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Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations


Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy waleed alhanafy@yahoo.com Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoua Univ., Egypt
MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

July 20, 2011

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Overview
1 Introduction 2 Delta to Wye Conversion 3 Wye to Delta Conversion 4 Examples 5 Conclusions

Reference: [1] Alexander Sadiku, Fundamentals of Electric Circuits, 4th ed. McGraw-Hill, 2009.
Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Problem Statement
Situations often arise in circuit analysis when the resistors are neither in parallel nor in series. For example, consider the bridge circuit shown. How do we combine resistors R1 - R6 when the resistors are neither in series nor in parallel? Many circuits of the type shown can be simplied by using three-terminal networks. These are the wye (Y) or tee (T) network, and the delta () or pi () network as will be shown next. These networks occur by themselves or as part of a larger network.
Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Y, T, , and Resistors Connections

(a)

(a)

(b) Two forms of the same network: (a) Y, (b) T.

(b) Two forms of the same network: (a) , (b) .

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Delta to Wye Conversion

R1 = R2 = R3 =

Rb Rc Ra + Rb + Rc Rc Ra Ra + Rb + Rc Ra Rb Ra + Rb + Rc

(1) (2) (3)

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Wye to Delta Conversion

Ra = R2 + R3 +

R2 R3 R1 R1 R3 R2 R1 R2 R3

(4)

Rb = R1 + R3 +

(5)

Rc = R1 + R2 +

(6)

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Special Cases: Balanced Y and


If in a Y resistors connection R1 = R2 = R3 = RY and in a resistors connection Ra = Rb = Rc = R , (8) (7)

both Y and networks are said to be balanced and in these cases: RY = R 3 or R = 3RY (9)

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Examples 1
1) Transform the wye network shown to a delta network. Answer: Ra = 140 , Rb = 70 , Rc = 35 .

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Examples 2
2) For the bridge network shown, nd Rab and i . Answer: 40, 2.5 A.

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Examples 3
3) Obtain the equivalent resistance at the terminals a-b of the circuit shown. Answer: 36.25.

Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations

MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3

Introduction

Delta to Wye Conversion

Wye to Delta Conversion

Examples

Conclusions

Conclusion

Concluding remarks

In circuit analysis there are situations often arise when the


resistors are neither in parallel nor in series.

In these situations, it is very helpful to use three-terminal equivalent circuit transformations. These are known as Wye-Delta or Delta-Wye Transformations. Both cases are studied and discussed. Some illustrative examples are given.
. Dr. Waleed Al-Hanafy Chapter 2 Wye-Delta Transformations MSA Summer Course: Electric Circuit Analysis I (ESE 233) Lecture no. 3