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LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN
General information

Limited society Concrete and Constructions produces linear structural elements with the product name column in conformity with the standard 18979-90 Reinforced concrete column for multistory buildings. Standard specifications. A column is a vertical linear structural element in a construction that mostly endures pressure and which has a length that exceeds the biggest dimension of cross-section more than three times and the dimensions of the crosssection do not differ more than four times. Columns are produces in conformity with the standart about integral cross-section column, which made of concrete of high specific weight. This columns are used for multi-storey skeleton social buildings, industrial, office and domestic enterprise buildings. Columns are produced on the basis of a particular working drawing.
MATERIALS

The following materials are used at the production of columns: normal-weight concrete with the strength class of at least B25/30 with the production and characteristics conforming to standard GOST 26633-91 Normal concrete and fine grain concrete. Rated handling strength of column concrete is 70% quality class and compressive strength. In cold period rated handling strength of column concrete can be raise till 85% quality class and compressive strength on the basis of a particular working drawing. It is required to use the following reinforcement steel for column reinforcement: Framed, hot-rolled, high-bond bar A-III class and smooth A-I class in conformity with the standart GOST 5781 Framed, thermomechanical hardened high-bond bar A-SH S and t- IVC in conformity with the standart GOST 10884. Reinforcement high-bond wire -I class in conformity with the standart GOST 6727 and high strength steel Brp-I in conformity with the standart T 14-4-1322.

Configurations, sizes of reinforcing and embedded items, as well as their replacement into columns are on the basis of a particular working drawing.

Welded reinforcing embedded items are in conformity with the standart GOST 10922.

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN
PRODUCTION

GENERAL INFORMATION

Columns are produces in conformity with the standart and technical documentation, which was carried the consent of producer on the basis of a working drawing 1.020-1/87, 1.020.12c/89, 1.020.1-4, 1.420.1-19 and 1.420.1-20c. It is acceptable to produce columns in order to working drawing with similar series for building on collapsible and permanently frozen soils, and Anthropogenic soils as well as in order to other working drawing for building with geometric parameters in conformity with the standart GOST 23838 and ST COMECON 6084 ( using the series mentioned above) The columns are manufactured in a horizontal position, except for round columns with length up to 6 m, which are manufactured in a vertical position. The length of the columns is optional. The columns are reinforced in the longitudinal and transverse direction. The diameter of the longitudinal reinforcement bar is at least 12 mm. There is at least one bar in every corner in columns with polygonal cross-section. The minimum number of bars in columns with round cross-section is 6. The diameter of transverse reinforcement (stirrups, eyes or spiral reinforcement) is at least 14 of the biggest diameter of the longitudinal reinforcement bar and at least 6 mm. The spacing of transverse reinforcement along the column is not greater than: - 12 times of the minimum diameter of the longitudinal bar; - the smallest dimension of the cross-section of the column is 300 mmConcrete strength at output of the column is at least 50% of the strength class of the concrete.Columns are produced on the basis of a designers working drawings. Steel and concrete spreads of columns are in conformity with working drawing. QUALITY Requirements for quality of surface and appearance of columns (which includes requirements for allowed crack width) - in conformity with the standart GOST 13015.0. On the top of all that, columns quality should answer to requirements for categories: A3- lateral face area 7 not face, invisible in application conditions. Alignment marks should be seted on inset beam face in concrete (GOST 130 15.2) or in embedded items in the form of grooves or waterproof paint, which identify The quality of the columns is secured by designing methods and factory production control. The production control of the factory includes regular control of all the used devices, materials, elements and the production process itself.

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

GENERAL INFORMATION
SPECIFIC TIONS

olumns should be comply with requirements GOST 13015.0: By strength, rigidness and cracking resistance. In this case, there are no requirements for loading test. by actual concrete strength; By freeze-thaw durability, for columns, which uded under conditions of corrosive medium and gaseous fluid condition; By concrete waterproofing; By steel quality for reinforcement and embedded items, including lifting eyes; By depth of concrete cover up to reinforcement; By corrosion proofing. Columns are divisible into types according to: To numbers of floors within the ambit of column: 1 single floor; 2 double-level; 3 three floored; To layout of column inside th arctic shell: KV - Top; KS - Middle; KN - Low; KB for all height of building (seamless); To number of consoles within the frame of a level; One -consoles; D Double - consoles. FIRE RESISTANCE The required fire resistance of the column is secured by the selection of appropriate crosssection dimensions and the protective layer of reinforcing steel. The fire resistance class of the product is in the range R60 - R120.
LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

