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São Paulo


São Paulo
São Paulo
—  Municipality  — Município de São Paulo Municipality of São Paulo

Photo montage of the city of São Paulo. From the top, left to right: São Paulo Cathedral; United Nations Business Center; São Paulo Museum of Art on Paulista Avenue; Museum of Ipiranga; Bandeiras Monument; Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge; and downtown skyline from Altino Arantes Building.

Flag Seal

Nickname(s): Terra da Garoa (Land of Drizzle) and Sampa Motto: "Non ducor, duco"  (Latin) "I am not led, I lead"

São Paulo


São Paulo
Location in Brazil Coordinates: 23°33′S 46°38′W Country Region State Founded Government  • Mayor Fernando Haddad (2013–2017) [1]

Coordinates: 23°33′S 46°38′W [1]
Brazil Southeast São Paulo 1554

Area  • Municipality  • Metro Elevation [2][3] Population (2011)  • Municipality • Density • Metro • Metro density Demonym Time zone  • Summer (DST) Postal Code (CEP) Website 11,316,149(1st) 7,216.3/km2 (18,690/sq mi) 19,889,559 2,469.35/km2 (6,395.6/sq mi) Paulistano BRT (UTC−3) BRST (UTC−2) 01000-000 www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br [4] 1,522.986 km2 (588.028 sq mi) 7,943.818 km2 (3,067.125 sq mi) 760 m (2,493.4 ft)

São Paulo (/ˌsaʊHelp:IPA for English#Keyˈpaʊloʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w ˈpawlu] ( listen); Saint Paul) is the largest city in Brazil, the largest city proper in the southern hemisphere and Americas and the world's eighth largest city by population. The metropolis is anchor to the São Paulo metropolitan area, ranked as the second most populous metropolitan area in the Americas and among the ten largest metropolitan areas on the planet.[5] São Paulo is the capital of the state of São Paulo, Brazil's most populous state. It exerts strong regional influence in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment and a strong international influence.[6] The name of the city honors Saint Paul of Tarsus.

São Paulo São Paulo has the largest economy, by GDP, among Latin American and Brazilian cities.[7] Its GDP per capita is the fifth highest among the larger Latin American cities and Brazil's second highest, behind Brasília.[7] The metropolis has significant cultural, economic and political influence both nationally and internationally. It is home to several important monuments, parks and museums such as the Latin American Memorial, the Museum of the Portuguese Language, São Paulo Museum of Art, Museum of Ipiranga and the Ibirapuera Park. Paulista Avenue is the most important financial center of São Paulo. The city holds many high profile events, like the São Paulo Art Biennial, the Brazil Grand Prix Formula 1 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo Fashion Week, ATP Brasil Open and the São Paulo Indy 300. Sao Paulo hosts the world's largest gay pride parade according to the Guinness Book of World Records. It is home to the São Paulo Stock Exchange, the Future Markets and the Cereal Market Stock Exchanges (the second largest stock exchange in the World, in market value).[8] São Paulo is home to several of the tallest buildings in Brazil, including the building Mirante do Vale, Italia, Altino Arantes, North Tower of the UNSCOM (United Nations Centre Enterprise) and many others. People from the city of São Paulo are known as paulistanos, while paulistas designates anyone from the surrounding state, including the paulistanos. The city's Latin motto, which it has shared with the battleship and the aircraft carrier named after it, is Non ducor, duco, which translates as "I am not led, I lead."[9] The city, which is also colloquially known as "Sampa" or "Cidade da Garoa" (city of drizzle), is also known for its unreliable weather, the size of its helicopter fleet, its architecture, gastronomy, severe traffic congestion and multitude of skyscrapers. The city is considered an alpha world city according to the Global City economic system. According to one source, São Paulo is expected to have the second highest economic growth in the world between 2011 and 2025, although New York City and Tokyo were expected to remain the largest in 2025.[10]


Colonial period
The village of São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga appeared on January 25, 1554, with the construction of the Colégio de São Paulo de Piratininga, a Jesuit college of twelve priests, among them Manuel da Nobrega and Jose de Anchieta, on top of a steep hill between the rivers Anhangabaú and Tamanduateí.[11] This school, which operated in a shack made of rammed earth, had, on purpose, catechesis of the Indians who lived in the Plateau region of Piratininga, separated from the coast by the Serra do Mar, called by the Indians "Serra Paranapiacaba."

Foundation of St. Paul, picture of 1913 Parreiras Antonio.

The name was chosen because the college was founded on January 25, the same day on which the Catholic Church celebrates the conversion of the Apostle Paul of Tarsus, according to Father José de Anchieta in a letter to the Society of Jesus: The Year January 25, 1554 we celebrate the Lord in impoverished and very narrow house, the first Mass on the day of the conversion of Paul of Tarsus and the Apostle Paul, so he dedicated to our house![citation

The settlement of the region's Courtyard of the College began in 1560. During the visit of Mem de Sá, Governor-General of Brazil, the Captaincy of São Vicente, he ordered the transfer of the population of the Village of Santo André da Borda do Campo to the vicinity of the college. It was then named "College of St. Paul Piratininga". The new location was on a steep hill adjacent to a large wetland, the lowland do Carmo. It offered better protection

São Paulo from attacks by local Indian groups. It was renamed Vila de São Paulo, belonging to the Captaincy of São Vicente. For the next two centuries São Paulo remained a poor and isolated village surviving through cultivation of subsistence crops. São Paulo was for a long time the only village in Brazil's interior. This isolation was mainly because it was difficult to travel the Serra do Mar walk from the village of Santos and the Town of Vincent to Piratininga Plateau. Mem de Sá forbade the use of "Path Piraiquê" (Piaçaguera today), because of frequent Indian raids. On March 22, 1681, the Marquis de Cascais, the donee of the Captaincy of São Vicente, moved the capital to the village of St. Paul, designating it the "Head of the captaincy." The new capital was established in April 23, 1683, with large public celebrations.


São Paulo was the poorest region of the Portuguese colony. It hosted the activity of the pioneers, who were scattered across the countryside hunting for Indians. Because they were extremely poor, the Paulistas could not afford African slaves. The discovery of gold in the region of Minas Gerais, in the 1690s, turned attention to São Paulo. The new Real Captaincy of São Paulo and Minas do Ouro was created in November 3, 1709, when the Portuguese crown purchased the Captaincy of São Paulo and Santo Amaro Captaincy from his former grantees. On July 11, 1711, the Town of St. Paul was elevated to city status. Around 1720, gold was found by the pioneers in the regions near what is now Cuiabá and Goiás city, which expanded Brazilian territory beyond the Line of Tordesillas. When the gold ran out in the late eighteenth century, São Paulo shifted to growing sugar cane, which spread through the interior of the Captaincy. The sugar was exported through the Port of Santos. At that time, the first modern highway between São Paulo and the coast was constructed and named the Walk of Lorraine.

Courtyard of the College, in the Historic Center of São Paulo. At this location, the city was founded in 1554. The current building is a reconstruction made in the second half of the twentieth century, taking as models the Jesuit college and church that were erected at the site in 1653.

Imperial Period
After the Independence of Brazil, declared by Dom Pedro I where is now located the Monument of Ipiranga, São Paulo received the title of Imperial City, awarded by Dom Pedro I of Brazil in 1823. In 1827, a law school was founded at the Convent of São Francisco, today part of USP. The subsequent influx of students and teachers gave a new impetus to the city's growth, thanks to which, the city became the Imperial city and Borough of Students of St. Paul Piratininga. The expansion of coffee production was another factor in the growth of São Paulo, initially in the Vale do Paraíba and then in the regions of Campinas, Rio Claro, São Carlos and Ribeirão Preto.

Monument to Independence in Independence Park, located at the place where Dom Pedro I proclaimed the independence of Brazil.

From 1869 onwards, São Paulo was connected to the port of Santos by the Railroad Santos-Jundiaí, called The Lady. In the late nineteenth century, several other railroads connected the interior to the state capital. São Paulo became the

at 1. The region's first industries also began to emerge. many of whom settled in the capital. Coffee allowed the State of São Paulo to experience major economic and population growth. the Pinheiros River. approximately halfway between Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro. non-native species are common. . such as sailing. subtropical and temperate plants to be cultivated. heavy industrial effluents and wastewater discharges in the later 20th century caused the rivers to become heavily polluted. in southeastern São Paulo State.São Paulo point of convergence of all railroads from the interior of the state.621 ft) above sea level. leading to the port Pico do Jaraguá Mountain is the highest point in city of Santos and the beach resort of Guarujá. within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in its northern area. 5 Geography Physical setting São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil. No large natural lakes exist in the region. This distance is covered by two highways. Neither river is navigable in the stretch that flows through the city. as the mild climate and abundant rainfall permit a multitude of tropical. itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands. were once important sources of fresh water and leisure for São Paulo. (see "Transportation" below) that roll down the range. water storage and leisure activities. The region is seismically stable and no significant seismic activity has ever been recorded. Today. where the Serra da Cantareira Range reaches a higher elevation and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest. financed through a partnership between local government and international development banks such as the Japan Bank for International Cooperation. the province began to receive a large number of immigrants. From the middle of the XIX century to its end.135 metres (3. although water transportation becomes increasingly important on the Tietê river further downstream (near river Paraná). However. although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2. especially the ubiquitous eucalyptus. the Anchieta and the Imigrantes. The city is located on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for "Sea Range"). but the Billings and Guarapiranga reservoirs in the city's southern outskirts are used for power generation.724 ft). as the river is part of the River Plate basin. A substantial clean-up program for both rivers is underway. The Tietê River and its tributary. largely Italians and Portuguese. The original flora consisted mainly of a great variety of broadleaf evergreens. Rolling terrain prevails [12] the city.

