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M-20 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H Stipulations for Proportioning Grade Designation M20 OPC 53 grade confirming to ISType of Cement 12269-1987 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 250 kg/m3 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.5 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 25 mm (Slump) Exposure Condition Normal Degree of Supervision Good Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2) 540 kg/m3 Superplasticiser Confirming to ISChemical Admixture Type 9103 Test Data for Materials Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15 Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00 Chemical Admixture Not Used Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884 Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878 Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97% Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83% Water Absorption of Sand 1.23% Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Target Strength for Mix Proportioning Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 30N/mm2

2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio Maximum Water Cement Ratio 1 (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 2 Adopted Water Cement Ratio A-5 Selection of Water Content Maximum Water content (102621 table-2) Estimated Water content for 25 mm 2 Slump 3 Superplasticiser used A-6 Calculation of Cement Content 1 Water Cement Ratio 2 Cement Content (145/0.5)

20N/mm2

0.5 0.5

186 Lit. 145 Lit. nil

0.5 290 kg/m3 Which is greater then 250 kg/m3 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate A-7 Content 1 Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00% 2 Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 65.00% Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 10.65) 35.00% A-8 Mix Calculations 1 Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00 3 2 Volume of Cement in m 0.09 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000 3 Volume of Water in m3 0.145 (Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000 4 Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3 nil (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 5 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.763 Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4) 6 Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.496 Sr. no. 5 x 0.65 7 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.267 Sr. no. 5 x 0.35 A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) 1 Mass of Cement in kg/m3 290 3 2 Mass of Water in kg/m 145 3 3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m 696 3 4 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m 1429 3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m 1029 3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m 400

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Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 Water Cement Ratio

nil 0.5

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25 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H Stipulations for Proportioning Grade Designation M25 OPC 53 grade confirming to ISType of Cement 12269-1987 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 310 kg/m3 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 50-75 mm (Slump) Exposure Condition Normal Degree of Supervision Good Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2) 540 kg/m3 Superplasticiser Confirming to ISChemical Admixture Type 9103 Test Data for Materials Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15 Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00 Chemical Admixture BASF Chemicals Company Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884 Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878 Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97% Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83% Water Absorption of Sand 1.23% Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse 2.882

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Aggregates Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Target Strength for Mix Proportioning Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 36N/mm2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 25N/mm2 Selection of Water Cement Ratio Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45 Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.43 Selection of Water Content Maximum Water content (10262table-2) 186 Lit. Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump 138 Lit. Superplasticiser used 0.5 % by wt. of cement Calculation of Cement Content Water Cement Ratio 0.43 Cement Content (138/0.43) 320 kg/m3 Which is greater then 310 kg/m3 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00% Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 62.00% Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 10.62) 38.00% Mix Calculations Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00 3 Volume of Cement in m 0.10 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000 Volume of Water in m3 0.138 (Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000 Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3 0.00134 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.759 Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4) Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.471 Sr. no. 5 x 0.62 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.288 Sr. no. 5 x 0.38 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)

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Mass of Cement in kg/m3 Mass of Water in kg/m3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 Water Cement Ratio

320 138 751 1356 977 380 1.60 0.43

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M-30 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H Stipulations for Proportioning Grade Designation M30 OPC 53 grade confirming to ISType of Cement 12269-1987 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 310 kg/m3 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 50-75 mm (Slump) Exposure Condition Normal Degree of Supervision Good Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2) 540 kg/m3 Superplasticiser Confirming to ISChemical Admixture Type 9103 Test Data for Materials Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15 Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00 Chemical Admixture BASF Chemicals Company Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884 Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878 Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97% Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83% Water Absorption of Sand 1.23% Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil

