Neva-Mind, Northern Nevada Mensa Volume 37, Issue 5, May 2013

Northern Nevada Mensa Volunteers
Executive Committee
LOCAL SECRETARY Robert McAllister LocSec@northernnevada.us.mensa.org FIRST VICE-SECRETARY Ken Wright TREASURER Carole Preisach Treasurer@northernnevada.us.mensa.org PAST LOCAL SECRETARY Ed Hanley

SECOND VICE-SECRETARY Gerald Lockhart

NEVA-MIND EDITOR Anna Wright Editor@northernnevada.us.mensa.org

Appointed Officers
PROGRAM CHAIR Richard Arbib Calendar@northernnevada.us.mensa.org GIFTED CHILDREN COORDINATOR Volunteer needed WEBMASTER Mindy Hsu Webmaster@northernnevada.us.mensa.org TESTING COORDINATOR Mindy Hsu Testing@northernnevada.us.mensa.org TEST PROCTORS Fallon Anna Wright REGIONAL VICE-CHAIR Reno/Sparks Annemarie McTaggart Mindy Hsu Volunteers Needed: SCHOLARSHIP CHAIR Anna Wright OMBUDSMAN Gloria Dondero Pedro S.I.G.H.T. COORDINATOR TEST PROCTORS HISTORIAN UNR PROCTOR Debra Reiger rvc8@us.mensa.org RECRUITMENT Don MacGregor MEMBERSHIP CHAIR Sandra Lackovic Other Areas Volunteers needed NEVA-MIND DISTRIBUTION Robert McAllister AREA COORDINATORS Churchill County Ken Wright

Welcome!

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hopefully. Much of the written material was destroyed. interventions and more negotiations with countries like the United States of America. had a very rich pre-Columbian history featuring famous sedentary and developed groups like the Aztecs (also named Mexicas — it sounds sort of like mechjias) and Mayans. The strongest group living there was the Chichimecas (which is a náhuatl word for barbarian or uncivilized). Unfortunately for everyone in this area. if you are guessing “Mexican” and “Mexico” comes from “Mexicas.“Cinco de Mayo” in Mexico Cinthia Reyes (www. corn. some of our commemorated dates are subject to confusion outside of the country. Spain and France. Another hypothesis considers a prophecy of the return of Quetzalcóatl (also known as Kukulkan by certain groups). a man-shaped god represented as tall. some of which became allies with Spain to take them down.cinthiareyes.” you are right! One important detail that is questioned sometimes is why weren’t the Spanish attacked when they first arrived this continent? One hypothesis says they looked like Vikings. and a chemical engineer who has chosen to become a teacher. Cinthia! — Anna Wright Cinthia Reyes Mexican history is filled with negotiations. Before Christopher Columbus discovered America (from the European point of view) in 1492. Therefore I present to you a very short review of what happened in this area prior to this famous date and afterwards I will explain what happened with this battle. Cinthia Reyes. clear up some of our misunderstandings. Nevertheless. She has also been Chair of Mensa Mexico for two terms and served as our International Liaison during Reno’s 2012 AG. Aztecs and others. white and bearded. Thank you. energetic young woman. Mesoamerica in contrast. Hernán Cortés. and I believe this may be the case with the 5th of May. I asked her to write a few words to help us understand the Cinco de Mayo celebration and. dry and mostly nomadic. was a Spanish conqueror who led in the fall of the Aztec Empire. Although. who had been long time visitors to the continent. And yes. The Aztec Empire was ruling the Mexicas area and also had other enemies. (Continued on page 4) 3 . I met Cinthia three years ago at the Denver AG. who is said to have taught science to Mayans.com) I’d like to take this opportunity to introduce one of my favorite friends from Mensa Mexico. Aridoamerica was the north area. Olmecs. She is a delightful. potatoes and tomatoes. the Spanish indeed vanquished the Aztecs and took the cultural and astronomical legacy of Mesoamerica down as well. Europe gained some fancy things from Mesoamerica: like the sewage system idea (which was pretty well implemented here). the Mexican territory was split in two areas: Aridoamerica and Mesoamerica. cocoa.

the first intention was actually meant to change the political organization but remain at the service of Spain. (Mexico is actually not the real name of the country.S.) During the time of the dictator Mexican President Santa Anna. also wished to expand its territory and invaded Mexico. They imposed language. The U. gained more than half of the Mexican territory and paid a symbolic amount to Mexico to recover from war. Napoleon Bonaparte had invaded Spain. rice and Mediterranean products. 4 . the people living in Texas expressed their desire to become independent from Mexico. forcing King Carlos IV and his son to abdiAn extra bonus detail in my story: this is the original Mexican cate the throne in faterritory as in 1821. date of Mexico is considered to be the 27th of September. bulls. 1821.(Cinco de Mayo continued from page 3) The Spanish rule over the now Latin America and part of the United States territory lasted long. it’s just for short and to avoid confusion with the U. The current Mexican territory is delimited by vor of Napoleon. and Mexico (in 1848). Although. taking the very president as prisoner to force him to accept Texas as non-Mexican territory. horses.S.S. It is said that Brazil was given to Portuguese as a mandate of a Catholic Pope (Alejandro VI) who “cut” the map in two parts to give each of the Empires a geographic part.A. and not just for internal reasons. Our country was then named: Estados Unidos Mexicanos and became independent from Spain. The the black-segmented line which unites at the east of Paseo del official independence Norte with the red one. The Mexican territory was the first one to begin a war “of Independence” (16th of September. The U. This concept has been debatable. Several years and struggles later between the U.S. 1810). though. Mexicans are taught in school that the war was meant to make an independent country from Spain. religion and brought cows. Mexico accepted the territorial conditions of its northern neighbor in exchange for peace.

