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Neva-Mind, Northern Nevada Mensa Volume 37, Issue 5, May 2013

Northern Nevada Mensa Volunteers
Executive Committee
LOCAL SECRETARY Robert McAllister LocSec@northernnevada.us.mensa.org FIRST VICE-SECRETARY Ken Wright TREASURER Carole Preisach Treasurer@northernnevada.us.mensa.org PAST LOCAL SECRETARY Ed Hanley


NEVA-MIND EDITOR Anna Wright Editor@northernnevada.us.mensa.org

Appointed Officers
PROGRAM CHAIR Richard Arbib Calendar@northernnevada.us.mensa.org GIFTED CHILDREN COORDINATOR Volunteer needed WEBMASTER Mindy Hsu Webmaster@northernnevada.us.mensa.org TESTING COORDINATOR Mindy Hsu Testing@northernnevada.us.mensa.org TEST PROCTORS Fallon Anna Wright REGIONAL VICE-CHAIR Reno/Sparks Annemarie McTaggart Mindy Hsu Volunteers Needed: SCHOLARSHIP CHAIR Anna Wright OMBUDSMAN Gloria Dondero Pedro S.I.G.H.T. COORDINATOR TEST PROCTORS HISTORIAN UNR PROCTOR Debra Reiger rvc8@us.mensa.org RECRUITMENT Don MacGregor MEMBERSHIP CHAIR Sandra Lackovic Other Areas Volunteers needed NEVA-MIND DISTRIBUTION Robert McAllister AREA COORDINATORS Churchill County Ken Wright



who had been long time visitors to the continent. Europe gained some fancy things from Mesoamerica: like the sewage system idea (which was pretty well implemented here). corn. who is said to have taught science to Mayans. Mesoamerica in contrast. Cinthia Reyes. Aztecs and others. Nevertheless. hopefully. if you are guessing “Mexican” and “Mexico” comes from “Mexicas. Before Christopher Columbus discovered America (from the European point of view) in 1492. She has also been Chair of Mensa Mexico for two terms and served as our International Liaison during Reno’s 2012 AG. The Aztec Empire was ruling the Mexicas area and also had other enemies. dry and mostly nomadic.“Cinco de Mayo” in Mexico Cinthia Reyes (www. Therefore I present to you a very short review of what happened in this area prior to this famous date and afterwards I will explain what happened with this battle.com) I’d like to take this opportunity to introduce one of my favorite friends from Mensa Mexico. Although. She is a delightful. had a very rich pre-Columbian history featuring famous sedentary and developed groups like the Aztecs (also named Mexicas — it sounds sort of like mechjias) and Mayans. and a chemical engineer who has chosen to become a teacher. The strongest group living there was the Chichimecas (which is a náhuatl word for barbarian or uncivilized). a man-shaped god represented as tall. interventions and more negotiations with countries like the United States of America. some of our commemorated dates are subject to confusion outside of the country. white and bearded. And yes. the Spanish indeed vanquished the Aztecs and took the cultural and astronomical legacy of Mesoamerica down as well. Unfortunately for everyone in this area. Cinthia! — Anna Wright Cinthia Reyes Mexican history is filled with negotiations. Aridoamerica was the north area. the Mexican territory was split in two areas: Aridoamerica and Mesoamerica. I asked her to write a few words to help us understand the Cinco de Mayo celebration and. (Continued on page 4) 3 . Hernán Cortés. I met Cinthia three years ago at the Denver AG. clear up some of our misunderstandings. Much of the written material was destroyed. Another hypothesis considers a prophecy of the return of Quetzalcóatl (also known as Kukulkan by certain groups). Olmecs. was a Spanish conqueror who led in the fall of the Aztec Empire.cinthiareyes. cocoa.” you are right! One important detail that is questioned sometimes is why weren’t the Spanish attacked when they first arrived this continent? One hypothesis says they looked like Vikings. Thank you. and I believe this may be the case with the 5th of May. Spain and France. energetic young woman. potatoes and tomatoes. some of which became allies with Spain to take them down.

horses. Napoleon Bonaparte had invaded Spain. They imposed language. date of Mexico is considered to be the 27th of September. and Mexico (in 1848). The Mexican territory was the first one to begin a war “of Independence” (16th of September.S. Although.S.S. Our country was then named: Estados Unidos Mexicanos and became independent from Spain.S. it’s just for short and to avoid confusion with the U. 1810). religion and brought cows. (Mexico is actually not the real name of the country. Mexico accepted the territorial conditions of its northern neighbor in exchange for peace. forcing King Carlos IV and his son to abdiAn extra bonus detail in my story: this is the original Mexican cate the throne in faterritory as in 1821. taking the very president as prisoner to force him to accept Texas as non-Mexican territory. and not just for internal reasons. though. gained more than half of the Mexican territory and paid a symbolic amount to Mexico to recover from war.A.(Cinco de Mayo continued from page 3) The Spanish rule over the now Latin America and part of the United States territory lasted long. Several years and struggles later between the U. Mexicans are taught in school that the war was meant to make an independent country from Spain. The U. bulls. 1821.) During the time of the dictator Mexican President Santa Anna. It is said that Brazil was given to Portuguese as a mandate of a Catholic Pope (Alejandro VI) who “cut” the map in two parts to give each of the Empires a geographic part. the people living in Texas expressed their desire to become independent from Mexico. 4 . The current Mexican territory is delimited by vor of Napoleon. also wished to expand its territory and invaded Mexico. rice and Mediterranean products. The the black-segmented line which unites at the east of Paseo del official independence Norte with the red one. This concept has been debatable. the first intention was actually meant to change the political organization but remain at the service of Spain. The U.

