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B

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the letter. For other uses, see B (disambiguation). For technical reasons, B# redirects here. For the musical note, see B (musical note) B (named bee /bi/[1]) is the second letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet. It is used to represent a variety of bilabial sounds (depending on language), but most commonly a voiced bilabial stop.
Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg

ISO basic Latin alphabet

Contents
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1 History 2 Typography 3 Use 4 Related letters and other similar characters 5 Computing codes 6 Other representations 7 References 8 External links
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History
The capital letter 'B' may have started as a pictogram of the floorplan of a house in Egyptian hieroglyphs. By 1050 BC, the Phoenician alphabet's letter had a linear form that served as the beth.
Cursive script 'b' and capital 'B'

Egyptian hieroglyph Phoenician cottage beth

Greek Beta

Etruscan Roman B B

Typography
The modern lowercase 'b' derives from later Roman times, when scribes began omitting the upper loop of the capital.

Blackletter B

Uncial B

Modern Roman B Modern Italic B Modern Script B

Use
In English, most other languages that use the Latin alphabet, and the International Phonetic Alphabet, 'b' denotes the voiced bilabial plosive /b/, as in 'bib'. In English it is sometimes silent; most instances are derived from old monosyllablic words with the 'b' final and immediately preceded by an 'm', such as 'lamb' and 'bomb'; a few are examples of etymological spelling to make the word more like its Latin original, such as 'debt' or 'doubt'. In Estonian, Icelandic, and Chinese pinyin, 'b' does not denote a voiced consonant; instead, it represents a voiceless /p/ that contrasts with either a geminated /pp/ (in Estonian) or an aspirated/p/ (in Chinese, Danish and Icelandic), represented by 'p'. In Fijian 'b' represents a prenasalized /mb/, whereas in Zulu and Xhosa it represents an implosive //, in contrast to the digraph 'bh' which represents /b/. Finnish only uses 'b' in loanwords. 'B' is also a musical note. Its value varies depending on the region; a 'b' in Anglophone countries represents a note that is a semitone higher than the B note in Northern Continental Europe. (Anglophone B is represented in Northern Europe with 'H'.) Archaic forms of 'b', the b quadratum (square b, ) and b rotundum (round b, ) remain in use for musical notation as the symbols fornatural and flat, respectively. In Contracted (grade 2) English braille, 'b' stands for "but" when in isolation.

Related letters and other similar characters



: Greek letter Beta : Cyrillic letter Ve : Cyrillic letter Be : Latin letter B with hook : Cyrillic letter Yer (also known as the hard sign, back yer, or tvyordiy znak) is shaped like the letter b, but has no phonetic value on its own in modern East Slavic languages. The serves as an orthographic device that indicates that the consonant preceding the is not palatalized.

: Cyrillic letter Soft sign (also known as the front yer, or myagkiy znak) is also shaped like the letter b, but has no phonetic value on its own in modern East Slavic languages. The serves as orthographic device that indicates that the consonant preceding the is softened or palatalized.

: German letter Eszett, originally a ligature of long s '' with 'z', now considered to stand for 'ss'.

: Hebrew letter Bet : Space : The flat in music, mentioned above, still closely resembles lowercase b.

Computing codes
Character B b

Unicode name

LATIN CAPITAL LETTER B

LATIN SMALL LETTER B

Encodings

decimal

hex

decimal

hex

Unicode

66

U+0042

98

U+0062

UTF-8

66

42

98

62

Numeric character reference

B

B

b

b

EBCDIC family

194

C2

130

82

ASCII 1

66
1

42

98

62

Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS,

Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations
NATO phonetic Morse code

Bravo

Signal flag

Flag semaphore

Braille

References
1. ^ "B" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "bee", op. cit.

External links

Media related to B at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of B at Wiktionary The dictionary definition of b at Wiktionary

The ISO basic Latin alphabet


V

Aa

Bb

Cc

Dd

Ee

Ff

Gg

Hh

Ii

Jj

Kk

E Ll Mm Nn Oo Letter B with diacritics Related


Derivations

Pp

Qq

Diacritics

History

ISO/IEC 646

List of letters

Numerals

Palaeography

Punctuation

Unicode

Categories:

ISO basic Latin letters

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