Basado en Zorrilla.wikipedia. pp. led the right wing. Porfirio Díaz.84-85. England and Spain. Yet the French were defeated that day in that battle. But. Mexico was outnumbered and had fewer resources. 2010. The four countries signed a treaty in hope that Mexico could afford paying them back again as soon as possible. He actually was Austrian but represented France. Sierra Moncayo. Benito Juárez. declared that Mexico could not continue to pay them back. Earlier. The 5th of May is commemorated in Mexico probably because it’s inspiring to recognize the Mexican army’s capacity to defeat one of the most dreadful armies of the time. Mexico had been in internal and external battle since 1810. The story doesn’t end there. as president. Reynaldo.And at last we get to the 5th of May event. it is almost certain that it has become far more celebrated as a party outside of the Mexican territory. and he left a bankrupt state with external debt to France. ed. This caused a new military invasion from England. and with clear intention of taking over the country. On the 5th of May. (1977) Historia de las relaciones entre México y los Estados Unidos de América 1800-1958.  http://fr. Porrúa. and by the way. Santa Anna’s period was not peaceful. and at that time was still split in two main groups: those in favor that Mexico should be driven by an external country (the conservatives) and those against that idea (the liberals). Spain and France. who would become president eventually (and a new dictator). was kind of liberal and tried to help Mexicans. It’s a kind of “David and Goliath” symbol where the weakest faces and defeats (temporarily) the strongest. Conservatives supported and accompanied them. ed. 5 . But. The French. faced the French in Puebla. 1910. Ignacio Zaragoza. one of the most glorious armies of the time (hardly defeated besides Waterloo). they (France) could help it develop and become the first industrialized region of Latin America as well as a Catholic empire allied to France — capable of competing against the U.org/wiki/Intervention_française_au_Mexique Image with Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Mexico lost the war against France anyway and we had a French Emperor: Maximiliano I. and stopping the Anglo-Saxon and protestant expansion along the American continent. María Julia (2010) Atlas conmemorativo 1810. It should not be confused with our independency and it is not the most important date in our civic calendar. were not alone. breaking the treaty. México.S. Luis G. According to French Wikipedia.Siglo XXI Editores. We do have a military parade in Puebla that day and it’s an official day off in the whole country. the Mexican General. The French military forces arrived at Port of Veracruz and headed towards the capital city. France had clear intentions of establishing a French empire in Mexico (or what was left of it!). This struggle required money.0 Unported license by Sodro Cedeño. ISBN 978-607-03-0141-4. México pp-208-209. once order could be restored to this land.

Bien Ven Incline Village Reno Reno Reno Yerington Jerri Campbell Gary Campbell Elizabeth Hecklin George Johnson Northern Nevada Mensa wishes to thank Grassroots Books 660 East Grove Street Reno. More than 10. any genre. Limit one/person from any promotion in a calendar year. 6 Thanks! Show this paragraph for a free unstickered book. NV 89502 (775) 828-2665 For donating their space for Mensa Admissions Testing. Constance Black Jo Sherwood Kelly Smith Reno Reno Reno Reno Reno Incline Village Reno Reno Carson City Spring Creek Sparks Welcome and Welcome Back! John Scanlon ¡Hola! idos.000 to choose from.Happy Birthday! ¡Feliz Cumpleaños! May 1 5 8 8 20 23 23 24 27 29 30 Heather Dorsey-Hirt Mary Weber Joseph Van Alstyne Kevin Foley Ellen Hendricks Howard Beckerman Karin Dixson Frank Baird. . Jr.

” — Elisabeth Kubler-Ross What talent would you most like to have? I wish that my voice had been larger so that I could have been an opera singer. what’s the one thing you would bring? My volume of the complete works of Shakespeare and a Bible. graduating from medical school in the late 1920s. so she ended up doing all the work while holding my father's practice together (he was in the service) and raising her children. This was sad. So she had her five children. was a wonderful and caring mother. she could get no work as a doctor because she was a woman. When we moved to Seattle. and when the war came in the 40s she was able to find employment with the Seattle Health Department. Favorite quote: “It's only when we truly know and understand that we have a limited time on earth — and that we have no way of knowing when our time is up — that we will begin to live each day to the fullest. as my father was able to get a residency in Seattle. she ended up as Superintendent of Medicine for the Seattle Public High Schools and served on many boards and in many helping capacities in several organizations. She did an excellent job in everything she was involved in. They normally had three doctors but all three were in the service. Because she was a woman. Wisconsin. I did have a good career as a singer of German Lieder and French songs and am now quite happy playing the piano. but I do love opera. If you were stranded on a deserted island. Who is your real-life hero? My mother. After the war. What is always in your refrigerator? Yogurt.Meet a Mensan by Ashley Cullins Meet Annemarie McTaggart. she couldn't get a residency at any other hospital so they had to give her one at Marquette University in Milwaukee.  Annemarie McTaggart 7 . where would it be? Paris. a Mensa member since 1966. She was a doctor. as if it was the only one we had. if I could afford to live there. and she is my ideal. If you could live anywhere in the world. where we eventually lived.

