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Neva-Mind, Northern Nevada Mensa Volume 37, Issue 5, May 2013

Northern Nevada Mensa Volunteers
Executive Committee
LOCAL SECRETARY Robert McAllister LocSec@northernnevada.us.mensa.org FIRST VICE-SECRETARY Ken Wright TREASURER Carole Preisach Treasurer@northernnevada.us.mensa.org PAST LOCAL SECRETARY Ed Hanley

SECOND VICE-SECRETARY Gerald Lockhart

NEVA-MIND EDITOR Anna Wright Editor@northernnevada.us.mensa.org

Appointed Officers
PROGRAM CHAIR Richard Arbib Calendar@northernnevada.us.mensa.org GIFTED CHILDREN COORDINATOR Volunteer needed WEBMASTER Mindy Hsu Webmaster@northernnevada.us.mensa.org TESTING COORDINATOR Mindy Hsu Testing@northernnevada.us.mensa.org TEST PROCTORS Fallon Anna Wright REGIONAL VICE-CHAIR Reno/Sparks Annemarie McTaggart Mindy Hsu Volunteers Needed: SCHOLARSHIP CHAIR Anna Wright OMBUDSMAN Gloria Dondero Pedro S.I.G.H.T. COORDINATOR TEST PROCTORS HISTORIAN UNR PROCTOR Debra Reiger rvc8@us.mensa.org RECRUITMENT Don MacGregor MEMBERSHIP CHAIR Sandra Lackovic Other Areas Volunteers needed NEVA-MIND DISTRIBUTION Robert McAllister AREA COORDINATORS Churchill County Ken Wright

Welcome!

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Unfortunately for everyone in this area. Much of the written material was destroyed.” you are right! One important detail that is questioned sometimes is why weren’t the Spanish attacked when they first arrived this continent? One hypothesis says they looked like Vikings. the Spanish indeed vanquished the Aztecs and took the cultural and astronomical legacy of Mesoamerica down as well. who had been long time visitors to the continent. Another hypothesis considers a prophecy of the return of Quetzalcóatl (also known as Kukulkan by certain groups). Therefore I present to you a very short review of what happened in this area prior to this famous date and afterwards I will explain what happened with this battle. energetic young woman. And yes. corn. Cinthia! — Anna Wright Cinthia Reyes Mexican history is filled with negotiations. cocoa. some of our commemorated dates are subject to confusion outside of the country. Cinthia Reyes. I met Cinthia three years ago at the Denver AG. Although. who is said to have taught science to Mayans. (Continued on page 4) 3 . dry and mostly nomadic.“Cinco de Mayo” in Mexico Cinthia Reyes (www. Mesoamerica in contrast. was a Spanish conqueror who led in the fall of the Aztec Empire. Hernán Cortés. She has also been Chair of Mensa Mexico for two terms and served as our International Liaison during Reno’s 2012 AG. some of which became allies with Spain to take them down. I asked her to write a few words to help us understand the Cinco de Mayo celebration and. Nevertheless. Europe gained some fancy things from Mesoamerica: like the sewage system idea (which was pretty well implemented here). hopefully. Aztecs and others. Olmecs. Before Christopher Columbus discovered America (from the European point of view) in 1492. clear up some of our misunderstandings. Thank you. and I believe this may be the case with the 5th of May. if you are guessing “Mexican” and “Mexico” comes from “Mexicas. the Mexican territory was split in two areas: Aridoamerica and Mesoamerica. a man-shaped god represented as tall. had a very rich pre-Columbian history featuring famous sedentary and developed groups like the Aztecs (also named Mexicas — it sounds sort of like mechjias) and Mayans. interventions and more negotiations with countries like the United States of America. white and bearded.com) I’d like to take this opportunity to introduce one of my favorite friends from Mensa Mexico. and a chemical engineer who has chosen to become a teacher. Spain and France. The Aztec Empire was ruling the Mexicas area and also had other enemies. The strongest group living there was the Chichimecas (which is a náhuatl word for barbarian or uncivilized). potatoes and tomatoes. Aridoamerica was the north area.cinthiareyes. She is a delightful.

Mexicans are taught in school that the war was meant to make an independent country from Spain. This concept has been debatable. and Mexico (in 1848). rice and Mediterranean products. Mexico accepted the territorial conditions of its northern neighbor in exchange for peace. Several years and struggles later between the U. (Mexico is actually not the real name of the country. gained more than half of the Mexican territory and paid a symbolic amount to Mexico to recover from war. also wished to expand its territory and invaded Mexico. taking the very president as prisoner to force him to accept Texas as non-Mexican territory.(Cinco de Mayo continued from page 3) The Spanish rule over the now Latin America and part of the United States territory lasted long. religion and brought cows. Although.) During the time of the dictator Mexican President Santa Anna. The U. The U. forcing King Carlos IV and his son to abdiAn extra bonus detail in my story: this is the original Mexican cate the throne in faterritory as in 1821. The the black-segmented line which unites at the east of Paseo del official independence Norte with the red one. and not just for internal reasons. the first intention was actually meant to change the political organization but remain at the service of Spain. 1821. 1810).S. They imposed language. It is said that Brazil was given to Portuguese as a mandate of a Catholic Pope (Alejandro VI) who “cut” the map in two parts to give each of the Empires a geographic part. The Mexican territory was the first one to begin a war “of Independence” (16th of September.S.S. Our country was then named: Estados Unidos Mexicanos and became independent from Spain. bulls. the people living in Texas expressed their desire to become independent from Mexico. date of Mexico is considered to be the 27th of September. it’s just for short and to avoid confusion with the U.A.S. 4 . The current Mexican territory is delimited by vor of Napoleon. though. Napoleon Bonaparte had invaded Spain. horses.