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Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Target Strength for Mix Proportioning Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 42N/mm2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 30N/mm2 Selection of Water Cement Ratio Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45 Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.42 Selection of Water Content Maximum Water content (10262table-2) 186 Lit. Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump 160 Lit. Superplasticiser used 0.5 % by wt. of cement Calculation of Cement Content Water Cement Ratio 0.42 Cement Content (160/0.42) 380 kg/m3 Which is greater then 310 kg/m3 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00% Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 62.00% Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 10.62) 38.00% Mix Calculations Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00 3 Volume of Cement in m 0.12 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000 Volume of Water in m3 0.160 (Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000 Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3 0.00160 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.718 Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

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Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.445 Sr. no. 5 x 0.62 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.273 Sr. no. 5 x 0.38 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) Mass of Cement in kg/m3 380 3 Mass of Water in kg/m 160 3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m 711 3 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m 1283 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 924 3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m 359 3 Mass of Admixture in kg/m 1.90 Water Cement Ratio 0.42

CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning 1 Grade Designation M35 OPC 53 grade confirming to IS2 Type of Cement 12269-1987 3 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 4 1700-3 A) 310 kg/m3 Maximum Water Cement Ratio 5 (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45 6 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 50-75 mm (Slump) 7 Exposure Condition Normal 8 Degree of Supervision Good 9 Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H 10 Cl. 1703.2) 540 kg/m3 Superplasticiser Confirming to 11 Chemical Admixture Type IS-9103 A-2 Test Data for Materials 1 Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade 2 Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15 3 Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00 4 Chemical Admixture BASF Chemicals Company 5 Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884 6 Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878 7 Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605 8 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97% 9 Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83% 10 Water Absorption of Sand 1.23%

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Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sp.Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Target Strength for Mix Proportioning Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 17005) 47N/mm2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 35N/mm2 Selection of Water Cement Ratio Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45 Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.4 Selection of Water Content Maximum Water content (10262-table2) 186 Lit. Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump 160 Lit. Superplasticiser used 0.5 % by wt. of cement Calculation of Cement Content Water Cement Ratio 0.4 Cement Content (160/0.42) 400 kg/m3 Which is greater then 310 kg/m3 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00% Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 62.00% Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 10.62) 38.00% Mix Calculations Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00 3 Volume of Cement in m 0.13 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000 Volume of Water in m3 0.160 (Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000 Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3 0.00168 (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000 5 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.711 Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4) 6 Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.441 Sr. no. 5 x 0.62 7 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.270 Sr. no. 5 x 0.38 A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) 1 Mass of Cement in kg/m3 400 3 2 Mass of Water in kg/m 160 3 3 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m 704 3 4 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m 1271 3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m 915 3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m 356 3 5 Mass of Admixture in kg/m 2.00 6 Water Cement Ratio 0.40

The mix design for M35 Grade Of Concrete for pile foundations provided here is for reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted as per the location and other factors. Grade of Concrete : M35 Characteristic Strength (Fck) : 35 Mpa Standard Deviation : 1.91 Mpa* Target Mean Strength : T.M.S.= Fck +1.65 x S.D. (from I.S 456-2000) = 35+ 1.651.91 = 38.15 Mpa Test Data For Material: Aggregate Type : Crushed Specific Gravity Cement : 3.15 Coarse Aggregate : 2.67 Fine Aggregate : 2.62 Water Absorption: Coarse Aggregate : 0.5% Fine Aggregate : 1.0 % MIX DESIGN Take Sand content as percentage of total aggregates = 36% Select Water Cement Ratio = 0.43 for concrete grade M35 (From Fig 2. of I.S. 10262- 1982)