much louder than the loudest noise any animal has been known to make.5 billion years ago the proto-earth was hit by a planet the size of Mars. we’re even closer related. Which would mean the center of our galaxy includes about 10 billion billion billion liters of something close to raspberry rum. wait.. Because the satellites that make up the system are in orbit. Best guess says it was from a remote part of the South Pacific... hence the name. loud enough) to be heard by hydrophones 5000 km apart.” And yet. your location would be about 10 km off each day.. and therefore subject to much less gravity. Olbers’ paradox — the one that says the sky should not be dark.. it was only 3000 (that’s right. Ain’t science fun?) Can you spot the fake stories? 1. by about 38 microseconds per day. three thousand) years ago there lived the Most Recent Common Ancestor. because if the universe is infinite any point in the night sky should have the light of a star — is part of what prompted the theory of “dark matter. 6. but not all of them are true. 200. making her the “mother of us all.. 2. the final frontier. well.. by Travis McCord Below are 10 interesting little science stories.Puzzle Page Science. 5. In the middle of our galaxy is a massive cloud of organic compounds which has scientists very excited. read “in line with current theory” for “true” — these may be all false by the time you read this.. The noise in question rose rapidly in frequency over a minute while being “of sufficient amplitude” (i. Needless to say this left a huge mess. They were using a hydrophone setup derived from equipment used to detect Soviet submarines. Whoops. 3. brace yourself: the current theory of where the moon came from is that somewhere around 4. one ancestor of every single person on earth — this despite the fact that he had about 50 million contemporaries. The GPS system has to adjust itself for the Theory of Relativity.” a woman. they run a tiny bit faster than clocks on earth. (Well.” Something out there has to be absorbing light energy. despite it being much. And not just because it’s mainly alcohol. In 1997.. 8 . If you get scared by stories of things hitting the earth. According to extensive genetic research. A scientist at NOAA said he believed it was from some sort of animal.. female whose mitochondria we all carry.e.. It also has traces of a compound called ethyl formate — which happens to be what gives raspberries their flavor. researchers for the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) recorded a mysterious sound. 4.000 years ago in Kenya there lived “Mitochondrial Eve. part of which coalesced via gravity into our satellite. Without that adjustment.

. and adding the light gathered together. Wear shoes that will stay on your feet and pivot easily: thin leather soles are ideal for this. You may have heard that uranium is so volatile that you just need to get enough of it together to get a reaction — that's how atom bombs work. Among other things..000 galaxies.7. No partner is necessary. I look forward to hearing from you!  9 . Try to avoid sneakers and shoes with rubber soles. suggestions. they can go very far back. their studies show that the amount of CO2 in the air is not just at a recent high. but is in fact the highest it’s been in over 100. and boom.m. which flattened forests in Siberia in 1908.org/renew. at 7 p. There were 5 deaths. and eventually settled on “Cosmic Latte. A team of astronomers from Johns Hopkins university has determined the “average color” of the universe.us. 9. The tallest wave ever recorded on earth was a tsunami (boosted by a big chunk of a mountain falling into the water) that hit Alaska in July of 1958. and that it was enough to achieve critical mass. After jokingly saying they were looking for a name for the color. They take the ice from those holes and go over them millimeter by millimeter to check out the temperatures and air composition in the past — since the ice down there never melts. If you haven’t already done so you can renew your Mensa membership online at www.0 on the Richter scale measured at about the same time — somehow brought two uranium-rich rocks together. Its height was recorded as 1720 feet — the height of the Empire State Building. concerns. plus 40 stories.000 years.mensa. but they are not necessary. Either that. Any questions.. wear them. Cost is $10. radiation levels measured immediately after the blast are consistent with a uranium blast. they came up with an average color that is a very light beige. Climate scientists go down to Antarctica to drill holes in the ice. or someone was doing atomic theory many years before anyone we've heard of. Wear comfortable clothing that does not inhibit your movements.. Join your Mensa friends at our newest event: Let’s Tango! Have you ever wanted to learn this beautiful and sensual dance? Then join us for a beginning tango lesson at The Ballroom of Reno on Thursday. Current theory says those two facts are related. 10. they got several suggestions mailed in. brilliant ideas. NNM Yahoo group. or just want to say hi. After surveying over 200.  Answers on page 26 Membership by Sandra Lackovic The Mensa membership year begins April 1 and ends March 31. which leads to speculation that something — say.” 8. You may also have heard of the Tunguska Blast. If you have a pair of tango shoes. please feel free to contact me at . May 2. the seismic event measuring 5. NNM Facebook group.

the Vikings took the tactic of beaching their boats a few miles away from protected harbors and conducted sneak attacks from behind the unsuspecting villages. roughly. a long inlet that cut almost all the way across the peninsula to a very short isthmus (less than a thousand yards) that led to the Firth of Clyde. “carry/ drag-boat. The barelegged warriors approached the death of a thousand cuts to their exposed legs well before making any headway. work their way down the Scottish west coast and take over the Hebrides Islands and make incursions into the Kintyre Peninsula. Farming became verdant. named Magnus Barelegs (sometimes called Magnus Barefoot) had a surprise in store. One confrontation between the Scots at the northern end of the Kintyre Peninsula. Another has it that he adopted the Celtic form of dress favored by the Scots and Irish of wearing a short tunic that left his legs bare. The eleventh and twelfth centuries in Scotland came to be known as Scotland’s Golden Age. This infuriated Haakon and he began to amass an invading army. As the Scots had their harbors fortified against direct attacks of Vikings boldly sailing their longboats directly into the Scottish harbors. The national flower of Scotland isn’t observed as such merely because of its attractive purple color. A black stone was discovered that actually burned. He brought more than 150 longships from (Continued on page 21) 10 . The Vikings would be allowed to lay claim to an area that they could circumnavigate with one of their boats in a day’s time. The etymology of the word means. a part of the Irish Sea. The isthmus is located at a place called Tarbert. A Norwegian king. He had one of his hardy crews portage a boat across the narrow isthmus and laid claim to the entire peninsula.” Eventually the Vikings had made incursions as far as the Isle of Man where Magnus became King of Man. There was little strife in an otherwise harsh place. Thus. (History has it that he was called Barefoot because he emulated the Irish practice of riding barefoot. the Orkney Islands. resulted in a bargain struck to avoid a battle that promised much bloodshed. The Vikings soon discovered that the Scots had planted plots a half mile thick of Scotch thistle. The Vikings from Norway were able to occupy the Shetland Islands. the Earl of Ross launched an attack on the Isle of Skye.From the LocSec by Bob McAllister Conclusion of “The Celts” Along with the new Irish (Scoti) visits came the incursions of the Vikings. Magnus Barelegs. Coal was a primary source of energy there for a long time afterward. Viking. One of Alexander III’s nobles. He sailed a boat up Loch Tarbert. giving the Scots warmth during winters. Haakon refused just as he had refused when Alexander II previously had offered. King Alexander III approached the Norwegian King Haakon (also Haco) and offered to buy the Hebrides (the Western Isles) from Viking occupation.

