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## MEM 371 METROLOGY

Chapter 8 : Errors in Measurement

Type of Errors

## Error which can be eliminated

Calamitous/catastrophic error Alignment error Errors due to ambient condition Errors due to elastic deformation

## Error which cannot be eliminated

Scale error Reading error Measuring error

## Classifications & Types of Errors

Types of Errors

CAN BE AVOIDED

CANNOT BE ELIMINATED

Alignment Errors

Scale Errors

## Error which Cannot be Eliminated

1. Reading error How accurate can a scale be read? Thickness on the ruling The spacing of the scale divisions

Guidelines

## Thickness of the datum/pointer

A reading of a pointer/datum line against a scale divisions can be taken having an accuracy of the 10% of the scale divisions
Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

## MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

The estimate of the position of a pointer between the ruling will be less accurate 20% of the scale divisions Example : a) Reading of -5 units taken off a scale whose divisions represent 0.001 mm Comparative measurement Accuracy det.

## MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Question
A plain Plug Gauge with nominal diameter 25 mm is measured using a comparator having a magnification of 5000x which is set to a gauge block of nominal length 25 mm having a known error of 0.0001 mm to an accuracy determination 0.0002 mm. The comparator reading on the gauge block is 0 scale divisions and on the plug gauge is -1.2 scale divisions. What is the dimension of the plug gauge?
Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

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Measuring Errors

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Compound Errors

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## MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

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Calibration
Calibration
Calibration is authentication of the accuracy lineage of any measurement tracing it back to the absolute standard. The other metrological and functional features at each step simply help the job done.

Traceability
Meaning of the word: all measures is ranked according to [National Standard High (Calibration/Reference) Standard Low (Working) Standard] Formation as to control the measurements reliability and standard. Trace flow

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