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Root

In English

English Examples Origin Etymology (Root Language Origin) Latin ab "away" abnormal, abrasion, absent, abstract, aversion

ab-, a-, abs- away

ac-, acu-

sharp or pointed sharp, pungent, bitter, eager

Latin

acutus past participle of acuere acid, acupuncture, "to sharpen", from acute acus "needle" acer acrid, acrimony

acri-

Latin

acroad-, a-, ac-, af-, ag-, al-, ap-, ar-, as-, atadipaer-, aero-

height, summit, tip

Greek

acrobatics, Greek kros acromegalia, "high", "extreme" acronym, acrophobia, ad "to", "toward" adeps, adipis "fat" aer "air" aisthtikos "of sense perception" from aisthanesthai "to perceive" from Latin ager "field, country" from Greek agros "field" amor "love" from amre "to love" ambi "on both sides" amicus amphi "on both sides" amplus Greek -/- "not" from Greek prefix ana- "again", "against" anima "breath" adapt, affect, ascend, accept adipose aeronautics, aerosol

movement to or toward; Latin in addition to fat air, atmosphere Latin Greek

aesthet

feeling, sensation

Greek

aesthetics

agriagroamat-, amorambi-

field field love, loved both, on both sides

Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek

agriculture agronomy amateur, amorous ambidexterity amicable, inimical amphibian, amphibolic amplification anhydrous, atypical anabaptist, anaphylaxis, anode animal, animation

amic-, -imic- friend around, about, both, on amphiboth sides of, both kinds ample amplan-, anot, without ana-, ananima-

again, against, back, up Greek breath Latin

ann-, -ennant-, antiante-, antianthoanthropoapoaquarararche-, archiarchaeo-, archeo-

year, yearly against, opposed to, preventive

Latin Greek

annus "year" anti "against"

anniversary, annual, biannual, millennium antibiotic, antipodes

before, in front of, prior Latin to flower human away from, separate, at the farthest point water plow, till be dry ruler Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek

ancient

Greek

antediluvian, Latin ante "before", antebellum, "against" anticipate anthos anther, anthology "flower" anthropology, anthropos "man" anthropomorphic apo "from, apogee, apostasy away, un-, quite" aquamarine, aqua aquarium, aqueduct arre arable rre "be dry or arid parched" arche "rule" archangel, (in compounds: archetype -, -) arkhaios archaeology or "ancient" from archeology, archaic arkh "beginning"

Relating to the North Pole or the region near it; relating to cold; used arct-, arctoGreek as the scientific name of some bear species, e.g. Ursus arctos horribilis silver Latin argentarthr-, joint Greek arthroastr-, astro- star, star-shaped athlaud-, audiaug-, auctaurauriaut- , autoprize Greek Greek

arktos "bear"

Arctic Ocean

argentum "silver" arthron "joint" astron "star" athlos "contest, feat" audire "to hear" augre "to increase" aurum "gold"

argent, Argentina arthritis, arthropod astronomy athlete auditorium, auditory augmentation aureole

hearing, listening, sound Latin grow, increase Latin

relating to gold, or goldLatin colored relating to the ear Latin self; directed from Greek

auris "ear" auricle (autos) "self", automobile,

aviaxiaxio-

within bird axis merit

Latin Latin Greek

"same" avis "bird" axis "axis" Greek (axios) "worth"

autonomy aviary, aviation axisymmetry axiology

[edit] B
Root bacbarobasibathy-, bathobe-, beatMeaning In English rod-shaped weight, pressure at the bottom deep, depth Origin Language Latin Greek Greek Greek Etymology (Root Origin) from baculum "rod" (baros) from , I walk, march, "step" (baths, baths) "deep" beare, beatus English Examples bacilla, bacteria barometer, barograph, baroreceptor basic, basis

batholith, bathyscaphe bless Latin beatification antebellum, bellicose, war Latin bellum, belli bell(i)belligerent good, well Latin bene (adverb) benefit, benignity benbis, "twice"; bini, "in binoculars, bigamy, two Latin bitwos" biscotti drink Latin bibere, bibitus imbibe bib (biblon) book Greek bibliography, bible bibl"book" biology, biologist, life Greek (bos) "life" bi(o)biosphere blennophobia, Greek (blennos) blenn(o)- slime blennosperma germ, embryo, bud, , "I put Greek sideroblast blastcell with nucleus forth shoots" good Latin bonus bonify, bonitary bon(i)Greek Greek / Latin north (borras) "the north borealis bor(boreas) wind" , plant Greek botany botan(botan, botanon) cow, ox Latin bos, bovis bovine bov (brakhn) brachial artery, Greek brachi(o)- arm "arm" brachiosaurus (brakhs, short Greek brachydactyly brachybrakhs) "short"

bradybranchbrev(i)brizbrombrombronchbrontbuccbulbbullburs-

slow gill brief, short (time) nod oats oats windpipe thunder cheek, mouth, cavity bulbous bubble, flask pouch, purse

Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin

(brads, brads) (brgkhion, brnkhion) "gill" brevis, breviare (briz) , (brmos, brme) "oats" (brmos) "stench, clangor" (brgkhos, brnkhos) (bront) bucca bulbus bulla, "bubble" bursarius

bradycardia branchiopod, nudibranch abbreviation, brevity

Bromus ramosus bromide bronchitis Brontosaurus buccal, buccinator muscle bulbous, bulbule ebullient, ebullism bursar, bursary, disburse

[edit] C
Root cac(o)cad-, -cid-, cascaed-, -cid-, caes-, -ciscalcMeaning In English bad fall cut Origin Etymology (Root Origin) English Examples Language Greek Latin Latin Latin and Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin (kakos) cadere, casus caedere, caesus from Latin calx "lime", and from Greek (khalix) "pebble" "limestone" from Greek kallos "beauty" calor "heat" (kaluptein) camera campus "field", "level ground" canis "dog" cacophony accident, cadence, case caesura, incisor calculus, calcite, calcium calligraphy calorie apocalypse bicameral, camera champion, campaign canine, Canis Major

stone

callicalorcalypcamercampcan(i)-

beautiful heat cover vault field dog

can-, -cin-, cantcand-

sing glowing, iridescent

Latin Latin

canere "sing" candere "to be white or glisten" capere, captus "take or hold" (note the vowel change from a to i in compounds) caput, capitis "head"

cantata, canto, cantor candid, incandescent, candle, candela capture, captive, conception, recipient capital, chief, chef, decapitate Capricorn, caprine capsule carbon incarceration

cap-, -cip-, capt-, -cept-

hold, take

Latin

capit-, -cipit- head caprcapscarbocarcercarcicardi(o)cardincarncarpocarpcatacatencatharcaudcavced-, cesscelercen(o)cen(o)censcentcentencentesimcentrgoat box, case coal jail