until ? Sage Hill Clay Sports. 7 p. Turn LEFT onto Steamboat Parkway. speaker at 7:30 p.m.sagehillclays. Directions: From U.mensa. at the Reno home of Loren. Contact Mindy Hsu: Testing@northernnevada. June 15. Contact Sandra at . Reno. RSVP (helpful but not required) at . Speaker: Loren MacArthur worked for five summers as a seasonal ranger for the U.org Mensa Programs: Second Saturday at 6 p.m.Events and Activities: May 2. Your contact is John .mensa. Pot Luck dinner. New Event: Lets Tango! Join us for a beginning tango lesson at The Ballroom of Reno. Reno. Reno June 1.org May 19. at 7 p. Follow Rio Wrangler onto the access road and into the shooting facility (We're up on the hill above you).m. New Location: the Clubhouse at Skyline Villas. whales.m. (775) 851-1123. Grove St. Your goal is to quickly evaluate the speed. Turn LEFT onto Rio Wrangler.m.m. ravens. distance and direction of the target and intercept it with a stream of pellets from a shotgun. (Trap or Skeet: $8/25 targets. Directions: . volcanoes. glaciers.com/ We are all smart people. Along the way she took or collected photos of America’s wild and stunningly beautiful state.S. but can we apply our knowledge of ballistic trajectories and time in a real-world setting? You simply say “Pull!” and a clay target is thrown into the air. Contact Richard Arbib Calendar@northernnevada. Sporting Clays: $45/100 targets.us. Cost is $10. at Grassroots Books. exit at Damonte Ranch Parkway and drive EAST. May 2.. 660 E. and disasters.S. May 4. Gun rental $25) 11 . Forest Service aboard the Alaska Marine Highway ferry the Columbia.. She’ll show the slides and tell you some of the best stories after the potluck. 2540 Sutro St #1. Potluck at 6:30 p. NNM Facebook group. http://www. No partner is necessary.us. 7370 Desert Way. NNM Yahoo group. Our speaker will be from the Audubon Society.m. She told passengers stories about Alaska’s fascinating history and its bears. Multi-Dimensional Physics Practical Exercise (Involving Shotguns and Clay Targets) 11 a. Mensa Admissions Testing: First Saturday from 3-5 p. speaker at the Washoe Valley home of Bob. 395. Wear comfortable clothing that does not inhibit your movements. by Richard Arbib May 11. on Thursday.

Join us for games at Sandy's place in Incline Village. Bring food and/or drinks to share.J. May 25. new production. Reno 12 Contact Don or Laura .'s Brewhouse. 13999 S. The world’s leading countertenor. in keeping with the Hispanic theme of this Neva-Mind. 95 N. sings the title role opposite Natalie Dessay as Cleopatra. May 28.m. Sushi Lovers — Not Just Sushi! Everyone is Welcome! May 21.peppermillreno. Oceano at the Peppermill Reno Hotel Casino. Handel’s Giulio Cesare. 11 N. 6 p. or NNM Facebook group. Sierra St. June 29. June 18. www. Dinner at the Chocolate Bar.More Events and Activities: Dinner and the Opera: Wednesdays at 5:00 p. B. 6:30 p.com/dining/casual-dining/oceano/ Voted Reno's Best Seafood by the Reno Gazette Journal.m. . Virginia Street. Sushi Pier 2 Contact Sandra or NNM Facebook group. 2707 S. 5 p. David Daniels. Baroque specialist Harry Bicket conducts. Sierra St. you could select a spicy Cinco de Mayo lunch. June 25. Wild River Grille. Supper Club: Third Tuesday at 6 p. Reno For more information or to offer suggestions for future dinners contact Sandra.m. Reno. Space is limited so please RSVP for address and driving instructions to NNM Facebook group. 853-7575 was picked by Natalie Sera.m. Extensive seafood menu set in a dramatic undersea environment. May 15. Games at Tahoe: Saturday 4 p.m. Reno. Reno Contact Barbara or Sandra.m. Lunch Bunch: Fourth Tuesday at 11:45 a.m. June 22. Last opera of the season.m. Reno. 6 p. The opera that conquered London in Handel’s time comes to the Met in David McVicar’s lively production. Let's head to Hi Point Coffee and Café. Reno. (866) 821-9996. Reno. It will be held on May 28 and. May 21. Opera. Virginia. Oceano at the Peppermill Reno Hotel Casino. Century Riverside. Combined with Supper Club this month.