The 5th of May is commemorated in Mexico probably because it’s inspiring to recognize the Mexican army’s capacity to defeat one of the most dreadful armies of the time. Reynaldo. But. Luis G. On the 5th of May. who would become president eventually (and a new dictator). He actually was Austrian but represented France. Spain and France. Porfirio Díaz. one of the most glorious armies of the time (hardly defeated besides Waterloo). The French military forces arrived at Port of Veracruz and headed towards the capital city. declared that Mexico could not continue to pay them back.  http://fr. they (France) could help it develop and become the first industrialized region of Latin America as well as a Catholic empire allied to France — capable of competing against the U.0 Unported license by Sodro Cedeño. and at that time was still split in two main groups: those in favor that Mexico should be driven by an external country (the conservatives) and those against that idea (the liberals). and with clear intention of taking over the country. The French. Santa Anna’s period was not peaceful. The story doesn’t end there.S. Mexico was outnumbered and had fewer resources. pp. England and Spain. and by the way. France had clear intentions of establishing a French empire in Mexico (or what was left of it!). ed. and he left a bankrupt state with external debt to France.org/wiki/Intervention_française_au_Mexique Image with Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. It should not be confused with our independency and it is not the most important date in our civic calendar. María Julia (2010) Atlas conmemorativo 1810. (1977) Historia de las relaciones entre México y los Estados Unidos de América 1800-1958. We do have a military parade in Puebla that day and it’s an official day off in the whole country. But. 5 . Conservatives supported and accompanied them. was kind of liberal and tried to help Mexicans.And at last we get to the 5th of May event. Porrúa. Ignacio Zaragoza. This caused a new military invasion from England.Siglo XXI Editores. it is almost certain that it has become far more celebrated as a party outside of the Mexican territory. Yet the French were defeated that day in that battle. The four countries signed a treaty in hope that Mexico could afford paying them back again as soon as possible. México pp-208-209. Basado en Zorrilla. Earlier. ed. According to French Wikipedia. Benito Juárez. 2010.wikipedia. and stopping the Anglo-Saxon and protestant expansion along the American continent. led the right wing. Mexico had been in internal and external battle since 1810. This struggle required money. ISBN 978-607-03-0141-4. faced the French in Puebla. were not alone. once order could be restored to this land. It’s a kind of “David and Goliath” symbol where the weakest faces and defeats (temporarily) the strongest. the Mexican General.84-85. México. as president. Mexico lost the war against France anyway and we had a French Emperor: Maximiliano I. 1910. breaking the treaty. Sierra Moncayo.

Constance Black Jo Sherwood Kelly Smith Reno Reno Reno Reno Reno Incline Village Reno Reno Carson City Spring Creek Sparks Welcome and Welcome Back! John Scanlon ¡Hola! idos. . Limit one/person from any promotion in a calendar year. Jr. More than 10. 6 Thanks! Show this paragraph for a free unstickered book. NV 89502 (775) 828-2665 For donating their space for Mensa Admissions Testing.000 to choose from. Bien Ven Incline Village Reno Reno Reno Yerington Jerri Campbell Gary Campbell Elizabeth Hecklin George Johnson Northern Nevada Mensa wishes to thank Grassroots Books 660 East Grove Street Reno.Happy Birthday! ¡Feliz Cumpleaños! May 1 5 8 8 20 23 23 24 27 29 30 Heather Dorsey-Hirt Mary Weber Joseph Van Alstyne Kevin Foley Ellen Hendricks Howard Beckerman Karin Dixson Frank Baird. any genre.

a Mensa member since 1966. Favorite quote: “It's only when we truly know and understand that we have a limited time on earth — and that we have no way of knowing when our time is up — that we will begin to live each day to the fullest. so she ended up doing all the work while holding my father's practice together (he was in the service) and raising her children. but I do love opera. where we eventually lived. was a wonderful and caring mother. as my father was able to get a residency in Seattle. After the war. If you could live anywhere in the world.Meet a Mensan by Ashley Cullins Meet Annemarie McTaggart. If you were stranded on a deserted island. she couldn't get a residency at any other hospital so they had to give her one at Marquette University in Milwaukee. Wisconsin. she ended up as Superintendent of Medicine for the Seattle Public High Schools and served on many boards and in many helping capacities in several organizations. She was a doctor.  Annemarie McTaggart 7 . as if it was the only one we had. Who is your real-life hero? My mother. They normally had three doctors but all three were in the service. I did have a good career as a singer of German Lieder and French songs and am now quite happy playing the piano. what’s the one thing you would bring? My volume of the complete works of Shakespeare and a Bible. This was sad. Because she was a woman. if I could afford to live there. When we moved to Seattle. What is always in your refrigerator? Yogurt. and she is my ideal. where would it be? Paris. graduating from medical school in the late 1920s. So she had her five children. she could get no work as a doctor because she was a woman. and when the war came in the 40s she was able to find employment with the Seattle Health Department. She did an excellent job in everything she was involved in.” — Elisabeth Kubler-Ross What talent would you most like to have? I wish that my voice had been larger so that I could have been an opera singer.

