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Immune and HIV Study Guide

Spring 2008
Below are questions to help facilitate studying the Immune system. This study guide is
derived from lecture and the cross sheet in your course syllabi. It is not intended to take
place of reading the required text.

1. What organs and cells participate in the immune response?

2. The body recognizes foreign proteins, called ___________, which will elicit a
response from the immune system.
3. The production ________, which attack and destroy the invading __________.
4. Antibodies are large proteins called _______________.
5. Immunoglobin ______ appears in serum; is associated with immediate
hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylactic and atopic reactions; assist in the defense
against parasitic infections.
6. Explain what happens during the complement response, (a) phagocytosis, (b)
inflammatory reaction, (c) cytotoxic function.
7. What are stem cells?
8. Define Type I, II, III, IV reactions.
9. What is an anaphylactic reaction?
10. What is innate immunity? Give an example of innate immunity.
11. Define active and passive immunity? Give an example of each.
12. List at least three causes of an anaphylactic reaction?
13. What are signs and symptoms of a blood transfusion reaction?
14. What is HIV? What is primary HIV infection?
15. What is the normal CD4 T-cell count?
16. List the test used to diagnosis HIV infection (NAT, ELISA, Western blot,
Oraquick HIV, etc?
17. What is category A, B, C of HIV infection?
18. List and define opportunistic infections for HIV
19. What is HAART? When and why is it used for HIV clients?
20. List three rouses for HIV transmission?
21. How are HIV positive test results confirmed?
22. How are positive ELISA test results confirmed?
23. How many species of HIV infect humans?
24. Which HIV tests are used to detect the virus in donated blood?
25. What is seroconversion?
26. What is one of the first responses of the immune system?
27. What is angioedema?
28. Define macrophages, eosinophils, erythrocytes, leukocytes, antibodies, and
29. What is immunotherapy?
30. List clinical manifestations of HIV?
31. List the classes of medications that may be used to treat HIV related infections.
32. What type of diet is appropriate for the client diagnosed with HIV?
33. What is the etiology of anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock?
34. What are some systemic manifestations of anaphalxis?
35. What is allergic rhinitis?
36. What is the etiology of allergic rhinitis?
37. List the clinical manigestations of allergic rhinitis?
38. What are physical and chemical barriers?