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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

Ol pessoal, Nesta sexta e ltima aula veremos mais textos, desta vez retirados site da Cmara dos Deputados, para tratarmos de temas relacionados ao legislativo federal. Ao final desse nosso encontro ainda resolveremos mais questes da prova do ltimo concurso. Todos recorrentes os em temas provas estudados de durante o nosso curso so

concursos

das

principais

bancas

examinadoras do pas. Contudo, certamente, no possvel esgotar as possibilidades de temas que possam ser cobrados na prova. Sendo assim, com base nas orientaes de vocabulrio e de gramtica apresentadas durante o curso, sugiro que vocs continuem acompanhando os sites em ingls do Senado Federal e da Cmara dos Deputados e as provas de ingls do CESPE, da ESAF e da FGV para se prepararem. Estou certa de que com as nossas aulas e o acompanhamento de questes de concursos atuais, o seu sucesso garantido. Bons estudos e boa prova queridos alunos.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

INCREMENTANDO O VOCABULRIO PARA O CONCURSO DO SENADO FEDERAL

Os textos a seguir foram retirados do site do Senado Federal. Lembre-se de no ler o texto no primeiro momento. Vamos estudar um pargrafo de cada vez, identificando as palavras-chave e os pontos gramaticais que foram apreendemos nas aulas anteriores. Ao final do texto voc vai encontrar o quadro de vocabulrio-chave para facilitar a reviso antes da prova.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE TEXTO 01

The Brazilian Parliament is called National Congress. Besides the prerogative of making laws, the National Congress is responsible for the oversight of every accounting, financial and budgetary operation regarding not only the Unions moneys and properties but also any of the Unions branch departments or federal agencies moneys and properties. Brazil has a bicameral legislative assembly, composed by the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. As the country adopts the bicameralism, a bill laid before any of the houses must be revised by the other; in therefore, the apart from process. subjects The within private follow a competence of each house, the legislative process grants both houses participation lawmaking sittings Parliamentary Calendar, which is different from the calendar year. The Congress works in a four year basis, planned to coincide with the deputies term. This period is called Legislatura in Portuguese, a false friend to Legislature, in English. However, the sittings do not take place at the whole period. The National Congress recesses so that its members may visit their states and feel the needs of the people they represent. For this reason, each Congress is divided in four Sessions. Hence, each Session begins on February 2nd stops on July 17th, restarts on August 1st and ends on December 22nd. In addition to its intrinsic power of law making, the Legislative Branch supervises the allocation and use of public resources. As people and states representatives, respectively, the Chamber and the Senate, as well as any of their Committees, may question www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 3

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE Ministers of State - or any public officer in charge of branch departments or federal agencies subordinated to the President about their acts. The public officer called by any of the houses of the Legislative Branch must release all the requested information under penalty of being dismissed or temporarily removed from civil service. Similarly, the National Congress must verify if public funds are spent according to the law. The Congress is aided by the Federal Court of Account to perform this duty and might request information from any person managing public monies, assets and values.

Analisando o texto: Ttulo e 1 Pargrafo

Comentrios: Vejamos as palavras-chave do primeiro pargrafo do texto: The Brazilian Parliament is called National Congress. Besides the prerogative of making laws, the National Congress is responsible for the oversight of every accounting, financial and budgetary operation regarding not only the Unions moneys and properties but also any of the Unions branch departments or federal agencies moneys and properties. O texto diz que o Parlamento brasileiro chamado (is called, voz passiva formada pelo verbo be + passado particpio do verbo call) Congresso Nacional. Alm da prerrogativa de fazer leis (besides um conectivo que tem idia de adio ver mais no www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 4

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE quadro contbil abaixo), pela o Congresso fiscalizao financeira Nacional (oversight) de responsvel cada e (is

responsible)

operao

(accounting),

(financial)

oramentria

(budgetary) em relao no s aos recursos e bens da Unio, mas tambm dos recursos e bens de (but also, outro conectivo de adio) qualquer um (any) dos rgos (branch departments) ou agncias federais (federal agencies).

PALAVRAS CONECTIVAS DE ADIO Besides (that), In addition to (that), On top of that, Moreover Aside from (that), But also .... As well as ... Alm disso, Ainda por cima, Alm do mais, Mas tambm.... Bem como....

