Você está na página 1de 33




ACofS J1
This publication is designed to serve as a guide to the organization of the Alabama
State Defense Force (ASDF). The book is intended to be used as an orientation
resource for the new member and a reference manual for all personnel.

The contents of this book are a compilation of materials from military manuals and
guides (official and unofficial); works prepared by other ASDF personnel; official
ASDF and - Alabama National Guard orders, directives and publications; and
materials prepared by the author.

While this publication is up to date and includes the most recent ASDF directives
when published, all inquiries regarding current policy should be directed to the
latest official orders from Headquarters, ASDF.

Headquarter, ASDF
Montgomery, Alabama


CHAPTER ONE The History of the Alabama State Defense Force

CHAPTER TWO The mission and Organization of the Alabama State

Defense Force

CHAPTER THREE Military Customs and Courtesies

CHAPTER FOUR State Defense Force Training

CHAPTER FIVE US Code, Code of Alabama and 1901

Constitution of Alabama regarding the ASDF

APPENDIX A Glossary of Common Military Abbreviations

APPENDIX B The Executive Order Creating the Alabama State

Defense Force

APPENDIX C Alabama State Defense Force Brigade Map

APPENDIX D Alabama State Defense Force Identification Card

APPENDIX E State Guard Association of the United


APPENDIX F Application for candidates




By BG.John H. Napier, III, AL-SDF (Retired)
(01 December 1991)

A brief History of Alabama's Citizen Soldiers written by BG. John II. Napier, III, hereby presented
to enlighten the readers of this document about the rich heritage of Alabama and the tradition of dedicated
service to Alabama and the United States of America of the citizen soldier.

The militia is certainly an object of primary importance, whether reviewed in reference to the national
security, to the satisfaction of the community or to the preservation of order to the satisfaction of the
community or to the preservation of order.

Alabama became a state in 1819 and enacted its first military legislation in 1821. It followed the
Mississippi model in providing for a statewide military organization headed by an Adjutant
General (the Governor being Commander in Chief) and divided territorially into divisions
and brigades. It mandated frequent musters and permitted incorporation of a volunteer company in
each militia regiment with the prerogative of choosing its own uniform. The first Alabama
Adjutant General, Brigadier General Carter B. Harrison, served from 1819 to 1823. Volunteer
corps spring up in the new state, such as the Montgomery Troop and Monroe County's Monroe
County's Claiborn Troop. On paper Alabama was divided into four divisions of nine brigades'
total, with at least one regiment or battalion in each company. Obviously, militia rank titles

Alabama volunteer companies in 1835 went to help Texas gain its independence from Mexico and
many Alabamians were shot after surrender at the treacherous execution at Goliad. Former Monroe
County Colonel William B. Travis commanded the garrison at the defense of the Alamo and Sam
Houston had first won his spurs as a subaltern at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend near present day
Alexander City. In 1836 a regiment of Alabama volunteers, including the newly-organized
Montgomery True Blues, fought in Florida in the Second Seminole War, while three Alabama
militia regiments contained Indians of the Creek Nation protesting their forced removal, the Trail
of Tears, across the Mississippi River to present-day Oklahoma. In 1837 a new Militia Code
extended the list of occupations exempt from militia duty and emphasized the division of service
between the two classes of enrolled militia and volunteer companies.

The latter proliferated, preening in their martial finery, vying with each other militarily and
socially: the Wetumpka Borderers, Selma Guards, Tuscaloosa's Warrior Guards, Catawba Rifles,
Catoma Light Horse, Mobile Rifles and Mobile Cadets, to name a few. By 1845 there were
enough volunteer companies in the Mobile area to organize the First Volunteer Regiment of
Alabama Militia, and later in Montgomery the Independent Battalion, which in 1860 became the
Second Volunteer Regiment Meanwhile, in 1846 Alabama furnished three regiments of
volunteers for service in the Mexican War from local units.

Tension increased between the North and South over slavery in the 1850's. Pro-slavery and Free
Solider forces fought over "Bleeding Kansas,' where a fanatical John Brown became notorious.
Major Jefferson Buford of Eufaula led a battalion of Alabama and Georgia emigrant volunteers to
Kansas Territory, but the Free Solders won out. Then in 1859 Brown tried to raise a slave

insurrection in Virginia, and the frightened South began to arm in earnest and Secession loomed. In
1859-60 the Alabama General Assembly, as the Legislature was often called, chartered at least 60
volunteer military companies, including the Auburn Guards, Coffeeville Mounted Guards, Eutaw
Rangers and Ramer Grays. In February 1860 out of the militia the Legislature created the Alabama
Volunteer Corps (A.V.C.) of 74 organized companies with 8,150 men authorized. In June the
Second Regiment was activated in Montgomery, Colonel Tennant Lomax, a Mexican War veteran,
commanding. A distinctive A.V.C. uniform was prescribed.

In November 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected U. S. President, southern secession began and
Alabama went out in January 1861, the third state to do so. Governor A. B. Moore ordered the
First Volunteer Regiment to seize federal military posts in the Mobile area, including the Mt.
Vernon Arsenal. He directed the Second to Pensacola to help Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana
troops to occupy U. S. installations there. Alabama companies there included Selma's
Independent Blues, Barbour County's Perote Guards and the Tuskegee Light Infantry. In March the
Army of Alabama was organized for 12 months' service.

However, the Confederate provisional Government in Montgomery ordered the attack on Fort Sumter
in the Charleston, S. C. harbor. The Civil War began and all Alabama troops were transferred into the
provisional Army of the Confederate States. During the War, Alabama furnished to the Confederacy
63 infantry and 13 cavalry regiments, several infantry battalions and one of artillery, as well as 18
artillery companies (batteries) and several other units. More than 75,000 Alabamians wore the Gray,
35,000 of whom did not return home. Also, two Union cavalry regiments were raised in North
Alabama and at the end of the war, in April 1865 four regiments of freedmen at Selma. However,
blacks also served in Alabama Confederate units as field musicians, teamsters, cooks and servants,
and on more than one occasion, picked up muskets to fire on the Bluecoats. On 23 April 1862, Mobile
freemen, "Creoles" of mixed blood who were mostly property owners and some slaveholders,
volunteered to raise a battalion or regiment of their own to serve the South. On 20 November 1862,
the Alabama Legislature accepted the Creole Guards for home defense service in the Mobile area.

