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São Paulo


São Paulo
São Paulo
—  Municipality  — Município de São Paulo Municipality of São Paulo

Photo montage of the city of São Paulo. From the top, left to right: São Paulo Cathedral; United Nations Business Center; São Paulo Museum of Art on Paulista Avenue; Museum of Ipiranga; Bandeiras Monument; Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge; and downtown skyline from Altino Arantes Building.

Flag Seal

Nickname(s): Terra da Garoa (Land of Drizzle) and Sampa Motto: "Non ducor, duco"  (Latin) "I am not led, I lead"

São Paulo


São Paulo
Location in Brazil Coordinates: 23°33′S 46°38′W Country Region State Founded Government  • Mayor Fernando Haddad (2013–2017) [1]

Coordinates: 23°33′S 46°38′W [1]
Brazil Southeast São Paulo 1554

Area  • Municipality  • Metro Elevation [2][3] Population (2011)  • Municipality • Density • Metro • Metro density Demonym Time zone  • Summer (DST) Postal Code (CEP) Website 11,316,149(1st) 7,216.3/km2 (18,690/sq mi) 19,889,559 2,469.35/km2 (6,395.6/sq mi) Paulistano BRT (UTC−3) BRST (UTC−2) 01000-000 www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br [4] 1,522.986 km2 (588.028 sq mi) 7,943.818 km2 (3,067.125 sq mi) 760 m (2,493.4 ft)

São Paulo (/ˌsaʊHelp:IPA for English#Keyˈpaʊloʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w ˈpawlu] ( listen); Saint Paul) is the largest city in Brazil, the largest city proper in the southern hemisphere and Americas and the world's eighth largest city by population. The metropolis is anchor to the São Paulo metropolitan area, ranked as the second most populous metropolitan area in the Americas and among the ten largest metropolitan areas on the planet.[5] São Paulo is the capital of the state of São Paulo, Brazil's most populous state. It exerts strong regional influence in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment and a strong international influence.[6] The name of the city honors Saint Paul of Tarsus.

São Paulo São Paulo has the largest economy, by GDP, among Latin American and Brazilian cities.[7] Its GDP per capita is the fifth highest among the larger Latin American cities and Brazil's second highest, behind Brasília.[7] The metropolis has significant cultural, economic and political influence both nationally and internationally. It is home to several important monuments, parks and museums such as the Latin American Memorial, the Museum of the Portuguese Language, São Paulo Museum of Art, Museum of Ipiranga and the Ibirapuera Park. Paulista Avenue is the most important financial center of São Paulo. The city holds many high profile events, like the São Paulo Art Biennial, the Brazil Grand Prix Formula 1 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo Fashion Week, ATP Brasil Open and the São Paulo Indy 300. Sao Paulo hosts the world's largest gay pride parade according to the Guinness Book of World Records. It is home to the São Paulo Stock Exchange, the Future Markets and the Cereal Market Stock Exchanges (the second largest stock exchange in the World, in market value).[8] São Paulo is home to several of the tallest buildings in Brazil, including the building Mirante do Vale, Italia, Altino Arantes, North Tower of the UNSCOM (United Nations Centre Enterprise) and many others. People from the city of São Paulo are known as paulistanos, while paulistas designates anyone from the surrounding state, including the paulistanos. The city's Latin motto, which it has shared with the battleship and the aircraft carrier named after it, is Non ducor, duco, which translates as "I am not led, I lead."[9] The city, which is also colloquially known as "Sampa" or "Cidade da Garoa" (city of drizzle), is also known for its unreliable weather, the size of its helicopter fleet, its architecture, gastronomy, severe traffic congestion and multitude of skyscrapers. The city is considered an alpha world city according to the Global City economic system. According to one source, São Paulo is expected to have the second highest economic growth in the world between 2011 and 2025, although New York City and Tokyo were expected to remain the largest in 2025.[10]


Colonial period
The village of São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga appeared on January 25, 1554, with the construction of the Colégio de São Paulo de Piratininga, a Jesuit college of twelve priests, among them Manuel da Nobrega and Jose de Anchieta, on top of a steep hill between the rivers Anhangabaú and Tamanduateí.[11] This school, which operated in a shack made of rammed earth, had, on purpose, catechesis of the Indians who lived in the Plateau region of Piratininga, separated from the coast by the Serra do Mar, called by the Indians "Serra Paranapiacaba."

Foundation of St. Paul, picture of 1913 Parreiras Antonio.

The name was chosen because the college was founded on January 25, the same day on which the Catholic Church celebrates the conversion of the Apostle Paul of Tarsus, according to Father José de Anchieta in a letter to the Society of Jesus: The Year January 25, 1554 we celebrate the Lord in impoverished and very narrow house, the first Mass on the day of the conversion of Paul of Tarsus and the Apostle Paul, so he dedicated to our house![citation

The settlement of the region's Courtyard of the College began in 1560. During the visit of Mem de Sá, Governor-General of Brazil, the Captaincy of São Vicente, he ordered the transfer of the population of the Village of Santo André da Borda do Campo to the vicinity of the college. It was then named "College of St. Paul Piratininga". The new location was on a steep hill adjacent to a large wetland, the lowland do Carmo. It offered better protection

São Paulo from attacks by local Indian groups. It was renamed Vila de São Paulo, belonging to the Captaincy of São Vicente. For the next two centuries São Paulo remained a poor and isolated village surviving through cultivation of subsistence crops. São Paulo was for a long time the only village in Brazil's interior. This isolation was mainly because it was difficult to travel the Serra do Mar walk from the village of Santos and the Town of Vincent to Piratininga Plateau. Mem de Sá forbade the use of "Path Piraiquê" (Piaçaguera today), because of frequent Indian raids. On March 22, 1681, the Marquis de Cascais, the donee of the Captaincy of São Vicente, moved the capital to the village of St. Paul, designating it the "Head of the captaincy." The new capital was established in April 23, 1683, with large public celebrations.


São Paulo was the poorest region of the Portuguese colony. It hosted the activity of the pioneers, who were scattered across the countryside hunting for Indians. Because they were extremely poor, the Paulistas could not afford African slaves. The discovery of gold in the region of Minas Gerais, in the 1690s, turned attention to São Paulo. The new Real Captaincy of São Paulo and Minas do Ouro was created in November 3, 1709, when the Portuguese crown purchased the Captaincy of São Paulo and Santo Amaro Captaincy from his former grantees. On July 11, 1711, the Town of St. Paul was elevated to city status. Around 1720, gold was found by the pioneers in the regions near what is now Cuiabá and Goiás city, which expanded Brazilian territory beyond the Line of Tordesillas. When the gold ran out in the late eighteenth century, São Paulo shifted to growing sugar cane, which spread through the interior of the Captaincy. The sugar was exported through the Port of Santos. At that time, the first modern highway between São Paulo and the coast was constructed and named the Walk of Lorraine.

Courtyard of the College, in the Historic Center of São Paulo. At this location, the city was founded in 1554. The current building is a reconstruction made in the second half of the twentieth century, taking as models the Jesuit college and church that were erected at the site in 1653.

Imperial Period
After the Independence of Brazil, declared by Dom Pedro I where is now located the Monument of Ipiranga, São Paulo received the title of Imperial City, awarded by Dom Pedro I of Brazil in 1823. In 1827, a law school was founded at the Convent of São Francisco, today part of USP. The subsequent influx of students and teachers gave a new impetus to the city's growth, thanks to which, the city became the Imperial city and Borough of Students of St. Paul Piratininga. The expansion of coffee production was another factor in the growth of São Paulo, initially in the Vale do Paraíba and then in the regions of Campinas, Rio Claro, São Carlos and Ribeirão Preto.

Monument to Independence in Independence Park, located at the place where Dom Pedro I proclaimed the independence of Brazil.

From 1869 onwards, São Paulo was connected to the port of Santos by the Railroad Santos-Jundiaí, called The Lady. In the late nineteenth century, several other railroads connected the interior to the state capital. São Paulo became the

The region is seismically stable and no significant seismic activity has ever been recorded. within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in its northern area. in southeastern São Paulo State. the Pinheiros River. although water transportation becomes increasingly important on the Tietê river further downstream (near river Paraná). This distance is covered by two highways. as the river is part of the River Plate basin. The original flora consisted mainly of a great variety of broadleaf evergreens. many of whom settled in the capital. No large natural lakes exist in the region. Rolling terrain prevails [12] the city. with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2. Neither river is navigable in the stretch that flows through the city. as the mild climate and abundant rainfall permit a multitude of tropical. Coffee allowed the State of São Paulo to experience major economic and population growth. water storage and leisure activities. but the Billings and Guarapiranga reservoirs in the city's southern outskirts are used for power generation. 5 Geography Physical setting São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil.135 metres (3. itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands. The city is located on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for "Sea Range"). although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. approximately halfway between Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro. financed through a partnership between local government and international development banks such as the Japan Bank for International Cooperation.621 ft) above sea level. From the middle of the XIX century to its end. especially the ubiquitous eucalyptus. at 1. non-native species are common. where the Serra da Cantareira Range reaches a higher elevation and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest. The region's first industries also began to emerge. (see "Transportation" below) that roll down the range. . heavy industrial effluents and wastewater discharges in the later 20th century caused the rivers to become heavily polluted. The Tietê River and its tributary.São Paulo point of convergence of all railroads from the interior of the state. A substantial clean-up program for both rivers is underway. However. subtropical and temperate plants to be cultivated. largely Italians and Portuguese. such as sailing. the province began to receive a large number of immigrants. were once important sources of fresh water and leisure for São Paulo. Today. the Anchieta and the Imigrantes.724 ft). leading to the port Pico do Jaraguá Mountain is the highest point in city of Santos and the beach resort of Guarujá.

