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Affirmative

I live You live He lives She lives It lives We live You live They live

Negative
I dont You dont He doesnt She doesnt It doesnt We dont You dont They dont live live live live live live live live

Interrogative
Do Do Does Does Does Do Do Do I you he she it we you they live? live? live? live? live? live? live? live?

USE:
1. We use the Present Simple for:

2. It is used with adverbs like:

FORM:
1. To form the Present Simple we add s to the infinitive of the verb in the 3rd person singular (he, she, it)

2. But when the verb ends in: a) o, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x we add es


b) a consonant followed by y, the y changes into ie and we add -s

c) a vowel followed by y we just add -s

3. To form the negative and the interrogative we need the auxiliary verb to do in the present simple. This means we have to add es in the 3rd person singular (he, she, it) while the main verb will be used in the infinitive.

A. Choose the correct form of the verb in brackets to complete the sentences.
1. Ella 2. Eric 3. Jean 4. Leonard 5. Mr Elliot in Manchester. (live / lives) chess. (play / plays) at night. (study / studies) his homework in the bedroom. (do / does) in an office. (work / works)

6. School 7. The children 8. The dog 9. We 10. They

at 6.30. (finish / finishes) the street to school. (cross / crosses) outside. (sleep / sleeps) to work together. (go / goes) TV every day. (watch / watches)

B. Rewrite the sentences in the 3rd person singular beginning with he or she.
1. They sell antiques. 2. I always drive to work. 3. We never do our homework. 4. You carry a heavy schoolbag. 5. I finish school in the morning. 6. We usually stay home at night. 7. They catch the bus every day. 8. You tell funny stories. 9. I mix all the ingredients. 10. We miss our parents.

C. Do or does? Choose the correct form.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Eric play tennis? they clean the house? you go to the party? Megan like vegetables? we buy new clothes? Mrs. Porter water the garden? the birds sing a lot? Ellen work hard at school? Melinda and Eleanor speak Spanish? you write postcards?
Pay attention to the auxiliary verb to do!

D. Complete the sentences with do / don t / does / doesn t .


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Anne like Maths? Yes, she you read English? No, I he practise sports? Yes, he Amy eat cereals? No, she you swim well? Yes, I _. _. . . . _. _. _. _. .

Jim and Andy ride the bike? No, they they usually travel abroad? Yes, they Mr. Pratt work late? No, he we walk to school? No, you the dog bark a lot? Yes, it

E. Rewrite the sentences in the:


1. She gets dressed at 7.45. a) b) 2. I wake up very early. a) b) 3. Mr. Smith likes to work in the garden. a) b) 4. We go to the cinema on Friday. a) b) 5. Mary and Liz study in the afternoon. a) b)

a) negative form b) interrogative form

____. _?

_. _?

_. _?

_. _?

_. _?

6. Sarah has a shower at 7.30. a) b) 7. He helps me with the homework. a) b) _. _? _. _?