318-08


NON-SEISMIC TENSION DEVELOPMENTS

L dh = MAX

requird 0.02 ed b f
provided
f 'c

, 8d b , 6 in =

15 db

12

in, (ACI 318-08 12.5.2)

, 12 in =

26 db

20

in, (ACI 318-08 12.2.3)

requird 0.075 t e sd b f
provided
f c' c + K tr

L d = MAX

db

L hk

where

12

Bar size
db

in, (ACI 318-08, Fig. R12.5)


#

0.75

provided

fy

60

ksi

f'c

1.0

(1.3 for horizontal bar over 12" concrete, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

1.0

(1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

=
=
=

required

c
Ktr

(c + Ktr ) / db =

in
( A s,reqd / A s,provd , ACI 318-08, 12.2.5)

ksi

0.8
(0.8 for # 6 or smaller, 1.0 for other)
1.0
(0.75 for light weight, ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)
3.4
in, min(d' , 0.5s), (ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)
(Atr fyt / 1500 s n) =
0
(ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)
2.5
0.7

< 2.5 , (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)


(#11 or smaller, cover > 2.5" & side >2.0", ACI 318-08 12.5.3)

SEISMIC TENSION DEVELOPMENTS

L dh = MAX

db f

65 f 'c

e , 8d b , 6 in =

13

in

where

Bar size

(ACI 318-08 21.5.4.1)

Ld = MAX ( 3.5L dh e , 12 in ) =
L hk

17 db

12

59 db

44

in, (ACI 318-08 21.5.4.2)

db

0.75

in

fy

60

ksi

f'c

ksi

e
=
1.0
(1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 21.5.4.4 & 12.2.4)

in, (ACI 318-08, Fig. R12.5)

NON-SEISMIC COMPRESSION DEVELOPMENT

L dc = MAX

requird 0.02d b f
'
provided
fc

requird
0.3d b f
provided

__
where

Bar size

db

0.75

provided

0.95

fy

60

ksi

f'c

1.0

Page 162 of 533


524

, 8 in =

21 db

16

in

(ACI 318-08 12.3)

required

in
(ACI 318-08 12.3.3 a)

ksi
(for spiral, 0.75, ACI 318-08 12.3.3 b)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Splice of Reinforcement Based on ACI 318-08


NON-SEISMIC TENSION SPLICE
ACI 318-08 Tab. R12.15.2
50% , Staggered
100% Lap
Class A
Class B
Class B
Class B

As,provd / As,reqd
2
<2

Ls

30 db

= 1.3 L d =

= 18

in

(for Class A, 1.0 L d , ACI 318-08, 12.15.1)

L d = MAX

0.075 t e sd b f

f c' c + K tr

, 12 in =

23 db

14
in
(ACI 318-08 12.15.1 & 12.2.3)

db

where

Bar size
db

5
0.625

in

fy

60

ksi

f'c

ksi

1.0

(1.3 for horizontal bar over 12" concrete, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

1.0

(1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

c
Ktr

=
=
=
=

0.8
(0.8 for # 6 or smaller, 1.0 for other)
1.0
(0.75 for light weight, ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)
1.7
in, min(d' , 0.5s), s = see fig above, (ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)
(Atr fyt / 1500 s n) =
0
(ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

(c + Ktr ) / db =

2.5

< 2.5 , (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

SEISMIC TENSION SPLICE


Ls

66 db

= 1.3 L d =

= 42

in

(for Class A, 1.0 L d , ACI 318-08, 12.15.1)


L dh = MAX

db f

65 f

'
c

e , 8d b , 6 in =

L d = MAX ( 3.5L dh e , 12 in ) =
where

15 db

51 db

Bar size
db

5
0.625

in

fy

60

ksi

f'c

ksi

32

9
in
(ACI 318-08 21.5.4.1)
in, (ACI 318-08 21.5.4.2)

e
=
1.0
(1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 21.5.4.4 & 12.2.4)
NON-SEISMIC COMPRESSION SPLICE

Ls =

MAX ( 0.0005d b f

, 12 in

, for f y 60 ksi

MAX ( 0.0009 d b f y 24 d b , 12 in ) , for f y > 60 ksi


where

Bar size

30 db

23

in, (ACI 318-08 12.16.1)

db

0.75

in

fy

60

ksi

f'c

ksi

1.0

__
Page 163 of 533
524

(for fc' < 3 ksi, 4/3, ACI 318-08 12.16.1)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Tables for Development & Splice of Reinforcement Based on ACI 318-08


NON-SEISMIC TENSION DEVELOPMENTS
(FOR ALL DEVELOPMENTS EXCEPT LATERAL MOMENT FRAME, BEARING WALL & GRAVITY COLUMN)

Table 1: Ld Values (inch)


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
12
20
30
40
65
80
97
117
137
181
273

3000
12
16
24
33
53
66
80
96
112
148
223

4000
12
14
21
28
46
57
69
83
97
128
193

5000
12
13
19
25
41
51
62
74
87
114
173

fc' (psi)
6000
12
12
17
23
37
46
56
68
79
104
158

7000
12
12
16
22
35

8000
12
12
15
20
32

90
136

9000
12
12
14
19
31
38
46
55
65
85
129

10000
12
12
13
18
29
36
44
52
61
81
122

97
146

7000
6
6
6
8
9
10
11
13
14
17
23

8000
6
6
6
7
8
9
11
12
13
16
21

9000
6
6
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
15
20

10000
6
6
6
6
7
8
9
11
12
14
19

Table 2: Ldh Values (inch)


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18
Note:

2000
7
9
12
14
16
19
21
24
26
32
42

3000
6
8
10
12
13
15
17
19
22
26
35

4000
6
7
8
10
12
13
15
17
19
22
30

5000
6
6
7
9
10
12
13
15
17
20
27

fc' (psi)
6000
6
6
7
8
9
11
12
14
15
18
24

Where horizontal bar is pleased such that more than 12 in of fresh concrete is cast below
the table values above must be increased 30%.

SEISMIC TENSION DEVELOPMENTS


(FOR LATERAL MOMENT FRAME ONLY)

Table 3: Ld Values (inch)


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
27
36
45
54
63
72
81
92
102
122
163

3000
22
29
37
44
52
59
67
75
83
100
133

4000
21
26
32
38
45
51
58
65
72
86
115

5000
21
23
29
34
40
46
52
58
64
77
103

fc' (psi)
6000
21
21
26
31
36
42
47
53
59
71
94

7000
21
21
24
29
34
39
44
49
54
65
87

8000
21
21
23
27
32
36
41
46
51
61
82

9000
21
21
21
26
30
34
38
43
48
58
77

10000
21
21
21
24
28
32
36
41
46
55
73

8000
6
6
6
8
9
10
12
13
15
17
23

9000
6
6
6
7
9
10
11
12
14
16
22

10000
6
6
6
7
8
9
10
12
13
16
21

Table 4: Ldh Values (inch)


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
8
10
13
15
18
21
23
26
29
35
47

3000
6
8
11
13
15
17
19
21
24
29
38

4000
6
7
9
11
13
15
16
19
21
25
33

5000
6
7
8
10
11
13
15
17
18
22
29

fc' (psi)
6000
6
6
7
9
10
12
13
15
17
20
27

7000
6
6
7
8
10
11
12
14
16
19
25

__
Page 164 of 533
524

(Cont'd)

NON-SEISMIC COMPRESSION DEVELOPMENT


(FOR BEARING WALL & GRAVITY COLUMN)

Table 5: Ldc Values (inch)


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
10
13
17
20
23
27
30
34
38
45
61

3000
8
11
14
16
19
22
25
28
31
37
49

4000
8
9
12
14
17
19
21
24
27
32
43

5000
8
9
11
14
16
18
20
23
25
30
41

fc' (psi)
6000
8
9
11
14
16
18
20
23
25
30
41

7000
8
9
11
14
16
18
20
23
25
30
41

8000
8
9
11
14
16
18
20
23
25
30
41

9000
8
9
11
14
16
18
20
23
25
30
41

10000
8
9
11
14
16
18
20
23
25
30
41

8000
12
12
12
12
19
22
26
31
35
44
62

9000
12
12
12
12
18
21
25
29
33
41
58

10000
12
12
12
12
17
20
23
27
31
39
55

NON-SEISMIC TENSION SPLICE


(FOR DOUBLE BARS USED WITH 50% STAGGERED IN CLASS B, TABLE 7)

Table 6: Ls Values (inch), CLASE A


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
12
16
20
24
37
45
52
61
70
88
124

3000
12
13
16
20
30
37
43
50
57
72
101

4000
12
12
14
17
26
32
37
43
49
62
88

5000
12
12
13
15
24
28
33
39
44
55
78

fc' (psi)
6000
12
12
12
14
22
26
30
35
40
51
72

7000
12
12
12
13
20
24
28
33
37
47
66

(FOR ALL SPLICE EXCEPT LATERAL FRAME, SHEAR WALL HORIZONTAL BARS & GRAVITY COLUMN)

Table 7: Ls Values (inch), CLASE B


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18
Note:

2000
16
21
26
31
49
58
68
79
91
114
161

3000
16
17
21
26
40
47
56
65
74
93
132

4000
16
16
18
22
34
41
48
56
64
81
114

5000
16
16
17
20
31
37
43
50
57
72
102

fc' (psi)
6000
16
16
16
18
28
34
39
46
52
66
93

7000
16
16
16
17
26
31
36
42
49
61
86

8000
16
16
16
16
24
29
34
40
45
57
81

9000
16
16
16
16
23
27
32
37
43
54
76

10000
16
16
16
16
22
26
30
36
41
51
72

Where horizontal bar is pleased such that more than 12 in of fresh concrete is cast below
the table values above must be increased 30%.

SEISMIC TENSION SPLICE


(FOR DOUBLE BARS USED WITH 50% STAGGERED IN CLASS B, TABLE 9)

Table 8: Ls Values (inch), CLASE A


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
27
36
45
54
63
72
81
92
102
122
163

3000
22
29
37
44
52
59
67
75
83
100
133

4000
21
26
32
38
45
51
58
65
72
86
115

5000
21
23
29
34
40
46
52
58
64
77
103

fc' (psi)
6000
21
21
26
31
36
42
47
53
59
71
94

7000
21
21
24
29
34
39
44
49
54
65
87

8000
21
21
23
27
32
36
41
46
51
61
82

9000
21
21
21
26
30
34
38
43
48
58
77

10000
21
21
21
24
28
32
36
41
46
55
73

__
Page 165 of 533
524

(Cont'd)
(FOR LATERAL FRAME & SHEAR WALL HORIZONTAL BARS)

Table 9: Ls Values (inch), CLASE B


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
35
47
59
70
82
94
106
119
132
159
212

3000
29
38
48
58
67
77
86
97
108
130
173

4000
27
33
42
50
58
66
75
84
94
112
150

5000
27
30
37
45
52
59
67
75
84
101
134

fc' (psi)
6000
27
27
34
41
47
54
61
69
76
92
122

7000
27
27
31
38
44
50
57
64
71
85
113

8000
27
27
29
35
41
47
53
60
66
79
106

9000
27
27
28
33
39
44
50
56
62
75
100

10000
27
27
27
32
37
42
47
53
59
71
95

8000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

9000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

10000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

NON-SEISMIC COMPRESSION SPLICE


(FOR GRAVITY COLUMN ONLY)

Table 10: Ls Values (inch)


Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

2000
16
20
25
30
35
40
45
51
56
68
90

3000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

4000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

5000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

fc' (psi)
6000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

7000
12
15
19
23
26
30
34
38
42
51
68

__
Page 166 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Shear Friction Reinforcing Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
FACTORED FRICTION FORCE
CONCRETE STRENGTH
REINFORCEMENT STRENGTH

FRICTION COEFFICIENT [See Table below]

=
=
=

500

kips

ksi

60

ksi

=
=
=

0.6

t
L

SHEAR PLANE THICKNESS


SHEAR PLANE LENGTH

DOWEL SIZE

Use

Vu
fc '
fy

Dowels

4.0

8
20
5

in
ft

in o.c.

ANALYSIS
CHECK SHEAR STRENGTH LIMITATION (Sec. 11.6.5)

Vn = MIN( 0.2fc' , 480 + 0.08fc' , 1600 ) Ac =

=
0.75 [Section 9.3.2.3]
2
Ac
=
1920 in

Where

1152

kips

>

Vu

[SATISFACTORY]

THE REQUIRED AREA OF SHEAR-TRANSFER REINFORCEMENT IS GIVEN BY SECTION 11.6.4.1 AS


2
Avf = Vu / (
fy ) =
18.5 in
COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION FOR NORMAL WEIGHT CONCRETE [Sec.11.6.4.3]
Concrete place monolithically
Concrete placed against hardened concrete with surface intentionally roughened
Concrete placed against hardened concrete NOT intentionally roughened
Concrete anchored to as-rolled structural steel by headed stud or by reinforcing bars

__
Page 167 of 533
524

1.40
1.00
0.60
0.70

<=

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Shear Friction Reinforcing Design Based on ACI 318-08


Ru

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY

Ru
Tu
f c'
fy
a
b

=
=
=
=
=
=

- leg ties

FACTORED FRICTION FORCE VERTICAL


FACTORED FRICTION FORCE HORIZONTAL
CONCRTET STRENGTH
REINFORCEMENT STRENGTH
BEARING WIDTH
BEARING THICKNESS
REINFORCEMENT

ASSUME A POTENTIAL CRACK PLANE WITH AN ANGLE OF f =

86

kips

34

kips

ksi

60

ksi

5
18
3

in
in

70

degrees

5.0

in

Tu

14 in

Use
6
#
3
with (2) - leg closed ties
Distribute over a vert. distance of 14 in
ANALYSIS

FRICTION COEFFICIENT [Sec.11.6.4.3]

FORCES ON INCLINED PLANE:


Vu
= Ru sin f + Tu cos f = 92.4 kips
Where

Ac

Nu

=
=

0.75
268

1.4

<

Vn = MIN( 0.2fc' , 480+0.08fc' , 1600 ) Ac =

[Section 9.3.2.3]
2
in

Tu sin f - Ru cos f

[SATISFACTORY]
2.5 kips

( net tension )

SHEAR FRICTION REINFORCEMENT IS GIVEN BY EQ(11-26) AS


2
Avf =Vu / [ fy ( sin f + cos f )]
=
1.24 in
REINFORCEMENT TO RESIST TENSION IS GIVEN BY SEC. 11.6.7 AS
2
An = Nu / ( fy sin f)
=
0.06 in
TOTAL REINFORCEMENT:

As = Avf + An =

1.30 in

__
Page 168 of 533
524

160.6 kips
(Sec. 11.6.5)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floor Based on ACI 318-08


1. DESIGN METHODS
1.1 BREAKDOWN TWO WAYS FLOOR INTO DESIGN STRIPS IN ONE DIRECTION AND ONE WAY SLABS IN OTHER
DIRECTION. DESIGN STRIPS WORK AS CONTINUOUS BEAMS BY BANDED ALL TENDONS AT COLUMN. THE
PERPENDICULAR DIRECTION LIKE MULTI-SPAN ONE WAY SLABS, USING DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.2 SPECIFY TOTAL REQUIRED EFFECTIVE POST-TENSIONING FORCES AT BANDED TENDONS, ON STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS,
AND UNIFORM FORCES IN DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.3 WHEN TENDON LESS THAN 140 FT, STRESS AT ONE END. OTHERWISE STRESS AT BOTH ENDS.
1.4 THE VARIOUS LIVE LOADING CONDITIONS SHOULD BE CONSIDER BY INPUT LL ZERO AT SOME SPANS.

2. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

f'c

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

TENDON PROPERTIES

fpu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#
#

fpy
fse
dia
Aps
SLAB THICKNESS

TRIBUTARY WIDTH IF BANDED AS DESIGN STRIPS

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

TOP BAR SIZE AT COLUMN


BOTTOM CONTINUOUS BAR SIZE

Location

Mid of L1

Left

4.5

ksi

270

ksi

243

ksi

175

ksi

1/2
0.153

in
in2

in

30

ft

22

in

CONCRETE COST =

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

22

in

TENDONS COST =

0.476

lb / ft2

REBARS COST =

0.349

lb / ft2

lb / ft2

100

Mid of L2

Support

ksi

60

Support

Mid of LTyp

Support

Mid of Ln-1

Support

Mid Ln

Span (ft)

20

30

30

30

20

DL (psf)

120

120

120

120

120

LL (psf)

75

75

75

75

75

75%

75%

80%

75%

75%

Balanced DL (60%-80% suggested)


dCGS (in, from bottom)

3.33

REQD EFFECTIVE PT (k / ft)


Total if banded (kips)
Tendons

2.5

2.5

7.5

2.5

25.92

7.5

3.33

24.30

22.31

669.4

729.0

777.6

729.0

669.4

1 / 2 in Dia @ 13 in o.c.

1 / 2 in Dia @ 12 in o.c.

1 / 2 in Dia @ 13 in o.c.

1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.

26

28

30

28

26

7 # 5 , L = 3.03 ft

Bot Bars, Cont., E. Way

10 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft
Not ReqD

Required column cap thk, (in)

7.5

24.30

1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.

Total Number if banded


Top Bars at Column

7.5

22.31

Right

Not ReqD

22 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft

22 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft

# 4 @ 45in. o.c.
Not ReqD

Not ReqD
Not ReqD

10 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft

# 4 @ 45in. o.c.
Not ReqD

7 # 5 , L = 3.03 ft
Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

3. DESIGN LOADS & SECTION FORCES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of LTyp

Support

Mid of Ln-1

Support

Mid Ln

MDL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

2.14

-7.72

5.01

-9.26

4.24

-9.26

5.01

-7.72

2.14

0.00

MLL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

1.34

-4.83

3.13

-5.78

2.65

-5.78

3.13

-4.83

1.34

0.00

0.00

-1.65

5.71

-3.66

7.23

-3.57

7.23

-3.66

5.71

-1.65

Balanced Load (psf, uplift)

-90

Balanced MBal (ft-k / ft)


Required Effective PT (k / ft)
Tendon Spacing (in)
Primary MFe (ft-k / ft)

0.00

-90

0.00

-90

-90

22.31

24.30

25.92

24.30

14

13

12

13

-1.25

6.51
7.09

Secondary MSec (ft-k / ft)

-96

0.40

7.56
-3.04

7.09

1.38

0.62

-0.14

0.80

-3.24

0.33

0.33

0.00

22.31
14

7.56
7.09

Right

6.51
-3.04

7.09

-0.14

0.62

1.38

0.33

0.80

-1.25

0.00

0.40

0.00

Right

4. CHECK SERVICE LOAD STRESSES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of LTyp

Support

Mid of Ln-1

Support

Mid Ln

A (in2 / ft)

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

S (in3 / ft)

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

F / A (ksi)

0.232

0.232

0.270

0.270

0.232

0.232

0.232

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.279

0.232

0.380

0.064
0.186

0.232

0.126

0.442
0.503

0.45 fc' =

2.025

-0.409

0.404

0.232

0.061

0.232

0.6 fc' =

2.700

0.232
0.253

Check 125 psi < F /A < 275 psi


M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.232

[Satisfactory]
0.279

for load combination (DL + PT)

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.232

0.186

Check ft < 7.5 (fc')


M / S + F / A , (ksi)

and fc < 0.45 fc'


0.232

0.404

0.232

Check ft < 7.5 (fc')

0.061

and fc < 0.6 fc'

__
0.443

0.460

[Satisfactory]

0.333

-0.462

0.674

-0.479

-0.167

0.985

1.002

0.207

0.582

where

0.421
7.5 (fc')

0.5

-0.462

-0.479

-0.042

0.043

0.460

0.443

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2b),

Page 169 of 533


524

0.080

0.063

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2a),

0.874

0.895

0.5

0.126

-0.409

-0.388

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.063

[Satisfactory]

for load (DL + LL + PT)


for load (DL + LL + PT)

0.080

0.380

0.421

0.442

0.5

(ADAPT suggestion)

0.043

0.064

for load combination (DL + PT)

0.270
0.253

0.674

-0.388

-0.167

0.895

1.002

0.985

where

0.874
7.5 (fc')

0.5

0.503

(cont'd)

5. CALCULATE NON-PRESTRESSED REINFORCEMENT


Location

Left

Max. Nc (k / ft), (ACI 318, 18.0)

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

0.000

As (in2 / ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)


Bottom Bars, Each Way

Support

Mid of LTyp

1.599

Support

Mid of Ln-1

0.134

Support

1.599

Mid Ln

Right

0.000

0.000

0.053

0.000

0.053

0.000

Not ReqD

# 4 @ 45in. o.c.

Not ReqD

# 4 @ 45in. o.c.

Not ReqD

Max. Acf (in2), (ACI 318, 18.0)

2880

2880

2880

2880

2880

2880

As' (in2), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)

2.160

2.160

2.160

2.160

2.160

2.160

7#5

7#5

7#5

7#5

7#5

7#5

3.03

9.39

9.39

9.39

9.39

3.03

Top Bars at Column


L (ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.4.1)

6. CHECK FLEXURAL CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location
Factored Mu (ft-k / ft)

Left

Mid of L1

Support

0.00

5.11

-16.19

1.2 MDL + 1.6 MLL + 1.0 MSec


dp (in)

Mid of L2

-15.61

11.64
5.50

Support

Mid of LTyp

Support

-20.03

9.67

-20.03

-20.50

Mid of Ln-1

-20.50

11.64
5.50

4.00

4.67

7.50

0.00273

0.00234

0.00146
0.00157

0.00214

0.00157

0.00157

0.00214

L / dp

60.00

51.39

40.00

65.45

48.00

65.45

48.00

65.45

fps (ksi)

185.64

186.56

190.44

188.24

185.88

188.24

0.131

0.131

(ACI 318, 18.7.2, b & c)

191.62

Aps (in2 / ft)


Actual Area
d (in)

6.63

6.75

a (in)

0.21

0.40

203.09

Actual As (in2 / ft)

0.14

Top Bars at Column

6.63

6.75

6.63

6.75

0.85

0.55

0.88

Right

5.11

0.00

-15.61
7.50

4.67

4.00

0.00146

0.00234

0.00273

0.00157

203.09

40.00

51.39

60.00

190.44

186.56

185.64

0.131

0.131

191.62

0.153

0.131

0.141

0.65

Mid Ln

-16.19

0.14

6.63

0.14

6.75

6.63

6.75

6.63

0.67

0.40

0.21

0.65

0.64

0.85
0.88

0.000

0.018

0.000

0.018

0.000

Not ReqD

# 4 @ 136in. o.c.

Not ReqD

# 4 @ 136in. o.c.

Not ReqD

0.053

0.000

0.053

0.000

0.000

2.933

6.655

6.655

2.933

0.000

Not ReqD

10 # 5

22 # 5

22 # 5

10 # 5

Not ReqD

Actual As' (in )

2.170

Mn (ft-k / ft)

-9.23

8.21

Actual Capacity

3.100

6.820

-16.34

-21.62

-17.51

Check Mn > Mu
pt, (ACI 318, 18.8.1)

191.62
0.153

0.14

0.67

0.000

Required As' (in2)

7.50
0.00170

0.153

0.64
Required As (in2 / ft)

5.50
0.00232

191.62

0.131
0.141

Bottom Bars, Each Way

7.50
0.00170

Support

12.68

11.14

-20.66

6.820

3.100

-21.62

-16.34

-20.66

12.68

2.170
8.21

-9.23

0.0262

0.0433

-17.51

[Satisfactory]
0.0433

0.0262

c(dp - a / 1) / (a / 1)

0.0246

0.0188

0.0261

Check pt > 0.005

0.0180

[Satisfactory]

0.0216

0.0181

0.0188

0.0246

0.0181

0.0180

0.0261

Support

Mid of Ln-1

Support

(ACI 318, 18.8.1)

7. CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location

Left

RDL (k)

Mid of L1

35.99

Support

Mid of L2

90.01

Support

Mid of LTyp

108.00

108.00

Mid Ln

90.01

Right
35.99

RLL (k)

22.49

56.26

67.50

67.50

56.26

22.49

RSec (k)

-26.99

-67.51

-83.70

-83.70

-67.51

-26.99

52.18

130.52

153.90

153.90

130.52

52.18

Vu =1.2 RDL + 1.6 RLL + 1.0 Rsec

228.48

565.70

655.06

655.06

565.70

228.48

Required d, (ACI 318, 11.0)

Required b0d, (ACI 318, 11-36)

3.16

5.20

5.88

5.88

5.20

3.16

For Vn < Vu, the required

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

column cap thickness, tcap (in)

8. CALCULATE COST FOR SLAB & CAP


Location
Concrete

Left

Mid of L1

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of LTyp

Support

1.67

5.00

5.00

5.00

cap concrete

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Total =
length (ft)

Tendons

Support

cap dim (ft)

44.71

Rebars

179395

20.01

T / 30 ft TW

Average =

30.02

Total =

854.2

0.00

198.08

Total =

625.5

T / 30 ft TW
10.89

Mid of Ln-1

30.02
, (ACI 318 App. E)
435.77

0.00

T / 30 ft TW

100
30.02

Average =

0.476

435.77

10.89

Average =

0.349

Support

Mid Ln

Right

5.00

1.67

0.00

0.00

lb / ft

20.01
lb / ft2 , (AISC Manual 2nd page 7-15)
198.08
lb / ft2

0.00

44.71

Note:
1. The column moments are negligible for gravity punching design. Lateral loads, seismic and wind, should be supported by shear walls. Using equivalent frames to support lateral loads is not suggested.
2. By inspection, the deflections of slab do not govern PT concrete floor design. Otherwise, using PT concrete floor is inadequate for larger live load. (ACI 318, 9.5.4.1)
3. The secondary moments are very important concept of PT floor design. Based on this concept, PT floor design are always continuous beams design and one way slabs design. So using two
ways finite element analysis to design PT floor is inadequate.
Technical References:
1. "Design of Post-Tensioned Slabs Using Unbounded Tendons, Third Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2004.
2. "Design, Construction and Maintenance of Cast-in-Place Post-Tensioned Concrete Parking Structures, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2001.
3. Bijan O. Aalami & Allan Bommer, "Design Fundamentals of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floors, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 1999.

__
Page 170 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floor Based on ACI 318-08


1. DESIGN METHODS
1.1 BREAKDOWN TWO WAYS FLOOR INTO DESIGN STRIPS IN ONE DIRECTION AND ONE WAY SLABS IN OTHER
DIRECTION. DESIGN STRIPS WORK AS CONTINUOUS BEAMS BY BANDED ALL TENDONS AT COLUMN. THE
PERPENDICULAR DIRECTION LIKE MULTI-SPAN ONE WAY SLABS, USING DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.2 SPECIFY TOTAL REQUIRED EFFECTIVE POST-TENSIONING FORCES AT BANDED TENDONS, ON STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS,
AND UNIFORM FORCES IN DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.3 WHEN TENDON LESS THAN 140 FT, STRESS AT ONE END. OTHERWISE STRESS AT BOTH ENDS.
1.4 THE VARIOUS LIVE LOADING CONDITIONS SHOULD BE CONSIDER BY INPUT LL ZERO AT SOME SPANS.

2. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

f'c

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

TENDON PROPERTIES

fpu
fpy
fse
dia
Aps

SLAB THICKNESS

TRIBUTARY WIDTH IF BANDED AS DESIGN STRIPS

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

TOP BAR SIZE AT COLUMN


BOTTOM CONTINUOUS BAR SIZE

Location

Mid of L1

Left

Support

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#
#

Mid of L2

ksi

60

ksi

270

ksi

243

ksi

175

ksi

1/2
0.153

in
in2

in

30

ft

22

in

CONCRETE COST =

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

22

in

TENDONS COST =

0.484

lb / ft2

REBARS COST =

0.289

lb / ft2

Support

Mid of L3

Support

Mid L4

20

30

30

20

DL (psf)

120

120

120

120

LL (psf)

75

75

75

75

75%

80%

80%

75%

dCGS (in, from bottom)

3.33

REQD EFFECTIVE PT (k / ft)


Total if banded (kips)
Tendons

2.5

2.5

7.5

3.33

25.92

22.31

669.4

777.6

777.6

669.4

1 / 2 in Dia @ 12 in o.c.

1 / 2 in Dia @ 12 in o.c.

1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.

26

30

30

26

7 # 5 , L = 3.03 ft

Bot Bars, Cont., E. Way


Required column cap thk, (in)

7.5

25.92

Right

1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.

Total Number if banded


Top Bars at Column

7.5

22.31

9 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft
Not ReqD

Not ReqD

22 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft
Not ReqD

Not ReqD

lb / ft2

Span (ft)

Balanced DL (60%-80% suggested)

100

9 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft

# 4 @ 378in. o.c.
Not ReqD

7 # 5 , L = 3.03 ft
Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

3. DESIGN LOADS & SECTION FORCES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of L3

Support

Mid L4

MDL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

2.21

-7.59

4.85

-9.71

4.85

-7.59

2.21

0.00

MLL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

1.38

-4.74

3.03

-6.07

3.03

-4.74

1.38

0.00

0.00

-1.54

5.93

-3.92

7.84

-3.92

5.93

-1.54

Balanced Load (psf, uplift)


Balanced MBal (ft-k / ft)

-90

Required Effective PT (k / ft)


Tendon Spacing (in)

-96

-96

22.31

25.92

25.92

14

12

12

Primary MFe (ft-k / ft)

0.00

-1.25

Secondary MSec (ft-k / ft)

0.00

0.29

6.51
7.56

7.56
-3.24

0.58

-3.24

7.56
-0.28

1.63

0.68

-0.28

-90
0.00

22.31
14
7.56
6.51

0.68

Right

-1.25

0.00

0.58

0.29

0.00

Right

1.63

4. CHECK SERVICE LOAD STRESSES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of L3

Support

Mid L4

A (in2 / ft)

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

S (in3 / ft)

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

F / A (ksi)

0.232

0.232

0.232

0.270

0.270

0.270

0.270

0.270

0.232

0.232

0.295

0.232

0.388

0.170

0.232

where

0.45 fc' =

0.530

0.425

0.232

0.833

0.040

0.232

where

7.5 (fc')0.5 =

0.530

0.270
Check 125 psi < F /A < 275 psi
M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.232

[Satisfactory]
0.295

for load combination (DL + PT)

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.170

for load combination (DL + PT)

0.232

0.425

for load (DL + LL + PT)


Check ft < 7.5 (fc')0.5 and fc < 0.6 fc'

0.040

__
0.833

0.870

[Satisfactory]

0.182

0.445

-0.474

0.642

-0.102

0.642

-0.474
1.014

0.426

-0.102

1.014

0.45 fc' =

2.250

0.6 fc' =

3.000

-0.330

-0.368

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2b),

Page 171 of 533


524

0.114

0.077

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2a),

-0.368
-0.330

0.232

0.182

0.358

0.095

0.445

[Satisfactory]

for load (DL + LL + PT)

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.095

0.358

0.388
0.426

Check ft < 7.5 (fc')0.5 and fc < 0.45 fc'


M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.077

0.114

0.232

0.232

(ADAPT suggestion)

0.870

(cont'd)

5. CALCULATE NON-PRESTRESSED REINFORCEMENT


Location

Left

Max. Nc (k / ft), (ACI 318, 18.0)

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

0.000

As (in2 / ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)


Bottom Bars, Each Way

Support

Mid of L3

0.672

Support

Mid L4

0.672

Right

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Max. Acf (in2), (ACI 318, 18.0)

2880

2880

2880

2880

2880

As' (in2), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)

2.160

2.160

2.160

2.160

2.160

7#5

7#5

7#5

7#5

7#5

3.03

9.39

9.39

9.39

3.03

Top Bars at Column


L (ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.4.1)

6. CHECK FLEXURAL CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location
Factored Mu (ft-k / ft)

Left

Mid of L1

Support

0.00

5.14

-16.12

1.2 MDL + 1.6 MLL + 1.0 MSec


dp (in)

Mid of L2

-15.06

11.35
5.50

Support

Mid of L3

Support

Mid L4

Right

-21.63

11.35

-15.06

5.14

0.00

4.67

4.00

-21.63

-16.12

4.00

4.67

7.50

0.00273

0.00234

0.00146
0.00170

0.00232

0.00170

0.00146

0.00234

0.00273

L / dp

60.00

51.39

40.00

65.45

48.00

65.45

40.00

51.39

60.00

fps (ksi)

186.25

187.27

191.59

189.22

186.60

189.22
187.27

186.25

0.131

0.131

0.131

(ACI 318, 18.7.2, b & c)

189.22

Aps (in2 / ft)

200.98

0.131

Actual Area
d (in)

0.153

0.15

6.63

6.75

6.63

6.75

0.19

0.36

0.60
0.54

Required As (in2 / ft)


Actual As (in2 / ft)
Top Bars at Column

7.50
0.00170

189.22

191.59
0.153

0.15

0.153
0.131

0.131

6.63

6.75

6.63

6.75

6.63

0.83

0.57

0.54
0.36

0.19

0.83

0.60

0.000

0.000

0.006

0.000

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

# 4 @ 378in. o.c.

Not ReqD

0.000

0.006

0.000

0.000

2.683

6.705

2.683

0.000

Not ReqD

9#5

22 # 5

9#5

Not ReqD

2.790

2.170

Actual As' (in )

2.170

Mn (ft-k / ft)

-9.28

8.27

Actual Capacity

2.790

6.820

-16.22

-21.74

-18.36

Check Mn > Mu
pt, (ACI 318, 18.8.1)

0.58

0.000

Required As' (in2)

5.50
0.00232

0.153

a (in)

Bottom Bars, Each Way

7.50
0.00170

12.02

11.35

-21.74

-18.36
-16.22

8.27

-9.28

0.0271

0.0284

0.0469

Support

Mid L4

[Satisfactory]
0.0469

0.0284

c(dp - a / 1) / (a / 1)

0.0271

0.0187

0.0302

Check pt > 0.005

0.0199

[Satisfactory]

0.0203

0.0187

0.0302

(ACI 318, 18.8.1)

7. CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location

Left

RDL (k)

Mid of L1

35.99

Support

Mid of L2

90.01

Support

Mid of L3

108.00

90.01

Right
35.99

RLL (k)

22.49

56.26

67.50

56.26

22.49

RSec (k)

-26.99

-70.21

-86.40

-70.21

-26.99

52.18

127.81

151.21

127.81

52.18

Vu =1.2 RDL + 1.6 RLL + 1.0 Rsec

219.34

527.85

613.74

527.85

219.34

Required d, (ACI 318, 11.0)

Required b0d, (ACI 318, 11-36)

3.04

4.90

5.57

4.90

3.04

For Vn < Vu, the required

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

column cap thickness, tcap (in)

8. CALCULATE COST FOR SLAB & CAP


Location
Concrete

Left

Mid of L1

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of LTyp

Support

1.67

5.00

5.00

5.00

cap concrete

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Total =
length (ft)

Tendons

Support

cap dim (ft)

44.71

Rebars

138572

20.01

T / 30 ft TW

Average =

30.02

Total =

670.1

0.00

178.27

Total =

400.5

T / 30 ft TW
0.00

Mid of Ln-1

30.02
, (ACI 318 App. E)
435.77

1.30

T / 30 ft TW

Right
5.00
0.00

100

lb / ft

20.01
Average =

0.484

lb / ft2 , (AISC Manual 2nd page 7-15)

178.27

0.00

Average =

0.289

44.71
lb / ft2

Note:
1. The column moments are negligible for gravity punching design. Lateral loads, seismic and wind, should be supported by shear walls. Using equivalent frames to support lateral loads is not suggested.
2. By inspection, the deflections of slab do not govern PT concrete floor design. Otherwise, using PT concrete floor is inadequate for larger live load. (ACI 318, 9.5.4.1)
3. The secondary moments are very important concept of PT floor design. Based on this concept, PT floor design are always continuous beams design and one way slabs design. So using two
ways finite element analysis to design PT floor is inadequate.
Technical References:
1. "Design of Post-Tensioned Slabs Using Unbounded Tendons, Third Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2004.
2. "Design, Construction and Maintenance of Cast-in-Place Post-Tensioned Concrete Parking Structures, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2001.
3. Bijan O. Aalami & Allan Bommer, "Design Fundamentals of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floors, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 1999.

__
Page 172 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floor Based on ACI 318-08


1. DESIGN METHODS
1.1 BREAKDOWN TWO WAYS FLOOR INTO DESIGN STRIPS IN ONE DIRECTION AND ONE WAY SLABS IN OTHER
DIRECTION. DESIGN STRIPS WORK AS CONTINUOUS BEAMS BY BANDED ALL TENDONS AT COLUMN. THE
PERPENDICULAR DIRECTION LIKE MULTI-SPAN ONE WAY SLABS, USING DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.2 SPECIFY TOTAL REQUIRED EFFECTIVE POST-TENSIONING FORCES AT BANDED TENDONS, ON STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS,
AND UNIFORM FORCES IN DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.3 WHEN TENDON LESS THAN 140 FT, STRESS AT ONE END. OTHERWISE STRESS AT BOTH ENDS.
1.4 THE VARIOUS LIVE LOADING CONDITIONS SHOULD BE CONSIDER BY INPUT LL ZERO AT SOME SPANS.

2. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

f'c

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

TENDON PROPERTIES

fpu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#
#

fpy
fse
dia
Aps
SLAB THICKNESS

TRIBUTARY WIDTH IF BANDED AS DESIGN STRIPS

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

TOP BAR SIZE AT COLUMN


BOTTOM CONTINUOUS BAR SIZE

Location

Mid of L1

Left

ksi

270

ksi

243

ksi

175

ksi

1/2
0.153

in
in2

in

30

ft

22

in

CONCRETE COST =

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

22

in

TENDONS COST =

0.468

lb / ft2

REBARS COST =

0.321

lb / ft2

Support

Mid of L3

Span (ft)

20

30

20

DL (psf)

120

120

120

LL (psf)

75

75

75

75%

80%

75%

Balanced DL (60%-80% suggested)


dCGS (in, from bottom)

3.33

REQD EFFECTIVE PT (k / ft)


Total if banded (kips)
Tendons

2.5

3.33

22.31

777.6

669.4

1 / 2 in Dia @ 12 in o.c.

1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.

26

30

26

Bot Bars, Cont., E. Way

15 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft
Not ReqD

Required column cap thk, (in)

7.5

25.92

669.4

7 # 5 , L = 3.03 ft
Not ReqD

15 # 5 , L = 9.39 ft

# 4 @ 58in. o.c.
Not ReqD

lb / ft2

Right

1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.

Total Number if banded


Top Bars at Column

7.5

22.31

100

Mid of L2

Support

ksi

60

7 # 5 , L = 3.03 ft
Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

3. DESIGN LOADS & SECTION FORCES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of L3

MDL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

1.96

-8.08

5.42

-8.08

1.96

0.00

MLL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

1.23

-5.05

3.39

-5.05

1.23

0.00

0.00

-1.32

6.37

-4.43

6.37

-1.32

Balanced Load (psf, uplift)

-90

Balanced MBal (ft-k / ft)


Required Effective PT (k / ft)
Tendon Spacing (in)
Primary MFe (ft-k / ft)

0.00

-96

22.31

25.92

14

12

-1.25

6.51
7.56

Secondary MSec (ft-k / ft)

0.00

0.07

-90
0.00

22.31
14
6.51

-3.24

7.56

1.19

1.19

1.19

0.14

Right

0.14

-1.25

0.00

0.07

0.00

Right

4. CHECK SERVICE LOAD STRESSES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of L3

A (in2 / ft)

96

96

96

96

96

96

96

S (in3 / ft)

128

128

128

128

128

128

128

F / A (ksi)

0.232

0.232

0.232

0.232

0.232

0.232

0.270

0.270

0.270
Check 125 psi < F /A < 275 psi
M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.232

[Satisfactory]
0.293

for load combination (DL + PT)

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)
Check ft < 7.5 (fc')

0.232

0.172

M / S + F / A , (ksi)

and fc < 0.45 fc'


0.232

0.408

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.232

0.057

and fc < 0.6 fc'

0.172

0.232

0.430

-0.401

0.681

0.866

[Satisfactory]

0.232

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2a),

-0.401

0.903

0.5

0.293

0.110

0.393

0.177

[Satisfactory]

-0.363

for load (DL + LL + PT)

0.072

0.363

0.393
0.430

0.5

for load (DL + LL + PT)

Check ft < 7.5 (fc')

__
0.110

for load combination (DL + PT)

(ADAPT suggestion)

0.072

0.408

0.232

0.057

0.232

0.45 fc' =

0.530

0.45 fc' =

2.250

7.5 (fc')0.5 =

0.530

0.6 fc' =

3.000

-0.363
0.866

-0.141

where

0.903

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2b),

Page 173 of 533


524

where

(cont'd)

5. CALCULATE NON-PRESTRESSED REINFORCEMENT


Location

Left

Max. Nc (k / ft), (ACI 318, 18.0)

Mid of L1

Support

Mid of L2

0.000

As (in2 / ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)


Bottom Bars, Each Way

Support

Mid of L3

1.158

Right

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Max. Acf (in2), (ACI 318, 18.0)

2880

2880

2880

2880

As' (in2), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)

2.160

2.160

2.160

2.160

7#5

7#5

7#5

7#5

3.03

9.39

9.39

3.03

Top Bars at Column


L (ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.4.1)

6. CHECK FLEXURAL CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location
Factored Mu (ft-k / ft)

Left

Mid of L1

Support

0.00

4.39

-17.63

1.2 MDL + 1.6 MLL + 1.0 MSec


dp (in)

Mid of L2

-16.58

13.12
5.50

4.00

4.67

7.50

0.00273

0.00234

0.00146
0.00170

0.00232

L / dp

60.00

51.39

40.00

65.45

fps (ksi)

186.25

187.27

191.59

0.131

0.131

(ACI 318, 18.7.2, b & c)

189.22

Aps (in2 / ft)


Actual Area
d (in)

6.63

6.75

a (in)

0.19

0.33

Actual As (in2 / ft)


Top Bars at Column

7.50

4.67

4.00

0.00146

0.00234

0.00273

40.00

51.39

60.00

191.59

187.27

186.25

0.131

0.131

0.131

6.63

0.15

6.75

6.63

6.75

6.63

0.66

0.33

0.19

0.65

0.61

0.66

0.000

0.041

0.000

Not ReqD

# 4 @ 58in. o.c.

Not ReqD

0.041

0.000

0.000

4.367

4.367

0.000

Not ReqD

15 # 5

15 # 5

Not ReqD

Actual As' (in )

2.170

Mn (ft-k / ft)

-9.28

8.30

Actual Capacity

4.650

4.650

-17.90

-17.90

-20.03

Check Mn > Mu
pt, (ACI 318, 18.8.1)

0.00

189.22

0.15

0.000

Required As' (in2)

Right

4.39

0.00170

200.98

0.61
Required As (in2 / ft)

Mid of L3

-17.63
-16.58

0.131
0.153

Bottom Bars, Each Way

Support

13.13

2.170
8.30

-9.28

0.0314

0.0469

-20.03

[Satisfactory]
0.0469

0.0314

c(dp - a / 1) / (a / 1)

0.0241

0.0241

0.0267

Check pt > 0.005

0.0173

[Satisfactory]

0.0267
(ACI 318, 18.8.1)

7. CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location

Left

RDL (k)

Mid of L1

35.99

Support

Mid of L2

90.01

Support

Mid of L3

90.01

Right
35.99

RLL (k)

22.49

56.26

56.26

22.49

RSec (k)

-26.99

-70.21

-70.21

-26.99

52.18

127.82

127.82

52.18

Vu =1.2 RDL + 1.6 RLL + 1.0 Rsec

219.34

527.86

527.86

219.34

Required d, (ACI 318, 11.0)

Required b0d, (ACI 318, 11-36)

3.04

4.90

4.90

3.04

For Vn < Vu, the required

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

column cap thickness, tcap (in)

8. CALCULATE COST FOR SLAB & CAP


Location
Concrete

Left

Mid of L1

Mid of L2

Support

Mid of LTyp

Right

1.67

5.00

5.00

5.00

cap concrete

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Total =
length (ft)

Tendons

Support

cap dim (ft)

44.71

Rebars

97749

20.01

T / 30 ft TW
30.02

Total =

457.8

0.00

297.12

Total =

313.9

T / 30 ft TW
8.45

lb / ft2

Average =

100

Average =

0.468

lb / ft2 , (AISC Manual 2nd page 7-15)

0.321

lb / ft2

20.01
, (ACI 318 App. E)
297.12

0.00

T / 30 ft TW

44.71
Average =

Note:
1. The column moments are negligible for gravity punching design. Lateral loads, seismic and wind, should be supported by shear walls. Using equivalent frames to support lateral loads is not suggested.
2. By inspection, the deflections of slab do not govern PT concrete floor design. Otherwise, using PT concrete floor is inadequate for larger live load. (ACI 318, 9.5.4.1)
3. The secondary moments are very important concept of PT floor design. Based on this concept, PT floor design are always continuous beams design and one way slabs design. So using two
ways finite element analysis to design PT floor is inadequate.
Technical References:
1. "Design of Post-Tensioned Slabs Using Unbounded Tendons, Third Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2004.
2. "Design, Construction and Maintenance of Cast-in-Place Post-Tensioned Concrete Parking Structures, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2001.
3. Bijan O. Aalami & Allan Bommer, "Design Fundamentals of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floors, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 1999.

__
Page 174 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floor Based on ACI 318-08


1. DESIGN METHODS
1.1 BREAKDOWN TWO WAYS FLOOR INTO DESIGN STRIPS IN ONE DIRECTION AND ONE WAY SLABS IN OTHER
DIRECTION. DESIGN STRIPS WORK AS CONTINUOUS BEAMS BY BANDED ALL TENDONS AT COLUMN. THE
PERPENDICULAR DIRECTION LIKE MULTI-SPAN ONE WAY SLABS, USING DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.2 SPECIFY TOTAL REQUIRED EFFECTIVE POST-TENSIONING FORCES AT BANDED TENDONS, ON STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS,
AND UNIFORM FORCES IN DISTRIBUTED TENDONS.
1.3 WHEN TENDON LESS THAN 140 FT, STRESS AT ONE END. OTHERWISE STRESS AT BOTH ENDS.
1.4 THE VARIOUS LIVE LOADING CONDITIONS SHOULD BE CONSIDER BY INPUT LL ZERO AT SOME SPANS.

2. INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

f'c

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

TENDON PROPERTIES

fpu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#
#

fpy
fse
dia
Aps
SLAB THICKNESS

TRIBUTARY WIDTH IF BANDED AS DESIGN STRIPS

COLUMN WIDTH

c1

COLUMN DEPTH

c2

TOP BAR SIZE AT COLUMN


BOTTOM CONTINUOUS BAR SIZE

Location

Mid of L1

Left

Support

Mid L2
20

DL (psf)

120

120

LL (psf)

75

75

75%

75%

dCGS (in, from bottom)

3.33

Total if banded (kips)


Tendons

3.33

Required column cap thk, (in)

669.4
1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.
26
7 # 5 , L = 6.06 ft

# 4 @ 73in. o.c.
Not ReqD

ski

1/2
0.153

in
in2

in

30

ft

22

in

CONCRETE COST =

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

22

in

TENDONS COST =

0.431

lb / ft2

REARS COST =

0.157

lb / ft2

100

lb / ft2

26

Bot Bars, Cont., E. Way

ski

175

22.31

669.4

7 # 5 , L = 3.03 ft

243

Right

1 / 2 in Dia @ 14 in o.c.

Total Number if banded


Top Bars at Column

7.5

22.31

ski

20

REQD EFFECTIVE PT (k / ft)

ski

270

Span (ft)

Balanced DL (60%-80% suggested)

ski

60

7 # 5 , L = 3.33 ft

# 4 @ 73in. o.c.
Not ReqD

Not ReqD

3. DESIGN LOADS & SECTION FORCES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid L2

MDL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

3.50

-5.00

3.50

0.00

MLL (ft-k / ft)

0.00

2.19

-3.13

2.19

0.00

0.00

-2.63

3.75

-2.63

Balanced Load (psf, uplift)


Balanced MBal (ft-k / ft)

-90

Required Effective PT (k / ft)

-90

22.31

Tendon Spacing (in)


0.00

-1.25

Secondary MSec (ft-k / ft)

0.00

1.38

0.00

22.31

14

Primary MFe (ft-k / ft)

Right

14
6.51
6.51

-1.25

0.00

2.76

1.38

0.00

Right

2.76

4. CHECK SERVICE LOAD STRESSES


Location

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid L2

A (in2 / ft)

96

96

96

96

96

S (in3 / ft)

128

128

128

128

128

F / A (ksi)

0.232

0.232

0.232
0.232

Check 125 psi < F /A < 275 psi


M / S + F / A , (ksi)

[Satisfactory]

0.232

0.314

0.232

0.150

for load combination (DL + PT)

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)

M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.232

0.520

0.232

-0.055

Check ft < 7.5 (fc')0.5 and fc < 0.6 fc'

__
0.232

0.232

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2a),

where

0.45 fc' =

0.530

0.45 fc' =

2.250

where

7.5 (fc')0.5 =

0.530

0.6 fc' =

3.000

-0.178

-0.178

for load (DL + LL + PT)

0.150

[Satisfactory]

for load (DL + LL + PT)

- M / S + F / A , (ksi)

0.314

0.350
0.350

Check ft < 7.5 (fc')0.5 and fc < 0.45 fc'

0.232

(ADAPT suggestion)

0.115
0.115

for load combination (DL + PT)

0.232

0.520

0.232

0.643

0.643

[Satisfactory]

-0.055

0.232

(ACI 318-08, 18.3.3 & 18.4.2b),

Page 175 of 533


524

(cont'd)

5. CALCULATE NON-PRESTRESSED REINFORCEMENT


Location

Left

Max. Nc (k / ft), (ACI 318, 18.0)

Mid of L1

Support

Mid L2

0.250

As (in2 / ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)


Bottom Bars, Each Way

Right

0.250

0.000

0.000

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Max. Acf (in2), (ACI 318, 18.0)

2880

2880

2880

As' (in2), (ACI 318, 18.9.3.2)

2.160

2.160

2.160

7#5

7#5

7#5

3.03

6.06

3.33

Top Bars at Column


L (ft), (ACI 318, 18.9.4.1)

6. CHECK FLEXURAL CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location
Factored Mu (ft-k / ft)

Left

Mid of L1

Support

Mid L2

Right

0.00

9.08

-8.24

9.08

0.00

4.67

4.00

1.2 MDL + 1.6 MLL + 1.0 MSec

-8.24

dp (in)

4.00

4.67

7.50

0.00273

0.00234

0.00146
0.00146

0.00234

0.00273

L / dp

60.00

51.39

32.00

51.39

60.00

fps (ksi)

186.25

187.27

214.46
187.27

186.25

0.131

0.131

0.131

(ACI 318, 18.7.2, b & c)

191.59

Aps (in2 / ft)

0.131

Actual Area
d (in)

0.131

0.131

6.63

6.75

6.63

6.75

6.63

a (in)

0.19

0.52

0.26
0.52

0.19

0.27
Required As (in2 / ft)
Bottom Bars, Each Way
Actual As (in2 / ft)

0.033
# 4 @ 73in. o.c.

0.033

Required As' (in2)


Top Bars at Column

0.033
# 4 @ 73in. o.c.

0.000

0.000

Not ReqD

0#5

Not ReqD

2.170

2.170

Actual As' (in )

2.170

Mn (ft-k / ft)

-9.28

9.08

Actual Capacity

-17.66
-16.00

Check Mn > Mu
pt, (ACI 318, 18.8.1)

0.033

0.000

9.08

-9.28

[Satisfactory]
0.0469

0.0186

c(dp - a / 1) / (a / 1)

0.0669
0.0648

Check pt > 0.005

0.0186

[Satisfactory]

0.0469
(ACI 318, 18.8.1)

7. CHECK PUNCHING SHEAR CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN METHOD


Location

Left

RDL (k)

Mid of L1

35.99

Support

Mid L2

72.02

Right
35.99

RLL (k)

22.50

45.01

22.50

RSec (k)

-26.99

-54.01

-26.99

52.19

104.42

52.19

Vu =1.2 RDL + 1.6 RLL + 1.0 Rsec

219.36

438.91

219.36

Required d, (ACI 318, 11.0)

Required b0d, (ACI 318, 11-36)

3.04

4.19

3.04

For Vn < Vu, the required

0.00

0.00

0.00

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

Not ReqD

column cap thickness, tcap (in)

8. CALCULATE COST FOR SLAB & CAP


Location
Concrete

Left

Mid of L1

Mid of L2

Right

1.67

5.00

5.00

cap concrete

0.00

0.00

0.00

Total =
length (ft)

Tendons

Support

cap dim (ft)

44.71

Rebars

56926

20.01

T / 30 ft TW

lb / ft2

Average =

100

Average =

0.431

lb / ft2 , (AISC Manual 2nd page 7-15)

Average =

0.157

lb / ft2

20.01

Total =

245.4

6.71

89.43

Total =

89.3

T / 30 ft TW
6.71

, (ACI 318 App. E)


49.23

T / 30 ft TW

Note:
1. The column moments are negligible for gravity punching design. Lateral loads, seismic and wind, should be supported by shear walls. Using equivalent frames to support lateral loads is not suggested.
2. By inspection, the deflections of slab do not govern PT concrete floor design. Otherwise, using PT concrete floor is inadequate for larger live load. (ACI 318, 9.5.4.1)
3. The secondary moments are very important concept of PT floor design. Based on this concept, PT floor design are always continuous beams design and one way slabs design. So using two
ways finite element analysis to design PT floor is inadequate.
Technical References:
1. "Design of Post-Tensioned Slabs Using Unbounded Tendons, Third Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2004.
2. "Design, Construction and Maintenance of Cast-in-Place Post-Tensioned Concrete Parking Structures, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 2001.
3. Bijan O. Aalami & Allan Bommer, "Design Fundamentals of Post-Tensioned Concrete Floors, First Edition", The Post-Tensioning Institute, 1999.

__
Page 176 of 533
524

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PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Pool Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE

Pa

45

pcf

CONCRETE STRENGTH

(equivalent fluid pressure)


BACKFILL WEIGHT

110

pcf

SURCHARGE WEIGHT

ws

50

psf

SEISMIC GROUND SHAKING


PE
=
20
psf /ft, ASD
(soil pressure, if no report 35SDS suggested. )
POOL DEPTH
H
=
6
ft
THICKNESS OF WALL

tw

THICKNESS OF SLAB

ts

SLAB REBARS
#
5
@
10
WALL VERTICAL REBARS
#
5
@
WALL BAR LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

in
in
in o.c. at mid
8
in o.c.
1
at middle

LAP LENGTH

Ls

36

in

SLAB THICKER DISTANCE

ft

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
DESIGN CRITERIA
1.
THE CRITERICAL DESIGN, FOR REBAR AT MIDDLE OR EQUAL OF EACH FACE, IS POOL WALL AT INWARD
SOIL PRESSURE BEFORE RESTRAINED AT TOP AND POOL FILLED.
2.
SINCE THE WALL AXIAL LOAD SMALL AND SECTIONS UNDER TENSION-CONTROLLED (ACI 318-08, 10.3.4), ONLY
CHECK WALL FLEXURAL CAPACITIES ARE ADEQUATE.
SINCE THE SLAB AT FLEXURAL & AXIAL LOADS, THE COMBINED CAPACITY OF FLEXURAL & AXIAL MUST BE CHECKED.
3.
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa (H + ts)2

=
=
=

Hs = ws Pa (H + ts) / b
2
HE = 0.5 PE (H + ts)

0.95

kips / ft

0.13

kips / ft

0.42

kips / ft

FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb

=
=
=

Hs = 1.6 Hs
HE = 1.6 HE

1.52 kips / ft
0.21 kips / ft
0.68 kips / ft

CHECK WALL FLEXURE CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)
Mu = (0.5 Hs + 0.33 Hb + 0.67 HE) H =

6.38

Pu =

1.19

kips / ft, (concrete wall self weight)

d =

4.00

in,

M n = AS f
ProvD =

0.010

b =

AS f y P u
1.7bf c'
<
>

MAX =
MIN =

12
=

7.46

0.015
0.004

in,

ft-kips / ft, (entire lateral loads used conservatively)

As =

0.465

ft-kips / ft

>

in / ft

Mu

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

__

CHECK WALL SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)
Vu = Hs + Hb + HE =

V n = 2 bd

'
c

2.41

kips / ft, (entire lateral loads used conservatively)

3.94

kips / ft

Page 181 of 533


524

>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK SLAB COMBINED CAPACITY OF FLEXURE & AXIAL (ACI 318-08, 10)
ProvD =

< MAX = 0.08 (for compression, ACI 318-08, 10.9.1)


> MIN = 0.0018 (for flexural, ACI 318-08, 10.5.4)
[Satisfactory]
0.01033

120.0
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT MIDDLE
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED

100.0
80.0
Pn (k)

60.0

Pn

Mn

106.6
106.6
60.9
15.3
14.4

0.0
3.9
7.2
5.5
5.4

AT t = 0.005

5.3

5.3

AT FLEXURE ONLY

0.0

4.4

(Note: For middle reforming the max M n is at c

40.0

equal to 0.5 t / 1 , not at balanced condition.)


20.0
0.0
0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

Pu =

2.41

kips / ft

Mu =

1.25

ft-kips / ft

Mn (ft-k)

[Satisfactory]

CHECK REBAR DEVELOPMENT

L d = MAX

requird 0.075 t e sd b f
provided
f c' c + K tr

, 12 in =

26 db

db

where

Bar size
db

#
=

16

in, (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

<

Ls

5 , (governing size)
0.625 in

required / provided =

( As,reqd / As,provd, ACI 318-08, 12.2.5)

1.0 (1.3 for bottom cover more than 12", ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

1.0 (1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

0.8 (0.8 for # 6 or smaller, 1.0 for other)

=
=

1.0 (0.75 for light weight, ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)


3.3 in, min(d' , 0.5s), (ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

Ktr

(c + Ktr ) / db =

(Atr fyt / 1500 s n) =

(ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

2.5 < 2.5 , (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

__
Page 182 of 533
524

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
Two-Way Slab Design Based on ACI 318-11 using Finite Element Method

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc' =
3
ksi
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy =
60
ksi
COLUMN SPACING EACH WAY
L =
24
ft
B =
24
ft
SLAB THICKNESS
t =
9.5
in
BENDING DROP PANEL THK. (12.0 ft x 12.0 ft)
tdrop =
2.5
in
PUNCHING CAP THICKNESS
tcap =
0
in
COLUMN SIZE (SHORT EDGE)
c=
24
in
DEAD LOAD & SELF WT
DL =
150
psf
LIVE LOAD
LL =
70
psf
TOP BARS AT COLUMNS EACH WAY
6
#
6
@
12
o.c.
x
8.0
ft. long,
with
0.75
in. cover
(All top bars to column strip suggested, if column strip & middle strip used.)
BOTTOM LAYER BOTTOM BARS
#
5
BOTTOM LAYER TOP BARS
#
5

18

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

o.c.

@
18
o.c.
with
0.75
in. bottom concrete cover
(75% total bottom bars to middle strip & 25% to column strip suggested, if column strip & middle strip used.)
ANALYSIS
wc =
te =

150
( Ie / Ig )

1/3

Ec = wc1.5 33 f'c0.5 =

pcf, (ACI 318-11 8.5.1)


t = (0.25 Ig / Ig )

Joint

Ru

Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

in
0
0.29
0.53
0.29
0
0.29
0.46
0.64
0.46
0.29
0.53
0.64
0.75
0.64
0.53
0.29
0.46
0.64
0.46
0.29
0

kips
42.05

22

0.29

23
24

0.53
0.29

25

1/3

42.05

1/3

t = (0.25)

t=

Bending
Section
1-2
2-3
1-6
6 - 11
3-8
8 - 13
11 - 12
12 - 13

0.63

t=

6.0
8.5

3321

ksi, (ACI 318-11 8.5.1)

in, for Slab only (ACI 318-11 9.5.3.4 & 10.10.4.1)


in, for Slab & Drop Panel

Mu
ft-k/ft
12.9
-0.2
12.9
-0.2
-0.5
-6.0
-0.5
-6.0

DETERMINE FACTORED LOAD (ACI 318-11 9.2.1)


wu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL =
0.292
ksf
DETERMINE FLEXURE CAPACITY (ACI 318-11 7.12.2.1, 10.2, 10.5.1)
Top Bar
6 # 6 @ 12" o.c.
10.13

Bot. Layer Bot.


5 @ 18" o.c.
8.44

Bot. Layer Top


5 @ 18" o.c.
7.81

As (in2/ft)

0.44

0.21

0.21

As, min (in2/ft)


a (in)

0.41
0.86

0.21
0.41

0.21
0.41

Mn (ft-k/ft)

19.2

7.7

7.1

d (in)

42.05

42.05

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY


Mu,Top = Max( Mu,1-2 , Mu,1-6 ) =

12.9

ft-k/ft

Mu,Bot,Bot = - Min( Mu,8-13 , Mu,12-13 ) =

6.0

ft-k/ft

Mu,Bot,Top = - Max( Mu,8-13 , Mu,12-13 ) =

6.0

ft-k/ft

<
<
<

Mn =

19.2

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

Mn =

7.7

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

Mn =

7.1

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK LIVE LOAD DEFLECTION (ACI 318-11 Table 9.5b)
LL = u,Max LL / (1.2 DL + 1.6 LL) =
0.18

<

in

L / 360

0.80

in

[Satisfactory]
CHECK LONG-TERM DEFLECTION (ACI 318-11 9.5.2.5)
3DL + LL = u,Max (3DL + LL) / (1.2 DL + 1.6 LL) =

1.33

in
[Satisfactory]

<

CHECK COLUMN PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-11 11.11.1.2, 11.11.7, & 13.5.3.2)
Pu = 4 Ru,max =
168.2
kips
(See Punching.xls Software for More Information.)

V n = ( 2 + y )
where

'

f c Ap =

0.75

227.10

>

kips

(ACI 318-11, Section 9.3.2.3 )

c =
d=
b0 =

1.00
10.1
in
4c+4d=

136.5

Ap =

b0 d =

in

y=

MIN(2 , 4 / c , 40 d / b0) =

1382.1

in

2.0

Pu

[Satisfactory]

L / 180

1.60

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Two-Way Slab Design Based on ACI 318-11 using Finite Element Method

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc' =
3
ksi
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy =
60
ksi
COLUMN SPACING EACH WAY
L =
24
ft
B =
24
ft
SLAB THICKNESS
t =
9.5
in
BENDING DROP PANEL THK. (12.0 ft x 12.0 ft)
2.5
in
tdrop =
PUNCHING CAP THICKNESS
tcap =
0
in
DEAD LOAD & SELF WT
DL =
150
psf
LIVE LOAD
LL =
70
psf
TOP BARS AT COLUMNS EACH WAY
6
#
6
@
12
o.c.
x
8.0
ft. long,
with
2
in. cover
(All top bars to column strip suggested, if column strip & middle strip used.)
BOTTOM LAYER BOTTOM BARS
#
5
BOTTOM LAYER TOP BARS
#
5

18

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

o.c.

@
18
o.c.
with
0.75 in. bottom concrete cover
(75% total bottom bars to middle strip & 25% to column strip suggested, if column strip & middle strip used.)

ANALYSIS
wc =
te =

150
( Ie / Ig )

1/3

Joint

Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

in
0
0.30
0.56
0.32
0
0.30
0.47
0.62
0.33
0
0.54
0.64
0.68
0.34
0
0.30
0.47
0.62
0.33
0
0
0.30

23
24
25

0.56
0.32
0

Ec = wc1.5 33 f'c0.5 =

pcf, (ACI 318-11 8.5.1)


t = (0.25 Ig / Ig )

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY


Mu,Top = Max( Mu,1-5 , Mu,1-11 ) =
Mu,Bot,Bot = - Min( Mu ) =

1/3

t = (0.25)

Bending
Section
1-2
2-3
3-4
4-5
1-6
6 - 11
12 - 13
13 - 14
7 - 12
8 - 13
9 - 14

1/3

t=

0.63

t=

6.0
8.5

3321

ksi, (ACI 318-11 8.5.1)

in, for Slab only (ACI 318-11 9.5.3.4 & 10.10.4.1)


in, for Slab & Drop Panel

Mu
ft-k/ft
13.3
-0.6
-2.3
12.9
13.2
-0.3
-6.9
-6.8
-7.3
-5.8
-2.8
DETERMINE FACTORED LOAD (ACI 318-11 9.2.1)
wu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL =
0.292
ksf
DETERMINE FLEXURE CAPACITY (ACI 318-11 7.12.2.1, 10.2, 10.5.1)

d (in)
As (in2/ft)

Top Bar
6 # 6 @ 12" o.c.
8.88
0.44

Bot. Layer Bot.


5 @ 18" o.c.
8.44
0.21

Bot. Layer Top


5 @ 18" o.c.
7.81
0.21

0.36
0.86
16.7

0.21
0.41
7.7

0.21
0.41
7.1

As, min (in2/ft)


a (in)
M n (ft-k/ft)

13.3

ft-k/ft

7.3

ft-k/ft

Mu,Bot,Top = - Max( Mu,12-14 , Mu,7-12 , Mu,8-13 , Mu,9-14 ) =

<
<
2.8

16.7

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

Mn =

7.7

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

7.1

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

L / 360

ft-k/ft

<
CHECK LIVE LOAD DEFLECTION (ACI 318-11 Table 9.5b)
LL = u,Max LL / (1.2 DL + 1.6 LL) =
0.16

Mn =

Mn =

<

in

0.80

in

[Satisfactory]
CHECK LONG-TERM DEFLECTION (ACI 318-11 9.5.2.5)
3DL + LL = u,Max (3DL + LL) / (1.2 DL + 1.6 LL) =

1.20

in
<
[Satisfactory]

L / 180

1.60

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Voided Two-Way Slab Design Based on ACI 318-11


DESIGN CRITERIA
1.
The voided sphere or ellipse bubbles within slab can reduce concrete weight, so both seismic mass (ASCE 7 12.7.2) and gravity
loads reduced. And the long-term deflection (3 DL + LL) limits may not govern the two-way slab design (ACI 318 9.5).
2.
The entire slab bottom formwork can be flat, without girder, beam, drop panel or cap, but the punching area (ACI 318 11.11),
or lateral frame diaphragm area (ACI 318 21.11.9), may need to be solid as normal concrete shear transfer.
3.
The section forces of voided slab can be determined by a two-way finite element method or by ACI 318 Chapter 13, but PT slab
can only be designed by one way method because the secondary moment of PT slab is one way concept. Also, the voided
two-way slab is better for depressed floor,
or irregular opening, than PT slab.
4.
The bottom two direction rebar can be
distributed as a regular solid two-way slab,
without Waffle slab or hollow core plank limits.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc' =
4
ksi
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy =
60
ksi
TOTAL SLAB THICKNESS
t =
18
in
TOP & BOTTOM SOLID THICKNESS
tsolid =
4
in
VOIDED BUBBLE HORIZONTAL DIAMETER
D =
20
in

COLUMN SPACING EACH WAY


L =
35
ft
B =
35
ft
COLUMN SIZE (SHORT EDGE)
c=
30
in
SUPERIMPOSED DEAD LOAD, ASD
DLsup =
20
psf
LIVE LOAD
LL =
70
psf

TOP BARS AT COLUMNS EACH WAY


17
#
7
@
6
o.c.
x
11.7
ft. long,
with
0.75
in. cover
(All top bars to column strip suggested, if column strip & middle strip used.)
BOTTOM LAYER BOTTOM BARS
#
6
BOTTOM LAYER TOP BARS
#
6

12

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

o.c.

@
12
o.c.
with
0.75
in. bottom concrete cover
(75% total bottom bars to middle strip & 25% to column strip suggested, if column strip & middle strip used.)

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE SECTION PROPERTY & DEAD LOAD
tsolid =
4
in
>

D =

20

in

0.75

1.75

>

0.75
(inside cover)

1.50
(2 rebar thick)

>

10

wc =

150

pcf, (ACI 318-11 8.5.1)

Wt =

173

psf, self weight reduced 23%

Isoild =

10935

1.5

Ec = w c
te =

0.5

33 f'c

3.25

in, top solid min thk

3.00

in, bot solid min thk


[Satisfactory]

V =

2094

ksi, (ACI 318-11 8.5.1)

9953

( Ig / Isoild ) Ec =
0.63

t=

11.3

[Satisfactory]

in3, volume of a voided sphere or ellipse bubble

DL = DLsup + Wt =
Ig =

( Ie / Ig )1/3 t = (0.25 Ig / Ig )1/3 t = (0.25)1/3 t =

0.75
=
(top & bot cover)

in, height of voided sphere or ellipse bubble

in4
3834

0.75

193

psf

in4
3490

ksi, for Finite Element Method

in, for Slab only (ACI 318-11 9.5.3.4 & 10.10.4.1)

(cont'd)
DETERMINE SECTION FORCE AND SLAB DEFLECTION USING FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
Joint
u
Ru
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

in
0
0.49
0.78
0.49
0
0.49
0.69
0.88
0.69
0.49
0.78
0.88
0.99
0.88
0.78
0.49
0.69
0.88
0.69
0.49
0

kips
105.33

Bending
Section
1-2
2-3
1-6
6 - 11
3-8
8 - 13
11 - 12
12 - 13

22

0.49

As (in2/ft)

1.20

0.44

0.44

23
24

0.78
0.49

As, min (in2/ft)


c (in)

0.64
2.20

0.39
0.84

0.39
0.84

25

Mn (ft-k/ft)

81.1

32.7

31.3

105.33

Mu
ft-k/ft
80.9
-3.7
80.9
-3.7
-1.7
-20.6
-1.7
-20.6

DETERMINE FACTORED LOAD (ACI 318-11 9.2.1)


wu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL =
0.344
ksf
DETERMINE FLEXURE CAPACITY (ACI 318-11 7.12.2.1, 10.2, 10.5.1)

Top Bar
17 # 7 @ 6" o.c.
15.94

d (in)

105.33

105.33

o =

Bot. Layer Bot.


6 @ 12" o.c.
16.88

2 0.85 f C'

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY


Mu,Top = Max( Mu,1-2 , Mu,1-6 ) =

80.9

ft-k/ft

Mu,Bot,Bot = - Min( Mu,8-13 , Mu,12-13 ) =

20.6

ft-k/ft

Mu,Bot,Top = - Max( Mu,8-13 , Mu,12-13 ) =

20.6

ft-k/ft

CHECK LIVE LOAD DEFLECTION (ACI 318-11 Table 9.5b)


LL = u,Max LL / (1.2 DL + 1.6 LL) =
0.20

<
<
<

, E s = 29000ksi

0.85 f

0.85 f

'
C

2
2 c c ,
o o

for 0 < c < o

'
C

, for c o

s E s , for s t
=
, for s > t
f

Mn =

81.1

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

Mn =

32.7

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

Mn =

31.3

ft-k/ft

[Satisfactory]

L / 360

<

in

Ec

Bot. Layer Top


6 @ 12" o.c.
16.13

1.17

in

[Satisfactory]
CHECK LONG-TERM DEFLECTION (ACI 318-11 9.5.2.5)
3DL + LL = u,Max (3DL + LL) / (1.2 DL + 1.6 LL) =

1.87

in
<
[Satisfactory]

L / 180

CHECK COLUMN PUNCHING CAPACITY (ACI 318-11 11.11.1.2, 11.11.7, & 13.5.3.2)
Pu = 4 Ru,max =
421.3
kips
(See Punching.xls Software for More Information.)

V n = ( 2 + y )
where

'
f c Ap =

0.75

>

555.65 kips

(ACI 318-11, Section 9.3.2.3 )

c =
d=
b0 =

1.00
15.9
in
4c+4d=

Ap =

b0 d =

y=

MIN(2 , 4 / c , 40 d / b0) =

2928.5

183.8
in2

in
2.0

Pu

[Satisfactory]

2.33

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Pipe Concrete Column Design Based on ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH
fc'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
COLUMN OUTSIDE DIAMETER
D
CONCRETE WEB THICKNESS
T
FACTORED AXIAL LOAD
Pu
FACTORED MAGNIFIED MOMENT
Mu
FACTORED SHEAR LOAD
Vu
COLUMN VERT. REINFORCEMENT
8
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties)
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT
#
4

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
#

5
60
20
7
480
190
20
7
1
12

ksi
ksi
in
in
k
ft-k
k

Ties
in o.c.

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS

o =

900
800

'
C

, E c = 57

Ec
0.85 f

'
C

600

0.85 f

'
C

500

sE s ,

700

Pn (k)

2 0.85 f

400
300

f y ,

c
c

o
o

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

for 0 < c < o

for c o
for s y

for s > y
Pn (kips)
819
819

Mn (ft-kips)
0
70

200

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD

100

AT 0 % TENSION

643

148

AT 25 % TENSION

533

180

AT 50 % TENSION

444

197

AT t = 0.002

318

206

AT BALANCED CONDITION

313

208

AT t = 0.005

146

229

164

0
0

50

100

150

200

250

Mn (ft-k)

AT FLEXURE ONLY

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

Pmax =0.85 [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

Ag =
a = Cb 1 =

819.1 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.1)

2
286 in .

Ast =

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


where

Cb = d
d

4.80

Pu

c / (c + s)

164

Mn =

ft-kips @ Pu =

190

10

0.656

in

17.6 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

Mn = 0.9 n =

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.002069

1 =

0.8

c =

0.003

( ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.2.7.3 )

ft-kips @ Pn = 0, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 9.3.2) ,& t,min = 0.004, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.5)

>

480 kips

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

min

0.01 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

provd

Mu

[Satisfactory]

0.017
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY

Vn = (Vs + Vc) =

49

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>

where

[Satisfactory]

2
in .

in (at balanced strain condition, ACI 10.3.2)

0.75 + ( t - 0.002 ) (50), for Spiral

>

0.65 (ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)

=
A0 =

Vu
[Satisfactory]
0.75 (ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)
2
214 in .
0.5

Av =

Vc =

2 (fc') A0 =

Vs =

MIN (d fy Av / s , 4Vc) =

smax

14

smin

30.3

0.40

in2.

fy =

60

ksi

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.2.1)


35.1

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.4.6.2)

(ACI 318-08, Section 7.10.5.2)

sprovd

12

in
[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Anchorage to Pedestal Design Based on ACI 318-08 & AISC 360-05


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

f c' =

ksi

SPECIFIED STRENGTH OF ANCHOR

futa =

65

ksi

BASE PLATE YIELD STRESS

fy =

36

ksi

CRITICAL BASE PLATE CANTILEVER

m=

3.3

in

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD AT WORK POINT

Pu =

150

kips

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD AT WORK POINT

Vu =

16

kips, ( 0 if shear lug used.)

