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Situational Analysis

I. Physical Characteristics of the Province

Brief Historical Background The province of Zambales was formally organized in 1572 after the exploration by Don Juan de Salcedo. From 1972 to 1903, a period of 331 years the northern portion of Zambales included the towns of Alaminos, Bolinao, San Isidro, Infanta, Anda, Ban, Agoo, all of which now belong to Pangasinan. Among the earliest municipalities were Masinloc organized 1607 and was first provincial capitol, Iba the present capitol was organized in 1611, and Sta. Cruz, the northernmost municipality was formed a year later. The name of the province was derived from the Malay word Samba meaning to worship on the inhabitants were found by the Spaniards to be worshipping spirits called anitos. The inhabitants were then referred to as Sambali or the spanized term Zambale hence the term Zambales. Boundaries/ Location Zambales is located at the Western Coast of the Central Region. It show common boundaries with Pangasinan on the North, Tarlac & Pangasinan on the East, Bataan on the South and the China Sea in the West. Zambales is a second class province with following positional subdivisions:
1. Congressional District

City (1): Olongapo City Municipalities (3): Castillejos, San Marcelino, Subic

2. Congressional District II

City (0)

Municipalities (10): Botolan, Cabangan, Candelaria,Iba, Masinloc, Palauig, San Antonio, San Felipe, San Marcelino and Sta. Cruz

Land Area/ Classification The province is the second largest in Region III, covering a total area of 371,440 hectares including Olongapo City classified as follows:

Land type/Classification

Area (Has)

a. Timber Land

243,604.9 181,955.9 51,817 9 8,600 1,223

a.1 Estb. Timberland a.2 Forest Pasture a.3 National Park a.4 Military Reservation a.5 Fishpond

b. Alienable &Disposable




Soil Type The soil of the province is classified into three (3) distinct groups. These are the soil of swamps and marshes, soil of the coastal plain and the soil of the mountain. Zambales soil type is as follows: Soil Type Area (has) % Source

1. Undifferentiated



Mountain Soil
2. Antipolo Clay 3. Bani Clay 4. Angeles Sand 5. Qurangua Silt Loam 6. Cabangan

60,130 33,292 16,983 11,308 6,723 1,720 371,440

16.96 8.96 4.57 3.05 1.81 0.46 100.00


7. Hydrosol


The average pH value of the surface soil of Zambales range from 5.8 to 6.9 as far as soil reaction & organic mater contents of the soil is concern, rice & other similar acid tolerant plants can expect to grow normally or fairly well without lowering the pH of the soil. The province soils contain organic mater with an average range of 1.5 to 2.5 % which is below normal level of 3.15% needed for high agricultural production.

Climate Zambales belongs to the first type in accordance with the classification based on rainfall. The principal climate characteristics of the first type are:
1. There is distinct wet and dry season: dry from November to April and wet during the rest

of the year.
2. The percentage of rainfall during the months from June to October is at least 89% of the

total precipitation of the year, while the rainfall from November to February does not covered 125 of the total.
3. The amount of land coincides with average precipitation the clearest month are from

January to April (The cloudiest is from July to September).

4. The relative humidity was posted at eighty (80) percent.


The topography is gradually irregular with the coastal plains and valleys stretching from Lingayen Gulf down south towards Subic Bay along the Western Coast and northern towards 177 Km South of Masinloc. Hydrology There are 34 rivers with numerous numbers of creeks following from the mountain ranges in Zambales draining outward along plains and valleys toward the China Sea. The most table with significant part to the socio-economic and political life of the people in Sto. Tomas River in San Marcelino, Bucao River in Botolan, Tanguay River in Cabangan, Nayom and Bayto Rivers in Sta, Cruz, Panglit River in Paluig, Bancal River in Botolan and Naculcol River in San Marcelino and San Felipe Area.