. 6.. loud enough) to be heard by hydrophones 5000 km apart. one ancestor of every single person on earth — this despite the fact that he had about 50 million contemporaries. by Travis McCord Below are 10 interesting little science stories. According to extensive genetic research. your location would be about 10 km off each day. 2.. And not just because it’s mainly alcohol. because if the universe is infinite any point in the night sky should have the light of a star — is part of what prompted the theory of “dark matter. much louder than the loudest noise any animal has been known to make.. Best guess says it was from a remote part of the South Pacific. read “in line with current theory” for “true” — these may be all false by the time you read this. In the middle of our galaxy is a massive cloud of organic compounds which has scientists very excited.. (Well.e..” a woman. A scientist at NOAA said he believed it was from some sort of animal. It also has traces of a compound called ethyl formate — which happens to be what gives raspberries their flavor. Whoops. wait. 4. The GPS system has to adjust itself for the Theory of Relativity. female whose mitochondria we all carry.. the final frontier. 200. 8 ..5 billion years ago the proto-earth was hit by a planet the size of Mars.. 3. well. making her the “mother of us all. Without that adjustment. three thousand) years ago there lived the Most Recent Common Ancestor. it was only 3000 (that’s right.000 years ago in Kenya there lived “Mitochondrial Eve. Olbers’ paradox — the one that says the sky should not be dark.” And yet. If you get scared by stories of things hitting the earth. 5.. we’re even closer related. Because the satellites that make up the system are in orbit. and therefore subject to much less gravity. Which would mean the center of our galaxy includes about 10 billion billion billion liters of something close to raspberry rum. hence the name. Needless to say this left a huge mess. They were using a hydrophone setup derived from equipment used to detect Soviet submarines. The noise in question rose rapidly in frequency over a minute while being “of sufficient amplitude” (i. brace yourself: the current theory of where the moon came from is that somewhere around 4. researchers for the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) recorded a mysterious sound. part of which coalesced via gravity into our satellite. by about 38 microseconds per day..Puzzle Page Science. Ain’t science fun?) Can you spot the fake stories? 1. they run a tiny bit faster than clocks on earth. despite it being much. but not all of them are true.” Something out there has to be absorbing light energy. In 1997.

. which leads to speculation that something — say. No partner is necessary. or just want to say hi. and adding the light gathered together. Wear comfortable clothing that does not inhibit your movements. they got several suggestions mailed in.org/renew. You may also have heard of the Tunguska Blast. 9. Either that. Join your Mensa friends at our newest event: Let’s Tango! Have you ever wanted to learn this beautiful and sensual dance? Then join us for a beginning tango lesson at The Ballroom of Reno on Thursday. Among other things.. or someone was doing atomic theory many years before anyone we've heard of. NNM Yahoo group. radiation levels measured immediately after the blast are consistent with a uranium blast. A team of astronomers from Johns Hopkins university has determined the “average color” of the universe. Climate scientists go down to Antarctica to drill holes in the ice. I look forward to hearing from you!  9 . After surveying over 200.us. May 2. their studies show that the amount of CO2 in the air is not just at a recent high. NNM Facebook group. The tallest wave ever recorded on earth was a tsunami (boosted by a big chunk of a mountain falling into the water) that hit Alaska in July of 1958. Current theory says those two facts are related.  Answers on page 26 Membership by Sandra Lackovic The Mensa membership year begins April 1 and ends March 31. Cost is $10. 10.000 years. which flattened forests in Siberia in 1908.m. the seismic event measuring 5. wear them. and that it was enough to achieve critical mass. brilliant ideas.7.. concerns. If you have a pair of tango shoes. they can go very far back. Any questions.. Try to avoid sneakers and shoes with rubber soles. There were 5 deaths. and eventually settled on “Cosmic Latte. Wear shoes that will stay on your feet and pivot easily: thin leather soles are ideal for this. and boom.000 galaxies.” 8. If you haven’t already done so you can renew your Mensa membership online at www. plus 40 stories. Its height was recorded as 1720 feet — the height of the Empire State Building. they came up with an average color that is a very light beige. but they are not necessary. suggestions. You may have heard that uranium is so volatile that you just need to get enough of it together to get a reaction — that's how atom bombs work.0 on the Richter scale measured at about the same time — somehow brought two uranium-rich rocks together. please feel free to contact me at . After jokingly saying they were looking for a name for the color. They take the ice from those holes and go over them millimeter by millimeter to check out the temperatures and air composition in the past — since the ice down there never melts.mensa. at 7 p. but is in fact the highest it’s been in over 100.