FACTORED MOMENT AT WORK POINT

Mu =

120

ft-kips

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT DEPTH

hef =

28

in

1
1.75
Yes
7
576

in
in

ANCHOR DIAMETER
BASE PLATE THICKNESS
SEISMIC LOAD ? (ASCE 14.2.2.17)
PEDESTAL VERTICAL REBAR SIZE
PEDESTAL HORIZONTAL SECTION AREA

d=
t=
== >
#
A2 =

in

ANCHOR LOCATION TO WORK POINT


X (in)
Y (in)
Anchor

1
2
3
4
5
6

-8
-8
-8
8
8
8

8
0
-8
8
0
-8

Work Point

BASE PLATE SIZE - 20 in x 20 in x 1.75 in (thk.)


X (in)
Y (in)
Corner
1
-9.75
-9.75
Edge = 1.75 in
2
-9.75
9.75
(AISC 360-05, Tab J3.4 & J3.5)
in2, base plate area
3
9.75
9.75
A1 =
400
4
9.75
-9.75
-9.75
-9.75

THE BASE PLATE & GROUP ANCHORS DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY OF ANCHORED CONCRETE (ACI 318-08 Sec 9 & Sec 10)
1000

900
800
Pn (k)

700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0

100

200
Mn (ft-k)

__
300

400

Page 188 of 533


524

(cont'd)
Mn =

>
Pmax =

u, c =
939

>
Nua,1 =

fp =

ft-kips @ Pu =

210

123

150

kips

ft-kips to center of base plate


[Satisfactory]

o =

2 f C'

0.85Min

Ec

kips

Pu =

150

ft-kips

[Satisfactory]

4.42

fS=

ksi, the max possible concrete compression stress.


(ACI 318-08, 10.17.1 & 9.3.2.4, or AISC Guide - 1)

, E c = 57 f C' , E s = 29000ksi
2

0.85Min

A2 , 2 ' 2 c c
fC
o
o
A1

0.85Min

A2 , 2 ' , for
fC
c o
A1

fC=

12.50 kips
(The 2.5 times max tension, ASCE 14.2.2.17)

A2 , 2
A1

, for 0 < c < o

s E s , for s y
f y , for s > y

DETERMINE EACH ANCHOR FORCES WITHOUT CONCTERE COMPRESSION CAPCAITY CONSIDERED


2

Anchor
1
2
3
4

X (in)

Y (in)

XCG

YCG

Nua, 2

Vua

-8
-8
-8
8

8
0
-8
8

64
64
64
64

64
0
64
64

5.00
5.00
5.00
-55.00

2.67
2.67
2.67
2.67

XCG =
YCG =

64

-55.00

2.67

Pu,CG =

-8

64

64

-55.00

2.67

384

256

-150

0
0

in
in

150.0

kips

Vu,CG =

16.0

kips

Mu,CG, X =

120.0

ft-kips

Mu,CG, Y =

0.0

ft-kips

16

CHECK GOVERNING ANCHOR TENSILE STRENGTH (ACI 318, D.5.1.2)

N s = A se ( f
where :

uta

0.75

Ase

0.606

22.16

kips

x
in

0.75

>
=

Nua = Max( Nua,1 , Nua,2 ) =

12.50

kips

[Satisfactory]

0.5625 , (ACI 318-08 D.4.4 & D.3.3.3)

CHECK GOVERNING ANCHOR SHEAR STRENGTH (ACI 318, D.6.1.2b & ASCE 7-05 14.2.2.17)

V s = 0.6 Ase f ut
where :

11.52

0.65

k
0.75

>

Vua =

0.4875
(for built-up grout pads, first factor shall be multiplied by 0.8, ACI 318 D.6.1.3)

2.67

__

CHECK TENSION AND SHEAR INTERACTION OF GOVERNING ANCHORS : (ACI 318, D.7)
Since

Nua,2

>

0.2 Nn and

Vua,2

>

0.2 Vn the full design strength is not permitted.

The interaction equation must be used

N ua ,2

Nn

V ua ,2
=
V n

0.46

<

1.2

[Satisfactory]

Page 189 of 533


524

kips

[Satisfactory]

(cont'd)
CHECK BASE PLATE THICKNESS (AISC Guide - 1, Eq. 3.3.14a)

t reqD = 1.5m

Fy

1.73

<

in

t=

1.75

in

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SPLICE LENGTH OF TENSION ANCHOR WITH REBAR


L s = 1.3 L d =

25 db =

25

in, (ACI 318-08, 12.15.1,)

<
L d = MAX

where

requird 0.075 t e sd b f y
, 12 in =
provided
f 'c c + K tr
db

required / provided

19 db =

19

hef - 2" =

26

in

( A s,reqd / A s,provd , if not apply input zero, ACI 318-08, 12.2.5 & 12.15.1)

0.564

in, anchor governing

65

ksi

1.0

(1.3 for horizontal bar over 12" concrete, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

1.0

(1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

fy
t
e
s

1.0

(0.8 for # 6 or smaller, 1.0 for other)

=
=

1.0
2.3

(0.75 for light weight, ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)


in, (ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)

Ktr

(c + Ktr ) / db =

(Atr fyt / 1500 s n) =


2.3

[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

db

in

(ACI 318-08, 12.2.3), (50 bw / 1500 n, for CBC 2001)

< 2.5 , (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)

__
Page 190 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Plate/Shell Element Design Based on ACI 318-08


DESIGN CRITERIA
THE PLATE/SHELL ELEMENT CAN BE FROM BEARING WALL, DIAPHRAGM, TANK, OR OTHER SURFACE STRUCTURES. THE SOFTWARE
IS FOR ONE DIRECTION PERPENDICULAR BENDING AND SHEAR DESIGN, SINCE THERE ARE NO INTERACTION AT BOTH DIRECTIONS.

FOR IN PLAN LOADS, THE SHEAR WALL DESIGN SOFTWARE SHOULD BE USED.

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

Pu

30

kips / ft

FACTORED MOMENT

Mu

18

ft-kips / ft

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Vu

7.2

kips / ft

=
#

10
5

in

As LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

at each face

THICKNESS OF ELEMENT
ELEMENT REINFORCING (As)

18

in o.c.

[THE ELEMENT DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
CHECK AXIAL & FLEXURE CAPACITY
< MAX = 0.0400 (tension face only, ACI 318-05 10.3.5 or 10.9.1)
ProvD = 0.00224
> MIN = 0.0008 (tension face only, ACI 318-05 10.5.1, 10.5.3 or 14.3.2)
[Satisfactory]

200.0
180.0
160.0
140.0
120.0
Pn (k)

100.0

Pn

Mn

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT MIDDLE
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED

171.5
171.5
115.5
59.5
58.1

0.0
8.0
19.3
22.5
22.6

AT t = 0.005

42.7

25.4

80.0

AT FLEXURE ONLY

0.0

7.0

60.0

(Note: For middle reforcing the max M n is at c


equal to 0.5 t / 1 , not at balanced condition.)

40.0
20.0

[Satisfactory]

0.0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

Mn (ft-k)
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

V n = 2 bd f c'

__

7.58 kips / ft

>

Vu

Page 191 of 533


524

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Diaphragm Design for a Discontinuity of Type 4 out-of-plane offset irregularity


INPUT DATA
B=
L=
t=

OFFSET LATERAL SYSTEM DIMENSION


MAX TWO OUTSIDE PERPENDICULAR LATERAL SYSTEM SPAN
TRANSFER DIAPHRAGM THICKNESS
fy =

REBAR YIELD STRESS

60

18
32
8

ft
ft
in

ksi

fc' =
4
ksi
CONCRETE STRENGTH
LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE ? (ACI 318, 8.6)
Yes (Lightweight Concrete)
#
7
@
8
in, o.c.
TRANSFER DIAPHRAGM REINFORCEMENT
REINF. LOCATION ( 0 = one layer only, 1 = Top & Bottom)
1
,(top & bottom, each way)
COLLECTOR / CHORD REBARS AROUND TRANS. DIAPHRAGM
10
#
8
(the rebars must be closed trans. diaphragm & developed into vert. lateral system)
Vu =

680

kips

T u,drag =

165

kips

T u,chord =

60

kips

FACTORED SHEAR FORCE ON TRANSFER DIAPHRAGM SIDE


MAX. FACTORED COLLECTOR (DRAG) FORCE
MAX. FACTORED CHORD FORCE

THE TRANSFER DIAPHRAGM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT RATIOS (ACI 318-08, 21.11.7 & 7.12)

(t )provd. = 0.0188

(t )min. =

>

0.0018

[Satisfactory]
CHECK DIAPHRAGM SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 21.11.9)
vu = 1.25 Vu / L =

34.5

kips / ft, (ASCE 7-05, 12.3.3.4 & Table 12.3-2.4)

vn = MIN [ Acv (2 (fc')0.5 + t fy), 8 Acv (fc')0.5 ] =


36.4

=
where
1.3
(ASCE 7-05, 12.10.1.1 & 12.3.4.2)

Acv =

0.75
96

0.75

kips / ft

>

vu

[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08, 9.3.2.3)


in2
(ACI 318-08, 8.6.1)

CHECK DIAPHRAGM IN-PLANE FLEXURAL CAPACITY, USING DISTRIBUTED REINFORCEMENT ONLY (ACI 318-08, 21.11.9)
Mu = 1.25 Vu B =
Mn =

19890.0

20011.3

ft-kips, the max value same at both B & L sections, (ASCE 7-05, 12.3.3.4 & Table 12.3-2.4)

ft-kips, by pure math method

where 1

0.85

(ACI 318-08, 10.2.7.3)

cu

0.003

(ACI 318-08, 10.3.2)

dt = MIN( B , L) =
c=

74

Es =

>

Mu

[Satisfactory]

216 in, (ACI 318-08, R10.3.3)


in, (ACI 318-08, R10.3.3)

29000 ksi, (ACI 318-08, 8.5.2)

ec =

76

in, (eccentricity of total concrete compression force)

es =

61

in, (eccentricity of total steel tension force)

CHECK COLLECTOR / CHORD REBAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08, 10.2.4)


Tu = MAX( 1.25 Tu,chord , 0 Tu,drag) =
Tn = fy As =
where 0

426.6
=

As =

2.5
7.9
0.90

kips

>

412.5
Tu

(ASCE 7-05 Tab 12.2-1)


in2
(ACI 318-08, 9.3.2.1)

kips, (ASCE 7-05, 12.10.2.1, 12.3.4.1, 12.3.3.4 & Table 12.3-2.4)


[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Silo / Chimney / Tower Design Based on ASCE 7-05, ACI 318-08 & ACI 313-97
INPUT DATA
BIN DEPTH

H=

150

ft

dia =

30

ft

t=

12

in, at bottom

in, at top )

FOOTING DIAMETER

D=

61

ft

FOOTING THICKNESS

T=

48

in

Hp =

24

in

BIN OUTSIDE DIAMETER


BIN CONCRETE THICKNESS

SOIL DEPTH TO BOTTOM


WT OF BIN MAX CONTENTS

W bin = 5763.4 kips, (input zero for chimney)

WT OF TOP CAP

W cap = 180.96 kips

MAX HORIZONTAL PRESSURE

p=

ALLOWABLE SOIL PRESSURE

Qa =

5.5

ksf

PASSIVE PRESSURE

Pp =

450

psf / ft

SOIL FRICTION COEFFICIENT


CONCRETE STRENGTH

REBAR YIELD STRESS


FOOTING REBAR

2
@

9360

psf, (H for water, or from ACI 313 4-2)

0.35

fc' =

ksi

fy =

60

ksi

Layers
14

10

in o.c. each way, at top & bot.


#

REBAR LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

DOWEL / BIN VERTICAL REBARS

BIN HORIZONTAL REBARS

12

in o.c.

at each face
@

12

in o.c.

WALL HORIZONTAL PRESTRESSING TENDONS, (input strands zero for non-prestress)


11

strands

24

in o.c.

(each

0.5

in diameter &

TENDON YIELD STRENGTH


EFFECTIVE PRESTRESS AFTER ALL LOSSES

2
0.153 in area )

fpy =

243

ksi

fe =

174

ksi

THE CONCRETE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

DESIGN SUMMARY
FOOTING 61 ft DIA x 48 in THK. w/ # 10 @ 14" o.c. EACH WAY, AT TOP & BOT.
CONCRETE BIN 12 in THK. w/ # 8 @ 12 in o.c.DOWEL / VERT. BARS AT AT EACH FACE
BIN HORIZONTAL # 6 @ 12 in o.c. AT EACH FACE, AND (11) - STANDS @ 24 in o.c. (THE SECTION UNCRACKED.)

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE LATERAL LOADS
0.10 W , ASD (ASCE 7-05 15.4.1.2)

F = Max (0.8 S 1 I / R , 0.03) W / 1.4 =


Fcap =

0.10 W cap = 18.96 kips, at top

Fbin & wall =


Where

0.10

(W cap + W wall) =

S1 =

0.55

(from soil report, ASCE 7-05, 11.4.1)

783.78 kips, at 2/3 H

I =

1.00

(ASCE 7-05 15.4.1.1)

R =

(ASCE 7-05 Table 15.4-2)

W wall = 1718.1 kips


V=
M=

802.73 kips, total shear at top of footing


81221 ft-kips, total moment at top of footing

COMBINED LOADS AT TOP FOOTING (IBC 1605.3.2 & ACI 318-08 9.2.1)
CASE 1:
DL + LL
P
=
7662 kips
M
=
0
ft-kips
e
=
0.0 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 2:
DL + LL + E / 1.4
P
=
7662 kips
M
=
81221 ft-kips
e
=
10.6 ft, fr cl ftg
CASE 3:
0.9 DL + E / 1.4
P
=
5350 kips
M
=
63222 ft-kips
e
=
11.8 ft, fr cl ftg

1.2 DL + 1.6 LL

1.2 DL + 1.0 LL + 1.0 E

0.9 DL + 1.0 E

Pu
Mu
eu
Pu
Mu
eu
Pu
Mu
eu

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

11500
0
0.0
8042
113710
14.1
5350
88511
16.5

kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg
kips
ft-kips
ft, fr cl ftg

(cont'd)
CHECK OVERTURNING FACTOR AT FOOTING EDGE BOTTOM (IBC 09 1605.2.1, 1808.3.1, & ASCE 7-05 12.13.4)
MR / MO =

3.4
M+VT =

Where MO =
W ftg =

>

1.5
84432

(0.15 kcf) T D2 / 4 =

[Satisfactory]
MR =

k-ft ,

(W) 0.5 D =

287186 k-ft

1753.5 kips, footing weight.

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.2.2)


s =

0.11

kcf, soil weight

Service Loads
P
e

CASE 1
7662.5
0

CASE 2
7662.5
10.6

CASE 3
5350
11.817

Pftg - Psoil
P
e

1110.5
8773
0

1110.5
8773
9.2581

999.48
6349.4
9.9572

qmin
x

3.0019

0
@ 9.15 ft from edge

0
@ 9.15 ft from edge

ksf

qmax

3.0019

6.8882

5.2453

ksf

qallowable

5.5

7.3333

7.3333

ksf

k
ft (from center of footing)
k, (footing increasing)
k, (net loads)
ft

[Satisfactory]
CHECK ENTIRE FLEXURE & SHEAR OF FOOTING
(ACI 318-08 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.3.5, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, 12.5, 15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

MIN = MIN 0.0018


0.85 f c 1 1
'

T
4

,
d
3

MAX =

0.85 1 f c'
f y

u
u +t

Mu
0.383b d 2 f c'

fy

FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE


Factored Loads
CASE 1
Pu
eu
(0.15 T) A
Pu
eu
qu, min
x
qu, max

CASE 2

CASE 3

11500

8042.3

5350

0
2104.2

14.139
2104.2

16.544
1578.1

ft
k, (factored footingloads)

13604

10146

6928.1

11.207

12.776

ft

4.6551

0
@ 12.20 ft from edge

0
@ 15.25 ft from edge

ksf

4.66

9.22

7.10

ksf

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 1


Section
0
L Edge

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

19.25
56.70

23.00
59.13

26.75
60.54

30.50
61.00

34.25
60.54

38.00
59.13

41.75
56.70

45.50
53.11

61.00
0.00

16.27

16.27

16.27

16.27

0.00

66657

97109 132805 172505 350760

Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)


Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

15.50
53.11

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

16.27

16.27

16.27

16.27

16.27

Mu,tank (ft-k)

3426.1

10857

23531

42067

Vu,tank (k)

914

1,982

3,380

6,557

8,121

9,519

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

3,952

6,095

8,733

10,587 11,500 11,500


0.72

0.72

0.72

11,885 15,565 19,776 24,514 29,767 35,515 64,177

Vu,ftg (k)

255

572

703

841

1,123

1,264

1,401

1,533

1,849

2,104

qu,soil (ksf)

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

-4.66

Mu,soil (ft-k)

-25551 -39409 -56461 -76843 -100634 -127860 -158495 -192460 -229618 -414937

Vu,soil (k)

-1,648

Mu (ft-k)

-21599 -29888 -36872 -41427 -43002 -41427 -36872 -29888 -21599

-3,696

Vu (kips)

-1,393

-2,210

-4,547

-1,862

-5,435

-1,215

-7,260

420

-8,169

1,215

-9,057

1,862

-9,909 -11,956 -13,604

2,210

1,393

(cont'd)
FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 2
0
L Edge
Section
Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)
Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

15.50
53.11

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

-33.59

Mu,tank (ft-k)

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

23.00
59.13

26.75
60.54

30.50
61.00

34.25
60.54

38.00
59.13

41.75
56.70

45.50
53.11

61.00
0.00

70.58

81.83

93.07

104.31 115.55 126.79 138.03

56.34

0.00

-526.47 240.15 2969.5 8194.6

16309

27522

41776

58559 131579

Vu,tank (k)

-240

349

1,242

3,694

5,105

6,489

7,640

8,042

8,042

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

0.72

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

3,952

6,095

8,733

Vu,ftg (k)

255

572

703

841

1,123

1,264

1,401

1,533

1,849

2,104

-1.33

-2.04

-2.75

-3.46

-4.16

-4.87

-5.58

-6.29

-9.22

11,885 15,565 19,776 24,514 29,767 35,515 64,177

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

-0.62

Mu,soil (ft-k)

Vu,soil (k)

-363

-686

-1,202

Mu (ft-k)

3952

4206

5037

6410

Vu (kips)

255

-31

366

881

-1362.8 -3936.4 -8444.4 -15621 -26178 -40780 -60002 -84300 -195757

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR FOR CASE 3


Section
0
L Edge
Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)
Tangent (ft)

0
0.00

15.50
53.11

qu,tank (ksf)

0.00

-27.43

Mu,tank (ft-k)

-2,815

-3,894

-5,126

-6,479 -10,146 -10,146

8139

9906

11256

11541

9774

2,001

2,474

2,764

2,693

-255

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

19.25
56.70

23.00
59.13

26.75
60.54

30.50
61.00

34.25
60.54

38.00
59.13

41.75
56.70

45.50
53.11

61.00
0.00

53.65

62.41

71.16

79.91

88.66

97.41

106.16

42.57

0.00

-374.39 107.08 1891.9 5338.2

10711

18155

27633

38804

74662

Vu,tank (k)

-170

219

813

2,446

3,389

4,315

5,085

5,350

5,350

qu,ftg (ksf)

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

0.54

Mu,ftg (ft-k)

2,964

4,572

6,550

8,914

Vu,ftg (k)

191

429

527

630

-0.62

-1.20

-1.78

-84.591 -732.1

-2517

-6029.8 -11852 -20528 -32544 -48289 -122795

11,674 14,832 18,386 22,326 26,636 48,133


842

948

1,051

1,149

1,387

1,578

-2.37

-2.95

-3.53

-4.11

-4.69

-7.10

qu,soil (ksf)

0.00

-0.04

Mu,soil (ft-k)

Vu,soil (k)

-23

-173

-476

-1,552

-2,314

-3,204

-4,199

-6,928

-6,928

Mu (ft-k)

2964

4113

5925

8289

10982

13692

16012

17414

17151

Vu (kips)

191

236

574

967

1,736

2,022

2,161

2,036

-191

FOOTING MOMENT & SHEAR SUMMARY


0
Section
Xu (ft, dist. from left of footing)
Tangent (ft)
Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)
Uniform Loads

1/8 d
19.25
56.70

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


2

Vu, (k / ft)

Case Mu, (ft-k / ft)


3

Vu, (k / ft)

L Edge

1/8 d

2/8 d

3/8 d

Center

5/8 d

6/8 d

7/8 d

R Edge

0
0.00

15.50
53.11

19.25
56.70

23.00
59.13

26.75
60.54

30.50
61.00

34.25
60.54

38.00
59.13

41.75
56.70

45.50
53.11

61.00
0.00

0.0

-406.7

-527.1

-623.6

-684.3

-705.0

-684.3

-623.6

-527.1

-406.7

0.0

0.0

-26.2

-39.0

-31.5

-20.1

6.9

20.1

31.5

39.0

26.2

0.0

0.0

74.4

74.2

85.2

105.9

133.4

163.6

190.4

203.6

184.0

0.0

0.0

4.8

-0.6

6.2

14.6

32.8

40.9

46.7

47.5

-4.8

0.0

0.0

55.8

72.5

100.2

136.9

180.0

226.2

270.8

307.1

322.9

0.0

0.0

3.6

4.2

9.7

16.0

28.5

33.4

36.6

35.9

-3.6

0.0

min

reqD

max

smax

provD

CHECK FLEXURE
Location

Mu,max

d (in)

Top Slab
Bottom Slab

322.9 ft-k / ft
-705.0 ft-k / ft

45.37
44.37

0.0019 0.0030 0.0243 no limit 0.0020


0.0019 0.0070 0.0243
18
0.0020

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE SHEAR


Vc = 2 b d (fc')0.5

Vu,max
47.5

k / ft

56

check Vu < Vc

[Satisfactory]

CHECK BIN VERTICAL FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY


o =

2 0.85 f

'
C

, E c = 57

Ec

'
C

c
c

o
o

0.85 f

'
C

for c o

f y ,

for s y
for s > y

0.85 f

sE s ,

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

for 0 < c < o

40000
35000
30000

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY

34748

AT MAXIMUM LOAD

34748

69734

AT 0 % TENSION

28765

133851

AT 25 % TENSION

24488

175599

20000

AT 50 % TENSION

21920

191058

15000

AT t = 0.002

18587

201070

AT BALANCED CONDITION

17229

188611

AT t = 0.005

17125

242597

40448

25000

Pn (k)

(cont'd)
Mn (ft-kips)

Pn (kips)

10000
5000

AT FLEXURE ONLY

0
0

50000

100000

150000

200000

250000

300000

Pu

Mu

Mn (ft-k)

169

34748 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.1)

>

(ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)

2
13119 in .

Ag =
a = Cb 1

0.70

in2.

Ast =

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


Cb = d c / (c + s) =
d

Pu

[Satisfactory]

2
47.40 in .

in (at balanced strain condition, ACI 10.3.2)

0.7 + ( t - 0.002 ) (200 / 3), for Spiral

where

kips

(from load combinations)

Pmax =0.85 [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

8042

113710 ft-kips, max at bottom

212

0.656

in

357.38 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

Mn = 0.9 n =40448

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.002069

1 =

0.8

c =

0.003

( ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.2.7.3 )

ft-kips @ Pn = 0, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 9.3.2) ,& et,min = 0.004, (ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.5)

Mn = 135380 ft-kips @ Pu =

8042

>

kips

max

0.08

min

0.004 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.5.1 or 10.9.1)

provd

(ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

Mu

[Satisfactory]

0.004
[Satisfactory]

CHECK BIN HORIZONTAL SHEAR CAPACITY

Vn = (Vc) =

1235

kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>

where

Vu = 1.4 V =
1123.8 kips, max at bottom
(ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)
2
11640 in .

[Satisfactory]

0.75

A0 =

Vc = 2 (fc')0.5A0 =

1646.2 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.2.1)

CHECK DOWEL DEVELOPMENT

L dh = MAX

requird 0.02 ed b f y
, 8d b , 6 in =
provided f 'c

12 db =

12

in, (ACI 318-08 12.5.2)

[Satisfactory]
where Bar size
db

=
required / provided

8
1

60

ksi
ksi

fy

f'c

1.0

1.0

c
Ktr

=
=
=
=
(c + Ktr ) / db =

in

( A s,reqd / A s,provd , ACI 318-08, 12.2.5)

(1.2 for epoxy-coated, ACI 318-08 12.2.4)

1.0 (0.8 for # 6 or smaller, 1.0 for other)


1.0
3.5 in, min(d' , 0.5s), (ACI 318-08, 12.2.4)
(Atr fyt / 1500 s n) =
0
(ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)
2.5
0.7

< 2.5 , (ACI 318-08, 12.2.3)


(#11 or smaller, cover > 2.5" & side >2.0", ACI 318-08 12.5.3)

CHECK BIN LOCAL SHEAR STRESS ON A SQUARE FOOT

vn = (vc) =

77.28 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>

where =
A0

vu = 1.4 p =
13.10 kips
(ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)
2
= 4 x (1'-0") x (0.5 x T) =
288 in .

vc =
p=

0.75

4 (fc')0.5A0 =
103.0 kips, (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.11)
9360 psf, (the max perpendicular wall pressure)

[Satisfactory]

<

44

in

(cont'd)

CHECK BIN WALL TENSION STRESS & CRACKING AT HORIZONTAL SERVICE INSIDE PRESSURE
p=
T=

9360
940

psf, (the max perpendicular wall pressure)


lbs / in2 , by pure math method
2
2
T fe = -1017 lbs / in , effective prestressing
>
0.8 ( 0.6 fc') =
-2400 lbs / in
[Satisfactory]
(ACI 318 18.4.1)
2
2
T + T fe = -77 lbs / in
<
7.5 (fc')0.5 =
530 lbs / in , (ACI 318 Eq. 9-10 & 18.3.3)
[Uncracked]

CHECK BIN WALL HORIZONTAL TENSION CAPACITY


1.6 T =

1504

lbs / in2

Where =

0.90

(fy As / Ac + fpy Aps / Apc) =


[Satisfactory]
, (ACI 318-08 R9.3.2)

<

As / Ac =

0.0061

Aps / Apc =

0.0058

1608

lbs / in2

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Super Composite Column Design Based on AISC 360-05 & ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

ksi

STEEL YIELD STRESS


COLUMN EFFECTIVE LENGTH

fy
KL

=
=

50
240

ksi
ft

CONCRETE SECTION SIZE

Cx

240

in

Cy

125

in

Dx

192

in

Dy

100

in

t1

in

t2

1.5

in

STEEL SECTION SIZE

t3

in

Dw

75

in

Pu

= 50000 k

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD


FACTORED MOMENT

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

Mu,x

= 310000 ft-k

Mu,y

= 100000 ft-k

Vu,x

1800 k

Vu,y

3200 k

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
80000
60000

40000
20000

Pn (k)

0
0

100000

200000

300000

400000

500000

-20000
-40000
-60000
-80000

Mn (ft-k)

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.78
0.82
0.86
0.9
0.9
0.9

Capacity Drawings
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT AXIAL LOAD 45615 k
AT AXIAL LOAD 35923 k
AT AXIAL LOAD 26276 k
AT AXIAL LOAD 14501 k
AT STEEL STRAIN 0.005
AT AXIAL LOAD -28982 k
AT PURE TENSION

Pn (k)
56495
56495
45615
35923
26276
14501
715
-28982
-58680

Mn (ft-k)
0
362678
383081
407207
417700
413791
392128
232902
0

o =

2 0.85 f

'
C

Ec

, E c = 57

c
c

o
o

56495

>

'
C

where

0.75

Ac

28696

3 2 2 3 0 .8 3

0.85 f
f

'
C

sEs ,
f y ,

for c o
for s t
for s > t
,

1 6 9 3 3 .1 1

As

1304

[Satisfactory]
(AISC 360-05 I2.1b & ACI 318-08 9.3.2.2)
in2
2

in

4 6 1 9 1 .3 6

kips, (AISC 360-05 I2-2 & I2-3)

Pu

, E s = 29000ksi

'
C

6 0 8 2 0 .3 9

0.85 f

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

Pmax = c Pn =

Ic

37543603

in4

Is

1518897

in4

for 0 < c < o

(cont'd)

Balanced :

C1

0.187

, (AISC 360-05 I2-7)

Pe

86072

kips, (AISC 360-05 I2-5)

Cb = d
d

374858

72334735452

Po

187158

(AISC 360-05 I2.1b & ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

0.75

c / (c + s )

151.5 in

238.6 in, (ACI 7.7.1)

t =

0.0017

D =

266.8

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.9
0.75

Critical Points
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT STEEL STRAIN 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT STEEL STRAIN 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

Mn =

E Ieff

ft-kips @ Pu =

50000 kips

Mu =

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08 10.9)

min

0.01 (AISC 360-05 I2.1a & ACI 318-08 10.9)

kips, (AISC 360-05 I2-4)

c =

0.003

in

Pn (k)
56495
56495
95998
81038
67975
39686
45661
715
0

>

ksi-in4, (AISC 360-05 I2-6)

Mn (ft-k)
0
362678
240093
298887
336762
390588
383006
392128
387404

325730 ft-kips

[Satisfactory]

provd

0.043
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AISC I2.1d & ACI 318-08 11.1 & 11.2)

Vnx = (Vcx)

>

Vux

(ACI 318-08 11.1.1)

v Vny = v (Vny)

>

Vuy

(AISC 360-05 G2.1)

where

=
v =

x
y

[Satisfactory]

0.75 (ACI 318-08 9.3.2.3)


1.00 (AISC 360-05 G2.1)
d

A0

216
100

27000

Aw

Vc =

2 (fc')0.5A0

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw Cv

3818.4
550

16500.0

Vn
2864
16500

Note:
1.
The minimum Stud Shear Connectors (not shown on this spreadsheet) are 3/4" @ 12" O.C. in both directions of vertical and horizontal
around built-up structural steel shape. (AISC 360-05 I2.1g)
2.

The column shall be reinforced, not shown on this spreadsheet, with continuous longitudinal bars (
sr = 0.004 min.), and lateral ties or spirals
at least 0.009 in2 per in. (AISC 360-05 I2.1a)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Prestressed Concrete Girder Design for Bridge Structure Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
f 'c =

ksi

fy* = fy =

60

ksi

T=

42

fsu* = fpu =

270

ksi

B=

28

in

fpy =
12
8

243
#
#

ksi

12

C=
D=
E=
F=
G=
W=

8
72
10
7
5
8

in
in
in
in
in
in

0.5

in diameter &

0.153

DISTANCE TO CENTROID OF COMPRESSION

d' =

4.5

in

DISTANCE TO CENTROID OF PRESTRESSED

dp =

64

in

yt =

34.65

in

DISTANCE TO CENTROID OF TENSION

d=

68

in

yb =

37.35

in

GIRDER SPAN LENGTH

L=

80

ft

I=

762125

GIRDER SPACING

S=

ft, o.c.

St =

21995

in4
in3

CONCRETE DECK THICKNESS

t=

in

Sb =

20405

in3

CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR STRENGTH
TENDON TENSILE STRENGTH
TENDON YIELD STRENGTH
COMPRESSION REINF.
TENSION REINF.
SHEAR STIRRUP REINF.
2
legs, #
PRESTRESSING TENDONS
strands (each
36

SECTION DIMENSIONS

8
8
in o. c.

in

in2 area )

SECTION PROPERTIES
A=
1125
in2

TENDON FORCE IMMEDIATELY AFTER PRESTRESS TRANSFER


Pi =
TENDON FORCE AT SERVICE LOAD AFTER ALLOWANCE LOSSES
Pe =
MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT
MOMENT DUE TO DEAD LOAD
MOMENT DUE TO LIVE LOAD

MG =
MD =
ML =

1042
1000
1354

FACTORED SHEAR FORCE

Vu =

250

FACTORED TORSIONAL MOMENT

Tu =

52

ft-k

SECTION LOCATION ( 0, 1 or 2 )
PRESTRESSING METHOD ( 0, 1 or 2 )
EXPOSURE ( 0 OR 1 )
THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

e=

29.35

in

MIN. TOP FIBER STRESS

- Fti =

-0.581

ksi

MAX. BOT. FIBER STRESS

Fbi =

3.300

ksi

MAX. ALLOWABLE STRESS

Fsi =

189.000

ksi

f si

181.554

ksi

<

Fsi

[Satisfactory]

f ti = P i

1 e

+ MG =
A St
St

0.123

ksi

- Fti
>
[Satisfactory]

f bi = P i

1 e
+
MG =
A Sb
Sb

1.715

ksi

Fbi
<
[Satisfactory]

(As')reqd

2
=
0.000 in
(ACI 318-08 R18.4.1)

(As')provd
<
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SERVICEABILITY LOAD CONDITION


(AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.15.2.2)

MIN. TOP FIBER STRESS


Fte = 0.6fc' =

3.600

ksi, for total loads

Fte, G+D = 0.4fc' =

2.400

ksi, for sustained loads only

Fte, 0.5(G+D)+L = 0.4fc' =


2.400
MAX. BOT. FIBER STRESS

ksi, for live + 50% sustained loads

-Fbe = -(0, 3, or 6)(fc')0.5 =


-0.465 ksi
MAX. ALLOWABLE STRESS
Fse = 0.8fy = 194.400 ksi, after all losses

f se

145.243

ksi

kips

800

kips

ft-k
ft-k
ft-k

at midspan
post-tensioned & bonded
mild exposure

Additional 4 #8 Longitudinal Reinforcement Required for Torsion

CHECK TRANSFER LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.15.2.1)


PRESTRESSED ECCENTRICITY

0
2
0

1000

__

Fse
<
[Satisfactory]

Page 192 of 533


524

(Cont'd)

+
+
1 e

+ MG MD ML =
A St
S ct

f te = P e

f te,G + D = P e

1 e
+

+ MG MD =
A St
S ct

+
+
1 e
+
MG MD ML =
A Sb
S cb

Fte

<

0.100 ksi

0.5( M G + M D) + M L
1 e

+
=
A St
S ct

f te,0.5(G + D )+ L = 0.5P e

f be = P e

0.403 ksi

Fte, G+D

<

0.353

[Satisfactory]

kis

COMPOSITE SECTION PROPERTIES


in, (ACI 318-08 8.12.3)
b=
96
in2
Ac =
1893

[Satisfactory]

Fte, 0.5(G+D)+L

<

-Fbe

>

1 =

0.75

, (ACI 318-08 R10.2.7)

TENDON TYPE FACTOR


RATIO OF TENSION REINF.
RATIO OF COMPR. REINF.

p =
=
' =

0.280
0.002
0.003

, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)


, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)
, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)

RATIO OF PRESTR. REINF.


