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Sean Board Professor Keaton English 1102 03/27/2013

"sat.collegeboard.org." . The College Board, n.d. Web. 27 Mar 2013. <http://sat.collegeboard.org/about-tests/history-of-the-tests>.

This source is a timeline from when the SAT was thought of until the present time. In this article it talks about any major moment from the moments such as in 1901 in which the first standardized admissions test was given to 1926 when students take the first multiple choice SAT was given to students. Other highlights in the article are in 1958 when students are able to see their grades for the first time and in 1965 where students were allowed to take the test regardless of their race. The article does not just speak about the beginning it speaks about modern events too. Those events are such as in 2005 when writing and third-year math was added to the SAT and quantitative comparison and analogy questions were removed. The author clearly states everything that was said. There was nothing left unclear about the dates that were gave. The author made sure no questions were left unanswered because this article was straight to the point and wasnt very argumentative because it was fact-based and it was by the company that makes the SAT. This source will come in handy a great deal for my work. This is the best timeline that I have found for my research yet. Finding this timeline was important because my whole inquiry process is a timeline. Not only does it give important dates in the early 90s but it also gives important dates in the modern days as well. I can use the timeline to space out date for my

inquiry and have more sub-topics to talk about. The text provides me with many facts but it does not get me on to thinking of other ways to think about my paper. Quotes I will use for my paper: Even more changes were made to the SAT in 2005 to better reflect the subjects being taught in high school classrooms. Quantitative comparison and analogy questions were removed, thirdyear math content was added and a new test section writing was introduced. ("sat.collegeboard.org") Although the original SAT was a multiple-choice test, all of the student responses needed to be reviewed and scored by hand. The machine-scored answer sheet, first used by students taking the SAT in 1939, allowed for faster and more accurate scoring. ("sat.collegeboard.org") By 1965, the effort was considered a success, and students were given equal opportunity to show what they knew, regardless of race. ("sat.collegeboard.org")

"www.pbs.org." . Frontline, n.d. Web. 27 Mar 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sats/where/1926.html>.

This source talks primarily about the first SAT that was ever given. The first SAT that was ever given was in 1926. The test was multiple-choice for the most part. The test consisted of nine sub-tests: Definitions, Arithmetical Problems, Classification, Artificial Language, Antonyms, Number Series, Analogies, Logical Inference, and Paragraph Reading. ("www.pbs.org") The author of this article didnt really state much about the first SAT. The author couldve gone into a little more detail or stated some more facts but there was vital information that could be taken and used. The author couldve talked about how the test was made and not only the company who made the test but the people who made the tests. Although the author didnt say much he didnt say anything unnecessary. I was not wasting my time reading irrelevant sentences. This source will be a great way to start off my research. It serves as a great basis to build off of. This article makes me think now where do I go from here. Many questions were left unanswered because this doesnt talk about the modern SAT. Although many questions are left unanswered its a great start. The quotes I will use for my paper are: The test consisted of nine sub-tests: Definitions, Arithmetical Problems, Classification, Artificial Language, Antonyms, Number Series, Analogies, Logical Inference, and Paragraph Reading. ("www.pbs.org") Each candidate received a practice booklet with samples of all tests one week before the examination to become familiar with the tests. ("www.pbs.org")

Most men who took the first SAT (26%) applied to Yale University, and most women (27%) to Smith College. ("www.pbs.org") The first Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) was primarily multiple-choice and was administered on June 23, 1926 to 8,040 candidates - 60% of whom were male. ("www.pbs.org")

"www.pbs.org." . Frontline, n.d. Web. 27 Mar 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sats/where/timeline.html>.