2 Pargrafo

Comentrios: Brazil has a bicameral legislative assembly, composed by the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. As the country adopts the bicameralism, a bill laid before any of the houses must be revised by the other; therefore, apart from subjects www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 5

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE within private competence of each house, the legislative

process grants both houses participation in the lawmaking process. The sittings follow a Parliamentary Calendar, which is different from the calendar year. The Congress works in a four year basis, planned to coincide with the deputies term. This period is called Legislatura in Portuguese, a false friend to Legislature, in English. O Brasil tem uma assemblia legislativa bicameral (bicameral legislative assembly), composta pela Cmara dos Deputados (Chamber of Deputies) e pelo Senado Federal (Federal Senate). Como (as) o pas adota (adopts, presente simples do verbo adopt) o bicameralismo, um projeto de lei (a bill) lanado (laid, passado simples do verbo lay) em uma das casas deve ser (must be) revisto (revised, passado simples do verbo revise) pela outra, pois (therefore), com exceo (apart from) de assuntos de competncia privativa de cada casa (within private competence), o processo legislativo concede participao s duas casas no processo de criao das leis (lawmaking). As sesses (the sittings) seguem (follow) um calendrio parlamentar, que (which) diferente do ano civil (calendar year). O Congresso trabalha (works, presente simples de work) em uma base de quatro anos, planejada (planned) para coincidir com o mandato dos deputados (deputies term). Este perodo chamado (is called) de "Legislatura" em Portugus, um falso amigo da palavra Legislature, que em ingls significa Assemblia Legislativa.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE 3 Pargrafo

Comentrios: However, the sittings do not take place at the whole period. The National Congress recesses so that its members may visit their states and feel the needs of the people they represent. For this reason, each Congress is divided in four Sessions. Hence, each Session begins on February 2nd stops on July 17th, restarts on August 1st and ends on December 22nd. No entanto (however um conectivo de contraste. Veja mais no quadro abaixo), as sesses (the sittings) no se realizam (do not take place) em todo (whole) o perodo. O Congresso Nacional entra em recesso (recesses, presente simples do verbo recess) para que (so that) seus membros possam visitar (may visit, may indica possibilidade) seus estados e sentir (feel) as necessidades (needs) do povo que representam. Por esta razo, a legislatura dividida (is divided, voz passiva, be+ passado particpio de divide) em quatro sesses. Assim, cada sesso comea (begins) em 02 de fevereiro e para (stops) em 17 de julho, reinicia (restarts) em 01 de agosto e termina (ends) em 22 de dezembro.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE PALAVRAS CONECTIVAS DE CONTRASTE While But However, .. Though... Even so Still In spite of Despite Although Even though ... Unlike No obstante Apesar de (disso) Embora Ainda que Ao contrrio de Enquanto (que) mas... porm no entanto Mesmo assim

4 Pargrafo

Comentrios: In addition to its intrinsic power of law making, the Legislative Branch supervises the allocation and use of public resources. As people and states representatives, respectively, the Chamber and the Senate, as well as any of their Committees, may question Ministers of State - or any public officer in charge of branch departments or federal agencies subordinated to the President - about their acts. The public officer called by any of the houses of the Legislative Branch must release all the requested 8

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE information under penalty of being dismissed or temporarily removed from civil service.

Alm de (in addition to, conectivo de adio) seu poder intrnseco de fazer as leis, o Poder Legislativo supervisiona (supervises) a alocao (allocation) e uso (use) dos recursos pblicos (public resources). Como representantes das pessoas e dos estados, respectivamente, a Cmara e o Senado, bem como qualquer de suas comisses, podero questionar (may question) os Ministros de Estado (Ministers of State) - ou qualquer funcionrio pblico (public officer) encarregado (in charge) de rgos ou agncias federais subordinadas (subordinated) ao Presidente sobre seus (their) atos (acts). O funcionrio pblico chamado (called, passado simples de call) por qualquer uma das casas do Poder Legislativo deve liberar (must release) todas as informaes solicitadas (requested, passado simples do verbo request), sob pena pblico (under penalty) de ser demitido (of being dismissed) ou (civil service). removido (removed) temporariamente (temporarily) do servio