Potluck. June 1. 4:30 to 8:30 p. 13 .m. May 4. Contact: Joe .May 2013 Sun Mon Tue Wed 1 May Day Thu 2 New Event: Let’s Tango! 3 Fri Sat 4 Game Night at Joe’s & Mensa Testing 11 Mensa Program & National Train Day 18 5 Cinco de Mayo 6 7 8 9 10 12 Mother’s Day 13 14 15 Dinner and the Opera 16 17 20 19 Skeet/ Trap Shooting 21 Supper Club & Sushi Lovers 28 Lunch Bunch 22 23 24 25 Games at Tahoe 26 27 Memorial Day 29 30 31 June 1 Game Night at Joe’s & Mensa Testing Game Night at Joe's Place: First Saturdays.

T O T N E Q O M C H H L G U E R R I L L A O I S T A M P E D E Y O S E N O L A B A V R O A B C S F T Y K R E J V I R N L A A E L A B I N N A C K O K L H N G D L K F V S A C E G L E B Y O T A T O P N O W I I Y G Y O W A N O J D E C M I G G N A M D F D K A A T A A O I R F A R Z T D T A B R L O N C R M K N O Q S V A P O A C A R K E A R R U Q R G E C P N G Z A N T D M O G V V T C A O E F O N P E I O T N P O A C R R B T Y C R F L N G L Y B H B O C T J G H D A L N A O O E L L Y O T A M O T C O Z C T T L B A R R A C U D A V A L M L L M O I P L A T I N U C O L A T E X H W R U C M A C N M M E N L T M H Copyright © 2008 Anna Wright. taco. Wright Everyone knows a few Spanish words (fiesta. then find them in the puzzle. Spellings can go in any straight line direction and overlap too.) 14 Answers on page 26 . the hidden words below are so commonly used in the English language that we sometimes forget that they came originally from Spanish too. etc. www. Use the clues to identify these words first. sombrero. Biscayne is one.) But. (Also a popular 60's TV show.WordSearchMaker. Clever and wise Crawling bug that infests homes Desert canine Diner who eats not with the neighbors. but the neighbors Do you remember when Dan Quayle had trouble spelling this vegetable? Dried meat treat 10 Favorite food espoused especially by Mensans 11 Freshmen often line up for meals here 12 Gold rush exclamation.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Also called cherry pepper American animal that takes it's fortress with it.Spanish to English by Anna M.

29 The slammer 30 This fish has a long jaw with powerful teeth. — Loren MacArthur 15 . often mistaken for silver 21 Narrow space between mountains 22 Not a cigarette or a Tiparillo ® 23 Partial or complete prohibition of trade 24 Pipe filler 25 Red vegetable that's actually a fruit 26 Southwest Indian tribe famed for it's fierce warriors 27 Tasty mollusk that's larger than a clam 28 That large slab of concrete in your yard. 17 Huge storm from the Atlantic 18 It's a small boat 19 It's cousin is a crocodile. If you receive the Neva-Mind in black and white. I’d be bright blue trimmed in bright green living in a beige neighborhood. greens and shades of rust. 20 Metal with atomic number 78. 31 Town square (or 5-star NY hotel) 32 Twister 33 Warrior who uses stealth and surprise as main tactics 34 When the cattle go wild 35 Where the hands tend the “dogies” 36 Wild horse native to Nevada Cover Credits: Loren MacArthur On the cover: The Don Quijote school in Guanajuato. If I were a house.13 Grain storage location 14 Green gemstone 15 Herb that's usually associated with Italian cuisine. you can check out the colors on the net version. 16 Horse that needs to be tamed. I miss the bright colors of the houses I passed every day walking to school there. The alcove I photographed was bright yellow and blue softened by the green shades of the foliage. blues. blazed with the colors of Mexico — bright yellows. oranges. where I studied Spanish.

2011 16 .Postcards from Oaxaca I traveled to Oaxaca. Our mission on return was to share the experience and knowledge we gained with our communities in an effort to increase understanding and ease tensions. Witness for Peace is an organization that supports peace. as part of a “Witness for Peace” delegation funded by the Hagedorn Foundation. and sustainable economies in the Americas. Mexico. It was an amazing life-changing experience! by Sandra Lackovic Parade as part of a celebration of the many native cultures. justice. My group was sent to study the issues surrounding migration because of the hostile climate for migrants on Long Island. in October 2011. Matias Romero.

View from Paulina hostel. Oaxaca. Oaxaca 2011 17 . 2011 Mural in support of migrants.

not gold bullion. These are the boiler-room scammers — those well-organized.000. What they sell varies — for example. and often personable individuals who commit fraud for a living. Here are the four stages of their frauds: The Front: Things typically begin with an advertisement Buy Gold in a newspaper or an infomercial on TV. For most scams. or cell phone kiosks. The Drive: Sure enough.000 to print. If you ask yet additional questions.” he’ll hang up as quickly as possible. for example. What they want is always the same — your money! And they know how to get it. But even single males are susceptible to such tactics — for example. mutual funds.The Boiler Room Scammers by Mark G. extolling the The Safest Investment virtues of whatever product they’re selling —see the adon Earth! vertisement for gold included here. If you say “no. who will brochure. indicating. explain in general terms how terrific his product is and 1-800-123-4567 how lucky you are to have called today — they have only one or two memberships left.” he’ll ask for your address and send you an amazingly slick. fast-talking. and attempt to tailor his pitch to your particular interests. completely glossing over the fact that he might be selling gold coins. For example. It’s better than money!” Widows are particularly susceptible to such pitches because their husbands made all their investment decisions. But tucked into this exchange will be one critical question: “can you write him a big check?” For a gold scam. The scam artist will also ask you if you are ready to buy now. for example. Is that a problem for you?” If you say “yes. If you call that 800 Call now for a free number. Smith. the brochure arrives quickly and the con man calls back. that such questions are trivial or that he’s already answered them. Simkin Imagine an entire room full of con men whose only job is to convince their victims to write them big checks. vending-machine routes. He will also ask personal questions about you and reveal personal facts about himself. He’ll also ask for your phone number so that he can call you back after you’ve read it. he may even act a little rude. he might casually say “Mr. he’ll enthusiastically reinforce some of his earlier points. four-color brochure that cost in excess of $75. you’ll talk to one of these con artists. oil and gas leases. and “safety” is important to them. because they’ve lost money in the stock market and are seeking better returns elsewhere. He’s especially likely to wonder out loud why you are not jumping at the chance to buy this amazing investment today — what’s the matter with you? 18 . he’ll say “No one has ever lost money buying gold. if you tell him you think gold is a safer investment than stocks. we have a minimum investment requirement of $10.

