Você está na página 1de 18

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica.

Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

Seminario de Graduacin Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica Informe Practica Packet Tracer Esquema Enrutamiento
Pulla, Pal. paul.pulla@hotmail.com Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica

Resumen Mediante el presente trabajo se busca reforzar los conocimientos adquiridos en el tema de enrutamiento esttico, y enrutamiento mediante sumarizacin, dicho enrutamiento nos facilita el tema de generar una red ptimamente implementada.
I. OBJETIVOS LAN1: 192.168.1.0/24 LAN2: 192.168.2.0/24 LAN3: 10.0.0.0/24 LAN4: 10.10.10.0/24 Router A: Interface Fa0/0 : 192.168.1.1/24 Interface Fa0/1: 192.168.2.1/24 Interface Fa1/0: 192.168.10.1/30 Router B: Interface Fa0/0: 10.0.0.1/24 Interface Fa1/0: 192.168.10.2/30 Interface Fa1/1: 192.168.20.1/30 Router C: Interface Fa0/0: 10.10.10.1/24 Interface Fa1/0: 192.168.20.2/30 PC1 LAN1: 192.168.1.2/24 PC2 LAN1: 192.168.1.3/24 PC1 LAN2: 192.168.2.2/24 PC2 LAN2: 192.168.2.3/24 PC1 LAN3: 10.0.0.2/24 PC2 LAN3: 10.0.0.3/24 PC1 LAN4: 10.10.10.2/24 PC2 LAN4: 10.10.10.3/24

La prctica desarrollada a continuacin busca: - Ayudar a comprender como funcionan las tablas de enrutamiento dentro de los ruteadores en un esquema de networking. Implementar la conectividad entre las subredes mediante ruteo esttico. Comprobar la conectividad entre redes y PCs dentro de la topologa planteada. Comprender el uso y beneficios de usar sumarizacion

II.

INFORME DE LA PRACTICA

A. ENRUTAMIENTO ESTATICO EN PACKET TRACER Montar el esquema mostrado a continuacin en el simulador de cisco Packet Tracer y configurar las direcciones IP en cada uno de los interfaces de los equipos con sus respectivas mscaras de subred de acuerdo a como se muestra en la topologa. Configurar rutas estticas para alcanzar todas las redes en cada ruteador:

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer DESARROLLO DE LA PRCTICA ESQUEMA: ROUTERS: 2811 SWICH: 2960-24TT PC: GENERIC

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no Press RETURN to get started! Router>enable Router# Configure Terminal Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router (config)#Hostname ROUTER_A ROUTER_A (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/0 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_A (config)#: ROUTER_A (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/1 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_A (config)#: ROUTER_A (config)#: Interface Ethernet 1/0 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_A (config)#: ROUTER_A (config)#:Ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 ROUTER_A (config)#:Ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.10.2 ROUTER_A (config)#:Ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 ROUTER_A (config)#:Exit ROUTER_A#: ROUTER_A#SHOW RUNning-config Building configuration... Current configuration : 906 bytes version 12.4 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption hostname ROUTER_A interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto

COMANDOS UTILIZADOS:

Enable: Sirve para habilitar el Router. Configure Terminal: Sirve para ingresar al
Router y configurarlo.

Hostname: Sirve para poner el nombre al


Router.

Ip Route: Sirve para poner la direccin de


red que se quiere llegar con su respectiva mascara de subred y se ubica el prximo salto, en definitiva sirve para ingresar las rutas estticas.

No Shutdown: Sirve para levantar las


interfaces de conexin.

Write: Sirve para guarda todo lo realizado


dentro de la configuracin del Router.

Show Runnig-Config: Sirve para ver todas


las direcciones que se ingresaron en el Router.

Show IP Route: Indica todas las


direcciones de red del Router.