By 1862 Alabama was virtually defenseless with all her volunteers at the front, most either in General
R. E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia or the Army of Tennessee, commanded first by General Albert
Sidney Johnston. Governor John Gill Shorter appealed to Alabamians to form 50 man volunteer
companies in each county to "be enrolled as part of the State Guard for home defense", but there was
little response. By 1864 Union forces had occupied North Alabama and began threatening the interior.
On 17 February 1864, the Confederate Congress extended the ages of military service from 18 to 45
to 17 to 50, but directed that those under 18 and over 45 should constitute State Reserves, serving
only within their state's borders, classified as First Class Militia. The Second Class was made up with
the balance of exempt and unfit men. In Alabama former State Treasurer Colonel William Graham
commanded the State Reserves under Adjutant General Hugh P. Watson.

Then the Alabama State Reserves came under the command of the Confederate States Army
Military District of Montgomery, Major General Jones M. Withers, a West Pointer, Mexican
War veteran and former Mobile mayor. Organized were the 1st and 2nd Regiment in Mobile, the 3rd
in Selma recruited from the Black Belt and the Montgomery County Reserve Regiment.
These four Alabama State Reserve Regiments may be regarded fairly as the ancestors of the four
brigades of today's Alabama State Defense Force (ASDF). As the manpower situation became
desperate, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd were drafted into Confederate service as the 62nd, 63rd and 65th
Alabama Volunteer Infantry Regiments (if there was a 64th, it must have been the Montgomery
Reserves (but the records are lacking). These units manned the defenses of Mobile and Blakely and
tried vainly to resist Rousseau's Raid of July 1864 and Wilson's Raid of April 1865. Boys and old

men up against seasoned Union cavalry. The Surrender followed and Union occupied commanders in
1866 ordered reorganized local defense companies disbanded (some seem to have continued disguised
as rifle clubs). In 1869, the Alabama Carpetbagger Government tried to organize an elaborate militia
system, but it existed mainly on paper because of the racial issue.

In 1874 the Democrats regained control of the Alabama State government and volunteer
companies appeared so quickly that one suspects that some already existed clandestinely.
Reappearing were the old elite units such as the Montgomery True Blues, Montgomery Grays,
Mobile Rifles and Mobile Cadets, to be joined by units from New South cities, such as the
Birmingham Rifles, Jefferson Volunteers, Anniston Rifles and Gadsden's Etowah Rifles. In
1881, the State military establishment became the Alabama State Troops (A.S.T.) and 1897
received its current designation as the Alabama National Guard.

In the late 19th Century before effective municipal police existed and long before there was any
state police, the Alabama volunteer militia was used to maintain law and order. Before the Civil
War, slave patrols were drawn from the militia; afterwards, it was used to suppress racial
disturbances and labor strikes. When the Spanish-American* War came in 1898, the Alabama
National Guard did not render effective military service. Only two thirds of its 1,800 members
volunteered for active service. The two white and one black regiments mustered did not add to
American's military might, nor did much of the rest of the U.S. Army. Clearly reform was

It came in the turn of the century reforms of Secretary of War Elihu Root. One such action was the
Dick Act of 1903, which did more to integrate the National Guard of the States into the national
military establishment than any legislation since the Militia Act of 1792. The various state militias
were made to conform in organization, discipline, doctrine and uniform with the Regular Army.
Further Alabama legislation in 1909. 1911 and 1915 enabled the Alabama National Guard to enter the
20th Century and to prepare for the horrors of its wars.

In 1914, not only did the Great War envelop Europe but also the Mexican Revolution seemed to
threaten the U. S. southwest border, particularly after Poncho Villa's raid into New Mexico in 1916.
Brigadier General John. Pershing was ordered to take the U. S. Army 1st Division to the Mexican
Border to restore order. Most of the U. S. National Guard was mobilized for the first time to reinforce
the Regulars and as it turned out to gain field experience for World War 1. The 1st, 2nd and 4th
Alabama Volunteer Infantry Regiments were mustered into federal service at Montgomery's Vandiver
Park (formerly the old State Fair Grounds, later the World War I Camp Sheridan and near the present
day Alabama State Military Headquarters. More than 5,000 Alabama Guardsmen saw five months of
field service at San Antonio, Texas and Nogales and Douglas, Arizona.

They were ordered back to Montgomery for demobilization in March 1917, but on 6 April the U.S.
declared war on Imperial Germany, and the Alabama Guardsmen were kept on active duty and put to
guarding key points in the state. On 5 August 1917, 5,025 Alabama Guardsmen were again
federalized. The 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment, reinforced by men from the other regiments,
became the U. S. 167th Infantry, Colonel William P. Screws commanding, part of the 85th Infantry
Brigade, 42nd ("Rainbow") Division, composed of Guardsmen from 26 states.

The other infantry regiments were from New York, 165th ("Fighting 69th"); Ohio, 166th and
Iowa, 168th. It is an interesting coincidence that in 1861, the Alabama Adjutant General's
Special Order that activated the old Fourth Alabama was No. 167. Other Alabama National Guard
units went into the 31st ("Dixie") Division, along with other units from Georgia, Florida and

Louisiana. However, it did not reach France until a month before the Armistice and served as a
depot division. During World War 1, there apparently were proposals to form an Alabama
Home Guard to replace the National Guard for the duration, but nothing came of it.