2) 17.2) (73.454 millimetres (57.5) (60.1) (53.3) 14. when winds blow from the ocean.6) (94.2 in).1 (72.8 (93.2 10. When the sun hits its peak.2 0. but in places with greater skyscraper density and less tree cover. São Paulo was affected by a heat wave that lasted for 2 weeks with highs going from 29 °C (84 °F) to 34 °C (93 °F) on the hottest days.8 (55) −2.9 in).3) (85.76) (5.7) (61.6) (44.2 16.2) 23 (73) 37.7) (65.São Paulo 6 Climate The city has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Cfa/Cwa). Capricorn.6) (32.5 (65.[15] Rainfall is abundant.1) 80 70 60 40 30 70 130 140 190 1.51) (7.3 25.6) 240 250 (9. São Paulo enjoys a distinctly temperate climate. On the other hand.7 25.6 33. The recorded high was 35.4 (81. records lows since 1931) Month Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 28. which consists of hot and dry weather.460 (3.3) (93.6 16.6) (63. relatively cool days during summer are fairly common when persistent winds blow from the ocean. however. On such occasions daily high temperatures may not surpass 20 °C (68 °F).57) (1.3) 22.3) 23.9 0. especially August.5) (61.76) (2.2 34.36) (1.5) (88.48) (57.8 17. the cold wind comes back bringing cool temperatures.4 35. The Tropic of Heavy rain in Sao Paulo. the temperature can feel like 39 °C (102 °F).[13] In summer. annually averaging 1. Climate data for São Paulo (1961 .3 (84.7 19.3 (76.8) (64.8 (64) 21.6) (79. sometimes reaching temperatures well above 28 °C (82 °F). the weather can be cool or sometimes even cold. São Paulo is also known for its rapidly changing weather. at about 23°27' S.3 (35.1) (71.8 18. 1955 and on the same day −3.6) 27.48) .15) (2.9) (95.1) −2. When the sun sets.2 35.8) 13.2 (41.1) 12. Because of its elevation.3 21.3) (71.1) 18.2 11.7 (99.2 (28) 18.8 23. 1985[14] and the lowest −2 °C (28 °F) on August 2. accompanied by lows often below 15 °C (59 °F).3 (71. as on Paulista Avenue for example.2 6.4) (52.6 in) and decreases in winter. the weather can be extremely dry and hot.9 26.6 31.5 (58.5) (78.4) (33.3 29.2 (72) 28 (82) 27.[16] It is especially common in the warmer months averaging 219 millimetres (8.9) 22. This phenomenon happens usually in the winter. In winter.9 (57) 24.3) 6 (43) 15. In the summer of 2012.9 (75) 17.3) 19 (66) 20.2 (28) 34.1 4.2 °F) was recorded unofficially.5 °F) on November 15. the city experiences the phenomenon known as "veranico" or "verãozinho" ("little summer").3 11.8) (39. During late winter. Neither São Paulo nor the nearby coast has ever been hit by a tropical cyclone and tornadic activity is uncommon.8 17.8) (61. Temperature averages are similar to those of Sydney and Los Angeles.3) (92. however.9 (57) 12.12) (5.4) 2.5 (76. Locals say that you can experience all four seasons in one day.3 °C (95.4) (96. mean temperatures are between 17 °C (63 °F) and 28 °C (82 °F) and 32 °C (90 °F) on the hottest days.9 (84) Jul 29.5) (70.8 (64) 13.4 34. according to the Köppen classification.7 18.1 (81.18) (2.3 (65.45) (9.7 21. summer can be extremely hot when a heat wave hits the city followed by temperatures around 34 °C (93 °F).9 (50.7 (54.4) (62.84) 160 (6.1) (77.3) 10. are between 11 °C (52 °F) and 23 °C (73 °F) and 6 °C (43 °F).4 21.2 (68.8 °C (25.7) Aug 33 (91) Sep Oct Nov Dec Year 37. In the morning.3) 24.9 7.3 16.1) (67.7) 5.4 (99.2) (51.5 (59.1990. passes through north of São Paulo and roughly marks the boundary between the tropical and temperate areas of South America. averaging 47 millimetres (1.4 15.4) (45.

532 same-sex couples.8 13 145.559[19] inhabitants (as of 2010 National Census).4 13 144. 246. south. Locally. there were 10.083 Afro-Brazilians (6. northeast. Demographics In 2010. Complexo Metropolitano Expandido.[21][22] The subprefectures are officially grouped into nine regions (or "zones"). for data of precipitation days Metropolitan area The nonspecific term "Grande São Paulo" ("Greater São Paulo") covers multiple definitions.6% female and 47. São Paulo was the most populous city in Brazil and in South America. The legally defined Região Metropolitana de São Paulo consists of 39 municipalities in total and a population of 19.889.659.0 11 136. northwest.2%). Analogous to the US's CSA (Combined Statistical Area) definition. it is the third largest city in the world with 27 million inhabitants.0 9 151.[24] The census found 6.433. A geographic radial division was established in 2007 by mayor Gilberto Kassab. taking into account their geography and history of occupation.0 9 126. extended downtown.São Paulo 7 18 148. east.2 1. Subdivisions The city of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures (subprefeituras).218 Browns (Multiracial) (30.9 6 144. 3. west. Because São Paulo has significant urban sprawl. Hong Kong Observatory Source #2: World Weather Information Service [18] for data of sunshine hours . which includes 2 contiguous legally defined metropolitan regions and 3 microregions.824.668 White Brazilians (60.318 Amerindian (0.0 7 164. it uses a different definition for its metropolitan area.1 Source #1: INMET — Clima .[] In 2010.5%).077 opposite-sex couples and 7.[23] According to the 2010 IBGE Census. precipitation days Mean monthly sunshine hours 9 141. . These are not related to subprefectures and districts.3 [17] 7 155.6%).146.386 people residing in the city of São Paulo. Satellite view of Greater São Paulo.2%) and 21.0 16 134 130. districts contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros). These geographical areas (historical downtown. southeast and southwest) are each identified with a distinct color on bus maps and in the street signs.4% male.244 Asian Brazilian (2. The population of São Paulo was 52. in turn divided into 96 districts. These regions are used only in technical and governmental agencies and are not identified by any visible features.5%). 736.738.[] Italian immigrants arriving in São Paulo.7 [] Avg. north.[20] behind Tokyo and Jakarta.8 16 150. the city had 2.

Nowadays. Arab influence in the city of São Paulo. followed by Portugal.[26] After the abolition of slavery (1888). In the mid-20th century. Swiss and Portuguese immigrants to work in his own properties.[28] Promotion to Italian diaspora to São Paulo in 1886. São Paulo started to replace African labor with voluntary immigrants in the coffee plantations. Spaniards. Portuguese. .São Paulo 8 Immigration São Paulo is the country's most ethnically diverse city. Chinese and Koreans started arriving. many from the drought-stricken Northeastern Brazil started to migrate to São Paulo. the city is witness to a large wave of Bolivian migration. The Liberdade district is a Japantown of São Paulo.[27] In the 1960s. These were far more adaptable to coffee cultivation and became over time the largest immigrant communities in the state of São Paulo. Japanese. Armenians and Christian Syrian-Lebanese as well as Eastern-Europeans also came in significant numbers. Jews. From 1908 to 1941. The next waves of immigrants contained Italians and Portuguese from the mid-19th century until the start of the 20th century. most from Italy. Italians made up over half of the city's population. The pioneer in this new project was senator Nicolau Vergueiro. Germans. who brought many German. In 1897.[25] When slave trafficking ended in Brazil (1850). São Paulo received increasing numbers of European immigrants. Germany and Spain. many Japanese immigrants arrived.

According to the 2000 Brazilian Census. The concentration of land. in various slums (favelas) of the metropolis.7% of the immigrants were Italians. The main reported ancestries were: Italian (30. noted that there was a division of the capitalist class. nearly 80% of São Paulo city's population was composed of immigrants and their descendants and Italians made up over half of its male population. According to another resource. Arab (2. (.4%) and Jewish (1. because they offer cheaper housing. Today. about 20% of the city's population. 1. 44.000 33% 1916 187. except for bakery and pastry which was the domain of the French and Germans. Cambuci.[32] As in all of Brazil.9% 3.[33] The main groups. people of different ethnicities mix with each other.5% came from Italy. a columnist who was absent from São Paulo for 20 years wrote "then São Paulo used to be a genuine Paulista city."[] São Paulo City Year Italians Percentage of the City[] 1886 5.[31] Domestic migration Since the 19th century people began migrating from Northeastern Brazil into São Paulo.457 1900 75.5%).148 people from Northeastern Brazil lived in São Paulo. 19.. 81% of the students reported "yes". Between 1888 and 1919. the larger metallurgical plants were in the hands of the English and the Americans. Spanish (14%). German (5. the Governor of São Paulo said that "if the owner of each house in São Paulo display the flag of the country of origin on the roof.3%).2% A French observer.437 Italians entered in the State of São Paulo. today it is an Italian city.078. Pari and Sé).717 1893 45. people of many different ethnicities make São Paulo their home. In 1900. by nationality (..3% 9.2%). in cortiços.540 37% Research conducted by the University of São Paulo (USP) shows the city's high ethnic diversity: when asked if they are "descendants of foreign immigrants". Japanese (8%).9% 29.[] At that time.641. Bom Retiro. African (2. Of the immigrants who arrived there between 1887 and 1902.[] In 1920..) Germans. 63.6%). modernization in rural areas.4% were Portuguese. Shoes and tinware were mostly controlled by Italians. travelling to São Paulo at the time. Portuguese (23%).000 13% 35% 31% 1910 130.São Paulo 9 São Paulo City in 1886 Immigrants Percentage of immigrants in foreign born population [29] Italians Portuguese Germans Spaniards 47. Northeastern migrants live mainly in hazardous and unhealthy areas of the city. producing a multi-ethnic society. changes in work relationships and cycles of droughts stimulated migration. Brazilian (4..8%). considering all the . This migration grew enormously in the 1930s and remained huge in the next decades.[30] Until 1920.2% were Spaniards and 15. the largest concentration of Northeastern migrants was found in the area of Sé/Brás (districts of Brás. 3. Foodstuffs was generally the province of either Portuguese or Brazilians. However. French and Italians shared the dry goods sector with Brazilians. from above São Paulo would look like an Italian city".) Italians outnumbered Brazilians two to one in São Paulo. In this area they composed 41% of the population.

[] 665.[36] 1 million people of Arab descent.67% 0.38% 4.056.810 1.11% 9.7 million people of African descent.39% 6.73% 0.000 people of Chinese descent. Religion Catholic Protestant No religion Spiritist Buddhist Umbanda and Candomblé Jewish Percentage Number 58.[] 60.000 people of German descent.[34] 3 million people of Portuguese descent.[38] and 40.706 43.882 75.000 people of French descent.000 Bolivian immigrants.[] 400.[40] Religion São Paulo Cathedral in Downtown São Paulo.São Paulo metropolitan area.008 531.610 Source: IBGE 2010.[] 250.000 people of Greek descent.075 69.62% 0.549.[] 120.[39] Changing demographics of the city of São Paulo 10 Source: Planet Barsa Ltda.[] 150. are: 6 million people of Italian descent.487.000 people of Korean descent.[35] 1.[37] 50.775 2.[41] .000 Jews.20% 22.000 people of Japanese descent.