5 Pargrafo Comentrios: Similarly, the National Congress must verify if public funds are spent according to the law. The Congress is aided by the Federal Court of Account to perform this duty and might www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 9

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE request information from any person managing public monies, assets and values. Da mesma forma (Similarly), o Congresso Nacional deve verificar (must verify) se (if) os recursos pblicos (public funds) so gastos (are spent, voz passiva, be+passado particpio de spend) de acordo com a lei. O Congresso auxiliado (is aided, voz passiva, be+passado particpio de aid) pelo Tribunal de Contas da Unio (Federal Court of Account) para executar (perform) esta funo (duty) e pode (might, indica possibilidade/probabilidade) solicitar (request) informao a qualquer (any) pessoa responsvel por gerenciar (managing) recursos, bens e valores pblicos.

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE DO TEXTO responsvel (is responsible) fiscalizao (oversight) contbil (accounting) financeira (financial) oramentria (budgetary) mas tambm (but also) qualquer um (any) rgos (branch departments) agncias federais (federal agencies) chamado (is called) www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 10

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE alm (besides) assemblia legislativa bicameral (bicameral legislative assembly) Cmara dos Deputados (Chamber of Deputies) Senado Federal (Federal Senate) como (as) adota (adopt) projeto de lei (a bill) lanado (laid, passado simples do verbo lay) deve ser (must be) revisto (revised, passado simples do verbo revise) pois (therefore) com exceo (apart from) competncia privativa (within private competence) criao das leis (lawmaking) sesses (the sittings) seguir (follow) que (which) ano civil (calendar year) planejada (planned) mandato dos deputados (deputies term) chamado (is called) Assemblia Legislativa (Legislature) no entanto (however) sesses (sittings) no se realizam (do not take place) em todo (whole) entrar em recesso (recesses, presente simples do verbo recess) para que (so that) possam visitar (may visit, may indica possibilidade) sentir (feel)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE necessidades (needs) dividida (is divided, voz passiva, be+ passado particpio de divide) comear (begin) parar (stop) reiniciar (restart) terminar (end) alm de (in addition to) supervisionar (supervise) alocao (allocation) uso (use) recursos pblicos (public resources) podero questionar (may question) Ministros de Estado (Ministers of State servidor pblico (public officer) encarregado (in charge) subordinada (subordinated) seus (their) atos (acts) chamado (called, passado simples de call) deve liberar (must release) solicitada (requested, passado simples do verbo request) sob pena (under penalty) ser demitido (of being dismissed) removido (removed) temporariamente (temporarily) servio pblico (civil service) da mesma forma (Similarly) deve verificar (must verify) se (if) recursos pblicos (public funds)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE so gastos (are spent, voz passiva, be+passado particpio de spend) auxiliado (is aided, voz passiva, be+passado particpio de aid) Tribunal de Contas da Unio (Federal Court of Account) executar (perform) funo (duty) poder (might, indica possibilidade/probabilidade) solicitar (request) qualquer (any) gerenciar (managing)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

TEXTO 02

The elaboration of laws is fruit of a number of procedures previously established that support the politicians in their task to legislate and control. These procedures are denominated Legislative Process. The norm that orients the legislative process in the Chamber of Deputies is the House Rules. The origin of the legislative process in the National Congress happens with the introducing of the following propositions: law project, resolution, legislative decree, provisional decree and proposal of amendment to the Constitution. The parliamentarians have the initiative to the lawmaking process, as well as the President of the Republic, the Supreme Court, the Higher Courts, the Republic's General Attorney and citizens. All propositions are discussed in the two Houses and pass by various stages of analysis and voting. The analysis of constitutionality, admission and merits are made in the Committees. Those subjects over which the Committees do not have conclusive power are deliberated in the House Floor, highest organ of good part of the decisions of the Chamber of Deputies. Conclusive Power is the discussion and voting of a law project by the Committees, when the jurisdiction of the Floor is dispensed, except for those cases when there is recourse of one tenth of the members of the House. After the National Congress deliberations, there is still the Executive deliberation, that is, the President of the Republic may sanction (approve) or veto (prohibit) the proposition. In the first www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 14

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE case, the project becomes a law. In the case of the veto, the project is sent back to the Congress, that decides for the maintenance or the fall of the veto. If the project is sanctioned, it goes to a complementary phase in which the President of the Republic has a 48 hours term to promulgate it.