The 42nd boasted one of the most distinguished battle records in the American Expeditionary Force
(A.E.F.) at Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne, but suffered 50 percent casualties--
14,683 -- in just over five months of combat! On 9 October 1918 the German General Staff evaluated
the Rainbow Division thus: "It is in splendid fighting condition and is counted among the best
American divisions." On 10 November 1918, the day before the Armistice, Brigadier General
Douglas MacArthur, who had been Assistant Division Commander, took command of the 42nd. A
quarter of a century later, Alabama Guardsmen would serve under MacArthur again in another world
war in another part of the globe. "Alabama's Own" 167th then helped liberate Belgium and took
part in the Occupation of Germany. As the regiment entered the Rhine Valley, its band
played "Dixie" as a rainbow appeared in the heavens! On 12 May 1919, the 167th returned home
to Montgomery for a great Victory Parade witnessed by cheering thousands up Commerce Street,
Court Square and Dexter Avenue before being mustered out at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Ancient
veterans of the Blue and Gray rode in the same automobiles in the procession as the victors
marched under a Victory Arch at Commerce and present day Bibb Streets.
The National Defense Acts of 1916 and 1920 effectively combined Regular Army, National
Guard and Organized Reserves into a whole (besides authorizing the Reserve Officer Training
Corps, or R.O.T.C.). In 1922, the Alabama National Guard was reorganized with a strength of
2,830, and the 167th and other units were made part of the 31st ("Dixie") Division. That same
year, the first Alabama Air National Guard unit was organized, the 135th (later 106th)
Observation Squadron, its cadre "The Birmingham Escadrille" made up of World War I pilots. It
worked with the 22nd Observation Squadron, a Regular Army Air Service unit then based at
Maxwell Field. In 1923, Fleet Division Three, 8th Naval District was organized in Birmingham and
in 1930 was recognized as the Alabama Naval Militia although the Adjutant General did not control
it. Its longtime commander was Montgomery banker William 0. Baldwin, an Annapolis graduate.
During the Great Depression, beginning in 1935, an extensive National Guard armory-building
project began in Alabama as part of federal relief public work programs. Guardsmen had to
attend drill 48 times a year and a two-week summer camp field training. In 1936, the Adjutant
General's Office was renamed the State Military Department.

World War II began 1 September 1939 Germany invaded Poland. The next summer France fell, Great
Britain stood alone and an alarmed America began to rearm. In the fall of 1940, the first U. S.
peacetime draft began, while the nation's National Guard was ordered to active duty. Alabama
Guardsmen joined the Dixie Division in training at Camp Blanding, Florida. In April 1944, the 31st
went overseas to the South Pacific, serving again under MacArthur and fighting in New Guinea and
the liberation of the Philippines. Casualties were much lower than in World War 1. The 167th Infantry
Regiment only took 539 casualties, killed, wounded and missing, about 14 per cent in 16 months. The
Alabama Air National Guard likewise fought in the Southwest Pacific, the 106th Observation
Squadron going through. Several changes of name, aircraft and function before it became the 100th
Bombardment Squadron, 42nd Bombardment Group, Thirteenth Air Force, and a B-25 outfit that
fought in died Solomons, Philippines and China.

During World War II, many states organized a second militia to replace the federalized National
Guard for local defense and internal security, generally called State Guard and patterned on Britain's
Home Guard (nicknamed "Dad's Army") and originally designated Local Defense Volunteers). In
fact, California feared a Japanese invasion, and placed its State Guard on active service and organized

a third-line backup, the California State Militia.

In Alabama in 1940, Governor Frank Dixon (who had lost a leg in World War I in France as an
Army major) led in organizing a temporary military force to replace the federalized National
Guard. Named the Alabama State Guard, it was recruited mainly from the state's American
Legion posts of overage World War I veterans. In 1942, the A.S.G. was authorized 70
companies, each of three officers and 45 enlisted men, plus headquarters and support elements to
total 3,400. However, because of shortages of weapons and uniforms, only 25 companies went
into state service, with a total strength of 90 officers, 1,372 enlisted men and seven civilians.
They were required to take part in a weekly evening drill of two hours with out receiving any drill
pay. Fort Games on Dauphin Island was turned over to the A.S.G. for field training and in 1942,
two one-week encampments were held. Today the buildings house a U. S. Coast Guard station.
A.S.G. companies were called cut to maintain order in several labor disputes.

V-J Day brought the end of World War II on 1 September 1945; six years to the day after
Adolph Hider had started it. The Dixie Division returned stateside, as did the 100th Bomb
Squadron. Both were inactivated in December at Camp Stoneman, California. The A.S.G. was
disbanded, while Adjutant General George Cleere led in reorganizing the Alabama National
Guard, The 31st again received federal recognition I November 1946 as the Alabama and
Mississippi National Guard Division, with the 167th part of it. The Alabama Air National Guard was
reorganized as a component of the newly independent U. S. Air Force.

The Korean War began 25 June 1950 and soon the Dixie Division was again federalized. It did not
go overseas, but trained at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, Camp McCall, North Carolina and Camp
Atterbury, Indiana. It was released from federal service and returned to its states' control at
Greenville, Mississippi 15 June 1954, although reorganization had begun 2 April 1953. Since then,
the Alabama National Guard has been called upon to maintain public order. Units were
federalized during the Civil Rights struggle in Montgomery, Tuscaloosa and Selma in the early
1960's. Since those tumultuous days, the Alabama National Guard has been racially integrated.

During the Korean War, the 117th Tactical Reconnaissance Group of die Alabama Air National
Guard was also federalized and was sent to Germany to help bolster NATO defenses against a
feared Soviet attempt to overrun Western Europe. During the later Berlin Crisis of October 1961,
1,500 Alabama Air Guardsmen were again mobilized for ten months, as were 3,500 Army
Guardsmen. The Alabama Air Guard also secretly furnished B-26 crews for covert air support of the
ill-staffed 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion and several airmen were killed by Fidel Castro's air
defenses. During the Viet Nam War years of 1965-73 only one small Alabama Guard unit, the
650th Medical Detachment (Dental), was sent to Viet Nam in 1968, but during the Persian Gulf
War, more than 3,600 went to Southwest Asia out of more than 5,000 mobilized. By this time,
1991, Alabama, although only 27th in population among American states had long had the
largest National Guard in the U. S., 24,000, more than the most populous states, California and
New York, while neighboring Mississippi had the highest proportionate Guard enrollment.