Hungarians talking to each other on walksides. Italian mingled with Portuguese and as an old influence. Baptist and Catholic). with 3 churches (Calvinist. so on Sundays was possible to see. specially at Vila Anastácio and Lapa region. particularly from Neapolitan and Venetian. Other languages spoken in the city are mainly among the Asian community: the Liberdade neighborhood is home to the largest Japanese population outside of Japan. a neighborhood settled in the early 20th century mainly by people from Naples.[42] Italian dialects mix with the countryside Caipira accent of São Paulo. there is a Hungarian colony. Due to the large influx of Italian immigrants. . Southern Italy. Brás and Lapa.São Paulo 11 Languages The primary language is Portuguese. Some linguists maintain that the São Paulo dialect of Portuguese was born in Mooca. some of them are still fluent in Japanese.[48] In the west zone of São Paulo. Mooca.[46] In some areas it is still possible to find descendants of immigrants who speak German[47] (especially in the area of Brooklin paulista) and Russian or East European languages (especially in the area of Vila Zelina). Some people of Chinese and Korean descent are still able to speak their ancestral languages. Although today most Japanese-Brazilians speak only Portuguese.[43][44] The Italian influence in São Paulo accents is more evident in the traditional Italian neighborhoods such as Bella Vista. a Brazilian samba singer born to Italian parents who used to sing using the local accent.[45] Museum of the Portuguese Language. was assimilated or disappeared into spoken language. The local accent with Italian influences became notorious through the songs of Adoniran Barbosa. the Portuguese spoken in the city reflects a significant influence from the languages of the Italian peninsula.

21: 6th most in the world.São Paulo 12 Statistics São Paulo has the third highest density of buildings in the world.894 (2010) Cumbica.095.778 (June 2011) 34 (September 2008). tied with Mumbai [59] [60][] Billionaires GDP Greater São Paulo is the world's 10th richest city in 2008 with GDP (PPP) of $388 billion . [54] 3rd-most highrise buildings with 5.000 m2 [58] (3.723.49 sq ft) of [55] gross leasable area.30 sq ft) of built area and 242.3 million respectively). Viracopos.896.968 km² (760 sqmi) 47.300 m2 (2.788.827. the 2 Centro Comercial Leste Aricanduva with365. Vital statistics Category Vehicles Daily newspapers Helicopters Urban area Air passenger traffic Buildings 7. World's largest fleet [49] Data [50] [51] [52] 1.081.47 sq ft) of built area.608. Congonhas. the Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo with 352. 6 million passengers in the São Paulo metro and the CPTM (3.000 m (3. Largest shopping center in Latin America.7 million and 2. Campo de Marte.928.644. [56][57] Rail passenger traffic per day Hospitals Largest complex in Latin America. according to Emporis database. São José dos Campos). the largest in Southern [53] Hemisphere.

500 bank branches and 70 shopping malls. one of the main agencies promoting scientific and technological research.[61] According to data of IBGE. São Paulo's economy is going through a deep transformation. The city has 1. It is the largest stock exchange in Latin America. technology and innovation is leveraged by the allocation of funds from the state government.São Paulo 13 Economy São Paulo is considered the "financial capital of Brazil". São Paulo's economy has followed the global trend of shifting to the tertiary sector of the economy. Science. Sao Paulo is Brazil's highest GDP city and the 10th largest in the world. mainly carried out by means of the Foundation to Research Support in the State of São Paulo (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo – FAPESP). Once a city with a strong industrial character.493 (2008). up from 21st in 2010 and ahead of London. Paris.[67] São Paulo also has a large "informal" economy. as it is the location for the headquarters of many major corporations and the country's most renowned banks and financial institutions. Milan and New York City. focusing on services.[64] São Paulo Stock Exchange.26% of Brazilian GDP and 36% of all production of goods and services of the State of São Paulo.[69] In 2005. The São Paulo Stock Exchange (BM&F Bovespa) is Brazil's official stock and bond exchange. the city of São Paulo collected R$ 90 billion in taxes and the city budget was R$ 15 billion.[65] 63% of all the international companieswith business in Brazil have their head offices in São Paulo. 12.[62] approximately $220 billion. São Paulo is now among the ten most expensive cities in the world.[68] The per capita income for the city was R$ 32. The city is unique among Brazilian cities for its large number of foreign corporations.2%.[63] According to PricewaterhouseCoopers average annual economic growth of the city is 4. trading about R$ 6 billion (US$ 3.[] using Purchasing power parity.[71][72] Companies in Financial Times Global 500 of São Paulo in 2012 SP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Corporation Ambev Itau Unibanco Bradesco Banco Santander Brasil Telefonica Brasil Itausa Cielo BRA 1 4 5 6 8 9 10 [73] World 43 100 127 260 282 348 423 Science and technology The city of São Paulo is home to several important Research and Development facilities and attracta companies due to the presence of several regionally renowned universities.[70] According to Mercer's 2011 city rankings of cost of living for expatriate employees. ranking 10th in 2011. its gross domestic product (GDP) in 2010 was R$ 450 billion. São Paulo has the largest concentration of German businesses worldwide[66] and is the largest Swedish industrial hub alongside Gothenburg.5 billion) every day. .

The latest high-end mall of the city.São Paulo 14 Luxury goods Sales of luxury goods in Brazil amounted to 8.9 billion dollars in 2010. Morumbi Shopping. Unique Hotel. D. according to Cushman & Wakefield. The Shopping Cidade Jardim is a relatively new. Greater São Paulo). is the Brazil's oldest mall. It is considered the 11th most expensive shopping area in the world. One of the world's best restaurants as elected by The World's 50 Best Restaurants Award. is the Brooklin CBD. high-end mall. The Jardins neighborhood is regarded among the most sophisticated places in town. Alto de Pinheiros (West Zone). Higienópolis (Central Zone). The New York Times once compared Oscar Freire Street to Rodeo Drive.[74] In Jardins there are many luxury car dealers. . The Iguatemi Faria Lima. voted the eighth most luxurious street in the world. Panorama of Paulista Avenue. opened in 1966. according to GfK Brazil. More than 30 international luxury brands are there. This neighborhood has some of the city's most luxurious hotels and another shopping mall. Morumbi district. Alto de Santana (North Zone). in Jardim Panorama. JK Iguatemi. cinemas and boutiques. Moema/Vila Nova Conceição (South Zone) and Alphaville (Barueri municipality.M. of which 70% are sold in São Paulo City. 95% of sales in the city take place in the 'luxury quadrilateral'. designed by Brazilian architect Ruy Ohtake is located in the elegant Jardins neighbourhood. Outside the 'luxury quadrilateral'. Rua Oscar Freire in the Jardins neighbourhood. with upscale restaurants and hotels. Other regions of the city also have luxury trade as Jardim Anália Franco (East Zone).O. is in the Vila Olímpia neighborhood with over 50 international brands. Luxury residential buildings in the upscale area of Vila Nova Conceição. with restaurants. in Faria Lima Avenue..[75] is located there.

the largest and most well-regarded is the state-financed University of São Paulo (USP). Panoramic view of downtown São Paulo. under the administration of Figueiredo Ferraz. Affiliated institutions include the Butantan Institute. Changes in urban fabrics in the region of Jardins. Washington and Luis Francisco Prestes Maia. the plans were based on the idea of "demolish and rebuild". in general. Education São Paulo has a system of public and private primary and secondary schools and a variety of vocational-technical schools. In São Paulo until the mid-1950s. Pinheiros district: side by side. whose master plan had been fully developed prior to construction. In 1968 the Urban Development Plan proposed the Basic Plan for Integrated Development of São Paulo. designated "Z1" areas (residential areas designed for elites) and "Z3" (a "mixed zone" lacking clear definitions about their characteristics). More than nine-tenths of the population are literate and roughly the same proportion of those age 7 to 14 are enrolled in school. a world-famous centre for research on snakes and the production of snake toxins and anti-toxins. São Paulo differs considerably from other Brazilian cities such as Belo Horizonte and Goiânia. Zoning encouraged the growth of suburbs with minimal control and major speculation. buildings and luxury homes. It lasted until 2004 when the Basic Plan was replaced by the current Master Plan. USP enrolls a high proportion of Brazil's doctoralstudents and has spawned a wide variety of research institutes and policy centres. which incorporated the historic Law School (Faculdade de Direito) in the old Largo São Francisco in the city centre. whose initial expansion followed determinations by a plan. or a city like Brasília. Seen from above the Rebouças Avenue. The effectiveness of these plans has been seen by some planners and historians as questionable. Baron Duprat. vertical areas and low houses.São Paulo 15 Urban planning São Paulo has a history of actions. That zoning. established in 1934. the city was formed during the twentieth century. Thus. However. including former Mayor Prestes Maia São Paulo's road plan (known as the Avenues Plan) or Saturnino de Brito's plan for the Tietê River.[76] Among the institutions of higher education. growing from village to metropolis through a series of informal processes and irregular urban sprawl. projects and plans related to urban planning that can be traced to the governments of Antonio da Silva Prado. Some of these scholars argue that such plans were produced exclusively for the benefit of the wealthier strata of the population while the working classes would be relegated to the traditional informal processes. The main result was zoning laws. There are more than 578 universities in the whole state of São Paulo. . Luxury buildings in the Garden Analia Franco. adopted in 1972.

Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing (ESPM-SP) (Superior School of Advertising and Marketing). New York and his sisters donated US$50. • Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (Unesp) (São Paulo State University Júlio de Mesquita Filho). Instituto Brasileiro de Mercado de Capitais (Ibmec-SP) (Brazilian Capital Market Institute). Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV-SP) (Getúlio Vargas Foundation). In 1896. Faculdade de Comunicação Social Cásper Líbero (Cásper Líbero Social Communication College).São Paulo The Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie(Mackenzie Presbyterian University). Chamberlain". The Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo was established in 1946. Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie (MACKENZIE-SP) (Mackenzie Presbyterian University) Universidade São Judas Tadeu (USJT) (São Judas Tadeu University/"São Judas University"). United Metropolitan Colleges). Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE) (Ninth of July University). • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Centro Universitário Belas Artes de São Paulo. The Mackenzie building was built the next year and the college was named in their honor. a School of Economics and a Law School. The Business and Management School of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation is another prominent institution. • Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) (Federal University of São Paulo). Ciência e Tecnologia de São Paulo (IFSP) (São Paulo Federal Institute of Education. Faculdade Santa Marcelina (FASM) (Santa Marcelina College) The Law School of the University of São Paulo. then as a university after 1952. Fundação Escola de Comércio Álvares Penteado (FECAP) (School of Commerce Alvares Penteado Foundation).000 "for the establishment of an engineering school to be built under the auspices of Mr. It was established as a private grammar school by North American missionary Reverend George Whitehill Chamberlain and his wife Mary Annesley inside their home. Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP) (Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation). • Faculdade de Tecnologia de São Paulo (FATEC) (São Paulo Technological College). is among the leading religious institutions in the city. • Instituto Federal de Educação. • Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC-SP) (Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo). Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes (UMC) (University of Mogi das Cruzes). Science and Technology). gaining the status of university in 1952. an attorney from Phelps. Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas (FMU) (UMC. The institution saw rapid expansion with the creation of a School of Architecture. . John Theron Mackenzie. first as Mackenzie College. in 1870. Universidade Anhembi Morumbi (Anhembi Morumbi University). 16 Educational institutions The city has several universities and colleges: • Universidade de São Paulo (USP) (University of São Paulo).