INDEX OF TENSION REINF.
INDEX OF COMPR. REINF.

p =
=
' =

0.002
0.022
0.033

, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)


, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)
, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)

INDEX OF PRESTR. REINF.

p =

0.086

, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)

in

53.03

in

Sct =

53691

in3

Scb =

27305

in3

c = 0.003

Fc
Parabolic

A ps f ps

, (AASHTO Eq. 3-10)

Asfy

STRESS IN BONDED TENDONS :

ps

= f

pu

p
1

pu
p '
fc

MIN

'

o =

, 0.17

dp

252.864

ksi

fC=

STRESS IN UNBOUNDED TENDONS :

f 'c
,f ,f
f ps = MIN f se + 10 +
100 p y

0.85 f c'
A s' f s'

FACTORED ULTIMATE MOMENT


Mu = ( D MD + L ML ) = 1.3 [ 1.0 ( MG + MD) + 1.67 ML]
= 5594.134 ft-k

4
1448000 in

[Satisfactory]

CHECK ULTIMATE LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.17 ACI 318-08 18.7)
COMPRESSION ZONE FACTOR

26.97

Ic =

[Satisfactory]

0.369 ksi

yct =
ycb =

2 0.85 f

'
C

Ec
0.85 f C' 2

, E c = 57 f C' , E s = 29000ksi

c
o
o

, for 0 < c < o

0.85 f C' , for c o


se + 60

Not applicable

fc
, f y, f se + 30 =
300 p

Not applicable

s E s , for s t
fS=
f y , for s > t

'

ps

= MIN f se +10 +

s,max =
c=

0.0021
18.4

, (ACI 318-08 10.3.4 & 10.3.5)


in, by pure math method

Fc = 1612.817 kips

M n = A ps f

ps

( d p d c ) + As f y ( d d c ) + A's f y ( d c d ')

dc =

7964

ft-k

>

Mu

4.971

in

As 'fs' =

159.158

kips

As fy =

379.200

kips

[Satisfactory]

Aps fps = 1392.775 kips

1.2M cr = 1.2 S b P e

1
Ac

e
Sb

+ 7.5 f 'c M G

S cb
1 =
Sb

4632

Mn
[Satisfactory]
ft-k
<
(AASHTO 9.18.2 & ACI 318-08 18.8.2)

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AASHTO 9.20, ACI 318-08 11.1 & 11.4)
d = MAX ( 0.8h , d p ) =

Vc =

MAX MIN
2b wd

V s = MIN

64.00

0.6 f 'c + 700 MIN 1 ,

f 'c , for

se < 0.4 f

f 'c = MIN 100 ,

in

V ud p

b wd , 5b wd

Mu

f 'c

, 2b wd

f 'c

( f c' )

, for

Av f yd
, 8b wd f 'c =
S

MIN ( 0.75d , 24 ) ,
MIN ( 0.375d , 12 ) ,

281.60

for V s 4b wd
for V s > 4b wd

Av (min) =

kips

'
c

Av ,requd = Av (min)

se

0.4 f

50b wS
MAX
,
fy

A ps f

pu

116.39

kips

V c

puS

80df

bw

'
c

12.00

, for f se 0.4 f

pu

0.164

pu

__
f

no shear re inf . requd , for case1: V u <


, for case 2 :

psi

pu

50b wS
, for f se < 0.4 f
fy

S max =

77.46

provd

in

V c
2

V u V c

=
2
MAX ( Av ,cal , Av (min) ) , for case 3 : V c V u (V S + V c )

unsatisfactory , for case 4 : (V S + V c ) V u

Page 193 of 533


524

0.523

in2

[Satisfactory], Case 3 applicable

in2

(Cont'd)

CHECK TORSIONAL CAPACITY (AASHTO 9.21, ACI 318-08 11.1 & 11.5)
Acp

576

in2

Pcp

160

in

fpc

1.389

ksi

Aoh

290

in2

Ph

145

in

At =
Tu
=
S 1.7 Aoh f yv cos ( 37.5 )

Tu

>

f c'

2
Acp

P cp

1+

pc

4 f c'

11.403

Thus, Torsional Reinf. Reqd.

0.013

A L = MAX

in2/in

f
At
Ph
S
f

yv

cot 2 ( 37.5 ) ,

yL

5 Acp f c'
f

yL

Ph

yv

yL

25b w
max At ,
S
f yv

3.19

Additional 4 #8 Longitudinal Reinforcement Required for Torsion

At
S

= MAX
Total Re qD

ft-kips

50b w
Av + 2 At
=
,
S
f yv

0.069

in2/in

<

At
S

0.073

in2/in

Pr ovD

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 194 of 533
524

in2

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Bridge Column Design Based on AASHTO 17th & ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

SECTION SIZE

Cx

120

in

End

12

in

Cy

48

in

Pu

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD


FACTORED MAGNIFIED MOMENT

ksi

8000 k

Mu,x

= 18000 ft-k

Mu,y

= 18000 ft-k

Vu,x

30

Vu,y =
COLUMN VERT. REINFORCEMENT
15 #
5
#
LATERAL REINF. OPTION (0=Spirals, 1=Ties)
LATERAL REINFORCEMENT
#
4 @
3
straight legs
#
4 @

20
18
18
1
12
12

k
at x dir.
at y dir.
Ties
in o.c.
in o.c.

FACTORED SHEAR LOAD

THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


(Total 40 # 18)

ANALYSIS
25000
20000

15000

Pn (k)
10000

5000
0
0

10000

20000

30000

40000

50000

Mn (ft-k)
Pn (k)
19147
19147
18160
15279
12730
8897
8731

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY


AT MAXIMUM LOAD
AT 0 % TENSION
AT 25 % TENSION
AT 50 % TENSION
AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED CONDITION
AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

885
0

Mn (ft-k)
0
14042
16393
22182
25771
29007
29407

o =

45199
43623

2 0.85 f

0.85 f

0.85 f

'
C

Ec
'
C

, E c = 57

'
C

2
2 c c ,
o o

, E s = 29000ksi
for 0 < c < o

'
C

, for c o

s E s , for s t
=
f
, for s > t

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY

Pmax =F [ 0.85 fc' (Ag - Ast) + fy Ast] =


where

19147 kips., (at max axial load, ACI 318-08, Sec. 10.3.6.2)

0.65 (ACI 318-08, Sec.9.3.2.2)

0.8

2
Ag = 6565 in

0.75 + ( t - 0.002 ) (50), for Spiral

0.65 + ( t - 0.002 ) (250 / 3), for Ties


where

Cb = d
d

Mn =

30878

c / (c + s)

0.656

68.8 in

116.3 in, (ACI 7.7.1)


ft-kips @ Pu =

>

8000 kips

max

0.08 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

min

0.01 (ACI 318-08, Section 10.9)

Ast =

Pu
>
2
160.00 in

[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08, Fig. R9.3.2)

t =

0.0021

D =

119.4 in

Mu =

25456 ft-kips

provd

c =

0.003

Cover =

1.5

in, (AASHTO 8.22.1)

[Satisfactory]

0.024
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1, 11.2.1, & 11.4.6.2)

Vn = (Vs + Vc)

(ACI 318-08 Sec. 11.1.1)

>
where

=
x
y

Vu

[Satisfactory]

0.75 (ACI 318-08 Sec. 9.3.2.3)


d
A0
140.9 5655
44.9 5655

smax

24

smin

Av
0.40
1.00

fy =

Vc = 2 (fc')0.5A0
799.8
799.8

(ACI 318-08, Section 7.10.5.2)

60

ksi

Vs = MIN (d fy Av / s , 4Vc)
281.7
224.4
sprovd

12

in
[Satisfactory]

Vn
811
768

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Magnified Moment Calculation for Bridge Circular Column Based on AASHTO 17th & ACI 318-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTOR

1.6

COLUMN UNSUPPORTED LENGTH

Lu

24

LARGER FACTORED MOMENT

M2

1800

ft-k

SMALLER FACTORED END MOMENT

M1

1000

ft-k, (positive if single curvature.)

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

COLUMN DIMENSIONS

Cx

120

in

End

12

in

Cy

48

in

Pu

8000

SUMMATION FOR ALL VERTICAL LOADS IN THE STORY

Pu

8000

SUMMATION FOR ALL CRITICAL LOADS IN THE STORY

Pc

50000 k, (ACI Eq. 10-21)

FACTORED AXIAL LOAD

THE MAGNIFIED MOMENT:

Mu

2378.1 ft-k

, (ACI 10.10.6.3 or 10.10.7.1)


ft

ksi

, Sway

ANALYSIS
MAGNIFIED MOMENT - NONSWAY
2
in
Ag =
6565
Ig =
0.5

r = ( Ig / A )
k Lu / r =

in

17.0
0.5

0.4 E c I g

1+ d

Pc =

<

27.0388647

Ec = 57000 (fc')

EI =

1906740

in, ACI 10.11.2


34 - 12(M1 / M2) = 27.333 < = = Slenderness effect may be ignored. (AASHTO 8.16.5.2 or ACI Eq 10-7)

4030.5 ksi, ACI 8.5.1

0.4 E c I g
1 + 0.6

2EI =
2

= 0.25E c I g =

2
2E+09 k-in , ACI 10.10.6.1

89303 k, ACI Eq (10-14)

( k Lu )

M2,min = MAX[ M2 , Pu (0.6+0.03 (2 End + Cx)) ] =

3280

ft-k, ACI 10.10.6.5

Cm = MAX[ 0.6 + 0.4 (M1 / M2, min) , 0.4 ] =

0.722

, ACI Eq(10-16)

ns = MAX

Cm
, 1.0 =
Pu
0.75P c

Mu, ns = ns M2, min =

1.00

, ACI Eq (10-12)

>

3280.0 ft-k, ACI Eq (10-11)

1.05 M2 =

1890.0 ft-k

[Unsatisfactory]

,(ACI 10.10.5.1)

The column is sway. See calculation as follows.


MAGNIFIED MOMENT - SWAY
k Lu / r =

27.0388647

s = MIN MAX

16.90

M2s = M2 =

1800.0
5%

Mu, s = M2ns + s M2s =


Note:

22

1
, 1.0
Pu
0.75 P c

Lu / r =
M2ns =

>

<

< = = Slenderness effect must be considered. ACI Eq (10-6)

, 2.5 =

1.27

35 / [Pu / (fc' Ag)]0.5 =

, ACI Eq (10-21)

70.90

[Satisfactory]

ft-k, as given
M2s =

90.0

ft-k, assumed conservatively

2378.1 ft-k, ACI Eq (10-19)

For column subject to bending about both principal axis, the moment about each axis shall be magnified separately based
on the conditions corresponding to that axis.

__
Page 196 of 533
524

PROJECT :

PAGE :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Bridge Design for Prestressed Concrete Box Section Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
BRIDGE SPAN
SECTION DIMENSIONS
T=

120

L=

ft
SECTION PROPERTIES
2
A=
15529.0 in

280

in, within [B , 300"]

B=

240

in, within [200", 280"]

yt =

41.82

in

C=

110

in, within [80",180"]

yb =

54.18

in

D=

96

in, within [L/15 , L/25]

Tt =

12

in, within [8",18"] & >T/30

St =

Tb =

24

in, within [8", 24"] & >B/30

Sb =

W=

24

in, within [8", 24"] & >D/15

Tc =

24

in, within [14", 24"] & >C/12

Te =

I=

f 'c =

ksi

fy* = fy =

60

ksi

fsu* = fpu =

270

ksi

fpy =
TENDON YIELD STRENGTH
DISTANCE TO CENTROID OF COMPRESSION

243

ksi

TENDON TENSILE STRENGTH

472656

in

364825

in

in

CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR STRENGTH

19766329 in

DIST. TO CENTROID OF BOT. PRESTRESSED

d' =

in

dp,b =

84

in

dp,w =
DIST. TO CENTROID OF WEB. PRESTRESSED
76
in
80
in
DISTANCE TO CENTROID OF TENSION
d=
TOP COMPRESSION REINF.
2
8
12
#
@
2
8
12
BOTTOM TENSION REINF.
#
@
2
8
12
WEB HORIZONTAL REINF.
#
@
SHEAR STIRRUP REINF.
2
10
8
legs, #
@
BOTTOM PRESTRESSING TENDONS
strands (each
in diameter &
0.153
16
x
36
0.5
EACH WEB PRESTRESSING TENDONS
4
x
36
0.5
in diameter &
0.153
strands (each
Pi =
TOTAL TENDON FORCE IMMEDIATELY AFTER PRESTRESS TRANSFER
TOTAL TENDON FORCE AT SERVICE LOAD AFTER ALLOWANCE LOSSES
MOMENT DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT

MG =

MOMENT DUE TO DEAD LOAD

MD =

MOMENT DUE TO LIVE LOAD


SECTION LOCATION ( 0, 1 or 2 )
PRESTRESSING METHOD ( 0, 1 or 2 )
EXPOSURE ( 0 OR 1 )

ML =

0
2
0

2
in area )

in2 area )
23794.56 kips

Pe = 19035.648 kips

29116.963 ft-k
37500

in o. c.
in o. c.
in o. c.
in o. c.

ft-k

52500 ft-k
at midspan
post-tensioned & bonded
mild exposure

FACTORED VERT. SHEAR FORCE

Vu =

6886.735 k

FACTORED TORSIONAL MOMENT

Tu =

35868.412 ft-k

Mu,y =
FACTORED LATERAL BENDING MOMENT
(Seismic/Wind Horizontal Bending Load)

41320.41 ft-k

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

CHECK TRANSFER LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.15.2.1)


ENTIRE SECTION PRESTRESSED ECCENTRICITY
e=
38.18
in
MIN. TOP FIBER STRESS
- Fti =
-0.581
MAX. BOT. FIBER STRESS

ksi

Fbi =
3.300
MAX. ALLOWABLE STRESS

ksi

Fsi =

f si

189.000

ksi

180.000

ksi

Fsi

<

[Satisfactory]

f ti = P i

1 e

+ MG =
A St
St

f bi = P i

1 e
+
MG =
A Sb
Sb

0.349

ksi

- Fti
>
[Satisfactory]
(As')reqd

3.065

ksi

Fbi
<
[Satisfactory]

(ACI 318-08 R18.4.1)

CHECK SERVICEABILITY LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.15.2.2)


CONCRETE DECK THICKNESS
t=
4
in
(0 for non-composite)
COMPOSITE SECTION PROPERTIES
b=
500
in
2
Ac =
17529.0 in
yct =

40.82

in

ycb =

59.18

in

Ic =

23171159 in

4
3
3

Sct =

567642

in

Scb =

391537

in

__
Page 197 of 533
524

0.000

in2

<

(As')provd

[Satisfactory]

(Cont'd)
MIN. TOP FIBER STRESS

MAX. BOT. FIBER STRESS

Fte = 0.6fc' =

3.600

ksi, for total loads

Fte, G+D = 0.4fc' =

2.400

ksi, for sustained loads only

2.400

ksi, for live + 50% sustained loads

Fte, 0.5(G+D)+L = 0.4fc' =


f se

144.000

1 e
+

+ MG MD =
A St
S ct

f te,G + D = P e

f be = P e

Fse = 0.8fy = 194.400

2.206 ksi

<

Fte

[Satisfactory]

1.096 ksi

<

Fte, G+D

[Satisfactory]

kis

Fte, 0.5(G+D)+L
<
[Satisfactory]

>

-Fbe

0.5( M G + M D ) + M L
1 e

+
=
A St
S ct

f te,0.5(G + D )+ L = 0.5P e

-0.465

ksi

MAX. ALLOWABLE STRESS


ksi, after all losses

Fse
<
[Satisfactory]

ksi

1 e
+
+

+ MG MD ML =
A St
S ct

f te = P e

-Fbe = -(0, 3, or 6)(fc')

0.5

1 e
+
+
+
MG MD ML =
A Sb
S cb

1.658

-0.433 ksi

[Satisfactory]

CHECK ULTIMATE LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.17 ACI 318-08 18.7)
FACTORED ULTIMATE MOMENT

c = 0.003

Mu,x = ( D MD + L ML ) = 1.3 [ 1.0 ( MG + MD) + 1.67 ML]

0.85 f c'

(AASHTO Eq. 3-10)

A s' f s'

= 200579.551 ft-k
Mu,y = 41320.410 ft-k

Fc
2

2 0.5

Mu = (Mu,x + Mu,y )
= 204791.437 ft-k

11.6

, (ACI 318-08 R10.2.7)

p =
0.280
RATIO OF TENSION REINF.
RATIO OF COMPR. REINF.

, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)


=
0.001
' =
0.002

Asfy
, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)
, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)

RATIO OF PRESTR. REINF.


INDEX OF TENSION REINF.
INDEX OF COMPR. REINF.

p =
=
' =

0.006
0.013
0.016

, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)


, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)
, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)

INDEX OF PRESTR. REINF.


STRESS IN BONDED TENDONS :

p =

0.237

, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)

ps = f

pu

A ps f ps

deg

COMPRESSION ZONE FACTOR


1 =
0.75
TENDON TYPE FACTOR

Parabolic

Mu

MIN p

pu
f 'c

d '

, 0.17

dp

2 0.85 f C'

o =

fC=

0.85 f C' 2

ps

= MIN

se + 10 +

f
, f y, f
100 p

se + 60

, E c = 57 f C' , E s = 29000ksi

c
o
o

, for 0 < c < o

0.85 f C' , for c o


fS=

243.940

ksi

s E s , for s t
f y , for s > t

STRESS IN UNBOUNDED TENDONS :


'
c

Ec

Not applicable

s,max =
c=

0.0021
98.2

, (ACI 318-08 10.3.4 & 10.3.5)


in, by pure math method

Fc =

32282.5

kips

dc =

47.3

in

Mn = 2603343 ft-k
'

ps

= MIN f se +10 +

fc
, f y, f se + 30 =
300 p

1.2M cr = 1.2 S b P e

1
Ac

S cb
1 =
Sb

+ 7.5 f c' M G

Sb

Mu
>
[Satisfactory]

Not applicable

136462

Mn
ft-k
<
[Satisfactory]
(AASHTO 9.18.2 & ACI 318-08 18.8.2)

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AASHTO 9.20, ACI 318-08 11.1 & 11.4)

d = MAX ( 0.8h , d p ) =

Vc =

MAX MIN
2b wd

V s = MIN

'
c

84.00

0.6 f 'c + 700 MIN 1 ,

, for

f se < 0.4 f

Av f yd
, 8b wd f c' =
S

f 'c = MIN 100 ,

in

V ud p

b wd , 5b wd

Mu

f 'c

, 2b wd

f 'c

( f c' )

, for

psi

se

0.4 f

pu

5441.73

kips

pu

A ps f

MIN ( 0.75d , 24 ) , for V s 4b wd

puS

__

3200.40

kips

Av (min) =

50b wS
,
MAX
fy

80df

50b wS
, for f se < 0.4 f
fy

S max =

77.46

provd

MIN ( 0.375d , 12 ) , for V s > 4b wd

f 'c

f 'c

24.00

in

Page 198 of 533


524

bw

pu

, for f se 0.4 f

pu

1.867

in2

(Cont'd)

no shear re inf . requd , for case1: V u <


Av,requd

= Av (min) , for case 2 :

V c

V c
2

V u V c

=
2
MAX ( Av ,cal , Av (min) ) , for case 3 : V c V u (V S + V c )

4.434

in

[Satisfactory], Case 3 applicable

Tu

>

f 'c

unsatisfactory , for case 4 : (V S + V c ) V u

CHECK TORSIONAL CAPACITY (AASHTO 9.21, ACI 318-08 11.1 & 11.5)
Acp

26880

in2

Pcp

752

in

fpc

0.708

ksi

Aoh

25293

in

Ph

735

in

At =
Tu
=
S 1.7 Aoh f yv cos ( 37.5 )

At
S

Total Re qD

2
Acp

P cp

1+

pc

4 f 'c

5277.761 ft-kips

Thus, Torsional Reinf. Reqd.

0.020

+2
50b w
= MAX Av At ,
=
S
f yv

A L = MAX

in /in

0.595

in /in

<

f yv
f yv
5 Acp f c'
25b w
At
max At ,
Ph
cot 2 ( 37.5 ) ,
Ph
S
S
f yL
f yL
f yL
f yv

At
S

0.635

in /in

Pr ovD

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 199 of 533
524

87.77

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Tunnel Design Based on AASHTO-17th & ACI 318-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc' =

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy =

60

ksi

TUNNEL DIMENSIONS

L=
H=
C=
S=
D=
t=

32
16
9.9
16
60
20

ft, (AASHTO Fig 2.5)


ft, (AASHTO Fig 2.5)
ft
in
in
in

REINFORCING (As)
2
layers #
9
@
8
in o.c. (curvered)
Concrete Cover =
3
in, (AASHTO 8.22.1)
FACTORED SOIL PRESSURE (SD level, including surcharge & seismic ground shaking)
Pt =

1760

psf

P1 =

720

ft-pcf, (psf)

Pb = Pt + Wt =
P2 =

1820

DETERMINE TUNNEL FORCES BY FINITE ELEMENT METHOD


X (ft)
Y (ft)
Mu (ft-k)
Point
Pu (k)

Vu (k)

2671

psf

[THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ft-pcf, (psf)

ANALYSIS

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

0.00
3.40
6.73
9.96
13.03
15.89
17.29
18.23
18.68
18.63
18.09
17.06
15.57
13.67

0.00
0.22
0.87
1.94
3.41
5.26
7.98
10.89
13.92
16.98
20.00
22.88
25.56
27.96

24.97
25.83
27.51
29.95
33.08
40.68
41.81
42.16
41.52
40.02
37.82
34.98
31.65
28.09

124.44
116.28
91.87
52.18
-1.21
-66.10
-83.43
-95.13
-99.43
-95.39
-83.08
-63.29
-37.55
-8.14

0.00
7.17
11.67
15.69
19.07
5.66
3.82
1.40
-1.32
-4.02
-6.46
-8.41
-9.61
-9.87

14

11.40

30.01

24.62

22.10

-9.12

Rt =

18.72

ft, (top circle radius)

15

8.83

31.68

21.60

50.02

-7.37

Rb =

26.62

ft, (bottom circle radius)

16

6.02

32.89

19.37

72.60

-4.79

t =

121.95

deg, (between 5 & 18)

17

3.05

33.64

18.18

87.28

-1.66

b =

36.63

deg, (between 0 & 5)

18

0.00

33.89

18.18

92.37

0.00

CHECK AXIAL & FLEXURE CAPACITY


<
ProvD = 0.007605
>
[Satisfactory]

MAX =
MIN =

0.0400
0.0008

(tension face only, ACI 318-05 10.3.5 or 10.9.1)


(tension face only, ACI 318-05 10.5.1, 10.5.3 or 14.3.2)

700.0
600.0
500.0
AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY
AT MAXIMUM LOAD

400.0
Pn (k)

300.0
200.0
100.0

Pn

Mn

617.4
617.4

0.0
17.2

AT MIDDLE

377.3

126.1

AT t = 0.002
AT BALANCED
AT t = 0.005
AT FLEXURE ONLY

137.2
130.2
54.6
0.0

184.6
186.6
221.6
105.0

__

(Note: For middle reforcing the max M n is at c

0.0
0.0

50.0

100.0

150.0

200.0

250.0

Mn (ft-k)

equal to 0.5 t / 1 , not at balanced condition.)


[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ACI 318-08 SEC.15.5.2, 11.1.3.1, & 11.2)

V n = 2 bd f c'

20.92

kips / ft

>

V u, max =

Page 200 of 533


524

19.07

kips / ft

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :

PAGE :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Design for Prestressed Double Tee Section Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
BEAM SPAN
L=
UNTOPPED SECTION DIMENSIONS
B=
60
in

45

ft
UNTOPPED SECTION PROPERTIES
in2
A=
449.0

C=

30

in

yt =

6.23

in

D=

24

in

yb =

17.77

in

Tt =

5.75

in

I=

22469

in4

Tb =

3.75

in

St =

3609

in3

Tc =

in

Sb =

1264

in3

Te =

in

Wt =

468

lbs / ft, ( 47 psf )

CONCRETE STRENGTH
REBAR STRENGTH
TENDON TENSILE STRENGTH

f 'c =

ksi

fy* = fy =

60

ksi

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

fsu* = fpu =

270

ksi

TOTAL TENDON FORCE IMMEDIATELY AFTER PRESTRESS TRANSFER

fpy =

243

ksi

Pi = 330.48 kips, (double tee)


TOTAL TENDON FORCE AT SERVICE LOAD AFTER ALLOWANCE LOSSES

0.5

in dia. &

TENDON YIELD STRENGTH


TOTAL PRESTRESSING TENDONS
6

Pe =

strands (

DIST. TO CENTROID OF BOT. PRESTRESSED


BOTTOM TENSION REINF.
1
TOPPING

t=

in, with #

264.384

kips, (double tee)

in area per strand ) , at Each Leg

18.3
in
at Each Leg

dp =
6

PRESTRESSING METHOD ( 0, 1 or 2 )
EXPOSURE ( 0 OR 1 )
SECTION LOCATION ( 0, 1 or 2 )
SHEAR STIRRUP REINF.

0.153

12

SUPERIMPOSED LOADS

DL =
LL =
Total Loads =

FACTORED VERT. SHEAR FORCE

10

Vu =

CHECK TRANSFER LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.15.2.1)

ksi

Fbi =
3.300
MAX. ALLOWABLE STRESS

ksi

Fsi =

f si

=
<

189.000

ksi

180.000

ksi

Fsi

[Satisfactory]

f ti

1 e MG
Pi  
A St St

0.024

ksi

>
- Fti
[Satisfactory]

f bi

1 e MG
Pi  
A Sb Sb

2.769

ksi

<
Fbi
[Satisfactory]

where

MG =

118.389

ft-k

CHECK SERVICEABILITY LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.15.2.2)


CONCRETE DECK TOPPING
t=
2
in
(0 for non-composite)
COMPOSITE SECTION PROPERTIES
b=
120
in
in2
Ac =
689.0

yct =

5.71

ycb =

20.29

in

Ic =

116686

in4

Sct =

20438

in3

Scb =

5751

in3

in

MIN. TOP FIBER STRESS

3.600

ksi, for total loads

Fte, G+D = 0.4fc' =

2.400

ksi, for sustained loads only

2.400

ksi, for live + 50% sustained loads

Fte, 0.5(G+D)+L = 0.4fc' =


f se

MAX. BOT. FIBER STRESS

Fte = 0.6fc' =

144.000

ksi

<
Fse
[Satisfactory]

140.109

k, (SD)

FACTORED LATERAL BENDING MOMENT


Mu,y =
1576.230 ft-k, (SD)
(Seismic/Wind Horizontal Bending Load)
in o. c.

ENTIRE SECTION PRESTRESSED ECCENTRICITY


e=
12.07
in
MIN. TOP FIBER STRESS

- Fti =
-0.581
MAX. BOT. FIBER STRESS

psf, (ASD)
psf, (ASD)
psf, (ASD)

in. o.c., trans. way

post-tensioned & bonded

0
mild exposure
0
at midspan
E. Leg, #
4

30
100
623

-Fbe = -(0, 3, or 6)(fc')0.5 =

-0.465

ksi

MAX. ALLOWABLE STRESS


Fse = 0.8fy = 194.400

ksi, after all losses

(Cont'd)

1 e MGMDML
Pe  
S ct
A St

f te

0.699 ksi

1 e MGMD
Pe  
S ct
A St

f te,G  D

0.551 ksi

1 e 0.5( M G  M D )  M L
0.5P e  
S ct
A St

f te,0.5(G  D ) L

1 e MGMDML
Pe  
S cb
A Sb

f be

<

0.424

-0.422 ksi

Fte

[Satisfactory]

where

MD =

1323.105 ft-k

ML =

253.125

ft-k

[Satisfactory]

<

Fte, G+D

kis

<
Fte, 0.5(G+D)+L
[Satisfactory]

>

-Fbe

[Satisfactory]

CHECK ULTIMATE LOAD CONDITION (AASHTO 9.15.1 & 9.17 ACI 318-08 18.7)
FACTORED ULTIMATE MOMENT

Hc = 0.003

Mu,x = J( ED MD + EL ML ) = 1.3 [ 1.0 ( MG + MD) + 1.67 ML]

0.85 f c'

(AASHTO Eq. 3-10)


=

2423.477

ft-k

Mu,y =

1576.230

ft-k

A s' f s'
Fc

2 0.5

Mu = (Mu,x + Mu,y )
= 2890.976 ft-k

Parabolic

Mu
T=

33.0

deg

COMPRESSION ZONE FACTOR


E1 =
0.75
TENDON TYPE FACTOR

, (ACI 318-08 R10.2.7)

Jp =
0.280
RATIO OF TENSION REINF.
RATIO OF COMPR. REINF.

, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)


U=
0.001
U' =
0.000

Asfy

, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)


, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)

RATIO OF PRESTR. REINF.


INDEX OF TENSION REINF.
INDEX OF COMPR. REINF.

Up =
Z=
Z' =

0.002
0.006
0.000

, (ACI 318-08 Chapter 2)


, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)
, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)

INDEX OF PRESTR. REINF.


STRESS IN BONDED TENDONS :

Zp =

0.070

, (ACI 318-08 18.7.2)

ps

pu

A ps f ps

d Z Z'
f
1  p u MIN U p pu 
'

E1
fc
dp

, 0.17

2 0.85 f 'C

Ho

Ec

ps

f 'c
,f ,f
se  10 
100 U p y

se  60

ksi

Not applicable

Hs,max =
c=

0.0021
23.8

Fc =

316.7

dc =

9.3

I Mn =

ps

'

fc
, f y, f se  30
MIN f se 10 

300 U p

1.2M cr

47

11972

, (ACI 318-08 10.3.4 & 10.3.5)


in, by pure math method
kips
in
ft-k

>
Mu
[Satisfactory]

Not applicable

1
S cb

e
'
1.2S b P e

 1
 7.5 f c  M G
Sb

Ac S b

29000ksi


0.85 f C' 2 H c  H c , for 0  H c  H o

H o H o

'
0.85 f C , for H c t H o
H s E s , for H s d H t
f , for
Hs !Ht
y

fC

STRESS IN UNBOUNDED TENDONS :

MIN f

, E c 57 f C' , E s
2

fS
252.864

ft-k
<
I Mn
[Satisfactory]
(AASHTO 9.18.2 & ACI 318-08 18.8.2)

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AASHTO 9.20, ACI 318-08 11.1 & 11.4)

MAX 0.8h , d p

Vc

Vs

S max

MAX

2b wd

19.20

V ud p

'
MIN 0.6 f c  700 MIN 1 ,
b wd , 5b wd
M u

f 'c , for

se

 0.4 f

Av f yd

MIN
, 8b wd f 'c
S

MIN 100 ,

f 'c

in

f 'c , 2b wd

f c'

f 'c , for

provd

se

77.46

t 0.4 f

psi

pu

178.47

kips

pu

92.16

kips

MIN 0.75d , 24 , for V d 4b d f '


s
w
c

'

MIN
0.375
d
,
12
,
for
!
4
d
f


V
b
s
w
c

Av (min)

14.40

A ps f puS

bw
MAX 50b wS ,
fy
80df y

50b wS
, for f se  0.4 f pu

f y

in

, for f t 0.4 f
se

pu

0.500

in2

(Cont'd)

Av  requd

no shear re  

 for
Av     

MAX Av  cal 

unsatisfactory

for case1
V u 

 requd 

IV c

case

Av  


 

IV c

d V u d IV c

0.500

for case
IV c d V u d I V S  V c

for case
I V S  V c d V u

CHECK CANTILEVER CAPACITY OF SLAB / DECK (AASHTO 9, ACI 318-08 10 & 11)
dend slab =

3.00

in

I Mn,slab =

2612

lbs-ft / ft

>

Mu,slab =

1591

lbs-ft / ft

[Satisfactory]

I Vn,slab =

4183

lbs / ft

>

Vu,slab =

1408

lbs / ft

[Satisfactory]

in2

[Satisfactory], Case 2 ap p licable

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Concrete Box Culvert Design Based on AASHTO 17th & ACI 318-08
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

3.5

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

Pa

45

pcf

LATERAL SOIL PRESSURE

(equivalent fluid pressure)


BACKFILL WEIGHT

Jb

TOP LIVE SURCHARGE


ONE WHEEL LOAD (HS20 Min.)
SEISMIC GROUND SHAKING

140

pcf

ws

100

psf, vertical

18

kips

PE

20

psf /ft, ASD

(soil pressure, if no report 35SDS suggested. )

THICKNESS OF TOP SLAB

ts

10

in

10

in o.c.

SLAB TRANS REBARS

SLAB BAR LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at top & bot)

[THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

at top & bottom


DEPTH OF FILL.

THICKNESS OF WALL

tw

WALL VERTICAL REBARS

in

WALL BAR LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at each face)

THICKNESS OF FLOOR

tf

12

FLOOR TRANS REBARS

FLOOR BAR LOCATION (1=at middle, 2=at top & bot)

D
12

in o.c.

at each face

2.8

ft

10

ft

ft

DIMENSION

in
12

in o.c.

at top & bottom

ANALYSIS
CHECK TOP SLAB CAPACITY
Mu = (1.2 Jb D + 1.6 ws) B2 / 8 + 1.6 P I B / (4 E) =
Vu = (1.2 Jb D + 1.6 ws) B / 2 + 1.6 P I / E =
Pu =

kips / ft, (possible max shear force conservatively)

1.113 Impact Factor (AASHTO 17 3.8.2.3)

Min[ 7 ,Max( 4 + 0.12 B , 1.75 D)] =

I M n I AS f y d 

IV n

7.77

ft-kips / ft, (possible max moment conservatively)

slab axial force, zero conservatively, since tension controlled. (ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

where

UProvD =

15.55

0.0058

2I bd

'
c

AS f y  P u

'
1.7bf c

17.06

4.96

ft-kips / ft

Mu

>

[Satisfactory]

, (ACI 318-08 9 & 10)

<

UMAX = 0.0181 , (ACI 318-08 10.3.5)

>

UMIN =
=

ft, point load to load per linear foot

0.0033 , (ACI 318-08 10.5)


8.12

kips / ft

[Satisfactory]
>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

, (ACI 318-08 9 & 11)


where

d =

7.63 in,

in,

As =

0.528

in2 / ft

b =

12

2.25

kips / ft ,

JHb = 1.6 Hb

3.60 kips / ft

0.49

kips / ft ,

JHs = 1.6 Hs

0.78 kips / ft

1.00

kips / ft ,

JHE =

=
1.6 HE =

1.60 kips / ft

WALL LATERAL LOADS


Hb = 0.5 Pa H2

Hs = Pa D + Max(36 lbs/ft , ws Pa / Jb) H =


2

HE = 0.5 PE H

(cont'd)
CHECK WALL CAPACITY
Mu = (0.1875 JHs + 0.175 JHb + 0.100 JHE) H
9.36

ft-kips / ft, (possible max moment conservatively)

Vu = JHs + JHb + JHE =


Pu =

2.63

5.98

kips / ft

kips / ft, (DL only, since tension controlled.)

200.0
180.0
160.0
140.0
I Pn (k)

120.0
100.0

I Pn

I Mn

80.0

AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY

185.5

0.0

60.0

AT MAXIMUM LOAD

185.5

6.2

AT MIDDLE

118.5

18.2

40.0
20.0
0.0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

ATHt = 0.002

51.5

21.8

AT BALANCED

49.8

21.9

ATHt = 0.005

31.3

24.7

AT FLEXURE ONLY

0.0

9.0

(Note: For middle reforming the max I M n is at c


I Mn (ft-k)
Pu =

2.63

kips / ft

Mu =

9.36

ft-kips / ft

IV n

2I bd

'
c

equal to 0.5 t / E 1 , not at balanced condition.)


, (ACI 318-08 9 & 10)

[Satisfactory]

7.12

kips / ft

>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

, (ACI 318-08 9 & 11)


d =

where

6.69 in,

b =

12

As =

in,

0.310

in2 / ft

CHECK BOTTOM FLOOR CAPACITY


Mu = [1.2 Jb D + 1.6 ws + 1.6 P I / (E B) + 1.2 (0.15) (ts - tf)] B2 / 8 =
Vu = 4 Mu / B =
Pu =

4.42

IV n

0.0038

2I bd

ft-kips / ft, (max moment conservatively)

kips / ft, (possible max shear force conservatively)

floor axial force, zero conservatively, since tension controlled. (ACI 318-08 Fig. R9.3.2)

I M n I AS f y d 

UProvD =

8.85

'
c

AS f y  P u

'
1.7bf c

18.33

ft-kips / ft

>

<

UMAX = 0.0181 , (ACI 318-08 10.3.5)

>

UMIN =
=

Mu

[Satisfactory]

, (ACI 318-08 9 & 10)

0.0033 , (ACI 318-08 10.5)


10.25

kips / ft

[Satisfactory]
>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

, (ACI 318-08 9 & 11)


where

d =

9.63 in,

b =

12

in,

As =

0.440

in2 / ft

PROJECT :
PAGE :
CLIENT :
DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
REVIEW BY :
Steel Road Plate Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & AISC 360-10 using Finite Element Method
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
MAXIMUM TRENCH WIDTH
(A or B zero for one way trench.)

A=
B=

STEEL PLATE THICKNESS

t=

4
6

ft
ft

W=
L=

1.625 in

(Weight =

TRUCK CONCENTRATED LOAD


P=
26
(26 kips for H20-44, 19.5 kips for H15-44)

kips, (AASHTO Fig. 3.7.6B)

STEEL YIELD STRESS

ksi

Fy =

50

3185

6
8

ft
ft

lbs)

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


(The Minimum Plate Size: 6 ft x 8 ft x 1.625 in., Wt: 3185 lbs.)