Alabama has the largest number of armories in the nation, 148. One notes also that only half the
states and D.C., 26, have State Defense Forces, but in the 11 states of the old Confederacy plus
Kentucky and Oklahoma, all but one (Florida) do. Thus, the southern martial spirit lives on, and
especially in Alabama, where men and women join the Guard or the ASDF to continue family and
local traditions of service. The war with Iraq required the services of over 5,000 Alabama Guard
members in a federal active duty status and many others in support roles within Alabama. In the
event of emergencies of this nature requiring "11 partial" or "full" mobilization of the Alabama

National Guard, State Defense Force members or units may be called to state active duty by the
Governor. The Alabama State Defense Force is under the direction of the Adjutant General (TAG),
State of Alabama.
The Alabama State Defense Force in cooperation with the new current directive of the Alabama
National Guard, the new Homeland Defense Force and unity of the State Defense Forces, will
apply to the State Government of Alabama for a name change to the "Alabama State Guard". This
will allow standards being developed by the State Guard Association of the United States to be
adopted and will also allow greater public recognition for the State Defense Force name which
currently, lacks public identity and meaning.

The Alabama State Defense Force (ASDF) is the state guard (official militia) for the State of
Alabama. It has an authorized strength of 1,000 members and is organized on the United States Army
structural pattern. The ASDF is under the control of the Governor of Alabama, who serves as the
state's Commander in Chief, and comes under the authority of The Adjutant General (TAG) of

The ASDF is led by its own Commander. The ASDF Commander and the General Staff are
posted at Fort Taylor Hardin in Montgomery, Alabama. The ASDF Commander holds the grade of
Major General.

The official and primary mission of the ASDF, as defined by the Code of Alabama, is to establish
a cadre (of not more than 1,000 persons) that will be subject to the call of The Adjutant General of
Alabama after partial or full mobilization of the Alabama National Guard. More specifically, the
State Defense Force will be prepared to provide:

a. Communications with the ALNG Emergency Operations Center ( E.O.C.).

b. Custodial duties and security of facilities and property.
c. Family assistance.
d. Recruiting to strength levels authorized by The Adjutant General.
e. Responses to tasking from TAG through the ALNG EOC.
f. Surveys of key facilities.
g. Assist Homeland Defense and The Citizens Corp. as needed and directed by the
Governor of the State, the TAG and the ASDF Commandeer

A secondary mission of the ASDF is to provide manpower and relief assistance to the
Alabama Emergency Management Agency (EMA) during natural disasters and other civil
emergencies within the State of Alabama. The ASDF cannot be deployed beyond the State of
Alabama for missions while on state active duty.

The ASDF is organized geographically into three brigades with headquarters in Huntsville (First
Brigade), Birmingham (Second Brigade), and Mobile (Third Brigade). Each brigade commander
holds the grade of Colonel. The Brigades are divided into battalions, located throughout the brigade
area. Each battalion is divided into companies.

Each operational unit of the ASDF is headed by a Commander. The Commander controls,
leads, and manages the unit with the assistance of the Deputy Commander, staff officers and
NCO's assigned to specific areas of operation. At State Headquarters of the ASDF, in addition to
one Deputy Commander each for Army and Air in Alabama, there is a Chief of Staff, who is next in
the chain of command, to command Headquarters. In units below Brigade level (battalion and
company); there is no deputy commander, only an executive officer. Additionally, at State
Headquarters, and at Brigade and Battalion levels, the senior enlisted person is a Command Sergeant
Major. At company level, the senior enlisted person the First Sergeant.

Staff officers and enlisted personnel at State Headquarters, Brigade and Battalion levels
are divided in specialty areas or specific areas of responsibility. Companies have personnel assigned
to various functions as well, but not to the extent of the larger organizational units. These
specialty areas and assignments include, but are not limited to, the branches and professions as
listed below. (For specific strengths, positions, and other information, please consult a current TOE
or TDA for up to date information on specific assignments and staffing levels):

Public Affairs Engineer

Administration Chemical
Judge Advocate (Legal) Training
Finance Communications
Surgeon / Medical Supply
Air / Aviation Transportation
Personnel Environmental
Chaplain Operations
Provost Marshal / Military Police Intelligence
Family Assistance

Personnel are generally assigned based on operational needs, previous experience or

assignments, and unique skills or abilities. Basic branch for all personnel not otherwise assigned is
"infantry" (INF). ASDF Commander may change this requirement as needed.




a. Effective Date: 14 September 2004

b. Location: Montgomery, AL









Huntsville Birmingham Mobile




This chart depicts the basic command structural of the AL-SDF and does not reflect .support and staff positions.



Command Full Cadre

ASDF HQS 200 160

BDE HQS 150 45

BN IIQS 250 25

Company 400 10

Total of all units if slots are maximized at 1000 for cadre


1. PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS: Basic physical requirements will include:

a. Recognition and recording for individual physical disabilities and limitations.

b. Weight and/or girth limits for wearing any uniform.
c. Physical testing or profiling according to age and duty station.
d. A physician's annual examination.

Criminal background checks may and will be made prior to commission or enlistment and
then every five (5) years. At the minimum, a background check shall be made in the applicant's
county of residence (and in the previous county of residence if at present residence is less than three
(3) years, as resources permit. The check shall encompass state and national databases, with
particular emphasis on convictions for:

a. Moral turpitude - misdemeanors

b. All felonies

Convictions shall disqualify persons for membership.