Latin

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin from cancer (disease) Greek relating to the Greek heart hinge Latin flesh Latin relating to fruit Greek relating to the wrist down chain pure tail hollow go quick new empty hundred hundred each hundredth center Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek

caper, capri capsa carbo, carbonis carcer, carcerare Latin from Greek carcinoma karkinos "crab" cardiology, kardia "heart" cardiograph cardo, cardinis cardinal caro, carnis carnival, carnivore from Greek karpos carpology "fruit" from Greek karpos carpal, carpal "wrist" tunnel syndrome catastrophe, kata "down" catatonia catena concatenation (katharos) catharsis cauda caudal cave, cavity, cavus "hollow" excavation cedere, cessus procession, recede acceleration, celer, celerare celerity (kainos) Cenozoic (kenos) cenotaph censere "to estimate" census cent, centennial, centum "hundred" centurion centeni centenary centesimal, centesimus centesimation (kntron) eccentric

"needle", "spur" cephaloceramceratcerncervicceterchirochelonochlorohead clay horn sift relating to the neck, relating to the cervix other of the hand or hands relating to a turtle green Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek kephale "head" (keramos) , (keras, keratos) "horn" cernere cervix, cervicis "neck" ceterus kheir "hand" cephalopod, encephalogram ceramic ceratin discern cervix, cervical et cetera chiroptera, chiropractic

khelone "tortoise" chelonia from Greek khlros "green" from Greek khoreia "dancing in unison" from khoros "chorus" chorda "rope" khrma "color" khrusos "gold" cilium (kineo) cinis, cineris cingere, cinctus circus circum "around" (kirros) cirrus civis (klados) clarus, clarare (klastos) claudere, clausus chlorine, chlorophyll choreography chordata chromosome, chromium chrysolite cilia cinema incineration succinct circus circumference, circumcise cirrhosis cirrus civility clade clarity, declaration iconoclast clause, exclusion, include

choreochordchromchrysocilicinecinercing-, cinctcirccircum-

relating to dance Greek cord color gold eyelash motion ash gird circle around Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek

orange cirrcurl, tentacle cirrcitizen civbranch cladclear clarbroken clastclaud-, -clud-, close claus-, -clusclavcl(e)istkey closed

from Greek kleis "key" from , kleiein conclave "to close" kleistos

cleithrclementclincochlcoelcogncolcollcolorcon-, co-, col-, com-, corcondicon(o)contracoprocoraccordcorncoroncorporcorticcosm(o)-' cosmet(o)costcotylcranicrasscrecredcrepcribrring

bar, key mild bed, lean, recline shell hollow know strain neck color with, together season cone against dung raven heart horn crown body bark universe

Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek clemens, clementis -clinare (kochlos) (koilos) cognoscere colare, colum collum color cum condire (konos) contra (kopros) , (korax, korakos) cor, cordis cornu corona, coronare corpus, corporis cortex, corticis (kosmos) (kosmet-) clemency, inclement declination, inclined cochlea cognitive, cognizant, recognize colander collar coloration connect, collide, compress condiment conic, conical contrast, contradict ("say against") coprolite, coprophagia, coprophilia coracoid accord, cordial cornea, cornucopia, unicorn corona, coronation corporation, corpse cosmonaut cosmetics, cosmetology costal cotyledon cranium crassitude creation, creature credibility

rib cup skull thick make believe, trust boot, shoe sieve Greek

Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin

costa (kotul) (kranion) crassus creare, creatus credere, creditus , (krpis, krpidos) cribrum "a sieve" cribble, cribrate

cris-, critcrispcristcross(o)cruc(i)crur(i)cryptcten(o)cubcubculinculpcunecurr-, curscurvcuspidcut(i)cyancycl(o)cylindcyn(o)cystcyt(o)-

judge curled crest fringe, tassel cross leg, shank hidden comb cube lie kitchen blame, fault wedge run bent lance, point skin blue circular roll dog capsule cell

(krikos) Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek

(crisis) crispus crista (krossos) crux, crucis crus, cruris (kruptos) , (kteis, ktenos) (kubos) cubare culina culpa cuneus currere, cursus curvus cuspis, cuspidis cutis (kuanos) (kuklos) (kulindros) , (kun, kunos) (kustis) (kutos)

crisis, critic crispate cristate crucial, crucifix, crucify crural cryptic, cryptography ctenophore cubic, cuboid incubation, succuba culinary culpable, exculpate cuneiform concurrent, recursion curvature bicuspid cuticle cyanide bicycle, cycle, cyclone cylinder cynosure cystic cytoplasm

[edit] D
Root dactyldamn-, demndedebdeciMeaning In English finger, toe, digit to inflict loss upon from, away from, removing owe tenth part Origin Language Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root Origin) (daktulos) damnre d debere, debitus decimus, tenth; from decem, ten English Examples dactylology, pterodactyl condemn, damnation delete, demented debit decibel, decimate

deca-, dec-, deka-, dekdeltdemdendendr-, dendrodensdentdermdeuterdexterdextrodidiadictdigitdinodipldoc-, doctdodecdog-, doxdomdormdorsdudubduc-, ductdulcdurdydynamdys-

ten people ten each resembling a tree thick tooth skin second right right two apart, through say, speak finger terrible, fearfully great double; twofold teach twelve opinion, teaching house sleep back two doubtful lead sweet hard two power badly, ill

Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek

deka, ten (delta) (dmos) deni (dendron): akin to , drys, "tree" densus dens, dentis (derma) (deuteros) dexter -, right (dia) dicere, dictus digitus (deinos) (diplos) docere, doctus (dodeka) domus dormire dorsum duo dux dulcis durus (duo) (dunam) -

decagram, decahedron deltoid demagogue, democracy denarius, denary dendrite condense, density dental, dentures hypodermic Deuteronomy dexterity dicot, dipole diameter contradict, dictation digital dinosaur diploid, diplosis docile, doctor dodecasyllabic dogmatic dome dormant, dormitory dorsal dual dubious abduction, conductor, introduce durable, duration, duress, endure, obdurate dyad dynamism, dynasty dysentery

[edit] E

Root ececoectoed-, esegoego-, egem-, emptemeemulen-, emendoengyenneaenseo-, eos-, eosoepi-, epepistemequ-, -iquequergerrerythr(o)esoetho-, eth-, ethiethmethnetym(o)eueurex-, e-, efexoexter-,