The story doesn’t end there. it is almost certain that it has become far more celebrated as a party outside of the Mexican territory.84-85. The 5th of May is commemorated in Mexico probably because it’s inspiring to recognize the Mexican army’s capacity to defeat one of the most dreadful armies of the time. and at that time was still split in two main groups: those in favor that Mexico should be driven by an external country (the conservatives) and those against that idea (the liberals). and he left a bankrupt state with external debt to France. María Julia (2010) Atlas conmemorativo 1810. Mexico was outnumbered and had fewer resources. This caused a new military invasion from England. faced the French in Puebla.wikipedia. 1910. ed.Siglo XXI Editores. The four countries signed a treaty in hope that Mexico could afford paying them back again as soon as possible. they (France) could help it develop and become the first industrialized region of Latin America as well as a Catholic empire allied to France — capable of competing against the U. He actually was Austrian but represented France. It’s a kind of “David and Goliath” symbol where the weakest faces and defeats (temporarily) the strongest. According to French Wikipedia. Luis G. Basado en Zorrilla. But. 2010. declared that Mexico could not continue to pay them back. México. Yet the French were defeated that day in that battle. and with clear intention of taking over the country. ed. France had clear intentions of establishing a French empire in Mexico (or what was left of it!).0 Unported license by Sodro Cedeño. Porfirio Díaz. as president. The French military forces arrived at Port of Veracruz and headed towards the capital city. breaking the treaty. ISBN 978-607-03-0141-4.org/wiki/Intervention_française_au_Mexique Image with Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. England and Spain. It should not be confused with our independency and it is not the most important date in our civic calendar. led the right wing. Mexico lost the war against France anyway and we had a French Emperor: Maximiliano I. pp. was kind of liberal and tried to help Mexicans. (1977) Historia de las relaciones entre México y los Estados Unidos de América 1800-1958. Earlier. Santa Anna’s period was not peaceful. Spain and France. Benito Juárez. and by the way.S. Porrúa. Mexico had been in internal and external battle since 1810. Sierra Moncayo. 5 . once order could be restored to this land. Ignacio Zaragoza. But. and stopping the Anglo-Saxon and protestant expansion along the American continent. México pp-208-209. We do have a military parade in Puebla that day and it’s an official day off in the whole country. Conservatives supported and accompanied them. On the 5th of May. one of the most glorious armies of the time (hardly defeated besides Waterloo). The French.  http://fr. This struggle required money. were not alone.And at last we get to the 5th of May event. Reynaldo. the Mexican General. who would become president eventually (and a new dictator).

Constance Black Jo Sherwood Kelly Smith Reno Reno Reno Reno Reno Incline Village Reno Reno Carson City Spring Creek Sparks Welcome and Welcome Back! John Scanlon ¡Hola! idos. NV 89502 (775) 828-2665 For donating their space for Mensa Admissions Testing.000 to choose from. any genre. . More than 10. Bien Ven Incline Village Reno Reno Reno Yerington Jerri Campbell Gary Campbell Elizabeth Hecklin George Johnson Northern Nevada Mensa wishes to thank Grassroots Books 660 East Grove Street Reno. 6 Thanks! Show this paragraph for a free unstickered book. Limit one/person from any promotion in a calendar year. Jr.Happy Birthday! ¡Feliz Cumpleaños! May 1 5 8 8 20 23 23 24 27 29 30 Heather Dorsey-Hirt Mary Weber Joseph Van Alstyne Kevin Foley Ellen Hendricks Howard Beckerman Karin Dixson Frank Baird.

if I could afford to live there. Wisconsin. she could get no work as a doctor because she was a woman. Because she was a woman. graduating from medical school in the late 1920s. what’s the one thing you would bring? My volume of the complete works of Shakespeare and a Bible. she ended up as Superintendent of Medicine for the Seattle Public High Schools and served on many boards and in many helping capacities in several organizations.Meet a Mensan by Ashley Cullins Meet Annemarie McTaggart. where would it be? Paris.” — Elisabeth Kubler-Ross What talent would you most like to have? I wish that my voice had been larger so that I could have been an opera singer. a Mensa member since 1966. So she had her five children. They normally had three doctors but all three were in the service. she couldn't get a residency at any other hospital so they had to give her one at Marquette University in Milwaukee. She did an excellent job in everything she was involved in. as my father was able to get a residency in Seattle. Favorite quote: “It's only when we truly know and understand that we have a limited time on earth — and that we have no way of knowing when our time is up — that we will begin to live each day to the fullest. and when the war came in the 40s she was able to find employment with the Seattle Health Department. She was a doctor. What is always in your refrigerator? Yogurt. If you were stranded on a deserted island. but I do love opera. When we moved to Seattle. so she ended up doing all the work while holding my father's practice together (he was in the service) and raising her children. was a wonderful and caring mother. where we eventually lived. I did have a good career as a singer of German Lieder and French songs and am now quite happy playing the piano. After the war. Who is your real-life hero? My mother. If you could live anywhere in the world. as if it was the only one we had. This was sad.  Annemarie McTaggart 7 . and she is my ideal.