Inc. the company is out of business. Anna M. for example. The gold coins or vending machines never quite get delivered. and repetitive calls to the company are deflected or never answered. He helped us create the Mensa for Kids! pages and contributed the always inquisitive character. the scammer will act as though he is delighted to fulfill the request. Before you can hire a lawyer and file a law suit. if the scam involved franchising. and they’ll carefully read from a script. this requires him or her to liquidate 401k plans or other assets. Geronimo Jones. your lawyer may discover fine print in your contract that says. there is a good chance you’ll never hear from them again. The Close: This final phase of the fraud occurs when the victim agrees to invest with the company. They aren’t the customers they pretend to be.2013). This would probably be important to you.  We were all saddened by the news of the loss of Mensa member and dear friend. Wright.The Singer: The one question that a scammer cannot easily deflect is a request to speak to other customers. Mark G. When asked. Reno. Outsmarting the Scam Artists (New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. you’ve been scammed — big time! For further reading: Doug Shadel. 2012). Often. Maurice Pollack. And once they receive your check or wire transfer. But even if it’s still in operation. But the individuals you’ll get to speak to are all “singers” who work for the scammer’s organization. We dedicate this issue to Maurice Pollack (1929 . that you agree to buy gold coins at huge markups and or that you realize some of the coins may not even be authentic. Simkin is a Professor of Information Systems at the University of Nevada. friend and editor 19 . Mauri will be sorely missed. or even to take out a second mortgage — tasks for which the organization has inhouse specialists. for example. In short.. Mauri was great at sharing unusual tidbits of information and always had a cheerful thing to say to everyone. singing the praises of the company and bragging about all the money they’ve made since signing up with it. and will appear to randomly pick the names of other customers for you to call.

etc. In the Western hemisphere. What are some ailments acupuncture can ameliorate? Does it hurt? Answer: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a system of therapeutic modalities that were first developed over five thousand years ago. This initial course enables them to practice Medical Acupuncture. In the United States. and Bone setting. non-physician acupuncturists are trained to understand Western Allopathic Medicine. For the sake of completeness.com/acu_info/faqs. Chinese Massage. such as multiple sclerosis. fibromyalgia. Herbal Medicine. patients in my acupuncture clinic are seen for conditions such as low back. Acupuncture can also be effective in treating many other chronic systemic conditions. peripheral neuropathy.Ac). For instance. anxiety / depression / stress. rheumatoid arthritis. which requires additional studies in Chinese Herbology. the various branches of TCM are together able to treat most common medical conditions. digestive disorders. they are. and are generally designated with the title of Licensed Acupuncturist (L. Oriental Medical Doctor (OMD). non-physician acupuncturists attend 3 . and the common cold or flu. well trained in all aspects of TCM. both the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture as well as the World Health Organization have developed lists of conditions treatable by acupuncture. Howard Chen Question: I know you are trained in the art and science of acupuncture. and inflammatory bowel disease.Ask the Doctor by Dr. In addition. or Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM). neck and joint pains. when Western Allopathic Medicine became the standard of medicine throughout the world. infertility. of course. as well as Chinese Herbal Medicine. There are two broad categories of acupuncturists: Non-physicians trained in TCM and Acupuncture as well as physicians trained in Medical Acupuncture. Physician acupuncturists. on the other hand. allergies and respiratory issues. Physician 20 .html The training of acupuncturists is worth understanding. due to its traditional use as primary and specialty medicine. http://medicalacupuncture. including both Acupuncture and Chinese Herbology. While they cannot prescribe Western medications or make Western Diagnoses. migraine headaches. on any given day. tobacco and substance abuse. the modalities of TCM functioned as the sole primary and specialty medical care for Asian populations throughout the Orient. Massage. Today. Branches of TCM include Acupuncture and Moxibustion. but not the full range of TCM. Up until the last century. practitioners of TCM generally practice Acupuncture and Moxibustion.4 years of graduate level studies at a facility accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM). generally undergo a 300 hour course in addition to their medical school and residency training.