centers and professional offices (physicians. The private health care sector is very large and most of Brazil's best hospitals are located in the city. dentists and others). first big hit was "Saudosa Maloca" ("Shanty of Fond Memories" – 1951). wherein three homeless friends recall with nostalgia their improvised shanty home. which was torn down by the landowner to make room for a building. with about 1. which may be watched by citizens seeking health care in its units in the city. His 1964 Trem das Onze ("The 11 pm Train"). ambulatory and emergency clinics and 17 hospitals. including 28.316 physicians. the city of São Paulo had:[77] • 32. bringing programs focused on health promotion and health education. also known as "Bexiga" and Brás. including more than 8. developed by the Municipal Health Secretary of São Paulo.000 employees.400 points of reception in all health care units of the municipality of São Paulo. Barbosa was known as the "composer to the masses".000.São Paulo 17 Health care São Paulo is the largest health care hub in Latin America. the largest in the region. Culture Music Adoniran Barbosa was a famous samba singer and composer who became successful during São Paulo's early radio era.553 ambulatory clinics. with 32. More than 6. Among its best hospitals are the Albert Einstein Israelites Hospital. the protagonist explains to his lover that . as well as those who lived in the city's many 'cortiços' or tenements. As of September 2009. • 137.554 beds. ranked as the best in Latin America and the Hospital das Clínicas.000 citizens uses these facilities. with a grand total of 770 basic health care units (UBS). the unemployed and those who lived on the edge. The network consists of two studios and a system for transmission of closed digital video in high definition via satellite. The Municipal Secretary of Health has 59. His Sala São Paulo.000 nurses. Institute of Cancer of São Paulo is the largest [78] hospital of cancer in Brazil. Born in 1912 in the town of Valinhos. • 217 hospitals. Municipal health The municipal government operates public health facilities across the city's territory. became one of the five best samba songs ever. particularly Italian immigrants living in the quarters of Bela Vista. The Rede São Paulo Saudável (Healthy São Paulo Network) is a satellite-based digital TV corporate channel.000 physicians and 12.745 health care professionals. His songs drew from the life of urban workers. which provide drugs at no cost and manage an extensive family health program (PSF – Programa de Saúde da Família). View of Albert Einstein Hospital.

a band called Ultrage a Rigor (Elegant Outrage) emerged. movement in São Paulo. drum & bass arose as another musical Ibirapuera Auditorium. The Sambadrome hosts musical presentations as well. Titãs. In the 1990s. with the Municipal Conservatory of Music Chamber Hall and others venues. Via Funchal. The city also hosts several music halls. Drumagick and Fernanda Porto. the latter being the headquarters of OSESP. was released with artwork designed by Sean Lennon. holds many concerts through the year. theater and concerts. for Ballet. [79] XRS. Vanzoline is a PhD in Biology and a part-time professional musician. Bands originating from this movement include Ira!. Many of the most important classical Brazilian living composers. 18 . Many heavy metal bands also originated in São Paulo. In the early 1980s.São Paulo he cannot stay any longer because he has to catch the last train to the Jaçanã suburb. perhaps associated with the gloomy scenario of unemployment during an extended recession. with artists such as DJ Marky. Villa Country. Classical music is renowned in the city. or CSS (Portuguese for "tired of being sexy") also has its origins in the city. The auditorium of the Latin-American Cultural Center. Kezebre Rock Bar. The main ones are: Credicard Hall. Artistica. Their success is related to that of other tropicalia musicians. Tecnicolor. Carioca Club. for his mother will not sleep before he arrives home. Opera. HSBC Music Hall. A late punk and garage scene became strong in the 1980s. such as Amaral Vieira. Teatro Sérgio Cardoso with a venue for only dance performances and Herzog & DeMeron's Centro Cultural Luz. were born and live in São Paulo. Local baritone Paulo Szot has won international acclaim and a Tony Award nomination for his performance in a 2008 revival of South Pacific. Os Mutantes became successful abroad after the 1990s. like. Other facilities include the new Praça das Artes. Ratos de Porão and Innocentes. with three huge halls. DJ Patife. Osvaldo Lacerda and Edson Zampronha. Os Mutantes released five albums before lead singer Rita Lee departed in 1972 to form another group called Tutti-Frutti. In the late 1960s. Torture Squad. such as Angra. Although initially known only in Brazil. Olympia. The Mozarteum. He composed a song depicting a love murder scene in São Paulo called "Ronda". their artistic director beginning in 2012 is the noted American conductor Marin Alsop. Korzus and Dr. Sin. In 2000. an album recorded in the early 1970s in English by the band. The lyrics depicted the changes in society and culture that Brazilian society as a whole were experiencing at the time. Theatro São Pedro and Sala São Paulo. Famous electro-pop band Cansei de Ser Sexy. Cultura Credicard Hall. Arena Anhembi and Espaco das Américas. They played a simple and irreverent style of rock. Another important musician with a similar style is Paulo Vanzoline. Music halls and concert halls São Paulo's most important opera houses are: Sao Paulo Municipal Theater. a psychedelic rock band called Os Mutantes became popular. The group were known as very paulistanos in their behaviour and clothing. The São Paulo State Symphony is one of the world's outstanding orchestras.

The Spanish Jesuit missionary José de Anchieta (1534–1597) wrote short plays that were performed and watched by the Tupi–Guarani natives. Mário de Andrade established the movement in Brazil. in 1948. With the urban poems of "Paulicéia Desvairada" and "Carefree Paulistan land" (1922). founded by Alfredo Mesquita. with its abundance of Brazilian folklore. along with others. the native peoples and composed poetry and music for the catechism. Teatro de Arena began with a group of students from Escola de Arte Dramática (Drama Art School). Austria and Italy. living in or near the colony then called Piratininga. His rhapsodic novel Macunaíma Victor Civita Latin American Library. Brazilian elite culture was originally strongly tied Portugal. Theaters Many historians believe that the first theatrical performance in Brazil was held in São Paulo. the group excelled with the play "Eles não usam black tie" by Gianfrancesco Guarnieri which was the first in the history of the Brazilian drama to feature labor workers as protagonists. The literary priests included Manuel da Nóbrega and José de Anchieta. During the 1960s. avant-garde prose. (1928). Municipal Theatre of São Paulo. The site happened to be a bastion of European culture with Opera and classical music presentations from Germany. Mário de Andrade and Oswald de Andrade were the prototypical modernists. They also helped to register the Old Tupi language. musical and theatrical life emerged. They defied the high society that frequented the venue and who insisted on speaking only foreign languages such as French. Gradually writers developed a multi-ethnic body of work that was distinctively Brazilian. "Teatro (Brazilian Theater of Comedy). lexicon and its grammar. launched in São Paulo. but its political and cultural independence came more gradually. São Paulo had had a professional company. Brazil had gone through the Mário de Andrade Library. particularly the novel Serafim Ponte Grande (1933) and provocative manifestos exemplify the movement's break with tradition. in the early 16th century. The most important period for the art in São Paulo was the 1940s. They wrote reports to the Portuguese crown about the newly found land. the Brazilian Modernist Movement. . Oswald de Andrade's experimental poetry. Municipal de São Paulo. In 1958.São Paulo 19 Literature São Paulo was home to the first Jesuit missionaries in Brazil. same stages of development as the rest of Latin America. European ethnic groups began holding performances in some of the state's rural cities. In 1922. The presence of large numbers of former slaves added a distinctive African character to the culture. Modernist artists and writers chose the Municipal Theatre of São Paulo to launch their Modernist manifesto. represents the apex of modernism's nationalist prose through its creation of an offbeat native national hero. Subsequent infusions of immigrants of non-Portuguese origin broadened the range of influences. behaving as if Brazilian culture did not matter. creating the first written works from the area. began to achieve cultural independence. In the second half of the 19th century a cultural." major theater productions in São Paulo and Brazil were presented by two groups. France. Teatro Brasileiro de Comédia.

with 40. period furniture. Reflecting the architectural influence of the Versailles Palace in France. It is home to the headquarters of Parlamento Latino-Americano – Parlatino (Latin American Parliament). Memorial da América Latina Stretching over 78. It houses 1545 works.000 square meters. but occasionally reached 8. furniture. "Na Sela das Cidades" (1969) and "Gracias Señor" (1972).000 people on average. In 1919. Fundação Cultural Ema Gordon Klabin The Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation opened to the public in March 2007.000. 2. clothing and appliances that belonged to those who took part in Brazilian history. Tiradentes). "Museu do Ipiranga. Immigrant's Hostel was built in Brás to welcome the immigrants who arrived in Brazil through the Port of Santos." rulers and freedom fighters. decorative and archaeological pieces. the Ipiranga's collection. The hostel received the last immigrants in 1978.[80] Memorial of the Immigrant. Pierre Gobert and Frans Post. videos. marked by its censorship. with the name of Museu de Ciências Naturais (Natural Science Museum). Pompeo Batoni. Di Cavalcanti and Portinari." . 20 Museums Museu Paulista Popularly known as "Ipiranga Museum". magazines.000 books and the "Centro de Documentação Histórica. notably "O Rei da Vela". Its facilities house a library with 100. Memorial da América Latina (Latin America's Memorial) was conceived to showcase Latin American countries and their roots and cultures. the first monument built to preserve the memory of the Independence of Brazil. Brazilian modernists Tarsila do Amaral.São Paulo After the military coup of 1964. opened on September 7. plays started focusing on Brazilian history (Zumbi.679-seat auditorium. Northern and Southwestern São Paulo State and Northern Paraná State. newspapers.5 million immigrants of more than 60 nationalities and ethnicities were guests there." Historic Documentation Center. From 1882 to 1978. A number of plays represented historic moments. "Galileu Galilei" (1968). comprises works of art.000 manuscripts. 1895. Ipiranga Museum. with approximately 100. Teatro de Arena and Teatro Oficina supported the democratic resistance during the military dictatorship period. Its headquarters is a 1920s mansion. Museu da Imigração e Memorial do Imigrante Hospedaria do Imigrante (Immigrant's Hostel) was built in 1886 and opened in 1887. Memorial has an exhibition pavilion with permanent exhibition of the continent's craftwork production. Designed by Oscar Niemeyer. such as explorers. including paintings by Marc Chagall.[] all of them duly registered in the museum's books and lists.000 pieces. it became a history museum. The Tropicalist movement began there. and an 1. films and records about the history of Latin America. The hostel hosted approximately 3. quarantining those who were sick and helping new arrivals to find work in coffee plantations in Western. "Memorial do Imigrante. a library with books.