The etymology of the word means. This infuriated Haakon and he began to amass an invading army. resulted in a bargain struck to avoid a battle that promised much bloodshed. a long inlet that cut almost all the way across the peninsula to a very short isthmus (less than a thousand yards) that led to the Firth of Clyde. He had one of his hardy crews portage a boat across the narrow isthmus and laid claim to the entire peninsula. Coal was a primary source of energy there for a long time afterward. Thus. There was little strife in an otherwise harsh place. Magnus Barelegs. the Earl of Ross launched an attack on the Isle of Skye.” Eventually the Vikings had made incursions as far as the Isle of Man where Magnus became King of Man. The national flower of Scotland isn’t observed as such merely because of its attractive purple color. King Alexander III approached the Norwegian King Haakon (also Haco) and offered to buy the Hebrides (the Western Isles) from Viking occupation. He sailed a boat up Loch Tarbert.From the LocSec by Bob McAllister Conclusion of “The Celts” Along with the new Irish (Scoti) visits came the incursions of the Vikings. The Vikings would be allowed to lay claim to an area that they could circumnavigate with one of their boats in a day’s time. work their way down the Scottish west coast and take over the Hebrides Islands and make incursions into the Kintyre Peninsula. He brought more than 150 longships from (Continued on page 21) 10 . One confrontation between the Scots at the northern end of the Kintyre Peninsula. a part of the Irish Sea. The barelegged warriors approached the death of a thousand cuts to their exposed legs well before making any headway. named Magnus Barelegs (sometimes called Magnus Barefoot) had a surprise in store. Farming became verdant. the Vikings took the tactic of beaching their boats a few miles away from protected harbors and conducted sneak attacks from behind the unsuspecting villages. roughly. Haakon refused just as he had refused when Alexander II previously had offered. The Vikings from Norway were able to occupy the Shetland Islands. As the Scots had their harbors fortified against direct attacks of Vikings boldly sailing their longboats directly into the Scottish harbors. “carry/ drag-boat. One of Alexander III’s nobles. The Vikings soon discovered that the Scots had planted plots a half mile thick of Scotch thistle. Viking. A black stone was discovered that actually burned. The isthmus is located at a place called Tarbert. (History has it that he was called Barefoot because he emulated the Irish practice of riding barefoot. The eleventh and twelfth centuries in Scotland came to be known as Scotland’s Golden Age. Another has it that he adopted the Celtic form of dress favored by the Scots and Irish of wearing a short tunic that left his legs bare. A Norwegian king. giving the Scots warmth during winters. the Orkney Islands.

Reno.. June 15. Contact Sandra at .m.m. glaciers. New Event: Lets Tango! Join us for a beginning tango lesson at The Ballroom of Reno.org Mensa Programs: Second Saturday at 6 p. 660 E.org May 19. distance and direction of the target and intercept it with a stream of pellets from a shotgun. Sporting Clays: $45/100 targets. Multi-Dimensional Physics Practical Exercise (Involving Shotguns and Clay Targets) 11 a.mensa. Reno. Cost is $10. NNM Yahoo group. Contact Mindy Hsu: Testing@northernnevada. Our speaker will be from the Audubon Society. Wear comfortable clothing that does not inhibit your movements. exit at Damonte Ranch Parkway and drive EAST.Events and Activities: May 2.sagehillclays. May 2. Grove St. 7370 Desert Way. She told passengers stories about Alaska’s fascinating history and its bears.us.m.. speaker at the Washoe Valley home of Bob. Follow Rio Wrangler onto the access road and into the shooting facility (We're up on the hill above you). Potluck at 6:30 p.m. RSVP (helpful but not required) at . Forest Service aboard the Alaska Marine Highway ferry the Columbia. May 4. New Location: the Clubhouse at Skyline Villas. Turn LEFT onto Steamboat Parkway. Along the way she took or collected photos of America’s wild and stunningly beautiful state. Directions: . Speaker: Loren MacArthur worked for five summers as a seasonal ranger for the U. Mensa Admissions Testing: First Saturday from 3-5 p.m. Your goal is to quickly evaluate the speed. until ? Sage Hill Clay Sports. Your contact is John . by Richard Arbib May 11. 7 p. whales.S.com/ We are all smart people. at 7 p. and disasters.mensa. but can we apply our knowledge of ballistic trajectories and time in a real-world setting? You simply say “Pull!” and a clay target is thrown into the air. 395. She’ll show the slides and tell you some of the best stories after the potluck. NNM Facebook group.S. ravens. Turn LEFT onto Rio Wrangler. Directions: From U. http://www. 2540 Sutro St #1. No partner is necessary. on Thursday. Contact Richard Arbib Calendar@northernnevada.m. Reno June 1. Gun rental $25) 11 . (775) 851-1123.us.m. at the Reno home of Loren. (Trap or Skeet: $8/25 targets. Pot Luck dinner. volcanoes. at Grassroots Books. speaker at 7:30 p.

sings the title role opposite Natalie Dessay as Cleopatra. Supper Club: Third Tuesday at 6 p. or NNM Facebook group. The opera that conquered London in Handel’s time comes to the Met in David McVicar’s lively production. David Daniels. Sierra St. Opera. It will be held on May 28 and.com/dining/casual-dining/oceano/ Voted Reno's Best Seafood by the Reno Gazette Journal. Extensive seafood menu set in a dramatic undersea environment. Reno Contact Barbara or Sandra. Handel’s Giulio Cesare. Let's head to Hi Point Coffee and Café.peppermillreno. 6:30 p. Reno. Games at Tahoe: Saturday 4 p. 6 p. Join us for games at Sandy's place in Incline Village. Reno. Oceano at the Peppermill Reno Hotel Casino.m. May 15. B. 95 N. Century Riverside.m. The world’s leading countertenor. 5 p. June 22. Sierra St. May 25. 853-7575 was picked by Natalie Sera. you could select a spicy Cinco de Mayo lunch. Combined with Supper Club this month. May 28.m. in keeping with the Hispanic theme of this Neva-Mind. Lunch Bunch: Fourth Tuesday at 11:45 a. Reno 12 Contact Don or Laura . May 21.m.'s Brewhouse.m. 11 N. www. Wild River Grille. Virginia Street. Bring food and/or drinks to share. Space is limited so please RSVP for address and driving instructions to NNM Facebook group. 6 p. Sushi Lovers — Not Just Sushi! Everyone is Welcome! May 21. Virginia.m. Reno.J. Last opera of the season. June 25. Reno. 2707 S. new production. (866) 821-9996. Reno For more information or to offer suggestions for future dinners contact Sandra. June 29.m. Reno. Sushi Pier 2 Contact Sandra or NNM Facebook group.More Events and Activities: Dinner and the Opera: Wednesdays at 5:00 p. Oceano at the Peppermill Reno Hotel Casino. Baroque specialist Harry Bicket conducts. 13999 S. June 18. . Dinner at the Chocolate Bar.m.