. The noise in question rose rapidly in frequency over a minute while being “of sufficient amplitude” (i. In 1997.. 200. hence the name. your location would be about 10 km off each day. making her the “mother of us all. Ain’t science fun?) Can you spot the fake stories? 1. wait. 5.e. three thousand) years ago there lived the Most Recent Common Ancestor. loud enough) to be heard by hydrophones 5000 km apart.5 billion years ago the proto-earth was hit by a planet the size of Mars. we’re even closer related. by about 38 microseconds per day.” And yet. female whose mitochondria we all carry. because if the universe is infinite any point in the night sky should have the light of a star — is part of what prompted the theory of “dark matter.. A scientist at NOAA said he believed it was from some sort of animal. According to extensive genetic research. brace yourself: the current theory of where the moon came from is that somewhere around 4.... it was only 3000 (that’s right.. The GPS system has to adjust itself for the Theory of Relativity. They were using a hydrophone setup derived from equipment used to detect Soviet submarines..” a woman. Because the satellites that make up the system are in orbit.. 3. Best guess says it was from a remote part of the South Pacific. (Well.Puzzle Page Science. Needless to say this left a huge mess.. one ancestor of every single person on earth — this despite the fact that he had about 50 million contemporaries. And not just because it’s mainly alcohol. despite it being much.. part of which coalesced via gravity into our satellite. researchers for the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) recorded a mysterious sound. by Travis McCord Below are 10 interesting little science stories.000 years ago in Kenya there lived “Mitochondrial Eve. 4. much louder than the loudest noise any animal has been known to make. In the middle of our galaxy is a massive cloud of organic compounds which has scientists very excited. read “in line with current theory” for “true” — these may be all false by the time you read this. Without that adjustment. It also has traces of a compound called ethyl formate — which happens to be what gives raspberries their flavor. and therefore subject to much less gravity. Whoops. If you get scared by stories of things hitting the earth. Which would mean the center of our galaxy includes about 10 billion billion billion liters of something close to raspberry rum. Olbers’ paradox — the one that says the sky should not be dark.” Something out there has to be absorbing light energy. 8 . 6. 2. well. but not all of them are true. they run a tiny bit faster than clocks on earth. the final frontier.

Try to avoid sneakers and shoes with rubber soles. You may have heard that uranium is so volatile that you just need to get enough of it together to get a reaction — that's how atom bombs work. After surveying over 200. they can go very far back. Join your Mensa friends at our newest event: Let’s Tango! Have you ever wanted to learn this beautiful and sensual dance? Then join us for a beginning tango lesson at The Ballroom of Reno on Thursday.org/renew. The tallest wave ever recorded on earth was a tsunami (boosted by a big chunk of a mountain falling into the water) that hit Alaska in July of 1958. Among other things.0 on the Richter scale measured at about the same time — somehow brought two uranium-rich rocks together. or just want to say hi. After jokingly saying they were looking for a name for the color. and adding the light gathered together. Wear comfortable clothing that does not inhibit your movements. Cost is $10. and that it was enough to achieve critical mass. If you have a pair of tango shoes. 10. They take the ice from those holes and go over them millimeter by millimeter to check out the temperatures and air composition in the past — since the ice down there never melts. plus 40 stories. suggestions. May 2. 9. You may also have heard of the Tunguska Blast.000 galaxies.” 8. radiation levels measured immediately after the blast are consistent with a uranium blast. No partner is necessary. concerns. the seismic event measuring 5.. they came up with an average color that is a very light beige. Current theory says those two facts are related.us.m. Climate scientists go down to Antarctica to drill holes in the ice. There were 5 deaths. but they are not necessary. or someone was doing atomic theory many years before anyone we've heard of. but is in fact the highest it’s been in over 100.. and boom. at 7 p. they got several suggestions mailed in. their studies show that the amount of CO2 in the air is not just at a recent high..000 years.mensa. please feel free to contact me at . I look forward to hearing from you!  9 . A team of astronomers from Johns Hopkins university has determined the “average color” of the universe. Any questions.. Its height was recorded as 1720 feet — the height of the Empire State Building. NNM Facebook group. If you haven’t already done so you can renew your Mensa membership online at www. wear them. Wear shoes that will stay on your feet and pivot easily: thin leather soles are ideal for this. which leads to speculation that something — say. which flattened forests in Siberia in 1908. and eventually settled on “Cosmic Latte. brilliant ideas.  Answers on page 26 Membership by Sandra Lackovic The Mensa membership year begins April 1 and ends March 31. Either that. NNM Yahoo group.7.

The national flower of Scotland isn’t observed as such merely because of its attractive purple color. work their way down the Scottish west coast and take over the Hebrides Islands and make incursions into the Kintyre Peninsula. the Orkney Islands. The barelegged warriors approached the death of a thousand cuts to their exposed legs well before making any headway. He brought more than 150 longships from (Continued on page 21) 10 . The Vikings soon discovered that the Scots had planted plots a half mile thick of Scotch thistle. The isthmus is located at a place called Tarbert. As the Scots had their harbors fortified against direct attacks of Vikings boldly sailing their longboats directly into the Scottish harbors. The etymology of the word means.From the LocSec by Bob McAllister Conclusion of “The Celts” Along with the new Irish (Scoti) visits came the incursions of the Vikings. Magnus Barelegs. The Vikings from Norway were able to occupy the Shetland Islands. the Earl of Ross launched an attack on the Isle of Skye. roughly. A black stone was discovered that actually burned. King Alexander III approached the Norwegian King Haakon (also Haco) and offered to buy the Hebrides (the Western Isles) from Viking occupation. Thus. “carry/ drag-boat. He had one of his hardy crews portage a boat across the narrow isthmus and laid claim to the entire peninsula. resulted in a bargain struck to avoid a battle that promised much bloodshed. Farming became verdant. The Vikings would be allowed to lay claim to an area that they could circumnavigate with one of their boats in a day’s time. One of Alexander III’s nobles. This infuriated Haakon and he began to amass an invading army. The eleventh and twelfth centuries in Scotland came to be known as Scotland’s Golden Age. There was little strife in an otherwise harsh place. giving the Scots warmth during winters. Coal was a primary source of energy there for a long time afterward. (History has it that he was called Barefoot because he emulated the Irish practice of riding barefoot. Another has it that he adopted the Celtic form of dress favored by the Scots and Irish of wearing a short tunic that left his legs bare. a part of the Irish Sea. the Vikings took the tactic of beaching their boats a few miles away from protected harbors and conducted sneak attacks from behind the unsuspecting villages. A Norwegian king. Haakon refused just as he had refused when Alexander II previously had offered. He sailed a boat up Loch Tarbert.” Eventually the Vikings had made incursions as far as the Isle of Man where Magnus became King of Man. named Magnus Barelegs (sometimes called Magnus Barefoot) had a surprise in store. Viking. a long inlet that cut almost all the way across the peninsula to a very short isthmus (less than a thousand yards) that led to the Firth of Clyde. One confrontation between the Scots at the northern end of the Kintyre Peninsula.