GENERAL INFORMATION

MOLD AND ORIGINAL SIZES OF COLUMNS

Cross-section, braced framing, multy-service columns 400 x 400 mm for multi-storey skeleton social buildings, industrial, office and domestic enterprise buildings. (series 1.0201/87)

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

Tolerances
The production tolerances of the columns conform to the standard GOST 18979-90 " Reinforced concrete column for multi-storey buildings. Technical conditions", unless working drawings state otherwise. Actual value of deviations and location of protruding bar and centering backing should not exceed +/- 3 mm.
DEVIATION OF GEOMETRIC PARAMETER

ITEM OF GEOMETRIC PARAMETER

DEVITATION LIMITS, MM

Dimension deviation

Column length, size from the bottom end of the column up to base of the column, distance between bases of consoles. Untill 4000 From 4000 8000 From 8000 16000 Column cross-section size, size of console: Untill 250 From 250 -500 More than 500 Size, which identify the position: Slinging hole or lifting eye Embedded item on column Column plane and part of embedded item mismatches 15 10 5 +/- 4 +/- 5 +/- 6 +/- 8 +/- 10 +/- 12

Deviation from squareness of lateral face throughout the full length. Till 4000 From 4000 8000 From 8000 16000 Deviation of perpendicularity of end face and lateral face with following cross-sectional dimensions 400, 500 600
1)

8 10 12

5 6

The intermediate values of nominal dimensions h are interpolated linearlyThe installation tolerances of column shoes, anchor bolts and beam shoes conform to producers requirements. Symbols in the table of manufacturing tolerances are explained in Figure 1.

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

Tolerances
Figure 1.
Symbols in the table of tolerances

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

Cross-sections
A SELECTION OF COLUMN CROSS-SECTIONS Columns can have rectangular, round or polygonal cross-sections. A selection of the possible column cross-sections has been presented in figure 2.Usually the spacing of crosssection dimensions is 100 mm. At the connection of a reinforced concrete beam with a column by standard steel fasteners the minimum, dimension of the cross-section is 300 mm. The size of the angle phase of the column is 10x10mm.
Figure 2. A selection of coulumn Cross-sections: ) rectangular ) round ) polygonal

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

Usage, Storage and transportation

USAGE Columns are used for the construction of single-storey buildings with portal frames (warehouses, industrial buildings), multi-storey skeleton buildings (non-residential buildings, parking lots) and other buildings.The length of the column is specified separately in case of every building proceeding from architectural and structural considerations. The column length of a single-storey building is usually up to 12 m. In case of the production of very long columns or columns loaded with big eccentric weights they can be pre-stressed. The columns of multi-storey buildings usually reach through three or four floors. STORAGE Columns are stored and transported in horizontal position in up to 4 layer piles.Columns are stored on at least 100 mm x 100 mm squared timbers placed on compact horizontal ground. Intermediate battens, which are thicker than the hoisting eyes, are placed between the column lines next to hoisting eyes. The intermediate battens will remain above each other.In the transportation vehicle the columns have to be fixed to prevent their movement. Columns are hoisted from two hoisting eyes with or without a traverse. Whereas the optimal distance of a hoisting eye from column end is 0.2 times the length of the column (Figure 3). Columns are hoisted into vertical position by a gripper with a hoisting bar (Figure 3). Openings for the hoisting bar are left at the production of the column.
Figure 3. Hoisting of a column

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

Assembly
The fastening of a column to a foundation and to a beam can be either articulated or rigid.A column is fastened to a foundation with anchor bolts by using the concreted steel column shoes (Figure 4). The column joint is made similarly to the fastening of the column to the foundation.The beam is supported by the column end, beam shoe or cantilever (Figures 5 and 6).
Figure 4.
Fastening of a column to The foundation

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

Assembly
Figure 5.
Connection between the Column and the beam (concealed cantilever joint)

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru

LINEAR STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

COLUMN

Assembly
Figure 6.
Connection between the column and the beam (column cantilever and anchor bar joint)

LLC CONCRETE AND CONSTRUCTIONS 185034 KARELIA REPUBLIC, PETROZAVODSK, RIGACHIN ST. 66 PHONE +7 814 273 40 68 FAX +7 814 273 33 70 e-mail: betokon@mail.ru www.ptz-gbk.ru