13 . Potluck. May 4.May 2013 Sun Mon Tue Wed 1 May Day Thu 2 New Event: Let’s Tango! 3 Fri Sat 4 Game Night at Joe’s & Mensa Testing 11 Mensa Program & National Train Day 18 5 Cinco de Mayo 6 7 8 9 10 12 Mother’s Day 13 14 15 Dinner and the Opera 16 17 20 19 Skeet/ Trap Shooting 21 Supper Club & Sushi Lovers 28 Lunch Bunch 22 23 24 25 Games at Tahoe 26 27 Memorial Day 29 30 31 June 1 Game Night at Joe’s & Mensa Testing Game Night at Joe's Place: First Saturdays. June 1. 4:30 to 8:30 p. Contact: Joe .m.

then find them in the puzzle.Spanish to English by Anna M. etc. (Also a popular 60's TV show. Wright Everyone knows a few Spanish words (fiesta. Clever and wise Crawling bug that infests homes Desert canine Diner who eats not with the neighbors. but the neighbors Do you remember when Dan Quayle had trouble spelling this vegetable? Dried meat treat 10 Favorite food espoused especially by Mensans 11 Freshmen often line up for meals here 12 Gold rush exclamation.) But. Use the clues to identify these words first.) 14 Answers on page 26 . sombrero. Spellings can go in any straight line direction and overlap too. taco. T O T N E Q O M C H H L G U E R R I L L A O I S T A M P E D E Y O S E N O L A B A V R O A B C S F T Y K R E J V I R N L A A E L A B I N N A C K O K L H N G D L K F V S A C E G L E B Y O T A T O P N O W I I Y G Y O W A N O J D E C M I G G N A M D F D K A A T A A O I R F A R Z T D T A B R L O N C R M K N O Q S V A P O A C A R K E A R R U Q R G E C P N G Z A N T D M O G V V T C A O E F O N P E I O T N P O A C R R B T Y C R F L N G L Y B H B O C T J G H D A L N A O O E L L Y O T A M O T C O Z C T T L B A R R A C U D A V A L M L L M O I P L A T I N U C O L A T E X H W R U C M A C N M M E N L T M H Copyright © 2008 Anna Wright. www. the hidden words below are so commonly used in the English language that we sometimes forget that they came originally from Spanish too. Biscayne is one.WordSearchMaker.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Also called cherry pepper American animal that takes it's fortress with it.

If you receive the Neva-Mind in black and white. oranges. blazed with the colors of Mexico — bright yellows. 31 Town square (or 5-star NY hotel) 32 Twister 33 Warrior who uses stealth and surprise as main tactics 34 When the cattle go wild 35 Where the hands tend the “dogies” 36 Wild horse native to Nevada Cover Credits: Loren MacArthur On the cover: The Don Quijote school in Guanajuato. where I studied Spanish. 16 Horse that needs to be tamed. — Loren MacArthur 15 . 17 Huge storm from the Atlantic 18 It's a small boat 19 It's cousin is a crocodile. you can check out the colors on the net version. I miss the bright colors of the houses I passed every day walking to school there. greens and shades of rust. If I were a house. 29 The slammer 30 This fish has a long jaw with powerful teeth. I’d be bright blue trimmed in bright green living in a beige neighborhood.13 Grain storage location 14 Green gemstone 15 Herb that's usually associated with Italian cuisine. 20 Metal with atomic number 78. The alcove I photographed was bright yellow and blue softened by the green shades of the foliage. blues. often mistaken for silver 21 Narrow space between mountains 22 Not a cigarette or a Tiparillo ® 23 Partial or complete prohibition of trade 24 Pipe filler 25 Red vegetable that's actually a fruit 26 Southwest Indian tribe famed for it's fierce warriors 27 Tasty mollusk that's larger than a clam 28 That large slab of concrete in your yard.

and sustainable economies in the Americas. My group was sent to study the issues surrounding migration because of the hostile climate for migrants on Long Island. Mexico. justice.Postcards from Oaxaca I traveled to Oaxaca. Matias Romero. It was an amazing life-changing experience! by Sandra Lackovic Parade as part of a celebration of the many native cultures. as part of a “Witness for Peace” delegation funded by the Hagedorn Foundation. 2011 16 . Our mission on return was to share the experience and knowledge we gained with our communities in an effort to increase understanding and ease tensions. in October 2011. Witness for Peace is an organization that supports peace.

Oaxaca. 2011 Mural in support of migrants. Oaxaca 2011 17 .View from Paulina hostel.