ANALYSIS
IMPACT FACTOR (AASHTO 3.8.2)
I = 1+ Min[ 0.3 , 50/(L + 125) ] =
Where
L = Max(A , B) =

1.30
6.0

ft

JOINT DEFLECTIONS, REACTIONS, & PLATE SECTION FORCES


kips,( Truck point load at Joint 9.)
PI=
33.8
Joint
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

'
in
0
0.60
0.85
0.19
0.69
0.92
0.26
0.74
0.99

R
kips
-9.246

Bending

Section
7-8
8-9
3-6
6-9

Minimum W =
Minimum L =
E=
29000

CHECK BENDING CAPACITY (AISC 360-10, F11)


Mn / : b =
19.8
ft-k/ft
Where

M n = Min( F y Z , 1.6 M y ) =

>

M =

1.67
d=
12.0
Z = d t2/ 4 =

, (AISC 360-10, F1)


in
in3
7.9

My = Fy d t2/ 6 =

22.0

V n =0.6 F y A w C v =

:b =

1.67

Cv =

1.00

ft, for FEM calculation


ft, for FEM calculation

ksi

17.4

ft-k/ft, (Max section average moment.)

ft-kips

V =

>

3510.0 kips
, (AISC 360-10, G1)

A w =Min (A + 2 , B +2, 8 ft) t =

6
8

[Satisfactory]
33.0
ft-kips

:b =

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AISC 360-10, G2)


Vn / :v =
2101.8
kips
Where

M
ft-k/ft
8.63
10.54
16.55
18.26

117.0

in

33.8

kips

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Masonry Shear Wall Design Based on TMS 402-08 / 2009 IBC (both ASD and SD)
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
1
Yes
(This option only for local jurisdiction amendments to the code, not part of TMS.)
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
fm' =

MASONRY STRENGTH

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


fy =
60
ALLOWABLE 30% INCREASING ? (TMS 2.1.2.3)
SEISMIC PERFORMANCE CATEGORY
D
( C,D,E, 0=WIND, 5=GRAVITY)

ksi
Yes
Seismic D

SERVICE AXIAL LOAD

P=

300

kips, at middle of L w

SERVICE SHEAR LOAD

Vx =

210

kips, (in-plane force)

SERVICE MOMENT LOAD

Mx =

6200

ft-kips, (top flange, bf1, compression)

My =

500

ft-kips, (out-of-plane, left b11 & b21, compression)

EFFECTIVE HEIGHT OF WALL

hw =

16

ft

LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL

Lw =

30

ft, (within vertical control joints)


THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

THICKNESS OF WALL
REINFORCING OF WALL

tw =

8
2

Ash, Horizontal

16

in o.c.

Asv, Vertical

24

in o.c.

b11 =

48

b21 =

36

TOP FLANGE (COMPRESSION)


tf 1 =

12

in ,

in ,

BOTTOM FLANGE
tf 2 =

in

in ,
5
in ,
5

at each ends, with

in center to edge.

b12 =

24

in ,

48

in o.c., Vertical

b22 =

48

in ,

48

in o.c., Vertical

bf 1 =

bf 2 =

80

in ,(TMS 1.9.4.2.3)

92

in, (TMS 1.9.4.2.3)

ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY BY ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN (ASD)

d

5000

d

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
0

5000

10000

15000

20000

25000

d

30000

-1000
d

P (k)

M (ft-k)
P (load) =

300

kips

M (resultant) = (Mx2 + My2)0.5 =


Where

<

P (allowable) = Pa =

6220.13 ft-kips

<

2069.56 kips

M (allowable) =

7571.53 ft-kips

Em =

2700

ksi, (TMS 1.8.2.2.1)

An =

4235

in2

Es =

29000

ksi, (TMS 1.8.2.1)

Ast =

9.94

in2

Scale Factor =

1.333

, (TMS 2.1.2.3)

[Satisfactory]

fs

ksi, (TMS 2.3.2.2.1)

Fb =

1.320

ksi, (TMS 2-17)

h/r=

87

, neglected conservatively flanges.

Fs =

32.00

ksi, (TMS 2.3.2.1)

Pa =

2069.56 kips, (TMS 2.3.3.2.1)

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN (SD)

10000

8000

IPn (k)

6000

4000

2000

0
-10000

10000

20000

30000

40000

50000

60000

IMn (ft-k)

Pu = 1.2 P =

360

kips

Mu = (1/0.7) (Mx2 + My2)0.5 =


Where

-2000

8885.9

ft-kips

<
IMn =
[Satisfactory]

12763.3 ft-kips, at Pu level.

Hmu =

0.0025

, (TMS 3.3.2.c)

d=

363

in

I=

0.9

, (TMS 3.1.4.1)

fm' =

ksi

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ASD)

1
M T ' , 80  45M T , for M T  1.0
SF MIN 4 
f

Vd m
Vd
Vd

SF MIN ( f ' , 35) , for M T t 1.0


m

Vd

Fv, without reinf.

1
MT
SF MIN 4 

Vd
2

SF MIN (1.5 f ' ,



m

Fv, Maximum

45M T
, 120 
,
Vd

75) , for M T t 1.0


Vd

'
m

48

psi

1.5 fv

<

(Shear reinf. reqd to carry full shear load.)


(factor 1.5 from TMS 402 1.17.3.2.6.1.2)

for M T  1.0
Vd

101

>

fv =

77

[Satisfactory]

CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENTS

V
1.5

F sd
Ash,min =

0.33

in2 / ft

<

0.137

in2/ft

<

Ssh,max =

24

Asv,min =

0.064

Ssv,max =

24

Av
s

0.33

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 402 1.17.3.2.6.1.2)

Ash,actual =

0.330

in2/ft

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

in

>

Ssh,actual =

16

in

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

in2/ft

<

Asv,actual =

0.220

in2/ft

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

in

>

Ssv,actual =

24

in

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

0.0003

[Satisfactory]

CHECK MAXIMUM REINFORCEMENT PERCENTAGE

U max

n f 'm

f
2 f y n  'y
f m

0.0087

>

U =

( TMS 402 2.3.3.4)

psi

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Masonry Shear Wall Design Based on TMS 402-08 / 2010 CBC (both ASD and SD)
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
1
Yes
(This option only for local jurisdiction amendments to the code, not part of TMS.)
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
fm' =

MASONRY STRENGTH

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS


fy =
60
ALLOWABLE 30% INCREASING ? (TMS 2.1.2.3)
SEISMIC PERFORMANCE CATEGORY
D
( C,D,E, 0=WIND, 5=GRAVITY)

ksi
Yes
Seismic D

SERVICE AXIAL LOAD

P=

300

kips, at middle of L w

SERVICE SHEAR LOAD

Vx =

200

kips, (in-plane force)

SERVICE MOMENT LOAD

Mx =

6200

ft-kips, (top flange, bf1, compression)

My =

500

ft-kips, (out-of-plane, left b11 & b21, compression)

EFFECTIVE HEIGHT OF WALL

hw =

16

ft

LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL

Lw =

30

ft, (within vertical control joints)


THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

THICKNESS OF WALL
REINFORCING OF WALL

tw =

8
2

Ash, Horizontal

16

in o.c.

Asv, Vertical

24

in o.c.

b11 =

48

b21 =

36

TOP FLANGE (COMPRESSION)


tf 1 =

12

in ,

in ,

BOTTOM FLANGE
tf 2 =

in

in ,
5
in ,
5

at each ends, with

in center to edge.

b12 =

24

in ,

48

in o.c., Vertical

b22 =

48

in ,

48

in o.c., Vertical

bf 1 =

bf 2 =

80

in ,(TMS 1.9.4.2.3)

92

in, (TMS 1.9.4.2.3)

ANALYSIS
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY BY ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN (ASD)

d

5000

d

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
0

5000

10000

15000

20000

25000

d

30000

-1000
d

P (k)

M (ft-k)
P (load) =

300

kips

M (resultant) = (Mx2 + My2)0.5 =


Where

<

P (allowable) = Pa =

6220.13 ft-kips

<

2027.82 kips

M (allowable) =

6699.19 ft-kips

Em =

2700

ksi, (TMS 1.8.2.2.1)

An =

4235

in2

Es =

29000

ksi, (TMS 1.8.2.1)

Ast =

6.66

in2

Scale Factor =

1.333

, (TMS 2.1.2.3)

[Satisfactory]

fs

ksi, (TMS 2.3.2.2.1)

Fb =

1.320

ksi, (TMS 2-17)

h/r=

87

, neglected conservatively flanges.

Fs =

32.00

ksi, (TMS 2.3.2.1)

Pa =

2027.82 kips, (TMS 2.3.3.2.1)

(cont'd)
CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY BY STRENGTH DESIGN (SD)

10000

8000

IPn (k)

6000

4000

2000

0
-10000

10000

20000

30000

40000

50000

60000

IMn (ft-k)

Pu = 1.2 P =

360

kips

Mu = (1/0.7) (Mx2 + My2)0.5 =


Where

-2000

8885.9

ft-kips

<
IMn =
[Satisfactory]

10200.8 ft-kips, at Pu level.

Hmu =

0.0025

, (TMS 3.3.2.c)

d=

363

in

I=

0.9

, (TMS 3.1.4.1)

fm' =

ksi

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (ASD)

1
M T ' , 80  45M T , for M T  1.0
SF MIN 4 
f

Vd m
Vd
Vd

SF MIN ( f ' , 35) , for M T t 1.0


m

Vd

Fv, without reinf.

1
MT
SF MIN 4 

Vd
2

SF MIN (1.5 f ' ,



m

Fv, Maximum

45M T
, 120 
,
Vd

75) , for M T t 1.0


Vd

'
m

47

psi

1.5 fv

<

(Shear reinf. reqd to carry full shear load.)


(factor 1.5 from TMS 402 1.17.3.2.6.1.2)

for M T  1.0
Vd

100

>

fv =

73

[Satisfactory]

CHECK MINIMUM REINFORCEMENTS

V
1.5

F sd
Ash,min =

0.31

in2 / ft

<

0.137

in2/ft

<

in
in2/ft

Ssh,max =

24

Asv,min =

0.064

Ssv,max =

24

A(sh+sv),min =

0.003

in
2

in /in

Av
s

0.33

in2 / ft

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 402 1.17.3.2.6.1.2)

Ash,actual =

0.330

in2/ft

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

>

Ssh,actual =

16

in

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

<

Asv,actual =

0.100

in2/ft

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

>

Ssv,actual =

24

in

[Satisfactory]

(TMS 1.17.3.2.6)

[Satisfactory]

(CBC 10, 2106A.1.1.1.1.1)

<

A(sh+sv),actual =

0.005

in /in

0.0003

[Satisfactory]

CHECK MAXIMUM REINFORCEMENT PERCENTAGE

U max

n f 'm

f
2 f y n  'y
f
m

0.0087

>

U =

( TMS 402 2.3.3.4)

psi

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PROJECT :
PAGE :
CLIENT :
DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
REVIEW BY :
Allowable Stress Design of Masonry Bearing Wall Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
fy

REBAR YIELD STRESS

1
1
1.5

Yes
CMU
ksi

60

ksi

SERVICE GRAVITY LOAD


SERVICE LATERAL LOAD
SERVICE PARAPET LOAD
THICKNESS OF WALL

P
w1
w2
t

=
=
=
=

Yes
625
26.7
80.2
8

PARAPET HEIGHT

hp

ft

WALL HEIGHT
ECCENTRICITY

h
e

=
=

20
6

ft
in

MASONRY SPECIFIC WEIGHT

130

pcf

WALL HORIZ. REINF.


WALL VERT. REINF.

1
1

#
#

5
5

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

lbs / ft
plf / ft
plf / ft
in

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

@
@

16
16

in o.c. (at middle)


in o.c. (at middle)

ANALYSIS
VERT. REINF. AREA AT EACH SIDE
As
=
EFFECTIVE DEPTH (TMS 1.15.3.5)
d
=
=
WIDTH OF SECTION
bw
=
EFFECTIVE THICKNESS
te
MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS
Em
=
=
STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS
Es
THE ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE IS

F b = ( SF ) 0.33 f

'
m

)=

660

0.23
3.82
12.00
7.63
1350
29000

in2
in
in
in
ksi
ksi

S = h+ hp

( h+h p )
2h

Pe

h w1

V 2 = h w1 V 1

= 10.5

1.05
Pe + w1 ( h 2 h 2p )
M1 =
2
2
2 w1h

ft

V 3 = h p w2

=
=

160

= 0.37059

32000 psi

THE GOVERNING MOMENTS AND AXIAL FORCES ARE

( h + h p ) w1 + Pe

2h

F S = (1.33 or 1.0 )( 24000 or 20000 ) =

psi

THE GOVERNING SHEAR FORCES ARE

V 1 = ( h + h p ) w1

k = 2n + ( n ) n

21.48
0.0051
1.333

THE ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE IS

THE DISTANCE FROM BOTTOM TO M1 IS


2

MODULAR RATIO
n =
REINFORCEMENT RATIO
=
ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR
SF =
THE NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR IS

280

lbs / ft

254 lbs / ft

P1 = P + ( wall weight ) =
2
w2h p
=
160
ft-lbs/ft
M2=
2

P 2 = P + ( wall weight )

1541

ft-lbs/ft

1623

lbs / ft

798

lbs / ft

THE GOVERNING SHEAR STRESS IN MASONRY IS

fv=

lbs / ft

MAX (V 1 , V 2 , V 3 )
t eb w

3.06

psi

DETERMINE THE REGION FOR FLEXURE AND AXIAL LOAD (MDG-3 Tab 12.2.1, Fig 12.2-12 & 13, page 12-25).

M
t
e
Pd 6 d
1. Wall is in compression and not cracked.

__
M
te 1

2d 3
Pd

2. Wall is cracked but steel is in compression.


REGION 2 APPLICABLE FOR (M2, P2)

Page 209 of 533


524

M
te 1
>

2d 3
Pd
3. Wall is cracked and steel is in tension.
REGION 3 APPLICABLE FOR (M1, P1)

(cont'd)
CHECK REGION 1 CAPACITY

Mm=

b wt e
te
Fb P =
6
6

6232 ft-lbs / ft

>

M1

[Not applicable]

6319 ft-lbs / ft

>

M2

[Not applicable]

CHECK REGION 2 CAPACITY


497

2P 2
te
=
Mm=P
2 3b w F b

ft-lbs / ft <

M1

[Not applicable]

249 ft-lbs / ft >


M2
[Satisfactory]
CHECK REGION 3 CAPACITY (The moment maybe limited by either the masonry compression or steel tension, MDG-3 page 12-25).

M m = MIN

kd
1
t
P d e
b wkd F b d
2
3
2

, AsF s d

1560

ft-lbs / ft

>

M1

[Satisfactory]

1560

ft-lbs / ft

>

M2

[Not applicable]

kd
t kd
+P e
3
2 3

THE ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS IS GIVEN BY

F v = ( SF ) MIN

'

f m , 50

51.64 psi

>

fv

[Satisfactory]

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.

__
Page 210 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Strength Design of Masonry Bearing Wall Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
SERVICE DEAD LOAD
PDL
=
=
LATERAL LOAD (E/1.4 or W)
w1
=
LATERAL LOAD (E/1.4 or W)
w2
THICKNESS OF WALL
t
=
=
PARAPET HEIGHT
hp
WALL HEIGHT
h
=
ECCENTRICITY
e
=

CMU
ksi
ksi
lbs / ft
plf / ft
plf / ft
in
ft
ft
in

130

2
2
SDS

#
#
=

5
5
1.246

@
@

As

0.23

in2/ft

EFFECTIVE THICKNESS

5.57

in

MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS

bw

12.00

in

STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS

Ig

444

in4/ft

MODULAR RATIO

MASONRY SPECIFIC WEIGHT


WALL HORIZ. REINF.
WALL VERT. REINF.
SEISMIC PARAMETER

1
1.5
60
625
26.7
80.2
8
2
24.17
6

pcf

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]


16
16

in o.c. (at each face)


in o.c. (at each face)

ANALYSIS
VERT. REINF. AREA AT EA. SIDE

EFFECTIVE DEPTH
WIDTH OF SECTION
GROSS MOMENT OF INERTIA

te =

7.63

in

Em =

1350

ksi

Es =

29000 ksi

21.48

CHECK REINFORCING RATIO (TMS 402-08 3.3.3.5, page CC-61)


P
mu

bd
mu + y

'

0.64 f m

= As / d bw = 0.0035

<

fy

MAX =

'

0.64 f m

[Satisfactory]

for bars middle

P
mu

bd
mu + y

for bars each face

d'
+ y , y E s
f y min mu

d mu

where

mu

0.0025

, (TMS 402-08 3.3.2 c)

1.5

, (TMS 402-08 3.3.3.5.1 a)

= fy / Es =

= D + 0.75 L + 0.525 Q E =

0.0082

0.0021 , (TMS 402-08 3.3.3.5.1 a)


2.63

kips/ ft, (TMS 402-08 3.3.3.5.1 d)

75

psi

CHECK WALL AXIAL STRESS (TMS 402-08 3.3.5.3)


1.2 (Pw + Pf) / Ag = 24.2 psi
where

Pw =

0.05 fm' =

<

(0.5 h + hp) m t =

1221

[Satisfactory]
Pf =

lbs / ft ,

625

lbs / ft

DETERMINE CRACKING MOMENT (TMS 402-08 Tab 3.1.8.2)


fr =

150

psi, (TMS 402-08 Tab 3.1.8.2)

Mcr = S fr = (bw te2 / 6) fr =

1455

ft-lbs/ft

CHECK CAPACITY OF LOAD COMBINATION (0.9 - 0.2SDS) D + Eh , (IBC 09 1605.2.1 & ASCE 7-05 12.4.2)
Pu = (0.9 - 0.2SDS) (PDL + Pw) =

1201

lbs/ft

DEPTH OF THE COMPRESSIVE STRESS BLOCK


a = (Pu + As fy) / (0.80 fm' bw) =

1.05

DEPTH OF NEUTRAL AXIS


in

c = a/ 0.80 =

__

EFFECTIVE AREA OF REINFORCING STEEL


2
Ase = (Pu + As fy) / fy =
0.25 in /ft

u = 5Mcrh2/(48EmIg) + 5(Mu - Mcr)h2/(48EmIcr) =


Mu = wuh /8 + Puf e/2 + Puu =

in

4
Icr = n Ase(d-c)2 + bc3 / 3 = 107 in /ft

THE MOMENT AND DEFLECTION AT THE MID-HEIGHT OF THE WALL ARE GIVEN BY
1st Cycle
2nd Cycle
2

1.32

CRACKED MOMENT OF INERTIA

2870

> Mcr

[Satisfactory]

Page 211 of 533


524

1.283
2999

3rd Cycle

Final

1.377

1.384

in

3008

3009

ft-lbs/ft

=> Eq (3-32) Applicable

(cont'd)
CHECK MOMENT CAPACITY OF THE WALL (TMS 402-08 3.3.5)
Mn = [Asefy(d-a/2) - Pu(d-te/2)] =

5571

Mn = Asefy(d-a/2) =

ft-lbs/ft

>

<= Not applicable

Mu

[Satisfactory]

where f = 0.9, (TMS 402-08 3.1.4.1)


CHECK DEFLECTION LIMITATION (TMS 402-08 3.3.5.4)
1st Cycle

2nd Cycle

0.728

s = 5Mcrh2/(48EmIg) + 5(Mser - Mcr)h2/(48EmIcr) =


2

Mser = wh /8 + Pf e/2 + Ps =

2106

> Mcr

2.03

in

>

Final

0.787

0.792

in

2193

2194

ft-lbs/ft

2187

[Satisfactory]
0.007 h =

3rd Cycle

=> Eq (3-32) Applicable

[Satisfactory]

CHECK CAPACITY OF LOAD COMBINATION (1.2 + 0.2SDS) D + Eh , (IBC 09 1605.2.1 & ASCE 7-05 12.4.2)
Pu = (1.2+0.2SDS)(PDL + Pw) =

2675

lbs/ft

DEPTH OF THE COMPRESSIVE STRESS BLOCK


a = (Pu + As fy) / (0.80 fm' bw) =

1.15

DEPTH OF NEUTRAL AXIS


in

c = a/ 0.80 =

EFFECTIVE AREA OF REINFORCING STEEL


2
Ase = (Pu + As fy) / fy =
0.28 in /ft

1.44

in

CRACKED MOMENT OF INERTIA


4
Icr = n Ase(d-c)2 + bc3 / 3 = 104 in /ft

THE MOMENT AND DEFLECTION AT THE MID-HEIGHT OF THE WALL ARE GIVEN BY
wu = 1.4 w1 =

37.4 plf / ft
1st Cycle

2nd Cycle

1.376

1.605

1.651

in

3263

3314

3324

ft-lbs/ft

u = 5Mcrh2/(48EmIg) + 5(Mu - Mcr)h2/(48EmIcr) =


Mu = wuh2/8 + Puf e/2 + Puu =

2956

> Mcr
[Satisfactory]

3rd Cycle

Final

=> Eq (3-32) Applicable

CHECK MOMENT CAPACITY OF THE WALL (TMS 402-08 3.3.5)


Mn = [Asefy(d-a/2) - Pu(d-te/2)] =

5871

Mn = Asefy(d-a/2) =

ft-lbs/ft

>

<= Not applicable

Mu

[Satisfactory]

where f = 0.9, (TMS 402-08 3.1.4.1)


CHECK DEFLECTION LIMITATION (TMS 402-08 3.3.5.4)
s = 5Mcrh2/(48EmIg) + 5(Mser - Mcr)h2/(48EmIcr) =
2

Mser = wh /8 + Pf e/2 + Ps =

1st Cycle

2nd Cycle

0.728

2106

> Mcr
[Satisfactory]

0.007 h =

2.03

in

>

2187

3rd Cycle

Final

0.787

0.792

in

2193

2194

ft-lbs/ft

704

lbs/ft

=> Eq (3-32) Applicable

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402-08 3.3.4.1.2.1)


Vn = 2.25 Amv (fm')0.5 =

6383

lbs/ft

>

Vu = 1.4 [w1h/2 + w2(h + 0.5hP)hP/h + PDLe/h] =

where = 0.8

[Satisfactory]

CHECK PARAPET BENDING CAPACITY


Mn

>

Mu

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 212 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Design for Girder at Masonry Wall Based on TMS 402-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
GIRDER SERVICE LOAD
ECCENTRICITY

PG
e

=
=

1
1
1.5
60
Yes
32
3

BEARING LENGTH

Lbr

20

in

SERVICE LATERAL LOAD


SERVICE PARAPET LOAD
THICKNESS OF WALL
PARAPET HEIGHT
WALL HEIGHT

w1
w2
t
hp
h

=
=
=
=
=

25
45
8
2
15

psf
psf
in
ft
ft

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

WALL VERT. REINF. (Asv)


@
16

Yes
CMU
ksi
ksi
kips
in

2
#
7
in o.c. (at each face)

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
te

EFFECTIVE THICKNESS

7.63

in

EFFECTIVE LENGTH (TMS 402, 1.9.5)


Le =2 Lbr =

40.00

in

LOAD DISTRIBUTION (TMS 402 1.9.7)


=
8533
P = PG / (0.25 h)
CHECK BEARING CAPACITY (TMS 402, 2.1.8)
fbr = PG / (te Lbr)

=
0.25 fm' =

<

210

psi

375

psi

[Satisfactory]
REINF. AREA AT EACH SIDE
As
=
EFFECTIVE DEPTH (TMS, 1.15.3.5)
d
=
=
WIDTH OF SECTION
bw
MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS
Em
=
STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS
Es
=
MODULAR RATIO
n
=
THE ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE IS

F b = ( SF ) 0.33 f

'
m

)=

660

lbs / ft

0.45
5.44
12.00
1350
29000
21.48

S = h+ hp

( h+h p )
2h

Pe

h w1

in
in
ksi
ksi

REINFORCEMENT RATIO
=
ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR
SF =
THE NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR IS

k = 2n + ( n ) n
2

0.0069
1.333

= 0.41584

THE ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE IS

F S = (1.33 or 1.0 )( 20000 or 24000 ) =

psi

THE DISTANCE FROM BOTTOM TO M1 IS


2

in2

32000 psi

THE GOVERNING MOMENTS AND AXIAL FORCES ARE

M1 =

__

= 13.1

ft

2 w1h 2

Pe+ w1 ( h 2 h2p )
2

P1 = P + ( wall weight )

Page 213 of 533


524

2131
8875

ft-lbs/ft
lbs / ft

(cont'd)
THE GOVERNING SHEAR FORCES ARE

V 1 = ( h + h p ) w1

( h + h p ) w1 + Pe

2h

V 2 = h w1 V 1

V 3 = h p w2

M2=

326

lbs / ft

49

90

lbs / ft

lbs / ft

90

ft-lbs/ft

P 2 = P + ( wall weight )

w2h
2

2
p

8707

lbs / ft

THE GOVERNING SHEAR STRESS IN MASONRY IS

fv=

MAX (V 1 , V 2 , V 3 )
t eb w

3.56

psi

DETERMINE THE REGION FOR FLEXURE AND AXIAL LOAD (MDG-3 Tab 12.2.1, Fig 12.2-12 & 13, page 12-25).

M
te 1

2d 3
Pd

M
t
e
Pd 6 d
1. Wall is in compression and not cracked.

M
te 1
>

2d 3
Pd

2. Wall is cracked but steel is in compression.

3. Wall is cracked and steel is in tension.


REGION 3 APPLICABLE FOR (M1, P1)

REGION 1 APPLICABLE FOR (M2, P2)

CHECK REGION 1 CAPACITY


2

b wt e
te
Mm=
Fb P =
6
6

5463

ft-lbs / ft

>

M1

[Not applicable]

5481

ft-lbs / ft

>

M2

[Satisfactory]

M1

[Not applicable]

CHECK REGION 2 CAPACITY


2269

2P 2
te
=
Mm=P
2 3b w F b

ft-lbs / ft >

ft-lbs / ft >
M2
[Not applicable]
2236
CHECK REGION 3 CAPACITY (The moment maybe limited by either the masonry compression or steel tension, MDG-3 page 12-25).

M m = MIN

kd
1
t
P d e
b wkd F b d
2
3
2

, AsF s d

2298

ft-lbs / ft

>

M1

[Satisfactory]

2321

ft-lbs / ft

>

M2

[Not applicable]

kd
t kd
+P e
3
2 3

CHECK ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS (TMS 402 2.3.5.2.2)

F v = ( SF ) MIN

'
m

, 50

51.64 psi

>

fv

[Satisfactory]

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.

__
Page 214 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Masonry Beam Design Based on TMS 402-08


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy

0
1
1.5
60

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

Yes

SERVICE SHEAR LOAD


SERVICE MOMENT LOAD
WIDTH
EFFECTIVE DEPTH
CLEAR SPAN

V
M
b
d
Lc

=
=
=
=
=

4.56
13.68
8
45
12
1
@
#

LOAD TYPE (1=SEISMIC, 0=WIND, 5=GRAVITY)

VERTICAL REINF.
1
TENSION REINFORCEMENT

No, (reduced fm' by 0.5)


CMU
ksi
ksi

4
2

k
ft-k
in
in
ft
Seismic
8
in o.c.
6

[THE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR

SF

ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS


(1.33 or 1.0) Fs
ALLOWABLE MASONRY STRESS
Fb=(SF)(0.33fm')
MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS
Em
STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS
Es
EFFECTIVE WIDTH
bw
MODULAR RATIO
n
TENSION REINFORCEMENT RATIO

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.667
32
0.33
1350
29000
7.63
21.48
0.003

ksi
ksi
ksi, (TMS 402 1.8.2.2.1)
ksi, (TMS 402 1.8.2.1)
in
[Satisfactory, Lc < 32 bw]

THE NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR IS

k = 2n + ( n ) n

THE LEVER-ARM FACTOR IS

j = 1

0.281

k
3

= 0.906

THE TENSILE STRESS IN REINFORCEMENT DUE TO FLEXURE IS

M
A s jd

fs=

4.57

ksi

<

[SATISFACTORY]

Fs

THE COMPRESSIVE STRESS IN THE EXTREME FIBER DUE TO FLEXURE IS

fb=

2M
jk b w d 2

0.08

ksi

<

[SATISFACTORY]

Fb

THE SHEAR STRESS IN MASONRY IS


<

V
fv=
b wd

13

(Sec. 2.3.5.2.1)

F v = ( SF ) MIN (

psi

'
m

, 50) =

25.82 psi

[SATISFACTORY]
<

F v = ( SF ) MIN (3 f

'
m

__

, 150) =

77.46 psi

CHECK THE MINIMUM AREA OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT REQUIRED :

V
F sd

0.04

2
in / ft

<

Av =
s

0.30

Page 215 of 533


524

in2 / ft

( No shear reinf. Reqd )

[SATISFACTORY]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Masonry Beam Design Based on UBC 97


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy

1
1
1.5
60

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (UBC/CBC 1612.3.2)

Yes

SERVICE SHEAR LOAD


SERVICE MOMENT LOAD
WIDTH
EFFECTIVE DEPTH
CLEAR SPAN

15.1
83
12
40
12
5
@
#

V
M
b
d
Lc

=
=
=
=
=

LOAD TYPE (1=SEISMIC, 0=WIND, 5=GRAVITY)

VERTICAL REINF.
1
TENSION REINFORCEMENT

4
2

Yes, (Sec. 2107.1.2)


CMU
ksi
ksi
k
ft-k
in
in
ft
Gravity Only
8
in o.c.
7

[THE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
SF

1.333

ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS


(1.33 or 1.0) Fs
ALLOWABLE MASONRY STRESS
Fb=(SF)(0.33fm')
MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS
Em
STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS
Es
EFFECTIVE WIDTH
bw
MODULAR RATIO
n
TENSION REINFORCEMENT RATIO

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

32
ksi
0.66
ksi
750 fm' =
1125
29000 ksi
11.63 in
25.78
0.0026

ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR

ksi, (Eq. 6-4. 2106.2.12.1)


[Satisfactory, Lc < 32 bw]

THE NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR IS

k = 2n + ( n ) n

THE LEVER-ARM FACTOR IS

j = 1

0.304

k
3

= 0.899

THE TENSILE STRESS IN REINFORCEMENT DUE TO FLEXURE IS

M
A s jd

fs=

23.09 ksi

<

[SATISFACTORY]

Fs

THE COMPRESSIVE STRESS IN THE EXTREME FIBER DUE TO FLEXURE IS

fb=

2M
jk b w d 2

0.39 ksi

<

[SATISFACTORY]

Fb

THE SHEAR STRESS IN MASONRY IS


<

V
fv=
jb wd

36

(Sec. 2107.2.17)

F v = ( SF ) MIN (

'
m

, 50) =

51.64 psi

[SATISFACTORY]

psi
<

F v = ( SF ) MIN (3 f

'
m

__

, 150) =

154.92 psi

CHECK THE MINIMUM AREA OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT REQUIRED :

V
F sd

0.14

2
in / ft

<

Av =
s

0.30

Page 216 of 533


524

in2 / ft

( No shear reinf. Reqd )

[SATISFACTORY]

"#
!

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)* +

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1

"&
H

230
4&

5
'

7'

8+

"49.

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:

((

((

((

' 15 0
:

(
-

./0
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6
) )

'

1 '5+

'

"#$%&

)*

'

>?/ <

"4

'5

<

0
:

$%

&'

5 0
:

55'

)*

'#
(

((

*)
((

) )

:+
5 1 0

+@@

* *

@'
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)

* *

,
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5'
+7

5 1

0
:+

*
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./0

+ @8

11B

5
(

0
:

:
)

1 ' 5+

'5 +
+' :

1@
1

0
:+

+,

7 BB

0
:+

+,

*
*

( -

*)

./0

5B ./0
- . /$

) )

6*

) 6

) )

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+,

D(

, ,0 *

6*

D(

+'1

./0

- .1/$
6

+,

( -

+,

5+

./0

78

0
:@

6*

*)
'5 @5' .

- . /$
6

+,

)
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+,

6
+' 8+ E/0
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+) 4

! + 5'+

BB @1 E/0

+5

!;:0
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0
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0
:+ F"4

+,

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G)2/ : &

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./0

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0
:+

:@
@7B5 0

+,

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Masonry Column Design Based on CBC 10 Chapter A


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
1
Yes
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
=
1.5
ksi
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
60
ksi
SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORY
4
E or F
( 1 = B, 2 = C, 3 = D, 4 = E or F, 0 = WIND, 5 = GRAVITY)
SERVICE AXIAL LOAD
P
=
11.5 k, @ top of col.
MAX SHEAR LOAD
V
=
20
k
MOMENT AT MIDHEIGHT
M
=
106
ft-k, @ mid of col
EFFECTIVE WIDTH
b
=
23.63 in
EFFECTIVE DEPTH
c
=
23.63 in
DISTANCE BETWEEN COL. REINF.
a=
EFFECTIVE HEIGHT
h
=
29
ft
(ACI 530, 1.13.3.5)
VERTICAL REINF. (EACH SIDE)
3
#
8
legs # 4
@
8
in o.c.
[THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]
HORIZ. TIES
2

19.13

in

0.005
21.38
1.333

in

in

ANALYSIS
REINFORCEMENT AREA AT ONE SIDE

EFFECTIVE COLUMN AREA


NET EFFECTIVE MOMENT OF INERTIA

As
An
In

=
=
=

RADIUS OF GYRATION

6.82

Em
Es
n

=
=
=

At = An(1-+n+n' )

1350 ksi
29000 ksi
21.48
2
668 in

MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS


STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS
MODULAR RATIO
TRANSFORMED AREA

2
2.37 in
2
558 in
4
25982 in

in

0.04Ae = 0.04bd =

h
1.0
140r

ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

F S = (1.33wind & seismic only ) ( 20 or 24 ) =

FS =
ES

32.0

ksi

STRESS IN THE EXTREME FIBER DUE TO MT


0.574

ksi

< Fb', [Satisfactory]

STRAIN IN THE COMPRESSION BARS


'
eS =

kd d
em =
kd
'

0.278
0.907

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

Pd
=
2

107.1 ft-kips

P t = P + ( full col. weight ) =

26.681 k

245.71 k
[for h/r < 99]

> Pt, [Satisfactory]

P Mid
'
F b = SF
Pa

( 0.33 f ) =
'
m

0.622

ksi

THE STRAIN IN THE EXTREME COMPRESSION FIBER IS


'
kd
Fb
es ,
d kd
Em

0.0004253
(steel governs)

MOMENT DUE TO THE MASONRY

Mm=

kd
1
bkd f b (d ) =
2
3

65.21

STRESS IN THE COMPRESSION BARS

f S = 2 E S e 'S =
'

0.0002644

=
=

AXIAL LOAD AT BASE OF THE COLUMN

e m = MIN

0.0011

f b = em E m =

in

j = 1-k/3

ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

THE CORRESPONDING STRAIN IN THE TENSILE BARS IS

eS =

in2

2.53

M Mid = M + ( 0.1)

19.090 k

CHECK IF THERE IS TENSILE STRESS IN CROSS SECTION


<
34
psi
MMid / (bc2/6) =
585 psi
PMid / A =
(tensile exist)
ALLOWABLE AXIAL LOAD FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION ONLY

LEVER-ARM FACTOR

TOTAL MOMENT ACTING AT MIDHEIGHT

P Mid = P + ( half col. weight ) =

P a = 0.25 f An + 0.65 F S A st

NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR


k = {[n+(2n-1)' ]2+2[n+(2n-1)(d'/d)]}0.5 - [n+(2n-1)' ]

20.21

AXIAL LOAD AT MIDDLE OF THE COLUMN

'
m

Smax

MAX. TIES SPACING (2106A.5.3.2)

CHECK VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT LIMITATION (ACI 530, 2.1.6.4)


2
As,total =
> 0.005Ae = 0.005bd =
4.74 in
<

= ' =
REINFORCEMENT RATIO
DISTANCE
d' = 2.25 , d =
ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR
SF =

15.334

ksi

ft-kips

(cont'd)
MOMENT DUE TO THE COMPRESSION BARS
'
'
M S = f S AS (d d ) =

ALLOWABLE BENDING MOMENT

M =M S + M m =

'

57.94

'

ft-kips

123.15 ft-kips
> Mt, [Satisfactory]

SHEAR DESIGN DETERMINED FROM THE FOLLOWING EXPRESSION

V
fv=
jbd

39

(Sec. 2107.2.17)

V
F sd

0.32

in2 / ft

psi

<

'
F v = ( SF ) MIN ( f m , 50) =

51.64 psi

[Satisfactory]
<

<

'
F v = ( SF ) MIN (3 f m , 150) =

Av =
s

0.60

in2 / ft

154.92 psi

( No shear reinf. Reqd )

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Masonry Column Design Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
f m'
=
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy

0
1
1.5
60
Yes
2
50
9.5
8.2
15.63
15.63
15
#
@

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORY (5=Gravity)


SERVICE AXIAL LOAD
P
=
SERVICE SHEAR LOAD
V
=
MOMENT AT MIDHEIGHT
M
=
EFFECTIVE WIDTH
b
=
EFFECTIVE DEPTH
d
=
EFFECTIVE HEIGHT
h
=
VERTICAL REINF. (EACH SIDE)
2
HORIZ. TIES
2
legs # 4

No, (reduced fm' by 0.5)


CMU
ksi
ksi
C
k
k
ft-k
in
in
ft

DISTANCE BETWEEN COL. REINF.