Analisando o texto: Ttulo e 1 Pargrafo

Comentrios: Vamos destacar as palavras-chave do pargrafo: The elaboration of laws is fruit of a number of

procedures previously established that support the politicians in their task to legislate and control. These procedures are denominated Legislative Process. The norm that orients the legislative process in the Chamber of Deputies is the House Rules. A elaborao de leis fruto (is fruit) de uma srie (a number) de procedimentos (procedures) previamente (previously) estabelecidos (established, passado simples do verbo establish) que suportam (suport) os polticos (politicians) na sua tarefa (task) de legislar (legislate) e de controle (control). Estes procedimentos so denominados (are denominated) Processo Legislativo (Legislative Process). A norma (norm) que orienta (orients, presente simples de orient) o processo legislativo na www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 15

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE Cmara dos Deputados o Regimento Interno (House Rules).

2 Pargrafo

Comentrios: The origin of the legislative process in the National Congress happens law decree with and the introducing resolution, of of the following decree, to the propositions: provisional Constitution. A origem do processo legislativo no Congresso Nacional acontece (happens, presente simples de happen) com a introduo (introducing) (propositions): (resolution), provisria das projeto decreto seguintes de lei e legislativo decree) (following) (law project), de (legislative proposta proposies resoluo medida emenda project, legislative amendment

proposal

decree),

(provisional

Constituio (proposal of amendment to the Constitution).

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE 3 Pargrafo

Comentrios: The parliamentarians have the initiative to the lawmaking process, as well as the President of the Republic, the Supreme Court, the Higher Courts, the Republic's General Attorney and citizens. Os parlamentares tm a iniciativa (initiative) ao processo legislativo, bem como (as well as) o Presidente da Repblica (President of the Republic), o Supremo Tribunal Federal (Supreme Court), aos Tribunais Superiores (Higher Courts), ao Procurador-Geral da Repblica (Republic's General Attorney) e aos cidados (citizens).

4 Pargrafo

Comentrios: All propositions are discussed in the two Houses and pass by various stages of analysis and voting. The analysis of constitutionality, admission and merits are made in the Committees. Those subjects over which the Committees do not have conclusive power are deliberated in the House Floor, highest organ of good part of the decisions of the Chamber of Deputies. Conclusive Power is the discussion and voting of a law www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 17

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE project by the Committees, when the jurisdiction of the Floor is dispensed, except for those cases when there is recourse of one tenth of the members of the House. Todas as proposies (propositions) so discutidas (are discussed) nas duas Casas e passam por (pass by) vrias fases (stages) de anlise (analysis) e votao (voting). A anlise (analysis) da constitucionalidade (constitutionality), de admisso (admission), e os mritos (merits) so feitos (are made, voz passiva, be+passado particpio do verbo make) nas comisses (committees). Os assuntos (subjects) sobre os quais (over which) os Comits no tm (do not have) poder conclusivo (conclusive power) so deliberadas (are deliberated) no Plenrio (House Floor), rgo mximo (highest, forma superlativa de high) de boa parte das decises da Cmara dos Deputados. Poder Conclusivo a discusso e votao de um projeto de lei pelas Comisses, quando a competncia (jurisdiction) do Plenrio (House Floor) dispensada (is dispensed), exceto (except) para os casos (cases) quando (quando) houver (there is, verbo haver, there be) recurso (recourse) de um dcimo (one tenth) dos membros da Casa.