He will also ask personal questions about you and reveal personal facts about himself. for example. If you ask yet additional questions. we have a minimum investment requirement of $10. He’s especially likely to wonder out loud why you are not jumping at the chance to buy this amazing investment today — what’s the matter with you? 18 . The scam artist will also ask you if you are ready to buy now. But even single males are susceptible to such tactics — for example. that such questions are trivial or that he’s already answered them. indicating. The Drive: Sure enough. vending-machine routes. These are the boiler-room scammers — those well-organized. He’ll also ask for your phone number so that he can call you back after you’ve read it. he might casually say “Mr.000 to print. Is that a problem for you?” If you say “yes. four-color brochure that cost in excess of $75. he’ll enthusiastically reinforce some of his earlier points.” he’ll ask for your address and send you an amazingly slick. who will brochure.000. or cell phone kiosks. you’ll talk to one of these con artists. not gold bullion. For example. Smith. completely glossing over the fact that he might be selling gold coins. extolling the The Safest Investment virtues of whatever product they’re selling —see the adon Earth! vertisement for gold included here.The Boiler Room Scammers by Mark G. What they sell varies — for example. oil and gas leases. If you say “no. But tucked into this exchange will be one critical question: “can you write him a big check?” For a gold scam. Here are the four stages of their frauds: The Front: Things typically begin with an advertisement Buy Gold in a newspaper or an infomercial on TV. and “safety” is important to them. he’ll say “No one has ever lost money buying gold. Simkin Imagine an entire room full of con men whose only job is to convince their victims to write them big checks. and attempt to tailor his pitch to your particular interests. because they’ve lost money in the stock market and are seeking better returns elsewhere. explain in general terms how terrific his product is and 1-800-123-4567 how lucky you are to have called today — they have only one or two memberships left. For most scams. If you call that 800 Call now for a free number. if you tell him you think gold is a safer investment than stocks. fast-talking. for example. It’s better than money!” Widows are particularly susceptible to such pitches because their husbands made all their investment decisions. the brochure arrives quickly and the con man calls back. What they want is always the same — your money! And they know how to get it. mutual funds. he may even act a little rude. and often personable individuals who commit fraud for a living.” he’ll hang up as quickly as possible.

friend and editor 19 . Mauri was great at sharing unusual tidbits of information and always had a cheerful thing to say to everyone. Wright. 2012). singing the praises of the company and bragging about all the money they’ve made since signing up with it. for example. and will appear to randomly pick the names of other customers for you to call. The gold coins or vending machines never quite get delivered. for example. if the scam involved franchising. They aren’t the customers they pretend to be.  We were all saddened by the news of the loss of Mensa member and dear friend. Reno.2013). In short. And once they receive your check or wire transfer. He helped us create the Mensa for Kids! pages and contributed the always inquisitive character. Simkin is a Professor of Information Systems at the University of Nevada. The Close: This final phase of the fraud occurs when the victim agrees to invest with the company. your lawyer may discover fine print in your contract that says. Outsmarting the Scam Artists (New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. this requires him or her to liquidate 401k plans or other assets. Before you can hire a lawyer and file a law suit. This would probably be important to you. But even if it’s still in operation. Maurice Pollack. the scammer will act as though he is delighted to fulfill the request. and they’ll carefully read from a script. or even to take out a second mortgage — tasks for which the organization has inhouse specialists. you’ve been scammed — big time! For further reading: Doug Shadel. Inc.. Anna M. When asked. the company is out of business. Often. there is a good chance you’ll never hear from them again. that you agree to buy gold coins at huge markups and or that you realize some of the coins may not even be authentic.The Singer: The one question that a scammer cannot easily deflect is a request to speak to other customers. and repetitive calls to the company are deflected or never answered. Mark G. But the individuals you’ll get to speak to are all “singers” who work for the scammer’s organization. We dedicate this issue to Maurice Pollack (1929 . Geronimo Jones. Mauri will be sorely missed.

html The training of acupuncturists is worth understanding. and the common cold or flu. on any given day. Today. Acupuncture can also be effective in treating many other chronic systemic conditions. they are. Oriental Medical Doctor (OMD). Branches of TCM include Acupuncture and Moxibustion. anxiety / depression / stress. migraine headaches. Chinese Massage. including both Acupuncture and Chinese Herbology. and are generally designated with the title of Licensed Acupuncturist (L. In the United States.Ask the Doctor by Dr. While they cannot prescribe Western medications or make Western Diagnoses. patients in my acupuncture clinic are seen for conditions such as low back. both the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture as well as the World Health Organization have developed lists of conditions treatable by acupuncture. Physician 20 . such as multiple sclerosis. the various branches of TCM are together able to treat most common medical conditions. non-physician acupuncturists attend 3 . There are two broad categories of acupuncturists: Non-physicians trained in TCM and Acupuncture as well as physicians trained in Medical Acupuncture. For the sake of completeness. and Bone setting. In the Western hemisphere. the modalities of TCM functioned as the sole primary and specialty medical care for Asian populations throughout the Orient. For instance. as well as Chinese Herbal Medicine. http://medicalacupuncture.Ac). tobacco and substance abuse. etc. rheumatoid arthritis. infertility. practitioners of TCM generally practice Acupuncture and Moxibustion. but not the full range of TCM. or Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM). Massage. Up until the last century. generally undergo a 300 hour course in addition to their medical school and residency training. This initial course enables them to practice Medical Acupuncture. when Western Allopathic Medicine became the standard of medicine throughout the world. Herbal Medicine. and inflammatory bowel disease. In addition. of course. due to its traditional use as primary and specialty medicine. fibromyalgia. on the other hand. What are some ailments acupuncture can ameliorate? Does it hurt? Answer: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a system of therapeutic modalities that were first developed over five thousand years ago. Howard Chen Question: I know you are trained in the art and science of acupuncture. allergies and respiratory issues. non-physician acupuncturists are trained to understand Western Allopathic Medicine. Physician acupuncturists. well trained in all aspects of TCM. digestive disorders.4 years of graduate level studies at a facility accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM). which requires additional studies in Chinese Herbology. peripheral neuropathy.com/acu_info/faqs. neck and joint pains.

