Você está na página 1de 12
INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL SMALL SMALL SCALE SCALE MINING MINING by Dr. Ludger Rattmann
INDUSTRIAL
INDUSTRIAL
SMALL
SMALL SCALE
SCALE MINING
MINING
by
Dr. Ludger Rattmann

ESA/EMIREC November 2003

and Christian Dude

November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 2 • Structure • Comparison •

2

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 2 • Structure • Comparison •
Struct Structure ure 1. Comparison of Artisanal and Industrial Small Scale Mining (ISSM) 2. Benefits of
Struct
Structure
ure
1.
Comparison of Artisanal and Industrial Small Scale Mining (ISSM)
2.
Benefits of Industrial Small Scale Mining
3.
The „Travelling Mine”
4.
Modular Mining Systems
5.
Necessary Technology for Small Scale Mining
6.
Requirements for Sensible Small Scale Mining
7.
Synergies of ISSM and Space Technology
8.
Conclusions
9.
Outlook
November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 3 Artisanal Mining Artisanal Mining versus

3

Artisanal Mining

Artisanal

Mining versus

versus Industrial

Industrial Mining

Mining

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 3 Artisanal Mining Artisanal Mining versus
Definition of „Small scale Mining“: < 200 t/day < 1,0 Mio. US$ total investment < 1.5
Definition of „Small scale Mining“:
< 200 t/day
< 1,0 Mio. US$ total investment
< 1.5 Mio. US$ added value
< 40 workers
< 5 years lifetime

(definition does not include socio-economic aspects of 1 st to 3 rd world)

Source: UN Workshop, 1988 Ankara, Turkey

November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 4 • Structure • Comparison •

4

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 4 • Structure • Comparison •
Benefits Benefits of of Industrial Industrial SSmmall all Scale Scale Mining Mining There are 10 good
Benefits
Benefits of
of Industrial
Industrial SSmmall
all Scale
Scale Mining
Mining
There are 10 good reasons why ISSM will be feasible in the near future:
1.
High economic potential of industrial small scale mining
2.
Low cost small scale mining leads to an increasing reserve base
3.
Start up for larger follow up operations
4.
Discovery of giant deposits is statistical unlikely
5.
“Depletion Midpoint” for nearly all raw materials is still unknown
6.
Resources should be economical mineable right now, not in 20 to 40 years
7.
Even substitute raw materials have to be mined
8.
In the last 5 decades more raw materials have been used ever since before
9.
Processing technology allows better and better concentrates

10. Sustainability

November 2003
November 2003

INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE

INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING MINING 5 The „Travelling The „Travelling Mine“
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING MINING 5 The „Travelling The „Travelling Mine“

MINING

MINING

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING MINING 5 The „Travelling The „Travelling Mine“

5

The „Travelling

The

„Travelling Mine“

Mine“

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING MINING 5 The „Travelling The „Travelling Mine“
The edge-mounted system consists of simple modules Modules are based on sea container units Transportation of
The edge-mounted system consists of simple modules
Modules are based on sea container units
Transportation of container units by truck, train, ship or helicopter
Energy will be provided by a power unit, water will be recycled to 70 %
Installation of mobile processing unit will need a few weeks
Unit needs low manpower
Amortisation of investment over a sequence of deposits

Unit can work under harsh environments, rain, few maintenance, unskilled workforce

Open pit mining and underground mining are possible with this technology

November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 6 How does How does modular

6

How does

How

does modular

modular mining

mining work?

work?

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 6 How does How does modular

Open pit mining

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 6 How does How does modular
November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 7 Underground mining • Structure •

7

Underground mining

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 7 Underground mining • Structure •
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 7 Underground mining • Structure •
November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 8 is is the What concept

8

What isis the

What

the concept

concept of

of modular

modular mining?

mining?

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 8 is is the What concept

Lightweight, multifunctional and mobile equipment

Standardized and corresponding mining units are used: hauling (continuous or discontinuous haulage) Standardized and corresponding processing
Standardized and corresponding mining units are used:
hauling (continuous or discontinuous haulage)
Standardized and corresponding processing units are used:
crushing (e.g. crushers, mills, etc.)
classification (e.g. screens, cyclones, etc.)
Utility modules:
Reinforcement (underground)
Mine ventilation
Energy supply
Workshop

Employees Service Rooms

extraction (drilling and blasting, Universal miner with replaceable cutting-head)

loading (wheel loader, universal miner with replaceable cutting-head)

separation (e.g. flotation, magnetic separation, electrostatic separation, leaching)

System of corresponding modules can be composed individually for each operation

November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 9 deposits Which are in in

9

Which deposits

Which

deposits are

are inin focus?

focus?

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 9 deposits Which are in in
• • • • • • • A new way to look on mineral deposits!
A new way to
look on mineral
deposits!
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 9 deposits Which are in in

Small deposits which are up to now with conventional concepts uneconomic to mine All kinds of minerals (mineral fuels, metals, natural aggregates, industrial minerals) Shallow deposits (surface mining but also underground) All over Europe (remote areas, “well known” mining areas) Far away from the user (remote areas, harsh environment) Close to the user (construction materials) Medium to high grade

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 9 deposits Which are in in
November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 10 • Structure • Comparison •

10

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 10 • Structure • Comparison •
Synergy Synergy of of ISSM ISSM and and Space Space Technology Technology Equipment requirements matching for
Synergy
Synergy of
of ISSM
ISSM and
and Space
Space Technology
Technology
Equipment requirements matching for both fields of application:
Flexibility
Mobility
Reliability
Robustness
Smartness
Small, light weighted
Universal
The Universal miner is also imaginable for extraterrestrial mining
(Harsh Environments)
November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 11 Conclusions Conclusions • Structure •

11

Conclusions

Conclusions

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 11 Conclusions Conclusions • Structure •
Motivation for ISSM is given NOW Mineable small scale deposits are available already TAKE THE CHANCE
Motivation for ISSM is given NOW
Mineable small scale deposits are available already
TAKE THE CHANCE WITH US!!!

Technology for ISSM is in the first steps of development

Small scale mining will be of high economic potential in the near future even for the mining industries giants

Synergies with Space Technologies can be found in various fields!

November 2003
November 2003
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING
November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 12 • Structure • Comparison •

12

Structure Comparison Benefits “Travelling Mine” Type of mining Concept Deposit Synergy Conclusions Outlook

November 2003 INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING INDUSTRIAL SMALL SCALE MINING 12 • Structure • Comparison •
Outlook Outlook The question for a mission to Mars is like the question: „Which are the
Outlook
Outlook
The question for a mission to Mars is like the question:
„Which are the three things you would take to a lonely island?“
The answer is very easy:
?
A bottle of Wine
Cigars
3.
„Universal Miner“