Exit: Para salir de cada configuracin


dentro del Router. 1.- Configuracin de los equipos ruteadores y PCs: ROUTER A

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/0 ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/2 no ip address duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/3 no ip address duplex auto speed auto interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ip classless ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.10.2 ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 line con 0 line vty 0 4 login end ROUTER B

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no Press RETURN to get started! Router>enable Router# Configure Terminal Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router (config)#Hostname ROUTER_B ROUTER_B#: Configure Terminal

Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. ROUTER_B (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/0 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_B (config)#: ROUTER_B (config)#: Interface Ethernet 1/0 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_B (config)#: ROUTER_B (config)#: Interface Ethernet 1/1 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_B (config)#: ROUTER_B (config)#:Ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.2 ROUTER_B (config)#: Ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1 ROUTER_B (config)#: Ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1 ROUTER_B (config)#:Exit ROUTER_B#: ROUTER_B#SHOW RUNning-config Building configuration... Current configuration : 936 bytes version 12.4 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption hostname ROUTER_B interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto interface FastEthernet0/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/0 ip address 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/1 ip address 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/2 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/3 no ip address

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ip classless ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.2 ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1 ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1 line con 0 line vty 0 4 login end ROUTER C ROUTER_C#: ROUTER_C#SHOW RUNning-config Building configuration... Current configuration : 972 bytes version 12.4 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption hostname ROUTER_C interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto interface FastEthernet0/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/0 ip address 192.168.20.2 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/2 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/3 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ip classless ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.20.1 ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 line con 0 line vty 0 4 login end PC1-LAN1 Gateway:

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no Press RETURN to get started! Router>enable Router# Configure Terminal Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router (config)#Hostname ROUTER_C ROUTER_C (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/0 ROUTER_C (config-if)#:Ip address 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 ROUTER_C (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_C (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_C (config)#: ROUTER_C (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 1/0 ROUTER_C (config-if Ip address 192.168.20.2 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_C (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_C (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_C (config)#: ROUTER_C (config)#:Ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 ROUTER_C (config)#:Ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.20.1 ROUTER_C (config)#:Ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 ROUTER_C (config)#:Ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 ROUTER_C (config)#:Exit

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

FastEthernet: PC1-LAN2 Gateway:

PC2-LAN1 Gateway:

FastEthernet:

FastEthernet:

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

PC2-LAN2 Gateway: FastEthernet:

FastEthernet: Gateway:

PC2-LAN3

PC1-LAN3 Gateway:

FastEthernet:

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

PC1-LAN4 Gateway: FastEthernet:

FastEthernet:

2. - PC1-192.168.1.2: Ping con todas las direcciones de las diferentes redes disponibles, se obtiene lo siguiente: Packet Tracer PC Command Line 1.0 PC>PING 192.168.1.1 Pinging 192.168.1.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 time=5ms TTL=255 Reply from 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 time=5ms TTL=255 Ping statistics for 192.168.1.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 5ms, Maximum = 9ms, Average = 6ms PC>PING 192.168.1.3 PC2-LAN4

Gateway:

Pinging 192.168.1.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=128 Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=10ms TTL=128

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

Ping statistics for 192.168.1.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 8ms, Maximum = 12ms, Average = 10ms PC>PING 192.168.2.1 Pinging 192.168.2.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 time=16ms TTL=255 Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 time=8ms TTL=255 Ping statistics for 192.168.2.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 5ms, Maximum = 16ms, Average = 9ms PC>PING 192.168.2.2 Pinging 192.168.2.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.2.2: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=127 Reply from 192.168.2.2: bytes=32 time=17ms TTL=127 Ping statistics for 192.168.2.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 12ms, Maximum = 17ms, Average = 15ms

PC>PING 10.0.0.2 Pinging 10.0.0.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.0.0.2: bytes=32 time=11ms TTL=126 Reply from 10.0.0.2: bytes=32 time=16ms TTL=126 Ping statistics for 10.0.0.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 10ms, Maximum = 16ms, Average = 12ms PC>PING 10.0.0.3 Pinging 10.0.0.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.0.0.3: bytes=32 time=21ms TTL=126 Reply from 10.0.0.3: bytes=32 time=16ms TTL=126 Ping statistics for 10.0.0.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 16ms, Maximum = 21ms, Average = 17ms PC>PING 192.168.10.1 Pinging 192.168.10.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.10.1: bytes=32 time=4ms TTL=255 Reply from 192.168.10.1: bytes=32 time=7ms TTL=255 Ping statistics for 192.168.10.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 4ms, Maximum = 10ms, Average = 6ms

PC>PING 192.168.2.3 Pinging 192.168.2.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.2.3: bytes=32 time=20ms TTL=127 Reply from 192.168.2.3: bytes=32 time=15ms TTL=127 Ping statistics for 192.168.2.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 15ms, Maximum = 20ms, Average = 17ms PC>PING 10.0.0.1 Pinging 10.0.0.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=16ms TTL=254 Reply from 10.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=254 Ping statistics for 10.0.0.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 7ms, Maximum = 16ms, Average = 11ms