feeling defeated by the fates. People have lived their lives at the edge. For those patients who have multiple medical problems and who take multiple medications.com maintains a list of acupuncturists in the U. retreated to Norway and his son. I’ve written about this to show that an incredible amount of effort has gone into history. Yolande. Alexander III stalled Haakon’s forces with negotiations that were engaged so that Haakon’s fleet. The English promptly turned on the Scots. but Alexander III became separated from his guards in the storm. but is dependent on needle location. And all that we know is what the victors of those strivings have recorded for us to believe. One night during a storm. the would-be invaders unnervingly experienced a total solar eclipse. An acupuncture treatment generally lasts between 30 and 90 minutes and is usually done in a relaxing environment where you may rest or sleep. and Medical Director of Preventive and Integrative Medicine Services at Renown Health. insertion technique. he and two bodyguards saddled up and rode to a ferry to cross the very large Firth of Forth. leaving him with no heir to his kingdom.  (LocSec continued from page 10) Norway and stopped briefly at an Orkney island where he had hoped to recruit more. I recommend seeing a Medical Acupuncturist. Http://www. Alexander III’s wife and two sons died unexpectedly. Pain from acupuncture needling is generally minimal. Kintyre and the Hebrides and then joined Haakon back in Norway. Haakon wasn’t all that successful and. Alexander III found himself at the Edinburgh Castle after conducting business of state and found that an exceptionally wild storm had arrived. anyway.us. His horse arrived home the next morning. Some. He briefly married a French princess. both categories of practitioner are acceptable. Reno. and type of needle used. The Scots’ council of nobles found themselves without a ruler. In selecting an acupuncturist. Against all odds. they did not drown. Thousands of years have passed and humanity has fought its way to the here and now. I recommend seeking a nonphysician acupuncturist. What has gone on before is in large part forgotten. Howard Chen is board certified by the American Board of Family Medicine. And that’s a whole bunch more of history. with whom he hoped an heir might be gained. This succeeded and Haakon. There has been almost continual strife. A lot of it is even good. They turned for assistance and direction to their trusted southern cousins and friends. Against counsel of his advisors.  21 .  Ask the Doctor yourself: Email editor@northennevada. would be caught in the eventual onslaught of early winter storms. not just in Europe.acupuncturists generally achieve medical board certification through the American Board of Medical Acupuncture. a fellow of the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture.mensa.S. They galloped on.org Dr. His body later was found at the foot of cliff. If needle pain develops after needle insertion. King of Man Magnus Barefoot. as they set sail. rider less. please inform your acupuncturist. Much of what we do today will be forgotten tomorrow. vulnerable while still at sea. but worldwide. For healthier patients who are more interested in general wellness and Chinese herbs.acpuncture. negotiated a payment for the territories of Man. the English.

http://youtu. How much do we really know about the Mormon cricket? https://www.com/kids/ places/find/mexico/ 22 .Mensa for Kids! (and kids at heart) by Maurice Pollack and Anna Wright Dining Out Mexican Style: Rearrange the letters to spell these foods.com/watch?v=Yy3dQJYquoY Mexico. Then use the numbered letters To decode the message below.be/0yFMF1sSb2E Bugging the bugs.youtube. Back to the Future? Build your own “hoverboard” with plywood and a leaf blower. an introduction especially for kids.nationalgeographic. Computer Zone All links are from National Geographic. http:// kids.

Answers on page 25 23 . But seeing a third. 1881 . Geronimo Jones Henry the VIII (by Eleanor Farjeon. I did not learn this poem in elementary school. Piedra. number five. 1. and a couple of Annes. Catherine Howard. what does “Bluff” King Hal mean? (Hint: It’s not the same as in today’s English language. papel. which was rather soon. And. But one day Henry felt depressed. He married the next afternoon Jane Seymour. Billed and cooed to keep alive. I think that it is very funny. Sixth and last was Catherine Parr Sixth and last and luckiest far For this time it was Henry who Hopped the twig. Anne Boleyn was his second wife. and a good job too. straight from Spain But when his love for her was spent He got a divorce. what do you think is meant by the phrase “Hopped the twig”? How does that relate to the poem’s theme? Rock. Anne of Cleves was number four. tijeras. Maybe you did. paper.1965) Bluff King Hal was full of beans He married half a dozen queens For three called Kate they cried the banns And one called Jane.) 2. and out she went.Hi. In the first line. The first he asked to share his reign Was Kate of Aragon. in the last line. scissors. he wished instead He chopped off poor Anne Boleyn’s head. Research project:. Her portrait thrilled him to the core. The executioner did the rest. But after one year as his bride She crept into her bed and died. But when he met her face to face Another royal divorce took place. He swore to cherish her all his life.