Meaning In English out house outside eat self, I (first person) goat buy vomit striving to equal, rivaling in inside narrow nine sword dawn, east upon knowledge or science even, level horse work stray red within custom, habit sieve people, race, tribe, nation true well wide from, out of outside outer

Origin Language Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin, Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin

Etymology (Root Origin) (ek) (oikos) (ektos) edere, esus ego, (aix) emere, emptus (emetos) aemulus, aemulare (en) (endon) (engys) (ennea) ensis / (epi)

English Examples eccentric ecology, economics, ecumenism ectoderm edible egocentric egophony exemption, redeem emetic emulation emphasis endocrine ennead, enneagon Eocene epicenter, epoch

(epistm) epistemic aequus equus (ergon) errare (eruthros) (es) (ethos) (hethmos); (hethein) (ethnos) (etumos) (eu) (eurus) ex externus equal, Equestrian ergonomics aberration, errant erythrocyte esoteric ethology ethmoid ethnic, ethnarch etymology euphoria Europe exclude, extrude, extend exothermic exterior

extraextremoutermost, utmost Latin extremus extremity, extremophile

[edit] F
Root f-, fatfabfac-, -fic-, fact, -fectfalcfall-, -fell-, falsfallacfamilifantfascfatufederfelfelicfellfeminfemorfend-, fensfenestrferferocferrfetficfid-, fisfilfilifinfind-, fissfirmMeaning In English say, speak bean make sickle deceive false a close attendant to show bundle foolish, useless treaty, agreement, contract, league, pact cat happy, merry suck women, female thigh prevent window carry fierce iron stink fig faith, trust thread son end split fix, settle Origin Language Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root Origin) fari, fatus faba facere, factus falx, falcis fallere, falsus fallax, fallacis famulus fascis fatuus English Examples fate, infant, preface faba bean defect, factory, manufacture falciform falsity, infallibility fallacy familiarity fantasy fasciculation fatuous, infatuation

foedus, foederis confederation, federal feles, felis felix, felicis fellare femina femur, femoris fendere, -fensus fenestra ferre ferox, ferocis ferrum fetere ficus fides, fidere, fisus filum filius finis findere, fissus firmus, firmare Felinae, feline felicity fellation femininity femoral defend, offense defenestration reference, transfer ferocity ferrous fetid, fetor Ficus confidence, fidelity filament affiliation finish, final fission confirmation,

fistulflflaccflavflect-, flexflig-, flictflorflu-, fluxfocfod-, fossfoenfolifontforformfornicfortfovefrang-, -fring, fract-, fragfrater-, fratrfric-, frictfrigfrontfruct-, frugfug-, fugitfumfundfund-, fusfung-, functfur-, furtfurcfusc-

hollow, tube blow flabby yellow bend strike flower flow hearth dig hay leaf spring bore shape vault strong shallow round depression break brother rub cold forehead fruit flee smoke bottom pour do steal fork dark

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

firmament fistula flare, flatus flatulence, inflation flaccus, flaccere flaccid flavus flavonoid flectere, flexus flexor, inflection fligere, flictus conflict, inflict flos, floris floral, florid fluere, fluxus effluent, fluency, influx focus focal fodere, fossus fossil faenum folium defoliant fons, fontis forare, foratus perforation conformity, deformity, forma formation fornix, fornicis fornication fortis fortification fovea frangere, fractus fovea

fracture, fragment, frangible, infringe frater fraternity fricare, frictus dentifrice, friction frigere frigid, frigorific frons, frontis confront, frontal frux, fructis fructose centrifuge, fugitive, fugere refuge fumus fume, fumigation fundamentalism, fundus, fundare profundity fundere, fusus effusion, profusion fungi, functus function, fungibility furare furtive furca bifurcation fuscus obfuscation

[edit] G
Root Meaning in Origin Etymology (Root English Examples

English galactgastrge(o)gelgenger-, gestgerminglabrglacigladiglobgloriglutingrad-, -gred-, gressgrammgrangrandgraphgratgravgregguberngustgutturgymnmilk stomach earth icy cold race, kind bear, carry sprout hairless ice sword sphere glory glue walk, step, go letter grain grand draw, write thank, please heavy flock govern, pilot taste throat nude

Language Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek

Origin) , (gala, galactic galaktos) gastric, (gaster) gastroenterologist (g), - (ge) geology gelum gelid genocide gerere, gestus digest, gestation germen, germinis germination glaber glabrous glacies glacier gladius gladiator globus global, globule gloria glorify gluten, glutinis agglutination gradus, gradere, grade, regress gressus (gramma) grammatic granum granary, granule grandis grandiloquous (graph) graphic, graphology gratus gratitude gravis gravity gregarious, grex, gregis segregation gubernare gubernatorial gustus gusto guttur guttural (gymnos) gymnasium

[edit] H
Root Origin Etymology Meaning in Language (Root Origin) English Latin Greek Greek Latin habere, habitus English Examples

hab-, -hib-, habit-, have hibitblood haem(o)hal(o)hal-, -helsalt breathe

habit, prohibition

(haima) haemophilia , halogen (hals, halos) halare, halatus anhelation, inhale

hapl(o)haur-, haustheli(o)hemihenhendechepther-, hesherbheredherpheter(o)heurhexhibernhiemhipp(o)hirsuthispidhistrihodhol(o)hom(o)homeohominhomalhonorhormhort(i)hospithosthum-

simple, single draw sun half one eleven seven cling grass heir creep different, other find six wintry winter horse hairy bristly actor way whole same like human even, flat esteem that which excites garden host enemy ground

Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin

haploid (haplous) haurire, exhaustion haustus helium, heliotrope hemisphere (hemisus) (hen) henad, hyphen hendecagon (hendeka) (hepta) heptagon, heptathlon haerere, adhesive, coherent haesus herba herbicide heres, heredis heredity (herpo) herpetology heterodox (heteros) heuristic (hex) hexagon hibernus hibernation hiems hiemal (hippos) hippodrome hirtus, hirsutus hirsute hispidus hispidity histrionic (hodos) cathode, hodometer, herpolhode (holos) holistic (homos) homosexual homeostasis (homoios) homo, hominis hominid anomalous (homalos) honos, honoris honorable (horme) hormone hortus, horti hospes, hospitis hostis humus, humare horticulture hospitality hostile exhumation, inhume

hyalhydr(o)hygrhyohyp(o)hyperhypnhyster-

glass water wet U-shaped under above, over sleep later

Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek

(hualos) hyaline, hyaloid hydrology, hydrologist, Hydrogen, Hydrate, dehydrate, Hydrophobia, hydroponic, hydraulic, Hydrolysis, hydrous, hydrophilic (hugros) hygrometer hyoid (hupo) hypothermia (huper) hypnosis (hupnos) hysteresis (husteros)