New Event: Lets Tango! Join us for a beginning tango lesson at The Ballroom of Reno. New Location: the Clubhouse at Skyline Villas.mensa. Mensa Admissions Testing: First Saturday from 3-5 p.org Mensa Programs: Second Saturday at 6 p.org May 19. until ? Sage Hill Clay Sports. distance and direction of the target and intercept it with a stream of pellets from a shotgun. Contact Richard Arbib Calendar@northernnevada. by Richard Arbib May 11.. http://www. Pot Luck dinner. Your goal is to quickly evaluate the speed. (Trap or Skeet: $8/25 targets. and disasters. Multi-Dimensional Physics Practical Exercise (Involving Shotguns and Clay Targets) 11 a. at Grassroots Books.m. Reno June 1. at 7 p.m. speaker at the Washoe Valley home of Bob.S. glaciers. on Thursday.m.m. RSVP (helpful but not required) at . Forest Service aboard the Alaska Marine Highway ferry the Columbia. 395. Turn LEFT onto Rio Wrangler. 7370 Desert Way. (775) 851-1123.m. Your contact is John . Sporting Clays: $45/100 targets. at the Reno home of Loren. June 15. Speaker: Loren MacArthur worked for five summers as a seasonal ranger for the U. She told passengers stories about Alaska’s fascinating history and its bears. Gun rental $25) 11 .m. Grove St. Directions: From U. Follow Rio Wrangler onto the access road and into the shooting facility (We're up on the hill above you). Turn LEFT onto Steamboat Parkway. but can we apply our knowledge of ballistic trajectories and time in a real-world setting? You simply say “Pull!” and a clay target is thrown into the air.. volcanoes. She’ll show the slides and tell you some of the best stories after the potluck.us.S. Our speaker will be from the Audubon Society. Wear comfortable clothing that does not inhibit your movements. 2540 Sutro St #1.Events and Activities: May 2. May 2. Along the way she took or collected photos of America’s wild and stunningly beautiful state. ravens. Potluck at 6:30 p. 7 p. Reno. NNM Facebook group. May 4. Reno. speaker at 7:30 p.us.sagehillclays. No partner is necessary. whales. Cost is $10.com/ We are all smart people. Directions: .m. exit at Damonte Ranch Parkway and drive EAST. 660 E. Contact Sandra at . Contact Mindy Hsu: Testing@northernnevada. NNM Yahoo group.mensa.

Virginia. Century Riverside. Oceano at the Peppermill Reno Hotel Casino. Reno. June 25. 853-7575 was picked by Natalie Sera. June 18.m. Sierra St. 6:30 p.m. Reno. Supper Club: Third Tuesday at 6 p. It will be held on May 28 and. 13999 S.m. Bring food and/or drinks to share. Space is limited so please RSVP for address and driving instructions to NNM Facebook group. Oceano at the Peppermill Reno Hotel Casino.'s Brewhouse. Sushi Pier 2 Contact Sandra or NNM Facebook group. 6 p. Let's head to Hi Point Coffee and Café. Extensive seafood menu set in a dramatic undersea environment. (866) 821-9996.m.m. 11 N. May 21. May 28. 6 p. 95 N. B. Reno For more information or to offer suggestions for future dinners contact Sandra. David Daniels. Sushi Lovers — Not Just Sushi! Everyone is Welcome! May 21. Dinner at the Chocolate Bar.m. May 25.m. 5 p. Sierra St. Reno Contact Barbara or Sandra. The opera that conquered London in Handel’s time comes to the Met in David McVicar’s lively production. or NNM Facebook group. June 22.J. new production.com/dining/casual-dining/oceano/ Voted Reno's Best Seafood by the Reno Gazette Journal. www.More Events and Activities: Dinner and the Opera: Wednesdays at 5:00 p. Reno 12 Contact Don or Laura . . Last opera of the season. May 15. Reno. Handel’s Giulio Cesare. June 29. in keeping with the Hispanic theme of this Neva-Mind. Wild River Grille.peppermillreno. Baroque specialist Harry Bicket conducts. Reno. 2707 S. you could select a spicy Cinco de Mayo lunch. Reno.m. Join us for games at Sandy's place in Incline Village. Combined with Supper Club this month. Virginia Street. Opera. Games at Tahoe: Saturday 4 p. Lunch Bunch: Fourth Tuesday at 11:45 a. The world’s leading countertenor. sings the title role opposite Natalie Dessay as Cleopatra.