(TMS 402, 1.15.3.5)
6
8

in o.c.

a=

11.38

in

[THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
TOTAL REINFORCEMENT AREA

As

1.76

in

EFFECTIVE COLUMN AREA

An

244

in

In

4
4973 in

ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR

4.51

MAX. TIES SPACING (1.17.4)

MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS

Em

1350 ksi

STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS

Es

29000 ksi

NET EFFECTIVE MOMENT OF INERTIA


RADIUS OF GYRATION

in

MODULAR RATIO

21.48

REINFORCEMENT RATIO

0.007

SF

0.667

Smax

16

At = An (1 + ( 2n 1) ) =

CHECK VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT LIMITATION (TMS 402 1.14.1.2)


2
in2
As =
1.76 in
0.61
> 0.0025An =
<

0.04An =

in

9.77

ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO AXIAL LOAD ONLY

h
140r

F a = ( SF ) 0.25 f m 1.0
'

'

M T = M + ( 0.1)

M Td =
2I t

0.163

32.0

ksi

I t = I n + ( 2n 1) As

11.5 ft-kips

a
2

7365

in

MAX.STRESS COMBINED AXIAL & FLEXURE

f m = f a+ f b =

0.308 ksi
< Fb, [Satisfactory]

AXIAL LOAD AT BASE OF THE COLUMN

P t = P + ( full col. weight ) =

11.5 ksi
< Fs, [Satisfactory]

53.435 k

ALLOWABLE AXIAL LOAD FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION ONLY

Pa =

( ( SF ) 0.25 f

'
m

An + 0.65 F S A S

1.0

h
140r

89.75 k
[for h/r < 99]

> Pt, [Satisfactory]

SHEAR DESIGN DETERMINED FROM THE FOLLOWING EXPRESSION

V
fv=
bd

39

(TMS 402 2.3.5.2.1)

V
F sd

0.23

psi

>

'
F v = ( SF ) MIN ( f m , 50) =

25.82 psi

(Shear reinf. reqd to carry full shear load.)

__

in / ft

ksi

TRANSFORMED MOMENT OF INERTIA

0.146 ksi
< fa, [Satisfactory, the section is uncracked]

af b
=
d

At

F S = (1.33 or 1.0 )( 20 or 24 ) =

MAX. REINF. STRESS COMBINED AXIAL & FLEXURE

f S = 2n f a +

P + ( half col . weight )

< Fa, [Satisfactory]


ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

STRESS IN THE EXTREME FIBER DUE TO MT

fb=

[Satisfactory]

fa=

0.230 ksi

TOTAL MOMENT ACTING AT MIDHEIGHT

Pd
=
2

[Satisfactory]

ksi

0.330

318 in

AXIAL STRESS AT MIDHEIGHT OF THE COLUMN

[for h/r < 99]


ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

F b = ( SF ) 0.33 f m =

in

TRANSFORMED COLUMN AREA

<

<

'
F v = ( SF ) MIN (3 f m , 150) =

Av =
s

0.60

in / ft

[Satisfactory]

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.

Page 220 of 533


524

77.46 psi

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Masonry Column Design Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
1
Yes
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
=
1.5
ksi
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=
60
ksi
SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORY
4
E or F
( 1 = B, 2 = C, 3 = D, 4 = E or F, 0 = WIND, 5 = GRAVITY)
SERVICE AXIAL LOAD
P
=
11.5 k, @ top of col.
MAX SHEAR LOAD
V
=
20
k
MOMENT AT MIDHEIGHT
M
=
106
ft-k, @ mid of col
EFFECTIVE WIDTH
b
=
23.63 in
EFFECTIVE DEPTH
c
=
23.63 in
DISTANCE BETWEEN COL. REINF.
a=
EFFECTIVE HEIGHT
h
=
29
ft
(TMS 402, 1.15.3.5)
VERTICAL REINF. (EACH SIDE)
3
#
8
legs # 4
@
8
in o.c.
[THE COLUMN DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]
HORIZ. TIES
2

19.13

in

ANALYSIS
As
An
In
r
Em
Es
n

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

TRANSFORMED AREA At = An(1-+n+n' )

REINFORCEMENT AREA AT ONE SIDE

EFFECTIVE COLUMN AREA


NET EFFECTIVE MOMENT OF INERTIA

RADIUS OF GYRATION
MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS
STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS
MODULAR RATIO

in2
in2
in4

2.37
558
25982
6.82
1350

in
ksi
29000 ksi
21.48
2
668 in

= ' =
REINFORCEMENT RATIO
0.005
DISTANCE
d' = 2.25 , d = 21.38 in
ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR
SF =
1.333
8
in
MAX. TIES SPACING (1.17.4)
Smax =
NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR
k = {[n+(2n-1)' ]2+2[n+(2n-1)(d'/d)]}0.5 - [n+(2n-1)' ]
LEVER-ARM FACTOR

CHECK VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT LIMITATION (TMS 402 1.14.1.2)


2
As,total =
4.74 in
2.53
> 0.005Ae = 0.005bd =
<

0.04Ae = 0.04bd =

20.21

AXIAL LOAD AT MIDDLE OF THE COLUMN

P a = 0.25 f m An + 0.65 F S A st 1.0

h
140r

ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

F S = (1.33wind & seismic only ) ( 20 or 24 ) =

FS =
ES

32.0

ksi

STRESS IN THE EXTREME FIBER DUE TO MT


0.574

ksi

< Fb', [Satisfactory]

STRAIN IN THE COMPRESSION BARS


'
eS =

kd d
em =
kd
'

Pd
=
2

107.1 ft-kips

P t = P + ( full col. weight ) =

26.681 k

245.71 k
[for h/r < 99]

> Pt, [Satisfactory]

P Mid
'
F b = SF
Pa

( 0.33 f ) =
'
m

0.622

ksi

THE STRAIN IN THE EXTREME COMPRESSION FIBER IS


'
kd
Fb
es ,
d kd
Em

0.0004253
(steel governs)

MOMENT DUE TO THE MASONRY

Mm=

kd
1
bkd f b (d ) =
2
3

65.21

STRESS IN THE COMPRESSION BARS

f S = 2 E S e 'S =
'

0.0002644

0.907

AXIAL LOAD AT BASE OF THE COLUMN

e m = MIN

0.0011

f b = em E m =

[Satisfactory]

ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

THE CORRESPONDING STRAIN IN THE TENSILE BARS IS

eS =

[Satisfactory]

in2

M Mid = M + ( 0.1)

19.090 k

CHECK IF THERE IS TENSILE STRESS IN CROSS SECTION


<
34
psi
MMid / (bc2/6) =
585 psi
PMid / A =
(tensile exist)
ALLOWABLE AXIAL LOAD FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION ONLY

in2

0.278

TOTAL MOMENT ACTING AT MIDHEIGHT

P Mid = P + ( half col. weight ) =

'

j = 1-k/3

15.334

ksi

ft-kips

(cont'd)
MOMENT DUE TO THE COMPRESSION BARS
'
'
M S = f S AS (d d ) =

ALLOWABLE BENDING MOMENT

M =M S + M m =

'

57.94

'

ft-kips

123.15 ft-kips
> Mt, [Satisfactory]

SHEAR DESIGN DETERMINED FROM THE FOLLOWING EXPRESSION

V
fv=
jbd

39

(TMS 402 2.3.5.2.1)

V
F sd

0.32

in2 / ft

psi

<

'
F v = ( SF ) MIN ( f m , 50) =

51.64 psi

[Satisfactory]
<

<

'
F v = ( SF ) MIN (3 f m , 150) =

Av =
s

0.60

in2 / ft

154.92 psi

( No shear reinf. Reqd )

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Design for Bending Post at Top of Wall, Based on TMS 402-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


MASONRY STRENGTH

fm'

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)


SERVICE BENDING LOAD
M
=
SERVICE SHEAR LOAD
V
=
WALL THICKNESS
T
=
ANCHORAGE REBARS
2
#
Fy

BASE PLATE YIELD STRESS

1.5

ksi

60

ksi

Yes
0.6
0.116
8
4

36

ft-kips
kips
in
@ middle of wall
ksi

BASE PLATE WIDTH


a
=
6
in
BASE PLATE LENGTH
b
=
10
in
(REQUIRED BASE PLATE THK. t = 3/8 in & MIN. REBAR SPLICE LENGTH Ls = 21 in)
[THE ANCHORAGE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE BASE PLATE THICKNESS (AISC 13th, F6-1)

where

4 oM
=
4
b
Fy
3

in

3/8

(4/3) is seismic/wind factor, typical.

CHECK MASONRY BEARING CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.8)

fa=

2M
2
3

( 0.5a )

2T
b ( 0.5a )

7.20

kips

480

psi

<

4
or 1.0 0.25 f 'm =
3

500

psi

[SATISFACTORY]

12.80

kips

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK REBAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.3.2.1)


T=

7.20

<

kips

(4/3 or 1.0) Fs As = (4/3) (24 ksi) As =

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.2)

'

'

V allow = MIN 1.25 A pv f m , 350 4 f m Ab , 2.5 A pt


where

Lbe =

3.56

Apt = Apv = Lbe =


2

'

f m , 0.36 f y Ab

1.46

kips

>

V
[SATISFACTORY]

in (rebar edge distance)


39.87

2
in , only one projected area used conservatively. (TMS 402 1.16.2 & 1.16.3)

__

DETERMINE LAP SPLICE LENGTH (TMS 402 2.1.9.7.1)


L d = e MAX[ 0.13 db2 fy / (K fm' 0.5 ) , 12 ] =

40 db

20.14

Page 223 of 533


524

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Fastener Anchorage in Combined Stresses Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


MASONRY STRENGTH
fm '

1.5

ksi

60

ksi

0.42

kips / ft

kips / ft

0.85

kips / ft

FASTENER YIELD STRESS


fy
TENSION STRESS, ASD
ba

SHEAR STRESS, VERTICAL


bv,V

SHEAR STRESS, HORIZONTAL


bv,H
WALL THICKNESS
b

in

FASTENER DIAMETER

1/2

in

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT

Lb

in

[THE ANCHORAGE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

EDGE DISTANCE TO WALL TOP Lbe

16

in

FASTENER SPACING

12

in, o.c.

Yes

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

ANALYSIS
CHECK MIN. EMBEDMENT (TMS 402 1.16.6)
Lb,min = MIN[ 4 , 2] = 2.00

in

Lb

<

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK TENSION CAPACITY FOR A FASTENER (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.1.1)


Ba = MIN[ 1.25Apt(fm')0.5 , 0.6Abfy] =

3.80

>
Where

L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] =

5.00

= COS-1(0.5S / L) =

k S ba [SATISFACTORY]
in, conservative value
0.00

Aseg = L [ - 0.5 SIN(2)] =

kips / fastener

0.00

rad
in2

Apt = L2 - 2Aseg =

78.54

in2 (TMS 402 1.16.2)

Ab = 2 / 4 =

0.20

in2

k=

3/4

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.2)


Bv = MIN[1.25Apv(fm')0.5 , 350(Abfm')1/4 , 2.5Apt(fm')0.5 , 0.36Abfy] =

Where

1.45

>

S bv,V

, Gravity only

>

k S bv

, Combined shear [SATISFACTORY]

-1

= COS (0.5S / Lbe) =

1.19

Aseg = Lbe2 [ - 0.5 SIN(2)] =


Apv = 0.5( Lbe2 - 2Aseg) =
bv = (bv,V + bv,H)0.5 =

[SATISFACTORY]

rad

2
303.72 in

98.41
1.312

in2 (TMS 402 1.16.3)


kips / ft

CHECK COMBINED SHEAR AND TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.3)


S ba / Ba + S bv / Bv =

kips / fastener

1.02

<

1.33

[SATISFACTORY]

PROJECT :
PAGE :
CLIENT :
DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
REVIEW BY :
Fastener Anchorage in Tension & Perpendicular Shear Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
MASONRY STRENGTH

fm'

1.5

ksi

FASTENER YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

SERVICE TENSION LOAD

ba

0.9

kips / ft

SERVICE SHEAR LOAD

bv

0.4

kips / ft

WALL THICKNESS
FASTENER DIAMETER

=
=

8
3/4

in
in

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT

Lb

in

FASTENER SPACING

in

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

Yes

[THE ANCHORAGE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
CHECK MIN. EMBEDMENT (TMS 402 1.16.6)
Lb,min = MIN[ 4 , 2] =

2.00

in

<

Lb

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.1.1)


Ba = MIN[ 1.25Apt(fm')

0.5

, 0.6Abfy] =

1.80

k S ba [SATISFACTORY]

>
Where

Lbe =

3.44

in

L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] =

3.44

in, conservative value

-1

= COS (0.5S / L) =

0.00

Aseg = L [ - 0.5 SIN(2)] =


2

Apt = L - 2 Aseg =
2
Ab = / 4 =

k=

kips / fasteners

0.00

rad
2
in

37.18

in (TMS 402 1.16.2)

0.44

in

3/4

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.2.3)


Bv = MIN[1.25Apv(fm')

0.5

, 350(Abfm')1/4 , 2.5Apt(fm')0.5 , 0.36Abfy] =

1.78

>
Where

Apv = Apt =

37.18

k S bv

0.48

[SATISFACTORY]

in , since L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] used above, (TMS 402 1.16.3)

CHECK COMBINED SHEAR AND TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.3)


S ba / Ba + S bv / Bv =

kips / fasteners

<

1.33

[SATISFACTORY]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Fastener Anchorage in Tension & Parallel Shear Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


MASONRY STRENGTH

fm'

1.5

ksi

FASTENER YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

UPLIFT STRESS, ASD

ba

0.5

kips / ft

SHEAR STRESS IN WALL DIR

bv

0.2

kips / ft

WALL THICKNESS
FASTENER DIAMETER

=
=

8
1/2

in
in

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT

Lb

in

FASTENER SPACING

16

in, o.c.

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

Yes

[THE ANCHORAGE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
CHECK MIN. EMBEDMENT (TMS 402 1.16.6)
Lb,min = MIN[ 4 , 2] =

2.00

in

Lb

<

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.1.1)


Ba = MIN[ 1.25Apt(fm')

0.5

, 0.6Abfy] =

1.93

>
Where

Lbe =

3.57

kips / fastener

k S ba [SATISFACTORY]

in

L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] =

3.57

in, conservative value

-1

0.00

rad

= COS (0.5S / L) =

Aseg = L2 [ - 0.5 SIN(2)] =


2

Apt = L - 2Aseg =
2
Ab = / 4 =

k=

0.00

in

39.93

in (TMS 402 1.16.2)

0.20

in

3/4

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.2.3)


Bv = MIN[1.25Apv(fm')

0.5

, 350(Abfm')1/4 , 2.5Apt(fm')0.5 , 0.36Abfy] =

1.45

>
Where

Apv = Apt =

39.93

k S bv

0.53

[SATISFACTORY]

in , since L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] used above, (TMS 402 1.16.3)

CHECK COMBINED SHEAR AND TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.3)


S ba / Ba + S bv / Bv =

kips / fastener

<

1.33

[SATISFACTORY]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Double Fastener Anchorage in Tension & Shear Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


MASONRY STRENGTH

fm'

1.5

ksi

FASTENER YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

SERVICE TENSION LOAD

ba

0.91

kips / 2 fasteners

SERVICE SHEAR LOAD

bv

0.728

kips / 2 fasteners

WALL THICKNESS
FASTENER DIAMETER

=
=

8
3/4

in
in

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT

Lb

in

FASTENER SPACING

in

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

Yes

[THE ANCHORAGE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
CHECK MIN. EMBEDMENT (TMS 402 1.16.6)
Lb,min = MIN[ 4 , 2] =

2.00

in

Lb

<

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.1.1)


Ba = 2 MIN[ 1.25Apt(fm')

Where

Lbe =

0.5

, 0.6Abfy] =

3.50

kips / 2 fasteners

>

k ba

[SATISFACTORY]

3.44

in

L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] =

3.44

in, conservative value

-1

0.51

rad

= COS (0.5S / L) =

Aseg = L2 [ - 0.5 SIN(2)] =


2

Apt = L - Aseg =
2
Ab = / 4 =

k=

1.00

in

36.18

in (TMS 402 1.16.2)

0.44

in

3/4

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.2.3)


Bv = MIN[1.25Apv(fm')

0.5

, 350(Abfm')1/4 , 2.5Apt(fm')0.5 , 0.36Abfy] =

>
Where

Apv = Apt =

36.18

0.47

<

kips / 2 fasteners

k bv

[SATISFACTORY]

in , since L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] used above, (TMS 402 1.16.3)

CHECK COMBINED SHEAR AND TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.3)


ba / Ba + bv / Bv =

3.50

1.33

[SATISFACTORY]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Masonry Wall Design at Horizontal Bending, Based on TMS 402-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
=
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
=

0
1
1.5
60
Yes
45
8
24
10
24
24
4

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

SERVICE LATERAL LOAD


THICKNESS OF WALL
WALL HEIGHT
PILASTER SPACING
PILASTER SIZE

w
t
h
L
c1
c2
1

WALL HORIZ. REINF. (Asv)

=
=
=
=
=
=
#

No
CMU
ksi
ksi
psf
in
ft
ft
in
in
@

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]


48

in o.c. (at middle)

ANALYSIS
DESIGN CRITERIA
1. Pilaster spacing less than one half the unsupported vertical span of out-of-plane wall. (MDG-3,page 11-8)
L=
10
ft
<
0.5 h =
12 ft
[Satisfactory]
2. Pilaster stiffness greater than that the tributary area of wall. (TMS 402 1.7.4)
120 in, (TMS 402, 1.7.6.1 & 1.9.4.2.3)
beff = c1 + 12 t =
y=
7.4
in
E Ipilaster =
52809 E
,(TMS 402, 1.9.2)
4096 E
,(TMS 402, 1.9.2)
E Iwall =
>

E Ipilaster

E Iwall

[Satisfactory]

CHECK WALL HORIZONTAL BENDING CAPACITY


d
=
3.82 in, effective depth
=
12 in
bw
=
7.63 in, effective thickness
te
2
As
=
0.05 in / ft

k = 2 n + ( n ) n =
2

)=

'
m

M allowable = MIN

1
kd
b wkd F b d
2
3

ksi
ksi
21.48 , modular ratio
0.0011 , reinforcement ratio
0.667 , allowable stress factor
2000 or 24000 = 32000 psi
1350

29000

F S = (1.33 or 1.0) (

0.1944

F b = ( SF ) 0.33 f

=
=
=
=
=

Em
Es
n

SF

330 psi

w ( L c1 )
=
8

, As F s d

kd
3

437 ft-lbs/ft, (MDG-3, page 11-3)

max

360 ft-lbs/ft

<

M allowable

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.3.5.2.2)


F v = ( SF ) MIN

'
m

, 50 =

26

psi

>

f v = 0.5 (L - c 1 ) w / (b w d) =

__

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.

Page 228 of 533


524

4
[Satisfactory]

psi

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PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DATE :

Development & Splice of Reinforcement in Masonry Based on TMS 402-11 / ACI 530-11 & 2012 IBC
TENSION & COMPRESSION DEVELOPMENT
Ld = e MAX[ 0.13 db2 fy / (K fm' 0.5 ) , 12 ]

57 db

43

in

TMS 402-11, 2.1.7.3


where

Bar size
db

6
0.75

in

fy

60

ksi

fm'

1.5

ksi

1.0

(1.5 for epoxy-coated)

c
s
K

=
=
=
=

1.3
3.44 in, masonry cover
7.25 in, adjacent bars clear spacing
MIN( c , s , 5db ) =
3.44 in

ANCHORAGE OF FLEXURAL REINFORCEMENT


Lanchor = MAX ( d , 12 db ) =
where

53 db

Bar size
db

6
0.75

in

40

in

40

in, TMS 402-11, 2.1.7.4.1.3

TENSION HOOKS
Le = 13 db =

10

T = As F s =
where

in, TMS 402, 2.1.7.5

3.30

kips

Bar size
db

6
0.75

As

0.44

in
in2

Fs

7.5

ksi, TMS 402, C 2.1.7.5

TENSION OR COMPRESSION SPLICE


Ld = e MAX[ 0.13 db2 fy / (K fm' 0.5 ) , 12, 36 db ]

where

Asc

Bar size
db

fy

57 db
0

43

in

1
6
0.75

in

60

ksi

fm'

1.5

ksi

1.0

(1.5 for epoxy-coated)

c
s
K

=
=
=
=

, TMS 402-11, 2.1.7.7.2

1.3
3.44 in, masonry cover
7.25 in, bars clear spacing
MIN( c , s , 5db ) =
3.44 in

( 2012 IBC 2107.2 : Ld = 1.5 MAX( 0.002 db fs , 12 , 40 db )

where

TMS 402-11, 2.1.7.7.1


in2

fs

24

ksi )

54

in

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

24.6658
24.6658

DATE :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

Tables for Development & Splice of Reinforcement Based on IBC 06 / CBC 07 / ACI 530

TENSION & COMPRESSION DEVELOPMENT


Table 1: Ld Values (inch)
Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

1000
25
25
31
52
73
112
145
188
237
357
702

1500
24
20
25
43

118
153
193
292
573

fm' (psi)
2000
2500
24
24
17
16
22
20
37
33
46
71
102
92
133
119
167
150
253
226
496
444

3000
24
14
18
30
42
64
84
108
137
206
405

3500
24
13
16
28
39
60
77
100
126
191
375

ANCHORAGE OF FLEXURAL REINFORCEMENT


Table 1: Lanchor Values (inch)
Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

1000
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

1500
40
40
40
40
40
40

40
40
40

fm' (psi)
2000
2500
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

3000
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

3500
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40

TENSION SPLICE WITH 80% STRESS OR LESS,


OR COMPRESSION SPLICE

TENSION SPLICE WITH MORE THAN 80% STRESS


Table 1: Ls Values (inch)
Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

1000
25
36
45
54
73
112
145
188
237
357
702

1500
24
36
45
54
63
91
118
153
193
292
573

fm' (psi)
2000
2500
24
24
36
36
45
45
54
54
63
79
102
92
133
119
167
150
253
226
496
444

Table 1: Ls Values (inch)

3000
24
36
45
54

84
108
137
206
405

3500
24
36
45
54
63
72
81
100
126
191
375

Bar
Size
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
# 10
# 11
# 14
# 18

1000
25
25
31
52
73
112
145
188
237
357
702

__
Page 232 of 533
524

1500
24
24
30
43

118
153
193
292
573

fm' (psi)
2000
2500
24
24
24
24
30
30
37
36
46
71
102
92
133
119
167
150
253
226
496
444

3000
24
24
30
36
42
64
84
108
137
206
405

3500
24
24
30
36
42
60
77
100
126
191
375

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21'93!F

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Design of Masonry Bearing Wall with Opening Based on TMS 402-08

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
1.5
ksi
=
60
ksi
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
GRAVITY LOAD, ASD
P
=
640
lbs / ft
ECCENTRICITY
e
=
6
in
LATERAL LOAD, ASD
w
=
26.7 psf
OPENING WIDTH
L
=
4.33 ft
LINTEL HEIGHT
Lintel
=
4
ft
THICKNESS OF WALL
t
=
8
in
=
4
ft
PARAPET HEIGHT
hp
WALL HEIGHT
h
=
16
ft
WALL VERT. REINF.
1
layer
#
5
VERT. JAMB BARS
2
#
5
LINTEL VERT. REINF
1
leg
#
4
LINTEL BOT/TOP BARS
2
#
6
DIAPHRAGM SUPPORT LINTEL LATERAL LOAD (Yes, No) ?

16

in o.c. (at middle)

in o.c. (at middle)

No

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
CHECK JAMB CAPACITY UNDER LATERAL & AXIAL LOADS (TMS 402-08 2.3.3)
6t=
beff =
48
in, (TMS 402-08 1.9.4.2.3)
PJamb =

P (beff + 0.5 L) / beff =

986

lbs / ft, at ledger

wJamb =

w (beff + 0.5 L) / beff =

41

psf

S=

8.25

ft

Mmax =

1470

ft-lbs / ft

PM =
As =

2556
lbs / ft, at max M section
2
(wall + Jamb) = 0.31 in / ft

Mallow =

1711

(Assuming that opening has same wall loads.)

ft-lbs / ft

Mmax

>

[Satisfactory]

(See MasonryBearingWall-IBC.xls on www.engineering-international.com for the Mallow at PM calculation,


or see Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition, The Masonry Society, 2001. Page 12-25.)
Vmax =

MAX (V1 , V2) =

339 lbs / ft

Vallow =

<

4728

lbs / ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK LINTEL CAPACITY UNDER GRAVITY & LATERAL LOADS (TMS 402-08 2.3)
psi =
fb = Gravity + Lateral =
11 psi +
484
495
psi
<

Fb =

fs = Gravity + Lateral =
<
where

Fs =

495 psi

[Satisfactory]

629 psi +

308

24000 psi

MGav =

MLat =
As,Lat =
fv = Gravity + Lateral = (
<

Fv =

937

0.88

ft-lbs
in

0.002487 ,for gravity

k=

0.278

__

5.06
39

psi

[Satisfactory]

1940

As,Gav =

psi =

135

ft-lbs

0.88

in2

k=

0.004

5.08

psi

psi

0.43

)0.5 =

[Satisfactory]

Page 234 of 533


524

0.003053 ,for lateral

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PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Flush Wall Pilaster Design Based on TMS 402-08 & IBC 09


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
=
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy

1
1
1.5
60
Yes
3
50
9.5
8.2

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORY (5=Gravity)


SERVICE AXIAL LOAD
P
=
SERVICE SHEAR LOAD
V
=
SERVICE MOMENT
M
=
SECTION DIMENSIONS (in)
input
8

te =

7.63

D=

24

d=

23.63

L=
B=

48
24

Le =

48.00

b=

23.63

R=

80

Re =

48.00

=
2
4

15
#
@

WALL GROUTED ? (Yes, No)

D
k, at pilaster center
k, (may be negative)
ft-k, (posite or negative)

effective

t=

WALL PILASTER HEIGHT


h
VERTICAL REINF. (EACH SIDE)
legs #
HORIZ. TIES
2

Yes
CMU
ksi
ksi

ft
8
8

in o.c.

No , (only pilaster grouted)

DISTANCE PILASTER REINF.


(TMS 402, 1.15.3.5)

a=

19.13

in

[THE WALL PILASTER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
TOTAL REINFORCEMENT AREA

As

3.16

in2

TOTAL EFFECTIVE AREA

An

798

in

NEUTRAL AXIS FROM WALL FACE

yt

in

NET MOMENT OF INERTIA

In

MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS

Em

1350 ksi

STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS

Es

29000 ksi

RADIUS OF GYRATION

39198 in
7.01

MODULAR RATIO

21.48

PILASTER REINF. RATIO

0.006

ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR

SF

1.333

MAX. TIES SPACING (TMS 1.17.4)

Smax

in

in
TRANSFORMED WALL PILASTER AREA

At = An + bd ( 2n 1) =

2
931 in

CHECK VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT LIMITATION OF PILASTER (TMS 402 1.14.1.2)


2
2
in
As =
> 0.0025 bd =
1.40
[Satisfactory]
3.16 in
< 0.04 bd =
ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO AXIAL LOAD ONLY

h
140r

'
F a = ( SF ) 0.25 f m 1.0

22.34

0.660

M T = M + ( 0.1)

F S = (1.33 or 1.0 )( 20 or 24 ) =

ksi

0.060

I t = I n + ( 2n 1) As

13.1 ft-kips

32.0

a
2

51330 in

f m = f a+ f b =

0.089 ksi
< Fb, [Satisfactory]

AXIAL LOAD AT BASE OF THE WALL PILASTER

P t = P + ( full col. weight ) =

ksi
3.6
< Fs, [Satisfactory]

61.227 k

ALLOWABLE AXIAL LOAD FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION ONLY

( ( SF ) 0.25 f

'
m

An + 0.65 F S A S

1.0

h
140r

449.26 k
[for h/r < 99]

__

> Pt, [Satisfactory]

SHEAR DESIGN DETERMINED FROM THE FOLLOWING EXPRESSION

V
fv=
bd

(TMS 402 2.3.5.2.1)

V
F sd

0.15

17

in / ft

psi

ksi

MAX.STRESS COMBINED AXIAL & FLEXURE

MAX. REINF. STRESS COMBINED AXIAL & FLEXURE

Pa =

ksi

TRANSFORMED MOMENT OF INERTIA

0.029 ksi
< fa, [Satisfactory, the section is uncracked]

a
f S = 2n f a + f b =
d

At

< Fa, [Satisfactory]


ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

STRESS IN THE EXTREME FIBER DUE TO MT

M Ty =
fb=
It

P + ( half wall weight )

fa=

0.483 ksi

TOTAL MOMENT ACTING AT MIDHEIGHT

Pd
=
2

[Satisfactory]
AXIAL STRESS AT MIDHEIGHT OF THE PILASTER

[for h/r < 99]


ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE
'
F b = ( SF ) 0.33 f m =

in2

<

F v = ( SF ) MIN ( f m , 50) =
'

51.64 psi

[Satisfactory]

<

<

F v = ( SF ) MIN (3 f m , 150) =
'

Av =
s

0.60

Page 238 of 533


524

in / ft

154.92 psi

( No shear reinf. Reqd )

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Flush Wall Pilaster Design Based on TMS 402-08 & IBC 09


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
1
Yes
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
1
CMU
=
1.5
ksi
MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'
=
60
ksi
REBAR YIELD STRESS
fy
SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORY
4
E or F
( 1 = B, 2 = C, 3 = D, 4 = E or F, 0 = WIND, 5 = GRAVITY)
SERVICE AXIAL LOAD
MAX SHEAR LOAD
MOMENT AT MIDHEIGHT

P
V
M

=
=
=

11.5
20
106

SECTION DIMENSIONS (in)


input

effective

t=

te =

7.63

D=

24

c=

23.63

L=

48

Le =

48.00

B=

24

b=

23.63

R=

80

Re =

48.00

=
3
4

29
#
@

WALL PILASTER HEIGHT


h
VERTICAL REINF. (EACH SIDE)
HORIZ. TIES
2
legs #
WALL GROUTED ? (Yes, No)

k, @ center top of pilaster


k
ft-k, (posite or negative)

ft
8
8

in o.c.

DISTANCE PILASTER REINF.


a = 19.13
(TMS 402, 1.15.3.5)
[THE WALL PILASTER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

in

No , (only pilaster grouted)

ANALYSIS
= ' =
d' = 2.25 , d =

As
An

=
=

2.37
798

in2
2
in

PILASTER REINF. RATIO


DISTANCE

NEUTRAL AXIS FROM WALL FACE

yt

in

ALLOWABLE STRESS FACTOR

SF

1.333

NET EFFECTIVE MOMENT OF INERTIA

In

MAX. TIES SPACING (ACI 1.1.4.6)

Smax

=
=
=
=

REINFORCEMENT AREA AT ONE SIDE

TOTAL EFFECTIVE AREA

RADIUS OF GYRATION
MASONRY ELASTICITY MODULUS
STEEL ELASTICITY MODULUS
MODULAR RATIO

39198 in

7.01 in
1350 ksi
Em
29000 ksi
Es
n
21.48
2
At = An+(-+n+n' ) c b = 908 in

TRANSFORMED AREA

CHECK VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT LIMITATION (TMS 402 1.14.1.2)


2
As,total =
4.74 in
> 0.005Ae = 0.005bd =
0.04Ae = 0.04bd =

<
AXIAL LOAD AT MIDDLE OF THE PILASTER

psi

<

LEVER-ARM FACTOR

MMid / (In / y) =

'
P a = 0.25 f m An + 0.65 F S A st 1.0

309

h
140r

ALLOWABLE REINF. STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE

F S = (1.33wind & seismic only ) ( 20 or 24 ) =

in

20.21

in

FS =
EmSE m =
fb=e

0.0011

=
=

j = 1-k/3

0.278
0.907

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

M Mid = M + ( 0.1)

107.1 ft-kips

AXIAL LOAD AT BASE OF THE PILASTER


psi

P t = P + ( full wall weight ) =

26.681 k

326.35 k
[for h/r < 99]

> Pt, [Satisfactory]

P Mid
'
F b = SF
Pa

__
32.0

Pd
=
2

ALLOWABLE STRESS DUE TO FLEXURE


ksi

THE CORRESPONDING STRAIN IN THE TENSILE BARS IS

eS =

2.53

(tensile exist)
ALLOWABLE AXIAL LOAD FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION ONLY

in

NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR


k = {[n+(2n-1)' ]2+2[n+(2n-1)(d'/d)]}2 - [n+(2n-1)' ]

22.353 k

CHECK IF THERE IS TENSILE STRESS IN CROSS SECTION


28

in

TOTAL MOMENT ACTING AT MIDHEIGHT

P Mid = P + ( half col. weight ) =


PMid / A =

0.005
21.38

( 0.33 f ) =
'
m

0.626

ksi

THE STRAIN IN THE EXTREME COMPRESSION FIBER IS

e m = MIN

Page 239 of 533


524

'
kd
Fb
es ,
d kd
Em

0.0004253
(steel governs)

(cont'd)
MOMENT DUE TO THE MASONRY

STRESS IN THE EXTREME FIBER DUE TO MT

f b = em E m =

0.574

ksi

Mm=

< Fb', [Satisfactory]

STRAIN IN THE COMPRESSION BARS


'
eS =

kd d
em =
kd

M = f AS (d d ) =
'
S

'

65.21

ft-kips

STRESS IN THE COMPRESSION BARS

'

'
f S = 2 E S e 'S =

0.0002644

MOMENT DUE TO THE COMPRESSION BARS


'
S

kd
1
bkd f b (d ) =
2
3

57.94

15.334

ksi

ALLOWABLE BENDING MOMENT

M =M S + M m =
'

ft-kips

123.15 ft-kips
> Mt, [Satisfactory]

SHEAR DESIGN DETERMINED FROM THE FOLLOWING EXPRESSION

V
fv=
jbd

39

(TMS 402 2.3.5.2.1)

V
F sd

0.32

in2 / ft

psi

<

'
F v = ( SF ) MIN ( f m , 50) =

51.64 psi

[Satisfactory]
<

<

F v = ( SF ) MIN (3 f m , 150) =
'

Av =
s

0.60

in / ft

( No shear reinf. Reqd )

Technical References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.

__
Page 240 of 533
524

154.92 psi

[Satisfactory]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Beam to Wall Anchorage Design Based on TMS 402 / IBC 09

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


MASONRY STRENGTH
fm'

1.5

ksi

60

ksi

3.2

kips

FASTENER YIELD STRESS


fy

SERVICE VERTICAL LOAD


P

VERTICAL LOAD TO FACE DIMENSION


e

in

SERVICE HORIZONTAL TENSION LOAD


T

1.12

kips

WALL THICKNESS
b

in

FASTENER DIAMETER

3/4

in

EFFECTIVE EMBEDMENT

Lb

in

DISTANCE TO WALL TOP

in

[THE BEAM ANCHORAGE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

Lbe

16

NO. ANCHORS (4,6,or 8)

SPACING

Sh

in, o.c.

VERTICAL SPACING

Sv

11

in, o.c.

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

MIN. FACE PLATE SIZE - 11 in x 14 in

Yes

ANALYSIS
ANCHOR LOCATION & FORCE
MAX TENSION STRESS, ASD

Anchor

X (in)

Y (in)

XCG2

YCG2

Na

Va

ba
=
1.2
MAX SHEAR STRESS, VERTICAL

kips / fastener

1
2

-4.00
4.00

-5.50
-5.50

16.00
16.00

30.25
30.25

1.2
1.2

0.8
0.8

bv
GOVERNING SPACING
S

kips / fastener

3
4

-4.00
4.00

5.50
5.50

16.00
16.00

30.25
30.25

-0.6
-0.6

0.8
0.8

0.8

in, o.c.

