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MEM 371 METROLOGY


Chapter 8 : Errors in Measurement

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Type of Errors

Error which can be eliminated


Calamitous/catastrophic error Alignment error Errors due to ambient condition Errors due to elastic deformation

Error which cannot be eliminated


Scale error Reading error Measuring error

Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Classifications & Types of Errors


Types of Errors

CAN BE AVOIDED

CANNOT BE ELIMINATED

Calamitous or catastrophic Errors

Alignment Errors

Errors due to ambient condition

Errors due to elastic deformation

Scale Errors

Reading Errors

Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Types of Errors which Can Be Eliminated

Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Types of Errors which Can Be Eliminated

Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Types of Errors which Can Be Eliminated

Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Error which Cannot be Eliminated


1. Reading error How accurate can a scale be read? Thickness on the ruling The spacing of the scale divisions

Guidelines

Thickness of the datum/pointer

A reading of a pointer/datum line against a scale divisions can be taken having an accuracy of the 10% of the scale divisions
Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

The estimate of the position of a pointer between the ruling will be less accurate 20% of the scale divisions Example : a) Reading of -5 units taken off a scale whose divisions represent 0.001 mm Comparative measurement Accuracy det.

b) reading had been of -3.4 scale units

Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

Question
A plain Plug Gauge with nominal diameter 25 mm is measured using a comparator having a magnification of 5000x which is set to a gauge block of nominal length 25 mm having a known error of 0.0001 mm to an accuracy determination 0.0002 mm. The comparator reading on the gauge block is 0 scale divisions and on the plug gauge is -1.2 scale divisions. What is the dimension of the plug gauge?
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MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

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Measuring Errors

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MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

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Compound Errors

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MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

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Types of Errors which Can Be Eliminated

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MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

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Calibration
Calibration
Calibration is authentication of the accuracy lineage of any measurement tracing it back to the absolute standard. The other metrological and functional features at each step simply help the job done.

Traceability
Meaning of the word: all measures is ranked according to [National Standard High (Calibration/Reference) Standard Low (Working) Standard] Formation as to control the measurements reliability and standard. Trace flow

Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP

MEM 371 Metrology / Chapter 8: Errors in Measurement

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Created by : NORASIKIN HUSSIN UiTMPP