May 2013 Sun Mon Tue Wed 1 May Day Thu 2 New Event: Let’s Tango! 3 Fri Sat 4 Game Night at Joe’s & Mensa Testing 11 Mensa Program & National Train Day 18 5 Cinco de Mayo 6 7 8 9 10 12 Mother’s Day 13 14 15 Dinner and the Opera 16 17 20 19 Skeet/ Trap Shooting 21 Supper Club & Sushi Lovers 28 Lunch Bunch 22 23 24 25 Games at Tahoe 26 27 Memorial Day 29 30 31 June 1 Game Night at Joe’s & Mensa Testing Game Night at Joe's Place: First Saturdays. June 1. Contact: Joe . 13 .m. 4:30 to 8:30 p. May 4. Potluck.

T O T N E Q O M C H H L G U E R R I L L A O I S T A M P E D E Y O S E N O L A B A V R O A B C S F T Y K R E J V I R N L A A E L A B I N N A C K O K L H N G D L K F V S A C E G L E B Y O T A T O P N O W I I Y G Y O W A N O J D E C M I G G N A M D F D K A A T A A O I R F A R Z T D T A B R L O N C R M K N O Q S V A P O A C A R K E A R R U Q R G E C P N G Z A N T D M O G V V T C A O E F O N P E I O T N P O A C R R B T Y C R F L N G L Y B H B O C T J G H D A L N A O O E L L Y O T A M O T C O Z C T T L B A R R A C U D A V A L M L L M O I P L A T I N U C O L A T E X H W R U C M A C N M M E N L T M H Copyright © 2008 Anna Wright. Clever and wise Crawling bug that infests homes Desert canine Diner who eats not with the neighbors.WordSearchMaker. www. Use the clues to identify these words first. Biscayne is one.) But. Wright Everyone knows a few Spanish words (fiesta. (Also a popular 60's TV show. etc. sombrero. taco. then find them in the puzzle.) 14 Answers on page 26 .Spanish to English by Anna M. the hidden words below are so commonly used in the English language that we sometimes forget that they came originally from Spanish too. Spellings can go in any straight line direction and overlap too.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Also called cherry pepper American animal that takes it's fortress with it. but the neighbors Do you remember when Dan Quayle had trouble spelling this vegetable? Dried meat treat 10 Favorite food espoused especially by Mensans 11 Freshmen often line up for meals here 12 Gold rush exclamation.

If you receive the Neva-Mind in black and white. 16 Horse that needs to be tamed. The alcove I photographed was bright yellow and blue softened by the green shades of the foliage. — Loren MacArthur 15 . 31 Town square (or 5-star NY hotel) 32 Twister 33 Warrior who uses stealth and surprise as main tactics 34 When the cattle go wild 35 Where the hands tend the “dogies” 36 Wild horse native to Nevada Cover Credits: Loren MacArthur On the cover: The Don Quijote school in Guanajuato. where I studied Spanish. 17 Huge storm from the Atlantic 18 It's a small boat 19 It's cousin is a crocodile.13 Grain storage location 14 Green gemstone 15 Herb that's usually associated with Italian cuisine. If I were a house. often mistaken for silver 21 Narrow space between mountains 22 Not a cigarette or a Tiparillo ® 23 Partial or complete prohibition of trade 24 Pipe filler 25 Red vegetable that's actually a fruit 26 Southwest Indian tribe famed for it's fierce warriors 27 Tasty mollusk that's larger than a clam 28 That large slab of concrete in your yard. oranges. blues. 20 Metal with atomic number 78. I’d be bright blue trimmed in bright green living in a beige neighborhood. greens and shades of rust. blazed with the colors of Mexico — bright yellows. I miss the bright colors of the houses I passed every day walking to school there. you can check out the colors on the net version. 29 The slammer 30 This fish has a long jaw with powerful teeth.

and sustainable economies in the Americas.Postcards from Oaxaca I traveled to Oaxaca. Our mission on return was to share the experience and knowledge we gained with our communities in an effort to increase understanding and ease tensions. Witness for Peace is an organization that supports peace. justice. It was an amazing life-changing experience! by Sandra Lackovic Parade as part of a celebration of the many native cultures. 2011 16 . as part of a “Witness for Peace” delegation funded by the Hagedorn Foundation. Matias Romero. Mexico. My group was sent to study the issues surrounding migration because of the hostile climate for migrants on Long Island. in October 2011.

Oaxaca.View from Paulina hostel. Oaxaca 2011 17 . 2011 Mural in support of migrants.

the brochure arrives quickly and the con man calls back. he’ll say “No one has ever lost money buying gold. For most scams. and attempt to tailor his pitch to your particular interests. and “safety” is important to them. for example. If you ask yet additional questions. But tucked into this exchange will be one critical question: “can you write him a big check?” For a gold scam. for example. he’ll enthusiastically reinforce some of his earlier points. What they want is always the same — your money! And they know how to get it. completely glossing over the fact that he might be selling gold coins.000 to print. mutual funds. explain in general terms how terrific his product is and 1-800-123-4567 how lucky you are to have called today — they have only one or two memberships left. Here are the four stages of their frauds: The Front: Things typically begin with an advertisement Buy Gold in a newspaper or an infomercial on TV. He’s especially likely to wonder out loud why you are not jumping at the chance to buy this amazing investment today — what’s the matter with you? 18 . he may even act a little rude. But even single males are susceptible to such tactics — for example. indicating. that such questions are trivial or that he’s already answered them. If you say “no. who will brochure. The Drive: Sure enough. What they sell varies — for example. He’ll also ask for your phone number so that he can call you back after you’ve read it. and often personable individuals who commit fraud for a living. These are the boiler-room scammers — those well-organized. because they’ve lost money in the stock market and are seeking better returns elsewhere. Simkin Imagine an entire room full of con men whose only job is to convince their victims to write them big checks. oil and gas leases. four-color brochure that cost in excess of $75. if you tell him you think gold is a safer investment than stocks. Smith. he might casually say “Mr. It’s better than money!” Widows are particularly susceptible to such pitches because their husbands made all their investment decisions. The scam artist will also ask you if you are ready to buy now. fast-talking.000. not gold bullion. we have a minimum investment requirement of $10. For example.The Boiler Room Scammers by Mark G.” he’ll ask for your address and send you an amazingly slick. Is that a problem for you?” If you say “yes. He will also ask personal questions about you and reveal personal facts about himself. vending-machine routes. If you call that 800 Call now for a free number. or cell phone kiosks.” he’ll hang up as quickly as possible. you’ll talk to one of these con artists. extolling the The Safest Investment virtues of whatever product they’re selling —see the adon Earth! vertisement for gold included here.

