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NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction

NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction

NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction SN005a-EN-EU

NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction SN005a-EN-EU

NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction


This NCCI presents a method for determining the moments on columns in simple construction due to the eccentricity of the beam-to-column joints. This method may be used for braced frames with nominally pinned joints.

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Simple construction

Contents
1. 2. 3. Simple construction Simplified method for the design of columns in simple construction Background 2 2 4

The method presented in this NCCI is applicable to steel framed buildings modelled as simple according to EN 1993-1-8 5.1.1 (2), in which the joints may be assumed not transmit any bending moment from the beams into the columns. The lateral stability of the frame must be provided by a system of bracing or by lift shafts and stair wells. Stability is not provided to any degree by the stiffness of the beam-to-column joints. The columns in this type of structure will primarily be loaded in axial compression, but nominal moments due to the eccentricity of the beam-to-column joints should also be considered in design. If the outcome is compared with a rigidly jointed frame, simple construction will result in: Substantially lighter columns Slightly heavier beams Simple, cheap connections
Created on Friday, January 18, 2008 This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

Created on Friday, January 18, 2008 This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

The design process is simpler than that needed for a rigidly jointed frame, making it easier to optimise the overall frame. The frame will also be significantly cheaper to construct. The safety of the method is demonstrated by substantial experience in practice and wideranging theoretical studies (see Background).

2. Simplified method for the design of columns in simple construction


This NCCI presents a simple approach for calculating nominal moments in the columns resulting from the eccentricity of the beam-to-column joints and allowing for these moments in checking the resistance of the columns. This method does not require knowledge of the joint detail except that it is nominally pinned, as defined by EN1993-1-8 5.2.2.2. In calculating the nominal moments, the beam end reactions are assumed to act 100 mm off the face of the column as shown in Figure 2.1.

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NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction

NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction

NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction SN005a-EN-EU

NCCI: Determination of moments on columns in simple construction SN005a-EN-EU

3.

Background

100 R b1,Ed h /2 h

100 Rb1,Ed tw /2 tw

The method presented in this NCCI is based on the approach used in BS 5950-1:2000, which has been used successfully in the United Kingdom for many years. It has also been adopted in other national codes such as the Australian steel code AS 1250. The origins of this method may be traced to BS 449 and are discussed in Baker, The Steel Skeleton: Volume 1 Elastic behaviour and design, Cambridge University Press 1954. Originally, the eccentricity was taken as half the stanchion width plus 2 inches (50 mm). The 50 mm was increased to 100 mm in a 1964 amendment to the 1959 edition of BS 449. The reason for using a fixed value of 100 mm off the face of the column, rather than an exact measurement, is to provide a simple, safe and conservative method for use in the design of multi-storey buildings with nominally pinned joints. The method is safe because it makes an adequate allowance for the moments arising from the eccentricity of the joint. It simple, because it does not require the designer of the columns to have knowledge of the joint detail, other than the fact that it is nominally pinned. This is important in an industry in which detailed design of the joints is often carried out at a later stage in the design process, often by a different designer from the person who sizes the members. The method is intended solely for the purpose of determining the nominal moments acting on the columns and does not, therefore, contradict the recommendations given in EN 1993-1-8 for the design of the joints.

Figure 2.1
Created on Friday, January 18, 2008 This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

Nominal moment due to beam-to-column joint eccentricity


Created on Friday, January 18, 2008 This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

M nom

h Rb1,ED  100 mm or M nom 2

t Rb1,ED w  100 mm 2

Where Rb1,ED is the reaction at the end of the beam and h and tw are as defined in Figure 2.1. The beam reactions will only result in a moment being transferred into the column when they are out of balance. The column should be designed for axial compression alone in cases where the reactions are balanced. The effects of pattern loading need not be considered for the design of the column using these simple rules, i.e. all of the beams should be assumed to be fully loaded (see EN 1991-1-1:2002 6.2.2 (1)). In multi-storey columns that are effectively continuous at their splices, the distribution of nominal moments to the upper and lower column sections is carried out in proportion to their stiffness. For this purpose, the stiffness is defined as the second moment of area about the appropriate axis divided by the height between floors. Where the ratio of stiffnesses does not exceed 1.5, the moments may be shared equally between the column above the joint and the column below. The nominal moments should be assumed to have no effect at the levels above and below the level at which they are applied. The adequacy of the column under the combined effects of the axial compression and the nominal moments should be verified using expressions 6.61 and 6.62 of EN 1993-1-1 ( 6.3.3). Note: The application of this method is not limited to joints with only one vertical line of bolts. The method may be used with joints having two vertical lines of bolts, provided that the joints are nominally pinned.

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