The library. the animals shown in this natural history museum are samples of the country's tropical fauna and were prepared (embalmed) more than 50 years ago. In eclectic style. The animals are grouped together according to their classification: fish. One dates from 1914. birds and mammals and some invertebrates such as corals.000 restaurants. cinema and video festivals and photography and graphical arts exhibitions.200 ton building.São Paulo In 1998 the Hostel became a museum. specialized in zoology.850 works. opened in 1968. were designed by Lina Bo Bardi. Two enormous colonnades support the 9. such as Portinari. Museu de Arte de São Paulo MASP has one of world's most important collections of European art.Wikipedia:Please clarify unique in the world. It has 73. reptiles. MIS organizes concerts. the museum occupies part of the former Hostel. its walls are covered with panels describing the history of São Paulo. documentaries and music and 12. . Almeida Júnior. photography and graphical arts. It has more than 1.364 are newspapers.000 images. of which 8. ranging from Chinese to French. Restaurants offer approximately 62 cuisines across more than 12.. crustaceans and mollusks. Two restored wagons inhabit the museum. MIS has a collection of more than 200. The museum also restores wooden train wagons from the former São Paulo Railway. where it preserves the immigrants' documentation.600 fiction videotapes.000 works of art's masterpieces of inestimable value. Djanira. Aldo Bonadei. cinema. from fast food chains to five star restaurants. Victor Brecheret. Ernesto de Fiori and Aleijadinho. Museu da Imagem e do Som Museu da Imagem e do Som (Image and Sound Museum) preserves music. The collection contains over 9.[81] Museu de Zoologia da USP Occupying an area of 700 square meters. while a second class passenger car dates from 1931. leather and silver artefacts and European tapestry.750 titles recorded in Super 8 and 16 mm film. The museum records the names of all immigrants who were hosted there from 1888 to 1978. forming a 74-meter free space. It also gathers colonial furniture. Located in one of the few remaining centenarian buildings. Acervo do Palácio dos Bandeirantes The headquarters of the State Government has an important collection of works by Brazilian artists. in addition to theses and maps. The most important collections cover Italian and French painting schools. 21 Tourism and recreation São Paulo is known for its varied and sophisticated cuisine.473 are books and 2. Its current headquarters. has modern facilities and equipment. memory and objects. amphibians. The museum was founded by Assis Chateaubriand and is directed by Pietro Maria Bardi.[82] Ibirapuera Park at night during Christmas.

• Municipal Theatre of São Paulo (magnificent opera house built in the early 20th century. designed by Oscar Niemeyer. downtown Landmarks • Paulista Avenue (one of the most important thoroughfares of the city and the site of many cultural centers and museums. Mercado Municipal – Marketplace .São Paulo 22 Nightlife: Rock bar at R. • Brooklin (a financial and residential district). former Jesuit mission-school to convert the natives to Catholicism). • Estação da Luz (historical railway station built 1895–1901). Augusta.) • Museu de Arte Sacra (museum of religious art located in a colonial convent). Building the Arts Biennial of Sao Paulo. its wavy shape gives the building an impression of movement and the integration of small businesses and residential flats are of innovative urbanism. a symbol of the city). Cathedral Square view from the steps of the Cathedral. • Mooca (Italian district of São Paulo). • Mercado Municipal (historical market place in São Paulo). • Museum of the Portuguese Language (located inside Estação da Luz). Built between 1951 and 1966. • Liberdade (Asian district of São Paulo). such as the MASP and Centro Cultural Itaú). • Museu do Ipiranga (museum built where the Independence of Brazil was proclaimed in 1822). in the Centro neighbourhood. • Nicole Monteiro's Country Home • Catedral da Sé (the metropolitan cathedral. • Pátio do Colégio (founding site of the city. • Banespa Building (skyscraper with observation deck and museum designed after the Empire State building). • Edifício Itália (skyscraper with observation deck). • Edifício Copan.

It is adjacent to the Cantareira State Park in the district of Mandaqui. in the Cidade Jardim neighbourhood.463. most of its area has restricted access. • Parque do Carmo – Inaugurated in 1976. Contains remnants of the Atlantic Forest vegetation. • Parque Estadual Fontes do Ipiranga – Also known as Parque do Estado (State Park). It was inaugurated in 1913 and has an area of 22. in the Itaquera neighbourhood.000 m2 (5. in the city's central area.875 meters. do Carmo is the biggest public park inside the city.875. Its access can be made from the neighboring district of Tremembé and its accecible perimeter is 47.000 m2 (1.194 sq ft). • Parque Buenos Aires – Located in the Higienópolis neighbourhood. Official centre of the city). • Praça da Sé (large square next to the São Paulo Cathedral. in the city's far northwest. • Horto Florestal de São Paulo – Located in the northern side of São Paulo.000. it occupies an area of 174 hectares at the foot of the Cantareira mountains. it's situated close to the Jaraguá peak.000 m2 (96.955 sq ft). It was inaugurated in 1979 and has an area of approximately 9. • Parque Anália Franco – Located in the Jardim Anália Franco neighbourhood. • Parque Ecológico do Guarapiranga – Situated on the banks of the Guarapiranga reservoir on the south side of the city. this park is an environmental protection unit and was listed by UNESCO in 1994. it was created in 1991 and extends over 526 hectares.558 sq ft). It was inaugurated in 1929 and has an area of approximately 136. it was inaugurated in 1939 and has an area of approximatelly 112. which is part of the Atlantic Forest. such as the Oca and the . It's home to several museums and is known for its buildings designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer.475 sq ft). has an area of 286. in the district of Campo Limpo (south side of São Paulo). Guarulhos and Caieiras. Situated at the city's east side.916 hectares.078. Because of that. in the Barra Funda district. northwest of the city. Located in the Perus neighbourhood. • Parque da Cantareira – Inaugurated in 1963. With an area of approximately 7. It includes areas of the north side of São Paulo and parts of the cities of Mairiporã. • Parque Burle Marx – Inaugurated in 1995.000 m2 (1. it's located in the Panamby neighbourhood. in the city's south side.478 sq ft).528. at about seven miles from the center of the city. • Parque dos Eucaliptos – Located in western Sao Paulo in the district of Vila Sonia. it's located at the south side of the city. • Parque Anhanguera – This park features native Atlantic Forest and is environmentally protected by law.000 m2 (3. it covers part of the Cantareira mountains.205. • Ibirapuera Park – The second largest park of the city and probably the most popular. 23 Parks There are several parks in the city of São Paulo: • Parque da Aclimação – Located in the Aclimação neighbourhood in the central region.200 m2 (238.000 m2 (1. • Parque Cidade de Toronto – Located in the district of Santo Domingo. • Parque Alfredo Volpi – With an area of 142. View from the Obelisk to the park in the background. • Parque da Água Branca – Located at the west side of the city.381. • Parque Guarapiranga – Located on the banks of Guarapiranga Dam.892 sq ft).São Paulo • Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo (important museum of Brazilian art). with an area of approximately 500.959 sq ft).

inaugurated in 1982. southern Sao Paulo. Antonio de Siqueira Campos. in the district of Butantan. south of the city. • Parque Vila Guilherme – Opened in 1986. • Parque Trianon – Inaugurateded in 1892 with the opening of Paulista Avenue.182 sq ft). The name came from the fact that at that time. there was a club named Trianon. west of the city. • Parque Santo Dias – Located in the district of Capão Redondo.272 m2 (1. in the city's south side suburb. was inaugurated in 1989.000 m2 (161. • Parque Ecológico do Tietê – With an area of 12. it was designed by French landscape architect Paul Villon. • Parque Lina e Paulo Raia – Located in the Jabaquara district. it was named after the political. north side of the city. eastern suburb of São Paulo. in the Jardim Rolinópolis neighbourhood. military and revolutionary Luis Carlos Prestes and has an area of 27.São Paulo new Ibirapuera Auditorium. In 1924 it was donated to the city and in 1931 received its current name in honor of one of the heroes of the Uprising Lieutenants. south side of the city. It has an area of 91. • Parque Villa-Lobos – Opened in 1994. north side of the city. the Parque da Previdência. • Parque Ecológico da Vila Prudente – Located in the district of VilaPrudente. near the Raposo Tavares highway. • Parque Luís Carlos Prestes – A small park located in the extreme west of São Paulo. • Parque Raposo Tavares – Located on the western outskirts of the city. which honors the Catholic saint Dominic Savio. it is located in the district of Vila Guilherme.000 m2 (355.100 m2 (291.898 sq ft) and was founded in 1979. has an area of 15. close to the confluence of the Pinheiros and Tietê rivers in the city's north side. it's an environmental protection region. • Parque Estadual do Jaraguá – Created in 1961. Located in the floodplain of the Tietê River. has an area of 97. • Parque Raul Seixas – It has 33. around the Jaraguá peak.209 sq ft) and is situated in the district of Itaquera.000 m2 (7. 24 .027 sq ft). on the city's east side. • Parque Nabuco – Located in the Jabaquara district. between the cities of São Paulo.702 sq ft). • Parque do Piqueri – Located in the Tatuapé neighbourhood.879. • Parque São Domingos – Located in the district of Santo Domingo. • Parque Jardim Felicidade – Located in the Pirituba district. Guarulhos Itaquaquecetuba.5 million m². It was named after the neighborhood. in the East of the city. north side of the city. on the banks of the Pinheiros River and has an area of 732. near the Raposo Tavares highway and close to another city park. • Parque Santa Amélia – Located in the Itaim Paulista district.500 m2 (984. • Parque Rodrigo de Gásperi – Located in the Pirituba district. it is located in the Alto de Pinheiros district. • Parque Vila dos Remédios – Located in the district of Jaguara. • Parque Severo Gomes – Located in the neighborhood of Granja Julieta. opposite the park.047. • Parque Previdência – Located in the far west of São Paulo in the neighborhood of Jardim Rolinópolis.459 sq ft). Opened in 1990.

it has approximatelly 4 miles of walkway.529 m2 (8. business.[83] São Paulo Art Biennial. in the district of Cursino. federal and foreign research institutions include researches that aim to facilitate the preservation of endangered species. It is located at headwaters of the historic stream of Ipiranga. São Paulo also has a Safari Zoo located in its southeastern side.000 square meters and 2 million liters of water. with an area of 9. 95 species of reptiles. Events The city of São Paulo hosts approximately 90 thousand events every year. The Zoo's farm of 572 ha produces vegetables used to feed the various animals and provide material to the enclosures where the animals stay. It has approximately 3. 102 species of mammals. Main entrance of the São Paulo Zoo. 15 species of amphibians and 16 species of invertebrates.São Paulo Panorama Ibirapuera Park.156 sq ft) of original Atlantic Forest. It is located in the Ipiranga neighbourhood. featuring arts. 25 Zoos The Zoological Park of São Paulo is the largest in Brazil. .875. Located in an area of 824.200 animals. Its library of more than four thousand volumes is open to the public. fashion and beyond. on the south side of the city. Aquarium The Aquário de São Paulo (São Paulo Aquarium) is one of the largest aquariums in Latin America. The second oldest art biennial in the world after the Venice Biennial. It hosts more than 3. in enclosures that replicate the natural habitats of these animals. Its partnerships with other state. The zoo also counts a nursery for rejected puppies and incubators for hatching eggs of birds and reptiles. 216 species of birds.000 specimens of about 300 species of animals.