CHECK MIN. EMBEDMENT (TMS 402 1.16.6)


Lb,min = MIN[ 4 , 2] =

2.00

<

in

Lb

[SATISFACTORY]

CHECK TENSION CAPACITY FOR A FASTENER (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.1.1)


Ba = MIN[ 1.25Apt(fm')0.5 , 0.6Abfy] =

3.41

>
Where

L = MIN[ Lb , Lbe] =

5.00

k ba =

kips / fastener
0.86

kips / fastener

= COS-1(0.5Sh / L) =

0.64

rad

Aseg = L2 [ - 0.5 SIN(2)] =

4.09

in2

Apt = L2 - 2Aseg =

70.36

in2 (TMS 402 1.16.2)

Ab = 2 / 4 =

0.44

in2

k=

[SATISFACTORY]

in, conservative value

3/4

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.2)


Bv = MIN[1.25Apv(fm')0.5 , 350(Abfm')1/4 , 2.5Apt(fm')0.5 , 0.36Abfy] =

>
Where

= COS-1(0.5S / Lbe) =

bv =
1.32

0.80

kips / fastener

rad

Aseg = Lbe2 [ - 0.5 SIN(2)] =

2
275.47 in

Apv = 0.5( Lbe2 - 2Aseg) =

2
126.65 in (TMS 402 1.16.3)

CHECK COMBINED SHEAR AND TENSION CAPACITY (TMS 402 2.1.4.3.3)


ba / Ba + bv / Bv =

0.79

<

1.33

1.78

[SATISFACTORY]

kips / fastener
, Gravity only

[SATISFACTORY]

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DATE :

Collector to Wall Connection Design Based on TMS 402-08 / IBC 09


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
fm'

MASONRY STRENGTH
DRAG BARS

BAR YIELD STRESS

fy

1.5

60

ksi
60

in, Long (A 706)

ksi

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

Yes

SERVICE COLLECTOR FORCE (ASCE 7-05, 12.10.2.1 & 12.4.3.2)


T
=
55
kips, ASD level
[THE COLLECTOR TO WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

ANALYSIS
CHECK DRAG BAR LENGTH (TMS 402-08, 2.1.9.3)
Ld = e MAX[ 0.13 db2 fy / (K fm' 0.5 ) , 12 ]

68 db

59

in

<
where

db

0.875

1.0

c
s

=
=
=

60

in

[SATISFACTORY]

in
(1.5 for epoxy-coated)

1.3
3.3775 in, masonry cover
7.125 in, adjacent bars clear spacing
MIN( c , s , 5db ) =

3.3775 in

CHECK DRAG BAR STRENGTH (TMS 402-08, 2.3.2.1)


Tallow = Fs As =

57.60

>
where

kips
T

[SATISFACTORY]

Fs

32

ksi, (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2 & TMS 402, 2.3.2.1)

As

1.8

in2

__
Page 242 of 533
524

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Wood Joist Design Based on NDS 05 / NDS 01, ICC PFC-4354 & PFC-5803
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
L =
JOIST SPAN
35
DL =
DEAD LOAD
22
LL =
16
LIVE LOAD / SNOW
S =
24
JOIST SPACING
CD =
DURATION FACTOR
1.25

ft
psf, (w/o self Wt)
psf
in o.c.
(NDS Tab. 2.3.2)

REPETITIVE FACTOR

(NDS 4.3.9. For DSA, 1.0)

Cr =

1.15

AVAILABLE MINIMUM Douglas Fir-Larch SIZES

DEFLECTION LIMIT OF LIVE LOAD


DEFLECTION LIMIT OF LONG-TERM LOAD
DEFLECTION LIMIT OF TOTAL LOAD

AVAILABLE MINIMUM TJI SIZES


30" TJI/L65
28" TJI/L90
AVAILABLE MINIMUM SSI SIZES
28" SSI 42MX

LL = L / 360
1.5(DL+0.33LL) = L / 480
(DL+LL) = L / 240

26" TJI/H90
26" SSI 43LX

( L / 360 , 1.2 in )
( L / 480 , 0.9 in )
( L / 240 , 1.8 in )

ANALYSIS
JOIST PROPERTIES & ALLOWABLE MOMENT & SHEAR
2x No. 2, Douglas Fir-Larch ( ASD Supplements, Tab. 5.4a)
EI x 106
Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
2
(in -lbs)
(CF included)
4
6
8
10
12

1.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
4.00

344
738
1183
1767
2375

630
990
1310
1670
2030

9
33
76
158
285

1.00

574

2.00

8
10
12

2.00
3.00
4.00

630

10

1225

990

40

1975
2942
3958

1310
1670
2030

91
188
338

V (lbs)

EI x 10
(in2-lbs)
450
666
913
1205
1545
1934
2374
2868
3417
4025

TJI/L65 ( from Trusjoist # 1062, page 5)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

3.30
3.60
3.90
4.20
4.40
4.70
5.00
5.30
5.50
5.80

6750
8030
9210
10380
11540
12690
13830
14960
16085
17205

TJI/L90 ( from Trusjoist # 1062, page 5)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

4.20
4.50
4.70
5.00
5.30
5.60
5.80
6.10
6.40
6.60

9605
11430
13115
14785
16435
18075
19700
21315
22915
24510

TJI/H90 ( from Trusjoist # 1062, page 5)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

4.60
4.90
5.20
5.40
5.70
6.00
6.30
6.50
6.80
7.10

10960
13090
15065
17010
18945
20855
22755
24645
26520
28380

1925
2125
2330
2535
2740
2935
3060
2900
2900
2900

V (lbs)
1925
2125
2330
2535
2740
2935
3060
2900
2900
2900

V (lbs)
1925
2125
2330
2535
2740
2935
3060
2900
2900
2900

(CF included)

4
6
8
10
12

2x Structural, Douglas Fir-Larch (ASD Supplements, Tab. 5.4a)


6
EI x 10
Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
(in2-lbs)
(CF included)
4

2x No. 1, Douglas Fir-Larch (from WoodBeam.xls)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)

EI x 10
2
(in -lbs)
621
913
1246
1635
2085
2597
3172
3814
4525
5306

EI x 10
2
(in -lbs)
687
1015
1389
1827
2331
2904
3549
4266
5059
5930

1.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
4.00

383
819
1314
1961
2637

630
990
1305
1665
2025

EI x 106
2
(in -lbs)
9
35
81
168
303

Where:
1.
ASD Supplements, Tab. 5.4a is from American Wood Council, 2001.
Assume that the joist top is fully lateral supported by diaphragm. (CL = 1.0)
2.
3.
WoodBeam.xls is at www.engineering-international.com

SSI 32MX ( from ICC PFC-5803, page 5 & 6)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

3.10
3.30
3.60
3.90
4.10
4.40
4.70
5.00
5.20
5.50

5391
6570
7684
8800
9918
11038
12159
13279
14401
15524

2115
2330
2530
2735
2935
3135
3335
3540
3740
3940

SSI 42MX ( from ICC PFC-5803, page 5 & 6)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

3.80
4.10
4.30
4.60
4.90
5.10
5.40
5.70
6.00
6.20

7592
9274
10863
12456
14051
15649
17248
18849
20450
22052

2060
2350
2620
2895
3165
3440
3710
3985
4255
4530

SSI 43L ( from ICC PFC-5803, page 5 & 6)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

4.60
4.90
5.20
5.40
5.70
5.90
6.20
6.40
6.70
7.00

__
Page 243 of 533
524

9789
12081
14251
16269
18419
20573
22730
24889
27050
29212

2080
2260
2425
2590
2755
2920
3090
3255
3420
3585

EI x 106
(in2-lbs)
460
667
900
1170
1478
1824
2211
2638
3106
3616

C x 106
(in2-lbs)
9.39
10.99
12.50
14.02
15.55
17.08
18.62
20.15
21.68
23.21

EI x 106
2
(in -lbs)
637
924
1246
1617
2040
2514
3042
3622
4257
4948

C x 106
2
(in -lbs)
9.54
11.15
12.68
14.22
15.77
17.32
18.87
20.42
21.97
23.53

EI x 106
2
(in -lbs)
707
1031
1394
1944
2454
3026
3661
4358
5119
5944

C x 106
2
(in -lbs)
6.81
7.91
8.97
10.05
11.13
12.21
13.30
14.39
15.47
16.56

(cont'd)
DESIGN EQUATIONS
M =

wL
8C D C r

T JI =

V =

22.5w L 4 2.26w L 2
+
EI
d 105

SSI =

5w L 4 w L2
+
384 EI
C

wL
2C D C r

DFL =

5w L
384 EI

( from Trusjoist # 1062, page 21)

( from ICC PFC-5803, page 2)

CHECK JOIST CAPACITIES & DEFLECTIONS


2x No. 2, Douglas Fir-Larch

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


4
6
8
10
12

8202
8309
8309
8415
8522

2x No. 1, Douglas Fir-Larch

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

937
950
950
962
974

120.05
32.74
14.22
6.84
3.79

312.66
86.80
37.69
18.45
10.41

288.87
79.81
34.65
16.88
9.48

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

937
950
950
962
974

108.05
27.01
11.87
5.75
3.20

281.39
71.61
31.48
15.51
8.77

259.98
65.84
28.94
14.19
7.99

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

965
969
973
976
979
982
986
990
992
996

2.48
1.69
1.24
0.95
0.74
0.60
0.49
0.41
0.35
0.30

6.71
4.60
3.39
2.61
2.06
1.66
1.37
1.15
0.98
0.84

6.13
4.19
3.09
2.37
1.87
1.51
1.25
1.04
0.89
0.76

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

976
980
982
986
990
993
996
999
1003
1006

1.81
1.25
0.92
0.71
0.56
0.46
0.38
0.32
0.27
0.23

5.00
3.45
2.56
1.98
1.58
1.29
1.07
0.90
0.77
0.67

4.55
3.14
2.33
1.80
1.43
1.16
0.97
0.81
0.70
0.60

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

981
985
989
991
995
998
1002
1004
1008
1012

1.65
1.13
0.83
0.64
0.51
0.41
0.34
0.29
0.25
0.21

4.57
3.14
2.33
1.80
1.43
1.17
0.97
0.82
0.71
0.61

4.15
2.85
2.11
1.63
1.30
1.06
0.88
0.74
0.63
0.55

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


4
6
8
10
12

8202
8309
8309
8415
8522

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

937
950
950
962
974

120.05
30.87
13.34
6.43
3.57

312.66
81.84
35.36
17.35
9.79

288.87
75.25
32.51
15.88
8.91

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

963
965
969
973
975
979
982
986
989
992

2.40
1.66
1.24
0.96
0.76
0.62
0.51
0.43
0.37
0.32

6.48
4.51
3.38
2.62
2.09
1.71
1.43
1.21
1.04
0.90

5.93
4.12
3.08
2.39
1.91
1.56
1.30
1.10
0.94
0.81

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

971
975
978
981
985
987
991
995
998
1001

1.75
1.21
0.90
0.70
0.56
0.46
0.38
0.32
0.28
0.24

4.77
3.33
2.49
1.94
1.56
1.28
1.07
0.91
0.78
0.68

4.35
3.03
2.27
1.77
1.41
1.16
0.97
0.82
0.71
0.61

V (lbs)

LL
(in)

LT
(in)

D+L
(in)

981
985
989
991
995
997
1001
1003
1007
1010

1.60
1.11
0.83
0.60
0.48
0.40
0.33
0.28
0.24
0.21

4.43
3.09
2.32
1.69
1.36
1.12
0.94
0.80
0.69
0.61

4.02
2.80
2.10
1.53
1.23
1.01
0.85
0.72
0.62
0.55

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

2x Structural, Douglas Fir-Larch

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


4
6
8
10
12

8202
8309
8309
8415
8522

CHECK
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

TJI/L65

SSI 32MX

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

8447
8479
8511
8543
8564
8596
8628
8660
8682
8713

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.

TJI/L90

8543
8575
8596
8628
8660
8692
8713
8745
8777
8799

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.

TJI/H90

8426
8447
8479
8511
8532
8564
8596
8628
8650
8682

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

8500
8532
8554
8586
8618
8639
8671
8703
8735
8756

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.

SSI 43L

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

CHECK

SSI 42MX

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)

8586
8618
8650
8671
8703
8735
8767
8788
8820
8852

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

8586
8618
8650
8671
8703
8724
8756
8777
8809
8841

__
Page 244 of 533
524

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Double Joist Design for Mechanical Equipment Based on NDS 05 / NDS 01, ICC PFC-4354 & PFC-5803
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
L =
30
JOIST SPAN
DL =
DEAD LOAD
26
S =
24
JOIST SPACING
CD =
DURATION FACTOR
1.33
DEFLECTION LIMITATION

AVAILABLE MINIMUM Douglas Fir-Larch SIZES


ft
psf, (w/o self Wt)
in o.c.
(NDS Tab. 2.3.2)

(DL+E) = L / 240

EQUIPMENT WEIGHT
HEIGHT OF MASS CENTER
EQUIPMENT LENGTH
EQUIPMENT WIDTH

22" TJI/H90
22" SSI 43L

( L / 240 , 1.5 in )
3
3
4
6

W=
H=
D=
B=

AVAILABLE MINIMUM TJI SIZES


24" TJI/L90
AVAILABLE MINIMUM SSI SIZES
28" SSI 42MX

kips
ft, 2/3 total height
ft
ft, double joist spacing

SEISMIC LOADS, (CBC 2007 / IBC 2006)


FH = Fp = (KH) MAX{ 0.3SDSIpW , MIN[ 0.4apSDSIp(1+2z/h)/Rp W , 1.6SDSIpW ] }
= 1.3 MAX{ 0.43W , MIN[ 1.15W , 2.30W ]}
=
1.50 W , (SD)
=
1.07 W , (ASD) =
3.21
kips
(ASCE 7-05, Sec. 13.3.1)
F V = KV W =
0.18 W , (ASD) =
0.53
kips, up & down
where

SDS =

0.96

(ASCE 7-05 Sec 11.4.4)

Ip =

1.5

(ASCE Sec. 13.1.3)

ap =

(ASCE Tab. 13.6-1)

Rp =
z=
h=
KH =

1.5
h
36
1.3

(ASCE Tab. 13.6-1)


ft
ft
(ASCE Sec. 13.4.2a)

KV = KH 0.2 SDS / 1.4 =

0.18

wE = (0.5 FH H / B + 0.25 FV) / L =


GRAVITY LOADS
wR =
0.5 (B + S) DL =

234

104

wD = 0.25 W / D =

188

(vertical seismic factor)


plf / joist, at middle of span

plf / joist, full span

plf / joist, at middle of span

ANALYSIS
DESIGN EQUATIONS

M=

2
LD D 2
wR L
+ ( wD + wE )
+
8C D
4C D 8C D

( DL + E ) =

V =

w RL + ( w D + w E ) D
2C D

5w R L 4 ( w D + w E ) L 3D
+
384 EI
48 EI

JOIST PROPERTIES & ALLOWABLE MOMENT & SHEAR


2x No. 2, Douglas Fir-Larch ( ASD Supplements, Tab. 5.4a)
EI x 106
Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
(in2-lbs)
(CF included)
4
6
8
10
12

1.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
4.00

344
738
1183
1767
2375

630
990
1310
1670
2030

2x No. 1, Douglas Fir-Larch (from WoodBeam.xls)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
(CF included)

9
33
76
158
285

4
6
8
10
12

2x Structural, Douglas Fir-Larch (ASD Supplements, Tab. 5.4a)


6
EI x 10
Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
(in2-lbs)
(CF included)
4

1.00

574

630

10

2.00

8
10
12

2.00
3.00
4.00

1225

990

40

1975
2942
3958

1310
1670
2030

91
188
338

TJI/L65 ( from Trusjoist # 1062, page 5)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

3.30
3.60
3.90
4.20
4.40
4.70
5.00
5.30
5.50
5.80

6750
8030
9210
10380
11540
12690
13830
14960
16085
17205

1.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
4.00

1925
2125
2330
2535
2740
2935
3060
2900
2900
2900

EI x 10
(in2-lbs)
450
666
913
1205
1545
1934
2374
2868
3417
4025

630
990
1305
1665
2025

9
35
81
168
303

Where:
1.
ASD Supplements, Tab. 5.4a is from American Wood Council, 2001.
Assume that the joist top is fully lateral supported by diaphragm. (CL = 1.0)
2.
3.
WoodBeam.xls is at www.engineering-international.com

SSI 32MX ( from ICC PFC-5803, page 5 & 6)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)

__

V (lbs)

383
819
1314
1961
2637

EI x 106
(in2-lbs)

11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

Page 245 of 533


524

3.10
3.30
3.60
3.90
4.10
4.40
4.70
5.00
5.20
5.50

5391
6570
7684
8800
9918
11038
12159
13279
14401
15524

2115
2330
2530
2735
2935
3135
3335
3540
3740
3940

EI x 10
(in2-lbs)
460
667
900
1170
1478
1824
2211
2638
3106
3616

C x 106
(in2-lbs)
9.39
10.99
12.50
14.02
15.55
17.08
18.62
20.15
21.68
23.21

(cont'd)
TJI/L90 ( from Trusjoist # 1062, page 5)
Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

4.20
4.50
4.70
5.00
5.30
5.60
5.80
6.10
6.40
6.60

9605
11430
13115
14785
16435
18075
19700
21315
22915
24510

TJI/H90 ( from Trusjoist # 1062, page 5)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

V (lbs)

4.60
4.90
5.20
5.40
5.70
6.00
6.30
6.50
6.80
7.10

1925
2125
2330
2535
2740
2935
3060
2900
2900
2900

V (lbs)

10960
13090
15065
17010
18945
20855
22755
24645
26520
28380

1925
2125
2330
2535
2740
2935
3060
2900
2900
2900

EI x 10
(in2-lbs)
621
913
1246
1635
2085
2597
3172
3814
4525
5306

EI x 10
(in2-lbs)
687
1015
1389
1827
2331
2904
3549
4266
5059
5930

SSI 42MX ( from ICC PFC-5803, page 5 & 6)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

3.80
4.10
4.30
4.60
4.90
5.10
5.40
5.70
6.00
6.20

7592
9274
10863
12456
14051
15649
17248
18849
20450
22052

2060
2350
2620
2895
3165
3440
3710
3985
4255
4530

SSI 43L ( from ICC PFC-5803, page 5 & 6)


Deep (in)
Wt (lbs/ft)
M (ft-lbs)
V (lbs)
11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

4.60
4.90
5.20
5.40
5.70
5.90
6.20
6.40
6.70
7.00

9789
12081
14251
16269
18419
20573
22730
24889
27050
29212

2080
2260
2425
2590
2755
2920
3090
3255
3420
3585

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1807
1807
1807
1807
1807

392.69
100.98
43.63
21.04
11.66

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1842
1844
1847
1851
1853
1856
1860
1863
1865
1869

7.68
5.30
3.93
3.02
2.39
1.94
1.60
1.34
1.14
0.98

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1850
1853
1855
1859
1862
1864
1868
1871
1874
1877

5.55
3.82
2.84
2.19
1.73
1.41
1.16
0.98
0.83
0.71

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1859
1862
1865
1868
1871
1873
1877
1879
1882
1886

5.00
3.43
2.54
1.82
1.44
1.17
0.97
0.81
0.69
0.59

EI x 10
(in2-lbs)
637
924
1246
1617
2040
2514
3042
3622
4257
4948

C x 10
(in2-lbs)
9.54
11.15
12.68
14.22
15.77
17.32
18.87
20.42
21.97
23.53

C x 10
(in2-lbs)
6.81
7.91
8.97
10.05
11.13
12.21
13.30
14.39
15.47
16.56

EI x 10
(in2-lbs)
707
1031
1394
1944
2454
3026
3661
4358
5119
5944

CHECK JOIST CAPACITIES & DEFLECTIONS


2x No. 2, Douglas Fir-Larch

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


4
6
8
10
12

19023
19108
19108
19192
19277

2x No. 1, Douglas Fir-Larch

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1818
1829
1829
1841
1852

392.69
107.10
46.50
22.37
12.40

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


4
6
8
10
12

19023
19108
19108
19192
19277

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

2x Structural, Douglas Fir-Larch

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


4
6
8
10
12

19023
19108
19108
19192
19277

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1818
1829
1829
1841
1852

353.42
88.35
38.84
18.80
10.46

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1844
1847
1851
1854
1856
1860
1863
1867
1869
1872

7.85
5.31
3.87
2.93
2.29
1.83
1.49
1.23
1.03
0.88

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1854
1858
1860
1863
1867
1870
1872
1876
1879
1881

5.69
3.87
2.84
2.16
1.70
1.36
1.11
0.93
0.78
0.67

V (lbs)

(DL+E)
(in)

1859
1862
1865
1868
1871
1874
1878
1880
1883
1887

5.14
3.48
2.54
1.93
1.52
1.22
1.00
0.83
0.70
0.60

CHECK
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

TJI/L65

SSI 32MX

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

19217
19243
19268
19294
19311
19336
19361
19387
19404
19429

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

TJI/L90

19294
19319
19336
19361
19387
19412
19429
19454
19480
19497

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.

TJI/H90

19201
19217
19243
19268
19285
19311
19336
19361
19378
19404

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

19260
19285
19302
19327
19353
19370
19395
19420
19446
19463

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.

SSI 43L

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

CHECK

SSI 42MX

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)


11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)

19327
19353
19378
19395
19420
19446
19471
19488
19514
19539

CHECK

Deep (in) M (ft-lbs)

__
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.

11 7/8
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30

Page 246 of 533


524

19327
19353
19378
19395
19420
19437
19463
19480
19505
19530

CHECK

N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.
o.k.

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE:

Wood Beam Design Base on NDS 2005


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
MEMBER SIZE
MEMBER SPAN
UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED DEAD LOAD

6 x 12
L=
wD =

No. 1, Douglas Fir-Larch

8.5
112

ft
lbs / ft

lbs / ft

wL =

UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED LIVE LOAD

PD1 =

CONCENTRATED DEAD LOADS

1500 lbs

L1 =

(0 for no concentrated load)

PD2 =

ft

3936 lbs

L2 =

ft

L = L / 360

DEFLECTION LIMIT OF LIVE LOAD

Camber => 0.18 inch

Kcr D + L = L / 180

DEFLECTION LIMIT OF LONG-TERM

THE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


Does member have continuous lateral support by top diaphragm ?
(1= yes, 0= no)
1
Yes
Duration Factor, CD
Condition
0.90
Dead Load
1.00
Occupancy Live Load
1.15
Snow Load
1.25
Construction Load
1.60
Wind/Earthquake Load
2.00
Impact Load
=>
4
Construction Load

Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
Choice

ANALYSIS
DETERMINE REACTIONS, MOMENT, SHEAR
RLeft =
wSelf Wt =
14
lbs / ft
VMax =

3.43

2.95

Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
Choice

RRight =

kips

Designation
Select Structural, Douglas Fir-Larch
No. 1, Douglas Fir-Larch
No. 2, Douglas Fir-Larch
Select Structural, Southern Pine
No. 1, Southern Pine
No. 2, Southern Pine

=>

3.56

kips

MMax =

11.67

ft-kips, at 5.00 ft from left end

E = Ex =

1600

ksi

Fb =

Fb =

1,350

psi

F = FbE / Fb* =

N/A

Fv =

170

psi

Fb' =

1,688

psi

E' =

1,600

ksi

Fv' =

213

psi

kips, at 11.5 inch from right end

DETERMINE SECTION PROPERTIES& ALLOWABLE STRESSES


b =

5.50

in

E'min =

N/A

d =

11.50

in

FbE =

N/A

A =

63.3

in2

I =

697

Sx =

121.2

in3

RB =

N/A

E=

CD
1.25

in4

N/A

N/A
CM
1.00

Ct
1.00

Ci
1.00

CL
1.00

CF
1.00

CV
1.00

Cc
1.00

Cr
1.00

CHECK BENDING AND SHEAR CAPACITIES


fb = MMax / Sx =

1156

fv' = 1.5 VMax / A =

psi

<

Fb =

81

psi

<

CHECK DEFLECTIONS
(L, Max) = 0.00

in, at 4.250 ft from left end,

(Kcr D + L , Max) = 0.18

in, at 4.400 ft from left end

Where

Kcr =

1.50

1688 psi
Fv'

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

<
<

__

, (NDS 3.5.2)

DETERMINE CAMBER AT 1.5 (DEAD + SELF WEIGHT)


(1.5D, Max) =
0.18
in, at 4.400 ft from left end

Page 247 of 533


524

L = L / 360

[Satisfactory]

Kcr D + L = L / 180

[Satisfactory]

CHECK THE BEAM CAPACITY WITH AXIAL LOAD


AXIAL LOAD

8.1

kips

THE ALLOWABLE COMPRESSIVE STRESS IS


Fc' = Fc CD CP CF =
1396 psi
Where

Fc =

925

CD =

1.60

CF =

1.00

psi
(Lumber only)
2

0.5

CP = (1+F) / 2c - [(1+F) / 2c) - F / c]


Fc* = Fc CD CF =

1480

Le = Ke L = 1.0 L =
d =
11.5 in
SF = slenderness ratio =
2

FcE = 0.822 E'min / SF

psi
102

in

<

8.9

6060

psi

F = FcE / Fc* =
4.095
c =
0.8
THE ACTUAL COMPRESSIVE STRESS IS
fc = F / A =
128
psi

<

Fc'

THE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRESS IS


Fb' =
2160 psi, [ for CD =

1.6

E'min =

580

0.944

50

[Satisfies NDS 2005 Sec. 3.7.1.4]

ksi

THE ACTUAL FLEXURAL STRESS IS


fb = (M + Fe) / S =
1540 psi

<

[Satisfactory]

Fb'

[Satisfactory]

CHECK COMBINED STRESS [NDS 2005 Sec. 3.9.2]


2

(fc / Fc' ) + fb / [Fb' (1 - fc / FcE)]

0.737

<

[Satisfactory]

__
Page 248 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Wood Post, Wall Stud, or King Stud Design Based on NDS 2005
INPUT DATA

DESIGN SUMMARY

HEIGHT
Effective Length (NDS 3.7)

1 - 4'' x 6'' DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH No. 1

H=
Le x-x =

14.33
14.33

ft
ft, (strong axis bending)

USE:

Le y-y =

14.33

ft, (weak axis bending)

1. CHECK VERTICAL LOADS : fc < Fc' ?


72 psi

PDL =

AXIAL LOAD

800

PLL =
Total
LATERAL LOAD

P=

w=

20

<

208 psi

580

lbs

1,380

lbs

2. CHECK BENDING LOADS : fb < Fb' ?


1129 psi

<

2023 psi

plf

fc

3. CHECK INTERACTION :
F=

406

Max Section
Max Section

lbs, at
M=
V=

10

1660 ft-lbs, at 10.00 ft from bottom


427 lbs, at top end
1

GRADE ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 )

3
999
4
6

No. 1

DRY

pcs, b =
h=

WET / DRY ? (1 = DRY, 2 = WET)

'

Fc

ft, from bottom

SPECIES (1 = DFL, 2 = SP, 3 = LSL, 4 = PSL)

SECTION

[Satisfactory]

lbs

DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH

0.964

<

f bx
1
1 ?
1 f c F cEx F bx'

[Satisfactory]

4. CHECK SHEAR LOADS : fv < Fv' ?


33 psi

in
in

[Satisfactory]

<

288 psi

[Satisfactory]

5. MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL DEFLECTION


=
0.65
in, at 7.73 ft from bottom
( H / 265 )

ANALYSIS
COLUMN BASIC DESIGN STRESSES:
COMPRESSIVE STRESS
MODULUS OF ELASTICITY

Fc =
E=

1500
1700

psi
ksi

BENDING STRESS (X-Axis)

Fbx =

1000

psi

Fv =

180

psi

dy =
dx =
A =
Sx =
Ix =

5.50
3.50
19.25
17.65
48.53

in
in
in2
in3
in4

Le x-x / dy =
Le y-y / dx =

31.3
49.1

SHEAR STRESS (X-Axis)


COLUMN PROPERTIES:
STANDARD DRESSED SIZE
AREA
SECTION PROPERTIES

Abt. x-x

LENGTH-DEPTH RATIO

ADJUSTMENT FACTORS:

Fbx'

Fc'

Fv'

10

E'

DURATION (NDS 2.3.2)

CD

1.60

1.60

1.60

MOISTURE FACTOR

CM

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

COLUMN PARAMETER

TEMPERATURE FACTOR

Ct

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

BEAM PARAMETER

INCISING FACTOR

Ci

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

SIZE FACTOR

CF

1.30

1.10

FLAT USE FACTOR

Cfu

MODULUS OF ELASTICITY

1.00

COLUMN STABILITY
REPETITIVE (1.15 or 1.0)

Cr

1.00

BEAM STABILITY

CL

0.97

620

c =

0.80

RB =

11.544

Fb E =

5583

psi

2080

psi

0.079

Fc* =

211
2640

psi

Fb =

psi

ADJUSTED PROPERTIES:
MODULUS OF ELASTICITY

AXIAL STRESS
BENDING STRESSES

1700

ksi

AXIAL STRESS

__

BENDING STRESS (X-Axis)


ACTUAL STRESSES:

E' =
Fbx' =

2023

Fc' =

208

psi

psi

SHEAR STRESS

Fv' =

288

psi

SHEAR STRESS

fv =

33

psi

fc =

71.7

psi

fbx =

1128.7

psi

Page 249 of 533


524

ksi

< 50

BUCKLING VALUES
FcE =

CP

E'min =

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Shear Wall Design Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10 / NDS 05


INPUT DATA
vdia, WIND =
vdia, SEISMIC =
wDL =
wLL =

LATERAL FORCE ON DIAPHRAGM:


GRAVITY LOADS ON THE ROOF:
DIMENSIONS:

240

plf,for wind

286

plf,for seismic, ASD

262

plf,for dead load

plf,for live load

Lw =

ft , h =

16

ft

L =

11

ft , hp =

ft

<= Sheathing and Single-Floor

PANEL GRADE ( 0 or 1)

MINIMUM NOMINAL PANEL THICKNESS

COMMON NAIL SIZE ( 0=6d, 1=8d, 2=10d )


SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF FRAMING MEMBERS
EDGE STUD SECTION

15/32

in

8d

0.5

pcs, b =

in , h =

SPECIES (1 = DFL, 2 = SP)

DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH

GRADE ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 )

No. 1

STORY OPTION ( 1=ground level, 2=upper level)

in

ground level shear wall

THE SHEAR WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


DESIGN SUMMARY
BLOCKED 15/32 SHEATHING WITH 8d COMMON NAILS
@ 4 in O.C. BOUNDARY & ALL EDGES / 12 in O.C. FIELD,
5/8 in DIA. x 10 in LONG ANCHOR BOLTS @ 30 in O.C.
HOLD-DOWN FORCES:
TL =
3.69
k ,
TR =
4.27
k
F=
DRAG STRUT FORCES:
0.57
k
EDGE STUD:
2 - 2'' x 6'' DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH No. 1, CONTINUOUS FULL HEIGHT.
=
SHEAR WALL DEFLECTION:
0.66
in

(USE PHD5-SDS3 SIMPSON HOLD-DOWN)

ANALYSIS
CHECK MAX SHEAR WALL DIMENSION RATIO
DETERMINE REQUIRED CAPACITY

L/B =
vb =

350

1.8
plf,

<

3.5

Side Diaphragm Required, the Max. Nail Spacing =

[Satisfactory]
4

in )

THE SHEAR CAPACITIES PER IBC Table 2306.3 / SDPWS-08 Table 4.3A with ASD reduction factor 2.0)
Blocked Nail Spacing
Min.
Min.
Panel Grade
Boundary & All Edges
Common Penetration Thickness
Nail
(in)
(in)
6
4
3
2
Sheathing and Single-Floor
8d
1 1/2
15/32
260
380
490
640

Note:

1. The indicated shear numbers have reduced by specific gravity factor per IBC note a.
2. Since the wall is blocked, SDPW-08 Table 4.3.3.2 does not apply.
F = (L-Lw) MAX( vdia, WIND, 0vdia, SEISMIC ) =

DETERMINE DRAG STRUT FORCE:

0.57

( 0

) (Sec. 1633.2.6)

DETERMINE MAX SPACING OF 5/8" DIA ANCHOR BOLT (NDS 2005, Tab.11E)
5/8 in DIA. x 10 in LONG ANCHOR BOLTS @ 30 in O.C.

WIND

240

42240

Net Uplift
(lbs)

Left

21035

0.9

TL =

3694

Right

15271

0.9

TR =

4271

Left

21035

2/3

TL =

3135

Right

15271

2/3

TR =

3562

Holddown
SIMPSON

52179

Safety
Factors

SD
S

230

286

Resisting
Moments (ft-lbs)

D5
-

SEISMIC

Overturning
Moments (ft-lbs)

PH

THE HOLD-DOWN FORCES:


Wall Seismic
vdia
at mid-story (lbs)
(plf)

(TL & TR values should include upper level UPLIFT forces if applicable)
CHECK MAXIMUM SHEAR WALL DEFLECTION: ( IBC Section 2305.3 / SDPWS-08 4.3.2)

= Be nding + Shear + Nail


Where:

vb =
A=
t=

slip

350
16.50
0.298

CHECK EDGE STUD CAPACITY

+ C hord
plf , ASD
in2
in

splice slip

Lw =
h =
en =

hd a
8v b h 3 v bh
+
+ 0.75he n +
EAL w Gt
Lw
9
16
0.012

ft
ft
in

__

5.42

kips, (this value should include upper level DOWNWARD loads if applicable)
psi

1700

ksi

CF =

CP =

0.15

1.10

'

404

Fc =

Page 250 of 533


524

0.686

in

[Satisfactory]
(ASCE 7-05 12.8.6)
I=
Cd =
4
1
,(ASCE 7-05 Tab 12.2-1 & Tab 11.5-1)
0.02

hsx

, (ASCE 7-05 Tab 12.12-1)

1500

1.60

<

in, ASD

xe,allowable, ASD =

a =

Fc =
E=

0.665

E = 1.7E+06 psi
G = 9.0E+04 psi
da =
0.15
in

Pmax =

CD =

A=
psi

16.5

>
[Satisfactory]

fc =

in2
329

psi

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Wood Diaphragm Design Based on NDS 2005


INPUT DATA
wL, WIND =
wL, SEISMIC =
LATERAL FORCE ALONG B SIDE:
wB, WIND =
wB, SEISMIC =

256

plf,for wind

300

plf,for seismic

256

plf,for wind

343

plf,for seismic

DIMENSIONS:

LATERAL FORCE ALONG L SIDE:

L=

240

ft , B =

110

ft

B1 =

45

ft , B2 =

40

ft

<= Sheathing and Single-Floor

PANEL GRADE ( 0 or 1)

MINIMUM NOMINAL FRAMING WITH ( 2 or 3) =


=

MINIMUM NOMINAL PANEL THICKNESS

COMMON NAIL SIZE ( 0=6d, 1=8d, 2=10d )

in

15/32

in

8d

SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF FRAMING MEMBERS


0.43
FRAMING OF Douglas-Fir-Larch OR Southern Pine ?

Yes

DESIGN SUMMARY
A1:
(2) - 10 ft x 110 ft
BLOCKED 15/32 SHEATHING WITH 8d COMMON NAILS
@ 4 in O.C. BOUNDARY / 6 in O.C. EDGES / 12"O.C. FIELD.

A2:

(2) - 14 ft x 110 ft
BLOCKED 15/32 SHEATHING WITH 8d COMMON NAILS
@ 6" O.C. BOUNDARY & EDGES / 12"O.CFIELD.

A3:

(1) - 192.00 ft x 110 ft


UNBLOCKED 15/32 SHEATHING WITH 8d COMMON NAILS
@ 6" O.C. ALL EDGES / 12"O.CFIELD.
THE CHORD FORCES:
TL = CL = 19.64
THE DRAG STRUT FORCES:
F1 =
9.16
THE MAXIMUM DIAPHRAGM DEFLECTION:

k ,
k ,

TB = CB =
F2 =
=

2.16
36.65
3.30

k
k
in

ANALYSIS
THE DIAPHRAGM IS CONSIDER FLEXIBLE IF ITS MAXIMUM LATERAL DEFORMATION IS MORE THAN TWO TIMES THE AVERAGE SHEAR
WALL DEFLECTION OF THE ASSOCIATED STORY. WITHOUT FURTHER CALCULATIONS, ASSUME A FLEXIBLE DIAPHRAGM HERE.
FROM THE TABLE 3.1 IN ASD MANUAL SUPP 01, PAGE SP-12, THE PANEL BENDING STRENGTH CAPACITY IS 355 in-lbs/ft, THAT IS THE
DIAPHRAGM CAN RESISTS 59 psf GRAVITY LOADS (DL+LL) AT 2'-0" o.c. SPACING SUPPORTS.
THE MAX DIAPHRAGM DIMENSION RATIO

L/B =

2.2

< 3, [satisfactory]

THE MAX SHEAR FORCE ALONG B SIDE

vL =

327

plf, ( Boundary Spacing =

THE MAX SHEAR FORCE ALONG L SIDE

vB =

79

plf, ( Required Boundary/Edges Nail Spacing for Case 3 =

in, Edges ReqD =

THE ALLOWABLE SHEAR FORCE FOR CASE 1 @ 6 in NAIL SPACING

v1 =

300

plf, L1 =

110.0

ft

THE MAX ALLOWABLE UNBLOCKED SHEAR FORCE FOR CASE 1

v1 =

265

plf, L2 =

97.2

ft

THE SHEAR CAPACITIES PER IBC Table 2306.2.1 / SDPWS-08 Table 4.2A with ASD reduction factor 2.0 :
Blocked Nail Spacing
Min.
Min.
Member
Panel Grade
Boundary / Other Edges
Common PenetrationThickness Width
Nail
(in)
(in)
(in)
6/6
4/6
2.5 / 4
2/3
Sheathing and Single-Floor
8d
1 1/2
15/32
3
300
400
600
675

in )

in )

Unblocked
Case 1
265

Others
200

Note: The indicated shear numbers have reduced by specific gravity factor per SDPWS-08 Table 4.2A note 2.
THE CHORD FORCES:

TL = CL = ( wLL2 ) / ( 8B ) =

THE DRAG STRUT FORCES:

19.64

TB = CB = ( wBB2 ) / ( 8L ) =

F1 = 0.5 (B-2B1) MAX( v1, WIND, 0v1, SEISMIC ) =

9.16

F2 = B2 MAX( v1, WIND, 0v1, SEISMIC ) =

36.65

2.16

0 = 2.8

(ASCE 7-05
Table 12.2-1)

THE MAXIMUM DIAPHRAGM DEFLECTION: (IBC 2305.2.2 , / SDPWS-08 4.2.2)

= Bending + Shear + Nail


Where:

Note:

slip

+ Chord

splice slip

5v L L 3 v LL
+
+ 0.188 Le n +
8 EAB 4 Gt

( DCx )

3.301

in

2B

vL =
327
plf
L=
240
ft
E = 1.7E+06 psi
2
A = 21.75 in
B=
110
ft
G = 9.0E+04 psi,(UBC97 Page3-421)
t = 0.298 in,(UBC97 Page3-420)
en = 0.037 in,(UBC97 Page3-422) (Dcx) = 45.00 in
The deflection, , above is based on completely blocked. For unblocked diaphragm, 2.4 should be used.