Land Capability, Slope category Distribution by Municipality in Hectare: Municipalit y Total Land Area 0-3% Sta. Cruz Candelaria Masinloc Palauig Iba Botolan Cabangan San Felipe San Narciso San Antonio San Marcelino Castillejos 41460 38760 30600 31000 15338 61370 23940 10370 7160 20500 44092 8650 9113 7554 4509 4396 2284 6180 1441 1067 2123 820 3148 1394 3-8% 6160 1259 915 733 198 1236 1296 978 1321 482 1080 816 Slope Category (%) 8-15% 6075 2464 1002 1465 1192 4944 1401 817 494 1302 2819 701 15-30% 813 2518 1953 2198 9935 3156 2802 754 1296 5745 4228 1517 30% and over 19231 29965 18185 22208 10770 45854 16999 6554 1926 12150 32817 4222

Subic Total

27920 361110

913 44942

404 16914

884 25262

1288 39678

24431 244314

Descriptive Analysis of Slope Category: (Source of Data: Bureau of Soils,1980)

0 3% - Good crop land, gently sloping that can be cultivated safely using ordinary good farming practices suited for subdivision/settlement. 3 8% - Land can be cultivated safely, moderately sloping, severely wooded land that can be cultivated safely carefully planted, conservation practices is applied. Suited for subdivision/settlement if erosion control manner be applied. 8 15% - Steeply slopping, good manage for planted and forestry 15 30 % - Very steep land wooded, rough with shallow soil that can be used for grazing or for forestry is handed with care. 30% and over Suited average for wildlife and recreation.

Source of Data: Bureau of Soils (1980) Ethnic Groups The ethnic groups are Zambal, Ilocanos and tagalong. Zambal is classified into three as follows: Sambali Bolinao, Sambali Botolan and Sambali Tina. Mother tongue Zambal, Ilocano, Tagalog Population As of year 2000. Population is at 627,802 with Olongapo City as the highly populated area followed by the towns of Subic and Sta. Cruz. It has a population density of 169 per sq. km. and estimated to grow by 1.61% annually. Labor Force/Employment As of April 2003, employment is counted at 226,000 with an employment rate of 80.5%.

Natural Resources

The province is endowed with a number of resources from mineral deposits, crops and other agricultural and marine products. The City, however, have a limited agricultural area of 44 hectares which is basically subsistence in nature. Marine Products. The sea abounds with a number of fish species which include frigate tuna, yellow fin and squid. Likewise, there are a number of fishponds especially in the towns of San Felipe and Cabangan where milkfish, tilapia and prawn are raised, the latter being exported to Taiwan and Japan. Deep sea fishes or aquarium fishes are also available in Masinloc and Subic. Mineral Resources Copper, chromite, gabbro, and talc are among the top minerals of the province. There are ______ small mining companies operating in the Northern Zambales. Agricultural Products Rice, mango and banana are among the prime products of Zambales. Other products being produced on cluster basis are spring onions in San Narciso, Sweet Potatoes in Cabangan and Castillejos and Cashew in Candelaria. Utilities: Power. All the municipalities are fully energized with 245 barangays out of the 247 barangays lighted. Remained unlighted are the islands of Barangay San Salvador in Masinloc and Barangay Magalawa in Palauig. Power supply is generated and supplied by the TRANSCO and serviced by Zambales Electric Company (ZAMECO) I and II covering the municipalities of Sta. Cruz to Botolan, and Cabangan to Subic, respectively. Olongapo City is serviced by the Public Utility Department under the city government. Power Generating Facilities: Subic Power Corporation Location Installed Capacity Subic Bay Freeport Zone 116 MW