Brazil first entered the international fashion circuit with the increasing reputation of famous Brazilian top models such as Isabeli Fontana. The parade of samba schools in São Paulo is the Anhembi Sambadrome. as well as some cultural centers. X9. Ana Beatriz Barros. designed by Oscar Niemeyer. Ana Hickmann and Evandro Soldatiand designer Alexandre Herchcovitch. Brenda Costa. Schools that participated in the carnaval in 2012: Unidos de Vila Maria.São Paulo Carnaval Carnaval is a traditional celebration held every year. Daiane Conterato at São Paulo Fashion Week. Fernanda Tavares. Império de Casa Verde. Vai Vai.C. classical and orchestra presentations. 26 Cultural Turn is an annual event held since 2005 by the Municipality. Adriana Lima. according to São Paulo Municipality. cinema. Camisa Verde e Branco. The activities include music shows. its two annual editions bring almost 100 thousand people to Bienal's building in Ibirapuera Park. It represented a wide range of artistic positions. Cultural Turn Allegory of the Gaviões da Fiel samba school during the Carnaval of São Paulo. dance shows. Gisele Bündchen. poetry. Gaviões da Fiel. Izabel Goulart. . Acadêmicos do Tucuruvi. In 2010. Dragões da Real. theater plays. Mancha Verde. The event was inspired by the annual event named Nuit Blanche in Paris. S.[85] Renamed in 2001. Pérola Negra. Corinthians. Art Bienal The São Paulo Art Biennial attracted almost 1 million people in 2004.[84] Fashion Week São Paulo Fashion Week. Mocidade Alegre. clubs and selected schools. anime/comics fans meetings and acrobatic performances. Rosas de Ouro. promoting 24 hours of non-stop cultural activities held each May. the event attracted around 4 million people. Águia de Ouro. The Special Group parade of samba schools happens on Friday and Saturday of carnaval week. with many entertainment events held throughout the night. The event takes place in several parts of the downtown area. established in 1996 under the name Morumbi Fashion Brasil. is the largest and most important fashion event in Latin America. Alessandra Ambrosio. Tom Maior. Its aims include an intensification of the North-South dialogue inside Brazil and promoting links between non-European cultures along a South-South orientation. The school also represents one of the football teams of the city.

lectures and courses. lasting at least a month. Exhibitions featuring work by prominentelectronic artists are also part of the Festival. the Parade has also become associated with a wider long cultural program. whose purpose is to disseminate and to develop arts. according to official estimates. motors and services for the industry. debates. In keeping with the constant transformations in media and support. The festival promotes a yearly meeting. Electronic Language International Festival The Electronic Language International Festival is a non-profit cultural organization. March for Jesus The March for Jesus is an Evangelical parade that takes place on Corpus Christi Thursday every year in Zona Norte. a Neo-Pentecostal denomination created in the 1980s that grew significantly in the first decade of the 21st century. It is opened by the city's mayor. International Film Festival The São Paulo International Film Festival is a film festival held annually since 1976. by means of exhibitions. Electronic Language International Festival. Pancake Cook-Off 27 São Paulo Gay Pride Parade. usually in October.São Paulo Gay Pride Parade The first São Paulo Gay Pride Parade took place in 1987 and attracted 20. VJs. more than 2 million people took part in the event. have featured in the event's past editions. setting new guidelines for contemporary art in Brazil.[86][87] Since 2002. the curatorship has added installations. Brazilian pioneers such as Rafael França and Olhar Eletrônico and international guests such as Nam June Paik. The event features concerts with 30 Christian bands carried on 17 flatbed trucks performing live as participants march through Brazil's financial capital. the largest of the world. accompanied by several Trio Elétricos. growing to around 3. It is organized by Renascer em Cristo Church. such as truck manufacturers.[89] Evangelicals from across Brazil go to São Paulo for the annual June march. The São Paulo Pancake Cook-Off is a cooking festival held annually in [88] the city center. International Transport Industry Show The Salão Internacional da Indústria do Transporte (FENATRAN) is held biannually in the Park Anhembi. Festival of Electronic Art Every two years. thousands of amateur chefs from across Brazil come to compete in various competitions and contests centered on the cooking of pancakes. fuel. performances.000 people. Art shows. In 2006. Every summer. Bill Viola and Gary Hill. debates and meetings introduce new ideas and artwork. technologies and scientific research. Associação Cultural Videobrasil's International Electronic Art Festival brings works by artists from all over the world.[90] It presents new trends for the industry related to transport. such as financial and insurance companies. running along the Paulista Avenue.5 million visitors in 2010. components for vehicles. CD-ROM art and Internet art to the programme.[91] .

held in March. Grande Prêmio São Paulo de Turfe – Equestrian competition. Sports Football . held in April. Brooklinfest – German festival in October (district Brooklin Paulista). features famous Brazilian and foreign DJs from around the world. FIEPAG – International Printing Industry Fair CIOSP – International Dental Congress Skol Beats – Electronic music festival. Anima Mundi – International Animation Film Festival. Expomusic – Music and audio exposition.São Paulo 28 Other Events • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • X-Games – Brazilian branch. In-Edit – Music documentary festival. features free concerts and fireworks. featuring workshops. É Tudo Verdade – Documentary film festival. Brasil Pack – International Packaging Fair Japan Festival – Held in July. also features small shows and autograph sessions. New Year's Eve – Held at the Paulista Avenue. Held in August. held in July. Held in June. Batuka! – Drummers festival. usually gathering up to 1 million people.[92] Festa de Vila Zelina – Russian. featuring food and music. Saint Vitus Festival (Festival de São Vito) – Italian festival. Feicorte – Livestock fair.[93] Bolivian Arts and Culture Festival Achiropita Festival – Italian festival. featuring food and music. held in May. Held in May. São Paulo's International Marathon – Held in June. presentations and a national contest. Ukrainian and East European Festival in the district Vila Zelina. Feira do Circuito das Malhas – Winter clothes baazar.

called Arena Corinthians. Association football is by far the most popular sport.717 (25. The major teams are known as "The Iron Trio" ("Trio de Ferro"): Corinthians.500 (22. Football/soccer teams Club League Venue Established (team) SC Corinthians SE Palmeiras São Paulo FC Portuguesa Juventus Série A Arena Corinthians (under construction) 48. São Paulo is one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Palmeiras and São Paulo FC.032 record) Canindé Stadium 19. for which Brazil is the host nation. is being built for the event.000 (68.São Paulo 29 As in the rest of Brazil.000 Morumbi Stadium 67.000 record) [94] 1914 1935 1920 1924 Série B Série A Série A Campeonato Paulista Série A2 Nacional Campeonato Paulista Série B Nicolau Alayon Stadium 9. The view from the top Pacaembu Stadium. Aerial Photography of Jockey Club de Sao Paulo.000 record) 1919 .000 for 2014 FIFA World 1910 Cup) Arena Palestra Itália (under construction) 45. Portuguesa is a medium club and Juventus and Nacional are two small clubs.000 record) Rua Javari Stadium 7. The Corinthians stadium.200 (9. historic city stadium.428 (138.

1994 – Women's Volleyball World Championship. handball and futsal). The race has been held continuously since 1990. swimming. The most important are Esporte Clube Pinheiros (waterpolo. Brazilian Grand Prix The Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix (Portuguese: Grande Prêmio do Brasil) is held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos. Moraes and Romancini. São Paulo Indy 300 The São Paulo Indy 300 is an IndyCar race. 2000 – FIFA Club World Championship (Football). the distance raced varied. Hélio Castroneves. Vitor Meira. Raphael Matos. Since then. on Bom Retiro. when the competitors ran about 8. Ayrton Senna (1991 and 1993) and Felipe Massa (2006 and 2008). 1983 – FIBA World Championship for Women. Clube Atlhetico Paulistano (basketball). 1993 – Volleyball World League. São Paulo is the hometown of Beatriz. In 2007. International sports events The following international sports events have been held in São Paulo: • • • • • • • • • 1950 – FIFA World Cup (association football). Other sports Volleyball. Rio Branco Rugby Club(rugby union). Autódromo José Carlos Pace. It was first held in 1925. skateboard and tennis are other major sports. a new local railway station Autódromo of the Line C (Line 9) of CPTM. basketball and handball). but is now set at 15 km (9. . • 2006 – International Police and Fire Games (Multi-sports).000 metres. Esporte Clube Banespa (volleyball. we have the Baseball Stadium. José Carlos Pace (1975). • 2005 – World Cup in Artistic Gymnastics. 1977 – Women's U20 Volleyball World Championship. the first year Formula One Grand Prix had been held in Brazil. Mie Nishi. Clube de Regatas Tietê and Clube Atlético Ipiranga. Seven Brazilians competed. 1971 – FIBA World Championship for Women. 4 Brazilians have won the Grand Prix in São Paulo: Emerson Fittipaldi (1973) and 1974).5: UFC Brazil. There are several traditional sports clubs in São Paulo that are home for teams in many championships. volleyball. Tony Kanaan. basketball. was constructed near the circuit to improve access. Pasteur Athlétique Club (rugby union). Mario Moraes and Mario Romancini. Esporte Clube Sírio (basketball). the venue for the Brazilian Grand Prix. 1963 – Pan American Games (Multi-sports). Associação Atlética Hebraica (basketball). São Paulo Athletic Club (rugby union). • 2002 – South American Games (Multi-sports). Since 1973. also. Castroneves.São Paulo 30 São Silvestre Road Race The São Silvestre Race takes place every New Year's Eve. 1998 – UFC 17.3 mi). including Ana Beatriz.