Select Water Content = 172 Kg (From IS: 10262 for 20 mm nominal size of aggregates Maximum Water Content = 186 Kg/ M3 ) Hence, Cement Content= 172 / 0.43 = 400 Kg / M3 Formula for Mix Proportion of Fine and Coarse Aggregate: 1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +(Fa / Sp. Gr.* Pf )} 1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +Ca / Sp. Gr.* Pc )} Where Ca = Coarse Aggregate Content Fa = Fine Aggregate Content Pf = Sand Content as percentage of total Aggregates = 0.36 Pc = Coarse Aggregate Content as percentage of total Aggregates. = 0.64 a0 = Percentage air content in concrete (As per IS :10262 for 20 mm nominal size of aggregates air content is 2 %) = 0.02 Hence, 1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Fa / 2.62 x 0.36)} Fa = 642 Kg/ Cum As the sand is of Zone II no adjustment is required for sand. Sand Content = 642 Kg/ Cum 1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Ca / 2.67 x 0.64)} Hence, Ca = 1165 Kg/ Cum From combined gradation of Coarse aggregates it has been found out that the proportion of 53:47 of 20 mm & 10 mm aggregates produces the best gradation as per IS: 383. Hence, 20 mm Aggregates = 619 Kg And 10 mm Aggregates = 546 Kg

To obtain slump in the range of 150-190 mm water reducing admixture brand SP430 from Fosroc with a dose of 0.3 % by weight of Cement shall be used. Hence the Mix Proportion becomes: Cem W/C Water Sand 20mm 10mm Admix 400 0.43 172 635 619 564 1.2 1 0.43 1.6 1.547 1.36 0.003 Cement : Sand: Coarse Aggregates = 1 : 1.6 : 2.907 The mix design M-40 grade for Pier (Using Admixture Fosroc) provided here is for reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted as per the location and other factors. Parameters for mix design M40 Grade Designation = M-40 Type of cement = O.P.C-43 grade Brand of cement = Vikram ( Grasim ) Admixture = Fosroc ( Conplast SP 430 G8M ) Fine Aggregate = Zone-II Sp. Gravity Cement = 3.15 Fine Aggregate = 2.61 Coarse Aggregate (20mm) = 2.65 Coarse Aggregate (10mm) = 2.66 Minimum Cement (As per contract) = 400 kg / m3 Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0.45 Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 40 + (5 X 1.65) = 48.25 Mpa 2. Selection of water cement ratio:Assume water cement ratio = 0.4 3. Calculation of cement content: Assume cement content 400 kg / m3 (As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg / m3) 4. Calculation of water: 400 X 0.4 = 160 kg Which is less than 186 kg (As per Table No. 4, IS: 10262) Hence o.k. 5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: As per IS : 10262 , Cl. No. 3.5.1 V = [ W + (C/Sc) + (1/p) . (fa/Sfa) ] x (1/1000) V = [ W + (C/Sc) + {1/(1-p)} . (ca/Sca) ] x (1/1000) Units Kg/ M3

Where V = absolute volume of fresh concrete, which is equal to gross volume (m3) minus the volume of entrapped air , W = mass of water ( kg ) per m3 of concrete , C = mass of cement ( kg ) per m3 of concrete , Sc = specific gravity of cement, (p) = Ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume , (fa) , (ca) = total mass of fine aggregate and coarse aggregate (kg) per m3 of Concrete respectively, and Sfa , Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine aggregate and Coarse aggregate respectively. As per Table No. 3 , IS-10262, for 20mm maximum size entrapped air is 2% . Assume F.A. by % of volume of total aggregate = 36.5 % 0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.365 ) ( Fa / 2.61 )] ( 1 /1000 ) => Fa = 660.2 kg Say Fa = 660 kg. 0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.635 ) ( Ca / 2.655 )] ( 1 /1000 ) => Ca = 1168.37 kg. Say Ca = 1168 kg. Considering 20 mm : 10mm = 0.6 : 0.4 20mm = 701 kg . 10mm = 467 kg . Hence Mix details per m3 Cement = 400 kg Water = 160 kg Fine aggregate = 660 kg Coarse aggregate 20 mm = 701 kg Coarse aggregate 10 mm = 467 kg Admixture = 0.6 % by weight of cement = 2.4 kg. Recron 3S = 900 gm

