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1 | P e r s o n a l H e a l t h & We l l n e s s TA K E H O M E E x a m 2 PA RT A

Please Note Part B of Exam will be given on Thursday, March 6, 2013. Chapter 8 Please WRITE Correct Answers for ALL T/F questions throughout exam True/False 1.Biological sex is determined by secondary sex characteristics. 2.The function of the ovaries is to produce eggs and estrogen. 3 The fallopian tubes provide the environment in which the fetus grows. 4 Most women have menstrual cycles of 36 days. 5 The womans egg is released during the first few days of the menstrual cycle. 6 The pain that some women experience during menstruation is called amenorrhea. 7 Once a woman has gone through menopause, she loses all interest in sex. 8 It is during the excitement phase of the sexual response cycle that most men experience ejaculation. 9 Sex refers to: A. an individuals classification as male or female on the basis of biological characteristics B. the set of behaviors defined as sexual C. the experience of erotic pleasure D. all of the above 10 Factors that increase susceptibility to vaginitis are: A. use of antibiotics B. hormonal changes C. intercourse without lubrication D. all of the above 11.Lutenizing hormones (LH) are produced by the: A. B. C. D. ovaries hypothalamus pituitary zygote A. Increased blood flow to the pelvic area B. Decreased blood pressure C. Increased heart rate and respiratory rate D. Increased level of excitement 17. Phase one of the sexual response cycle is: A. B. C. D. plateau interest arousal excitement

12. Pain that women may experience during menstruation is caused by chemicals called: A. B. C. D. neurotransmitters stress hormones dysmenorrhea prostaglandin

18. Masturbation: A. leads to infertility B. occurs only among people who currently have no partner or are in unhappy relationships C. causes hair loss, pimples, and warts D. is used by many people to relieve physical tensions, produce a sense of relaxation, and induce sleep 19. Self-disclosure: A. develops through progressive, mutual revealing of innermost thoughts B. is a good way to get acquainted with an attractive stranger C. always leads to greater intimacy D. all of the above 20. The most successful relationships are those in which:
A. there are no rules B. each person lets the other be the person he or she feels comfortable being C. the relationship is tightly controlled D. disagreements are settled by letting the dominant partner have things his or her own way

13.Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) induces the secretion of: A. B. C. D. gonadotrophins estrogens progesterones prostaglandins

14. The male organs in which sperm and sex hormones are produced are the: A. B. C. D. seminal vesicles testes epididymis prostate glands

15. The testes are located in the: A. B. C. D. epididymis scrotum thoracic cavity prostate area

16. Which of the following is not a physiological change associated with sexual arousal?

2 | P e r s o n a l H e a l t h & We l l n e s s TA K E H O M E E x a m 2 PA RT A
Chapter 9 T/F: Correct 11. Implantation of the zygote begins: A. immediately after fertilization B. within 12 hours after fertilization C. about 2 days after fertilization D. about 6 days after fertilization C. women should refrain from intercourse D. all of the above 17. The period of postpartum recovery for the mother is called the: A. B. C. D. puerperium perimium third stage of labor afterbirth

1. Once a zygote has implanted in the uterus, the hormones estrogen and progesterone are no longer needed, and the ovaries stop producing them. 2. Women who follow a nutritious diet during pregnancy are more likely to give birth to healthy babies than are pregnant women with poor diets. 3. Virtually all chemical tests for pregnancy analyze a womans blood or urine for the presence of HCG. 4. Healthy women do not need to obtain professional prenatal care. 5. Labor contractions are also called Braxton-Hicks contractions. 6. Breastfeeding can be an erotic experience for some women.

12. Fertilization usually takes place in the: A. B. C. D. vagina uterus fallopian tube ovary

18. The advantages of breastfeeding include: A. transfer of immunity B. low expense C. no preparation of bottles and formula D. all of the above Short Answer

13. A healthy weight gain for most pregnant women is considered to be: A. 10 to 15 pounds B. 28 to 30 pounds C. 30 to 40 pounds D. only as much as the baby weighs at birth 14. Cigarette smoking by expectant mothers is associated with: A. low birth weight B. cleft lip and palate C. sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) D. all of the above 15. During the second stage of childbirth: A. Braxton-Hicks contractions occur B. the cervix dilates C. the baby is born D. the afterbirth is delivered 16. During puerperium: A. physiological changes of pregnancy slowly reverse B. postpartum depression may occur

19. What are the two nutrients that pregnant women need to make sure they increase in their diet? 20. What is the appropriate amount of weight a woman should gain during pregnancy?