7) 5.2 °F) was recorded unofficially.3) 19 (66) 20. São Paulo was affected by a heat wave that lasted for 2 weeks with highs going from 29 °C (84 °F) to 34 °C (93 °F) on the hottest days.6 33.8) (64.1) (77. 1955 and on the same day −3.7 21.6) 240 250 (9.3) (71.4) (45.2 (68.1) (71.4) (96. Capricorn.2 10.6) (79.[13] In summer.5) (70.9 (57) 12.5 (76.1) 18.84) 160 (6.45) (9. When the sun hits its peak. are between 11 °C (52 °F) and 23 °C (73 °F) and 6 °C (43 °F).4 15.9 (50.1) (53. The recorded high was 35.São Paulo 6 Climate The city has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Cfa/Cwa). Neither São Paulo nor the nearby coast has ever been hit by a tropical cyclone and tornadic activity is uncommon.2 35.6 31. records lows since 1931) Month Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 28. however.7 19.3) (92.9 (75) 17. When the sun sets.3 (71.5 °F) on November 15.12) (5. São Paulo is also known for its rapidly changing weather.8 °C (25. In the summer of 2012. the cold wind comes back bringing cool temperatures.4 21.1 (81.2 (28) 34.2) (51. Climate data for São Paulo (1961 .48) .1 (72. sometimes reaching temperatures well above 28 °C (82 °F). at about 23°27' S.3 29. the weather can be extremely dry and hot.460 (3.76) (5.36) (1.9 in).7 25.8) (39.4 35.1 4.6) (32.4) 2.7 (99.9 0. 1985[14] and the lowest −2 °C (28 °F) on August 2.5 (65. In the morning.6) (63.3 25. as on Paulista Avenue for example. São Paulo enjoys a distinctly temperate climate.2 (28) 18.9 26.6) (94.8 17.9 (57) 24.8 18.2) 17.4 34.2 11. During late winter.8 (93.3 (76.6) 27.3) (85. relatively cool days during summer are fairly common when persistent winds blow from the ocean.4) (33.2 (72) 28 (82) 27.3 (35.7) Aug 33 (91) Sep Oct Nov Dec Year 37.2) 23 (73) 37.5) (78.8 17. the weather can be cool or sometimes even cold.7 18.2 34.454 millimetres (57.6 in) and decreases in winter. On such occasions daily high temperatures may not surpass 20 °C (68 °F).3) 6 (43) 15.3) 10. In winter. according to the Köppen classification.57) (1.4 (81.5) (60.2 6.9) 22. but in places with greater skyscraper density and less tree cover.7) (61. On the other hand.7) (65.8 (64) 13.5 (58.1) (67. Locals say that you can experience all four seasons in one day.2 16. Because of its elevation. especially August.2) (73. which consists of hot and dry weather.1990.3 (65. when winds blow from the ocean. mean temperatures are between 17 °C (63 °F) and 28 °C (82 °F) and 32 °C (90 °F) on the hottest days. averaging 47 millimetres (1.51) (7.3) 14.8) (61.7 (54.76) (2.8 (55) −2. passes through north of São Paulo and roughly marks the boundary between the tropical and temperate areas of South America.6) (44.9 7.15) (2.3 °C (95.3) 23. This phenomenon happens usually in the winter.1) 80 70 60 40 30 70 130 140 190 1.5) (61.3) (93.4) (52.[16] It is especially common in the warmer months averaging 219 millimetres (8.9) (95.4 (99.8 (64) 21.1) 12.1) −2. the city experiences the phenomenon known as "veranico" or "verãozinho" ("little summer").9 (84) Jul 29.4) (62.3) 22.[15] Rainfall is abundant.2 (41. summer can be extremely hot when a heat wave hits the city followed by temperatures around 34 °C (93 °F). accompanied by lows often below 15 °C (59 °F).3 11. annually averaging 1.8) 13.5) (88.3 (84.18) (2. the temperature can feel like 39 °C (102 °F).3 16.5 (59.2 in).6 16.3) 24.2 0.48) (57. Temperature averages are similar to those of Sydney and Los Angeles. however. The Tropic of Heavy rain in Sao Paulo.3 21.8 23.

taking into account their geography and history of occupation. . the city had 2. it is the third largest city in the world with 27 million inhabitants.077 opposite-sex couples and 7.1 Source #1: INMET — Clima . east.8 16 150. Complexo Metropolitano Expandido.4 13 144.[] In 2010.559[19] inhabitants (as of 2010 National Census). northeast.738.9 6 144. Because São Paulo has significant urban sprawl. in turn divided into 96 districts.[24] The census found 6.0 9 151.083 Afro-Brazilians (6. it uses a different definition for its metropolitan area.824.7 [] Avg.3 [17] 7 155. precipitation days Mean monthly sunshine hours 9 141. The legally defined Região Metropolitana de São Paulo consists of 39 municipalities in total and a population of 19.5%).668 White Brazilians (60.[20] behind Tokyo and Jakarta. Subdivisions The city of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures (subprefeituras).6%).[23] According to the 2010 IBGE Census. These regions are used only in technical and governmental agencies and are not identified by any visible features.0 9 126.218 Browns (Multiracial) (30.6% female and 47.146.2%) and 21. 736.532 same-sex couples.4% male.889. 246.[21][22] The subprefectures are officially grouped into nine regions (or "zones"). southeast and southwest) are each identified with a distinct color on bus maps and in the street signs. Analogous to the US's CSA (Combined Statistical Area) definition. districts contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros).8 13 145.2%).[] Italian immigrants arriving in São Paulo.5%). A geographic radial division was established in 2007 by mayor Gilberto Kassab. northwest.386 people residing in the city of São Paulo. extended downtown. Hong Kong Observatory Source #2: World Weather Information Service [18] for data of sunshine hours . São Paulo was the most populous city in Brazil and in South America.0 7 164.244 Asian Brazilian (2. for data of precipitation days Metropolitan area The nonspecific term "Grande São Paulo" ("Greater São Paulo") covers multiple definitions. which includes 2 contiguous legally defined metropolitan regions and 3 microregions. Demographics In 2010. there were 10. The population of São Paulo was 52. south.659. north.São Paulo 7 18 148.318 Amerindian (0.2 1. Locally. These are not related to subprefectures and districts. 3. Satellite view of Greater São Paulo. These geographical areas (historical downtown.0 11 136.0 16 134 130.433. west.

From 1908 to 1941. Jews. most from Italy. Japanese. Germans.[26] After the abolition of slavery (1888).[25] When slave trafficking ended in Brazil (1850). São Paulo started to replace African labor with voluntary immigrants in the coffee plantations. many Japanese immigrants arrived. Spaniards. The pioneer in this new project was senator Nicolau Vergueiro. In 1897. In the mid-20th century. the city is witness to a large wave of Bolivian migration. Portuguese.[27] In the 1960s. Chinese and Koreans started arriving. who brought many German. Italians made up over half of the city's population.São Paulo 8 Immigration São Paulo is the country's most ethnically diverse city. These were far more adaptable to coffee cultivation and became over time the largest immigrant communities in the state of São Paulo. The Liberdade district is a Japantown of São Paulo. São Paulo received increasing numbers of European immigrants. Germany and Spain. Arab influence in the city of São Paulo.[28] Promotion to Italian diaspora to São Paulo in 1886. followed by Portugal. . Swiss and Portuguese immigrants to work in his own properties. Nowadays. The next waves of immigrants contained Italians and Portuguese from the mid-19th century until the start of the 20th century. many from the drought-stricken Northeastern Brazil started to migrate to São Paulo. Armenians and Christian Syrian-Lebanese as well as Eastern-Europeans also came in significant numbers.

the largest concentration of Northeastern migrants was found in the area of Sé/Brás (districts of Brás.457 1900 75.7% of the immigrants were Italians. Arab (2.5%). 63. 81% of the students reported "yes". by nationality (.078. a columnist who was absent from São Paulo for 20 years wrote "then São Paulo used to be a genuine Paulista city. today it is an Italian city.8%). Of the immigrants who arrived there between 1887 and 1902.148 people from Northeastern Brazil lived in São Paulo.2%).9% 29.540 37% Research conducted by the University of São Paulo (USP) shows the city's high ethnic diversity: when asked if they are "descendants of foreign immigrants".4% were Portuguese. in cortiços. because they offer cheaper housing. changes in work relationships and cycles of droughts stimulated migration. people of many different ethnicities make São Paulo their home. people of different ethnicities mix with each other. Northeastern migrants live mainly in hazardous and unhealthy areas of the city. (. 44."[] São Paulo City Year Italians Percentage of the City[] 1886 5. from above São Paulo would look like an Italian city".717 1893 45.641. the Governor of São Paulo said that "if the owner of each house in São Paulo display the flag of the country of origin on the roof. African (2. French and Italians shared the dry goods sector with Brazilians. Pari and Sé). noted that there was a division of the capitalist class. Brazilian (4. travelling to São Paulo at the time.[32] As in all of Brazil. Cambuci. Japanese (8%). Today.. considering all the .) Germans. except for bakery and pastry which was the domain of the French and Germans. 1. Foodstuffs was generally the province of either Portuguese or Brazilians.6%). The concentration of land. In 1900.[31] Domestic migration Since the 19th century people began migrating from Northeastern Brazil into São Paulo. 3. According to the 2000 Brazilian Census.4%) and Jewish (1..São Paulo 9 São Paulo City in 1886 Immigrants Percentage of immigrants in foreign born population [29] Italians Portuguese Germans Spaniards 47.000 33% 1916 187.[] In 1920. 19. Bom Retiro.2% A French observer. Shoes and tinware were mostly controlled by Italians. in various slums (favelas) of the metropolis. In this area they composed 41% of the population.[33] The main groups. Between 1888 and 1919..2% were Spaniards and 15. German (5. The main reported ancestries were: Italian (30. Spanish (14%).3% 9.9% 3.5% came from Italy. According to another resource. producing a multi-ethnic society.[30] Until 1920. about 20% of the city's population. nearly 80% of São Paulo city's population was composed of immigrants and their descendants and Italians made up over half of its male population. This migration grew enormously in the 1930s and remained huge in the next decades. Portuguese (23%).3%).) Italians outnumbered Brazilians two to one in São Paulo.000 13% 35% 31% 1910 130.[] At that time.437 Italians entered in the State of São Paulo.. the larger metallurgical plants were in the hands of the English and the Americans. However. modernization in rural areas.

[38] and 40.610 Source: IBGE 2010.775 2.39% 6.056.549.[39] Changing demographics of the city of São Paulo 10 Source: Planet Barsa Ltda.[36] 1 million people of Arab descent.000 Jews.[] 120.[35] 1.7 million people of African descent.[37] 50.[] 250.[] 60.000 people of French descent.000 Bolivian immigrants.487.000 people of German descent.[] 150.20% 22.706 43.000 people of Korean descent.810 1.008 531.[] 400.São Paulo metropolitan area.[40] Religion São Paulo Cathedral in Downtown São Paulo.38% 4.[41] .882 75.73% 0.11% 9.[] 665.62% 0.67% 0.000 people of Greek descent.[34] 3 million people of Portuguese descent.075 69.000 people of Chinese descent.000 people of Japanese descent. are: 6 million people of Italian descent. Religion Catholic Protestant No religion Spiritist Buddhist Umbanda and Candomblé Jewish Percentage Number 58.

The local accent with Italian influences became notorious through the songs of Adoniran Barbosa. was assimilated or disappeared into spoken language. some of them are still fluent in Japanese. the Portuguese spoken in the city reflects a significant influence from the languages of the Italian peninsula. with 3 churches (Calvinist.[48] In the west zone of São Paulo. a Brazilian samba singer born to Italian parents who used to sing using the local accent. Brás and Lapa.São Paulo 11 Languages The primary language is Portuguese. Some linguists maintain that the São Paulo dialect of Portuguese was born in Mooca. there is a Hungarian colony. Due to the large influx of Italian immigrants. Baptist and Catholic). Mooca. Southern Italy. Hungarians talking to each other on walksides. a neighborhood settled in the early 20th century mainly by people from Naples. Although today most Japanese-Brazilians speak only Portuguese.[46] In some areas it is still possible to find descendants of immigrants who speak German[47] (especially in the area of Brooklin paulista) and Russian or East European languages (especially in the area of Vila Zelina).[42] Italian dialects mix with the countryside Caipira accent of São Paulo. Other languages spoken in the city are mainly among the Asian community: the Liberdade neighborhood is home to the largest Japanese population outside of Japan. particularly from Neapolitan and Venetian. so on Sundays was possible to see. Italian mingled with Portuguese and as an old influence. .[43][44] The Italian influence in São Paulo accents is more evident in the traditional Italian neighborhoods such as Bella Vista. specially at Vila Anastácio and Lapa region. Some people of Chinese and Korean descent are still able to speak their ancestral languages.[45] Museum of the Portuguese Language.

