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Chapter 6, Problem 6. The voltage waveform in Fig. 6.46 is applied across a 30-F capacitor.

Draw the current waveform through it.

Chapter 6, Solution 6.
dv = 30 x10 6 x slope of the waveform. dt For example, for 0 < t < 2, i=C

dv 10 = dt 2 x10 3 dv 10 i= C = 30 x10 6 x = 150mA dt 2 x10 3 Thus the current i is sketched below.

i(t) (mA) 150

4 2 6

8 10 12

t (msec)

-150

Chapter 6, Problem 13. Find the voltage across the capacitors in the circuit of Fig. 6.49 under dc conditions.

30

Chapter 6, Solution 13. Under dc conditions, the circuit becomes that shown below: i1 10 i2 50

+ 30 v1
60V
+

20

+ v2

i2 = 0, i1 = 60/(30+10+20) = 1A v1 = 30i1 = 30V, v2 = 6020i1 = 40V Thus, v1 = 30V, v2 = 40V

Chapter 6, Problem 17. Determine the equivalent capacitance for each of the circuits in Fig. 6.51.

Chapter 6, Solution 17. (a) 4F in series with 12F = 4 x 12/(16) = 3F 3F in parallel with 6F and 3F = 3+6+3 = 12F 4F in series with 12F = 3F i.e. Ceq = 3F Ceq = 5 + [6x(4 + 2)/(6+4+2)] = 5 + (36/12) = 5 + 3 = 8F 3F in series with 6F = (3 x 6)/9 = 2F

(b) (c)

1 1 1 1 = + + =1 C eq 2 6 3 Ceq = 1F
Chapter 6, Problem 25. (a) Show that the voltage-division rule for two capacitors in series as in Fig. 6.59(a) is
v1 = C2 vs , C1 + C 2 v2 = C1 vs C1 + C 2

assuming that the initial conditions are zero.

Figure 6.59 (b) For two capacitors in parallel as in Fig. 6.59(b), show that the current-division rule is
i1 = C1 is , C1 + C 2 i2 = C2 is C1 + C 2

assuming that the initial conditions are zero. Chapter 6, Solution 25. (a) For the capacitors in series, Q1 = Q2 vs = v1 + v2 = C1v1 = C2v2

v1 C 2 = v 2 C1

C2 C + C2 v2 + v2 = 1 v2 C1 C1

v2 =

C1 vs C1 + C 2

Similarly, v1 =

C2 vs C1 + C 2

(b) For capacitors in parallel v1 = v2 =

Q1 Q 2 = C1 C 2 C C + C2 Qs = Q1 + Q2 = 1 Q 2 + Q 2 = 1 Q2 C2 C2 C2 C1 + C 2 C1 Q1 = Qs C1 + C 2

or Q2 =

i=
dQ dt

i1 =

C1 C2 i s , i 2 = is C1 + C 2 C1 + C 2

Chapter 6, Problem 26. Three capacitors, C1 = 5 F, C2 = 10 F, and C3 = 20 F, are connected in parallel across a 150V source. Determine: (a) the total capacitance, (b) the charge on each capacitor, the total energy stored in the parallel combination Chapter 6, Solution 26. Ceq = C1 + C2 + C3 = 35F Q1 = C1v = 5 x 150C = 0.75mC Q2 = C2v = 10 x 150C = 1.5mC Q3 = C3v = 20 x 150 = 3mC w=
1 1 C eq v 2 = x 35x150 2 J = 393.8mJ 2 2

(a) (b)

(c)

Chapter 6, Problem 30. Assuming that the capacitors are initially uncharged, find vo(t) in the circuit:

Chapter 6, Solution 30.


t vo = 1 idt + i(0) C o For 0 < t < 1, i = 60t mA, 10 3 t vo = 60tdt + 0 = 10t 2 kV 6 o 3x10 vo(1) = 10kV

For 1< t < 2, i = 120 - 60t mA, 10 3 t (120 60 t )dt + v o (1) vo = 3x10 6 1 t = [40t 10t2 ] 1 + 10kV = 40t 10t2 - 20 10 t 2 kV, 0 < t <1 v o (t) = 2 40 t 10 t 20kV, 1 < t < 2