PC>PING 192.168.10.2 Pinging 192.168.10.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=32 time=7ms TTL=254 Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=32 time=13ms TTL=254 Ping statistics for 192.168.10.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 7ms, Maximum = 13ms, Average = 9ms PC>PING 192.168.20.1 Pinging 192.168.20.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.20.1: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=254 Reply from 192.168.20.1: bytes=32 time=8ms TTL=254 Ping statistics for 192.168.20.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 6ms, Maximum = 14ms, Average = 9ms

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

PC>PING 192.168.20.2 Pinging 192.168.20.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.20.2: bytes=32 time=16ms TTL=253 Reply from 192.168.20.2: bytes=32 time=17ms TTL=253 Ping statistics for 192.168.20.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 8ms, Maximum = 17ms, Average = 13ms PC>PING 10.10.10.1 ROUTER B: Pinging 10.10.10.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.10.10.1: bytes=32 time=8ms TTL=253 Reply from 10.10.10.1: bytes=32 time=13ms TTL=253 Ping statistics for 10.10.10.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 8ms, Maximum = 26ms, Average = 14ms PC>PING 10.10.10.2 Pinging 10.10.10.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.10.10.2: bytes=32 time=23ms TTL=125 Reply from 10.10.10.2: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=125 Ping statistics for 10.10.10.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 14ms, Maximum = 23ms, Average = 17ms ROUTER C

PC>PING 10.10.10.3 Pinging 10.10.10.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.10.10.3: bytes=32 time=27ms TTL=125 Reply from 10.10.10.3: bytes=32 time=18ms TTL=125 Ping statistics for 10.10.10.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 10ms, Maximum = 27ms, Average = 17ms 3. - Los enrutamiento de cada ruteador, las interfaces conectadas y las posibles rutas estticas: ROUTER A B. ENRUTAMIENTO ESTATICO SUMARIZADO EN PACKET TRACER Montar el esquema mostrado a continuacin en el simulador de cisco Packet Tracer y configurar las direcciones IP en cada uno de los interfaces de los equipos con sus respectivas mscaras de subred de acuerdo a como se muestra en la topologa. Configurar rutas estticas con informacin de rutas sumarizadas para alcanzar todas las redes en cada ruteador:

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

10

Hostname: Sirve para poner el nombre al


Router.

Ip Route: Sirve para poner la direccin de


red que se quiere llegar con su respectiva mascara de subred y se ubica el prximo salto, en definitiva sirve para ingresar las rutas estticas.

LAN1: 192.168.1.0/24 LAN2: 192.168.2.0/24 LAN3: 10.0.0.0/24 LAN4: 10.10.10.0/24 Router A: Interface Fa0/0 : 192.168.1.1/24 Interface Fa0/1: 192.168.2.1/24 Interface Fa1/0: 192.168.10.1/30 Router B: Interface Fa0/0: 10.0.0.1/24 Interface Fa1/0: 192.168.10.2/30 Interface Fa1/1: 192.168.20.1/30 Router C: Interface Fa0/0: 10.10.10.1/24 Interface Fa1/0: 192.168.20.2/30 PC1 LAN1: 192.168.1.2/24 PC2 LAN1: 192.168.1.3/24 PC1 LAN2: 192.168.2.2/24 PC2 LAN2: 192.168.2.3/24 PC1 LAN3: 10.0.0.2/24 PC2 LAN3: 10.0.0.3/24 PC1 LAN4: 10.10.10.2/24 PC2 LAN4: 10.10.10.3/24 DESARROLLO DE LA PRCTICA ESQUEMA: ROUTERS: 2811 SWICH: 2960-24TT PC: GENERIC

No Shutdown: Sirve para levantar las


interfaces de conexin.

Write: Sirve para guarda todo lo realizado


dentro de la configuracin del Router.

Show Runnig-Config: Sirve para ver todas


las direcciones que se ingresaron en el Router.

Show IP Route: Indica todas las


direcciones de red del Router.