negotiated a payment for the territories of Man. An acupuncture treatment generally lasts between 30 and 90 minutes and is usually done in a relaxing environment where you may rest or sleep.acpuncture.org Dr. I’ve written about this to show that an incredible amount of effort has gone into history. They galloped on. both categories of practitioner are acceptable. Reno. Alexander III’s wife and two sons died unexpectedly. vulnerable while still at sea.  21 . His horse arrived home the next morning. and Medical Director of Preventive and Integrative Medicine Services at Renown Health. not just in Europe.  (LocSec continued from page 10) Norway and stopped briefly at an Orkney island where he had hoped to recruit more. Http://www.com maintains a list of acupuncturists in the U. There has been almost continual strife. anyway. Much of what we do today will be forgotten tomorrow. This succeeded and Haakon.  Ask the Doctor yourself: Email editor@northennevada. Yolande. the English. And all that we know is what the victors of those strivings have recorded for us to believe. but is dependent on needle location. but Alexander III became separated from his guards in the storm. And that’s a whole bunch more of history. I recommend seeing a Medical Acupuncturist. Kintyre and the Hebrides and then joined Haakon back in Norway. but worldwide. In selecting an acupuncturist. Against counsel of his advisors. retreated to Norway and his son. a fellow of the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture.us. For those patients who have multiple medical problems and who take multiple medications. he and two bodyguards saddled up and rode to a ferry to cross the very large Firth of Forth. leaving him with no heir to his kingdom. Alexander III stalled Haakon’s forces with negotiations that were engaged so that Haakon’s fleet. The English promptly turned on the Scots. The Scots’ council of nobles found themselves without a ruler. insertion technique. Haakon wasn’t all that successful and. rider less. please inform your acupuncturist. with whom he hoped an heir might be gained. Against all odds. and type of needle used. they did not drown. would be caught in the eventual onslaught of early winter storms.S. the would-be invaders unnervingly experienced a total solar eclipse. as they set sail. A lot of it is even good. Thousands of years have passed and humanity has fought its way to the here and now. People have lived their lives at the edge. His body later was found at the foot of cliff. What has gone on before is in large part forgotten. Howard Chen is board certified by the American Board of Family Medicine. If needle pain develops after needle insertion.mensa. feeling defeated by the fates. They turned for assistance and direction to their trusted southern cousins and friends. One night during a storm. Alexander III found himself at the Edinburgh Castle after conducting business of state and found that an exceptionally wild storm had arrived. I recommend seeking a nonphysician acupuncturist. He briefly married a French princess. King of Man Magnus Barefoot. For healthier patients who are more interested in general wellness and Chinese herbs.acupuncturists generally achieve medical board certification through the American Board of Medical Acupuncture. Some. Pain from acupuncture needling is generally minimal.

an introduction especially for kids. How much do we really know about the Mormon cricket? https://www.youtube.nationalgeographic. Then use the numbered letters To decode the message below.be/0yFMF1sSb2E Bugging the bugs. http:// kids. Computer Zone All links are from National Geographic. http://youtu.com/watch?v=Yy3dQJYquoY Mexico. Back to the Future? Build your own “hoverboard” with plywood and a leaf blower.com/kids/ places/find/mexico/ 22 .Mensa for Kids! (and kids at heart) by Maurice Pollack and Anna Wright Dining Out Mexican Style: Rearrange the letters to spell these foods.

Billed and cooed to keep alive.) 2. I think that it is very funny. Anne of Cleves was number four. The first he asked to share his reign Was Kate of Aragon. tijeras. Answers on page 25 23 . In the first line.Hi. Geronimo Jones Henry the VIII (by Eleanor Farjeon. papel. and out she went. Anne Boleyn was his second wife. I did not learn this poem in elementary school. straight from Spain But when his love for her was spent He got a divorce. what does “Bluff” King Hal mean? (Hint: It’s not the same as in today’s English language. Her portrait thrilled him to the core. But after one year as his bride She crept into her bed and died.1965) Bluff King Hal was full of beans He married half a dozen queens For three called Kate they cried the banns And one called Jane. He married the next afternoon Jane Seymour. and a couple of Annes. scissors. But when he met her face to face Another royal divorce took place. Research project:. But seeing a third. in the last line. 1. But one day Henry felt depressed. He swore to cherish her all his life. number five. paper. Maybe you did. Piedra. and a good job too. The executioner did the rest. 1881 . Catherine Howard. And. which was rather soon. he wished instead He chopped off poor Anne Boleyn’s head. Sixth and last was Catherine Parr Sixth and last and luckiest far For this time it was Henry who Hopped the twig. what do you think is meant by the phrase “Hopped the twig”? How does that relate to the poem’s theme? Rock.

: Discussion regarding $25 testing payment received from American Mensa national office.Notes from Your ExComm: April 14. 2nd Vice-Secretary: Gerry Lockhart. Wright. Program Chair: Richard Arbib and Member John Preisach. — Kenneth Wright 24 . J. Wright. Preisach. Lackovic: Request permission to publish calendar events in community calendars accessible by the general public (where appropriate) in order to facilitate public interest and recruitment.at Bangkok Cuisine South. C. A.: Motion to approve. No motion necessary. Past LocSec: Ed Hanley.: Will coordinate for open dates and publish when scheduled.: Seconded Unanimous approval Lockhart: Motion to adjourn Wright.m. 2013 Minutes of 08-893 April ExComm meeting: Present were LocSec: Bob McAllister. Appointment stands. 1st Vice-Secretary: Ken Wright.: Move to pay Grassroots Books $25 (one time only) as a gift for allowing NNM to use their facility for testing.: Seconded Unanimous approval 9:12 p. Wright.: Seconded Unanimous approval Member Preisach.: Motion to make payment for guest speaker meal when meeting is held in a restaurant. A. Also present were Membership Chair: Sandra Lackovic. Neva-Mind Editor: Anna Wright. Preisach. A. Wright. standard operating procedure.: Request calendar entry for skeet shooting event date to be decided. Meeting convened 8:56 p. A. Wright. A. K. McAllister: Second Unanimous approval McAllister: Appointment of Gloria Dondero Pedro as NNM Ombudsman (AKA Mediator/Arbitrator) Discussion of position responsibilities.m. Treasurer: Carole Preisach. with condition of protecting all members personal data. C.