Water: cement: F.A.: C.A. = 0.4: 1: 1.65: 2.92 Observation: A. Mix was cohesive and homogeneous. B. Slump = 110mm C. No. of cube casted = 12 Nos. 7 days average compressive strength = 51.26 MPa. 28 days average compressive strength = 62.96 MPa which is greater than 48.25MPa Hence the mix is accepted. The mix design M-50 grade (Using Admixture Sikament) provided here is for reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted as per the location and other factors. Parameters for mix design M50 Grade Designation = M-50 Type of cement = O.P.C-43 grade Brand of cement = Vikram ( Grasim ) Admixture = Sika [Sikament 170 ( H ) ] Fine Aggregate = Zone-II Sp. Gravity Cement = 3.15 Fine Aggregate = 2.61 Coarse Aggregate (20mm) = 2.65 Coarse Aggregate (10mm) = 2.66 Minimum Cement (As per contract) =400 kg / m3 Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0.45 Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 50 + ( 5 X 1.65 ) = 58.25 Mpa 2. Selection of water cement ratio:Assume water cement ratio = 0.35 3. Calculation of water: Approximate water content for 20mm max. Size of aggregate = 180 kg /m3 (As per Table No. 5 , IS : 10262 ). As plasticizer is proposed we can reduce water content by 20%. Now water content = 180 X 0.8 = 144 kg /m3 4. Calculation of cement content:Water cement ratio = 0.35 Water content per cum of concrete = 144 kg Cement content = 144/0.35 = 411.4 kg / m3

Say cement content = 412 kg / m3 (As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg / m3 ) Hence O.K. 5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: [ Formula's can be seen in earlier posts]Volume of concrete = 1 m3 Volume of cement = 412 / ( 3.15 X 1000 ) = 0.1308 m3 Volume of water = 144 / ( 1 X 1000 ) = 0.1440 m3 Volume of Admixture = 4.994 / (1.145 X 1000 ) = 0.0043 m3 Total weight of other materials except coarse aggregate = 0.1308 + 0.1440 +0.0043 = 0.2791 m3 Volume of coarse and fine aggregate = 1 0.2791 = 0.7209 m3 Volume of F.A. = 0.7209 X 0.33 = 0.2379 m3 (Assuming 33% by volume of total aggregate ) Volume of C.A. = 0.7209 0.2379 = 0.4830 m3 Therefore weight of F.A. = 0.2379 X 2.61 X 1000 = 620.919 kg/ m3 Say weight of F.A. = 621 kg/ m3 Therefore weight of C.A. = 0.4830 X 2.655 X 1000 = 1282.365 kg/ m3 Say weight of C.A. = 1284 kg/ m3 Considering 20 mm: 10mm = 0.55: 0.45 20mm = 706 kg . 10mm = 578 kg . Hence Mix details per m3 Increasing cement, water, admixture by 2.5% for this trial Cement = 412 X 1.025 = 422 kg Water = 144 X 1.025 = 147.6 kg Fine aggregate = 621 kg Coarse aggregate 20 mm = 706 kg Coarse aggregate 10 mm = 578 kg Admixture = 1.2 % by weight of cement = 5.064 kg. Water: cement: F.A.: C.A. = 0.35: 1: 1.472: 3.043 Observation: A. Mix was cohesive and homogeneous. B. Slump = 120 mm C. No. of cube casted = 9 Nos. 7 days average compressive strength = 52.07 MPa. 28 days average compressive strength = 62.52 MPa which is greater than 58.25MPa Hence the mix accepted.