Daniel
Tian Li

PROJECT :

PAGE :

CLIENT :

DESIGN BY :

JOB NO. :

DATE :

REVIEW BY :

Subdiaphragm Design Based on ASCE 7-05

INPUT DATA
L=
B=
hr =

Length
Width
Roof Height

hP =

4
112

psf

SDS =
I=
vallowable =

0.54
1
720

plf

Wall Weight

Importance Factor
Diaphragm Shear Capacity

ft
ft
ft

WP =

Parapet Height

Coefficient

60
46
28

ft

ANALYSIS
The subdiaphragms comply with 2.5:1 of max. length-to-width rario. (ASCE 7-05, 12.11.2.2.1)
The wall anchor force is given by ASCE 7-05, 12.11.2 as

F P = MAX 0.8S DS I W p
Where :

Fmin

( hr +h p )

2h r

, 400 S DS I , F min =

885 plf

plf

280

(ASCE 7-05, 12.11.2c)

Wood subdiaphragm shear :


v=

0.5 F PL
1.4 B

plf, for ASD


412
vallowable
<
Satisfactory to use diaphragm nailing for subdiaphragm.

Chord force :

T = C = F PL
8B

8.66

k, (Indicated force has NOT been reduced for ASD)

Reaction force :
R=

F PL
2

26.54 k
(Indicated force has NOT been reduced for ASD)

__
Page 252 of 533
524

Daniel
T. Li

PROJECT :

PAGE :

CLIENT :

DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

JOB NO. :

DATE :

Subdiaphragm Design Based on UBC 97


INPUT DATA
Length
Width
Roof Height

L=
B=
hr =

60
46
28

ft
ft
ft
ft

hP =

WP =

112

Ca =
Coefficient
Seismic Zone (2A, 2B, 3, 4)
IP =
Importance Factor
vallowable =
Diaphragm Capacity

0.44
4
1

Parapet Height
Wall Weight

720

psf

plf (ASD)

ANALYSIS
Rp
=
3
ap
=
1.5
The subdiaphragms comply with 2.5:1 max. length-to-width rario. (Sec.1633.2.9,UBC 97)

Fp=

a pC a I p
4a C I pw p
h
1+ 3 x wp = p a
=
hr
Rp
Rp

99

psf

Check minimum wall-roof anchorage force : (Sec.1633.2.8.1 & 1611.4, UBC97)


w= F

( h r +h p )

2h r

Thus, w

1802

plf

1802

plf

>

420

plf

Wood subdiaphragm shear : (Sec.1633.2.8.1 item 5, UBC97)


0.5wL
, for zone 3 or 4
1.4 B
=
plf, for ASD
714
v=
0.5wL
<
720
plf
, for zone 1 or 2
1.4 B
Use diaphragm nailing for subdiaphragm is adequate.
0.85

Chord force :
T =C=

wL 2
8B

Steel tie/reaction force :


1.4

R=

wL
,
2

wL
,
2

17.63

kips, (for SD)

12.59

kips, (for ASD)

(Sec.1633.2.8.1 item 4, UBC97)

for zone 3 or 4
=

75.69

kips, (SD) =

__

for zone 1 or 2

Page 253 of 533


524

54.07 kips, (for ASD)

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Top Plate Connection Design Based on NDS 2005


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
DIAPHRAGM CHORD FORCE RESISTED BY THE TOP PLATE
T=C=
NAIL TYPE ( 0=Common Wire, 1=Box, 2=Sinker )
NAIL PENNY-WEIGHT ( 12d, 16d, 20d )
LUMBER TYPE
( 0=Douglas Fir-Larch, 1=Douglas Fir-Larch(N),
2=Hem-Fir(N), 3=Hem-Fir, 4=Spruce-Pine-Fir)
LUMBER GRADE ( 0=Select Structural, 1=No.1 & Btr, 2=No.1, 3=No.2,
4=No.3, 5=Stud, 6=Construction, 7=Standard, 8=Utility)
TOP PLATE SIZE
Double
2
x

15
0
16d
0

CD =
CM =
Ct =

LOAD DURATION FACTOR ( Tab 2.3.2, NDS 2005, Page 8 )


WET SERVICE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.3, NDS 2005, Page 58 )
TEMPERATURE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.4, NDS 2005, Page 58 )

k
Common Wire Nail
Douglas Fir-Larch, G=0.5

No.1

No.1, Douglas Fir-Larch, G=0.5

1.6
1.0
1.0

Use CMSTC16 with 32-16d sinkers, Each Side.

ANALYSIS
DESIGN VALUE FOR TENSION (Tab 4A, NDS 2005 SUPP, Page 32)
AREA OF CROSS SECTION FOR ONE 2 x 6 MEMBER
SIZE FACTOR (Tab 4A, NDS 2005 SUPP, Page 30)
ALLOWABLE TENSION CAPACITY FOR ONE 2 x 6 ONLY

Ft =
675
psi
2
A =
8.25 in
CF =
1.30
T' = AFtCDCMCtCF =

11.58

< T, SIMPSON STRAP REQUIRED.

L =
ts =
p =
THE PENETRATION OF THE NAIL INTO THE MAIN MEMBER
D =
NAIL DIAMETER
THE PENETRATION FACTOR (Note 3, Tab 11N, NDS 2005, Page 97) Cd =

NAIL LENGTH

SIDE MEMBER THICKNESS

in
in
in
1.99
0.162 in
3 1/2

1 1/2

1.00

THE NOMINAL DESIGN VALUE FOR SINGLE SHEAR IS TABULATED IN NDS 2005 TABLE 11N, PAGE 97, AS
Z =
141
lbf
THE ALLOWABLE LATERAL DESIGN VALUE FOR THE ONE NAIL IS

Z' =

ZCDCMCtCd

n =
=
T / Z'
THE NUMBER OF NAILS REQUIRED IS
T - T' =
THE MIN. FORCE RESISTED BY THE SIMPSON STRAP
3.42
Use CMSTC16 with 32-16d sinkers, Each Side.

__

226

66.5

Technical References:
1. "National Design Specification, NDS", 2005 Edition, AF&AP, AWC, 2005.
2. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering Reference Manual", Professional Publications, Inc, 2001.

Page 254 of 533


524

lbf
67

Nails

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Bolt Connection Design Based on NDS 2005


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
AXIAL TENSILE FORCE (ASD)
NUMBER OF BOLTS
BOLT DIAMETER
BOLT SPACING

T=
n=
=
S=

5.3
3
3/4
3

END DISTANCE OF WOOD

En =

in

END DISTANCE OF STEEL

En,s =

1.5

in

LUMBER TYPE

( 0=Douglas Fir-Larch, 1=Douglas Fir-Larch(N),


2=Hem-Fir(N), 3=Hem-Fir, 4=Spruce-Pine-Fir)
LUMBER SIZE
(
2
)
2
STRAP SIZE
5
LOAD DURATION FACTOR ( Tab 2.3.2, NDS 2005, Page 8 )
WET SERVICE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.3, NDS 2005, Page 58 )

0
thk. x
width x
CD =
CM =

6
1/4
1.6
1.0

TEMPERATURE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.4, NDS 2005, Page 58 )

Ct =

1.0

in

Douglas Fir-Larch, G=0.5


width
thk.

THE CONNECTION DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

1/4

ANALYSIS
CHECK STEEL STRAP CAPACITIES (AISC 360-05, ASD)
2
Ag =
1.25 in , yielding critierion
Tallow =

0.6 Fy Ag =

An =

(0.6 from 1/ t, Typ.)


2
1.03 in , fracture criterion

Tallow =

0.5 Fu An =

Av =

1.33

27.00

29.91

>

>

>

36.00

ksi

[Satisfactory]

Fu =

58.00

ksi

[Satisfactory]

in2, block shear

Tallow =

0.3 Fu Av + 0.5 Fu (0.5 An) =

38.06

rmin =

t / (12)0.5 =

in

L / rmin =

Fy =

0.072

55

<

300

[Satisfactory]

L=

Max (En , S ) =

[Satisfactory]

in

(AISC 360-05 D1)

CHECK EDGE, END, & SPACING DISTANCE REQUIREMENTS (NDS 2005, Table 11.5.1A, Table 11.5.1B, & Table 11.5.1C)
Eg =

2.75

in

>

1.5 D

[Satisfactory]

En =

in

>

3.5 D

[Satisfactory]

S=

in

>

3D

[Satisfactory]

CHECK WOOD CAPACITY


C = Min (C1 , C2 , C3) =
where

Cg =

where

1.000
1.000

m 1 m 2 n

n 1+ R EA m n (1+m ) 1+m 2 n
n=

tm =

0.762

C3 = (actual spacing) / (min spacing for full design value) = S / 4D =

E mA m =

where

, (geometry factor, NDS 2005, 11.5.1, page 76)

C2 = (actual shear area) / (min shear area for full design value) =

E sAs =

Z'II

0.762

C1 = (actual end distance) / (min end distance for full design value) = En / 7D =

0.988

= 180000 D1.5 =

__

3.8E+07 lbs, (NDS 2005, Table 10.3.6C)


3

116913

u = 1+ S/2 [1 / EmAm + 1 / EsAs] =

in

m = u - (u2 - 1)0.5 = 0.855

2.3E+07 lbs, (NDS 2005, Table 10.3.6C)

1470

, (group action factor, NDS 2005, 10.3.6, page 60)

REA = Min [(EsAs/EmAm) , (EmAm/EsAs)] =

n ZII CD CM Ct Cg C =
ZII =

1+ R EA
1 m

5.309

kips

>

[Satisfactory]

lbs / bolt, (interpolated from NDS 2005, Table 11B, Page 82)

Technical References:
1. "National Design Specification, NDS", 2005 Edition, AF&AP, AWC, 2005.
2. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering Reference Manual", Professional Publications, Inc, 2001.

Page 255 of 533


524

1.012

0.616

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Nailer Connection Design Based on NDS 2005


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
AXIAL TENSILE FORCE (ASD)
NUMBER OF STUDS
THREAD STUD DIAMETER
THREAD STUD SPACING

T=
n=
=
S=

END DISTANCE OF WOOD

En =

NAILER TYPE

( 0=Douglas Fir-Larch, 1=Douglas Fir-Larch(N),


2=Hem-Fir(N), 3=Hem-Fir, 4=Spruce-Pine-Fir)
4

NAILER SIZE

thk.

8
6
3/4
12

in

in

Douglas Fir-Larch, G=0.5

width
in2

SECTION AREA OF STEEL MEMBER

As =

11.8

LOAD DURATION FACTOR ( Tab 2.3.2, NDS 2005, Page 8 )


WET SERVICE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.3, NDS 2005, Page 58 )

CD =
CM =

1.6
1.0

TEMPERATURE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.4, NDS 2005, Page 58 )

Ct =

1.0

GROUP ACTION FACTOR APPLY? ( 0 = No, 1 = Yes)

Yes, ( Cg =

0.719

, NDS 2005, 10.3.6)

(If T is drag/collector force or stud spacing less than 12" o.c., the group action factor Cg must apply.)

THE CONNECTION DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK EDGE, END, & SPACING DISTANCE REQUIREMENTS (NDS 2005, Table 11.5.1A, Table 11.5.1B, & Table 11.5.1C)
Eg =

2.75

in

>

1.5 D

[Satisfactory]

En =

in

>

3.5 D

[Satisfactory]

S=

12

in

>

3D

[Satisfactory]

CHECK WOOD CAPACITY


C = Min (C1 , C2 , C3) =
where

Cg =

where

0.762
1.000

C3 = (actual spacing) / (min spacing for full design value) = S / 4D =

4.000

n=

E mA m =

where

m 1 m 2 n

n 1+ R EA m n (1+m ) 1+m 2 n

tm =

, (geometry factor, NDS 2005, 11.5.1, page 76)

C2 = (actual shear area) / (min shear area for full design value) =

E sA s =

Z'II

0.762

C1 = (actual end distance) / (min end distance for full design value) = En / 7D =

0.719

= 180000 D

3.4E+08 lbs
3.5

1.5

116913

u = 1+ S/2 [1 / EmAm + 1 / EsAs] =

in

__
9.050

kips

1.028

2
0.5
m = u - (u - 1) = 0.789

2.7E+07 lbs, (Em fr NDS, Tab.10.3.6C)

1720

, (group action factor, NDS 2005, 10.3.6, page 60)

REA = Min [(EsAs/EmAm) , (EmAm/EsAs)] =

n ZII CD CM Ct Cg C =
ZII =

1+ R EA
1 m

>

[Satisfactory]

lbs / stud, (interpolated from Tab 11E, NDS 2005, Page 85 or Tab 11B, NDS 2005, Page 82)

Technical References:
1. "National Design Specification, NDS", 2005 Edition, AF&AP, AWC, 2005.
2. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering Reference Manual", Professional Publications, Inc, 2001.

Page 256 of 533


524

0.079

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

DATE :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

Wood Shear Wall with an Opening Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10 / NDS 05


INPUT DATA
vdia, WIND =
vdia, SEISMIC =

LATERAL FORCE ON DIAPHRAGM:


(SERVICE LOADS)

DIMENSIONS:

151

plf,for wind

151

plf,for seismic, ASD

L1 =

ft , L2 =

ft , L3 =

ft

H1 =

2.67

ft , H2 =

ft , H3 =

2.33

ft

pcs, b =

in , h =

in

in

KING STUD SECTION

SPECIES (1 = DFL, 2 = SP)


GRADE ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 )
EDGE STUD SECTION

GRADE ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 )
=

DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH

No. 1

pcs, b =

SPECIES (1 = DFL, 2 = SP)


PANEL GRADE ( 0 or 1)

in , h =

DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH

No. 1

<= Sheathing and Single-Floor

MINIMUM NOMINAL PANEL THICKNESS

COMMON NAIL SIZE ( 0=6d, 1=8d, 2=10d )


SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF FRAMING MEMBERS
STORY OPTION ( 1=ground level, 2=upper level)

15/32
2

in
10d

THE SHEAR WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

0.5
2

upper level shear wall

DESIGN SUMMARY
BLOCKED 15/32 SHEATHING WITH 10d COMMON NAILS
@ 6 in O.C. BOUNDARY & ALL EDGES / 12 in O.C. FIELD,
SILL PLATE ATTACHMENT 16d AT 6" O.C.
HOLD-DOWN FORCES:
TL =
1.42
k ,
TR = 1.42 k
(USE CS16 SIMPSON HOLD-DOWN)
F=
MAX STRAP FORCE:
0.56
k
(USE SIMPSON CS22 OVER WALL SHEATHING WITH FLAT BLOCKING)
KING STUD:
2 - 2'' x 6'' DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH No. 1, CONTINUOUS FULL HEIGHT.
EDGE STUD:
1 - 4'' x 6'' DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH No. 1, CONTINUOUS FULL HEIGHT.
=
SHEAR WALL DEFLECTION:
0.24
in

__
Page 257 of 533
524

cont'd

ANALYSIS
CHECK MAX SHEAR WALL DIMENSION RATIO

h/w =

1.3

<

3.5

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE FORCES & SHEAR STRESS OF FREE-BODY INDIVIDUAL PANELS OF WALL


INDIVIDUAL PANEL

W (ft)

H (ft)

MAX SHEAR STRESS (plf)

NO.

FORCE (lbf)

NO.

3.00

2.33

65

F1

194

F13

FORCE (lbf)

654

2.00

2.33

281

F2

561

F14

654
1157

2.00

2.33

281

F3

194

F15

3.00

2.33

65

F4

654

F16

503

3.00

2.00

252

F5

755

F17

503
1157

3.00

2.00

252

F6

561

F18

3.00

2.00

252

F7

561

F19

455

3.00

2.00

252

F8

755

F20

455

3.00

2.67

100

F9

150

F21

770

10

2.00

2.67

288

F10

503

F22

300

11

2.00

2.67

288

F11

503

F23

455

12

3.00

2.67

100

F12

150

F24

300

DETERMINE REQUIRED CAPACITY

vb =

288

plf,

Side Panel Required, the Max. Nail Spacing =

in )

THE SHEAR CAPACITIES PER IBC Table 2306.3 / SDPWS-08 Table 4.3A with ASD reduction factor 2.0)
Blocked Nail Spacing
Min.
Min.
Panel Grade
Boundary & All Edges
Common Penetration Thickness
Nail
(in)
(in)
6
4
3
2
Sheathing and Single-Floor
10d
1 5/8
15/32
310
460
600
770

Note: The indicated shear numbers have reduced by specific gravity factor per IBC note a.
DETERMINE FLOOR SILL PLATE ATTACHMENT (NDS 2005, Table 11Q & Table 11L)
SILL PLATE ATTACHMENT 16d AT 6" O.C.

SEISMIC
WIND

Overturning
Moments (ft-lbs)

144

151

Resisting
Moments (ft-lbs)

14238

151

13590

Net Uplift
(lbs)

Safety
Factors

Left

0.9

TL =

1424

Right

0.9

TR =

1424

Left

2/3

TL =

1359

Right

2/3

TR =

1359

Holddown
SIMPSON

CS
16

THE HOLD-DOWN FORCES:


Wall Seismic
vdia
at mid-story (lbs)
(plf)

(TL & TR values should include upper level UPLIFT forces if applicable)
CHECK MAXIMUM SHEAR WALL DEFLECTION: ( IBC Section 2305.3 / SDPWS-08 4.3.2)

= Be nding + Shear + Nail


Where:

vb =
A=
t=

slip

288
16.50
0.298

+ C hord
plf , ASD
in2
in

splice slip

Lw =
h =
en =

hd a
8v b h 3 v bh
+
+ 0.75he n +
EAL w Gt
Lw
10
9
0.000

ft
ft
in

E=
G=
da =

0.238

1.7E+06 psi
9.0E+04 psi
0.15
in

<

in, ASD

xe,allowable, ASD =

0.386

in

[Satisfactory]
(ASCE 7-05 12.8.6)
I=
Cd =
4
1
,(ASCE 7-05 Tab 12.2-1 & Tab 11.5-1)
a =

0.02

hsx

, (ASCE 7-05 Tab 12.12-1)


CHECK KING STUD CAPACITY
Pmax =

0.50

Fc =

1500

psi

CD =

1.60

CP =

0.43

E=

1700

ksi

CF =

1.10

F c' =

1146

kips
A=
psi

16.50

>

in

fc =

31

psi

74

psi

[Satisfactory]
CHECK EDGE STUD CAPACITY
Pmax =

1.42

Fc =

1500

psi

CD =

1.60

CP =

0.43

E=

1700

ksi

CF =

1.10

F c' =

1146

kips, (this value should include upper level DOWNWARD loads if applicable)
A=
psi

19.25

>
[Satisfactory]

__
Page 258 of 533
524

fc =

in

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Perforated Shear Wall Design Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10 / NDS 05


INPUT DATA
LATERAL FORCE ON DIAPHRAGM (SERVICE LOADS):

vdia, WIND =
vdia, SEISMIC =

151

plf,for wind

130

plf,for seismic, ASD

NUMBER OF OPENINGS
L=
DIMENSIONS:

n=
72

ft

H=

18

ft

h=

10

ft, (the highest opening)


H to L

ratio

ft

3.00

ok

6.5

ft

2.77

ok

5.5

ft

3.27

ok

7.5

ft

2.40

ok

6.33

ft

2.84

ok

6.67

ft

2.70

ok

38.5

KING STUD SECTION


2

ft

in , h =

in

DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH

GRADE ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 )

No. 1

EDGE STUD SECTION


1

PANEL GRADE ( 0 or 1)

pcs, b =

SPECIES (1 = DFL, 2 = SP)

<= Sheathing and Single-Floor

MINIMUM NOMINAL PANEL THICKNESS

15/32

COMMON NAIL SIZE ( 0=6d, 1=8d, 2=10d )

SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF FRAMING MEMBERS

pcs, b =

in , h =

in

SPECIES (1 = DFL, 2 = SP)

DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH

GRADE ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 )

Dense No.1

in

THE SHEAR WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

10d

0.5

STORY OPTION ( 1=ground level, 2=upper level)

ground

DESIGN SUMMARY
BLOCKED 15/32 SHEATHING WITH 10d COMMON NAILS
@ 4 in O.C. BOUNDARY & ALL EDGES / 12 in O.C. FIELD,
5/8 in DIA. x 10 in LONG ANCHOR BOLTS @ 28 in O.C.
HOLD-DOWN FORCES:
TL =
6.62
k ,
TR = 6.62 k
(USE HDQ8-SDS3 SIMPSON HOLD-DOWN)
F=
MAX STRAP FORCE:
2.76
k
(USE SIMPSON CMSTC16 OVER WALL SHEATHING WITH FLAT BLOCKING)
KING STUD:
2 - 3'' x 6'' DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH No. 1, CONTINUOUS FULL HEIGHT.
EDGE STUD:
1 - 6'' x 6'' DOUGLAS FIR-LARCH Dense No.1, CONTINUOUS FULL HEIGHT.
=
SHEAR WALL DEFLECTION:
0.43
in

ANALYSIS
CHECK MAX SHEAR WALL DIMENSION RATIO

h/w =

3.3

<

3.5

(allow reduced 2w/h, SDPWS-08 4.3.4)

[Satisfactory]

DETERMINE SHEAR RESISTANCE ADJUSTMENT FACTOR, C o


Percentage of Full-Height Sheathing

Maximum Opening Height

Co

0.768

53%

, (SDPWS-08 4.3.3.5)

0.56 H

, (SDPWS-08 Table 4.3.3.5)

DETERMINE REQUIRED CAPACITY (SDPWS-08 4.3.3.5)


v b = V / (C o L

)=

368

plf,

<

870

Side Panel Required, the Max. Nail Spacing =

plf, (SDPWS-08 4.3.5.3.3)

in )

[Satisfactory]

THE SHEAR CAPACITIES PER IBC Table 2306.3 / SDPWS-08 Table 4.3A with ASD reduction factor 2.0)
Blocked Nail Spacing
Min.
Min.
Panel Grade
Boundary & All Edges
Common Penetration Thickness
Nail
(in)
(in)
6
4
3
2
Sheathing and Single-Floor
10d
1 5/8
15/32
310
460
600
770

Note: The indicated shear numbers have reduced by specific gravity factor per IBC note a.
DETERMINE MAX SPACING OF 5/8" DIA ANCHOR BOLT (NDS 2005, Tab.11E)
5/8 in DIA. x 10 in LONG ANCHOR BOLTS @ 28 in O.C.

SEISMIC
WIND

130
151

2074

Overturning
Moments (ft-lbs)
168480
195696

Resisting
Moments (ft-lbs)

Safety
Factors

Net Uplift
(lbs)

Left

0.9

TL =

Right

0.9

TR =

5696

Left

2/3

TL =

6616

2/3

TR =

6616

Right

5696

Holddown
SIMPSON

HD
Q
8SD
S3

THE HOLD-DOWN FORCES:


Wall Seismic
vdia
at mid-story (lbs)
(plf)

(TL & TR values should include upper level UPLIFT forces if applicable)

(cont'd)
CHECK MAXIMUM SHEAR WALL DEFLECTION: ( IBC Section 2305.3 / SDPWS-08 4.3.2)

= Be nding + Shear + Nail


Where:

vb =
A=
t=

slip

368
16.50
0.298

+ C hord

splice slip

plf , ASD
in2
in

hd a
8v b h 3 v bh
+
+ 0.75he n +
EAL w Gt
Lw

Lw =
38.5
ft
h =
18
ft
en = 0.00E+00 in

0.433

E = 1.7E+06 psi
G = 9.0E+04 psi
da =
0.15
in

<

in, ASD

xe,allowable, ASD =

0.771

in

[Satisfactory]
(ASCE 7-05 12.8.6)
I=
Cd =
4
1
,(ASCE 7-05 Tab 12.2-1 & Tab 11.5-1)
a =

0.02

hsx

, (ASCE 7-05 Tab 12.12-1)


CHECK KING STUD CAPACITY (SDPWS-08 4.3.6.1.2)
Pmax =

5.16

kips

Fc =

1500

psi

E=

1700

ksi

CD =
CF =

1.60

CP =

0.12

1.10

'

322

Fc =

A=

27.50

>

psi

in2

fc =

187

psi

219

psi

[Satisfactory]
CHECK EDGE STUD CAPACITY (SDPWS-08 4.3.6.1.2)
Pmax =

6.62

kips, (this value should include upper level DOWNWARD loads if applicable)

Fc =

1200

psi

E=

1700

ksi

CD =
CF =

1.60

CP =

0.17

1.00

'

318

Fc =

A=
psi

30.25

>
[Satisfactory]

fc =

in2

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Toe-Nail Connection Design Based on NDS 2005


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
NAIL TYPE ( 0=Common Wire, 1=Box, 2=Sinker )
NAIL PENNY-WEIGHT ( 6d, 7d, 8d, 10d, 12d, 16d, 20d, 30d, 40d, 50d, 60d )
LUMBER SPECIES ( 0=Douglas Fir-Larch, 1=Douglas Fir-Larch(N),
2=Hem-Fir(N), 3=Hem-Fir, 4=Spruce-Pine-Fir)

CD =
CM =
Ct =

LOAD DURATION FACTOR ( Tab 2.3.2, NDS 2005, Page 8 )


WET SERVICE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.3, NDS 2005, Page 58 )
TEMPERATURE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.4, NDS 2005, Page 58 )

THE ALLOWABLE LATERAL DESIGN VALUE FOR THE TOE-NAIL

0
10d
0

Common Wire Nail


Douglas Fir-Larch, G=0.5

1.6
1.0
1.0

157

lbf

ANALYSIS
TOE-NAIL FACTOR ( Sec 11.5.4.2, NDS 05, Page 78 )
NAIL LENGTH
THE SIDE MEMBER THICKNESS IS TAKEN TO BE EQUAL TO
THE PENETRATION OF THE NAIL INTO THE MAIN MEMBER
NAIL DIAMETER
THE PENETRATION FACTOR (Note 3, Tab 11N, NDS 2005, Page 97)

Ctn =
0.83
L =
in
3
ts = L / 3 =
1
p = L(cos30o) -ts =
D =
0.148 in
Cd =
1.00

in
1.60

in

THE NOMINAL DESIGN VALUE FOR SINGLE SHEAR IS TABULATED IN NDS 2005 TABLE 11N, PAGE 97, AS
Z =
118
lbf
THE ALLOWABLE LATERAL DESIGN VALUE FOR THE TOE-NAIL IS

Z' =

ZCDCMCtCdCtn

Typical Nail Dimensions (Appendix L4, NDS 2005, Page 167)


Penny-Weight
Type
6d
7d
8d
10d
12d
16d
20d
6

10
Length
Common Diameter
Head
Box

Sinker

2 1/4

2 1/2

10
3

12

16

3 1/4

3 1/2

20
4

157

30d

40d

50d

30

40

50

4 1/2

lbf

5 1/2

60d
60
6

0.113

0.113

0.131

0.148

0.148

0.162

0.192

0.207

0.225

0.244

0.263

0.266

0.266

0.281

0.312

0.312

0.344

0.406

0.438

0.469

0.500

0.531

Length

2 1/4

2 1/2

3 1/4

3 1/2

4 1/2

Diameter

0.099

0.099

0.113

0.128

0.128

0.135

0.148

0.148

0.162
0.406

Head

0.266

0.266

0.297

0.312

0.312

0.344

0.375

0.375

Length

1 7/8

8 1/8

2 3/8

2 7/8

3 1/8

3 1/4

3 3/4

4 1/4

4 3/4

5 3/4

Diameter

0.092

0.099

0.113

0.120

0.135

0.148

0.177

0.192

0.207

0.244

Head

0.234

0.250

0.266

0.281

0.312

0.344

0.375

0.406

0.438

0.500

Technical References:
1. "National Design Specification, NDS", 2005 Edition, AF&AP, AWC, 2005.
2. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering Reference Manual", Professional Publications, Inc, 2001.

__
Page 261 of 533
524

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Connection Design for Wall & Diaphragm Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA
GRAVITY LOAD

D+L =

250

plf

SERVICE ANCHORAGE FORCE

Fanch =

420

plf

V=

640

plf

SERVICE DIAPHRAGM SHEAR FORCE

LEDGER SPECIES ( 0=Douglas Fir-Larch, 1=Douglas Fir-Larch(N),


2=Hem-Fir(N), 3=Hem-Fir, 4=Spruce-Pine-Fir)
LEDGER GRADE

Douglas Fir-Larch, G=0.5

No.1

( 0=Select Structural, 1=No.1 & Btr, 2=No.1, 3=No.2,


4=No.3, 5=Stud, 6=Construction, 7=Standard, 8=Utility)
LEDGER SIZE

12

( No.1, Douglas Fir-Larch, G=0.5 )


I=
ANCHOR BOLT DIAMETER
3/4
in
WET SERVICE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.3, NDS 2005, Page 58 ) C M =

1.0

TEMPERATURE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.4, NDS 2005, Page 58 )Ct =

1.0

PURLIN ANCHORS SPACING

S=

36

in

CMU

TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )


THICKNESS OF WALL

t=

CMU SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )

in

Yes

MASONRY STRENGTH

fM' =

1.5

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy =

60

ksi

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

Yes

WALL HORIZ. REINF.

16

in. o. c.

DESIGN SUMMARY
4 x 12 LEDGER with 3/4 in DIA. A.B.'s @ 24 in o.c.
SIMPSON PLURLIN ANCHOR PAI23 w/ 11-10d x 1 1/2 Nails @ 36 in o.c.

ANALYSIS
THE DIAPHRAGM SHEAR TRANSFERS INTO THE TOP OF THE LEDGER BY NAILS THOUGH PLY WOOD AND THE LEDGER BOLTS WOULD
RESIST BOTH THE DIAPHRAGM SHEAR BY PARALLEL TO GRAIN BEARING AND THE GRAVITY LOAD BY PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN
BEARING. LATER FORCES IN THE OTHER DIRECTION WOULD BE RESIST BY SIMPSON PLURLIN ANCHORS.
CHECK LEDGER CAPACITY
LOAD DURATION FACTOR ( Tab 2.3.2, NDS 2005, Page 8 )

(C D)Lat =

1.6

(CD)D+L =

1.0

GROUP ACTION FACTOR (Sec 10.3.6, NDS 2005, Page 60)

Cg =

1.0

GEOMETRY FACTOR ( Sec 11.5.1, NDS 2005, Page 76 )

C' =

1.0

(for wind/seismic loads)


(for gravity loads)
( All dimensions conform to the specified minimums.)

DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN (Tab 11E, NDS 2005, Page 85)

ZA =

880

DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PARALLEL TO GRAIN (Tab 11E, NDS 2005, Page 85)

Z __ =

1640

lbf
lbf

ZA' = ZA(CD)D+LCMCtCgC' =
THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN

880

lbf

THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PARALLEL TO GRAIN

2624

lbf

THE ANGLE BETWEEN DIRECTION OF COMBINED LOAD AND DIRECTION OF GRAIN

Z__' = Z__(CD)LATCMCtCgC' =
T =

21.34

THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING AT THE ANGLE TO GRAIN ZT' = ZA'Z__' /(ZA'cos TZ||'sin2T) =

2079

THE MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE BOLT SPACING SHALL BE CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS :

'
Z
MIN A ,
D L

S1

2
2
D
L



V
'

ZT

36.30

in

( Use 24 in )

BASIC DESIGN VALUE FOR SHEAR (Tab 4A, NDS 2005 SUPP, Page 31)

Fv =

THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR SHEAR

Fv' =

DEPTH FROM THE UNLOADED EDGE OF THE LEDGER TO THE CENTER OF THE BOLT de

180

psi

Fv(CD)D+LCMCt =

5.63

180

in

THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN SHEAR IS GIVEN BY NDS 2005 Eq. 3.4-6, Page 17, AS

'

2 '
de
F v b d e

3
d

591

lbf

>

(D+L)S

500

lbf

[Satisfactory]

psi

lbf

DESIGN PURLIN ANCHORS

cont'd

SELECT SIMPSON PAI23 w/ 11-10d x 1 1/2 Nails @ 36 in o.c.


DESIGN FORCE FOR STEEL ANCHOR
lbf

<

1880

lbf, allowable

DESIGN FORCE FOR WOOD MEMBER


FanchS = 1260 lbf

FanchS =

1260

<

1379

lbf, allowable

[Satisfactory]

CHECK WALL CAPACITY TO SPAN LATERALLY S SPACING


ALLOWABLE MASONRY STRESS FACTOR :
Allowable reinf. stress

SF

1.333

Fs

32000

psi

Modular ratio

Fb=(SF)(0.33fm ')

660

psi

Wall reinf. area

Em

1350

ksi

Steel elasticity modulus

Es

29000

Effective width

bw

12

Allowable stress

Masonry elasticity modulus

The tensile stress in reinforcement is

F anch S
8 A s jd

As

21.48
0.23

Tension reinf. ratio

0.005

ksi

The neutral axis depth factor

0.36

in

The lever-arm factor

0.88

The compressive stress in the extreme fiber is

6938

psi

<

Fs

[Satisfactory]

fb

F anch S
2
4b w jk d

185

psi

Technical References:
1. "National Design Specification, NDS", 2005 Edition, AF&AP, AWC, 2005.
2. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering Reference Manual", Professional Publications, Inc, 2001.

<

Fb

[Satisfactory]

in / ft

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :
DATE :
Connection Design for Wall & Diaphragm Based on IBC 09 / CBC 10

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

INPUT DATA
GRAVITY LOAD

D+L =

250

plf

SERVICE ANCHORAGE FORCE

Fanch =

300

plf

V=

640

plf

SERVICE DIAPHRAGM SHEAR FORCE

LEDGER SPECIES ( 0=Southern Pine with 2"-4" Wide,


1=Southern Pine with 5"-6" Wide)

Southern Pine

LEDGER GRADE

Non-Dense Select Structural

( 0=Dense Select Structural, 1=Select Structural, 2=Non-Dense Select Structural, 3=No.1 Dense,
4=No.1, 5=No.1 Non-Dense, 6=No.2 Dense, 7=No.2, 8=No.2 Non-Dense)

LEDGER SIZE

12

( Non-Dense Select Structural, Southern Pine )


I=
ANCHOR BOLT DIAMETER
3/4
in
WET SERVICE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.3, NDS 2005, Page 58 ) CM =

1.0

TEMPERATURE FACTOR ( Tab 10.3.4, NDS 2005, Page 58 )Ct =

1.0

PURLIN ANCHORS SPACING

S=

36
1

CMU

t=

in

Yes

TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )


THICKNESS OF WALL
CMU SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )

in

MASONRY STRENGTH

fM' =

1.5

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy =

60

ksi

WALL HORIZ. REINF.

16

in. o. c.

Yes

ALLOWABLE INCREASING ? (IBC/CBC 1605.3.2)

DESIGN SUMMARY
4 x 12 LEDGER with 3/4 in DIA. A.B.'s @ 24 in o.c.
SIMPSON PLURLIN ANCHOR PAI18 w/ 8-10d x 1 1/2 Nails @ 36 in o.c.

ANALYSIS
THE DIAPHRAGM SHEAR TRANSFERS INTO THE TOP OF THE LEDGER BY NAILS THOUGH PLY WOOD AND THE LEDGER BOLTS WOULD
RESIST BOTH THE DIAPHRAGM SHEAR BY PARALLEL TO GRAIN BEARING AND THE GRAVITY LOAD BY PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN
BEARING. LATER FORCES IN THE OTHER DIRECTION WOULD BE RESIST BY SIMPSON PLURLIN ANCHORS.
CHECK LEDGER CAPACITY
LOAD DURATION FACTOR ( Tab 2.3.2, NDS 2005, Page 8 )

(CD)Lat =

1.6

(CD)D+L =

1.0

GROUP ACTION FACTOR (Sec 10.3.6, NDS 2005, Page 60)

Cg =

1.0

GEOMETRY FACTOR ( Sec 11.5.1, NDS 2005, Page 76 )

C' =

1.0

(for wind/seismic loads)


(for gravity loads)
( All dimensions conform to the specified minimums.)

DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN (Tab 11E, NDS 2005, Page 85)

ZA =

950

DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PARALLEL TO GRAIN (Tab 11E, NDS 2005, Page 85)

Z __ =

1680

lbf
lbf

ZA' = ZA(CD)D+LCMCtCgC' =
THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN

950

lbf

THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING PARALLEL TO GRAIN

Z__' = Z__(CD)LATCMCtCgC' =

2688

lbf

THE ANGLE BETWEEN DIRECTION OF COMBINED LOAD AND DIRECTION OF GRAIN

T =

21.34

THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR THE BOLT BEARING AT THE ANGLE TO GRAIN ZT' = ZA'Z__' /(ZA'cos TZ||'sin2T) =

2164

lbf

THE MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE BOLT SPACING SHALL BE CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS :

'
Z
MIN A ,
D L

S1

2
2
D L  V
'

ZT

37.79

in

( Use 24 in )

BASIC DESIGN VALUE FOR SHEAR (Tab 4B, NDS 2005 SUPP, Page 37)

Fv =

THE ALLOWABLE DESIGN VALUE FOR SHEAR

Fv' =

DEPTH FROM THE UNLOADED EDGE OF THE LEDGER TO THE CENTER OF THE BOLTde

175</