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1. Government as an art of governing refers to the process of A.ruling people in the society b.establishing political parties C.

providing free education D. acquiring social skills, 2. An essential feature of a State is A. availability of mineral resources B. developed infrastructure. C an organized system of laws D. developed markets. 3. The modern idea of democracy includes all the following except A. unlimite d freedom B. civil liberty C p anodic elections D. equality before the law. ^ 4. The political system which allows equal access to the means of production, distribution and exchange is called A. Totalitarianism B. Capitalism C. Sociali sm D. Feudalism, 5. The two components of sovereignty are A. influence and political authority B. Political culture and political socialization C. legal and political indepen dence D. political and economic developments. 6. The modern concept of the rule of law was introduced by A. K.C. Wheare B. A.V. Dicey C. Otto Von Bismarck D. Justice Holmes. 7. Which of the following principles negates the concept of the rule of law? A. Supremacy of the iaw B. Prevention of arbitrariness in authority C. Equality before the law D. Exercise of absolute power by the President. 8. Another name for Totalitarianism is A. Socialism B. Capitalism C. Communis m D. Authoritarianism. 9. The concept of Separation of powers was popularized by A. Nicholo Machiave lli B. A.V. Dicey C. Baron tie Montesquieu D. Harold Laski. 10. Which of the following does not have the power of delegated legislation? A. A minister B. Market Men and Women Association C. State Government D. Registere d Professional Bodies. 11. The concept of decentralization includes all the following elements except A. deconcentration B. devolution C. delimitation D. delegation. 12. All the following are sources of constitutions except A. acts of parliament B. devolution of power C. conventions D. customs. 13. A constitution is said to be flexible when its provisions are A. known by t he rulers B. scattered in several books C. mainly in one document D. easy to ame nd. 14. The power to pardon any citizen charged with any criminal offence lies with the A. legislature B. executive C. human rights organizations D. judiciary. 15. The police performs all the following functions except A. public execution of law breakers B. controlling and direct- ing traffic C. protection of life and property D. enforcement of law and order. 16. The number of chambers in a bicameral legislature is A. four B. three C. tw o D. one. 17. In the legislature, a filibuster is one who A. is incharge of party discipl ine B. presents party bills during parliamentary sessions C. does not take part in law making D. prevents the passage of a bill by making long speeches. 18. The verdicts of judges which are binding on lower courts are called judicia l A. orders B. precedents C. council D. oaths. 19. The Judicial organ of government is the body which A. initiates bills B. in terprets the law C. makes law D. maintains law and order. 20. The system of government in which authority is shared between the centre an d the component units is called A. unitary system of government B. feudal system of government C. federal system of government D. monarchical system of governme nt. 21. A constitutionally created account into which all public revenue is paid is called A. Provident Fund B. Social Security Fund C. Public Accounts Fund D. Con solidated Fund. 22. In a cabinet system of government, the ministers are collectively responsib le to the A. president B. parliament C. electorate D. judiciary. 23. Official opposition is a feature of A. parliamentary system B. Totalitarian system C. Nazism D. Fascism. 24. In a Monarchy, the Head of State is usually A. a military ruler B. the chie f justice C. the speaker of the legislature D. a hereditary ruler

25. Which of the following is not a duty of a citizen? A. obidienceeto the laws B. Payment of taxes C. Service to thenation D. Giving alms to the poor 26. Free and fair election is necessary for democracy to thrive because it A. m akes an unpopular candidate emerge as a winner. B. helps the people to exercise their popular sovereignty. C. makes a popular party to lose in election. D. prev ents smooth change of government. 27. A system in which a candidate with the highest number of votes is declared winner in an election is called A. first- pass the- post. B. block voting. C. se cond balloting. D. proportional representation. 28. Pressure groups are also known as A. social clubs. B. cultural organization s. C. interest groups D. secular groups. 29. Public opinion is the view held by the A. minority B. civil servants C. maj ority D. politicians. 30. A manifesto refers to A. the register of party members B. rejected ballot p apers C. valid ballot papers D. proposed programme of a party. 31. One demerit of a one-party system is thc.t it encourages A. red-tapism B. d ictatorship C. democracy D. development. 32. The functions of political parties include the following except A. being br okers of ideas B. influencing policies of the government C. educating the electo rate by clarifying issues D. disseminating information to members. 33. Anonymity of civil servants means that they A. should be seen and heard B. should engage in partisan politics C. should work hard for their superiors D. do not take praise or blame for their performance. 34. One of the objectives of public corporations is to A. enhance public awaren ess B. narrow the gap between the rich and the poor C. encourage individual part icipation D. maximize profit. 35. Public corporations are financed A. by tax payers B. with private funds C. with entrepreneurial funds D. by political parties. 36. Which of the following is an advantage of local governments in West Africa? Acting as A. agents for money based politics B. electoral commissions C. traini ng grounds for political leaders D. agents of pressure groups. 37. Some pre-colonial West African governments were democratic because of the e xistence of A. powerful traditional rulers B. age grades C. religious institutio ns D. checks and balances. 33. In the pre-colonial West Africa, the Kingdoms of the Asante, Wolof and the H ausa were examples of a A. state B union C country D nation. 39. Which of the following countries popularized the use of the Indirect Rule b y the British? A, Nigeria B. Ghana C Sierra Leone 0, The Gambia. 40. Indirect Rule was successful in some parts of West Africa because A. the Br itish tyrannized the people B. it suited the existing traditional political stru cture C. British officials learnt the local languages D. The residents were good administrators. 41. The National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) was founded in 1919 by A. Kobina Sekyi B. J.B. Danquah C. Mensah Sarbah D. J.E. Casely Hayford. 42. Elective principle was introduced in the British colonies after A. series o f negotiations by the chiefs B. consultations with the age grades C. a series of agitations by the educated elite D. the Queen's desire to come to the colonies. 43. An important innovation of the constitutions of British West African coloni es in the 1920s was the A. introduction of elective principle B. appointment of Africans to the executive councils C. restriction of the Governors' veto powers D. opening of Regional Assemblies. 44. National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) failed to achieve its aims initially because A. the chiefs and Governors opposed those aims B. African wor kers opposed those aims C. Africans employed Europeans to write those aims D. th e congress failed to bring foreigners into its fold. 45. A coup d'etat is regarded as A. a source of political legitimacy B. a manip ulation of the constitution C. a constitu- tional way of changing the government D. an unconstitutional way of changing the government. 46. The military intervenes in West African politics mainly because A. politici ans play the game accordingly B. law and order are maintained C. they are better

rulers D. of election malpractices. 47. The United Nations Organization (UNO) was founded in 1945 as a successor to the A. Warsaw Pact B. World Trade Organization C. North Atlantic Treaty Organiz ation D. League of Nations. 48. The Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is appointed for a period of A. three years B. five years C. seven years D. nine years. 49. The official language of the Commonwealth is A. French B. Spanish C. Dutch D. English. 50. Which of the following blocs existed in Africa, prior to the formation of t he Organization of African Unity (OAU)? The A. Monrovia, Accra and Cassablanca g roup B. Brazzaville, Lome and Monrovia group C. Cassablanca, Brazzaville and Mon rovia group D. Algeria, Monrovia and Cassablanca group.