Você está na página 1de 15

Infinitive Play arise Play awake Play be Play beat Play become Play begin Play bend Play

bet Play bite Play bleed Play blow Play break Play bring Play broadcast

Past tense Play arose Play awoke Play was/were Play beat Play became Play began Play bent Play bet Play bit Play bled Play blew Play broke Play brought Play broadcast

Past participle Play arisen Play awaken Play been Play beaten Play become Play begun Play bent Play bet Play bitten Play bled Play blown Play broken Play brought Play broadcast

Meaning

surgir

despertar

ser/estar

golpear

llegar a ser

empezar

doblar

apostar

morder

sangrar

soplar

romper

traer

emitir

Play build Play burn Play burst Play buy Play can Play catch Play choose Play come Play cost Play cut Play deal Play dig Play do Play draw Play dream

Play built Play burnt Play burst Play bought Play could Play caught Play chose Play came Play cost Play cut Play dealt Play dug Play did Play drew Play dreamt

Play built Play burnt Play burst Play bought Play could Play caught Play chosen Play come Play cost Play cut Play dealt Play dug Play done Play drawn Play dreamt

construir

quemar

estallar

comprar

poder

coger

elegir

venir

costar

cortar

tratar

cavar

hacer

dibujar

soar

Play drink Play drive Play eat Play fall Play feed Play feel Play fight Play find Play fit Play fly Play forbid Play forget Play forgive Play freeze Play get

Play drank Play drove Play ate Play fell Play fed Play felt Play fought Play found Play fit Play flew Play fordad(e) Play forgot Play forgave Play froze Play got

Play drunk Play driven Play eaten Play fallen Play fed Play felt Play fought Play found Play fit Play flown Play forbidden Play forgotten Play forgiven Play frozen Play got

beber

conducir

comer

caer

alimentar

sentir

pelear

encontrar

quedar (de ropa)

volar

prohibir

olvidar

perdonar

helar

conseguir

Play give Play go Play grow Play hang Play have Play hear Play hide Play hit Play hold Play hurt Play keep Play kneel Play know Play lay Play lead

Play gave Play went Play grew Play hung Play had Play heard Play hid Play hit Play held Play hurt Play kept Play knelt Play knew Play laid Play led

Play given Play gone Play grown Play hung Play had Play heard Play hidden Play hit Play held Play hurt Play kept Play knelt Play known Play laid Play led

dar

ir

crecer

colgar

haber - tener

oir

esconder

golpear

agarrar sostener

herir

guardar

arrodillarse

saber - conocer

poner

dirigir

Play learn Play leave Play lend Play let Play lie Play light Play lose Play make Play mean Play meet Play mistake Play overtake Play pay Play put Play read

Play learned / learnt Play left Play lent Play let Play lay Play lit Play lost Play made Play meant Play met Play mistook Play overtook Play paid Play put Play read

Play learned / learnt Play left Play lent Play let Play lain Play lit Play lost Play made Play meant Play met Play mistaken Play overtaken Play paid Play put Play read

aprender

dejar / irse de

prestar

permitir

echarse tumbarse

encender

perder

hacer - fabricar

significar / querer decir

encontrar

entender o interpretar mal

adelantar

pagar

colocar / poner

leer

Play ride Play ring Play rise Play run Play say Play see Play seek Play sell Play send Play set Play sew Play shake Play shine Play shoot Play show

Play rode Play rang Play rose Play ran Play said Play saw Play sought Play sold Play sent Play set Play sewed Play shook Play shone Play shot Play showed

Play ridden Play rung Play risen Play run Play said Play seen Play sought Play sold Play sent Play set Play sewn Play shook Play shone Play shot Play shown

montar

sonar

levantarse

correr

decir

ver

buscar

vender

enviar

poner, colocar

coser

agitar, estrechar la mano

brillar

disparar

mostrar

Play shrink Play shut Play sing Play sink Play sit Play sleep Play smell Play speak Play spell Play spend Play split Play spoil Play spread Play stand Play steal

Play shrank Play shut Play sang Play sank Play sat Play slept Play smelt Play spoke Play spelt Play spent Play split Play spoilt Play spread Play stood Play stole

Play shrunk Play shut Play sung Play sunk Play sat Play slept Play smelt Play spoken Play spelt Play spent Play split Play spoilt Play spread Play stood Play stolen

encoger

cerrar

cantar

hundir

sentarse

dormir

oler

hablar

deletrear

pasar - gastar

dividir

estropear

extender

estar de pie

robar

Play stick Play sting Play strike Play strive Play swear Play sweep Play swim Play swing Play take Play teach Play tear Play tell Play think Play throw Play understand

Play stuck Play stung Play struck Play strove Play swore Play swept Play swam Play swung Play took Play taught Play tore Play told Play thought Play threw Play understood

Play stuck Play stung Play struck Play striven Play sworn Play swept Play swum Play swung Play taken Play taught Play torn Play told Play thought Play threw Play understood

pegar

pegar

golpear

esforzarse procurar

jurar

barrer

nadar

balancear

tomar, llevar

ensear

rasgar desgarrar

decir, contar

pensar

tirar

entender

Play upset Play wake Play wear Play weep Play win Play withdraw Play write

Play upset Play woke Play wore Play wept Play won Play withdrew Play wrote

Play upset Play woken Play worn Play wept Play won Play withdrawn Play written

afligir

despertar

llevar puesto

llorar

ganar

retirar

escribir

Quantifiers (Cuantificadores)
Los cuantificadores indican la cantitad de un nombre. Son repuestas a la pregunta "Cuntos?" Al igual que los artculos, los cuantificadores definen a un nombre y siempre estn situados delante del nombre. Se pueden usar algunos slo con nombres contables, otros slo con nombres incontables y otros con ambos.
Cuantificador Contable Incontable

Play Many Play Much Play Some Play Any Play No, none Play A lot of/Lots of Play Little/A little Play Few/A few

Utilizamos los cuantificadores para expresar la idea de cantidad o nmero. En el siguiente resumen podrs estudiar cmo y cundo usarlos.