894 (2010) Cumbica. the Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo with 352.30 sq ft) of built area and 242. Congonhas. [56][57] Rail passenger traffic per day Hospitals Largest complex in Latin America. tied with Mumbai [59] [60][] Billionaires GDP Greater São Paulo is the world's 10th richest city in 2008 with GDP (PPP) of $388 billion .723.300 m2 (2.São Paulo 12 Statistics São Paulo has the third highest density of buildings in the world.788. São José dos Campos).000 m (3. Campo de Marte.644. Largest shopping center in Latin America. the largest in Southern [53] Hemisphere.827.000 m2 [58] (3. [54] 3rd-most highrise buildings with 5.928.608.095.778 (June 2011) 34 (September 2008). 21: 6th most in the world. Vital statistics Category Vehicles Daily newspapers Helicopters Urban area Air passenger traffic Buildings 7. the 2 Centro Comercial Leste Aricanduva with365. according to Emporis database.968 km² (760 sqmi) 47. World's largest fleet [49] Data [50] [51] [52] 1.081. Viracopos.47 sq ft) of built area.49 sq ft) of [55] gross leasable area.7 million and 2.3 million respectively).896. 6 million passengers in the São Paulo metro and the CPTM (3.

2%. the city of São Paulo collected R$ 90 billion in taxes and the city budget was R$ 15 billion. The city has 1.5 billion) every day. Paris.[61] According to data of IBGE. São Paulo has the largest concentration of German businesses worldwide[66] and is the largest Swedish industrial hub alongside Gothenburg. up from 21st in 2010 and ahead of London. São Paulo's economy is going through a deep transformation. Once a city with a strong industrial character. Science.São Paulo 13 Economy São Paulo is considered the "financial capital of Brazil". its gross domestic product (GDP) in 2010 was R$ 450 billion. as it is the location for the headquarters of many major corporations and the country's most renowned banks and financial institutions.[67] São Paulo also has a large "informal" economy.493 (2008). .[63] According to PricewaterhouseCoopers average annual economic growth of the city is 4. Milan and New York City. ranking 10th in 2011. trading about R$ 6 billion (US$ 3. São Paulo's economy has followed the global trend of shifting to the tertiary sector of the economy.[62] approximately $220 billion. São Paulo is now among the ten most expensive cities in the world.[69] In 2005.[71][72] Companies in Financial Times Global 500 of São Paulo in 2012 SP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Corporation Ambev Itau Unibanco Bradesco Banco Santander Brasil Telefonica Brasil Itausa Cielo BRA 1 4 5 6 8 9 10 [73] World 43 100 127 260 282 348 423 Science and technology The city of São Paulo is home to several important Research and Development facilities and attracta companies due to the presence of several regionally renowned universities.[68] The per capita income for the city was R$ 32. The São Paulo Stock Exchange (BM&F Bovespa) is Brazil's official stock and bond exchange. focusing on services. one of the main agencies promoting scientific and technological research. technology and innovation is leveraged by the allocation of funds from the state government. Sao Paulo is Brazil's highest GDP city and the 10th largest in the world. 12. The city is unique among Brazilian cities for its large number of foreign corporations. It is the largest stock exchange in Latin America.[65] 63% of all the international companieswith business in Brazil have their head offices in São Paulo.500 bank branches and 70 shopping malls.26% of Brazilian GDP and 36% of all production of goods and services of the State of São Paulo.[70] According to Mercer's 2011 city rankings of cost of living for expatriate employees. mainly carried out by means of the Foundation to Research Support in the State of São Paulo (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo – FAPESP).[64] São Paulo Stock Exchange.[] using Purchasing power parity.

voted the eighth most luxurious street in the world.[75] is located there. The New York Times once compared Oscar Freire Street to Rodeo Drive. according to GfK Brazil.São Paulo 14 Luxury goods Sales of luxury goods in Brazil amounted to 8. It is considered the 11th most expensive shopping area in the world. of which 70% are sold in São Paulo City. D. Greater São Paulo). Alto de Santana (North Zone). Morumbi district. Moema/Vila Nova Conceição (South Zone) and Alphaville (Barueri municipality. Unique Hotel. opened in 1966. Luxury residential buildings in the upscale area of Vila Nova Conceição.. is the Brooklin CBD. in Faria Lima Avenue. 95% of sales in the city take place in the 'luxury quadrilateral'. is the Brazil's oldest mall. cinemas and boutiques. One of the world's best restaurants as elected by The World's 50 Best Restaurants Award. high-end mall. is in the Vila Olímpia neighborhood with over 50 international brands. .9 billion dollars in 2010. JK Iguatemi. Higienópolis (Central Zone). The Iguatemi Faria Lima. Alto de Pinheiros (West Zone). The latest high-end mall of the city. The Shopping Cidade Jardim is a relatively new. More than 30 international luxury brands are there. The Jardins neighborhood is regarded among the most sophisticated places in town. Panorama of Paulista Avenue. with upscale restaurants and hotels. Other regions of the city also have luxury trade as Jardim Anália Franco (East Zone). Outside the 'luxury quadrilateral'. according to Cushman & Wakefield. Morumbi Shopping. with restaurants. in Jardim Panorama.[74] In Jardins there are many luxury car dealers. designed by Brazilian architect Ruy Ohtake is located in the elegant Jardins neighbourhood.O. Rua Oscar Freire in the Jardins neighbourhood.M. This neighborhood has some of the city's most luxurious hotels and another shopping mall.

established in 1934. or a city like Brasília. São Paulo differs considerably from other Brazilian cities such as Belo Horizonte and Goiânia. Some of these scholars argue that such plans were produced exclusively for the benefit of the wealthier strata of the population while the working classes would be relegated to the traditional informal processes. More than nine-tenths of the population are literate and roughly the same proportion of those age 7 to 14 are enrolled in school. Panoramic view of downtown São Paulo. a world-famous centre for research on snakes and the production of snake toxins and anti-toxins. in general. Luxury buildings in the Garden Analia Franco. The main result was zoning laws. projects and plans related to urban planning that can be traced to the governments of Antonio da Silva Prado. whose initial expansion followed determinations by a plan. It lasted until 2004 when the Basic Plan was replaced by the current Master Plan. . Thus.São Paulo 15 Urban planning São Paulo has a history of actions. Seen from above the Rebouças Avenue. The effectiveness of these plans has been seen by some planners and historians as questionable. Zoning encouraged the growth of suburbs with minimal control and major speculation. the city was formed during the twentieth century. However. under the administration of Figueiredo Ferraz. buildings and luxury homes. USP enrolls a high proportion of Brazil's doctoralstudents and has spawned a wide variety of research institutes and policy centres.[76] Among the institutions of higher education. growing from village to metropolis through a series of informal processes and irregular urban sprawl. adopted in 1972. the plans were based on the idea of "demolish and rebuild". There are more than 578 universities in the whole state of São Paulo. designated "Z1" areas (residential areas designed for elites) and "Z3" (a "mixed zone" lacking clear definitions about their characteristics). In São Paulo until the mid-1950s. Affiliated institutions include the Butantan Institute. Changes in urban fabrics in the region of Jardins. Washington and Luis Francisco Prestes Maia. which incorporated the historic Law School (Faculdade de Direito) in the old Largo São Francisco in the city centre. including former Mayor Prestes Maia São Paulo's road plan (known as the Avenues Plan) or Saturnino de Brito's plan for the Tietê River. the largest and most well-regarded is the state-financed University of São Paulo (USP). whose master plan had been fully developed prior to construction. Baron Duprat. vertical areas and low houses. Pinheiros district: side by side. Education São Paulo has a system of public and private primary and secondary schools and a variety of vocational-technical schools. In 1968 the Urban Development Plan proposed the Basic Plan for Integrated Development of São Paulo. That zoning.

In 1896. • Instituto Federal de Educação. United Metropolitan Colleges). Instituto Brasileiro de Mercado de Capitais (Ibmec-SP) (Brazilian Capital Market Institute). • Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (Unesp) (São Paulo State University Júlio de Mesquita Filho). Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie (MACKENZIE-SP) (Mackenzie Presbyterian University) Universidade São Judas Tadeu (USJT) (São Judas Tadeu University/"São Judas University"). Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas (FMU) (UMC. Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP) (Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation). is among the leading religious institutions in the city. Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing (ESPM-SP) (Superior School of Advertising and Marketing). • Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC-SP) (Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo). • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Centro Universitário Belas Artes de São Paulo. • Faculdade de Tecnologia de São Paulo (FATEC) (São Paulo Technological College). an attorney from Phelps. Universidade Anhembi Morumbi (Anhembi Morumbi University). The institution saw rapid expansion with the creation of a School of Architecture. then as a university after 1952. first as Mackenzie College. Fundação Escola de Comércio Álvares Penteado (FECAP) (School of Commerce Alvares Penteado Foundation). The Business and Management School of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation is another prominent institution. Ciência e Tecnologia de São Paulo (IFSP) (São Paulo Federal Institute of Education. a School of Economics and a Law School. John Theron Mackenzie.000 "for the establishment of an engineering school to be built under the auspices of Mr.São Paulo The Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie(Mackenzie Presbyterian University). . New York and his sisters donated US$50. Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV-SP) (Getúlio Vargas Foundation). • Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) (Federal University of São Paulo). Science and Technology). gaining the status of university in 1952. Faculdade Santa Marcelina (FASM) (Santa Marcelina College) The Law School of the University of São Paulo. 16 Educational institutions The city has several universities and colleges: • Universidade de São Paulo (USP) (University of São Paulo). in 1870. Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes (UMC) (University of Mogi das Cruzes). The Mackenzie building was built the next year and the college was named in their honor. Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE) (Ninth of July University). Faculdade de Comunicação Social Cásper Líbero (Cásper Líbero Social Communication College). Chamberlain". The Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo was established in 1946. It was established as a private grammar school by North American missionary Reverend George Whitehill Chamberlain and his wife Mary Annesley inside their home.