7. Many infertile couples can eventually conceive if the reason for infertility is discovered and if there is some way to overcome the problem. 8. Approximately 10% of couples who want to have children have difficulty doing so. 9. Conception is highly improbable unless about 10,000 viable sperm are deposited in the vagina. 10. In vitro fertilization is when a woman takes medication to try to improve the chances of getting pregnant. Multiple Choice

3 | P e r s o n a l H e a l t h & We l l n e s s TA K E H O M E E x a m 2 PA RT A
Chapter 10 1. After intercourse, the diaphragm should be: A. removed immediately and washed B. left in place for at least 6 hours C. left in place for at least 24 hours D. thrown away 2. Condoms must be used: A. B. C. D. within 10 years of purchase with a water-based lubricant with an oil-based lubricant on a flaccid penis 6. In general, a woman is most fertile ______ days before her next period. A. B. C. D. 6 8 14 21 A. B. C. D. vacuum curettage D&C prostaglandin infusion dilation and extraction

12. Which of the following is not a surgical method of abortion? A. B. C. D. Vacuum curettage Dilation and evacuation (D & E) Manual vacuum aspiration Emergency contraception

7. The mucous method of birth control involves: A. watching for changes in the consistency of cervical mucus B. monitoring basal body temperature C. combining the diaphragm with spermicidal foam D. measuring LH levels in urine 8. The principal sterilization procedure for women is: A. B. C. D. hysterectomy D&C tubal ligation vacuum curettage

13. Mifepristone is: A. also called the morning-after pill B. a method of abortion used after 13 weeks of pregnancy C. considered a medical abortion D. a dangerous method of abortion 14. Medical abortions include the use of: A. B. C. D. methotrexate mifipristone octoxynol A and B

3. Problems with the female condom include: A. latex allergy B. too much lubrication C. the outer ring can be pushed inside the vagina D. it is not as effective as the male condom 4. Calendar rhythm assumes all of the following except: A. ovulation usually takes place 14 days before the onset of menstrual flow B. an ovum is capable of being fertilized for 24 hours C. sperm deposited in the vagina can remain capable of fertilization for up to 8 days D. good working knowledge of the female menstrual cycle 5. Basal body temperature is: A. the lowest temperature in a healthy person during waking hours B. one degree higher after ovulation C. a method that should be used with other fertility awareness methods D. all of the above

9. A vasectomy involves: A. cutting the seminal vesicles leading from each testis B. cutting the epididymis C. cutting the two vas deferens D. removing the parts of the testes in which sperm are manufactured 15. Options for emergency contraception include: A. insertion of an IUD within 5 days of unprotected intercourse B. D & C C. mifipristone D. induction method 16. Abortion by manual vacuum aspiration is safe until the ____ week of pregnancy. A. B. C. D. third fifth eighth tenth

10. Reasons a person may not practice birth control include: A. low motivation B. relationship issues C. negative attitudes about fertility control D. all of the above 11. The principal method of abortion, done primarily within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, is:

17. Medical abortions using drugs such as RU486: A. are illegal in the United States

4 | P e r s o n a l H e a l t h & We l l n e s s TA K E H O M E E x a m 2 PA RT A
B. can be performed up to 6 months of pregnancy C. are called D & C. D. are safe up to 2 months of pregnancy