3. TRAINING - Training officers for all Brigade and Battalions are to comprise a sub-
committee to review and recommend current training programs. The ASDF Training Command has
overall responsibility for all classes conducted in the state of Alabama. These include:

a. Basic officer courses

b. Basic NCO courses
c. Basic training courses (non-prior and prior service)
d. Command and General staff college
e. FEMA and Homeland Defense courses

4. General Orders: All members shall be governed by general orders and special
orders as proscribed by state regulations. Below are listed four (4) but not limited to:

a. I will guard everything within my limits or my post and quit my post only when
properly relived.
b. I will obey special orders and perform all duties in a military manner.
b. I will report violations by special orders in case emergencies and anything not
covered in my instructions to the commanders or the relief.
c. I will obey all commands of my supervisors and duly show military respect to rank
and authority.

The Alabama State Defense Force enjoys a rich military heritage dating back to the early history
of the State of Alabama. The traditions, customs and courtesies of that heritage live on today in the
actions and conduct of the ASDF. These practices are not followed merely out of custom or habit,
but are the military equivalent of good manners. Most are the proper means of showing well-earned
respect, whether it is to an individual, an organization or to our country.

Whether dealing with other ASDF personnel or with military personnel, the observance of
proper customs and courtesies will not only show the ASDF in a favorable light, but it will show
that your are as professional as the organization that you represent. The following is a brief overview
of some basic military customs and courtesies that each ASDF member should be familiar with
to conduct him or her in a proper and professional military manner.


courtesies are those shown to our country's flag and symbols.

National Anthem - Personnel outdoors and in uniform, not in formation or under arms, will
face the flag and render a hand salute. If the flag cannot be seen, personnel will face the music
and render a hand salute. Personnel indoors will come to attention and face the flag or music.

Passing Colors - Personnel outdoors and in uniform, not in formation will face the flag
and render a hand salute until the flag has passed. Personnel indoors will come to attention
until the flag has passed.

Personnel not in Uniform - Personnel not in uniform follow the same practice as
detailed above, however, in place of the hand salute, your hat, if any, is removed and held over the
heart with the right hand. If no hat is worn, the right hand is placed over the heart.

Pledge of Allegiance - When reciting the pledge, uniformed personnel, indoors will
stand at attention and face the flag, outdoors, not in formation, shall stand at attention, face the
flag, and place their right hand over their heart. Personnel not in uniform, whether indoors or out,
shall stand at attention, face the flag, and place their right hand over their heart. Males not in
uniform wearing hats shall remove the hat and hold it over the heart with the right hand.

SALUTING: The hand salute used today dates back to Middle Ages when knights would raise
their helmet visors to other knights, revealing his face and showing that he was not an enemy. Today,
the hand salute is used as a symbol of respect to our country, or to persons’ senior in grade.

When to Salute:

Outdoors, when rendering honors to the flag or national anthem, as detailed above.
Outdoors, in uniform, not in formation, when passing, greeting or reporting to an officer,
senior in grade.
Indoor, when reporting to a senior officer.
Outdoors, the person in charge of a work detail should salute a senior officer for the
group to allow them to continue working.

Outdoors, the person in charge of a group in formation should call the group to attention
and salute for the group.

When NOT to Salute:

Indoor, unless reporting to senior officer.

From inside a vehicle, unless ordered to stop by a senior officer.
Outdoors, while engaged in a work detail. The person in charge will salute for the
work detail.
Outdoors, in formation, and addressed by a senior officer. You should come to
attention only.
When impractical or dangerous to do so.

NOTE: A salute is held until acknowledged by the officer or until the officer has passed. The
salute may be acknowledged by a return salute and/or a verbal greeting.


The place of honor is on the right; the junior should always walk to the left of the senior.

When entering an automobile, the senior enters last and exits first. The senior is always seated on
the right.

When the Commander, or a senior officer, enters a room, unless it is a dining hall, the first person
seeing them should call the room to attention. .

FORMS OF ADDRESS: The following are the proper written and verbal forms of address for the grade

Army & Air Force Officers


Major General Army – MG / USAF - Maj Gen General General
Brigadier General Army – BG / USAF - Brig Gen General General
Colonel Army – COL / USAF – Col Colonel Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel Army – LTC / USAF - Lt Col Colonel Colonel
Major Army – MAJ / USAF-Maj Major Major
Captain Army – CPT / USAF- Cpt Captain Captain
First Lieutenant Army – 1LT / USAF- 1stLt Lieutenant Lieutenant
Second Lieutenant Army – 2LT / USAF- 2stLt Lieutenant Lieutenant
Chaplain* Appropriate Rank Chaplain Chaplain

* NOTE: Chaplains are addressed as "Chaplain" regardless of grade.

Army Warrant Officer Personnel
Chief WO-5 CW5 Mister or Miss Chief
Chief W0-4 CW4 Mister or Miss Chief
Chief WO-3 CW3 Mister or Miss Chief
Chief WO 2 CW2 Mister or Miss Chief
Warrant Officer 1 WO1 Mister or Miss Chief

Army Enlisted Personnel


Command Sergeant
CSM Sergeant Major Sergeant Major
Sergeant Major SGM Sergeant Major Sergeant Major
First Sergeant 1SG First Sergeant First Sergeant
Master Sergeant MSG Sergeant Sergeant
Sergeant First Class SFC Sergeant Sergeant
Staff Sergeant SSG Sergeant Sergeant
Sergeant SGT Sergeant Sergeant
Corporal CPL Corporal Corporal
Private First Class PFC Private Last Name
Private PVT Private Last Name

Air Force Enlisted Personnel


Chief Master Sergeant CMSgt Chief Chief
Senior Master Sergeant SMsgt Sergeant Sergeant
Master Sergeant MSGgt Sergeant Sergeant
Technical Sergeant TSg t Sergeant Sergeant
Staff Sergeant SSgt Sergeant Sergeant
Senior Airman Airman Airman Airman
Airman 1st Class A1c Airman Airman

These are only a few of the basic military rules and courtesies. In order to have a better
understanding of these and other concepts, additional reading or study from an officer or NCO guide
is suggested. This is especially encouraged for those in command, training or other leadership

The ASDF has an important role in the public safety and welfare of the State of Alabama.