Many
Significado: Mucho Uso: Expresa la idea de gran cantidad. Es utilizado sobretodo en frases negativas e interrogativas con el nombre contable en plural. Se puede usar "many" en frases afirmativas, aunque no es muy comn. Normalmente, usamos otros cuantificadores como "a lot." Ejemplos: Frase negativa:

Play There are not many tourists. (No hay muchos turistas.) Frase interrogativa: Play How many cats do you have? (Cuntos gatos tienes?) Frase afirmativa: Play We have many friends. (Tenemos muchos amigos.) Tambin se combina con "too" (demasiado) o "so" (tanto) para expresar la idea de cantidad excesiva o un punto de vista sobre una cantidad.

Ejemplos: Play There are too many changes for me. (Hay demasiados cambios para mi.) Play There are so many things I want to do! (Hay tantas cosas que deseo hacer!)

Much
Significado: Mucho Uso: Como "many", expresa la idea de gran cantidad y es utilizado sobretodo en frases negativas e interrogativas. La diferencia con "many" es que usamos "much" slo con nombres incontables en singular. Se puede usar "much" en frases afirmativas, aunque sera ms formal y no tan comn. Ejemplos: Frase negativa: Play There is not much time. (No hay mucho tiempo.) Frase interrogativa: Play How much money does he have? (Cunto dinero tiene?) Frase afirmativa: Play We have much to do! (Tenemos mucho para hacer!) Como "many," tambin se puede combinar con "too" o "so" para expresar la idea de cantidad excesiva o un punto de vista sobre una cantidad. Ejemplos: Play There is too much work. (Hay demasiado trabajo.)

Play We have so much work to do! (Tenemos tanto trabajo que hacer!)

Some
Significado: Algunos, unos Use: Se utiliza tanto para los nombres o sustantivos contables en singular como para los nombres o sustantivos contables en plural. Se usa en frases afirmativas y interrogativas (para afirmar algo); se sustitue "any" en frases negativas o interrogativas. Significa una cantidad indefinida, pero limitada. Ejemplos: Frase afirmativa/nombre contable: Play She has some apples. (Tiene algunas manzanas.) Frase afirmativa/nombre incontable: Play There is some milk in the kitchen. (Hay leche en la cocina.) Frase interrogativa/nombre contable: Play Are there some tourists? (Hay unos turistas?) Frase interrogativa/nombre incontable: Play Would you like some coffee? (Hay azcar?)

Any
Significado: Algunos, ninguno Use: Se utiliza en los mismos contextos que "some," pero en frases negativas o interrogativas. Ejemplos: Frase negativa/nombre contable: Play I do not have any cats. (No tengo ningn gato.) Frase negativa/nombre incontable: Play He does not have any money. (No tiene dinero.) Frase interrogativa/nombre contable: Play Are there any changes? (Hay algunos cambios?)

Frase interrogativa/nombre incontable: Play Is there any milk? (Hay leche?)

No, None
Significado: No, ninguno Use: A diferencia de la partcula "no," "none" se puede utilizar sin ir acompaado de un nombre, contable o incontable. Por tanto acostumbra a ir a final de frase y como nica respuesta a una pregunta que haga referencia a cantidades. Ejemplos: Nombre contable: Play How many pencils are there? None. (Cuntos lpices hay? Ninguno.) Nombre contable: Play >There are no pencils. (No hay lpices) Nombre incontable: Play How much money do you have? None. (Cunto dinero tienes? Nada.) Nombre incontable: Play I have no money. (No tengo dinero.)

A lot of/Lots of
Significado: Mucho Use: Expresan idea de gran cantidad. Se puede usar con nombres o sustantivos contables e incontables. A diferencia de "many" y "much", no las usamos en frases interrogativas. En general, "lots of" es ms informal. Ejemplos: Nombre contable: Play He has a lot of books. (Tiene muchos libros.) Nombre contable: Play He does not have a lot of books. (No tiene muchos libros.) Nombre incontable: Play

I have lots of money. (Tengo mucho dinero.) Nombre incontable: Play I do not have a lot of money. (No tengo mucho dinero.)

Little/A little
Significado: Poco/s Use: Expresan una cantidad pequeo y se usan slo con nombres incontables. La decisin a usar "little" o "a little" refleja una opinin sobre la cantidad. Si usas " a little", significa una opinin positiva sobre la cantidad y si usas " little" implica una opinin negativa. Ejemplos: Frase interrogativa: Play Do you have a little money? (Tienes un poco dinero?) Frase afirmativa: Play We have little time. (Tenemos poco tiempo.)

Few/A few
Significado: Poco/s Use: Expresan un nmero pequeo. "A few" puede indicar un nmero suficiente. Se usan slo con nombres contables. Como hemos visto arriba, la decisin a usar "few" o "a few" refleja la opinin sobre la cantidad expresada. "Few" describe la cantidad de forma negativa y "a few" la describe de forma positiva. Ejemplos: Frase interrogativa: Play Do you have a few dollars? (Tienes unos dolares?) Frase afirmativa: Play There are few tourists here today. (Hay pocos turistas aqu hoy.)