Masinloc Coal Fired Thermal Power Plant Location Bani, Masinloc

Installed Capacity

600 MW

Water. All the municipalities in the province have their water system, 10 of which are serviced by the Local Water Districts. On the other hand, the City of Olongapo is supplied by Subic Water, Inc. with an average daily of production of 60,000 cu.m. Communication. The province enjoys the development in information and communications technology having 7 telephone companies. Telephone service covers the whole province except for the towns of Candelaria, Cabangan and Palauig. Three cellular phone networks are also available within the province to include those not reached by landline phones. In radio broadcasting, there are 5 companies that operate in the City and province while all television networks can be availed using the CATV or the DREAM satellite to view local and international shows. Transportation. The province is accessible by land, water and air transport. There are two bus companies operating in the province; one is cooperative with a pool of bus liner operators while the other is cooperative of jeepney operators with transport franchise from Olongapo City to as far as San Felipe and vice versa. In the Northern part of the province, a number of jeepney associations also operate from San Felipe to Sta. Cruz with differing routes within the area. In Olongapo City, there are four bus companies operating with routes going to Manila, Baguio, Bataan, Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan. Car rentals and taxi are available in Olongapo City while van-for-rent are available in all towns of the province. With Zambales proximity to the Subic International Airport and Subic Seaport, flights and portcalls are available at the zone. Existing Airports and Airstrips

Subic International Airport Location : Subic Bay Freeport Zone Runway : 2,744 meters Naulo Point Location : Phil. Navy Coast Guard Station


: 1,000 meters

Hermana Mayor (Private) Location : Bilay, Sta. Cruz, Zambales Runway : 1,000 meters Iba Airport Location Runway

: Sto. Rosario, Iba, Zambales : 1,000 meters

Castillejos Airport (Private) Location : Magsaysay, Castillejos, Zambales Runway : 1,000 meters

Existing Wharves and Piers

Subic Seaport Baloganon Pier Head, Masinloc, Zambales Oyon Bay, Masinloc, Zambales Masinloc, Zambales Port Dizon, Matain, Subic, Zambales Subic Shipyard, Cawag, Subic, Zambales Subic Fish Port, Wawandue, Subic, Zambales

Shipping Lines and their Destinations

Wan Hai -Taiwan American President Lines (APL) -Manila: Kaohsiung, Taiwan: Hongkong, Singapore Maerks Lines - Manila; Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Hongkong, Singapore

Support Amenities Educational Institutions 2 agricultural schools 5 computer schools 2 technical/vocational schools

15 collegiate schools 5 graduate schools Health Facilities 5 government hospitals 9 private hospitals 285 bed capacity Commercial Banks Development Banks Savings and Loan Banks Rural Banks Cooperative Banks

Banking Institutions

Tourism Oriented Establishments Hotels (accredited by DOT) Resorts Other tourism related companies Other resorts (not accredited) Recreational Facilities Movie Houses Beach/Cottage Resorts Industrial Estates and Industrial Zones There is one special economic zone and one Freeport Zone in the province host to more than 600 locators in the manufacturing, trading, and service sectors. Within the Freeport zone are two industrial parks managed by private corporations. Three more potential sites in Sta. Cruz, Candelaria and Masinloc are declared for economic zone development. Recently, the provincial government is looking at the development of another economic zone in Cawag, Subic with an area of 600 hectares. Subic Bay Freeport Zone Location Total Land Area : Subic Bay Area : 18,000 hectares 1 115 6 6 8 78

Private Industrial Parks

Subic Techno Park Location Total Land Area : Subic Bay Freeport Zone : 60 hectares

Subic Bay Industrial Park Location Total Land Area : Subic Bay Freeport Zone : 300 hectares

Subic Special Economic Zone Location Total Land Area : Cawag, Subic, Zambales : 72 hectares