[edit] I
Meaning In English fish ichthtwenty icosshape id(o)idea; thought ide(o)personal idi(o)fire ignin- (1), im- in, on in- (2), il-, in, unim-, ir(negation) under infraisland insulRoot interintrairasc-, iratis(o)-(i)tatiteritinamong, between within be angry Origin Language Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root Origin) (ichthus) (eikosi) (eidos) (idea) (idios) ignis in ininfra insula inter (preposition) among, between intra irasci (isos) English Examples ichthyology icosagon, icosahedron idol ideology, ideogram idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiot igneous, ignition invite, incur, intend illicit, impossible, inimical, irrational infrastructure insular, insulation intermission, intercollegiate, intercourse intracollegiate irascible, irate isomorphic, isometric, isoceles quality, liberty iterum iter, itinis march, journey iteration itinerary

equal, the same Greek property of, quality of again route, way Latin Latin Latin

[edit] J
Root jacjac- (originally IAC), -jectjanjocjugjung-, junctjuniorjus-, jur, judic (originally IVS) juv-, jutjuvenjuxtaMeaning In Origin English Language lie Latin cast, throw door joke yoke join younger law, justice Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root Origin) English Examples jacre "to be thrown" iacio, iacere, ieci, iectus "to throw" (and cognates thereof) janua jocus jugare, jugum jungere, junctus junior ius, iuris; iudex, iudicis; iusticia, iusticiae, etc. juvare, jutus juvenis juxta adjacent eject, interject, ejaculate, trajectory janitor jocularity conjugal, subjugate conjunction, juncture juniority justice, jury, judge adjutant juvenile, rejuvenate juxtaposition

help Latin young, youth Latin beside, near Latin

[edit] K
Root Meaning In English Origin Language Greek Greek Greek Greek Etymology (Root Origin) (chilioi) (kineo) (klepts) (kudos) English Examples kilogram, kilometer, kilobyte telekinesis, kinetic energy, kinesthetic kleptomania kudos

kil(o)- thousand movement, motion klept- steal kudo- glory kine-

[edit] L
Meaning In English lab-, laps- slide, slip lip labitoil labortear lacercry, tears lacrimmilk lactlayer, slice laminshine lampRoot Origin Language Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Etymology (Root Origin) labi, lapsus labia, labiae labor lacer lacrima "tear" lac, lactis, lactare lamina lampas English Examples elapse, relapse bilabial, labial collaboration, elaboration laceration lacrimal, lacrimous lactate, lactation, lactose laminate, lamination lamp

lapidlarglarvlat(i)laterlaud-, lauslavlaxled-, leslegleiolenileonleplepsleuc(o)-, leuk(o)levliberlibrliglin-

stone large ghost, mask broad, wide side praise wash not tense hurt law smooth gentle lion flake, scale grasp, seize white lift, light

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek

"torch" lapis, lapidis largus larva latus latus, lateris laudere lavare laxus, laxare laedere, laesus lex, legis, legare leios lenis, lenire leo, leonis "lion" lepis lepsis leukos levis "light" (in weight), levare liber, liberare liber, libri ligare, ligatus linea lingua tongue, language linquere, lictus lipos

lapidary enlargement larva, larvae, larval latitude bilateral laud lavatory laxative, relaxation lesion legal, legislative leiomyoma leniency Leo, leonine, Leopold Lepidoptera epilepsy leucocyte elevator, levitation liberation library ligament, ligature linearity, line bilingual, linguistic

free book bind line language, lingutongue linqu-, lict- leave fat lip(o)literlith(o)locloglongloqu-, locutluclud-, lusluminlunletter stone

place Latin thought, word, Greek speech long Latin speak bright, light play light moon Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

relict, relinquish lipolysis alliteration, illiterate, littera literacy, literal, obliterate lithosphere, megalith, lithos "stone" monolith, Neolithic Era locus local, location logic, monologue, logos "word" morphological longus elongate, longitude loqui lux, lucis light ludere, lusus lumen, luminis luna allocution, eloquence Lucifer (bearer of light) allude, illusion illumination, luminous lunar, lunatic

[edit] M
Root macromagnmajmalmammmanmanmandmania manumarmater-, matrmaximmedi-, midimegmeimelanmeliormellmemormeningmen(o)mentmermercmerg-, mersmesmeter-, metrmetamicMeaning In English long great, large greater bad, wretched, evil breast flow stay hand crazy hand sea mother greatest middle great, large less black, dark better honey remember membrane moon mind part reward, wages, hire dip, plunge middle measure Origin Language Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Etymology (Root English Examples Origin) (makros) macron magnus magnanimous, magnificent major, majus majesty, majority, majuscule malfeasance, malicious, malus malignancy, malodorous mamma mammal, mammary gland manare emanationism, immanant immanence, permanent, manre, mansus remanence mandre, mandate, remand mandatus kleptomania, maniac manus manual, manuscript mare, maris marine, maritime mater, matris maximus medius, mediare (megas) (mein) (melas) melior mel, mellis memor (meninx) (men) mens, mentis (meros) merx, mercis mergere (mesos) (metron) (meta) mica matriarch, matrix maximal median, medieval megaphone meiosis Melanesia, melanoma amelioration mellifluous memorial meningitis menstruation, menopause demented, mentality polymer mercantile, merchant emerge, immersion mesolithic, mesozoic metric, thermometer metaphor, metaphysics micelle

above, among, Greek beyond grain Latin

micr(o)migrmilitmillmillenmimminminmirmismisce-, mixtmitmitt-, missmnemolmollmon(o)monilmontmorphmortmov-, motmulg-, mulsmult(i)murmusmuscmutmymyrimythmyxmyz-

small wander soldier thousand thousand each repeat jut less, smaller wonder, amazement hate mix thread send memory grind soft one string of beads mountain form, shape death move, motion milk many, much wall thief fly change mouse countless, ten thousand story slime suck

Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek

(mikros) migrare miles, militis mille milleni (mimos) minere minor, minus miror, mirari, miratus sum (misos) miscere, mixtus (mitos) mittere, missus (mnm) mola, molere, molitus mollis (monos) monile mons, montis (morphe) mors, mortis moveo, movere, motus mulgere multus murus, muri mus, muris musca, muscae mutare (mus) (murios) (muthos) (muxa)

microphone, microscope emigrant, migrate military, militia millennium, million millenary mime, mimic prominent minority, minuscule admire, miracle, mirror misandry, misogyny miscellaneous, mixture mitochondrion intermittent, missionary, transmission mnemonic molar emollient, mollify monolith, monotone, monism Moniliformida Montana anthropomorphism, morpheme, morphology immortal, mortality, mortuary mobile, momentum, motor, move emulsion multitude, multiple, multiplex immured, mural mouse Muscicapidae, Muscidae mutation musophobia myriad mythic, mythology

[edit] N
Meaning in English nostril narnumb narctell narrnose nasnasc-, nat- born ship nautship navnew ne(o)dead necr(o)nect-, nex- join, tie necto-, swimming nectsay no neghair nemagrove, woods nemorkidney nephrisland nesRoot neurnictnigrnihilnoctnodnomnerve Origin Language Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root Origin) naris (nark) narrare nasus nascere, natus (naus) navis (neos) (nekros) nectere, nexus nektos negare nemus, nemoris (nephros) (nesos) (neuron) nictari niger nihilum nox, noctis nodus (nomos) , (nomas, nomados) nomen, nominis non nonus nonageni nonagesimus notare (notos) novem novus noveni English Examples

narcosis, narcotic narrative nasal nascent, native astronaut naval neologism necrophobia connection nectopod negative nematode nemoral nephritis Polynesia neurology, neurosurgeon nictation denigrate annihilation nocturnal node, nodule nomadic nomination none nonary nonagenary nonagesimal notaphily

wink black nothing night knot arrangement, law those who let nomadpasture herds name nominnot nonninth nonnonagen- ninety each nonagesim- ninetieth letter, note, paper notspurious nothback, south notonine novnew novnine each noven-

novennial innovation, nova novenary

novendecnox-, nocnunubnucnuchnudnull(i)numer-nuncinuptinutri-

nineteen harmful nod nut back of neck naked none number announce nourish

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

novendecim noxa nuere nubes, nubis nux, nucis nucha nudus nullus numerus nuntius

noxious innuendo nubile nucleus nuchal cord denude, nudity nullify numeral pronunciation nuptial nutrient

[edit] O
Root Meaning in English Origin Language Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin from Greek Etymology (Root Origin) ob (okt) oct octvus octogeni octogesimus octoni oculus, oculare (hodos) odium , (odous, odontos) odorem (oikos) (oidma) (oinos) (oisophagos) (ogdoos) (-oeids) (lekranon) English Examples obstinate, ostentatious, obstreperous octagon, octahedron octangular, octennial, octovir octaval octogenary octogesimal octonary ocular, oculus anode, odometer odious odontology odorous oedema oenology oesophagus

ob-, o-, oc-, against oseight octoctoctavoctogenoctogesimoctonoculodododontodoroeciousoedoenoesophogdo-oid oleolecraneight eighth eighty each eightieth eight each eye path, way hate tooth fragrant house of swollen wine gullet eighth like oily skull of elbow

olecranon

oligoliv-oma omasomentominommomniomoomphaloneronomont-onym ooopacoperoperculophiophthalmopisthopoteroptoptoptimororborchordinorganori-, ortornornithorth(o)oscilloss(i)osteoostiostrac-

few olive cancer paunch fat skin eye all shoulder navel burden name existing name egg shady work little cover snake eye behind either eye choose best mouth circle testicle order organ, instrument, tool eastern bird straight swing bone bone entrance shell

Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek

(oligos) oliva - omasum omentum omen, ominis (omma) omnis (omphalos) onus, oneris (onoma) (ontos) (onuma) (oion) opacus opus, operis operculum (ophis) (ophthalmos) (opisthen) (hopoteros) optos optare optimus os, oris orbis (orchis) rd, ordinis (organon) oriri, ortus rnre (ornis, ornithos) (orthos) oscillum os, ossis (ostoun) ostium (ostrakon)

oligarchy

omasum ominous ommatidium omnipotence, omnivore omphalectomy onerous onomatopoeia ontogeny, ontology pseudonym oocyte opacity opera

ophthalmology opisthosoma, opsimath optical adopt, optional optimum oral, orator orbit orchid ordinal, ordinary organism orient adorn, ornament, ornate ornithology orthodoxy, orthosis oscillation osteoporosis ostiole ostracism

otovovioxy-

ear egg sheep sharp, pointed

Greek Latin Latin Greek

, (ous, tos) ovum ovis (oxus)

otology oval, ovule ovine oxymoron

[edit] P
Root pacpachpaedpaginpalpalae-, palepalinpallpallipalmpalustr(i)pan-, pampand-, panspar(a)parietpart(i)parthen(o)parvpasc-, pastpasspasserpatpathpati-, passpatr(i)paucpavpeccpectMeaning in English peace thick child page stake ancient, old back pale mantle palm in marshes all spread beside, near wall part maiden little feed pace, step sparrow Origin Language Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root English Examples Origin) pax, pacis pacifism (pachus) pachydermata , (pais, paediatric paidos) pagina pagination palus impale (palaios) paleontology (palin) palindrome pallere pallid, pallor pallium pallium palma palmate paluster palustral , (pas, pandemic pantos) pandere, pansus expand, expansion (para) parallel, parameter paries, parietis parietal pars, partis partition (parthenos) parthenogenesis parvus pascere, pastus pasture, repast passus passeriform, passer passerine patere patent (pathos) pathetic, pathology pati, passus pater, patris paucus peccare (pktos) passive, patient patriarch, patrilocal paucity pavement impeccable pectic, pectin

be open Latin to feel, hurt Greek suffer; feel; endure; Latin permit father Latin few Latin Latin sin Latin fixed Greek

pectorpecunpedpedpejorpel-, pulspenpend-, penspenispenn-, pinnpentpentecostpeptperperanperipersicpessimpetpetrphaeophagphalangphalarpharmaphaneropherphiliaphlegphloephob(ia)phon(o)phor-

chest money child foot worse drive almost hang deficiency feather five fiftieth to digest thoroughly, through across, beyond around peach worst strive towards rock dark eat close formation of troops, finger bones having a patch of white drug, medicine visible bear, carry love, friendship heat tree bark fear sound carry, bearing,

Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek

pectus, pectoris pecunia , (pais, paidos) pes, pedis pejor pellere paene pendere (penia) penna (pente) (pentekostos) , (pessein, peptos) per (persikos) pessimus petere (petra) (phaios) (phagein)

pectoral pecuniary pedagogy pedal pejorative propellent, propulsion peninsula, penultimate, penumbra suspend pennate pentagon pentecostalism peptic perfect, persistent perimeter, periscope pessimal appetite, competition petroglyph sarcophagus