 We were all saddened by the news of the loss of Mensa member and dear friend. if the scam involved franchising. Simkin is a Professor of Information Systems at the University of Nevada. and repetitive calls to the company are deflected or never answered. your lawyer may discover fine print in your contract that says. or even to take out a second mortgage — tasks for which the organization has inhouse specialists. and they’ll carefully read from a script. 2012). the scammer will act as though he is delighted to fulfill the request. He helped us create the Mensa for Kids! pages and contributed the always inquisitive character. and will appear to randomly pick the names of other customers for you to call. Mauri will be sorely missed. there is a good chance you’ll never hear from them again. that you agree to buy gold coins at huge markups and or that you realize some of the coins may not even be authentic. Geronimo Jones. Mark G. friend and editor 19 . Outsmarting the Scam Artists (New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. Often. When asked. The Close: This final phase of the fraud occurs when the victim agrees to invest with the company. They aren’t the customers they pretend to be. Reno.2013). But the individuals you’ll get to speak to are all “singers” who work for the scammer’s organization. But even if it’s still in operation. In short. Inc. singing the praises of the company and bragging about all the money they’ve made since signing up with it. you’ve been scammed — big time! For further reading: Doug Shadel. We dedicate this issue to Maurice Pollack (1929 . The gold coins or vending machines never quite get delivered. Maurice Pollack. Before you can hire a lawyer and file a law suit. for example.. And once they receive your check or wire transfer. Anna M. for example. This would probably be important to you.The Singer: The one question that a scammer cannot easily deflect is a request to speak to other customers. Wright. Mauri was great at sharing unusual tidbits of information and always had a cheerful thing to say to everyone. the company is out of business. this requires him or her to liquidate 401k plans or other assets.

generally undergo a 300 hour course in addition to their medical school and residency training. both the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture as well as the World Health Organization have developed lists of conditions treatable by acupuncture. In the United States. For the sake of completeness. non-physician acupuncturists are trained to understand Western Allopathic Medicine. Physician acupuncturists.html The training of acupuncturists is worth understanding. patients in my acupuncture clinic are seen for conditions such as low back. digestive disorders. neck and joint pains. Acupuncture can also be effective in treating many other chronic systemic conditions. and Bone setting. of course. which requires additional studies in Chinese Herbology.com/acu_info/faqs. Branches of TCM include Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Up until the last century. http://medicalacupuncture. rheumatoid arthritis. on the other hand. Oriental Medical Doctor (OMD). Herbal Medicine. including both Acupuncture and Chinese Herbology. There are two broad categories of acupuncturists: Non-physicians trained in TCM and Acupuncture as well as physicians trained in Medical Acupuncture. fibromyalgia.Ask the Doctor by Dr. Massage. This initial course enables them to practice Medical Acupuncture. practitioners of TCM generally practice Acupuncture and Moxibustion. as well as Chinese Herbal Medicine. Howard Chen Question: I know you are trained in the art and science of acupuncture. the various branches of TCM are together able to treat most common medical conditions. etc. What are some ailments acupuncture can ameliorate? Does it hurt? Answer: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a system of therapeutic modalities that were first developed over five thousand years ago. infertility. but not the full range of TCM. when Western Allopathic Medicine became the standard of medicine throughout the world. due to its traditional use as primary and specialty medicine. In addition. such as multiple sclerosis. the modalities of TCM functioned as the sole primary and specialty medical care for Asian populations throughout the Orient. migraine headaches.Ac). allergies and respiratory issues. well trained in all aspects of TCM. on any given day. anxiety / depression / stress. and inflammatory bowel disease. For instance. Today. Chinese Massage. or Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM). peripheral neuropathy. In the Western hemisphere. Physician 20 . and the common cold or flu. and are generally designated with the title of Licensed Acupuncturist (L. they are. While they cannot prescribe Western medications or make Western Diagnoses. non-physician acupuncturists attend 3 .4 years of graduate level studies at a facility accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM). tobacco and substance abuse.