II. Food Security Situation

A. Sufficiency Level

The total crop production area of the province is 33,402 hectares and 20,323 hectares are devoted to rice production (2007). From 2004 to 2007, the effective rice production area ranges from 28,245 to 30,539 hectares or an average of 29,102.2 hectares. In 2007, area harvested is 28,437 hectares with a total production of 108,364 metric tons. With this, Zambales alone incurred a surplus of 5150 metric tons of milled rice. The municipalities of San Marcelino, Palauig, Candelaria and Sta, Cruz gave the highest surplus. San Marcelino, San Felipe, Cabangan and Iba on the other hand, are able to sustain their own rice requirements while Subic, Castillejos, San Antonio, Botolan and Masinloc failed to satisfy the local demand or requirement. However, the province attained a 109 % rice self sufficient level, the surplus if supplied to Olongapo City is not enough to meet the demand of the city populace only 21 % of their requirement was satisfied. The area and production of corn in the province is very much deficient. Both white corn and yellow corn failed to satisfy the local requirement and the livestock feed requirements of the province. Only 877.2 and 3045.4 metric tons of white and yellow corn were produced respectively in 2007. Based on our production, the province has a total deficit of about 10,674.8 MT. Root crops such as cassava, ube, sweet potato and gabi were planted to 2000.69 hectares which registered the highest production of 20,826.7 metric tons since 2004.Last year data indicated that province incurred a big supply for the province which is about 16,586 MT .The surplus needs to bring outside the province to avoid product deterioration. The present mango production situation of the province indicates that there is an excess production of 6904.1 MT (CY 2006). Total production is recorded at 13,654.36 MT. The total requirement of the province is only 49% of the total production. The excess production is transported to Manila and other regions. Manila absorbs most of our mango and others are exported to other country.

Mango Production and Consumption by Municipality, Zambales, 2006



Total Mango Production (MT)

Consumption (MT)

Surplus/ (Deficit) (MT)

Botolan Cabangan Candelaria Castillejos Iba Masinloc Palauig San Antonio San Felipe San Narciso San Marcelino Sta. Cruz Subic Olongapo City

53,759 22,427 23,079 37,092 38,895 38,642 30,908 28,746 17,000 32,464 23,024 49,308 79,508 200,170

1118.91 367.91 855.97 355.62 3365.52 1450.42 3675.13 110.94 151.03 104.11 249.65 1143.37 705.78

537.59 224.27 230.79 370.92 388.95 386.42 309.08 287.46 170 324.64 230.24 493.08 795.08 2001.7

581.32 143.64 625.18 (15.3) 2976.57 1064 3366.05 (176.52) (18.97) (220.53) 19.41 650.29 (89.3) (2001.7)






2006 DATA, BAS-Zambales On the other hand, vegetables including legumes were planted in 1583.6 hectares generally raised after the first cropping season. The total produced of the province was registered at 10,688.53 MT (2007). The 2007 data showed that the province has no enough supply of veggies to satisfy the local demand. To meet the demand of Zambaleos, some traders hauled/delivered vegetables from other province and regions like in Bulacan, Pangasinan and Baguio.

Poultry and Livestock Production and Consumption Local production of chicken meat and eggs were very low, out of 2735.6 MT demand for chicken meat only 664.6 MT were supplied by the combined production of broiler and native chicken. The same is true with the egg production. Supply was only 1.6 MT against the

requirements of 1,791.82 MT. This situation is clearly manifested by continuous delivery of broiler meat and eggs from other provinces in order to meet the provinces demand. In the same manner, beef production has a deficit of 71%.Production reached only to 625.76 MT from a total requirement of 2,188.48 MT. The pork supply of the province is 1,492 MT or only 29 % of the total demand of the province. Fish Production and consumption The province total fish production (2007) is 20,501 metric tons. The municipal fish production is 9014.6 metric tons or 43% of the total production, 7604.82 metric tons or 37% for inland and aquaculture and 3881.29 or 18% for commercial fishing vessels from the ports of Subic, Masinloc and Sta. Cruz. The province has a 6,822,940 kilos surplus of fish production or 149 sufficiencies. From the total production of 20,501 MT less the provinces consumption of 13,678 MT including Olongapo City. This shows that the province consumed 66% of the total production and the remaining production was exported to nearby provinces and as far as Metro Manila. However, based on the data gathered from the Municipal Agriculture Office, the province incurred insufficiency in some agricultural commodities like rice, corn, vegetables, other fruits, poultry and livestock but incurred surplus in root crops, mango and fish. This indicates that low production in some agricultural commodities is due to focus on the production of rice due to the call of the national government on rice sufficiency program. Rice is one of the important commodities of the nation thus a support from the government is more than that from other banner programs. Irrigation machineries like the STW and other farm implements are also made available as well as the restoration and rehabilitation of irrigation facilities Quality seeds are being subsidized including free distribution of location specific interventions to enhance rice farmers productivity. This also shows that production of other agricultural commodities is mainly incidental or an alternate after rice which means that priority crop for the farmers is rice. Data also shows that areas for other commodities are very minimal as to compare to areas devoted to rice production. Shifting to other commodities is possible but it might be detrimental to rice production because data shows that from the total land area of the province only 33,402 hectares are intended for crop production or only 8 % of the province total land area. The area devoted to rice production is 60 % of the total crop production of the province which is classified into