CONCRETE MIX DESIGN (GRADE M60) (a) DESIGN STIPULATION:Target strength = 60Mpa Max size of aggregate used = 12.5 mm Specific gravity of cement = 3.15 Specific gravity of fine aggregate (F.A) = 2.6 Specific gravity of Coarse aggregate (C.A) = 2.64 Dry Rodded Bulk Density of fine aggregate = 1726 Kg/m3 Dry Rodded Bulk Density of coarse aggregate = 1638 Kg/m3 Step-1 Calculation for weight of Coarse Aggregate: From ACI 211.4R Table 4.3.3 Fractional volume of oven dry Rodded C.A for 12.5mm size aggregate is 0.68m3 Weight of C.A = 0.68*1638 = 1108.13 Kg/m3 Step-2 Calculation for Quantity of Water: From ACI 211.4R Table 4.3.4 Assuming Slump as 50 to 75mm and for C.A size 12.5 mm the Mixing water = 148 ml Void content of FA for this mixing water = 35% Void content of FA (V) V = {1-(Dry Rodded unit wt / specific gravity of FA*1000)}*100 = [1-(1726/2.6*1000)]*100 = 34.62% Adjustment in mixing water = (V-35)* 4.55 = (34.62 35)*4.55 = -1.725 ml Total water required = 148 + (-1.725) = 146.28 ml Step-3 Calculation for weight of cement From ACI 211.4R Table 4.3.5(b) Take W / C ratio = 0.29 Weight of cement = 146.28 / 0.29 = 504.21 kg/m3 Step-4 Calculation for weight of Fine Aggregate: Cement = 504.21 / 3.15*1000= 0.1616 Water = 146.28 / 1*1000= 0.1462 CA = 1108.13 / 3*1000= 0.3690 Entrapped Air = 2 / 100= 0.020 Total = 0.7376m3 Volume of Fine Aggregate= 1-0.7376 Weight of Fine Aggregate= 0.2624*2.6*1000= 683.24 kg/m3

Step-5 Super plasticizer: For 0.8% = (0.8 / 100)*583.53 = 4.668 ml Step-6 Correction for water: Weight of water (For 0.8%) =146.28 4.668 =141.61 kg/m3 Requirement of materials per Cubic meter Cement = 504.21 Kg/m3 Fine Aggregate = 683.24 Kg/m3 Coarse Aggregate = 1108.13 Kg/m3 Water = 141.61 Kg/ m3 Super plasticizers = 4.6681 / m3 So the final ratio becomes Cement : Fine agg (kg/m3) : Coarse agg (kg/m3) : Water (l/m3): Superplasticizer (l/m3) 1: 1.35 :2.19 :0.29 :0.8

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M-15 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H Stipulations for Proportioning Grade Designation M15 OPC 53 grade confirming to ISType of Cement 12269-1987 Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 250 kg/m3 Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.5 Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 25 mm (Slump) Exposure Condition Normal Degree of Supervision Good Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2) 540 kg/m3 Superplasticiser Confirming to ISChemical Admixture Type 9103 Test Data for Materials Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15 Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00 Chemical Admixture Not Used Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884 Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878 Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605 Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97% Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83% Water Absorption of Sand 1.23% Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Sp.Gravity of Combined 2.882

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Coarse Aggregates Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done Target Strength for Mix Proportioning Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 25N/mm2 Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 15N/mm2 Selection of Water Cement Ratio Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.5 Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.5 Selection of Water Content Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit. Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump 135 Lit. Superplasticiser used nil Calculation of Cement Content Water Cement Ratio 0.5 Cement Content (135/0.5) 270 kg/m3 Which is greater then 250 kg/m3 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00% Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 65.00% Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.65) 35.00% Mix Calculations Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00 3 Volume of Cement in m 0.09 (Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000 Volume of Water in m3 0.135 (Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000 Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3 nil (Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000 Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.779 Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4) Volume of Coarse Aggregate 0.507

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in m3 Sr. no. 5 x 0.65 Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.273 Sr. no. 5 x 0.35 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition) Mass of Cement in kg/m3 270 3 Mass of Water in kg/m 135 Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 711 Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 1460 3 Mass of 20 mm in kg/m 1051 3 Mass of 10 mm in kg/m 409 3 Mass of Admixture in kg/m nil Water Cement Ratio 0.5