Barbosa was known as the "composer to the masses". which provide drugs at no cost and manage an extensive family health program (PSF – Programa de Saúde da Família).745 health care professionals. The Rede São Paulo Saudável (Healthy São Paulo Network) is a satellite-based digital TV corporate channel. with a grand total of 770 basic health care units (UBS). His 1964 Trem das Onze ("The 11 pm Train"). developed by the Municipal Health Secretary of São Paulo. Among its best hospitals are the Albert Einstein Israelites Hospital. View of Albert Einstein Hospital. His songs drew from the life of urban workers. bringing programs focused on health promotion and health education.000. including 28. More than 6. which was torn down by the landowner to make room for a building. dentists and others). ranked as the best in Latin America and the Hospital das Clínicas. Municipal health The municipal government operates public health facilities across the city's territory. The network consists of two studios and a system for transmission of closed digital video in high definition via satellite.553 ambulatory clinics. particularly Italian immigrants living in the quarters of Bela Vista.554 beds. • 217 hospitals.000 citizens uses these facilities. wherein three homeless friends recall with nostalgia their improvised shanty home. Born in 1912 in the town of Valinhos.000 physicians and 12.São Paulo 17 Health care São Paulo is the largest health care hub in Latin America. The Municipal Secretary of Health has 59. • 137. the city of São Paulo had:[77] • 32. with about 1.000 employees. first big hit was "Saudosa Maloca" ("Shanty of Fond Memories" – 1951).000 nurses. with 32. As of September 2009. ambulatory and emergency clinics and 17 hospitals. including more than 8. the unemployed and those who lived on the edge. also known as "Bexiga" and Brás. Culture Music Adoniran Barbosa was a famous samba singer and composer who became successful during São Paulo's early radio era. became one of the five best samba songs ever. as well as those who lived in the city's many 'cortiços' or tenements.316 physicians. The private health care sector is very large and most of Brazil's best hospitals are located in the city. the protagonist explains to his lover that . His Sala São Paulo. centers and professional offices (physicians.400 points of reception in all health care units of the municipality of São Paulo. the largest in the region. which may be watched by citizens seeking health care in its units in the city. Institute of Cancer of São Paulo is the largest [78] hospital of cancer in Brazil.

In the early 1980s. was released with artwork designed by Sean Lennon. Korzus and Dr. The group were known as very paulistanos in their behaviour and clothing. Kezebre Rock Bar. Another important musician with a similar style is Paulo Vanzoline. Music halls and concert halls São Paulo's most important opera houses are: Sao Paulo Municipal Theater. He composed a song depicting a love murder scene in São Paulo called "Ronda". an album recorded in the early 1970s in English by the band. their artistic director beginning in 2012 is the noted American conductor Marin Alsop. Titãs. Artistica. DJ Patife. perhaps associated with the gloomy scenario of unemployment during an extended recession. Many heavy metal bands also originated in São Paulo. Osvaldo Lacerda and Edson Zampronha. Os Mutantes released five albums before lead singer Rita Lee departed in 1972 to form another group called Tutti-Frutti. Bands originating from this movement include Ira!. Other facilities include the new Praça das Artes. holds many concerts through the year. The auditorium of the Latin-American Cultural Center. a band called Ultrage a Rigor (Elegant Outrage) emerged. The Sambadrome hosts musical presentations as well. A late punk and garage scene became strong in the 1980s. Although initially known only in Brazil. The São Paulo State Symphony is one of the world's outstanding orchestras. Carioca Club. Teatro Sérgio Cardoso with a venue for only dance performances and Herzog & DeMeron's Centro Cultural Luz. theater and concerts. Local baritone Paulo Szot has won international acclaim and a Tony Award nomination for his performance in a 2008 revival of South Pacific. with artists such as DJ Marky. The main ones are: Credicard Hall. The lyrics depicted the changes in society and culture that Brazilian society as a whole were experiencing at the time. Vanzoline is a PhD in Biology and a part-time professional musician. for his mother will not sleep before he arrives home. such as Angra. Theatro São Pedro and Sala São Paulo. Sin. Ratos de Porão and Innocentes. Villa Country. were born and live in São Paulo. In 2000. the latter being the headquarters of OSESP. Cultura Credicard Hall. a psychedelic rock band called Os Mutantes became popular. In the late 1960s. with three huge halls. or CSS (Portuguese for "tired of being sexy") also has its origins in the city. The city also hosts several music halls. They played a simple and irreverent style of rock. such as Amaral Vieira. Their success is related to that of other tropicalia musicians. Tecnicolor. Famous electro-pop band Cansei de Ser Sexy. HSBC Music Hall. [79] XRS. Arena Anhembi and Espaco das Américas. Opera. movement in São Paulo. 18 . Torture Squad. with the Municipal Conservatory of Music Chamber Hall and others venues. Many of the most important classical Brazilian living composers. like. Olympia. for Ballet.São Paulo he cannot stay any longer because he has to catch the last train to the Jaçanã suburb. The Mozarteum. Classical music is renowned in the city. Drumagick and Fernanda Porto. In the 1990s. Via Funchal. Os Mutantes became successful abroad after the 1990s. drum & bass arose as another musical Ibirapuera Auditorium.

. The site happened to be a bastion of European culture with Opera and classical music presentations from Germany. avant-garde prose. His rhapsodic novel Macunaíma Victor Civita Latin American Library. Gradually writers developed a multi-ethnic body of work that was distinctively Brazilian. founded by Alfredo Mesquita. the group excelled with the play "Eles não usam black tie" by Gianfrancesco Guarnieri which was the first in the history of the Brazilian drama to feature labor workers as protagonists. Subsequent infusions of immigrants of non-Portuguese origin broadened the range of influences. In the second half of the 19th century a cultural. began to achieve cultural independence. Brazil had gone through the Mário de Andrade Library. "Teatro (Brazilian Theater of Comedy). lexicon and its grammar. musical and theatrical life emerged. Municipal Theatre of São Paulo. behaving as if Brazilian culture did not matter. Brazilian elite culture was originally strongly tied Portugal. The Spanish Jesuit missionary José de Anchieta (1534–1597) wrote short plays that were performed and watched by the Tupi–Guarani natives. Modernist artists and writers chose the Municipal Theatre of São Paulo to launch their Modernist manifesto." major theater productions in São Paulo and Brazil were presented by two groups. same stages of development as the rest of Latin America. During the 1960s. The presence of large numbers of former slaves added a distinctive African character to the culture. creating the first written works from the area. They wrote reports to the Portuguese crown about the newly found land. with its abundance of Brazilian folklore. São Paulo had had a professional company. With the urban poems of "Paulicéia Desvairada" and "Carefree Paulistan land" (1922). In 1958. Austria and Italy. The literary priests included Manuel da Nóbrega and José de Anchieta. Oswald de Andrade's experimental poetry. Municipal de São Paulo. along with others. the native peoples and composed poetry and music for the catechism. France. particularly the novel Serafim Ponte Grande (1933) and provocative manifestos exemplify the movement's break with tradition. launched in São Paulo. Mário de Andrade and Oswald de Andrade were the prototypical modernists.São Paulo 19 Literature São Paulo was home to the first Jesuit missionaries in Brazil. The most important period for the art in São Paulo was the 1940s. In 1922. Teatro Brasileiro de Comédia. in the early 16th century. in 1948. Teatro de Arena began with a group of students from Escola de Arte Dramática (Drama Art School). (1928). represents the apex of modernism's nationalist prose through its creation of an offbeat native national hero. They also helped to register the Old Tupi language. the Brazilian Modernist Movement. They defied the high society that frequented the venue and who insisted on speaking only foreign languages such as French. Theaters Many historians believe that the first theatrical performance in Brazil was held in São Paulo. living in or near the colony then called Piratininga. European ethnic groups began holding performances in some of the state's rural cities. Mário de Andrade established the movement in Brazil. but its political and cultural independence came more gradually.

a library with books.5 million immigrants of more than 60 nationalities and ethnicities were guests there.000 books and the "Centro de Documentação Histórica. Di Cavalcanti and Portinari. comprises works of art. "Na Sela das Cidades" (1969) and "Gracias Señor" (1972). Reflecting the architectural influence of the Versailles Palace in France.[] all of them duly registered in the museum's books and lists. opened on September 7. Ipiranga Museum.[80] Memorial of the Immigrant. Pompeo Batoni.000 pieces. "Museu do Ipiranga. A number of plays represented historic moments. It houses 1545 works. videos. with the name of Museu de Ciências Naturais (Natural Science Museum). quarantining those who were sick and helping new arrivals to find work in coffee plantations in Western. decorative and archaeological pieces. the first monument built to preserve the memory of the Independence of Brazil.000 manuscripts. From 1882 to 1978. Tiradentes). furniture. It is home to the headquarters of Parlamento Latino-Americano – Parlatino (Latin American Parliament). such as explorers. Museu da Imigração e Memorial do Imigrante Hospedaria do Imigrante (Immigrant's Hostel) was built in 1886 and opened in 1887. Teatro de Arena and Teatro Oficina supported the democratic resistance during the military dictatorship period. Northern and Southwestern São Paulo State and Northern Paraná State. Its headquarters is a 1920s mansion. Designed by Oscar Niemeyer. it became a history museum. the Ipiranga's collection. The hostel received the last immigrants in 1978. The Tropicalist movement began there. 20 Museums Museu Paulista Popularly known as "Ipiranga Museum".000 square meters. Pierre Gobert and Frans Post. newspapers. clothing and appliances that belonged to those who took part in Brazilian history." Historic Documentation Center. but occasionally reached 8. In 1919. "Galileu Galilei" (1968). with 40." . and an 1. Memorial has an exhibition pavilion with permanent exhibition of the continent's craftwork production. 2. period furniture. Memorial da América Latina Stretching over 78. magazines. films and records about the history of Latin America.000. Brazilian modernists Tarsila do Amaral. marked by its censorship.São Paulo After the military coup of 1964. including paintings by Marc Chagall. with approximately 100. Immigrant's Hostel was built in Brás to welcome the immigrants who arrived in Brazil through the Port of Santos. 1895." rulers and freedom fighters. Its facilities house a library with 100.679-seat auditorium. Memorial da América Latina (Latin America's Memorial) was conceived to showcase Latin American countries and their roots and cultures. The hostel hosted approximately 3. notably "O Rei da Vela". "Memorial do Imigrante. plays started focusing on Brazilian history (Zumbi.000 people on average. Fundação Cultural Ema Gordon Klabin The Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation opened to the public in March 2007.

Two restored wagons inhabit the museum. the animals shown in this natural history museum are samples of the country's tropical fauna and were prepared (embalmed) more than 50 years ago.. Almeida Júnior. The animals are grouped together according to their classification: fish. The museum records the names of all immigrants who were hosted there from 1888 to 1978. has modern facilities and equipment. 21 Tourism and recreation São Paulo is known for its varied and sophisticated cuisine. Ernesto de Fiori and Aleijadinho. where it preserves the immigrants' documentation. The library. Museu da Imagem e do Som Museu da Imagem e do Som (Image and Sound Museum) preserves music.Wikipedia:Please clarify unique in the world. In eclectic style. . Restaurants offer approximately 62 cuisines across more than 12. crustaceans and mollusks. Museu de Arte de São Paulo MASP has one of world's most important collections of European art. Acervo do Palácio dos Bandeirantes The headquarters of the State Government has an important collection of works by Brazilian artists. One dates from 1914. memory and objects.São Paulo In 1998 the Hostel became a museum. amphibians. photography and graphical arts. were designed by Lina Bo Bardi.200 ton building. ranging from Chinese to French. in addition to theses and maps.750 titles recorded in Super 8 and 16 mm film. The museum also restores wooden train wagons from the former São Paulo Railway. such as Portinari. Djanira. cinema. the museum occupies part of the former Hostel.000 restaurants.[81] Museu de Zoologia da USP Occupying an area of 700 square meters.[82] Ibirapuera Park at night during Christmas. It has 73. MIS has a collection of more than 200. forming a 74-meter free space. opened in 1968. MIS organizes concerts. It has more than 1. Its current headquarters.000 images. The collection contains over 9. cinema and video festivals and photography and graphical arts exhibitions. Victor Brecheret. The museum was founded by Assis Chateaubriand and is directed by Pietro Maria Bardi. documentaries and music and 12. its walls are covered with panels describing the history of São Paulo. leather and silver artefacts and European tapestry. from fast food chains to five star restaurants. reptiles. Two enormous colonnades support the 9.600 fiction videotapes.364 are newspapers. while a second class passenger car dates from 1931. of which 8. Aldo Bonadei.000 works of art's masterpieces of inestimable value.850 works. The most important collections cover Italian and French painting schools. birds and mammals and some invertebrates such as corals. specialized in zoology. It also gathers colonial furniture.473 are books and 2. Located in one of the few remaining centenarian buildings.