irrigated, rainfed and upland. This indicates that any area shifted from rice to other commodity might possibly ebb the production of the prime commodity.


Price of agricultural inputs has been the usual problem of farmers. For example, in one cropping season, farm-input requirement for one hectare is eleven thousand five hundred ninety six pesos and fifty five pesos (11,596.55) including labor (Source: GAP 12 Steps in Rice Production). For an ordinary farmer who has no other source of income, this amount will be a big problem.


1. Transport:

Except for some motorized boats and bancas used as inter-island travel to and from poblacion, the province is accessible by land transportation. Due to good road condition, there are two (2) land transportation companies plying Zambales, namely: the Victory Liner Inc. and the ZAMODCA.

The Province including Olongapo City has constructed and maintained its road network. It has 236.84 km of existing national roads, 242.39 km. of existing provincial roads 156.19 km. of municipal roads and 579.65 km. of Barangay, 27.84 km. of upland access road and 1376.67 L.M. of provincial bridges. Farm-to-market roads amount to 309.389 km.

There are Four (4) public airports situated at Castillejos, Iba, Sta. Cruz and Subic. Private airports are located at Benguet Consolidated Mines in Coto, Masinloc, the Acoje Mines and the Island of Hermana Mayor which is both located in Sta. Cruz. The province has top grade international sea port and airport facilities in Subic, which can accommodate both cargo and people moving to and from number of international destinations. Seaports of Zambales includes Masinloc BCL Port (Petron), Masinloc ESSO Port Matalviz, Masinloc Oyom Bay Pier, Subic BCI/Dizon Port, and the Subic Fishermens Port.

2. Electric and Water Supply

All Municipalities by their electric power from the Zambales Electric Cooperative (ZAMECO). ZAMECO I supplies power to 339.433 households while ZAMECO II supplies 41,485 households. Zambales is now fully energized and with the completion of the Masinloc Coal Power Plant, Electric supply with in the province is more than sufficient.

On the other hand, most of the households have potable water supplied by Subic Water. Other sources come from rivers, springs, deep wells and the Subic Bay Freeport Surface Water Division Dam.

3. Telecommunication Facilities

Telecommunication services in the province are provided by PLDT, Digitel, Piltel, Butel, and Smart. RCPI and LBC are also part of their telecommunication facilities together with 14 post offices in the province.

4. Educational Facilities

The rise of literacy rate of Zambales may be attributed to the increase in school population, the success of the adult education program and innovative instructural methodologies. There are 15 public high schools and 23 private schools. Likewise, the three (3) existing vocational school, namely: the Western Luzon Agricultural College in San Marcelino and Botolan, the Ramon Magsaysay Memorial School of Arts and Trades at Iba and the Candelaria School of Fisheries at Candelaria were integrated into one (1) university now named the Ramon Magsaysay Technological University (RMTU) with campuses at San Marcelino, Botolan, Iba, Sta. Cruz and Candelaria with extension campuses at Subic, Castillejos and Masinloc. It offers vocational, agri-related courses, law, engineering courses. The province has three colleges namely, Magsaysay College at San Narciso and Columban College at Sta. Cruz and Olongapo and Virgin Delos Remedios College at Masinloc. The province also opens the campus of the premier merchant marine school of the country, the PMMA complex at San Narciso, Zambales. Two computer colleges can also be found at Iba. These are: the AMA Computer Learning and Micro-Asia College of Science and Technology.