, phalange(s) (phalanx, phalangos) (phalros)[1] (phloios) (phobos) (phone) (phoros)

pharmacy pheromone philosophy Phlegmatics hydrophobia microphone, phonograph metaphor

phos-, photphragmphrenphryn(o)phylphyllphysaphysphytpicpilpinping-, pictpinopirpiscpisplacplacplac-, -plicplagiplanplangplasplatyplaud-, plausple-, pletplebplect-, plexplecplenplesiplethpleurplicplinthplorplu-

bearer light fence diaphragm, mind toad, toad-like tribe leaf bladder nature plant pitch hair pine paint drink pear fish pea plate, tablet calm please oblique flat mould flat, broad clap fill people plait interwoven full near full side fold, braid brick rain

Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin

(phragma) , (phrn, phrenos) (phrun) (phulon) (phullon) , (phusa, phouska) (physe) (phuton) pix, picis

photograph diaphragm schizophrenia phylum chlorophyll

physics neophyte

pingere (pinein) piscis (pisos) , (plax, plakos) placare, placatus placre, placitus (plagios) planus plangere (platho) (platus) plaudere, plausus plere plebs, plebis plectere, plexus (pleko) plenus (plsios) (plthos) pleura plicare, plicatus (plinthos) plorare pluere

picture pinocytosis Pisces

placate placid explanation, planar plangent plasma, plastic platypus applaud complete, suppletive plebian perplex Plectics plenary plethora duplication, replicate implore

plumplumbplurplurimpluspluvipneupodpogon(o)poiepole-, polipolpolpolempoli(o)pollicpollinpolypon-, positponderpontpopulporporcporphyrportportpostpotpotamprasinpratpravpreprecpredprehend-,

feather lead more most more rain air, lung foot beard make city pole stake, pale war grey thumb many put weight bridge people passage pig purple gate carry after, behind drink river leek-green meadow crooked before pray grasp

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

pluma plumbum pluris plurimus plus pluvia , (pous, podos) , (pgn, pgnos) (polis) (polos) palus (polemos) (polios) pollex, pollicis pollen, pollinis (polus)

plumage, plumate plural

pluvial pneumatic podiatry, tripod pogonotrophy poiesis metropolis, politics dipole, polar pole-vault polemic

pollination polygon component, position, ponere, positus postpone pondus, ponderis ponderable pons, pontis pontoon populus population (poros) pore porcus porcine, pork (porphura) porphyrin porta portal export, portare, portatus transportation post posterior, postscript potare potable Mesopotamia, (potamos) hippopotamus (prasinos) prasinous pratum pravus depravity prae previous prex, precare deprecation praedari predator prehendere comprehend

prendprem-, -primpress , pressold presbpreterpretiprimpriorprivproproprobproctpropripros(o)prot(o)proximprunpsammapseud(o)psil(o)psych(o)psychr(o)pterptoptyalptychpubipublicpudepugnpulchrpulmonpulverpung-, punctpunipuppurpurgpast price first former separate before, in front of for, forward try anus forward first nearest plum sand false bare mind cold wing, fern fall saliva fold, layer sexually mature

Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

premere, pressus (presbus) praeter pretium primus prior privare, privatus (pro) pro probare (proktos) proprius (pros) (prtos) proximus prunus (psammos) (pseudos) (psilos) (psych) (psuchros) (pteron) (ptyon) (ptuch) publicus pudere pugnare pulcher, pulchri pulmo, pulmonis pulvis, pulveris pungere punire pupa purus purgare

pressure Presbyterianism preterite, pretermission primary, primeval, primitive priority deprivation propulsion probation proctology appropriate protoplasm proximity prune pseudonym epsilon psycho helicopter ptosis triptych pubic, pubescent publication impudent pugnacious, repugnant pulchritude pulmonary pulverize puncture, pungent punitive pupa, puppet impure, purity expurgate, purgatory

fight beautiful lung dust prick punish doll pure

purpurputpygopylpyr(o)-

purple think rump gate heat, fire

Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek

purpura putre (pug) , (puln) , (pur, puros)

compute, putative pylon pyrolysis

[edit] Q
Root quadrquadragenquadragesimquartquasiquaternquati-, quassquer-, -quir-, quesit-, -quisitquiquinquindecimquindenquinquequintquotMeaning In English four forty each fortieth fourth as if four each shake search, seek rest five each fifteenth fifteen each five fifth how many, how great Origin Language Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root Origin) quattuor quadrageni quadragesimus quartus quasi quaterni quatere quaerere quies quini quindecimus quindeni quinque quintus Inquisition, query quiet quinary quindecimal quindenary quinquennium quintary, quintile quota, quotient English Examples quadrangle, quadrillion quadragenary quadragesimal quartary, quartile quaternary, quaternion

[edit] R
Root rad-, rasradiradicramranrancMeaning In English scrape, shave beam, spoke root branch frog rancidness, grudge, bitterness Origin Language Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Etymology (Root Origin) radere, rasus radius, radiare rdix, rdcis rmus rana rancere English Examples abrade, abrasion radiance, radiation eradicate, radical ramification, ramose Rana rancid, rancor

rapraphrarraucre-, redreg-, -rig-, rectremrenrep-, reptretretrorhabdrhach-, rachrhagrherhigrhinrhizrhod(o)rhombrhynchrid-, risroborrod-, rosrogrostrrotruber-, rubrrugruminrump-, ruptrur-

turnip seam harsh, hoarse again, back straight oar kidney crawl, creep net backward, behind rod spine tear, rent flow chill nose, snout root rose spinning top snout laugh oak, strength gnaw ask beak, prow wheel red wrinkle throat break country

Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

rapum (raph) rarus raucus reregere, rectus remus renes repere, reptus rete retro (rhabdos) , (rhachis) (rhein) (rhigos) , (rhis, rhinos) (rhiza) (rhodon) (rhombos) ridere, risus robur, roboris rodere, rosus rogare rostrum rota, rotare ruber ruga, rugare rumen, ruminis rumpere, ruptus rus, ruris

rapeseed rarity raucous recede, redact dirigible, erect, erection, rectum bireme, trireme renal reptile reticle, retina retrograde, retrospective, retrovirus rhabdoid, rhabdom rhachiodont rhagades rheostat rhigosaurus rhinoplasty rhizome rhododendron rhombus Rhynchobatus derision, ridicule corroboration corrode, erosion, rodent interrogation rostrum rotation rubric, ruby corrugation rumination eruption, rupture rural