I hope your Mensa experience is a good one. rvc8@us. Have a great month. Debra Reiger. sent them in. “Hopped the twig” means to die. it was because I had read a magazine article about Mensa which listed test scores that would provide “prior evidence” to qualify. some were talkative. and intellectual stimulation.org)? The Bulletin and local newsletter? RGs and AGs? The Mensa Foundation (MERF) and its research and scholarship programs? My membership means a lot to me. Everyone was friendly. and member discounts via the American Mensa website (www. 25 . Some were shy. Keep an eye out for social networking opportunities being developed by our national organization.org Mensa for Kids! answers: Dining Out Research: “Bluff” means portly or fat. articles. and then I volunteered to organize some events. which is the information related about the queens in the poem. good conversation. Wow. and along the line I made friends. Eventually I took a deep breath and went to a local event — wow. but there was so much interesting conversation! So I started going to events. When I joined Mensa in the 1980s. and on several levels. just because I could. enjoying the Bulletin and my local newsletter. which may provide some good ways for the tech-loving crowd to reach out and stay in touch. a little shy about actually participating. So I dusted off my old ACT scores. met the man who is now my spouse.mensa.From the RVC by Debra Reiger What does your Mensa membership mean to you? Opportunities to meet and socialize with other smart people? Access to games. and have had many years of fun. Active or observing. Then I sat back and lurked.mensa.us. and was delighted to join.

Wikipedia: Olbers’ paradox astrobiology 6: True. Most recent common 7: False. strangely enough: http:// cause of gravitational effects.000 years.uk/science/2009/apr/21/ hallmarks is that it doesn’t interact with space-raspberries-amino-acidslight at all. Many. ice calving. Wikipedia: Cosmic Latte is now believed to have been Antarctic 10: True. Some records go back as far as 3: True.e.yale.) hypothesis Wikipedia: Ice core 4: True.edu/~jtc5/ Tunguska blast on a comet impact. The exisnice basic articles on these concepts. (Desert Research Institute named Theia.co. The sound known as “The Bloop” 9: True.stat. including the numbers.html 8: True. many thanks to the “Font of All which means light tends to red-shift and Human Knowledge” (i. Wikipedia) for then go out of the visible range. Wikipedia: Bloop Wikipedia:1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami Puzzle Page answers: Spanish to English answers: pimento armadillo key savvy cockroach coyote cannibal potato jerky chocolate cafeteria bonanza silo jade oregano bronco alligator cigar tomato patio hoosegow barracuda O I R F A R Z T D T A B R L O N C R M K N O Q S V A P O A C A R K E A R R U Q R G E C P N G Z A N T D M O G V V T C A O plaza tornado guerrilla E F O N P E I O T N P O A C R R B T Y C R F L N G L Y B H B O C T J G H D A L N A O O E L stampede ranch mustang L Y O T A M O T C O Z C T T L B A R R A C U D A V A L M L L hurricane platinum embargo Apache canoe T O T N E Q O M C H canyon H L G U E R R I L L A O I S T A M P E D E Y O S E N O L A B A V R O A B C tobacco S F T Y K R E J V I R N L A A E L A B I N N A C K O K L H N G D L K F V S A C E G L E B Y abalone O T A T O P N O W I I Y G Y O W A N O J D E C M I G G N A M D F D K A A T A A M O I P L A T I N U C O L A T E X H W R U C M A C N M M E N L T 26 M H .. tence of Dark Matter is speculated be1: True. papers/CommonAncestors/ Wikipedia: Tunguska event NatureAncestorsPressRelease. one of its www.5: False. but it’s explained by the universe still expanding. Current theory blames the ancestor: http://www. Mitochondrial Eve: Wikipedia: Global Positioning System Mitochondrial Eve. The other planet has been 400. Olbers’ paradox is real. Wikipedia: Error Analysis for the 2: True. Wikipedia: Giant impact here in town does some of this research.guardian.

Northern Nevada Mensa Publication Recognition Program Regional Gathering (Conference) Regional Vice-Chair Special Interest Group Service of Information. All material published in the Neva-Mind. 27 . (National Office Employees) Executive Committee (Local Elected Officers) Leadership Development Workshop Local Secretary (Local President) Mensans Mensa Education & Research Foundation Mensa International Ltd. including the newsletters of recognized local chapters. with the exception of expressly copyrighted material. may be reprinted in other official Mensa publications. are neither confirmed nor denied by Mensa. as well as legal or medical advice. and should not be relied upon without consultation with and confirmation from other appropriate and reliable sources. Guidance and Hospitality to Travelers World Gathering (Conference) DISCLAIMER Mensa as an organization holds no opinions. All views and opinions expressed in the Neva-Mind are those of the individual writer or the editor.Mensa-Speak What are we saying? AG AMC AML ExComm LDW LocSec M/Ms MERF MIL NNM PRP RG RVC SIG SIGHT WG Annual Gathering (Conference) American Mensa Committee (National Elected or Appointed Officers) American Mensa Ltd. Proper credit to the author and publication must be included in any reprints. All statements of fact contained herein.

1229 Corporate Dr. Fallon. NV 89704. 1229 Corporate Drive West Arlington.mensa. Check us out at: http://northernnevada. TX 76006-6103.. Members of American Mensa local group #893 receive the Neva-Mind for a $9. Postmaster: Send address changes to: American Mensa.org/ .American Mensa Ltd..84 portion of their annual membership. c/o Robert McAllister.00 per year payable by check to Neva-Mind Subscriptions. West. 510 Michael Dr. TX 76006-6013 TIME DATED MATERIAL PLEASE DELIVER PROMPTLY TO: IDENTIFICATION STATEMENT The Neva-Mind is published monthly by Northern Nevada Mensa. NV 89406. Subscriptions to others are available at $10.us. Ltd. Washoe Valley. Known Office of Publication: Anna M Wright. Arlington. 350 Old Washoe Circle.