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ELECTRICAL ARC FLASH HAZARD STUDY

APRIL 2008
Industry Division
Divisin Industria Your success is our aim Su xito es nuestro objetivo

VIDEO LIBERATION OF ENERGY

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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AGENDA

Topics to Covering:

Electrical Arch We are exposed? Applicable Regulations


ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

Risks Incidents Arc Flash Study

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ArcFlash Whats this?


Traffic of current across the body for
Direct contact Indirect contact

Electrical Accident

ArcFlash

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

It is a short circuit across the air, produced when : The insulation between two energized drivers collapses The same between a wire and earth, provoking an explosion for the liberation of energy

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VIDEO II ARC in 500 kV

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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Accidents of ArcFlash Where they can happen ? Areas with High Risk of Occurrence
Distributions Panels MV / LV Center Control of Engines Electrical Engines Areas with high temperatures

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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Our Offer His Purpose .

The Purpose of Our Study


To minimize the ocurrence and consequence of accidents for ArcFlash To determine reliable procedures of operation
ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

To define levels of appropiate PPE

To normalize a program of permanent training

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WE ARE EXPOSED?

WE ARE
ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

EXPOSED?

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WE ARE EXPOSED?

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

Isnt this a common situation in your plant?


Industry Division Divisin Industria
Su xito es nuestro objetivo Your success is our aim

WE ARE EXPOSED?

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

Isnt this a common situation in your plant?


Industry Division Divisin Industria
Su xito es nuestro objetivo Your success is our aim

WE ARE EXPOSED?

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

Isnt this a common situation in your plant?


Industry Division Divisin Industria
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ARC FLASH REASONS

The contact with parts under voltage for fall of tools Insulations fault Overvoltage Dirt
ArcFlash
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Corrosion Condensation

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NORMS

NORMS
ArcFlash
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ARCFLASH Applicable Regulations

Applicable Regulations :

ArcFlash
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ARCFLASH Applicable Regulations

Applicable Regulations :

NFPA

70E Part II Articles 110 and 130 require a flash hazard analysis be performed to protect qualified electrical personnel

ArcFlash
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National

Electrical Code NFPA 70 Article 110.16 requires equipment be marked to warn personnel of arc flash hazards

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ARCFLASH Applicable Regulations


Applicable Regulations :

OSHA 29CFR1910.269(I)(6) discusses appropriate PPE apparel to protect against arc flash hazards
The
ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

2004 s version of IEEE 1584a provides precise methods for ArcFlash 's calculation. Procedures and safeties measurements specified by each company

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RISKS

RISKS
ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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Electrical Arc Flash Hazards

Produce thermal energy that is released during a fault and is a function of:
Available fault current and system voltage Distance from fault Clearing time of protective device

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

May generate higher energy at lower system voltages (due to longer time arc fault current duration)

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TYPES OF RISKS FOR ARC FLASH

There are principally five ways in which an electrical ArcFlash can to cause damage and even the death:
Thermal Risk

Risk of Pressure
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Risk of Hearing

Risk for Missiles


Risk for Inhalation
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ARCO ELECTRICO

20.000 C

Molten Metal Waves of Pressure

Waves of sound

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Steam of Copper: Occurred to Steam It expands to factor of 67.000 times

Missil Warm air Rapid expansion Intense Light

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INCIDENTS of ARCFLASH

INCIDENTS
ArcFlash
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INCIDENTES POR ARCFLASH

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INCIDENT for ARCFLASH

ArcFlash s Incident
System of 480Volt 22,600 Amper Symmetrical Current Panel of Motors Control

ArcFlash
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It comes out of 6 cycles (0.1 sec)

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ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos

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RESULT OF AN ACCIDENT FOR ARCFLASH

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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INCIDENT for ARCFLASH

INCIDENT for ARCFLASH


480 Volt System 22,600 22,600A Symmetrical Current Panel of Motors Control Limiter equipment with < cycle of operation (.0083 sec).
ArcFlash
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To notice that the exhaust will have to be kept in the range of limit of current

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ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos

Divisin Industria Su xito es nuestro objetivo

VIDEO

ARC FLASH s INCIDENT


ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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VIDEO

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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AGENDA

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

ARC FLASH STUDY

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WHAT IS A STUDY OF RISK FOR ARC FLASH?