[edit] S
Root Meaning in Origin Etymology (Root English Examples

English saccharsacr-, secrsagacsagittsalsali-, -sili-, saltsalicsalvsansanctsanguinsapi-, -sipisaponsarc(o)sativsaursaxum scabscalscalenscand-, -scend-, scans-, -scensscaphschemschissciscind-, scisssclerscoliscop-, scopy, sceptscrib-, scriptsculpscutscyphsugar sacred Wise arrow salt jump willow save healthy holy blood taste; wise soap flesh cultivated lizard, reptile rock scratch ladder, stairs uneven climb anything hollow, bowl, ship plan split know split hard crooked look at, examine, view, observe write carve shield cup

Language Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek

Origin) (sakcharon) sacer, sacrare sagax, sagacis saccharin

consecrate, sacrament sagacity sagittal plane, sagitta Sagittaria sal, salis, salere salinity salire, saltus resilient, salient, saltus salix, salicis salicin salvare salvation sanus insane, sanity sancire sanctify, sanctuary sanguis, sanguinis sanguine sapere sapient sapo, saponis saponification (sarx, sarcophagus sarkos) sativus (sauros) dinosaur saxum scabere scabies scala scale skalenos scalene scandere ascend

(schema) (schisma) scire scindere (sklros) (skolios) (skopos) scribere sculpere scutum (choyphta)

schematic schism prescient, science scissors scleroderma scoliosis kaleidoscope, stethoscope inscribe, scripture sculpture scute Scyphozoa

se-, sedsebsec-, sect-, segsed-

apart tallow cut settle, calm

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

se sebum secare sedare sedere sedecim segetum (seismos) (selene) sella (sema) semis semen, seminis senex, senis seni sentire, sensus saeptum septem septeni septimus septuageni septuagesimus septuaginta sequere serum serus serpere serra, serrare servare sesqui seta severus sex sexageni sexagesimus sextus sibilus, sibilare siccus

sed-, -sid-, sess- sit sedecsegetseiselensellsemasemiseminsensensenti-, sensseptseptseptenseptimseptuagenseptuagesimseptuagintsequ-, secutser(o)ser(ot)serpserrservsesquisetseversex-, sesexagensexagesimsextsibilsiccsixteen in cornfields shake moon saddle, seat sign half seed old man six each feel fence, partition, enclosure seven seven each seventh seventy each seventieth seventy follow any body fluid late crawl saw, saw-toothed save, protect, serve one and a half hair stern, strict, serious six sixty each sixtieth sixth hiss dry

secede, sedition sebaceous, sebum secant, section, segment sedative reside, sediment, session, supersede sedecimal seismograph Selene semantics, semaphore semi-final insemination senator, senility senary consensus transept septennium septenary septuagenary septuagesimal Septuagint consecutive, sequence

serpent serration conservation sesquicentennial severity semester, sexangle, sexennium sexagenary sexagesimal sextant sibilance desiccation

sidersignsilsilvsimisimilsimulsingulsinistrsinusinussiph(o)sistsitosocisolsolsolensolv-, solutsomasomnsomnisonsophsorb-, sorptsordsororspatispec-, -spic-, spectspectspeculsperspermsphen(o)sphersphinctspicspin-

star sign quiet or still forest ape, monkey likeness, trust, group an imitating, feigning one each left (to draw) a line hollow, bay tube cause to stand food, grain, wheat group sun comfort, soothe pipe, channel loosen, set free body sleep dream sound Wise suck dirt sister space look watch, look at observe hope seed wedge ball closing spike thorn

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin

sidus, sideris signum silere silva simia similis simulare singuli sinister, sinistri sinuare sinus (siphon) sistere (sitos) socius, sociare sol solare (solen) solvere (sma) somnus somnium sonus (sophos) sorbere sordes, sordere soror spatium

sidereal design, designate, signal silence silviculture simian assimilate, similarity simulation singular sinistral insinuate siphon consist sitology associate, social solar consolation solenoid solution somatic insomnia

resonance sophist absorb, absorption sordid sorority spatial conspicuous, specere inspection, specimen spectare spectator speculari speculation spes, sperare desperation, esperance (sperma) angiosperm (sphen) (sphaira) spheroid, sphere spica spina spine

spirspond-, sponsspondylspu-, sputsqualsquamsquarrosststagnstalactstalagmstannstatu-, -stitusteastegstellstensterestern-, stratsternstichstigstillstimulstingu-, stinctstochstomstreptstrigstring-, strictstrigosstrophstru-, structstud-

breathe Latin a surety, guarantee; give assurance, Latin promise solemnly vertebra spew, spit Latin scaly, dirty, filthy Latin scale Latin spreading at tips Latin stand pool of standing water Latin Latin Greek Greek tin stand fat, tallow covering star narrow solid spread, strew breastbone line, row Latin Latin Greek

spirare spondere, sponsus

respiration

spuere squalere squama

sputum squalid, squalor

stare, status stagnare (stalaktites) (stalagmos) stannum statuere , (stear, steatos) stella (stenos) (stereos) sternere, stratus (sternon) (stichos) stilla, stillare stimulus stinguere (streptos) strix, strigis stringere, strictus

stable, station, status, statistic, statue, establish stagnant stalactite stalagmite stannous institution, statute stearic acid steganography constellation, stellar stenography stratify sternum stigma distillation stimulate distinction, distinguish stochastic

Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek drip Latin goad, rouse, excite Latin apart Latin aim Greek mouth Greek twisted compress upright, stiff having stiff bristles turning dedication Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Latin

strigogyps stringent

(strophe) struere construction, construe studere student

stupstylsu-, sutsuisuad-, suassuavsub-, su-, sussubtersucrsudsulcsum-, sumptsupersupinsuprasurdsurgsyn-, sy-, syl-, symsyring-

wonder column, pillar sew self urge sweet below sugar sweat furrow take above, over lying back above, over deaf rise with pipe

Latin Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek

stupere (stulos) suere suadere, suasus suavis sub subter sudare sulcus sumere super supinus supra surdus surgere (sun) , (syrinx, syringos)

stupor stylus suture suicide persuasion suave submerge subterfuge sucrose sulcus assumption, consume supersede supranationalism absurdity resurgent symbol, system, synonym, symmetry

