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Code no.

: EDU 3106 SECTION A

Index no:_______________

Answer all the questions 1. Culture can be defined as A. Thinking process of human in order to achieve progress B. All human actions to continue the communal life C. Human living systems to develop the aspect of thinking, progress and communal perfection D. Whole way of life practiced by a group of human which includes the social system, political organization, religion, beliefs and customs

2. Charles H. Cooley sees that the primary group refers to a small group whose members interacts directly and fostered friendly relations among themselves. Face-toface interaction is said to form and maintain the primary group. Which of the following are categorized as primary group? A. school B. family C. politic party D. teachers organization

3. This custom privilege to women who considered the biological mother, who is the mother who gave birth to the members of the community. The individual is a member of the mothers tribe and not the father's tribe. Match this custom with the boundary locus which practice it A. Adat perpatih Naning B. Adat perpatih Johor Bharu C. Adat temenggong Kuala Lumpur D. Adat Temenngong Kuala Terengganu

Code no. : EDU 3106

Index no:_______________

4. Dayak Gawai Day is celebrated on the first day and the second in June. Usually, Ngajat dance is danced in the celebration as a mark of thanksgiving after the harvest of paddy.

The festival is celebrated by the community of A. Iban B. Rungus C. Semelai D. Kadazan Dusun

5. Ms Zaharah is teaching in a classroom consisting of boy and female students. What suitable action that can be done by Ms Zaharah to create a friendly environment class culture A. Move and interact with all students B. Put the boys in front of the classroom C. Give more attention to female students D. Give more assignments to the boys because they are stronger

6. The varieties of socio-cultural at school bring implication to these elements except A. Arrangement of chairs and tables B. Management of reading corner C. The electricity equipment D. Arrangement of pupils in classroom

Code no. : EDU 3106

Index no:_______________

7. Which of the following is the most appropriate meaning of the characteristics of hidden curriculum? A. Writing a systematic planning B. Relative and somehow difficult to measure quantitatively C. The experience and knowledge gained pupils learned at home D. Not depend on the location of the background environment and curriculum implement 8. Technical and vocational training Involvement in the construction sector Involvement in the plantation sector

The characteristics above show the inequality from the aspect of A. race B. gender C. social class D. socio-economic

9. Inequality of educational opportunities in Malaysia occurs among rural communities and urban communities. Which of the following is the main factor of this inequality? A digital divide B different socio-economic status C the use of different curriculum D the different attitude of teachers in rural and urban areas

Code no. : EDU 3106

Index no:_______________

10. One of the programs implemented by the Ministry of Education to address the issue of inequality of educational opportunities is the smart school program. The program above is implemented to ensure the students get the benefits related to A. facilities of resource centre B. supplementary food C. tuition aid scheme D. facilities of Information Technology and Communication (ICT)

11. Malay students are less interested in learning; Chinese students like to talk in the classroom and Indian students like to move in the classroom. These are the situation faced by Cikgu Amirul because in his classroom, the students are from different races, background and religion. How could Cikgu Amirul overcome this problem? A. Keep silent. B. Separate the students according to their race. C. Send the students to discipline teacher. D. Understand students learning style.

12. How can the evaluation knowledge based on culture on human nature able to help the teacher to implement the teaching and learning process? A Exist the communication B Understand the uniqueness of students personality C Encourage the students to interact with their peers D Expand students potential to the maximum level

13. The main objective of attached classroom is because of these factors except A. number of classrooms are not enough B. number of students in the classroom is less than 5 people C. number of students in the classroom is less than 15 people D. number of overall teacher including the headmaster is less than 10 people

Code no. : EDU 3106

Index no:_______________

14. Healthy classroom climate in terms of emotion is important to create a conducive environment in the teaching and learning process. Which one of the statement below illustrates the teachers effort in creating that climate? A. Allow students to enter the election group. B. Use suitable materials according to students ability level. C. Be fair and tolerate while checking students task. D. Ensure the students learnt in healthy and well-organised classroom environment.

Environmental pollution has resulted the decreasing of the level of health and safety of residents, ozone depletion, elimination of aquatic life and extinction of flora and fauna.

18. The passage above is in a form of a particular language level. What is the grammar/language level used in the passage? A. daily language B. science language C. Systematic language D. Academic language

19. Various schemes has been provided by the government to the abroginies for the development of their education in primary schools and secondary schools. Which scheme of the following has been implemented by the government? I II III IV A B C D Cocurriculum Stationery Bicycle sponsorship School uniform I and II I and III II and IV III and IV

Code no. : EDU 3106

Index no:_______________

20. What is the vocational intervention for the students in the rural area? A B C D Hostel provision workshop provision Laboratory Provision Establishment of vocational school

21. The physical of classroom environment will affect the achievement of the students. A teacher should be creative to manage the classroom environment wisely. From the statement above, which one shows the good classroom management culture? I II III IV A B C D Showing the students artistic work to the same ethnic group Students changing seats and place while having group activities Students in class are randomly mixed in a different ethnic group Teacher provides rules according to specific ethnicity group I and II II and III I, II and III II, III and IV

22. From the sociolinguistic aspect, which statement shows the advantage of teachers interact using multiple language? I II III IV A B C D Teacher can explain cooperation value between culture Explanation given caan be accepted and understood bu pupils Help pupils innteract nd communnicate in studying Language skills is a communication tools I, II and III I, II and IV II, III and IV I, II, III and IV

Code no. : EDU 3106

Index no:_______________

23. Which of the following is the term to create effective communication between teacher and pupils? A. B. C. D. Teacher consider main idea that is point out by the pupil Teacher always deliver information with high voice tone Teacher must not accept pupils view and opinion Teacher use verbal language and non verbal that are easy to be understood by pupils

Code no. : EDU 3106 SECTION B (40 marks)

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Answer all questions.

1.

Kamus Dewan (3rd Edition) defines belief as something that is believed and inherited in a society and it must be preserved. a Explain with example five reasons of why belief must be preserved. i. Shows the uniqueness of different races in Malaysia because different races possess different culture and customs. To be inherited by young generation so that they can embrace and retain the culture as what the descendent passed on to them Belief shapes our society and make them who they are As a guideline to live a better life as in taboos that is created to prevent people from misbehave Helps people for value judgement such as what is right and what is wrong (5 marks)

ii.

iii. iv.

v.

Suggest and elaborate two activities that can be carried out by school in order to create the feeling of respect of other pupils belief.

i.

Organizes a festival ceremony for each different races such as Majlis Hari Raya Aidilfitri, Chinese New Year and Deepavali

ii.

Teachers should be the role model to the pupils to respect other pupils belief by not being bias and treat every pupil equally (5 marks)

Code no. : EDU 3106

Index no:_______________

2.

A group of society consists of people living together and has organization of making connection from various the aspects of life and customs. a State four elements to classify society. i ii iii iv group cultural changing have interaction (4 marks) Explain three practices with examples of inherited culture in Malaysias society. i Chinese believe that it is important to name the child with five elements which consist of fire, water, gold, earth and wood ii For Indians, they will valaikaappu for seventh to nineth months of pregnant woman. They will wear a new bracelet and this will be conducted at husbands or parents house iii Malays will held cukur rambut for babies which has been born for more than seven days.

(6 marks)