5 Pargrafo

Comentrios: After the National Congress deliberations, there is still the Executive deliberation, that is, the President of the Republic may sanction (approve) or veto (prohibit) the proposition. In www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 18

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE the first case, the project becomes a law. In the case of the veto, the project is sent back to the Congress, that decides for the maintenance or the fall of the veto. If the project is sanctioned, it goes to a complementary phase in which the President of the Republic has a 48 hours term to promulgate it. Aps (after) as deliberaes do Congresso Nacional, h ainda (there is still) a deliberao executiva, isto , o Presidente da Repblica pode sancionar/sanction (aprovar/approve) ou vetar/veto (proibir/prohibit) a proposio. No primeiro caso (first case), o projeto se torna (becomes, presente simples do verbo become) lei. No caso do veto, o projeto devolvido (sent back, passado simples do verbo send back) ao Congresso, que decide (decides) pela manuteno (maintenance) ou queda (fall) do veto. Se o projeto for sancionado (sanctioned), ele vai (goes, passado simples de go) para uma fase complementar (complementary) em que o Presidente da Repblica tem (has, presente simples de have) um prazo de 48 horas para promulg-lo (promulgate).

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE DO TEXTO fruto (is fruit) uma srie (a number) procedimentos (procedures) previamente (previously) estabelecidos (established, passado simples do verbo establish) suportar (suport) polticos (politicians) tarefa (task) legislar (legislate) controle (control) so denominados (are denominated) Processo Legislativo (Legislative Process) norma (norm) orienta (orients, presente simples de orient) Regimento Interno (House Rules). acontece (happens, presente simples de happen) introduo (introducing) seguintes (following) proposies (propositions) projeto de lei (law project) resoluo (resolution) decreto legislativo (legislative decree) medida provisria (provisional decree) proposta de emenda Constituio (proposal of amendment to the Constitution) iniciativa (initiative) bem como (as well as) Presidente da Repblica (President of the Republic) Supremo Tribunal Federal (Supreme Court) www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 20

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE Tribunais Superiores (Higher Courts) Procurador-Geral da Repblica (Republic's General Attorney) cidados (citizens) proposies (propositions) so discutidas (are discussed) passar por (pass by) fases (stages) anlise (analysis) votao (voting) constitucionalidade (constitutionality) admisso (admission) mritos (merits) so feitos (are made, voz passiva, be+passado particpio do verbo make) comisses (committees) assuntos (subjects) sobre os quais (over which no tm (do not have) poder conclusivo (conclusive power) so deliberadas (are deliberated) Plenrio (House Floor) mximo (highest, forma superlativa de high) competncia (jurisdiction) dispensada (is dispensed) exceto (except) casos (cases) quando (quando) houver (there is, verbo haver, there be) recurso (recourse) um dcimo (one tenth) aps (after) h ainda (there is still) sancionar (sanction) www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 21

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE aprovar(approve) vetar (veto) proibir (prohibit) primeiro caso (first case) se torna (becomes, presente simples do verbo become) devolvido (sent back, passado simples do verbo send back) decidir (decide) manuteno (maintenance) queda (fall) sancionado (sanctioned) vai (goes, passado simples de go) complementar (complementary) tem (has, presente simples de have) promulg-lo (promulgate it)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

ALGUMAS QUESTES DA LTIMA PROVA

Department of Sociology Sociology is the study of the way humans influence each other through groups, organizations, and societies. Sociologists investigate social change as well as the causes and consequences of human behavior in a variety of contexts, from families to political movements to hospitals. Often combining scientific and humanistic perspectives, sociologists analyze survey data, carry out in-depth interviews, ethnographic studies and content analyses. The Sociology major at Pomona College emphasizes social theory and research, culminating in the senior exercise, which allows each student to carry out an original research project with the advice of one or two faculty members. Many sociology majors are able to study abroad for a semester during their junior year, for example, in Spain, Brazil, Greece, South Africa, and the Dominican Republic. (http://www.sociology.pomona.edu)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

1.

(FGV/SENADO/2008)

In

as

well

as

the

causes

and

consequences (lines 3-4) as well as is used to indicate (A) manner. (B) time. (C) addition. (D) consequence. (E) cause. Comentrios: A expresso as well as usada para indicar.... Vejamos a frase: Sociologists investigate social change as well as the causes and consequences of human behavior in a variety of contexts.. O texto diz que os socilogos investigam a mudana social (social change) bem como (as well as) as causas e conseqncias do comportamento (behavior) humano em uma variedade de contextos. A expresso as well as indica: (A) manner. = maneira (B) time. = tempo (C) addition. = adio (D) consequence. = consequncia (E) cause. = causa As well as indica adio, alm de investigaram a mudana social, os socilogos investigam as causas e conseqncias do comportamento humano. Logo, a resposta a letra C.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

2.