[edit] T
Root tac-, -tictachtaeniataltang-, -ting-, tact-, tagtapettardtarstaurtaurtaxtechnteg-, tectMeaning in English be silent swift ribbon ankle touch carpet slow ankle bull bull arrangement, order cover Origin Language Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Etymology (Root English Examples Origin) tacere, tacitus reticent, tacit (tachus) tachometer (tainia) talus tangere, tactus tapete, tapetis tardus (tarsos, a flat basket) (tauros) taurus (taxis) (techne) tegere, tectus contact, tangent retard, tardy tarsal Minotaur Taurus taxonomy technology protection

teleteleotemnotemporten-, -tin-, tenttend-, tenstenutepter-, tritteretterg-, tersterminternterrtertitesttetrtex-, textthalamthalassthanthe-theca thel(o)the(o)-, thustheorithermtherothyreotimting-, tincttomtontoptorntorpe-

far, end complete cut time hold stretch slender, thin be warm rub rounded wipe three each dry land third witness four weave chamber, bed sea death put case god heat beast, animal large shield be afraid moisten cut stretch place cut numb

Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin from Greek Latin

tempus, temporis tenere, tentus tendere, tensus tenuis tepere terere, tritus teres, teretis tergere, tersus terminus terni terra tertius testis (tetra-) texere, textus (thalamos) (thalassa) (thanatos) (tithemi) (theos) (thermos) , timere tingere, tinctus (tome), (tomos) (tonos) (topos) tornare < (tornos) torpere

telephone, telescope, telegram teleology temporary, temporal. continent, tenacious extend, extension attenuate, tenuous tepid attrition, contrite detergent determine, termination ternary, ternion terrace, terrain, terracotta tertian, tertiary testimony tetrahedron texture

Panthalassa euthanasia theme, thesis thesaurus Bibliotheca theology, enthusiasm theorem, theory thermometer thyroid timid tincture ectomy, atom, tome topic, topography

torpor

torqu-, torttottox(o)trabtrachytrag(o)trah-, tracttrans-, tra-, trantrapeztraumtrecenttredectreiskaidektremtrematritritricentricesim-, trigesimtrichtrintrochtroptrophtrud-, trustusstympan-

twist all, whole arrow, bow beam rough goat pull/draw across four-sided, table wound three hundred thirteen thirteen tremble hole three three thirty each thirtieth hair three each wheel turning feed, grow thrust cough drum

Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Greek Latin Greek Greek Greek Latin Latin Greek

torquere, tortus totus (toxon) trabs, trabis (trachus) (tragos) trahere, tractus

extortion, torque, torture total

tragus subtrahend, tractor tradition, transcend, trans transportation (trapeza) trapezoid (trauma) trauma, traumatic trecenti trecentennial tredecim triskaidekaphobia tremere tremor (trma) , (treis, triad, trigon, tripod tria) triangle, trivia, tres triumvirate triceni tricenary tricesimus , (thrix, trichos) trini (tropos) trudere, trusus tussis, tussire (tumpanon) trigesimal trichopathophobia trinity tropic pogonotrophy extrusion, intrude pertussis tympani

[edit] U
Root uberuliguloultimMeaning in English fruitful in marshes wooly farthest Origin Language Latin Latin Greek Latin Etymology (Root Origin) uber, uberare English Examples exuberant

ultimus

ultimate

beyond ultraumbilic- navel umbrshade, shadow

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Greek Greek Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

ultra umbilicus umbra unus, unius uncus uncia unda undecimus undeni unguis ungula (oura) (ouron) urbs, urbis urgere ursus uti, usus uva uxor

un-, uni- one hooked uncounce, twelfth unciundwave

undecim- eleventh unden- eleven each ungui- claw, nail ungul- claw, hoof ur-, uro- tail ur-, uro- urine city urbwork urgursut-, usuvuxorbear use grape wife

ultrasonic umbilical penumbra, umbrella unary, union uncinate uncial abundant, undulate undecimal undenary ungulate uroid, uroborus urology urban urgent Ursa Major, ursine usual, utility uvea uxoricide

[edit] V
Root vacvad-, vasvagvanvapveh-, vectvelvell-, vulsvelocvenvenven-, ventvendMeaning in English empty Origin Language Latin Etymology (Root Origin) vacare vadere vagus, vagare vanus vapor vehere, vectus velum vellere, vulsus velox, velocis vena venari venire vendere English Examples vacancy, vacation, vacuum evade, pervasive vague, vagabond vanity evaporation, vapid, vaporize vehicle, vector revelation, velate convulsion velocity venosity venison advent, convention vendor, vending

go Latin wander Latin empty, vain, idle Latin lack (of) carry veil pull quick vein hunt come sell Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

venerventventrververbverbervermvernvert-, versvesicvespervestvestigvetvetervivicvicen-, vigenvicesim-, vigesimvid-, visvilvillvinvinc-, victvirvirviscviscervitvitellvitivitrvivvocvol-

respectful wind belly true word whip worm spring turn bladder evening, western clothe, garment follow, track forbid old way change twenty twentieth see cheap shaggy hair, velvet wine conquer man green thick organs of the body cavity life yolk fault glass live voice fly

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

venus ventus venter verus verbum verber vermis ver, vernus vertere, versus vesica vespera vestis vestigium vetare vetus, veteris via vicis viceni vecesimus videre, visus vilis villus vinum vincere, victus vir virere viscum viscus, visceris vita vitellus vitium vitrum vivere vox, vocis volare

veneration, venereal ventilation ventral verify, verity verbal, verbatim, verbosity reverberation vermiform vernal convert, inversion, invert, vertical vesical vesperal divest, vest investigate veto inveterate, veteran deviate, obvious, via vice versa, vicissitude vicenary vicesimary, vigesimal video, vision vile, vilify villiform vinous invincible, victory virility virid, viridian viscosity visceral vital vice, vitiate vitreous revive, survive, vivid vocal, vocation, provocative volatility

volvolv-, volutvomvor-, voracvov-, votvulgvulnervulp-

wish roll discharge swallow vow

Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin

velle volvere, volutus vomere vorare, vorax vovere, votus vulgus vulnus, vulneris vulpes, vulpis

common, crowd Latin wound fox Latin Latin

volition convolution, revolve vomit devour, voracious votive divulge, vulgarity, vulgate vulnerable vulpine

[edit] X
Meaning in English xanth- yellow xen- foreign xer- dry xiph- sword wood xylRoot Origin Language Greek Greek Greek Greek Greek Etymology (Root Origin) (xanthos) (xenos) (xros) (xiphos) (xulon) English Examples xanthogenic xenophobia xerography xiphoid xylophone

[edit] Z
Root -zozonzygMeaning In English Origin Language Etymology (Root Origin) (zion) (zn) (zugon) (zum) English Examples protozoa, zoo, zoology zone heterozygous, zygote enzyme, lysozyme

animal, living being Greek belt, girdle yoke Greek Greek Greek

zym- ferment

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