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Verbo To Be Present Tense O verbo TO BE o primeiro tempo verbal que se aprende na lngua inglesa, ele o verbo SER ou ESTAR,

AR, um tempo verbal muito simples, mas tambm muito importante. Existem trs variaes do verbo TO BE, so eles, AM, IS e ARE O uso deles depende do sujeito que ser utilizado na frase. Forma Afirmativa Na forma afirmativa, a frase construda por Sujeito + verbo to be + complemento. Veja alguns exemplos na afirmativa: I am a good boy. He is my friend. They are doctors. Forma Interrogativa Na forma interrogativa, o verbo To Be que o verbo principal da frase, ser posto antes do pronome utilizado e sua traduo no sofrer mudana, pois s ser alterada a estrutura da frase e no o seu sentido. No portugus, ns s precisamos mudar a nossa entonao. Estrutura = Verbo TO BE + Sujeito + Complemento Exemplos: Is Anna a teacher? Are they friends? Is he a student? SHORT ANSWERS / RESPOSTAS CURTAS Em ingls, as respostas sim e no so chamadas de Short Answers (respostas curtas) e variam de acordo com o sujeito da pergunta. Observe a tabela abaixo, com as short answers d do verbo to be. Forma Interrogativa am I? are you? is he? is she? is it? are we? are you? are they?

Short Answer: Sim Short Answer: No Yes, I am. Yes, you are. Yes, he is. Yes, she is. Yes, it is. Yes, we are. Yes, you are. Yes, they are. No, Im not. No, You arent. No, he isnt. No, she isnt. No, it isnt. No, we arent. No, you arent. No, they arent.

Vejamos alguns exemplos: Is he a good person? (Ele uma boa pessoa?) R: Yes, he is a good person. / Yes, he is. Is she your teacher? (Ela suaprofessora?) R: Yes, she is my teacher. / Yes, she is. Are you crazy? (Voc louco?) R: No, I am not crazy. / No, I am not. Forma Negativa J na forma negativa, acrescentado o NOT, pois ele d o sentido de negao da frase, o NOT sempre vai entrar aps o verbo To BE usado. Estrutura = Sujeito + Verto TO BE + NOT + Complemento Exemplos: He is not my father. I am not a photographer. They are not students. Forma Contracta O verbo TO BE tambem pode ser utilizado por sua forma contracta, ns pegamos o pronome e o verbo TO BE e unimos por um apostrofo, tirando a vogal inicial do verbo. Im --------Im not Youre ---------Youre not/You arent Hes--------- Hes not/He isnt Shes--------- Shes not/She isnt Its ---------Its not/It isnt Were ---------Were not/We arent Youre--------- Youre not/You arent Theyre ---------Theyre not/They arent

Exercises 1- Complete as frases com o verbo TO BE adequado: a) We __________ Brothers. b) She __________ not my teacher. c) It _________ a cat. d) I _________ a painter. e) They ________my best friends. f) You _________ a good writer.

2- Passe as frases da afirmativa para a negativa. a) He is a mechanic. _____________________________________________________. b) They are in the school now. _____________________________________________________. c) You are from Argentina. _____________________________________________________. d) She is a good volleyball player. _____________________________________________________. e) I am very tired. _____________________________________________________. I 3- Passe as frases para a interrogativa. a) I am at school now. __________________________________? b) She is very intelligent. __________________________________? c) He is in the car. __________________________________? d) It is hot in Brazil. __________________________________? e) Theyre famous artists.__________________________________?