• Municipal Theatre of São Paulo (magnificent opera house built in the early 20th century. Building the Arts Biennial of Sao Paulo. such as the MASP and Centro Cultural Itaú). Augusta. • Edifício Copan. • Brooklin (a financial and residential district). a symbol of the city).) • Museu de Arte Sacra (museum of religious art located in a colonial convent). • Museum of the Portuguese Language (located inside Estação da Luz). • Edifício Itália (skyscraper with observation deck). its wavy shape gives the building an impression of movement and the integration of small businesses and residential flats are of innovative urbanism. downtown Landmarks • Paulista Avenue (one of the most important thoroughfares of the city and the site of many cultural centers and museums. • Banespa Building (skyscraper with observation deck and museum designed after the Empire State building). • Liberdade (Asian district of São Paulo). • Estação da Luz (historical railway station built 1895–1901). former Jesuit mission-school to convert the natives to Catholicism). designed by Oscar Niemeyer. • Pátio do Colégio (founding site of the city.São Paulo 22 Nightlife: Rock bar at R. Built between 1951 and 1966. Mercado Municipal – Marketplace . • Mooca (Italian district of São Paulo). • Museu do Ipiranga (museum built where the Independence of Brazil was proclaimed in 1822). in the Centro neighbourhood. Cathedral Square view from the steps of the Cathedral. • Nicole Monteiro's Country Home • Catedral da Sé (the metropolitan cathedral. • Mercado Municipal (historical market place in São Paulo).

• Parque Anhanguera – This park features native Atlantic Forest and is environmentally protected by law. It is adjacent to the Cantareira State Park in the district of Mandaqui. northwest of the city. Guarulhos and Caieiras.000 m2 (96.000 m2 (1.000 m2 (1.875. in the district of Campo Limpo (south side of São Paulo). has an area of 286. in the city's central area.200 m2 (238.000 m2 (5. View from the Obelisk to the park in the background. it's situated close to the Jaraguá peak.381.955 sq ft). in the Cidade Jardim neighbourhood. • Praça da Sé (large square next to the São Paulo Cathedral. • Ibirapuera Park – The second largest park of the city and probably the most popular. • Parque Guarapiranga – Located on the banks of Guarapiranga Dam. It's home to several museums and is known for its buildings designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. Official centre of the city). It was inaugurated in 1929 and has an area of approximately 136. Because of that.000. Its access can be made from the neighboring district of Tremembé and its accecible perimeter is 47.478 sq ft). with an area of approximately 500.000 m2 (3. it was created in 1991 and extends over 526 hectares. this park is an environmental protection unit and was listed by UNESCO in 1994. most of its area has restricted access. it's located in the Panamby neighbourhood. in the Itaquera neighbourhood.528. • Parque Anália Franco – Located in the Jardim Anália Franco neighbourhood. Situated at the city's east side. • Parque da Água Branca – Located at the west side of the city. in the city's far northwest. • Parque Cidade de Toronto – Located in the district of Santo Domingo. • Parque da Cantareira – Inaugurated in 1963.959 sq ft).194 sq ft).078. With an area of approximately 7.558 sq ft). • Parque Alfredo Volpi – With an area of 142.892 sq ft). • Parque do Carmo – Inaugurated in 1976. Contains remnants of the Atlantic Forest vegetation. in the city's south side. It was inaugurated in 1979 and has an area of approximately 9. • Parque Estadual Fontes do Ipiranga – Also known as Parque do Estado (State Park). • Parque Buenos Aires – Located in the Higienópolis neighbourhood. It was inaugurated in 1913 and has an area of 22. in the Barra Funda district.875 meters. • Parque Burle Marx – Inaugurated in 1995.205.São Paulo • Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo (important museum of Brazilian art). it's located at the south side of the city. it covers part of the Cantareira mountains. which is part of the Atlantic Forest. it occupies an area of 174 hectares at the foot of the Cantareira mountains. it was inaugurated in 1939 and has an area of approximatelly 112. • Parque Ecológico do Guarapiranga – Situated on the banks of the Guarapiranga reservoir on the south side of the city.463. • Parque dos Eucaliptos – Located in western Sao Paulo in the district of Vila Sonia. such as the Oca and the . at about seven miles from the center of the city.916 hectares. • Horto Florestal de São Paulo – Located in the northern side of São Paulo. do Carmo is the biggest public park inside the city. 23 Parks There are several parks in the city of São Paulo: • Parque da Aclimação – Located in the Aclimação neighbourhood in the central region.000 m2 (1. It includes areas of the north side of São Paulo and parts of the cities of Mairiporã.475 sq ft). Located in the Perus neighbourhood.

it was named after the political. • Parque Santo Dias – Located in the district of Capão Redondo. south side of the city. • Parque Raul Seixas – It has 33. it's an environmental protection region. • Parque Santa Amélia – Located in the Itaim Paulista district. near the Raposo Tavares highway and close to another city park. • Parque Trianon – Inaugurateded in 1892 with the opening of Paulista Avenue. between the cities of São Paulo. Opened in 1990. it is located in the district of Vila Guilherme. south of the city.100 m2 (291.879. in the Jardim Rolinópolis neighbourhood. west of the city. it was designed by French landscape architect Paul Villon.272 m2 (1. • Parque Villa-Lobos – Opened in 1994.São Paulo new Ibirapuera Auditorium.000 m2 (161. north side of the city. • Parque Previdência – Located in the far west of São Paulo in the neighborhood of Jardim Rolinópolis. The name came from the fact that at that time. close to the confluence of the Pinheiros and Tietê rivers in the city's north side. • Parque Jardim Felicidade – Located in the Pirituba district. there was a club named Trianon. In 1924 it was donated to the city and in 1931 received its current name in honor of one of the heroes of the Uprising Lieutenants. • Parque Vila dos Remédios – Located in the district of Jaguara. Antonio de Siqueira Campos.047. was inaugurated in 1989. • Parque Lina e Paulo Raia – Located in the Jabaquara district.459 sq ft). eastern suburb of São Paulo. 24 . • Parque Rodrigo de Gásperi – Located in the Pirituba district.898 sq ft) and was founded in 1979. has an area of 15. around the Jaraguá peak. opposite the park. • Parque Luís Carlos Prestes – A small park located in the extreme west of São Paulo. southern Sao Paulo. • Parque Ecológico da Vila Prudente – Located in the district of VilaPrudente.209 sq ft) and is situated in the district of Itaquera.702 sq ft). • Parque Estadual do Jaraguá – Created in 1961. on the banks of the Pinheiros River and has an area of 732. in the district of Butantan. Guarulhos Itaquaquecetuba. • Parque Nabuco – Located in the Jabaquara district.5 million m². in the East of the city.182 sq ft). It has an area of 91.000 m2 (355. has an area of 97.500 m2 (984. north side of the city. in the city's south side suburb. near the Raposo Tavares highway. it is located in the Alto de Pinheiros district. which honors the Catholic saint Dominic Savio. • Parque Raposo Tavares – Located on the western outskirts of the city. • Parque Ecológico do Tietê – With an area of 12. military and revolutionary Luis Carlos Prestes and has an area of 27. north side of the city. • Parque do Piqueri – Located in the Tatuapé neighbourhood. It was named after the neighborhood.000 m2 (7. • Parque São Domingos – Located in the district of Santo Domingo. Located in the floodplain of the Tietê River. on the city's east side.027 sq ft). the Parque da Previdência. inaugurated in 1982. • Parque Severo Gomes – Located in the neighborhood of Granja Julieta. • Parque Vila Guilherme – Opened in 1986.

000 specimens of about 300 species of animals. it has approximatelly 4 miles of walkway. São Paulo also has a Safari Zoo located in its southeastern side. It is located in the Ipiranga neighbourhood.200 animals. . in the district of Cursino. The zoo also counts a nursery for rejected puppies and incubators for hatching eggs of birds and reptiles. Events The city of São Paulo hosts approximately 90 thousand events every year. The second oldest art biennial in the world after the Venice Biennial. on the south side of the city. in enclosures that replicate the natural habitats of these animals. The Zoo's farm of 572 ha produces vegetables used to feed the various animals and provide material to the enclosures where the animals stay. 25 Zoos The Zoological Park of São Paulo is the largest in Brazil. It is located at headwaters of the historic stream of Ipiranga.000 square meters and 2 million liters of water.156 sq ft) of original Atlantic Forest. federal and foreign research institutions include researches that aim to facilitate the preservation of endangered species. 95 species of reptiles. It hosts more than 3. Main entrance of the São Paulo Zoo. 15 species of amphibians and 16 species of invertebrates. Aquarium The Aquário de São Paulo (São Paulo Aquarium) is one of the largest aquariums in Latin America. Its partnerships with other state. with an area of 9. 102 species of mammals.[83] São Paulo Art Biennial. fashion and beyond. featuring arts.875. Located in an area of 824. Its library of more than four thousand volumes is open to the public. business.São Paulo Panorama Ibirapuera Park.529 m2 (8. 216 species of birds. It has approximately 3.