Exit: Para salir de cada configuracin


dentro del Router. 1.- Configuracin de los equipos ruteadores y PCs: ROUTER A

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no Press RETURN to get started! Router>enable Router# Configure Terminal Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router (config)#Hostname ROUTER_A ROUTER_A (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/0 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_A (config)#: ROUTER_A (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/1 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0

COMANDOS UTILIZADOS:

Enable: Sirve para habilitar el Router. Configure Terminal: Sirve para ingresar al
Router y configurarlo.

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer ROUTER_A (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_A (config)#: ROUTER_A (config)#: Interface Ethernet 1/0 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_A (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_A (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_A (config)#: ROUTER_A (config)#:Ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 ROUTER_A (config)#:Ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.10.2 ROUTER_A (config)#:Ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 ROUTER_A (config)#:Exit ROUTER_A#: ROUTER_A#:Show Runnig-Config Building configuration... Current configuration : 906 bytes version 12.4 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption hostname ROUTER_A interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/0 ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/2 no ip address duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/3 no ip address duplex auto speed auto interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ip classless ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 ip route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.10.2 ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.2 line con 0 line vty 0 4 login end ROUTER B

11

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no Press RETURN to get started! Router>enable Router# Configure Terminal Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router (config)#Hostname ROUTER_B ROUTER_B#: Configure Terminal Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. ROUTER_B (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/0 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_B (config)#: ROUTER_B (config)#: Interface Ethernet 1/0 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_B (config)#: ROUTER_B (config)#: Interface Ethernet 1/1 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Ip address 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_B (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_B (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_B (config)#:Ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.2 ROUTER_B (config)#:Ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 192.168.10.1 ROUTER_B (config)#:Exit ROUTER_B#: ROUTER_B#:Show Runnig-Config Building configuration... Current configuration : 887 bytes version 12.4 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption hostname ROUTER_B interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer duplex auto speed auto interface FastEthernet0/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/0 ip address 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/1 ip address 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/2 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/3 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ip classless ip route 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.2 ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 192.168.10.1 line con 0 line vty 0 4 login end

12

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no Press RETURN to get started! Router>enable Router# Configure Terminal Enter configuration command, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router (config)#Hostname ROUTER_C ROUTER_C (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 0/0 ROUTER_C (config-if)#: Ip address 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 ROUTER_C (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_C (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_C (config)#: ROUTER_C (config)#: Interface FastEthernet 1/0 ROUTER_C (config-if Ip address 192.168.20.2 255.255.255.252 ROUTER_C (config-if)#:No shutdown ROUTER_C (config-if)#:Exit ROUTER_C (config)#: ROUTER_C (config)#: ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 192.168.20.1 ROUTER_C (config)#: ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.20.1 ROUTER_C (config)#: ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 ROUTER_C (config)#:Exit ROUTER_C#: ROUTER_C#SHOW RUNning-config Building configuration... Current configuration : 923 bytes version 12.4 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption hostname ROUTER_C interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto interface FastEthernet0/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/0

ROUTER C

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer ip address 192.168.20.2 255.255.255.252 duplex auto speed auto interface Ethernet1/1 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/2 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Ethernet1/3 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ip classless ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 192.168.20.1 ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.252 192.168.20.1 ip route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1 line con 0 line vty 0 4 login end PC1-LAN1 Gateway: FastEthernet:

13

PC2-LAN1 Gateway:

FastEthernet:

PC1-LAN2 Gateway:

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

14

FastEthernet:

PC1-LAN3 Gateway:

PC2-LAN2 Gateway:

FastEthernet:

FastEthernet:

PC2-LAN3 Gateway:

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

15

FastEthernet:

PC2-LAN4 Gateway:

PC1-LAN4 Gateway:

FastEthernet:

FastEthernet:

3. - PC1-192.168.1.2: Ping con todas las direcciones de las diferentes redes disponibles, se obtiene lo siguiente:

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer PC>ping 10.0.0.2 PC>ping 192.168.1.3 Pinging 192.168.1.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=7ms TTL=128 Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=9ms TTL=128 Ping statistics for 192.168.1.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 6ms, Maximum = 13ms, Average = 8ms PC>ping 192.168.2.1 Pinging 192.168.2.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 time=4ms TTL=255 Reply from 192.168.2.1: bytes=32 time=8ms TTL=255 Ping statistics for 192.168.2.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 4ms, Maximum = 9ms, Average = 6ms PC>ping 192.168.2.2 Pinging 192.168.2.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.2.2: bytes=32 time=17ms TTL=127 Reply from 192.168.2.2: bytes=32 time=11ms TTL=127 Ping statistics for 192.168.2.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 11ms, Maximum = 19ms, Average = 15ms PC>ping 192.168.2.3 Pinging 192.168.2.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.2.3: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=127 Reply from 192.168.2.3: bytes=32 time=19ms TTL=127 Ping statistics for 192.168.2.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 14ms, Maximum = 19ms, Average = 16ms PC>ping 10.0.0.1 Pinging 10.0.0.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=9ms TTL=254 Reply from 10.0.0.1: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=254 Ping statistics for 10.0.0.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 8ms, Maximum = 12ms, Average = 10ms Pinging 10.10.10.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.10.10.3: bytes=32 time=13ms TTL=125 Reply from 10.10.10.3: bytes=32 time=15ms TTL=125 Ping statistics for 10.10.10.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 13ms, Maximum = 15ms, Average = 14ms Pinging 10.0.0.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.0.0.2: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=126 Reply from 10.0.0.2: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=126 Ping statistics for 10.0.0.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 12ms, Maximum = 15ms, Average = 13ms PC>ping 10.0.0.3 Pinging 10.0.0.3 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.0.0.3: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=126 Reply from 10.0.0.3: bytes=32 time=18ms TTL=126 Ping statistics for 10.0.0.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 11ms, Maximum = 18ms, Average = 13ms PC>ping 10.10.10.1 Pinging 10.10.10.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.10.10.1: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=253 Reply from 10.10.10.1: bytes=32 time=11ms TTL=253 Ping statistics for 10.10.10.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 9ms, Maximum = 20ms, Average = 13ms PC>ping 10.10.10.2 Pinging 10.10.10.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 10.10.10.2: bytes=32 time=17ms TTL=125 Reply from 10.10.10.2: bytes=32 time=12ms TTL=125 Ping statistics for 10.10.10.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 12ms, Maximum = 17ms, Average = 14ms PC>ping 10.10.10.3

16

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer PC>ping 192.168.10.1 Pinging 192.168.10.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.10.1: bytes=32 time=13ms TTL=255 Reply from 192.168.10.1: bytes=32 time=5ms TTL=255 Ping statistics for 192.168.10.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 5ms, Maximum = 13ms, Average = 9ms PC>ping 192.168.10.2 Pinging 192.168.10.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=32 time=11ms TTL=254 Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=254 Ping statistics for 192.168.10.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 8ms, Maximum = 15ms, Average = 12ms PC>ping 192.168.20.1 Pinging 192.168.20.1 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.20.1: bytes=32 time=8ms TTL=254 Reply from 192.168.20.1: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=254 Ping statistics for 192.168.20.1: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 7ms, Maximum = 14ms, Average = 9ms PC>ping 192.168.20.2 Pinging 192.168.20.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.20.2: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=253 Reply from 192.168.20.2: bytes=32 time=10ms TTL=253 Ping statistics for 192.168.20.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 8ms, Maximum = 14ms, Average = 10ms ROUTER C

17

4. Escriba las tablas de enrutamiento de cada ruteador. ROUTER A

ROUTER B

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013

Universidad Tecnolgica Amrica. Pulla Paul, Informe Practica Packet Tracer

18

III.

CONCLUSIONES

El objetivo de este trabajo e informe es asentar los conocimientos sobre el tema de enrutamiento estatico y de sumarizacion, como apreciacin bsica del tema nos damos cuenta que el enrutamiento estatico nos permite hacer un ping a cualquier equipo de la red, es decir generar un enrutamiento o caminos a nivel de toda la red, interconectando la misma. En el tema de sumarizacion su objetivo es englobar ips similares o de rangos casi iguales, es decir en el enrutamiento usar una ip con su respectiva mascara y que esta sirva para enrutar a 2 o mas redes, nos permite el ahorro de enrutamientos, etc.
REFERENCIAS

[1] CISCO, CCNA 4 [2] PACKET TRACER, Manual [3] Historia de las Telecomunicaciones en Ecuador [En lnea] Disponible en: http://www.conatel.gob.ec

Seminario de Graduacin Ingeniera Electrnica y Telemtica 2013