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PERFORMANCE TEST ON RECIPROCATING PUMP

Aerospace Engineering Department, IIST

Exp no: Date:

PERFORMANCE TEST ON RECIPROCATING PUMP


Aim :
To conduct the performance test on the given Reciprocating Pump and Plot the following characteristic curves.
1. 2. 3. 4.

Input power Discharge Efficiency Percentage Slip

Vs Vs Vs Vs

Head Head Head Head

Specifications :
Type Bore diameter Stroke length Motor Power Speed of motor Single cylinder Double acting 40 mm 45 mm 1 HP

1440 rpm 1600 impulse/kWhr

Energy meter constant -

Apparatus : Reciprocating Pump test rig with collecting tank, Energy meter, Pressure gauge, etc. Theory :
Reciprocating pumps are classified as positive displacement pumps as a definite volume liquid is trapped in a chamber which is alternatively filled from the inlet and emptied at a higher pressure through the discharge. Most piston pumps are acting with liquid admitted alternatively on both sides of the piston so that one part of the cylinder is being filled while the other is being emptied. This arrangement helps to minimize fluctuations in discharge. Overall efficiency of the pump is the ratio of output power to input power.

ie,


= = =

Output Power 100 % Input Power


g Qa H watts Density of water in kg/m3. Acceleration due to gravity in m/s2.

Output Power,

Po

Where, g

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Qa H

= = =

Actual discharge in m3/s. Total head of water in m. Hs + Hd + X Suction Head in m of water.

Hs

= =

Suction gauge reading in mm of Hg Density of mercury X m of water 1000 Density of water


Delivery Head in m of water.

Hd

= =

Delivery gauge reading in kg/cm 2 X 10 4 m of water Density of water


Level difference between gauges in m.

X Motor Input Power, Pim

= =

n X 3600 X 1000 te X K

watts

Where,

n te K

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

number of impulses in energy meter. time for 'n' number of impulses. Energy meter constant. Pim X m Efficiency of motor = 75%

Input Power to pump, Pi Where, Actual discharge, Where, m Qa A h t Theoretical discharge, Qth Where, L A N Percentage Slip =

Ah t

m3/s

Area of collecting tank in m2. rise of water in collecting tank in m. time taken to h rise of water in s.

2LA N 3 m /s 60
Length of stroke in m. Area of piston in m2. Speed of the crank in rpm.

Q th Q a X 100 % Q th

Procedure :
1) 2) 3)

Keep the delivery valve open and switch on the pump. Slowly close partially the delivery valve and maintain a constant head. Note the delivery and suction gauge reading.

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4) 5)

Note the time for 10 impulses of energy meter. Close the valve through which water flows out of the collecting tank and note down the time taken for 10 cm rise in water level in the collecting tank. Note the speed of the crank in rpm using the digital tachometer. Repeat the procedure for various openings of the delivery valve.

6) 7)

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Observation Table :

Suction Delivery gauge gauge Speed reading reading Suction Delivery Head Head Total Theoretical Actual Discharge Head Discharge Output Power Input Power
mean
3 3

Time for 10 impulses of energy meter ( te )

Time for 10 cm rise in collecting tank (t)

Overall % Efficiency Slip

Sl. No:

Ps
mean

Pd s s s s
m of water m of water m of water

N m /s m /s W W

Hs

Hd

Qa

Qth

Po

Pi

% %

kg/cm

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mm of Hg

RPM

Sample Calculations: Set No _____

Result :

Inference :

Aerospace Engineering Department, IIST