The event takes place in several parts of the downtown area. 26 Cultural Turn is an annual event held since 2005 by the Municipality. It represented a wide range of artistic positions. classical and orchestra presentations. Mancha Verde. The activities include music shows. Vai Vai. promoting 24 hours of non-stop cultural activities held each May. Gaviões da Fiel. as well as some cultural centers. according to São Paulo Municipality. Adriana Lima. Brenda Costa.[85] Renamed in 2001. S. In 2010. Brazil first entered the international fashion circuit with the increasing reputation of famous Brazilian top models such as Isabeli Fontana. poetry. Rosas de Ouro. Dragões da Real. with many entertainment events held throughout the night. dance shows. The Special Group parade of samba schools happens on Friday and Saturday of carnaval week. theater plays. Corinthians. Daiane Conterato at São Paulo Fashion Week. cinema. The event was inspired by the annual event named Nuit Blanche in Paris. Ana Beatriz Barros. The school also represents one of the football teams of the city.C. is the largest and most important fashion event in Latin America. its two annual editions bring almost 100 thousand people to Bienal's building in Ibirapuera Park. . Izabel Goulart. Alessandra Ambrosio. Tom Maior. Schools that participated in the carnaval in 2012: Unidos de Vila Maria. Ana Hickmann and Evandro Soldatiand designer Alexandre Herchcovitch. Its aims include an intensification of the North-South dialogue inside Brazil and promoting links between non-European cultures along a South-South orientation. designed by Oscar Niemeyer. established in 1996 under the name Morumbi Fashion Brasil. The parade of samba schools in São Paulo is the Anhembi Sambadrome. Acadêmicos do Tucuruvi. Pérola Negra. Águia de Ouro. Cultural Turn Allegory of the Gaviões da Fiel samba school during the Carnaval of São Paulo. Mocidade Alegre. Fernanda Tavares. clubs and selected schools. Império de Casa Verde. Gisele Bündchen. Art Bienal The São Paulo Art Biennial attracted almost 1 million people in 2004.São Paulo Carnaval Carnaval is a traditional celebration held every year.[84] Fashion Week São Paulo Fashion Week. the event attracted around 4 million people. X9. anime/comics fans meetings and acrobatic performances. Camisa Verde e Branco.

setting new guidelines for contemporary art in Brazil.[91] . debates and meetings introduce new ideas and artwork. March for Jesus The March for Jesus is an Evangelical parade that takes place on Corpus Christi Thursday every year in Zona Norte.[89] Evangelicals from across Brazil go to São Paulo for the annual June march. Festival of Electronic Art Every two years. such as truck manufacturers. lasting at least a month. Pancake Cook-Off 27 São Paulo Gay Pride Parade.São Paulo Gay Pride Parade The first São Paulo Gay Pride Parade took place in 1987 and attracted 20. according to official estimates. fuel. In 2006. Brazilian pioneers such as Rafael França and Olhar Eletrônico and international guests such as Nam June Paik. thousands of amateur chefs from across Brazil come to compete in various competitions and contests centered on the cooking of pancakes. technologies and scientific research.[90] It presents new trends for the industry related to transport. whose purpose is to disseminate and to develop arts. growing to around 3. the Parade has also become associated with a wider long cultural program. The São Paulo Pancake Cook-Off is a cooking festival held annually in [88] the city center. usually in October. The event features concerts with 30 Christian bands carried on 17 flatbed trucks performing live as participants march through Brazil's financial capital. The festival promotes a yearly meeting. Art shows. Every summer. It is opened by the city's mayor. have featured in the event's past editions. It is organized by Renascer em Cristo Church. such as financial and insurance companies. running along the Paulista Avenue. Electronic Language International Festival The Electronic Language International Festival is a non-profit cultural organization. debates. performances. by means of exhibitions.000 people. Electronic Language International Festival. components for vehicles. International Transport Industry Show The Salão Internacional da Indústria do Transporte (FENATRAN) is held biannually in the Park Anhembi. International Film Festival The São Paulo International Film Festival is a film festival held annually since 1976. Associação Cultural Videobrasil's International Electronic Art Festival brings works by artists from all over the world. motors and services for the industry. the curatorship has added installations. lectures and courses. a Neo-Pentecostal denomination created in the 1980s that grew significantly in the first decade of the 21st century. VJs. CD-ROM art and Internet art to the programme. Bill Viola and Gary Hill. In keeping with the constant transformations in media and support. accompanied by several Trio Elétricos. Exhibitions featuring work by prominentelectronic artists are also part of the Festival.5 million visitors in 2010. more than 2 million people took part in the event. the largest of the world.[86][87] Since 2002.

Held in May. presentations and a national contest. also features small shows and autograph sessions. Brasil Pack – International Packaging Fair Japan Festival – Held in July. É Tudo Verdade – Documentary film festival. São Paulo's International Marathon – Held in June. Ukrainian and East European Festival in the district Vila Zelina. In-Edit – Music documentary festival. featuring food and music. Expomusic – Music and audio exposition. features free concerts and fireworks. held in July. Feira do Circuito das Malhas – Winter clothes baazar.São Paulo 28 Other Events • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • X-Games – Brazilian branch.[93] Bolivian Arts and Culture Festival Achiropita Festival – Italian festival. Held in August. New Year's Eve – Held at the Paulista Avenue. usually gathering up to 1 million people. held in April. held in May. Saint Vitus Festival (Festival de São Vito) – Italian festival. Feicorte – Livestock fair. Sports Football . Held in June. Anima Mundi – International Animation Film Festival. featuring food and music.[92] Festa de Vila Zelina – Russian. Grande Prêmio São Paulo de Turfe – Equestrian competition. featuring workshops. held in March. Brooklinfest – German festival in October (district Brooklin Paulista). Batuka! – Drummers festival. FIEPAG – International Printing Industry Fair CIOSP – International Dental Congress Skol Beats – Electronic music festival. features famous Brazilian and foreign DJs from around the world.

called Arena Corinthians. The Corinthians stadium.São Paulo 29 As in the rest of Brazil.500 (22.032 record) Canindé Stadium 19. historic city stadium. Palmeiras and São Paulo FC.000 Morumbi Stadium 67. The view from the top Pacaembu Stadium.000 for 2014 FIFA World 1910 Cup) Arena Palestra Itália (under construction) 45. for which Brazil is the host nation.200 (9.000 record) [94] 1914 1935 1920 1924 Série B Série A Série A Campeonato Paulista Série A2 Nacional Campeonato Paulista Série B Nicolau Alayon Stadium 9. Association football is by far the most popular sport.428 (138. Portuguesa is a medium club and Juventus and Nacional are two small clubs.000 record) Rua Javari Stadium 7. Football/soccer teams Club League Venue Established (team) SC Corinthians SE Palmeiras São Paulo FC Portuguesa Juventus Série A Arena Corinthians (under construction) 48. The major teams are known as "The Iron Trio" ("Trio de Ferro"): Corinthians.000 record) 1919 . Aerial Photography of Jockey Club de Sao Paulo. is being built for the event. São Paulo is one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.000 (68.717 (25.

In 2007. Autódromo José Carlos Pace. including Ana Beatriz. Associação Atlética Hebraica (basketball). Clube de Regatas Tietê and Clube Atlético Ipiranga. Mie Nishi. the venue for the Brazilian Grand Prix. 1993 – Volleyball World League. Castroneves.3 mi). Esporte Clube Sírio (basketball). Seven Brazilians competed.São Paulo 30 São Silvestre Road Race The São Silvestre Race takes place every New Year's Eve. Mario Moraes and Mario Romancini. a new local railway station Autódromo of the Line C (Line 9) of CPTM. Brazilian Grand Prix The Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix (Portuguese: Grande Prêmio do Brasil) is held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos. Since 1973. • 2002 – South American Games (Multi-sports). we have the Baseball Stadium. Ayrton Senna (1991 and 1993) and Felipe Massa (2006 and 2008). volleyball. There are several traditional sports clubs in São Paulo that are home for teams in many championships. 1983 – FIBA World Championship for Women. basketball and handball). but is now set at 15 km (9. Clube Atlhetico Paulistano (basketball). São Paulo Athletic Club (rugby union). Raphael Matos. International sports events The following international sports events have been held in São Paulo: • • • • • • • • • 1950 – FIFA World Cup (association football). 1963 – Pan American Games (Multi-sports). Since then. swimming. Pasteur Athlétique Club (rugby union). on Bom Retiro. São Paulo is the hometown of Beatriz. São Paulo Indy 300 The São Paulo Indy 300 is an IndyCar race. • 2005 – World Cup in Artistic Gymnastics. Esporte Clube Banespa (volleyball. It was first held in 1925. was constructed near the circuit to improve access. 4 Brazilians have won the Grand Prix in São Paulo: Emerson Fittipaldi (1973) and 1974). the distance raced varied. . basketball. the first year Formula One Grand Prix had been held in Brazil. 1998 – UFC 17. Moraes and Romancini. Hélio Castroneves. 1994 – Women's Volleyball World Championship. Tony Kanaan. The race has been held continuously since 1990. 2000 – FIFA Club World Championship (Football). when the competitors ran about 8. 1971 – FIBA World Championship for Women. Rio Branco Rugby Club(rugby union). 1977 – Women's U20 Volleyball World Championship. Other sports Volleyball. Vitor Meira. José Carlos Pace (1975).000 metres. • 2006 – International Police and Fire Games (Multi-sports). handball and futsal). The most important are Esporte Clube Pinheiros (waterpolo. skateboard and tennis are other major sports. also.5: UFC Brazil.

Radial Leste. 2007 – 3rd International Blind Sports Association World Championships and Games. Most important connections: Osasco. Most important connections: Curitiba and Porto Alegre. • Rodovia dos Imigrantes/SP-150 (Immigrants highway) – Connects São Paulo to the ocean coast. Jaú and Campo Grande. Sorocaba. Piracicaba and São José do Rio Preto. • Rodovia Ayrton Senna/SP-70 (Ayrton Senna highway) – Named after Brazilian legendary Formula One pilot Ayrton Senna. In March 2011. 2013 – UFC São Paulo: UFC on FX 7 2014 – FIFA World Cup 31 Transport Automobiles are still the main means to get into the city. Most important connection: Santos. Ribeirão Preto and Brasília. Mainly used for tourism. Most important connections: Santos. 2011  .[95] Heavy traffic is common on the city's main avenues and traffic jams are relatively common on its highways. 2006 – 13th World Cup Final in Artistic Gymnastics. São Vicente. It is considered the best motorway of Brazil. • Rodovia Fernão Dias/BR-381 (Fernão Dias highway) – Connects São Paulo to the north of the country. Most important connection: Rio de Janeiro. including its capital city. • Rodovia Anhangüera/SP-330 (Anhanguera highway) – Connects São Paulo to the north-west of the country. Ribeirão Preto. as well as the north coast of the .World Women's Handball Championship. this motorway connects São Paulo to east locations of the state. Most important connections: Campinas.São Paulo • • • • • • 2006 – FIBA World Championship for Women (Basketball). Mainly used for cargo transportation to Santos Port. Bauru. more than 7 million vehicles were registered. Most important connection: Belo Horizonte. • Rodovia Castelo Branco/SP-280 (President Castelo Branco highway) – Connects São Paulo to the west and north-west of the country. • Rodovia Régis Bittencourt/BR-116 (Régis Bittencourt highway) – Connects São Paulo to the south of the country. Most important connections: Campinas. relevant axial through the city. Guarujá and Praia Grande. • Rodovia Anchieta/SP-150 (Anchieta highway) – Connects São Paulo to the ocean coast. Most important connections: Cotia. Imigrantes highway connects the city to the ocean coast. Highways The city is crossed by 10 major motorways: • Rodovia Presidente Dutra/BR-116 (President Dutra highway) – Connects São Paulo to the east and north-east of the country. • Rodovia Raposo Tavares/SP-270 (Raposo Tavares highway) – Connects São Paulo to the west of the country. • Rodovia dos Bandeirantes/SP-348 (Bandeirantes highway) – Connects São Paulo to the north-west of the country. Presidente Prudente. Sorocaba.