5. Media Infrastructure

Newspapers regularly published in Zambales are the following: Olongapo Express, Olongapo News, Zambales News, Zambales Profile, Pahayagan and Sunstar Subic. Further, three AM and three FM station are accessible. The AM stations are: DWRF (5 kw), DWGO (2.5 kw) and DWHL(1 kw). The FM station are DWSL (5 kw), DWOK (5 kw) and DZOR (2 kw).

Accessibility to agricultural product is not a problem in Zambales. We have the Farm-to-Market Roads constructed in different municipalities. We have also available post harvest facilities like 257 units MPDP, unit Mechanical Dryers, 5 units SWIP and 349 units STW.

However, a problem lies on the priority projects, considering that we are facing the adverse effects of El Nio phenomenon aggravated by insufficient irrigation systems. What our farmers need are more irrigation facilities to anticipate any effect of drought in areas mostly dependent on rain especially this time that rain has been delayed for three (3) months.


Table 5. Summary of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats COMMODITY: RICE



Available skilled and dedicated Agricultural Extension workers Presence of irrigation facilities (51% of the total rice area) Supportive provincial /municipal government Available potential areas for expansion Presence of Accredited Seed Growers Presence of Agricultural suppliers/dealers and rice millers Good condition of road network

High cost of production Inadequate modern post harvest facilities Improper water management practices Inactive farmers organization Inadequate supply of hybrid/certified seeds No available seed growers for F1 Lack of production capital Poor/lack of drainage system Low adoption rate of high quality seeds Medium level of farm mechanization

Unstable palay price Inadequate benefits of Agricultural Extension Workers Underdeveloped Farm to Market Roads Limited palay procurement by NFA



Government price support Government production support in place Availability of Postharvest facilities Available government support for modern post harvest facilities

Calamities Continuing increases in cost of farm inputs Increasing mining and quarrying activities/operations Peace and order Conversion of prime agricultural lands to residential, commercial and industrial uses

More seed growers are willing to train Introduction of biotechnology Presence of Ports (Subic Bay Freeport Zone) Wide potential rice areas Increased seed production areas/seed growers Availability of modern technology for adoption

Pests and diseases Problem soil continue to prevail Climate change due to global warming Siltation due to mining/quarrying Continuous population growth Dwindling farm labor due to urban and overseas employment

Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. CruzMangatarem roads for funding SCTEX linking Zambales to Northern Luzon




Available skilled and dedicated Agricultural Extension workers Supportive provincial /municipal government Available potential areas for expansion Presence of high yielding corn seed varieties (Hybrid and Bt) Presence of Agricultural suppliers/dealers Good condition of road network Increasing population of poultry and livestock

High cost of production Low yield

Unavailability of yellow corn seeds supplier or dealer Inadequate modern post harvest facilities Price manipulation by middlemen Unorganized farmers/producers Inadequate supply of hybrid and Bt corn seeds Lack of production capital Lack of STW Low adoption rate of high quality seeds Medium level of farm mechanization Unstable corn grains price Inadequate benefits of Agricultural Extension Workers Underdeveloped Farm to Market Roads Limited local corn buyers Problem soils



Government production support in place Availability of Postharvest facilities Available government support for modern post harvest

Calamities Continuing increases in cost of farm inputs. Peace and order Conversion of prime agricultural

facilities Introduction of Bt corn Presence of Ports (Subic Bay Freeport Zone) Wide potential areas Availability of modern technology for adoption Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. CruzMangatarem roads for funding SCTEX linking Zambales to Northern Luzon

lands to residential, commercial and industrial uses Pests and diseases Climate change due to global warming




Quality Mango Fruits Opportunity Land

Quality Planting Materials (Sweet Elena) Technical Expertise Export Potentials Organized Mango Growers/Contractor/ Stakeholders

Processor Trading Center Service Center

Slow adoption of technology Lack of Local Government Support Unstable Price Seasonality Non-used of safety gadget Lack of Capital Stringent requirements for loan High interest loan Marketing System Manipulate price by traders