The ASDF statutorily mandated tasks as well as those assigned by the National
Guard are vital missions. To meet these challenges, the ASDF must be a well-trained
organization and has therefore placed training as high priority in the organization. ASDF
members may use National Guard training as assigned by agreement with the State TAG.

All ASDF personnel participate in monthly drills. of which there is a training component.
Training at drills generally includes topics that are directly related the ASDF missions. Additionally,
members are periodically briefed on intelligence issues that may significantly impact the ASDF
future missions.

Annually, the Alabama State Defense Force conducts a statewide training drill called a
Command Post Exercise or more commonly referred to as a "CPX". The activity is conducted over
a two-day period. And is designed to train ASDF personnel in the event that the State Defense
Force is activated upon deployment of the National Guard. The CPX is not a test. The event is
usually conducted in the spring or of each year over a Saturday and Sunday. ASDF personnel
work in their areas of assignment or in new areas fur training purposes and work through problem
situations sent out from State Headquarters. The problems are simulations of those that would be
routinely encountered in the areas of family assistance, recruiting and armory custody.

With the additional tasking of providing assistance and support in the area of emergency
management, ASDF personnel also receive training and participate in training exercises provided
by Federal Homeland Defense. FEMA Courses and Alabama Emergency Management personnel
tabletop exercises. Such training prepares ASDF personnel to respond and assist in the event of a
natural disaster within the state.

As the ASDF missions continue to evolve, the organization will continue to prepare to meet
the needs of the State and train accordingly. The ASDF has always been prepared to accept any
mission assigned, and that preparation and readiness comes from the continuous training
program maintained by the ASDF.

TRAINING- All Training in the state falls under the directions of the ASDF Training
Command, and include but is not limited to the following:

a. Basic officer courses.

b. Basic NCO courses
c. Basic training courses (non-prior and prior service) Skills to Common Task Manual
d. Command and general staff college
e. FEMA courses. EMA courses. and Homeland Defense courses

The following are the provisions of Federal and Alabama state Jaw that applies to the ASDF. The
Federal statutes apply to all state defense forces and similar organizations. Many of the Alabama
Code provisions were enacted before the 1983 creation of the ASDF and were originally written for
its predecessor, the Alabama State Guard.

The United States Code provides, in pertinent part:

Title 32 United States Code

§ 109. Maintenance of other troops
(a) In time of peace, a State or Territory, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or the District of
Columbia may maintain no troops other than those of its National Guard and defense forces
authorized by subsection (c).

(b) Nothing in this title limits the right of a State or Territory, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or
the District of Columbia to use its National Guard or its defense forces authorized by subsection
(c) within its borders in time of peace, or prevents it from organizing and maintaining police or

(c) In addition to its National Guard, if any, a State or Territory, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands,
or the District of Columbia may, as provided by its laws, organize and maintain defense forces. A
defense force established under this section may be used within the jurisdiction concerned, as its
chief executive (or commanding general in the case of the District of Columbia) considers
~ ssary, but it may not be called, ordered, or drafted into the armed forces.

(d) A member of a defense force established under subsection (c) is not, because of that
membership, exempt from service in the armed forces, nor he entitled to pay, allowances,
subsistence, transportation,. or medical care or treatment, from funds of the United States.

(e) A person may not become a member of a defense force established under subsection (c) if
he is a member of a reserve component of the armed forces.


The following provisions from Title 31, Code of Alabama (1975) and Constitution of Alabama of
1901 are printed without annotation.


§ 271 Composition of militia; organizing, arming and disciplining militia; naval

militia may be organized.

The legislature shall have power to declare who shall constitute the militia of the state, and
to provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the same; and the legislature may provide for
the organization of a state and naval militia.

§ 174 Volunteer organizations.

Volunteer organizations, of infantry, cavalry, and artillery and naval militia. may be formed
in such manner and under such restrictions and with such privileges as may be provided by law.




§ 31-2-2 Composition and administration of state militia generally.

The militia of this state shall consist of all able-bodied male citizens. and all other able-
bodied males who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States, between
the ages of 17 and 45, and who .are residents of the state, and or such other persons, male and
fema1e, as may upon their own application, be enlisted or commissioned therein pursuant to any
provisions of this chapter, subject, however, to such exceptions and exemptions as are now, or
may hereafter be created by the laws of the United States, or by the legislature of this state, it
being specifically provided that,. in the event federal taws or rules and regulations promulgated
pursuant thereto authorize and permit service in units or organizations of the organized militia, as
defined in this chapter, by persons of more than 45 years of age, such persons are hereby
authorized to continue to serve in the organized militia fur so long as may be allowed by such
laws, rules or regulations, all other conditions. qualifications or requirements as to eligibility for
service being complied with, All affairs pertaining to the state military forces shall be administered
by the state military department, which shall be headed by the adjutant general. who shall be
responsible to the governor as commander in chief

§ 31-2-3 Divisions of state militia; composition of organized militia and National Guard.
The militia of the state shall be divided into the organized militia, the retired list and the
unorganized militia, which together shall constitute the state military forces. The organized militia,
shall be composed of an army national guard and an air national guard which forces, together with
an inactive national guard, shall comprise the Alabama national guard; the Alabama naval militia;
and the Alabama state guard, whenever any such force is organized by the governor pursuant to
existing laws. The National Guard. army or air, shall consist of such organizations and units as the
commander in chief may from time to time authorize to be formed, all to be organized in
accordance with the laws of the United States affecting the National Guard, army and air, and the
regulations issued by the appropriate secretary of the department of defense. (Emphasis added]

§ 31-2-8 Organization, etc., of state defense force upon call, etc., into federal service
of National Guard.