They turned for assistance and direction to their trusted southern cousins and friends.S. One night during a storm. they did not drown. He briefly married a French princess. This succeeded and Haakon.org Dr. For those patients who have multiple medical problems and who take multiple medications. and type of needle used. both categories of practitioner are acceptable. he and two bodyguards saddled up and rode to a ferry to cross the very large Firth of Forth. An acupuncture treatment generally lasts between 30 and 90 minutes and is usually done in a relaxing environment where you may rest or sleep. I recommend seeking a nonphysician acupuncturist.  21 . leaving him with no heir to his kingdom. feeling defeated by the fates. I recommend seeing a Medical Acupuncturist.  (LocSec continued from page 10) Norway and stopped briefly at an Orkney island where he had hoped to recruit more. but is dependent on needle location.  Ask the Doctor yourself: Email editor@northennevada. anyway. insertion technique.acpuncture. vulnerable while still at sea. Pain from acupuncture needling is generally minimal. People have lived their lives at the edge. as they set sail.acupuncturists generally achieve medical board certification through the American Board of Medical Acupuncture. For healthier patients who are more interested in general wellness and Chinese herbs.us. There has been almost continual strife. not just in Europe. Alexander III found himself at the Edinburgh Castle after conducting business of state and found that an exceptionally wild storm had arrived. I’ve written about this to show that an incredible amount of effort has gone into history. Http://www. What has gone on before is in large part forgotten. Alexander III’s wife and two sons died unexpectedly. They galloped on. Thousands of years have passed and humanity has fought its way to the here and now. Against counsel of his advisors. please inform your acupuncturist. rider less. a fellow of the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture. but Alexander III became separated from his guards in the storm. His horse arrived home the next morning.com maintains a list of acupuncturists in the U. Howard Chen is board certified by the American Board of Family Medicine. would be caught in the eventual onslaught of early winter storms. but worldwide. Some. the English. The English promptly turned on the Scots. In selecting an acupuncturist. with whom he hoped an heir might be gained. and Medical Director of Preventive and Integrative Medicine Services at Renown Health. If needle pain develops after needle insertion. And all that we know is what the victors of those strivings have recorded for us to believe. retreated to Norway and his son. Against all odds. And that’s a whole bunch more of history. His body later was found at the foot of cliff. Reno. King of Man Magnus Barefoot. Kintyre and the Hebrides and then joined Haakon back in Norway. Haakon wasn’t all that successful and. The Scots’ council of nobles found themselves without a ruler. A lot of it is even good. Yolande.mensa. Alexander III stalled Haakon’s forces with negotiations that were engaged so that Haakon’s fleet. Much of what we do today will be forgotten tomorrow. negotiated a payment for the territories of Man. the would-be invaders unnervingly experienced a total solar eclipse.

com/watch?v=Yy3dQJYquoY Mexico.youtube. Back to the Future? Build your own “hoverboard” with plywood and a leaf blower.be/0yFMF1sSb2E Bugging the bugs.Mensa for Kids! (and kids at heart) by Maurice Pollack and Anna Wright Dining Out Mexican Style: Rearrange the letters to spell these foods.com/kids/ places/find/mexico/ 22 . Then use the numbered letters To decode the message below. http:// kids. Computer Zone All links are from National Geographic. http://youtu. an introduction especially for kids. How much do we really know about the Mormon cricket? https://www.nationalgeographic.

Anne Boleyn was his second wife. But one day Henry felt depressed. scissors. and a good job too. what do you think is meant by the phrase “Hopped the twig”? How does that relate to the poem’s theme? Rock. Piedra. I think that it is very funny.1965) Bluff King Hal was full of beans He married half a dozen queens For three called Kate they cried the banns And one called Jane. Her portrait thrilled him to the core. 1. papel. paper. Maybe you did. He swore to cherish her all his life. Geronimo Jones Henry the VIII (by Eleanor Farjeon.Hi. And. tijeras. But seeing a third. Billed and cooed to keep alive.) 2. Catherine Howard. Answers on page 25 23 . But when he met her face to face Another royal divorce took place. he wished instead He chopped off poor Anne Boleyn’s head. and a couple of Annes. The first he asked to share his reign Was Kate of Aragon. straight from Spain But when his love for her was spent He got a divorce. in the last line. I did not learn this poem in elementary school. In the first line. Sixth and last was Catherine Parr Sixth and last and luckiest far For this time it was Henry who Hopped the twig. He married the next afternoon Jane Seymour. which was rather soon. 1881 . what does “Bluff” King Hal mean? (Hint: It’s not the same as in today’s English language. But after one year as his bride She crept into her bed and died. number five. The executioner did the rest. Anne of Cleves was number four. Research project:. and out she went.

: Will coordinate for open dates and publish when scheduled. Past LocSec: Ed Hanley.m. 2013 Minutes of 08-893 April ExComm meeting: Present were LocSec: Bob McAllister. Wright. Wright. 2nd Vice-Secretary: Gerry Lockhart. Also present were Membership Chair: Sandra Lackovic.: Request calendar entry for skeet shooting event date to be decided.: Seconded Unanimous approval 9:12 p. Neva-Mind Editor: Anna Wright. Wright.: Motion to make payment for guest speaker meal when meeting is held in a restaurant. Treasurer: Carole Preisach. McAllister: Second Unanimous approval McAllister: Appointment of Gloria Dondero Pedro as NNM Ombudsman (AKA Mediator/Arbitrator) Discussion of position responsibilities.: Discussion regarding $25 testing payment received from American Mensa national office. standard operating procedure.: Move to pay Grassroots Books $25 (one time only) as a gift for allowing NNM to use their facility for testing. Preisach.at Bangkok Cuisine South. A. A. Meeting convened 8:56 p.: Motion to approve.: Seconded Unanimous approval Lockhart: Motion to adjourn Wright. Lackovic: Request permission to publish calendar events in community calendars accessible by the general public (where appropriate) in order to facilitate public interest and recruitment. 1st Vice-Secretary: Ken Wright. Wright. — Kenneth Wright 24 .m. Appointment stands. A. K. C.Notes from Your ExComm: April 14. C. Wright. No motion necessary. A.: Seconded Unanimous approval Member Preisach. with condition of protecting all members personal data. J. A. Program Chair: Richard Arbib and Member John Preisach. Preisach.