Dollar Export/Earner Advance communication Technology (FITS) Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. Cruz-Mangatarem roads for funding SCTEX linking Zambales to Northern Luzon

Pest & Disease Calamity High Cost of Inputs Misused of Pesticide Human Health/Environment Hazard Climate change due to global warming




Available skilled and dedicated Agricultural Extension workers

Supportive provincial /municipal government Available potential areas for vegetable production Presence of vegetable seed companies Presence of high yielding vegetable seed varieties Presence of Agricultural suppliers/dealers Good condition of road network

High cost of production Inadequate modern post harvest facilities Inactive farmers organization Lack of production capital Lack of STW Low adoption rate of high quality seeds and modern technology Underdeveloped Farm to Market Roads



Government production support in place Introduction of Hybrid technology Presence of Ports (Subic Bay Freeport Zone) Wide potential areas Availability of modern technology for adoption Botolan-Tarlac and Sta. CruzMangatarem roads for funding SCTEX linking Zambales to Northern Luzon

Calamities Continuing increases in cost of farm inputs. Peace and order Conversion of prime agricultural lands to residential, commercial and industrial uses

Pests and diseases Climate change due to global warming Continuous population growth Dwindling farm labor due to urban and overseas employment




Presence of hatchery personnel Technical Expertise

Lack of personnel/No Technical personnel in the municipality Lack of fingerlings Poor quality of fingerlings High cost of inputs Lack of Technical/know how No government support Post Harvest facilities



Untapped fishery areas for development Demand (Locally/foreign) Expansion Government Organization of producers for marketing

Industrialization Siltation due to mining activities Natural Calamity

Pollution Occurrence of red tide Occurrence of fish disease/fish kill due to White Spot Syndrome virus (WSSV) Peace and Order Poaching




Vast pasture areas for small large animals

Technical Expertise Availability of Superior genetic animal Presence of Animal breeding centers Government Support] Available Technology FMD free province Avian flu

Limited supply of biologics from the government Lack of government support Lack of Veterinary doctors Lack of organized group in livestock and poultry accreditation High price of feeds Lack of capital No. of livestock auction market Regulations (Hot Meat)



Expansion Better post harvest facilities (House, auction markets) Better post production activities (by products) Better Income (IGPs) Better Marketing System Complimentary farming system Potential export earner Infusion of (genetically) better breads

Seasonal avian migration site Prevalence of economically important animal disease Conversion of pasture areas for biofuel production Urbanization Peace in Order



General Objective:
1. To attain food sufficiency in the province of Zambales specifically rice within a five year

period from 2009 to 2013. Specific Objectives:

1. To increase rice yield from 3.9 tons to 6 tons per hectare. 2. To satisfy the food requirements per capita consumption of every Zambaleos.

3. To minimize 3rd degree malnutrition among the populace of the province. 4. Uplift the living condition of every farmer or farm family through increased productivity

and income.
5. To cater the needs on food requirements of other non agricultural communities.


1. Provision of high quality seeds and other planting materials 2. Provision of farm inputs and location specific interventions. 3. Expansion of rice seed production area. 4. Campaign for the establishment of plant nurseries in every municipality. 5. Production of other high value commercial crops like coconut 6. Establishment








7. Improve irrigation systems through restoration and rehabilitation. 8. Put up additional infrastructures, farm equipments such as shallow tube wells, farm to

market roads and post harvest facilities etc.

9. Establish market centers in some strategic locations. 10. Put up additional fish ports in coastal municipalities. 11. Provide credit assistance for agricultural development and livelihood projects. 12. Provision of effective and efficient extension services such as trainings for Agricultural

Extension Workers, farmers, fisher folks, rural youth and rural women.
13. Networking with other government agencies and NGOs involved in food production. 14. Strengthening of existing cooperatives and farmers association. 15. Establishment of Farmers/Fisherfolks Information and Technology Service Centers in all


16. Maintenance of quality broadstock and fingerling distribution

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