Definition: The NFPA 70E defines a study of risks for ArcFlash as :


A study where is investigated the potential exhibition of a workman to the energy caused by an electrical arch With the aim of:
ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

To anticipate injuries , To determine sure procedures of operation , Levels of appropriate PPE .

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WHAT IS THE MINIMAL DISTANCE OF PROTECTION ?


Definition: The NFPA 70E defines a minimal distance of protection as:

Distance, from the critical point, inside which a person can suffer burns of second degree due to an accident for Arc Flash .
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PPE as cal/cm2

PPE Selection
Protective Clothing Guidelines, from Predicting Incident Energy to Better Manage the Electric Arc Hazard on 600V Power Distribution Systems, Table III, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Jan./Feb. 2000 Proposed Protective Clothing Classes Range of Calculated Incident Energy (cal/cm) 02 2-5 5-8 Clothing Class No. 0 1 2A 2B 3 4 FR Clothing System Clothing Description, (No. of Layers) Untreated Cotton (1) FR Shirt and Pants (1) Cotton Underwear plus FR Shirt and Pants (2) FR Underwear plus FR Shirt and Pants (2) Cotton Underwear plus FR Shirt and Pants plus FR Coverall (3) Cotton Underwear plus FR Shirt and Pants plus Double Layer Switching Coat (4) Total Weight (oz/yd) 4.5 7 4.5 - 8 9 - 12 10 - 14 16 - 20 24 - 30

ArcFlash
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5 - 16 8 - 25 25 - 40

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Flash hazard label (one per analysis point)

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Electrical Arc Flash Hazard Study


Customer to Provide:

One line diagram of power delivery system Current copy of power system short circuit study and coordination study Single point of contact to establish each analysis point with our power systems engineer
ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

Input on typical working distances desired for each location or default to applicable standards Purchase order authorizing Siemens to proceed

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SUMMARY

Siemens Solutions :
Step #1: Step #2: Step #3: Step #4:
ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

Generation/Review of unifilar complete of the plant The short circuit study of the energy system. Analysis of the current state of the protection system Coordination study of the protection system. Electrical Arc Flash Hazard Study. Identify equipment locations that exceed available PPE ratings

Step #5: Step #6:

Step #7: Step #8:


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Presentation of the Program of Electrical Security Annual maintenance Your success is our aim

Electrical Arc Flash Hazard Study


Sample of Customer Deliverable : Arc Energy calculations
Example Customer
Incident Energy in cal/cm 2 and Working Distance Marzo 18, 2004 Location 12.47 kV Main Switchgear Unit Sub #1 480 V Main Breaker Unit Sub #1 480 V Bus MCC A MCC B Panel 16 Voltage kV 12,47 0,48 0,48 0,48 0,48 0,48 Normal Operation J/cm2 129,2 474,4 55,3 84,1 64,5 52,5 Normal Operation cal/cm2 30,9 113,4 13,2 20,1 15,4 12,5 Working Distance inches 36,0 24,0 24,0 12,0 12,0 12,0 Arc Flash Boundary feet 84,5 43,9 10,2 5,6 4,7 4,2

Summary of Incident Energy Calculations

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

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Electrical Arc Flash Hazard Study Customer Benefits


Reduced risk of employee injury or death due to arc flash hazards Possible revisions to customer system protection to limit equipment damage Provides critical safety information for subcontractors entering facility Possible reduction in workers compensation and insurance claims Demonstrates company effort to satisfy OSHA and NFPA regulations
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ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

A BENEFICIAL RELATION

ArcFlash
Estudio de Riesgos Study of Risks

Thank you very much for your attention.


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ENERGY CONTACTS in ARGENTINA Arc Flash

Pablo Donajger pablo.donajger@siemens.com 0054 - 011 - 4738 7333 Pablo David pablo.david@siemens.com
ArcFlash
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0054 011 - 4738 7209

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