Short Answer

18. What are the two synthetic hormones that are present in combination hormonal contraceptives?

19. What are the different types of barrier methods available?

20. What are the ways that estrogen and progesterone in birth control pills prevent pregnancy?

5 | P e r s o n a l H e a l t h & We l l n e s s TA K E H O M E E x a m 2 PA RT A
Chapter 11 True/False 1. Trichomoniasis is the most common STD. 2. One of the reasons STDs are so prevalent is that the signs and symptoms of the diseases are often not obvious. 3. Denial is a common reaction to a sexually transmitted disease. 4. Left untreated, chlamydia can cause sterility in both sexes. 5. Although medical science has yet to develop a vaccine against gonorrhea, there is a highly effective syphilis vaccine. 6. A large percentage of persons who have gonorrhea do not show any symptoms of the infection. 7. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States and other Western countries. 8. Chlamydia is also known as the clap. 9. Gonorrhea can be contracted from contaminated bedsheets, clothing, towels, or toilet seats. 10. Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics at any stage of infection. Multiple Choice 11. Which of the following STDs is caused by bacteria? A. B. C. D. Hepatitis B Herpes simplex virus 1 Herpes simplex virus 2 Gonorrhea 17. Lice can be transmitted through which of the following means? A. B. C. D. Physical contact Towels Bed linens All of the above 12. In nearly half of the cases of gonorrhea, what other STD is also present? A. B. C. D. Scabies Chlamydia HIV Herpes 17. The STD characterized by smooth, rounded, shiny white growths on the trunk and genitals is: A. B. C. D. AIDS Syphilis Molluscum contagiousum Gardnerella

13. The first noticeable sign(s) of syphilis is/are: A. symptoms similar to those produced by mononucleosis B. tiny lesions produced by mites C. freckle-sized smooth growths D. a chancre 14. Gonorrhea:

18. When individuals first become infected with HIV, the first symptom(s) likely will be: A. flulike symptoms B. pneumonia C. Kaposis sarcoma D. a chancre 19. AIDS stands for what?

A. can be prevented by vaccination B. is caused by a virus C. is easily treated with antibiotics D. all of the above 15. Herpes infection: A. is extremely contagious when a sore is present B. can be treated with antibiotics C. is caused by a spirochete D. is characterized by sores called chancres 16. Scabies is caused by: A. B. C. D. pubic lice mites HPV treponema pallidum

6 | P e r s o n a l H e a l t h & We l l n e s s TA K E H O M E E x a m 2 PA RT A
Chapter 12 True/False Multiple Choice 1. A healthful environment, adequate nourishment, personal cleanliness, and appropriate immunization can prevent most infections. 2. The use of sterile techniques in surgery was adopted quickly in the United States after the discovery of antiseptics. 3. Antibiotics are able to kill infectious organisms while doing little or no harm to human body cells. 12. Tuberculosis is caused by: A. a virus B. a bacterium C. poverty, poor nutrition, and a stressful environment D. both B and C 13. Lyme disease is best treated with: A. B. C. D. DEET AZT antibiotics antifungal agents immune response C. produced by immune system cells D. A and C 18. A person with type A blood cannot donate blood to a person who has type B blood because: A. only people who are type O blood can donate blood B. type A blood will stimulate production of anti-A antibodies, which will then destroy blood cells C. type A blood carries anti-B antibodies, which will destroy the recipients type B cells D. type A blood can only be donated to a person with type O blood

4. Many medical historians argue that sanitation is the most significant medical advancement in history.

14. The principal agents of immune responses are: A. B. C. D. histamines and leukocytes macrophages and microphages antibodies and lymphocytes red cells and white cells

19. The organ transplanted most often is the: A. B. C. D. kidney liver pancreas heart

5. Antibiotics only kill harmful bacteria. 6. Some bacteria have become resistant to several common antibiotics, making the antibiotics ineffective. 7. Antibiotics are used to kill viruses that invade the body.

15. B-lymphocytes are responsible for: A. engulfing foreign particles B. secreting enzymes that destroy pathogens C. manufacturing antibodies D. both A and B 16. T-cells work by: A. eating invading cells B. attaching directly to invading cells and making them inactive C. producing antigens against the invaders D. inducing a fever 17. An antigen is any substance:

20. A fetus is in danger of anemia and brain damage if: A. the mother is Rh negative and the fetus is Rh positive B. the mother is Rh positive and the fetus is Rh negative C. the mother is Rh positive and the fetus is Rh positive D. the mother is Rh negative and the fetus is Rh negative 21. The development of an effective HIV/AIDS vaccine: A. is expected in the very near future B. has proved to be extremely difficult C. will be very inexpensive D. will only be effective during homosexual intercourse

8. Many antibiotics have been released into the environment as the result of the use of antibiotics in animal feed. 9. The European Union has ordered member countries to reduce the use of antibiotics in animal feed. 10. Viruses are living cells. 11. Colds are caused by more than 200 species and strains of viruses.

A. that stimulates production of interferon B. capable of stimulating an