surrounded by Greek revival columns. part of the rebuilt station was transformed Luz Station "Estação da Luz" in the morning.[97] 32 Railways The two major São Paulo railway stations are Luz and Julio Prestes in the Luz/Campos Eliseos region. Julio Prestes stopped transporting passengers through the Sorocabana or FEPASA lines and now only has limited suburban service. Most important connections: São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport. São José dos Campos and Caraguatatuba. Due to its acoustics and interior beauty. The Museu de Arte Sacra on Tiradentes Avenue and Jardim da Luz. many roads and buildings were built without major planning. . Julio Prestes connected Southwest São Paulo State and Northern Paraná State to São Paulo. Agricultural products were transferred to Luz Station from which they headed to the Atlantic ocean and overseas. Luz Station. Ex-governor Mário Covas sponsored a ring road that circles the city. a high-speed railway service is proposed to link São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Besides housing the interactive Museu da Língua Portuguesa (Portuguese Language Museum). called Rodoanel Mario Covas. Luz Station was built in Britain and assembled in Brazil. Rodoanel From the 1940s to the 1980s.São Paulo state.[98] The trains are projected to reach 280 kilometres per hour (170 mph). Luz is the seat of the Santos-Jundiaí line which historically transported international immigrants from the Santos port to São Paulo and the coffee plantation lands in the Western region of Campinas. Although poorly maintained by heavy rail services. It has an underground station and is still very active with east and westbound suburban trains that link São Paulo to the Greater São Paulo region to the East and the Campinas Metropolitan region in Jundiaí in the western part of the State. into the São Paulo Hall.[96] and is being built by DERSA. taking about 90 minutes. among others. Luz Station is surrounded by important cultural institutions such as the Pinacoteca do Estado.

in the neighbouring city of Guarulhos. it was designed to handle 6 million passengers a year and was struggling to handle 12 million instead. Campinas Airport and Campinas city center. 370 companies operate there. The terminal area was expanded from 37. making São Paulo one of the top 20 busiest in the world. Congonhas Airport. Work on an express railway service between São Paulo city center and Guarulhos International Airport were announced by the São Paulo state government in 2007. by number of air passenger movements. Congonhas Airport operates flights mainly to Rio de Janeiro. the Campo de Marte Airport. Jundiaí. serves light aircraft. eight boarding bridges were installed to provide more comfort to passengers by eliminating the need to walk in the open to their flights. With capacity to serve 15 million passengers a year. In the latest upgrade. The region of Greater São Paulo is also served by São José dos Campos Airport and Viracopos-Campinas International Airport. which connects Brazil to 28 countries around the world. This service is also to connect to the railway service between São Paulo city center and Guarulhos Airport.3 thousand to over 51 thousand square meters.[101] Panoramic photo of Campo de Marte Airport and in the background the Skyline of the district of Santana Guarulhos International.617. This expansion was to satisfy current demand rather than to raise capacity. Every day nearly 100 thousand people pass through the airport. Built in the 1930s. also known as "Cumbica" is 25 km (16 mi) north-east of the city center. Aerial view of Congonhas airport.779 passengers in 2010. the airport currently handles 32 million users. in two terminals. which would reduce the journey time from 90 minutes by car to about 50 minutes. . The three airports together moved 42. linking São Paulo. Belo Horizonte and Brasília.São Paulo 33 Another important project is the "Expresso Bandeirantes. Another airport. São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport (IATA: GRU) for international flights and Congonhas-São Paulo Airport (IATA: CGH) for domestic and regional flights." a medium-speed rail service (about 160 km/h) from São Paulo to Campinas. generating 53 thousand jobs.[99] CPTM Train in garage Airports [100] São Paulo has two main airports.

In 2003. to raise yearly capacity to more than 45 million passengers. is part of the airport’s master plan and will get under way shortly. Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM. The CPTM network is longer than the underground rail system. • The fast-lane bus system: there are many such bus lines in the city.[104] Campo de Marte also hosts the Ventura Goodyear Blimp. with three complete lines. • The suburban rail system. The third company is Via4. over 75 thousand metric tons of freight passed through the terminal. prosperous passengers take advantage of some one hundred remote helipads and heliports to conveniently bypass heavy road traffic. The project. surpassing the London Underground. the northern zone of São Paulo. but its terminal is equipped with a snack bar. the State Military Police Radio Patrol Unit and the São Paulo Flying Club. short for "metropolitano" and in plates in English is called "subway"). The airport handles small aircraft.[103] Largely using this airport. The projects would expand São Paulo's urban railway system from the current 322 km (200 mi) to more than 500 km (310 mi) on the next 10 years.6 km (21." which are street-level.0 km (42. 34 Metro São Paulo has three rapid transport systems: • The underground rail system (called "metrô".7 km. Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM). São Paulo International Airport is also the main air cargo hubs in Brazil. has six lines that serve many regions not reached by the underground system and even some other cities in the metropolitan region.São Paulo Construction of a third passenger terminal is pending.[102] Campo de Marte is located in Santana district. The São Paulo Metro operates 69.[106] São Paulo subway. The roughly 100 flights a day carry everything from fruits grown in the São Francisco Valley to locally manufactured medicine. with 5 lines in operation and 59 stations.4) fully underground)[105] locally known as the Metrô). This airport is the home base of the State Civil Police Air Tactical Unit. . New underground lines are expected to move another million people per day within the next five years. Opened in 1935. in the financing phase. The underground and railway lines carry some 7 Sacomã Metro Station. It has no scheduled service. called "Passa Rápido. including air taxi firms.9 mi) of underground railway systems (34. restaurant and bank branch. The airport's cargo terminal is South America's largest. or "Paulista Company of Metropolitan Trains") railway add 260. placed on large avenues and connected with the underground or suburban train stations. The city currently has 379 kilometres (235 mi) of rail operated by three companies. million people on an average weekday. Campo de Marte is the base for the largest helicopter fleet in Brazil.

which is the final southbound stop on Line 1 (Blue) of the São Paulo Metro. It also serves São José do Rio Preto." In 2009. 15% higher than in 2008. Roraima and Amapá. Routes to 1.5 million passengers on mile of line.[107] São Paulo's underground train system is overcrowded. . Tietê Bus Terminal. Buses to North Shore cities such as Maresia.São Paulo 35 Consolation Station on Avenida Paulista. Argentina. It serves localities across the nation. Uruguay and Paraguay) are available. São Paulo Tietê Bus Terminal is the second largest bus terminal in the world. The São Paulo Metro last year reached the mark of 11. but was certified by the NBR ISO 9001. The survey "The Metro according to its user: a service evaluation" of last year showed that 60% of respondents rated the means of transport as "very good" and "good. Every day last year. Araçatuba and other small towns located on the northwest of São Paulo State. Botucatu. the second largest Bus [108] Terminal in the world. It connects to all regional airports and a ride sharing automobile service to Santos. São Paulo has no tram lines. Itu.000 buses (including about 290 trolley buses). Piraju. The Litoral bus terminal serves Praia Grande. although trams were common in the first half of the 20th century. Ipaussu. Buses Bus transport (government and private) is composed of approximately 17. Itapetininga. according to balance sheet contained in the "Management Report 2010". according to the company. Santos and São Vicente on the South Shore and Mongaguá. Buses to São Paulo coast are available at the Jabaquara metro station. Chavantes and Ourinhos (on the border with Paraná State). with the exception of the states of Amazonas. Marília.56 million people per day.010 cities in five countries (Brazil. Bauru. Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo. It serves the southwestern cities of Sorocaba.[109] The traditional system of informal transport (dab vans) was later reorganized and legalized under a consistent set of rules.[citation needed] Luz (Line 4 Side) Metro Station. when 10 million users were taken per mile. Chile. traffic averaged 2. satisfaction decreased. totaling 3.[citation needed] While the total number of passengers increased. the notes were 67% positive.5 million trips per day. The Palmeiras-Barra Funda Intermodal Terminal is much smaller and is connected to the Palmeiras-Barra Funda metro and Palmeiras-Barra Funda CPTM stations. Jaú. Bertioga and Guarujá on the North Shore. It has five lines and links to the metropolitan train network. Avaré. It is the largest concentration of people in a single transport system in the world.

less than half the 22. • The Clean City Law or antibillboard. São Paulo has been a major economic center in Latin America.000 flights per year within the central area. 36 Panoramic View from the bus stop in downtown Sao Paulo. .São Paulo Riviera de São Lourenço. focused on two main targets: antipublicity and anticommerce. including its pilots.3 national rate. Social challenges Since the beginning of the 20th century.[114] Smog in São Paulo.000 billboards and that more than 1. approved in 2007.0 in 2011. One suburban helicopter shuttle service. located about 15 miles (24 km) from the center of the city in Tamboré. coffee exports (from other regions of the state) were critically affected. Ubatuba and Paraty. Tietê and Pinheiros. others lease them and still others use helicopter taxi services.[111] Helicopters enable businessmen and other affluent workers to sharply reduce time spent moving around and commuting. São Paulo became the city with the world's highest number of helicopters. A major project to clean up these rivers is underway. • Crime rates consistently decreased in the twenty-first century. The city-wide homicide rate was 9. Some companies own their helicopters. Caraguatatuba.[112] • Air quality[113] has steadily increased during the modern era. • The two major rivers crossing the city.600 signs and 1. are highly polluted. During two World Wars and the Great Depression. Helicopters Due to the intense traffic jams on the roads. With 462 private choppers[110] in 2008 and around 70. the city is turning into a "real life South-American episode" of The Jetsons. This led wealthy coffee farmers to invest in industrial activities that turned São Paulo into Brazil's largest industrial hub. is operated totally by women. at Portuguesa-Tietê metro station on Line 1 (Blue).300 towering metal panels were dismantled by authorities. Advertisers estimate that they removed 15. in Rio de Janeiro State must be taken at the Tietê Bus Terminal.

a similar project was implemented throughout the year in the central area of São Paulo to improve traffic.[115] 37 Traffic congestion on Consolação Street. . Light Shopping Center on the foreground. Since 1997. Politicians São Paulo's most recent mayors were: São Paulo City Hall on the background.São Paulo • São Paulo metropolitan region. Subdivisions of the city of São Paulo. adopted vehicle restrictions from 1996 to 1998 to reduce air pollution during wintertime.