just because I could.mensa. articles.org Mensa for Kids! answers: Dining Out Research: “Bluff” means portly or fat. Debra Reiger. enjoying the Bulletin and my local newsletter. but there was so much interesting conversation! So I started going to events. it was because I had read a magazine article about Mensa which listed test scores that would provide “prior evidence” to qualify. some were talkative.us. and member discounts via the American Mensa website (www. sent them in. Then I sat back and lurked. and was delighted to join. Some were shy. which is the information related about the queens in the poem. a little shy about actually participating. and on several levels. and have had many years of fun.mensa. met the man who is now my spouse. and along the line I made friends. 25 . which may provide some good ways for the tech-loving crowd to reach out and stay in touch. Active or observing. When I joined Mensa in the 1980s. So I dusted off my old ACT scores. I hope your Mensa experience is a good one. good conversation. Eventually I took a deep breath and went to a local event — wow. Everyone was friendly. and then I volunteered to organize some events. Wow.org)? The Bulletin and local newsletter? RGs and AGs? The Mensa Foundation (MERF) and its research and scholarship programs? My membership means a lot to me. Have a great month. “Hopped the twig” means to die. Keep an eye out for social networking opportunities being developed by our national organization. and intellectual stimulation. rvc8@us.From the RVC by Debra Reiger What does your Mensa membership mean to you? Opportunities to meet and socialize with other smart people? Access to games.

The sound known as “The Bloop” 9: True.co. many thanks to the “Font of All which means light tends to red-shift and Human Knowledge” (i. Wikipedia: Olbers’ paradox astrobiology 6: True. Many.. one of its www. but it’s explained by the universe still expanding. Wikipedia) for then go out of the visible range.uk/science/2009/apr/21/ hallmarks is that it doesn’t interact with space-raspberries-amino-acidslight at all.yale.guardian. ice calving. Some records go back as far as 3: True.) hypothesis Wikipedia: Ice core 4: True. The exisnice basic articles on these concepts. papers/CommonAncestors/ Wikipedia: Tunguska event NatureAncestorsPressRelease. Wikipedia: Cosmic Latte is now believed to have been Antarctic 10: True. tence of Dark Matter is speculated be1: True. Most recent common 7: False.edu/~jtc5/ Tunguska blast on a comet impact. Mitochondrial Eve: Wikipedia: Global Positioning System Mitochondrial Eve. Olbers’ paradox is real. (Desert Research Institute named Theia.000 years. Current theory blames the ancestor: http://www. Wikipedia: Bloop Wikipedia:1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami Puzzle Page answers: Spanish to English answers: pimento armadillo key savvy cockroach coyote cannibal potato jerky chocolate cafeteria bonanza silo jade oregano bronco alligator cigar tomato patio hoosegow barracuda O I R F A R Z T D T A B R L O N C R M K N O Q S V A P O A C A R K E A R R U Q R G E C P N G Z A N T D M O G V V T C A O plaza tornado guerrilla E F O N P E I O T N P O A C R R B T Y C R F L N G L Y B H B O C T J G H D A L N A O O E L stampede ranch mustang L Y O T A M O T C O Z C T T L B A R R A C U D A V A L M L L hurricane platinum embargo Apache canoe T O T N E Q O M C H canyon H L G U E R R I L L A O I S T A M P E D E Y O S E N O L A B A V R O A B C tobacco S F T Y K R E J V I R N L A A E L A B I N N A C K O K L H N G D L K F V S A C E G L E B Y abalone O T A T O P N O W I I Y G Y O W A N O J D E C M I G G N A M D F D K A A T A A M O I P L A T I N U C O L A T E X H W R U C M A C N M M E N L T 26 M H .stat.html 8: True. The other planet has been 400.e. Wikipedia: Giant impact here in town does some of this research.5: False. strangely enough: http:// cause of gravitational effects. Wikipedia: Error Analysis for the 2: True. including the numbers.

as well as legal or medical advice. including the newsletters of recognized local chapters. may be reprinted in other official Mensa publications. Guidance and Hospitality to Travelers World Gathering (Conference) DISCLAIMER Mensa as an organization holds no opinions. All views and opinions expressed in the Neva-Mind are those of the individual writer or the editor. Proper credit to the author and publication must be included in any reprints. Northern Nevada Mensa Publication Recognition Program Regional Gathering (Conference) Regional Vice-Chair Special Interest Group Service of Information. All statements of fact contained herein.Mensa-Speak What are we saying? AG AMC AML ExComm LDW LocSec M/Ms MERF MIL NNM PRP RG RVC SIG SIGHT WG Annual Gathering (Conference) American Mensa Committee (National Elected or Appointed Officers) American Mensa Ltd. with the exception of expressly copyrighted material. (National Office Employees) Executive Committee (Local Elected Officers) Leadership Development Workshop Local Secretary (Local President) Mensans Mensa Education & Research Foundation Mensa International Ltd. 27 . All material published in the Neva-Mind. are neither confirmed nor denied by Mensa. and should not be relied upon without consultation with and confirmation from other appropriate and reliable sources.

350 Old Washoe Circle. Ltd.us. c/o Robert McAllister. Known Office of Publication: Anna M Wright. 1229 Corporate Dr.. Washoe Valley.mensa. NV 89704. Postmaster: Send address changes to: American Mensa.. NV 89406. Check us out at: http://northernnevada.84 portion of their annual membership. Members of American Mensa local group #893 receive the Neva-Mind for a $9. Arlington.org/ . West. TX 76006-6103. Subscriptions to others are available at $10. TX 76006-6013 TIME DATED MATERIAL PLEASE DELIVER PROMPTLY TO: IDENTIFICATION STATEMENT The Neva-Mind is published monthly by Northern Nevada Mensa. Fallon.00 per year payable by check to Neva-Mind Subscriptions. 1229 Corporate Drive West Arlington. 510 Michael Dr.American Mensa Ltd.