C. McAllister: Second Unanimous approval McAllister: Appointment of Gloria Dondero Pedro as NNM Ombudsman (AKA Mediator/Arbitrator) Discussion of position responsibilities.m.: Will coordinate for open dates and publish when scheduled.: Request calendar entry for skeet shooting event date to be decided. standard operating procedure. 2013 Minutes of 08-893 April ExComm meeting: Present were LocSec: Bob McAllister. Preisach. Wright. A. K. 2nd Vice-Secretary: Gerry Lockhart.: Motion to approve.: Discussion regarding $25 testing payment received from American Mensa national office. Program Chair: Richard Arbib and Member John Preisach. Meeting convened 8:56 p. J. Wright.: Seconded Unanimous approval Lockhart: Motion to adjourn Wright. A.: Seconded Unanimous approval 9:12 p.Notes from Your ExComm: April 14. C. Lackovic: Request permission to publish calendar events in community calendars accessible by the general public (where appropriate) in order to facilitate public interest and recruitment.: Seconded Unanimous approval Member Preisach. Treasurer: Carole Preisach. Appointment stands. — Kenneth Wright 24 . No motion necessary. A. A. A.at Bangkok Cuisine South. Neva-Mind Editor: Anna Wright. Past LocSec: Ed Hanley. Preisach. Wright. with condition of protecting all members personal data.m.: Move to pay Grassroots Books $25 (one time only) as a gift for allowing NNM to use their facility for testing.: Motion to make payment for guest speaker meal when meeting is held in a restaurant. Wright. Wright. 1st Vice-Secretary: Ken Wright. Also present were Membership Chair: Sandra Lackovic.

mensa.org)? The Bulletin and local newsletter? RGs and AGs? The Mensa Foundation (MERF) and its research and scholarship programs? My membership means a lot to me. Then I sat back and lurked. and along the line I made friends. rvc8@us. and on several levels. which is the information related about the queens in the poem. When I joined Mensa in the 1980s. enjoying the Bulletin and my local newsletter. and have had many years of fun. it was because I had read a magazine article about Mensa which listed test scores that would provide “prior evidence” to qualify. Eventually I took a deep breath and went to a local event — wow. So I dusted off my old ACT scores. but there was so much interesting conversation! So I started going to events. Wow. Some were shy. and intellectual stimulation. and then I volunteered to organize some events. sent them in. articles. “Hopped the twig” means to die.us. Everyone was friendly. a little shy about actually participating.mensa. which may provide some good ways for the tech-loving crowd to reach out and stay in touch. Debra Reiger. Active or observing.org Mensa for Kids! answers: Dining Out Research: “Bluff” means portly or fat. 25 . some were talkative. Have a great month. and was delighted to join. met the man who is now my spouse.From the RVC by Debra Reiger What does your Mensa membership mean to you? Opportunities to meet and socialize with other smart people? Access to games. just because I could. I hope your Mensa experience is a good one. Keep an eye out for social networking opportunities being developed by our national organization. good conversation. and member discounts via the American Mensa website (www.

one of its www.html 8: True. ice calving. Most recent common 7: False. papers/CommonAncestors/ Wikipedia: Tunguska event NatureAncestorsPressRelease. tence of Dark Matter is speculated be1: True. The sound known as “The Bloop” 9: True. Mitochondrial Eve: Wikipedia: Global Positioning System Mitochondrial Eve. The other planet has been 400. The exisnice basic articles on these concepts.guardian.) hypothesis Wikipedia: Ice core 4: True.edu/~jtc5/ Tunguska blast on a comet impact. Wikipedia) for then go out of the visible range. including the numbers.stat. Wikipedia: Olbers’ paradox astrobiology 6: True.5: False. (Desert Research Institute named Theia. Some records go back as far as 3: True. many thanks to the “Font of All which means light tends to red-shift and Human Knowledge” (i.e. strangely enough: http:// cause of gravitational effects. but it’s explained by the universe still expanding.000 years.uk/science/2009/apr/21/ hallmarks is that it doesn’t interact with space-raspberries-amino-acidslight at all. Many. Wikipedia: Cosmic Latte is now believed to have been Antarctic 10: True.yale. Wikipedia: Error Analysis for the 2: True. Current theory blames the ancestor: http://www. Wikipedia: Bloop Wikipedia:1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami Puzzle Page answers: Spanish to English answers: pimento armadillo key savvy cockroach coyote cannibal potato jerky chocolate cafeteria bonanza silo jade oregano bronco alligator cigar tomato patio hoosegow barracuda O I R F A R Z T D T A B R L O N C R M K N O Q S V A P O A C A R K E A R R U Q R G E C P N G Z A N T D M O G V V T C A O plaza tornado guerrilla E F O N P E I O T N P O A C R R B T Y C R F L N G L Y B H B O C T J G H D A L N A O O E L stampede ranch mustang L Y O T A M O T C O Z C T T L B A R R A C U D A V A L M L L hurricane platinum embargo Apache canoe T O T N E Q O M C H canyon H L G U E R R I L L A O I S T A M P E D E Y O S E N O L A B A V R O A B C tobacco S F T Y K R E J V I R N L A A E L A B I N N A C K O K L H N G D L K F V S A C E G L E B Y abalone O T A T O P N O W I I Y G Y O W A N O J D E C M I G G N A M D F D K A A T A A M O I P L A T I N U C O L A T E X H W R U C M A C N M M E N L T 26 M H . Olbers’ paradox is real.. Wikipedia: Giant impact here in town does some of this research.co.

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