This article talks about the SAT on a timeline basis. This timeline stops at 1960 when the University of California signs on to the SAT. At this time the University of California became the Educational Testing Services (ETS) biggest client. This article states one thing that the other articles dont mention and that is that the formation of the College Entrance Examination Board was in 1900. The first exams werent given until 1901 though. From 1923-1926 Carl C. Brigham came up with the first SAT. The SAT wasnt given until 1926. The author did a great job of listing things that happened from the beginning of the 1900s but there is still the modern period that was left out. This article left me with lots of questions. I was thinking, what happened after 1960. Did they just stop making changes to the test? I think that I will efficiently use this article throughout my paper by adding things in my paper that happened before 1960. I cant disagree with the author because this is a factual article and not an argumentative article. This is a great foundation for further investigation though. The quotes I will use for my paper are: In 1952, the current structure of questions for the verbal section of the SAT is established: reading comprehension, analogies, antonyms, sentence completion questions. ("www.pbs.org") In 1957, the number of students taking the SAT every year passes half a million. ("www.pbs.org") In 1959, a new testing organization is formed, American College Testing (ACT) becoming ETS' leading rival. ("www.pbs.org")

Staff, Peterson's. "SAT Scores: About The SAT." http://www.petersons.com. Peterson's, 21 01 2013. Web. 31 Mar 2013. <http://www.petersons.com/college-search/sat-scores-abouttest.asp&xgt;. In this article the author talks about the SAT as it is today. The author talks about the test structure primarily. The article tells all the information from how much time a person taking the test gets per section up to what kind of questions are on the SAT. The test is a total of 3 hours and 45 minutes. SAT scores range from 600-2400 for the whole test and from 200-800 from each main section. The author did a great job of describing the modern SAT. He did a great job because he did not leave out any details. Anything you need to know besides the answers is in this article. Everything is covered from time to whats on the test. I think this article will come in handy at the end of my paper because the end of my paper is where I will start to talk about the modern SAT. It gives me a great basis for thought on how the test is today. This article doesnt raise many ideas and doesnt make me think too much though because it is a fact-based paper. All questions were answered. Three quotes I will use are: Each section (Critical Reading, Writing, and Math) is scored on a scale of 200 to 800. Essays, a sub-section of Writing, are graded on a scale of 2 to 12. Overall SAT scores can range from 600 to 2400. (Staff) The first section is always a written essay, which takes 25 minutes, and the last section is always a multiple-choice writing section, which takes 10 minutes. The other parts of the test six 25-minute sections and two 20-minute sections can appear in any order. One of the 25minute sections (you won't know which) will not count toward your score; it is used to try out questions for future SAT testing. (Staff)

Total test time is 3 hours and 45 minutes. (Staff)

Wiersma, William, and Stephen G. Jurs. Educational Measurement and Testing. 2nd ed. Boston, London, Sydney, Toronto: Allyn and Bacon, 1990. 309-331. Print. The authors of this book talk about standardized testing as a whole. They say that standardized achievement tests are the best testing in education. Standardized testing is widely used throughout schools. There are multiple standardized tests out there not just the SAT. Test results can be reported for individual students, classrooms, or even school buildings The authors did a good job of reporting facts through their book. He did a good job because there were many facts available for a person inquiring about standardized testing. Although he talked about standardized testing he did not talk about any certain test in particular. There was a lot of excess information that I did not need such as information about standardized testing as a whole and other tests besides the SAT. I dont think that this book will come in handy for my research. This did talk about standardized testing as a whole but for my research I only need to know about the SAT. I could probably go off of the fact that the author said that there are many other standardized tests out there and start to question what those tests were and how they affect the SAT. This book although it wasnt directly linked to my topic for a timeline of the SAT does help me think of other ways to go about my research. Quotes I could use for my paper: In the future we can expect to see efficient, computerized, standardized achievement testing. (Wiersma and Jurs 309-331) Standardized achievement tests are perhaps our best example of high quality testing in education. (Wiersma and Jurs 309-331)

Despite their popular use, standardized achievement tests do have certain limitations. (Wiersma and Jurs 309-331) Achievement test scores are but one indicator of student performance. They are most useful when considered along with other measures of student performance. (Wiersma and Jurs 309331)