(FGV/SENADO/2008)

The

underlined

word

in

Often

combining. (lines 5-6) is the opposite of (A) always. (B) seldom. (C) also. (D) never. (E) somewhat. Comentrios: A palavra grifada (underlined) em Often combining. o oposto de Para responder esta questo, bastaria saber a seqncia dos advrbios de freqncia da aula 02. Veja o quadro: ADVRBIOS DE FREQUNCIA

+
always: sempre often: frequentemente usually: habitualmente sometimes: s vezes seldom/rarely: raramente never: nunca

O contrrio de often seldom. Logo, a resposta para a questo a letra B.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

3. (FGV/SENADO/2008) The underlined expression in each student to carry out (line 11) can be replaced by (A) finish. (B) undertake. (C) support. (D) continue. (E) spread. Comentrios: A expresso sublinhada em each student to carry out (linha 11) pode ser substituda (can be replaced) por: No texto, a expresso carry out aparece na frase: ...which allows each student to carry out an original research project with the advice of one or two faculty members. Significa que cada (each) estudante pode realizar (carry out) um projeto de pesquisa (research project) original com a orientao (advice) de um ou dois membros da faculdade. Nas opes de resposta temos: (A) finish. = terminar (B) undertake. = realizar (C) support. = apoiar (D) continue. = continuar (E) spread. = espalhar

Logo, a resposta a letra B.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

4. (FGV/SENADO/2008) The verb form in Many sociology majors are able to (line 13) can be replaced by (A) must. (B) should. (C) will. (D) could. (E) can. Comentrios: O verbo na frase Many sociology majors are able to pode ser substitudo por... O verbo be able to significa ter capacidade, poder fazer algo. As opes de resposta so: (A) must. = indica dever/obrigao (B) should. = deveria/indica sugesto (C) will. = este o verbo auxiliar do futuro e no tem significado sozinho. Exemplo: You will pass on the exam. Voc passar na prova. (D) could. = poderia/indica possibilidade. a forma passada do verbo can. (E) can. = poder/indica capacidade, poder fazer algo. Logo, a resposta a letra E.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE DO TEXTO social change mudana social as well as bem como behavior comportamento manner: maneira time: tempo addition: adio consequence: consequncia cause: causa always: sempre often: frequentemente usually: habitualmente sometimes: s vezes seldom/rarely: raramente never: nunca can be replaced pode ser substituda () por: carry out: realizar each: cada research project: projeto de pesquisa advice: orientao, conselho finish: terminar undertake: realizar support: apoiar continue: continuar spread: espalhar be able to: ter capacidade, poder fazer algo. must: indica dever/obrigao www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 28

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE should: deveria/indica sugesto will: este o verbo auxiliar do futuro e no tem significado sozinho. Exemplo: You will pass on the exam. Voc passar na prova. could: poderia/indica possibilidade. a forma passada do verbo can. can: poder/indica capacidade

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

8 Questions To Ask Before Using YouTube As A Communications Tool As communications professionals, its very easy to get caught up in the hype and excitement about all the new online communications tactics we have available to us today. YouTube is a great example. Its tempting to view tools like this as a silver bullet for our communications woes. YouTube used to be primarily a great source for videos of music and kids hurting themselves on skateboards. No longer. Its becoming a more common tool for corporate communications. Your management may want to rush out, jump into the deep end and start using YouTube to communicate directly with people. If you can, you should get them to pause and consider several questions first: What are your objectives? Whos your target audience? Are you looking for sustained interest? How will you measure success? Do you have a good visual for video? How will you handle comments? Will you allow ratings? Will you let people embed the video? This is a basic list of fundamental questions you should answer before you launch into using videos on YouTube (or another video site) as a communications tactic. This is just a start, and some of these questions should already be part of your communications planning process. www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 30

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE (adapted from http://davefleet.com/2008/03/8-questions-to-askbefore-usingyoutube- September 24th, 2008)

5. (FGV/SENADO/2008) As regards YouTube, the author believes one should be (A) wanton. (B) wanting. (C) wary. (D) weary. (E) worried. Comentrios: No que se refere ao (as regards) YouTube, o autor acredita (believes, presente simples do verbo believe) que o usurio dever ser... Vejamos o que o texto diz: Your management may want to rush out, jump into the deep end and start using YouTube to communicate directly with people. If you can, you should get them to pause and consider several questions first: What are your objectives? Whos your target audience? Are you looking for sustained interest? How will you measure success? Do you have a good visual for video? How will you handle comments? Will you allow ratings? Will you let people embed the video?...