Imigrantes highway connects the city to the ocean coast. It is considered the best motorway of Brazil. 2006 – 13th World Cup Final in Artistic Gymnastics. Mainly used for cargo transportation to Santos Port. Most important connections: Campinas. 2013 – UFC São Paulo: UFC on FX 7 2014 – FIFA World Cup 31 Transport Automobiles are still the main means to get into the city. Guarujá and Praia Grande. • Rodovia Ayrton Senna/SP-70 (Ayrton Senna highway) – Named after Brazilian legendary Formula One pilot Ayrton Senna. Radial Leste. • Rodovia dos Bandeirantes/SP-348 (Bandeirantes highway) – Connects São Paulo to the north-west of the country. • Rodovia dos Imigrantes/SP-150 (Immigrants highway) – Connects São Paulo to the ocean coast. • Rodovia Fernão Dias/BR-381 (Fernão Dias highway) – Connects São Paulo to the north of the country. São Vicente.World Women's Handball Championship. Most important connections: Santos. relevant axial through the city. • Rodovia Anhangüera/SP-330 (Anhanguera highway) – Connects São Paulo to the north-west of the country. Presidente Prudente. Sorocaba. Highways The city is crossed by 10 major motorways: • Rodovia Presidente Dutra/BR-116 (President Dutra highway) – Connects São Paulo to the east and north-east of the country. Bauru.São Paulo • • • • • • 2006 – FIBA World Championship for Women (Basketball). as well as the north coast of the . In March 2011. Most important connections: Campinas. • Rodovia Anchieta/SP-150 (Anchieta highway) – Connects São Paulo to the ocean coast. Sorocaba. • Rodovia Raposo Tavares/SP-270 (Raposo Tavares highway) – Connects São Paulo to the west of the country. including its capital city. • Rodovia Castelo Branco/SP-280 (President Castelo Branco highway) – Connects São Paulo to the west and north-west of the country. Most important connections: Cotia. Most important connections: Curitiba and Porto Alegre. Ribeirão Preto and Brasília. Most important connection: Belo Horizonte. Piracicaba and São José do Rio Preto. Mainly used for tourism. 2007 – 3rd International Blind Sports Association World Championships and Games.[95] Heavy traffic is common on the city's main avenues and traffic jams are relatively common on its highways. • Rodovia Régis Bittencourt/BR-116 (Régis Bittencourt highway) – Connects São Paulo to the south of the country. this motorway connects São Paulo to east locations of the state. more than 7 million vehicles were registered. Ribeirão Preto. Most important connection: Santos. Most important connections: Osasco. 2011  . Jaú and Campo Grande. Most important connection: Rio de Janeiro.

[98] The trains are projected to reach 280 kilometres per hour (170 mph). Due to its acoustics and interior beauty. Luz is the seat of the Santos-Jundiaí line which historically transported international immigrants from the Santos port to São Paulo and the coffee plantation lands in the Western region of Campinas. Luz Station. many roads and buildings were built without major planning. São José dos Campos and Caraguatatuba. The Museu de Arte Sacra on Tiradentes Avenue and Jardim da Luz. surrounded by Greek revival columns. Julio Prestes connected Southwest São Paulo State and Northern Paraná State to São Paulo. Most important connections: São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport. Although poorly maintained by heavy rail services.[96] and is being built by DERSA. into the São Paulo Hall. part of the rebuilt station was transformed Luz Station "Estação da Luz" in the morning. Besides housing the interactive Museu da Língua Portuguesa (Portuguese Language Museum). called Rodoanel Mario Covas.[97] 32 Railways The two major São Paulo railway stations are Luz and Julio Prestes in the Luz/Campos Eliseos region. Rodoanel From the 1940s to the 1980s. Julio Prestes stopped transporting passengers through the Sorocabana or FEPASA lines and now only has limited suburban service. Ex-governor Mário Covas sponsored a ring road that circles the city. among others.São Paulo state. taking about 90 minutes. Luz Station is surrounded by important cultural institutions such as the Pinacoteca do Estado. . a high-speed railway service is proposed to link São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Luz Station was built in Britain and assembled in Brazil. Agricultural products were transferred to Luz Station from which they headed to the Atlantic ocean and overseas. It has an underground station and is still very active with east and westbound suburban trains that link São Paulo to the Greater São Paulo region to the East and the Campinas Metropolitan region in Jundiaí in the western part of the State.

Another airport. by number of air passenger movements. in the neighbouring city of Guarulhos. This expansion was to satisfy current demand rather than to raise capacity. which would reduce the journey time from 90 minutes by car to about 50 minutes.[101] Panoramic photo of Campo de Marte Airport and in the background the Skyline of the district of Santana Guarulhos International. Every day nearly 100 thousand people pass through the airport.[99] CPTM Train in garage Airports [100] São Paulo has two main airports. Built in the 1930s. serves light aircraft. eight boarding bridges were installed to provide more comfort to passengers by eliminating the need to walk in the open to their flights. which connects Brazil to 28 countries around the world. São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport (IATA: GRU) for international flights and Congonhas-São Paulo Airport (IATA: CGH) for domestic and regional flights. This service is also to connect to the railway service between São Paulo city center and Guarulhos Airport. The terminal area was expanded from 37. making São Paulo one of the top 20 busiest in the world. generating 53 thousand jobs. the Campo de Marte Airport." a medium-speed rail service (about 160 km/h) from São Paulo to Campinas. Jundiaí. . Work on an express railway service between São Paulo city center and Guarulhos International Airport were announced by the São Paulo state government in 2007. also known as "Cumbica" is 25 km (16 mi) north-east of the city center.617. In the latest upgrade. Belo Horizonte and Brasília. in two terminals.779 passengers in 2010. Aerial view of Congonhas airport. Congonhas Airport. The region of Greater São Paulo is also served by São José dos Campos Airport and Viracopos-Campinas International Airport. Congonhas Airport operates flights mainly to Rio de Janeiro. the airport currently handles 32 million users.São Paulo 33 Another important project is the "Expresso Bandeirantes. The three airports together moved 42. With capacity to serve 15 million passengers a year.3 thousand to over 51 thousand square meters. Campinas Airport and Campinas city center. 370 companies operate there. linking São Paulo. it was designed to handle 6 million passengers a year and was struggling to handle 12 million instead.

called "Passa Rápido. • The fast-lane bus system: there are many such bus lines in the city. with 5 lines in operation and 59 stations. or "Paulista Company of Metropolitan Trains") railway add 260. short for "metropolitano" and in plates in English is called "subway"). It has no scheduled service. the northern zone of São Paulo. Campo de Marte is the base for the largest helicopter fleet in Brazil. surpassing the London Underground. Opened in 1935. The airport handles small aircraft.[102] Campo de Marte is located in Santana district. Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM. New underground lines are expected to move another million people per day within the next five years. with three complete lines. prosperous passengers take advantage of some one hundred remote helipads and heliports to conveniently bypass heavy road traffic. The CPTM network is longer than the underground rail system. The underground and railway lines carry some 7 Sacomã Metro Station.7 km.9 mi) of underground railway systems (34. This airport is the home base of the State Civil Police Air Tactical Unit. the State Military Police Radio Patrol Unit and the São Paulo Flying Club. placed on large avenues and connected with the underground or suburban train stations. The projects would expand São Paulo's urban railway system from the current 322 km (200 mi) to more than 500 km (310 mi) on the next 10 years. • The suburban rail system.São Paulo Construction of a third passenger terminal is pending. in the financing phase. The third company is Via4.[103] Largely using this airport. is part of the airport’s master plan and will get under way shortly. to raise yearly capacity to more than 45 million passengers. The project.6 km (21. São Paulo International Airport is also the main air cargo hubs in Brazil. over 75 thousand metric tons of freight passed through the terminal. million people on an average weekday. restaurant and bank branch. but its terminal is equipped with a snack bar. The roughly 100 flights a day carry everything from fruits grown in the São Francisco Valley to locally manufactured medicine.4) fully underground)[105] locally known as the Metrô).0 km (42. The city currently has 379 kilometres (235 mi) of rail operated by three companies.[104] Campo de Marte also hosts the Ventura Goodyear Blimp.[106] São Paulo subway. has six lines that serve many regions not reached by the underground system and even some other cities in the metropolitan region. . including air taxi firms." which are street-level. The airport's cargo terminal is South America's largest. The São Paulo Metro operates 69. Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM). In 2003. 34 Metro São Paulo has three rapid transport systems: • The underground rail system (called "metrô".

Tietê Bus Terminal.000 buses (including about 290 trolley buses). with the exception of the states of Amazonas.[107] São Paulo's underground train system is overcrowded.5 million passengers on mile of line." In 2009. Jaú.São Paulo 35 Consolation Station on Avenida Paulista. which is the final southbound stop on Line 1 (Blue) of the São Paulo Metro. Chile. Araçatuba and other small towns located on the northwest of São Paulo State. It serves localities across the nation. Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo. Buses to North Shore cities such as Maresia.010 cities in five countries (Brazil.56 million people per day. according to balance sheet contained in the "Management Report 2010". Uruguay and Paraguay) are available. . São Paulo Tietê Bus Terminal is the second largest bus terminal in the world. totaling 3. according to the company. Marília. Santos and São Vicente on the South Shore and Mongaguá. Itapetininga. the notes were 67% positive.5 million trips per day. satisfaction decreased. The survey "The Metro according to its user: a service evaluation" of last year showed that 60% of respondents rated the means of transport as "very good" and "good. 15% higher than in 2008. It serves the southwestern cities of Sorocaba. Piraju. the second largest Bus [108] Terminal in the world. São Paulo has no tram lines. Bauru. Avaré. Every day last year. when 10 million users were taken per mile. The Litoral bus terminal serves Praia Grande. Chavantes and Ourinhos (on the border with Paraná State). Bertioga and Guarujá on the North Shore.[109] The traditional system of informal transport (dab vans) was later reorganized and legalized under a consistent set of rules. Buses to São Paulo coast are available at the Jabaquara metro station. but was certified by the NBR ISO 9001. Routes to 1. Itu. although trams were common in the first half of the 20th century. Argentina. It is the largest concentration of people in a single transport system in the world.[citation needed] While the total number of passengers increased. Buses Bus transport (government and private) is composed of approximately 17. It connects to all regional airports and a ride sharing automobile service to Santos. Ipaussu. Botucatu. Roraima and Amapá.[citation needed] Luz (Line 4 Side) Metro Station. It has five lines and links to the metropolitan train network. The Palmeiras-Barra Funda Intermodal Terminal is much smaller and is connected to the Palmeiras-Barra Funda metro and Palmeiras-Barra Funda CPTM stations. The São Paulo Metro last year reached the mark of 11. traffic averaged 2. It also serves São José do Rio Preto.