Portugal Milan. Italy [] Seoul. China [] [] Africa Luanda. Angola Bamako. México Chicago.São Paulo 38 Mayor Entry in Left Office in Political Party – 2012 2006 2004 2000 1996 1992 1988 1985 PT Democratas PSDB PT PPB. Canada Mexico City. France [117] Asia and Middle East Yerevan. Portugal Bucharest. Bolivia Toronto. South Africa Coimbra. Portugal Lisbon. Romania Cluj-Napoca. Syria Osaka. Israel [] Funchal. United States Asunción. Armenia Beijing. Spain Córdoba. Argentina Europe Paris. Spain [] Amman. later PTN PPB (PP) PT PTB PMDB Fernando Haddad 2013 Gilberto Kassab José Serra Marta Suplicy Celso Pitta Paulo Maluf Luiza Erundina Jânio Quadros Mário Covas 2006 2005 2001 1997 1993 1989 1986 1983 Twin towns and sister cities São Paulo is twinned with:[116] America Buenos Aires. Portugal Porto. Japan [] [] Santiago de Compostela. India Naha. Spain . Jordan Damascus. Romania Barcelona. Argentina La Paz. Paraguay Montevideo. Venezuela Mendoza. South Korea Tel Aviv. Mali Johannesburg. China Macau New Delhi. Japan [118] Ningbo. Uruguay Caracas.

gov. bmfbovespa. br/ noticias/ nt-2817. sp. Notes [1] http:/ / toolserver. br/ scielo. asp?c=2094& i=P& nome=on& qtu8=137& qtu14=1& notarodape=on& tab=2094& opn8=0& opn14=0& unit=0& pov=1& poc133=1& OpcTipoNivt=1& opn1=0& nivt=0& orc86=3& orp=5& qtu3=27& qtu13=27& opv=1& poc86=2& opc133=1& pop=1& opn2=0& orv=2& orc133=4& qtu2=5& sev=93& opc86=1& sec133=0& opp=1& opn3=0& qtu6=5507& opn13=0& sec86=0& sec86=2776& sec86=2777& sec86=2779& sec86=2778& sec86=2780& sec86=2781& sep=23487& orn=1& qtu7=22& pon=1& qtu9=558& opn6=0& digt6=& OpcCara=44& proc=1& qtu1=1& opn9=0& cabec=on& opn7=u6565& decm=99). prefeitura. June 20. co. br/ metrodata/ ibrm/ index. Rachel (January 2010). sidra. População residente por cor ou raça e religião (http:/ / www. cptm.732.com/v6/index_en.saopaulo. The myth of the global city. 183–204. asp?codigo=12097) [65] FERREIRA. edu. In Alyse Dar.gov. br/ ingles/ index.br/ingles/saopaulo/index. com/ ac2/ wp-dyn/ A42332-2002May31) [105] Downloadable map (pdf) (http:/ / www. gov. br/ dados_divulgados/ index.br/en-us/home. org. 2003. gov. org/ ~geohack/ geohack. [70] BM&F Bovespa: About us (http:/ / www. Brazil (Seventh ed. br/ [7] (http:/ / www. asp) and CPTM (in Portuguese) (http:/ / www. ISBN 978-0-7106-2903-6. sp. aspx?idioma=en-us) Other websites . Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2009–2010. metro. htm) [99] (http:/ / www. [106] All the main projects from the São Paulo railway and underground system for the next 10 years can be found on the Metrô website (http:/ / www. br/ textos. org. the rich cruise a new highway (http:/ / www. br/ ahc/ index. bvs-psi.gov. stm. sp.sp. João Sette Whitaker. [109] Webb. [111] High above São Paulo's choked streets. memorialdoimigrante.sp. Census 2000. Mary (Ed. br/ historico/ index.).sp.metro. htm) [81] Acervo Histórico-Cultural (http:/ / www. censo2010. gov. br/ home/ presidencia/ noticias/ noticia_visualiza. etni-cidade. Apa Publications GmbH & Co. co/ competitividad/ noticias/ Destacadas/ Ranking-de-Ciudades-Latinoamericanas-para-la-A-(2)/ ) [11] Rachel Lawrence: 2010. org. 2008 External links Official websites • • • • • • São Paulo Tourism Office home page (http://www. observatoriodasmetropoles. gov. htm) [104] (http:/ / www. html). uol. asp) [80] Histórico da Hospedaria (http:/ / www. / Discovery Channel.com. [45] (http:/ / revistalingua.cidadedesaopaulo. guardian. pdf) of the underground network retrieved from the Metro SP website. br/ ).br/ingles/index.) (2009).com/) City of São Paulo home page (http://www. gov. net/ pt/ ?page_id=2) [32] (http:/ / pepsic.694 pessoas (http:/ / www. com. pdf) [24] (http:/ / www. ibge.gov.br/) (Portuguese) São Paulo Metro Underground official Web site (http://www. uk/ world/ 2008/ jun/ 20/ brazil) The Guardian. urosario.htm) São Paulo official tourist agency Web site (http://www. php?uf=29) [25] (http:/ / www. sp. php?pagename=S%C3%A3o_Paulo& params=23_33_S_46_38_W_type:city [2] Censo 2010: população do Brasil é de 190. washingtonpost. gov. Population figures from the sum of the municipalities' population: IBGE (http:/ / www.bmfbovespa. php?id_noticia=1766& id_pagina=1) [4] http:/ / www. ibge. ibge.asp) BM&F Bovespa – São Paulo Stock Exchange Web site (http://www. br/ bda/ tabela/ protabl.spturis. pp. br/ informacao/ mapa/ mapadebolsosite2007. ibge. 42/6. com. br/ English/ NewExchange. gov. sp. Page 183 [19] Constituent municipalities as listed by Obervatorio das Metropoles (http:/ / www. metro. doctoral thesis presented to the FAUUSP. php?script=sci_arttext& pid=S1413-666X2006000200007& lng=pt& nrm=Uma) [36] IBGE. pp. gov. br/ home/ estatistica/ populacao/ estimativa2009/ POP2009_DOU. ufrj.php) São Paulo City Hall Web site (http://www.prefeitura. memorialdoimigrante. Coulsdon (UK): Jane's Information Group.São Paulo 39 References Bibliography • Lawrence.

"São Paulo: A City Without Ads" (http://www..discoveringsaopaulo.html) • UK House of Commons Trade and Industry Committee report on Brazil (http://www. 40 . São Paulo" (http://www.co. • Rich Brazilians Rise Above Rush-Hour Jams (http://www.com. by Alex Bello.uk/travel/2007/nov/20/ saopaolo.uol.com/travel/guides/ central-and-south-america/brazil/sao-paulo/overview.uk/tol/life_and_style/travel/ destinations/latin_america/article513082.ece).php?hoofd=3&sub=11&art=114) News stories • AdBusters.renatojanine.html). 2007. • The Times.nytimes.co. "Blog by blog guide to .br/) (Portuguese) • OPENCities Monitor participant (http://opencities.html).org/web/index.parliament. • Guardian Unlimited.php?monitor_en) • Discovering São Paulo (http://www.guardian.. uk/pa/cm200607/cmselect/cmtrdind/982/982.São Paulo • The New York Times São Paulo's Travel Guide (http://travel.publications.com/modules/brazil-brasil/ rio-de-janeiro_sao-paulo_fortaleza.pro.aboutbrasil. "Where cafezinho is the key to commerce" (http://business. "Cutting-edge style in São Paulo" (http://travel.brazil). • The New York Times.britishcouncil. "36 Hours in São Paulo" (http://travel.pdf) • São Paulo travel guide from Wikivoyage • Maplink – São Paulo Street Guide and Maps (http://maplink.nytimes.html).com) • AboutBrasil/São Paulo – Powerhouse of South America (http://www.timesonline.org/the_magazine/73/ So_Paulo_A_City_Without_Ads. • The Times.adbusters.com/2007/10/14/travel/14hours.uk/tol/business/ markets/article3006861.ece). Retrieved December 6.co.br/LEstrangeira/rich.timesonline.

ConCompS. WhisperToMe. Sosekopp. Hanschool618. Kenbujutsu. No1ladlover. Versageek. Jimmyilbierto. BabbaQ. Yardena. JRSP. Baeritone. Äppelmos. ASOTMKX. RiverFattieRCool. Mokudoku. Wes293. ILUVBRADPITT. Nichalp. Loodog. ESkog. Wfgiuliano. Harry. Admiral Norton. Gcoliveira. Mcguire2000. Fattyjwoods. Tired time. Bokiluis. Ben Ben. Can't sleep. Berger1. CMBJ. Puceron. Hentzer. 2(L. Ricardobarreto22. Matthew hk. Carlossuarez46. Mr Accountable. 28421u2232nfenfcenc.org/w/index. Racquad. Nlsanand. Tehdog.koseki. A-rock. Tangotango. Villarinho.jpg  Source: http://en. Storekgb.org/w/index. AlanBurlison.php?title=File:Montagem_São_Paulo. Ricardo630.0  Contributors: Heitor Carvalho Jorge File:SaoPaulo Municip SaoPaulo. Red Slash. Darwinek. Licenses and Contributors File:Montagem São Paulo. Chick Bowen. Mjs1991.delanoy. Ryulong. Yosh3000. MJCdetroit. Dahveed323. OneFinalWhisper. Dave Harris. Bogdangiusca. CalJW. Esrever. Duplode. 3752 anonymous edits Image Sources. Brazuca100. Daduzi.wikipedia. 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Tim1357. Emmo. KFP. Foreverprovence. Julius. Brycen. CLW. Mateus RM (usurped). Viktordb. FF2010. Tbhotch.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie File:Speaker Icon. Kowelka. Guslacerda. Octane. Ronaldo. Climatologista.svg  Source: http://en. Salix alba. Alcguerreiro. OpenInfoForAll._1913. Masterpiece2000. Korpio8. Bomdiasr. Benifb. Aepoo. Rich Farmbrough. Jcheckler.org/w/index. Jprg1966. ModelFish. Celyndel. The wub. Aljasm. Gblab. Higorspario. Aert. Dr Nascimento. Jleon. ExArch. Waqcku. Akihabara. Alxeedo. Funandtrvl. Richardmiskolci. Zokkk. MBisanz. 2 anonymous edits File:Antônio Parreiras . Kensuke.A. Daxter12. Nalonah. Tarquin. Dboysp. William Avery. Blackable2323. G. Mandarax. Mindspillage.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3. SirRStone. Thetaylor310. DutchSupremacy. Elockid. Pojanji.henderson.Hagedorn. Clark89. Doseiai2. Ghirlandajo. MER-C.kusuma. Edward. Ceyockey. Dale Arnett. Cs-wolves. Ohconfucius. 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Thehelpfulone. Sunderland06. Niteowlneils. Walkerma. NoUser123321123321.jpg  Source: http://en. Debresser. Yaho. Augusto f. Fupis. RG2. Discospinster. Dúnadan. Derek R Bullamore. DeadEyeArrow. Hajor. Weblum. Fransinho. Keds0. Mogism. LittleWink. Rickard Vogelberg. Synlord. DDerby. Akoibon. Dbonyun. Mr. Katsuseiki. Rockmysock. Optimist on the run. Tim Starling. Chris j wood. Sam Korn. Sion8. Vishnava. DavidPierson. Quisquillian. Hugo999. Vivaldi. Tysalpha. Alquemy. MCBastos. Trusilver. Paul Klenk. O Fenian. Dassiebtekreuz. Geniac. McCorrection. The Man in Question. Cantus. Hippietrail. Aufrette. Fram. Antandrus. Iokseng. Whouk. EarnestyEternity. Un sogno modesto. Zagubov. Jack Silver1000. Elonka. The Ogre. Jeffq. Moe Epsilon. Felipe08. Amaraiel. Manuel de Sousa. Rhwinter. Zingi. Cyberlords. Rioss. Flarkins. Xyzzyva. Largoplazo. Felipe Menegaz. JD2726. Plastikspork. Grenzer22. Pedro Aguiar. Saulopro. Fudoreaper. David Kernow. Andre Engels. Yodaki. The Moose. Leandrod. Rl. Anila24. 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