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

Sua direo/gesto (management) pode querer sair correndo, conhecer o desconhecido (jump into the deep), e comear a usar (start using) o YouTube para se comunicar diretamente com as pessoas. Se (if) voc puder, voc deve (should) lev-los (get them) a refletir (consider) acerca de vrias questes primeiro: Quais so (are) seus objetivos? Quem (is) seu pblico-alvo? Voc est procurando (are you looking) por interesse sustentado? Como voc medir (will measure) o sucesso? Voc tem (do you have) um bom visual para vdeo? Como vai lidar (will you handle) com os comentrios? Voc vai permitir (will you allow) que as classificaes? Voc vai deixar (will you let) que as pessoas incorporar o vdeo? O autor afirma que o usurio do YouTube dever refletir e se questionar bastante, certo? Agora vejamos as opes de resposta para descobrir como o usurio deve ser : (A) wanton. = desenfreado (B) wanting. = desejoso (C) wary. = cuidadoso (D) weary. = cansado (E) worried. = preocupado A alternativa que mais se aproxima da descrio do autor de como deve ser o usurio do YouTube a letra C, cuidadoso. Logo, a resposta a letra C. www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 32

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

6. (FGV/SENADO/2008) When tools are viewed as a silver bullet (lines 4 and 5) this means they are as seen as being able to (A) cause distress. (B) shift tactics. (C) offer solutions. (D) induce errors. (E) generate funds. Comentrios: Quando ferramentas (tools) so vistas como uma bala de prata (linhas 4 e 5) isto significa que elas esto sendo vistas (are seen, voz passiva, verbo be+ passado particpio de see) como capazes de (be able to = ser capaz de...). .................. O texto diz que: Its tempting to view tools like this as a silver bullet for our communications woes. tentador ver ferramentas como esta como uma bala de prata para os problemas das nossas comunicaes.

A expresso bala de prata adotada como uma metfora para designar uma soluo simples para um problema complexo com grande eficincia. Vamos escolher a melhor alternativa para traduzir o que significa uma ferramenta considerada bala de prata: (A) cause distress. = causa preocupao (B) shift tactics. = muda as tticas www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 33

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE (C) offer solutions. = oferece solues (D) induce errors. = induz a erros (E) generate funds. = gera recursos A melhor opo a letra C, certo? Logo, a resposta a letra C.

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE DO TEXTO as regards: no que se refere ao believe: acreditar management: direo/gesto jump into the deep: conhecer o desconhecido start using: comear a usar if: se consider: refletir measure: medir handle: lidar allow: permitir let: deixar wanton: desenfreado wanting: desejoso wary: cuidadoso weary: cansado worried: preocupado tool: ferramentas ser vista: be seen be able to: capazes de www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 34

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE tempting: tentador view: ver silver bullet: bala de prata communications woes: problemas de comunicao cause distress: causar preocupao shift tactics: mudar as tticas offer solutions: oferecer solues induce errors: induzir a erros generate funds: gerar recursos

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 06 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

AGRADECIMENTOS

Querido aluno,

Com esta Aula 06 encerramos nosso curso e concluo minha tarefa de tentar ensinar a vocs como estudar e como fazer provas de ingls para concursos da maneira mais eficiente possvel. Para isso, o foco foi o que realmente cai em prova. Meu trabalho aqui foi o de facilitar seu estudo, sem rodeios, usando textos de provas recentes da FGV, ESAF e CESPE. V tranqilo para a prova e confie no seu conhecimento. No se assuste quando se deparar com palavras desconhecidas e que no so parecidas com o portugus. Tente resolver a questo por outro ngulo. O importante no desistir e tentar resolver a questo com outras palavras-chave ou com conhecimento de gramtica ou com a simples intuio. Bom estudo e BOA PROVA!!! Forte abrao, Aline Andrade

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