In the event of all or part of the national guard of Alabama being called. drafted or ordered
into the service of the United States, the governor is hereby authorized to organize, equip, train
and maintain, only during periods when the national guard of Alabama is in the federal service or
when the governor declares by executive order, at such strength and in such organizations and
branches of the service as he may deem advisable, a temporary military force designated as the
Alabama state defense force, similar to the national guard and organized for the same state
purposes, and if authorized by federal laws, it shall be organized, maintained and trained under the
provisions of the National Defense Act for the organization, maintenance and training of the
national guard; provided that comparable organizations shall be disbanded and discharged from
the service of the state on the release or discharge of the national guard of Alabama, or units
thereof, from the federal service and return to its national guard status.

§ 31-2-9 Powers, etc., of governor and adjutant general with respect to state defense
force; state defense force to be free from federal control

In the event the provisions of section 31-2--8 become operative, then the governor and the
adjutant general shall have all the power, authority, duties and rights in relation to the Alabama
state defense force as they have in relation to the national guard of Alabama not in federal service,
and all sections of this chapter so applying shall likewise apply to the state defense force; except.
that the state defense force shall be free from any federal control, and those provisions of this
chapter relating to such federal control or regulations shall not apply to the organization,
maintenance or training of the state defense force when called to duty as the ASDF.

§ 31-2-10 Appropriations for state defense force.

(a) All regular military appropriations made for the purpose of recruiting, organizing and
maintaining the national guard of Alabama or naval militia shall, in the event the national guard is
disbanded, abandoned or called to federal active duty, be available and is hereby appropriated to
the Alabama state defense force for the same purposes and for the purpose of organizing.
maintaining and training the Alabama state defense force under complete state control.

(b) Special military appropriations made for the purpose of paying costs incident to
emergency state military service are hereby made available for the purposes of paying the
expenses of the ASDF.

§ 31-2-38 When officers, enlisted men, etc., deemed to be "in the active military or naval
service of the state.“

The armed forces of the state ordered into the service of the state for the enforcement of
the law, the preservation of the peace or for the security of the rights and lives of citizens or
protection of property in aid and relief of the citizens in disaster, or any similar duty, or any other
service that the governor may for specific reasons so designate, shall be deemed to be in the
active military or naval service of the state. Officers, warrant officers and enlisted personnel
employed under orders of the governor or of the adjutant general in recruiting, making tours of
instruction. inspection of troops, armories, storehouses, campsites, rifle ranges and military
property, sitting on general, special and .summary court-martial and deck courts, boards of
examination, courts of inquiry or boards of officers making and assisting in physical examinations
shall be deemed to be in the active military or naval service of the state when it is so specified in
orders. Orders shall specify in every case if pay is to be allowed and what expenses incident to
travel are authorized. In the discretion of the governor, ordered armory drills and other military or

naval exercises and training, and periods of annual field training or annual cruises ordered and
authorized by competent authority, may be construed as "in the active military or naval service of
the state." but only if such duty is paid for solely from state funds and no federal funds are used..

§ 31-2-50 Failure to appear for duty in the militia.

Every member of the militia ordered out for duty or who or shall volunteer or be drafted,
who does not appear at the time and place ordered, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

§ 31-2-77 Service medals and decorations authorized for wear with National Guard and
naval militia uniforms.

All service medals and decorations awarded for service in the United States armed forces,
and authorized to be worn with the uniform of the United States armed forces, are authorized far
the uniform of the national guard and naval militia of Alabama on occasions prescribed for officers
of the United States armed forces; provided. that the following state medals and decorations are
authorized for wear with the uniform of the .national guard and naval militia of the state of
Alabama: state service medals authorized in this chapter; medals and decorations awarded by
recognized patriotic organizations such as are associated with the service of Revolutionary War
ancestry; the War of 1812; the Mexican War; the Civil War. both confederate and federal service;
the Spanish American War; the World Worlds 1917-1918,1941-1945; Korea; Viet Nam; and such
other medals and decorations as may be recommended by the military advisory board of the state
and approved by the governor; provided further, that only one service medal or similar insignia
each, for the United States or state, shall be worn for any one war. This provision shall not apply to
decorations of the state or the United States, or foreign decorations, the award of which has been
approved by the state and the United States, that are subjects of individual citations, such as the
Medal of Honor, The Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal, the French
Croix de Guerre and similar decorations.

§ 31-2-109 Ordering out of troops - Authority of governor.

The governor may callout all or such portion of the militia and volunteer forces of the state
as maybe deemed advisable, to execute the laws, suppress insurrection and repel invasion, or to
provide assistance in cases of disaster.

§ 31-2-112 Ordering out of troops - Issuance of order by governor; authority of local civil
authorities to order out troops.

(a) Whenever there is an insurrection or outbreak of a formidable character which has

overawed, or threatens to overawe. The ordinary civil authorities or in cases of disaster, and the
authorities in such 'county, city or town, have attempted and failed to quell the same by use of a
Posse Comitatus, or it is apparent that such attempt would be useless, the governor on a
certificate of such facts from any four conservators of the peace in such county, city or town, or
from any circuit court judge, probate court judge, sheriff or justice of the supreme court shall
immediately order out such portion of the national guard or militia as he may deem necessary to
enforce the laws, and preserve the peace, and the governor may, when the urgency is great, order
out such troops without any certificate from either of the officers mentioned in this section. But in
no case shall the governor keep in service in any county, city or town, of the state for more than 10
days any troops or militia other than that raised in such county', except in time of invasion or actual
insurrection unless some justice of the supreme court or circuit judge, or the sheriff thereof, shall
certify to him that the longer presence of such militia or troops is requisite to the proper
enforcement of the law or the preservation of the peace therein.

[Sections (b) and (c) are omitted]

This regulation shall not be changed, amended, or supplemented without written approval from the
Alabama State Defense Force Commander. The effective date of the regulation shall be the same as
the date accompanying the signature.