One suburban helicopter shuttle service. A major project to clean up these rivers is underway.0 in 2011. Advertisers estimate that they removed 15.300 towering metal panels were dismantled by authorities. others lease them and still others use helicopter taxi services. São Paulo has been a major economic center in Latin America. less than half the 22. Tietê and Pinheiros. 36 Panoramic View from the bus stop in downtown Sao Paulo. focused on two main targets: antipublicity and anticommerce. .[112] • Air quality[113] has steadily increased during the modern era. Some companies own their helicopters.000 billboards and that more than 1. • Crime rates consistently decreased in the twenty-first century. São Paulo became the city with the world's highest number of helicopters. Ubatuba and Paraty. Social challenges Since the beginning of the 20th century. is operated totally by women. coffee exports (from other regions of the state) were critically affected. The city-wide homicide rate was 9. in Rio de Janeiro State must be taken at the Tietê Bus Terminal.[114] Smog in São Paulo. Caraguatatuba. located about 15 miles (24 km) from the center of the city in Tamboré. • The Clean City Law or antibillboard. including its pilots. Helicopters Due to the intense traffic jams on the roads.3 national rate. With 462 private choppers[110] in 2008 and around 70. During two World Wars and the Great Depression.[111] Helicopters enable businessmen and other affluent workers to sharply reduce time spent moving around and commuting. This led wealthy coffee farmers to invest in industrial activities that turned São Paulo into Brazil's largest industrial hub.600 signs and 1. at Portuguesa-Tietê metro station on Line 1 (Blue). • The two major rivers crossing the city. are highly polluted.000 flights per year within the central area.São Paulo Riviera de São Lourenço. approved in 2007. the city is turning into a "real life South-American episode" of The Jetsons.

adopted vehicle restrictions from 1996 to 1998 to reduce air pollution during wintertime. Subdivisions of the city of São Paulo. a similar project was implemented throughout the year in the central area of São Paulo to improve traffic. Politicians São Paulo's most recent mayors were: São Paulo City Hall on the background.[115] 37 Traffic congestion on Consolação Street. Light Shopping Center on the foreground. Since 1997.São Paulo • São Paulo metropolitan region. .

Romania Barcelona. México Chicago. Italy [] Seoul. Israel [] Funchal. Canada Mexico City. Armenia Beijing. Venezuela Mendoza. Spain [] Amman. Spain Córdoba. United States Asunción. Mali Johannesburg. France [117] Asia and Middle East Yerevan. Uruguay Caracas. Argentina La Paz. India Naha. Portugal Lisbon. Japan [] [] Santiago de Compostela. Romania Cluj-Napoca. Syria Osaka. Japan [118] Ningbo. China [] [] Africa Luanda. South Korea Tel Aviv. Jordan Damascus. Portugal Porto. Bolivia Toronto. Paraguay Montevideo. later PTN PPB (PP) PT PTB PMDB Fernando Haddad 2013 Gilberto Kassab José Serra Marta Suplicy Celso Pitta Paulo Maluf Luiza Erundina Jânio Quadros Mário Covas 2006 2005 2001 1997 1993 1989 1986 1983 Twin towns and sister cities São Paulo is twinned with:[116] America Buenos Aires.São Paulo 38 Mayor Entry in Left Office in Political Party – 2012 2006 2004 2000 1996 1992 1988 1985 PT Democratas PSDB PT PPB. China Macau New Delhi. Spain . Angola Bamako. Argentina Europe Paris. Portugal Bucharest. South Africa Coimbra. Portugal Milan.

censo2010. br/ ahc/ index. uol. com/ ac2/ wp-dyn/ A42332-2002May31) [105] Downloadable map (pdf) (http:/ / www. edu. asp) [80] Histórico da Hospedaria (http:/ / www. 2008 External links Official websites • • • • • • São Paulo Tourism Office home page (http://www. Brazil (Seventh ed. [106] All the main projects from the São Paulo railway and underground system for the next 10 years can be found on the Metrô website (http:/ / www. br/ English/ NewExchange. sp. ibge. br/ ). com. org.htm) São Paulo official tourist agency Web site (http://www.asp) BM&F Bovespa – São Paulo Stock Exchange Web site (http://www. [70] BM&F Bovespa: About us (http:/ / www. João Sette Whitaker. co/ competitividad/ noticias/ Destacadas/ Ranking-de-Ciudades-Latinoamericanas-para-la-A-(2)/ ) [11] Rachel Lawrence: 2010. Page 183 [19] Constituent municipalities as listed by Obervatorio das Metropoles (http:/ / www. guardian. bmfbovespa.cidadedesaopaulo. gov. br/ ingles/ index. stm. Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2009–2010. br/ bda/ tabela/ protabl. pdf) of the underground network retrieved from the Metro SP website.) (2009). br/ home/ estatistica/ populacao/ estimativa2009/ POP2009_DOU. gov. br/ home/ presidencia/ noticias/ noticia_visualiza.gov. ibge. php?uf=29) [25] (http:/ / www. [109] Webb.br/) (Portuguese) São Paulo Metro Underground official Web site (http://www. cptm.com.gov. asp?codigo=12097) [65] FERREIRA. br/ scielo.metro. sidra.732.saopaulo. org. br/ [7] (http:/ / www.br/ingles/index.br/en-us/home. ufrj. br/ noticias/ nt-2817. ibge. June 20. html). 183–204. washingtonpost. metro. gov. Apa Publications GmbH & Co. pdf) [24] (http:/ / www. br/ metrodata/ ibrm/ index. The myth of the global city. 2003.). org. urosario. sp.com/v6/index_en. sp. Rachel (January 2010).sp. pp. memorialdoimigrante. htm) [81] Acervo Histórico-Cultural (http:/ / www. gov. observatoriodasmetropoles. gov. pp. gov. Notes [1] http:/ / toolserver.bmfbovespa. Mary (Ed. br/ textos. / Discovery Channel.São Paulo 39 References Bibliography • Lawrence. metro. ISBN 978-0-7106-2903-6.spturis. br/ informacao/ mapa/ mapadebolsosite2007. 42/6. prefeitura. gov. memorialdoimigrante. gov.php) São Paulo City Hall Web site (http://www. co. com. aspx?idioma=en-us) Other websites . htm) [99] (http:/ / www. php?id_noticia=1766& id_pagina=1) [4] http:/ / www. org/ ~geohack/ geohack. asp?c=2094& i=P& nome=on& qtu8=137& qtu14=1& notarodape=on& tab=2094& opn8=0& opn14=0& unit=0& pov=1& poc133=1& OpcTipoNivt=1& opn1=0& nivt=0& orc86=3& orp=5& qtu3=27& qtu13=27& opv=1& poc86=2& opc133=1& pop=1& opn2=0& orv=2& orc133=4& qtu2=5& sev=93& opc86=1& sec133=0& opp=1& opn3=0& qtu6=5507& opn13=0& sec86=0& sec86=2776& sec86=2777& sec86=2779& sec86=2778& sec86=2780& sec86=2781& sep=23487& orn=1& qtu7=22& pon=1& qtu9=558& opn6=0& digt6=& OpcCara=44& proc=1& qtu1=1& opn9=0& cabec=on& opn7=u6565& decm=99). uk/ world/ 2008/ jun/ 20/ brazil) The Guardian. br/ historico/ index. asp) and CPTM (in Portuguese) (http:/ / www. br/ dados_divulgados/ index. Coulsdon (UK): Jane's Information Group.br/ingles/saopaulo/index. htm) [104] (http:/ / www. net/ pt/ ?page_id=2) [32] (http:/ / pepsic. bvs-psi.sp. the rich cruise a new highway (http:/ / www.694 pessoas (http:/ / www. In Alyse Dar. [111] High above São Paulo's choked streets. População residente por cor ou raça e religião (http:/ / www. doctoral thesis presented to the FAUUSP. Population figures from the sum of the municipalities' population: IBGE (http:/ / www. gov.prefeitura. etni-cidade.com/) City of São Paulo home page (http://www. ibge.sp. [45] (http:/ / revistalingua. php?script=sci_arttext& pid=S1413-666X2006000200007& lng=pt& nrm=Uma) [36] IBGE. Census 2000.gov. sp. sp. php?pagename=S%C3%A3o_Paulo& params=23_33_S_46_38_W_type:city [2] Censo 2010: população do Brasil é de 190.

html) • UK House of Commons Trade and Industry Committee report on Brazil (http://www.br/) (Portuguese) • OPENCities Monitor participant (http://opencities. • The Times.html).php?monitor_en) • Discovering São Paulo (http://www.brazil). • The Times.html).co.pro. São Paulo" (http://www.nytimes.html).publications. • Rich Brazilians Rise Above Rush-Hour Jams (http://www.discoveringsaopaulo. "36 Hours in São Paulo" (http://travel.aboutbrasil.ece).co.com. "Where cafezinho is the key to commerce" (http://business. uk/pa/cm200607/cmselect/cmtrdind/982/982.uk/travel/2007/nov/20/ saopaolo. "Cutting-edge style in São Paulo" (http://travel.org/web/index. "Blog by blog guide to .britishcouncil.parliament. 40 .uk/tol/life_and_style/travel/ destinations/latin_america/article513082.org/the_magazine/73/ So_Paulo_A_City_Without_Ads.renatojanine.guardian. 2007.com/modules/brazil-brasil/ rio-de-janeiro_sao-paulo_fortaleza.uk/tol/business/ markets/article3006861.com) • AboutBrasil/São Paulo – Powerhouse of South America (http://www.São Paulo • The New York Times São Paulo's Travel Guide (http://travel.com/2007/10/14/travel/14hours.ece).br/LEstrangeira/rich... • The New York Times.timesonline.adbusters.co. • Guardian Unlimited.php?hoofd=3&sub=11&art=114) News stories • AdBusters.uol. by Alex Bello.com/travel/guides/ central-and-south-america/brazil/sao-paulo/overview.timesonline.pdf) • São Paulo travel guide from Wikivoyage • Maplink – São Paulo Street Guide and Maps (http://maplink. "São Paulo: A City Without Ads" (http://www.nytimes. Retrieved December 6.

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org/w/index.wikipedia.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Silvio Tanaka File:Jockey Club de São Paulo.0  Contributors: Peace_ / Delma Paz File:São Paulo 0912042009 018.0  Contributors: Júlio Boaro File:Ibirapuera Auditorium.org/w/index.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Original uploader was Stabilo at en.0  Contributors: User:Anderson Bueno Pereira 42 .wikipedia.0  Contributors: Marlon Hammes.org/w/index.php?title=File:Sao_Paulo_-_Mercado_Municipal.wikipedia.0.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.org/w/index. Dantadd. 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