CHARLES C. ROWE Date: 14 June 2007


Glossary of Common Military Abbreviations
AFM - Air Force manual
ASDF- Alabama State Defense Force
ASO -Alabama State Guard
ANG- Air National Guard
AR- Army Regulation
ARNG- Army National Guard
BDE- Brigade
BDU- Battle dress uniform
BN- Battalion
Cdr - Commander
CERT- Civilian Emergency Response Team
Co. - Company
CPX - Command post exercise
DOD- Department of Defense
DUI- Distinctive unit insignia
FARM- Family Assistance Resource Manual
FEMA- Federal Emergency Management Agency
FM- Field manual
FTX- Field training exercise
HHC- Headquarters and Headquarters Company
HQ- Headquarters
INF- Infantry
J-6 - Communications
JAG- Judge Advocate General
MP- Military Police
MTOE- Modified tables of organization and equipment
MEMS - Military Emergency Management Specialist
NCO- Non-commissioned officer
NG- National Guard
OIC- Officer-in-cl1arge
PAO- Pubic Affairs Officer


Glossary of Common Military Abbreviations

S- 1 - Administration section at Company level, G for Brigade levels and J for Headquarters level.
S-2- Intelligence section
S-3- Operations section at Company level, G for Brigade levels and J for Headquarters level, includes
Communications, Engineers, Chemical, Air. and Provost Marshall
S-4- Supply section
SMDR- State Military Department Regulation
SQD- Squad
TAG- The Adjutant General
TDA - Table of Distribution and Allowances
TOE- Tables of organization and equipment


The Executive Order Creating the Alabama State Defense Force


WHEREAS, Section 31-2-8 of the Code of Alabama 1975, provides for the
organization of the Alabama State Defense Force whose mission is to occupy and
maintain vacated state military facilities and protect life and property in the state of
Alabama. In the event of full or partial mobilization of the Alabama National Guard.

NOW, THEREFORE, I George C. Wallace, Governor of the state of Alabama,

pursuant to Act No. 83 -924 do hereby declare by Executive Order that the Alabama
State Defense Force is authorized to organize a Defense Force Cadre that shall plan
and organize the Alabama State Defense Force in the event of full or partial
mobilization of the Alabama National Guard. This cadre shall not exceed 500
individuals, all of whom shall serve on a volunteer basis.

DONE and ORDERED this 23rd day of December, 1983.


P.O. Box 3111

PERMANENT ORDERS 100- 1 30 December 1983

Pursuant to Section 31-2-8, 31-2-9 and 31-2-10. Code of Alabama 1975, as

amended by Act 83-924, and in compliance with Executive Order Number 20
dated 22 December 1983. a State Defense Force Cadre is authorized to be
organized effective 1 January 1984. This Cadre Force shall not exceed 500
members. ail of whom will serve on a volunteer basis.

Format: 804


AL-TAG (5)


WHEREAS, Executive Order Number 20, dated December 22, 1983,

authorized the organization of the Alabama Defense Force; and State

WHEREAS, the Defense Force Cadre and. the people of Alabama

would better be served by the increased membership of the Cadre,

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Jim Folsom, Governor of the state of

Alabama, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the
Constitution and laws of the State of Alabama, do hereby declare
Executive Order Number 20, dates December 22, 1983, to be amended
as follows:

The last sentence of the second paragraph of Executive Order

Number 20, shall be amended to, read:

"This Cadre shall not exceed 1,000 individuals, all of whom

shall serve on a volunteer basis."

This amendment: shall be effective upon it’s signing.

DONE and ORDERED this 10th day of March, 1994.

Alabama State Defense Force Brigade Map

Alabama State Defense Force Identification Card

The ASDF Identification Card accountability is the responsibility of the

issuing authority and the individual. The card will be surrender upon
completion of service or discharge from the ASDF.
The ID card is the property of the State of Alabama.
ASDF Association and the
State Guard Association of the United States


The Alabama State Defense Force Association to the State Guard Association of the United
States (SGAUS) is an organization whose members consist of personnel of the ASDF from across
the state. Active ASDF members are eligible for membership individually or through their State
Headquarters and should be member of SGAUS

Goals of ASDFA
1. To promote the role and effeteness of the ASDF.
2. To foster relations with the general public and other government agencies and other
3. To serve as the state chapter to the national association of state defense and guard forces
such as SGAUS.
4. To promote close association, friendship, understanding, professionalism, and cooperation
among its members and among the members and former member of the defense force
5. To preserve and perpetuate the history and traditions of the sate defense forces and state
6. To organize, sponsor and operate programs for the education, welfare and benefit of the
Association and it's members.


The State Guard Association of the United States (SGAUS) is an organization whose members
consist of personnel of the state guards from across this nation. Active state guard members are
eligible for membership individually or through their state chapter, if one exists.
In 1994, a state chapter of the SGAUS was funded in Alabama and members of the ASDF are
eligible fur membership. Beginning in 1995, the state-membership dues are $ 5.00 and national
dues are determined annually by grade and membership type. Included in the dues are an
identification card, a membership certificate and the quarterly magazine, The SGAUS Journal. All
dues are submitted to State Headquarters in Montgomery. Additionally, members are eligible to
participate in the SGAUS awards program and annual meetings.

Currently the Department of Defense and Homeland Defense has asked SGAUS to standardize
all state units for a uniformity recognized by the US Government to allow possible funding from
states to develop a more proactive State Guard.
For additional information, the SGAUS may be contacted at:
State Guard Association of the United States
P. O. Box 708
Waverly. TN 37185
Phone: 931-296-1161
For Membership in SGAUS contact; COL William A. Morris
BiIImorris 12@comcast.net

Website www.sgaus.org E-1

ASDF Association and the
State Guard Association of the United States

Po Box 3711
Fort Taylor Harden Amory
1600 Northeastern Blvd
Montgomery, AL 36109




RANK _____________ SSN __________________________

RESIDENT ______________________________________________________________

CITY ________________________________ STATE _____________ ZIP __________

TELEPHONE (_____) _________________________



________ Enclosed is my check (or money order) made out to: Alabama State Defense
Force Association for annual membership in the ASDF Association

SIGNATURE _______________________________________________________________

DATE _____________________________

ASDF Association and the
State Guard Association of the United States